Act On Narcotic Drugs And Psychotropic Substances And Precursors Thereof

Link to law: https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/ee/Riigikogu/act/519012015008/consolide
Published: 2015-01-01

Act on Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and Precursors thereof

Passed 11.06.1997
RT I 1997, 52, 834
Entry into force 01.11.1997
Amended by the following legal instruments (show)

Passed
Published
Entry into force

17.10.2001
RT I 2001, 88, 531
01.07.2002

19.06.2002
RT I 2002, 61, 375
01.08.2002

19.06.2002
RT I 2002, 63, 387
01.09.2002

17.12.2003
RT I 2003, 88, 591
01.01.2004

16.12.2004
RT I 2005, 2, 4
01.03.2005

13.04.2005
RT I 2005, 24, 180
20.05.2005, partially 18.08.2005

15.06.2005
RT I 2005, 37, 284
01.07.2005

15.06.2006
RT I 2006, 32, 247
17.07.2006

07.06.2007
RT I 2007, 44, 314
01.01.2008

12.03.2008
RT I 2008, 15, 108
01.11.2008

26.11.2009
RT I 2009, 62, 405
01.01.2010

28.01.2010
RT I 2010, 7, 31
26.02.2010

22.04.2010
RT I 2010, 22, 108
01.01.2011, enters into force on the date which has been determined in the Decision of the Council of the European Union regarding the abrogation of the derogation established in respect of the Republic of Estonia on the basis provided for in Article 140 (2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Council Decision 2010/416/EU of 13 July 2010 (OJ L 196, 28.07.2010, p. 24 - 26).

27.01.2011
RT I, 17.02.2011, 3
27.02.2011

08.12.2011
RT I, 29.12.2011, 1
01.01.2012, partially 01.01.2014 and 01.11.2014

20.02.2013
RT I, 05.03.2013, 1
15.03.2013

27.03.2013
RT I, 17.04.2013, 2
27.04.2013, partially 01.07.2013 and 02.07.2013

19.02.2014
RT I, 13.03.2014, 4
01.07.2014

17.04.2014
RT I, 09.05.2014, 1
19.05.2014

19.06.2014
RT I, 12.07.2014, 1
01.01.2015

19.06.2014
RT I, 29.06.2014, 109
01.07.2014, the titles of ministers replaced on the basis of subsection 107³ (4) of the Government of the Republic Act.

Chapter 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS 

§ 1.  Scope of application of Act

(1) This Act regulates:
1) the procedure for preparation and approval of schedules of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances;
2) the procedure for handling narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and precursors thereof (hereinafter precursors);
3) the procedure for inspection and identification of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors, the procedure for issue of permits required for the handling of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors, and supervision over the implementation of such procedure;
4) the procedure regarding information and reporting on narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors;
5) the procedure for prevention of the spread of drug addiction, and treatment and rehabilitation of drug addicts.
(2) The provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act apply to the administrative proceedings prescribed in this Act, taking account of the specifications provided for in this Act.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]

§ 2.  Definitions used in Act

In this Act, the following definitions are used:
1) “narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances” mean substances listed in the schedule established on the basis of subsection 31 (1) of this Act and stereoisomers, esters, ethers and salts of these substances, and medicinal products containing such substances;
11) "new psychoactive substances" mean substances with psychoactive effect, which are not entered in the schedule established on the basis of subsection 31 (1) of this Act;
[RT I 09.05, 2014, 1 - entry into force 19.05.2014]
2) “precursors” mean substances specified in Article 2.a of Regulation (EC) No 273/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on drug precursors (OJ L 047, 18.02.2004, p. 1‑10) and in Article 2.a of Council Regulation (EC) No 111/2005 laying down rules for the monitoring of trade between the Community and third countries in drug precursors (OJ L 022, 26.01.2005, p. 1-10).
21) “importation and exportation” means the application of the customs procedure of release for free circulation to a narcotic drug or psychotropic substance or precursors (hereinafter importation) or the customs procedure of exportation (hereinafter exportation) or the transport of such substances from a Member State of the European Union or a Member State of the European Economic Area to Estonia or vice versa;
[RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 - entry into force 01.01.2015]
3) “handling” means the owning, possessing, mediating, use, cultivation, gathering, preparing, manufacturing, processing, packaging, preserving, storing, loading, transport, exportation or importation, the application of the customs procedure of transit (hereinafter transit), supplying to third persons for a charge or without charge of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or precursors;
4) “handler” means a natural person or legal person who handles narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or precursors;
5) “handling permits” mean single activity licences issued for a specified period by the Ministry of Social Affairs or the State Agency of Medicines to manufacturers, wholesalers, scientific institutions and other institutions, handlers of precursors; import and export authorisations; and permits issued by surveillance agencies in the cases referred to in § 5 of this Act;
[RT I, 17.04.2013, 2 - entry into force 01.07.2013]
6) “drug addiction” means a psychological or physical dependence which develops as a result of using narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances;
7) “drug addict” means a person who, as a result of using narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, has a psychological or physical dependency on such substances.
[RT I 2006, 32, 247 - entry into force 17.07.2006]

Chapter 2 HANDLING PROCEDURE 

§ 3.  Restrictions on handling narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances

(1) The handling of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances is prohibited except for medical or scientific purposes, to prevent, detect or combat criminal offences relating to narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances or for use for educational purposes as prescribed by this Act.
(11) The handling of substances listed in Schedule V of the regulation established on the basis of subsection 31 (1) of this Act shall be prohibited only in case the purpose thereof is causing drug intoxication to a person.
[RT I, 05.03.2013, 1 - entry into force 15.03.2013]
(2) Cultivation of opium poppy or cannabis for the purpose of preparing narcotic drugs is prohibited. Opium poppy and cannabis may be cultivated for the purpose of agricultural production pursuant to the requirements of a relevant market measure of the European Union Common Agricultural Policy.
(21) Cultivation of mushrooms containing psilocine or psilocybine is prohibited.
(3) [Repealed - RT I 2008, 15, 108 - entry into force 01.11.2008]
(4) Proprietary medicinal products containing narcotic or psychotropic substances which are medicinal products carried for first-aid purposes on ambulance cars of emergency medical care providers, state rescue services and on board of ships and aircraft engaged in international transportation are exempt from import and export restrictions arising from this Act. Medicinal products carried for first-aid purposes shall be handled under the conditions and pursuant to the procedure established on the basis of subsection 4 (15) of this Act.
[RT I 2005, 37, 284 - entry into force 01.07.2005]

§ 31.  Schedules of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances

(1) The schedules of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances shall be established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the area. Amendments shall be made to the schedule of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances on the proposal of the State Agency of Medicines. The schedules of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances shall be prepared on the basis of the 1961 United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1971 United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances or taking into account the degree of the risk of misuse of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and of causing addiction.
[RT I, 17.02.2011, 3 - entry into force 27.02.2011]
(2) The procedure established on the basis of subsection 4 (15) of this Act may prescribe the conditions under which certain proprietary medicinal products shall not be considered narcotic and psychotropic medicinal products due to the purpose of their use and the content of narcotic drug or psychotropic substance therein.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(3) Large quantity means a quantity of narcotic drug or psychotropic substance, plant or fungus which is sufficient for causing drug intoxication to at least ten people. A mixture of substances which has been derived by mixing a narcotic drug or psychotropic substance with another substance shall be deemed equal to narcotic drug or psychotropic substance within the meaning of this subsection.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 01.07.2005]

§ 4.  Handling of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances

(1) Substances listed in Schedule I and medicinal products containing such substances shall be imported and exported for use for the purposes specified in subsection 3 (1) on the basis of the import or export authorisation of the State Agency of Medicines.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(2) The handling of substances listed in Schedule I and medicinal products containing such substances shall be in accordance with the requirements for handling the substances of Schedule II and medicinal products containing such substances.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(3) Additional requirements for obtaining import authorisation for the use of substances and medicinal products specified in Schedule I for medical purposes shall be provided by legislation established on the basis of subsection (15) of this section.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(4) Only persons who have the right to handle narcotic drugs may manufacture, import or export or market by wholesale the substances listed in Schedules II and III and medicinal products containing such substances. The State Agency of Medicines shall issue an authorisation for specified term for manufacturing substances listed in Schedule II and III and medicinal products containing such substances which shall set out the quantity of the medicinal product to be manufactured and the period of time planned for manufacturing.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(5) Only persons who have the right to handle psychotropic substances may manufacture, import or export or market by wholesale the substances listed in Schedule IV and medicinal products containing such substances. The right to handle psychotropic substances need not be applied for in the case of existence of the right to handle narcotic drugs and if the required conditions for handling psychotropic substances are guaranteed.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(51) Only the restriction provided for in subsection 3 (11) of this Act shall apply to the handling of substances listed in Schedule V.
[RT I, 05.03.2013, 1 - entry into force 15.03.2013]
(6) [Repealed - RT I, 17.04.2013, 2 - entry into force 01.07.2013]
(7) [Repealed - RT I, 17.04.2013, 2 - entry into force 01.07.2013]
(8) [Repealed - RT I, 17.04.2013, 2 - entry into force 01.07.2013]
(9) The substances listed in Schedule II and medicinal products containing such substances may be dispensed to the public by a pharmacy only on the basis of a medical prescription for a narcotic medicinal product or a veterinary prescription for a narcotic medicinal product and the substances listed in Schedules III and IV and medicinal products containing such substances may be dispensed only on the basis of a medical or veterinary prescription. The substances listed in Schedules II, III and IV and medicinal products containing such substances may be dispensed to other persons on the basis of order form.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(91) Narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and medicinal products containing such substances shall not be dispensed on the basis of a prescription issued in the European Union and specified in subsection 33 (11) of the Medicinal Products Act.
[RT I 2010, 7, 31 - entry into force 26.02.2010]
(10) For the use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for scientific research or other scientific purposes, an enterprise shall apply for authorisation from the State Agency of Medicines.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(11) The State Agency of Medicines shall issue the authorisation for manufacture of or wholesale trade in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances under the conditions and pursuant to the procedure prescribed by the Medicinal Products Act and at the same time as granting the activity licence for handling medicinal products. The right to handle narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances shall be set out as a special condition on the activity licence for manufacture of or wholesale trade in medicinal products.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(12) [Repealed - RT I, 17.04.2013, 2 - entry into force 01.07.2013]
(13) An import or export authorisation of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances shall be issued by the State Agency of Medicines under the conditions and pursuant to the procedure established by the Medicinal Products Act and on the basis thereof.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(14) The applicant shall pay a state fee on the application for an import or export authorisation of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(15) The conditions and procedure for handling of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for medical and research purposes, and the conditions and procedure for maintaining records and reporting in that area shall be established by the minister responsible for the area.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]

§ 41.  Handling of precursors

(1) In addition to the regulations provided for in this Act, the handling of precursors shall be guided by directly applicable legislation regulating the trade in precursors in the European Union:
1) Regulation (EC) No 273/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council on drug precursors;
2) Council Regulation (EC) No 111/2005 laying down rules for the monitoring of trade between the Community and third countries in drug precursors;
3) Commission Regulation (EC) No 1277/2005 laying down implementing rules for Regulation (EC) No 273/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council (on drug precursors) and for Council Regulation (EC) No 111/2005 (laying down rules for the monitoring of trade between the Community and third countries in drug precursors) (OJ L 202, 03.08.2005, pp. 7–33).
(2) An activity licence required for possession, placing on the market, importation, exportation or intermediation activities in precursors of category I shall be issued by the State Agency of Medicines.
(3) To obtain and renew an activity licence, an applicant for activity licence shall submit to the State Agency of Medicines the documents specified in Article 5 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1277/2005 and pay the state fee.
(4) For placing on the market, importation, exportation and intermediation activities in precursors of category II and for exportation of precursors of category III, an enterprise shall register the addresses of its production facilities and places of sale (premises that constitute place of business) with the State Agency of Medicines.
(5) A holder of activity licence for pharmacy services is not required to apply for separate special authorisation or special registration for possession and marketing of precursors if the precursors are used exclusively for preparation of medicinal products.
(6) The authorisation for importation and exportation of precursors shall be issued by the State Agency of Medicines.
(7) The applicant shall pay a state fee upon application for authorisation for importation and exportation of precursors.
(8) A report on the handling of precursors shall be submitted to the State Agency of Medicines in accordance with Articles 17-19 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1277/2005.
[RT I 2006, 32, 247 - entry into force 17.07.2006]

§ 5.  Handling of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for purposes of prevention, detection and combating of offences and for handling in educational purposes

(1) Within a surveillance agency, the authorisation for the handling of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for the purposes of prevention, detection and combating of offences and for handling in educational purposes shall be issued by the head of the surveillance agency.
(11) Within an institution of professional higher education for public defence, narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances shall be handled for educational purposes within the framework of service dog training with the permission of the Rector of the institution of professional higher education for public defence.
[RT I, 17.02.2011, 3 - entry into force 27.02.2011]
(2) A surveillance agency and an institution of professional higher education for public defence shall maintain records of the quantity of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and shall report to the State Agency of Medicines pursuant to the procedure established on the basis of subsection 4 (15) of this Act.
[RT I, 17.02.2011, 3 - entry into force 27.02.2011]

§ 6.  Recording of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors

[RT I 2006, 32, 247 - entry into force 17.07.2006]
(1) A handler who is legal person shall appoint in writing a responsible natural person and the person substituting for him or her in his or her absence who maintains records of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and forwards the information related thereto to the State Agency of Medicines pursuant to the procedure established on the basis of subsection 4 (15) of this Act.
(2) [Repealed - RT I 2006, 32, 247 - entry into force 17.07.2006]
(3) The State Agency of Medicines has the right to inspect the records specified in subsection (1) of this section and to issue precepts.
(4) Information on narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors thereof gathered pursuant to the procedure prescribed in subsection (1) of this section and Articles 17-19 of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1277/2005 shall be submitted to the International Narcotics Control Board.
(5) Statistical data on the total turnover of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors in Estonia is public.
(6) [Repealed - RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
(7) [Repealed - RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]

§ 7.  Transfer, confiscation and destruction of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and precursors

(1) Handlers who do not hold a permit for handling narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances or precursors but who have such substances in their possession are required to deliver them promptly to the Police and Border Guard Board, except in the cases specified in subsection (2) of this section and in subsection 37 (2) of the Medicinal Products Act. The procedure for documentation of delivery and storage of substances shall be established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the area.
[RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 - entry into force 01.01.2015]
(2) The holder of an activity licence for manufacture of, wholesale trade in or retail trade in medicinal products may transfer narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances for a charge or without charge to other holders of activity licence for manufacture, wholesale trade in or retail trade in medicinal products who has the right to handle such substances. Precursors shall be transferred under the conditions and pursuant to the procedure established on the basis of subsection 41 (15) of this Act.
(3) Narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances or precursors thereof which are used as physical evidence in criminal or misdemeanour matter or which are subject to confiscation shall be delivered to the state forensic institution. The state forensic institution has the right to give the specified substances for use for educational purposes as specified in subsections 5 (1) and (11) of this Act. The procedure for the storage, transfer for use for educational purposes and destruction of substances shall be established by a regulation of the minister responsible for the area.
[RT I, 17.02.2011, 3 - entry into force 27.02.2011]

§ 8.  [Repealed - RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 01.07.2005]

§ 9.  Final identification of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors

(1) The final identification of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors is ensured by the state forensic institution.
[RT I 2007, 44, 314 - entry into force 01.01.2008]
(2) The identification of medicinal products containing narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursors and usability thereof is ensured by the State Agency of Medicines.
(3) The final identification of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances from human body fluids and post-mortem materials is ensured by the state forensic institution.
[RT I 2007, 44, 314 - entry into force 01.01.2008]
(4) The state forensic institution and the State Agency of Medicines may order analyses from local and foreign laboratories.
[RT I 2007, 44, 314 - entry into force 01.01.2008]

§ 10.  Prevention of spread of drug addiction

(1) Prevention of the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and reduction of the spread of drug addiction are organised pursuant to this Act and a strategic development plan encompassing the respective area, which is approved by the Government of the Republic.
[RT I, 09.05.2014, 1 - entry into force 19.05.2014]
(2) The Government of the Republic and local governments shall promote the activities of non-profit associations and foundations striving to prevent the spread of drug addiction.
(3) The Ministry of Social Affairs or a state research and development institution administered by the Ministry of Social Affairs shall collect and analyse the existing epidemiological and statistical data concerning drug situation and evaluate the spread of drug addiction.
[RT I, 09.05.2014, 1 - entry into force 19.05.2014]

§ 101.  New psychoactive substances early warning information system

(1) The new psychoactive substances early warning information system (hereinafter early warning information system) is a database that has been established to share information on the new psychoactive substances between agencies, to assess the risks related to such substances and to implement control measures.
(2) The early warning information system shall be established and the statutes thereof shall be approved by a regulation of the Government of the Republic.
(3) The chief processor of the early warning information system shall be the Ministry of Social Affairs.
(4) The authorised processor of the early warning information system shall be the Ministry of Social Affairs or a state research and development institution administered by the Ministry of Social Affairs.
(5) The data in the early warning information system shall not be public. The authorities specified in subsection 102 (1) of this Act shall have access to the information system solely in the case of existence of the right granted by law for the performance of the duties prescribed by law and in compliance with the purpose of processing of the data and entry thereof in the information system.
[RT I, 09.05.2014, 1 - entry into force 19.05.2014]

§ 102.  Users of early warning information system

(1) The following authorities shall have access to the early warning information system:
1) the State Agency of Medicines;
2) the Tax and Customs Board;
3) the Ministry of Justice or a state authority administered by the Ministry of Justice;
4) the Police and Border Guard Board;
5) the Health Board;
6) the Ministry of Social Affairs or a state research and development institution administered by the Ministry of Social Affairs.
(2) The State Agency of Medicines shall submit to the information system the data on the medicinal products containing the new psychoactive substances and the data on any potential abuse of the medicinal products containing the new psychoactive substances collected in the course of the supervision. The State Agency of Medicines shall have access to the data in the early warning information system for considering and making a proposal for the entry of a new psychoactive substance in the schedule established on the basis of subsection 31 (1) of this Act.
(3) The Tax and Customs Board shall submit to the information system the data on the spread, names, users and price of the new psychoactive substances. The Tax and Customs Board shall have access to the data in the early warning information system for the prevention of unlawful handling of goods and for the prevention, combating and detection of customs offences.
(4) The Ministry of Justice or a state authority administered by the Ministry of Justice shall submit to the information system the data on the names, description, quantity and manufacturing techniques of the new psychoactive substances submitted for an expert analysis or examination and the frequency of submission of the new psychoactive substances for an expert analysis or examination. The Ministry of Justice or a state authority administered by the Ministry of Justice shall have access to the data in the early warning information system for linking the expert analysis data with the data submitted by other authorities.
(5) The Police and Border Guard Board shall submit to the information system the data on the spread, names, users and price of the new psychoactive substances. The Police and Border Guard Board shall have access to the data in the early warning information system for the prevention, ascertainment and combating of threats to public order and the elimination of violations.
(6) The Health Board shall submit to the information system the data in matters involved with the area of activity of the Board based on the information collected in advising individuals. The Health Board shall have access to the data in the early warning information system for the monitoring, assessment and analysis of the situation at hand in its areas of activity.
(7) The Ministry of Social Affairs or a state research and development institution administered by the Ministry of Social Affairs shall submit to the information system the data based on the information received from Europol and the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. A state research and development institution administered by the Ministry of Social Affairs shall have access to the data in the early warning information system for the performance of the obligation specified in the first sentence of Article 4(1) of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA of 10 May 2005 on the information exchange, risk-assessment and control of new psychoactive substances (OJ L 127, 20.05.2005, p. 32–37).
[RT I, 09.05.2014, 1 - entry into force 19.05.2014]

§ 103.  Data entered in early warning information system

The authorised processors shall enter with regard to a new psychoactive substance in the early warning information system the following data known to them:
1) substance name and abbreviation in Estonian and English;
2) common name among substance users;
3) chemical description, state and appearance of substance and name of product or medicinal product if substance is contained in specific product or medicinal product;
4) information regarding results of substance analysis from the Ministry of Justice or a state authority administered by the Ministry of Justice;
5) substance confiscation frequency and quantities, and country of origin;
6) information regarding substance users and situations of use;
7) substance manufacturing methods;
8) substance distribution methods;
9) substance administering methods;
10) substance effect on humans;
11) risk of substance addiction and comparison to substance, which has already been entered in the schedule established on the basis of subsection 31 (1) of this Act;
12) information regarding potential damage to health and health risks related to substance use;
13) legal use of substance;
14) illegal use of substance;
15) information regarding previous presence of substance in Estonia;
16) information regarding handling restrictions of substance in the Member States of the European Union and elsewhere in the world;
17) information regarding substance price;
18) proposal for implementation of handling restrictions of substance and reasoning.
[RT I, 09.05.2014, 1 - entry into force 19.05.2014]

§ 11.  Treatment of drug addiction

(1) Drug addiction is treated on the basis of a person’s free will pursuant to the procedure prescribed in the Mental Health Act.
(2) Hospitalization of drug addicts who pose a danger to themselves or others due to a mental disorder, regardless of their will, shall be effected pursuant to legislation regulating mental health care.

§ 111.  Drug treatment database

(1) The drug treatment database (hereinafter database) is a state register established by the Government of the Republic on the basis of the Databases Act and this Act which is maintained for the registration of persons who have requested drug treatment.
(2) The objective of the database is the processing of data on persons who have requested drug treatment for the analysis of occurrence of drug addiction and organisation of the respective health care services, for the planning of preventive measures for drug addiction and evaluation of the efficiency thereof, and for the organisation of drug treatment statistics.
(3) The Ministry of Social Affairs shall be the chief processor of the database and the National Institute for Health Development shall be the authorised processor of the database.
(4) The database shall be established and the statutes shall be approved by the Government of the Republic.
(5) The database shall be maintained in a form which prevents the identification of persons entered in the register
(6) Health care providers holding an activity licence for psychiatry are required, upon providing psychiatric health care service, to submit the data obtained to the database under the conditions and pursuant to the procedure provided for in the statutes of the database.
[RT I 2006, 32, 247 - entry into force 17.07.2006]

§ 12.  Rehabilitation of drug addicts

The rehabilitation of and social assistance to persons suffering from drug addiction shall be organised by the Government of the Republic and local governments.

Chapter 21STATE AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPERVISION  
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 121.  State and administrative supervision

[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]
The state and administrative over compliance with the directly applicable European Union legal acts regulating trade in precursors and with this Act and legislation established on the basis thereof shall be exercised, according to their competence, by the State Agency of Medicines and the Tax and Customs Board.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 122.  Specific state supervision measures

In order to exercise state supervision provided for in this Act, a law enforcement authority may apply the specific state supervision measures provided for in §§ 30, 31, 32, 50, 51 and 52 of the Law Enforcement Act on the basis of and pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Law Enforcement Act.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

§ 123.  Penalty payment rates

Upon failure to comply with a precept, the maximum rate of the penalty payment imposed pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Substitutive Enforcement and Penalty Payment Act is 1600 euros.
[RT I, 13.03.2014, 4 - entry into force 01.07.2014]

Chapter 3 LIABILITY 

§ 13.  [Repealed - RT I 2002, 63, 387 - entry into force 01.09.2002]

§ 131.  [Repealed - RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]

§ 14.  [Repealed - RT I 2002, 63, 387 - entry into force 01.09.2002]

§ 15.  [Repealed - RT I 2002, 63, 387 - entry into force 01.09.2002]

§ 151.  Unlawful handling of small quantities of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances

(1) Consumption of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances without a prescription, or illegal manufacture, acquisition or possession of small quantities of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances is punishable by a fine of up to 300 fine units or by detention.
(2) The same act, if committed by a legal person, is punishable by a fine of up to 3200 euros.
[RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 - entry into force 01.01.2015]

§ 152.  [Repealed - RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 - entry into force 01.01.2015]

§ 153.  Proceedings

(1) The Police and Border Guard Board and the Tax and Customs Board shall conduct extra-judicial proceedings in the matters of the misdemeanours provided for in § 151 of this Act.
(2) The Police and Border Guard Board, the Tax and Customs Board or a court shall confiscate the substance which was the direct object of commission of a misdemeanour provided for in § 151.
[RT I, 12.07.2014, 1 - entry into force 01.01.2015]

Chapter 4 IMPLEMENTING PROVISIONS 

§ 16. – § 18. [Omitted from this text.]

§ 181.  Implementation of Act

Registration certificates and import and export authorisations issued before 1 May 2004 are valid until 1 May 2005 but not for longer than the period of validity set out on thereon.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]

§ 19.  Entry into force of Act

(1) This Act enters into force on 1 November 1997.
(2) Subsection 31 (3) enters into force on 1 July 2005.
(3) Section 8 of this Act is repealed as of 1 July 2005.
(4) Section 111 of this Act enters into force on 1 January 2006.
[RT I 2005, 24, 180 - entry into force 20.05.2005]
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