Land Drainage Ordinance


Published: 1997-06-30

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Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 446 LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE Gazette Number Version Date

Long title 30/06/1997


An Ordinance to make provision for the constitution of Drainage Authority Areas and the carrying out of drainage
works within such areas and for connected matters.

(Enacted 1994)


[31 March 1994]

(Originally 20 of 1994)

Part: I PRELIMINARY 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1994)

Section: 1 Short title 30/06/1997


This Ordinance may be cited as the Land Drainage Ordinance.
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 2 Interpretation L.N. 130 of 2007 01/07/2007


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-

"approved plan" (獲批准圖則) means a finalised draft plan approved by the Chief Executive in Council under
section 11(1)(a); (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

"bank" (堤岸) means any bank, wall or embankment, adjoining, confining or constructed for the purpose of, or in
connection with, any watercourse, and-

(a) in the case of a watercourse within which tidal waters flow, includes all land between the bank of the
watercourse and low water mark of mean spring tides; and

(b) in the case of any other watercourse, includes all land between the bank of the watercourse and the
water in the watercourse;

"barrister" (大律師) has the meaning assigned to it in section 2 of the Legal Practitioners Ordinance (Cap 159);
"Board" (上訴委員會) means a Drainage Appeal Board constituted under section 30;
"compensatable interest" (可獲補償權益) means the estate or interest of-

(a) a person having an unexpired term in land (including any further term which could be obtained as of
right) of not less than one month or a tenancy or subtenancy terminable (whether by virtue of an
Ordinance or otherwise) by either party by not less than one month's notice;

(b) a mortgagee in possession;
(c) the holder of a valid and subsisting option to purchase an estate or interest referred to in paragraph (a)

or (b);
(d) a purchaser under an agreement for sale and purchase to whom the benefit of an estate or interest

referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) has already passed;
"domestic premises" (住宅) means any premises which are constructed or intended to be used for habitation;
"draft plan" (草圖) or "draft Drainage Authority Area plan" (排水監管區草圖) means a draft plan notified in the

Gazette under section 5;
"Drainage Authority" (排水事務監督) means the Director of Drainage Services;
"Drainage Authority Area" (排水監管區) means the Drainage Authority Area shown in a draft Drainage Authority



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 2

Area plan notified in the Gazette under section 5 or an approved plan notified in the Gazette under section 11;
"drainage works" (排水工程) includes-

(a) the cleansing, scouring, dredging or desilting of any main watercourse;
(b) the removal of any natural or artificial obstruction in any main watercourse;
(c) the repair, strengthening, alteration or removal of any embankment for the purpose of defence against

water; and
(d) any works for the prevention or abatement of injury or damage which might be caused by the carrying

out of any of the operations referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c);
"emergency" (緊急情況) means the existence of a substantial risk of injury to any person or damage to any property

caused by or consequential upon flooding;
"land" (土地) includes-

(a) land covered by water; and
(b) the whole or part of any building or other erection or fixture on land;

"Land Registry" (土地註冊處) means the Land Registry established under the Land Registration Ordinance (Cap
128); (Amended 20 of 2002 s. 5)

"main watercourse" (主要水道) means any main watercourse designated in a draft Drainage Authority Area plan
notified in the Gazette under section 5 or an approved plan notified in the Gazette under section 11;

"mortgage" (按揭) means a mortgage or charge registrable in the Land Registry;
"obstruction" (障礙物) in Parts III and IV includes earth, stone, timber and material of all kinds artificially placed in

any main watercourse;
"occupier" (佔用人) includes a tenant of an owner of land whether or not he pays rent and a person who resides in a

building;
"owner" (擁有人), in relation to land, means the person holding that land-

(a) directly under a Government lease; or
(b) under another title directly from the Government registered in the Land Registry; (Amended 29 of

1998 s. 105)
"Panel" (上訴委員備選小組) means the panel of persons appointed to be the Drainage Appeal Board Panel under

section 29(1);
"registered professional engineer" (註冊專業工程師) has the meaning assigned to it in section 2 of the Engineers

Registration Ordinance (Cap 409);
"Secretary" (局長) means the Secretary for Development; (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3; L.N. 330 of 1999; L.N. 106 of

2002; 23 of 2002 s. 126; L.N. 130 of 2007)
"solicitor" (律師) has the meaning assigned to it in section 2 of the Legal Practitioners Ordinance (Cap 159);
"structure" (構築物) in Parts III and IV, subject to section 21(3), includes a bridge, fence, barrier, post, culvert or pipe

crossing;
"watercourse" (水道) includes-

(a) any river, stream, ditch, channel, drain, pipe, cut, culvert, tunnel, nullah, dyke, weir, sluice, flood
storage pond, flood pumping station, and other passage used wholly or partly for the conveyance or
storage of stormwater or surface water but does not include-
(i) any pipe or channel intended primarily for sewage or industrial discharges; and
(ii) any drain and sewer as defined by section 2 of the Buildings Ordinance (Cap 123); and

(b) the bank, channel or bed of any watercourse which is wet normally but may be, from time to time, dry.
(Enacted 1994)


Part: II CONSTITUTION OF DRAINAGE AUTHORITY AREAS 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1994)

Section: 3 Preparation of draft plans 30/06/1997


(1) The Drainage Authority shall prepare draft Drainage Authority Area plans of such parts of Hong Kong as



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 3

the Secretary may direct.
(2) A draft plan prepared under subsection (1) shall show-

(a) the boundary of the Drainage Authority Area; and
(b) such watercourses in that Drainage Authority Area as are considered to be appropriate by the Drainage

Authority to be designated as main watercourses in the plan.
(3) The Drainage Authority may, in conjunction with any draft plan prepared under subsection (1), prepare

explanatory material relating to the plan, which may be in the form of diagrams, illustrations, notes or descriptive
matter; and any such explanatory material shall form part of the plan referred to in subsection (1).

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 4 Amendment, replacement and cancellation of draft plan 30/06/1997


A draft plan or part thereof prepared under section 3 and notified under section 5 may be amended by a draft
plan showing the amendments and a draft plan prepared under section 3 and notified under section 5 may be replaced
by another draft plan or cancelled, provided that the Drainage Authority shall not amend any part of or replace a draft
plan in respect of which an objection has been made under section 7 or an application for review has been made under
section 8.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 5 Publication and inspection of draft plans 30/06/1997


(1) Where the Drainage Authority has prepared or replaced a draft plan at any time under section 3 or 4, he
shall cause a notice of the plan to be published in-

(a) 2 issues of the Gazette in English and Chinese;
(b) 2 issues of 2 Chinese language newspapers; and
(c) 2 issues of an English language newspaper.

(2) The notice referred to in subsection (1) shall-
(a) contain a general description of the Drainage Authority Area shown in the draft plan;
(b) state where and when a copy of the plan may be inspected by the public;
(c) specify the time within which, and the manner in which, objections to the draft plan prepared or

replaced under section 3 or 4 may be made; and
(d) where the Drainage Authority has replaced a draft plan, identify the draft plan which has been replaced

under section 4.
(3) A copy of a draft plan shall be available for inspection by the public free of charge at such offices of the

Government as the Drainage Authority thinks fit for a period of 60 days from the date of first publication of a notice in
the Gazette under subsection (1) and during the hours when those offices are normally open to the public.

(4) The Drainage Authority shall supply a copy of the draft plan prepared or replaced under section 3 or 4, or
the draft plan showing the amendments under subsection (5), to any person on request and upon payment of such fee
as he may determine.

(5) Where the Drainage Authority has at any time amended a draft plan under section 4, he shall publish a
notice of such amendments in the same manner as is specified in subsections (1) and (2) except that the period referred
to in subsection (3) shall be 30 days and the notice shall also identify the draft plan which has been amended under
section 4.

(6) Where the Drainage Authority has cancelled a draft plan at any time under section 4, he shall publish a
notice of such cancellation in the same manner as is specified in subsection (1) except that the notice shall be
published in one issue of the Gazette and the newspapers referred to in that subsection and that the notice shall also
identify the draft plan which has been cancelled under section 4.

(7) A copy of a draft plan notified under this section shall be deposited in the Land Registry and shall be
available for inspection by any person without payment of any fee.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 6 Effect of publication of notice under section 5 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 4


(1) Upon the first publication of a notice in the Gazette under section 5(1) or (5)-

(a) this Ordinance shall apply with respect to the Drainage Authority Area and main watercourses shown
on the draft plan as notified under section 5(1) or (5), and this Ordinance shall continue to so apply
notwithstanding any proposed alterations made under sections 7 and 8;

(b) (i) any draft plan replaced by the draft plan as notified under section 5(1) shall be thereby repealed;
or

(ii) that part of any draft plan amended by the draft plan as notified under section 5(5) shall be
thereby repealed; and

(c) any approved plan referred to the Secretary by the Chief Executive in Council for replacement under
section 17(1)(b) and so replaced by a draft plan notified under section 5(1) shall be thereby repealed.
(Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(2) Upon the publication of a notice under section 5(6), the draft plan so notified shall be thereby repealed.
(3) The repeal of any draft plan under this section shall not affect anything lawfully done or any right to

compensation under this Ordinance which has accrued prior to such repeal.
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 7 Objections 30/06/1997


(1) Any person aggrieved by a draft plan notified in the Gazette under section 5(1) may, by a written statement
of objection delivered to the Drainage Authority not later than the 60 days referred to in section 5(3), object to the
draft plan.

(2) Any person aggrieved by an amended draft plan notified in the Gazette under section 5(5) may, by a written
statement of objection delivered to the Drainage Authority not later than the 30 days referred to in that subsection,
object to the amended draft plan.

(3) a written statement under subsection (1) or (2) shall set out-
(a) the nature of and reasons for the objection; and
(b) if the objection would be removed by an alteration of the draft plan, any alteration proposed.

(4) Upon receipt of a written statement of objection under subsection (1) or (2), the Drainage Authority may-
(a) reject the objection and shall inform the objector of such rejection; or
(b) propose alterations to the draft plan to meet the objection.

(5) If the Drainage Authority proposes to make any alterations to the draft plan pursuant to subsection (4), he
shall-

(a) publish a notice of the proposal to alter the draft plan in the same manner as set out in section 5(1) and
the notice shall-
(i) contain particulars of the proposed alterations; and
(ii) specify that any person aggrieved by the proposed alterations may, by a written statement of

objection delivered to the Drainage Authority not later than 30 days from the date of first
publication of the notice in the Gazette, object to the proposed alterations and the written
statement shall set out the nature of and reasons for the objection; and

(b) give notice of the proposed alterations in writing to the objector by registered post and request the
objector to inform the Drainage Authority in writing within 30 days from the date of the notice in a
registered letter addressed to the Drainage Authority whether he agrees or objects to the proposed
alterations.

(6) Any person aggrieved by the proposed alterations as contained in the notice published under subsection
(5)(a) may, by a written statement of objection delivered to the Drainage Authority not later than 30 days from the
date of first publication of the notice in the Gazette, object to the proposed alterations and the written statement shall
set out the nature of and reasons for the objection.

(7) If no written objection to the proposed alterations is delivered to the Drainage Authority within the time
specified in the notice under subsection (5)(a) and the original objector-

(a) does not inform the Drainage Authority under subsection (5)(b) whether he agrees or objects to the
proposed alterations; or

(b) has informed the Drainage Authority under subsection (5)(b) that he objects to the proposed
alterations,

the Drainage Authority shall, save and except in the event that the original objector notifies the Drainage Authority in



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 5

writing before the meeting as hereinafter provided that he agrees to the proposed alterations, consider the objection to
the draft plan at a meeting of which the original objector is given at least 14 days' notice and he or his authorized
representative may attend such meeting and if he or his authorized representative so desires shall be heard.

(8) If a written objection to the proposed alterations is delivered to the Drainage Authority within the time
specified in the notice under subsection (5)(a), the Drainage Authority shall consider the objection to the draft plan
and the objection to the proposed alterations at a meeting of which the objectors in question are given at least 14 days'
notice and all objectors or their authorized representatives may attend such meeting and if they or their representatives
so desire shall be heard.

(9) Upon consideration of objection under subsection (7) or objections under subsection (8) the Drainage
Authority may-

(a) reject the objection or objections; or
(b) make alterations to the draft plan to meet such objection or objections,

and in either case, the Drainage Authority shall inform the objectors of such decision.
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 8 Right of review 30/06/1997


(1) Any objector referred to in section 7 aggrieved by a decision of the Drainage Authority under section
7(4)(a) or (9) may, within 30 days of being notified of the decision of the Drainage Authority, apply in writing to the
secretary to the Panel for a review of the Drainage Authority's decision and shall serve a copy of the application on the
Drainage Authority.

(2) A written application for review under subsection (1) shall set out the nature of and the grounds for the
application.

(3) Where the Drainage Authority receives a copy of an application under subsection (1), he shall, within 21
days of such receipt, send to the secretary to the Panel and the applicant his written representation concerning the
application.

(4) Upon receipt of an application under subsection (1), the secretary to the Panel shall fix a time and place for
the review, which shall be a date not more than 2 months after the receipt of the application and shall give at least 14
days' notice thereof to the applicant and the Drainage Authority.

(5) On a review under this section, hearing of which shall, subject to subsection (13), be held in public, the
applicant or his authorized representative and the Drainage Authority or his authorized representative may attend
before the Board and shall be given an opportunity to make representations.

(6) If the applicant or his authorized representative does not attend at the time and place fixed for the review,
the Board may proceed with the review or adjourn it.

(7) On a review under this section, the Board may-
(a) confirm the decision of the Drainage Authority;
(b) direct the Drainage Authority to consider making alterations to the original draft plan or the draft plan

as altered under section 7(9), as the case may be.
(8) Where the Board is disposed to direct the Drainage Authority to consider making alterations to the original

draft plan or the draft plan as altered under section 7(9), as the case may be, and it appears to the Board that the
alterations directed by the Board to be considered by the Drainage Authority affect any land, other than land which
appears to the Board to be of concern to the applicant, the Board shall direct the Drainage Authority to publish a
notice of any such proposed alterations in the same manner as described in section 7(5)(a).

(9) Any written objection received by the Drainage Authority within 30 days after the first publication of a
notice in the Gazette under subsection (8) shall be considered at a meeting of the Board of which the applicant, the
Drainage Authority and all objectors to the proposed alterations are given at least 14 days' notice.

(10) The applicant, the Drainage Authority and all objectors may attend the meeting referred to in subsection (9),
and may be heard in person or by their authorized representatives.

(11) After hearing the applicant, the Drainage Authority and the objectors or their authorized representatives at
the meeting held under subsection (10), the Board may-

(a) confirm the decision of the Drainage Authority;
(b) direct the Drainage Authority to consider making alterations to the original draft plan or the draft plan

as altered under section 7(9), as the case may be.
(12) Where the Board confirms the decision of the Drainage Authority or directs the Drainage Authority to

consider making alterations under subsection (7) or (11), the chairman of the Board shall-



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 6

(a) notify in writing the applicant and the objector (if any) of the Board's decision and the reasons for that
decision;

(b) send to the Secretary a report stating-
(i) the Board's decision as respects the application for review and the objection (if any) duly made

under subsection (9); and
(ii) the reasons for that decision; and

(c) send a copy of the report as referred to in paragraph (b) to the Drainage Authority.
(13) Where the Board hearing a review, after consulting the parties to the review, is satisfied that it is desirable

to do so, it may by order direct that a hearing or part of a hearing shall take place in private and give directions as to
the persons who may be present.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 9 Delivery of draft plan to Secretary 30/06/1997


(1) Where-
(a) at the expiry of the time for the making of objections under section 7, no objection has been delivered

to the Drainage Authority; or
(b) an objection has been delivered to the Drainage Authority but-

(i) the Drainage Authority has rejected the objection under section 7(4) or (9); and
(ii) at the expiry of the time for applying for a review under section 8 no such application has been

made,
the Drainage Authority shall prepare a finalised draft plan by incorporating into the draft plan any amendments made
under section 4 and as soon as practicable deliver the finalised draft plan and a schedule of objections made under
section 7(1) or (2) (if any) to the Secretary.

(2) Where-
(a) at the expiry of the time for the making of objections under section 7, an objection has been delivered

under that section;
(b) the objector has, pursuant to section 7(5)(b), informed the Drainage Authority that he agrees to any

proposed alterations; and
(c) no objection to the proposed alterations has been delivered to the Drainage Authority at the expiry of

the time for the making of such objections specified under section 7(5)(a),
the Drainage Authority shall prepare a finalised draft plan-

(i) by incorporating any amendments made under section 4 into the draft plan; and
(ii) by altering the plan referred to in paragraph (i) in accordance with the alterations,

and as soon as practicable, deliver to the Secretary the finalised draft plan, a copy of the draft plan notified in the
Gazette under section 5, a schedule of objections made under section 7(1) or (2), the letter of agreement referred to in
paragraph (b), and a statement giving particulars of the alterations made to the draft plan notified in the Gazette under
section 5 and the reasons therefor.

(3) Where the Drainage Authority has altered a draft plan to meet objections under section 7(9), and no
application for a review has been made under section 8 at the expiry of the time for the making of such applications,
the Drainage Authority shall prepare a finalised draft plan-

(a) by incorporating any amendments made under section 4 into the draft plan; and
(b) by altering the plan referred to in paragraph (a) in accordance with the alterations,

and as soon as practicable deliver to the Secretary-
(i) the finalised draft plan;
(ii) a copy of the draft plan notified in the Gazette under section 5;
(iii) a schedule of objections made under section 7(1) or (2) and (5)(a); and
(iv) a statement giving particulars of alterations made to the draft plan notified in the Gazette under section

5 and the reasons therefor.
(4) Where the Board has given a direction to consider making alterations under section 8(7)(b) or (11)(b), the

Drainage Authority shall give consideration to such direction and thereafter he shall prepare a finalised draft plan-
(a) by incorporating any amendments made under section 4 into the draft plan; and
(b) by altering the draft plan referred to in paragraph (a) in accordance with the alterations proposed by the

Drainage Authority and the Board as the Drainage Authority thinks fit,
and as soon as practicable deliver to the Secretary-



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 7

(i) a copy of the draft plan notified in the Gazette under section 5;
(ii) the finalised draft plan;
(iii) a copy of the Board's direction;
(iv) particulars of any alterations made to comply with the direction or the reasons for refusing to make

alterations as directed by the Board, as the case may be;
(v) a statement giving particulars of any alterations made to the draft plan notified in the Gazette under

section 5 otherwise than in consequence of a direction by the Board and the reasons for those
alterations; and

(vi) a schedule of objections made under section 7(1) or (2) and (5)(a).
(5) Where the Drainage Authority rejects an objection under section 7(4) or (9) then upon the confirmation of

such rejection given by the Board under section 8(7) or (11), the Drainage Authority shall prepare a finalised draft
plan-

(a) by incorporating any amendments made under section 4 into the draft plan; and
(b) by altering the plan referred to in paragraph (a) in accordance with any alterations made by the

Drainage Authority,
and as soon as practicable deliver to the Secretary-

(i) a copy of the draft plan notified in the Gazette under section 5;
(ii) the finalised draft plan;
(iii) a copy of the Board's decision; and
(iv) a statement giving particulars of alterations (if any) made to the draft plan notified in the Gazette under

section 5 and the reasons for those alterations.
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 10 Submission of draft plan to Chief Executive in Council 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


Upon receipt of a finalised draft plan delivered by the Drainage Authority under section 9, the Secretary shall
submit the finalised draft plan to the Chief Executive in Council for approval, and shall submit therewith- (Amended
61 of 1999 s. 3)

(a) a copy of the draft plan notified in the Gazette under section 5;
(b) a copy of the draft plan showing the amendments as referred to in section 4;
(c) a schedule of objections (if any) made under section 7(1) or (2) and (5)(a);
(d) a schedule of the alterations (if any) made by the Drainage Authority with a view to meeting such

objections;
(e) the report (if any) delivered by the Board under section 8(12);
(f) a schedule of the alterations (if any) made by the Drainage Authority in consequence of a direction

given under section 8(7) or (11); and
(g) any proposals by the Secretary to meet the objections.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 11 Powers of Chief Executive in Council upon submission 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


(1) Upon submission of the finalised draft plan under section 10, the Chief Executive in Council may-
(a) approve it;
(b) refuse to approve it; or
(c) refer it to the Secretary for further consideration and amendment.

(2) The Chief Executive in Council may by notice in the Gazette correct any omission from or error in an
approved plan.

(3) On such approval being given, the Secretary shall, as soon as practicable, cause to be published in the
Gazette in Chinese and English and in one issue of 2 Chinese language newspapers and one English language



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 8

newspaper a notice-
(a) of such approval; and
(b) giving particulars of the place and times at which a copy of the approved plan may be inspected by the

public.
(Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 12 Effect of publication of notice under section 11(3) 30/06/1997


Upon the publication of a notice in the Gazette by the Secretary under section 11(3), this Ordinance shall apply
with respect to the Drainage Authority Area and main watercourses designated in the approved plan and the draft plan
notified under section 5 is thereby repealed provided that such repeal shall not affect anything lawfully done or any
right to compensation under this Ordinance which has accrued prior to such repeal.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 13 Refusal to approve plan 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


(1) If the Chief Executive in Council refuses to approve a finalised draft plan under section 11(1)(b), the
Secretary shall, as soon as practicable, cause to be published in the Gazette in Chinese and English and in one issue of
2 Chinese language newspapers and one English language newspaper a notice of such refusal; and any such refusal
shall be without prejudice to the preparation of a new draft plan in respect of the same Drainage Authority Area and
the submission of the same to the Chief Executive in Council under this Ordinance. (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(2) Upon publication of a notice of refusal under subsection (1), the draft plan notified in the Gazette under
section 5 is thereby repealed provided that such repeal shall not affect anything lawfully done or any right to
compensation under this Ordinance which has accrued prior to such repeal.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 14 Reference to amend a plan under section 11(1)(c) 30/06/1997


(1) Upon a reference under section 11(1)(c), the Secretary shall, as soon as practicable, cause to be published in
the Gazette in Chinese and English and in one issue of 2 Chinese language newspapers and one English language
newspaper a notice of such reference.

(2) Upon the publication of a notice in the Gazette under subsection (1), this Ordinance shall continue to apply
with respect to the Drainage Authority Area shown and the main watercourses designated in the draft plan notified in
the Gazette under section 5 until the publication of a notice of the draft Drainage Authority Area plan prepared under
subsection (4).

(3) Upon a reference under section 11(1)(c), the Secretary may direct the Drainage Authority to prepare a new
draft Drainage Authority Area plan incorporating such amendments as the Secretary thinks fit to replace the plan
referred, or a plan showing such amendments as the Secretary thinks fit.

(4) Upon the direction given under subsection (3), the Drainage Authority shall prepare a new draft Drainage
Authority Area plan or a plan showing such amendments and publish it in accordance with section 5(1) or (5), as the
case may be, and such plan shall be deposited in accordance with section 5(7).

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 15 Deposit of copies of approved plan 30/06/1997


A copy of the approved plan, certified as such by the Secretary, shall be deposited in the Land Registry and shall
be available for inspection by any person without payment of any fee.

(Enacted 1994)




Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 9

Section: 16 Availability of Drainage Authority Area plans 30/06/1997


The Drainage Authority shall, after a finalised draft plan has been approved under section 11(1)(a), secure that
printed copies of the approved plan are available at his office, on payment of such fee as he may determine, for
purchase.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 17 Revocation and replacement of approved plans 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may- (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)
(a) revoke in whole or in part any approved plan; or
(b) refer any approved plan to the Secretary for replacement by a new draft plan.

(2) Notification of any revocation or reference under subsection (1) shall be published as soon as practicable in
the Gazette and in one issue of 2 Chinese language newspapers and one English language newspaper, and noted by the
Land Registrar on the copy of the approved plan deposited under section 15.

(3) Upon any reference under subsection (1)(b), a new draft plan intended to replace the approved plan referred
to shall be prepared, exhibited, submitted and deposited in accordance with this Ordinance in like manner as the plan it
is intended to replace.

(4) Upon publication of a notice of revocation, the approved plan is thereby repealed provided that such repeal
shall not affect anything lawfully done or any right to compensation under this Ordinance which has accrued prior to
such repeal.

(Enacted 1994)

Part: III POWERS OF THE DRAINAGE AUTHORITY 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1994)

Section: 18 Power to execute drainage works 30/06/1997


(1) Where the Drainage Authority is of the opinion that the flow of any main watercourse or the ability of any
main watercourse to discharge storm and surface water can be maintained or enhanced by the execution of any
drainage works he may, subject to section 22, execute such drainage works.

(2) Before executing any drainage works under this section, the Drainage Authority shall serve on the occupier
and owner of the land upon or within which the drainage works are to be executed a notice-

(a) specifying the drainage works proposed to be executed;
(b) specifying the time within which the drainage works are to be completed; and
(c) stating that such occupier or owner may, within 21 days of the service of the notice, send to the

Drainage Authority a written statement of objection to the proposed drainage works on any or all of the
following grounds-
(i) that the extent of land to be affected by the proposed drainage works is excessive;
(ii) that the proposed drainage works or part thereof are unnecessary; or
(iii) that the period of time specified for the completion of the proposed drainage works is excessive.

(3) If no objection is duly made under subsection (2), the Drainage Authority may proceed with the execution
of the drainage works.

(4) Upon receipt of a written statement of objection under subsection (2), the Drainage Authority shall consider
the objection and decide whether-

(a) to proceed with the execution of the drainage works; or
(b) to propose to make alterations to the proposed drainage works to meet the objection.

(5) Where the Drainage Authority proposes to make any alterations to the proposed drainage works pursuant to
subsection (4)(b), he shall-

(a) serve on-
(i) the objector; and



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 10

(ii) any other person who in the Drainage Authority's opinion may be affected by such alterations,
a notice specifying the proposed alterations and stating that representations in writing concerning the
proposed alterations may be made to the Drainage Authority within 14 days of the service of the
notice; and

(b) consider any representation made under paragraph (a) before he decides whether to proceed with the
drainage works with or without alterations.

(6) Where the Drainage Authority decides to proceed with the execution of the drainage works with or without
alterations under subsection (4) or (5), as the case may be, he shall notify the objector and each of the persons notified
under subsection (5)(a)(ii) of-

(a) the Drainage Authority's decision; and
(b) their right of appeal under section 28.

(7) In cases of emergency the Drainage Authority may execute such drainage works as may appear to him to be
necessary without notice to the occupier or owner referred to in subsection (2) and the decision of the Drainage
Authority that the particular case is one of emergency shall be final and binding on all persons.

(8) In cases of emergency the Drainage Authority shall, as soon as practicable after the commencement of any
drainage works pursuant to subsection (7), serve a notice on the occupier and owner of any land upon or within which
the drainage works are executed informing them of their right to claim compensation under section 36.

(9) Any drainage works may be executed by an agent of the Drainage Authority, or any independent contractor
employed and authorized for the purpose by the Drainage Authority.

(10) A person shall not, without lawful excuse, interfere with, remove or damage any drainage works.
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 19 Temporary works 30/06/1997


(1) In addition to executing any drainage works under section 18, the Drainage Authority, his agent, or any
independent contractor employed and authorized for the purpose by the Drainage Authority may, subject to section 22,
construct, lay, erect, remove and maintain any temporary works, that is to say, any dams, flumes, diversion channels,
culverts, fences, stores, offices or any other works or things required for the purpose of or connected with such
drainage works.

(2) Where the Drainage Authority, his agent, or any independent contractor employed and authorized for the
purpose by the Drainage Authority intends to execute or maintain such temporary works as are authorized under
subsection (1), the Drainage Authority shall give at least 7 days' notice of such intention to the occupier and owner of
any land affected by the proposed temporary works and inform such occupier and owner of their right to
compensation under section 36 unless it appears to the Drainage Authority that an emergency exists which
necessitates immediate temporary works and the decision of the Drainage Authority that the particular case is one of
emergency shall be final and binding on all persons.

(3) In cases of emergency the Drainage Authority shall, as soon as practicable after the commencement of the
temporary works, serve a notice on the occupier and owner of any land upon or within which the works are executed
informing them of their right to claim compensation under section 36.

(4) A person shall not, without lawful excuse, interfere with, remove or damage any temporary works.
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 20 Power to require removal of obstruction from main

watercourse
30/06/1997



(1) Where in the opinion of the Drainage Authority, obstructions block any main watercourse or impede its free
flow or are likely to cause damage to any property or life in a Drainage Authority Area, the Drainage Authority may
by notice require-

(a) the occupier and owner of the land on which the obstructions are situated; or
(b) any person causing the obstructions,

to remove such obstructions within such time as may be specified in the notice.
(2) If an obstruction in respect of which a notice has been served under subsection (1) is not removed within

the time specified in the notice, the Drainage Authority, his agent, or any independent contractor employed and
authorized for the purpose by the Drainage Authority may, subject to section 22, remove the obstruction and the
Drainage Authority may recover the expenses, including supervision charges, reasonably incurred in doing so from the



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 11

person on whom the notice has been served and in the case of the occupier and owner who have both been served with
the notice under subsection (1)(a), they shall be jointly and severally liable to the Drainage Authority for such
expenses.

(3) In cases of emergency the Drainage Authority, his agent, or any independent contractor employed and
authorized for the purpose by the Drainage Authority may execute such works to remove any obstruction as may
appear to him to be necessary without notice to the occupier, owner or person referred to in subsection (1) and the
Drainage Authority may recover the expenses, including supervision charges, reasonably incurred in doing so from
any such occupier, owner or person and the decision of the Drainage Authority that the particular case is one of
emergency shall be final and binding on all persons.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 21 Power to require removal of structures from main

watercourse
29 of 1998 01/07/1997



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 29 of 1998 s. 105


(1) Where in the opinion of the Drainage Authority, a structure that has been or is being erected or set up in,
over or under any main watercourse blocks that main watercourse or impedes its free flow or is likely to cause damage
to any property or life in a Drainage Authority Area, the Drainage Authority may by notice require-

(a) the occupier and owner of the land on which the structure is situated; or
(b) the person having control or possession or causing the erection or setting up of the structure,

to remove it within such time as may be specified in the notice.
(2) If a structure in respect of which a notice is served under subsection (1) is not removed within the time

specified in the notice, the Drainage Authority, his agent or any independent contractor employed and authorized for
the purpose by the Drainage Authority may, subject to section 22, remove the structure and the Drainage Authority
may recover the expenses, including supervision charges, reasonably incurred in doing so from the person on whom
the notice has been served and in the case of the occupier and owner who have both been served with the notice under
subsection (1)(a), they shall be jointly and severally liable to the Drainage Authority for such expenses and such
expenses may be waived by the Drainage Authority if the structure was erected, or set up, and maintained without the
contravention of any Ordinance, Government lease or other instrument under which the land, where the structure was
erected, or set up, and maintained, is held. (Amended 29 of 1998 s. 105)

(3) For the purpose of this section, "structure" (構築物) means a bridge, fence, barrier, pillar, post, culvert,
pipe crossing, pier, wall, stair, shed or other similar structure.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 22 Power of entry for purpose of executing works, etc. 30/06/1997


(1) Where the Drainage Authority has a power or a right under this Part or Part IV-
(a) to execute any drainage works;
(b) to execute any temporary works; or
(c) to remove any obstruction or structure,

then if for the purpose of exercising that power or that right it is necessary for a person to enter on any land, a person
duly authorized in writing by the Drainage Authority may at any reasonable time enter on any land within a Drainage
Authority Area for that purpose.

(2) The power to enter on land under subsection (1) includes-
(a) the power to authorize the entry or passage of such other persons, and such vehicles, plant, apparatus,

machinery, supplies or materials as may be necessary;
(b) the power to carry out works for the purpose of facilitating their passage;
(c) the power to place and leave on or in the land and to remove therefrom such vehicles, plant, apparatus,

machinery, supplies or materials.
(3) No person shall, in the exercise of any power of entry under this section, enter on any land which is

occupied without giving to the occupier at least 7 days' notice of his intention to do so unless it appears to the
Drainage Authority that an emergency exists which necessitates immediate entry and the decision of the Drainage
Authority that the particular case is one of emergency shall be final and binding on all persons.



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 12

(4) A person shall not, in the exercise of a power conferred by subsection (2)(c), place or leave on or in any
land or remove therefrom any vehicles, plant, apparatus, machinery, supplies or materials unless notice of his intention
to do so has been included in the notice required by subsection (3).

(5) A person shall not execute any works authorized by subsection (2)(b) unless a notice of his intention to do
so has been included in the notice required by subsection (3).

(6) Any person who, in the exercise of any power of entry authorized under this section, enters on any land
shall, if required to do so by any person, produce evidence of such authority.

(7) Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the Drainage Authority or any person to enter
domestic premises.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 23 Power of entry for purpose of inspection, etc. 30/06/1997


(1) A person duly authorized in writing by the Drainage Authority may at any reasonable time enter on any
land for the purpose of-

(a) inspecting any main watercourse;
(b) preparing any draft Drainage Authority Area plans; and
(c) surveying that or any other land in connection with the exercise by the Drainage Authority of any of

his powers or rights under this Ordinance.
(2) Section 22(2), (3), (4), (5) and (6) has effect in relation to a person authorized under this section to enter on

any land as it has effect in relation to a person authorized under section 22 to enter on any land.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the Drainage Authority or any person to enter

domestic premises.
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 24 Disposal of spoil 30/06/1997


(1) The Drainage Authority, his agent or any independent contractor employed and authorized by the Drainage
Authority for the purpose of executing any drainage works or works under this Part or Part IV may, without making
payment for it, appropriate and dispose of any matter removed in the course of the execution of such drainage works
or works provided that if the Drainage Authority is of the opinion that there may be a claim for such matter, the
Drainage Authority may take possession of such matter.

(2) The Drainage Authority shall post, on or near the land where he has taken possession of any matter under
subsection (1), a notice setting out details of such matter and shall, in such notice, call upon any claimant to submit his
claim to the matter within such time as is specified in the notice, being not less than 14 days after the day on which the
notice was posted.

(3) The Drainage Authority may refuse to return any matter of which he has taken possession under subsection
(1) unless he is satisfied that the claimant is the owner of the matter.

(4) The Drainage Authority may recover from a claimant to whom any matter, of which the Drainage Authority
has taken possession under subsection (1), is returned any expenses incurred by him in the removal and storage of
such matter.

(5) Any matter of which the Drainage Authority has taken possession under subsection (1), which is not
claimed within the time referred to in subsection (2) or which the Drainage Authority refuses to return under
subsection (3) to any person, shall become the property of the Drainage Authority free from the rights of any person
and may be disposed of by the Drainage Authority.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 25 Delegation by the Drainage Authority 30/06/1997


(1) The Drainage Authority may delegate in writing to any public officer or class of public officer the exercise
or performance of any of the powers, duties or functions conferred or imposed upon him under this Ordinance.

(2) Where a delegation is made under subsection (1), the delegate may, on such delegation taking effect,
exercise or perform the delegated powers, duties or functions in the same manner and shall be subject to the same
liabilities as if those powers, duties or functions were exercised or performed by the Drainage Authority.

(Enacted 1994)



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 13


Part: IV CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS, ETC. IN, OVER AND

UNDER MAIN WATERCOURSES
30/06/1997



(Enacted 1994)

Section: 26 Obstructions in watercourses 30/06/1997


(1) No person shall, without the consent in writing of the Drainage Authority, carry out any engineering work
or filling or erect any dam, weir, culvert or other like obstruction in any main watercourse impeding its flow.

(2) An application shall be made to the Drainage Authority for his consent under this section and if the
Drainage Authority fails within 4 months after the receipt of the application to notify the applicant in writing of his
determination with respect to the application, the Drainage Authority shall be deemed to have consented thereto.

(3) If the Drainage Authority refuses to give his consent required under this section, the Drainage Authority
shall give the reasons for such refusal to the applicant.

(4) If any person carries out any work or erects any obstruction in contravention of this section, the Drainage
Authority, his agent, or any independent contractor employed and authorized by the Drainage Authority for the
purpose may remove, alter or pull down the work or obstruction and recover from that person the expenses, including
supervision charges, reasonably incurred in doing so.

(5) A consent required under this section may be given subject to any reasonable condition as to the time at
which and the manner in which any work is to be carried out.

(6) Any consent given or deemed to have been given by the Drainage Authority under this section shall not
entitle any person or any works or proposed works not to comply with the provisions of the Foreshore and Sea-bed
(Reclamations) Ordinance (Cap 127), the Buildings Ordinance (Cap 123), the Town Planning Ordinance (Cap 131) or
of any other enactment.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 27 Structures in watercourses, etc. 30/06/1997


(1) No person shall erect any structure in, over or under any main watercourse except with the consent of and in
accordance with plans approved by the Drainage Authority, and no person shall, without the consent of the Drainage
Authority, carry out any work of repair on any structure in, over or under such a watercourse if the repair work is
likely to affect the flow of water in the watercourse.

(2) No person shall erect any structure designed to contain or direct water from any main watercourse within a
Drainage Authority Area except with the consent of and in accordance with plans approved by the Drainage
Authority.

(3) An application shall be made to the Drainage Authority for his consent or approval under this section and a
consent or approval required under this section may be given subject to any reasonable condition as to the time at
which and the manner in which any work is to be carried out, and any such consent or approval shall, if neither given
nor refused within 4 months after application therefor is made, be deemed to have been given.

(4) If the Drainage Authority refuses to give his consent or approval required under this section, the Drainage
Authority shall give the reasons for such refusal to the applicant.

(5) If any person carries out any work in contravention of this section, the Drainage Authority, his agent, or any
independent contractor employed and authorized for the purpose by the Drainage Authority may remove, alter or pull
down the work and recover from that person the expenses, including supervision charges, reasonably incurred in doing
so.

(6) Any consent or approval given or deemed to have been given by the Drainage Authority under this section
shall not entitle any person or any works or proposed works not to comply with the provisions of the Foreshore and
Sea-bed (Reclamations) Ordinance (Cap 127), the Buildings Ordinance (Cap 123), the Town Planning Ordinance (Cap
131) or of any other enactment.

(Enacted 1994)




Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 14

Part: V APPEALS 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1994)

Section: 28 Appeals 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) Any person aggrieved by a decision, requirement or determination of the Drainage Authority under section
18, 20(1), 21(1), 26 or 27 may appeal to the Board by sending a notice of appeal to the secretary of the Panel within 21
days after notification of the Drainage Authority's decision, requirement or determination.

(2) The grounds for an appeal against the Drainage Authority's decision under section 18 shall be confined to
the grounds for making an objection under section 18(2).

(3) Upon receipt of a notice under subsection (1), the secretary to the Panel shall fix a time and place for the
hearing of the appeal, which shall be a date not more than 2 months of the receipt of such notice and shall give at least
14 days' notice thereof to the appellant and the Drainage Authority.

(4) The appellant and the Drainage Authority may appear before the Board in person, where applicable, or by
an authorized representative.

(5) If a person mentioned in subsection (4) fails to appear on the date set for the hearing of an appeal, the Board
may adjourn the hearing or proceed to hear any other party entitled to appear and may make its decision without
hearing the absent party.

(6) At the completion of the hearing of an appeal, which, subject to subsection (9), shall be held in public,
against the Drainage Authority's decision under section 18 the Board may-

(a) confirm the decision appealed against; or
(b) order the Drainage Authority to make such alterations in connection with the proposed works as the

Board thinks fit.
(7) At the completion of the hearing of any appeal, which, subject to subsection (9), shall be held in public,

against the Drainage Authority's requirement or determination under section 20(1), 21(1), 26 or 27, the Board may
confirm, reverse or vary the requirement or determination appealed against.

(8) Where a notice of appeal under subsection (1) has been received by the secretary to the Panel, or where a
notice of appeal under section 33(2) has been received by the Court of First Instance, the Drainage Authority shall not
execute drainage works under section 18(1), (3) or (4), or exercise his power under section 20(1) or (2) or 21(1) or (2)
within or upon the land to which the notice of appeal refers until after the appeal is determined by the Board or the
Court of First Instance, at or after which time the Drainage Authority shall act in accordance with the decision of the
Board or the Court of First Instance, as the case may be. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(9) Where the Board hearing an appeal, after consulting the parties to the appeal, is satisfied that it is desirable
to do so, it may by order direct that a hearing or part of a hearing shall take place in private and give directions as to
the persons who may be present.

Section: 29 Appointment of Drainage Appeal Board Panel 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


(1) The Chief Executive may appoint a panel of persons to be the Drainage Appeal Board Panel whom he
considers suitable to sit as members of a Drainage Appeal Board.

(2) The Chief Executive shall not appoint a public officer to the Panel.
(3) The Chief Executive may appoint a member of the Panel as Chairman of the Panel and may appoint another

such member as Deputy Chairman of the Panel as he thinks fit.
(4) The Chief Executive may appoint a public officer to be the secretary to the Panel.
(5) Members of the Panel shall be appointed for 3 years but shall be eligible for reappointment.
(6) Members of the Panel may resign at any time by notice in writing given to the Chief Executive.

(Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)
(Enacted 1994)



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 15


Section: 30 Constitution of a Drainage Appeal Board 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


(1) On receipt of an application for a review under section 8(1) or a notice of appeal under section 28(1), the
secretary to the Panel shall notify the Chairman of the Panel who, subject to subsections (2), (3), (6) and (7), shall
nominate a Board.

(2) The Chairman of the Panel shall not nominate a Board to review any decision of the Drainage Authority in
question or hear an appeal or act as its chairman if he has a direct or indirect interest in the outcome of the review or
the appeal.

(3) Subject to subsection (7), the Deputy Chairman of the Panel shall, in the absence of the Chairman of the
Panel or if the Chairman of the Panel has a direct or indirect interest in the outcome of a review or an appeal, nominate
a Board to proceed with the review or to hear the appeal.

(4) Subsection (2) shall apply to the Deputy Chairman of the Panel as it applies to the Chairman of the Panel.
(5) Subject to subsections (2), (4), (6) and (7), the Chairman or Deputy Chairman of the Panel shall act as

chairman of a Board.
(6) If the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Panel have a direct or indirect interest in the outcome of a

review or an appeal, the Chief Executive may appoint another member of the Panel, who does not have a direct or
indirect interest in the review or the appeal, to nominate a Board to proceed with the review or to hear the appeal and
to act as chairman of the Board. (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(7) If the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Panel are precluded by illness or absence from Hong Kong
from exercising their functions, the Chief Executive may appoint another member of the Panel to act as chairman of
the Board. (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(8) A solicitor or barrister may be present at any proceedings of a Board to advise the chairman on any matter
of law.

(9) A member of a Board, other than a person who is in full-time employment in any office of remuneration
under the Government, may be remunerated at such rate as the Financial Secretary may determine from time to time
or in any particular case. (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 31 Exercise of Drainage Appeal Board jurisdiction 30/06/1997


(1) At least 3 members, of whom one shall be the chairman of the Board and one shall be a registered
professional engineer in the civil, geotechnical or structural engineering discipline, shall be present-

(a) in every proceeding before the Board relating to a review and to determine the review; or
(b) to hear and determine an appeal.

(2) Every question before the Board shall be determined by the opinion of the majority of the chairman of the
Board and the members present in the review or the appeal; in the event of an equality of votes the chairman of the
Board shall have a casting vote.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 32 Powers of Drainage Appeal Board 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) A Board may, for the purpose of proceedings before it-
(a) receive and consider any material, whether, by way of oral evidence, written statements, documents or

otherwise, whether or not such material would be admissible in evidence in civil or criminal
proceedings;

(b) by notice in writing signed by the chairman of the Board, require any person to appear before it at any
proceedings and to give evidence and produce documents;

(c) administer oaths and affirmations;



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 16

(d) examine on oath or affirmation any person attending before it at any proceedings;
(e) order the inspection of any land within a Drainage Authority Area by the Drainage Authority and

authorize the entry on and viewing of such land.
(2) The chairman and members of the Board may, for the purpose of proceedings before the Board, enter,

inspect and view any land within a Drainage Authority Area.
(3) A witness before the Board shall be entitled to the same immunities and privileges as if he were a witness in

proceedings before the Court of First Instance. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
(4) Any notice or order of a Board shall be issued under the hand of the chairman of the Board.


Section: 33 Appeal to Court of First Instance on point of law 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) A decision of the Board on an appeal under section 28 shall be final:
Provided that any person aggrieved by the decision as being erroneous in point of law may appeal to the Court of

First Instance, and upon any such appeal the Court of First Instance may confirm, reverse or vary the decision of the
Board.

(2) Notice of any such appeal shall be given within one month after notification of the decision of the Board.
(3) Save as otherwise provided in this Ordinance, the practice and procedure in relation to any such appeal shall

be subject to any rules of court.
(4) The decision of the Court of First Instance shall be final.

(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
(Enacted 1994)


Part: VI COMPENSATION 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1994)

Section: 34 No recovery of money except under this Ordinance 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


No person shall have any right against the Government or any other person to recover any money in respect of
any works executed or anything done by the Drainage Authority and authorized under this Ordinance except to the
extent of the rights to compensation provided for in section 36.

(Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 35 No right to compel or restrain 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


No person shall have any right against the Government, the Drainage Authority, his agent or independent
contractor employed and authorized by him, to compel or restrain anything authorized under this Ordinance.

(Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 36 Compensation 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3




Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 17

(1) The compensation referred to in section 34 is the right to recover from the Government for the matters set
out in column 2 of Part II of the Schedule a sum assessed on the basis specified opposite thereto in column 3 thereof
and with regard to the provisions of Part I of the Schedule, subject to- (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(a) the claim being served on the Drainage Authority within the appropriate period specified in column 5
of Part II of the Schedule; and

(b) the other provisions of this Ordinance.
(2) Every person who is described in column 4 of Part II of the Schedule shall have the right to recover

compensation for the matters set out opposite thereto in column 2 to the extent suffered or incurred by him as assessed
under this Ordinance.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 37 Resumption of land on application 36 of 2000 16/06/2000


(1) If any land has been rendered incapable of reasonably beneficial use as a result of the execution by the
Drainage Authority of any works authorized under this Ordinance, the owner of the land affected may, within the
expiration of 1 year from the date of the completion of the works, apply to the Chief Executive in Council for an order
for the Government to resume so much of his land as has been so rendered incapable of reasonably beneficial use.
(Amended 29 of 1998 s. 105; 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(2) The Chief Executive in Council may, if he is of the opinion that the land or so much of it has been so
rendered incapable of reasonably beneficial use, make an order referred to in subsection (1) and the order shall specify
the period of notice referred to in subsection (3). (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(3) Where the Chief Executive in Council makes an order under subsection (2), the Secretary- (Amended 61 of
1999 s. 3)

(a) shall publish once in the Gazette and at least in 2 Chinese language newspapers and one English
language newspaper a notice-
(i) stating that an order has been made under subsection (2) and the period of notice specified in the

order;
(ii) describing the land ordered to be resumed; and
(iii) stating where and when a plan of the land may be inspected; and

(b) shall, not later than the date on which the notice is first published in the Gazette in pursuance of
paragraph (a), serve a copy of the notice on any person appearing to the Secretary to have an interest in
the land ordered to be resumed.

(4) The resumption of land described in the order shall be effective upon the expiration of the period of notice
as specified in the order.

(5) Upon the expiration of the period of notice specified in the order, the land shall-
(a) where it is an undivided share in land, vest in The Financial Secretary Incorporated together with such

rights to the use and occupation of any building or part thereof as may be appurtenant to the ownership
of that share; and

(b) in all other cases, revert to the Government, (Amended 29 of 1998 s. 105)
but in either case the land shall vest or revert without any conveyance and free of all mortgages, charges, claims,
estates, easements, rights or interests of any kind in favour of any person.

(6) The ownership of any apparatus belonging to an owner or supplier of gas, electricity, water or
telecommunications services and situated in, under or over any land shall not be altered by reason only of the vesting
or reversion of that land under subsection (5). (Amended 36 of 2000 s. 28)

(7) The Secretary shall, as soon as practicable after the land has vested in The Financial Secretary Incorporated
or reverted to the Government under subsection (5), cause- (Amended 29 of 1998 s. 105)

(a) such vesting or reversion to be noted in the register of the land kept in the Land Registry;
(b) to be published in the Gazette in Chinese and English and in one issue of a Chinese language

newspaper and an English language newspaper a notice-
(i) describing the land resumed;
(ii) stating where and when a plan of the land may be inspected;
(iii) stating that any person entitled to compensation under this Ordinance may serve a written claim

upon the Drainage Authority; and
(c) a copy of such notice in Chinese and English to be affixed in a prominent position on or near the land

resumed.



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 18

(8) Upon the vesting under subsection (5)(a) of an undivided share in land in The Financial Secretary
Incorporated such share, together with any part of a building the exclusive use and occupation of which is appurtenant
to the ownership of such share, shall be deemed to be unleased land for the purposes of section 6 of the Land
(Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 28). (Amended 29 of 1998 s. 86)

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 38 Claims out of time 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


(1) Subject to subsection (2), if a claim is not served on the Drainage Authority before the expiration of the
period specified in column 5 of Part II of the Schedule in respect of that matter, the right to claim compensation
therefor shall be barred.

(2) The period referred to in subsection (1) may, upon application made to the Lands Tribunal either before or
after the expiration of that period, be extended in accordance with this section.

(3) Notice of an application under subsection (2) shall be given to the Drainage Authority by the applicant.
(4) The Lands Tribunal may extend the period within which a claim shall be served upon the Drainage

Authority if it considers that the delay in serving the claim was occasioned by mistake of fact or mistake of any matter
of law (other than the matter contained in subsection (1)) or by any other reasonable cause and that the Government is
not materially prejudiced in the conduct of its case or otherwise by the delay. (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(5) An extension may be granted by the Lands Tribunal under subsection (4) with or without conditions for
such period as it thinks fit but not in any case exceeding 6 years from the time when the right to compensation first
arose.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 39 Claims procedure 30/06/1997


(1) Any person claiming under section 36 shall serve on the Drainage Authority a claim in writing stating-
(a) the name of the claimant, and his address for service of notices;
(b) a full description of the land to which the claim relates including any covenants, easements, rights or

restrictions affecting the land;
(c) the nature of the claimant's interest in the land including, in the case of a sublessee or subtenant, his

landlord's name and address and details of the sublease or subtenancy;
(d) details of any mortgage, including the principal still owing and the name and address of the mortgagee;
(e) if the claimant has let the land or any part thereof, the name and address of each tenant and details of

his lease or tenancy;
(f) particulars of the claim showing-

(i) the amount of the claim;
(ii) under which item of Part II of the Schedule the claim is made; and
(iii) how the amount claimed under each item is calculated.

(2) The Drainage Authority may by notice in writing to the claimant request him to furnish further particulars
of and in support of his claim and any item thereof.

(3) If the Drainage Authority and the claimant do not settle the claim or any part thereof by agreement within 7
months of the service of the claim under subsection (1), either party may refer the claim or the part thereof as is still in
dispute with particulars thereof to the Lands Tribunal.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 40 Jurisdiction of Lands Tribunal 30/06/1997


(1) The Lands Tribunal shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine in accordance with this Ordinance all
claims for compensation which may be referred to it under section 39(3) and applications provided for by section
38(2).

(2) The Lands Tribunal shall also have jurisdiction to award compensation or any part thereof to a claimant if at
the time of the award the Lands Tribunal has no notice or intimation of any dispute as to his entitlement; but the



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 19

making of any such award shall not affect the entitlement to receive compensation under this Ordinance of any other
person who may thereafter be held by a court of competent jurisdiction to have a better title to the compensation or
any part thereof than the person to whom it was awarded.

(3) An award of compensation under subsection (2) shall not in any way affect the entitlement of a mortgagee
to be paid compensation in accordance with section 41.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 41 Payment to mortgagees 25 of 1998; 29 of

1998
01/07/1997



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2; 29 of 1998 s. 105


(1) Subject to subsection (2), a mortgagee of land which vests in The Financial Secretary Incorporated or
reverts to the Government under this Ordinance shall, in so far as he has priority as against any other mortgagee, be
entitled to be paid so much of the compensation as is required to discharge his mortgage debt including any interest
thereon. (Amended 29 of 1998 s. 105)

(2) If compensation is payable under this Ordinance otherwise than for land resumed or if the land to which the
compensation relates is part only of the mortgage security a mortgagee shall, in so far as he has priority as against any
other mortgagee, be entitled to be paid so much of the compensation as is necessary to reduce his mortgage debt to an
amount which is adequately secured by the land or the remaining land as the case may be.

(3) The payment of compensation, as required by subsections (1) and (2), shall be made in accordance with the
written agreement of the claimant and every mortgagee of the land or failing such agreement in accordance with an
order of the Court of First Instance under subsection (4). (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(4) The claimant or any mortgagee may apply to the Court of First Instance for an order as to the payment of
unpaid compensation and on any such application the Court of First Instance may make such order as it thinks just and
equitable having regard to the requirements of subsections (1) and (2). (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

Section: 42 Interest 6 of 2001 12/04/2001


Remarks:
For the validation of interest payments and application provisions relating to the amendments made by 6 of 2001, see
section 13 of 6 of 2001.


(1) The Lands Tribunal may direct that interest be paid on compensation (but not on costs)- (Amended 6 of
2001 s. 10)

(a) in the case of compensation payable under item 1 of Part II of the Schedule, as if the claim were made
under the Lands Resumption Ordinance (Cap 124) for land resumed under that Ordinance; and
(Amended 29 of 1998 s. 87)

(b) in any other case, from such date and for such period as it thinks fit and, subject to subsection (2), at
such rate as it may fix. (Amended 6 of 2001 s. 10)

(2) The rate of interest fixed under subsection (1)(b)-
(a) in respect of a working day must not be lower than the lowest of the interest rates paid on deposits at

24 hours' call by note-issuing banks at the close of business on that day; and
(b) in respect of a non-working day must not be lower than the lowest of the interest rates paid on deposits

at 24 hours' call by note-issuing banks at the close of business on the last working day before that day.
(Added 6 of 2001 s. 10)

(3) In this section-
"non-working day" (非工作日) means a day that is not a working day;
"note-issuing bank" (發鈔銀行) has the meaning assigned to it by section 2 of the Legal Tender Notes Issue

Ordinance (Cap 65);
"working day" (工作日) means any day other than-

(a) a public holiday; or
(b) a gale warning day or black rainstorm warning day as defined in section 71(2) of the Interpretation and



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 20

General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1). (Added 6 of 2001 s. 10)
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 43 Compensation payable out of general revenue 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


All compensation (including any interest thereon) and all costs-
(a) agreed to be paid to a claimant by the Drainage Authority; or
(b) awarded by the Lands Tribunal against the Government, (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

shall be paid out of the general revenue within 3 months of the agreement or final award, unless there is a dispute as to
the person entitled to such compensation.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 44 Surrender of title documents 30/06/1997


The Drainage Authority may require any claimant to whom compensation is payable for land resumed under this
Ordinance to surrender his documents of title to the Drainage Authority as a condition of payment being made; and in
any case where the documents of title relate also to land not resumed, the Drainage Authority shall return them to the
claimant after the vesting or reversion has been noted in the register of the land kept in the Land Registry under
section 37(7)(a).

(Enacted 1994)

Part: VII MISCELLANEOUS 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1994)

Section: 45 Service of notice and order 30/06/1997


(1) Any notice or order required to be served under this Ordinance may be served by serving a copy-
(a) personally; or
(b) by registered post addressed to the last known place of business or residence of the person to be

served; or
(c) by leaving the same with an adult occupier of the land to which the notice or order relates or by

posting the same upon a conspicuous part of such land.
(2) In addition to the method of service mentioned in subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c), the publication in the Gazette

of any such notice or order together with the available particulars of the person to whom it is addressed shall be good
service.

(3) Any notice or order served by registered post shall be deemed, unless the contrary is shown, to have been
served on the day succeeding the day on which it would have been received in the ordinary course by registered post.

(4) In proving service by registered post it shall be sufficient to prove that the letter containing the notice or
order was duly addressed and posted.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 46 Offences 30/06/1997


(1) Any person who wilfully obstructs any person lawfully exercising or performing any power, duty or
function arising under this Ordinance commits an offence and is liable to a fine not exceeding $50000.

(2) Any person who contravenes section 18(10) or 19(4) commits an offence and is liable to a fine not
exceeding $25000.

(3) Any person who contravenes section 26(1) or 27(1) or (2) commits an offence and is liable to a fine not
exceeding $50000.

(Enacted 1994)




Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 21

Section: 47 Power to make regulations 30/06/1997


The Secretary may by regulation provide for-
(a) the procedures and matters relating to-

(i) making an appeal to the Board under section 28 including matters to be set out in or to
accompany a notice of appeal;

(ii) the hearing of such appeal; and
(iii) the determination of such appeal;

(b) the procedures and matters relating to-
(i) applying for a review under section 8 including matters to be set out in or to accompany an

application for review;
(ii) the hearing of such review; and
(iii) the determination of such review;

(c) the procedures to be followed in making an application for consent or approval and in giving a consent
or approval under sections 26 and 27; and

(d) generally, the carrying into effect of the provisions of this Ordinance.
(Enacted 1994)


Section: 48 Certain Ordinances not to apply 29 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 29 of 1998 s. 87


Except to the extent that provision is otherwise made in this Ordinance-
(a) the Lands Resumption Ordinance (Cap 124) shall not apply to the resumption of land under section 37;

and (Amended 29 of 1998 s. 87)
(b) the Foreshore and Sea-bed (Reclamations) Ordinance (Cap 127) shall not apply to drainage works

executed under section 18, temporary works carried out under section 19 or removal works carried out
under section 20, 21, 26(4) or 27(5).

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 49 Limitation of public liability 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


(1) Without prejudice to the right to compensation under section 36, no liability shall rest upon the Government
or upon any public officer by reason of the fact that any drainage works or works are carried out in accordance with
the provisions of this Ordinance, nor shall anything in this Ordinance make it obligatory for the Drainage Authority to
inspect any watercourse, land or structure to ascertain that the provisions of this Ordinance are complied with or that
plans submitted to him are accurate. (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(2) No matter or thing done by the Drainage Authority or by any public officer acting under his direction shall,
if it were done bona fide for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Ordinance, subject him or such public
officer personally to any action, liability, claim or demand whatsoever.

(Enacted 1994)

Section: 50 (Omitted as spent) 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1994)

Schedule: SCHEDULE 29 of 1998; 61 of

1999
01/07/1997



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 29 of 1998 ss. 87, 88 & 105; 61 of 1999 s. 3



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 22


[sections 36, 38, 39 & 42]


COMPENSATION


PART I


1. General effect of this Part


The provisions in this Part shall, where applicable, have effect for the purpose of assessing compensation under

Part II and shall-
(a) be in addition to such of the provisions of the Lands Resumption Ordinance (Cap 124) as apply, by

virtue of Part II, to the assessment of compensation; and
(b) prevail over any provision referred to in paragraph (a) which is inconsistent or in conflict with a

provision in this Part.
(Amended 29 of 1998 s. 88)


2. Definitions applicable to Part II


(1) In this Schedule-

"disturbance" (侵擾) means the dispossession of a person of land or the interruption of or interference with a trade or
business, whether such dispossession, interruption or interference is temporary or permanent;

"disturbance payment" (侵擾補償金) means a sum equal to-
(a) the expenditure and loss of money actually and reasonably incurred or to be reasonably incurred and

arising from the dispossession of a person of land by reason of the matter for which the claimant is
entitled to claim compensation under Part II; and

(b) in the case of disturbance of a trade or business on any land, the expenditure and loss of money
actually and reasonably incurred or to be reasonably incurred and arising from the disturbance of that
trade or business by reason of the matter for which the claimant is entitled to claim compensation
under Part II.

(2) For the purpose of the definition of "disturbance payment" (侵擾補償金), such disturbance payment shall
not include any expenditure or loss which would not be recoverable, on the grounds that the expenditure or loss was
too remote or was not caused by the disturbance, if the disturbance were a tort.

3. Disturbance payments


(1) For the purposes of assessing the amount to be awarded to the claimant in respect of a disturbance payment,

the Lands Tribunal shall, in respect of any expenditure or loss to be incurred and in respect of which the claimant is
entitled under this Ordinance to be compensated, assess the value of that expenditure or loss at the time of award as if
that expenditure or loss formed part of a claim for damages in tort.

(2) No disturbance payment shall be payable in respect of any interference with a trade or business in any case
in which such interference does not subsist for a period exceeding 14 days.

4. Unlawful building or development works


Compensation may be reduced so far as may be just and equitable in respect of any building or part thereof or

any development or part thereof which has been constructed or modified, or on which building or development works
have been carried out, so as to amount to a contravention of the Buildings Ordinance (Cap 123) or the Town Planning
Ordinance (Cap 131) being a contravention within the meaning of either of those Ordinances, as the case may be, or to
a contravention of a Government lease or other instrument under which the land built upon is held.

(Amended 29 of 1998 s. 105)

5. Compensation where damage results only partly from the works





Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 23

The compensation assessed under item 2, 3, 4 or 5 of Part II shall be reduced to such extent as may be just and
equitable having regard to the share in the responsibility for the loss or damage not reasonably attributable to or
connected with the works.

6. Claim by a mortgagee in possession


Where under this Ordinance a claim for compensation may be made by a mortgagee in possession-

(a) such claim may include compensation in respect of the whole interest which comprises the mortgage
security; and

(b) compensation received by the mortgagee shall be applied by him firstly, to the settlement or reduction
of the debt due under the mortgage, and then to the payment of any excess to the mortgagor.


7. Apportionment of compensation


Where there is a dispute between persons owning compensatable interests in any land or building as to the

apportionment of the compensation payable or paid, the Lands Tribunal shall, on the application of any such person,
apportion that compensation amongst such persons in such manner as may be just and equitable having regard to their
respective rights and interests in the land or building.

8. Date of valuation and interest


Where under column 3 of Part II, compensation is to be assessed on the basis of the value of land or structure, or
the value of a claimant's interest in land, or of a rent, that value or that rent shall be assessed as at the date of the
happening of the relevant event mentioned in column 2 of Part II; and the person entitled to claim shall be the person
fitting the description mentioned in the column 4 of Part II on that date.

9. No double compensation


Nothing in this Ordinance shall enable any person to recover compensation-
(a) in respect of a loss or expense which he has not suffered or incurred; or
(b) which is greater than the loss suffered or expense incurred by him:

Provided that in assessing compensation under this Ordinance no account shall be taken of any amount
recovered by the claimant under a policy of insurance.

10. Government may undertake work


Where under this Ordinance, a person is entitled to claim compensation and that compensation is to be assessed
on the basis of an expense incurred, the Government may, on written notice to that person, carry out the operations in
respect of which the expense would otherwise be claimable.

(Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)



PART II


Item Matters for which
compensation may

be claimed

Basis on which
compensation is to

be assessed

Persons who may claim
compensation for their

respective losses


Period within which the
claim shall be served on the

Drainage Authority

1. The resumption of
land under section
37 of this
Ordinance.

As if the claim
were made under
the Lands
Resumption
Ordinance (Cap
124) for land
resumed under that

Any person who
would be entitled
to claim
compensation for
land resumed
under the Lands
Resumption

Before the
expiration of 1 year
from the effective
date of the
resumption of the
land under section
37(4) of this



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 24

Ordinance. Ordinance (Cap
124) if the land had
been resumed
thereunder.



Ordinance.

2. (a) Physical or
structural
damage to any
land or building
resulting from
the operations
carried out under
section 23 of this
Ordinance.



(b) Damage to crop

or agricultural
cultivation
resulting from
the operations
carried out under
section 23 of this
Ordinance.


(c) Disturbance

resulting from
the operations
carried out under
section 23 of this
Ordinance.



The expense which
is fairly and
reasonably incurred
in repairing the
damage and any
expense fairly and
reasonably incurred
in preventing or
mitigating the
damage.


The compensation
for the damage to
the crop or
agricultural
cultivation.






A disturbance
payment.

Any person
owning a
compensatable
interest in the land
or building.








Any person
owning the crop or
agricultural
cultivation.







Same as in
paragraph (a).

Before the
expiration of 1 year
from the date of the
completion of the
operations carried
out under section 23
of this Ordinance
from which damage
is alleged to have
resulted.


Same as in
paragraph (a).









Same as in
paragraph (a).



3. (a) Physical or
structural
damage to any
land or building
resulting from
the execution of
drainage works
under section 18
of this
Ordinance.



(b) Damage to crop

or agricultural
cultivation
resulting from
the execution of
drainage works
under section 18
of this
Ordinance.


(c) Disturbance

The expense which
is fairly and
reasonably incurred
in repairing the
damage and any
expense fairly and
reasonably incurred
in preventing or
mitigating the
damage.




The compensation
for the damage to
the crop or
agricultural
cultivation.







A disturbance

Any person
owning a
compensatable
interest in the land
or building.









Any person
owning the crop or
agricultural
cultivation.








Same as in

Before the
expiration of 1 year
from the date of the
completion of the
drainage works.









Same as in
paragraph (a).










Same as in



Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 25

resulting from
the execution of
drainage works
under section 18
of this
Ordinance.



payment. paragraph (a). paragraph (a).

4. (a) Physical or
structural
damage to any
land or building
resulting from
the execution of
temporary works
under section 19
of this
Ordinance.


(b) Damage to crop

or agricultural
cultivation
resulting from
the execution of
temporary works
under section 19
of this
Ordinance.


(c) Disturbance

resulting from
the execution of
temporary works
under section 19
of this
Ordinance.



The expense which
is fairly and
reasonably incurred
in repairing the
damage and any
expense fairly and
reasonably incurred
in preventing or
mitigating the
damage.


The compensation
for the damage to
the crop or
agricultural
cultivation.







A disturbance
payment.

Any person
owning a
compensatable
interest in the land
or building.








Any person
owning the crop or
agricultural
cultivation.








Same as in
paragraph (a).

Before the
expiration of 1 year
from the date of the
completion of the
temporary works.








Same as in
paragraph (a).










Same as in
paragraph (a).

5. (a) Physical or
structural
damage to any
land or building
resulting from
the requirement
of entry under
section 22 of this
Ordinance.



(b) Damage to crop

or agricultural
cultivation
resulting from
the requirement
of entry under
section 22 of this
Ordinance.

The expense which
is fairly and
reasonably incurred
in repairing the
damage and any
expense fairly and
reasonably incurred
in preventing or
mitigating the
damage.


The compensation
for the damage to
the crop or
agricultural
cultivation.





Any person
owning a
compensatable
interest in the land
or building.








Any person
owning the crop or
agricultural
cultivation.






Before the
expiration of 1 year
from the date the
entry is no longer
required.








Same as in
paragraph (a).










Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 26


(c) Disturbance

resulting from
the requirement
of entry under
section 22 of this
Ordinance.


A disturbance
payment.







Same as in
paragraph (a).







Same as in
paragraph (a).







6. (a) The removal,

under section 21
of this
Ordinance, of
any structure
which was
erected, or set
up, and
maintained
without the
contravention of
any Ordinance,
Government
lease or other
instrument under
which the land,
where the
structure was
erected, or set
up, and
maintained, is
held.


(b) The loss

sustained in
respect of a
structure
removed under
section 21 of this
Ordinance,
which was
erected, or set
up, and
maintained
without the
contravention of
any Ordinance,
Government
lease or other
instrument under
which the land,
where the
structure was
erected, or set
up, and
maintained, is
held.

The expense which
is fairly and
reasonably incurred
in the removal of
the structure.




















The amount which
is fairly and
reasonably
estimated as the
value of the
structure at the time
of removal.



















Any person on
whom a notice has
been served under
section 21(1) of
this Ordinance and
who has complied
with such notice to
remove the
structure.
















Any person
owning a share or
interest in the
structure.






















Before the
expiration of 1 year
from the date of
removal.





















Same as in
paragraph (a).


























Cap 446 - LAND DRAINAGE ORDINANCE 27


(c) Disturbance

resulting from
the removal,
under section 21
of this
Ordinance, of
any structure
which was
erected, or set


A disturbance
payment.


Any person
owning a
compensatable
interest in the land
on which the
structure is
situated.


Same as in
paragraph (a).

up, and
maintained
without the
contravention of
any Ordinance,
Government
lease or other
instrument under
which the land,
where the
structure was
erected, or set
up, and
maintained, is
held.

(Amended 29 of 1998 s. 105)

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