Hong Kong Airport (Control Of Obstructions) Ordinance


Published: 1997-06-30

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Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 301 HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF
OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE

Gazette Number Version Date


Long title 30/06/1997


To provide for the restriction and, where necessary, the reduction of heights of buildings in the interest of the safety of
aircraft, for the control of lighting, for the erection or provision and the maintenance of aids to air navigation, for
the assessment and payment of compensation in respect of damage suffered on account thereof, and for purposes
connected with the matters aforesaid.

(Amended 11 of 1966 s. 2)


[7 June 1957]

(Originally 27 of 1957)

Part: I PRELIMINARY 30/06/1997




Section: 1 Short title 30/06/1997


This Ordinance may be cited as the Hong Kong Airport (Control of Obstructions) Ordinance.

Section: 2 Interpretation L.N. 130 of 2007 01/07/2007


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-

"building" (建築物) includes the whole, or any part, of any building, arch, bridge, chimney, cookhouse, cowshed,
dock, factory, garage, hangar, hoarding, latrine, lift, matshed, office, out-house, pier, shelter, shop, stable, stairs,
wall, warehouse, wharf, or workshop, and any mast or pole or any pile driver, scaffolding, hoist or crane or other
structure projecting skywards; (Amended 77 of 1978 s. 2)

"building works" (建築工程) includes any kind of building construction, site formation, drainage works, repairs,
maintenance, demolition, alteration, addition and every kind of building operation, and any lighting or marking
required to be provided under the provisions of this Ordinance;

"Hong Kong Airport" (香港機場) means the Hong Kong International Airport at Kowloon peninsula and the airport
built or to be built at and in the vicinity of Chek Lap Kok, Lantau, New Territories; (Added 88 of 1994 s. 2)

"land" (土地) includes all buildings thereon;
"owner" (擁有人) includes any person holding premises direct from the Government whether under lease, licence or

otherwise, any mortgagee in possession and any person receiving the rent of any premises, solely or with
another, on his own behalf or that of any person, or who would receive the same if such premises were let to a
tenant, and where such owner as above defined cannot be found or ascertained or is absent from Hong Kong or
is under disability, the agent of such owner; (Amended 29 of 1998 s. 105; 61 of 1999 s. 3)

"Secretary" (局長) means the Secretary for Development. (Replaced L.N. 106 of 2002. Amended L.N. 130 of 2007)
(2) Any reference in this Ordinance to the safety of aircraft means the safety of aircraft using or which will be

using Hong Kong Airport. (Amended 88 of 1994 s. 2)

Part: II CONTROL OF HEIGHTS OF BUILDINGS AND

LIGHTING, AND PROVISION OF AIDS TO AIR
NAVIGATION

30/06/1997







Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 2

Section: 3 Orders by Chief Executive in Council relating to heights of
buildings

L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001



(1) Where in the opinion of the Chief Executive in Council the safety of aircraft so requires, he may by order-
(Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(a) prescribe areas within which all buildings are prohibited;
(b) (Repealed 88 of 1994 s. 3)
(c) require to be demolished any building erected within an area in which all buildings have been

prohibited by an order under paragraph (a), or require to be reduced in height, or, where reduction in
height is not feasible, to be demolished, any building which does not conform with an order under
subsection (1AA). (Amended 88 of 1994 s. 3)

(1AA) Where in his opinion the safety of aircraft so requires, the Secretary may, on the advice of the Director-
General of Civil Aviation, by order prescribe areas within which no building shall exceed the height specified in the
order. (Added 88 of 1994 s. 3. Amended L.N. 326 of 2000)

(1A) An order under subsection (1)(a) or (1AA) may provide that, subject to such conditions as may be
prescribed therein, it shall not apply to any particular area, or any particular building, within any area prescribed by
the order. (Added 11 of 1966 s. 3. Amended 88 of 1994 s. 3)

(2) Where an order is made under subsection (1)(a), it shall be published in the Gazette, and a copy thereof
together with a plan of the prescribed area, signed by the Clerk to the Executive Council, shall be deposited at the
Land Registry. (Amended 8 of 1993 s. 2; 14 of 1994 s. 24; 88 of 1994 s. 3)

(2A) Where an order is made under subsection (1AA), it shall be published in the Gazette, and a copy together
with a plan of the prescribed area, signed by the Secretary, shall be deposited at the Land Registry. (Added 88 of 1994
s. 3)

(3) An order under subsection (1)(c) shall be served upon the owner of the premises affected, and may be
registered at the Land Registry against the land affected by delivering to the said office a memorial thereof signed by
the Clerk to the Executive Council and containing the full terms of such order. (Amended 8 of 1993 s. 2; 14 of 1994 s.
24)

(3A) The Secretary may, on the advice of the Director-General of Civil Aviation, by order grant an exemption
from the operation of an order made pursuant to subsection (1AA) subject to such terms and conditions required for or
related to the safety of aircraft as he may impose. (Added 88 of 1994 s. 3. Amended L.N. 326 of 2000)

(3B) An order made under subsection (3A) shall be published in the Gazette, and a copy together with a plan of
the exempted area, signed by the Secretary, shall be deposited at the Land Registry. (Added 88 of 1994 s. 3)

(4) The Director-General of Civil Aviation may, by notice in writing, grant- (Amended L.N. 326 of 2000)
(a) for a period not exceeding 2 months which may be extended for such further periods of 2 months as he

thinks fit; and
(b) upon such terms and conditions as he may in any case impose,

an exemption from the operation of an order made pursuant to subsection (1AA). (Added 77 of 1978 s. 3.)
(Amended 88 of 1994 s. 3)


Section: 4 No buildings to be erected contrary to orders under section

3
30/06/1997



No building shall be erected in any area in which buildings are prohibited, and, subject to section 3(3A) and (4),
no building shall be erected above the prescribed height, contrary to any order under section 3(1)(a) or (1AA).

(Amended 77 of 1978 s. 4; 88 of 1994 s. 4)

Section: 5 Director-General of Civil Aviation may specify date for

demolition or reduction in height of building
L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001



The Director-General of Civil Aviation after consultation with the Director of Buildings may, by notice in
writing served on the owner of any building which is the subject of an order under section 3(1)(c), specify the date by
which such building is to be demolished, or the height thereof is to be reduced, in compliance with such order, and
specify the date by which the building works of such demolition or reduction in height shall be commenced.

(Amended 4 of 1958 s. 3; L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993; L.N. 326 of 2000)




Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 3

Section: 6 Director-General of Civil Aviation may require marking
and lights on buildings

L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001



(1) Where in the opinion of the Director-General of Civil Aviation the safety of aircraft requires the marking of
any building or the provision of warning or guiding lights thereon, he shall by notice in writing served upon the owner
of the building inform him of the marking or lights required, and call upon him to elect in writing, within 14 days of
the date of such notice, whether he desires the Government to provide the marking or lights, or whether he desires to
do so himself. (Amended L.N. 326 of 2000)

(2) If the owner desires the Government to provide the marking or lights, it shall be lawful for the Government
to provide, and thereafter to maintain, the same.

(3) If the owner desires to provide the marking or lights himself, he shall do so within such time and in such
manner as the Director-General of Civil Aviation may by notice in writing require, and shall thereafter maintain such
marking or lights in such manner as the Director may from time to time by notice in writing require. (Amended L.N.
326 of 2000)

(4) Any reasonable expenses incurred by an owner in providing any such marking or lights or upon the
maintenance of the same (including any expenses of illumination) shall be paid by the Government.

Section: 7 Secretary may order provision of marks, lights and

beacons
30/06/1997



(1) Where in the opinion of the Secretary the safety of aircraft so requires, he may by order authorize the
Director of Buildings to provide or erect, and thereafter to maintain, in any place or on any building such marks,
warning or guiding lights and aircraft beacons as shall be specified in such order. (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94
of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993; 88 of 1994 s. 5)

(2) Such order shall be served upon the owner, if any, of any place or building which is the subject of the order.

Section: 8 Restriction on use of occulting lights L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001


(1) Save with the written authority of the Director-General of Civil Aviation or under an exemption granted by
him and published in the Gazette, no person shall, in Kowloon or New Kowloon or any other area prescribed by order
of the Chief Executive in Council published in the Gazette, expose to the sky or permit to be exposed to the sky any
form of occulting light of any colour. (Amended 4 of 1958 s. 4; 61 of 1999 s. 3; L.N. 326 of 2000)

(2) For the purposes of this section, the expression "occulting light" (隱顯燈光) includes any light which is
cut off from view at regular or irregular intervals or which is visible suddenly or intermittently. (Added 4 of 1958 s.
4)

(3) This section shall not apply to navigational or signal lights, or to any occulting light of an intensity of less
than 200 cd. (Added 4 of 1958 s. 4. Amended L.N. 83 of 1977)

Section: 9 Power to prohibit lighting 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


Where in the opinion of the Chief Executive in Council the safety of aircraft so requires, he may by order
prescribe areas within which no person shall expose to the sky or permit to be exposed to the sky any type of lighting
specified in or by such order.

(Added 4 of 1958 s. 5. Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

Section: 10 Director-General of Civil Aviation may prohibit certain

lights exposed to sky
L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001



(1) Where in the opinion of the Director-General of Civil Aviation the safety of aircraft so requires, he may by
notice in writing served upon the owner or occupier of any place or building prohibit the use of any light exposed to
the sky.



Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 4

(2) Where any light is exposed to the sky in contravention of a notice under subsection (1), the Director-
General of Civil Aviation may by notice in writing served upon any supplier of electricity or gas require the
discontinuance of the electricity or gas supplied to any such light.

(3) Any person aggrieved by any prohibition imposed under subsection (1) may appeal by way of petition to
the Chief Executive in Council, but shall, pending the decision of such appeal, comply with the notice given pursuant
to subsection (1). (Amended 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(Amended L.N. 326 of 2000)

Section: 11 Emergency extinguishment of lights exposed to sky L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001


Notwithstanding that no notice has been given under section 10(1), where in the opinion of the Director-General
of Civil Aviation the safety of aircraft requires that any light exposed to the sky should be immediately extinguished,
he may require any supplier of electricity or gas immediately to discontinue for a period not exceeding 12 hours the
supply of electricity or gas to such light, and if it is not practicable immediately to discontinue the supply to that light
only, it shall be lawful for the supplier to discontinue the supply to other lighting to such extent as is necessary to
effect the immediate extinguishment of that light.

(Amended L.N. 326 of 2000)

Section: 12 Power to enter premises to extinguish lights 30/06/1997


Where any supplier of electricity or gas is required by notice under either section 10(2) or section 11 to
discontinue the supply of electricity or gas to any light, it shall be lawful, for the purpose of giving effect to the
requirement of such notice, for any servant or agent of such supplier to enter and where necessary, in the presence of a
police officer, break into any building or place in which such light is exposed, and there to do all such work as is
necessary to effect the discontinuance of the supply of electricity or gas to that light.

Section: 13 Director of Buildings empowered to carry out works L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001


The Director of Buildings may, on application made to him by the Director-General of Civil Aviation, carry out
such building works as may be necessary- (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993; L.N. 326
of 2000)

(a) for the demolition or reduction in height of any building erected in contravention of section 4;
(b) for the demolition or reduction in height of any building which is required to be demolished or reduced

in height by an order under section 3(1)(c), in any case-
(i) where the building works of such demolition or reduction have not been commenced by the date

specified in a notice under section 5; or
(ii) where such demolition or reduction has not been completed by the date specified in a notice

under section 5; or
(iii) where the Director of Buildings is of opinion that such demolition or reduction is unlikely to be

completed by the date specified in a notice under section 5; (Replaced 4 of 1958 s. 6. Amended
L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993)

(c) for the marking of any building or the provision of any light or the maintenance of any such marking
or light where any person has not complied with a notice under section 6(3) requiring such works.


Section: 14 Powers of entry of Director of Buildings and Director-

General of Civil Aviation
L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001



(1) The Director of Buildings or any public officer authorized in writing by him in that behalf may, during the
hours of day-light, enter and where necessary, in the presence of a police officer, break into any premises for the
purpose of ascertaining whether the provisions of this Ordinance or the requirements of any notice given thereunder
have been or are being complied with, or for the purpose of carrying out or causing to be carried out any building
works pursuant to the authority in that behalf conferred by section 7(1) or by section 13. (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982;
L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993)

(2) The Director-General of Civil Aviation or any public officer authorized in writing by him in that behalf



Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 5

may at any time enter and where necessary, in the presence of a police officer, break into any premises for the purpose
of ascertaining whether the provisions of this Ordinance relating to marks, lights or beacons, or the requirements of
any notice under this Ordinance relating thereto, have been or are being complied with. (Amended L.N. 326 of 2000)

Section: 14A Removal of trees obstructing lights or beacons L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001


(1) Where in the opinion of the Director-General of Civil Aviation any tree, shrub, plant or vegetation obstructs
or affects or is likely to obstruct or affect the proper operation of any warning light, guiding light, aircraft beacon or
navigational or approach aids so as to impair the safety of aircraft, the Director shall, by notice in writing served upon
the occupier of the land upon which such tree, shrub, plant or vegetation is situated, call upon him to fell the tree or
remove the plant, shrub or vegetation or deal with the same in such other manner as will in the opinion of the Director
remove the obstruction. (Amended L.N. 326 of 2000)

(2) Any person who fails to comply with a notice under subsection (1) within 14 days of service of such notice
commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $2000 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(3) Where a notice under subsection (1) is not complied with within 14 days of service thereof or where in the
opinion of the Director-General of Civil Aviation the proper operation of any warning light, guiding light, aircraft
beacon or navigational or approach aids requires the immediate felling of, removal of or dealing with any tree, shrub,
plant or vegetation, the Director or any public officer authorized in writing by him in that behalf may at any time enter
upon any land and may fell, remove or deal with in such manner as the Director may specify any such tree, shrub,
plant or vegetation. (Amended L.N. 326 of 2000)

(4) Any reasonable expenses incurred by an occupier in complying with a notice under subsection (1) shall be
paid by the Government.

(Added 77 of 1978 s. 5)

Section: 15 Closure orders in relation to buildings to be demolished or

reduced in height
L.N. 38 of 2011 01/06/2011



(1) Where a building has to be demolished or reduced in height so that it may conform to the requirements of
this Ordinance or any order made thereunder, and the owner of the building or the Director of Buildings, as the case
may be, is about to undertake building works in order to effect such demolition or reduction in height, the owner or the
Director may apply to a magistrate for a closure order in relation to that building or any part thereof, and the
magistrate shall make such order if he is satisfied that notice has been given in accordance with the provisions of
subsection (4), and that it is necessary or expedient to order the closure of the building or part thereof so that such
works may be expeditiously and properly carried out. (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993)

(2) A closure order under this section shall-
(a) specify the building or part thereof to be closed; and
(b) order the closure of such building or part thereof under the direction of a police officer; and
(c) order-

(i) in the case of demolition, that the building be closed; or
(ii) in the case of reduction in height, that the building or part thereof remain closed until the

Director of Buildings has given a certificate to the owner that the order is no longer required.
(Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993)

(3) No person shall occupy a building or part of a building to which a closure order relates during the
continuance in force of the order.

(4) At least 7 days' notice of intention to apply for a closure order shall be given by the person making such
application by posting the notice on a conspicuous part of the building to which it relates, and upon being so posted it
shall be sufficient notice to all persons of such intention.

(5) Such notice shall be in both the English and the Chinese languages and shall specify the building to which it
relates and whether the same is to be demolished or reduced in height, and in the case of a reduction in height, the
extent thereof, the premises to be closed and the estimated period of closure; and in addition, in the case of a reduction
in height, such notice shall reproduce this section in full.

(6) Any occupier who is evicted from a building under a closure order made to enable a reduction in height
thereof to be effected shall, subject to the following provisions of this section, be entitled to re-enter and re-occupy the
premises occupied by him immediately prior to his eviction, but this subsection shall not be taken to preserve or revive
any rights necessarily extinguished or curtailed by the carrying out of any building works undertaken to effect such



Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 6

reduction in height.
(7) (a) Not later than 14 days after the making of a closure order in relation to the reduction in height of a

building, any occupier whose rights will not be extinguished by any building works undertaken to
effect such reduction may serve upon the owner notice of his intention to re-occupy, on the expiry of
the closure order, the premises occupied by him at the date of the giving of notice under subsection (4).

(b) Such notice of intention to re-occupy shall specify an address at which a notice under subsection (8)
may be served.

(c) Such notice of intention to re-occupy may be revoked in like manner by the occupier during the
continuance in force of the closure order.

(8) Within 3 days of the receipt of a certificate of the Director of Buildings given under subsection (2)(c)(ii),
the owner of the building to which it relates shall serve notice of the expiry of the closure order upon every occupier
who has given notice under subsection (7)(a), and has not revoked the same, and such notice of expiry shall be served
by sending it by registered post to such occupier at the address specified in the notice given by him under subsection
(7). (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993)

(9) Any occupier who has given notice under subsection (7) and has not revoked the same, may, within 14 days
of the date of service of the notice of expiry, re-enter and re-occupy the premises previously occupied by him to the
extent that the same are still in existence, upon such terms and conditions relating to the premises as were in force at
the date of the closure order in so far as the same are still applicable, and, in the event of the value of the premises to
the occupier having been diminished as a result of the carrying out of any such building works as are referred to in
subsection (1), at such reduced rent as is reasonable having regard to all the circumstances, and in default of
agreement between the parties as to the amount of such reduced rent, the amount shall be determined by arbitration in
accordance with the provisions of the Arbitration Ordinance (Cap 609). (Amended 17 of 2010 s. 112)

(10) Where an occupier who has given notice under subsection (7) and has not revoked the same fails to exercise
his right to re-enter within the period allowed by subsection (9), he shall have no further rights of occupation, and the
person who would have been entitled to receive the rent from such occupier shall be entitled to recover from him a
sum equal to 1 month's rent by action brought in the District Court.

Section: 16 Recovery of cost of works by Director of Buildings 61 of 1999 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 61 of 1999 s. 3


(1) Where the Director of Buildings carries out any building works pursuant to the authority in that behalf
conferred by section 13(a), he may recover the cost thereof from the owner of the building on which such building
works are carried out, and may certify under his hand the amount due and the names of the persons liable therefor, and
may by such certificate apportion such cost among such persons. (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986)

(2) Such cost may include supervision charges.
(3) A copy of the certificate of the Director of Buildings shall be served upon each person affected thereby.

(Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986)
(4) Interest at the rate of 10 per cent per annum from the expiry of 1 month from the date of such service shall

be recoverable as part of such cost.
(5) The payment of such cost by any person shall be without prejudice to his right to recover the same from any

other person.
(6) Without prejudice to any other remedy of the Director of Buildings for the recovery of such cost, the same

may be recovered as a debt due to the Government. (Replaced 13 of 1966 Schedule. Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N.
94 of 1986; 61 of 1999 s. 3)

(7) The writ of summons in connection with such action shall be taken to have been duly served if it appears, to
the satisfaction of the court, that the writ was left at the defendant's residence or place of business, or in case the same
is unknown, that it was left at the building in respect of which the claim is made.

(8) A certificate under subsection (1) purporting to be under the hand of the Director of Buildings shall be
prima facie evidence of the facts certified therein and of the signature of the Director of Buildings thereto. (Amended
L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986)

(9) Before the Director of Buildings commences to carry out any such building works as are referred to in
subsection (1), he may register in the Land Registry against the land on which the works are to be carried out a notice
of his intention to carry out such works, and if such a notice is registered the cost of the works and any interest thereon



Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 7

shall be and remain a first charge upon the said land until paid. (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; 8 of
1993 s. 2)

(Amended L.N. 291 of 1993)

Section: 17 Payment by Government of cost of works 30/06/1997


Where any person is required to carry out building works in order to comply with the provisions of this
Ordinance, the Director of Buildings may, on application being made to him in writing by such person, enter into an
agreement with that person for payment by the Government of the cost of the works: (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982;
L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993)

Provided that this section shall not apply in the case of any building erected in contravention of section 4.

Section: 18 Limitation of public liability L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001


(1) No liability shall rest upon the Government or upon any public officer by reason of the fact that any
building works are carried out in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance.

(2) No matter or thing done by the Director-General of Civil Aviation or the Director of Buildings or the
Director of Lands or by any public officer acting under the direction of either of them or by any supplier of electricity
or gas or by any servant or agent of such supplier shall, if it was done bona fide for the purpose of executing this
Ordinance, subject them personally to any action, liability, claim or demand whatsoever. (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982;
L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993; L.N. 326 of 2000)

Section: 19 Service of orders and notices 30/06/1997


Wherever in this Ordinance provision is made for service upon any person of any order or notice, it shall, save
where otherwise specifically provided, be sufficient service if a copy of such order or notice is-

(a) delivered to the person upon whom it is to be served; or
(b) sent by registered post to the last known place of business or residence of such person; or
(c) left with an adult occupier of the premises to which the order or notice relates; or
(d) posted upon a conspicuous part of such premises and published in the Gazette.


Section: 20 Offences L.N. 326 of 2000 01/01/2001


Any person who-
(a) carries out any building works in contravention of the provisions of section 4;
(b) fails to comply with a notice under section 6(3);
(c) obscures, severs, breaks or otherwise tampers with any mark, lighting or structure provided or erected

in pursuance of the provisions of this Ordinance;
(d) contravenes the provisions of section 8;
(e) fails to comply with a notice under section 10(1);
(f) contravenes the provisions of section 15(3);
(g) obstructs the Director-General of Civil Aviation, the Director of Buildings or the Director of Lands or

any officer authorized by any of them in the execution of his duties; or (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982;
L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993; L.N. 326 of 2000)

(h) obstructs any servant or agent of a supplier of electricity or gas in the exercise of his powers under
section 12,

commits an offence and shall be liable to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 12 months and, in the cases of a
contravention under paragraphs (a), (d) and (f), to a further fine of $5000 for each day on which the offence has
continued and, in the cases of a failure under paragraphs (b) and (e), to a further fine of $5000 for each day on which
the failure to comply with the notice has continued.

(Amended 88 of 1994 s. 6)




Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 8

Part: III COMPENSATION 30/06/1997




Section: 21 Right to compensation 30/06/1997


Where any person-
(a) has an interest in land the value of which is diminished, or
(b) sustains damage by loss of rent or by being disturbed in the enjoyment of any right in or over land, or
(c) incurs reasonable expenses for the purpose of carrying out building works which are required to be

carried out, (other than building works necessary for the demolition or reduction in height of any
building erected in contravention of section 4),

in consequence of an order made under section 3, 7 or 9, or of the provision of any marking or lights under section 6,
or of a notice given under section 10 such person shall be entitled to recover compensation: (Amended 4 of 1958 s. 7)

Provided that no person claiming compensation under paragraph (a) shall be so entitled where the diminution in
value of his interest in land is less than one-tenth of the diminished value of such interest, but this proviso shall not
operate to prevent any person from recovering compensation in respect of a diminution in value resulting from the
carrying out of building works in order to comply with the provisions of this Ordinance.

Section: 22 Passing of right to compensation in case of disposition of

land
30/06/1997



The right to recover compensation in respect of a diminution in value of an interest in land shall be deemed to
pass with such interest upon any sale, gift, bequest, exchange, assignment, reassignment, release, partition, mortgage,
charge or other transfer or disposition thereof unless the right to recover compensation is specifically excluded from
passing by the terms of the instrument under which such interest passes.

Section: 23 Time and manner for making claims, and settlement

thereof
30/06/1997



(1) A claim for compensation under this Ordinance shall be made in writing to the Director of Lands-
(Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986)

(a) in the case of a diminution in value of an interest in land in consequence of an order made under
section 3(1)(a) or (1AA), within 1 year of the date of such order; and (Amended 88 of 1994 s. 7)

(b) in any other case, not later than the expiry of 3 months from-
(i) the completion of any building works carried out in consequence of an order under section

3(1)(c) or of an order under section 9; or (Amended 4 of 1958 s. 8)
(ii) the completion of the provision or erection of any marks, lights or beacons under section 6 or 7;

or
(iii) the completion of any building works required to comply with a notice given under section

10(1): (Amended 4 of 1958 s. 8)
Provided that the Secretary may, in any particular case, extend the period for the making of claims. (Amended

88 of 1994 s. 7)
(2) Upon a claim being received the Director of Lands shall forthwith assess, in accordance with the rules

under section 24, the amount of any compensation which in his opinion is recoverable by the claimant, and shall
thereupon notify the claimant of the amount of compensation, if any, so assessed. (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94
of 1986)

(3) If the claimant agrees in writing that he accepts such amount in full settlement of his claim, that amount
may be paid to the claimant:

Provided that in the case of diminution in value of an interest in land, he shall first satisfy the Director of Lands
of his title to the compensation payable. (Amended 8 of 1993 s. 3; L.N. 291 of 1993)

(Amended L.N. 291 of 1993)




Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 9

Section: 24 Rules for assessment of compensation 29 of 1998 01/07/1997


Remarks:
Adaptation amendments retroactively made - see 29 of 1998 s. 105


In assessing compensation the Director of Lands and, in the case of any dispute, the Lands Tribunal, shall act in
accordance with the following rules- (Amended 62 of 1974 s. 16; L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of
1993)

(a) The value of any interest in land shall, subject as hereinafter provided, be taken to be the amount
which the interest if sold in the open market by a willing seller might be expected to realize:

Provided always that the Director of Lands or the Lands Tribunal, as the case may be, shall be
entitled to consider all returns and assessments for taxation or rating made or acquiesced in by the
claimant. (Amended 62 of 1974 s. 16; L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993)

(b) No allowance shall be made in respect of the compulsory nature of any prohibition or restriction
imposed, or building works required, by or under this Ordinance.

(c) Where the value of the land is increased by reason of the use thereof, or of any premises thereon, in a
manner which could be restrained by any court, or is contrary to law, or, save where such use has been
expressly permitted by the Government, is not in accordance with the terms of the Government Lease,
or other tenancy from the Government, under which the land is held, or is detrimental to the health of
the occupiers of the premises or to the public health, the amount of that increase shall not be taken into
account. (Amended 29 of 1998 s. 105)

(d) No allowance shall be made in respect of any increase in building heights permitted since 16
September 1955, (being the date of publication of Government Notification No. 1026 of 1955, in
which warning was given of proposed restrictions on heights of buildings) or of the possible use, in
relation to heights prescribed as at the said day, of the powers of the Governor in Council under
sections 87 and 88 of the Buildings Ordinance 1935 (18 of 1935).

(e) No allowance shall be made in respect of any expectancy or probability of the grant or renewal or
continuance by the Government or by any person or by virtue solely of Part I, Part II, Part IV or Part V
of the Landlord and Tenant (Consolidation) Ordinance (Cap 7) of any lease, tenancy, licence or permit
whatsoever; (Amended 39 of 1979 s. 26; 76 of 1981 s. 60; 29 of 1998 s. 105)

Provided that this rule shall not apply to any case where the grant or renewal or continuance by
the Government or other person could have been enforced as of right.

(f) Interest at a rate not exceeding 4 per cent per annum may be allowed on any money expended by the
claimant for which compensation is allowed:

Provided that where the claimant has borrowed money for such expenditure and satisfies the
Director of Lands or the Lands Tribunal, as the case may be, that he had good and sufficient reason for
not availing himself of the provisions of section 17, and that the lowest rate of interest at which he
could borrow the money was in excess of 4 per cent per annum, such higher rate of interest may be
allowed, but in no case shall the rate exceed 10 per cent per annum. (Amended 62 of 1974 s. 16; L.N.
76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 63 of 1992; L.N. 291 of 1993)

(g) Interest at a rate not exceeding 4 per cent per annum may be allowed on any part of the compensation
allowed for any diminution in value of an interest in land, and such interest may be allowed from the
date of such diminution, being a date not earlier than the date of publication of the order made under
section 3 which resulted in such diminution.

(h) In determining whether any interest shall be allowed, regard shall be had to all the circumstances of the
case, including any delays occasioned by the claimant.


Section: 25 Disputes to be determined by Lands Tribunal 30/06/1997


(1) Where any dispute arises as to-
(a) whether compensation is payable under this Ordinance; or
(b) the amount of any such compensation; or
(c) the person to whom it is payable,

the dispute shall be referred to and determined by the Lands Tribunal.
(2) For the purposes of this section, a dispute shall be deemed to have arisen where a claimant or the Director



Cap 301 - HONG KONG AIRPORT (CONTROL OF OBSTRUCTIONS) ORDINANCE 10

of Lands, as the case may be, has served notice of intention to refer the dispute to the Lands Tribunal upon all other
parties to the dispute, and the party who has served notice as aforesaid shall, within 2 months thereafter, refer the
dispute to the Lands Tribunal by notice served upon the registrar of the Lands Tribunal giving particulars of the matter
in dispute between the parties, and a copy of the last-mentioned notice shall, within the said period, be served upon all
other parties. (Amended L.N. 76 of 1982; L.N. 94 of 1986; L.N. 291 of 1993)

(Amended 62 of 1974 s. 16; 21 of 1977 s. 6)

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