Registered Designs Ordinance


Published: 1997-06-30

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Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 522 REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE Gazette Number Version Date

Long title 30/06/1997


An Ordinance to make new provision in respect of registered design right and related matters in substitution for the
United Kingdom Designs (Protection) Ordinance.


[27 June 1997] L.N. 368 of 1997


(Originally 64 of 1997)

Part: I PRELIMINARY 30/06/1997




Section: 1 Short title 30/06/1997


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Registered Designs Ordinance.
(2) (Omitted as spent)


Section: 2 Interpretation L.N. 40 of 2004 07/05/2004


(1) In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-
"application for registration" (註冊申請) means an application for registration of a design made under section 12;
"article" (物品) means any article of manufacture and includes any part of an article if that part is made and sold

separately;
"artistic work" (藝術作品) has the same meaning as in Part II of the Copyright Ordinance (Cap 528); (Amended 92

of 1997 s. 280 & Schs. 2 & 3)
"assignee" (承讓人) includes the personal representative of a deceased assignee, and references to the assignee of any

person include references to the assignee of the personal representative or assignee of that person;
"corresponding design" (相應外觀設計), in relation to an artistic work, means a design which if applied to an article

would produce something which would be treated for the purposes of Part II of the Copyright Ordinance (Cap
528) as a copy of that work; (Amended 22 of 1999 s. 3)

"court" (法院) means the Court of First Instance; (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
"design" (外觀設計) means features of shape, configuration, pattern or ornament applied to an article by any

industrial process, being features which in the finished article appeal to and are judged by the eye, but does not
include-

(a) a method or principle of construction; or
(b) features of shape or configuration of an article which-

(i) are dictated solely by the function which the article has to perform; or
(ii) are dependent upon the appearance of another article of which the article is intended by the

designer to form an integral part;
"designer" (設計人), in relation to a design, means the person who creates it or, if there are 2 or more such persons,

each of those persons;
"employee" (僱員) means a person who works or (where the employment has ceased) worked under a contract of

employment (whether with the Government or with any other person);
"employer" (僱主), in relation to an employee, means the person by whom the employee is or was employed;
"exclusive licence" (專用特許) means a licence from the registered owner of a registered design conferring on the

licensee, or on him and persons authorized by him, to the exclusion of all other persons (including the registered
owner), any right in respect of the design that would otherwise be exercisable exclusively by the registered
owner, and "exclusive licensee" (專用特許持有人) shall be construed accordingly;

"filing date" (提交日期), in relation to an application for registration, means the date determined under section 14 as



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 2

the filing date of the application;
"official journal" (官方公報) means the publication for the time being specified under section 84A as the official

journal of record; (Added 2 of 2001 s. 20)
"owner" (擁有人) has the meaning assigned by section 3;
"Paris Convention" (《巴黎公約》) means the Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property signed at Paris

on 20 March 1883, as revised or amended from time to time;
"Paris Convention country" (巴黎公約國) means-

(a) any country for the time being specified in the Schedule as being a country which has acceded to the
Paris Convention;

(b) any territory or area subject to the authority or under the suzerainty of any country referred to in
paragraph (a), or any territory or area administered by any such country, on behalf of which such
country has acceded to the Paris Convention;

"prescribed" (訂明) means prescribed or provided for by the rules;
"priority date" (優先權日期), in relation to an application for registration, means the date regarded as being the filing

date of the application pursuant to section 17;
"protected layout-design (topography)" (受保護的布圖設計 (拓樸圖)) has the meaning assigned to that term by

section 2(1) of the Layout-design (Topography) of Integrated Circuits Ordinance (Cap 445);
"Register" (註冊紀錄冊) means the Register of Designs kept under this Ordinance;
"registered design" (註冊外觀設計) means a design registered under section 25;
"registered owner" (註冊擁有人), in relation to a registered design, means the person whose name is for the time

being entered in the Register as the owner of the design or, if there are 2 or more such persons, each of those
persons;

"Registrar" (處長) means the Registrar of Designs;
"Registrar of Designs" (外觀設計註冊處處長) means the person holding that office by virtue of the Director of

Intellectual Property (Establishment) Ordinance (Cap 412);
"Registry" (註冊處) means the Designs Registry administered by the Registrar;
"rules" (規則) means rules made by the Registrar under section 79, 80, 81 or 82, as the case may be;
"set of articles" (物品套件) means 2 or more articles of the same general character that are ordinarily on sale together

or intended to be used together, to each of which the same design, or the same design with modifications or
variations not sufficient to alter the character or substantially to affect the identity thereof, is applied;

"World Trade Organization Agreement" (《世界貿易組織協議》) means the Agreement Establishing the World
Trade Organization done at Marrakesh in 1994, as revised or amended from time to time;

"WTO member" (世界貿易組織成員) means any country, territory or area for the time being specified in the
Schedule as being a country, territory or area which has acceded to the World Trade Organization Agreement.
(2) Unless the context otherwise requires, any reference in this Ordinance-

(a) to the filing of a document shall be construed as a reference to the filing of the document with the
Registrar;

(b) to an article in respect of which a design is registered shall, in the case of a design registered in respect
of a set of articles, be construed as a reference to any article of that set; or

(c) to the infringement of a design or registered design shall be construed as a reference to the
infringement of any right in the design conferred by this Ordinance.

(3) The expressions listed in the left-hand column below are defined in, or fall to be construed in accordance
with, the provisions of this Ordinance listed in the right-hand column in relation to those expressions.

Expressions Relevant provision
Divisional application (分開申請) section 22(1)
Formal requirements (形式上的規定) section 24(4)
Government use (政府徵用) section 37(2)
Kit (配套元件) section 31(5)
Official international exhibition (正式國際展覽) section 9(3)



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Regular national filing (正規國家提交) section 15(4)


Section: 3 Ownership of designs 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to subsections (2) to (5), the designer of a design shall be treated for the purposes of this Ordinance
as the original owner of the design.

(2) Where a design is created in pursuance of a commission for money or money's worth, the person
commissioning the design shall, subject to any contrary agreement between the parties, be treated as the original
owner of the design.

(3) Where, in a case not falling within subsection (2), a design is created by an employee in the course of his
employment, his employer shall, subject to any contrary agreement between the parties, be treated as the original
owner of the design.

(4) Where a design, or the right to apply a design to any article, becomes vested, whether by assignment,
transmission or operation of law, in any person other than the original owner, either alone or jointly with the original
owner, that other person or, as the case may be, the original owner and that other person, shall be treated for the
purposes of this Ordinance as the owner of the design or as the owner of the design in relation to that article.

(5) In the case of a design generated by computer in circumstances such that there is no human designer, the
person by whom the arrangements necessary for the creation of the design are made shall be deemed to be the
designer.

Section: 4 Application* 2 of 2009 08/05/2009


Subject to Part IV, this Ordinance applies to the Government and the Offices set up by the Central People’s
Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

(Amended 2 of 2009 s. 7)
_____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Replaced 2 of 2009 s. 7)

Part: II REGISTRATION OF DESIGNS 30/06/1997




Section: 5 New designs are registrable 30/06/1997


Registrable designs


(1) Subject to this Ordinance, a design which is new may, upon application by the person claiming to be the
owner, be registered in respect of any article or set of articles specified in the application.

(2) A design for which an application for registration is made shall not be regarded as new if it is the same as-
(a) a design that has been registered in pursuance of a prior application, whether or not that design has

been registered in respect of the same article for which the application is made or in respect of any
other article; or

(b) a design that has been published in Hong Kong or elsewhere before the filing date of the application,
whether or not that design has been published in respect of the same article for which the application is
made or in respect of any other article,

or if it differs from such a design only in immaterial details or in features which are variants commonly used in the
trade.

(3) The Registrar may, in such cases as may be prescribed, direct that for the purpose of deciding whether a
design is new an application for registration shall be treated as made on a date earlier or later than that on which it was
in fact made.




Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 4

Section: 6 Designs are not registrable if appearance of article is not
material

30/06/1997



A design is not registrable in respect of an article if the appearance of the article is not material, that is, if
aesthetic considerations are not normally taken into account to a material extent by persons acquiring or using articles
of that description, and would not be so taken into account if the design were to be applied to the article.

Section: 7 Designs contrary to public order ("ordre public") or

morality are not registrable
30/06/1997



(1) Subject to subsection (2), a design the publication or use of which would be contrary to public order ("ordre
public") or morality is not registrable.

(2) The publication or use of a design shall not be considered to be contrary to public order ("ordre public")
merely because it is prohibited by any law in force in Hong Kong.

Section: 8 Computer programs, protected layout-designs

(topographies) and designs for articles of a primarily
literary or artistic character

30/06/1997



(1) Computer programs and protected layout-designs (topographies) are not registrable.
(2) Provision may be made by rules for excluding from registration under this Ordinance designs for such

articles of a primarily literary or artistic character as the rules may specify.

Section: 9 Provisions as to confidential disclosure, etc. 30/06/1997


(1) An application for the registration of a design shall not be refused, and the registration of a design shall not
be invalidated, by reason only of-

(a) the disclosure of the design by the owner to any other person in such circumstances as would make it
contrary to good faith for that other person to use or publish the design;

(b) the disclosure of the design in breach of good faith by any person other than the owner of the design;
(c) in the case of a new or original textile design intended for registration, the acceptance of a first and

confidential order for goods bearing the design; or
(d) the communication of the design by the owner to a government department or to any person authorized

by a government department to consider the merits of the design, or of anything done in consequence
of such a communication.

(2) An application for the registration of a design shall not be refused, and the registration of a design shall not
be invalidated, by reason only-

(a) that a representation of the design, or any article to which the design has been applied, has been
displayed, with the consent of the owner of the design, at an official international exhibition;

(b) that after any such display as is mentioned in paragraph (a), and during the period of the exhibition, a
representation of the design, or any article to which the design has been applied, has been displayed by
any person without the consent of the owner; or

(c) that a representation of the design has been published in consequence of any such display as is
mentioned in paragraph (a),

if the application for registration of the design is made not later than 6 months after the opening of the exhibition.
(3) In this section, "official international exhibition" (正式國際展覽 ) means an official, or officially

recognized, international exhibition falling within the terms of the Convention on International Exhibitions signed at
Paris on 22 November 1928, and any protocols to that Convention, as revised or amended from time to time.

Section: 10 Provisions as to artistic works 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to subsection (2), where an application is made by or with the consent of the owner of copyright in
an artistic work for the registration of a corresponding design, the design shall not be treated for the purposes of this
Ordinance as being other than new by reason only of any use previously made of the artistic work.



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 5

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the previous use consisted of or included the sale, letting for hire, or offer
or exposure for sale or hire of articles to which had been applied industrially-

(a) the design in question; or
(b) a design differing from it only in immaterial details or in features which are variants commonly used in

the trade,
and that previous use was made by or with the consent of the copyright owner.

(3) Provision may be made by rules as to the circumstances in which a design is to be regarded for the purposes
of this section as "applied industrially" to articles or any description of articles.

Section: 11 Provisions as to registration of same design in respect of

other articles, etc.
30/06/1997



(1) Where the registered owner of a design registered in respect of any article makes an application-
(a) for registration in respect of 1 or more other articles, of the registered design; or
(b) for registration in respect of the same or 1 or more other articles, of a design consisting of the

registered design with modifications or variations not sufficient to alter the character or substantially
affect the identity thereof,

the application shall not be refused, and the registration made on the application shall not be invalidated, by reason
only of the previous registration or publication of the registered design.

(2) Where any person makes an application for the registration of a design in respect of any article and either-
(a) the design has been previously registered by another person in respect of some other article; or
(b) the design to which the application relates consists of a design previously registered by another person

in respect of the same or some other article with modifications or variations not sufficient to alter the
character or substantially affect the identity thereof,

then, if at any time while the application is pending the applicant becomes the registered owner of the design
previously registered, subsection (1) shall apply as if at the time of making the application the applicant had been the
registered owner of that design.

Section: 12 Applications for registration 30/06/1997


Applications for registration


(1) An application for registration of a design shall be filed with the Registrar in the prescribed manner.
(2) The application shall include-

(a) a request for registration of the design;
(b) a representation of the design suitable for reproduction;
(c) the name and address of the applicant;
(d) where the applicant is not the designer, a statement explaining the applicant's rights in relation to the

design;
(e) an address in Hong Kong for service of documents; and
(f) such other information, documents or matter as may be required by the rules.

(3) The application may include such other information, documents or matter as may be authorized by the
rules.

(4) The application shall be filed in one of the official languages and shall also comply with the requirements of
this Ordinance and the rules as to the provision of information in, or the translation of documents into, one or both of
the official languages.

(5) The application shall be accompanied by the prescribed filing fee and the prescribed advertisement fee.

Section: 13 Multiple applications 30/06/1997


Two or more designs may be the subject of the same application for registration if the designs-
(a) relate to the same prescribed class of articles or to the same set of articles; and
(b) comply with any prescribed conditions.





Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 6

Section: 14 Filing date 30/06/1997


The filing date of an application for registration of a design is the earliest date on which-
(a) documents containing everything required by section 12(2)(a) to (c) are filed; and
(b) the fees required by section 12(5) are paid.


Section: 15 Priority right L.N. 47 of 2002 01/06/2002


(1) A person who has duly filed an application for registration of a design in, or in respect of, a Paris
Convention country or WTO member, or his successor in title, shall enjoy, for the purpose of registering the same
design under this Ordinance in respect of any or all of the same articles, a right of priority for the period of 6 months
after the filing date of the first application, subject to compliance with any prescribed conditions. (Amended 2 of 2001
s. 21)

(2) Any filing of an application for registration of a design in, or in respect of, a Paris Convention country or
WTO member which is equivalent to a regular national filing under the law of that Paris Convention country or WTO
member, or under any bilateral or multilateral agreement to which it is a party, shall be recognized as giving rise to a
right of priority.

(3) A subsequent application for the registration of a design that was the subject of a previous application, and
that is filed in or in respect of the same Paris Convention country or WTO member, shall be considered as the first
application for the purpose of determining priority if, and only if, on the filing date of the subsequent application, the
previous application has been withdrawn, abandoned or refused, without being open to public inspection and without
leaving any rights outstanding, and has not served as a basis for claiming a right of priority.

(4) In this section, "regular national filing" (正規國家提交) means any filing of an application for registration
of a design in, or in respect of, a Paris Convention country or WTO member that establishes the date on which the
application was filed, whatever the outcome of the application may be.

Section: 16 Claiming priority 30/06/1997


(1) An applicant who desires to take advantage of the priority of a previous application shall file with the
Registrar in the prescribed manner a statement of priority and a copy of the previous application.

(2) Where a statement of priority is filed in accordance with this section, the applicant shall for the purposes of
proceedings before the Registrar be deemed to be entitled to enjoy the right of priority shown in the statement.

Section: 17 Effect of priority right 30/06/1997


(1) The right of priority shall have the effect that the filing date of the previous application claimed under
section 16 shall be regarded as being the filing date of the application for registration under this Ordinance for the
purpose of determining whether the design in question is new.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not be construed as excluding the power to give directions under section 5(3) in
relation to the application for registration under this Ordinance.

(3) Where an application for registration of a design is filed under this Ordinance and the priority of a previous
application is claimed under section 16, then, notwithstanding anything contained in this Ordinance, the application
shall not be refused and the registration of the design under this Ordinance shall not be invalidated by reason only of
the fact that the previous application has been published at any time after the filing date of the previous application.

Section: 18 Withdrawal of applications 30/06/1997


(1) An applicant may withdraw his application for registration of a design by filing a notice of withdrawal with
the Registrar before the date on which preparations for publication under section 25 have been completed, as
determined by the Registrar.

(2) A notice under this section shall be-
(a) made in writing; and
(b) filed in the prescribed manner.

(3) Where a notice is filed in accordance with this section, the application shall be deemed withdrawn.



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 7

(4) A notice filed in accordance with this section is irrevocable.

Section: 19 Effect of withdrawal 30/06/1997


Where an application for registration of a design is deemed by any provision of this Ordinance to have been
withdrawn, the following provisions shall apply-

(a) the applicant shall continue to enjoy the right of priority under section 17 which he enjoyed
immediately before the withdrawal; and

(b) no other right may be claimed under this Ordinance in relation to the application.

Section: 20 Reinstatement of applications deemed withdrawn 30/06/1997


(1) Where an application for registration of a design is deemed to have been withdrawn following the
applicant's failure to comply with a time limit under this Ordinance (including any time limit set by the Registrar) and
the applicant has by notice filed with the Registrar requested reinstatement of the application, then-

(a) any deemed withdrawal of the application that occurred as a direct consequence of the failure to
comply shall be deemed to be of no effect and the application shall be treated for the purposes of
proceedings under this Ordinance as if there had been no such failure; and

(b) any right or means of redress lost by the applicant as a direct consequence of the failure to comply
shall be restored to the applicant.

(2) A notice under this section shall be-
(a) made in writing; and
(b) filed in the prescribed manner within 1 month after such deemed withdrawal.

(3) A notice under this section shall be deemed not to have been filed until the omission which constituted the
failure to comply with the time limit has been made good.

Section: 21 Amendment of applications 30/06/1997


(1) The Registrar may amend an application for registration of a design on request made to him by the
applicant in the prescribed manner.

(2) An application for registration of a design shall not be amended under subsection (1) if, as a result of the
amendment, the scope of the application would be increased by the inclusion of any matter that was not in substance
disclosed in the application initially filed.

Section: 22 Division of applications after amendment 30/06/1997


(1) Where a request for amendment of an application for registration of a design has been granted under section
21, and the amendment has the effect of excluding one or more designs from the application initially filed, the
applicant may at any time while the initial application is pending make a further application, referred to in this section
as a "divisional application", for registration of the design or designs so excluded.

(2) A divisional application shall be entitled to the filing date and the priority date, if any, of the initial
application.

Section: 23 Rights in applications 30/06/1997


Expanded Cross Reference:

32, 33, 34



(1) The provisions of sections 32 to 34 (which relate to rights in registered designs) apply, with necessary
modification, in relation to an application for registration of a design as they apply in relation to a registered design.


(2) In section 33, as it applies in relation to an application for registration of a design, the reference in
subsection (1) to the registration of a design shall be construed as a reference to the making of the application.

(3) In section 34, as it applies in relation to a transaction, instrument or event affecting an application for



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 8

registration of a design, the references to the registration of particulars, and to the making of an application for the
registration of particulars, shall be construed as a reference to the giving of written notice to the Registrar of those
particulars.

Section: 24 Examination of applications 30/06/1997


Examination and registration

(1) If an application for registration of a design has been accorded a filing date under section 14 and has not

been withdrawn, the Registrar shall examine the application to determine whether it satisfies the formal requirements.
(2) Where the Registrar determines that there are deficiencies as regards the formal requirements, he shall

notify the applicant and give him an opportunity to correct the deficiencies within the prescribed period.
(3) If any deficiencies as regards the formal requirements are not corrected within the prescribed period, the

application shall be deemed to be withdrawn.
(4) In this Ordinance, "formal requirements" (形式上的規定) means such requirements of section 12 and of

any rules made for the purposes of that section as are specified in the rules as being the formal requirements.

Section: 25 Registration and publication L.N. 40 of 2004 07/05/2004


If on an examination by the Registrar under section 24 an application for registration of a design is found to have
satisfied the formal requirements, then as soon as practicable after such examination, but subject to section 26, the
Registrar shall-

(a) register the design by entering the prescribed particulars in the Register;
(b) enter the name of the applicant, or the successor in title to the application, in the Register as the owner

of the design;
(c) issue a certificate of registration to the person who is the registered owner of the design at the time the

design is registered; and
(d) advertise the fact of such registration and publish a representation of the design by notice in the official

journal. (Amended 2 of 2001 s. 26)

Section: 26 Refusal of applications 30/06/1997


(1) The Registrar may refuse an application for registration of a design if, after an examination by him under
section 24 and after giving the applicant the opportunity to correct any deficiencies as provided for in that section, he
determines-

(a) that the application does not satisfy the formal requirements; or
(b) that, on the face of the application, the design is not new or is not registrable for any other reason.

(2) The Registrar shall give notice of any such refusal to the applicant.
(3) Where the Registrar refuses an application for registration of a design under this section, the following

provisions shall apply-
(a) the applicant shall continue to enjoy the right of priority under section 16 which he enjoyed

immediately before such refusal; and
(b) no other right may be claimed under this Ordinance in relation to the application.


Section: 27 Formality examination 30/06/1997


Except as expressly provided to the contrary, nothing in this Ordinance shall be construed as imposing any
obligation upon the Registrar to consider or have regard to, for the purpose of determining whether to accept an
application for registration of a design, any question as to-

(a) the registrability of the design;
(b) whether the applicant is entitled to any priority claimed in the application; or
(c) whether the design is properly represented in the application.





Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 9

Section: 28 Period of registration 30/06/1997


Duration of registration


(1) The initial period of registration of a design is 5 years beginning on the filing date of the application for
registration.

(2) The period of registration of a design may be extended for additional periods of 5 years each but the total
period of registration may not exceed 25 years beginning on the filing date of the application for registration.

(3) If the owner of a registered design desires to renew the period of registration for a further period of 5 years,
the prescribed renewal fee shall be paid before the end of the current period of registration but not earlier than 3
months immediately preceding the end of the current period.

(4) If the renewal fee is not paid in accordance with subsection (3), the registration of the design shall cease to
have effect at the end of the current period of registration.

(5) If during the period of 6 months immediately following the end of the period specified in subsection (4) the
renewal fee and any prescribed additional fee are paid, the registration of the design shall be treated as if it had never
ceased to have effect, and accordingly-

(a) anything done under or in relation to any rights in or under the design by or with the consent of the
owner during that period shall be deemed to be valid;

(b) an act which would have constituted an infringement of the design if the registration had not ceased to
have effect shall be deemed to constitute such an infringement; and

(c) an act which would have constituted Government use of the design if the registration had not ceased to
have effect shall be deemed to constitute Government use.


Section: 29 Exceptions related to artistic works, etc. 30/06/1997


(1) Where it is shown that a registered design-
(a) was at the time it was registered a corresponding design in relation to an artistic work in which

copyright subsists; or
(b) by reason of a previous use of that work would not have been registrable but for section 10(1),

then, notwithstanding section 28, the period of registration of the design expires when the copyright in that work
expires, if that is earlier than the time at which it would otherwise expire, and it may not thereafter be renewed.

(2) Notwithstanding section 28, the period of registration of a design registered by virtue of section 11(1) shall
not extend beyond the end of the period of registration, and any extended period of registration, of the original
registered design.

Section: 30 Surrender of registration 30/06/1997


(1) The registration of a design may be surrendered by the registered owner in respect of any or all of the
articles for which the design is registered.

(2) Provision may be made by rules-
(a) as to the manner and effect of a surrender; and
(b) for protecting the interest of other persons having a right in the design.


Part: III RIGHTS IN REGISTERED DESIGNS 30/06/1997




Section: 31 Rights conferred by registration 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to this Ordinance, the registration of a design under this Ordinance gives to the registered owner the
exclusive right-

(a) to make in Hong Kong or import into Hong Kong-
(i) for sale or hire; or
(ii) for use for the purpose of trade or business; or

(b) to sell, hire, or offer or expose for sale or hire in Hong Kong,



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 10

any article in respect of which the design is registered and to which that design or a design not substantially different
from it has been applied.

(2) The right in a registered design is infringed by any person who, without the consent of the registered owner
and while the registration is in force-

(a) does anything which by virtue of subsection (1) is the exclusive right of the registered owner;
(b) makes anything for enabling any article referred to in subsection (1) to be made in Hong Kong or

elsewhere;
(c) does anything in relation to a kit that would constitute an infringement of the design if it had been done

in relation to the assembled article; or
(d) makes anything for enabling a kit to be made or assembled, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, if the

assembled article would be such an article as is referred to in subsection (1).
(3) The right conferred by the registration of a design does not extend to-

(a) acts done privately for non-commercial purposes; or
(b) acts done for the purpose of evaluation, analysis, research or teaching.

(4) The right in a registered design is not infringed by the reproduction of a feature of the design which, by
virtue of paragraph (b) of the definition of "design" in section 2(1), is not taken into account for the purpose of
determining whether the design is registrable.

(5) In this section, "kit" (配套元件) means a complete or substantially complete set of components intended to
be assembled into an article.

Section: 32 Nature of registered design 30/06/1997


(1) A registered design is personal property and any registered design, and any right in or under it, may be
transferred, created or granted in accordance with subsections (2) to (7).

(2) Subject to section 33, any registered design, and any right in or under it, may be assigned or mortgaged.
(3) A registered design shall vest by operation of law in the same way as any other personal property and may

be vested by an assent of personal representatives.
(4) Subject to section 33, a licence may be granted under any registered design for the use of the design and-

(a) to the extent that the licence so provides, a sub-licence may be granted under any such licence and any
such licence or sub-licence may be assigned or mortgaged; and

(b) any such licence or sub-licence shall vest by operation of law in the same way as any other personal
property and may be vested by an assent of personal representatives.

(5) Subsections (2) to (4) shall have effect subject to this Ordinance.
(6) Any of the following transactions, that is to say-

(a) any assignment or mortgage of a registered design or any right in or under it; or
(b) any assent relating to a registered design or any right in or under it,

shall be void unless it is in writing and is signed by or on behalf of the assignor, mortgagor or party granting such
assent as the case may be (or, in the case of an assent or other transaction by a personal representative, by or on behalf
of the personal representative) or, in the case of a body corporate, is so signed or is under the seal of that body.

(7) An assignment of a registered design or a share in it, and an exclusive licence granted under any registered
design, may confer on the assignee or licensee the right of the assignor or licensor to bring proceedings by virtue of
section 48 or to bring proceedings under section 40 for a previous act.

Section: 33 Co-ownership of registered designs 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to any agreement to the contrary, where there is more than one registered owner of a registered
design, each of them shall be entitled to an equal undivided share in the design.

(2) Subject to this section and to any agreement to the contrary, where there is more than one registered owner
of a registered design, each of them shall be entitled, by himself or his agent, to do in respect of the design concerned,
for his own benefit and without the consent of or the need to account to any other registered owner, any act which
would apart from this subsection and section 37 constitute an infringement of the design concerned; and any such act
shall be deemed not to constitute an infringement of the design concerned.

(3) Subject to section 41 and to any agreement to the contrary, where there is more than one registered owner
of a registered design, no registered owner shall, without the consent of each of the others, grant a licence under the



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 11

design or assign or mortgage a share in it.
(4) Nothing in subsection (1) or (2) shall affect the mutual rights or obligations of trustees or of the personal

representatives of a deceased person, or their rights or obligations as such.

Section: 34 Transactions affecting rights in registered designs 30/06/1997


(1) Any person who claims to have acquired any right in or under a registered design by virtue of any
transaction, instrument or event to which this section applies shall be entitled as against any other person who claims
to have acquired that right by virtue of an earlier transaction, instrument or event to which this section applies if, at the
time of the later transaction, instrument or event-

(a) application has not been made for the registration of particulars concerning the earlier transaction,
instrument or event; and

(b) the person claiming under the later transaction, instrument or event did not know of the earlier
transaction, instrument or event.

(2) Subsection (1) shall apply equally to the case where any person claims to have acquired any right in or
under a registered design by virtue of a transaction, instrument or event to which this section applies, and that right is
incompatible with any such right acquired by virtue of an earlier transaction, instrument or event to which this section
applies.

(3) This section applies to the following transactions, instruments and events-
(a) the assignment of a registered design or a right in or under it;
(b) the mortgage of a registered design or the granting of security over it;
(c) the grant or assignment of a licence or sub-licence or mortgage of a licence or sub-licence under a

registered design;
(d) the death of the registered owner or one of the registered owners of a registered design or any person

having a right in or under a registered design and the vesting by an assent of personal representatives
of a registered design or any such right; and

(e) any order or directions of a court or other competent authority transferring a registered design or any
right in or under it to any person and the event by virtue of which the court or authority had power to
make any such order or give any such directions.


Section: 35 Rights of third parties to continue use of registered designs 30/06/1997


(1) A person who in Hong Kong before the filing date of an application for registration of a design-
(a) does in good faith an act which would have constituted an infringement of the design if it had been

registered at the time the act is done; or
(b) makes in good faith effective and serious preparations to do such an act,

has the rights specified in subsection (2).
(2) The rights referred to in subsection (1) are-

(a) the right to continue to do or, as the case may be, to do the act referred to in subsection (1);
(b) if such act was done, or such preparations had been made, by an individual in the course of a business-

(i) the right to assign the right to do the act or to transmit such right on death; and
(ii) the right to authorize the doing of the act by any of his partners for the time being in the business

in the course of which the act was done or the preparations had been made; and
(c) if such act was done, or such preparations had been made, by a body corporate in the course of a

business, the right to assign the right to do the act or to transmit such right on the body's dissolution,
and the doing of such act by virtue of this subsection shall not constitute an infringement of the design concerned.

(3) The rights specified in subsection (2) shall not include the right to grant a licence to any person to do an act
referred to in subsection (1).

(4) Where an article is disposed of to another person in exercise of a right conferred by subsection (2), that
other person and any person claiming through him may deal with the article in the same way as if it had been disposed
of by the owner of the design concerned.

Part: IV GOVERNMENT USE OF REGISTERED DESIGNS 30/06/1997






Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 12

Section: 36 Declaration of extreme urgency 22 of 1999 01/07/1997


Expanded Cross Reference:

37, 38, 39



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 22 of 1999 s. 3


The Chief Executive in Council may, for the purposes of applying sections 37 to 39 by regulation declare a
period of extreme urgency whenever he considers it to be necessary or expedient in the public interest for the
maintenance of supplies and services essential to the life of the community or for securing sufficient supplies and
services essential to the life of the community.

(Amended 22 of 1999 s. 3)

Section: 37 Government use of registered designs 22 of 1999 01/07/1997


Expanded Cross Reference:

38, 39, 40



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 22 of 1999 s. 3


(1) During a period of declared extreme urgency a public officer authorized in writing by the Chief Executive
or any person authorized in writing by such public officer may in relation to a registered design, without the consent of
the registered owner, do any act in Hong Kong in relation to the design as appears to the public officer or person to be
necessary or expedient in connection with the urgency giving rise to the declaration under section 36. (Amended 22
of 1999 s. 3)

(2) Any act done in relation to a registered design by virtue of this section is in this Ordinance referred to as
use, or Government use, of the design; and "use" in sections 38 to 40 shall be construed accordingly.

(3) Government use may include any act which, apart from this section, would constitute an infringement of the
registered design concerned.

(4) Any Government use of a registered design shall be made on such terms as may be agreed by the
Government and the registered owner or as may in default of agreement be determined by the court on a reference
under section 40.

(5) The authority of a public officer in respect of a registered design may be given to any person under
subsection (1) either before or after the design is registered and may be given to any person whether or not that person
is authorized directly or indirectly by the registered owner to do anything in relation to the design.

(6) Where any Government use of a registered design is made by or with the authority of a public officer under
this section, the public officer shall notify the registered owner as soon as practicable after the use is begun, and
furnish him with such information as to the extent of the use as he may from time to time require.

(7) A person acquiring anything disposed of in the exercise of powers conferred by this section, and any person
claiming through him, may deal with it in the same manner as if the rights in the registered design were held on behalf
of the Government.

(8) Subsection (1) is without prejudice to any rule of law relating to the confidentiality of information.

Section: 38 Rights of third parties 30/06/1997


(1) The provisions of any licence, assignment or agreement specified in subsection (3) are of no effect in
relation to-

(a) any Government use of a registered design by a public officer, or a person authorized by a public
officer, by virtue of section 37; or

(b) anything done for Government use in respect of a registered design by the registered owner to the
order of a public officer,



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 13

so far as those provisions-
(i) restrict or regulate the use of the design or any model, document or information relating to it; or
(ii) provide for the making of payments in respect of, or calculated by reference to, such use.

(2) The reproduction or publication of any model or document in connection with a use referred to in
subsection (1) shall be deemed not to constitute an infringement of any copyright or protected layout-design
(topography) subsisting in the document.

(3) The licence, assignment or agreement referred to in subsection (1) is any licence, assignment or agreement
which is made, whether before or after the date of commencement of this Ordinance, between-

(a) the registered owner of the registered design or anyone who derives title from him or from whom he
derives title; and

(b) any person other than the Government.
(4) Where an exclusive licence granted otherwise than for royalties or other benefits determined by reference to

the use of a registered design is in force, then-
(a) section 37(4) applies in relation to anything done in respect of the design which, but for this section

and section 37(1), would constitute an infringement of the rights of the licensee, with the substitution
in those provisions of reference to the registered owner with reference to the licensee; and

(b) section 37(4) does not apply in relation to anything done in respect of the design by the licensee by
virtue of an authority given under that section 37(1).

(5) Subject to subsection (4), where a registered design has been assigned to the registered owner in
consideration of royalties or other benefits determined by reference to the use of the design, then-

(a) section 37(4) applies in relation to any Government use of the design as if reference to the registered
owner included a reference to the assignor, and any sum payable for Government use under that
section shall be divided between those persons in such proportion as may be agreed by them or as may
in default of agreement be determined by the court on a reference under section 40; and

(b) section 37(4) applies in relation to any act done for Government use in respect of the design by the
registered owner to the order of a public officer, as if that act were use made by virtue of an authority
given under that section.

(6) Where section 37(4) applies to any use of a registered design and a person holds an exclusive licence under
the design concerned (other than such a licence as is mentioned in subsection (4)) authorizing him to use the design,
then subsections (8) and (9) shall apply.

(7) In subsections (8) and (9), "the section 37(4) payment" (第37(4)條付款) means such payment (if any) as
the registered owner and the Government agree under section 37(4), or the court determines under section 40, should
be made by the public officer concerned to the registered owner in respect of the use of the design.

(8) The licensee shall be entitled to recover from the registered owner such part (if any) of the section 37(4)
payment as may be agreed on by them or as may in default of agreement be determined by the court under section 40
to be just having regard to any expenditure incurred by the licensee-

(a) in developing the design; or
(b) in making payments to the registered owner of the design in consideration of the licence, other than

royalties or other payments determined by reference to the use of the design.
(9) Any agreement between the registered owner and the Government under section 37(4) as to the amount of

the section 37(4) payment shall be of no effect unless the licensee consents to the agreement; and any determination
by the court under section 40 as to the amount of that payment shall be of no effect unless the licensee has been
informed of the reference to the court and is given an opportunity to be heard.

(10) In this section, "the public officer concerned" (有關公職人員), in relation to any Government use of a
registered design, means the public officer by whom or on whose authority the use was made.

Section: 39 Compensation for loss of profit 30/06/1997


(1) Where Government use is made of a registered design, the Government shall pay-
(a) to the registered owner; or
(b) if there is an exclusive licence in force in respect of the design, to the exclusive licensee,

compensation for any loss resulting from his not being awarded a contract to supply articles to which the design is
applied.

(2) Compensation is payable only to the extent that a contract could have been fulfilled from the registered



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 14

owner's or exclusive licensee's existing manufacturing or other capacity but is payable notwithstanding the existence
of circumstances rendering him ineligible for the award of such a contract.

(3) In determining the loss, regard shall be had to the profit which would have been made on such a contract
and to the extent to which any manufacturing or other capacity was underused.

(4) No compensation is payable in respect of any failure to secure contracts to supply articles which are not
intended for Government use.

(5) The amount payable shall, if not agreed between the registered owner or exclusive licensee and the
Government, be determined by the court on a reference under section 40, and is in addition to any amount payable
under section 37 or 38.

Section: 40 References of disputes to court 30/06/1997


(1) Any dispute as to-
(a) the exercise by a public officer, or a person authorized by a public officer, of the powers conferred by

section 37;
(b) terms for Government use of a registered design under section 37;
(c) the payment, if any, which should be made to the registered owner under section 37(4);
(d) the right of any person to receive any part of a payment made under section 37(4);
(e) the right of any person to receive compensation under section 39; or
(f) the amount of compensation payable to any person under section 39,

may be referred to the court by either party to the dispute.
(2) In determining under this section any dispute between the Government and any person as to the terms for

the Government use of a registered design, the court shall have regard-
(a) to any benefit or compensation which that person or any person from whom he derives title may have

received or may be entitled to receive directly or indirectly from any public officer in respect of the
design in question; and

(b) to whether that person or any person from whom he derives title has, in the court's opinion, without
reasonable cause, failed to comply with a request of the public officer concerned for Government use
of the design on reasonable terms.

(3) On a reference under this section the court may refuse to grant relief by way of compensation in respect of
Government use of a registered design at any time during the period referred to in section 28(5) but before the fees
referred to in that section are paid.

(4) Where a person becomes the registered owner or one of the registered owners or an exclusive licensee of a
registered design (the new owner or licensee) by virtue of a transaction, instrument or event to which section 34
applies, then unless-

(a) an application to register the prescribed particulars of the transaction, instrument or event is made
before the end of the period of 6 months from the date of the transaction, instrument or event; or

(b) the court is satisfied that it was not practicable for such an application to be made before the end of
that period and that an application was made as soon as practicable thereafter,

the new owner or licensee shall not be entitled to any compensation under section 37 (as it stands or as modified by
section 38(4)) or to any compensation under section 39 in respect of any use of the design by a public officer or a
person authorized by a public officer under section 37 after the date of the transaction, instrument or event and before
the prescribed particulars of the transaction, instrument or event are registered.

(5) One of 2 or more registered owners of a registered design may without the concurrence of the others refer a
dispute to the court under this section, but shall not do so unless the others are made parties to the proceedings; but
any of the others made a defendant shall not be liable for any costs or expenses unless he takes part in the proceedings.

Part: V LEGAL PROCEEDING 30/06/1997




Section: 41 Determination of rights after registration 30/06/1997


Proceedings for determination of rights in registered designs


(1) After a design is registered, any person having or claiming a proprietary interest in or under the design may



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 15

refer to the court the question-
(a) who is or are the true owner or owners of the design;
(b) whether the design should have been registered in the name of the person or persons in whose name or

names it was registered; or
(c) whether any right in or under the design should be transferred or granted to any other person or

persons,
and the court shall determine the question and make such order as it thinks fit to give effect to the determination.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), an order under that subsection may contain provision-
(a) directing that the name of the person by whom the reference is made shall be entered in the Register as

the owner or one of the owners of the design (whether or not to the exclusion of any other person);
(b) directing the registration of a transaction, instrument or event by virtue of which that person has

acquired any right in or under the design;
(c) granting any licence or other right in or under the design; or
(d) directing any person registered as the owner of the design or any person having any right in or under

the design to do anything specified in the order as necessary to carry out the other provisions of the
order.

(3) If any person to whom directions have been given under subsection (2)(d) fails to do anything necessary for
carrying out any such directions within 14 days after the date of the order containing the directions, the court may, on
application made to it by any person in whose favour or on whose reference the order was made, authorize him to do
that thing on behalf of the person to whom the directions were given.

(4) If a reference under this section is made after the end of the period of 2 years beginning with the date of
registration of the design to which the reference relates, no order shall be made under subsection (1) transferring any
right in or under the design from the person registered as the owner of the design to any other person on the ground
that the person so registered was not entitled to be registered as the owner unless it is shown that he knew at the time
of the registration or, as the case may be, of the transfer of the design to him, that he was not entitled to be registered
as the owner.

(5) Where a question is referred to the court under this section, no order shall be made by virtue of subsection
(2) or under subsection (4) unless notice of the reference is given to all persons registered as owner of the design or as
having a right in or under the registered design except those who are parties to the reference.

Section: 42 Effect of transfer of registered design under section 41 30/06/1997


(1) Where an order is made under section 41 that a registered design shall be transferred from any person or
persons (the old owner or owners) to one or more persons (whether or not including an old owner), then, except in a
case falling within subsection (2), any licences or other rights granted or created by the old owner or owners shall,
subject to section 32 and to the provisions of the order, continue in force and be treated as granted by the person or
persons to whom the design is ordered to be transferred (the new owner or owners).

(2) Where an order is so made that a registered design shall be transferred from the old owner or owners to one
or more persons none of whom was an old owner (on the ground that the design was registered in the name of a person
not entitled to be registered as a owner), any licences or other rights in or under the design shall, subject to the
provisions of the order and subsection (3), lapse on the registration of that person or those persons as the new owner or
owners of the design.

(3) Where an order is so made that a registered design shall be transferred as mentioned in subsection (2) and,
before particulars of the reference resulting in the making of the order are entered in the Register, the old owner or
owners or a licensee-

(a) does in good faith an act which would have constituted an infringement of the design if particulars of
the reference had been registered at the time the act is done; or

(b) makes in good faith effective and serious preparations to do such an act,
the old owner or owners or the licensee shall on making a request to the new owner or owners within the prescribed
period be entitled to be granted a licence (but not an exclusive licence) to continue to do the act or, as the case may be,
to do the act.

(4) Any such licence shall be granted for a reasonable period and on reasonable terms.
(5) The new owner or owners of the registered design or any person claiming that he is entitled to be granted

any such licence may refer to the court the question whether that person is so entitled and whether any such period is,
or any such terms are, reasonable, and the court shall determine the question and may, if it considers it appropriate,



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 16

order the grant of such a licence.

Section: 43 Licences granted by order of court 30/06/1997


Any order made under section 41(2) or 42(5) for the grant of a licence shall, without prejudice to any other
method of enforcement, have effect as if it were a deed, executed by the owner of the registered design and all other
necessary parties, granting a licence in accordance with the order.

Section: 44 Revocation on ground of public order ("ordre public") or

morality
30/06/1997



Proceedings for revocation of registration

(1) Any person may at any time after a design has been registered under this Ordinance refer to the Registrar

the question of whether, having regard to section 7, the design is a registrable design.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), where a question is so referred to the Registrar, he shall determine the question.
(3) The Registrar may, if he thinks fit, refer the question to the court for determination and, without prejudice

to the court's jurisdiction apart from this subsection to determine any such question, the court shall have jurisdiction to
do so.

(4) If the Registrar or the court determines that the design is not a registrable design under section 7, he or it
shall order the registration of the design to be revoked.

(5) Any person may oppose a reference made under subsection (1).

Section: 45 Revocation on ground that design was not registrable 30/06/1997


The court may, on application by any person, order the registration of a design to be revoked on the ground that,
at the time of its registration, the design was not new or was not registrable for any other reason.

Section: 46 Revocation on ground that person is not entitled to be

registered as owner
30/06/1997



(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the court may, on application by any person, order the registration of a
design to be revoked on the ground that the person whose name is entered in the Register as the owner of the design is
not entitled to be registered as the owner.

(2) An application under subsection (1) may be made only by a person found by the court on a reference under
section 41 to be entitled to be registered as the owner of the design.

(3) Where the reference under section 41 was commenced after the end of the period of 2 years beginning with
the date of registration of the design, the court may not order the revocation of the registration of the design under this
section unless the applicant shows that the person whose name is entered in the Register as the owner of the design
knew at the time of its registration or of the registration of the transfer of the design to him that he was not entitled to
be registered as the owner.

Section: 47 Effect of revocation 30/06/1997


Without affecting transactions past and closed, where an order is made under section 44, 45 or 46 that the
registration of a design be revoked, the Registrar shall rectify the Register accordingly and the registration of the
design shall be deemed never to have been made.

Section: 48 Proceedings for infringement by registered owner 30/06/1997


Infringement proceedings

(1) An infringement of the right in a registered design is actionable by the registered owner and in any action in

respect of such an infringement all such relief, by way of damages, injunction, account of profits or otherwise shall be



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 17

available to the plaintiff as is available in proceedings in respect of the infringement of other proprietary rights.
(2) The court shall not, in respect of the same infringement, both award damages and order an account of

profits.
(3) No proceedings shall be taken in respect of an infringement of a registered design committed before the

date on which the certificate of registration of the design is issued under section 25.

Section: 49 Proceedings for infringement by co-owner 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to this section and to any agreement to the contrary, where there is more than one registered owner
of a registered design, each of them shall be entitled to bring proceedings in respect of any infringement of the design.

(2) In the application of section 31 to a registered design of which there is more than one registered owner, the
reference to the registered owner shall be construed-

(a) in relation to any act, as a reference to that registered owner or those registered owners who, by virtue
of section 33 or any agreement referred to in that section, is or are entitled to do that act without its
constituting an infringement; and

(b) in relation to any consent, as a reference to that registered owner or those registered owners who, by
virtue of section 33 or any such agreement, is or are the proper person or persons to give the requisite
consent.

(3) In any proceedings taken by a registered owner by virtue of this section the other registered owner or
owners shall be made a party or parties to the proceedings, but if any other registered owner is made a defendant he
shall not be liable for any costs or expenses unless he takes part in the proceedings.

Section: 50 Proceedings for infringement by exclusive licensee 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to this section, the holder of an exclusive licence under a registered design shall have the same right
as the registered owner to bring proceedings in respect of any infringement of the design committed after the date of
the licence and references to the registered owner in the provisions of this Ordinance relating to infringement shall be
construed accordingly.

(2) In awarding damages in any proceedings taken by an exclusive licensee by virtue of this section the court
may take into consideration only the losses suffered or likely to be suffered by the exclusive licensee as a result of the
infringement.

(3) In ordering an account of profits in any proceedings taken by an exclusive licensee by virtue of this section
the court may take into consideration only the profits derived from the infringement which are attributable to the
infringement of the exclusive licensee's rights.

(4) In any proceedings taken by an exclusive licensee by virtue of this section the registered owner shall be
made a party to the proceedings, but if the registered owner is made a defendant he shall not be liable for any costs or
expenses unless he takes part in the proceedings.

Section: 51 General restriction on recovery of damages or profits 30/06/1997


(1) In proceedings for the infringement of a registered design damages shall not be awarded, and no order shall
be made for an account of profits, against a defendant who proves that at the date of the infringement he was not
aware, and had no reasonable grounds for believing, that the design was registered.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) a person shall not be taken to have been so aware or to have had
reasonable grounds for so believing by reason only of the application to an article, or to any printed matter
accompanying an article, of the word "registered" or "註冊", or any word or words or abbreviation expressing or
implying that a design has been registered, unless the registration number of the design accompanied the word or
words or abbreviation in question.

(3) In proceedings for infringement of a registered design the court may, if it thinks fit, refuse to award any
damages or make any such order in respect of an infringement committed at any time during the period referred to in
section 28(5) but before the fees referred to in that section are paid.




Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 18

Section: 52 Restriction on recovery of damages or profits for
infringements occurring before transactions are registered

30/06/1997



Where a person becomes the registered owner or one of the registered owners or an exclusive licensee of a
registered design by virtue of a transaction, instrument or event to which section 34 applies, then unless-

(a) an application to register the prescribed particulars of the transaction, instrument or event is made
before the end of the period of 6 months beginning with its date; or

(b) the court is satisfied that it was not practicable to make such an application before the end of that
period and that an application was made as soon as practicable after the end of that period,

he is not entitled to damages or an account of profits in respect of any infringement occurring after the date of the
transaction, instrument or event and before the prescribed particulars of the transaction, instrument or event are
registered.

Section: 53 Order for delivery up 30/06/1997


(1) Where a person has in his possession, custody or control in the course of a business-
(a) infringing articles; or
(b) anything specifically designed or adapted for the making of infringing articles, knowing or having

reason to believe that the thing has been or is to be used to make infringing articles,
the registered owner of the design in question may apply to the court for an order that the articles or thing be delivered
to him or to such other person as the court may direct.

(2) Where the court makes an order under subsection (1), it shall also make an order under section 54 unless it
determines that there are grounds for not making such an order.

(3) No application may be made under subsection (1) after the end of the period of 6 years from the date the
articles or thing concerned were made unless during the whole of that period the registered owner was under a
disability or was prevented by fraud or concealment from discovering the facts entitling him to make the application,
in which case the registered owner may make an application at any time before the end of the period of 6 years from
the date on which he ceased to be under a disability or, as the case may be, could with reasonable diligence have
discovered those facts.

(4) A person to whom any article or thing is delivered up under an order made under subsection (1) shall, if an
order is not made under section 54 at the time of the making of the order under subsection (1), retain the article or
thing pending the making of an order under section 54 or the decision of the court not to make such an order.

Section: 54 Order for disposal 30/06/1997


(1) An application may be made to the court for an order that the articles or thing delivered up under section 53
shall be-

(a) forfeited to the registered owner;
(b) destroyed; or
(c) disposed of in such manner as the court specifies.

(2) In deciding what order or decision to make under subsection (1), if any, the court shall consider whether
any other remedies available in proceedings for infringement would be adequate to compensate the registered owner
and any licensee and protect their interests.

(3) Where there is more than one person interested in the articles or thing in question, the court may make such
order under subsection (1) as it thinks just and it may, in particular, direct that the articles or thing delivered up under
section 53 be disposed of and the proceeds be divided among them as the court directs.

(4) If the court decides that no order should be made under subsection (1), the person who had possession,
custody or control of the articles or thing before they were delivered up under section 53 is entitled to their return.

Section: 55 Declaration as to non-infringement 30/06/1997


Without prejudice to the court's jurisdiction to make a declaration apart from this section, a declaration that an
act does not, or a proposed act would not, constitute an infringement of a registered design may be made by the court
in any proceedings between the person doing or proposing to do the act and the registered owner, notwithstanding that



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 19

no assertion to the contrary has been made by the registered owner, if it is shown that-
(a) that person has applied in writing to the registered owner for a written acknowledgement to the effect

of the declaration claimed, and has furnished him with full particulars in writing of the act in question;
and

(b) the registered owner has refused or failed to give any such acknowledgement.

Section: 56 Certificate of contested validity of registration 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) If in any proceedings before the court the validity of the registration of a design is contested and that
registration is found by the court to be valid, the court may certify the finding and the fact that the validity of the
registration was so contested.

(2) Where a certificate is granted under this section, then if, in any subsequent proceedings before the court for
infringement of the registered design concerned or for revocation of the registration, a final order or judgment is made
or given in favour of the party relying on the validity of the registration that party shall, unless the court otherwise
directs, be entitled to his costs on the indemnity basis within the meaning of that term as appearing in Order 62, rule
28 of the Rules of the High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A) (other than the costs of any appeal in the subsequent
proceedings). (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

Section: 57 Remedy for groundless threats of infringement

proceedings
30/06/1997



(1) Where a person (whether or not the registered owner of, or entitled to any right in, a registered design) by
circulars, advertisements or otherwise threatens any other person with proceedings for infringement of a registered
design, any person aggrieved by the threats (whether or not he is the person to whom the threats are made) may,
subject to subsection (4), bring proceedings in the court against the person making the threats for any such relief as is
mentioned in subsection (3).

(2) In any such proceedings the plaintiff shall, if he proves that the threats were so made and satisfies the court
that he is a person aggrieved by them, be entitled to the relief claimed unless-

(a) the defendant proves that the acts in respect of which the proceedings were threatened constitute or, if
done, would constitute an infringement of a registered design; and

(b) the plaintiff fails to show that the registration of the design concerned is invalid.
(3) The relief is-

(a) a declaration to the effect that the threats are unjustifiable;
(b) an injunction against the continuance of the threats; and
(c) such damages, if any, as have been sustained by the plaintiff by reason of the threats.

(4) Proceedings may not be brought under this section as regards a threat to bring proceedings for an
infringement alleged to consist of the making of an article for sale or hire or the importing of anything.

(5) For the purposes of this section a notification of the existence of a registered design does not of itself
constitute a threat to institute proceedings.

Section: 58 Appeal from decisions or orders of Registrar 30/06/1997


Miscellaneous


(1) Except as otherwise provided by the regulations, an appeal lies to the court from any decision or order of
the Registrar under this Ordinance.

(2) Any appeal under this Ordinance which concerns an application for registration of a design shall be heard in
private unless the court otherwise directs.

(3) In any appeal under this Ordinance-
(a) the Registrar shall be entitled to appear and be represented and be heard in support of his decision or

order;
(b) the Registrar shall appear if so directed by the court.



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 20

(4) In any appeal under this Ordinance the court may exercise any power which could have been exercised by
the Registrar in proceedings from which the appeal is brought.

(5) In this section, "decision" (決定) includes any act of the Registrar made in the exercise of a discretion
vested in him by or under this Ordinance.

Section: 59 Registrar's appearance in proceedings involving Register 30/06/1997


(1) In any proceedings before the court which concerns an application for the alteration or rectification of the
Register-

(a) the Registrar shall be entitled to appear and be represented and be heard; and
(b) the Registrar shall appear if so directed by the court.

(2) Unless otherwise directed by the court, the Registrar may instead of appearing submit to the court a
statement in writing signed by him, giving particulars of-

(a) any proceedings before him in relation to the matter in issue;
(b) the grounds of any decision given by him;
(c) the practice of the Registrar or the Registry in like cases, if any; and
(d) such matters relevant to the issues and within his knowledge as Registrar as he thinks fit,

and the statement shall be deemed to form part of the evidence in the proceedings.

Section: 60 General powers of court 30/06/1997


The court may, for the purpose of determining any question in the exercise of its original or appellate
jurisdiction under this Ordinance, make any order or exercise any other power which the Registrar could have made or
exercised for the purpose of determining that question.

Section: 61 Procedure in case of option to apply to court or Registrar 30/06/1997


(1) Where under this Ordinance a person has an option to make an application either to the court or to the
Registrar on a question concerning a registered design or an application for registration of a design, then-

(a) if any proceeding concerning the design or application for registration in question is pending before the
court, the application must be made to the court; and

(b) if in any other case the application is made to the Registrar, he may, at any stage of the proceedings,
refer the application to the court, or he may, after hearing the parties, determine the question, subject to
appeal to the court.

(2) Subsection (1) is without prejudice to the court's powers, apart from this section, to determine any question
referred to in that subsection.

Section: 62 Costs and expenses in proceedings before court L.N. 47 of 2002 01/06/2002


(1) In all proceedings before the court under this Ordinance the court may award to any party such costs as it
may consider reasonable. (Amended 2 of 2001 s. 22)

(2) If in any such proceedings the court directs that any costs of one party shall be paid by another party, the
court may settle the amount of the costs by fixing a lump sum or may direct that the costs shall be taxed on a scale
specified by the court, being a scale of costs prescribed by rules of court.

Section: 63 Costs and expenses in proceedings before Registrar 30/06/1997


(1) The Registrar may, in proceedings before him under this Ordinance, by order award to any party such costs
as he may consider reasonable and direct how and by what parties they are to be paid.

(2) Any costs awarded under this section shall, if the court so orders, be recoverable by execution issued from
the court as if they were payable under an order of that court.




Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 21

Part: VI ADMINISTRATIVE AND MISCELLANEOUS
PROVISIONS

30/06/1997





Section: 64 Register of designs to be kept 30/06/1997


Register of designs


(1) The Registrar shall keep at the Registry a register to be known as the Register of Designs.
(2) There shall be entered in the Register in accordance with this Ordinance and the rules-

(a) particulars as to applications for registration of designs, including the filing dates and priority dates;
(b) the names of owners of registered designs;
(c) particulars as to transactions, instruments or events affecting rights in or under registered designs and

applications for registration; and
(d) such other matters as the Registrar may think fit.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), no notice of any trust, whether express, implied or constructive, shall be
entered in the Register, and the Registrar shall not be affected by any such notice.

(4) The Register need not be kept in documentary form.

Section: 65 Register is prima facie evidence L.N. 96 of 1999 01/06/1999


(1) Subject to subsection (4), the Register shall be prima facie evidence of anything required or authorized by
this Ordinance or the rules to be registered.

(2) A certificate purporting to be signed by the Registrar and certifying that any entry in the Register which he
is authorized by this Ordinance or the rules to make has or has not been made, or that any other thing which he is so
authorized to do has or has not been done, shall be prima facie evidence of the matters so certified.

(3) Each of the following, that is to say-
(a) a copy of an entry in the Register or an extract from the Register which is supplied under section 69(1);
(b) a copy of-

(i) any document kept in the Registry;
(ii) an extract from any such document;
(iii) any model or specification of a registered design; or
(iv) any application for registration of a design,

which purports to be a certified copy or a certified extract shall, subject to subsection (4), be admitted in evidence
without further proof and without production of any original.

(4) This section is without prejudice to section 22A or 22B or Part IV of the Evidence Ordinance (Cap 8) or
any provision made by virtue of that section or Part. (Replaced 2 of 1999 s. 6)

(5) In this section, "certified copy" (核證副本) and "certified extract" (核證摘錄) mean a copy and extract
certified by the Registrar and sealed with the seal of the Registrar.

Section: 66 Rectification of Register 30/06/1997


(1) The court may, on the application of any person aggrieved, order the Register to be rectified by the making,
or the variation or deletion, of any entry in it.

(2) In proceedings under this section the court may determine any question which it may be necessary or
expedient to decide in connection with the rectification of the Register.

Section: 67 Correction of errors in Register 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to the rules, the Registrar may correct any error in the Register.
(2) A correction may be made under subsection (1) either upon a request in writing made by any person

interested or on the Registrar's own initiative.
(3) Where the Registrar is requested to correct such an error by a person interested, any person may in

accordance with the rules give the Registrar notice of opposition to the request and the Registrar shall determine the



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 22

matter.

Section: 68 Right to inspect Register 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to any rules, the public shall have a right to inspect the Register during the normal business hours of
the Registry.

(2) In relation to any portion of the Register kept otherwise than in documentary form the right of inspection
conferred by subsection (1) is a right to inspect the material on the Register.

Section: 69 Right to copies of entries 30/06/1997


(1) Any person who applies for a certified copy of an entry in the Register or a certified extract from the
Register shall be entitled to obtain such a copy or extract on payment of a fee prescribed in relation to certified copies
and extracts.

(2) Any person who applies for an uncertified copy or extract shall be entitled to such a copy or extract on
payment of a fee prescribed in relation to uncertified copies and extracts.

(3) Applications under this section shall be made in such manner as may be prescribed.
(4) In relation to any portion of the Register kept otherwise than in documentary form, the right to a copy or

extract conferred by subsection (1) or (2) is a right to a copy or extract in a form in which it can be taken away and in
which it is visible and legible.

Section: 70 Right to information 30/06/1997


(1) After the registration of a design and upon the filing of a written request by any person in the prescribed
manner, the Registrar shall give the person making the request such information, and permit him to inspect such
documents, relating to the application for registration or the design concerned (including any representation, sample or
specimen of the design) as may be specified in the request, subject, however, to any prescribed conditions.

(2) Subject to this section, until notice of registration of a design is published under section 25, information or
documents constituting or relating to the application shall not, without the consent of the owner or the applicant (as the
case may be), be published or communicated to any person by the Registrar.

(3) Subsection (2) shall not prevent the Registrar from publishing or communicating to others any prescribed
information relating to an application for registration of a design.

(4) Where a person is notified that an application for registration of a design has been made and that the
applicant will, if the design is registered, bring proceedings against that person in the event of his doing an act
specified in the notification, that person may make a request under subsection (1), notwithstanding that the design has
not been registered, and that subsection shall apply accordingly.

Section: 71 Hours of business and business days L.N. 40 of 2004 07/05/2004


(1) The Registrar may by notice published in the official journal give directions specifying the hours of
business of the Registry for the purpose of the transaction of business under this Ordinance and the days that are
business days for that purpose. (Amended 2 of 2001 s. 26)

(2) Business done on any day after the specified hours of business, or on a day which is not a business day,
shall be deemed to have been done on the next business day; and where the time for doing anything under this
Ordinance expires on a day which is not a business day, that time shall be extended to the next business day.

(3) Directions made under this section may make different provision for different classes of business.
(Amended 2 of 2001 s. 23)


Section: 72 Language of proceedings before Registrar 30/06/1997


Miscellaneous

Except as otherwise provided in the rules, and notwithstanding section 5 of the Official Languages Ordinance

(Cap 5), the official language in which an application for registration of a design is filed shall be used as the language



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 23

of proceedings in all proceedings before the Registrar under this Ordinance.

Section: 73 Exercise of Registrar's discretionary powers 30/06/1997


Without prejudice to any rule of law, the Registrar shall give any party to a proceeding before him an
opportunity of being heard before exercising adversely to that party any discretion vested in the Registrar by this
Ordinance or the rules.

Section: 74 Immunity of Registrar as regards official acts 30/06/1997


Neither the Registrar nor any public officer-
(a) shall be taken to warrant the validity of the registration of any design registered under this Ordinance;

or
(b) shall incur any liability by reason of, or in connection with, any examination required or authorized by

this Ordinance, or any report or other proceedings consequent on any such examination or
investigation.


Section: 75 Recognition of agents 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to this section, where under this Ordinance any act has to be done by or to any person in connection
with a registered design or any procedure relating to a registered design or the registration of a design, the act may be
done by or to an agent of such person duly authorized by that person orally or in writing.

(2) A person duly authorized by another person under subsection (1) to act as his agent may (subject to any
provision to the contrary in any agreement between the agent and that person) on giving notice to the Registrar and the
other person, cease to act as agent for the other person.

(3) The Registrar may refuse to recognize as agent in respect of any business under this Ordinance any person
specified for the purpose in the rules.

(4) The Registrar shall refuse to recognize as an agent a person who neither resides nor has a place of business
in Hong Kong.

Section: 76 Correction of errors in filed documents 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to the rules, the Registrar may upon request by any person interested correct any error of translation
or transcription, any clerical error or any mistake made in-

(a) any application for registration of a design or document filed in connection with such an application;
(b) any representation of a design; or
(c) any document filed in connection with a registered design.

(2) Any person may in accordance with the rules give the Registrar notice of opposition to the request and the
Registrar shall determine the matter.

Section: 77 Designs relevant for defence purposes 2 of 2012 17/02/2012


(1) Where, either before or after the commencement of this Ordinance, an application for registration of a
design has been made and it appears to the Registrar that the design is one of a class notified to him by the Central
People’ s Government as relevant for defence purposes, the Registrar may give directions for prohibiting or
restricting the publication of information with respect to the design, or the communication of such information to any
person or class of persons specified in the directions. (Amended 2 of 2012 s. 3)

(2) Rules may be made for securing that where such directions are given-
(a) the representation of the design; and
(b) any evidence filed in support of the applicant's application for registration that the design is registrable,

shall not be open to public inspection in the Registry during the continuance in force of the directions.
(3) Where the Registrar gives such directions, he shall give notice of the application of the directions to the

Central People’s Government, and thereupon the following provisions shall have effect- (Amended 2 of 2012 s. 3)
(a) the Central People’s Government shall consider whether the publication of the design would be



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 24

prejudicial to the defence of the People’s Republic of China;
(b) the Central People’s Government may at any time after the design has been registered or, with the

consent of the applicant, at any time before the design has been registered, inspect the representation of
the design, or any such evidence as to its registrability;

(c) if upon the consideration of the design at any time it appears to the Central People’s Government that
the publication of the design would not, or would no longer, be prejudicial to the defence of the
People’s Republic of China, notice may be given to the Registrar to that effect; and

(d) on the receipt of any such notice the Registrar shall revoke the directions and may, subject to such
conditions, if any, as he thinks fit, extend the time for doing anything required or authorized to be done
by or under this Ordinance in connection with the application for registration, whether or not that time
has previously expired. (Amended 2 of 2012 s. 3)

(4) (Repealed 2 of 2012 s. 3)

Section: 78 Forfeited articles 30/06/1997


Nothing in this Ordinance affects the right of the Government or any person deriving title directly or indirectly
from the Government to dispose of or use articles forfeited under the law relating to customs or excise.

Part: VII RULES AND REGULATIONS 30/06/1997




Section: 79 General power to make rules 30/06/1997


(1) The Registrar may make rules-
(a) for the purposes of any provision of this Ordinance which contemplates or authorizes the making of

rules (other than rules of court) with respect to any matter;
(b) for prescribing anything authorized or required by a provision of this Ordinance to be prescribed; and
(c) generally for regulating the practice and procedure under this Ordinance.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), rules made under this section may make provision-
(a) in connection with applications for registration of designs and other documents which may be filed

with the Registrar-
(i) prescribing the form and contents of any such documents;
(ii) requiring copies of any such documents to be filed with the Registrar; and
(iii) prescribing the manner of filing of any such documents;

(b) regulating the procedure to be followed in connection with any proceeding or other matter before the
Registrar and authorizing the rectification of irregularities of procedure;

(c) requiring fees to be paid in connection with any such proceeding or matter or in connection with the
provision of any service by the Registry and providing for the remission of fees in the prescribed
circumstances;

(d) empowering the Registrar, in such cases as may be specified in the rules, to require a party in any such
proceeding to give security for costs, in relation to that proceeding or to proceedings on appeal, and
providing for the consequences if security is not given;

(e) regulating the mode of giving evidence in any such proceeding and empowering the Registrar to
compel the attendance of witnesses and the discovery of and production of documents;

(f) prescribing time limits for doing anything required to be done in connection with any such proceeding
by this Ordinance or the rules and providing for the alteration of any period of time specified in this
Ordinance or the rules;

(g) without prejudice to section 72, requiring and regulating the translation of documents in connection
with a registered design or an application for registration of a design into the language of the
proceedings or into one or both of the official languages and the filing and verification of any such
translations; and

(h) providing for the publication and sale of documents by the Registry and of information about such
documents.

(3) Rules made under this section may make different provision for different cases.



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 25

(4) Rules made under this section-
(a) authorizing the rectification of irregularities of procedure; or
(b) providing for the alteration of any period of time,

may authorize the extension or further extension of any period of time notwithstanding that the period has already
expired.

(5) Rules made under this section prescribing fees (including any penalty fee required by rules made under
section 82(2)(b)) shall not be made except with the consent of the Financial Secretary.

(6) Any rules made under subsection (2)(c) may-
(a) prescribe fees fixed at; or
(b) provide for fees to be fixed at,

levels that provide for the recovery of expenditure incurred or likely to be incurred by the Government or other
authority in the exercise of any or all functions under this Ordinance, and shall not be limited by reference to the
amount of administrative or other costs incurred or likely to be incurred in the exercise of any particular function.

(7) Rules may be made under this section providing for arrangements to be made by the Registrar for the
publication of reports of decisions or orders made by the Registrar under this Ordinance or decisions or orders relating
to designs made by any court or body (whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere).

Section: 80 Rules relating to applications for registration 30/06/1997


(1) Without prejudice to the generality of section 79, the Registrar may, for the purposes of section 12, make
rules providing that an application for registration of a design shall or may contain-

(a) a statement describing the representation of the design;
(b) a statement describing the features of the design which the applicant considers to be new;
(c) the classification of the articles to which the design is intended to be applied, according to any class or

sub-class specified by the rules; and
(d) a specimen or sample of the article to which the design reproduced in the representation is applied.

(2) Rules made under this section may provide for the manner in which the following matters shall or may be
contained in an application-

(a) any claim that section 9, 10 or 11 applies in relation to the application; or
(b) any claim to the priority of an earlier application and supporting priority documents in accordance with

section 16.

Section: 81 Rules relating to registration of designs, etc. 30/06/1997


(1) Without prejudice to any other provision of this Ordinance, the Registrar shall make rules requiring the
registration of designs and of transactions, instruments or events affecting rights in or under registered designs and
applications for registration of designs.

(2) Rules made under this section may provide for-
(a) the filing of any prescribed documents or description of documents in connection with any matter

which is required to be registered;
(b) the correction of errors in the Register and in any documents filed in connection with applications for

registration; and
(c) the publication and advertisement of anything done under this Ordinance in relation to the Register.

(3) Rules made under this section may provide for notification to the Registrar of any matter affecting rights in
an application for registration of a design.

Section: 82 Rules relating to language of proceedings 30/06/1997


(1) Without prejudice to the generality of section 79, the Registrar may make rules-
(a) requiring, in respect of any document filed or to be filed in proceedings under this Ordinance, the filing

of a translation of the document into the language of the proceedings or into one or both of the official
languages;

(b) providing for the use by any person in oral proceedings before the Registrar of a language other than
the language of the proceedings;

(c) in respect of documents to be used for the purpose of evidence in proceedings before the Registrar and



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 26

which are in a language other than the language of the proceedings, providing for the filing of the
document in that other language and the filing of a translation of the document into the language of the
proceedings or into one of the official languages; and

(d) in respect of information provided or to be provided to the Registrar and which is to be entered in the
Register, requiring the provision of that information in both official languages.

(2) Rules made under subsection (1)(a) or (d)-
(a) may specify periods within which translations of documents into the language of the proceedings or

into the official languages are to be filed or within which information in the official languages is to be
provided; and

(b) may provide for extensions, upon application by a party to the proceedings, of such periods, and may
require that applications for such extension shall be subject to the payment of a prescribed penalty fee.


Section: 83 Regulations 22 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 22 of 1999 s. 3


The Chief Executive in Council may make regulations- (Amended 22 of 1999 s. 3)
(a) providing that no appeal lies under section 58 from a decision or order of the Registrar that is of a class

of decisions or orders specified in the regulations;
(b) adding to the Schedule the name of-

(i) any country which has acceded to the Paris Convention;
(ii) any territory or area subject to the authority or under the suzerainty of any country, or

administered by any country, on behalf of which such country has acceded to the Paris
Convention; or

(iii) any country, territory or area which has acceded to the World Trade Organization Agreement;
(c) deleting from the Schedule the name of-

(i) any country which has denounced the Paris Convention;
(ii) any territory or area on behalf of which the Paris Convention has been denounced; or
(iii) any country, territory or area which has denounced the World Trade Organization Agreement;

and
(d) otherwise amending the Schedule.


Section: 84 Registrar may specify forms to be used L.N. 40 of 2004 07/05/2004


(1) The Registrar may require the use of such forms as he may, by notice published in the official journal,
specify in connection with the registration of a design or any other proceeding before him under this Ordinance.
(Amended 2 of 2001 s. 26)

(2) A notice under subsection (1) may contain any direction of the Registrar with respect to the use of a form
specified in the notice.

(3) A notice published under subsection (1) shall not be regarded as subsidiary legislation for the purpose of
section 34 of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1). (Added 2 of 2001 s. 24)

Section: 84A Power to specify official journal, etc. L.N. 40 of 2004 07/05/2004


(1) The Registrar may form time to time, by notice published in the Gazette, specify a publication to be the
official journal of record for the purposes of this Ordinance, with effect as of the date specified in the notice.

(2) Where a publication is specified under subsection (1), every notice, request, document or other matter
required by this Ordinance or the rules to be published in the official journal shall, from the effective date specified in
the notice, be published in the publication so specified, and any reference in this Ordinance or the rules to the official
journal shall be construed accordingly.

(3) The Registrar may publish or cause to be published a journal in which there may be published such
documents and information relating to a registered design or an application for registration as the Registrar thinks fit.

(4) For the avoidance of doubt, the Registrar may specify the Gazette or the journal referred to in subsection (3)
to be the official journal of record.



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 27

(5) A publication specified under subsection (1) and the journal referred to in subsection (3) need not be in a
documentary form.

(6) A notice published under subsection (1) shall not be regarded as subsidiary legislation for the purpose of
section 34 of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1).

(Added 2 of 2001 s. 25)

Part: VIII OFFENCES 30/06/1997




Section: 85 Falsification of Register, etc. 30/06/1997


Any person who makes or causes to be made a false entry in the Register, or a writing falsely purporting to be a
copy or reproduction of an entry in the Register, or produces or tenders or causes to be produced or tendered in
evidence any such writing, knowing or having reason to believe the entry or writing to be false, commits an offence
and is liable-

(a) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months;
(b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for 2 years.


Section: 86 False representation that design is registered 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to this section, any person who falsely represents that a design applied to any article disposed of by
him for value is registered in respect of that article commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine
at level 3.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a person who for value disposes of an article having stamped, engraved
or impressed on it or otherwise applied to it the word "registered" or "註冊" or anything expressing or implying that a
design applied to the article is registered in respect of that article, shall be taken to represent that the design applied to
the article is registered in respect of the article.

(3) In proceedings for an offence under this section it shall be a defence for the accused to prove that he used
due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence.

Section: 87 Misuse of title "Designs Registry" 30/06/1997


Any person who uses on his place of business, or on any document issued by him, or otherwise, the words
"Designs Registry" or "外觀設計註冊處" or any other words suggesting that his place of business is, or is officially
connected with, the Registry, commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine at level 4.

Section: 88 Contravention of directions given under section 77 30/06/1997


Any person who contravenes a direction given by the Registrar under section 77 commits an offence and is
liable-

(a) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months;
(b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for 2 years.


Section: 89 Offences by corporations or partners 30/06/1997


(1) Where an offence under this Ordinance committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed
with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, a director, manager, secretary or
other similar officer of the body corporate, or a person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, he as well as
the body corporate, is guilty of the offence and is liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(2) The following provisions apply for the purposes of proceedings for an offence under this Ordinance alleged
to have been committed by a body corporate-

(a) any rules of court relating to the service of documents; and
(b) section 19A (plea by a corporation before a magistrate) and section 87 (procedure on charge of

indictable offence against corporation) of the Magistrates Ordinance (Cap 227).



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 28

(3) Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, subsection (1) shall apply in relation to
the acts and defaults of a member in connection with his functions of management as if he were a director of the body
corporate.

(4) Where an offence under this Ordinance committed by a partner in a partnership is proved to have been
committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, any other partner of
the partnership, that other partner shall be guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished
accordingly.

Part: IX TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS, CONSEQUENTIAL

AMENDMENTS AND REPEAL
30/06/1997





Section: 90 Interpretation 30/06/1997


Expanded Cross Reference:

91, 92, 93



Transitional provisions


(1) In this section and sections 91 to 93, the "Registered Designs Act 1949" (《1949年註冊外觀設計法
令》) means the Registered Designs Act 1949 (1949 c. 88 U.K.), as amended and as applied to Hong Kong by the
United Kingdom Designs (Protection) Ordinance (Cap 44).

(2) Unless the context otherwise requires, any word or expression used in sections 91 to 93 and defined in the
Registered Designs Act 1949 has the same meaning as in that Act.

Section: 91 Designs deemed registered under this Ordinance 30/06/1997


(1) Any design registered under the Registered Designs Act 1949 before the date of commencement of this
Ordinance the right in which is subsisting or is treated as subsisting on that date shall be deemed to be registered under
this Ordinance in respect of the articles for which it is registered under that Act.

(2) Any design registered under the Registered Designs Act 1949 on or after the date of commencement of this
Ordinance the application for which was pending on the date immediately preceding the date of commencement of
this Ordinance shall be deemed to be registered under this Ordinance in respect of the articles for which it is registered
under that Act.

(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance, the initial period of registration of a design deemed
by subsection (1) to be registered under this Ordinance shall consist of the period-

(a) beginning on the date of commencement of this Ordinance; and
(b) ending on the earlier of-

(i) the date on which the right in the design expires under the Registered Designs Act 1949; and
(ii) the date on which the right in the design would expire under that Act if the period for which the

right is subsisting on the date of commencement of this Ordinance could not be extended in
accordance with section 8(2) of that Act.

(4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Ordinance, the initial period of registration of a design deemed
by subsection (2) to be registered under this Ordinance shall consist of the period-

(a) beginning on the date of registration of the design under the Registered Designs Act 1949; and
(b) ending on the earlier of-

(i) the date on which the right in the design expires under the Registered Designs Act 1949; and
(ii) the date on which the right in the design would expire under that Act if the period for which the

right subsists under section 8(1) of that Act could not be extended in accordance with section
8(2) of that Act.


Section: 92 Renewal of registration 30/06/1997


(1) The period of registration of a design deemed by section 91 to be registered under this Ordinance may be



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 29

extended for additional periods of 5 years each but the total period of registration under this Ordinance and the
Registered Designs Act 1949 may not exceed 25 years and 6 months in the aggregate.

(2) If the registered proprietor of the design desires to renew the period of registration for a further period of 5
years after the initial period of registration referred to in section 91(3) or (4) expires, he shall submit an application to
the Registrar in accordance with subsection (3).

(3) The application referred to in subsection (2) shall-
(a) be submitted before the later of-

(i) the date that is 6 months prior to the expiration of the initial period of registration under this
Ordinance; and

(ii) the date that is 6 months after the commencement of this Ordinance;
(b) include-

(i) a representation of the design as registered under the Registered Designs Act 1949;
(ii) a certificate confirming registration of the design issued by the Registrar of the United Kingdom

Designs Registry;
(iii) a certified copy of an entry in, or a certified extract from, the United Kingdom Designs Registry,

stating the full name of the proprietor of the design immediately preceding the application; and
(iv) such other information, documents or matter as may be required by the rules; and

(c) be accompanied by the prescribed renewal fee.
(4) Section 28(3), (4) and (5) applies to any further renewal of the period of registration of a design deemed by

section 91 to be registered under this Ordinance.

Section: 93 Restrictions on remedies 30/06/1997


(1) The registered proprietor of a design deemed by section 91 to be registered under this Ordinance shall not
be entitled to recover any damages in respect of any infringement of the design from any defendant who proves that at
the date of the infringement he was not aware, nor had any reasonable means of making himself aware, of the
existence of the registration of the design under the Registered Designs Act 1949.

(2) Nothing in subsection (1) shall affect any proceedings for an injunction.
(3) The court shall have the power, upon the application of any person who alleges that his interests have been

prejudicially affected by this section, to declare that exclusive privileges and rights in a design have not been acquired
in Hong Kong under section 91 upon any of the grounds upon which the United Kingdom registration might have
been cancelled under the Registered Designs Act 1949; such grounds shall be deemed to include the publication of the
design in Hong Kong prior to the date of registration of the design under that Act.

(4) In any proceedings for infringement of a design deemed by section 91 to be registered under this Ordinance,
the court shall apply-

(a) the law of the United Kingdom in relation to infringements occurring before the date of
commencement of this Ordinance; and

(b) the law of Hong Kong in relation to infringements occurring on or after the date of commencement of
this Ordinance.


Section: 94 (Omitted as spent—E.R. 2 of 2014)) E.R. 2 of 2014 10/04/2014




Section: 95 (Omitted as spent—E.R. 2 of 2014) E.R. 2 of 2014 10/04/2014




Section: 96 Repeal and savings 30/06/1997


(1) The United Kingdom Designs (Protection) Ordinance (Cap 44) is repealed.
(2) Any thing done under-

(a) the United Kingdom Designs (Protection) Ordinance (Cap 44); or
(b) the Registered Designs Act 1949 (1949 c. 88 U.K.), as amended and as applied to Hong Kong by the

United Kingdom Designs (Protection) Ordinance (Cap 44),
shall, if in force on the commencement of this Ordinance, and so far as it could have been done under this Ordinance,



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 30

continue in force and have effect as if done under the corresponding provisions of this Ordinance.
(3) A reference in any document to the United Kingdom Designs (Protection) Ordinance (Cap 44) shall, unless

the context otherwise requires, be construed as a reference to this Ordinance.

Schedule: Schedule L.N. 122 of 2015 27/11/2015


[sections 2 & 83]


Paris Convention Countries and WTO Members


Countries which have acceded to the Paris Convention


The Republic of Albania
The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
The Principality of Andorra
The Republic of Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Republic of Argentina
The Republic of Armenia
The Commonwealth of Australia
The Republic of Austria
The Republic of Azerbaijan
The Commonwealth of The Bahamas
The Kingdom of Bahrain
The People's Republic of Bangladesh
Barbados
The Republic of Belarus
The Kingdom of Belgium
Belize
The Republic of Benin
The Kingdom of Bhutan
The Plurinational State of Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Republic of Botswana
The Federative Republic of Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
The Republic of Bulgaria
The Burkina Faso
The Republic of Burundi
Kingdom of Cambodia
The Republic of Cameroon
Canada
The Central African Republic
The Republic of Chad
Republic of Chile
The People's Republic of China
The Republic of Colombia
Union of the Comoros
The Democratic Republic of Congo
The Republic of Congo
The Republic of Costa Rica
The Republic of Cote d'Ivoire
The Republic of Croatia
The Republic of Cuba
The Republic of Cyprus



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 31

The Czech Republic
The Kingdom of Denmark
The Republic of Djibouti
The Commonwealth of Dominica
The Dominican Republic
The Republic of Ecuador
The Arab Republic of Egypt
The Republic of El Salvador
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea
Republic of Estonia
The Republic of Finland
The French Republic
The Gabonese Republic
The Republic of the Gambia
Georgia
The Federal Republic of Germany
The Republic of Ghana
Grenada
The Republic of Guatemala
The Republic of Guinea
The Republic of Guinea-Bissau
The Republic of Guyana
The Republic of Haiti
The Hellenic Republic (Greece)
Holy See
The Republic of Honduras
Hungary
The Republic of Iceland
The Republic of India
The Republic of Indonesia
The Islamic Republic of Iran
The Republic of Iraq
Ireland
The State of Israel
The Republic of Italy
Jamaica
Japan
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
The Republic of Kazakhstan
The Republic of Kenya
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
The State of Kuwait
The Kyrgyz Republic
The Lao People's Democratic Republic
Republic of Latvia
The Republic of Lebanon
The Kingdom of Lesotho
The Republic of Liberia
Libya
The Principality of Liechtenstein
The Republic of Lithuania
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
The Republic of Macedonia
The Republic of Madagascar



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 32

The Republic of Malawi
Malaysia
The Republic of Mali
The Republic of Malta
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania
The Republic of Mauritius
The Republic of Moldova
The Principality of Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
The Kingdom of Morocco
The Republic of Mozambique
The Republic of Namibia
The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
The Kingdom of the Netherlands
New Zealand
The Republic of Nicaragua
The Republic of Niger
The Federal Republic of Nigeria
The Kingdom of Norway
The Sultanate of Oman
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan
The Republic of Panama
The Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Republic of Paraguay
The Republic of Peru
Republic of the Philippines
The Republic of Poland
The Portuguese Republic
The State of Qatar
Romania
The Russian Federation
The Republic of Rwanda
The Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
The Independent State of Samoa
The Republic of San Marino
The Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
The Republic of Senegal
The Republic of Serbia
The Republic of Seychelles
The Republic of Sierra Leone
The Republic of Singapore
The Slovak Republic
The Republic of Slovenia
The Republic of South Africa
The Kingdom of Spain
The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
The Republic of the Sudan
The Republic of Suriname
The Kingdom of Swaziland
The Kingdom of Sweden
Swiss Confederation



Cap 522 - REGISTERED DESIGNS ORDINANCE 33

The Syrian Arab Republic
The Republic of Tajikistan
The Kingdom of Thailand
The Republic of Togo
The Kingdom of Tonga
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
The Republic of Tunisia
The Republic of Turkey
Turkmenistan
The Republic of Uganda
Ukraine
The United Arab Emirates
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Mexican States
The United Republic of Tanzania
The United States of America
Oriental Republic of Uruguay
The Republic of Uzbekistan
The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
The Republic of Yemen
The Republic of Zambia
The Republic of Zimbabwe


Countries, territories and areas which have acceded to the World Trade Organization Agreement (not

including countries which have acceded to the Paris Convention)

The Republic of Cabo Verde
European Union
The Republic of Fiji
The Macao Special Administrative Region
The Republic of Maldives
The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu
The Solomon Islands
The Republic of Vanuatu

(Amended L.N. 340 of 1998; L.N. 65 of 2002; L.N. 215 of 2005; L.N. 253 of 2009; L.N. 63 of 2013; L.N. 69 of
2014; L.N. 122 of 2015)

(Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2014)

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