Rabies Ordinance


Published: 1997-06-30

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Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 421 RABIES ORDINANCE Gazette Number Version Date

Long title 30/06/1997


An Ordinance to provide for the prevention and control of rabies and for related matters.
(Enacted 1992)


[1 July 1994] L.N. 385 of 1994


(Originally 71 of 1992)

Part: I PRELIMINARY 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 1 Short title 30/06/1997


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Rabies Ordinance.
(2) (Omitted as spent)

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 2 Interpretation L.N. 130 of 2007 01/07/2007


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-

"animal" (動物) means an animal listed in Part I of Schedule 1;
"animal product" (動物產品) means any part or derivative of an animal listed in Schedule 2;
"Appeal Board" (上訴委員會) means an Appeal Board established by section 42;
"authorized officer" (特准人員) means a person authorized by the Director under section 5;
"carcass" (動物屍體) means the whole or any part of a carcass listed in Schedule 3;
"Chairman" (主席) means the Chairman of an Appeal Board;
"Director" (署長) means the Director of Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation, the Deputy Director of Agriculture,

Fisheries and Conservation or an Assistant Director of Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation; (Amended L.N.
331 of 1999)

"domestic premises" (住宅樓宇) means a building or part of a building used wholly or principally for dwelling
purposes and constituting a separate household unit;

"infectious article" (傳染性物品) means an article by means of which rabies is likely to be carried or transmitted;
"keeper" (畜養人) in relation to an animal means a person who-

(a) owns the animal or has it in his possession or custody; or
(b) harbours the animal; or
(c) occupies land or premises on which the animal is usually kept or permitted to remain; or
(d) is the parent or guardian of a person under the age of 16 years who is the keeper of the animal pursuant

to paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of this definition,
but does not include a person who has seized or taken possession or custody of an animal under this Ordinance
or who has possession or custody of an animal for the purpose of examining or vaccinating it in accordance with
this Ordinance;

"observation centre" (觀察中心) means a place declared by the Director under section 34 to be an observation centre;
"operator" (操作員), in relation to a conveyance, means the person having for the time being command or charge of



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 2

it;
"owner" (擁有人) in relation to a conveyance means-

(a) the person registered or licensed as owner thereof; or
(b) where the conveyance is the subject of a hiring or chartering agreement, the hirer or charterer thereof;

or
(c) in the absence of registration, or licensing and a chartering or hiring agreement, the person owning the

conveyance;
"Panel" (上訴委員團) means the Appeal Board Panel established by section 41;
"Part II animal" (第II部動物) means an animal listed in Part II of Schedule 1;
"place prohibited to animals" (禁止動物進入的地方) means a place declared by the Chief Executive under section

31 to be a place prohibited to animals; (Amended 65 of 1999 s. 3)
"prohibited animal" (違禁動物) means an animal listed in Schedule 4;
"quarantine centre" (檢疫中心) means a place declared by the Director under section 34 to be a quarantine centre;
"rabies control area" (狂犬病控制區) means an area declared by the Director under section 27 to be a rabies control

area;
"regulations" (規例) means regulations made under section 29 or 51;
"Secretary" (局長) means the Secretary for Food and Health. (Replaced 78 of 1999 s. 7. Amended L.N. 106 of 2002;

L.N. 130 of 2007)
(Enacted 1992)


Section: 3 Powers of Director 30/06/1997


The Director may exercise any of the powers or perform any of the duties conferred or imposed on an authorized
officer under this Ordinance.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 4 Protected wild animals 30/06/1997


This Ordinance does not apply to a protected wild animal (as defined in the Wild Animals Protection Ordinance
(Cap 170)) living naturally in a wild state in Hong Kong.

(Enacted 1992)

Part: II AUTHORIZED OFFICERS 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 5 Appointment of authorized officers 30/06/1997


The Director may in writing authorize any person to exercise any of the powers or perform any of the duties
conferred or imposed on an authorized officer under this Ordinance.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 6 Power to destroy animals 30/06/1997


An authorized officer may destroy any animal that he has reasonable grounds to believe-
(a) is a prohibited animal;
(b) is or could be rabid; or
(c) has been in contact with a rabid animal.

(Enacted 1992)




Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 3

Section: 7 Power to seize and detain or destroy animals 30/06/1997


(1) An authorized officer may seize and detain any animal-
(a) that is in a place prohibited to animals in contravention of section 32;
(b) that is a Part II animal and is in a public place or place from which it may reasonably be expected to

wander into a public place, without being on a leash or otherwise under control in contravention of
section 23(1);

(c) that is not being controlled or restrained in accordance with a direction issued under section 19;
(d) that he has reasonable grounds to believe-

(i) has not been vaccinated against rabies as required by the regulations;
(ii) has not been licensed as required by the regulations or pursuant to section 21;
(iii) has been abandoned;
(iv) has bitten any person;
(v) has been imported into Hong Kong in contravention of the regulations;

(e) in relation to which he has reasonable grounds to believe an offence against this Ordinance has been
committed.

(2) Where an authorized officer is empowered by subsection (1) to seize and detain an animal but it is not
reasonably practicable to do so he may instead destroy it.

(3) An authorized officer may destroy an animal seized under subsection (1) where he has reasonable grounds
to believe its detention under this Ordinance is likely to adversely affect the health of any other animal similarly
detained.

(4) Notwithstanding subsection (1) an authorized officer shall not seize and detain an animal that has been
produced to him for vaccination against rabies on the ground only that he believes that it has not been so vaccinated.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 8 Power to seize and sterilize or destroy thing 30/06/1997


(1) An authorized officer may seize any animal product, carcass or article used for or in connection with any
animal, that he has reasonable grounds to believe-

(a) is likely to cause rabies to be introduced into or spread within Hong Kong;
(b) in the case of an animal product or carcass, has been imported in contravention of the regulations; or
(c) is or contains evidence of an offence under this Ordinance.

(2) An authorized officer may treat or sterilize anything seized under subsection (1) to free it from rabies.
(3) An authorized officer may forthwith destroy anything seized under subsection (1) where-

(a) the thing seized is of a perishable nature;
(b) it is not reasonably practicable to treat or sterilize it; or
(c) he is of the opinion that no purpose would be served by its treatment or sterilization having regard to

the likelihood of any person wishing to claim it.
(4) Where any animal product, carcass or article is seized and treated or sterilized or destroyed under this

section, the reasonable costs of the seizure, treatment, sterilization or destruction may be recovered by the Government
from the owner as a civil debt in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 9 Power to examine and vaccinate 30/06/1997


For the purposes of preventing or controlling the spread of rabies an authorized officer may-
(a) examine any animal, animal product, carcass, or infectious article; and
(b) vaccinate against rabies any animal that he has reasonable grounds to believe has not been so

vaccinated as required by the regulations.
(Enacted 1992)


Section: 10 Power of enter and search 30/06/1997


Subject to section 12, where an authorized officer reasonably suspects the presence in or on any land, premises



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 4

or conveyance of an animal liable to be destroyed under section 6 or liable to be seized and detained or destroyed
under section 7 or of any thing liable to be seized and treated or sterilized or destroyed under section 8 he may, with or
without assistants, enter such land or premises or board such conveyance and search for such animal or thing.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 11 Powers of entry-ancillary provisions 30/06/1997


(1) In exercising any power of entry under section 10 or 12 an authorized officer may use such force as is
reasonably necessary-

(a) to enter any land or premises or board any conveyance; or
(b) to remove any person or thing obstructing the entry, boarding or search.

(2) An authorized officer who enters any land or premises or boards any conveyance under section 10 or 12
shall, if so requested, produce written evidence of his identity and of his authorization under section 5.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 12 Entry of domestic premises 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to subsection (2), sections 10 and 13 do not authorize any person without the permission of the
occupier or person appearing to him to be in charge of the premises, to enter domestic premises unless a magistrate
has issued a warrant authorizing him to enter the premises under subsection (3).

(2) In a case of urgency, where a warrant cannot be obtained under subsection (3) without affording an
opportunity for the animal liable to be seized or destroyed under this Ordinance to escape or to be removed from the
premises or in the case of any thing liable to be seized, treated, sterilized or destroyed under this Ordinance without
affording an opportunity for such thing to be removed from the premises, an authorized officer may, with or without
assistants, enter such premises and search for such animal or thing.

(3) A magistrate may, if satisfied by information on oath that there is a reasonable ground for suspecting the
presence of any animal liable to be seized, detained or destroyed under this Ordinance or of any thing liable to be
seized,treated, sterilized or destroyed under this Ordinance in any domestic premises,issue a warrant authorizing an
authorized officer to enter and search the premises.

(4) The power of entry conferred by a warrant issued under subsection (3) may be exercised by the person on
whom it is conferred either alone or together with other persons.

(5) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section an authorized officer may not, without the permission
of the occupier or person appearing to him to be in charge of the premises, enter domestic premises unless he is
accompanied by a police officer.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 13 Power to give directions 30/06/1997


(1) An authorized officer may give directions in writing to-
(a) the owner or occupier of any land or premises or the owner or operator of a conveyance, in or on

which there is any animal, animal product, carcass or infectious article, to produce such animal, animal
product, carcass or infectious article for examination or deliver it for examination to a place specified
by the authorized officer;

(b) the owner or occupier of any land or premises or the owner or operator of a conveyance, in or on
which an animal is present, to confine the animal to the land, premises or conveyance or a part of it, in
such manner and for such period as he considers necessary;

(c) the keeper or importer of any animal to deliver the animal for detention in a quarantine centre,
observation centre or other specified place for a period that he specifies in the direction;

(d) the owner or occupier of any land or premises, or the owner or operator of a conveyance, in or on
which there has been a rabid animal or an animal that he reasonably suspects may be a rabid animal, or
any animal product, carcass or infectious article, to take such reasonable measures with respect to the
land, premises or conveyance to prevent the spread or perpetuation of rabies as the authorized officer
considers necessary.

(2) Where any person fails to comply, within a reasonable time, with a direction given to him under subsection
(1) an authorized officer may, on production of written evidence of his identity and of his authorization under section



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 5

5 if so requested,-
(a) in the case of a direction given under subsection (1)(a) seize the animal, animal product, carcass or

infectious article and either examine it there or remove it to the place specified in the direction for
examination;

(b) in the case of a direction given under subsection (1)(b) or (c) seize the animal and remove it to a
quarantine centre, observation centre or other place of detention for such period as he considers
necessary;

(c) in the case of a direction given under subsection (1)(d) undertake such measures as may be necessary
to prevent the spread or perpetuation of rabies as are specified in the direction.

(3) Subject to section 12, in the exercise of his powers under subsection (2) an authorized officer may at all
reasonable times with or without assistants enter any land or premises or board any conveyance.

(4) Where an authorized officer exercises any power under subsection (2) the reasonable costs of any seizure,
removal or other measures taken shall be recoverable by the Government as a civil debt from the owner or occupier of
the land or premises or the keeper of the animal as the case may be in any court of competent jurisdiction.

(5) A person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with a direction given to him under subsection (1)
commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $10000.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 14 Power to require name, address, etc. 30/06/1997


(1) For the purposes of carrying out his functions under this Ordinance an authorized officer may, upon
production of written evidence of his identity and of his authorization under section 5, if so requested, require any
person-

(a) to declare immediately his name and address; and
(b) to produce for inspection documentary evidence of his identity.

(2) If a requirement is made of a person under subsection (1) and the person-
(a) refuses to declare his name and address or fails to declare his true name and address; or
(b) without reasonable cause fails to produce or permit to be inspected documentary evidence of his

identity; or
(c) in purported compliance with the requirement produces any document which he knows to be false in a

material particular, or recklessly produces such a document or produces a document with intent to
mislead,

he commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $10000 and to imprisonment for 6 months.
(Enacted 1992)


Section: 15 Power to require information or production of documents,

etc.
30/06/1997



(1) An authorized officer may, on production of written evidence of his identity and of his authorization under
section 5, if so requested, require a person to-

(a) inform him of the kind and description of any animal of which he is the keeper and of any identifying
markings on that animal;

(b) produce for inspection any collar, tag, permit, certificate, licence or other document or give such other
information as he may specify, relating to an animal of which he is the keeper; or

(c) produce any permit, certificate, licence or other document or give such other information as he may
specify, relating to any animal product, carcass or infectious article that he has in his possession or
under his control.

(2) Any person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with a requirement made of him under
subsection (1)(a) or who in purported compliance with the requirement gives any information which he knows to be
false in a material particular commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $10000 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(3) Any person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with a requirement made of him under
subsection (1)(b) or (c) or who in purported compliance with the requirement produces any document which he knows
to be false in a material particular or recklessly produces such a document or produces any article or document with
intent to mislead commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $10000 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(Enacted 1992)



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 6


Section: 16 Powers of police officers 30/06/1997


A police officer may exercise the powers conferred on an authorized officer under sections 6, 7, 10, 14 and 15.
(Enacted 1992)


Section: 17 Power of arrest L.N. 331 of 1999 01/01/2000


(1) An authorized officer, being an officer of the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department of the
rank of Field Officer II or above, may arrest- (Amended L.N. 331 of 1999)

(a) any person whom he has reasonable grounds to believe has committed an offence under section 13, 14
or 15; and

(b) any person resisting or obstructing him in exercising any power or performing any duty under this
Ordinance.

(2) Where an authorized officer arrests a person under subsection (1) he shall forthwith take the person to the
officer in charge of a police station and thereafter section 52 of the Police Force Ordinance (Cap 232) shall apply.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 18 No liability for exercise of functions bona fide and without

negligence
30/06/1997



(1) No liability is incurred by the Director or an authorized officer in respect of anything done or omitted to be
done by him bona fide and without negligence in the exercise or purported exercise of a power, or the performance or
purported performance of a duty under this Ordinance.

(2) No liability is incurred by a person in respect of anything done by him bona fide and without negligence in
compliance with a direction given to him under or purportedly under this Ordinance.

(Enacted 1992)

Part: III ANIMAL CONTROL 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 19 Direction to control or restrain animal and assist seizure 30/06/1997


(1) An authorized officer may in writing direct the keeper of any animal to take the measures that he specifies
in the direction, to control or restrain the animal.

(2) An authorized officer may in writing direct an owner or occupier of any land or premises or the owner or
operator of a conveyance to give all reasonable assistance for the purpose of seizing an animal liable to seizure under
this Ordinance that is in or on the land, premises or conveyance.

(3) A person who without reasonable excuse contravenes a direction given under subsection (1) or (2) commits
an offence and is liable to a fine of $10000.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 20 Feeding of animals 30/06/1997


(1) The Director may for the purpose of discouraging the congregation of animals at any place, by notice
published in the Gazette prohibit the feeding of animals by persons who are not the keepers of such animals, at such
place as he may specify in the notice.

(2) The Director shall erect a notice or notices at every place specified under subsection (1) indicating that the
feeding of any animal at that place by a person other than the keeper of the animal is prohibited.

(3) A person who feeds an animal, other than an animal of which he is the keeper, in contravention of a
prohibition imposed under subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $5000.

(Enacted 1992)




Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 7

Section: 21 Licensing of animals 30/06/1997


(1) The Director may, by notice published in the Gazette, prohibit the keeping of any class, genus or species of
animal specified in the notice except under and in accordance with a licence issued by an authorized officer.

(2) A licence under subsection (1) may be issued subject to such reasonable conditions as the Director
considers necessary for the purpose of preventing or controlling the spread of rabies.

(3) Where an animal is not licensed as required by a notice under subsection (1) the keeper of the animal shall
be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of $10000 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(4) Where a licence has been issued pursuant to subsection (1) any licensee who fails to comply with any
condition of such licence commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $10000.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 22 Abandonment of animals 30/06/1997


(1) A keeper of any animal who, without reasonable excuse, abandons that animal commits an offence and is
liable to a fine of $10000 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(2) Where an animal is without reasonable excuse abandoned from a conveyance the owner and the operator of
the conveyance shall each be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of $5000 and to imprisonment for 3 months.

(3) It is a defence to a charge against the owner of a conveyance under subsection (2) (read with subsection (1))
for the owner to prove that at the time of the abandonment of the animal the conveyance had been taken away without
his consent.

(4) It is a defence to a charge against the operator of a conveyance under subsection (2) (read with subsection
(1)) for the operator to prove that the abandonment of the animal was due to some cause beyond his control and that
he took all reasonable measures to prevent the abandonment of the animal.

(5) In any proceedings for an offence under this section where an animal has been seized and detained under
section 7 and no person has within 96 hours after such seizure notified the Director, an authorized officer or a police
officer that he is the keeper of the animal, it shall be presumed until the contrary is proved, that the animal was
abandoned.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 23 Part II animals to be kept under control 30/06/1997


(1) Unless it is on a leash or is otherwise under control, no Part II animal shall be in-
(a) a public place; or
(b) any place from which it may reasonably be expected to wander into a public place if it is not on a leash

or otherwise under control.
(2) Where a Part II animal is found in any place in contravention of subsection (1) the keeper of the animal and

any person who caused, suffered or permitted the animal to be in that place shall each be guilty of an offence and
liable to a fine of $10000.

(3) It is a defence to a charge alleging a contravention of subsection (1) for the person charged to prove that he
took all reasonable measures to prevent the contravention.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 24 Bites by animals 30/06/1997


(1) The keeper of an animal that has bitten a person shall-
(a) give notice of that fact to the nearest police station without delay; and
(b) detain the animal securely, in isolation from other animals, for such period as may be specified by the

officer in charge of the police station.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $10000.

(Enacted 1992)




Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 8

Section: 25 Bites by Part II animals 30/06/1997


(1) Where a Part II animal that is in any place in contravention of section 23 bites a person (other than the
animal's keeper) the keeper shall be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of $10000.

(2) It is a defence to a charge alleging a contravention of subsection (1) for the keeper to prove that-
(a) he took all reasonable measures to prevent the animal from biting; or
(b) the animal was wilfully provoked by someone other than himself.

(Enacted 1992)

Part: IV RABIES 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 26 Duty to report rabies 30/06/1997


(1) A person who knows or who may reasonably suspect that an animal is rabid or has been in contact with a
rabid animal shall, without delay, give notice of that fact to an authorized officer.

(2) A keeper of an animal that is rabid or that he may reasonably suspect is rabid or has been in contact with a
rabid animal shall, as far as is practicable, detain the animal securely, in isolation from other animals.

(3) The owner or occupier of land or premises or the owner or operator of any conveyance in or on which there
is a dead animal that was rabid or that he may reasonably suspect was rabid at the time of its death, shall-

(a) without delay, give notice of that fact to an authorized officer; and
(b) as far as is practicable, isolate the carcass so as to prevent animals coming in contact with it.

(4) A person who without reasonable excuse contravenes this section commits an offence and is liable to a fine
of $10000.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 27 Rabies control areas 30/06/1997


The Director may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare as a rabies control area any area in which-
(a) rabies exists;
(b) he reasonably suspects that rabies exits; or
(c) he reasonably suspects there is a danger of an outbreak of rabies.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 28 Director may impose controls on movement and gatherings

of animals
30/06/1997



(1) For the purposes of this Ordinance, the Director may, by notice published in the Gazette, impose controls or
prohibitions with respect to a rabies control area on-

(a) the movement of any animal, animal product, carcass or infectious article within, into or out of the
rabies control area; and

(b) the gathering of animals within the rabies control area (including gatherings of animals at animal
shows, exhibitions, competitions or sales).

(2) A person who moves or causes, suffers or permits to be moved any animal, animal product, carcass or
infectious article, or causes, suffers or permits a gathering of animals, in contravention of a control or prohibition
imposed under subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $50000 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 29 Regulations relating to rabies control areas 65 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 65 of 1999 s. 3




Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 9

(1) The Chief Executive in Council may make regulations with respect to rabies control areas to provide for-
(Amended 65 of 1999 s. 3)

(a) the quarantine of animals and things;
(b) the control or prohibition of the movement of animals or things within, into or out of rabies control

areas;
(c) the vaccination of animals against rabies;
(d) the disinfection or treatment of animals and things;
(e) the seizing and detaining of animals and things in respect of which any contravention of the

regulations has been committed;
(f) the reporting of births and deaths of animals specified in the regulations;
(g) the keeping of animals under proper control;
(h) the disposal of carcasses; and
(i) any matters associated with or connected with the matters specified in paragraphs (a) to (h).

(2) Regulations made under this section may-
(a) authorize an authorized officer or police officer to give directions relating to the confinement,

exercising or movement of animals within rabies control areas;
(b) provide that a contravention of any such direction shall be an offence;
(c) provide for an appeal to be made to the Appeal Board against any specified decision or action taken by

the Director or an authorized officer under the regulations;
(d) authorize the Director to declare the date of the coming into operation and the period of operation of

any such regulations or part thereof, and to discontinue the operation of any such regulations or part
thereof.

(3) The Director may in writing in such cases as he thinks fit and for such period and subject to such conditions
as he specifies exempt any person or class of persons from the application of any regulations made under this section
where he is satisfied that public or animal health will not be endangered because of such exemption.

(4) Notice of any exemption granted under subsection (3) may be published in the Gazette.
(Enacted 1992)


Part: V PROHIBITED ANIMALS 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 30 Importation or possession of prohibited animals 30/06/1997


(1) A person who-
(a) imports or causes, suffers or permits to be imported into Hong Kong;or
(b) keeps,

any prohibited animal commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $50000 and to imprisonment for 1 year.
(2) Where subsection (1) is contravened the owner and the operator of any conveyance in or on which the

prohibited animal was imported into Hong Kong shall each be guilty of an offence and liable to a fine of $25000 and
to imprisonment for 6 months.

(3) It is a defence to a charge brought under subsection (2) (read with subsection (1)) for an owner or operator
to prove that he took all reasonable measures to prevent the contravention of subsection (1).

(Enacted 1992)

Part: VI PLACES PROHIBITED TO ANIMALS 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 31 Declaration of place prohibited to animals 65 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 65 of 1999 s. 3


(1) The Chief Executive may, by order published in the Gazette, declare any place to be a place prohibited to



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 10

animals. (Amended 65 of 1999 s. 3)
(2) The Director shall erect or place at every place declared to be a place prohibited to animals under

subsection (1) a notice or notices indicating that, except under and in accordance with a permit, it is an offence to
cause, suffer or permit an animal to enter or remain in such place.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 32 Animals entering or remaining in places prohibited to

animals
30/06/1997



(1) Except under and in accordance with a permit granted under subsection (2), a person who causes, suffers or
permits an animal to enter or remain in a place prohibited to animals commits an offence and is liable to a fine of
$10000 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(2) An authorized officer may permit a person to bring an animal into a place prohibited to animals for such
period and subject to such conditions as he considers appropriate.

(Enacted 1992)

Part: VII DETENTION OF ANIMALS AND THINGS 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 33 Restricted application of this Part 30/06/1997


Sections 37, 38 and 39 shall not apply in respect of a quarantine centre or observation centre maintained under
and in accordance with a licence granted under the regulations.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 34 Quarantine and observation centres 30/06/1997


The Director may by notice published in the Gazette declare any place to be a quarantine centre or an
observation centre for the purposes of this Ordinance.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 35 Detention of animals and things 30/06/1997


Where an animal or thing is seized under section 7 or 8 it shall, unless it is destroyed under those sections, be
detained in such quarantine centre, observation centre or other place as an authorized officer may specify, for such
period as he shall direct to be necessary in all the circumstances.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 36 Power to vary period of detention 30/06/1997


(1) Where an animal has been directed to undergo detention in a quarantine centre, observation centre or other
place for a specified period an authorized officer may increase or reduce such period as he considers fit.

(2) Where a period of detention has been increased or reduced by an authorized officer under subsection (1) he
shall forthwith notify the keeper, or in the case of an animal detained upon its importation into Hong Kong the
importer, of the animal concerned of such increase or reduction, unless such person is unknown to or cannot readily be
found or ascertained by the authorized officer, or is absent from Hong Kong.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 37 Detention fees 30/06/1997


Fees and charges


(1) The fees payable (including any fee estimated under subsection (2)) in respect of the detention of any



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 11

animal under this Ordinance shall be payable by the keeper of the animal or in the case of an animal detained upon its
importation into Hong Kong the importer of the animal, on demand being made to him by an authorized officer.

(2) Where the length of any period of detention of an animal under this Ordinance is uncertain an authorized
officer may estimate the amount of the prescribed fee and demand payment of such estimated fee.

(3) Where the amount of an estimated fee paid in respect of any period of detention under this Ordinance
exceeds the amount of the prescribed fee payable in respect of such detention or where subsequent to the payment of
any estimated fee under this section it is determined that no prescribed fee is payable in respect of the detention, the
amount of such excess or the amount of the estimated fee paid, as the case may be, shall be refunded.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 38 Removal from detention, forfeiture, etc. 30/06/1997


(1) No person may remove an animal or thing from a quarantine centre, observation centre or other place in
which it has been detained under this Ordinance except with the permission of an authorized officer and upon payment
of the fees prescribed in respect of such detention.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), where-
(a) an animal or thing detained under this Ordinance is not removed from a quarantine centre, observation

centre or other place-
(i) in the case of an animal, by its keeper or in the case of an animal detained upon its importation

into Hong Kong, by its keeper or importer; or
(ii) in the case of a thing, by the owner of the thing, within 3 days after the expiry of a period of

detention ordered or specified therefor;
(b) the fees payable in respect of any detention under this Ordinance are not paid within 7 days after

demand therefor has been made; or
(c) the owner of a thing or the keeper, or in the case of an animal detained upon its importation into Hong

Kong the keeper or importer, of an animal which is detained under this Ordinance cannot after
reasonable inquiry be found or ascertained within 4 days after the commencement of such detention,

the Director may order the forfeiture of the animal or thing, in which case he may either retain it or cause it to be sold,
destroyed or otherwise disposed of as he considers appropriate.

(3) The Director shall serve a notice on the keeper or importer of the animal or the owner of the thing as the
case may require notifying him of his intention to order the forfeiture of such animal or thing before he makes the
order of forfeiture unless such keeper or importer or owner is unknown to or cannot be readily found or ascertained by
the Director or is absent from Hong Kong.

(4) Where any animal or thing is sold or otherwise transferred pursuant to this section the purchaser or
transferee thereof shall acquire a good title.

(5) Where an animal or thing is sold pursuant to this section the Director shall as soon as is reasonably
practicable after the sale serve a notice on the keeper or importer of the animal or the owner of the thing as the case
may require notifying him-

(a) that the animal or thing has been sold;
(b) of the date of the sale;
(c) of the amount of the fees payable in respect of the detention of the animal or thing;
(d) of the expenses of the sale; and
(e) that unless he makes a demand for the proceeds of the sale (after deducting the fees payable in respect

of the detention and the expenses of the sale) within 1 month after the date of the service on him of the
notice the proceeds of the sale shall be paid into the general revenue,

unless such keeper or importer or owner is unknown to or cannot be readily found or ascertained by the Director or is
absent from Hong Kong.

(6) The proceeds of such sale, after deducting the fees payable in respect of the detention and the expenses of
the sale, shall be paid on demand to the keeper or importer of the animal or the owner of the thing as the case may
require if such demand is made-

(a) where a notice has been served under subsection (5), within 1 month after the date of such service;
(b) where a notice has not been served under subsection (5), within 1 month after the date of the sale.

(7) Where the demand in subsection (6) is not made within 1 month after the date of the service of the notice
under subsection (5) or the date of the sale, as the case may be, the proceeds of the sale shall be paid into the general
revenue.



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 12

(8) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $10000 and to
imprisonment for 6 months.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 39 Liability for fees and charges 30/06/1997


The keeper or in the case of an animal detained upon its importation into Hong Kong the importer of an animal
detained in a quarantine centre, observation centre or other place shall be liable for all fees and charges in respect of
the animal including charges for transport to or from the centre or other place and for any inspection and treatment.

(Enacted 1992)

Part: VIII APPEALS 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 40 Appeal 30/06/1997


(1) Any person aggrieved by-
(a) a direction given to him by an authorized officer under section 13 or 19;
(b) the length of any period for which any animal of which he is the keeper or importer, is directed to be

detained by an authorized officer under section 13(1)(c) or 35;
(c) the refusal of an authorized officer to permit an animal of which he is the keeper or importer, to be

removed from a quarantine centre, observation centre or other place in which it has been detained;
(d) an increase in a specified period of detention in respect of an animal of which he is the keeper or

importer, made by an authorized officer under section 36;
(e) any condition imposed by the Director in granting him an exemption under section 47;
(f) any decision of the Director concerning his entitlement to compensation under section 49;
(g) the amount of compensation payable under section 49 as determined by the Director,

may within 30 days of the notification to him of such direction, refusal, increase, condition, decision or determination
appeal to the Appeal Board by notice of appeal addressed to the Director, in a form and manner specified by the
Director, setting out the grounds of the appeal.

(2) After receiving a notice of appeal under subsection (1) the Director shall, within 14 days after such receipt,
forward it to the Secretary.

(3) An appeal made under this section shall not affect the operation of the direction, refusal, increase or
condition appealed against prior to the determination of the appeal.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 41 Appeal Board Panel L.N. 3 of 1999 15/01/1999


(1) There shall be a panel to be known as the Appeal Board Panel.
(2) The Panel shall consist of the following persons appointed by the Secretary-

(a) not more than 6 medical practitioners (referred to in this Part as the medical members); and
(b) not more than 6 veterinary surgeons (referred to in this Part as the veterinary members).

(3) A public officer is not eligible for appointment to the Panel.
(4) Subject to subsection (5) a member of the Panel shall be appointed for a period of 2 years and shall, on

ceasing to be a member, be eligible for reappointment.
(5) A member of the Panel may at any time, by notice in writing to the Secretary, resign from the Panel.
(6) In subsection (2)(b) "veterinary surgeon" (獸醫) means a registered veterinary surgeon within the meaning

of the Veterinary Surgeons Registration Ordinance (Cap 529). (Replaced 96 of 1997 s. 44)
(Enacted 1992)


Section: 42 Appeal Board 30/06/1997


(1) The Secretary shall, not later than 21 days after receipt of the notice of appeal under section 40(2), appoint



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 13

an Appeal Board to determine the appeal.
(2) The Appeal Board shall consist of 1 public officer, 1 medical member and 1 veterinary member.
(3) The members of the Appeal Board shall elect a Chairman from amongst themselves to preside at the

hearing of the appeal.
(4) The members of the Appeal Board, other than the public officer, shall be remunerated for their services out

of money appropriated for the purpose by the Legislative Council at such rate as the Financial Secretary may
determine.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 43 Proceedings before the Appeal Board 30/06/1997


(1) The Chairman of the Appeal Board shall notify the appellant of the time and place of the hearing of the
appeal.

(2) The parties to an appeal may be present at the hearing of the appeal and make representations either in
person or by counsel or solicitor or, with the consent of the Appeal Board, by some other person.

(3) A counsel, solicitor or legal officer within the meaning of the Legal Officers Ordinance (Cap 87) may be
present at any hearing to advise the Chairman on any legal matter.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 44 Powers of Appeal Board and Chairman 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) For the purpose of hearing an appeal to which this Ordinance applies the Appeal Board may-
(a) receive and consider such evidence as it considers relevant whether or not it would be admissible in

evidence in a court of law;
(b) require evidence to be given on oath or affirmation and orally or in writing;
(c) by notice in writing signed by the Chairman and served on the person to whom it is addressed, require

that person to attend and give evidence at the hearing of the appeal, and to produce such record,
document or other thing in that person's custody or under his control relating to the subject matter of
the appeal as may be specified in the notice;

(d) require such person to answer all questions put to him by or with the consent of the Appeal Board;
(e) exercise such other powers as may be necessary or ancillary to the carrying out of its functions under

this Ordinance.
(2) Subject to any regulations referred to in section 51(1)(u) the Appeal Board may determine the procedure for

the hearing of appeals.
(3) The Appeal Board and its members, and witnesses, counsel and any solicitor, and any other person who is a

party to or who otherwise has an interest in the proceedings shall have the same privileges and immunities in respect
of the hearing of an appeal under this Part as they would have in proceedings before the Court of First Instance.
(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(4) Any person who refuses or fails-
(a) to take any oath or make an affirmation when required to do so by the Appeal Board;
(b) to attend and give evidence when required to do so by the Appeal Board;
(c) to produce any record, document or other thing he is required by the Appeal Board to produce;
(d) to answer truthfully and fully questions put to him by or with the consent of the Appeal Board,

commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $5000.
(5) The Chairman at the hearing of the appeal may administer an oath or affirmation to any person.


Section: 45 Decision of Appeal Board 30/06/1997


(1) The Appeal Board may confirm, vary or reverse or revoke the direction, refusal, increase, condition,
decision or determination against which the appeal is made.

(2) The decision of the Appeal Board shall be final and shall not be subject to appeal.
(Enacted 1992)



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 14


Part: IX MISCELLANEOUS 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 46 Proof of vaccination 30/06/1997


(1) Where the keeper of an animal is unable to produce evidence of the vaccination of that animal against
rabies the animal shall be deemed, until the contrary is proved, not to be so vaccinated.

(2) In any proceedings under this Ordinance, the burden of proof that an animal has been duly vaccinated
against rabies shall be on the keeper of the animal.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 47 Exemptions 30/06/1997


(1) The Director may exempt a person or class of persons or an animal or class, genus or species of animal
from the application of any or all of the provisions of this Ordinance generally or for any purpose or by reference to
any circumstances, where he is satisfied that public or animal health will not be endangered by such exemption.

(2) An exemption under subsection (1) may be granted subject to such conditions as the Director considers
necessary to ensure that public or animal health is not endangered.

(3) Notice of any exemption granted under subsection (1) may be published in the Gazette.
(4) A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes a condition of an exemption granted under

subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $10000.
(Enacted 1992)


Section: 48 Amendment of Schedules 65 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 65 of 1999 s. 3


The Chief Executive may by order published in the Gazette amend the Schedules.
(Amended 65 of 1999 s. 3)

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 49 Compensation 30/06/1997


(1) Subject to subsection (2) where an animal has been destroyed under this Ordinance and it is established to
the satisfaction of the Director that the animal was not affected with rabies at the date of its destruction, there shall be
payable in respect of such animal out of money appropriated by the Legislative Council for the purpose, to the keeper
of the animal compensation equal to the market value of the animal immediately before it was destroyed as
determined by the Director.

(2) No compensation is payable under this section where the keeper of the animal concerned has with respect to
the animal-

(a) failed to comply with any provision of this Ordinance;
(b) failed to comply with any direction or requirement given to or imposed on him by the Director or an

authorized officer pursuant to this Ordinance; or
(c) caused, suffered or permitted any contravention of this Ordinance,

prior to its destruction.
(3) No compensation is payable by the Government in respect of the seizure, detention or forfeiture of an

animal or thing under this Ordinance.
(Enacted 1992)





Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 15

Section: 50 Giving of directions, etc. 30/06/1997


A direction, requirement or notice that is to be given to or imposed on a person in writing under this Ordinance
may be given or imposed by-

(a) delivering it personally to the person; or
(b) leaving it, or sending it by post in a letter addressed to the person at his usual or last known place of

residence.
(Enacted 1992)


Section: 51 Regulations 65 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 65 of 1999 s. 3


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may make regulations with respect to- (Amended 65 of 1999 s. 3)
(a) the control or prohibition of the possession, keeping, import, export or movement within Hong Kong,

of animals, animal products and carcasses;
(b) the control or prohibition of the transhipment or removal of animals, animal products and carcasses

from any conveyance arriving in Hong Kong and the keeping of the same while in transit in Hong
Kong;

(c) the duties and obligations of keepers of animals including the prescription of minimum standards for
the care and accommodation of animals;

(d) the keeping of animals under proper control;
(e) the identification of animals, by tattooing, certificate, the wearing of tags, or otherwise;
(f) the establishment and operation of quarantine centres;
(g) the detention of animals in quarantine centres under a system of quarantine;
(h) the establishment and operation of detention places and observation centres for the detention and

observation of animals;
(i) the examination, testing, disinfection and treatment of animals;
(j) the vaccination of animals against rabies and the identification, by tattooing, certificate, the wearing of

tags, or otherwise, of animals that have been vaccinated against rabies;
(k) the control or prohibition of shows, exhibitions, competitions, sales and other gatherings of animals;
(l) the control of the sale of animals;
(m) the control of animal boarding establishments and pet shops;
(n) the control of the bringing of animals into public places;
(o) the measures to be taken in the event of an outbreak of rabies within Hong Kong or outside Hong

Kong, for the purpose of preventing the introduction of rabies into Hong Kong or preventing or
controlling the spread of rabies within Hong Kong or outside Hong Kong;

(p) the confining of animals to any land or premises;
(q) the seizure, detention, forfeiture, destruction or other disposal of animals, animal products, carcasses,

infectious articles and other things;
(r) the cleansing and disinfection of places used by rabid or suspected rabid animals and persons and

things which may have come in contact with rabid or suspected rabid animals;
(s) the measures to be taken to secure the payment of fees and charges in respect of animals detained

under this Ordinance including the payment of deposits or the execution of bonds;
(t) the recovery by the Government or by any authority of expenses incurred in enforcing or otherwise in

connection with the regulations;
(u) appeals under section 40, and the practice and procedure of the Appeal Board;
(v) such other requirements for the purpose of eradicating or preventing the spread of rabies, as the Chief

Executive in Council considers necessary; and (Amended 65 of 1999 s. 3)
(w) any matters associated with or connected with the matters specified in paragraphs (a) to (v).

(2) Regulations made under this section may-
(a) authorize the stopping of a conveyance by an authorized officer for the purposes of the regulations;
(b) provide that the owner of any land, premises or conveyance or the operator of any conveyance may be

held to be vicariously liable for contraventions of the regulations;



Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 16

(c) provide that the contravention of a term or condition of a licence or permit issued under the regulations
constitutes an offence;

(d) provide that the burden of proof of any fact in any particular case shall lie upon the person charged;
(e) empower the Director to-

(i) amend any Schedule to the regulations;
(ii) attach to any licence or permit issued by him under this Ordinance or the regulations such

reasonable conditions as appear to him to be necessary for regulating the activity in question;
(iii) require by notice published in the Gazette any class, genus or species of animal to be vaccinated

against rabies;
(iv) issue directions regarding the vaccination of animals as required under the regulations;
(v) prescribe markings, collars, tags and certificates in respect of the vaccination of animals;
(vi) issue directions regarding the removal of animals and things from Hong Kong as required by the

regulations;
(vii) specify the form of applications, licences and permits required to be used under the regulations;

(f) provide for an appeal to be made to the Appeal Board against any specified decision or action taken by
the Director or an authorized officer under the regulations;

(g) prescribe penalties for an offence not exceeding $50000 and imprisonment for 1 year.
(3) The Director may in writing, in such cases as he thinks fit and for such period and subject to such

conditions as he specifies, exempt any person or class of persons from the application of any regulations made under
this section where he is satisfied that public or animal health will not be endangered by such exemption.

(4) Notice of any exemption granted under subsection (3) may be published in the Gazette.
(Enacted 1992)


Section: 52 Transitional 30/06/1997


Where immediately before the date of the commencement of this Ordinance a dog or cat is detained under the
Dogs and Cats Ordinance (Cap 167) the provisions of that Ordinance in force at that date relating to the detention shall
continue to apply thereto as if this Ordinance had not been enacted.

(Enacted 1992)

Section: 53 (Omitted as spent) 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 54 (Omitted as spent) 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 55 (Omitted as spent) 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 56 (Omitted as spent) 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Section: 57 (Omitted as spent) 30/06/1997


(Enacted 1992)

Schedule: 1 ANIMALS 30/06/1997


[section 2]




Cap 421 - RABIES ORDINANCE 17

PART I

All members of the class Mammalia (mammals), except human beings.



PART II

Dogs.

(Enacted 1992)

Schedule: 2 ANIMAL PRODUCTS 30/06/1997


[section 2]

Parts or derivatives of the following-
1. A dog.
2. A cat.
3. Any animal that has been infected with rabies.

(Enacted 1992)

Schedule: 3 CARCASSES 30/06/1997


[section 2]

1. The carcass of a dog.
2. The carcass of a cat.
3. The carcass of any animal that has died on the journey to Hong Kong.
4. The undressed carcass of any animal.

(Enacted 1992)

Schedule: 4 PROHIBITED ANIMALS 30/06/1997


[section 2]

All species of the family Desmodontidae (vampire bats).

(Enacted 1992)

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