Land Cadastre Act

Link to law: https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/ee/Riigikogu/act/524102014003/consolide
Published: 2011-01-01

Land Cadastre Act

Passed 12.10.1994
RT I 1994, 74, 1324
Entry into force 08.11.1994 (except § 3 which entered into force on 1.01.1995)
Amended by the following legal instruments (show)

Passed
Published
Entry into force

22.02.1995
RT I 1995, 29, 356
27.03.1995

14.06.1995
RT I 1995, 59, 1006
22.07.1995

30.04.1996
RT I 1996, 36, 738
07.06.1996

13.02.1997
RT I 1997, 16, 261
16.03.1997

13.06.2000
RT I 2000, 54, 347
16.07.2000

15.11.2000
RT I 2000, 92, 598
18.12.2000

consolidated text on paper RT
RT I 2001, 9, 41

14.11.2001
RT I 2001, 93, 565
01.02.2002

15.05.2002
RT I 2002, 47, 297
01.01.2003

19.06.2002
RT I 2002, 61, 375
01.08.2002

19.06.2002
RT I 2002, 63, 387
01.09.2002

13.11.2002
RT I 2002, 99, 579
01.01.2003

12.06.2003
RT I 2003, 51, 355
19.07.2003

07.12.2006
RT I 2006, 58, 439
01.01.2007

13.12.2007
RT I 2007, 69, 425
01.01.2008

15.06.2009
RT I 2009, 37, 251
10.07.2009

22.04.2010
RT I 2010, 22, 108
01.01.2011, enters into force on the date which has been determined in the Decision of the Council of the European Union regarding the abrogation of the derogation established in respect of the Republic of Estonia on the basis provided for in Article 140 (2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Council Decision 2010/416/EU of 13 July 2010 (OJ L 196, 28.07.2010, p. 24–26).

17.06.2010
RT I 2010, 38, 231
01.07.2010

19.06.2014
RT I, 29.06.2014, 109
01.07.2014, the titles of ministers substituted on the basis of subsection 107³ (4) of the Government of the Republic Act in the wording in force as of 1 July 2014.

Chapter 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS  

§ 1.  Scope of application of Act

(1) The Land Cadastre Act provides the bases for maintenance of the land cadastre (hereinafter cadastre), the objective of maintenance of the cadastre, the procedure for registration of cadastral units, the composition of cadastral data and the procedure for the processing thereof, and the procedure for the financing of the cadastre.
(2) The cadastre is a general national register.
(3) The provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act apply to administrative proceedings prescribed in this Act, taking account of the specifications provided for in this Act.
[RT I 2002, 61, 375 - entry into force 01.08.2002]

§ 11.  Objective of maintenance of cadastre

(1) The objective of the maintenance of the cadastre is to register information in the cadastre reflecting the value of land, the natural status of land and the use of land, and to ensure the quality of such information and that it is preserved and made available to the public.
(2) Cadastral data shall be the basis for the creation and development of information systems containing spatial data.

§ 2.  Definitions

In this Act, the following definitions are used as follows:
1) “land cadastre” (“cadastre”) means a database consisting of the cadastral register with cadastral maps and the cadastral archive;
2) “cadastral register” means a collection of data pertaining to cadastral units which are registered and maintained;
3) “cadastral maps” (hereinafter maps) mean maps in the cadastre for the graphic presentation of information entered in the register (boundaries, location of objects which give rise to restrictions, data on quality of land, etc.). Cadastral maps (§ 11), restrictions maps (§ 12) and land quality and valuation maps (§ 14) are maps;
4) “cadastral area” means an administrative unit or a part thereof which is determined taking into consideration the boundaries of local governments;
5) “settlement” means a part of a cadastral area used in the maintenance of the cadastre which is determined taking into consideration existing settlement patterns;
6) “cadastral register number” means a numeric code which is used to identify cadastral units and to relate data to other registers;
7) “cadastral unit” means a plot of land registered in the cadastre as an independent unit;
8) “plot of land” (“land unit”) means a delimited part of land or water;
9) “intended use of cadastral unit” means the use or uses of a cadastral unit permitted by legislation and determined pursuant to the procedure provided therein;
91) “boundary point” means a point on the external border of a land unit which has coordinates determined pursuant to the procedure established by legislation and the location of which in the field can, if necessary, be determined;
10) “boundary marker” means a marker of a boundary point in the field, the location of which can be restored;
11) “land cover and land use type” means a part of a cadastral unit which has the same intended economic use and/or natural status and which is not delimited by boundary markers.
12) “certified statement of transaction” means a document prepared concerning a transaction for transfer of an immovable or a structure as a movable or parts thereof;
13) “backdrop maps of the cadastre” mean maps which contain topographic information, which are used as the bases for cadastral maps and which are not part of the cadastre.

§ 3.  Cadastral registrar and its functions

(1) The chief processor of the cadastre is the Ministry of the Environment.
(11) The authorised processor of the cadastre (hereinafter cadastral registrar) is the Land Board.
(2) The function of the cadastral registrar is to register cadastral units, register restrictions and rights of use of land, and collect and process data necessary for the valuation of land.
(3) The cadastre is maintained as a uniform single-level computerised database and maps for the entire territory of Estonia.
(4) The cadastral registrar shall ensure access to and preservation of original documents and maps in the cadastral register.
(5) The procedure for maintenance of the cadastre shall be established by the Government of the Republic.

§ 4.  Exchange of data between cadastral registrar and land registry department of court

[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]
(1) The cadastral registrar and the land registry department of a court shall exchange data.
[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]
(2) The cadastral registrar shall submit the following to the land registry department of a court:
1) the cadastral register number, intended purpose, data on address, boundaries and area of the land unit to be registered, manner of formation of the cadastral unit and cadastre plan;
2) amendments to the data specified in clause 1) of this subsection.
[RT I 2010, 38, 231 - entry into force 01.07.2010]
(21) The cadastral registrar shall be responsible for the correctness of the data specified in subsection (2) of this section.
[RT I 2010, 38, 231 - entry into force 01.07.2010]
(3) The land registry department of a court shall submit the following to the cadastral registrar:
[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]
1) data on registered immovable numbers and the date of registration of immovables;
2) data on owners and/or superficiaries and amendments related thereto;
3) data on the merger and division of registered immovables;
4) –5)
[repealed – RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]
(31) Upon electronic interbase cross-usage of data from the cadastre and the land register, data specified in subsections (2) and (3) of this section shall be exchanged.
(4) The cadastral registrar and the land registry department of a court may exchange other data pursuant to the procedure and to the extent established by the Government of the Republic.
[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]
(5) Data shall be submitted not later than within ten days after the corresponding entry is made in the cadastre or land register.
(6) The exchange of data between the cadastral registrar and the land registry department of a court shall be free of charge.
[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]
(7) [Repealed – RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]

§ 5.  Exchange of data between cadastral registrar and local governments

(1) The cadastral registrar shall submit to the local government data pertaining to amendments to the area, land cover and land use type categories, assessed value of land, restrictions and limitations on use of cadastral units within the territory of the local government at least once per quarter.
(2) Local governments shall submit data pertaining to the intended use of cadastral units, comprehensive plans, detailed plans and land readjustment plans approved by the local governments, to amendments to restrictions established by law and other restrictions, and to the adoption of decisions which bring about amendments to the cadastral data to the cadastral registrar at least once per quarter unless otherwise prescribed by law.
(3) The exchange of data prescribed in this section shall be free of charge.
(4) Upon interbase cross-usage of data from the cadastre and local government databases, data specified in subsections (1) and (2) of this section shall be exchanged electronically. In order to organise interbase cross-usage of data, the chief processor of the cadastre and the chief processor of the corresponding local government database shall enter into a contract.

§ 51.  Interbase cross-usage of data with other databases

The interbase cross-usage of data with other databases shall be carried out in the cases and to the extent determined by the Government of the Republic. In such case, the chief processor of the cadastre and the chief processor of the database in cross-usage shall enter into a contract for the organisation of the interbase cross-usage of data.

§ 6.  Access to cadastral data

(1) Cadastral data shall be accessed by way of examining cadastral data and obtaining extracts therefrom.
(2) Every person may access cadastral data and obtain extracts therefrom unless otherwise provided by law. Data in the database of transactions may be accessed and extracts therefrom may be obtained only for assessments and appraisals to be performed by valuators of land. Valuators of land who have been enabled to access data in the database of transactions are required to submit the results of the appraisal to the cadastral registrar.
(3) Cadastral data may be accessed at the cadastral registrar and through data communications networks if it is ensured that the permitted extent of access shall not be exceeded and that the person accessing the data cannot alter cadastral data. Cadastral data may be accessed if the cadastral register number or location (address) of a cadastral unit and the name of the cadastral unit, if the cadastral unit has a name, are known. A person who requests access to cadastral data may access the data of one cadastral unit and the cadastral units adjacent thereto at a time.
(4) A statement of registration of a land unit in the cadastre which is certified by the seal and signature of the cadastral registrar and which sets out the cadastral register number, intended use, location and area of the cadastral unit and the legal basis for the formation of the cadastral unit, and a copy of a cadastre plan certified by the seal and signature of the cadastral registrar or an extract of the maps certified by the seal and signature of the cadastral registrar are the official extracts from the cadastre.
(5) Cadastral data are accessed at the cadastral registrar by way of reproduction of the cadastral data on a display screen or on a printout.
(6) Cadastral data may be accessed through data communications networks on the basis of an authorisation issued by the cadastral registrar. The specified authorisation shall be issued and cadastral data shall be accessed pursuant to the procedure established by the minister responsible for the area.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 109 - entry into force 01.07.2014, as of 1 July 2014 "the Minister of the Environment " substituted with the words "the minister responsible for the area" on the basis of subsection 107³ (4) of the Government of the Republic Act.]
(7) A person who requests access to cadastral data shall present an identity document to the cadastral registrar, and the representative of the person shall also present a document certifying his or her authority. In order to access cadastral data through data communications networks, the documents specified in the previous sentence shall be submitted upon the receipt of an authorisation for automatic data processing and an electronic user code issued by the cadastral registrar shall be submitted when accessing cadastral data.
(8) The cadastral registrar shall maintain records on persons accessing cadastral data and on the content and time of access.
(9) The cadastral registrar shall issue the extract specified in subsection (4) of this section not later than within fifteen working days as of the submission of the application.
[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]

§ 7.  Financing of cadastre

(1) Maintenance of the cadastre is financed from the state budget.
(2) A state fee shall be paid for the issue of an extract from cadastral data according to the rate provided for in the State Fees Act.
[RT I 2006, 58, 439 - entry into force 01.01.2007]

Chapter 2 CADASTRE  

§ 8.  Rights and obligations of cadastral registrar

(1) The cadastral registrar registers cadastral units and makes entries, including corrections and amendments, in the cadastre on the bases provided for in this Act.
(2) The cadastral registrar has the right to refuse to register a cadastral unit or to make an entry or amendment if:
1) the submitted documents do not provide a legal basis for the desired entry;
2) [repealed – RT I 2002, 61, 375 - entry into force 01.08.2002]
(3) Upon refusal to register a cadastral unit or to make an entry or amendment, the cadastral registrar shall provide the person who applied for registration of the cadastral unit or for the entry or amendment with the decision on refusal within one month after submission of such application to the cadastral registrar.
(4) The cadastre is maintained in Estonian. Documents in foreign languages shall be submitted together with a translation into Estonian.
(5) The cadastral registrar is responsible for the correspondence of entries to original documents. Damage caused by incorrect entries made by the cadastral registrar is compensated for pursuant to the procedure provided by law.
(6) The person who applied for an entry shall be notified by the cadastral registrar of making of the entry in the cadastral register or of amendment or deletion thereof pursuant to the procedure established by the Government of the Republic.
(7) The list of documents to be submitted for the registration of cadastral units or for the making of entries or amendments shall be established by the Government of the Republic.
(8) The cadastral registrar shall maintain electronic records on the submission of data to the cadastre and the release of data from the cadastre.
[RT I 2002, 61, 375 - entry into force 01.08.2002]

§ 9.  Cadastral register

(1) [Repealed]
(2) The cadastral register contains the following data pertaining to a cadastral unit:
1) the cadastral register number;
2) the location and name, if this exists;
3) the name of the local government;
4) the date, month and year of registration in the cadastre;
5) the registered immovable number;
6) the date of registration in the land register;
7) the name, address and personal identification code of the owner or superficiary; in the case of a legal person, the seat, postal address and registration number;
8) the restrictions on use;
9) the intended use;
10) the total area;
11) the area by land cover and land use type, and by intended use;
12) the data pertaining to boundary points;
13) [repealed]
14) the assessed value;
15) [repealed]
16) the cadastral register number or cadastral register numbers from which the cadastral unit is formed.
(21) A database of transactions shall be created in order to enable land to be assessed and appraised and data reflecting the value of land to be processed.
(22) The database of transactions shall contain the following information on transactions for transfer of immovables and of structures as movables or parts thereof:
1) the identification number of the transaction (automatically generated serial number);
2) the type of transaction (sale, exchange, gift or other);
3) the type of object of the transaction (immovable, right of superficies, apartment ownership, right of superficies in apartments, movable);
4) the cadastral register number(s) of the object of the transaction;
5) the share in the ownership of the object of the transaction;
6) the area and land cover and land use types of the object of the transaction;
7) the intended use of the object of the transaction;
8) data on buildings or structures;
9) information concerning the existence of encumbrances;
10) the date of entry into the transaction;
11) the price of the transaction or, in the absence thereof, the transaction value;
12) information concerning the parties to the transaction (type of person, number of parties to the transaction).
(3) The cadastral registrar may enter other information concerning a cadastral unit, including information concerning construction works located on the cadastral unit, in the cadastre and create databases if necessary.
(4) The making of entries in the cadastral register, including the amendment and deletion of entries, shall be carried out on the basis of an Act, regulation of the Government of the Republic, court order, notice of the land registry department of a court, decision of a local government or cadastral unit formation file submitted by a sworn land surveyor or person with a corresponding licence, or on the basis of other documents provided for in legislation. Entries may also be based on appraisal reports ordered by the state or a local government.
(41) Entries in the database of transactions, including amendment and deletion thereof, shall be made on the basis of certified statements of transactions or other documents provided for in legislation.
(5) Cadastre plans, cadastral maps, restrictions maps and land quality and valuation maps form the cadastral register.
[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]

§ 10.  Cadastre plan

(1) The boundaries of a cadastral unit, construction works (buildings and civil engineering works), location of land cover and land use types, location of objects which give rise to restrictions and data on the area of land cover and land use types shall be marked on a cadastre plan. A cadastre plan is the source document upon the making of an entry in the cadastre for proof of the location of boundaries and objects which give rise to restrictions.
(2) A cadastre plan is compiled by a sworn land surveyor or person with a corresponding licence. One copy of such plan shall be included in the cadastral unit formation file.
(3) An object which gives rise to a restriction and is constructed or placed under protection by the time a cadastral unit is formed is deemed to be lawful, such restriction is deemed to be legal and the location (boundaries) of the restriction shall be entered on the cadastre plan.

§ 11.  Cadastral map

(1) A common mathematical basis and cartographic projection shall be used for cadastral maps and the basic map.
(2) The scale of cadastral maps shall be 1:10 000, and the scale of cadastral maps in high density areas determined pursuant to the procedure provided by legislation shall be 1:500 or 1:2000.
(3) Data shall be entered on cadastral maps by the cadastral registrar. The state border, the administrative boundaries of counties, rural municipalities and cities, the boundaries of towns, small towns, villages, cadastral areas, settlements and cadastral units, and their cadastral register numbers shall be marked on the cadastral map.
(4) Administrative boundaries are marked on maps and amended on the basis of the boundaries confirmed by legislation.
(5) If the backdrop map of the cadastre is altered in the course of maintenance of the cadastre and if the administrative boundary on the map to be adopted does not coincide with the situational elements on the map previously used, the cadastral registrar is permitted to specify the administrative boundary on the basis of cadastral data.

§ 12.  Restrictions map

(1) The cadastral registrar shall enter the location (boundaries) of objects which give rise to restrictions on the use of a cadastral unit on the restrictions map and, if necessary, shall specify the scope of such restrictions.
(2) The entry of data on a restrictions maps and the amendment and deletion of the data entered on a restrictions map shall be carried out on the basis of a notice of the land registry department of a court, cadastral unit formation file or other documents provided for in legislation submitted by a sworn land surveyor or person with a corresponding licence, or on other bases prescribed by legislation.
(3) A larger scale than prescribed by subsection 11 (2) of this Act may be used on the basis of a decision of the cadastral registrar.
[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]

§ 13.  [repealed]

§ 14.  Land quality and valuation map

(1) Quality or value indicators which characterise land in Estonia and constitute the basis for the assessed value of land shall be marked on a land quality and valuation map.
(2) Areas where the use of land and economic activities are regulated by legal restrictions or planning shall be delimited and characterised on a land quality and valuation map if the assessed value of land depends thereon.
(3) Land quality and valuation maps shall be prepared pursuant to the procedure established by the Government of the Republic.

§ 141.  Backdrop maps of cadastre

(1) The backdrop maps of the cadastre are the Estonian basic map, orthophotos and settlement plans.
(2) The scale of the Estonian basic map shall be 1:10 000. The scale of orthophotos shall be 1:2000 in settlements and 1:10 000 in low density areas.
(3) In high density areas, settlement plans on a scale of 1:500 or 1:2000 shall be used as the backdrop maps of the cadastre.

§ 15.  Cadastral archive

(1) The cadastral registrar shall maintain an archive for the use of the cadastral register and cadastral maps and the storage of documents which constitute the basis for entries. Original documents shall be copied. New copies shall be made in the case of amendments and stored in a separate archive.
(11) Original documents which constitute the basis for entries in the database of transactions shall be preserved in the cadastral archive for five years and shall not be copied.
(2) Rules for the maintenance of the cadastral archive shall be established by the Government of the Republic.

Chapter 3 MAINTENANCE OF CADASTRE  

§ 16.  Formation of cadastral unit

(1) A sworn land surveyor or person with a corresponding licence shall carry out a cadastral survey for the formation of a cadastral unit based on an unattested written application of the land owner. The sworn land surveyor or person with a corresponding licence shall prepare a cadastral unit formation file pursuant to the procedure provided by legislation and submit such file pursuant to the procedure provided by legislation to the cadastral registrar for registration of the cadastral unit.
(2) Sworn land surveyors or persons with a corresponding licence who carry out cadastral surveys are responsible for the accuracy and legality of the surveys which they carry out and the cadastral unit formation files which they prepare.
(3) The minimum size of a cadastral unit is 30 m2. Cadastral units which are smaller than the minimum size may be formed by a decision of the local government council.

§ 161.  Issue of activity licences for land readjustment works

(1) Persons who hold an activity licence for land readjustment works (hereinafter licence) have the right to perform land readjustment works.
(2) An expert committee shall be formed at the Land Board to issue licences. The membership of the committee shall be approved by the Director General of the Land Board. Licences shall be issued by the Director General of the Land Board on the proposal of the expert committee. Licences shall be issued for five years. The extension of an activity licence for the next period of validity shall be decided on by the issuer of the activity licence at the request of the person holding the licence and on the proposal of the expert committee. Licences are not transferable, and the transfer of a licence to or use of a licence by another person is prohibited.
(3) A licence shall be issued to a person who has performed two test assignments and passed an examination in the theory and practice of land readjustment, carrying out of land reform and performance of land readjustment works.
(31) A state fee shall be paid for the review of an application for a licence according to the rate provided for in the State Fees Act.
[RT I 2007, 69, 425 - entry into force 01.01.2008]
(4) The issuer of licences may refuse to issue an activity licence if the applicant:
1) submits false information upon application for the licence;
2) fails to perform the test assignments;
3) fails to pass the examination;
4) has not paid the state fee.
[RT I 2007, 69, 425 - entry into force 01.01.2008]
(5) The procedure for the issue, suspension and revocation of licences shall be established by the Government of the Republic. The requirements for test assignments, the examination and education shall be established by the minister responsible for the area.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 109 - entry into force 01.07.2014, as of 1 July 2014 "the Minister of the Environment " substituted with the words "the minister responsible for the area" on the basis of subsection 107³ (4) of the Government of the Republic Act.]

§ 162.  Validity, suspension and revocation of licences

(1) A licence becomes invalid upon expiry of the term specified in the licence, revocation of the licence, termination of the activities of the person holding the licence, dissolution of the person, or the death of the natural person.
(2) A licence may be revoked by the issuer of the licence on the proposal of the expert committee. A licence may be revoked in the following cases:
1) if false information was submitted upon application for the licence and this becomes evident after the issue of the licence;
2) if the person holding the licence repeatedly submits documentation which does not comply with the established requirements to the cadastral registrar for registration;
3) at the request of the person holding the licence.
(3) If circumstances which are the bases for revocation of a licence become evident or if the expert committee receives corresponding written information, the expert committee shall verify the circumstances which became evident and the information submitted. The expert committee shall, if necessary, issue a precept to the person holding the licence for the elimination of deficiencies and set a term therefor or make a proposal for the revocation of the licence to the issuer of the licence. The expert committee has the right to suspend a licence until the deficiencies are eliminated. If the person holding the licence fails to comply with the precept during the term specified, the issuer of the licence has the right to revoke the licence on the proposal of the expert committee.
(4) Upon revocation of a licence, the issuer of the licence may, on the proposal of the expert committee, set a term for the person holding the licence to complete any unfinished works.
(5) A decision to revoke a licence shall be sent to the person holding the licence not later than within three working days as of making the decision.
(6) The Land Board has the right, at any time, to verify the conformity of the activities of a person holding a licence with legislation.
(7) If the circumstances which were the bases for the issue of a licence have changed, the person holding the licence is required to notify the issuer of the licence immediately of the changes and submit the corresponding documents.

§ 17.  Cadastral survey

(1) In a cadastral survey, the location of boundary points of the cadastral unit shall be connected to the control points of the national or local geodetic network. If no geodetic network control points exist, the location of at least two boundary points shall be connected to permanent objects perceivable in the field such that the location of all boundary points can be restored.
(2) Cadastral surveys shall be carried out and monitored pursuant to the procedure established by the Government of the Republic.

§ 171.  Entry in cadastre of changes in shore-line of public water body

In the cases and on the bases provided by law, changes in the ownership of immovable on shore occurred due to the filling-up of a public water body shall be surveyed and included in the composition of the immovable on shore, and changes in the boundaries and area of the immovable shall be entered in the land cadastre on the basis of an application of the owner of the immovable on shore. Information concerning the boundaries and area of the immovable shall be automatically updated in the land register in the course of electronic data interchange.
[RT I 2010, 38, 231 - entry into force 01.07.2010]

§ 18.  Determination of intended use of cadastral unit

(1) Upon registration of a cadastral unit, the cadastral registrar shall document the areas of the land cover and land use types and the intended use or uses thereof in the cadastre.
(2) In the case where preparation of a detailed plan provided for in the Planning Act is mandatory, the local government shall determine the intended use of the cadastral unit on the basis of an adopted detailed plan.
(3) The categories of intended use and the procedure for the determination thereof shall be established by the Government of the Republic.
(4) Upon change of the purpose of the use of a construction work or a part thereof which does not result in building, the local government shall determine the intended purpose or purposes of the cadastral unit on the basis of the purpose or purposes of use of the construction work or a part thereof as specified in the permit for use of the construction work issued pursuant to the Building Act.
(5) If change of the purpose of the use of a construction work or a part thereof results in building for which the preparation of a detailed plan is not mandatory, the local government shall determine the intended purpose or purposes of the cadastral unit on the basis of the purpose or purposes of the use of the construction work specified in the permit for use or in the written permission for use of the construction work issued pursuant to the Building Act.
(6) The local government shall determine the intended purpose of a cadastral unit on the basis of the comprehensive plan prepared pursuant to the Planning Act unless preparation of a detailed plan is mandatory pursuant to the Planning Act. In the absence of a comprehensive plan, the local government council shall determine the intended purpose of the cadastral unit.
(7) For erection of a construction work on a cadastral unit used as profit yielding land on which no construction works are located, with the exception of the construction of roads, utility networks and utility works on such land, a separate cadastral unit shall be formed which covers the area under the construction work and the land necessary for the servicing thereof, and the local government council shall determine the intended purpose of the cadastral unit on the basis of the purpose of the use of the construction work, unless preparation of a detailed plan is mandatory. In the case where preparation of a detailed plan is mandatory, the intended purpose of the cadastral unit being formed shall be determined on the basis of the detailed plan.
(8) A separate cadastral unit shall not be formed for the erection of construction works which constitute a single complex with construction works situated on a cadastral unit used as profit yielding land, or for the erection of construction works or the building of utility networks and utility works necessary for the intended use of the profit yielding land and, where necessary, several intended purposes shall be determined for the land pursuant to the procedure provided for in subsection (7) of this section. The provisions of subsection (7) apply to the erection of construction works not specified in this subsection.
[RT I 2002, 99, 579 - entry into force 01.01.2003]

§ 19.  Notification of change of intended purpose of cadastral unit

The local government shall inform the cadastral registrar of the decision on the basis of which the intended purpose or purposes of a cadastral unit shall be changed within one month as of the date of making the decision.
[RT I 2002, 99, 579 - entry into force 01.01.2003]

§ 191.  Ascertainment of restrictions on use of cadastral units

(1) Ascertainment of restrictions on the use of a cadastral unit (hereinafter restrictions) is the determination of the location of objects which give rise to restrictions in order to register such objects in the cadastre. In order to ascertain the restrictions, the owner of an object which gives rise to restrictions shall order a cadastral survey which shall be performed pursuant to the procedure established by the Government of the Republic.
(2) If an object which gives rise to restrictions is created or if the location of an object which gives rise to restrictions and is registered in the cadastre changes, the owner of the object which gives rise to restrictions shall perform the act provided for in subsection (1) of this section within three months as of the creation of the immovable property ownership restriction or the change in the location of the object which gives rise to restrictions.

Chapter 31 LIABILITY  
[RT I 2002, 63, 387 - entry into force 01.09.2002]

§ 192.  Violation of land use requirements

(1) Violation of land use requirements
is punishable by a fine of up to 100 fine units.
(2) The same act, if committed by a legal person,
is punishable by a fine of up to 2000 euros.
[RT I 2010, 22, 108 - entry into force 01.01.2011]
(3) The provisions of the General Part of the Penal Code and the Code of Misdemeanour Procedure apply to the misdemeanours provided for in this section.
(4) Extra-judicial proceedings concerning the misdemeanours provided for in this section shall be conducted by:
1) the Land Board;
2) the Ministry of Agriculture.

Chapter 4 FINAL PROVISIONS  

§ 20.  Maintenance of cadastre during land reform

(1) City governments and rural municipality governments are required to submit data pertaining to the use of land in state ownership which is located within their administrative boundaries to the cadastral registrar until such land is entered in the cadastre.
(2) The Estonian basic map, orthophotos and existing settlement plans on a scale of 1:2000 and other appropriate plans and maps may be used as the basis for a cadastral map during land reform. The procedure for the use of the maps, plans and orthophotos specified in the previous sentence and the charges payable for the use thereof shall be established by the minister responsible for the area.
[RT I, 29.06.2014, 109 - entry into force 01.07.2014, as of 1 July 2014 "the Minister of the Environment " substituted with the words "the minister responsible for the area" on the basis of subsection 107³ (4) of the Government of the Republic Act.]
(3) [Repealed]
(4) During land reform, the formation of cadastral units for the return of unlawfully expropriated land or for the privatisation of land shall be carried out by a person holding a corresponding licence. In the cases provided for in subsections (5) and (51) of this section, cadastral units may also be formed by authorised representatives of local governments. The corresponding order shall be submitted by a county governor or his or her authorised representative in the case of unlawfully expropriated land to be returned at the expense of the state, by the entitled subject for the return of land in the case of other land to be returned, by the organiser of privatisation, a person authorised thereby or the entitled subject for the privatisation of land, by agreement of the parties, in the case of land privatised with the right of pre-emption, and by the organiser of privatisation or a person authorised thereby in the case of other land to be privatised. Upon the return of unlawfully expropriated land and the privatisation of land with the right of pre-emption, a cadastral unit is registered on the basis of a written application by an authorised representative of the rural municipality or city government, and in other cases of privatisation of land, a cadastral unit is registered on the basis of a written application by the organiser of privatisation or a person authorised thereby.
(5) Upon the return, privatisation, transfer into municipal ownership or retention in state ownership of land, cadastral units may be formed on the basis of desk surveys without cadastral surveys. Upon privatisation of land with the right of pre-emption, existing plans (lot plans, etc.) which comply with the requirements established by the Government of the Republic may be used. A cadastral unit is formed on the basis of a desk survey prepared on the basis of plans and maps (lot plan, allotment plan, land recording plan, photoplan, orthophoto, digital map, etc.) specified by the cadastral registrar and, where necessary, approved by the rural municipality or city government. The cadastral registrar shall provide the local government with an appropriate desk survey. Upon the return or privatisation of land, the local government shall define the boundaries and area of the land unit in the desk survey, and the authorised representative of the local government shall indicate the boundaries of the land unit to the applicant for land on the desk survey and, in the cases provided by law, prepare a boundary report. Upon the retention of land in state ownership, the cadastre plan shall be prepared by the applicant or the authorised representative thereof. If state forest land, land under bodies of water in state ownership and land under roads and railways in state ownership is retained in state ownership, a boundary report shall not be prepared. Upon the transfer of land into municipal ownership, the cadastre plan shall be prepared by the applicant.
(51) If the boundaries of a land unit in the use of a person are changed or the boundaries of a land unit are determined pursuant to subsection 7 (5), 9 (9), 10 (3) or 221 (6) of the Republic of Estonia Land Reform Act, an authorised representative of the local government, a sworn land surveyor or a person with a corresponding licence shall prepare a boundary report in the field which shall be signed by the applicant for land and the adjacent neighbours. The signatures of the adjacent neighbours shall be confirmed by the person who compiles the boundary report. The local government shall inform the applicant for land and the adjacent neighbours of the date and location of preparation of the boundary report. The boundary, boundary points and their location in relation to permanent objects shall be described in the boundary report. The applicant for land shall append to the boundary report a list of structures located on the unit of land together with a written confirmation that all the structures located on the unit of land belong to the applicant or an agreement pertaining to the establishment of superficies. If an applicant for land submits false information concerning structures or the right of ownership, the applicant shall bear the costs associated with making the necessary corrections. In the cases where the requirement to prepare a boundary report arises from law, the person into whose ownership the cadastral unit being formed is to be transferred shall pay for the preparation of the boundary report; in other cases, a boundary report shall be paid for by the person upon whose request the boundary report is prepared, unless agreed otherwise. The fee for the preparation of a boundary report shall be established by the local government. If the person who has been invited to the preparation of a boundary report fails to appear or refuses to sign the boundary report, the cadastral unit is deemed to be formed within the boundaries determined by the local government.
(52) If a cadastral unit to be formed borders on land where cadastral units have not been formed, the entitled subject for the return or privatisation of such plot of land is deemed to be an adjacent neighbour or in the absence of such a person, the local government is deemed to be an adjacent neighbour.
(53) The external boundary of a gardening association or cottage association shall be connected to the national or local geodetic network. Land units shall be registered in the cadastre pursuant to the allotment plans approved by the associations. A boundary report shall be prepared at the request of an applicant for land, adjacent neighbour or association pursuant to subsection (51) of this section.
(54) A survey of a cadastral unit shall be based on a desk survey for formation of the cadastral unit specified in subsection (5) of this section and a boundary report specified in subsection (51) of this section. If, upon the survey of a cadastral unit, it becomes evident that the boundary on the desk survey and the boundary determined by the boundary report are not identical, the cadastral unit shall be formed on the basis of the boundary determined by the boundary report.
(55) Formation of cadastral units on the basis of desk surveys shall be carried out pursuant to the procedure established by the Government of the Republic. Such procedure shall be established by the Government of the Republic within three weeks after the entry into force of this Act. Upon registration of a cadastral unit in the land cadastre and the land register, a notation "Katastriüksus moodustatud plaani alusel" [Cadastral unit formed on the basis of a plan] shall be added to the entry.
(6) Upon the return of unlawfully expropriated land or the entry of state and municipal land in the cadastre, the areas of land cover and land use types shall be determined on the basis of maps and plans specified in subsection (2) of this section and, where necessary, the status of land cover and land use types shall be corrected based on changes which have occurred in the field.
(7) In the absence of the plans specified in subsection 18 (2) of this Act, the former intended use of a cadastral unit and its parts shall apply upon the return of unlawfully expropriated land or privatisation of land with the right of pre-emption.
(8) The location and boundaries of objects placed under protection which give rise to restrictions shall be marked on the plans of land units specified in subsection (5) of this section.
(9) Compliance with the requirements provided for in subsection (1) of this section is financed from the state budget.
(10) Upon the division of cadastral units which are in state ownership, formed on the basis of a desk survey and located in low-density areas, only the part of land to be severed from the existing cadastral unit shall be surveyed.
(11) Instead of the cadastre plan prepared on the basis of a desk survey, the cadastral registrar has the right to send an extract of the cadastral map certified by the seal and signature of the cadastral registrar to the land registry department of a court. The extract shall contain information equivalent to the information in the cadastre plan.
(12) If, upon the registration in the cadastre of a cadastral unit formed by a cadastral survey, it becomes evident that the boundaries of a bordering cadastral unit which has been formed on the basis of a desk survey and which is registered in the cadastre do not coincide on the cadastral map with the boundaries of the cadastral unit being registered, or vice versa, the cadastral registrar shall determine the size of the error permitted upon the registration of the cadastral unit according to the backdrop map of the cadastre, but the error shall not be greater than 50 metres from the situation on the backdrop map of the cadastre with regard to the geodetic network, and boundaries marked with boundary markers in the field shall not be changed.
(13) If, upon the registration in the cadastre of a cadastral unit formed by a cadastral survey, it becomes evident that the boundaries of a bordering cadastral unit which has been formed on the basis of a desk survey and which is registered in the cadastre do not coincide in the field with the boundaries of the cadastral unit being registered, or vice versa, and if it can be ascertained that a mistake has been made upon determination of the boundaries of the cadastral unit formed on the basis of a desk survey, the cadastral unit shall be formed on the basis of the boundary determined in the cadastral survey. The change to the boundaries of the cadastral unit formed on the basis of a desk survey shall be entered, on the basis of survey data, on the cadastral map, the existing cadastre plans shall not be amended and an extract of the cadastral map certified by the cadastral registrar shall henceforth be the official document certifying the location of the boundaries of the cadastral unit.
(14) The boundaries of a cadastral unit formed on the basis of a desk survey shall be marked in the field and a boundary marked with boundary markers in the field shall be restored in the course of a cadastral survey on the basis of a cadastre plan or a boundary report. Upon the marking in the field of boundaries of a cadastral unit formed on the basis of a desk survey according to an extract of the cadastral map certified by the cadastral registrar or upon the restoration of boundaries marked with boundary markers in the field, the permitted error provided for in subsection (12) of this section shall be taken into account.
[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]

§ 201.  Obligation of notary to forward information

(1) A notary is required to submit a certified statement of transaction to the cadastral registrar within ten days as of the notarisation of a transaction for transfer of a structure as a movable or a part thereof which sets out the following information:
1) the number in the notarial register;
2) the type of transaction (sale, exchange, gift or other);
3) the location of the object of the transaction;
4) the type of object of the transaction (structure, physical share of structure);
5) the share in the ownership of the object of the transaction;
6) the area of the object of the transaction;
7) a list of structures and the intended use thereof;
8) information concerning the existence of encumbrances;
9) the date of entry into the transaction;
10) the price of the transaction or, in the absence thereof, the transaction value;
11) information concerning the parties to the transaction (type of person, number of parties to the transaction).
(2) A notary is required to submit a copy of the contract to the cadastral registrar within ten days as of the notarisation of a transaction for transfer of a registered immovable or a legal share thereof at the expense of the transferor. Based on an agreement between the Chamber of Notaries and the Land Board, which among other sets out the manner of forwarding information, a notary may, instead of submitting a copy, submit a certified statement of transaction to the cadastral registrar which sets out the following information:
1) the number in the notarial register;
2) the type of transaction (sale, exchange, gift or other);
3) the registered immovable number(s) and cadastral register number(s) of the object of the transaction;
4) the type of object of the transaction (immovable, right of superficies, apartment ownership or right of superficies in apartments);
5) the share in the ownership of the object of the transaction;
6) the date of entry into the transaction;
7) the price of the transaction, including information on whether value added tax is included, or, in the absence of price, the transaction value;
[RT I 2007, 69, 425 - entry into force 01.01.2008]
8) information concerning each transferor and transferee in the transaction (in the case of a legal person, identifier of the country of registration and, in the case of a natural person, identifier of the country of permanent residence), and information concerning the legal shares of the registered immovable transferred or acquired by them;
[RT I 2007, 69, 425 - entry into force 01.01.2008]
9) information concerning the existence of encumbrances unless the information concerning the existence of encumbrances in the land register is available to the cadastral registrar from electronic sources;
10) information concerning any buildings on the registered immovable unless such information is available to the cadastral registrar from electronic sources.
(3) For the purposes of this section, transactions entered into between the person privatising the land and the organiser of privatisation in the name of the state in the course of privatisation of land, and sales contracts entered into between the buyer (entitled subject) and seller (obligated subject) in the course of privatisation of dwellings are not deemed to be transactions.
[RT I 2003, 51, 355 - entry into force 19.07.2003]

§ 21.  Computerisation of cadastre

(1) The maintenance of cadastral registrars and cadastral maps shall be computerised.
(2) The procedure for computerisation of the cadastre shall be established by the Government of the Republic.

§ 22.  [Repealed – RT I 2002, 63, 387 - entry into force 01.09.2002]

§ 23. – § 26. [Omitted from this text.]
Read Entire Law on www.riigiteataja.ee