Commission Directive 2004/95/EC of 24 September 2004 amending Council Directive 90/642/EEC as regards the maximum residues levels of bifenthrin and famoxadone fixed therein(Text with EEA relevance)


Published: 2004-09-24

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L_2004301EN.01004201.xml

28.9.2004   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 301/42

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2004/95/EC
of 24 September 2004
amending Council Directive 90/642/EEC as regards the maximum residues levels of bifenthrin and famoxadone fixed therein
(Text with EEA relevance)
THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,
Having regard to Council Directive 90/642/EEC of 27 November 1990 on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and on certain products of plant origin including fruit and vegetables (1), and in particular Article 7 thereof,
Having regard to Council Directive 91/414/EEC of 15 July 1991 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market (2), and in particular Article 4(1)(f) thereof,
Whereas:

(1)

In accordance with Directive 91/414/EEC, authorisations of plant protection products for use on specific crops are the responsibility of the Member States. Such authorisations are required to be based on the evaluation of effects on human and animal health and influence on the environment. Elements to be taken into account in such evaluations include operator and bystander exposure and impact on the terrestrial, aquatic and aerial environments, as well as impact on humans and animals through consumption of residues on treated crops.

(2)

Maximum residue levels (MRLs) reflect the use of minimum quantities of pesticides to achieve effective protection of plants, applied in such a manner that the amount of residue is the smallest practicable and is toxicologically acceptable, in particular in terms of estimated dietary intake.

(3)

MRLs for pesticides should be kept under review. They may be changed to take account of new uses, new information and data.

(4)

MRLs are fixed at the lower limit of analytical determination where authorised uses of plant protection products do not result in detectable levels of pesticide residue in or on the food product, or where there are no authorised uses, or where uses which have been authorised by Member States have not been supported by the necessary data, or where uses in third countries resulting in residues in or on food products which may enter into circulation in the Community market have not been supported with such necessary data.

(5)

Information on new or changed uses of certain pesticides covered by Directive 90/642/EEC has been notified to the Commission. This concerns bifenthrin, for which MRLs were set by Commission Directive 2002/79/EC (3) and famoxadone for which MRLs were set by Commission Directive 2003/60/EC (4).

(6)

The lifetime exposure of consumers to these pesticides via food products that may contain residues of these pesticides has been assessed and evaluated in accordance with the procedures and practices used within the Community, taking account of guidelines published by the World Health Organisation (5). It has been calculated that the MRLs concerned will ensure that the acceptable daily intakes are not exceeded.

(7)

In the case of famoxadone, for which an acute reference (ARfD) dose exists, the acute exposure of consumers via each of the food products that may contain residues of these pesticides has been assessed and evaluated in accordance with the procedures and practices currently used within the European Community, taking account of guidelines published by the World Health Organisation. The opinions of the Scientific Committee for Plants, in particular advice and recommendations concerning the protection of consumers from food products treated with pesticides, have been taken into account. The intake assessment of famoxadone shows, that by setting the MRLs concerned, the ARfD will not be exceeded. In the case of bifenthrin, an assessment of the available information has shown that no ARfD is required and that therefore a short-term assessment is not needed.

(8)

Therefore it is appropriate to fix new maximum levels for residues of those pesticides.

(9)

Directive 90/642/EEC should therefore be amended accordingly.

(10)

The setting or modification at Community level of provisional MRLs does not prevent the Member States from establishing provisional MRLs for famoxadone in accordance with Article 4(1)(f) of Directive 91/414/EEC and Annex VI thereto. It is considered that a period of four years is sufficient to permit further uses of the active substance concerned. The provisional MRL should then become definitive.

(11)

The measures provided for in this Directive are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health,
HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:
Article 1
The maximum pesticide residue levels for bifenthrin and famoxadone in Annex II to Directive 90/642/EEC are replaced by those in the Annex to this Directive.
Article 2
1.   Member States shall adopt and publish, by 25 March 2005 at the latest, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions and a correlation table between those provisions and this Directive.
They shall apply these provisions from 26 March 2005.
When Member States adopt those provisions, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made.
2.   Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.
Article 3
This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
Article 4
This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 24 September 2004.


For the Commission

David BYRNE


Member of the Commission




(1)  OJ L 350, 14.12.1990, p. 71. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2004/61/EC (OJ L 127, 29.4.2004, p. 81).

(2)  OJ L 230, 19.8.1991, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2004/71/EC (OJ L 127, 29.4.2004, p. 104).

(3)  OJ L 291, 28.10.2002, p. 1.

(4)  OJ L 155, 24.06.2003, p. 15.

(5)  Guidelines for predicting dietary intake of pesticide residues (revised), prepared by the GEMS/Food Programme in collaboration with the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues, published by the World Health Organisation 1997 (WHO/FSF/FOS/97.7).

ANNEX

‘Groups and examples of individual products to which the MRLs would apply
Pesticide residue and maximum residue level (mg/kg)
Bifenthrin
Famoxadone
1.   Fruit, fresh, dried or uncooked, preserved by freezing, not containing added sugar; nuts

(i)

CITRUS FRUIT

0,1
0,02 (1)
 (2)

Grapefruit
 
 
Lemons
 
 
Limes
 
 
Mandarins (including clementines and other hybrids)
 
 
Oranges
 
 
Pomelos
 
 
Others
 
 

(ii)

TREE NUTS (shelled or unshelled)

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

Almonds
 
 
Brazil nuts
 
 
Cashew nuts
 
 
Chestnuts
 
 
Coconuts
 
 
Hazelnuts
 
 
Macadamia
 
 
Pecans
 
 
Pine nuts
 
 
Pistachios
 
 
Walnuts
 
 
Others
 
 

(iii)

POME FRUIT

0,3
0,02 (1)
 (2)

Apples
 
 
Pears
 
 
Quinces
 
 
Others
 
 

(iv)

STONE FRUIT

0,2
0,02 (1)
 (2)

Apricots
 
 
Cherries
 
 
Peaches (including nectarines and similar hybrids)
 
 
Plums
 
 
Others
 
 

(v)

BERRIES & SMALL FRUIT

 
 

(a)

Table and wine grapes

0,2
2 (2)

Table grapes
 
 
Wine grapes
 
 

(b)

Strawberries (other than wild)

0,5
0,02 (1)
 (2)

(c)

Cane fruit (other than wild)

 
0,02 (1)
 (2)

Blackberries
0,3
 
Dewberries
 
 
Loganberries
 
 
Raspberries
0,3
 
Others
0,05 (1)

 

(d)

Other small fruit and berries (other than wild)

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

Bilberries
 
 
Cranberries
 
 
Currants (red, black and white)
 
 
Gooseberries
 
 
Others
 
 

(e)

Wild berries and wild fruit

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

(vi)

MISCELLANEOUS

 
0,02 (1)
 (2)

Avocados
 
 
Bananas
0,1
 
Dates
 
 
Figs
 
 
Kiwifruit
 
 
Kumquats
 
 
Lychees
 
 
Mangoes
 
 
Olives
 
 
Passion fruit
 
 
Pineapples
 
 
Pomegranate
 
 
Others
0,05 (1)

 
2.   Vegetables, fresh or uncooked, frozen or dry

(i)

ROOT AND TUBER VEGETABLES

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

Beetroot
 
 
Carrots
 
 
Celeriac
 
 
Horseradish
 
 
Jerusalem artichokes
 
 
Parsnips
 
 
Parsley root
 
 
Radishes
 
 
Salsify
 
 
Sweet potatoes
 
 
Swedes
 
 
Turnips
 
 
Yam
 
 
Others
 
 

(ii)

BULB VEGETABLES

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

Garlic
 
 
Onions
 
 
Shallots
 
 
Spring onions
 
 
Others
 
 

(iii)

FRUITING VEGETABLES

 
 

(a)

Solanacea

0,2
 
Tomatoes
 
1 (2)

Peppers
 
 
Aubergines
 
0,2 (2)

Others
 
0,02 (1)
 (2)

(b)

Cucurbits - edible peel

0,1
0,2 (2)

Cucumbers
 
 
Gherkins
 
 
Courgettes
 
 
Others
 
 

(c)

Cucurbits-inedible peel

0,05 (1)

 
Melons
 
0,3 (2)

Squashes
 
 
Watermelons
 
 
Others
 
0,02 (1)
 (2)

(d)

Sweet corn

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

(iv)

BRASSICA VEGETABLES

 
0,02 (1)
 (2)

(a)

Flowering brassica

0,2
 
Broccoli (including Calabrese)
 
 
Cauliflower
 
 
Others
 
 

(b)

Head brassica

1
 
Brussels sprouts
 
 
Head cabbage
 
 
Others
 
 

(c)

Leafy brassica

0,05 (1)

 
Chinese cabbage
 
 
Kale
 
 
Others
 
 

(d)

Kohlrabi

0,05 (1)

 

(v)

LEAF VEGETABLES & FRESH HERBS

 
0,02 (1)
 (2)

(a)

Lettuce and similar

2
 
Cress
 
 
Lamb's lettuce
 
 
Lettuce
 
 
Scarole (broad-leaf endive)
 
 
Others
 
 

(b)

Spinach and similar

0,05 (1)

 
Spinach
 
 
Beet leaves (chard)
 
 
Others
 
 

(c)

Water cress

0,05 (1)

 

(d)

Witloof

0,05 (1)

 

(e)

Herbs

0,05 (1)

 
Chervil
 
 
Chives
 
 
Parsley
 
 
Celery leaves
 
 
Others
 
 

(vi)

LEGUME VEGETABLES (fresh)

 
0,02 (1)
 (2)

Beans (with pods)
0,5
 
Beans (without pods)
 
 
Peas (with pods)
0,1
 
Peas (without pods)
 
 
Others
0,05 (1)

 

(vii)

STEM VEGETABLES (fresh)

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

Asparagus
 
 
Cardoons
 
 
Celery
 
 
Fennel
 
 
Globe artichokes
 
 
Leek
 
 
Rhubarb
 
 
Others
 
 

(viii)

FUNGI

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

(a)

Cultivated mushrooms

 
 

(b)

Wild mushrooms

 
 

3.

Pulses

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

Beans
 
 
Lentils
 
 
Peas
 
 
Others
 
 

4.

Oilseeds

0,1 (1)

0,05 (1)
 (2)

Linseed
 
 
Peanuts
 
 
Poppy seed
 
 
Sesame seed
 
 
Sunflower seed
 
 
Rape seed
 
 
Soya bean
 
 
Mustard seed
 
 
Cotton seed
 
 
Others
 
 

5.

Potatoes

0,05 (1)

0,02 (1)
 (2)

Early potatoes
 
 
Ware potatoes
 
 

6.

Tea (dried leaves and stalks, fermented or other-wise, Camellia sinensis)

5
0,05 (1)
 (2)

7.

Hops (dried), including hop pellets and unconcentrated powder

10
0,05 (1)
 (2)

(1)  Indicates lower limit of analytical determination

(2)  Indicates that the maximum residue level has been established provisionally in accordance with Article 4(1)(f) of Directive 91/414/EEC.’