Plant Varieties Protection Ordinance


Published: 1997-10-24

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Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 490 PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE Gazette Number Version Date

Long title L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


An Ordinance to provide for the protection of plant varieties.


[24 October 1997] L.N. 492 of 1997


(Originally 21 of 1996)

Part: I PRELIMINARY L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997




Section: 1 Short title L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Plant Varieties Protection Ordinance.
(2) (Omitted as spent)


Section: 2 Interpretation L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2


In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-
"applicant" (申請人), in relation to any application, means the person by whom or on whose behalf that application is

made;
"application" (申請) means-

(a) an application for a grant; and
(b) an application for a declaration under section 31(1)(b);

"court" (法院) means the Court of First Instance; (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
"denomination" (名目), in relation to any protected variety, or any variety that was a protected variety until the grant

made in respect of it expired, means the distinguishing name or identification approved for that variety by the
Registrar under section 18(2)(a);

"grant" (授權證) means a grant of plant variety rights under this Ordinance;
"grantee" (承授人) means the holder of a grant and, in relation to a protected variety, means the holder of a grant in

respect of that variety;
"owner" (擁有人), in relation to any variety, means-

(a) a person who bred or discovered and developed that variety;
(b) an agent of that person;
(c) a successor to that person;

"plant" (植物) means-
(a) any multicellular vascular organism with a root system;
(b) any algae;
(c) any fungi;

"prescribed" (訂明) means prescribed or provided for by regulations made under section 42;
"protected variety" (受保護品種) means a variety in respect of which a grant is in force;
"publication" (公布) means public notification, and includes public notification in the Gazette;
"register" (註冊紀錄冊) means the Register of Plant Variety Rights maintained under section 8(1);
"Registrar" (處長) means the Registrar of Plant Variety Rights;
"reproductive material" (生殖材料), in relation to any variety, means any portion of a plant of that variety by means

of which plants of that variety may be reproduced or propagated; and means spores and seeds;



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 2

"sale" (售賣) includes any disposition for valuable consideration and any offer for sale, and "sell" and "sold" (出售)
have corresponding meanings;

"term" (有效期) means the period that a grant is in force under section 22;
"UPOV country" (聯盟成員國) means a country that is a member State of the International Union for the Protection

of New Varieties of Plants, constituted pursuant to the international agreement called the International
Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants;

"variety" (品種) means a cultivar of a plant to which this Ordinance, by virtue of section 4 and the Schedule, applies,
and means any clone, hybrid, stock, or line, of such a plant, but does not mean a botanical variety of such a
plant.


Section: 3 Application* 2 of 2009 08/05/2009


This Ordinance applies to the Government and the Offices set up by the Central People’s Government in the
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

(Amended 2 of 2009 s. 4)
_____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Replaced 2 of 2009 s. 4)

Section: 4 Plants to which Ordinance applies* 2 of 2009 08/05/2009


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) This Ordinance applies to the plants listed in the Schedule.
(2) The Secretary for Food and Health may, by notice in the Gazette, amend the Schedule. (Amended 78 of

1999 s. 7; L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)
_____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Replaced 2 of 2009 s. 5)

Part: II REGISTRAR OF PLANT VARIETY RIGHTS AND

REGISTER
L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997





Section: 5 Registrar of Plant Variety Rights L.N. 331 of 1999 01/01/2000


(1) The Director of Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation shall be the Registrar of Plant Variety Rights for
the purposes of this Ordinance. (Amended L.N. 331 of 1999)

(2) The Registrar may authorize in writing any public officer to perform or exercise all or any of the functions
which are imposed or conferred on him by this Ordinance.

Section: 6 Appeals against decisions of the Registrar L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Except as otherwise prescribed, an appeal lies to the court, to the extent and in the manner provided in Part IV,
against any decision of the Registrar made under this Ordinance.

Section: 7 Registrar not liable in respect of official acts L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) The Registrar shall not be taken to warrant the correctness or validity of the registration of a plant variety
right under this Ordinance or under any international agreement, or convention, which has been applied to Hong
Kong.

(2) The Registrar is not subject to any liability by reason only of the fact of any examination required or



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 3

authorized by this Ordinance, or any such international agreement or convention, or any report or other proceedings
consequent on such examination.

(3) No proceedings lie against any public officer authorized by the Registrar under section 5(2) in respect of
any matter for which, by virtue of this section, the Registrar is not liable.

Section: 8 Register to be maintained L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) The Registrar shall maintain a register called the Register of Plant Variety Rights.
(2) There shall be entered in the register-

(a) notice of every decision of the Registrar to make or decline to make a grant of a plant variety right;
(b) such particulars as may be required to be entered by this Ordinance or as may be prescribed; and
(c) any other matters and information relating to plant varieties or plant variety rights whose entry in the

register appears to the Registrar to be important or useful.
(3) The register need not be kept in documentary form but shall be kept in such manner as may be prescribed

by manual, mechanical, electronic, optical or other means, and provision shall in particular be prescribed for-
(a) public inspection of the register;
(b) the supply of certified or uncertified copies, or extracts, of entries in the register; and
(c) publication in each year of any matter or information entered in the register, including information as

and relating to plant varieties for which a grant has been made and which remains in force for that
year.


Section: 9 Rectification of the register L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Any person having a sufficient interest may apply to the Registrar for the rectification of an error or
omission in the register.

(2) Except where the Registrar directs otherwise, the effect of rectification of the register is that the error or
omission in question shall be deemed never to have been made.

(3) The Registrar may, on request made in the prescribed manner by the grantee of a registered plant variety
right, enter any change in his name or address as recorded in the register.

(4) The Registrar may remove from the register matter appearing to him to have ceased to have effect.

Section: 10 Registration to be prima facie evidence of validity L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


In any proceedings before the court relating to a registered plant variety right, the registration of a person as
grantee of a plant variety right shall be prima facie evidence of the validity of the original registration and of any
subsequent assignment or other transmission of it.

Section: 11 Certificate of validity of contested registration L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) If in proceedings before the court the validity of the registration of a plant variety right is contested and it is
found by the court that the plant variety right is validly registered, the court may give a certificate to that effect.

(2) If the court gives such a certificate and in subsequent proceedings-
(a) the validity of the registration is again questioned; and
(b) the grantee obtains a final order or judgment in his favour,

he is entitled to his costs as between solicitor and client unless the court directs otherwise.
(3) Subsection (2) does not extend to the costs of an appeal in any such proceedings.


Section: 12 Burden of proving use of plant variety right L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


If in any proceedings before the court to which a grantee or a person authorized by licence or otherwise under
section 25(1) is a party of a question arises as to the use to which a registered plant variety right has been put, it is for
the grantee or that person to show what use has been made of it.




Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 4

Part: III GRANT OF PLANT VARIETY RIGHTS L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997




Section: 13 Application for grant L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Every application shall be in such manner and form as the Registrar may require and shall-
(a) be accompanied by the quantity of reproductive material, if any, prescribed in respect of varieties of

the kind concerned;
(b) be completed and signed by or on behalf of the applicant;
(c) nominate an address for service in relation to that application, being an address within Hong Kong; and
(d) be accompanied by the prescribed application fee.

(2) Within the prescribed period after making an application, the applicant shall give to the Registrar-
(a) in such detail as the Registrar requires, a description of-

(i) the origin and breeding of the variety concerned;
(ii) the botanical features of that variety; and
(iii) those aspects of that variety that, in the opinion of that applicant, distinguish it from those other

varieties whose existence was a matter of common knowledge at the time of that application; and
(b) the proposed denomination for that variety.

(3) Within the prescribed period after being requested by the Registrar to do so, the applicant shall furnish the
Registrar with-

(a) such further reproductive material of the variety concerned as the Registrar may specify;
(b) any other information that the Registrar thinks relevant and requests from that applicant.

(4) An application that complies with subsection (1) at the time it is received at the office of the Registrar shall,
for the purposes of this Ordinance, be deemed to be made at that time.

(5) An application that does not comply with subsection (1) at the time it is received at the office of the
Registrar shall, for the purposes of this Ordinance, be deemed to be made at the time at which it first complies with
that subsection while being held at that office.

(6) If satisfied that an application complies with subsection (1) the Registrar shall-
(a) notify in the Gazette the making of that application; and
(b) advise the applicant accordingly.

(7) The Registrar shall notify in the Gazette every proposed denomination for a variety given to the Registrar
by any applicant that, in the opinion of the Registrar, complies with the prescribed requirements.

(8) For the purposes of subsection (2)(a)(iii) and section 18(4)(b), common knowledge of a variety is
established if that variety is a variety-

(a) in respect of which a grant or an application has been made under this Ordinance;
(b) in respect of which in a UPOV country an equivalent grant or equivalent application has been made;
(c) which has been precisely described in any publication;
(d) which appears or has been included in a reference collection; or
(e) which has been cultivated or marketed for a period exceeding the prescribed period.


Section: 14 Objections before grant L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Any person who considers that the Registrar should not approve a proposed denomination notified in the
Gazette may, within 3 months of its notification in the Gazette under section 13(6)(a), by notice in writing to the
Registrar, object to the approval of that denomination.

(2) Any person who considers that an application has been made by or on behalf of an applicant who is not an
owner of the variety concerned may, at any time before a grant is made to the applicant in respect of that variety, by
notice in writing to the Registrar, object to the making of a grant in respect of that variety to the applicant.

(3) Any person who considers that an application has been made in respect of a variety that is not new, distinct,
stable, and homogeneous, as required by section 18(2)(d) may, at any time before a grant is made in respect of that
variety, by notice in writing to the Registrar, object to the making of a grant in respect of that variety.

(4) If an objection is made under this section, the Registrar shall not make a grant in respect of the variety
concerned before giving the applicant concerned and the objector a reasonable opportunity to be heard.




Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 5

Section: 15 Withdrawal or lapse of applications L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Any application may be withdrawn by the applicant at any time before a grant is made in respect of it.
(2) The withdrawal of an application shall not affect the liability of the application for any fees that may have

become payable up to the date of that withdrawal.
(3) If any information or material required to be given to the Registrar under section 13(2) or (3) is not supplied

within the prescribed period, the application concerned shall lapse upon the expiration of that period.

Section: 16 Inspection of applications L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


After an application is made, the Registrar shall hold it and any document or instrument accompanying it or
supplied subsequently pursuant to section 13(2) or (3), or a copy of that document or instrument, certified by the
Registrar to be a true copy, available for public inspection during ordinary business hours of the office of the
Registrar.

Section: 17 Provisional protection L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Subject to subsection (2), on and after the day on which an application is made, the applicant shall have the
same rights to take proceedings under this Ordinance as if on that day a grant had been made to the applicant in
respect of the variety concerned.

(2) The rights conferred by subsection (1) shall be treated as never having been conferred if the-
(a) application concerned is withdrawn or lapses; or
(b) Registrar declines to make a grant in respect of that application.


Section: 18 Making of grants L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) The Registrar shall-
(a) subject to section 19, make a grant in respect of every application that is eligible for the making of a

grant; and
(b) decline to make a grant in respect of every application that is not eligible for the making of a grant.

(2) An application shall be treated as being eligible for the making of a grant if, and only if, the applicant has
given the Registrar all reproductive material of the variety concerned requested by the Registrar, and the Registrar-

(a) has approved for that variety a denomination proposed by the applicant;
(b) is satisfied that that applicant is an owner of that variety;
(c) has received the prescribed fee; and
(d) is satisfied that that variety is new, distinct, stable, and homogeneous.

(3) The Registrar shall approve a proposed denomination for a variety if, and only if, in the opinion of the
Registrar, it complies with the prescribed requirements.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (2)(d)-
(a) subject to subsection (6), a variety is new if there has been no sale of that variety with the agreement of

any relevant owner of that variety-
(i) in Hong Kong, for more than 12 months before the date on which that application was made; and
(ii) outside Hong Kong, for more than 6 years before that date in the case of trees or vines, or for

more than 4 years before that date in every other case;
(b) a variety is distinct if it is clearly distinguishable from any other variety whose existence was a matter

of common knowledge when the application concerned was made;
(c) a variety is stable if, in its relevant characteristics, it remains true to its description-

(i) where the applicant concerned has described particular cycles of propagation or reproduction for
that variety, at the end of each such cycle; and

(ii) in every other case, after repeated propagation or reproduction;
(d) a variety is homogeneous if all of its plants carry, exhibit or show the same expression of that variety's

relevant characteristics, subject to any variation which may be expected having regard to any particular
feature of its propagation or reproduction.

(5) In determining, for the purposes of subsection (2)(d), whether or not the Registrar is satisfied that a variety



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 6

is homogeneous, the Registrar shall have regard to the particular features of its propagation or reproduction,
whichever is applicable to it.

(6) Where, to increase the stock of a variety or for tests of a variety, its owner makes arrangements under
which-

(a) reproductive material of that variety is to be sold to or used by some other person;
(b) any unused portion of that reproductive material, and all the material of any sort produced from that

reproductive material, is-
(i) to be sold to that owner, by that other person; or
(ii) otherwise to become the property of that owner,

then for the purposes of subsection (4)(a), no account shall be taken of any sale under that arrangement of-
(i) reproductive material of that variety by that owner to that other person; or
(ii) material of any sort of that variety by that other person to that owner.

(7) For the purposes of subsection (2)(d), a variety does not cease to be new by virtue only of the sale at any
time of-

(a) material that is not reproductive material; or
(b) reproductive material disposed of for purposes other than reproduction,

that, having been produced during the breeding, increase of stock, tests, or trials, of that variety, is not or no longer
required for any of those activities.

(8) For the purposes of subsection (4)(b), the characteristics by which a variety may be distinguished from
others may be morphological, physiological, or of any other kind or description, so long as those characteristics are
capable of precise description and recognition.

(9) It shall be a condition of a grant made to any person in respect of a variety that the grantee shall-
(a) pay such annual grant fee; and
(b) maintain such stock of reproductive material,

in relation to that variety as may be prescribed.

Section: 19 Varieties bred or discovered and developed by 2 or more

persons independently
L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997



Subject to section 20, where-
(a) before a grant is made in respect of a variety, 2 or more applications in respect of that variety have

been made;
(b) the Registrar is satisfied that the 2 or more applicants concerned are persons who, or successors of

persons who, bred or discovered and developed that variety independently; and
(c) the Registrar is satisfied that, but for this section, each of those 2 or more applicants is or would be

entitled to a grant in respect of that variety,
the Registrar shall make a grant to that 1 of those 2 or more applicants whose application in respect of that variety was
made first.

Section: 20 Priority resulting from earlier applications L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Where-
(a) any person makes an application for a grant in Hong Kong in respect of a variety in respect of which

that person has earlier in a UPOV country made an equivalent application under the law of that country
that has been accepted; and

(b) that application for a grant in Hong Kong is made not more than 12 months after that equivalent
application or, if more than 1 equivalent application has been made, whether in 1 or in several
countries, the earliest of them, was made; and

(c) a claim for priority in relation to that equivalent application accompanies the application for a grant in
Hong Kong; and

(d) within 3 months of the making of that application for a grant in Hong Kong, a copy of any documents
constituting that equivalent application, certified as correct by the authority to which it was made, is
submitted to the Registrar,

sections 18(4)(b) and 19 shall apply to that application for a grant in Hong Kong as if it had been made when that
equivalent application was accepted.



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 7


Section: 21 Cancellation of grants because of earlier applications L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Where-
(a) after a grant is made to any person in respect of a variety, another person makes an application in

respect of that variety;
(b) the Registrar is satisfied that, if that grant had not already been made, that other person would, by

virtue of section 20, be entitled to a grant in respect of that application,
the Registrar shall cancel that grant, and shall make a new grant to the person who would be entitled to it as if the
cancelled grant had never been made.

Section: 22 Duration of grant L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) The Registrar shall endorse every grant with the date of its making.
(2) Subject to section 24 (cancellation of grants), every grant shall be in force for a term, commencing on the

day it is made-
(a) in the case of any prescribed species, of 25 years, or any longer prescribed period; and
(b) of 20 years in every other case.

(3) The Registrar shall record in the register the date and other prescribed particulars, if any, of every grant.

Section: 23 Objections after grant L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Any person who considers that a grant has been made in respect of a variety that is not new, distinct, stable,
and homogeneous as required by section 18 may at any time, by notice in writing to the Registrar, object to the
continuation in force of that grant.

(2) Any person who considers that a grant was made to a person who was not an owner of that variety may, by
notice in writing to the Registrar, object to the continuation in force of that grant.

(3) An objection under subsection (2) may be accompanied by an application in respect of the variety
concerned.

Section: 24 Cancellation of grants L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) The Registrar may cancel a grant at any time during its term if so requested in writing by the grantee.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), the Registrar shall cancel a grant at any time during its term if satisfied that-

(a) any information supplied in the application concerned or in relation to that application was incorrect
and that if the correct information had been known before that grant was made, the Registrar would
have declined to make that grant;

(b) the variety concerned was not, at the time of the application concerned, new and distinct within the
meaning of section 18;

(c) that variety is not stable and homogeneous within the meaning of section 18;
(d) the grantee was not, at the time that grant was made, an owner of that variety;
(e) the grantee of that variety, after being requested by the Registrar to provide the Registrar within a

period specified by the Registrar with reproductive material capable of producing that variety with its
characteristics as described when the grant was made, has failed to do so;

(f) that grantee, after being requested by the Registrar to allow the Registrar within a period specified by
the Registrar to inspect the measures taken for the maintenance of that variety, or to provide
documents or information in relation to that variety, has failed to do so;

(g) in any particular year any annual grant fee in relation to the variety concerned which is required to be
paid as prescribed, has not been paid;

(h) any stock of reproductive material in relation to the variety concerned which is required to be
maintained as prescribed, has not been maintained; or

(i) that grantee has failed to comply with any permission or order granted under section 29(2) in relation
to that variety.

(3) Before cancelling a grant under subsection (2), the Registrar shall give the grantee written notice of



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 8

intention to do so and, unless that grantee shows sufficient cause within 28 days of the date of the notice why that
grant should not be cancelled, shall cancel that grant on the expiration of that period.

(4) Where-
(a) the Registrar has cancelled a grant under subsection (2)(d); and
(b) any application, other than the application in respect of which that grant was made, has at any time,

whether before or after the making of that grant, been made in respect of the variety concerned,
the Registrar shall deal with all applications in respect of that variety as if that grant had never been made.

Section: 25 Rights of grantees L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Subject to section 27, a grantee shall have the exclusive right-
(a) to produce for sale, and to offer for sale or sell, reproductive material of the variety concerned;
(b) to import or export reproductive material of the variety concerned;
(c) if that variety is a plant of a type prescribed for the purposes of this section, to propagate that variety

for the purposes of the commercial production of fruit or flowers of that variety;
(d) subject to any terms and conditions that grantee may specify, to authorize, by licence or otherwise, any

other person or persons to do any of the things described in paragraph (a), (b) or (c).
(2) The rights of a grantee under a grant are proprietary rights, and their infringement shall be actionable

accordingly; and in awarding damages, including any exemplary damages, or granting any other relief, a court shall
take into consideration-

(a) any loss suffered or likely to be suffered by that grantee as a result of that infringement; and
(b) any profits or other benefits derived by any other person from that infringement; and
(c) the flagrancy of that infringement.

(3) Where there is imported into Hong Kong any reproductive material of a protected variety, any propagation,
sale, or use, of that material-

(a) as reproductive material; and
(b) without the authority of the grantee concerned,

constitutes an infringement of the rights of that grantee under this section.
(4) The importation into Hong Kong-

(a) from a country that is not a UPOV country of harvested material of a protected variety; or
(b) from a UPOV country of harvested material of a protected variety in respect of which, under the law of

that country, it is not possible to make the equivalent of a grant,
without the consent of the grantee is an infringement of the grantee's rights under this Ordinance.

(5) The sale under the denomination of a protected variety of reproductive material of some other variety
constitutes an infringement of the rights under this section of the grantee of that protected variety, unless the groups of
plants to which those varieties belong are internationally recognized as being distinct for the purposes of
denomination.

(6) Where, in any proceedings under this section for the infringement of the rights of a grantee, it is proved or
admitted that an infringement was committed but proved by the defendant that, at the time of that infringement, the
defendant was not aware and had no reasonable grounds for supposing that it was an infringement, the plaintiff shall
not be entitled under this section to any damages against the defendant in respect of that infringement, but shall be
entitled instead to an account of profits in respect of that infringement.

(7) Nothing in subsection (6) affects any entitlement of a grantee to any relief in respect of the infringement of
that grantee's rights under this Ordinance other than damages.

Section: 26 Exceptions to grantees' rights L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Notwithstanding section 25 it shall not be an infringement of the rights of a grantee for any person-
(a) to use reproductive material from a protected variety for human consumption or other non-

reproductive purposes;
(b) to use, propagate or grow a protected variety for-

(i) non-commercial purposes;
(ii) experimental or research purposes; or
(iii) the purposes of breeding a new variety; or

(c) engaged in farming activities for the purpose of safeguarding agricultural or horticultural production,



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 9

to use for reproductive purposes on his own holding, reproductive material from a protected variety
where the type within which the protected variety is classified has been prescribed for the purposes of
this section as exempt from the rights of a grantee and where such reproductive material-
(i) has been legitimately obtained by purchase or otherwise with the authority of the grantee

concerned; or
(ii) having been so legitimately obtained has subsequently been propagated or grown on his own

holding.

Section: 27 Rights under licence L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Where a person has been authorized by licence or otherwise under section 25(1)(d) that person so authorized
shall have the same rights as that grantee to take proceedings in respect of any infringement of the rights of that
grantee in respect of the variety concerned affecting the rights given under that licence and committed after it was
granted.

Section: 28 Notice of protection L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Any person who-
(a) has acquired rights in respect of a variety under section 17(1) or 25; and
(b) sells any reproductive material of that variety,

shall take all reasonable steps, by means of suitable labelling or other identification of that material, to inform the
purchaser concerned of those rights.

(2) In determining, for the purposes of section 25(6), whether or not any person had reasonable grounds for
supposing that any action was an infringement of the rights of a grantee, a court may take into account the extent, if
any, to which that grantee or, as the case requires, the licensee concerned had complied with subsection (1) in respect
of any material in respect of which, or in respect of material propagated from which, that infringement occurred.

Section: 29 Use of reproductive material with permission of Registrar

etc.
L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997



(1) Any person may at any time after the making of a grant, on payment of the prescribed fee request the
Registrar to consider whether or not reasonable quantities of reproductive material of a reasonable quality of the
variety concerned are available for purchase by members of the public at a reasonable price.

(2) Where a request is made under subsection (1), the Registrar shall give the grantee concerned notice of it and
a reasonable opportunity to be heard in relation to it, and if, after considering any submissions made to the Registrar
by that grantee within that time, the Registrar is satisfied there are not available for purchase by members of the public
at a reasonable price reasonable quantities of reproductive material of reasonable quality of the variety concerned, the
Registrar shall grant to the person who made that request one or both of the following-

(a) permission for the reproduction and sale of reproductive material by that person of that variety;
(b) an order requiring that grantee to sell to that person reproductive material of that variety.

(3) In considering whether or not there are available to members of the public at a reasonable price reasonable
quantities of reproductive material of reasonable quality of a variety, the Registrar shall not take into account any
reproductive material that is available only subject to the condition that all or any of the produce from that material
must be sold or offered to a specified person, or to 1 of a specified group of persons, or to a member of a specified
class or description of person.

(4) Any permission or order granted under subsection (2) shall be in writing.
(5) When granting any permission or order under subsection (2), the Registrar shall specify a royalty or

payment or a means of calculating a royalty or payment, payable by the person to whom that permission is granted or
by the purchaser concerned to the grantee concerned, being, in the opinion of the Registrar, a royalty or payment that
is, or a means that will produce a royalty or payment that is, in all the circumstances, equitable, and-

(a) it shall be a condition of that grant of permission or order that the person to whom that permission is
granted or purchaser shall pay to that grantee that royalty or payment or a royalty or payment so
calculated, as the case requires; and

(b) that grant of permission or order shall be subject to any other terms and conditions the Registrar thinks
fit.



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 10

(6) Any permission or order granted under subsection (2) shall have effect according to its tenor as if it were a
contract voluntarily entered into by the grantee and the other person concerned.

(7) Subject to this Ordinance, the Registrar may at any time-
(a) on the application of any person; and
(b) if the Registrar thinks it appropriate,

limit, vary, extend, or revoke, any permission or order granted under subsection (2).
(8) As soon as is possible after granting any permission or order under subsection (2), or limiting, varying,

extending, or revoking, any such permission or order, the Registrar shall notify in the Gazette brief details of the
action taken.

Section: 30 Use of denomination L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Any person who sells reproductive material of-
(a) a protected variety; or
(b) a variety that was a protected variety until the grant made in respect of it expired,

shall use its denomination, and shall not associate any trade mark, trade name, or other similar indication with that
denomination unless that denomination is clearly recognizable.

Section: 31 Extension of grant of plant variety rights to cover

essentially derived varieties
L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997



(1) Where-
(a) after a grant is made to any person in respect of a variety (the "initial variety") and is made to another

person in respect of another variety; and
(b) the Registrar, on the application of the first-mentioned person, by notice in writing declares that the

other variety is an essentially derived variety from the initial variety,
the rights granted in respect of the initial variety mentioned in section 25 (rights of grantees) shall apply, with effect
from the date of the notice in writing, to that other variety.

(2) An application made under subsection (1) shall be accompanied by the prescribed application fee and
treated as if it were an application made under section 13 (application for grant) and Part III (grant of plant variety
rights) shall be read with such modifications as may be necessary to make the same applicable to the circumstances of
an application made under subsection (1).

(3) For the purposes of this section a variety shall be treated as being an essentially derived variety of another
variety if-

(a) it is predominantly derived from that other variety;
(b) it retains the relevant characteristics that result from the genotype or combination of genotypes of that

other variety;
(c) it is clearly distinguishable from that other variety; and
(d) except for the differences which result from the act of derivation, it conforms to the initial variety in

the expression of the relevant characteristics that result from the genotype or combination of genotypes
of that other variety.


Part: IV APPEALS L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997




Section: 32 Rights of appeal L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Registrar made in respect of him to decline to make a grant
under section 18 may, within 28 days after being given notice of that decision by the Registrar, appeal to the court
against that decision.

(2) Any person aggrieved by the making of a grant may, at any time, appeal to the court against the making of
that grant upon the ground that that grant was made in contravention of this Ordinance.

(3) Where the Registrar cancels a grant under section 21, the grantee may, within 28 days after being given
notice of the cancellation by the Registrar, appeal to the court against that cancellation on the ground that it has not



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 11

been established that, if that grant had not already been made, some other person making an application in respect of
the variety concerned would, by virtue of section 20, be entitled to a grant in respect of that application.

(4) Any person aggrieved by any decision of the Registrar made in respect of him, not being a decision referred
to in any of subsections (1) to (3)-

(a) relating to an application or the cancellation of a grant;
(b) imposing any condition in respect of a grant;
(c) declining to modify any aspect of a grant; or
(d) refusing to grant any permission or order under section 29(2),

may, within 28 days after being given notice of that decision by the Registrar, appeal to the court against that decision.
(5) The owner of a protected variety may, at any time, appeal to the court against any decision of the Registrar

to grant any permission or order under section 29(2) in respect of that variety, or to extend or vary any such grant of
permission or order.

(6) The person to whom any permission or order was granted under section 29(2) may, at any time, appeal to
the court against any decision of the Registrar to limit, vary, or revoke that grant of permission or order, or to issue it
subject to any terms or conditions.

Section: 33 Right to appeal in person L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Notwithstanding any rule of law to the contrary, an appellant may begin and carry on an appeal in the court
under this Part by a solicitor or in person.

(2) A person, being a body corporate, may begin and carry on an appeal in the court otherwise than by a
solicitor by an officer or a director of the body corporate authorized in that behalf by a resolution of the board or
committee of the body corporate.

Section: 34 Filing and notice of appeals L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) Every appeal to the court under section 32 shall be made by-
(a) filing a notice of appeal in the prescribed form at the office of the Registrar of the High Court; and
(b) serving a copy of that notice of appeal on the Registrar.

(2) Where an appeal is begun or carried on by a person being a body corporate, by an officer or a director of the
body corporate authorized in that behalf, a copy of the resolution referred to in section 33(2) shall be filed at the office
of the Registrar of the High Court.

(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

Section: 35 Advice to court as to technical or specialised matters L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) If a court is satisfied whether or not on the application of any party to that appeal that any appeal under
section 32 involves the consideration of technical or specialised matters, and that it would be desirable for a person
with expert knowledge of those matters to be an adviser in relation to that appeal, the following provisions shall apply-

(a) the court shall consult the parties to the appeal as to a suitable person to be an adviser in relation to the
appeal;

(b) if the court and those parties agree on a suitable person, the court shall appoint that person to be an
adviser in relation to that appeal;

(c) if the court and those parties do not agree on a suitable person, the court may appoint to be an adviser
in relation to that appeal any person the court thinks suitable; and

(d) an adviser appointed under this subsection shall sit with the court during the appeal, but shall have no
power of decision in relation to the appeal.

(2) A court may appoint 1 or more adviser under subsection (1) in respect of a single appeal if satisfied that the
nature of the technical or specialised matters concerned so warrants.

(3) No appointment of an adviser under subsection (1) shall, in any proceedings, be called into question on the
grounds that the occasion for that appointment had not arisen or had ceased.

(4) Every adviser appointed under subsection (1) is entitled to receive such-



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 12

(a) remuneration by way of fees or allowances, for his services as an adviser; and
(b) payment of travelling allowances or expenses in respect of time spent travelling in connection with

undertaking services,
as may be prescribed and any such remuneration or payment shall be charged on the general revenue.

(5) Subject to subsection (6) a court, after hearing an appeal under section 32, may-
(a) confirm the decision appealed against; or
(b) modify or reverse that decision or any part of it.

(6) Nothing in subsection (5) authorizes a court to review any decision of the Registrar, or any part of a
decision of the Registrar, if no appeal has been made against that decision or part.

Section: 36 Procedure on appeal L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Expanded Cross Reference:

33, 34, 35



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2


In dealing with an appeal under this Part-
(a) a court may hear all evidence tendered and representations made by or on behalf of any party to that

appeal that that court considers relevant to that appeal, whether or not that evidence would be
otherwise admissible in that court;

(b) subject to section 33 to 35 and to paragraph (a), the Rules of the High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A) shall
apply to that appeal; and (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(c) except as provided in this Part, a court shall determine its own procedure in relation to the
determination of that appeal.


Section: 37 Suspension of decision while appeal pending L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Where any person has appealed against any decision of the Registrar, the operation of that decision shall be
suspended until the appeal concerned has been finally disposed of.

Part: V OFFENCES L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997




Section: 38 Falsification of applications L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) Any person who, in an application or in an attachment to an application, furnishes or supplies with intent to
deceive any false or misleading information commits an offence.

(2) Any person who falsely represents that any person is the owner of a protected variety or that any person has
applied for a grant in respect of any variety knowing or having reason to believe that the representation is false,
commits an offence.

(3) Any person who commits an offence under this section is liable on conviction to a fine at level 6.

Section: 39 Falsely representing plant variety right as registered L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Any person-
(a) who falsely represents that a plant variety right is a registered plant variety right;
(b) selling material of a variety who falsely represents that-

(i) that variety is a protected variety or a variety in respect of which an application has been made;
or

(ii) that variety is material of some other variety being a variety that is a protected variety or a
variety in respect of which an application has been made,

knowing or having reason to believe that the representation is false commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a



Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 13

fine at level 6.

Section: 40 Misuse of denomination on sale of reproductive material L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


Any person who wilfully or negligently sells reproductive material otherwise than in compliance with the
requirements of section 30 commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 6.

Part: VI MISCELLANEOUS L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997




Section: 41 Hours of business and business days L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


(1) The Registrar may give directions in writing specifying the hours of business of his office for the purpose
of the transaction by the public of business under this Ordinance and the days which are business days for that
purpose.

(2) Business done on any day after the specified hours of business, or on a day which is not a business day,
shall be deemed to have been done on the next business day; and where the time for doing anything under this
Ordinance expires on a day which is not a business day, that time shall be extended to the next business day.

Section: 42 Regulations L.N. 130 of 2007 01/07/2007


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) The Secretary for Food and Health may make regulations- (Amended 78 of 1999 s. 7; L.N. 106 of 2002;

L.N. 130 of 2007)
(a) for the purposes of this Ordinance authorizing the making of regulations with respect to any matter;
(b) for prescribing anything authorized or required by this Ordinance to be prescribed; and
(c) generally for regulating practice and procedure under this Ordinance.

(2) Without affecting the generality of subsection (1), regulations made under this section may make provision-
(a) as to the manner of filing of applications and other documents and in respect of anything that is to

accompany or be furnished together with any application;
(b) as to the procedure to be followed in connection with any application or request to the Registrar or in

connection with any proceedings before the Registrar, and authorizing the rectification of irregularities
of procedure;

(c) providing for the testing and treatment of plant varieties to which applications relate;
(d) requiring and regulating the translation of documents and the filing and authentication of any

translation;
(e) as to the service of documents;
(f) prescribing time limits for anything required to be done under this Ordinance;
(g) providing for the extension of any time limit so prescribed, or specified by the Registrar, whether or

not it has already expired;
(h) providing for the forfeiture of any priority given in respect of an application;
(i) prescribing a form for appeals under Part IV;
(j) authorizing the preparation, publication, sale, and exchange of copies of diagrams, photographs, and

documents at the office of the Registrar, and of indexes to and abridgments to them;
(k) prescribing the mode of publishing any matters required by this Ordinance to be published;
(l) prescribing the requirements to be met in selecting the denomination of varieties, and providing for the

approval, rejection, or amendment of any denomination by the Registrar;
(m) prescribing fees and charges for anything authorized by this Ordinance.

(3) No allowance, expense, fee or charge shall be prescribed under this section without the consent of the
Financial Secretary.




Cap 490 - PLANT VARIETIES PROTECTION ORDINANCE 14

Schedule: SCHEDULE L.N. 492 of 1997 24/10/1997


[sections 2 & 4]


PLANTS TO WHICH ORDINANCE APPLIES


All plants other than-
(a) Inedible Algae;
(b) Inedible Fungi.

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