Purpose Trusts Act 2015

Link to law: http://www.gibraltarlaws.gov.gi/articles/2015-17o.pdf
Published: 2015-09-17

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I ASSENT Purpose Trusts
© Government of Gibraltar (www.gibraltarlaws.gov.gi)
2015-17


PURPOSE TRUSTS ACT 2015


Principal Act

Act. No. 2015-17 Commencement (LN. 2015/160) 17.9.2015
Assent 1.7.2015




Amending
enactments
Relevant current
provisions
Commencement
date



Purpose Trusts
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ARRANGMENT OF SECTIONS
Section

PART 1
PRELIMINARY

1. Short title.
2. Commencement.
3. Interpretation.


PART 2
PURPOSE TRUSTS

4. Establishment.
5. Trust of income or capital and permissibility of discretion.
6. Licensed Trustee.
7. Registered office etc.
8. Discretionary powers in absence of contrary provision etc.
9. Power to allocate property in absence of appointment etc.
10. Applications to court by trustees.
11. Enforcer.
12. Exclusion of perpetuities and accumulations rule.
13. Not void for want of certainty.


PART 3
APPLICATIONS TO COURT – GENERAL

14. Authorised persons.
15. Attorney General.
16. Applications to terminate and dispose.
17. Right to documentation.
18. Prohibition on certain appointments.
19. Power, authority and jurisdiction of the Court.
20. Standing, rights, powers and authority of Authorised Person.
21. Orders under a Relevant Application.

PART 4
MISCELLANEOUS

22. Extension of the cy-près doctrine.
23. Amendment of cy-près doctrine.
24. Amendment of cy-près doctrine: failure of section 23 application.
25. Court’s powers: applications under sections 23 and 24.
26. End of a purpose trust.
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27. Criminal offences: section 6.
28. Criminal offences: section 7.
29. Criminal offences: section 7 (untrue statements).
30. Criminal offences: section 7 (inspection and making of copies).
31. Criminal offences: directors and managers.
32. Defences.
33. Real property in Gibraltar.
34. Preservation of general law.
35. Power to make regulations.


Purpose Trusts
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Purpose Trusts
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2015-17
AN ACT TO MAKE PROVISION TO ALLOW FOR TRUSTS FOR A
PURPOSE OR PURPOSES OTHERWISE THAN FOR CHARITABLE
PURPOSES AND FOR MATTERS RELATED THERETO.


PART 1
PRELIMINARY

Short title.

1. This Act may be cited as the Purpose Trusts Act.

Commencement.

2. This Act shall come into operation on the day appointed by the Minister
by notice in the Gazette and different days may be appointed for different
provisions.

Interpretation.

3. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires–

“Authorised Person” means any person who is from time to time a person
described in section 14(1);

“Court” means the Supreme Court of Gibraltar;

“Enforcer” has the meaning given in section 11;

“Licensed Trustees” means–

(a) a barrister or solicitor admitted, enrolled and practising in
Gibraltar;

(b) a person whose name, address and qualifications are
contained in Part III of the Financial Services (Auditors)
Act 2009;

(c) a licensee under the Financial Services (Investment and
Fiduciary Services) Act;

(d) a Licensee under the Financial Services (Banking) Act
1992; or

(e) such other person as the Minister may, by Order, designate;

“Minister” means the Minister with responsibility for financial
services;
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“Purpose Trust” means a trust established as permitted by and in
accordance with this Act;

“Purpose” and “Purposes” has the meaning given in section 4;

“property” includes money, goods, things in action and every
description of property, whether real or personal and shall include
capital and income; also obligations, easements and every
description of estate, interest and profit, vested or contingent,
arising out of or incidental to property;

“Relevant Application” means any application made to the Court
under any of sections 13, 16 and 24 of this Act;

“trust document” means any written document, inclusive of a will,
settling or declaring a trust and evidencing its terms and shall
include any written document executed before the commencement
of this Act and which has been amended in writing after the
commencement of this Act as may be permitted by the relevant
instrument.

PART 2
PURPOSE TRUSTS

Establishment.

4.(1) Any person may establish a trust by trust document declaring that this
Act is to apply to that trust and having as the objects of the trust or power
any purpose not being a charitable purpose subject to the provision of
subsections (2) and (3) below.

(2) A Purpose Trust must have a purpose or purposes that are–

(a) capable of being carried out;

(b) sufficiently certain to be capable of being carried out;

(c) not contrary to public policy;

(d) not unlawful;

(e) capable, subject to the exercise of any power of accumulation,
of consuming the property held upon the trusts of the Purpose
Trust;

(f) does not benefit its trustees beyond the payment of fees for so
acting as may be expressly provided for in the trust document.
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(3) The trust document establishing a Purpose Trust must provide for–

(a) the events upon the occurrence of which will cause the relevant
Purpose Trust to come to an end;

(b) the disposal of all and any property capital and income held by
the Relevant Purpose trust on it coming to an end.

(4) A Purpose Trust established under this Act shall not fail for want of a
beneficiary or beneficiaries.

Trust of income or capital and permissibility of discretion.

5. A Purpose Trust may be established–

(a) of any property; and

(b) that is discretionary or includes discretionary powers of disposal of
or over property,

and that requires or permits disposal of such property for different Purposes
as may be specifically provided in the trust document.

Licensed Trustee.

6. At least one Licensed Trustee must be appointed and act as a trustee of a
Purpose Trust.

Registered office etc.

7. The trustees of a Purpose Trust shall keep at their registered office in
Gibraltar without any obligation on their part to make any of those
documents public or available to inspection save as specifically provided
under this Act–

(a) the original trust document and each and every original
document by which the relevant Purpose Trust is amended or
supplemented and all or any other original trust document
pertaining to the relevant Purpose Trust;

(b) a register of each Purpose Trust of which the trustee is trustee
which register shall contain–

(i) the name of each person who settled or created the
relevant Purpose Trust;

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(ii) a description of the Purpose or Purposes of the relevant
Purpose Trust;

(iii) the name of each and every Authorised Person named (if
any) in the relevant Purpose Trust.

(c) the accounts and all supporting financial records of the relevant
Purpose Trust, including all amounts of property capital and
income applied by the trustees in accordance with the terms of
the relevant Purpose Trust.

Discretionary powers in absence of contrary provision etc.

8. In the absence of an express contrary provision or intention in the trust
document and subject to the express terms of that trust document the trustees
of any Purpose Trust shall have full discretion to–

(a) appoint property among any of the different Purposes of that
Purpose Trust if there is more than one Purpose;

(b) formulate, devise, develop, decide and determine the means
and strategies by which to give effect to and achieve the
Purpose or Purposes of the relevant Purpose Trust.

Power to allocate property in absence of appointment etc.

9.(1) In the absence of an appointment of property in the trust document
and the trustees failing to make any such appointment in a Purpose Trust
having more than one Purpose then the Court shall have power to allocate
property as between the Purposes of the Purpose Trust in manner that, in the
opinion of the Court applying the matters and consideration identified in
subsection (2), gives effect to the intent of the relevant Purpose Trust.

(2) In coming to its opinion the Court shall have regard to–

(a) the provisions of the trust document;

(b) the evidence of the trustees;

(c) the evidence of any settlor of the relevant Purpose Trust, of any
person involved in the creation of the Purpose Trust which
shall include the persons who have funded it and any of any
professional engaged in its creation;

(d) the evidence of any person who on application is declared by
the Court to have any interest in advancing the Purpose or
Purposes or trust of the relevant Purpose Trust subject to the
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Court being satisfied that it is appropriate for such person to
give evidence that is relevant; and

(e) any other relevant evidence in the discretion of the Court.

Applications to court by trustees.

10. The trustees of a Purpose Trust in connection with any Purpose Trust of
which they are trustees shall have power and authority to make an
application to the Court:

(a) under section 13, section 16 and section 23; or

(b) for any opinion, advice or directions or declaration in
connection with a Purpose Trust and the property held by it,

and the Court shall have full power, authority and jurisdiction to deal with
consider and determine all and any such applications.

Enforcer.

11.(1) The trust document establishing a Purpose Trust–

(a) shall contain provision appointing a person or persons, who
must be independent of the trustee in that such person shall not
be–

(i) a trustee of the relevant Purpose Trust;

(ii) a person connected with a trustee of the relevant Purpose
Trust and a person shall be considered as connected if
one of them directly or indirectly controls the other, both
of them are directly or indirectly controlled by a third
party or one of them is employed by the other or by a
person directly or indirectly controlling or controlled by
that person.

to be known as Enforcer whose duty shall be to enforce the purpose or purposes of
the Purpose Trust;

(b) shall include provision by which a person or persons may be
appointed as soon as practicable as Enforcer and by whom
such appointment shall be made in any of the following events:

(i) a vacancy arising in the office of Enforcer;

(ii) the Enforcer being found by the Court on the application
of an Authorised Person to have cease to be independent
of the trustees; or
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(iii) the Court on the application of an Authorised Person
finds that the Enforcer is incapable, unable or unwilling
to act as such;

(c) shall include provision that the Enforcer shall have an
unfettered and absolute right to access all and any information
and documents connected with or relating to the relevant
Purpose Trust and to its property and administration.

(2) Subject to subsection (3) an Enforcer may resign his office by notice in
writing delivered to the trustees, any such resignation shall take effect on
the delivery of the written notice to the trustees.

(3) Any resignation for the purpose of facilitating a breach of trust shall be
of no effect.

(4) An Enforcer shall cease his office immediately upon–

(a) his removal from office by the Court;

(b) his removal or cessation under the terms of the relevant
Purpose Trust or otherwise under the provisions of this Act.

Exclusion of perpetuities and accumulations rule.

12. The rules, principles of law and equity and any enactment against
perpetuities and accumulations shall not apply to a Purpose Trust.

Not void for want of certainty.

13.(1) A Purpose Trust shall not be void for want of certainty or for
uncertainty.

(2) The trust document may contain provision for the resolution by the
trustee or any other person specified in the trust document of any
uncertainty or want of certainty.

(3) In the event that–

(a) a want of certainty or uncertainty should arise in any Purpose
Trust;

(b) the trust document does not authorise the trustees or any other
person to resolve such want of certainty or uncertainty; or

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(c) if the trust document does authorise the trustees or any other
person to resolve such want of certainty or uncertainty and that
trustee or person fails or refuses to resolve it,
then the Court on the application of an Authorised Person may–

(d) take such steps including amending the trust document as in
the exercise of its discretion it considers appropriate to give
effect to the intent of the Purpose Trust having regard to–

(i) the provisions of the trust document;

(ii) the evidence of the trustees;

(iii) the evidence of any settlor of the relevant Purpose Trust,
of any person involved in the creation of the Purpose
Trust which shall include the persons who have funded it
and of any professional engaged in its creation;

(iv) the evidence any person who may benefit from the
Purpose Trust;

(v) any other relevant evidence in the discretion of the
Court; or
in the event that the Court is unable to take any steps under subsection 3 the Court
shall declare the Purpose Trust void and it shall end.

PART 3
APPLICATIONS TO COURT – GENERAL

Authorised persons.

14. The following persons are authorised to make a Relevant Application–

(a) the Enforcer;

(b) the trustees of the relevant Purpose Trust;

(b) any person appointed for the purposes of making a Relevant
Application under the provisions of this Act;

(c) unless the trust document provides otherwise, the settlor of the
relevant Purpose Trust;

(d) any person who on application is declared by the Court to have
any interest in advancing the Purpose or Purposes or trusts of
the relevant Purpose Trust subject to the court being satisfied
that it is appropriate for such person to make a Relevant
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Application and take proceedings concerning the relevant
Purpose Trust.

Attorney General.

15. The Attorney General may certify in writing that a Relevant
Application relating to a Purpose Trust is necessary and that he is satisfied
that there is no Authorised Person who is either able or willing to
commence and prosecute such an application and thereafter the Attorney
General–

(a) shall have full standing, authority and jurisdiction to make a
Relevant Application; or

(b) may commence and prosecute an application for the
appointment by the Court of an Authorised Person for any
relevant Purpose Trust.

Applications to terminate and dispose.

16. In the event that in any application the Court is satisfied that–

(a) there is no Authorised Person able and willing to make a
Relevant Application involving any relevant Purpose Trust;
and

(b) it is impossible or impractical for the Court to appoint under
any power to do so contained in this Act an Authorised Person
who is able and willing to make a Relevant Application
involving any relevant Purpose Trust;

then the Court may make an order on an application made by
any of the Attorney General or any trustees of the relevant
Purpose Trust or of an Authorised Person of the relevant
Purpose Trust:

(c) terminating the relevant Purpose Trust; and

(d) disposing of all the property of the relevant Purpose Trust in
the manner that is provided in the trust document or if no
provision is made in the trust document in such manner as it
considers fair, just and equitable.

Right to documentation.

17. The Attorney General shall have full right and authority for the
purposes of sections 15 and 16 to require the copies of the documents listed
in section 7 to be made and delivered to him.
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Prohibition on certain appointments.

18. The Court may not appoint as an Authorised Person any person or class
of persons including any trustee of the relevant Purpose Trust which the
trust document governing that relevant Purpose Trust expressly prohibits
from acting as an Authorised Person.

Power, authority and jurisdiction of the Court.

19. The Court shall have full power, authority and jurisdiction to–

(a) appoint an Authorised Person upon an application being made
by the Attorney General under section 15;

(b) consider any application made under section 16 and make any
appropriate order;

(c) make an order that any costs of any application incurred by any
person be paid out of the assets of the relevant Purpose Trust
and further that any reasonable fees, charges, disbursements
and remuneration charged or incurred by any such person also
be paid out of the assets of the relevant Purpose Trust.

Standing, rights, powers and authority of Authorised Person.

20. An Authorised Person shall have the standing, right, power and
authority–

(a) to make any application to the Court under sections 13, 16 and
23;

(b) to make any application to the Court that any beneficiary of
any other type of trust may make to include, administration
proceedings, proceedings for breach of trust or for the recovery
of trust property or any other proceedings against trustees or
other persons;

(c) to make any application to the Court or within any other
Relevant Proceedings for such accounts, inquiries and other
personal remedies and relief as could be obtained by any
beneficiary of any other type of trust not being a Purpose Trust;

(d) to make an application to the Court for an opinion, advice or
directions or otherwise as could be obtained by any beneficiary
of any other type of trust not being a Purpose Trust;

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(e) to make an application to the Court for relief against personal
liability and to protect and indemnify an Authorised Person to
include an indemnity against costs and expenses that an
Authorised Person may incur in making a Relevant
Application;

(f) to make an application to the Court within any litigation or in
contemplation of any litigation or absent litigation or
contemplation of litigation for an order permitting the
inspection of and the making of copies of all and any trust
documents, other documents, instruments, registers, records
and legal opinions or advices obtained or received by the
trustees of the relevant Purpose Trust but in the latter case
excluding any such legal opinions or advices obtained or
received by the trustees in contemplation of any litigation
against all or any of the trustees personally,

and the Court shall have full power, authority and jurisdiction to deal with
consider and determine such applications.

Orders under a Relevant Application.

21. In any Relevant Application the Court may make an order–

(a) to protect and indemnify out of the property of the trust an
Authorised Person in the same manner as for any other type of
trust not being a Purpose Trust and for relief against personal
liability to include an indemnity against costs and expenses that
an Authorised Person may incur in making a Relevant
Application;

(b) to permit the inspection of and the making of copies of all and
any trust documents, other documents, instruments, registers,
records and legal opinions or advices obtained or received by
the trustees of the relevant Purpose Trust but in the latter case
excluding any such legal opinions or advices obtained or
received by the trustees in contemplation of any litigation
against all or any of the trustees personally.

PART 4
MISCELLANEOUS

Extension of the cy-près doctrine.

22. Any trust document establishing or declaring a Purpose Trust may
include provision by which its trustees or any other person named and
authorised in it so to do may alter the relevant Purpose Trust inclusive of its
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Purpose or Purposes in the event that in the opinion of the trustees of the
relevant Purpose Trust its Purpose or Purposes in whole or in part becomes–

(a) impossible or impracticable;

(b) unlawful or contrary to public policy; or

(c) obsolete because its Purpose or Purposes can no longer be met
by reason of a change in circumstances,

and the trustees or any such other person in these circumstances shall have
unfettered discretion and full right power, authority by an instrument in
writing to amend the trust document applying the cy-près doctrine to the
Relevant Trust to allow relevant Purpose Trust to continue in existence
which existence shall be deemed to be uninterrupted.

Amendment of cy-près doctrine.

23. In the event that a trust document establishing or declaring a Purpose
Trust does not include a provision by which an alteration can be made as
permitted by section 22 or does include such provision but it is not amended
for any reason and the fulfilment of its Purpose or Purposes in whole or in
part becomes–

(a) impossible or impracticable;

(b) unlawful or contrary to public policy; or

(c) obsolete because its Purpose or Purposes can no longer be met
by reason of a change in circumstances,

the trustees shall or any Authorised Person may apply to the Court to amend
the relevant Purpose Trust applying the cy-près doctrine.

Amendment of cy-près doctrine: failure of section 23 application.

24. In the event that on an application made under section 23 the Court
finds that on an application of the cy-près doctrine the Purpose or Purposes
of the relevant Purpose Trust cannot be altered then it shall declare that the
relevant Purpose Trust has come to an end and it shall order that the
property of the relevant Purpose Trust shall be disposed of as expressly
provided for in the relevant trust documents upon termination of the
relevant Purpose Trust or in the absence of any such provision as the Court
shall direct.

Court’s powers: applications under sections 23 and 24.

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25. The Court shall have full power, authority and jurisdiction to deal with,
consider and determine all and any applications made under sections 23 and
24.

End of a purpose trust.

26. If the Court orders under sections 13 or 16 that a Purpose Trust has
come to an end the Court shall order that the property capital and income of
the relevant Purpose Trust should be dealt with in accordance with the
provisions of the trust document

Criminal offences: section 6.

27. Any person who knowingly acts as a trustee of a Purpose Trust in
breach of section 6 is guilty of an offence and is liable on summary
conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

Criminal offences: section 7.

28. Any person who breaches section 7 is guilty of an offence and is liable
on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

Criminal offences: section 7 (untrue statements).

29. Any person who makes or authorises the making of any statement that
is untrue in any register, document or instrument described in section 7 is
guilty of an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

Criminal offences: section 7 (inspection and making of copies).

30. Any person who refuses to permit any inspection of or the making of
any copies of any documents listed in section 7 as required or permitted by
this Act is guilty of an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine
not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale for each and every day that the
refusal shall continue.

Criminal offences: directors and managers.

31. Any director or manager of any body corporate who consents to or
connives in or whose recklessness causes that body corporate to commit any
offence under this Act shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on
summary conviction to a fine not exceeding the fine for which the body
corporate is liable under this Act for that same offence.

Defences.

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32. It shall be a defence to any person in proceedings against him under
sections 28 to 30 if that person satisfies the court that he took reasonable
steps and exercised due diligence to avoid committing the offence save that
no such person may rely on this defence by reason of relying on information
given to him by any other person unless he satisfies the court that it was
reasonable in the circumstances for him to have relied on that information
having particular regard–

(a) to the steps actually taken by that person at any relevant time
and those that might or should reasonably have been taken for
the purpose of verifying the information in question; and

(b) to any reason existing by which that person should have
disbelieved the information in question.

Real property in Gibraltar.

33. No real property situate in Gibraltar or interest in real property that is
situate in Gibraltar shall be owned or held directly or indirectly by trustees
as part of the property of any Purpose Trust.

Preservation of general law.

34.(1) Nothing in this Act shall affect the law applying or relating to trusts
established for charitable purposes.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act all principles of law and equity for
the time being and from time to time relating to trusts shall apply to a
Purpose Trust, to the trustees of a Purpose Trust, to any persons in any way
connected to or having dealings with a Purpose Trust or whomsoever or
howsoever else.

Power to make regulations.

35. The Minister may make regulations prescribing all matters which by
this Act may be required or permitted to be prescribed or which are
necessary or convenient to be prescribed for carrying out or giving effect to
the provisions of this Act.