Commission Regulation (EC) No 1688/2005 of 14 October 2005 implementing Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards special guarantees concerning salmonella for consignments to Finland and Sweden of certain meat an


Published: 2005-10-14

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L_2005271EN.01001701.xml

15.10.2005   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 271/17

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1688/2005
of 14 October 2005
implementing Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards special guarantees concerning salmonella for consignments to Finland and Sweden of certain meat and eggs
(Text with EEA relevance)
THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,
Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 laying down specific hygiene rules for food of animal origin (1), and in particular Article 9 thereof,
Whereas:

(1)

At the time of their accession, Finland and Sweden were granted additional salmonella guarantees covering trade in fresh meat from bovine and porcine animals, fresh poultrymeat and table eggs which were extended to minced meat by Council Directive 94/65/EC (2). Those guarantees were set out in certain Directives, as amended by the Act of Accession for Austria, Finland and Sweden, namely as regards food in Council Directive 64/433/EEC (3), in respect of fresh meat, Council Directive 71/118/EEC (4) in respect of fresh poultrymeat and Directive 92/118/EEC (5) in respect of eggs.

(2)

As from 1 January 2006, Directives 64/433/EEC, 71/118/EEC, and 94/65/EC are to be repealed by Directive 2004/41/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 repealing certain Directives concerning food hygiene and health conditions for the production and placing on the market of certain products of animal origin intended for human consumption and amending Council Directives 89/662/EEC and 92/118/EEC and Council Decision 95/408/EC (6). Directive 92/118/EEC is to be amended by Directive 2004/41/EC.

(3)

Article 4 of Directive 2004/41/EC provides that pending the adoption of the necessary provisions on the basis of Regulations (EC) No 852/2004 (7), (EC) No 853/2004, (EC) No 854/2004 (8) of the European Parliament and of the Council or Council Directive 2002/99/EC (9), the implementing rules adopted on the basis of Directives 71/118/EEC and 94/65/EC and those adopted on the basis of Annex II to Directive 92/118/EEC, with the exception of Council Decision 94/371/EC (10) are to continue to apply mutatis mutandis.

(4)

As from 1 January 2006, new rules concerning special guarantees for food in respect of salmonella will apply under Regulation (EC) No 853/2004.

(5)

There is therefore a need to update and complement as appropriate the implementing provisions provided for in Commission Decision 95/168/EC of 8 May 1995 establishing, as regards salmonella, additional guarantees for consignments to Finland and Sweden of certain types of eggs intended for human consumption (11), Council Decision 95/409/EC of 22 June 1995 laying down the rules for the microbiological testing by sampling of fresh beef and veal and pigmeat intended for Finland and Sweden (12), Council Decision 95/411/EC of 22 June 1995 laying down the rules for the microbiological testing for salmonella by sampling of fresh poultry meat intended for Finland and Sweden (13), and Commission Decision 2003/470/EC of 24 June 2003 on the authorisation of certain alternative methods to be used in microbiological testing of meat intended for Finland and Sweden (14), pursuant to the new provisions of Regulation (EC) No 853/2004. It is furthermore appropriate to gather all the provisions in one Commission Regulation and to repeal Decisions 95/168/EC, 95/409/EC, 95/411/EC and 2003/470/EC.

(6)

Implementing provisions should also be adopted for the new special guarantees laid down in Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 as regard minced meat from poultry.

(7)

The rules relating to microbiological tests by sampling should be drawn up laying down the sampling method, the number of samples to be taken and the microbiological method to be used for examining the samples.

(8)

In the rules on sampling methods, it is appropriate to make a distinction, as regards meat from bovine and porcine animals, between carcases and half carcases, on the one hand and quarters, cuts and smaller pieces on the other, and, as regards meat from poultry, between whole carcases, on the one hand, and parts of carcases and offal on the other.

(9)

It is appropriate to take account of international methods for the sampling and for the microbiological examination of samples, as reference methods, while allowing the use of certain alternative methods that have been validated and certified as providing equivalent guarantees.

(10)

It is necessary to update or to establish where appropriate the models of trade and certification documents accompanying consignments and declaring or certifying that the guarantees are fulfilled.

(11)

Pursuant to Article 8(2)(c) and (d) of Regulation (EC) No 853/2004, the special guarantees should not be applicable to any consignment that is subject to a programme recognised as equivalent to that implemented by Finland and Sweden, or to consignments of meat from bovine and porcine animals and eggs destined to special treatments.

(12)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee for the Food Chain and Animal Health,
HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:
Article 1
Sampling of meat from bovine animals
The sampling of meat from bovine animals, including minced meat but excluding meat preparations and mechanically separated meat, intended for Finland and Sweden, and subjected to a microbiological test shall be carried out in accordance with Annex I.
Article 2
Sampling of meat from porcine animals
The sampling of meat from porcine animals, including minced meat but excluding meat preparations and mechanically separated meat, intended for Finland and Sweden and subjected to a microbiological test, shall be carried out in accordance with Annex I.
Article 3
Sampling of meat from poultry
The sampling of meat from domestic fowl, turkeys, guinea fowl, ducks and geese, including minced meat but excluding meat preparations and mechanically separated meat, intended for Finland and Sweden and subjected to a microbiological test, shall be carried out in accordance with Annex II.
Article 4
Sampling of the flocks of origin of eggs
The sampling of the flocks of origin of the eggs intended for Finland and Sweden and subjected to a microbiological test shall be carried out in accordance with Annex III.
Article 5
Microbiological methods for the examination of the samples
1.   Microbiological testing for salmonella of the samples taken in accordance with Articles 1 to 4 shall be carried out in accordance with the most recent edition of:

(a)

standard EN/ISO 6579 (15) (EN/ISO 6579); or

(b)

method No 71 described by the Nordic Committee on Food Analysis (NMKL) (16) (method No 71).
Where the results of the microbiological testing are contested between Member States, the most recent edition of EN/ISO 6579 shall be regarded as the reference method.
2.   However, for samples of meat from bovine and porcine animals and of meat from poultry, the following analytical methods, which shall be validated by the use of meat samples in the validation studies, may be used for the microbiological testing for salmonella:
methods that have been validated against the most recent editions of EN/ISO 6579 or of method No 71 and if a proprietary method, certified by a third party in accordance with the protocol set out in standard EN/ISO 16140 (EN/ISO 16140) or other internationally accepted protocols.
Article 6
Documentation
1.   Consignments of meat referred to in Articles 1, 2 and 3 shall be accompanied by a trade document complying with the model set out in Annex IV.
2.   Consignments of egg referred to in Article 4 shall be accompanied by a certificate complying with the model set out in Annex V.
Article 7
Decisions 95/168/EC, 95/409/EC, 95/411/EC and 2003/470/EC are repealed.
Article 8
This Regulation shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official journal of the European Union.
It shall apply from 1 January 2006.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.
Done at Brussels, 14 October 2005.


For the Commission

Markos KYPRIANOU


Member of the Commission




(1)  OJ L 139, 30.4.2004, p. 3, as corrected by OJ L 226, 25.6.2004, p. 22.

(2)  OJ L 368, 31.12.1994, p. 10. Directive as amended by Regulation (EC) No 806/2003 (OJ L 122, 16.5.2003, p. 1).

(3)  OJ 121, 29.7.1964, p. 2012/64. Directive as last amended by the 2005 Act of Accession.

(4)  OJ L 55, 8.3.1971, p. 23. Directive as last amended by the 2005 Act of Accession.

(5)  OJ L 62, 15.3.1993, p. 49. Directive as last amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 445/2004 (OJ L 72, 11.3.2004, p. 60).

(6)  OJ L 157, 30.4.2004, p. 33 ,as corrected by OJ L 195, 2.6.2004, p. 12.

(7)  OJ L 139, 30.4.2004, p. 1, as corrected by OJ L 226, 25.6.2004, p. 3.

(8)  OJ L 139, 30.4.2004, p. 206, as corrected by OJ L 226, 25.6.2004, p. 83.

(9)  OJ L 18, 23.1.2003, p. 11.

(10)  OJ L 168, 2.7.1994, p. 34.

(11)  OJ L 109, 16.5.1995, p. 44. Decision as amended by Decision 97/278/EC (OJ L 110, 26.4.1997, p. 77).

(12)  OJ L 243, 11.10.1995, p. 21. Decision as amended by Decision 98/227/EC (OJ L 87, 21.3.1998, p. 14).

(13)  OJ L 243, 11.10.1995, p. 29. Decision as amended by Decision 98/227/EC.

(14)  OJ L 157, 26.6.2003, p. 66.

(15)  EN/ISO 6579: Microbiology of food and animal feeding stuffs — Horizontal method for the detection of Salmonella spp.

(16)  NMKL method No 71: Salmonella. Detection in food.

ANNEX I
Sampling rules applicable to meat or minced meat from bovine and porcine animals when intended for Finland and Sweden
Section A
SAMPLING METHOD
1.   Carcases, half-carcases and quarters obtained from the slaughterhouse of origin (swab technique)
The non-destructive sampling method as described in ISO 17604 standard, including the rules for storage and transport of samples must be used.
For beef carcases, three sites must be sampled (leg, flank and neck). For pork carcases, two sites must be sampled (leg and brisket). An abrasive sponge sampling method must be used. The sampling area must cover a minimum of 100 cm2 per site selected. Samples from the different sampling sites on the carcase must be pooled before examination.
Each sample must be duly marked and identified.
2.   Quarter cuts obtained from an establishment other than the slaughterhouse of origin of the carcase, cuts and smaller pieces (destructive method)
Pieces of tissue must be obtained by punching a sterile cork borer into the meat surface or cutting a slice of tissue of approximately 25 cm2 with sterile instruments. The samples must be aseptically transferred into a sample container or plastic dilution bag and then homogenised (peristaltic stomacher or rotary blender (homogeniser)). Samples of frozen meat must remain frozen during transport to the laboratory. Samples from chilled meat must not be frozen but kept refrigerated. Separate samples of the same consignment may be pooled as established in EN/ISO 6579 standard, up to a maximum of 10.
Each sample must be duly marked and identified.
3.   Minced meat (destructive method)
Pieces of meat must be obtained by sampling of approximately 25 g with sterile instruments. The samples must be aseptically transferred into a sample container or plastic dilution bag and then homogenised (peristaltic stomacher or rotary blender (homogeniser)). Samples of frozen meat must remain frozen during transport to the laboratory. Samples from chilled meat must not be frozen but kept refrigerated. Separate samples of the same consignment may be pooled as established in EN/ISO 6579 standard, up to a maximum of 10.
Each sample must be duly marked and identified.
Section B
NUMBER OF SAMPLES TO BE TAKEN
1.   Carcases, half-carcases, half-carcases cut into a maximum of three pieces and quarters referred to under A(1)
The number of carcases or half-carcases (units) in a consignment of which separate random samples are to be taken must be as follows:

Consignment (number of packing units)
Number of packing units to be sampled
1-24
Number equal to the number of packing units, with a maximum of 20
25-29
20
30-39
25
40-49
30
50-59
35
60-89
40
90-199
50
200-499
55
500 or more
60
2.   Quarters, cuts and smaller pieces as referred to under A(2) and minced meat as referred to under A(3)
The number of packing units in the consignment of which separate random samples are to be taken must be as follows:

Consignment (number of packing units)
Number of packing units to be sampled
1-24
Number equal to the number of packing units, with a maximum of 20
25-29
20
30-39
25
40-49
30
50-59
35
60-89
40
90-199
50
200-499
55
500 or more
60
Depending on the weight of the packing units, the number of packing units to be sampled may be reduced using the following multiplication factors:

Weight of packing units
> 20 kg
10-20 kg
 20 kg
10-20 kg