Drug Trafficking (Recovery Of Proceeds) Ordinance


Published: 2003-01-01

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Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 405 DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS)
ORDINANCE

Gazette Number Version Date


Long title L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


To provide for the tracing, confiscation and recovery of the proceeds of drug trafficking, to create offences relating to
those proceeds or property representing those proceeds, and for incidental or related matters.

(Amended 26 of 2002 s. 2)


[The Ordinance, except section 25(1), (2), (4)
and (5) and paragraph (a) of section 25(3)



}



1 September 1989

Section 25(1), (2), (4) and (5) and paragraph (a)
of section 25(3) }



1 December 1989 L.N. 297 of 1989]


(Originally 35 of 1989)

(Enacted 1989)

Part: I PRELIMINARY 30/06/1997




Section: 1 Short title 30/06/1997


This Ordinance may be cited as the Drug Trafficking (Recovery of Proceeds) Ordinance.
(Enacted 1989)


Section: 2 Interpretation L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


(1) In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-
"absconded" (潛逃), in relation to a person, includes absconded for any reason whatsoever, and whether or not, before

absconding, the person had been-
(a) taken into custody; or
(b) released on bail; (Added 89 of 1995 s. 2)

"authorized officer" (獲授權人) means-
(a) any police officer;
(b) any member of the Customs and Excise Service established by section 3 of the Customs and Excise

Service Ordinance (Cap 342); and
(c) any other person authorized in writing by the Secretary for Justice for the purposes of this Ordinance;

(Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)
"confiscation order" (沒收令) means an order made under section 3(6);
"corresponding law" (相應的法律) has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Dangerous Drugs Ordinance (Cap

134);
"dangerous drug" (毒品) has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Dangerous Drugs Ordinance (Cap 134);
"dealing" (處理), in relation to property referred to in the definition of "drug trafficking", section 10(1) or 25,

includes-
(a) receiving or acquiring the property;
(b) concealing or disguising the property (whether by concealing or disguising its nature, source, location,

disposition, movement or ownership or any rights with respect to it or otherwise);
(c) disposing of or converting the property;



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 2

(d) bringing into or removing from Hong Kong the property;
(e) using the property to borrow money, or as security (whether by way of charge, mortgage or pledge or

otherwise); (Added 89 of 1995 s. 2)
"defendant" (被告) means a person against whom proceedings have been instituted for a drug trafficking offence

(whether or not he has been convicted of that offence);
"drug trafficking" (販毒 ) means doing or being concerned in, whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere, any act

constituting-
(a) a drug trafficking offence; or
(b) an offence punishable under a corresponding law,

and includes dealing, whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere, with any property which in whole or in part directly
or indirectly represents any person's proceeds of drug trafficking; (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 2)

"drug trafficking offence" (販毒罪行) means-
(a) any of the offences specified in Schedule 1;
(b) conspiracy to commit any of those offences;
(c) inciting another to commit any of those offences;
(d) attempting to commit any of those offences;
(e) aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the commission of any of those offences;

"interest" (權益), in relation to property, includes right;
"material" (物料) includes any book, document or other record in any form whatsoever, and any article or substance;

(Replaced 87 of 1997 s. 36)
"property" (財產 ) includes both movable and immovable property within the meaning of section 3 of the

Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1);
"Registrar" (司法常務官) means the Registrar of the High Court. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(2) The expressions listed in the left hand column below are respectively defined or (as the case may be) fall to
be construed in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance listed in the right hand column in relation to those
expressions.


Expression Relevant provision
Benefited from drug trafficking (從販毒獲利) .............................. Section 3(4)
Charging order (抵押令) .............................................................. Section 11(2)
Gift caught by this Ordinance (受本條例囿制的饋贈) ................. Section 7(9)
Making a gift (作出饋贈) ............................................................ Section 7(10)
Proceeds of drug trafficking (販毒得益) ...................................... Section 4(1)(a)
Realisable property (可變現財產) ............................................... Section 7(1)
Restraint order (限制令) .............................................................. Section 10(1)
Value of gift, payment or reward (饋贈、付款或酬賞的價值) ... Section 7
Value of proceeds of drug trafficking (販毒得益的價值) ............. Section 4(1)(b)
Value of property (財產的價值) .................................................. Section 7(4)

(Amended 89 of 1995 s. 2)
(3) This Ordinance applies to property whether it is situated in Hong Kong or elsewhere.
(4) References in this Ordinance to offences include a reference to offences committed before the

commencement of this Ordinance; but nothing in this Ordinance imposes any duty or confers any power on any court
in or in connection with proceedings against a person for a drug trafficking offence instituted before the
commencement of this Ordinance.

(5) References in this Ordinance to property received in connection with drug trafficking include a reference to
property received both in that connection and in some other connection.

(6) Subsections (7) to (13) shall have effect for the interpretation of this Ordinance.
(7) Property is held by any person if he holds any interest in it.
(8) References to property held by a person include a reference to property vested in his trustee in bankruptcy

or in a liquidator.
(9) References to an interest held by a person beneficially in property include, where the property is vested in



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 3

his trustee in bankruptcy or in a liquidator, a reference to an interest which would be held by him beneficially if the
property were not so vested.

(10) Property is transferred by one person to another if the first person transfers or grants to the other any
interest in the property.

(11) Proceedings for an offence are instituted in Hong Kong-
(a) when a magistrate issues a warrant or summons under section 72 of the Magistrates Ordinance (Cap

227) in respect of the offence;
(aa) when a person has been arrested for the offence and released on bail or has refused bail; (Added 26 of

2002 s. 2)
(b) when a person is charged with the offence after being taken into custody without a warrant; or
(c) when an indictment is preferred by the direction or with the consent of a judge under section 24A(1)(b)

of the Criminal Procedure Ordinance (Cap 221),
and where the application of this subsection would result in there being more than one time for the institution of
proceedings, they shall be taken to have been instituted at the earliest of those times.

(12) Proceedings in Hong Kong for an offence are concluded on the occurrence of one of the following events-
(a) the discontinuance of the proceedings whether by entry of a nolle prosequi or otherwise;
(b) an order or verdict acquitting the defendant, not being an order or verdict which is subject to appeal or

review within the meaning of subsection (13);
(c) the quashing of his conviction for the offence except where, under section 83E of the Criminal

Procedure Ordinance (Cap 221), an order is made that he be retried;
(d) the grant of the Chief Executive's pardon in respect of his conviction for the offence; (Amended 15 of

1999 s. 3)
(e) the court sentencing or otherwise dealing with him in respect of his conviction for the offence where

the Secretary for Justice either does not apply for a confiscation order, or applies for a confiscation
order and the order is not made; or (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 2; L.N. 362 of 1997)

(f) the satisfaction of a confiscation order made in the proceedings (whether by payment of the amount
due under the order or by the defendant serving imprisonment in default).

(12A) An application for a confiscation order made in respect of a defendant where section 3(1)(a)(ii) or (7) is
applicable is concluded-

(a) if the Court of First Instance or the District Court decides not to make such an order, when it makes
that decision; or (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(b) if such an order is made as a result of that application, when the order is satisfied. (Added 89 of 1995
s. 2)

(12B) An application under section 15(1A) in respect of a confiscation order made against a defendant is
concluded-

(a) if the Court of First Instance decides not to vary that order, when it makes that decision; or
(b) if the Court of First Instance varies that order as a result of that application, when the order is satisfied.

(Added 89 of 1995 s. 2. Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
(13) An order or verdict (including an order or verdict of acquittal) is subject to appeal or review so long as an

appeal, further appeal or review is pending against the order or verdict; and for this purpose an appeal, further appeal
or review shall be treated as pending (where one is competent but has not been instituted) until-

(a) (Repealed 79 of 1995 s. 50)
(b) the expiration of the time prescribed for instituting the appeal, further appeal or review. (Amended 79

of 1995 s. 50)
(14) Subject to subsection (15), nothing in this Ordinance shall require the disclosure of any items subject to

legal privilege within the meaning of section 22. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(15) Subsection (14) shall not prejudice the operation of sections 20, 21 and 22. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(Enacted 1989)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 38 U.K.]


Part: II CONFISCATION OF PROCEEDS OF DRUG

TRAFFICKING
30/06/1997







Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 4

Section: 3 Confiscation orders L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


(1) Where-
(a) either-

(i) in proceedings before the Court of First Instance or the District Court a person is to be sentenced
in respect of one or more drug trafficking offences and has not previously been sentenced in
respect of his conviction for the offence, or as the case may be, any of the offences concerned; or

(ii) proceedings for one or more drug trafficking offences have been instituted against a person but
have not been concluded because the person-
(A) has died; or
(B) has absconded; and

(b) an application is made by or on behalf of the Secretary for Justice for a confiscation order, (Amended
L.N. 362 of 1997)

the Court of First Instance or the District Court, as the case may be, shall act as follows. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 3.
Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(2) The court shall first-
(a) where subsection (1)(a)(i) is applicable-

(i) impose on the person such period of imprisonment or detention (if any) as is appropriate in
respect of the offence, or as the case may be, the offences concerned;

(ii) make such order or orders (other than a confiscation order) in relation to sentence as is
appropriate in respect of the offence, or as the case may be, the offences concerned, and such
order or orders may be or include any order-
(A) imposing any fine on the person;
(B) involving any payment by the person; or
(C) under section 38F or 56 of the Dangerous Drugs Ordinance (Cap 134), or under section 72,

84A, 102 or 103 of the Criminal Procedure Ordinance (Cap 221);
(b) where subsection (1)(a)(ii)(A) is applicable, be satisfied that-

(i) the person has died; and
(ii) having regard to all relevant matters before it, the person could have been convicted in respect of

the offence, or as the case may be, the offences concerned;
(c) where subsection (1)(a)(ii)(B) is applicable, be satisfied that-

(i) the person has absconded and that not less than 6 months have elapsed beginning with the date
which is, in the opinion of the court, the date on which the person absconded;

(ii) in the case of-
(A) a person who is known to be outside Hong Kong and whose exact whereabouts are known-

(I) reasonable steps have been taken, but have been unsuccessful, to obtain the return of
that person to Hong Kong for the purposes of the proceedings concerned;

(II) if that person is in custody outside Hong Kong for purposes other than the purposes
referred to in sub-sub-paragraph (I), he is in such custody by virtue of conduct which
would constitute an indictable offence if it had occurred in Hong Kong; and

(III) notice of those proceedings was given to that person in sufficient time to enable him
to defend them;

(B) subject to subsection (2A), a person whose exact whereabouts are not known-
(I) reasonable steps have been taken to ascertain the person's whereabouts (including, if

appropriate, a step mentioned in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of rule 5(1) of Order 65 of
the Rules of the High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A)); and

(II) notice of those proceedings, addressed to that person, has been published in a Chinese
language newspaper, and an English language newspaper, circulating generally in
Hong Kong; and (Replaced 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(iii) having regard to all relevant matters before it, the person could have been convicted in respect of
the offence, or as the case may be, the offences concerned. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 3)

(2A) Where subsection (2)(c)(ii)(B) is applicable, and notwithstanding that the court is satisfied as mentioned in
that subsection that actions have been taken, the court may, if it is satisfied that it is in the interests of justice to do so,
require that notice of the proceedings mentioned in that subsection be given to the person mentioned in that subsection
in such additional manner as the court may direct. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 5

(3) The court shall then determine whether the person has benefited from drug trafficking.
(4) For the purposes of this Ordinance, a person who has at any time (whether before or after the

commencement of this Ordinance) received any payment or other reward in connection with drug trafficking carried
on by him or another has benefited from drug trafficking.

(5) If the court determines that he has so benefited, the court shall determine in accordance with section 6 the
amount to be recovered in his case by virtue of this section.

(6) The court shall then, in respect of the offence or offences concerned, order the person to pay-
(a) that amount; or
(b) without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (a), such proportion of that amount as it thinks fit after

taking into account any order or orders provided for or referred to in subsection (2)(a)(ii)(A), (B) or
(C) which has or have been made in respect of the person. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 3)

(7) Where-
(a) a person has been convicted of one or more drug trafficking offences;
(b) an application for a confiscation order has been made in respect of the person; and
(c) the person has died or absconded before that application has been concluded,

then that application may still be concluded notwithstanding that death or abscondment, as the case may be.
(Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 3)

(8) Where subsection (7) is applicable in relation to a person who has died-
(a) subsection (2)(a)(i) shall not apply in relation to the person;
(b) the court shall not make a confiscation order against the person unless it is satisfied that the person has

died. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 3)
(9) Where subsection (7) is applicable in relation to a person who has absconded, the court shall not make a

confiscation order against the person unless it is satisfied that-
(a) the person has absconded; and
(b) in the case of-

(i) a person who is known to be outside Hong Kong and whose exact whereabouts are known-
(A) reasonable steps have been taken, but have been unsuccessful, to obtain the return of that

person to Hong Kong for the purposes of the proceedings concerned; and
(B) notice of those proceedings was given to that person in sufficient time to enable him to

defend them;
(ii) subject to subsection (9A), a person whose exact whereabouts are not known-

(A) reasonable steps have been taken to ascertain the person's whereabouts (including, if
appropriate, a step mentioned in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of rule 5(1) of Order 65 of the
Rules of the High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A)); and

(B) notice of those proceedings, addressed to that person, has been published in a Chinese
language newspaper, and an English language newspaper, circulating generally in Hong
Kong. (Replaced 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(Added 89 of 1995 s. 3)
(9A) Where subsection (9)(b)(ii) is applicable, and notwithstanding that the court is satisfied as mentioned in that

subsection that actions have been taken, the court may, if it is satisfied that it is in the interests of justice to do so,
require that notice of the proceedings mentioned in that subsection be given to the person mentioned in that subsection
in such additional manner as the court may direct. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(10) For the purposes of subsection (2)(b)(ii) or (c)(iii), information may be furnished to the court after the
person has died or absconded, as the case may be. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 3)

(11) For the purposes of any Ordinance conferring rights of appeal in criminal cases, a confiscation order made
against a person shall be deemed to be a sentence passed on that person in respect of the offence or offences concerned
and, in the case of any such person who has died (whether before or after the making of such order), his personal
representative may act on his behalf for those purposes. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 3)

(12) It is hereby declared that the standard of proof required to determine any question arising under this
Ordinance as to-

(a) whether a person has benefited from drug trafficking; or
(b) the amount to be recovered in his case in pursuance of a confiscation order,

shall be on the balance of probabilities. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 3)
(13) The fact that under subsection (2)(b)(ii) or (c)(iii) the court is satisfied that a person could have been

convicted in respect of the offence, or as the case may be, the offences concerned shall not be admissible in evidence



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 6

in any proceedings for an offence. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 3)
(14) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that where an application is made for a confiscation order

in any case where subsection (1)(a)(ii)(A) is applicable, the personal representatives of the deceased person concerned
shall, for the purposes of opposing the application, be entitled to be heard on the application and to call, examine and
cross-examine any witness. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 3)

(15) Where-
(a) before the commencement of the Drug Trafficking (Recovery of Proceeds) (Amendment) Ordinance

1995 (89 of 1995), proceedings for one or more drug trafficking offences have been instituted against a
person but have not been concluded because that person has absconded; and

(b) immediately before that commencement, any realisable property of that person is the subject of a
charging order or restraint order,

then the provisions of this Ordinance as amended by that Ordinance shall apply in relation to that person as they
would apply in relation to a person against whom, on or after that commencement, proceedings for one or more drug
trafficking offences have been instituted but have not been concluded because that last-mentioned person has
absconded. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 3)

(16) Where-
(a) before the commencement of the Drug Trafficking (Recovery of Proceeds) (Amendment) Ordinance

1995 (89 of 1995)-
(i) a person has been convicted of one or more drug trafficking offences;
(ii) an application for a confiscation order has been made in respect of the person; and
(iii) the person has absconded before that application has been concluded; and

(b) immediately before that commencement, and realisable property of that person is the subject of a
charging order or restraint order,

then the provisions of this Ordinance as amended by that Ordinance shall apply in relation to that person as they
would apply in relation to a person to whom subsection (7) is applicable because he has absconded. (Added 89 of
1995 s. 3)

(17) Where subsection (1)(a)(ii)(A) or (B) is applicable, the reference in that subsection to "one or more drug
trafficking offences" includes any offence previously specified in Schedule 1, and the other provisions of this section
and this Ordinance (including paragraphs (b) to (e) of the definition of "drug trafficking offence" in section 2(1) and
any subsidiary legislation) shall be construed accordingly. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)

[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 1 U.K.]

Section: 4 Assessing the proceeds of drug trafficking L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


(1) For the purposes of this Ordinance-
(a) a person's proceeds of drug trafficking are-

(i) any payments or other rewards received by him at any time (whether before or after 1 December
1989) in connection with drug trafficking carried on by him or another;

(ii) any property derived or realised, directly or indirectly, by him from any of the payments or other
rewards; and

(iii) any pecuniary advantage obtained in connection with drug trafficking carried on by him or
another; and

(b) the value of the person's proceeds of drug trafficking is the aggregate of the values of-
(i) the payments or other rewards;
(ii) that property; and
(iii) that pecuniary advantage. (Replaced 87 of 1997 s. 36)

(2) The Court of First Instance or the District Court, as the case may be, may, for the purpose of determining
whether the defendant has benefited from drug trafficking and, if he has, of assessing the value of his proceeds of drug
trafficking, make the following assumptions, except to the extent that the defendant (or, in the case of a defendant who
has died, his personal representative on his behalf) shows that any of the assumptions are incorrect in his case.
(Amended 89 of 1995 s. 4; 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(3) Those assumptions are-
(a) that any property appearing to the court-

(i) to have been held by him at any time-
(A) since his conviction; or



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 7

(B) where section 3(1)(a)(ii) is applicable, since the application was made for a confiscation
order in his case,

as the case may be; or (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 4)
(ii) to have been transferred to him at any time since the beginning of the period of 6 years ending

when the proceedings were instituted against him,
was received by him, at the earliest time at which he appears to the court to have held it, as his
proceeds of drug trafficking;

(b) that any expenditure of his since the beginning of that period was met out of his proceeds of drug
trafficking; and

(c) that, for the purpose of valuing any property received or assumed to have been received by him at any
time as his proceeds of drug trafficking, he received the property free of any other interests in it.
(Amended 89 of 1995 s. 4)

(4) (Repealed 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(5) For the purpose of assessing the value of the defendant's proceeds of drug trafficking in a case where a

confiscation order, or an order under section 8(7) of the Organized and Serious Crimes Ordinance (Cap 455), has
previously been made against him, the court shall leave out of account any of his proceeds of drug trafficking that are
shown to the court to have been taken into account in determining the amount to be recovered under that order.
(Amended 82 of 1994 s. 36)

[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 2 U.K.]

Section: 5 Statements relating to proceeds of drug trafficking L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


(1) Where an application is made for a confiscation order, the prosecutor may tender to the Court of First
Instance or the District Court, as the case may be, a statement of matters relevant to any of the following- (Amended
25 of 1998 s. 2)

(a) where section 3(1)(a)(ii) is applicable, determining whether the defendant could have been convicted
in respect of the offence, or as the case may be, the offences concerned;

(b) determining whether the defendant has benefited from drug trafficking;
(c) assessing the value of the defendant's proceeds of drug trafficking. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 5)

(1A) Where any statement has been tendered under subsection (1)-
(a) the prosecutor may at any time tender to the court a further such statement; and
(b) the court may at any time require the prosecutor to tender to it a further such statement within such

period as it may direct. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 5)
(1B) Where any statement has been tendered under subsection (1) and the court is satisfied that a copy of the

statement has been served on the defendant, it may require the defendant-
(a) to indicate to it, within such period as it may direct, the extent to which he accepts each allegation in

the statement; and
(b) so far as he does not accept any such allegation, to give particulars of any matters on which he

proposes to rely. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 5)
(1C) Where the court has given a direction under this section, it may at any time vary it by giving a further

direction. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 5)
(2) Where the defendant accepts to any extent any allegation in any statement tendered under subsection (1),

the court may, for the purposes of-
(a) where section 3(1)(a)(ii) is applicable, determining whether the defendant could have been convicted

in respect of the offence, or as the case may be, the offences concerned;
(b) determining whether the defendant has benefited from drug trafficking; or
(c) assessing the value of his proceeds of drug trafficking,

treat his acceptance as conclusive of the matters to which the allegation relates. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 5)
(3) If the defendant fails in any respect to comply with a requirement under subsection (1B) he may be treated

for the purposes of this section as accepting every allegation in the statement apart from- (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 5)
(a) any allegation in respect of which he has complied with the requirement; (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 5)
(b) where section 3(1)(a)(ii) is applicable, any allegation that he could have been convicted in respect of

the offence, or as the case may be, the offences concerned; (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 5)
(c) any allegation that he has benefited from drug trafficking; and (Added 89 of 1995 s. 5)
(d) any allegation that any payment or other reward was received by him in connection with drug



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 8

trafficking carried on by him or another. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 5)
(4) Where-

(a) the defendant tenders to the court a statement as to any matters relevant to determining the amount that
might be realised at the time the confiscation order is made; and

(b) the prosecutor accepts to any extent any allegation in the statement,
the court may, for the purposes of that determination, treat the acceptance by the prosecutor as conclusive of the
matters to which the acceptance relates.

(5) An allegation may be accepted, or particulars of any matter may be given, for the purposes of this section in
writing in a form acceptable to the court. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 5)

(6) No acceptance by the defendant under this section that-
(a) where section 3(1)(a)(ii) is applicable, he could have been convicted in respect of the offence, or as the

case may be, the offences concerned; or
(b) any payment or other reward was received by him in connection with drug trafficking carried on by

him or another,
shall be admissible in evidence in any proceedings for an offence. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 5)

(7) In any proceedings on an application made for a confiscation order where section 3(1)(a)(ii) or (7) is
applicable-

(a) if the defendant has died, subsection (1B) shall have effect as if it required a copy of the statement
tendered under subsection (1) to be served on the defendant's personal representative;

(b) if the defendant has absconded and section 3(2)(c)(ii)(A) or (9)(b)(i) is not applicable to him, this
section shall have effect as if a copy of the statement tendered under subsection (1) had been served on
the defendant. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 5)

(8) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that, where section 3(1)(a)(ii) is applicable, this section
shall not prejudice the generality of section 3(10). (Added 89 of 1995 s. 5)

(9) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that an allegation may be accepted under this section, and
may always have been so accepted, whether or not subsection (7)(a) or (b) is applicable to the defendant, and
subsection (3) shall be construed accordingly. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)

[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 3 U.K.]

Section: 6 Amount to be recovered under confiscation order 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) Subject to subsection (3), the amount to be recovered in the defendant's case under the confiscation order
shall be the amount the Court of First Instance or the District Court, as the case may be, assesses to be the value of the
defendant's proceeds of drug trafficking. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(2) If the court is satisfied as to any matter relevant for determining the amount that might be realised at the
time the confiscation order is made (whether by an acceptance under section 5 or otherwise), the court may issue a
certificate giving the court's opinion as to the matters concerned and shall do so if satisfied as mentioned in subsection
(3).

(3) If the court is satisfied that the amount that might be realised at the time the confiscation order is made is
less than the amount the court assesses to be the value of his proceeds of drug trafficking, the amount to be recovered
in the defendant's case under the confiscation order shall be-

(a) the amount appearing to the court to be so realised; or
(b) a nominal amount, where it appears to the court (on the information available to it at the time) that the

amount that might be so realised is nil. (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 6)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 4 U.K.]


Section: 6A Interest on amounts to be recovered under confiscation

orders
25 of 1998 01/07/1997



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2




Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 9

(1) The amount to be recovered under a confiscation order shall be treated as a judgment debt for the purposes
of-

(a) where the order was made by the Court of First Instance, section 49 of the High Court Ordinance (Cap
4); (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(b) where the order was made by the District Court, section 50 of the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336),
and, for those purposes, the date of the confiscation order shall be treated as the date of the judgment debt.

(2) Where by virtue of subsection (1) any interest accrues on the amount to be recovered under a confiscation
order, the defendant shall be liable to pay that interest and the amount of the interest shall for the purposes of
enforcement be treated as part of the amount to be recovered from him under the confiscation order.

(Added 89 of 1995 s. 7)

Section: 7 Definition of principal terms used L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014


(1) In this Ordinance, "realisable property" (可現變財產) means, subject to subsection (2)-
(a) any property held by the defendant; (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 8)
(b) any property held by a person to whom the defendant has directly or indirectly made a gift caught by

this Ordinance; and (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 8)
(c) any property that is subject to the effective control of the defendant. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 8)

(2) Property is not realisable property if-
(a) an order under section 102 or 103 of the Criminal Procedure Ordinance (Cap 221); or
(b) an order under section 38F or 56 of the Dangerous Drugs Ordinance (Cap 134),

is in force in respect of the property.
(3) For the purposes of this Ordinance the amount that might be realised at the time a confiscation order is

made against the defendant is- (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 8)
(a) the total of the values at that time of all the realisable property held by the defendant, less
(b) where there are obligations having priority at that time, the total amounts payable in pursuance of such

obligations,
together with the total of the values at that time of all gifts caught by this Ordinance.

(4) Subject to the following subsections, for the purposes of this Ordinance the value of property (other than
cash) in relation to any person holding the property-

(a) where any other person holds an interest in the property, is-
(i) the market value of the first mentioned person's beneficial interest in the property, less
(ii) the amount required to discharge any incumbrance (other than a charging order) on that interest;

and
(b) in any other case, is its market value.

(5) Subject to subsection (10), references in this Ordinance to the value at any time (referred to in subsection
(6) as "the material time" (關鍵時間)) of a gift caught by this Ordinance or of any payment or reward are references
to-

(a) the value of the gift, payment or reward to the recipient when he received it adjusted to take account of
subsequent changes in the value of money; or

(b) where subsection (6) applies, the value there mentioned,
whichever is the greater.

(6) Subject to subsection (10), if at the material time the recipient holds-
(a) the property which he received (not being cash); or
(b) property which, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly represents in his hands the property which he

received,
the value referred to in subsection (5)(b) is the value to him at the material time of the property mentioned in
paragraph (a) or, as the case may be, of the property mentioned in paragraph (b) so far as it so represents the property
which he received, but disregarding in either case any charging order.

(7) For the purposes of subsection (3), an obligation has priority at any time if it is an obligation of the
defendant to-

(a) pay an amount due in respect of a fine, or other order of a court, imposed or made on conviction of an
offence, where the fine was imposed or order made before the confiscation order; or

(b) pay any sum which, if the defendant had been adjudged bankrupt or was being wound up, would be



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 10

among the preferential debts.
(8) In subsection (7)(b) "the preferential debts" (優先債項)-

(a) in relation to bankruptcy, means the debts to be paid in priority under section 38 of the Bankruptcy
Ordinance (Cap 6) (assuming the date of the confiscation order to be the date of filing of the petition
and of the bankruptcy order made under that Ordinance); and (Amended 37 of 1998 s. 8)

(b) in relation to winding up, means the debts to be paid under section 265 of the Companies (Winding Up
and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) (assuming the date of the confiscation order to be
the date of commencement of the winding up and the relevant date for the purpose of that section).
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(9) A gift (including a gift made before the commencement of this Ordinance) is caught by this Ordinance if-
(a) it was made by the defendant at any time since the beginning of the period of 6 years ending when the

proceedings were instituted against him; or
(b) it was made by the defendant at any time and was a gift of property-

(i) received by the defendant in connection with drug trafficking carried on by him or another; or
(ii) which in whole or in part directly or indirectly represented in the defendant's hands property

received by him in that connection.
(10) For the purposes of this Ordinance-

(a) the circumstances in which the defendant is to be treated as making a gift include those where he
transfers property to another person directly or indirectly for a consideration the value of which is
significantly less than the value of the consideration provided by the defendant; and

(b) in those circumstances, the preceding provisions of this section shall apply as if the defendant had
made a gift of such share in the property as bears to the whole property the same proportion as the
difference between the values referred to in paragraph (a) bears to the value of the consideration
provided by the defendant.

(11) For the purposes of subsection (1)-
(a) property, or an interest in property, may be subject to the effective control of the defendant whether or

not the defendant has-
(i) a legal or equitable estate or interest in the property; or
(ii) a right, power or privilege in connection with the property;

(b) without limiting the generality of any other provision of this Ordinance, in determining-
(i) whether or not property, or an interest in property, is subject to the effective control of the

defendant; or
(ii) whether or not there are reasonable grounds to believe that property, or an interest in property, is

subject to the effective control of the defendant,
regard may be had to-
(A) shareholdings in, debentures over or directorships of a company that has an interest (whether

direct or indirect) in the property;
(B) a trust that has a relationship to the property; and
(C) family, domestic and business relationships between persons having an interest in the property,

or in companies of the kind referred to in subparagraph (A) or trusts of the kind referred to in
subparagraph (B), and other persons. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 8)

(12) Where a person obtains a pecuniary advantage in connection with drug trafficking carried on by him or
another, he is to be treated for the purposes of this Ordinance as if he had obtained in connection with that drug
trafficking a sum of money equal to the value of the advantage, and the other provisions of this Ordinance shall be
construed accordingly. (Added 87 of 1997 ss. 1(2) & 36)

(Enacted 1989)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 5 U.K.]


Part: III ENFORCEMENT, ETC. OF CONFISCATION ORDERS 30/06/1997




Section: 8 Application of procedure for enforcing confiscation orders L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


(1) Subject to this section, where the Court of First Instance or the District Court, as the case may be, makes a



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 11

confiscation order- (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 9; 25 of 1998 s. 2)
(a) the court shall also make an order-

(i) subject to subsection (1A), fixing the period within which the amount he is liable to pay under
the confiscation order shall be duly paid; and

(ii) fixing a term of imprisonment which the defendant is to serve if any of that amount is not duly
paid within that period (including paid by way of being recovered); and (Replaced 26 of 2002 s.
2)

(b) section 114(1), (3), (4), (5), (6) and (7) of the Criminal Procedure Ordinance (Cap 221) shall apply as
if-
(i) that amount were a fine imposed upon him by the court; and
(ii) the term of imprisonment fixed under this section were a term fixed under section 114(1)(c) of

that Ordinance.
(1A) The court shall not under subsection (1)(a)(i) fix a period longer than 6 months unless it is satisfied that

there are special circumstances which justify it doing so. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(2) The terms set out in the second column of the following table shall be the maximum terms of imprisonment

under subsection (1) applicable respectively to the amounts set out opposite thereto.


TABLE
An amount not exceeding $200000 ............................................................ 12 months
An amount exceeding $200000 but not exceeding $500000 ......................... 18 months
An amount exceeding $500000 but not exceeding $1 million ........................ 2 years
An amount exceeding $1 million but not exceeding $2.5 million ................... 3 years
An amount exceeding $2.5 million but not exceeding $10 million .................. 5 years
An amount exceeding $10 million .............................................................. 10 years

(3) Subsections (1) and (2) shall apply in relation to the District Court. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 9)
(3A) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that no limitation on the jurisdiction of the District Court

as to the imposition of penalties set out in section 82 of the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336) shall be construed so
as to prejudice the operation of subsection (3). (Added 89 of 1995 s. 9)

(4) Where the defendant-
(a) becomes liable to serve a term of imprisonment fixed under this section in respect of a confiscation

order; and
(b) is also liable to serve a term of imprisonment or detention in respect of the offence or offences

concerned,
the term of imprisonment mentioned in paragraph (a) shall not begin to run until after the end of the term of
imprisonment or detention mentioned in paragraph (b).

(5) For the purposes of subsection (4)-
(a) consecutive terms and terms which are wholly or partly concurrent shall be treated as a single term;

and
(b) there shall be disregarded-

(i) any sentence suspended under section 109B of the Criminal Procedure Ordinance (Cap 221)
which has not taken effect at the time the defendant becomes liable to a term of imprisonment
under this section; and

(ii) any term of imprisonment fixed under section 114(1) of the Criminal Procedure Ordinance (Cap
221) for which the defendant has not at that time been committed.

(6) Sections 86 and 109A of the Criminal Procedure Ordinance (Cap 221) shall not apply in relation to fixing a
term of imprisonment under this section. (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 9)

(7) This section shall not apply in relation to a confiscation order where section 3(1)(a)(ii) or (7) is applicable.
(Added 89 of 1995 s. 9)

(8) At the end of each day's sitting of the Court of First Instance or the District Court, the Registrar of the High
Court or District Court, as the case may be, shall deliver (or cause to be delivered) to the Commissioner of
Correctional Services a certificate, in the form specified in Schedule 3, in respect of each term of imprisonment fixed
under this section. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 9. Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(9) A certificate referred to in subsection (8) shall be a sufficient warrant to the Commissioner of Correctional
Services for receiving into his custody the defendant named in the certificate and for carrying into effect the term of
imprisonment fixed under this section in respect of that defendant. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 9)



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 12

[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 6 U.K.]

Section: 9 Cases in which restraint orders and charging orders may

be made
L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003



(1) The powers conferred on the Court of First Instance by sections 10(1) and 11(1) are exercisable where-
(a) proceedings have been instituted in Hong Kong against the defendant for a drug trafficking offence or-

(i) and application for a confiscation order has been made in respect of the defendant where section
3(1)(a)(ii) or (7) is applicable; or

(ii) an application has been made under section 15(1A) in respect of a confiscation order made
against the defendant; (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 10)

(b) the proceedings have not, or the application has not, as the case may be, been concluded; (Replaced 89
of 1995 s. 10. Amended 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(ba) subject to subsection (1A), if section 2(11)(aa) is applicable to an offence, the Court of First Instance is
satisfied that, in all the circumstances of the case, there is reasonable cause to believe that the
defendant may be charged with the offence after further investigation is carried out; and (Added 26 of
2002 s. 2)

(c) the Court of First Instance is satisfied that there is reasonable cause to believe-
(i) in the case of an application referred to in paragraph (a)(ii), that the Court of First Instance will

be satisfied as specified in section 15(1A);
(ii) in any other case, that the defendant has benefited from drug trafficking. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s.

10)
(1A) Subject to subsection (1B), where a power conferred on the Court of First Instance by section 10(1) or 11(1)

is exercisable only on the ground mentioned in subsection (1)(ba), then the Court of First Instance shall specify a date
on which any restraint order or charging order arising from that ground shall expire, being a date-

(a) subject to paragraph (b), not later than is reasonably necessary for the purposes of the investigation
concerned mentioned in subsection (1)(ba); and

(b) in any case, not later than 6 months after the date on which that order is made. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(1B) The Court of First Instance may extend a restraint order or charging order mentioned in subsection (1A)-

(a) on the ground only that the Court of First Instance is satisfied that the defendant will be charged with
the offence concerned after further investigation is carried out;

(b) subject to paragraph (c), not longer than is reasonably necessary for the purposes of that investigation;
and

(c) in any case, for not more than 6 months. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(2) Those powers are also exercisable where the Court of First Instance is satisfied-

(a) that whether by the laying of an information or otherwise, a person is to be charged in Hong Kong with
a drug trafficking offence; and

(b) that there is reasonable cause to believe that he has benefited from drug trafficking.
(3) For the purposes of sections 10 and 11, in relation to the exercise of those powers at any time before

proceedings have been instituted-
(a) references in this Ordinance to the defendant shall be construed as references to the person referred to

in subsection (2)(a);
(b) references in this Ordinance to the prosecutor shall be construed as references to the person who the

Court of First Instance is satisfied is to have the conduct of the case for the prosecution in the proposed
proceedings; and

(c) references in this Ordinance to realisable property shall be construed as if, immediately before that
time, proceedings had been instituted against the person referred to in subsection (2)(a) for a drug
trafficking offence.

(4) Where the Court of First Instance has made an order under section 10(1) or 11(1) by virtue of subsection
(2), the Court of First Instance shall discharge the order if proceedings in respect of the offence are not instituted
within such time as the Court of First Instance considers reasonable.

(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 7 U.K.]





Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 13

Section: 10 Restraint orders L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


(1) The Court of First Instance may by order (in this Ordinance referred to as a "restraint order " (限制令))
prohibit any person from dealing with any realisable property, subject to such conditions and exceptions as may be
specified in the order. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(2) A restraint order may apply-
(a) to all realisable property held by a specified person, whether the property is described in the order or

not; and
(b) to realisable property held by a specified person, being property transferred to him after the making of

the order.
(3) This section shall not have effect in relation to any property for the time being subject to a charge under

section 11.
(4) A restraint order-

(a) may be made only on an application by the prosecutor;
(b) may be made on an ex parte application to a judge in chambers; and
(c) shall provide for notice to be given to persons affected by the order.

(5) A restraint order-
(a) may be discharged or varied in relation to any property; and
(b) shall be discharged on the conclusion of the proceedings or application concerned. (Replaced 89 of

1995 s. 11)
(6) An application for the discharge or variation of a restraint order may be made by any person affected by it.
(7) Where the Court of First Instance has made a restraint order, the Court of First Instance may at any time

appoint a receiver-
(a) to take possession of any realisable property; and
(b) in accordance with the directions of the Court of First Instance, to manage or otherwise deal with any

property in respect of which he is appointed,
subject to such exceptions and conditions as may be specified by the Court of First Instance; and may require any
person having possession of property in respect of which a receiver is appointed under this section to give possession
of it to the receiver. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(8) (Repealed 89 of 1995 s. 11)
(9) Where the Court of First Instance has made a restraint order, an authorized officer may, for the purpose of

preventing any realisable property being removed from Hong Kong, seize the property. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
(10) Property seized under subsection (9) shall be dealt with in accordance with the directions of the Court of

First Instance. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
(11) Where any property specified in a restraint order is immovable property the order shall, for the purposes of

the Land Registration Ordinance (Cap 128)-
(a) be deemed to be an instrument affecting land; and
(b) be registrable as such in the Land Registry under that Ordinance in such manner as the Land Registrar

thinks fit. (Amended 8 of 1993 ss. 2 & 3)
(12) An authorized officer may, by notice in writing served on a person who holds any realisable property the

subject of a restraint order, require the person to deliver to the authorized officer, to the extent that it is practicable to
do so, documents, or copies of documents, or any other information (in whatever form), in his possession or control
which may assist the authorized officer to determine the value of the property. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(13) A person who receives a notice under subsection (12) shall, as soon as is practicable after receipt of the
notice, comply with the notice to the extent that it is practicable to do so taking into account the nature of the
realisable property the subject of the restraint order concerned. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(14) A disclosure made in order to comply with a requirement under subsection (12)-
(a) shall not be treated as a breach of any restriction upon the disclosure of information imposed by

contract or by any enactment, rule of conduct or other provision;
(b) shall not render the person who made it liable in damages for any loss arising out of-

(i) the disclosure;
(ii) any act done or omitted to be done in relation to the property concerned in consequence of the

disclosure. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(15) Any person who contravenes subsection (13) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at

level 5 and to imprisonment for 1 year. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 14

(16) A person who knowingly deals in any realisable property in contravention of a restraint order commits an
offence. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(17) A person who commits an offence under subsection (16) is liable-
(a) on conviction upon indictment to a fine of $500000 or to the value of the realisable property the

subject of the restraint order concerned which has been dealt with in contravention of that order,
whichever is the greater, and to imprisonment for 5 years; or

(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $250000 and to imprisonment for 2 years. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 8 U.K.]


Section: 11 Charging orders in respect of land, securities, etc. L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


(1) The Court of First Instance may make a charging order on realisable property for securing the payment to
the Government-

(a) where a confiscation order has not been made, of an amount equal to the value from time to time of the
property charged; and

(b) in any other case, of an amount not exceeding the amount payable under the confiscation order.
(2) For the purposes of this Ordinance, a charging order is an order made under this section imposing on any

such realisable property as may be specified in the order a charge for securing the payment of money to the
Government.

(3) A charging order-
(a) may be made only on an application by the prosecutor;
(b) may be made on an ex parte application to a judge in chambers;
(c) shall provide for notice to be given to persons affected by the order; and
(d) may be made subject to such conditions as the Court of First Instance thinks fit and, without prejudice

to the generality of this paragraph, such conditions as it thinks fit as to the time when the charge is to
become effective.

(4) Subject to subsection (6), a charge may be imposed by a charging order only on-
(a) any interest in realisable property, being an interest held beneficially by the defendant or by a person to

whom the defendant has directly or indirectly made a gift caught by this Ordinance-
(i) in any asset of a kind specified in Schedule 2; or
(ii) under any trust; or

(b) any interest in realisable property held by a person as trustee of a trust if the interest is in such an asset
or is an interest under another trust and a charge may by virtue of paragraph (a) be imposed by a
charging order on the whole beneficial interest under the first mentioned trust.

(5) In any case where a charge is imposed by a charging order on any interest in an asset of a kind specified in
Schedule 2, the Court of First Instance may provide for the charge to extend to any interest, dividend or other
distribution payable and any bonus issue in respect of the asset.

(6) In relation to a charging order, the Court of First Instance-
(a) may make an order discharging or varying it; and
(b) shall make an order discharging the charging order-

(i) on the conclusion of the proceedings or application concerned; or
(ii) on payment into the Court of First Instance of the amount payment of which is secured by the

charge. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 12)
(7) An application for the discharge or variation of a charging order may be made by any person affected by it.
(8) Subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, a charge imposed by a charging order shall have the like effect

and shall be enforceable in the same manner as an equitable charge created by the person holding the beneficial
interest or, as the case may be, the trustee, by writing under his hand.

(9) An authorized officer may, by notice in writing served on a person who holds any realisable property the
subject of a charging order, require the person to deliver to the authorized officer, to the extent that it is practicable to
do so, documents, or copies of documents, or any other information (in whatever form), in his possession or control
which may assist the authorized officer to determine the value of the property. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(10) A person who receives a notice under subsection (9) shall, as soon as is practicable after receipt of the
notice, comply with the notice to the extent that it is practicable to do so taking into account the nature of the
realisable property the subject of the charging order concerned. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(11) A disclosure made in order to comply with a requirement under subsection (9)-



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 15

(a) shall not be treated as a breach of any restriction upon the disclosure of information imposed by
contract or by any enactment, rule of conduct or other provision;

(b) shall not render the person who made it liable in damages for any loss arising out of-
(i) the disclosure;
(ii) any act done or omitted to be done in relation to the property concerned in consequence of the

disclosure. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(12) Any person who contravenes subsection (10) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at

level 5 and to imprisonment for 1 year. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(13) A person who knowingly deals in any realisable property in contravention of a charging order commits an

offence. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(14) A person who commits an offence under subsection (13) is liable-

(a) on conviction upon indictment to a fine of $500000 or to the value of the realisable property the
subject of the charging order concerned which has been dealt with in contravention of that order,
whichever is the greater, and to imprisonment for 5 years; or

(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $250000 and to imprisonment for 2 years. (Added 26 of 2002 s. 2)
(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 9 U.K.]

Section: 12 Realisation of property 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) Where-
(a) in proceedings instituted for a drug trafficking offence, a confiscation order is made (including any

case where section 3(1)(a)(ii) or (7) is applicable); (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 13)
(b) the order is not subject to appeal or review within the meaning of section 2(13); and
(c) the proceedings have not been concluded,

the Court of First Instance may, on an application by the prosecutor, exercise the powers conferred by subsections (2)
to (6).

(2) The Court of First Instance may appoint a receiver in respect of realisable property.
(3) The Court of First Instance may empower a receiver appointed under subsection (2), under section 10 or in

pursuance of a charging order-
(a) to enforce any charge imposed under section 11 on realisable property or on any interest, dividend or

other distribution payable and any bonus issue in respect of such property; and
(b) in relation to any realisable property other than property for the time being subject to a charge under

section 11, to take possession of the property subject to such conditions or exceptions as may be
specified by the Court of First Instance.

(4) The Court of First Instance may order any person having possession of realisable property to give
possession of it to any such receiver.

(5) The Court of First Instance may empower any such receiver to realise any realisable property in such
manner as the Court of First Instance may direct.

(6) The Court of First Instance may order any person holding an interest in realisable property to make such
payment to the receiver in respect of any beneficial interest held by the defendant or, as the case may be, the recipient
of a gift caught by this Ordinance as the Court of First Instance may direct and the Court of First Instance may, on the
payment being made, by order transfer, grant or extinguish any interest in the property.

(7) Subsections (4) to (6) do not apply to property for the time being subject to a charge under section 11.
(8) The Court of First Instance shall not in respect of any property exercise the powers conferred by subsection

(3)(a), (5) or (6) unless a reasonable opportunity has been given for persons holding any interest in the property to
make representations to the Court of First Instance.

(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 11 U.K.]





Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 16

Section: 13 Application of proceeds of realisation and other sums 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the following sums in the hands of a receiver appointed under section 10 or 12 or
in pursuance of a charging order, that is-

(a) the proceeds of the enforcement of any charge imposed under section 11;
(b) the proceeds of the realisation, other than by the enforcement of such a charge, of any property under

section 10 or 12; and
(c) any other sums, being property held by the defendant,

shall first be applied in payment of such expenses incurred by a person acting as an insolvency officer as are payable
under section 18(2) and then shall, after such payments (if any) as the Court of First Instance may direct have been
made out of those sums- (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(i) be payable to the Registrar; and
(ii) be applied on the defendant's behalf towards the satisfaction of the confiscation order in the manner

provided by subsection (3).
(2) If, after the amount payable under the confiscation order has been fully paid, any such sums remain in the

hands of such a receiver, the receiver shall distribute those sums-
(a) among such of those who held property which has been realised under this Ordinance; and
(b) in such proportions,

as the Court of First Instance may direct after giving a reasonable opportunity for such persons to make
representations to the Court of First Instance. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(3) The receipt of any sum by the Registrar on account of an amount payable under a confiscation order shall
reduce the amount so payable, but the Registrar shall apply the sum received for the purposes specified in this section
and in the order so specified.

(4) The Registrar shall first pay any expenses incurred by a person acting as an insolvency officer and payable
under section 18(2) but not already paid under subsection (1).

(5) If the sum was paid to the Registrar by a receiver appointed under section 10 or 12 or in pursuance of a
charging order the Registrar shall next pay the receiver's remuneration and expenses.

(6) After making-
(a) any payment required by subsection (4); and
(b) in a case to which subsection (5) applies, any payment required by that subsection,

the Registrar shall reimburse any amount paid under section 19(2).
(7) Any balance in the hands of the Registrar after he has made all payments required by the foregoing

subsections shall be paid into the general revenue. (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 14)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 12 U.K.]


Section: 14 Exercise of powers by Court of First Instance or receiver 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Expanded Cross Reference:

10,11,12,13



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) The following subsections apply to the powers conferred on the Court of First Instance by sections 10 to 13,
or on a receiver appointed under section 10 or 12 or in pursuance of a charging order. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(2) Subject to subsections (3), (4), (5) and (6), the powers shall be exercised with a view to making available
for satisfying the confiscation order or, as the case may be, any confiscation order that may be made in the defendant's
case the value for the time being of realisable property held by any person by the realisation of such property.

(3) In the case of realisable property held by a person to whom the defendant has directly or indirectly made a
gift caught by this Ordinance, the powers shall be exercised with a view to realising no more than the value for the
time being of the gift.



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 17

(4) The powers shall be exercised with a view to allowing any person other than the defendant or the recipient
of any such gift to retain or recover the value of any property held by him.

(5) An order may be made or other action taken in respect of a debt owed by the Government.
(6) In exercising those powers, no account shall be taken of any obligations of the defendant or of the recipient

of any such gift which conflict with the obligation to satisfy the confiscation order.
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 13 U.K.]


Section: 15 Variation of confiscation orders 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) If, on an application by the prosecutor or the defendant (or, in the case of a defendant who has died, his
personal representative on his behalf) in respect of a confiscation order, the Court of First Instance is satisfied that the
realisable property is inadequate for the payment of any amount remaining to be recovered under the confiscation
order, the Court of First Instance shall make an order- (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 15)

(a) substituting for the amount to be recovered under the confiscation order such lesser amount as the
Court of First Instance thinks just in all the circumstances of the case; and

(b) substituting for the term of imprisonment fixed under section 8 in respect of the amount to be
recovered under the confiscation order a shorter term determined in accordance with that section in
respect of the lesser amount.

(1A) If, on an application by the prosecutor made in respect of a confiscation order, the Court of First Instance is
satisfied that any of the conditions referred to in subsection (1B) are fulfilled, the Court of First Instance may make an
order-

(a) substituting for the amount to be recovered under the confiscation order such greater amount as the
Court of First Instance thinks just in all the circumstances of the case; and

(b) substituting for the term of imprisonment fixed under section 8 in respect of the amount to be
recovered under the confiscation order a greater term determined in accordance with that section in
respect of the greater amount. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 15)

(1B) The conditions referred to in subsection (1A) are-
(a) the value of the defendant's proceeds of drug trafficking was greater than the value of the defendant's

proceeds of drug trafficking assessed by the Court of First Instance or the District Court, as the case
may be, at the time of the making of the confiscation order;

(b) the prosecutor becomes aware of realisable property, the existence of which was not known to him at
the time of the making of the confiscation order;

(c) the amount realised from the defendant's proceeds of drug trafficking is greater than the amount the
Court of First Instance or the District Court, as the case may be, assessed to be the amount to be
recovered under the confiscation order. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 15)

(2) For the purposes of this section- (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 15)
(a) in the case of realisable property held by a person who has been adjudged bankrupt or whose estate has

been sequestrated the Court of First Instance shall take into account the extent to which any property
held by him may be distributed among creditors; and

(b) the Court of First Instance may disregard any inadequacy in the realisable property which appears to
the Court of First Instance to be attributable wholly or partly to anything done by the defendant for the
purpose of preserving any property held by a person to whom the defendant had directly or indirectly
made a gift caught by this Ordinance from any risk of realisation under this Ordinance.

(3) No application shall be entertained by the Court of First Instance under subsection (1A) if it is made after
the end of the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the confiscation order concerned was made. (Added
89 of 1995 s. 15)

(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 14 U.K.]


Section: 16 Bankruptcy of defendants, etc. L.N. 185 of 2007 10/12/2007


Expanded Cross Reference:



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 18

10, 11, 12, 13



(1) Where a person who holds realisable property is adjudged bankrupt-
(a) property for the time being subject to a restraint order made before the order adjudging him bankrupt;

and
(b) any proceeds of property realised by virtue of section 10(7) or 12(5) or (6) for the time being in the

hands of a receiver appointed under section 10 or 12,
are excluded from the property of the bankrupt for the purposes of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6).

(2) Where a person has been adjudged bankrupt, the powers conferred on the Court of First Instance by
sections 10 to 13 shall not be exercised in relation to- (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(a) property for the time being comprised in the property of the bankrupt for the purposes of the
Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6); and

(b) property which is to be applied for the benefit of creditors of the bankrupt by virtue of a condition
imposed under section 30A(9) of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6). (Amended 76 of 1996 s. 87)

(3) Nothing in the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6) shall be taken as restricting, or enabling the restriction of, the
exercise of the powers conferred on the Court of First Instance by sections 10 to 13. (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)


(4) Subsection (2) does not affect the enforcement of a charging order-
(a) made before the order adjudging the person bankrupt; or
(b) on property which was subject to a restraint order when the order adjudging him bankrupt was made.

(5) Where, in the case of a debtor, an interim trustee stands appointed under section 13 of the Bankruptcy
Ordinance (Cap 6) and any property of the debtor is subject to a restraint order, the powers conferred on the interim
trustee by virtue of that Ordinance do not apply to property for the time being subject to the restraint order. (Amended
18 of 2005 s. 48)

(6) Where a person is adjudged bankrupt and has directly or indirectly made a gift caught by this Ordinance-
(a) a court shall not make an order under-

(i) section 49 or 50 of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6); or (Amended 76 of 1996 s. 87)
(ii) section 60 of the Conveyancing and Property Ordinance (Cap 219),
in respect of the making of a gift at any time when-
(A) proceedings for a drug trafficking offence have been instituted against him but have not been

concluded;
(B) an application-

(I) for a confiscation order has been made in respect of the person where section 3(1)(a)(ii) or
(7) is applicable; or

(II) has been made under section 15(1A) in respect of a confiscation order made against the
person,

and the application has not been concluded; or
(C) property of the person to whom the gift was made is subject to a restraint order or charging order;

and
(b) any order made under any of the sections referred to in paragraph (a)(i) or (ii) after the conclusion of

the proceedings or application shall take into account any realisation under this Ordinance of property
held by the person to whom the gift was made. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 16)

[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 15 U.K.]

Section: 17 Winding up of company holding realisable property E.R. 2 of 2014 10/04/2014


Expanded Cross Reference:

10, 11, 12, 13



(1) Where realisable property is held by a company and an order for the winding up of the company has been
made or a resolution has been passed by the company for voluntary winding up, the functions of the liquidator (or any
provisional liquidator) shall not be exercisable in relation to-

(a) property for the time being subject to a restraint order made before the relevant time; and
(b) any proceeds of property realised by virtue of section 10(7) or 12(5) or (6) for the time being in the



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 19

hands of a receiver appointed under section 10 or 12.
(2) Where, in the case of a company, such an order has been made or such a resolution has been passed, the

powers conferred on the Court of First Instance by sections 10 to 13 shall not be exercised in relation to any realisable
property held by the company in relation to which the functions of the liquidator are exercisable-

(a) so as to inhibit him from exercising those functions for the purpose of distributing any property held by
the company to the company's creditors; or

(b) so as to prevent the payment out of any property of expenses (including the remuneration of the
liquidator or any provisional liquidator) properly incurred in the winding up in respect of the property.

(3) Nothing in the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) or the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous
Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) shall be taken as restricting, or enabling the restriction of, the exercise of the powers
conferred on the Court of First Instance by sections 10 to 13. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(3A) Subsection (3) shall apply to any proceedings relating to an appeal, further appeal or review against any
exercise of the powers referred to in that subsection as if the court hearing the appeal, further appeal or review, as the
case may be, were the Court of First Instance. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 17)

(4) Subsection (2) does not affect the enforcement of a charging order made before the relevant time or on
property which was subject to a restraint order at the relevant time.

(5) In this section-
"company" (公司 ) means any company which may be wound up under the Companies (Winding Up and

Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32); (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
"the relevant time" (有關時間) means-

(a) where no order for the winding up of the company has been made, the time of the passing of the
resolution for voluntary winding up;

(b) where such an order has been made and, before the presentation of the petition for the winding up of
the company by the Court of First Instance, such a resolution had been passed by the company, the
time of the passing of the resolution; and

(c) in any other case where such an order has been made, the time of the making of the order.
(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2; E.R. 2 of 2014)

[cf. 1986 c . 32 s. 17 U.K.]

Section: 18 Insolvency officers dealing with property subject to

restraint order
L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014



(1) Without prejudice to the generality of any provision contained in the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6), the
Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) or any other Ordinance, where-
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(a) any insolvency officer seizes or disposes of any property in relation to which his functions are not
exercisable because it is for the time being subject to a restraint order; and

(b) at the time of the seizure or disposal he believes, and has reasonable grounds for believing, that he is
entitled (whether in pursuance of an order of a court or otherwise) to seize or dispose of that property,

he shall not be liable to any other person in respect of any loss or damage resulting from the seizure or disposal except
in so far as the loss or damage is caused by his negligence; and the insolvency officer shall have a lien on the property,
or the proceeds of its sale, for such of his expenses as were incurred in connection with the liquidation, bankruptcy or
other proceedings in relation to which the seizure or disposal purported to take place and for so much of his
remuneration as may reasonably be assigned for his acting in connection with those proceedings.

(2) Any insolvency officer who incurs expenses-
(a) in respect of such property as is mentioned in subsection (1)(a) and in so doing does not know and has

no reasonable grounds to believe that the property is for the time being subject to a restraint order; or
(b) other than in respect of such property as is so mentioned, being expenses which, but for the effect of a

restraint order, might have been met by taking possession of and realising the property,
shall be entitled (whether or not he has seized or disposed of that property so as to have a lien under that subsection) to
payment of those expenses under section 13(1) or (3).

(3) In this section "insolvency officer" (債務處理人) means-



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 20

(a) the Official Receiver; or
(b) any person acting as-

(i) a trustee (including provisional trustee), interim trustee or special manager appointed under the
Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6); or (Amended 18 of 2005 s. 48)

(ii) a liquidator, provisional liquidator or special manager appointed under the Companies (Winding
Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32). (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(Enacted 1989)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 17A U.K.]


Section: 19 Receivers: supplementary provisions 30/06/1997


(1) Where a receiver appointed under section 10 or 12 or in pursuance of a charging order takes any action-
(a) in relation to property which is not realisable property, being action which he would be entitled to take

if it were such property;
(b) believing, and having reasonable grounds for believing, that he is entitled to take that action in relation

to that property,
he shall not be liable to any person in respect of any loss or damage resulting from his action except in so far as the
loss or damage is caused by his negligence.

(2) Any amount due in respect of the remuneration and expenses of a receiver so appointed shall, if no sum is
available to be applied in payment of it under section 13(3), be paid by the prosecutor or, in a case where proceedings
for a drug trafficking offence are not instituted, by the person on whose application the receiver was appointed.

(Enacted 1989)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 18 U.K.]


Part: IV INVESTIGATIONS INTO DRUG TRAFFICKING 30/06/1997




Section: 20 Order to make material available 30/06/1997


(1) An authorized officer may, for the purpose of an investigation into drug trafficking, apply to a court for an
order under subsection (2) in relation to particular material or material of a particular description.

(2) Subject to section 23(10), the court may, if on such an application it is satisfied that the conditions in
subsection (4) are fulfilled, make an order-

(a) that the person who appears to the court to be in possession or control of the material to which the
application relates shall-
(i) produce the material to an authorized officer for him to take away; or
(ii) give an authorized officer access to it,
within such period as the order may specify;

(b) that the person who appears to the court likely to come into possession or control of the material to
which the application relates shall, when the person comes into possession or control of any such
material-
(i) produce the material to an authorized officer for him to take away; or
(ii) give an authorized officer access to it,
within such period as the order may specify; or

(c) in terms both of paragraphs (a) and (b). (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 18)
(2A) An order under subsection (2), in so far as it is in terms of paragraph (b) of that subsection, shall cease to

have effect upon the expiration of 3 months after the day on which the order is made, or upon the expiration of such
lesser period, if any, as is specified in the order for the purpose, but nothing in this subsection shall-

(a) affect any obligation incurred under that order prior to its expiration;
(b) prevent, in relation to the person required to comply with that order, any further order being made

under that subsection in respect of that person (including before the expiration of that first-mentioned
order). (Added 89 of 1995 s. 18)

(3) The period to be specified in an order under subsection (2) shall be 7 days unless it appears to the court that
a longer or shorter period would be appropriate in the particular circumstances of the application.

(4) The conditions referred to in subsection (2) are-



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 21

(a) that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that a specified person has carried on or has benefited
from drug trafficking;

(b) that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the material to which the application relates-
(i) is likely to be of substantial value (whether by itself or together with other material) to the

investigation for the purpose of which the application is made; and
(ii) does not consist of or include items subject to legal privilege; and

(c) that there are reasonable grounds for believing that it is in the public interest, having regard-
(i) to the benefit likely to accrue to the investigation if the material is obtained; and
(ii) to the circumstances under which the person-

(A) in possession or control of the material holds or controls it, as the case may be; or
(B) likely to come into possession or control of the material will hold or control it, as the case

may be, if he comes into such possession or control,
as the case may be. (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 18)

that the material should be produced or that access to it should be given.
(5) Where a court makes an order under subsection (2)(a)(ii) or (b)(ii) in relation to material on any premises it

may, on the same or a subsequent application of an authorized officer, order any person who appears to him to be
entitled to grant entry to the premises to allow an authorized officer to enter the premises to obtain access to the
material. (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 18)

(6) Rules of court may provide for-
(a) the discharge and variation of orders under this section; and
(b) proceedings relating to such orders.

(7) Where the material to which an application under this section relates consists of information contained in or
accessible by means of any data equipment-

(a) an order under subsection (2)(a)(i) or (b)(i) shall have effect as an order to produce the material in a
form in which it can be taken away and in which it is visible and legible; and (Amended 89 of 1995 s.
18)

(b) an order under subsection (2)(a)(ii) or (b)(ii) shall have effect as an order to give access to the material
in a form in which it is visible and legible. (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 18)

(8) In subsection (7), "data equipment" (數據設備) means any equipment which-
(a) automatically processes information;
(b) automatically records or stores information;
(c) can be used to cause information to be automatically recorded, stored or otherwise processed on other

equipment (wherever situated);
(d) can be used to retrieve information, whether the information is recorded or stored in the equipment

itself or in other equipment (wherever situated).
(9) An order under subsection (2)-

(a) shall not confer any right to production of, or access to, items subject to legal privilege;
(b) shall have effect notwithstanding any obligation as to secrecy or other restriction upon the disclosure

of information imposed by statute or otherwise; and
(c) may be made in relation to material in the possession of a public body as defined in section 23.

(Enacted 1989)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 27 U.K.]


Section: 21 Authority for search 30/06/1997


(1) An authorized officer may, for the purpose of an investigation into drug trafficking, apply to a court for a
warrant under this section in relation to specified premises.

(2) On such application the court may issue a warrant authorizing an authorized officer to enter and search the
premises if it is satisfied-

(a) that an order made under section 20 in relation to material on the premises has not been complied with;
or

(b) that the conditions in subsection (3) are fulfilled; or
(c) that the conditions in subsection (4) are fulfilled.

(3) The conditions referred to in subsection (2)(b) are-
(a) that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that a specified person has carried on or has benefited



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 22

from drug trafficking; and
(b) that the conditions in section 20(4)(b) and (c) are fulfilled in relation to any material on the premises;

and
(c) that it would not be appropriate to make an order under that section in relation to the material because-

(i) it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to produce the material; or
(ii) it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to grant access to the material or

entitled to grant entry to the premises on which the material is situated; or
(iii) the investigation for the purposes of which the application is made might be seriously prejudiced

unless an authorized officer could secure immediate access to the material.
(4) The conditions referred to in subsection (2)(c) are-

(a) that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that a specified person has carried on or has benefited
from drug trafficking; and

(b) that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that there is on the premises material relating to the
specified person or to drug trafficking which is likely to be of substantial value (whether by itself or
together with other material) to the investigation for the purpose of which the application is made, but
that the material cannot at the time of the application be particularized; and

(c) that-
(i) it is not practicable to communicate with any person entitled to grant entry to the premises; or
(ii) entry to the premises will not be granted unless a warrant is produced; or
(iii) the investigation for the purposes of which the application is made might be seriously prejudiced

unless an authorized officer arriving at the premises could secure immediate entry to them.
(5) Where an authorized officer has entered premises in the execution of a warrant issued under this section, he

may seize and retain any material, other than items subject to legal privilege, which is likely to be of substantial value
(whether by itself or together with other material) to the investigation for the purpose of which the warrant was issued.

(6) Any person who hinders or obstructs an authorized officer in the execution of a warrant issued under this
section commits an offence and is liable-

(a) on conviction upon indictment to a fine of $250000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $50000 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(7) Notwithstanding section 83 of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1), but subject to this
section, a warrant may be issued under this section authorizing entry to premises for the purpose of searching for or
seizing material which is known or suspected to be journalistic material. (Added 88 of 1995 s. 5)

(Enacted 1989)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 28 U.K.]


Section: 22 Supplementary provisions to sections 20 and 21 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) An authorized officer may photograph or make copies of any material-
(a) produced or to which access is given under section 20; or
(b) seized under section 21.

(2) In sections 2O and 21-
"court" (法庭) means the Court of First Instance and the District Court; (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
"items subject to legal privilege" (享有法律特權的品目) means-

(a) communications between a professional legal adviser and his client or any person representing his
client made in connection with the giving of legal advice to the client;

(b) communications between a professional legal adviser and his client or any person representing his
client or between such an adviser or his client or any such representative and any other person made in
connection with or in contemplation of legal proceedings and for the purposes of such proceedings;
and

(c) items enclosed with or referred to in such communications and made-
(i) in connection with the giving of legal advice; or
(ii) in connection with or in contemplation of legal proceedings and for the purposes of such



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 23

proceedings,
when they are in the possession of a person who is entitled to possession of them, but excluding, in
any case, any communications or item held with the intention of furthering a criminal purpose;

"premises" (房產) includes any place and, in particular, includes-
(a) any vehicle, vessel, aircraft, hovercraft or offshore structure; and
(b) any tent or movable structure.

[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 29 U.K.]

Section: 23 Disclosure of information held by public bodies 25 of 1998; 15 of

1999
01/07/1997



Expanded Cross Reference:

10, 11, 12



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2; 15 of 1999 s. 3


(1) Subject to subsection (4), the Court of First Instance may, on an application by the prosecutor, order any
material mentioned in subsection (3) which is in the possession of a public body to be produced to the Court of First
Instance within such period as the Court of First Instance may specify.

(2) The power to make an order under subsection (1) is exercisable if-
(a) the powers conferred on the Court of First Instance by sections 10(1) and 11(1) are exercisable by

virtue of section 9(1); or
(b) those powers are exercisable by virtue of section 9(2) and the Court of First Instance has made a

restraint or charging order which has not been discharged,
but where the power to make an order under subsection (1) is exercisable by virtue only of paragraph (b), section 9(3)
shall apply for the purposes of this section as it applies for the purposes of sections 10 and 11.

(3) The material referred to in subsection (1) is any material which-
(a) has been submitted to an officer of a public body by the defendant or by a person who has at any time

held property which was realisable property;
(b) has been made by an officer of a public body in relation to the defendant or such a person; or
(c) is correspondence which passed between an officer of a public body and the defendant or such a

person,
and an order under that subsection may require the production of all such material or of a particular description of
such material, being material in the possession of the body concerned.

(4) An order under subsection (1) shall not require the production of any material unless it appears to the Court
of First Instance that the material is likely to contain information that would facilitate the exercise of the powers
conferred on the Court of First Instance by sections 10 to 12 or on a receiver appointed under section 10 or 12 or in
pursuance of a charging order.

(5) The Court of First Instance may by order authorize the disclosure to such a receiver of any material
produced under subsection (1) or any part of such material; but the Court of First Instance shall not make an order
under this subsection unless a reasonable opportunity has been given for an officer of the public body to make
representations to the Court of First Instance.

(6) Material disclosed in pursuance of an order under subsection (5) may, subject to any conditions contained
in the order, be further disclosed for the purposes of the functions under this Ordinance of the receiver or the Court of
First Instance.

(7) The Court of First Instance may by order authorize the disclosure to an authorized officer of any material
produced under subsection (1) or any part of such material; but the Court of First Instance shall not make an order
under this subsection unless-

(a) a reasonable opportunity has been given for an officer of the public body to make representations to
the Court of First Instance; and

(b) it appears to the Court of First Instance that the material is likely to be of substantial value in
exercising functions relating to drug trafficking.

(8) Material disclosed in pursuance of an order under subsection (7) may, subject to any conditions contained
in the order, be further disclosed for the purposes of functions relating to drug trafficking.



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 24

(9) Material may be produced or disclosed in pursuance of this section notwithstanding any obligation as to
secrecy or other restriction upon the disclosure of information imposed by statute or otherwise.

(10) An order under subsection (1) and, in the case of material in the possession of a public body, an order under
section 20(2) may require any officer of the public body (whether named in the order or not) who may for the time
being be in possession of the material concerned to comply with it, and such an order shall be served as if the
proceedings were civil proceedings against the Government. (Amended 15 of 1999 s. 3)

(11) In this section "public body" (公共機構) means-
(a) any Government department; and
(b) any body specified by the Chief Executive under subsection (12). (Amended 15 of 1999 s. 3)

(12) The Chief Executive may, by notice in the Gazette, specify a body to be a public body for the purposes of
this section. (Amended 15 of 1999 s. 3)

(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 30 U.K.]


Section: 24 Offence of prejudicing investigation 30/06/1997


(1) Where, in relation to an investigation into drug trafficking, an order under section 20 has been made or has
been applied for and has not been refused or a warrant under section 21 has been issued, a person who, knowing or
suspecting that the investigation is taking place, makes any disclosure which is likely to prejudice the investigation
commits an offence.

(2) In proceedings against a person for an offence under this section, it is a defence to prove-
(a) that he did not know or suspect that the disclosure was likely to prejudice the investigation; or
(b) that he had lawful authority or reasonable excuse for making the disclosure.

(3) A person who commits an offence under this section is liable-
(a) on conviction upon indictment to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 3 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $100000 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(Enacted 1989)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 31 U.K]


Part: IVA DETENTION OF CERTAIN SEIZED PROPERTY 30/06/1997


(Part IVA added 89 of 1995 s. 19)

Section: 24A Interpretation 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
"court" (法院) means the Court of First Instance and the District Court; (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
"exported" (輸出), in relation to any property, includes the property being brought to any place in Hong Kong for the

purpose of being exported;
"seized property" (經扣押的財產) means any property seized under section 52 of the Dangerous Drugs Ordinance

(Cap 134) on the ground that it is suspected to be specified property;
"specified property" (指明財產) means any property specified in Schedule 4-

(a) being imported into or exported from Hong Kong; and
(b) which-

(i) in whole or in part directly or indirectly represents any person's proceeds of drug trafficking;
(ii) has been used in drug trafficking; or
(iii) is intended for use in drug trafficking;

"working day" (工作日) means any day other than a public holiday or a gale warning day within the meaning of the
Judicial Proceedings (Adjournment During Gale Warnings) Ordinance (Cap 62).

(Part IVA added 89 of 1995 s. 19)



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 25


Section: 24B Seized property may be detained 30/06/1997


An authorized officer may, in accordance with the provisions of this Part, detain any seized property.
(Part IVA added 89 of 1995 s. 19)


Section: 24C Period for which seized property may be detained 30/06/1997


(1) Seized property shall not be detained for a period of more than 10 working days in the case of such property
being imported into Hong Kong, or 7 working days in the case of such property being exported from Hong Kong,
unless, before the expiration of that period, the continued detention of such property is authorized by an order under
subsection (2).

(2) A court may, upon application made to it by an authorized officer, by order authorize the continued
detention of seized property where it is satisfied that-

(a) there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that such property is specified property; and
(b) such detention of such property is justified while its origin or derivation is further investigated or

consideration is given to the institution (whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere) of proceedings-
(i) against any person in relation to an offence with which such property is connected; or
(ii) which may result in the forfeiture or other confiscation of such property.

(3) An order under subsection (2) shall authorize the continued detention of the seized property to which it
relates for such period, not exceeding 3 months beginning with the date of the order, as is specified in the order and a
court, upon application made to it by an authorized officer and if satisfied as to the matters referred to in subsection
(2)(a) and (b), may thereafter from time to time by order authorize the further detention of such property but so that-

(a) no period of detention specified in an order under this subsection shall exceed 3 months beginning
with the date of the order; and

(b) the total period of detention shall not exceed 2 years from the date of the order under subsection (2).
(4) At any time while seized property is being detained by an order under subsection (2) or (3) a court may

direct its release if satisfied-
(a) on an application made by-

(i) the person from whom it was seized;
(ii) a person by or on whose behalf it was being imported or exported; or
(iii) a person who otherwise has an interest in it,
that there are no, or are no longer, any such grounds for its detention as are referred to in subsection
(2); or

(b) on an application made by an authorized officer, that its detention is no longer justified.
(5) If, at any time when any seized property is being detained by virtue of an order under subsection (2) or (3),

proceedings are instituted (whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere)-
(a) against any person in relation to an offence with which such property is connected; or
(b) which may result in the forfeiture or other confiscation of such property,

such property shall not be released until such proceedings have been concluded.
(6) The Legislative Council may, by resolution, amend subsection (1) by substituting another period for any

period specified therein.
(Part IVA added 89 of 1995 s. 19)


Section: 24D Forfeiture L.N. 362 of 1997 01/07/1997


(1) While any seized property is detained under section 24C(2) or (3), a court may, if satisfied on an application
made by or on behalf of the Secretary for Justice that such property- (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

(a) in whole or in part directly or indirectly represents any person's proceeds of drug trafficking;
(b) has been used in drug trafficking; or
(c) is intended for use in drug trafficking,

order, subject to subsection (2), the forfeiture of such property.
(2) Where a court proposes to make an order under subsection (1) in respect of any seized property where

paragraph (a) of that subsection is applicable, the court shall specify in the order so much, if any, of such property in
respect of which the court is not satisfied that it directly or indirectly represents any person's proceeds of drug



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 26

trafficking.
(3) An order may be made under this section whether or not proceedings are brought against any person for an

offence with which the seized property concerned is connected.
(4) The standard of proof on an application under this section shall be on the balance of probabilities.

(Part IVA added 89 of 1995 s. 19)

Section: 24E Interest 30/06/1997


Seized property which is money and which is detained in pursuance of an order under section 24C(2) or (3)
shall, unless required as evidence of an offence, be held in an interest-bearing account and the interest accruing
thereon shall be added to such property on its forfeiture or release.

(Part IVA added 89 of 1995 s. 19)

Section: 24F Procedure 30/06/1997


(1) An order under section 24C(2) shall provide for notice to be given to persons affected by the order.
(2) Provision may be made by rules of court-

(a) with respect to applications to any court under this Part;
(b) with respect to the division, conversion or disposal of seized property for the purposes of satisfying an

order under section 24D(1) to which it is subject where-
(i) section 24D(2) is applicable; and
(ii) such property is not readily divisible for those purposes;

(c) generally with respect to the procedure under this Part before any court.
(3) Subsection (2) is without prejudice to the generality of any existing power to make rules.

(Part IVA added 89 of 1995 s. 19)

Part: V PROHIBITED ACTS IN RELATION TO PROCEEDS

OF DRUG TRAFFICKING*
30/06/1997


_____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 20)

Section: 25 Dealing with property known or believed to represent

proceeds of drug trafficking
30/06/1997



(1) Subject to section 25A, a person commits an offence if, knowing or having reasonable grounds to believe
that any property in whole or in part directly or indirectly represents any person's proceeds of drug trafficking, he
deals with that property.

(2) In proceedings against a person for an offence under subsection (1), it is a defence to prove that-
(a) he intended to disclose to an authorized officer such knowledge, suspicion or matter as is mentioned in

section 25A(1) in relation to the act in contravention of subsection (1) concerned; and
(b) there is reasonable excuse for his failure to make disclosure in accordance with section 25A(2).

(3) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable-
(a) on conviction upon indictment to a fine of $5000000 and to imprisonment for 14 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 3 years.

(Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 21)

Section: 25A Disclosure of knowledge or suspicion that property

represents proceeds, etc. of drug trafficking
L.N. 173 of 2004 07/01/2005



(1) Where a person knows or suspects that any property-
(a) in whole or in part directly or indirectly represents any person's proceeds of;
(b) was used in connection with; or
(c) is intended to be used in connection with,



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 27

drug trafficking, he shall as soon as it is reasonable for him to do so disclose that knowledge or suspicion, together
with any matter on which that knowledge or suspicion is based, to an authorized officer.

(2) If a person who has made a disclosure referred to in subsection (1) does any act in contravention of section
25(1) (whether before or after such disclosure), and the disclosure relates to that act, he does not commit an offence
under that section if-

(a) that disclosure is made before he does that act and he does that act with the consent of an authorized
officer; or

(b) that disclosure is made-
(i) after he does that act;
(ii) on his initiative; and
(iii) as soon as it is reasonable for him to make it.

(3) A disclosure referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) shall not be treated as a breach of any restriction upon the disclosure of information imposed by

contract or by any enactment, rule of conduct or other provision;
(b) shall not render the person who made it liable in damages for any loss arising out of-

(i) the disclosure;
(ii) any act done or omitted to be done in relation to the property concerned in consequence of the

disclosure.
(4) In the case of a person who was in employment at the relevant time, this section shall have effect in relation

to disclosures to the appropriate person in accordance with the procedure established by his employer for the making
of such disclosures as it has effect in relation to disclosures to an authorized officer.

(5) A person commits an offence if, knowing or suspecting that a disclosure has been made under subsection
(1) or (4), he discloses to any other person any matter which is likely to prejudice any investigation which might be
conducted following that first-mentioned disclosure.

(6) In proceedings against a person for an offence under subsection (5), it is a defence to prove-
(a) that he did not know or suspect that the disclosure concerned was likely to be prejudicial in the way

referred to in that subsection; or
(b) that he had lawful authority or reasonable excuse for making that disclosure.

(7) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5
and to imprisonment for 3 months.

(8) A person who commits an offence under subsection (5) is liable-
(a) on conviction upon indictment to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 3 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(9) Information obtained under or by virtue of a disclosure referred to in subsection (1) may be disclosed-
(a) by any authorized officer to the Department of Justice, the Hong Kong Police Force, the Customs and

Excise Department, the Immigration Department, and the Independent Commission Against
Corruption, for the purpose of combating drug trafficking; and

(b) by any authorized officer to the authorities or persons responsible for investigating or preventing drug
trafficking, or handling the disclosure of knowledge or suspicion on property relating to drug
trafficking, of any place outside Hong Kong which the authorized officer thinks fit, for the purpose of
combating drug trafficking. (Added 21 of 2004 s. 24)

(10) Subsection (9) is without prejudice to any other right to disclose information obtained under or by virtue of
a disclosure referred to in subsection (1) that may exist apart from subsection (9). (Added 21 of 2004 s. 24)

(Added 89 of 1995 s. 21)

Section: 26 Restriction on revealing disclosure under section 25A L.N. 362 of 1997 01/07/1997


(1) Subject to subsection (2), no witness in any civil or criminal proceedings shall be obliged-
(a) to reveal that a disclosure was made under section 25A(1) or (4); (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 22)
(b) to reveal the identity of any person as the person making the disclosure; or
(c) to answer any question if the answer would lead, or would tend to lead, to the revealing of any fact or

matter referred to in paragraph (a) or (b).
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply in any proceedings-

(a) for an offence under section 25 or 25A or this section; or (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 22)
(b) where the court is of the opinion that justice cannot fully be done between the parties without revealing



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 28

the disclosure or the identity of any person as the person making the disclosure.
(3) Subject to subsections (4), (5) and (6), no person shall publish or broadcast any information so as to reveal

or suggest-
(a) that a disclosure was made under section 25A(1) or (4); or (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 22)
(b) the identity of any person as the person making the disclosure.

(4) In subsection (3) "information" (資料)-
(a) includes a report of any civil or criminal proceedings;
(b) does not include information published for statistical purposes by, or under the authority of, the

Government.
(5) Subsection (3) shall not apply in respect of proceedings-

(a) against the person making the disclosure for an offence under section 25 or 25A; or (Amended 89 of
1995 s. 22)

(b) for an offence under this section.
(6) The court or a magistrate may, if satisfied that it is in the interests of justice to do so, by order dispense with

the requirements of subsection (3) to such extent as may be specified in the order.
(7) If information is published or broadcast in contravention of subsection (3), each of the following persons-

(a) in the case of publication as part of a newspaper or periodical publication, any proprietor, editor,
publisher and distributor thereof;

(b) in the case of a publication otherwise than as part of a newspaper or periodical publication, any person
who publishes it and any person who distributes it;

(c) in the case of a broadcast, any person who broadcasts the information and, if the information is
contained in a programme, any person who transmits or provides the programme and any person
having functions in relation to the programme corresponding to those of the editor of a newspaper or
periodical publication,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $50000 and to imprisonment for 6 months.
(8) Proceedings for an offence under this section shall not be instituted except with the consent of the Secretary

for Justice. (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)
(9) In this section-

"broadcast" (廣播) includes broadcast by radio, film, videotape or television;
"publish" (出版) means publish in writing.

(Enacted 1989)

Part: VI MISCELLANEOUS* 30/06/1997

____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Added 89 of 1995 s. 23)

Section: 27 Compensation L.N. 362 of 1997;

25 of 1998
01/07/1997



Expanded Cross Reference:

10, 11, 12



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) If an investigation is begun against a person for a drug trafficking offence or offences and any of the
following circumstances occur, namely-

(a) no proceedings are instituted against that person;
(b) proceedings are instituted against that person but do not result in his conviction for any drug

trafficking offence (including any proceedings referred to in section 3(1)(a)(ii) where no confiscation
order is made against that person); (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 24)

(ba) that person absconds after proceedings are instituted against him and subsequently-



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 29

(i) he ceases to be an absconder; and
(ii) either-

(A) those proceedings are continued or reinstituted but do not result in his conviction for any
drug trafficking offence; or

(B) those proceedings are not continued or reinstituted within a reasonable period after it is
known to the Secretary for Justice that he has ceased to be an absconder; or (Added 89 of
1995 s. 24. Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

(c) proceedings are instituted against that person and he is convicted of one or more drug trafficking
offences, but-
(i) the conviction or convictions concerned are quashed; or
(ii) he is granted a pardon in respect of the conviction or convictions concerned,

the Court of First Instance may, on application by a person who held property which was realisable property (or, in the
case of such a person who has died, his personal representative on his behalf), order compensation to be paid by the
Government to the applicant if, having regard to all the circumstances, it considers it appropriate to make such an
order. (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 24)

(2) The Court of First Instance shall not order compensation to be paid under subsection (1) unless it is
satisfied-

(a) subject to subsection (3A), that there has been some serious default on the part of any person
concerned in the investigation or prosecution of the offence or offences concerned; and (Amended 89
of 1995 s. 24)

(b) that the applicant has suffered loss in consequence of anything done in relation to the property by or in
pursuance of an order of the Court of First Instance under sections 10 to 12.

(3) Subject to subsection (3A), the Court of First Instance shall not order compensation to be paid under
subsection (1) in any case where it appears to the Court of First Instance that the investigation would have been
continued, or the proceedings would have been instituted or continued, as the case may be, if the serious default had
not occurred. (Amended 89 of 1995 s. 24)

(3A) Subsections (2)(a) and (3) shall not apply to any case to which subsection (1)(ba) is applicable. (Added 89
of 1995 s. 24)

(4) Without prejudice to subsection (1), where-
(a) a disclosure is made by any person in accordance with section 25A(2) in relation to any property;

(Amended 89 of 1995 s. 24)
(b) in consequence of the disclosure and for the purposes of an investigation or prosecution in respect of a

drug trafficking offence or offences any act is done or omitted to be done in relation to that property;
and

(c) no proceedings are instituted against any person in respect of that offence or offences or no order is
made by the Court of First Instance under section 10 or 11 in relation to that property,

the Court of First Instance may, on application by a person who held the property, order compensation to be paid by
the Government to the applicant if, having regard to all the circumstances, it considers it appropriate to make such an
order.

(5) The Court of First Instance shall not order compensation to be paid under section (4) unless it is satisfied-
(a) that there has been some serious default on the part of any person concerned in the investigation or

prosecution of the offence or offences concerned and that, but for that default, the act or omission
referred to in subsection (4)(b) would not have occurred; and

(b) the applicant has, in consequence of the act or omission referred to in subsection (4)(b), suffered loss
in relation to the property.

(5A) Without prejudice to either subsection (1) or (4), where-
(a) any property is seized under section 52 of the Dangerous Drugs Ordinance (Cap 134) on the ground

that it is suspected to be specified property within the meaning of Part IVA; and
(b) subsequently, none of the following events occurs-

(i) the property is forfeited under section 24D;
(ii) proceedings are instituted (whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere)-

(A) against any person in relation to an offence with which the property is connected; or
(B) which may result in the forfeiture or other confiscation of the property,

the Court of First Instance may, on application by a person who held the property, order compensation to be paid by



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 30

the Government to the applicant if, having regard to all the circumstances, it considers it appropriate to make such an
order. (Added 89 of 1995 s. 24)

(5B) The Court of First Instance shall not order compensation to be paid under subsection (5A) unless it is
satisfied that-

(a) there has been some serious default on the part of any person concerned with the seizure or detention
of the property concerned; and

(b) the applicant has, in consequence of such seizure or detention, suffered loss in relation to the property.
(Added 89 of 1995 s. 24)

(6) The amount of compensation to be paid under this section shall be such as the Court of First Instance thinks
just in all the circumstances of the case.

(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 19 U.K.]


Section: 28 Enforcement of external confiscation orders L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, with the approval of the Legislative Council, by order- (Amended 15
of 1999 s. 3)

(a) direct in relation to a country, territory or place outside Hong Kong designated by the order ("a
designated country") that this Ordinance as modified in the order shall apply to external confiscation
orders and to proceedings which have been or are to be instituted in the designated country and may
result in an external confiscation order being made there; (Amended 15 of 1999 s. 3, 26 of 2002 s. 2)

(b) make-
(i) such provision in connection with the taking of action in the designated country with a view to

satisfying a confiscation order; and
(ii) such provision as to evidence or proof of any matter for the purposes of this section and section

29; and
(iii) such incidental, consequential and transitional provision,
as appears to him to be expedient; and

(c) without prejudice to the generality of this subsection, direct that in such circumstances as may be
specified proceeds arising out of action taken in the designated country with a view to satisfying a
confiscation order and which are retained there shall nevertheless be treated as reducing the amount
payable under the order to such extent as may be specified.

(2) An order under this section may make different provision for different cases or classes of case.
(3) The power to make an order under this section includes power to modify this Ordinance in such a way as to

confer power on a person to exercise a discretion.
(3A) An order under this section shall not operate, or be construed, to prevent a designated country from making

a request under the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Ordinance (Cap 525), including a request under
section 27 of that Ordinance. (Added 87 of 1997 s. 36)

(4) In this section and section 29-
"external confiscation order" (外地沒收令) means an order made by a court in a designated country for the purpose

of-
(a) recovering (including forfeiting and confiscating)-

(i) payments or other rewards received in connection with drug trafficking or their value;
(ii) property derived or realised, directly or indirectly, from payments or other rewards received in

connection with drug trafficking or the value of such property; or
(iii) property used or intended to be used in connection with drug trafficking or the value of such

property; or
(b) depriving a person of a pecuniary advantage obtained in connection with drug trafficking,

and whether the proceedings which gave rise to that order are criminal or civil in nature, and whether those
proceedings are in the form of proceedings against a person or property; (Replaced 87 of 1997 s. 36)

"modifications" (修改) includes additions, alterations and omissions.
(Enacted 1989)

[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 26 U.K.]




Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 31

Section: 29 Registration of external confiscation orders 25 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


(1) On an application made by or on behalf of the government of a designated country, the Court of First
Instance may register an external confiscation order made there if-

(a) it is satisfied that at the time of registration the order is in force and not subject to appeal;
(b) it is satisfied, where any person against whom, or in relation to whose property, the order is made does

not appear in the proceedings, that he received notice of the proceedings, in accordance with the law of
the designated country, in sufficient time to enable him to defend them; and (Replaced 89 of 1995 s.
26)

(c) it is of the opinion that enforcing the order in Hong Kong would not be contrary to the interests of
justice.

(2) In subsection (1) "appeal" (上訴) includes-
(a) any proceedings by way of discharging or setting aside a judgment;and
(b) an application for a new trial or a stay of execution.

(3) The Court of First Instance shall cancel the registration of an external confiscation order if it appears to the
Court of First Instance that the order has been satisfied by payment of the amount due under it or by the person against
whom it was made serving imprisonment in default of payment or by any other means.

(Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
[cf. 1986 c. 32 s. 26A U.K.]


Section: 30 Evidence of corresponding law 30/06/1997


Section 43 of the Dangerous Drugs Ordinance (Cap 134) shall apply in relation to proceedings under this
Ordinance as it applies in relation to proceedings for an offence under that Ordinance.

(Enacted 1989)

Section: 31 Amendment of Schedules 15 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 15 of 1999 s. 3


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, by order, amend Schedule 1, 2 or 3. (Amended 15 of 1999 s. 3)
(2) The Legislative Council may, by resolution, amend Schedule 4.

(Replaced 89 of 1995 s. 27)

Schedule: 1 DRUG TRAFFICKING OFFENCES L.N. 145 of 2002 01/01/2003


[sections 2 & 3]
(Replaced 26 of 2002 s. 2)


Offence Description*


section 4(1), Dangerous Drugs Ordinance

(Cap 134)


trafficking in a dangerous drug

section 4A, Dangerous Drugs Ordinance
(Cap 134)



trafficking in purported dangerous drug

section 5(1), Dangerous Drugs Ordinance
(Cap 134)



supplying or procuring a dangerous drug to or for
unauthorized persons

section 6(1), Dangerous Drugs Ordinance manufacturing a dangerous drug



Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 32

(Cap 134)

section 9(1), (2) and (3), Dangerous Drugs Ordinance

(Cap 134)
cultivating, supplying, procuring, dealing in, importing,

exporting, or possessing cannabis plant or opium poppy


section 35, Dangerous Drugs Ordinance
(Cap 134)

keeping or managing a divan for the taking of dangerous
drugs


section 37, Dangerous Drugs Ordinance

(Cap 134)
permitting premises to be used for unlawful trafficking,

manufacturing or storage of dangerous drugs


section 40(1)(c), Dangerous Drugs Ordinance (Cap 134)


aiding, etc. offence under a corresponding law

section 25, Drug Trafficking (Recovery of Proceeds)
Ordinance (Cap 405)

dealing with property known or believed to represent the
proceeds of drug trafficking


*Note: The short description of offences in this Schedule is for ease of reference only.

(Amended 52 of 1992 s. 12; 89 of 1995 s. 28)

Schedule: 2 ASSETS ON WHICH A CHARGING ORDER MAY BE

IMPOSED
25 of 1998 01/07/1997



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


[section 11]

1. Land in Hong Kong.

2. Securities of any of the following kinds-

(a) Government stock;
(b) stock of any body incorporated in Hong Kong;
(c) stock of any body incorporated outside Hong Kong or of any state or territory outside Hong Kong, being

stock registered in a register kept at any place within Hong Kong;
(d) units of any unit trust in respect of which a register of the unit holders is kept at any place within Hong

Kong.

3. In this Schedule-

(a) the terms "Government stock" (政府證券) and "land" (土地) have the same meaning as in section 2 of the
High Court Ordinance (Cap 4); (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(b) the terms "stock" (股份) and "unit trust" (單位信託基金) have the same meaning as in section 20A of that
Ordinance.


Schedule: 3 CERTIFICATE OF SENTENCE IN RESPECT OF

TERM OF IMPRISONMENT FIXED UNDER SECTION
8 OF THE DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF
PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE (CAP 405)

25 of 1998 01/07/1997



Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made-see 25 of 1998 s. 2


[sections 8(8) & 31]


To the Commissioner of Correctional Services.




Cap 405 - DRUG TRAFFICKING (RECOVERY OF PROCEEDS) ORDINANCE 33

Whereas the Court of First Instance/District Court*-
(a) on the .............. day of ......................... 19 .........-

(i) sentenced ................................(name of defendant) in respect of the drug trafficking offence/offences*,
within the meaning of the Drug Trafficking (Recovery of Proceeds) Ordinance (Cap 405),
of ............................................. ...................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................... (particulars of
offence/offences*); and

*(ii) imposed a period of imprisonment/detention* of ...................... months/years* in respect of that
offence/those offences*; and

(b) on the ........ day of ............... 19 ...... made a confiscation order under section 3(6)(a) of the Drug Trafficking
(Recovery of Proceeds) Ordinance (Cap 405) that that defendant pay the amount of $ ......... :


This is to certify that on the .......... day of ..................... 19 ......... the Court of First Instance/District Court*

made an order under section 8 of the Drug Trafficking (Recovery of Proceeds) Ordinance (Cap 405) fixing a term of
imprisonment of ........... months/years* which that person is to serve if any of the amount to be paid under that
confiscation order is not paid or recovered on or before the ........ day of ............... 19 .......


Dated this ......... day of ............... 19 ........



...................................................
Registrar of the

High Court/District Court*.

* Delete where inapplicable.

Note: Section 8(4) of the Drug Trafficking (Recovery of Proceeds) Ordinance (Cap 405) provides that where a person

becomes liable to serve a term of imprisonment fixed under section 8 of that Ordinance in respect of a
confiscation order and is also liable to serve a term of imprisonment (or detention) in respect of the drug
trafficking offence or offences concerned, that first-mentioned term of imprisonment shall not begin to run until
after the end of that second-mentioned term of imprisonment (or detention).

(Schedule 3 added 89 of 1995 s. 29. Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

Schedule: 4 SPECIFIED PROPERTY 30/06/1997


[sections 24A & 31]

1. Money (which term shall include coins and notes in any currency) amounting to not less than $125000.

(Added 89 of 1995 s. 29)

Related Laws