Architects Registration Ordinance


Published: 1997-06-30

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Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 408 ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE Gazette Number Version Date

Long title 30/06/1997


An Ordinance to provide for the registration of architects and disciplinary control of the professional activities of
registered architects, and for related matters.


[4 May 1990]


(Originally 21 of 1990)

Part: I PRELIMINARY 30/06/1997




Section: 1 Short title 30/06/1997


This Ordinance may be cited as the Architects Registration Ordinance.

Section: 2 Interpretation 10 of 2005 08/07/2005


(1) In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires- (Amended 10 of 2005 s. 80)
"Board" (管理局) means the registration board established under section 4;
"Chairman" (主席) means the Chairman of the Board elected under section 6;
"Council" (理事會) means the Council of the Institute;
"disciplinary offence" (違紀行為) means an act or omission set out in section 21(1);
"inquiry committee" (研訊委員會) means an inquiry committee established under section 22;
"Institute" (學會) means the Hong Kong Institute of Architects established under the Hong Kong Institute of

Architects Incorporation Ordinance (Cap 1147);
"member of the Institute" (學會會員) means a person who is a Member or a Fellow under the constitution of the

Institute;
"register" (註冊紀錄冊) means the register established under section 8;
"Registrar"(註冊主任) means the Registrar appointed under section 11;
"registration committee" (註冊事務委員會) means the registration committee established under section 17;
"review committee" (覆核委員會) means a review committee appointed under section 26(2).

(2) For the purposes of sections 27(2) and 28(1), an appeal to the Court of Appeal shall be deemed to be finally
determined when the earliest of the following events occurs, whichever is applicable in the circumstances-

(a) when the appeal to the Court of Appeal is withdrawn or abandoned;
(b) when the specified period expires without an application for leave to appeal having been made to the

Court of Appeal;
(c) if, before the expiry of the specified period, an application for leave to appeal is made to the Court of

Appeal-
(i) when the application is withdrawn or abandoned;
(ii) if the application is refused, when the specified period expires without an application for leave to

appeal having been made to the Court of Final Appeal; or
(iii) if the application is granted, when the appeal to the Court of Final Appeal is withdrawn,

abandoned or disposed of; or
(d) if, before the expiry of the specified period, an application for leave to appeal is made to the Court of

Final Appeal-
(i) when the application is withdrawn, abandoned or refused; or
(ii) if the application is granted, when the appeal to the Court of Final Appeal is withdrawn,

abandoned or disposed of. (Added 10 of 2005 s. 80)
(3) In subsection (2)-



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 2

"application for leave to appeal" (上訴許可申請) means an application made to the Court of Appeal or the Court of
Final Appeal under section 24 of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal Ordinance (Cap 484) for leave to appeal
to the Court of Final Appeal from a judgment of the Court of Appeal;

"specified period" (指明限期)-
(a) in the case of an application for leave to appeal made to the Court of Appeal, means-

(i) subject to subparagraph (ii), the period of 28 days within which the notice of motion referred to
in section 24(2) of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal Ordinance (Cap 484) is required to be
filed; or

(ii) if, on an application made within the 28-day period referred to in subparagraph (i), the Court of
Appeal extends that period, the period as so extended; or

(b) in the case of an application for leave to appeal made to the Court of Final Appeal, means-
(i) subject to subparagraph (ii), the period of 28 days within which the notice of motion referred to

in section 24(4) of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal Ordinance (Cap 484) is required to be
filed; or

(ii) if, on an application made within the 28-day period referred to in subparagraph (i), the Court of
Final Appeal extends that period, the period as so extended. (Added 10 of 2005 s. 80)


Section: 3 Application 30/06/1997


This Ordinance applies to any person who is involved in the design, construction or fitting out of buildings and
who describes himself as an architect.

Part: II ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION BOARD 30/06/1997




Section: 4 Constitution of the Board 57 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 57 of 1999 s. 3


(1) There is established a board to be known as the Architects Registration Board which shall be a body
corporate having perpetual succession and a common seal.

(2) The Board shall consist of 10 members appointed by the Council and, in addition, may include one member
appointed by the Chief Executive. (Amended 57 of 1999 s. 3)

(3) The Chief Executive shall give notice in the Gazette of every appointment made under this section.
(Amended 57 of 1999 s. 3)

(4) The Council shall not appoint a person as a member of the Board unless he is a member of the Institute.

Section: 5 Tenure of office L.N. 158 of 1998 01/04/1998


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 57 of 1999 s. 3


(1) Members appointed by the Council-
(a) shall be appointed for 4 years or such lesser period as may be specified in the terms of appointment;
(b) may resign by giving notice in writing to the Board; and
(c) subject to subsection (2) may be reappointed.

(2) A member-
(a) who has been a member of the Board appointed by the Council continuously for 8 years; or
(b) whose period of service as a member of the Board appointed by the Council exceeds 8 years in any 10

year period,
may not be reappointed until a period of 2 years since he last served has elapsed when he shall be eligible for
reappointment as if he had not previously been appointed.

(3) The member appointed by the Chief Executive shall hold office at the discretion of the Chief Executive.



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 3

(Amended 57 of 1999 s. 3)
(4) If the Board is satisfied that a member of the Board appointed by the Council-

(a) has become bankrupt or has entered into a voluntary arrangement with his creditors within the meaning
of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6); (Amended 76 of 1996 s. 88)

(b) has become so incapacitated by physical or mental illness as to be unable to carry out his duties as a
member;

(c) has ceased to be ordinarily resident in Hong Kong;
(d) has been sentenced to imprisonment, whether suspended or not, by any court or magistrate;
(e) has been found guilty of a disciplinary offence; or
(f) notwithstanding any of the other grounds for removal, is, in the opinion of the Board, unable or unfit to

carry out his functions as a member of the Board,
the Board may by notice in writing terminate his appointment.

(5) Where any member of the Board appointed by the Council is precluded by temporary absence or incapacity
from carrying out his functions as a member for any period or resigns, the Council may appoint another person to hold
office in place of such member-

(a) in the case of a temporary absence or incapacity, during the period of temporary absence or incapacity;
or

(b) in the case of a resignation, for the balance of the period for which the resigning member was due to
serve.


Section: 6 Chairman 30/06/1997


(1) The Board shall elect a Chairman and a Vice-chairman each year from among the members and not more
than 15 months shall elapse between the date of one election and the next.

(2) A member elected as Chairman or Vice-chairman under subsection (1) may at any time, by notice in writing
to the Board, resign from the office of Chairman or Vice-chairman.

Section: 7 Proceedings L.N. 130 of 2007 01/07/2007


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) The Chairman, or in his absence, the Vice-chairman, may appoint the time and place for the Board to meet.
(2) The Registrar shall, or a member of the Board may, on the written requisition of not less than 2 members

give notice of a meeting of the Board to be held not sooner than 7 days but within 28 days from the receipt of the
requisition and appoint the time and place for that purpose.

(3) The Board shall meet at least once every 6 months and as often as may be necessary to transact the business
of the Board.

(4) The Board shall not transact business at a meeting other than to adjourn unless there is a quorum of one
third of the members of the Board present.

(5) The Board may make rules, not inconsistent with this section, setting out the procedures to be followed at
meetings.

(6) The Board shall lodge a copy of any rules made under subsection (5) with the Secretary for Development.
(Amended 33 of 1997 s. 2; L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)

Section: 8 Functions of the Board 30/06/1997


The Board shall-
(a) establish and maintain a register of registered architects;
(b) set and review the qualification standards for registration as a registered architect and related

registration matters;
(c) advise the Government and the Institute on registration matters;
(d) examine and verify the qualifications of persons who apply for registration as registered architects;
(e) receive, examine, accept or reject applications for registration and renewal of registration as a



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 4

registered architect;
(f) deal with disciplinary offences in accordance with this Ordinance;
(g) keep proper records of its proceedings and accounts; and
(h) carry out such other functions as this Ordinance may prescribe.


Section: 9 Powers of the Board 30/06/1997


The Board may-
(a) set fees payable to it under this Ordinance;
(b) establish committees to advise the Board on the carrying out of the powers and duties of the Board;
(c) employ persons to assist with the carrying out of its functions under this Ordinance;
(ca) from time to time engage such professional advisers as it may consider necessary or expedient; (Added

33 of 1997 s. 3)
(d) make rules for the conduct and discipline of registered architects;
(e) make rules for the reimbursement of reasonable expenses incurred by persons attending to the business

of the Board;
(f) make further rules required under this Ordinance.


Section: 10 No fees payable to Board members 30/06/1997


No fees shall be paid to any member of the Board for his services as a member.

Part: III REGISTER AND CERTIFICATES 30/06/1997




Section: 11 Appointment and duties of Registrar 30/06/1997


(1) The Board shall appoint a person to be Registrar upon such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
(2) The Registrar shall-

(a) be responsible for the custody of the register; and
(b) serve as secretary to the Board, and, subject to any rules made by the Board, the registration committee

and any inquiry committee.

Section: 12 Form of register 30/06/1997


(1) The Registrar shall, in accordance with the directions of the Board, keep the register in which he shall enter
in respect of every registered architect-

(a) the name and address of the registered architect;
(b) the qualification on which his registration is based; and
(c) any other details that the Board may direct.

(2) The register shall be available to any person for inspection free of charge at the office of the Institute at
such reasonable times as the Board may direct.

(3) A person whose name is entered in the register shall within 28 days notify the Registrar of any change in
the particulars prescribed by subsection (1).

(4) The Board shall not charge a fee to amend the register.

Section: 13 Qualifications for registration 30/06/1997


(1) The Board shall not register a person as a registered architect unless-
(a) he-

(i) is a member of the Institute; or
(ii) is a member of an architectural body the membership of which is accepted by the Board as being

of a standard not less than that of a member of the Institute; or
(iii) has passed such examinations in architecture and other subjects and has received such training



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 5

and experience as the Board may accept, either generally or in a particular case, as a qualification
of a standard not less than that of a member of the Institute; and

(b) he satisfies the Board that he has had 1 year's relevant professional experience in Hong Kong before
the date of his application for registration; and

(c) he is ordinarily resident in Hong Kong; and
(d) he is not the subject of an inquiry committee or a disciplinary order under Part IV which precludes him

from being registered under this Ordinance; and
(e) he satisfies the Board by declaration in writing that he is competent to practise as an architect; and
(f) he is a fit and proper person to be registered.

(2) Without limiting the effect of subsection (1)(f), the Board may refuse to register a person as a registered
architect who-

(a) has been convicted in Hong Kong or elsewhere of any offence which may bring the profession into
disrepute and sentenced to imprisonment, whether suspended or not; or

(b) has committed misconduct or neglect in a professional respect.
(3) Where the Board is satisfied by an applicant that he is competent to practise architecture and the Board is

later satisfied that the person is not competent to practise architecture, the Board may refer the matter to an inquiry
committee who shall deal with it as if it was a complaint under section 22(1).

Section: 14 Application for registration 30/06/1997


(1) A person shall apply for registration as a registered architect in such form and manner as the Board may
specify.

(2) An applicant shall pay to the Board at the time of lodging his application the fee for an application for
registration.

(3) The Board may, in its discretion, require an applicant to undertake a written examination under section
13(1)(a)(iii) of his knowledge of architecture and professional matters.

Section: 15 Acceptance or refusal of registration 30/06/1997


(1) The Board may accept or reject an application for registration or renewal of registration under this
Ordinance.

(2) Where the Board accepts or rejects an application for registration or renewal of registration, the Registrar
shall act in accordance with rules made by the Board.

(3) Where the Board rejects an application for registration or renewal of registration, it shall give reasons for
the rejection.

Section: 16 Expiry of registration and renewal 30/06/1997


(1) The entry in the register of a person as a registered architect under this Ordinance-
(a) shall remain in force for 12 months from the date when he was registered;
(b) may be renewed annually by application of the person so registered.

(2) A registered architect shall apply for renewal of registration to the Registrar in the form specified by the
Board not earlier than 3 months and not later than 28 days prior to the expiry of the current registration.

(3) A registered architect shall pay to the Board the fee for an application for renewal of registration at the time
of applying for renewal of registration.

(4) If a registered architect does not apply for renewal of registration before the expiry of his current
registration-

(a) the Registrar shall, on the expiry of the current registration, note in the register that registration has not
been renewed; and

(b) the person shall be deemed not to be currently on the register from the date of expiry of his
registration.

(5) The Board may reject an application for renewal if it is satisfied that the applicant does not continue to
comply with the requirements for registration set out in section 13.

(6) Where a registered architect fails to renew his registration within time, the Board may extend time for
renewal of registration if the registered architect pays to the Board the fee for the extension of time.



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 6

(7) Any grant of extension of time by the Board shall not affect any offence under any other Ordinance that the
person who has failed to renew on time may commit as a result of that failure.

(8) If the registration of a registered architect has expired, the Board may require him to reapply for registration
instead of renewing his registration.

Section: 17 Registration committee 57 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 57 of 1999 s. 3


(1) The Board may appoint a committee of not less than 3 persons who are members of the Institute to examine
the qualifications of applicants.

(2) The Chief Executive may nominate a person to be a member of the registration committee, and, if a person
is so nominated, the Board shall appoint him to the committee. (Amended 57 of 1999 s. 3)

(3) The registration committee shall make recommendations to the Board on the acceptability of the
qualifications which require the Board's acceptance under section 13(1)(a)(ii) or (iii).

(4) The Board shall not be bound by a recommendation of the registration committee under subsection (3).
(5) The Board may delegate any of its functions relating to registration and the renewal of registration to the

registration committee.

Section: 18 Certificate of registration 30/06/1997


The Registrar may, on payment by a registered architect to the Board of a fee, issue to the registered architect a
certificate of registration or a certificate of renewal of registration in the form specified by the Board.

Section: 19 Notice to Board on leaving Hong Kong 30/06/1997


A registered architect shall notify the Board if he is likely to be absent from Hong Kong for a continuous period
of more than 6 months.

Section: 20 Removal of name from the register 10 of 2005 08/07/2005


(1) The Registrar may remove the name of a registered architect from the register if he has notice that the
registered architect has-

(a) died;
(b) applied to discontinue his registration;
(c) in the opinion of the Board, ceased to be ordinarily resident in Hong Kong;
(d) failed to renew his registration;
(e) ceased to hold a qualification by virtue of which he was registered; or
(f) failed to notify a change of details required under section 12(3).

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1)(c), if a registered architect has failed to reside in Hong Kong for a period
of 2 years or more, the Board shall not consider him to be ordinarily resident in Hong Kong.

(3) Subject to section 27(2), the Registrar shall remove a name from the register if he receives an order of the
Court of Final Appeal, the Court of Appeal or an inquiry committee directing that the name be removed from the
register. (Amended 10 of 2005 s. 81)

(4) Where the Registrar intends to remove the name of a registered architect from the register under subsection
(1)(c), (d), (e) or (f), he shall send notice of his intention by prepaid registered post to the registered address of the
registered architect and shall not remove his name until the expiry of a period of 28 days after the date of posting the
notice.

(5) If the Registrar gives notice to a registered architect that-
(a) the Board is of the opinion that he is not ordinarily resident in Hong Kong and, before the Registrar

acts to remove his name from the register, the registered architect satisfies the Board that he is
ordinarily resident in Hong Kong;

(b) he has not applied to renew his registration and, before the Registrar acts to remove his name from the



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 7

register, the registered architect properly applies to renew his registration;
(c) he has ceased to hold a qualification by virtue of which he was registered and, before the Registrar acts

to remove his name from the register, the registered architect satisfies the Board that he holds the
qualification; or

(d) he has failed to notify a change in particulars required under section 12(3) and, before the Registrar
acts to remove his name from the register, the registered architect takes such action as will remedy the
defect in the register,

the Registrar shall not remove the name from the register for the reason set out in a notice under subsection (4).
(6) If the name of a registered architect is removed from the register, his registration is cancelled and he shall

return any certificate issued in respect of his registration to the Registrar.
(7) The Board shall not be liable to refund to a person any fee, or any part of any fee, on the removal of his

name from the register.
(8) The Registrar may correct any error apparent on the face of the register.


Part: IV DISCIPLINARY PROCEEDINGS 30/06/1997




Section: 21 Disciplinary offences 30/06/1997


(1) A registered architect commits a disciplinary offence if he-
(a) commits misconduct or neglect in any professional respect;
(b) has been convicted of an offence under this Ordinance;
(c) has obtained registration under this Ordinance by fraud or misrepresentation;
(d) was not at the time of his registration under this Ordinance entitled to be registered;
(e) without reasonable excuse, fails to attend before an inquiry committee when summoned either as a

witness or as a person in respect of whom the inquiry committee is meeting; or
(f) has been convicted in Hong Kong or elsewhere of any offence which may bring the profession into

disrepute and sentenced to imprisonment, whether the sentence is suspended or not.
(2) If a person who has been guilty of misconduct or neglect in a professional respect or has been convicted of

an offence under this Ordinance or has been convicted of an offence likely to bring the profession into disrepute and
sentenced to imprisonment, informs the Board of such misconduct, neglect or conviction when he applies for
registration or renewal of registration and the Board subsequently accepts the person for registration or renewal of
registration, that person shall not, for the purposes of registration or renewal of registration, be considered as having
committed a disciplinary offence in respect of the disclosed misconduct, neglect or conviction.

(3) Where the Registrar receives a complaint concerning a disciplinary offence, the Registrar shall submit the
facts to 2 members of the Board appointed by the Board for the purpose, and the members, in consultation with the
Registrar, shall determine whether the complaint should be referred to the Board.

Section: 22 Inquiry committee and rules of conduct 30/06/1997


(1) The Board may refer any complaint concerning a disciplinary offence to an inquiry committee for decision,
and for that purpose the Board may establish an inquiry committee of not less than 3 members of the Institute to
determine whether or not the registered architect against whom the complaint is made has committed a disciplinary
offence.

(2) The Board may make rules providing for the conduct of its inquiries by an inquiry committee and for other
matters relating to the investigation of an alleged disciplinary offence.

(3) The inquiry committee shall not proceed to hear evidence of a complaint concerning a disciplinary offence
unless the registered architect in respect of whom the complaint is made is given 28 days' notice of the complaint and
the date, time and place of the hearing.

(4) The registered architect referred to in subsection (3) shall be entitled to attend and hear all evidence
produced at the hearing and shall be provided with a copy of this Ordinance and any rules made under this section.

(5) The Board may make rules for the rehearing of an inquiry by an inquiry committee.
(6) Where a registered architect is alleged to have committed a disciplinary offence under section 21(1)(b) or

(f), the inquiry committee-
(a) shall not be required to inquire whether the registered architect was properly convicted of the alleged



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 8

offence; and
(b) may consider any record of the case in which a conviction was recorded and any other evidence which

is relevant as showing the nature and gravity of the offence.
(7) The inquiry committee may, in deciding whether a person has committed a disciplinary offence, have

regard to any code of professional conduct or practice promulgated by the Board or currently in use by the Institute.

Section: 23 Legal adviser 30/06/1997


The Board may appoint a legal practitioner to advise an inquiry committee and a review committee on any
points of law and procedure that arise before, during or after the inquiry.

Section: 24 Disciplinary orders of inquiry committee and costs 25 of 2008 11/07/2008


(1) Where an inquiry committee finds that a registered architect committed a disciplinary offence, on
confirmation by a review committee of the finding, or on the variation of the finding or any proposed order based on
the recommendation of the review committee, the inquiry committee may make any one or more of the following
orders- (Amended 33 of 1997 s. 4)

(a) order the Registrar to remove the name of the registered architect from the register;
(b) order the Registrar to remove the name of the registered architect from the register for such period as

the inquiry committee may think fit;
(c) reprimand the registered architect in writing and order the Registrar to record the reprimand on the

register;
(d) order that an order made under this section be suspended, subject to such conditions as the inquiry

committee may think fit, for a period not exceeding 2 years;
(e) order that the Board shall not accept an application from the registered architect for registration as a

registered architect either for a fixed period or until the registered architect satisfies the Board that he
should be registered;

(f) order that the Chairman admonish the registered architect orally; (Amended 33 of 1997 s. 4)
(g) order the registered architect to pay all or part of the costs of any of the Registrar, the Board or the

inquiry committee arising from the case if, but only if, the inquiry committee is satisfied that in all the
circumstances of the case it would be unjust and inequitable not to do so. (Added 33 of 1997 s. 4)

(2) Costs payable by virtue of an order under subsection (1)(g) shall be recoverable as a civil debt. (Added 33
of 1997 s. 4)

(3) The inquiry committee may-
(a) assess the amount of any costs to be payable by virtue of an order under subsection (1)(g); or
(b) order that those costs be taxed on the basis of any one of the scale of costs specified in Part I of

Schedule 1 to Order 62 of the Rules of the District Court (Cap 336 sub. leg. H), (Amended 25 of 2008
s. 14)

and the Schedules to Order 62 of the Rules of the High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A) shall, with all necessary
modifications, apply to the taxation and recovery of costs. (Added 33 of 1997 s. 4. Amended 57 of 1999 s. 3)

(4) For the purposes of this Ordinance (including sections 26 and 29), any assessment or order under subsection
(3) shall be deemed to be part of the order under subsection (1)(g) to which it relates. (Added 33 of 1997 s. 4)

Section: 25 Powers in regard to obtaining of evidence and conduct at

inquiry
30/06/1997



(1) An inquiry committee shall have power-
(a) to hear, receive and examine evidence on oath;
(b) to summon any person to attend the inquiry either as the person whose conduct is the subject of the

inquiry or to give evidence or produce any document or other thing in his possession and to examine
him as a witness or require him to produce any document or other thing in his possession, subject to all
just exceptions;

(c) to admit or exclude the public or any member of the public from the inquiry;
(d) to admit or exclude the press from the inquiry;
(e) to award any person summoned to attend the inquiry as a witness such sum, to be paid from the funds



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 9

of the Board, as in the opinion of the inquiry committee have been reasonably expended by him in
connection with his attendance.

(2) The Registrar shall sign summonses to witnesses.
(3) No person shall be required to answer any question or produce any document or other thing which, in the

opinion of the inquiry committee, may tend to incriminate him.
(4) A witness shall, in respect of any evidence given by him before the inquiry committee, be entitled to the

same privileges to which he would be entitled if he were giving evidence in court.

Section: 26 Review of disciplinary orders 30/06/1997


(1) When an inquiry committee completes its hearing in respect of a disciplinary offence and makes a finding
that a disciplinary offence has been committed, the Registrar shall forthwith forward the inquiry committee's decision
and details of any order proposed to be made by the inquiry committee under section 24 to the Board for review.

(2) The Board shall appoint 3 of its members to sit with the Chairman as a review committee to review the
decision of the inquiry committee.

(3) The Board shall not appoint a member of the inquiry committee to be a member of the review committee.
(4) The review committee may-

(a) confirm the decision and any proposed order of the inquiry committee;
(b) reverse a finding of guilt by the inquiry committee;
(c) recommend that any proposed order made by the inquiry committee be varied; or
(d) remit the decision or any proposed order of the inquiry committee to the inquiry committee with

directions to reconsider the decision or proposed order or both.
(5) The inquiry committee shall comply with the directions and recommendation, if any, of the review

committee.

Section: 27 Service of orders of inquiry committee 10 of 2005 08/07/2005


(1) The Registrar shall serve a copy of any order made under section 24(1), together with a copy of the inquiry
committee's reasons, or serve notice that the inquiry committee has not found that the registered architect concerned
committed a disciplinary offence, upon the registered architect concerned, either personally or by registered post
addressed to his registered address immediately when the Registrar receives- (Amended 33 of 1997 s. 5)

(a) the report of the review committee, unless the inquiry committee is to reconsider its decision; or
(b) any order of the inquiry committee reviewed under section 26(4)(d).

(2) The Registrar shall not remove the name of the registered architect from the register before the expiry of a
period of 3 months after the date of service of the order under subsection (1) or, in the case of an appeal made to the
Court of Appeal against the order under section 29, before the appeal is finally determined. (Amended 10 of 2005 s.
82)

(3) Any person whose name has been removed from the register under this Ordinance may apply to the Board
for the restoration of his name to the register, and the Board may, after such inquiry and subject to such conditions as
it may consider desirable, allow or refuse the application.

(4) If the Board allows an application under subsection (3), it shall order the Registrar to restore the name of
the applicant to the register on payment by the applicant of the prescribed fee.

Section: 28 Publication of disciplinary orders 10 of 2005 08/07/2005


(1) After the expiry of the time within which an appeal may be made to the Court of Appeal under section 29
against an order of an inquiry committee made under section 24(1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) or, if such an appeal has been
made, after the appeal is finally determined, the Board- (Amended L.N. 179 of 1991; 33 of 1997 s. 6; 10 of 2005 s.
83)

(a) shall publish a copy of the order or, if the order is varied on appeal, the order as so varied in at least
one English and one Chinese language newspaper circulating daily in Hong Kong; and

(b) may publish the order or, if the order is varied on appeal, the order as so varied in any other
publication or manner as the Board thinks fit. (Amended 10 of 2005 s. 83)

(2) Where an order is published under subsection (1), the Board-
(a) shall publish with such order sufficient particulars to acquaint the public with the nature of the matter



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 10

to which the order relates; and
(b) may publish with such order an account of the proceedings of the inquiry committee.

(3) No action in damages for defamation shall lie against any person as a result of publishing an order and other
particulars required or permitted under this section.

Part: V APPEALS 10 of 2005 08/07/2005




Section: 29 Appeal to Court of Appeal 10 of 2005 08/07/2005


(1) Any person who is aggrieved by any decision or order made in respect of him under section 15(1), 16(5) or
24(1) may appeal to the Court of Appeal. (Amended 33 of 1997 s. 7; 10 of 2005 s. 84)

(2) The Court of Appeal may affirm, reverse or vary the decision or order appealed against. (Amended 10 of
2005 s. 84)

(3) Where a person appeals against an order of an inquiry committee, the Court of Appeal shall consider the
reasons of the inquiry committee and submissions upon the findings of fact and law of the inquiry committee made on
behalf of the parties to the inquiry and may call for the original record of the evidence taken and any document put in
evidence before the inquiry committee. (Amended 10 of 2005 s. 84)

(4) The Court of Appeal may, upon special grounds being shown, consider any additional evidence not
adduced before the inquiry committee.

(5) (Repealed 10 of 2005 s. 79)
(6) The practice in relation to any appeal shall be subject to any rules of court made under the High Court

Ordinance (Cap 4). (Amended 57 of 1999 s. 3)
(7) The Court of Appeal shall not have power to hear any appeal against a decision or order made under section

15(1), 16(5) or 24(1) unless-
(a) in the case of a decision made under section 15(1) or 16(5), notice of such appeal is given within 3

months after the applicant is notified in writing of the decision;
(b) in the case of an order made under section 24(1), notice of such appeal is given within 3 months of the

service of the order under section 27. (Replaced 33 of 1997 s. 7)
(8) In deciding any appeal under this section the Court of Appeal may make such order for the payment of

costs as it considers reasonable.

Part: VI USE OF TITLE 30/06/1997




Section: 30 Use of title 23 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 23 of 1998 s. 2


(1) A person whose name does not appear on the register shall not be entitled to describe himself as "architect"
or "registered architect" or to use the initials "R.A." after his name.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the Board may apply to a judge for an order restraining any person whose name is
not on the register from describing himself as "architect" or "registered architect" or using the initials "R.A.".

(3) A person whose name is not on the register may describe himself as an architect if-
(a) he describes himself by reference to an architectural discipline not related to the design, construction

or fitting out of buildings; or
(b) he describes himself by reference to a membership of any body or institute of architects formed outside

Hong Kong which description does not imply that he has the right to practise architecture in Hong
Kong under the description of architect. (Amended 23 of 1998 s. 2)

(4) Subject to subsection (3), a person, including a firm or company shall not use the description of "architects"
or "registered architects" or the initials "R.A." unless-

(a) at each place where the person carries on the business of architecture, the business is conducted under
the supervision of a registered architect who does not act at the same time in a similar capacity for any
other person other than a firm or company that has substantially the same beneficial ownership and



Cap 408 - ARCHITECTS REGISTRATION ORDINANCE 11

management as the person (where the person is a firm or company);
(b) where the person carries on a multidisciplinary practice, the business, so far as it relates to architecture,

is under the full time control and management of a registered architect who does not act at the same
time in a similar capacity for any other person other than a firm or company that has substantially the
same beneficial ownership and management as the person (where the person is a firm or company).


Part: VII OFFENCES AND EVIDENCE 30/06/1997




Section: 31 Offences and penalties 23 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 23 of 1998 s. 2


(1) Any person who-
(a) having been summoned by an inquiry committee to attend as a witness or to produce a document or

other thing under section 25 without reasonable excuse refuses or fails to do so;
(b) attends as a witness before an inquiry committee and, without lawful excuse, refuses or fails to answer

any question put to him by the inquiry committee;
(c) fraudulently obtains registration as a registered architect for himself or any other person;
(d) obtains registration as a registered architect for himself or any other person by means of any

misleading, false or fraudulent representation or, statement, either oral or in writing;
(e) makes or causes to be made any falsification in the register;
(f) impersonates or falsely represents himself as being the person referred to in any certificate or

document presented to the Board or an inquiry committee in connection with its functions under this
Ordinance;

(g) falsely takes or uses any name, initials, title, addition or description implying that his name is entered
in the register;

(h) not being a registered architect, knowingly permits the use of or uses in connection with his business
or profession the description-
(i) "architect";
(ii) "registered architect";
(iii) the initials "R.A."; or
(iv) any initials or abbreviations of words intended to cause, or which may reasonably cause, any

person to believe that the person using the initials or abbreviations is on the register;
(i) not being on the register, advertises or represents himself as a registered architect or knowingly

permits himself to be so advertised or represented;
(j) holds himself out to be ordinarily resident in Hong Kong at the time of making an application for

registration when he is not so ordinarily resident,
commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $50000 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(2) Subsection (1)(h) and (i) shall not apply in relation to the use by any member of any body or institute of
architects formed outside Hong Kong who is not a registered architect, of any description or initials which he is
entitled to use under the constitution of that body or institute if by such use he does not represent that his name is
entered on the register. (Amended 23 of 1998 s. 2)

Section: 32 Certificate as evidence 30/06/1997


A certificate, purporting to be signed by the Registrar, that the name of a person has or has not been entered in or
has been removed or ordered to be removed from the register shall for all purposes, without further proof, be evidence
of the facts stated in the certificate.

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