The Marine Products Processing Act


Published: 2015-11-01

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chapter T-11.01

The Marine Products Processing Act

DIVISION I 
DEFINITION

“marine product”.

1. In this Act, unless the context indicates a different meaning, “marine product” means any fish, shellfish or crustacean able to live in a marine environment and any echinoderm, including parts of such animals and the products or by-products derived therefrom.

1987, c. 51, s. 1.

DIVISION II 
PROCESSING OF MARINE PRODUCTS

Applicability.

2. This Act does not apply to any marine product prepared or canned in accordance with minimum processing standards prescribed by regulation of the Minister.

1987, c. 51, s. 2.

Restaurateur.

3. For the purposes of this Act, every person who, for remuneration, serves or sells meals or refreshments for consumption, every operator of a teaching establishment or of any establishment governed by the Act respecting health services and social services (chapter S-4.2), the Act respecting health services and social services for Cree Native persons (chapter S-5), the Act respecting the Québec correctional system (chapter S-40.1), the Government and any department or agency of the Government is a restaurateur.

Operator.

For the purposes of this Act, every person who operates a processing factory or a packing-house for the purposes of sale at wholesale, by that person or the person retaining his services for remuneration, of marine products intended for human consumption and who holds a permit under subparagraph e of the first paragraph of section 9 of the Food Products Act (chapter P-29) is an operator.

1987, c. 51, s. 3; 1991, c. 43, s. 22; 1992, c. 21, s. 356; 1994, c. 23, s. 23; 1997, c. 75, s. 55; 1999, c. 40, s. 320; 2000, c. 26, s. 67; 2002, c. 24, s. 204.

Fisherman.

4. A fisherman shall transfer, deliver or transmit marine products to no person other than an operator, the holder of an acquirer's permit, a restaurateur, a retailer or a consumer.

1987, c. 51, s. 4.

Resale.

5. No person other than an operator, the holder of an acquirer's permit, a restaurateur or a retailer may acquire from a fisherman or cause a fisherman to deliver or transmit to him marine products for resale.

1987, c. 51, s. 5.

Intermediary.

6. No person other than an operator, the holder of an acquirer's permit, a restaurateur or a retailer may serve as intermediary for the acquisition or transfer of marine products.

1987, c. 51, s. 6.

Acquisition.

7. An operator shall not acquire marine products from any person other than a fisherman, another operator or the holder of an acquirer's permit nor cause them to be delivered or transmitted to him except by such a person.

1987, c. 51, s. 7.

Delivery.

8. The holder of an acquirer's permit shall transfer, deliver or transmit marine products to no person other than an operator, another holder of an acquirer's permit, a restaurateur, a retailer or a consumer.

1987, c. 51, s. 8.

Delivery.

9. An operator shall transfer, deliver or transmit marine products to no person other than another operator, the holder of an acquirer's permit, a restaurateur, a retailer or a consumer.

1987, c. 51, s. 9.

Delivery.

10. A retailer, unless he is the holder of an acquirer's permit, shall transfer, deliver or transmit marine products to no person other than a consumer.

1987, c. 51, s. 10.

Transport.

11. No person may transport marine products without a bill of lading indicating the information prescribed by regulation.

1987, c. 51, s. 11; 1999, c. 40, s. 320.

Processing standards.

12. In preparing or canning marine products, every operator shall comply with minimum processing standards prescribed by regulation of the Minister, which may vary according to the marine products.

1987, c. 51, s. 12.

Documents to Minister.

13. Every holder of an acquirer's permit shall, in carrying on his activities, use and provide the Minister with the books, accounts, registers and other documents prescribed by regulation.

1987, c. 51, s. 13.

DIVISION III 
ACQUIRER'S PERMIT

Application.

14. Applications for an acquirer's permit must be filed with the Minister in the form prescribed by regulation and accompanied with the documents prescribed therein.

Security.

The application shall be accompanied with a security, proof of the person's solvency or a guarantee in such amount and in accordance with the terms and conditions prescribed by regulation.

1987, c. 51, s. 14.

Requirements.

15. Where the applicant fulfils the conditions prescribed by regulation and pays the duties fixed therein, the Minister shall issue the permit.

Refusal.

The Minister may refuse to issue a permit for reasons of public interest, after advising the applicant, as prescribed by section 5 of the Act respecting administrative justice (chapter J-3), and giving him the opportunity to present observations.

1987, c. 51, s. 15; 1997, c. 43, s. 779.

Requirements.

16. The holder of a permit shall comply with any condition, restriction or prohibition determined by the Minister and indicated on the permit.

1987, c. 51, s. 16.

Term.

17. The term of a permit is 12 months unless the Minister prescribes a shorter term.

Renewal.

A permit is renewable on the conditions and upon payment of the duties prescribed by regulation.

1987, c. 51, s. 17.

Assignability.

18. Permits are unassignable.

1987, c. 51, s. 18.

Suspension, cancellation.

19. The Minister, after notifying the holder of a permit in writing as prescribed by section 5 of the Act respecting administrative justice (chapter J-3) and allowing him at least 10 days to present observations, may suspend, cancel or refuse to renew his permit where he

 (1) fails or ceases to comply with the conditions prescribed by regulation for the issue or renewal of the permit, as the case may be;

 (2) fails to comply with the terms and conditions, restrictions or prohibitions indicated on the permit;

 (3) is found guilty of an offence under this Act or the regulations thereunder for which he has not been pardoned.

1987, c. 51, s. 19; 1997, c. 43, s. 780.

Minister's decision.

20. The Minister's decision must give reasons and the person whom it concerns shall be notified in writing.

Public interest.

If the Minister invokes the public interest as a reason for his decision, he shall indicate the nature of the reason.

1987, c. 51, s. 20.

Effect.

21. The cancellation or suspension of a permit has effect from the date on which the holder receives the decision.

1987, c. 51, s. 21.

DIVISION IV 
PROCEEDING BEFORE THE ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OF QUÉBEC
1997, c. 43, s. 781.

Contestation before A.T.Q.

22. Any decision of the Minister may be contested before the Administrative Tribunal of Québec within 30 days of notification, by any person whose permit application has been refused or any person whose permit has been suspended, cancelled or not renewed.

Assessment.

When assessing the facts or the law, the Tribunal may not substitute its assessment of the public interest for the assessment thereof made by the Minister before making his decision.

1987, c. 51, s. 22; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1997, c. 43, s. 782.

23. (Repealed).

1987, c. 51, s. 23; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1997, c. 43, s. 783.

24. (Repealed).

1987, c. 51, s. 24; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1997, c. 43, s. 783.

25. (Repealed).

1987, c. 51, s. 25; 1997, c. 43, s. 783.

26. (Repealed).

1987, c. 51, s. 26; 1997, c. 43, s. 783.

27. (Repealed).

1987, c. 51, s. 27; 1997, c. 43, s. 783.

28. (Repealed).

1987, c. 51, s. 28; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1997, c. 43, s. 783.

29. (Repealed).

1987, c. 51, s. 29; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1997, c. 43, s. 783.

DIVISION V 
INSPECTION, SEIZURE AND CONFISCATION

§ 1. —  Inspection

Powers of inspector or analyst.

30. Every person authorized by the Minister to act as an inspector or analyst for the purposes of this Act who believes, on reasonable grounds, that there is a marine product or other object to which this Act applies in premises where a marine product is prepared, packed, processed, packaged, stored, unloaded, offered for sale or sold, or kept for sale, transfer, delivery, transmission or shipping may, in the performance of his duties,

 (1) enter such premises at any reasonable time;

 (2) inspect the premises and any marine product or other object to which this Act applies and take samples free of charge;

 (3) stop any vehicle in which marine products are transported and inspect the vehicle and marine products;

 (4) take photographs of the marine products, object or premises;

 (5) require communication of any book, bill of lading or other document or record if he believes, on reasonable grounds, that it contains information relevant to the administration of this Act or the regulations, for examination, reproduction or the obtaining of extracts.

1987, c. 51, s. 30; 1999, c. 40, s. 320.

Assistance.

31. The owner or person in charge of a vehicle or premises subject to inspection and any person therein shall lend assistance to an inspector or analyst in the performance of his duties.

Identification.

The inspector or analyst shall, on request, identify himself and produce a certificate of his capacity signed by the Minister.

1987, c. 51, s. 31.

Prohibition.

32. It is forbidden to hinder in any manner the work of an inspector or analyst in the performance of his duties, to mislead him by false statements or to refuse to provide him with information that he is entitled to obtain under this Act.

1987, c. 51, s. 32.

Immunity.

33. No inspector or analyst may be prosecuted for acts done in good faith in the performance of his duties.

1987, c. 51, s. 33.

§ 2. —  Seizure and confiscation

Seizure.

34. Every inspector may seize a marine product or other object to which this Act applies if he believes, on reasonable grounds, that an offence under this Act or the regulations has been committed in relation to or by means of such product.

1987, c. 51, s. 34.

Report.

35. Every inspector who makes a seizure under section 34 shall prepare a report setting forth

 (1) the date, time and place of the seizure;

 (2) the circumstances of and grounds for the seizure;

 (3) the description of the marine product or object seized;

 (4) the name of the person from whom the marine product or object was seized;

 (5) any information allowing identification of the owner or person who had possession of the marine product or object seized;

 (6) the identity and capacity of the seizor.

1987, c. 51, s. 35.

Copy and sample.

36. A copy of the report and, where samples are taken, a sealed sample, if necessary, shall be remitted to the person from whom the marine product or object was physically seized.

1987, c. 51, s. 36.

Report.

37. The inspector shall immediately transmit a report in writing to the Minister of every seizure he makes.

1987, c. 51, s. 37.

Custody.

38. The owner or person who had possession of the marine product or object seized shall have custody thereof. Every inspector may, however, if he considers it advisable, remove it to other premises for purposes of safekeeping. In addition, the custodian shall have custody of the things seized and submitted in evidence, unless the judge to whom they were submitted in evidence decides otherwise.

Seizure period.

The marine product or object seized shall be detained until a decision is made under sections 40, 41, 42 and 44 or, if proceedings are instituted, until a judge has decided by judgment.

1987, c. 51, s. 38; 1992, c. 61, s. 601.

Prohibition.

39. No person may use, remove or allow the removal of a marine product or object seized unless authorized by the inspector.

1987, c. 51, s. 39.

End of seizure.

40. The marine product or object seized shall be returned to the owner or person who had possession of it

 (1) after the expiration of 90 days from the date of seizure, unless proceedings have been instituted; or

 (2) when the inspector is of opinion, after verification during that time, that no offence under this Act or the regulations has been committed or that the owner or person who had possession of the marine product or object seized has, since the seizure, complied with the conditions of this Act or the regulations.

1987, c. 51, s. 40.

Application for release.

41. The owner or person who had possession of the marine product or object seized may apply to a judge to obtain its release.

Service.

The application shall be served on the seizor or, if proceedings have been instituted, on the prosecutor.

Release.

The judge shall grant the application if he is satisfied that the applicant will suffer serious or irreparable damage if detention of the seized product or object is maintained and its release will not hinder the course of justice.

1987, c. 51, s. 41; 1992, c. 61, s. 602.

Confiscation.

42. Every marine product or object seized the owner or possessor of which is unknown or untraceable shall be transferred to the Minister of Revenue 90 days from the date of seizure, together with a statement describing the thing and indicating, where applicable, the name and last known address of the interested party.

Provisions applicable.

The Unclaimed Property Act (chapter B-5.1) applies to the property so transferred to the Minister of Revenue.

1987, c. 51, s. 42; 1997, c. 80, s. 77; 2005, c. 44, s. 54; 2011, c. 10, s. 98.

Extension.

43. A judge may, on the application of the seizor, order that the period of detention be prolonged for a maximum period of 90 days.

1987, c. 51, s. 43; 1992, c. 61, s. 602.

Confiscation.

44. Upon pronouncing a conviction for an offence under a provision of this Act or the regulations thereunder, a judge may, on the application of either party and where a seizure has been made under section 34, order the confiscation of the things seized.

Prior notice.

Prior notice of the application for confiscation must be given to the person from whom the marine product or object was seized and to the other party, except where they are in the presence of the judge.

Disposal.

The Minister shall prescribe the manner of disposing of the marine product or object confiscated under this section.

1987, c. 51, s. 44; 1992, c. 61, s. 603.

DIVISION VI 
REGULATIONS

Regulation.

45. The Government may, by regulation,

 (1) indicate the information that must be contained in a bill of lading;

 (2) determine the books, accounts, registers and other documents that a permit holder must keep, the premises where he must keep them, the reports he must transmit to the Minister, the contents of the reports and the time at which he must file them;

 (3) prescribe the form of a permit application, the required accompanying documents, the fees payable and the conditions of issue and renewal of permits;

 (4) prescribe the amount and the terms and conditions relating to the security, the proof of the person's solvency or the guarantee that must accompany an application for a permit;

 (5) prescribe the modalities of inspection, sampling or seizure and establish a model for the certificates or reports prepared by authorized persons;

 (6) prescribe that the contravention of a regulation made under this section or section 46 which it indicates constitutes an offence.

1987, c. 51, s. 45; 1999, c. 40, s. 320.

Processing standards.

46. The Minister may, by regulation, prescribe the minimum processing standards with which an operator must comply for the preparation or canning of a marine product. The standards may vary according to the marine product.

1987, c. 51, s. 46.

DIVISION VII 
PENAL PROVISIONS

Offence and penalty.

47. Every person who contravenes a provision of sections 4 to 12, 31, 32, 38 and 39 or a provision of the regulations the contravention of which constitutes an offence under paragraph 6 of section 45 or a condition, restriction or prohibition specified on his permit is liable to a fine of $200 to $2,000 in the case of a natural person and of $500 to $5,000 in the case of a legal person.

Subsequent offence.

In the case of a second or subsequent conviction, the offender is liable to a fine of $1,000 to $10,000 in the case of a natural person and of $2,500 to $25,000 in the case of a legal person.

1987, c. 51, s. 47; 1990, c. 4, s. 862; 1999, c. 40, s. 320.

Party to an offence.

48. Every person who, by his encouragement, advice or order, causes a person to commit an offence is guilty of the offence as if he had committed it himself and of any other offence committed by the other person as a consequence of the encouragement, advice or order if he knew or should have known that his encouragement, advice or order would likely result in the commission of the offences.

1987, c. 51, s. 48.

Party to an offence.

49. Every person who, by his act or omission, assists a person in committing an offence is guilty of the offence as if he had committed it himself if he knew or should have known that his act or omission would likely result in assisting the person in committing the offence.

1987, c. 51, s. 49.

50. (Repealed).

1987, c. 51, s. 50; 1990, c. 4, s. 863; 1992, c. 61, s. 604.

Offence and penalty.

51. Every owner or lessee of a place where an offence under a provision of this Act is committed who authorizes or allows the commission of the offence therein is liable to a fine equal to that prescribed for the offence which he has authorized or allowed.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner or lessee of a motor vehicle who authorizes or allows the commission, by means of the vehicle, of an offence under a provision of sections 4 to 12, 31, 32, 38 and 39 is liable to a fine equal to that prescribed for the offence which he has authorized or allowed.

Evidence.

In proceedings brought under the first or second paragraph, evidence that an offence under a provision of this Act was committed by a person in the employ of such owner or lessee shall be, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, proof that the person committed the offence with the authorization or consent of the owner or lessee.

1987, c. 51, s. 51; 1990, c. 4, s. 864.

Presumption.

52. In the absence of any evidence to the contrary, the person having possession of a marine product in a quantity exceeding his own consumption needs is presumed to intend it for sale.

1987, c. 51, s. 52.

Exemption.

53. The Government may wholly or partially exempt any class of persons, marine products, objects or activities it indicates from the application of this Act or the regulations.

1987, c. 51, s. 53.

DIVISION VIII 
FINAL PROVISIONS

Minister.

54. The Government shall designate the minister responsible for the administration of this Act.

1987, c. 51, s. 54.

The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food is responsible for the administration of this Act. Order in Council 418-2014 dated 7 May 2014, (2014) 146 G.O. 2 (French), 1905.

55. (Omitted).

1987, c. 51, s. 55.

REPEAL SCHEDULE

In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), chapter 51 of the statutes of 1987, in force on 1 September 1987, is repealed, except section 55, effective from the coming into force of chapter T-11.01 of the Revised Statutes.

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