Sex Discrimination Ordinance


Published: 2013-04-25

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Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 1

Chapter: 480 Sex Discrimination Ordinance Gazette Number Version Date

Long title E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


An Ordinance to render unlawful certain kinds of sex discrimination, discrimination on the ground of marital status or
pregnancy, and sexual harassment; to provide for the establishment of a Commission with the functions of
working towards the elimination of such discrimination and harassment and promoting equality of opportunity
between men and women generally; and to provide for matters incidental thereto or connected therewith.

(Enacted 1995)

[Sections 63, 64, 67 to 69 and Schedule 6 } 20 May 1996 L.N. 185 of 1996
The other provisions, other than Part 3,
sections 36(1), (2) and (4), 40(6), 46(1) and
(3), 46(2) (in so far as that subsection
relates to an agent who is also an employee
of his principal) and 47(2) (in so far as that
subsection relates to an employee or
employer), Schedules 2 and 3 and any
other provision of the Ordinance in so far
as that provision makes reference to-

(a) Part 3 or any section or provision
contained within that Part; and

(b) any section or Schedule mentioned
above

}
}
}
}
}
}
}







20 September 1996 L.N. 394 of 1996










The remaining provisions 20 December 1996 L.N. 556 of 1996]



(Enacting provision omitted—E.R. 1 of 2013)


(Originally 67 of 1995)

(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
___________________________________________________________________
Note:
* The format of the Ordinance has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part: 1 Preliminary E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(Enacted 1995)

Section: 1 Short title E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Sex Discrimination Ordinance.
(2) (Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 2 Interpretation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 2

access (獲得、享用) means access as construed in accordance with section 56;
act (作為) includes a deliberate omission;
advertisement (廣告) includes every form of advertisement, whether to the public or not, and whether-

(a) in a newspaper or other publication;
(b) by television or radio;
(c) by display of notices, signs, labels, showcards or goods;
(d) by distribution of samples, circulars, catalogues, price lists or other material;
(e) by exhibition of pictures, models or films; or
(f) in any other way,
and references to the publishing of advertisements shall be construed accordingly;

Chairperson (主席) means the Chairperson of the Commission appointed under section 63(3)(a);
club (會社) means an association, incorporate or unincorporate, of not less than 30 persons associated together for

social, literary, cultural, political, sporting, athletic or other lawful purposes and which provides and maintains
its facilities, in whole or in part, from the funds of the association; (Amended 29 of 2008 s. 91)

Commission (委員會) means the Equal Opportunities Commission established under section 63(1);
commission agent (佣金經紀人) means commission agent as construed in accordance with section 20;
committee (小組委員會) means a committee established under section 64(2)(a);
committee of management (管理委員會), in relation to a club, means the group or body of persons (howsoever

described) that manages the affairs of that club;
conciliator (調停人) means any person engaged by the Commission under section 64(2)(e); (Amended 15 of 2012 s.

11)
contract worker (合約工作者) means contract worker as construed in accordance with section 13;
discrimination (歧視) means any discrimination falling within section 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9, and related expressions shall be

construed accordingly;
dispose (處置), in relation to premises, includes granting a right to occupy the premises, and any reference to

acquiring premises shall be construed accordingly;
dynamically supported craft (動力承托的航行器) has the same meaning as in the Shipping and Port Control

Ordinance (Cap 313); (Amended L.N. 315 of 1998)
education (教育) includes any form of training or instruction;
educational establishment (教育機構) means an educational establishment specified in column 1 of Schedule 1;
employment (僱用) means employment under-

(a) a contract of service or of apprenticeship; or
(b) a contract personally to execute any work or labour,

and related expressions shall be construed accordingly;
employment agency (職業介紹所) means a person who, for profit or not, provides services for the purpose of

finding employment for workers or supplying employers with workers;
enforcement notice (執行通知) means a notice under section 77(2);
estate agent (地產代理) has the same meaning as in the Estate Agents Ordinance (Cap 511); (Replaced 29 of 2008 s.

91)
firm (商號) means firm within the meaning of the Partnership Ordinance (Cap 38);
formal investigation (正式調查) means an investigation under section 70;
general notice (一般通告), in relation to any person, means a notice published by him at a time and in a manner

appearing to him suitable for securing that the notice is seen within a reasonable time by persons likely to be
affected by it;

genuine occupational qualification (真正的職業資格) means genuine occupational qualification as construed in
accordance with section 12(2);

man (男性) includes a male of any age;
marital status (婚姻狀況) means the state or condition of being-

(a) single;



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 3

(b) married;
(c) married but living separately and apart from one's spouse;
(d) divorced; or
(e) widowed;

near relative (近親), in relation to a person, means-
(a) the person's spouse;
(b) a parent of the person or of the spouse;
(c) a child of the person or the spouse of such a child;
(d) a brother or sister (whether of full blood or half blood) of the person or of the spouse or the spouse of such a

brother or sister;
(e) a grandparent of the person or of the spouse; or
(f) a grandchild of the person or the spouse of such a grandchild,
and, in determining the above relationships, children born out of wedlock are to be included, an adopted child is
to be regarded as a child of both the natural parents and the adoptive parent or parents and a step child as the
child of both the natural parents and any step parent; (Added 29 of 2008 s. 91)

notice (通告、通知) means a notice in writing;
prescribed (訂明) means prescribed in rules made under section 88;
profession (專業) includes any vocation or occupation;
responsible body (負責組織), in relation to an educational establishment, means the body specified in column 2 of

Schedule 1 opposite that establishment;
retirement (退休) includes retirement (whether voluntary or not) on grounds of age, length of service or incapacity;
sex discrimination (性別歧視) means any discrimination falling within section 5 or 6;
single-sex establishment (單性別機構) means single-sex establishment as construed in accordance with section 26;
trade (行業) includes any business;
training (訓練) includes any form of education or instruction;
woman (女性) includes a female of any age.
(2) References in this Ordinance to the dismissal of a person from employment or to the expulsion of a person from

a position as partner include references-
(a) to the termination of that person's employment or partnership by the expiration of any period (including a

period expiring by reference to an event or circumstance), not being a termination immediately after which
the employment or partnership is renewed on the same terms;

(b) to the termination of that person's employment or partnership by any act of his (including the giving of
notice) in circumstances such that he is entitled to terminate it without notice by reason of the conduct of
the employer, or the other partners, as the case may be.

(3) For the purposes of this Ordinance, an enforcement notice or a finding by the District Court becomes final when
an appeal against the notice or finding is dismissed, withdrawn or abandoned or when the time for appealing
expires without an appeal having been brought; and for this purpose an appeal against an enforcement notice
shall be taken to be dismissed if, notwithstanding that a requirement of the notice is quashed on appeal, a
direction is given in respect of it under section 78(3).

(4) (Repealed 29 of 2008 s. 91)
(5) For the purposes of this Ordinance, a person (howsoever described) sexually harasses a woman if-

(a) the person-
(i) makes an unwelcome sexual advance, or an unwelcome request for sexual favours, to her; or
(ii) engages in other unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature in relation to her,
in circumstances in which a reasonable person, having regard to all the circumstances, would have

anticipated that she would be offended, humiliated or intimidated; or
(b) the person, alone or together with other persons, engages in conduct of a sexual nature which creates a

hostile or intimidating environment for her. (Amended 29 of 2008 s. 91)
(6) (Repealed 29 of 2008 s. 91)
(7) In subsection (5)-
conduct of a sexual nature (涉及性的行徑) includes making a statement of a sexual nature to a woman, or in her

presence, whether the statement is made orally or in writing.



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 4

(8) A provision of Part 3 or 4 framed with reference to sexual harassment of women shall be treated as applying
equally to the treatment of men and for that purpose that provision, and subsections (5) and (7), shall have effect
with such modifications as are necessary.

(9) Subject to subsection (10), in this Ordinance existing statutory provision (現有法例條文) means any provision
of-
(a) any Ordinance enacted before this Ordinance was enacted;
(b) any subsidiary legislation made-

(i) under an Ordinance enacted before this Ordinance was enacted; and
(ii) before, on or after this Ordinance was enacted.

(10) Where an Ordinance enacted after this Ordinance was enacted re-enacts (with or without modifications) a
provision of an Ordinance enacted before this Ordinance was enacted, then that provision as re-enacted shall be
treated for the purposes of subsection (9) as if it continued to be contained in an Ordinance enacted before this
Ordinance was enacted.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 3 Application E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


This Ordinance binds the Government.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 4 Act done because of sex, etc. and for other reason E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


If-
(a) an act is done for 2 or more reasons; and
(b) one of the reasons is the sex, marital status or pregnancy of person (whether or not it is the dominant or a

substantial reason for doing the act),
then, for the purpose of this Ordinance, the act shall be taken to be done for the reason specified in paragraph (b).

(Enacted 1995)

Part: 2 Discrimination to which Ordinance Applies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(Enacted 1995)

Section: 5 Sex discrimination against women E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A person discriminates against a woman in any circumstances relevant for the purposes of any provision of this
Ordinance if-
(a) on the ground of her sex he treats her less favourably than he treats or would treat a man; or
(b) he applies to her a requirement or condition which he applies or would apply equally to a man but-

(i) which is such that the proportion of women who can comply with it is considerably smaller than the
proportion of men who can comply with it;

(ii) which he cannot show to be justifiable irrespective of the sex of the person to whom it is applied; and
(iii) which is to her detriment because she cannot comply with it.

(2) If a person treats or would treat a man differently according to the man's marital status, his treatment of a woman
is for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) to be compared to his treatment of a man having the like marital status.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 6 Sex discrimination against men E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Section 5, and the provisions of Parts 3 and 4 relating to sex discrimination against women, shall be read as
applying equally to the treatment of men, and for that purpose shall have effect with such modifications as are
necessary.

(2) In the application of subsection (1) no account shall be taken of special treatment afforded to women in



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 5

connection with pregnancy or childbirth.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 7 Discrimination against married, etc. persons* L.N. 28 of 2013 10/05/2013


(1) A person discriminates against a person of either sex in any circumstances relevant for the purposes of any
provision of Part 3 or 4 if-
(a) on the ground of his or her marital status (the relevant marital status) he treats that person less favourably

than he treats or would treat a person of the same sex with a different marital status; or
(b) he applies to that person a requirement or condition which he applies or would apply equally to a person

with a different marital status but-
(i) which is such that the proportion of persons with the relevant marital status who can comply with it is

considerably smaller than the proportion of persons of the same sex with a different marital status who
can comply with it;

(ii) which he cannot show to be justifiable irrespective of the marital status of the person to whom it is
applied; and

(iii) which is to that person's detriment because he or she cannot comply with it.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a provision of Part 3 or 4 framed with reference to discrimination against

women shall be treated as applying equally to the treatment of men, and for that purpose shall have effect with
such modifications as are necessary.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

___________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended L.N. 28 of 2013)

Section: 8 Discrimination against pregnant women* L.N. 28 of 2013 10/05/2013


A person discriminates against a woman in any circumstances relevant for the purposes of any provision of Part 3 or 4
if-
(a) on the ground of her pregnancy he treats her less favourably than he treats or would treat a person who is

not pregnant; or
(b) he applies to her a requirement or condition which he applies or would apply to a person who is not

pregnant but-
(i) which is such that the proportion of persons who are pregnant who can comply with it is considerably

smaller than the proportion of persons who are not pregnant who can comply with it;
(ii) which he cannot show to be justifiable irrespective of whether or not the person to whom it is applied

is pregnant; and
(iii) which is to her detriment because she cannot comply with it.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

__________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended L.N. 28 of 2013)

Section: 9 Discrimination by way of victimisation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A person (the discriminator) discriminates against another person (the person victimised) in any circumstances
relevant for the purposes of any provision of this Ordinance if he treats the person victimised less favourably
than in those circumstances he treats or would treat other persons, and does so by reason that the person
victimised or any other person (the third person) has-
(a) brought proceedings against the discriminator or any other person under this Ordinance;
(b) given evidence or information in connection with proceedings brought by any person against the

discriminator or any other person under this Ordinance;



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 6

(c) otherwise done anything under or by reference to this Ordinance in relation to the discriminator or any other
person; or

(d) alleged that the discriminator or any other person has committed an act which (whether or not the allegation
so states) would amount to a contravention of this Ordinance,

or by reason that the discriminator knows the person victimised or the third person, as the case may be, intends
to do any of those things, or suspects the person victimised or the third person, as the case may be, has done, or
intends to do, any of them.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to treatment of a person by reason of any allegation made by him if the allegation
was false and not made in good faith.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (1), a provision of Part 3 or 4 framed with reference to discrimination against, or
sexual harassment of, women shall be treated as applying equally to the treatment of men and for that purpose
shall have effect with such modifications as are necessary.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 10 Comparison of cases under sections 5(1), 7(1) and 8 E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


A comparison of the cases of persons-
(a) of different sex under section 5(1);
(b) of different marital status under section 7(1);
(c) who are pregnant and not pregnant under section 8,

shall be such that the relevant circumstances in the one case are the same, or not materially different, in the other.
(Enacted 1995)


Part: 3 Discrimination and Sexual Harassment in Employment

Field
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



(Enacted 1995)

Section: 11 Discrimination against applicants and employees E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Discrimination by Employers

(1) It is unlawful for a person, in relation to employment by him at an establishment in Hong Kong, to discriminate

against a woman-
(a) in the arrangements he makes for the purpose of determining who should be offered that employment;
(b) in the terms on which he offers her that employment; or
(c) by refusing or deliberately omitting to offer her that employment.

(2) It is unlawful for a person, in the case of a woman employed by him at an establishment in Hong Kong, to
discriminate against her-
(a) in the way he affords her access to opportunities for promotion, transfer or training, or to any other benefits,

facilities or services, or by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford her access to them;
(b) in the terms of employment he affords her; or
(c) by dismissing her, or subjecting her to any other detriment.

(3) Except in relation to discrimination falling within section 9, subsections (1) and (2) shall not apply to
employment where the number of persons employed by the employer, added to the number employed by any
associated employers of his, does not exceed 5 (disregarding any persons employed for the purposes of a private
home).

*(4) Subject to subsection (5), subsections (1)(b) and (2) shall not apply to provision in relation to death or retirement
made for a woman before 15 October 1997 in so far as any such provision continues for that woman on and after
that date. (Replaced 71 of 1997 s. 2. Amended 136 of 1997 s. 2)

(5) Subsections (1)(b) and (2) shall apply to provision in relation to death or retirement of the kind mentioned in
subsection (4) in so far as, in their application to such provision in relation to retirement, they render it unlawful
for a person to discriminate against a woman-
(a) in such of the terms on which he offers her employment as make provision in relation to the way in which



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 7

he will afford her access to opportunities for promotion, transfer or training or as provide for her dismissal
or demotion;

(b) in the way he affords her opportunities for promotion, transfer or training or by refusing or deliberately
omitting to afford her access to any such opportunities; or

(c) by dismissing her or subjecting her to any detriment which results in her dismissal or consists in or involves
her demotion. (Replaced 71 of 1997 s. 2)

(6) Subsection (2) shall not apply to benefits, facilities or services of any description if the employer is concerned
with the provision (for payment or not) of benefits, facilities or services of that description to the public, or to a
section of the public comprising the woman concerned, unless-
(a) that provision differs in a material respect from the provision of the benefits, facilities or services by the

employer to his employees; or
(b) the benefits, facilities or services relate to training.

(7) Subsection (3) shall expire on the 3rd anniversary of the day on which this Ordinance is enacted.
(8) For the purposes of subsection (3), 2 employers are to be treated as associated if one is a company of which the

other (directly or indirectly) has control or if both are companies of which a third person (directly or indirectly)
has control.

(9) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette- (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)
(a) amend subsection (3) by substituting another number for the last number appearing in that subsection;
(b) amend subsection (7) by substituting another anniversary for the anniversary appearing in that subsection.

(Enacted 1995)
_________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* Prior to its amendment by 136 of 1997, this subsection disapplies certain provisions of this Ordinance to

certain death or retirement provision made before "the commencement of this section" in so far as that
death or retirement provision continues "on and after that commencement". According to s. 5 of 136 of
1997, "the commencement of this section" meant, and always meant, for all purposes, the commencement
of ss. 2, 3 and 4 of 71 of 1997, i.e. 15 October 1997.


Section: 12 Exception where sex is genuine occupational qualification 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


(1) In relation to sex discrimination-
(a) section 11(1)(a) or (c) shall not apply to any employment where being a man is a genuine occupational

qualification for the job;
(b) section 11(2)(a) shall not apply to opportunities for promotion or transfer to, or training for, such

employment.
(2) Being a man is a genuine occupational qualification for a job only where-

(a) the essential nature of the job calls for a man for reasons of physiology (excluding physical strength or
stamina) or, in dramatic performances or other entertainment, for reasons of authenticity, so that the
essential nature of the job would be materially different if carried out by a woman;

(b) the job needs to be held by a man to preserve decency or privacy because-
(i) it is likely to involve physical contact with men in circumstances where they might reasonably object

to its being carried out by a woman; or
(ii) the holder of the job is likely to do his work in circumstances where men might reasonably object to

the presence of a woman because they are in a state of undress or are using sanitary facilities;
(c) the job is likely to involve the holder of the job doing his work, or living, in a private home and needs to be

held by a man because objection might reasonably be taken to allowing to a woman-
(i) the degree of physical or social contact with a person living in the home; or
(ii) the knowledge of intimate details of such a person's life,

which is likely, because of the nature or circumstances of the job or of the home, to be allowed to, or
available to, the holder of the job;

(d) the nature or location of the establishment makes it impracticable for the holder of the job to live elsewhere
than in premises provided by the employer, and-
(i) the only such premises which are available for persons holding that kind of job are lived in, or

normally lived in, by men and are not equipped with separate sleeping accommodation for women and
sanitary facilities which could be used by women in privacy from men; and



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 8

(ii) it is not reasonable to expect the employer to equip those premises with such accommodation and
facilities or to provide other premises for women;

(e) the nature of the establishment, or of the part of it within which the work is done, requires the job to be held
by a man because-
(i) it is, or is part of, a hospital, prison or other establishment for persons requiring special care,

supervision or attention;
(ii) those persons are all men (disregarding any woman whose presence is exceptional); and
(iii) it is reasonable, having regard to the essential character of the establishment or that part, that the job

should not be held by a woman;
(f) the holder of the job provides individuals with personal services promoting their welfare or education, or

similar personal services, and those services can most effectively be provided by a man;
(g) (Repealed 18 of 2014 s. 14)
(h) the job needs to be held by a man because it is likely to involve the performance of duties outside Hong

Kong in a place the laws or customs of which are such that the duties could not, or could not effectively, be
performed by a woman; or

(i) the job is one of 2 to be held by a married couple.
(3) Subsection (2) applies where some only of the duties of the job fall within any paragraph of that subsection

(except paragraph (i)) as well as where all of them do.
(4) Paragraph (a), (b), (d), (e), (f) or (h) of subsection (2) shall not apply in relation to the filling of a vacancy at a

time when the employer already has male employees- (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 14)
(a) who are capable of carrying out the duties falling within that paragraph;
(b) whom it would be reasonable to employ on those duties; and
(c) whose numbers are sufficient to meet the employer's likely requirements in respect of those duties without

undue inconvenience.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 13 Discrimination against contract workers E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) This section applies to any work for a person (the principal) which is available for doing by individuals
(contract workers) who are employed not by the principal himself but by a contractor or sub-contractor of the
principal. (Amended 29 of 2008 s. 92)

(2) It is unlawful for the principal, in relation to work to which this section applies, to discriminate against a woman
who is a contract worker-
(a) in the terms on which he allows her to do that work;
(b) by not allowing her to do it or continue to do it;
(c) in the way he affords her access to any benefits, facilities or services or by refusing or deliberately omitting

to afford her access to them; or
(d) by subjecting her to any other detriment.

(3) The principal does not contravene subsection (2)(b) by doing any act in relation to a woman at a time when if the
work were to be done by a person taken into his employment being a man would be a genuine occupational
qualification for the job.

(4) Subsection (2)(c) shall not apply to benefits, facilities or services of any description if the principal is concerned
with the provision (for payment or not) of benefits, facilities or services of that description to the public, or to a
section of the public to which the woman belongs, unless that provision differs in a material respect from the
provision of the benefits, facilities or services by the principal to his contract workers.

(5) In this section-
contractor (承判商) means a person who undertakes any work for the principal under a contract that is entered into

by the person directly with the principal;
sub-contractor (次承判商) means a person who enters into a contract with another person (whether or not a

contractor of the principal) to undertake all or any part of the work that a contractor of the principal has
undertaken. (Added 29 of 2008 s. 92)

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 9

Section: 14 Meaning of employment at establishment in Hong Kong E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) For the purposes of this Ordinance (the relevant purposes), employment is to be regarded as being at an
establishment in Hong Kong unless the employee does his work wholly or mainly outside Hong Kong.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to-
(a) employment on board a ship registered in Hong Kong; or
(b) employment on aircraft or dynamically supported craft registered in Hong Kong and operated by a person

who has his principal place of business, or is ordinarily resident, in Hong Kong,
but for the relevant purposes such employment is to be regarded as being at an establishment in Hong Kong

unless the employee does his work wholly outside Hong Kong.
(3) In the case of employment on board a ship registered in Hong Kong (except where the employee does his work

wholly outside Hong Kong) the ship shall for the relevant purposes be deemed to be the establishment.
(4) Where work is not done at an establishment it shall be treated for the relevant purposes as done at the

establishment from which it is done or (where it is not done from any establishment) at the establishment with
which it has the closest connection.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 15 Partnerships E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Discrimination by Other Bodies

(1) It is unlawful for a firm consisting of not less than 6 partners, in relation to a position as partner in the firm, to

discriminate against a woman-
(a) in the arrangements the firm makes for the purpose of determining who should be offered that position;
(b) in the terms on which the firm offers her that position;
(c) by refusing or deliberately omitting to offer her that position; or
(d) in a case where the woman already holds that position-

(i) in the way the firm affords her access to any benefits, facilities or services, or by refusing or
deliberately omitting to afford her access to them; or

(ii) by expelling her from that position or subjecting her to any other detriment.
(2) Subsection (1) shall apply in relation to persons proposing to form themselves into a partnership as it applies in

relation to a firm.
(3) Subsection (1)(a) and (c) shall not apply to a position as partner where, if it were employment, being a man

would be a genuine occupational qualification for the job.
*(4) Subject to subsection (5), subsection (1)(b) and (d) shall not apply to provision in relation to death or retirement

made for a woman before 15 October 1997 in so far as any such provision continues for that woman on and after
that date. (Replaced 71 of 1997 s. 3. Amended 136 of 1997 s. 3)

(5) Subsection (1)(b) and (d) shall apply to provision made in relation to death or retirement of the kind mentioned
in subsection (4) in so far as, in their application to such provision made in relation to retirement, they render it
unlawful for a firm to discriminate against a woman-
(a) in such of the terms on which the firm offers her a position as partner as provide for her expulsion from that

position; or
(b) by expelling her from a position as partner or subjecting her to any detriment which results in her expulsion

from such a position. (Replaced 71 of 1997 s. 3)
(6) In the case of a limited partnership references in subsection (1) to a partner shall be construed as references to a

general partner within the meaning of section 2 of the Limited Partnerships Ordinance (Cap 37).
(7) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend subsection (1) by- (Amended 66 of 1999

s. 3)
(a) substituting another number for the number appearing in that subsection; or
(b) repealing the words and number appearing after "for a firm" and before ", in relation to".

(Enacted 1995)
_________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* Prior to its amendment by 136 of 1997, this subsection disapplies certain provisions of this Ordinance to

certain death or retirement provision made before "the commencement of this section" in so far as that



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 10

death or retirement provision continues "on and after that commencement". According to s. 5 of 136 of
1997, "the commencement of this section" meant, and always meant, for all purposes, the commencement
of ss. 2, 3 and 4 of 71 of 1997, i.e. 15 October 1997.


Section: 16 Trade unions, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) This section applies to an organization of workers, an organization of employers, or any other organization
whose members carry on a particular profession or trade for the purposes of which the organization exists.

(2) It is unlawful for an organization to which this section applies, in the case of a woman who is not a member of
the organization, to discriminate against her-
(a) in the terms on which it is prepared to admit her to membership; or
(b) by refusing, or deliberately omitting to accept, her application for membership.

(3) It is unlawful for an organization to which this section applies, in the case of a woman who is a member of the
organization, to discriminate against her-
(a) in the way it affords her access to any benefits, facilities or services, or by refusing or deliberately omitting

to afford her access to them;
(b) by depriving her of membership, or varying the terms on which she is a member; or
(c) by subjecting her to any other detriment.

*(4) This section shall not apply to provision in relation to the death or retirement from work of a member made
before 15 October 1997 in so far as any such provision continues for that member on and after that date.
(Replaced 71 of 1997 s. 4. Amended 136 of 1997 s. 4)

(5) (Repealed 71 of 1997 s. 4)
(Enacted 1995)

_________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* Prior to its amendment by 136 of 1997, this subsection disapplies certain provisions of this Ordinance to

certain death or retirement provision made before "the commencement of this section" in so far as that
death or retirement provision continues "on and after that commencement". According to s. 5 of 136 of
1997, "the commencement of this section" meant, and always meant, for all purposes, the commencement
of ss. 2, 3 and 4 of 71 of 1997, i.e. 15 October 1997.


Section: 17 Qualifying bodies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for an authority or body which can confer an authorization or qualification which is needed for, or
facilitates, engagement in a particular profession or trade to discriminate against a woman-
(a) in the terms on which it is prepared to confer on her that authorization or qualification;
(b) by refusing or deliberately omitting to grant her application for it; or
(c) by withdrawing it from her or varying the terms on which she holds it.

(2) Where an authority or body is required by law to satisfy itself as to his good character before conferring on a
person an authorization or qualification which is needed for, or facilitates, his engagement in any profession or
trade then, without prejudice to any other duty to which it is subject, that requirement shall be taken to impose
on the authority or body a duty to have regard to any evidence tending to show that he, or any of his employees
or agents (whether past or present), has-
(a) practised unlawful discrimination; or
(b) engaged in unlawful sexual harassment,

in, or in connection with, the carrying on of any profession or trade.
(3) Subsection (1) shall not apply to discrimination which is rendered unlawful by section 25.
(4) In this section-
authorization or qualification (授權或資格) includes recognition, licensing, registration, enrolment, approval and

certification;
confer (授予) includes renew or extend.

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 11

Section: 18 Persons concerned with provision of vocational training E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful, in the case of a woman seeking or undergoing training which would help fit her for any
employment, for any person who provides, or makes arrangements for the provision of, facilities for such
training to discriminate against her-
(a) in the terms on which that person affords her access to any training course or other facilities concerned with

such training;
(b) by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford her such access;
(c) by terminating her training; or
(d) by subjecting her to any other detriment during the course of her training.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to-
(a) discrimination which is rendered unlawful by any of the provisions of section 11(1) or (2) or 25; or
(b) discrimination which would be rendered unlawful by any of those provisions but for the operation of any

other provision of this Ordinance.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 19 Employment agencies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for an employment agency to discriminate against a woman-
(a) in the terms on which the agency offers to provide any of its services;
(b) by refusing or deliberately omitting to provide any of its services; or
(c) in the way it provides any of its services.

(2) References in subsection (1) to the services of an employment agency include guidance on careers and any other
services related to employment.

(3) This section shall not apply if the discrimination only concerns employment which the employer could lawfully
refuse to offer the woman.

(4) An employment agency shall not be subject to any liability under this section if it proves-
(a) that it acted in reliance on a statement made to it by the employer to the effect that, by reason of the

operation of subsection (3), its action would not be unlawful; and
(b) that it was reasonable for it to rely on the statement.

(5) A person who knowingly or recklessly makes a statement of the kind referred to in subsection (4)(a) which in a
material respect is false or misleading commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 20 Discrimination against commission agents E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) This section applies to any work for a person (the principal) which is available for doing by individuals
(commission agents) as the agents of the principal and who are remunerated, whether in whole or in part, by
commission.

(2) It is unlawful for the principal, in relation to work to which this section applies, to discriminate against a woman
who is a commission agent-
(a) in the terms on which he allows her to do that work;
(b) by not allowing her to do it or continue to do it;
(c) in the way he affords her access to any benefits, facilities or services or by refusing or deliberately omitting

to afford her access to them; or
(d) by subjecting her to any other detriment.

(3) The principal does not contravene subsection (2)(b) by doing any act in relation to a woman at a time when if the
work were to be done by a person taken into his employment being a man would be a genuine occupational
qualification for the job.

(4) Subsection (2)(c) shall not apply to benefits, facilities or services of any description if the principal is concerned
with the provision (for payment or not) of benefits, facilities or services of that description to the public, or to a
section of the public to which the woman belongs, unless that provision differs in a material respect from the
provision of the benefits, facilities or services by the principal to his commission agents.

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 12

Section: 21 Government E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Government

(1) Subject to subsection (2), without prejudice to the operation of the other provisions of this Part in relation to the

Government, it is unlawful for the Government to discriminate against a woman in the performance of its
functions or the exercise of its powers.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not render unlawful-
(a) as regards a woman not having the right to enter and remain in Hong Kong, any act done under any

immigration legislation governing entry into, stay in and departure from Hong Kong; or
(b) any act done in relation to a woman if it was necessary for that act to be done in order to comply with a

requirement of an existing statutory provision.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 22 Ministers of religion, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Special Cases

(1) Nothing in this Part applies to employment for the purposes of an organized religion where the employment is

limited to one sex so as to comply with the doctrines of the religion or to avoid offending the religious
susceptibilities common to its followers.

(2) Nothing in section 17 applies to an authorization or qualification (within the meaning of that section) for the
purposes of an organized religion where the authorization or qualification is limited to one sex so as to comply
with the doctrines of the religion or to avoid offending the religious susceptibilities common to its followers.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 23 Employees, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Sexual Harassment

(1) It is unlawful for a person, in relation to employment by him at an establishment in Hong Kong, to sexually

harass a woman who is seeking to be employed by the person.
(2) It is unlawful for a person, in the case of a woman employed by him at an establishment in Hong Kong, to

sexually harass her.
(3) It is unlawful for a person who is employed by another person at an establishment in Hong Kong to sexually

harass a woman who is seeking to be, or who is, employed by that second-mentioned person.
(4) It is unlawful for the principal, in relation to work to which section 13 applies, to sexually harass a woman who

is a contract worker.
(5) It is unlawful for a contract worker to sexually harass a woman who is a fellow contract worker.
(6) It is unlawful for a partner in a firm to sexually harass a woman who is seeking to be, or who is, a partner in the

firm.
(7) Subsection (6) shall apply in relation to persons proposing to form themselves into a partnership as it applies in

relation to a firm.
(8) Section 15(6) shall apply to subsection (6) as it applies to section 15(1).
(9) It is unlawful for the principal, in relation to work to which section 20 applies, to sexually harass a woman who

is a commission agent.
(10) It is unlawful for a commission agent to sexually harass a woman who is a fellow commission agent.
(11) It is unlawful for a person who is seeking to be, or who is, employed by a woman at an establishment in Hong

Kong to sexually harass her.
(12) It is unlawful for a person residing in any premises to sexually harass a woman-

(a) employed by another person at an establishment in Hong Kong (and whether or not that other person also
resides in those premises or those premises are that establishment); and

(b) carrying out in those premises all or part of her work in relation to her employment (and whether or not she
also resides in those premises).

(Enacted 1995)



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 13


Section: 24 Other sexual harassment E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for a member of an organization to which section 16 applies to sexually harass a woman who is
seeking to be, or who is, a member of the organization.

(2) It is unlawful for a member of an authority or body referred to in section 17 to sexually harass a woman seeking
an authorization or qualification (within the meaning of that section) which can be conferred by the authority or
body, as the case may be.

(3) It is unlawful for a person to sexually harass a woman seeking or undergoing training which would help fit her
for any employment if that person provides, or makes arrangements for the provision of, facilities for such
training.

(4) It is unlawful for a person who-
(a) operates an employment agency; or
(b) is a member of the staff of an employment agency,

to sexually harass a woman in the course of offering to provide, or providing, any of the agency's services to her.
(Enacted 1995)


Part: 4 Discrimination and Sexual Harassment in other Fields* E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(Enacted 1995)
____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended L.N. 391 of 1996)

Section: 25 Discrimination by responsible bodies for educational

establishments
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



Education

It is unlawful for the responsible body for an educational establishment to discriminate against a woman-

(a) in the terms on which it offers to admit her to the establishment as a student;
(b) by refusing or deliberately omitting to accept an application for her admission to the establishment as a

student; or
(c) where she is a student of the establishment-

(i) in the way it affords her access to any benefits, facilities or services, or by refusing or deliberately
omitting to afford her access to them; or

(ii) by excluding her from the establishment or subjecting her to any other detriment.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 26 Exceptions for single-sex establishments E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Section 25(a) and (b) shall not apply to the admission of students to any educational establishment (single-sex
establishment) which admits students of one sex only, or which would be taken to admit students of one sex
only if there were disregarded students of the opposite sex-
(a) whose admission is exceptional; or
(b) whose numbers are comparatively small and whose admission is confined to particular courses of

instruction or teaching classes.
(2) Where an educational establishment which is not a single-sex establishment has some students as boarders and

others as non-boarders, and admits as boarders students of one sex only (or would be taken to admit as boarders
students of one sex only if there were disregarded boarders of the opposite sex whose numbers are
comparatively small), section 25(a) and (b) shall not apply to the admission of boarders and section 25(c)(i) shall
not apply to boarding facilities.

(3) Where an educational establishment is a single-sex establishment by reason of its inclusion in subsection (1)(b),
the fact that students of one sex are confined to particular courses of instruction or teaching classes shall not be
taken to contravene section 25(c)(i).



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 14

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 27 Exceptions for single-sex establishments turning co-

educational
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



(1) Where at any time-
(a) the responsible body for an educational establishment which is a single-sex establishment determines to

alter its admissions arrangements so that the establishment will cease to be a single-sex establishment; or
(b) section 26(2) applies to the admission of boarders to an educational establishment but the responsible body

for the establishment determines to alter its admissions arrangements so that that section will cease so to
apply,

then the responsible body may, by notice served on the Commission, specify the date on which that
determination is to take effect.

(2) Where the responsible body for an educational establishment has served a notice referred to in subsection (1),
then if the responsible body, at any time during the period of 3 years beginning on the date specified in that
notice as the date on which the determination concerned referred to in that subsection is to take effect (or such
longer period not exceeding 3 years as the Commission may allow in any particular case), refuses or deliberately
omits to accept an application for the admission of a person to the establishment as a student, that refusal or
omission, as the case may be, shall not be taken to contravene any provision of this Ordinance.

(3) This section shall not operate to afford any exemption from liability under this Ordinance except as provided for
in subsection (2).

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 28 Discrimination in provision of goods, facilities or services E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Goods, Facilities, Services and Premises

(1) It is unlawful for any person concerned with the provision (for payment or not) of goods, facilities or services to

the public or a section of the public to discriminate against a woman who seeks to obtain or use those goods,
facilities or services-
(a) by refusing or deliberately omitting to provide her with any of them; or
(b) by refusing or deliberately omitting to provide her with goods, facilities or services of the like quality, in the

like manner and on the like terms as are normal in his case in relation to male members of the public or
(where she belongs to a section of the public) to male members of that section.

(2) The following are examples of the facilities and services referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) access to and use of any place which members of the public or a section of the public are permitted to enter;
(b) accommodation in a hotel, guesthouse or other similar establishment;
(c) facilities by way of banking or insurance or for grants, loans, credit or finance;
(d) facilities for education;
(e) facilities for entertainment, recreation or refreshment;
(f) facilities for transport or travel;
(g) the services of any profession or trade;
(h) the services of-

(i)-(ii) (Repealed 78 of 1999 s. 7)
(iii) any department of the Government; or
(iv) any undertaking by or of the Government.

(3) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that where a particular skill is commonly exercised in a
different way for men and for women it shall not be a contravention of subsection (1) for a person who does not
normally exercise it for women to insist on exercising it for a woman only in accordance with his normal
practice or, if he reasonably considers it impracticable to do that in her case, to refuse or deliberately omit to
exercise it.

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 15

Section: 29 Discrimination in disposal or management of premises E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for a person, in relation to premises in Hong Kong of which he has power to dispose, to
discriminate against a woman-
(a) in the terms on which he offers her those premises;
(b) by refusing her application for those premises; or
(c) in his treatment of her in relation to any list of persons in need of premises of that description.

(2) It is unlawful for a person, in relation to premises managed by him, to discriminate against a woman occupying
the premises-
(a) in the way he affords her access to any benefits or facilities, or by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford

her access to them; or
(b) by evicting her, or subjecting her to any other detriment.

(3) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a person who owns an estate or interest in the premises and wholly occupies
them unless he uses the services of an estate agent for the purposes of the disposal of the premises, or publishes
or causes to be published an advertisement in connection with the disposal.

(4) In this section in relation to premises, power to dispose (有權處置) includes the power to sell, rent, let, sub-let
or otherwise part with possession of those premises.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 30 Discrimination: consent for assignment or sub-letting E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Where the licence or consent of the landlord or of any other person is required for the disposal to any person of
premises in Hong Kong comprised in a tenancy, it is unlawful for the landlord or other person to discriminate
against a woman by withholding the licence or consent for disposal of the premises to her.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply if-
(a) the person withholding a licence or consent, or a near relative of his (the relevant occupier) resides, and

intends to continue to reside, on the premises;
(b) there is on the premises, in addition to the accommodation occupied by the relevant occupier,

accommodation (not being storage accommodation or means of access) shared by the relevant occupier
with other persons residing on the premises who are not members of his household; and

(c) the premises are small premises as construed in accordance with section 31(2).
(3) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that this section applies to tenancies created before the

enactment of this Ordinance as well as to tenancies created on or after the enactment of this Ordinance.
(4) In this section-
disposal (處置), in relation to premises comprised in a tenancy, includes assignment of the tenancy and sub-letting or

parting with possession of the premises or any part of the premises;
tenancy (租賃) means a tenancy created-

(a) by a lease or sub-lease;
(b) by an agreement for a lease or sub-lease;
(c) by a tenancy agreement; or
(d) pursuant to any enactment.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 31 Exceptions for small dwellings E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Sections 28(1) and 29 shall not apply to the provision by a person of accommodation in any premises, or the
disposal of premises by him, if-
(a) that person or a near relative of his (the relevant occupier) resides, and intends to continue to reside, on the

premises;
(b) there is on the premises, in addition to the accommodation occupied by the relevant occupier,

accommodation (not being storage accommodation or means of access) shared by the relevant occupier
with other persons residing on the premises who are not members of his household; and

(c) the premises are small premises.
(2) Premises shall be treated for the purposes of subsection (1) as small premises if-



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 16

(a) in the case of premises comprising residential accommodation for one or more households (under separate
letting or similar agreements) in addition to the accommodation occupied by the relevant occupier, there is
not normally residential accommodation for more than 2 such households and only the relevant occupier
and any member of his household reside in the accommodation occupied by him;

(b) in the case of premises not falling within paragraph (a), there is not normally residential accommodation on
the premises for more than 6 persons in addition to the relevant occupier and any members of his
household.

(3) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend subsection (2)(b) by substituting another
number for the number appearing in that subsection. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 32 Exceptions from section 28(1) for health and safety

considerations
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



Section 28(1) shall not be construed as rendering unlawful discrimination falling within section 8 if the discrimination
is imposed in order to comply with health and safety considerations which are reasonable in the circumstances.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 33 Exceptions for voluntary bodies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) This section applies to a body the activities of which are carried on otherwise than for profit.
(2) Sections 28(1) and 29 shall not be construed as rendering unlawful-

(a) the restriction of membership of any body to which this section applies to persons of one sex (disregarding
any minor exceptions); or

(b) the provision of benefits, facilities or services to members of any body to which this section applies where
the membership is so restricted,

even though membership of the body is open to the public, or to a section of the public.
(3) Nothing in section 28 or 29 shall-

(a) be construed as affecting a provision to which this subsection applies; or
(b) render unlawful an act which is done in order to give effect to such a provision.

(4) Subsection (3) applies to a provision for conferring benefits on persons of one sex only (disregarding any
benefits to persons of the opposite sex which are exceptional or are relatively insignificant), being a provision
which constitutes the main object of a body to which this section applies.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 34 Further exceptions from sections 28(1) and 29 E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A person who provides at any place facilities or services restricted to men does not for that reason contravene
section 28(1) if-
(a) the place is, or is part of, a hospital, reception centre or other establishment for persons requiring special

care, supervision or attention;
(b) the place is (permanently or for the time being) occupied or used for the purposes of an organized religion,

and the facilities or services are restricted to men so as to comply with the doctrines of that religion or to
avoid offending the religious susceptibilities of common to its followers; or

(c) the facilities or services are provided for, or are likely to be used by, 2 or more persons at the same time,
and-
(i) the facilities or services are such, or those persons are such, that male users are likely to suffer serious

embarrassment at the presence of a woman; or
(ii) the facilities or services are such that a user is likely to be in a state of undress and a male user might

reasonably object to the presence of a female user.
(2) A person who provides facilities or services restricted to men shall not for that reason contravene section 28(1) if

the services or facilities are such that physical contact between the user and any other person is likely, and that
other person might reasonably object if the user were a woman.

(3) Sections 28(1) and 29 shall not apply-
(a) to discrimination which is rendered unlawful by any provision or Part of this Ordinance specified in column



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 17

1 of Schedule 4; or
(b) to discrimination which would be so unlawful but for any provision or Part of this Ordinance specified in

column 2 of that Schedule.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 35 Discrimination in eligibility to vote for and to be elected or

appointed to advisory bodies
5 of 2014 01/04/2015



Advisory Bodies

(1) In this section, a reference to a relevant body means a public body, a public authority, a statutory advisory body,

or a prescribed body.
(2) In this section, a reference to a relevant position includes membership of a public body, a public authority, and a

prescribed position, and the positions of Rueal Representative or member or office-holder of a Rural Committee
within the meaning of the Heung Yee Kuk Ordinance (Cap 1097). (Amended 5 of 2014 s. 2)

(3) It is unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person in-
(a) determining the eligibility of a person to stand for election to a relevant body or relevant position, or to be

selected for a relevant position;
(b) the terms or conditions on which a person is considered eligible to stand for election to a relevant body or

relevant position, or to be selected for a relevant position;
(c) determining the eligibility of a person to vote in elections of members of a relevant body or the holder of a

relevant position, or to take part in the selection of the holder of a relevant position;
(d) the terms or conditions on which a person is considered eligible to vote in elections of members of a

relevant body or the holder of a relevant position, or to take part in the selection of the holder of a relevant
position;

(e) considering whether a person should be appointed as a member of a relevant body, where some or all of the
members of that body are appointed; or

(f) considering whether a person should be appointed to a relevant position, approved as a member of a
relevant body or recognized as holding a relevant position.

(4) This section shall have effect, notwithstanding the provisions of any Ordinance which provide that a person of a
particular sex or marital status is not eligible to stand for election, or to be select for, a relevant body or position,
or to vote in elections for or to take part in the selection of members of a relevant body or the holder of a
relevant position.

(5) Notwithstanding anything in the Heung Yee Kuk Ordinance (Cap 1097) or in any other Ordinance, the Secretary
for Home Affairs shall not-
(a) (Repealed 2 of 2003 s. 68)
(b) issue a certificate recognizing a body as a Rural Committee;
(c) approve a person as a Special or Co-opted Councillor,

where that person or body (or any of its members) has been elected or otherwise chosen by a procedure in which
women have not been able to participate on equal terms with men, whether as candidates, nominees, electors or
in some other relevant capacity.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 36 Discrimination by, or in relation to, barristers E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Barristers

(1) It is unlawful for a barrister or barrister's clerk, in relation to any offer of a pupillage or tenancy, to discriminate

against a woman-
(a) in the arrangements which are made for the purpose of determining to whom it should be offered;
(b) in respect of any terms on which it is offered; or
(c) by refusing, or deliberately omitting, to offer it to her.

(2) It is unlawful for a barrister or barrister's clerk, in relation to a woman who is a pupil or tenant in the chambers
concerned, to discriminate against her-
(a) in respect of any terms applicable to her as a pupil or tenant;



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 18

(b) in the opportunities for training, or gaining experience, which are afforded or denied to her;
(c) in the benefits, facilities or services which are afforded or denied to her; or
(d) by terminating her pupillage or by subjecting her to any pressure to leave the chambers or other detriment.

(3) It is unlawful for any person, in relation to the giving, withholding or acceptance of instructions to a barrister, to
discriminate against a woman.

(4) In this section-
barrister's clerk (大律師書記) includes any person carrying out any of the functions of a barrister's clerk;
pupil (見習大律師), pupillage (見習職位), tenancy (租賃) and tenant (承租人) have the meanings commonly

associated with their use in the context of a set of barristers' chambers.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 37 Discrimination by clubs E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Clubs

(1) It is unlawful for a club, the committee of management of a club or a member of the committee of management

of a club to discriminate against a woman who is not a member of the club-
(a) by refusing or failing to accept her application for membership; or
(b) in the terms or conditions on which the club is prepared to admit her to membership.

(2) It is unlawful for a club, the committee of management of a club or a member of the committee of management
of a club to discriminate against a woman who is a member of the club-
(a) in the terms or conditions of membership that are afforded to her;
(b) by refusing or failing to accept her application for a particular class or type of membership;
(c) by denying her access, or limiting her access, to any benefit, service or facility provided by the club;
(d) by depriving her of membership or varying the terms of membership; or
(e) by subjecting her to any other detriment.

(3) Nothing in subsection (1)(b) or (2) renders it unlawful to discriminate against a woman if the discrimination
occurs in relation to the use or enjoyment of any benefit provided by the club where-
(a) it is not practicable for the benefit to be used or enjoyed-

(i) simultaneously; or
(ii) to the same extent,

by both men and women; and
(b) either-

(i) the same, or an equivalent, benefit is provided for the use of men and women separately from each
other; or

(ii) men and women are each entitled to a fair and reasonable proportion of use enjoyment of the benefit.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 38 Government E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Government

(1) Subject to subsection (2), without prejudice to the operation of the other provisions of this Part in relation to the

Government, it is unlawful for the Government to discriminate against a woman in the performance of its
functions or the exercise of its powers.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not render unlawful-
(a) as regards a woman not having the right to enter and remain in Hong Kong, any act done under any

immigration legislation governing entry into, stay in and departure from Hong Kong; or
(b) any act done in relation to a woman if it was necessary for that act to be done in order to comply with a

requirement of an existing statutory provision.
(Enacted 1995)





Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 19

Section: 39 Educational establishments E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Sexual Harassment

(1) It is unlawful for a person who is, or is a member of, the responsible body for an educational establishment to

sexually harass a woman who is seeking to be, or who is, a student of the establishment.
(2) It is unlawful for a person who is a member of the staff of an educational establishment to sexually harass a

woman who is seeking to be, or who is, a student of the establishment.
(3) It is unlawful for a person who is a student of an educational establishment to sexually harass a woman who is

seeking to be, or who is, a student of the establishment.
(4) It is unlawful for a person who is seeking to be, or who is, a student of an educational establishment to sexually

harass a woman-
(a) who is, or is a member of, the responsible body for; or
(b) who is a member of the staff of,

the establishment.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 40 Other sexual harassment 19 of 2014 12/12/2014


(1) It is unlawful for a person to sexually harass a woman in the course of offering to provide, or providing, goods,
facilities or services to her.

(1A) It is unlawful for a person to sexually harass a woman in the course of—
(a) seeking to be provided with goods, facilities or services by her; or
(b) being provided with goods, facilities or services by her. (Added 19 of 2014 s. 3)

(2) It is unlawful for a person, in relation to premises in Hong Kong of which he has power to dispose, to sexually
harass a woman in the course of offering to provide, or providing, those premises to her.

(3) It is unlawful for a person, in relation to premises managed by him, to sexually harass a woman occupying the
premises.

(4) Where the licence or consent of the landlord or of any other person is required for the disposal to any person of
premises in Hong Kong comprised in a tenancy, it is unlawful for the landlord or other person to sexually harass
a woman seeking the licence or consent for disposal of the premises to her.

(5) Section 30(4) shall apply to subsection (4) as it applies to section 30.
(6) It is unlawful for a barrister or barrister's clerk, in relation to any chambers, to sexually harass a woman-

(a) in the course of offering to provide to her pupillage or tenancy in the chambers; or
(b) who is a pupil or tenant in the chambers.

(7) It is unlawful for any person, in the course of the giving, withholding or acceptance of instructions to a barrister,
to sexually harass a woman who is a barrister.

(8) Section 36(4) shall apply to subsections (6) and (7) as it applies to section 36.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 41 Extent of Part 4* 19 of 2014 12/12/2014


Extent

(1) Section 28(1)-

(a) shall not apply to goods, facilities or services outside Hong Kong except as provided in subsections (2) and
(3); and

(b) shall not apply to facilities by way of banking or insurance or for grants, loans, credit or finance, where the
facilities are for a purpose to be carried out, or in connection with risks wholly or mainly arising, outside
Hong Kong.

(2) Section 28(1) applies to the provision of facilities for travel outside Hong Kong where the refusal or omission
occurs in Hong Kong or on a ship, aircraft or dynamically supported craft referred to in subsection (3).

(3) Section 28(1) applies on and in relation to-
(a) any ship registered in Hong Kong;



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 20

(b) any aircraft or dynamically supported craft registered in Hong Kong and operated by a person who has his
principal place of business, or is ordinarily resident, in Hong Kong;

(c) any ship, aircraft or dynamically supported craft belonging to or possessed by the Government,
even if the ship, aircraft or dynamically supported craft is outside Hong Kong.
(4) This section shall not render unlawful an act done in or over a place outside Hong Kong, or in or over that

place's territorial waters, if any, for the purpose of complying with the laws of that place.
(5) Section 25 shall not apply to benefits, facilities or services outside Hong Kong except-

(a) travel on a ship registered in Hong Kong;
(b) benefits, facilities or services provided on a ship so registered.

(6) Section 40(1) and (1A) does not apply to sexual harassment that occurs outside Hong Kong except as provided
in subsection (7). (Added 19 of 2014 s. 4)

(7) Section 40(1) and (1A) applies to sexual harassment that occurs on a ship, aircraft or dynamically supported
craft referred to in subsection (3) even if it is outside Hong Kong. (Added 19 of 2014 s. 4)

(Enacted 1995)
_____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

Part: 5 Other Unlawful Acts E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(Enacted 1995)

Section: 42 Discriminatory practices E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) In this section discriminatory practice (歧視性的做法) means the application of a requirement or condition
which results in an act of discrimination which is unlawful by virtue of any provision of Part 3 or 4 as read with
section 5(1)(b), 7(1)(b) or 8(b) or which would be likely to result in such an act of discrimination if the persons
to whom it is applied were not all of one sex.

(2) A person acts in contravention of this section if and so long as-
(a) he applies a discriminatory practice; or
(b) he operates practices or other arrangements which in any circumstances would call for the application by

him of a discriminatory practice.
(3) Proceedings in respect of a contravention of this section shall be brought only by the Commission in accordance

with the provisions of sections 77, 78, 79, 80 and 81.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 43 Discriminatory advertisements E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful to publish or cause to be published an advertisement which indicates, or might reasonably be
understood as indicating, an intention by a person to do any act which is or might be unlawful by virtue of Part 3
or 4.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to an advertisement if the intended act would not in fact be unlawful.
(3) For the purposes of subsection (1), use of a job description which is sex specific shall be taken to indicate an

intention to discriminate, unless the advertisement contains an indication to the contrary.
(4) The publisher of an advertisement made unlawful by subsection (1) shall not be subject to any liability under

that subsection in respect of the publication of the advertisement if he proves-
(a) that the advertisement was published in reliance on a statement made to him by the person who caused it to

be published to the effect that, by reason of the operation of subsection (2), the publication would not be
unlawful; and

(b) that it was reasonable for him to rely on the statement.
(5) A person who knowingly or recklessly makes a statement of the kind referred to in subsection (4) which in a

material respect is false or misleading commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 21


Section: 44 Instructions to discriminate E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


It is unlawful for a person-
(a) who has authority over another person; or
(b) in accordance with whose wishes that other person is accustomed to act,

to instruct him to do any act which is unlawful by virtue of Part 3 or 4, or procure or attempt to procure the doing by
him of any such act.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 45 Pressure to discriminate E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful to induce, or attempt to induce, a person to do any act which contravenes Part 3 or 4 by-
(a) providing or offering to provide him with any benefit; or
(b) subjecting or threatening to subject him to any detriment.

(2) An offer or threat is not prevented from falling within subsection (1) because it is not made directly to the person
concerned, if it is made in such a way that he is likely to hear of it.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 46 Liability of employers and principals E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Anything done by a person in the course of his employment shall be treated for the purposes of this Ordinance as
done by his employer as well as by him, whether or not it was done with the employer's knowledge or approval.

(2) Anything done by a person as agent for another person with the authority (whether express or implied, and
whether precedent or subsequent) of that other person shall be treated for the purposes of this Ordinance as done
by that other person as well as by him.

(3) In proceedings brought under this Ordinance against any person in respect of an act alleged to have been done
by an employee of his it shall be a defence for that person to prove that he took such steps as were reasonably
practicable to prevent the employee from doing that act, or from doing in the course of his employment acts of
that description.

(4) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that this section shall not apply for the purposes of any criminal
proceedings.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 47 Aiding unlawful acts E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A person who knowingly aids another person to do an act made unlawful by this Ordinance shall be treated for
the purposes of this Ordinance as himself doing an unlawful act of the like description.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), an employee or agent for whose act the employer or principal is liable under
section 46 (or would be so liable but for section 46(3)) shall be deemed to aid the doing of the act by the
employer or principal.

(3) A person does not under this section knowingly aid another to do an unlawful act if-
(a) he acts in reliance on a statement made to him by that other person that, by reason of any provision of this

Ordinance, the act which he aids would not be unlawful; and
(b) it is reasonable for him to rely on the statement.

(4) A person who knowingly or recklessly makes a statement of the kind referred to in subsection (3)(a) which in a
material respect is false or misleading commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4.

(Enacted 1995)

Part: 6 General Exceptions from Parts 3 to 5* E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(Enacted 1995)



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 22

_____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

Section: 48 Special measures E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful an act that is reasonably intended to-
(a) ensure that persons of a particular sex or marital status, or who are pregnant, have equal opportunities with

other persons in circumstances in relation to which a provision is made by this Ordinance.
(b) afford persons of a particular sex or marital status, or who are pregnant, goods or access to services,

facilities or opportunities to meet their special needs in relation to-
(i) employment, education, clubs or sport; or
(ii) the provision of premises, goods, services or facilities;

(c) afford persons of a particular sex or marital status, or who are pregnant, grants, benefits or programmes,
whether direct or indirect, to meet their special needs in relation to-
(i) employment, education, clubs or sport; or
(ii) the provision of premises, goods, services or facilities.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 49 Charities E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall-
(a) be construed as affecting a provision to which this subsection applies; or
(b) render unlawful an act which is done in order to give effect to such a provision.

(2) Subsection (1) applies to a provision for conferring benefits on persons of one sex only (disregarding any
benefits to persons of the opposite sex which are exceptional or are relatively insignificant), being a provision
which is contained in a charitable instrument.

(3) In applying this section, account shall be taken of section 88 of the Inland Revenue Ordinance (Cap 112).
(4) In this section-
charitable instrument (慈善文書) means an enactment or other instrument so far as it relates to charitable purposes;
charitable purposes (慈善目的) means purposes which are exclusively charitable according to any enactment or rule

of law.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 50 Sport, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall, in relation to any sport, game or other activity of a competitive nature where the
physical strength, stamina or physique of the average woman puts her at a disadvantage to the average man, render
unlawful any act related to the participation of a person as a competitor in events involving that activity which are
confined to competitors of one sex.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 51 Insurance, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful the treatment of a person in relation to any class of insurance business,
or similar matter involving the assessment of risk, where the treatment-

(a) was effected by reference to actuarial or other data from a source on which it was reasonable to rely; and
(b) was reasonable having regard to the data and any other relevant factors.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)





Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 23

Section: 52 Communal accommodation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) In this section communal accommodation (共用住宿地方) means residential accommodation which includes
dormitories or other shared sleeping accommodation which for reasons of privacy or decency should be used by
men only, or by women only (but which may include some shared sleeping accommodation for men, and some
for women, or some ordinary sleeping accommodation).

(2) In this section communal accommodation (共用住宿地方) also includes residential accommodation all or part
of which should be used by men only, or by women only, because of the nature of the sanitary facilities serving
the accommodation.

(3) Nothing in Part 3 or 4 shall render unlawful sex discrimination in the admission of persons to communal
accommodation if the accommodation is managed in a way which, given the exigencies of the situation, comes
as near as may be to fair and equitable treatment of men and women.

(4) In applying subsection (3) account shall be taken of-
(a) whether and how far it is reasonable to expect that the accommodation should be altered or extended, or that

further alternative accommodation should be provided; and
(b) the frequency of the demand or need for use of the accommodation by men as compared with women.

(5) Nothing in Part 3 or 4 shall render unlawful sex discrimination against a woman, or against a man, in respect of
the provision of any benefit, facility or service if -
(a) the benefit, facility or service cannot properly and effectively be provided except for those using communal

accommodation; and
(b) in the relevant circumstances the woman or the man, as the case may be, could lawfully be refused the use

of the accommodation by virtue of subsection (3).
(6) Neither subsection (3) nor subsection (5) is a defence to an act of sex discrimination under Part 3 unless such

arrangements as are reasonably practicable are made to compensate for the detriment caused by the
discrimination; but in considering under subsection (5)(b) whether the use of communal accommodation could
lawfully be refused (in a case based on Part 3), it shall be assumed that the requirements of this subsection have
been complied with in respect of subsection (3).

(7) This section is without prejudice to the generality of section 34(1)(c).
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 53 Discriminatory training by certain bodies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done in relation to particular work by any person in, or in
connection with-
(a) affording women only, or men only, access to facilities for training which would help to fit them for that

work; or
(b) encouraging women only, or men only, to take advantage of opportunities for doing that work,

where it reasonably appears to that person that at any time within the 12 months immediately preceding the
doing of the act there were no persons of the sex concerned doing that work in Hong Kong, or the number of
persons of that sex doing the work in Hong Kong was comparatively small.

(2) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done by any person in, or in connection with, affording
persons access to facilities for training which would help to fit them for employment, where it reasonably
appears to that person that those persons are in special need of training by reason of the period for which they
have been discharging domestic or family responsibilities to the exclusion of regular full time employment.

(3) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that the discrimination in relation to which subsection (2)
applies may result from confining the training to persons who have been discharging domestic or family
responsibilities, or from the way persons are selected for training, or both.

(4) This section shall not apply in relation to any discrimination which is rendered unlawful by section 11.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 24

Section: 54 Other discriminatory training, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done by an employer in relation to particular work in his
employment, being an act done in, or in connection with-
(a) affording his female employees only, or his male employees only, access to facilities for training which

would help to fit them for that work; or
(b) encouraging women only, or men only, to take advantage of opportunities for doing that work,

where at any time within the 12 months immediately preceding the doing of the act there were no persons of the
sex concerned among those doing that work or the number of persons of that sex doing the work was
comparatively small.

(2) Nothing in section 16 shall render unlawful any act done by an organization to which that section applies in, or
in connection with-
(a) affording female members of the organization only, or male members of the organization only, access to

facilities for training which would help to fit them for holding a post of any kind in the organization; or
(b) encouraging female members only, or male members only, to take advantage of opportunities for holding

such posts in the organization,
where at any time within the 12 months immediately preceding the doing of the act there were no persons of the

sex concerned among persons holding such posts in the organization or the number of persons of that sex
holding such posts was comparatively small.

(3) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done by an organization to which section 16 applies in, or
in connection with, encouraging women only, or men only, to become members of the organization where at any
time within the 12 months immediately preceding the doing of the act there were no persons of the sex
concerned among those members or the number of persons of that sex among the members was comparatively
small.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 55 Trade unions, etc.: elective bodies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) If an organization to which section 16 applies comprises a body the membership of which is wholly or mainly
elected, nothing in that section shall render unlawful provision which ensures that a minimum number of persons
of one sex are members of the body-
(a) by reserving seats on the body for persons of that sex; or
(b) by making extra seats on the body available (by election or co-option or otherwise) for persons of that sex

on occasions when the number of persons of that sex in the other seats is below the minimum,
where in the opinion of the organization the provision is in the circumstances needed to secure a reasonable

lower limit to the number of members of that sex serving on the body; and nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render
unlawful any act done in order to give effect to such a provision.

(2) This section shall not be taken as making lawful-
(a) discrimination in the arrangements for determining the persons entitled to vote in an election of members of

the body, or otherwise to choose the persons to serve on the body; or
(b) discrimination in any arrangements concerning membership of the organization itself.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 56 Indirect access to benefits, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) References in this Ordinance to the affording by any person of access to benefits, facilities or services are not
limited to benefits, facilities or services provided by that person himself, but include any means by which it is in
that person's power to facilitate access to benefits, facilities or services provided by any other person (actual
provider).

(2) Where by any provision of this Ordinance the affording by any person of access to benefits, facilities or services
in a discriminatory way is in certain circumstances prevented from being unlawful, the effect of the provision
shall extend also to the liability under this Ordinance of any actual provider.

(Enacted 1995)



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 25


Section: 56A Double benefits for married persons E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) For avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 renders it unlawful for a person to
refuse or omit to provide a benefit or allowance relating to housing, education, air-conditioning, passage or
baggage to a married person if the married person's spouse receives or has received the same or a similar benefit
or allowance, whether from the first-mentioned person or from another.

(2) In this section-
allowance (津貼) includes part of an allowance;
benefit (福利) includes part of a benefit.

(Added 71 of 1997 s. 5. Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

Section: 56B Reproductive technology E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Nothing in Part 4 or 5 renders unlawful any discrimination between persons of different marital status arising
from the provision of any reproductive technology procedure.

(2) In this section, reproductive technology procedure (生殖科技程序) has the meaning assigned to it by section
2(1) of the Human Reproductive Technology Ordinance (Cap 561). (Replaced 47 of 2000 s. 48)

(Added 71 of 1997 s. 5. Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

Section: 56C Adoption E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 renders unlawful any discrimination between persons of different marital status arising from
the provision of any facilities or services relating to the adoption of any infant within the meaning of section 2 of the
Adoption Ordinance (Cap 290).

(Added 71 of 1997 s. 5. Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

Section: 57 Acts done for purposes of protection of women 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


(1) Nothing in-
(a) the provisions of Part 3;
(b) the provisions of Part 4 so far as it applies to vocational training; or
(c) the provisions of Part 5 so far as it has effect in relation to any of the provisions referred to in paragraph (a)

or (b),
shall render unlawful any act done by a person in relation to a woman if-

(i) it was necessary for that person to do it in order to comply with a requirement of an existing statutory
provision concerning the protection of women. (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 17)

(ii) (Repealed 18 of 2014 s. 17)
(2) In subsection (1)-

(a) the reference in paragraph (i) of that subsection to an existing statutory provision concerning the protection
of women is a reference to any such provision having effect for the purpose of protecting women as
regards-
(i) pregnancy or maternity; or
(ii) other circumstances giving rise to risks specifically affecting women,

whether the provision relates only to such protection or to the protection of any other class of persons as
well. (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 17)

(b) (Repealed 18 of 2014 s. 17)
(3)-(4) (Repealed 18 of 2014 s. 17)

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)





Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 26

Section: 58 Acts done under statutory authority to be exempt from
certain provisions of Part 4*

E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



(1) Nothing in-
(a) the relevant provisions of Part 4; or
(b) Part 5 so far as it has effect in relation to those provisions,

shall render unlawful any act done by a person if it was necessary for that person to do it in order to comply with
a requirement of an existing statutory provision.

(2) In subsection (1), the relevant provisions of Part 4 (第4部的有關條文) means the provisions of Part 4 except
so far as they apply to vocational training or sexual harassment.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

_____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

Section: 59 Acts safeguarding security of Hong Kong E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful an act done for the purpose of safeguarding the security of Hong
Kong.

(2) A certificate purporting to be signed by or on behalf of the Chief Secretary for Administration and certifying that
an act specified in the certificate was done for the purpose of safeguarding the security of Hong Kong shall be
conclusive evidence that it was done for that purpose. (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

(3) A document purporting to be a certificate referred to in subsection (2) shall be received in evidence and, in the
absence of evidence to the contrary, shall be deemed to be such a certificate.

(4) Subsections (2) and (3) shall not have effect in relation to the determination of the question whether any act is
rendered unlawful by-
(a) Part 3;
(b) Part 4 so far as it applies to vocational training; or
(c) Part 5 as read with-

(i) Part 3; or
(ii) Part 4 so far as it applies to vocational training.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 60 Construction of references to vocational training E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


In sections 57 and 58, vocational training (職業訓練) includes-
(a) retraining; and
(b) vocational guidance.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 61 Application to New Territories land E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Nothing in Part 4 or 5 shall-
(a) be construed as affecting the operation of any of the provisions of-

(i) the New Territories Ordinance (Cap 97); or
(ii) the New Territories Leases (Extension) Ordinance (Cap 150); or

(b) render unlawful any act done by any person in, or in connection with, the operation of any of those
provisions.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)





Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 27

Section: 62 Further exceptions E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) No provision or Part of this Ordinance specified in column 1 of Part 2 of Schedule 5 shall render unlawful any
discrimination specified opposite thereto in column 2 of that Part.

(2) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done by any person-
(a) in connection with any discrimination which is not unlawful by virtue of the operation of subsection (1);

and
(b) to the extent that it is done for the purposes of that discrimination.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Part: 7 Equal Opportunities Commission E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(Enacted 1995)

Section: 63 Establishment of Commission E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


General

(1) There is hereby established a body corporate to be called the Equal Opportunities Commission.
(2) The Commission shall have perpetual succession and a common seal and shall be capable of suing and being

sued.
(3) The Chief Executive shall appoint to be members of the Commission- (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

(a) a Chairperson; and
(b) not less than 4 or more than 16 other members,

each being an individual who is not a public officer.
(4) The members of the Commission shall form its governing body with authority, in the name of the Commission,

to perform the functions and exercise the powers of the Commission.
(5) The members of the Commission may be appointed on a full-time or part-time basis as the Chief Executive

thinks fit except that the Chairperson shall be appointed on a full-time basis. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)
(6) The relevant provisions of Schedule 6 shall have effect with respect to the Commission and its members.
(7) The Commission shall not be regarded as a servant or agent of the Government or as enjoying any status,

immunity or privilege of the Government.
(8) Part VII of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1) shall apply to the Commission and

appointments to the Commission except in so far as that Part is inconsistent with the provisions of this
Ordinance.

(9) Every appointment under subsection (3) shall be notified in the Gazette.
(10) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend subsection (3)(b) by substituting another

number for any number appearing in that subsection. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 64 Functions and powers of Commission E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) The Commission shall-
(a) work towards the elimination of discrimination;
(b) promote equality of opportunity between men and women generally;
(c) work towards the elimination of sexual harassment;
(d) in the case of any act alleged to be unlawful by virtue of this Ordinance, encourage persons who are

concerned with the matter to which the act relates to effect a settlement of the matter by conciliation,
whether under section 84 or otherwise;

(e) keep under review the working of this Ordinance and, when it is so required by the Chief Executive or
otherwise thinks it necessary, draw up and submit to the Chief Executive proposals for amending this
Ordinance; and (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

(f) perform such other functions as are imposed on it under this Ordinance or any other enactment.



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 28

(2) The Commission may do all such things as are necessary for, or incidental or conducive to, the better
performance of its functions and in particular but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, may-
(a) establish such committees as it thinks fit;
(b) acquire and hold property of any description if in the opinion of the Commission such property is necessary

for-
(i) the accommodation of the Commission or of any committee; or
(ii) the performance of any function which the Commission may perform,

and, subject to the terms and conditions upon which such property is held, dispose of it;
(c) enter into, carry out, assign or accept the assignment of, vary or rescind, any contract, agreement or other

obligation;
(d) employ such persons as it thinks fit to carry out any matter relating to the performance of its functions or

the exercise of its powers;
(e) without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (d), engage the services of such persons as it thinks fit to

carry out any matter relating to the performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers under section
84;

(f) engage the services of such technical and professional advisers as it thinks fit to advise the Commission on
any matter relating to the performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers;

(g) undertake and execute any lawful trust which has as an object the furtherance of any function which the
Commission is required or is permitted by this Ordinance to perform or any other similar object;

(h) accept and solicit gifts and donations, whether subject to any trust or not;
(i) with the prior approval of the Chief Executive, become a member of or affiliate to any international body

concerned with (whether in whole or in part) the elimination of discrimination; (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)
(j) exercise such other powers as are conferred on it under this Ordinance or any other enactment.

(3) The relevant provisions of Schedule 6 shall have effect with respect to a committee and its members.
(4) Part VII of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1) shall apply to a committee and

appointments to the committee except in so far as that Part is inconsistent with the provisions of this Ordinance.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 65 Research and education E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) The Commission may undertake or assist (financially or otherwise) the undertaking by other persons of any

research, and any educational activities, which appear to the Commission necessary or expedient for the
performance of its functions.

(2) The Commission may impose reasonable charges for educational or other facilities or services made available by
it.

(3) The Commission shall not provide any financial assistance under subsection (1) except with the prior approval
of the Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs given, after consulting with the Secretary for Financial
Services and the Treasury, generally or in any particular case. (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 66 Review of Schedule 5* 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


(1) Without prejudice to the generality of section 64(1), the Commission, pursuant to its functions under paragraphs
(a) and (b) of that section, shall keep Schedule 5 under review. (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 18)

(2) Whenever the Commission thinks it necessary, it shall draw up and submit to the Chief Executive proposals for-
(Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)
(a) (Repealed 18 of 2014 s. 18)
(b) amending Schedule 5.

(Enacted 1995)
________________________________________________________________________________
Note:



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 29

* (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 18)

Section: 67 Delegations E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Commission may, with or without restrictions as it thinks fit, delegate in writing
any of its functions or powers to-
(a) any member of the Commission;
(b) any committee;
(c) any employee of the Commission;
(d) any conciliator.

(2) The Commission shall not delegate any of its functions or powers under-
(a) subsection (1) or section 64(2)(a) or 88;
(b) any provisions of any regulations made under section 89 which are specified in the regulations as provisions

which shall not be subject to subsection (1);
(c) any provisions of any rules made under section 88 which are specified in the rules as provisions which shall

not be subject to subsection (1);
(d) any provisions of Schedule 6 which are specified in that Schedule as provisions which shall not be subject

to subsection (1).
(3) A delegate of the Commission-

(a) shall perform the delegated functions and may exercise the delegated powers as if the delegate were the
Commission; and

(b) shall be presumed to be acting in accordance with the relevant delegation in the absence of evidence to the
contrary.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 68 Protection of members of Commission, etc. 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


(1) No person to whom this subsection applies, acting in good faith, is personally liable in damages for any act done
or default made in the performance or purported performance of any function, or the exercise or purported
exercise of any power, imposed or conferred on the Commission under this Ordinance.

(2) The protection conferred by subsection (1) on any person to whom that subsection applies in respect of any act
or default does not in any way affect the liability of the Commission for that act or default.

(3) Subsection (1) applies to the following persons- (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 19)
(a) a member of the Commission or a committee;
(b) an employee of the Commission;
(c) a conciliator.

(Amended 18 of 2014 s. 19)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 69 Codes of practice E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Codes of Practice

(1) The Commission may issue codes of practice containing such practical guidance as it thinks fit for the purposes

of-
(a) the elimination of discrimination;
(b) the promotion of equality of opportunity between men and women generally;
(c) the elimination of sexual harassment.

(2) When the Commission proposes to issue a code of practice, it shall prepare and publish (otherwise than in the
Gazette) the code, shall consider any representations made to it about the code and may modify the code
accordingly.

(3) In the course of preparing any code of practice for eventual publication under subsection (2), the Commission
shall, where the code relates (whether in whole or in part) to the elimination of discrimination in the field of
employment, consult with-
(a) such organizations or associations of organizations representative of employers or of workers; and



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 30

(b) such other organizations, or bodies,
as appear to the Commission to be appropriate.
(4) If the Commission determines to proceed with a code of practice published under subsection (2), it shall cause

the code to be-
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) laid on the table of the Legislative Council at the next sitting after its publication in the Gazette.

(5) Where a code of practice has been laid on the table of the Legislative Council under subsection (4), the
Legislative Council may, by resolution passed at a sitting of the Legislative Council held before the expiration of
a period of 28 days after the sitting at which it was so laid, provide that the code of practice shall be amended in
any manner consistent with this section.

(6) If the period referred to in subsection (5) would but for this subsection expire-
(a) after the end of a session of the Legislative Council or a dissolution thereof; but
(b) on or before the day of the second sitting of the Legislative Council in the next following session thereof,

that period shall be deemed to extend to and expire on the day after that second sitting.
(7) Before the expiration of the period referred to in subsection (5) or that period as extended by virtue of subsection

(6), the Legislative Council may by resolution in relation to a code of practice specified therein-
(a) in the case of the period referred to in subsection (5), extend that period to the first sitting of the Legislative

Council held not earlier than the twenty-first day after the day of its expiration;
(b) in the case where the period referred to in subsection (5) has been extended by virtue of subsection (6),

extend that period as so extended to the first sitting of the Legislative Council held not earlier than the
twenty-first day after the day of the second sitting in that next following session. (Replaced 8 of 2002 s. 18)

(8) A resolution passed by the Legislative Council in accordance with this section shall be published in the Gazette
not later than 14 days after the passing thereof or within such further period as the Chief Executive may allow in
any particular case. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

(9) A code of practice issued under this section shall come into operation-
(a) in the case where before the expiration of the period referred to in subsection (5), or before the expiration of

that period as extended under subsection (6) or (7), the Legislative Council does not pass a resolution
amending the code of practice, upon the expiration of that period, or upon the expiration of that period as so
extended, as the case may be; and

(b) in the case where the Legislative Council passes a resolution amending the code of practice, upon the
expiration of the day next preceding the day of the publication in the Gazette of such resolution under
subsection (8).

(10) A code of practice issued under this section may contain such transitional provisions or savings as appear to the
Commission to be necessary or expedient in connection with the matters the subject of the code.

(11) The Commission may from time to time revise the whole or any part of a code of practice issued under this
section and issue that revised code, and subsections (2) to (10) shall apply (with appropriate modifications) to
such a revised code as they apply to the first issue of a code.

(12) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), a code of practice issued under this section may include
such practical guidance as the Commission thinks fit as to what steps it is reasonably practicable for employers
to take for the purpose of preventing their employees from doing in the course of their employment acts made
unlawful by this Ordinance.

(13) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), a code of practice issued under this section, in so far as it
relates to the elimination of discrimination between men and women as regards terms of employment, may-
(a) make reference to any of the provisions of any enactment (howsoever described) of any place outside Hong

Kong where such enactment relates (whether in whole or in part) to the elimination of such discrimination;
(b) incorporate any of those provisions;
(c) both make reference to and incorporate any of those provisions,

as the Commission thinks fit and subject to such modifications, if any, to those provisions as the Commission
thinks fit and specified in the code.

(14) A failure on the part of any person to observe any provision of a code of practice shall not of itself render him
liable to any proceedings; but in any proceedings under this Ordinance before any court any code of practice
issued under this section shall be admissible in evidence, and if any provision of such a code appears to the court
to be relevant to any question arising in the proceedings it shall be taken into account in determining that
question.

(15) In this section, sitting (會議), when used to calculate time, means the day on which the sitting commences and



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 31

only includes a sitting at which subsidiary legislation is included on the order paper.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 70 Power to conduct formal investigations E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Investigations

Without prejudice to the generality of section 64(1), the Commission may if it thinks fit, and shall if required by the
Chief Secretary for Administration, conduct a formal investigation for any purpose connected with the carrying out of
any of its functions under that section.

(Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 71 Terms of reference E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) The Commission shall not embark on a formal investigation unless the requirements of this section have been
complied with.

(2) Terms of reference for the formal investigation shall be drawn up by the Commission or, if the Commission was
required by the Chief Secretary for Administration to conduct the investigation, by the Chief Secretary for
Administration after consulting the Commission. (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

(3) It shall be the duty of the Commission to give general notice of the holding of the formal investigation unless the
terms of reference confine it to activities of persons named in them, but in such a case the Commission shall in
the prescribed manner give those persons notice of the holding of the investigation.

(4) Where the terms of reference of the formal investigation confine it to activities of persons named in them and the
Commission in the course of it proposes to investigate any act made unlawful by this Ordinance which it
believes that a person so named may have done, the Commission shall-
(a) inform that person of its belief and of its proposal to investigate the act; and
(b) offer him an opportunity of making oral or written representations with regard to it (or both oral and written

representations if he thinks fit),
and a person so named who avails himself of an opportunity under this subsection of making oral representations

may be represented-
(i) by counsel or a solicitor; or
(ii) by some other person of his choice, not being a person to whom the Commission objects on the ground that

he is unsuitable.
(5) The Commission or, if the Commission was required by the Chief Secretary for Administration to conduct the

formal investigation, the Chief Secretary for Administration after consulting the Commission may from time to
time revise the terms of reference; and subsections (1), (3) and (4) shall apply to the revised investigation and
terms of reference as they applied to the original. (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 72 Power to obtain information E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) For the purposes of a formal investigation the Commission, by a notice in the prescribed form served on him in
the prescribed manner-
(a) may require any person to furnish such written information as may be described in the notice, and may

specify the time at which, and the manner and form in which, the information is to be furnished;
(b) may require any person to attend at such time and place as is specified in the notice and give oral

information about, and produce all documents in his possession or control relating to, any matter specified
in the notice.

(2) Except as provided by section 79, a notice shall be served under subsection (1) only where-
(a) service of the notice was authorized in writing by or on behalf of the Chief Secretary for Administration; or

(Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)
(b) the terms of reference of the formal investigation state that the Commission believes that a person named in

them may have done or may be doing acts of all or any of the following descriptions-
(i) unlawful discriminatory acts;



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 32

(ii) unlawful acts of sexual harassment;
(iii) contraventions of section 42;
(iv) contraventions of section 43, 44 or 45,

and confine the investigation to those acts.
(3) A notice under subsection (1) shall not require a person-

(a) to give information, or produce any documents, which he could not be compelled to give in evidence, or
produce, in civil proceedings before the Court of First Instance; or (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(b) to attend at any place unless the necessary expenses of his journey to and from that place are paid or
tendered to him.

(4) If a person fails to comply with a notice served on him under subsection (1) or the Commission has reasonable
cause to believe that he intends not to comply with it, the Commission may apply to the District Court for an
order requiring him to comply with it or with such directions for the like purpose as may be contained in the
order; and section 66A of the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336) shall apply to failure without reasonable
excuse to comply with any such order as it applies in the cases there provided.

(5) A person commits an offence if he-
(a) wilfully alters, suppresses, conceals or destroys a document which he has been required by a notice or order

under this section to produce; or
(b) in complying with such a notice or order, knowingly or recklessly makes any statement which in a material

respect is false or misleading,
and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 73 Recommendations and reports on formal investigations E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) If in the light of any of its findings in a formal investigation it appears to the Commission necessary or
expedient, whether during the course of the investigation or after its conclusion-
(a) to make to any persons, with a view to promoting equality of opportunity between men and women who are

affected by any of their activities, recommendations for changes in their policies or procedures, or as to any
other matters; or

(b) to make to the Chief Secretary for Administration any recommendations, whether for changes in the law or
otherwise, (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

the Commission shall make those recommendations accordingly.
(2) The Commission shall prepare a report of its findings in any formal investigation conducted by it.
(3) If the formal investigation is one required by the Chief Secretary for Administration-

(a) the Commission shall deliver the report to the Chief Secretary for Administration; and
(b) the Chief Secretary for Administration shall cause the report to be published in such manner as he thinks fit,

and unless required by the Chief Secretary for Administration the Commission shall not publish the report.
(Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

(4) If the formal investigation is not one required by the Chief Secretary for Administration, the Commission shall
publish the report or make it available for inspection in accordance with subsection (5). (Amended L.N. 362 of
1997)

(5) Where under subsection (4) a report is to be made available for inspection, any person shall be entitled, on
payment of such reasonable fee, if any, as may be determined by the Commission-
(a) to inspect the report during ordinary office hours and take copies of all or any part of the report; or
(b) to obtain from the Commission a copy, certified by the Commission to be correct, of the report.

(6) The Commission may if it thinks fit determine that the right conferred by subsection (5)(a) shall be exercisable
in relation to a copy of the report instead of, or in addition to, the original.

(7) The Commission shall give general notice of the place or places where, and the times when, reports may be
inspected under subsection (5).

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 74 Restrictions on disclosure of information E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) No information given to the Commission by any person (the informant) in connection with a formal
investigation shall be disclosed by the Commission, any member of the Commission or a committee, any



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 33

employee of the Commission, any conciliator, or any person who has been such a member, employee or
conciliator, except-
(a) on the order of any court;
(b) with the informant's consent;
(c) in the form of a summary or other general statement published by the Commission which does not identify

the informant or any other person to whom the information relates;
(d) in a report of the investigation published by the Commission or made available for inspection under section

73(5);
(e) to members of the Commission or a committee, employees of the Commission or conciliators or, so far as

may be necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Commission, to other persons;
(f) for the purpose of any civil proceedings under this Ordinance to which the Commission is a party, or any

criminal proceedings.
(2) Any person who discloses information in contravention of subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on

conviction to a fine at level 4.
(3) In preparing any report for publication or for inspection the Commission shall exclude, so far as is consistent

with its functions and the object of the report, any matter which relates to the private affairs of any individual or
business interests of any person where the publication of that matter might, in the opinion of the Commission,
prejudicially affect that individual or person.

(Enacted 1995)

Part: 8 Enforcement E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(Enacted 1995)

Section: 75 Restrictions of proceedings for contravention of Ordinance E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


General

(1) Except as provided by this Ordinance no proceedings, whether civil or criminal, shall lie against any person in

respect of an act by reason that the act is unlawful by virtue of a provision of this Ordinance.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not preclude the making of an order of certiorari, mandamus or prohibition.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 76 Claims under Part 3 or 4* E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A claim by any person (the claimant) that another person (the respondent)-
(a) has committed an act of discrimination against the claimant which is unlawful by virtue of Part 3 or 4;
(b) (Repealed 29 of 2008 s. 95)
(c) has committed an act of sexual harassment against the claimant which is unlawful by virtue of Part 3 or 4;

or (Amended 29 of 2008 s. 95)
(d) is to be treated, by virtue of section 46 or 47, as having committed an act of discrimination or sexual

harassment referred to in paragraph (a) or (c) against the claimant, (Added 29 of 2008 s. 95)
may be made the subject of civil proceedings in like manner as any other claim in tort.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a claim under section 17(1) of an act in respect of which an appeal, or

proceedings in the nature of an appeal, may be brought under any enactment.
(3) Proceedings under subsection (1) shall be brought in the District Court but all such remedies shall be obtainable

in such proceedings as, apart from this subsection and section 75(1), would be obtainable in the Court of First
Instance. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(3A) Without limiting the generality of the power conferred by subsection (3), the District Court may-
(a) make a declaration that the respondent has engaged in conduct, or committed an act, that is unlawful under

this Ordinance, and order that the respondent shall not repeat or continue such unlawful conduct or act;
(b) order that the respondent shall perform any reasonable act or course of conduct to redress any loss or

damage suffered by the claimant;
(c) order that the respondent shall employ or re-employ the claimant;
(d) order that the respondent shall promote the claimant;



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 34

(e) order that the respondent pay to the claimant damages by way of compensation for any loss or damage
suffered by reason of the respondent's conduct or act;

(f) order that the respondent shall pay to the claimant punitive or exemplary damages; or
(g) make an order declaring void in whole or part and either ab initio or from such date as may be specified in

the order, any contract or agreement made in contravention of this Ordinance. (Added 71 of 1997 s. 7)
(4) By virtue of this subsection and notwithstanding any law, the District Court shall have jurisdiction to hear and

determine any proceedings under subsection (1) and shall have all such powers as are necessary or expedient for
it to have in order to provide, grant or make any remedy, injunction or order mentioned in this Ordinance.
(Replaced 71 of 1997 s. 6)

(5) In respect of an unlawful act of discrimination falling within section 5(1)(b), 7(1)(b) or 8(b), no award of
damages shall be made if the respondent proves that the requirement or condition concerned was not applied
with the intention of treating the claimant unfavourably on the ground of the claimant's sex, marital status or
pregnancy, as the case may be.

(6) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that damages in respect of an unlawful act of discrimination or
sexual harassment may include compensation for injury to feelings whether or not they include compensation
under any other head.

(7)-(8) (Repealed 71 of 1997 s. 6)
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)
_____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

Section: 77 Issue of enforcement notices E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Enforcement Notices

(1) This section applies to any act which is-

(a) an unlawful discriminatory act;
(b) an unlawful act of sexual harassment;
(c) a contravention of section 42; or
(d) a contravention of section 43, 44 or 45,

and so applies whether or not proceedings have been brought in respect of the act.
(2) If in the course of a formal investigation the Commission becomes satisfied that a person is committing, or has

committed, any acts to which this section applies, the Commission may in the prescribed manner serve on him a
notice in the prescribed form requiring him-
(a) not to commit any such acts (which may include discontinuing or changing any of his practices or other

arrangements which occasioned those acts, in particular to avoid any repetition thereof); and
(b) where compliance with paragraph (a) involves changes in any of his practices or other arrangements-

(i) to inform the Commission that he has effected those changes and what those changes are; and
(ii) to take such steps as may be reasonably required by the notice for the purpose of affording that

information to other persons concerned.
(3) An enforcement notice may also require the person on whom it is served to furnish the Commission with such

other information as may be reasonably required by the notice in order to verify that the notice has been
complied with.

(4) An enforcement notice may specify the time at which, and the manner and form in which, any information is to
be furnished to the Commission, but the time at which any information is to be furnished in compliance with the
notice shall not be later than 5 years after the notice has become final.

(5) Section 72(4) shall apply to requirements under subsections (2)(b), (3) and (4) contained in an enforcement
notice which has become final as it applies to requirements in a notice served under section 72(1).

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 78 Appeal against enforcement notice E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Not later than 45 days after an enforcment notice is served on any person he may appeal against any requirement



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 35

of the notice to the District Court.
(2) Where the District Court considers a requirement in respect of which an appeal is brought under subsection (1)

to be unreasonable because it is based on an incorrect finding of fact or for any other reason, the Court shall
quash the requirement.

(3) On quashing a requirement under subsection (2), the District Court may direct that the enforcement notice shall
be treated as if, in place of the requirement quashed, it had contained a requirement in terms specified in the
direction.

(4) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a requirement treated as included in an enforcement notice by virtue of a
direction under subsection (3).

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 79 Investigation as to compliance with enforcement notice E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) If-
(a) the terms of reference of a formal investigation state that its purpose is to determine whether any

requirements of an enforcement notice are being or have been carried out, but section 72(2)(b) does not
apply; and

(b) section 71(3) is complied with in relation to the investigation on a date (the commencement date) not later
than the expiration of the period of 5 years beginning when the enforcement notice became final,

the Commission may within the relevant period serve notices under section 72(1) for the purposes of the
investigation without needing to obtain the consent of the Chief Secretary for Administration. (Amended L.N.
362 of 1997)

(2) In subsection (1), relevant period (有關期間) means the period beginning on the commencement date and
ending on the later of the following dates-
(a) the date on which the period of 5 years referred to in subsection (1)(b) expires;
(b) the date 2 years after the commencement date.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 80 Register of enforcement notices E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) The Commission shall establish and maintain a register (the register) of enforcement notices which have
become final.

(2) Any person shall be entitled, on payment of such reasonable fee, if any, as may be determined by the
Commission-
(a) to inspect the register during ordinary office hours and take copies of any entry; or
(b) to obtain from the Commission a copy, certified by the Commission to be correct, of any entry in the

register.
(3) The Commission may, if it thinks fit, determine that the right conferred by subsection (2)(a) shall be exercisable

in relation to a copy of the register instead of, or in addition to, the original.
(4) The Commission shall give general notice of the place or places where, and the times when, the register or a

copy of it may be inspected.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 81 Persistent discrimination or sexual harassment E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Other Enforcement by Commission

If, during the period of 5 years beginning on the date on which either of the following became final in the case of any
person, namely-

(a) an enforcement notice served on him;
(b) a finding by the District Court under section 76 that he has done an unlawful discriminatory act or unlawful

act of sexual harassment,
it appears to the Commission that unless restrained he is likely to do one or more acts falling within paragraph (b), or
contravening section 42, the Commission may apply to the District Court for an injunction restraining him from doing



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 36

so; and the District Court, if satisfied that the application is well-founded, may grant the injunction in the terms
applied for or in more limited terms.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 82 Enforcement of sections 43, 44 and 45 E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Proceedings in respect of a contravention of section 43, 44 or 45 shall be brought only by the Commission in
accordance with the provisions of this section.

(2) The proceedings shall be-
(a) an application for a decision whether the alleged contravention occurred; or
(b) an application under subsection (4),

or both.
(3) An application under subsection (2)(a) shall be made to the District Court.
(4) If it appears to the Commission-

(a) that a person has done an act which by virtue of section 43, 44 or 45 was unlawful; and
(b) that unless restrained he is likely to do further acts which by virtue of that section are unlawful,

the Commission may apply to the District Court for an injunction restraining him from doing so; and the District
Court, if satisfied that the application is well-founded, may grant the injunction in the terms applied for or in
more limited terms.

(5) Without prejudice to subsection (4), if it appears to the Commission that a person has done an act which was
unlawful by virtue of section 43, the Commission may apply to the District Court for an order imposing a
financial penalty on such person; and the District Court, if satisfied that the application is well-founded, may
make such an order.

(6) The financial penalty imposed under subsection (5) shall not exceed $10000 for the first occasion on which a
penalty is imposed, and $30000 for the second and any subsequent occasion on which a penalty is imposed in
respect of the same person.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 83 Help for aggrieved persons in obtaining information, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Help for Persons Suffering Discrimination or Sexual Harassment

(1) With a view to helping a person (the person aggrieved) who considers he may have been discriminated against

or sexually harassed in contravention of this Ordinance to decide whether to institute proceedings and, if he does
so, to formulate and present his case in the most effective manner, the Commission may prescribe-
(a) forms by which the person aggrieved may question the respondent on his reasons for doing any relevant act,

or on any other matter which is or may be relevant;
(b) forms by which the respondent may if he so wishes reply to any questions.

(2) Where the person aggrieved questions the respondent (whether or not in accordance with forms referred to in
subsection (1))-
(a) the question, and any reply by the respondent (whether or not in accordance with such a form) shall, subject

to subsections (3), (4) and (5), be admissible as evidence in the proceedings;
(b) if it appears to the District Court that the respondent deliberately, and without reasonable excuse, omitted to

reply within a reasonable period or that his reply is evasive or equivocal, the Court may draw any inference
from that fact it considers it just and equitable to draw, including an inference that he committed an
unlawful act.

(3) The Commission may-
(a) prescribe the period within which questions must be served in order to be admissible under subsection

(2)(a);
(b) prescribe the manner in which a question, and any reply by the respondent, may be served.

(4) Rules under the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336) may enable the District Court entertaining a claim under
section 76 to determine, before the date fixed for the hearing of the claim, whether a question or reply is
admissible under this section or not.

(5) This section is without prejudice to any other enactment or rule of law regulating interlocutory and preliminary
matters in proceedings before the District Court, and has effect subject to any enactment or rule of law



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 37

regulating the admissibility of evidence in such proceedings.
(6) In this section, respondent (答辯人) includes a prospective respondent.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 84 Assistance by way of conciliation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A person may lodge with the Commission a complaint in writing alleging that another person has done an act
which is unlawful by virtue of a provision of this Ordinance.

(2) A representative complaint may be lodged under subsection (1) in accordance with rules made under section 88.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), where a complaint is lodged under subsection (1), the Commission shall-

(a) conduct an investigation into the act the subject of the complaint; and
(b) endeavour, by conciliation, to effect a settlement of the matter to which the act relates.

(4) The Commission may decide not to conduct, or to discontinue, an investigation into an act the subject of a
complaint lodged under subsection (1) if-
(a) it is satisfied that the act is not unlawful by reason of a provision of this Ordinance;
(b) it is of the opinion that the person aggrieved by the act does not desire (or, in a case to which subsection (2)

applies, none of the persons aggrieved by the act desires) that the investigation be conducted or continued;
(c) a period of more than 12 months has elapsed beginning when the act was done;
(d) in a case to which subsection (2) applies, it determines, in accordance with rules made under section 88, that

the complaint should not be a representative complaint; or
(e) it is of the opinion that the complaint is frivolous, vexatious, misconceived or lacking in substance.

(5) Where the Commission decides not to conduct, or to discontinue, an investigation into an act the subject of a
complaint lodged under subsection (1), it shall by notice served on the person who lodged the complaint advise
him of-
(a) that decision; and
(b) the reasons for that decision.

(6) Evidence of anything said or done by any person in the course of conciliation under this section (including
anything said or done at any conference held for the purposes of such conciliation) is not admissible in evidence
in any proceedings under this Ordinance except with the consent of that person.

(7) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that subsection (6) shall not apply where-
(a) a complaint is lodged under subsection (1); and
(b) a settlement has been effected of the matter to which the act the subject of the complaint relates.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 85 Assistance other than by way of conciliation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Where a complaint has been lodged under section 84(1) but, for whatever reason, there has not been a settlement
of the matter to which the act the subject of the complaint relates, then any person who may institute proceedings
under this Ordinance in respect of that act may make an application to the Commission for assistance in respect
of those proceedings.

(2) The Commission shall consider an application under subsection (1) and may grant it if it thinks fit to do so, in
particular where-
(a) the case raises a question of principle; or
(b) it is unreasonable, having regard to the complexity of the case or the applicant's position in relation to the

respondent or another person involved or any other matter, to expect the applicant to deal with the case
unaided.

(3) Assistance by the Commission under this section may include-
(a) giving advice;
(b) arranging for the giving of advice or assistance by a solicitor or counsel;
(c) arranging for representation by any person including all such assistance as is usually given by a solicitor or

counsel in the steps preliminary or incidental to any proceedings, or in arriving at or giving effect to a
compromise to avoid or bring to an end any proceedings;

(d) any other form of assistance which the Commission may consider appropriate,
but paragraph (c) shall not affect the law and practice regulating the descriptions of persons who may appear in,



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 38

conduct, defend and address a court in, any proceedings except to the extent permitted under rules made in
accordance with section 73B of the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336).

(4) In so far as expenses are incurred by the Commission in providing the applicant with assistance under this
section the recovery of those expenses (as taxed or assessed in such manner as may be prescribed by relevant
rules) shall constitute a first charge for the benefit of the Commission-
(a) on any costs or expenses which (whether by virtue of a judgment or order of the District Court or an

agreement or otherwise) are payable to the applicant by any other person in respect of the matter in
connection with which the assistance is given; and

(b) so far as relates to any costs or expenses, on his rights under any compromise or settlement arrived at in
connection with that matter to avoid or bring to an end any proceedings.

(5) The charge conferred by subsection (4) shall be subject to any charge under the Legal Aid Ordinance (Cap 91)
and to any provision in that Ordinance for payment of any sum into the Supplementary Legal Aid Fund
established under that Ordinance.

(6) In this section-
relevant rules (有關規則) means any rules made under the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336);
respondent (答辯人) includes a prospective respondent.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 86 Period within which proceedings to be brought E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Period within which Proceedings to be Brought

(1) The District Court shall not consider a claim under section 76 unless proceedings in respect of the claim are

instituted before the end of the period of 24 months beginning-
(a) when the act complained of was done; or
(b) if there is a relevant report in relation to that act, with the day on which the report is published or made

available for inspection under section 73,
whichever is the later.
(2) The District Court shall not consider an application under-

(a) section 82(2)(a) unless it is made before the end of the period of 24 months beginning when the act to
which it relates was done;

(b) section 82(4) unless it is made before the end of the period of 5 years so beginning.
(2A) For the purposes of determining the period under subsection (1) within which proceedings may be brought,

where an act to which the claim relates was the subject of a complaint lodged under section 84(1), then the
period that elapsed between the date when the complaint was lodged and the date when the complaint was
disposed of under section 84(3) or (4), as certified in writing by the Commission, shall be disregarded. (Added
71 of 1997 s. 8. Amended 29 of 2008 s. 96)

(3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2), the District Court may consider any claim or application which is out
of time if, in all the circumstances of the case, it considers that it is just and equitable to do so.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), the circumstances of the case include, in relation to any claim, whether the
act to which the claim relates was the subject of a complaint lodged under section 84(1) and, if so, the period
that elapsed between when the act was done and when that complaint was so lodged.

(5) For the purposes of this section-
(a) where the inclusion of any term in a contract renders the making of the contract an unlawful act, that act

shall be treated as extending throughout the duration of the contract;
(b) any act extending over a period shall be treated as done at the end of that period; and
(c) a deliberate omission shall be treated as done when the person concerned decided upon it,

and, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, a person shall be taken for the purposes of this section to decide
upon an omission when he does an act inconsistent with doing the omitted act or, if he has done no such
inconsistent act, when the period expires within which he might reasonably have been expected to do the omitted
act if it was to be done.

(6) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend subsection (1) by substituting a longer
period for any period specified in that subsection. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

(7) In this section, relevant report (有關報告), in relation to an act referred to in subsection (1), means a report-



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 39

(a) published or made available for inspection under section 73; and
(b) from which it can reasonably be construed (and whether or not the report mentions, or was in any way

prepared in consequence of, the act) that the Commission is of the opinion that the act, or the class of acts to
which the act belongs, is unlawful under a provision of Part 3, 4 or 5.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Part: 9 Miscellaneous E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(Enacted 1995)

Section: 87 Validity and revision of contracts E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A term of a contract is void where-
(a) its inclusion renders the making of the contract unlawful by virtue of this Ordinance;
(b) it is included in furtherance of an act rendered unlawful by this Ordinance; or
(c) it provides for the doing of an act which would be rendered unlawful by this Ordinance.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a term the inclusion of which constitutes, or is in furtherance of, or provides
for, unlawful discrimination against a party to the contract, but the term shall be unenforceable against that party.

(3) A term in a contract which purports to exclude or limit any provision of this Ordinance is unenforceable by any
person in whose favour the term would operate apart from this subsection.

(4) Subsection (3) shall not apply to a contract settling a claim to which section 76 applies.
(5) On the application of any person interested in a contract to which subsection (2) applies, the District Court may

make such order as it thinks just for removing or modifying any term made unenforceable by that subsection; but
such an order shall not be made unless all persons affected have been given notice of the application (except
where under rules made under the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336) notice may be dispensed with) and have
been afforded an opportunity to make representations to the Court.

(6) An order under subsection (5) may include provision as respects any period before the making of the order.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 88 Rules E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) The Commission may make rules-
(a) prescribing the persons, or persons belonging to a class of persons, who may lodge a representative

complaint under section 84(1);
(b) prescribing the bodies and positions for the purposes of section 35;
(c) prescribing the matters to be taken into account by the Commission for the purposes of a determination

under section 84(4)(d);
(d) to enable the Commission to require such persons, or persons belonging to such class of persons, as are

specified in the rules to furnish information to the Commission for the purposes of section 84;
(e) restricting the disclosure of any information referred to in paragraph (d) furnished to the Commission;
(f) to enable the Commission to direct persons to attend any conference held for the purposes of section 84;
(g) regulating the procedure of any conference held for the purposes of section 84;
(h) prescribing any other thing that is required or permitted to be prescribed under this Ordinance.

(2) Any rules made under subsection (1) may-
(a) make different provisions for different circumstances and provide for a particular case or class of cases;
(b) be made so as to apply only in such circumstances as are prescribed by the rules;
(c) specify forms for the purposes of the rules;
(d) be made generally for the better or more effectual carrying out of the provisions of this Ordinance,

including incidental, consequential, evidential and supplemental provisions.
(3) Any rules made under this section may prescribe offences in respect of contraventions of the rules, and may

provide for the imposition of a fine not exceeding level 4 and of imprisonment for a period not exceeding 2
years.

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 40

Section: 89 Regulations to empower Commission to bring certain
proceedings

E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) The Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs may make regulations- (Amended L.N. 130 of 2007)

(a) where any person may bring proceedings under section 76(1) but has not done so, empowering the
Commission, in such circumstances as are specified in the regulations, to bring and maintain those
proceedings as if the Commission were that person;

(b) specifying which of the remedies referred to in section 76(3) shall be obtainable by the Commission in any
such proceedings;

(c) for the purposes of enabling the Commission to bring and maintain any such proceedings (including any
related purposes), specifying modifications to which any provisions of this Ordinance (including any
subsidiary legislation) shall be read.

(2) Any regulations made under this section shall be subject to the approval of the Legislative Council.
(3) This section is without prejudice to the Commission's power to bring proceedings by way of judicial review, in

relation to this Ordinance or any other law, pursuant to its functions under section 64(1). (Added 71 of 1997 s.
9)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 90 Amendment of Schedules 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend Schedule 1, 4 or 5 but any notice to amend
Schedule 5 shall be subject to the approval of the Legislative Council. (Amended 71 of 1997 s. 10; 66 of 1999 s.
3; 18 of 2014 s. 20)

(2) The Legislative Council may, by resolution, amend Schedule 6.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 91 Transitional provisions E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) The provisions of Schedule 7 shall have effect as transitional provisions for the purposes of this Ordinance.
(2) (Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Schedule: 1 Educational Establishments and their Responsible Bodies 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


[sections 2(1) & 90]


Educational establishment Responsible body
1. The University of Hong Kong established by the

University of Hong Kong Ordinance (Cap 1053)


The Court, the Council, the Senate or the
Convocation, within the meaning of section 2 of
the University of Hong Kong Ordinance (Cap
1053), according to which of them has the
function concerned

2. The Chinese University of Hong Kong established by
The Chinese University of Hong Kong Ordinance
(Cap 1109)

The Council, the Senate, the Convocation, the
Faculties, the School of Studies or the Board of
Studies, within the meaning of section 2 of The
Chinese University of Hong Kong Ordinance



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 41

(Cap 1109), according to which of them has the
function concerned

3. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University established by
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Ordinance
(Cap 1075)

The Council of The Hong Kong Polytechnic
University established under section 5 of The
Hong Kong Polytechnic University Ordinance
(Cap 1075) (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 21)

4. Any post secondary college registered under the Post
Secondary Colleges Ordinance (Cap 320)

The Board of Governors (or Board of Trustees
where no Board of Governors exists) or the
College Council, according to which of them has
the function concerned

5. Any technical college or technical institute defined in
section 2 of the Vocational Training Council
Ordinance (Cap 1130)

The Vocational Training Council established by
section 4 of the Vocational Training Council
Ordinance (Cap 1130)

6. Any industrial training centre or skills centre defined
in section 2 of the Vocational Training Council
Ordinance (Cap 1130)

The Vocational Training Council established by
section 4 of the Vocational Training Council
Ordinance (Cap 1130)

7. The Hong Kong Baptist University established by the
Hong Kong Baptist University Ordinance (Cap 1126)

The Board of Governors or the Council, within
the meaning of section 2 of the Hong Kong
Baptist University Ordinance (Cap 1126),
according to which of them has the function
concerned (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 21)

8. The City University of Hong Kong established by the
City University of Hong Kong Ordinance (Cap 1132)

The Council or the Academic Board, within the
meaning of section 2 of the City University of
Hong Kong Ordinance (Cap 1132), according to
which of them has the function concerned
(Amended 18 of 2014 s. 21)

9. The Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts
established by The Hong Kong Academy for
Performing Arts Ordinance (Cap 1135)

The Council or the Academic Board, within the
meaning of section 2 of The Hong Kong
Academy for Performing Arts Ordinance (Cap
1135), according to which of them has the
function concerned

10. The Hong Kong University of Science and
Technology established by The Hong Kong University
of Science and Technology Ordinance (Cap 1141)

The Court, the Council, the Senate or the
Convocation, within the meaning of section 2 of
The Hong Kong University of Science and
Technology Ordinance (Cap 1141), according to
which of them has the function concerned

11. The Open University of Hong Kong established by
The Open University of Hong Kong Ordinance (Cap
1145)

The Council or the Senate, within the meaning of
section 2 of The Open University of Hong Kong
Ordinance (Cap 1145), according to which of
them has the function concerned (Replaced 50
of 1997 s. 29)

12. Lingnan University established by the Lingnan
University Ordinance (Cap 1165)

The Court, the Council or the Senate, within the
meaning of section 2 of the Lingnan University
Ordinance (Cap 1165), according to which of
them has the function concerned (Replaced 54
of 1999 s. 33)

13. The Hong Kong Institute of Education established by
The Hong Kong Institute of Education Ordinance
(Cap 444)

The Council or the Academic Board, within the
meaning of section 2 of The Hong Kong Institute
of Education Ordinance (Cap 444), according to
which of them has the function concerned

14. Any school which is registered or provisionally
registered under the Education Ordinance (Cap 279)

The management committee, within the meaning
of section 3 of the Education Ordinance (Cap



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 42

279), of the school
15. Any school, within the meaning of section 3 of the

Education Ordinance (Cap 279), entirely maintained
and controlled by the Government

The Permanent Secretary for Education
(Amended 3 of 2003 s. 41; L.N. 130 of 2007)

(Enacted 1995)

Schedule: 2 (Repealed 71 of 1997 s. 11) 30/06/1997




Schedule: 3 (Repealed 18 of 2014 s. 22) 18 of 2014 05/12/2014




Schedule: 4 Discrimination to which Section 28(1) and 29 Shall not
Apply

E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



[sections 34(3) & 90]


Provision creating illegality Exception


Part 3 Sections 11(3), 12(1)(b), 19(3) and 22
Sections 1 and 2 of Schedule 7

Section 25 Sections 26 and 27
Section 3 of Schedule 7

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Schedule: 5 Further Exceptions to this Ordinance 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


[sections 62, 66 & 90]


Part 1


Interpretation


1. Interpretation

In this Schedule-
allowance (津貼) includes part of an allowance;
benefit (利益) includes part of a benefit;
indigenous villager (原居村民) means indigenous villager within the meaning of section 2 of the Government Rent

(Assessment and Collection) Ordinance (Cap 515); (Amended 53 of 1997 s. 60)
relevant office (有關職位) means any office (howsoever described) of-

(a) the police force; (Amended 58 of 1999 s. 9)
(b) the Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force within the meaning of the Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force

Ordinance (Cap 233); (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997; 76 of 1999 s. 3)
(c) the Immigration Service within the meaning of the Immigration Service Ordinance (Cap 331);
(d) the Fire Services Department within the meaning of the Fire Services Ordinance (Cap 95);
(e) the Correctional Services Department within the meaning of the Prisons Ordinance (Cap 234);
(f) the Customs and Excise Service within the meaning of the Customs and Excise Service Ordinance (Cap

342). (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 23)
(Amended 18 of 2014 s. 23)

Part 2




Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 43


Exceptions



Provision creating

illegality
Exception

1. Parts 3, 4 and 5 Any discrimination between men and women seeking to hold, or holding, any
relevant office-

(a) as to requirements relating to height or weight; or (Amended 18 of
2014 s. 23)

(b) so far as there is a difference between the total number of persons of
each sex recruited to, or holding, any such office or class of such
office. (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 23)

(c)-(d) (Repealed 18 of 2014 s. 23)
2. Part 4 Any discrimination between men and women arising from that policy of the

Government-
(a) known as the small house policy; and
(b) pursuant to which benefits relating to land in the New Territories are

granted to indigenous villagers who are men.
3. Parts 3, 4 and 5 Any discrimination between persons of different marital status (but excluding

any discrimination against a person who is not single as compared with a person
who is single) arising from a provision-

(a) of-
(i) the Civil Service Regulations;
(ii) any contract of service or apprenticeship; or
(iii) any contract personally to execute any work or labour; and

(Amended 18 of 2014 s. 23)
(b) relating to-

(i) housing;
(ii) education;
(iii) air-conditioning;
(iv) passage; or
(v) baggage,
benefits or allowances.

4-5. (Repealed 18 of 2014 s. 23)
6. Parts 4 and 5 Any discrimination between persons of different marital status arising from the

public housing scheme known as the Home Ownership Scheme or Private
Sector Participation Scheme.

7. Parts 3, 4 and 5 Any discrimination between men and women arising from-
(a) section 2(5)(a) of the Surviving Spouses' and Children's Pensions

Ordinance (Cap 79);
(b) section 18(1A) of the Pensions Ordinance (Cap 89);
(c) section 19 of the Widows and Orphans Pension Ordinance (Cap 94);
(d) section 19(4) of the Pension Benefits Ordinance (Cap 99); or
(e) section 20(4) of the Pension Benefits (Judicial Officers) Ordinance

(Cap 401);
8. (Repealed 18 of 2014 s. 23)

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Schedule: 6 Provisions with Respect to the Commission and

Committees and their Members
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 44

Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


[sections 63, 64, 67 & 90]


Members and Procedure of Commission

1. Terms and conditions of appointment of Chairperson, etc.


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Chief Executive shall determine the remuneration and the terms and
conditions of appointment of the Chairperson. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

(2) The Chairperson shall not, without the specific approval of the Chief Executive- (Amended 66 of 1999 s.
3)

(a) hold any office of profit other than his office as Chairperson; or
(b) engage in any occupation for reward outside the functions of his office.
(3) This section shall apply to any other member of the Commission who is appointed on a full-time basis as it

applies to the Chairperson.

2. Terms of appointment of members of Commission


(1) Subject to sections 1 and 5 and subsection (2), a member of the Commission shall hold and vacate his office
in accordance with the terms of his appointment and shall, on ceasing to be a member, be eligible for
reappointment.

(2) A member of the Commission shall be appointed for a term not exceeding 5 years.
(3) A member of the Commission may at any time by notice in writing to the Chief Executive resign his office.

(Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

3. Members of Commission to disclose interests in respect of certain contracts


(1) A member of the Commission who is in any way directly or indirectly interested in a contract made or
proposed to be made by-
(a) the Commission;
(b) a committee; or
(c) an employee or agent of the Commission,

shall disclose the nature of his interest at a meeting of the Commission.
(2) The Commission shall record the disclosure in the minutes of the meeting of the Commission.
(3) A member who has an interest in a contract referred to in subsection (1)-

(a) shall not without the permission of the Chairperson or other member presiding take any part in any
deliberation of the Commission with respect to that contract; and

(b) shall not in any event vote on any matter concerning it.
(4) For the purposes of subsection (1), a member may give a notice in writing at a meeting of the Commission

to the effect that he is a member of a company or firm and is to be regarded as interested in any contract
which may, after the date of the notice, be made with the company or firm and the notice shall be regarded
as a sufficient disclosure of his interest in relation to any contract so made or proposed to be so made.

(5) A member of the Commission need not attend in person at a meeting of the Commission to make a
disclosure which he is required to make under this section if he takes reasonable steps to secure that the
disclosure is made by a notice in writing which is brought up and read at the meeting.


4. Fees and allowances payable to members of Commission

The Commission may pay its members such fees and allowances as the Secretary for Constitutional and

Mainland Affairs, after consulting with the Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury, determines.
(Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)


5. Chief Executive may in certain circumstances declare office of member of Commission to be vacant




Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 45

If the Chief Executive is satisfied that a member of the Commission-
(a) has been absent from 3 consecutive meetings of the Commission without the permission of the

Commission;
(b) has become bankrupt or made an arrangement with his creditors;
(c) is incapacitated by physical or mental illness; or
(d) is otherwise unable or unfit to discharge the functions of a member,

the Chief Executive may declare his office as a member of the Commission to be vacant, and shall notify the fact
in such manner as the Chief Executive thinks fit; and upon such declaration the office shall become vacant.

(Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

6. Quorum of Commission, etc.


(1) The quorum of the Commission shall be not less than half the members thereof for the time being and,
while a member is disqualified from taking part in a decision or deliberation of the Commission in respect
of a matter, he shall be disregarded for the purpose of constituting a quorum of the Commission for
deciding, or deliberating on, that matter.

(2) All matters for determination at a meeting of the Commission shall be decided by a majority of votes of the
members present and voting and where there is an equality of votes the Chairperson or other member
presiding shall have a casting vote in addition to his original vote.


7. Fixing of seal of Commission

The fixing of the seal of the Commission shall be-

(a) authorized by the Commission; and
(b) authenticated by the signatures of-

(i) the Chairperson; and
(ii) any other member of the Commission authorized by the Commission, either generally or

specifically, to act for that purpose.

8. Documents of Commission


(1) The Commission may make and execute any document in the performance of its functions or the exercise of
its powers or in connection with any matter reasonably incidental to or consequential upon the performance
of its functions or the exercise of its powers.

(2) Any document purporting to be executed under the seal of the Commission shall be admitted in evidence
and shall, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, be deemed to have been duly executed.


9. Certain documents not required to be sealed

Any contract or instrument which, if entered into or executed by a person not being a body corporate, would not

be required to be under seal may be entered into or executed on behalf of the Commission by any member of the
Commission generally or specifically authorized by the Commission for that purpose.


10. Procedure of Commission

Subject to the provisions of this Schedule, the Commission shall have power to regulate its own procedure

including the manner in which decisions of the Commission may be made by a quorum of its members otherwise
than at a meeting of the Commission.


Staff of Commission


11. Employees, etc. of Commission


(1) The Commission shall determine-
(a) the remuneration and the terms and conditions of employment of its employees; and



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 46

(b) the standards of work and conduct of its employees, and matters relating to their suspension or
dismissal from office.

(2) The Commission shall determine the remuneration and the terms and conditions of engagement of technical
and professional advisers, and of conciliators, and the manner of their engagement.

(3) The Commission may-
(a) grant, or make provision for the grant of, pensions, gratuities and retirement benefits to employees;
(b) provide other benefits for the welfare of employees and their dependants;
(c) authorize payments, whether or not legally due, to the personal representatives of a deceased employee

or to any person who was dependent on such employee at his death.
(4) The Commission may-

(a) establish, manage and control; or
(b) enter into an arrangement with any company or association for the establishment, management and

control by that company or association either alone or jointly with the Commission of,
any fund or scheme for the purpose of providing for the pensions, gratuities, benefits and payments referred

to in subsection (3).
(5) The Commission may make contributions to and may require employees to make contributions to any fund

or scheme referred to in subsection (4).
(6) In this section employees (僱員) includes any class of employee which the Commission specifies and in

subsection (3) includes former employees.


Committees

12. Members of committees


The Commission-
(a) may appoint members of the Commission, and persons who are not such members, to be members of a

committee; and
(b) shall appoint the chairman of a committee and determine the number of members of a committee.


13. Members of committee to disclose interests in respect of certain contracts


(1) A member of a committee who is in any way directly or indirectly interested in a contract made or proposed
to be made by-
(a) the Commission;
(b) the committee; or
(c) an employee or agent of the Commission,

shall disclose the nature of his interest at a meeting of the committee.
(2) The committee shall record the disclosure in the minutes of the meeting of the committee.
(3) A member who has an interest in a contract referred to subsection (1)-

(a) shall not without the permission of the chairperson of the committee or other member presiding take
any part in any deliberation of the committee with respect to that contract; and

(b) shall not in any event vote on any matter concerning it.
(4) For the purposes of subsection (1), a member may give a notice in writing at a meeting of a committee to

the effect that he is a member of a company or firm and is to be regarded as interested in any contract which
may, after the date of the notice, be made with the company or firm and the notice shall be regarded as a
sufficient disclosure of his interest in relation to any contract so made or proposed to be so made.

(5) A member of a committee need not attend in person at a meeting of the committee to make a disclosure
which he is required to make under this section if he takes reasonable steps to secure that the disclosure is
made by a notice in writing which is brought up and read at the meeting.


14. Fees and allowances payable to members of committee


(1) The Commission may pay to the members of a committee such fees and allowances as the Secretary for
Constitutional and Mainland Affairs, after consulting with the Secretary for Financial Services and the
Treasury, determines.



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 47

(2) The provisions of this section shall-
(a) not apply in the case of any member of a committee who is a public officer; and
(b) apply in the case of a member of a committee who is a member of the Commission only to such extent

as the Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs, after consulting with the Secretary for
Financial Services and the Treasury, determines.

(Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)


Finances, etc. of Commission

15. Resources of Commission


(1) The resources of the Commission shall consist of-
(a) all money-

(i) paid by the Government to the Commission and appropriated for that purpose by the Legislative
Council; and

(ii) otherwise provided to the Commission by the Government; and
(b) all other money and property, including gifts, donations, fees, rent, interest and accumulations of

income received by the Commission.
(2) The Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury may give directions in writing of a general or specific

character to the Commission in relation to the amount of money which may be expended by the
Commission in any financial year and the Commission shall comply with those directions. (Amended L.N.
106 of 2002)


16. Borrowing powers


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Commission may borrow by way of overdraft such money as it may require
for meeting its obligations or performing its functions under this Ordinance.

(2) The Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs may, after consulting with the Secretary for
Financial Services and the Treasury, give directions in writing of a general or specific character to the
Commission in relation to the amount of money which may be borrowed under subsection (1) and the
Commission shall comply with those directions. (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)

(3) The Commission may with the approval of the Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs given
after the Secretary has consulted with the Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury borrow,
otherwise than by way of overdraft, such money as it may require for meeting its obligations or performing
its functions under this Ordinance. (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)

(4) A person lending money to the Commission shall not be concerned to inquire whether the borrowing of the
money is legal or regular or whether the money raised has been properly applied and shall not be prejudiced
by any illegality or irregularity or by misapplication or non-application of the money.


17. Investment of surplus funds


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Commission may invest money that is not immediately required to be
expended.

(2) The Commission shall not invest money pursuant to subsection (1) except in such forms of investment as
the Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs, after consulting with the Secretary for Financial
Services and the Treasury, approves. (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)


18. Accounts, audit and annual report of Commission


(1) The Commission shall cause proper accounts to be kept of all its financial transactions.
(2) The Commission shall, as soon as practicable after the expiry of a financial year, prepare a statement of the

accounts of the Commission, which statement shall include an income and expenditure account and a
balance sheet.

(3) The Commission shall appoint an auditor who shall, as soon as practicable, audit the accounts required
under subsection (1) and the statement of accounts required under subsection (2) and shall submit a report



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 48

on the statement to the Commission.
(4) The Commission shall, as soon as practicable and in any case not later than 9 months after the expiry of a

financial year (or such further period as the Chief Secretary for Administration allows), furnish-
(a) a report on the activities of the Commission during that year including a general survey of

developments, during that year, in respect of matters falling within the scope of the Commission's
functions;

(b) a copy of the statement of accounts required under subsection (2); and
(c) the auditor's report on the statement,

to the Chief Secretary for Administration who shall cause the same to be tabled in the Legislative Council.
(Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)


19. Director of Audit's examination


(1) The Director of Audit may, in respect of any financial year, conduct an examination into the economy,
efficiency and effectiveness with which the Commission has expended its resources in performing its
functions and exercising its powers.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the Director of Audit shall have a right of access at all reasonable times to all such
documents as he may reasonably require for conducting an examination under this section and shall be
entitled to require from any person holding or being accountable for any such document such information
and explanation as he considers reasonably necessary for that purpose.

(3) Subsection (2) applies only to documents in the custody and control of the Commission.
(4) Without prejudice to the power of the Director of Audit to conduct an examination under this section, this

section applies to any sum of money paid by the Commission in the exercise of its power under section
65(1) of this Ordinance.

(5) Subsection (1) shall not operate to entitle the Director of Audit to question the merits of the policy
objectives of the Commission.


20. Exemption from taxation

The Commission shall be exempt from taxation under the Inland Revenue Ordinance (Cap 112).


Delegations

21. Provisions to which section 67(1) shall not apply

Sections 4, 11(1)(a), (4) and (5), 16(1) and (3), 17(1) and 18 shall not be subject to section 67(1) of this

Ordinance.
(Enacted 1995)


Schedule: 7 Transitional Provisions L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014


[section 91(1) & Schedule 4]

1. Section 16 of this Ordinance shall not apply, in respect of any organization-

(a) to contributions or other payments falling to be made to the organization by its members or by persons
seeking membership; or

(b) to financial benefits accruing to members of the organization by reason of their membership,
where the payment falls to be made, or the benefit accrues, as the case may be-

(i) under rules of the organization made before this Ordinance was enacted; and
(ii) before the 3rd anniversary of the day on which that section comes into operation.


2. Until the 3rd anniversary of the day on which section 16 of this Ordinance comes into operation, section 16(2) of

this Ordinance shall not apply to any organization of members of the teaching profession where on the
enactment of this Ordinance-

(a) the organization is an incorporated company with articles of association;



Cap 480 - Sex Discrimination Ordinance 49

(b) the articles of association restrict membership to persons of one sex (disregarding any minor
exceptions); and

(c) there exists another organization to which paragraphs (a) and (b) apply which is for persons of the
opposite sex and has objects, as set out in the articles of association, which are substantially the same
as those of the first-mentioned organization, subject only to differences consequential on the difference
of sex. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)


3. If the responsible body for any educational establishment which (apart from this section) would be required to

comply with the provisions of section 25(b) of this Ordinance from the commencement of those provisions, is of
the opinion that it would be impracticable for it to do so, it may before that commencement serve on the
Commission a notice referred to in section 27(1) of this Ordinance as if that opinion were a determination
referred to in section 27(1) of this Ordinance and, in any such case, the provisions of section 27 of this
Ordinance shall, with all necessary modifications, apply as if such opinion were such a determination.

(Enacted 1995)

Schedule: 8 (Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013) E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013

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