Highway Safety Code

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Published: 2015-11-01

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chapter C-24.2

Highway Safety Code

PRELIMINARY TITLE 
SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS

Scope.

1. This Code governs the use of vehicles on public highways and, in specified cases, on certain private roads and lands, and pedestrian traffic on public highways.

Rules.

It establishes the rules relating to highway safety, to the registration of road vehicles, to licences and permits which are under the administration of the Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec, and to the control of highway transportation of persons and goods.

This Code applies to off-highway vehicles in the following cases only:

 (1) for the purposes of registration and identification of the vehicle by means of a number affixed to it or when it expressly provides as much;

 (2) to the extent provided for in section 1.1 of the Act respecting off highway vehicles (chapter V-1.2).

1986, c. 91, s. 1; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 1; 1996, c. 56, s. 1; 1996, c. 60, s. 69; 2014, c. 12, s. 42.

Applicability.

2. The provisions of this Code which apply to the owner of a road vehicle also apply to every person who acquires or possesses a road vehicle under a title involving a condition or a term giving him the right to become owner thereof, or under a title giving him the right to use it as owner thereof charged to deliver over.

Applicability.

They also apply to every person who leases a road vehicle for a period of not less than one year.

1986, c. 91, s. 2.

Liability.

3. The person in whose name a road vehicle is registered is responsible for any offence imputable to the owner pursuant to this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 3.

4. In this Code, unless the context indicates otherwise,

“bus” means a motor vehicle, other than a minibus, designed for the transportation of more than nine occupants at a time and used mainly for that purpose or equipped with devices to secure wheelchairs against movement;

“combination of road vehicles” means a combination of vehicles consisting of a motorized road vehicle drawing a trailer, a semi-trailer or a detachable axle;

“commercial vehicle” means a motor vehicle mainly used for the transportation of property;

“emergency vehicle” means a road vehicle used as a police car in accordance with the Police Act (chapter P-13.1), a road vehicle used as an ambulance in accordance with the Act respecting pre-hospital emergency services (chapter S-6.2), a fire safety vehicle, or any other road vehicle which meets the criteria established by regulation for recognition as an emergency vehicle by the Société;

“farmer” means a natural person who is a member of an association certified under the Farm Producers Act (chapter P-28), a person who is the owner or the lessee of a farm and whose principal activity is agriculture, or an agricultural cooperative governed by the Cooperatives Act (chapter C-67.2) whose object is the use of agricultural equipment by its members;

“health care professional” means a person holding a permit or licence issued by one of the following professional orders, and who is entered on the roll of that order:

 (1) Ordre professionnel des médecins du Québec;

 (2) Ordre professionnel des optométristes du Québec;

 (3) Ordre professionnel des psychologues du Québec;

 (4) Ordre professionnel des ergothérapeutes du Québec;

 (5) Ordre professionnel des infirmières et infirmiers du Québec;

“heavy vehicle” means a heavy vehicle within the meaning of the Act respecting owners, operators and drivers of heavy vehicles (chapter P-30.3);

“minibus” means a motor vehicle having two axles with single wheels and equipped with not more than five rows of seats for the transportation of more than nine occupants at a time, or equipped with devices to secure wheelchairs against movement;

“moped” means a passenger vehicle having two or three wheels and a maximum speed of 70 km/h, equipped with an electric motor or a motor having a piston displacement of not more than 50 cm3 and with an automatic transmission;

“motorcycle” means a passenger vehicle, other than a power-assisted bicycle, having two or three wheels that has at least one characteristic different from the characteristics of a moped;

“motor vehicle” means a motorized road vehicle primarily adapted for the transportation of persons or property;

“municipality” means a local municipality and also an metropolitan community or a regional county municipality where, under its constituent Act, it exercises its jurisdiction in respect of a public highway with regard to a matter contemplated in this Code;

“off-highway vehicle” means a vehicle to which the Act respecting off-highway vehicles (chapter V-1.2) applies;

“passenger vehicle” means a motor vehicle designed for the transportation of not more than nine occupants at a time, where such transportation does not require a permit from the Commission des transports du Québec;

“pound” means a place determined by a municipality or by the Société as a place to which road vehicles seized by a peace officer on behalf of the Société are taken;

“power-assisted bicycle” means a bicycle that has an electric motor;

“public highway” means the surface of land or of a structure, the maintenance of which is entrusted to a municipality, a government or one of its agencies, over part of which one or more roadways open to public vehicular traffic and, where such is the case, one or more cycle lanes are laid out, except

 (1) highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune or the Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation,

 (2) highways under construction or repair, but only with respect to vehicles assigned to the construction or repair, and

 (3) highways which the Government determines, under section 5.2, as being exempt from the application of this Code;

“road vehicle” means a motor vehicle that can be driven on a highway, other than a vehicle that runs only on rails, a power-assisted bicycle or an electrically propelled wheelchair; a trailer, a semi-trailer or a detachable axle is defined as a road vehicle;

“roadway” means that part of a public highway ordinarily used for vehicular traffic;

“taxi” means a motor vehicle operated under a permit issued in compliance with the Act respecting transportation services by taxi (chapter S-6.01);

“tool vehicle” means a road vehicle, other than a vehicle mounted on a truck chassis, manufactured to perform work and the work station of which is an integral part of the driver's compartment. For the purposes of this definition, a truck chassis is a frame equipped with all the mechanical components required on a road vehicle designed for the transportation of persons, goods or equipment;

“tow truck” means a motor vehicle equipped to lift and tow a road vehicle or to load a road vehicle onto its platform.

1986, c. 91, s. 4; 1987, c. 94, s. 2; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 85, s. 122; 1990, c. 64, s. 26; 1990, c. 83, s. 2; 1994, c. 13, s. 15, s. 16; 1996, c. 56, s. 2; 1997, c. 40, s. 3; 1996, c. 60, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 55; 2000, c. 12, s. 315; 2000, c. 56, s. 218; 2000, c. 64, s. 1; 2001, c. 60, s. 166; 2002, c. 29, s. 1; 2002, c. 69, s. 123; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2004, c. 2, s. 1; 2005, c. 39, s. 52; 2006, c. 3, s. 35; 2008, c. 14, s. 1; 2007, c. 40, s. 1; 2010, c. 34, s. 1; 2012, c. 15, s. 1; 2015, c. 4, s. 18.

“person”.

5. For the purposes of this Code, the word “person” also includes a partnership and the words “farm machine” include a farm tractor.

1986, c. 91, s. 5; 2004, c. 2, s. 2.

5.1. For the purposes of sections 35, 36, 97, 98.1, 202.1.2 to 202.1.4, 202.2, 202.2.1, 202.4, 202.6.6 and 519.70, a person is deemed to have the care or control of a road vehicle when that person occupies the seat or position ordinarily occupied by the driver in circumstances in which it may be believed that there is a risk of the person setting the vehicle in motion.

1996, c. 56, s. 3; 2002, c. 29, s. 2; 2008, c. 14, s. 2.

Section 202.2.1, enacted by section 18 of chapter 29 of the statutes of 2002, will come into force on the date to be set by the Government (2002, c. 29, s. 81).

Determination.

5.2. The Government may, by order in council published in the Gazette officielle du Québec, determine that a highway to which paragraph i of section 3 of the Act respecting the Ministère des Transports (chapter M-28) applies is not a public highway within the meaning of section 4, or that certain provisions of this Code or of a regulation thereunder do not apply to such a highway.

1997, c. 40, s. 4.

TITLE 0.1 
AUTOMOBILE ADVERTISING
2007, c. 40, s. 2.

Guidelines.

5.3. In collaboration with automobile manufacturers, advertising agencies and highway safety stakeholders, the Société shall establish guidelines aimed at prohibiting any advertisement that portrays a road vehicle and conveys a careless attitude with respect to road safety by presenting situations that encourage reckless, dangerous or prohibited practices or behaviour.

Report.

The Société shall promote observance of the guidelines. It shall also, within two years, evaluate whether the guidelines have enabled the targeted objectives to be met, and report to the Minister of Transport.

Tabling.

The Minister shall table the report in the National Assembly within the next 30 days or, if the Assembly is not sitting, within 30 days of resumption. The competent committee of the National Assembly shall examine the report.

2007, c. 40, s. 2.

TITLE I 
REGISTRATION OF ROAD VEHICLES

CHAPTER I 
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Compulsory registration.

6. Every road vehicle must be registered except a vehicle exempt from registration under this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 6.

Application.

7. The owner of a road vehicle must apply to the Société for its registration upon taking possession of it.

1986, c. 91, s. 7; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

New resident.

8. The owner of a road vehicle who establishes residence in Québec must apply to the Société for its registration within 90 days thereafter.

1986, c. 91, s. 8; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Persons authorized.

9. The Société, with the approval of the Minister of Transport, may, on such conditions as it shall establish, appoint persons authorized to collect on its behalf the sums provided for in either of sections 21 or 31.1 and to effect any transaction it shall indicate relating to registration, and fix the amount and mode of their remuneration.

1986, c. 91, s. 9; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 3.

Registration.

10. Registration is effected by entering in the register kept by the Société for that purpose such information concerning the road vehicle and its owner as is prescribed by regulation.

Duration.

Registration shall subsist for as long as the road vehicle and its owner remain the same.

1986, c. 91, s. 10; 1990, c. 83, s. 4.

Documents issued.

10.1. The Société shall issue, on the conditions and in the cases provided for by regulation, one or more of the following documents: a registration certificate, a registration plate including, if needed, a validation sticker.

Validity and renewal.

The registration certificate, the registration plate and the sticker are valid for the period determined by regulation and the person in whose name registration is effected must renew them upon expiry.

1990, c. 83, s. 4; 1997, c. 49, s. 4.

Exceptions.

10.2. Notwithstanding sections 10 and 10.1, registration of certain classes of road vehicles that are prescribed by regulation may be effected by entering in the register of the Société the information prescribed by regulation with regard to those classes of vehicles and to the persons meeting the conditions prescribed by regulation for obtaining such registration.

Documents issued.

The Société shall issue one or more registration certificates and removable registration plates.

Vehicle deemed registered.

Every vehicle of a class contemplated in the first paragraph is deemed to be registered in accordance with section 6 when a removable registration plate is affixed to it.

Provisions applicable.

Sections 188, 189 and 196 to 202 shall apply with any necessary changes, except that the Société shall cancel the registration obtained by any person under this section instead of prohibiting the putting back into operation of a road vehicle.

1990, c. 83, s. 4.

Identification sticker.

11. A handicapped person or a public institution may be authorized to use parking spaces reserved for the exclusive use of handicapped persons and be given an identification sticker and a certificate of issue to that effect.

Fees.

The sticker and the certificate are issued upon payment of the fees prescribed by regulation.

“public institution”.

A “public institution” is a public institution within the meaning of the Act respecting health services and social services (chapter S-4.2) or the Act respecting health services and social services for Cree Native persons (chapter S-5) that owns a motor vehicle equipped with devices to secure wheelchairs against movement.

Application of section.

The Société is responsible for the application of this section according to the rules established by agreement between the Société and the Minister of Transport.

1986, c. 91, s. 11; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 5; 1992, c. 21, s. 375; 1994, c. 23, s. 8; 1997, c. 49, s. 5; 2004, c. 34, s. 21.

Change of address.

11.1. The holder of an identification sticker must inform the Société of any change of address or of the destruction, loss or theft of the sticker or certificate of issue within 30 days.

Eligibility requirements.

The holder of an identification sticker must return the sticker and the certificate of issue to the Société if they are no longer required or if the holder no longer meets the eligibility requirements.

2002, c. 29, s. 3.

Information on certificate.

12. Every registration certificate shall contain the information determined by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 12.

13. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 13; 1990, c. 83, s. 6.

Operational records.

13.1. The Minister of Revenue may, at the request of the Société, verify the operational records of the fleets of road vehicles registered under apportioned registration pursuant to a regulation under section 631.

Provisions applicable.

Sections 37.7, 38 and 42 of the Tax Administration Act (chapter A-6.002) apply to such verification with the necessary modifications.

2002, c. 62, s. 1; 2010, c. 31, s. 175.

CHAPTER II 
VEHICLES EXEMPT FROM REGISTRATION

Exempted vehicles.

14. The following road vehicles are exempt from registration:

 (1) a farm machine owned by a farmer, other than a farm tractor used on a public highway;

 (2) (paragraph repealed);

 (3) an off-highway vehicle used exclusively on a competition circuit laid out and used for the competition of motor vehicles subject to the Act respecting safety in sports (chapter S-3.1) and, in the cases provided for by regulation, an off-highway vehicle to which the Act respecting off-highway vehicles (chapter V-1.2) applies and a recreation vehicle;

 (4) a detachable axle;

 (5) a single-axle towing dolly;

 (6) a motorized scooter;

 (7) a self-propelled aerial basket other than one mounted on a truck chassis;

 (8) a road vehicle determined by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 14; 1987, c. 94, s. 3; 1990, c. 83, s. 7; 1996, c. 56, s. 4; 1996, c. 60, s. 71; 2001, c. 21, s. 1; 2002, c. 29, s. 4; 2004, c. 2, s. 3.

15. The following road vehicles, unless used on a public highway, are exempt from registration:

 (1) a vehicle stocked by the manufacturer or, during delivery, a vehicle delivered by a manufacturer to a road vehicle dealer;

 (2) a vehicle which a road vehicle dealer holds in stock for sale;

 (3) a vehicle entrusted to the management of the Public Curator or to the Minister of Revenue as provisional administrator of property;

 (4) a vehicle seized or impounded by a peace officer;

 (5) a vehicle designed mainly for use on snow, other than a snowmobile to which the Act respecting off-highway vehicles (chapter V-1.2) applies in the cases prescribed by regulation.

The exemption provided for in the first paragraph applies to vehicles referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 2, other than a trailer or semi-trailer with a net mass of less than 1,300 kg, only if the road vehicle dealer holds a permit issued under the Consumer Protection Act (chapter P-40.1).

1986, c. 91, s. 15; 1996, c. 60, s. 72; 2004, c. 2, s. 4; 2005, c. 44, s. 50; 2015, c. 4, s. 19.

16. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 16; 2004, c. 2, s. 5.

Inheritance.

17. A road vehicle the ownership of which is transferred following a death is exempt from registration if the ownership is again transferred within seven days after the heir or particular legatee obtains delivery of it or receives it in payment of his legacy.

1986, c. 91, s. 17; 1999, c. 40, s. 55.

Leased trailer.

18. A trailer or semi-trailer leased for a period not exceeding 12 months is exempt from registration if the following conditions are met:

 (1) the leasing contract is entered into outside Québec;

 (2) its owner is not required to hold a leasing permit from the Commission des transports du Québec;

 (3) it is in the possession of the lessee;

 (4) its net mass is 900 kg or less.

1986, c. 91, s. 18.

Non-resident.

19. The passenger vehicle, trailer or semi-trailer of a non-resident is exempt from registration in Québec for a period of six consecutive months from his arrival if the following conditions are met:

 (1) the vehicle is registered as required by the law of the main place of residence or the business establishment of its owner;

 (2) the vehicle carries a valid registration plate of that place;

 (3) the driver furnishes proof of that registration at the request of the Société or of a peace officer.

1986, c. 91, s. 19; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1999, c. 40, s. 55.

Foreign student.

20. A road vehicle acquired outside Québec by a foreign student, coopérant or trainee staying in Québec is exempt from registration for the duration of his studies or training if the following conditions are met:

 (1) the vehicle is registered as required by the law of the main place of residence of its owner or the place where he established residence;

 (2) the vehicle carries a valid registration plate of that place;

 (3) the student, coopérant or trainee furnishes proof of that registration at the request of the Société or of a peace officer;

 (4) the same right is granted to students, coopérants or trainees from Québec staying in the place of domicile of that student, coopérant or trainee.

1986, c. 91, s. 20; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

CHAPTER III 
OBTENTION OF REGISTRATION
1990, c. 83, s. 8.

Requirements.

21. To obtain the registration of a road vehicle and the right to put the vehicle into operation on a public highway, a private road open to public vehicular traffic and on land occupied by shopping centres or other land where public traffic is allowed, the owner of the vehicle must

 (1) comply with the conditions and formalities established by regulation;

 (2) (subparagraph repealed);

 (3) pay the fees fixed by regulation, the duties fixed by regulation and revalorized, where applicable, in accordance with section 151.4 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25), the insurance contribution fixed pursuant to sections 151.1 and 151.2 of that Act and, where applicable, the contribution of motorists to public transit fixed pursuant to section 88.3 of the Transport Act (chapter T-12) or the contribution of off-highway vehicle owners set pursuant to section 49.2 of the Act respecting off-highway vehicles (chapter V-1.2);

 (4) have the prior authorization of the Commission des transports du Québec, in the cases provided for in sections 35 and 40.2 of the Transport Act or in the second paragraph of section 82 of the Act respecting transportation services by taxi (chapter S-6.01);

 (5) in respect of a road vehicle belonging to the class determined by regulation which is seven years old or less and whose value exceeds $40,000, pay, according to the calculation methods established by regulation, an additional duty which, computed on an annual basis, is equal to 1% of the value of the vehicle in excess of $40,000;

 (6) in respect of a road vehicle belonging to a class determined by regulation, equipped with an engine with a displacement determined by regulation, pay an additional duty determined by regulation.

Exception.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Société may, without further notice, prohibit such an owner from putting his vehicle into operation if he does not pay the sums referred to in paragraph 3 of the first paragraph or if he is indebted to the Société with regard to the sums referred to in section 31.1 in relation to any vehicle belonging to him or any sums referred to in either of section 69, 93.1 or 209.22.

Payment.

No person may put a road vehicle into operation before the sums referred to in the second paragraph have been paid by the owner or, in the case of a heavy vehicle, before the owner or operator is registered in the Registre des propriétaires et des exploitants de véhicules lourds at the Commission des transports du Québec.

Prohibition.

No person shall put a road vehicle into operation if a decision of the Société rendered under section 194 is in force.

Prohibition.

No person shall put a vehicle into operation on a public highway if it is of a model or class whose use on public highways has been prohibited by the Minister under section 633.1 or if it has been restricted to off-highway use by its manufacturer or importer.

1986, c. 91, s. 21; 1987, c. 94, s. 4; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1991, c. 32, s. 165; 1990, c. 83, s. 9; 1991, c. 55, s. 8; 1993, c. 57, s. 5; 1996, c. 56, s. 5; 1997, c. 85, s. 13; 1998, c. 40, s. 56; 1999, c. 66, s. 1; 2001, c. 15, s. 128; 2003, c. 5, s. 1; 2004, c. 34, s. 22; 2004, c. 35, s. 40; 2007, c. 40, s. 3; 2010, c. 33, s. 22.

Partnership.

22. The registration of a road vehicle owned by a partnership is made in the name of the partner making the application.

1986, c. 91, s. 22.

Co-ownership.

23. The registration of a road vehicle acquired in co-ownership is made in the name of the co-owner making the application.

1986, c. 91, s. 23.

Minor.

24. A minor applying for the registration of a road vehicle must furnish to the Société the written consent of the person having parental authority or, failing such a person, the consent of the person having legal custody of the minor.

Exception.

The first paragraph does not apply to a minor if he is emancipated or engaged in trade, provided that he proves his status.

1986, c. 91, s. 24; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

25. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 25; 1987, c. 94, s. 5; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 10.

Refusal.

26. The Société must refuse to register a road vehicle whenever the person applying for registration is unable to establish that he is the owner or joint owner of that vehicle or that the vehicle is the property of the partnership of which he is a member.

1986, c. 91, s. 26; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 11.

CHAPTER IV 
CONDITIONS ATTACHED TO REGISTRATION

Signature.

27. The person in whose name registration of a road vehicle has been effected by the Société must sign the registration certificate upon receiving it.

Mark of Société.

The certificate must bear the identifying mark of the Société or the signature of a person authorized by the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 27; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 12.

Notification of changes.

28. The person in whose name the registration of a road vehicle is effected by the Société must inform the latter, upon making payment of the amounts required to be paid under section 31.1, of any change concerning the information prescribed by regulation, and forming the registration or which appears on the registration certificate, the registration plate or the stickers.

Time limit.

That person must also, for as long as the registration is in effect, notify the Société of any such changes within 30 days after the change.

1986, c. 91, s. 28; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 13.

Temporary certificate.

29. The owner of a road vehicle must place the temporary registration certificate issued to him in the upper left hand part of the rear window of the vehicle or in such other place as is determined by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 29.

Registration plate.

30. The owner of a road vehicle must solidly attach the registration plate issued to him to the rear of the vehicle or to such other place as is determined by regulation.

Double plates.

Where a regulation prescribes the issue of two duplicates of the registration plate, one must be attached to the front of the vehicle and the other to the rear.

1986, c. 91, s. 30.

Validation.

31. The owner of a road vehicle must place the validation stickers on the registration plate at the places determined by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 31; 1997, c. 49, s. 6.

Duties and fees.

31.1. To retain the right to drive a registered road vehicle, the owner thereof must, unless exempted by regulation, pay to the Société, at the intervals and over the periods determined by regulation, the fees fixed by regulation, the duties fixed by regulation and revalorized, where applicable, in accordance with section 151.4 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25), the insurance contribution fixed pursuant to section 151.1 of that Act and, where applicable, the contribution of motorists to public transit fixed pursuant to section 88.3 of the Transport Act (chapter T-12), the contribution of off-highway vehicle owners fixed pursuant to section 49.2 of the Act respecting off highway vehicles (chapter V 1.2) and, in respect of a road vehicle belonging to a class determined by regulation which is seven years old or less and whose value exceeds $40,000, an additional duty which, computed on an annual basis, is equal to 1% of the value of the vehicle in excess of $40,000 and, in respect of a road vehicle belonging to a class determined by regulation, equipped with an engine with a displacement determined by regulation, an additional duty determined by regulation.

Election not to drive.

An owner who elects not to drive the vehicle for all or part of the period corresponding to the payment of the amounts referred to in the first paragraph must notify the Société thereof before the date on which payment of such amounts becomes due or any later date determined by regulation. In this case, he will not be bound to pay the duties, additional duties, fees, insurance contribution, contribution of motorists to public transit or contribution of off-highway vehicle owners prescribed for the period during which such election has effect.

Prohibition.

If, on the due date, the owner has not paid the amounts referred to in the first paragraph or notified the Société of his intention to pay them by pre-authorized debit or if the owner has notified the Société of his election not to drive the vehicle in accordance with the second paragraph, no person may, as of the first day following the due date or as of the date on which the Société received the notice of election not to drive, and without further notice, put the road vehicle back into operation.

Return to operation.

The owner may, during the period corresponding to the payment of the amounts referred to in the first paragraph, apply to the Société to obtain the authorization to put the road vehicle back into operation. He must, in that case, pay the duties, additional duties and fees, the insurance contribution, the contribution of motorists to public transit, the contribution of off-highway vehicle owners and the additional fee prescribed by regulation, in accordance with the terms and conditions prescribed by regulation.

Prohibition.

No person shall put a vehicle back into operation on a public highway if it is of a model or class whose use on public highways has been prohibited by the Minister under section 633.1 or if it has been restricted to off-highway use by its manufacturer or importer.

1990, c. 83, s. 14; 1991, c. 32, s. 166; 1993, c. 57, s. 6; 1997, c. 85, s. 14; 2004, c. 34, s. 23; 2004, c. 35, s. 41; 2000, c. 49, s. 25; 2007, c. 40, s. 4; 2008, c. 14, s. 3; 2009, c. 48, s. 15; 2010, c. 34, s. 2; 2010, c. 33, s. 23.

Prohibition.

32. No registration plate may bear any inscription other than those determined by the Société.

Legibility.

The registration plate must be free of any object or matter that could impair its legibility; it must also, if attached to the rear of the vehicle, be sufficiently lighted.

1986, c. 91, s. 32; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Dirt.

33. A peace officer may require the driver of a road vehicle to clean the registration plate of the vehicle if the presence of dirt on the plate makes it difficult to read.

Compliance.

The driver must comply with the requirement of the peace officer.

1986, c. 91, s. 33.

Authentic plate and sticker.

34. No plate or sticker that may be confused with a registration plate or validation sticker issued by the Société or by any other competent administrative authority may be attached to a road vehicle or affixed to a plate, except in the case of a plate or sticker required under another law in force in Québec or of a plate attached in compliance with standards and conditions established under paragraph 19 of section 618.

1986, c. 91, s. 34; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 15.

35. The person driving or having the care or control of a road vehicle must have with him the registration certificate of the vehicle or a copy of it, except during the 10 days following registration, and the certificate of insurance provided for in the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25).

If the registration certificate was issued under the International Registration Program (IRP), the person must have with him the original of the certificate, except in the cases provided for by the Program.

If the road vehicle is leased for less than one year or if it has been lent by a road vehicle dealer, the person must also have with him the contract of lease or a copy thereof, or a document evidencing the duration of the loan.

This section applies on private roads open to public vehicular traffic and on land occupied by shopping centres or other land where public traffic is allowed, as well as on public highways. It also applies on highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune.

1986, c. 91, s. 35; 1996, c. 56, s. 6; 1998, c. 40, s. 57; 2002, c. 29, s. 5; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35; 2008, c. 14, s. 4; 2015, c. 4, s. 20.

Examination by officer.

36. The person driving or having the care or control of a road vehicle must remit for examination to a peace officer, at his request, the documents referred to in section 35.

Return to holder.

The peace officer must return the documents to their holder as soon as he has examined them.

1986, c. 91, s. 36; 1996, c. 56, s. 7.

Replacement of certificate or plate.

37. The person in whose name registration of a road vehicle has been effected by the Société must request the latter to replace any registration certificate, registration plate or sticker which is illegible, damaged or which contains inaccurate information.

1986, c. 91, s. 37; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 16.

Replacement.

38. Upon proof that a registration certificate, a registration plate or a sticker is illegible or damaged or has been destroyed, lost, stolen or that it contains inaccurate information, the Société shall replace it upon payment of the fee fixed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 38; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 17.

Effect of decision.

39. Every person contemplated in section 10.2 or the owner of a road vehicle regarding which a decision of the Société has been rendered under any of sections 10.2, 188, or 196 to 202 must, at the request of the Société, return that vehicle's registration certificate and plate or the detachable registration plate to the Société on the date of coming into force of the decision or on any later date fixed by the Société. The same applies where the Société acts under section 189.

Confiscation.

Where the owner refuses or fails to observe the requirement of this section, the Société may request a peace officer to confiscate the certificate and the registration plate. The owner of the vehicle must immediately remit his registration certificate and registration plate to the peace officer who requests him to do so and informs him of the reasons therefor.

1986, c. 91, s. 39; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 18; 1998, c. 40, s. 58.

39.1. No person may put back into operation any road vehicle in respect of which a decision of the Société rendered under any of sections 188, 194 or 196 to 202.0.1 is in force. The same applies where the Société acts under section 189.

1990, c. 83, s. 19; 1998, c. 40, s. 59; 2003, c. 5, s. 2; 2012, c. 15, s. 2.

CHAPTER V 
TRANSFER OF ROAD VEHICLES

40. Where the right of ownership of a road vehicle is transferred between parties neither of whom is a road vehicle dealer, the transferor must remit to the Société the registration certificate and the registration plate issued for the vehicle, after endorsing the certificate, and the new purchaser must apply for a new registration.

1986, c. 91, s. 40; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2015, c. 4, s. 21.

41. Where road vehicles are exchanged between parties neither of whom is a road vehicle dealer, each owner must remit to the Société the registration certificate, endorsed, issued for his vehicle and apply for a new registration.

1986, c. 91, s. 41; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2015, c. 4, s. 22.

42. Where the right of ownership of a road vehicle is transferred to a road vehicle dealer, the transferor who is not purchasing a new vehicle must remit the registration certificate of the vehicle to the dealer after endorsing it and transmit the registration plate of the vehicle to the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 42; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2015, c. 4, s. 23.

43. Where the right of ownership of a road vehicle is transferred to a road vehicle dealer, the transferor who is purchasing a new vehicle must retain the registration plate, remit the registration certificate to the dealer after endorsing it and apply to the Société for the issue of a certificate for the new vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 43; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2015, c. 4, s. 24.

Leased vehicle.

44. Sections 40 to 43 do not apply to the transfer of the right of ownership of a road vehicle that is under a contract of lease with a term of one year or more.

1986, c. 91, s. 44.

End of lease.

45. The lessee of a road vehicle leased for a term of one year or more must, at the end of the contract of lease, remit the registration certificate and registration plate of the leased vehicle to the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 45; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

New registration.

46. Subject to section 17, a person who becomes the owner of a road vehicle as a result of a death, a gift, a partition, a winding-up, a bankruptcy, the exercise of a right of repossession, the complete transfer of a business or a judicial sale must remit the registration certificate to the Société and apply for a new registration for the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 46; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

47. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 47; 1987, c. 94, s. 6; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 20.

CHAPTER VI 
PENAL PROVISIONS

Offence and penalty.

48. Every owner of a road vehicle who contravenes any of sections 29, 30 and 31 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $30 to $60.

1986, c. 91, s. 48; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

49. Every person who contravenes section 32, the second paragraph of section 33, or either of sections 35 and 37, is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $30 to $60.

1986, c. 91, s. 49; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Damaged plate.

50. Every person who drives a road vehicle the registration plate of which is so damaged as to prevent the identification of the vehicle is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $30 to $60.

1986, c. 91, s. 50; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

51. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 27, or any of sections 11.1, 28 or 40 to 46 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $60 to $100.

1986, c. 91, s. 51; 1987, c. 94, s. 7; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 2002, c. 29, s. 6.

52. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 52; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 2012, c. 15, s. 3.

Offence and penalty.

53. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 36 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1986, c. 91, s. 53; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

54. Every person who drives a road vehicle and every owner who allows his vehicle to be driven carrying a registration plate of a class other than the class corresponding to that vehicle, or which is being used for a purpose other than the purpose indicated in its registration, or carrying a registration plate issued for another road vehicle, is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

1986, c. 91, s. 54; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 21.

Offence and penalty.

55. Every owner of a road vehicle who contravenes section 7 or section 8 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

1986, c. 91, s. 55; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 8.

Illegal plate or sticker.

56. Every person who drives a road vehicle carrying a plate or a sticker described in section 34 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

1986, c. 91, s. 56; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 22.

Offence and penalty.

57. Every person who contravenes section 34, or who attaches to a road vehicle a registration plate issued for another road vehicle or affixes to a plate a validation sticker issued for another road vehicle is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

1986, c. 91, s. 57; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 23.

Offence and penalty.

58. Every owner of a road vehicle who contravenes section 6 or section 39 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

1986, c. 91, s. 58; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 9.

59. Every person who contravenes the third, fourth or fifth paragraph of section 21, the third or fifth paragraph of section 31.1, or section 39.1, or who knowingly gives false or misleading information in applying for the registration of a road vehicle or in respect of a change referred to in section 28 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

Every owner of a heavy vehicle who knowingly supplies false or misleading information on applying for registration or in respect of a change referred to in section 28 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $500 to $1,500.

Despite the first paragraph, if an offence under section 39.1 is committed by the owner of a road vehicle that has been put back into operation and in respect of which a decision under section 202.0.1 is in force, the owner is liable to a fine of $1,500 to $3,000 and, in the case of a second or subsequent offence, of $3,000 to $6,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 59; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 24; 1998, c. 40, s. 60; 2003, c. 5, s. 3; 2007, c. 40, s. 5; 2010, c. 34, s. 3; 2012, c. 15, s. 4.

Illegal plate or sticker.

60. Every person who makes a plate or a sticker described in section 34 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 60; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 25.

TITLE II 
LICENCES TO DRIVE ROAD VEHICLES

CHAPTER I 
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Authorization.

60.1. The requirements relating to learner's licences, probationary licences, driver's licences and restricted licences are intended to ensure that authorization to drive is granted only to persons possessing the proficiency and attitudes of care necessary for the safety of the public.

1996, c. 56, s. 10.

Applicability.

60.2. The provisions of this Title apply on public highways, on highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, on private roads open to public vehicular traffic and on land occupied by shopping centres or other land where public traffic is allowed.

2004, c. 2, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35.

Licences.

61. The Société shall issue the following licences to drive road vehicles: learner's licences, probationary licences, driver's licences and restricted licences.

Licence.

The holder of a licence cannot be required to produce his licence except where so required by a peace officer or by the Société for the purposes of highway safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 61; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 26; 1995, c. 6, s. 1.

Driving schools.

62. The Société may, on the conditions and for the purposes it determines, approve specific bodies to recognize driving schools.

Suspension or revocation.

Only the Société may suspend or revoke the recognition of a driving school for non-compliance with the conditions for recognition.

1986, c. 91, s. 62; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 11; 2009, c. 55, s. 1.

Information on licence.

63. Licences shall contain the information prescribed by regulation and, with the exception of restricted licences, are valid for the period prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 63.

Licences.

63.1. Licences shall bear the signature of the holder as well as a photograph of the holder that meets the standards prescribed by regulation.

Exception.

However, the Société may, according to the category of a licence, in the circumstances and on the conditions determined by regulation, issue a licence that does not bear the photograph or signature of the holder.

1995, c. 6, s. 2; 2004, c. 2, s. 7.

Travel document.

63.2. The Société may issue a driver's licence that may be presented at the United States border as a travel document. The purpose of the licence is to certify, in accordance with the standards and conditions prescribed by regulation, any information determined by regulation, including the identity and Canadian citizenship of the licence holder.

2007, c. 40, s. 7; 2008, c. 14, s. 5.

Conditions.

64. The Société may attach conditions to a licence in the cases prescribed and according to the criteria established by regulation.

Limited right.

On the request of a person who holds a licence or is applying for a licence, the Société may limit the right to drive to road vehicles equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société. The licence issued and any subsequent licence are subject to that condition as long as the person has not established by means of an assessment that the person's relationship with alcohol or drugs does not compromise the safe operation of a road vehicle. The assessment is governed by the provisions of section 76.1.9.

Voluntary use.

A person who is not subject to mandatory use of an alcohol interlock device approved by the Société under this Code and does not make a request under the second paragraph may purchase any other alcohol interlock device and install such a device on the person's vehicle without notifying the Société; in such a case, the condition set out in the second paragraph is not attached to the person's driver's licence, and section 64.1 does not apply.

1986, c. 91, s. 64; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2001, c. 29, s. 1; 2007, c. 40, s. 8.

Conditions.

64.1. The Société determines conditions for the use of an alcohol ignition interlock device prescribed by this Code. On the request of the Société, the holder of the licence must provide the data collected by the alcohol ignition interlock device.

2007, c. 40, s. 9.

CHAPTER II 
SPECIAL PROVISIONS RESPECTING LEARNER'S LICENCES, PROBATIONARY LICENCES AND DRIVER'S LICENCES
1990, c. 83, s. 27.

DIVISION I 
ISSUE OF LICENCES

Driver's licence.

65. No person may drive a road vehicle unless he holds a driver's licence of the class appropriate to the driving of that vehicle as determined by regulation, and containing the particulars prescribed by regulation, if any.

1986, c. 91, s. 65; 1996, c. 56, s. 12; 1998, c. 40, s. 61; 1999, c. 66, s. 2; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2004, c. 2, s. 8.

65.1. (Repealed).

1990, c. 83, s. 28; 1996, c. 56, s. 13.

Learner's licence.

66. A person applying for a licence to drive a road vehicle, except a licence of a class determined by regulation, must have held a learner's licence for the period fixed by regulation. The period may vary according to the class of licence.

Probationary licence.

A person applying for a licence other than a moped licence or a farm tractor licence must also have held a probationary licence for the period prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 66; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 29; 1996, c. 56, s. 14; 2007, c. 40, s. 10.

Driving course.

66.1. Persons applying for their first licence to drive a motorcycle, a moped or another passenger vehicle must successfully complete a driving course appropriate for the class of licence requested, given by a driving school recognized by a body approved by the Société.

Parts of driving course.

The course must comprise a theoretical part and a practical part. The deadline for the successful completion of each part of the course and the cases in which a person may be exempted from taking the course are determined by government regulation.

Amounts exigible.

In addition, the Government may, by regulation, set the maximum and minimum amounts chargeable for a course to drive a passenger vehicle.

2007, c. 40, s. 11; 2009, c. 55, s. 2.

Examinations.

67. To obtain a licence, a person, unless exempted by regulation, must pass the proficiency examinations of the Société, which shall establish the formalities, procedures and content relating to each class of licence and the minimum period of time which must lapse before a person who has failed an examination may again undergo such an examination.

Minimum age.

The person must be at least 14 years of age in the case of a licence to drive a moped exclusively and 16 years of age in other cases.

1986, c. 91, s. 67; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 30; 2000, c. 31, s. 1.

Minor.

68. A minor applying for a licence must furnish to the Société the written consent of the person having parental authority or, failing such a person, the consent of the person having legal custody of the minor.

Exception.

The first paragraph does not apply to a minor if he is emancipated or engaged in trade, provided that he proves his status.

1986, c. 91, s. 68; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Requirements.

69. To obtain or renew a licence, a person must satisfy the conditions and comply with the formalities established by regulation, and, except in the cases prescribed by regulation, pay the Société the fees fixed by regulation. He must also, to obtain a licence, except in the cases prescribed by regulation, pay the Société the duties fixed by regulation and revalorized, where applicable, in accordance with section 151.4 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25) and the insurance contribution fixed pursuant to sections 151 and 151.2 of that Act.

Exception.

Notwithstanding the first paragraph, where a person is applying for his learner's licence only for the duration of the practical session of his proficiency examination, he is not required to pay the amounts prescribed in the first paragraph.

1986, c. 91, s. 69; 1987, c. 94, s. 8; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 31; 1993, c. 57, s. 7; 1995, c. 6, s. 3; 2004, c. 34, s. 24.

Persons authorized.

69.1. The Société may, with the approval of the Minister of Transport, appoint, on the conditions it establishes, persons it shall authorize to collect on its behalf the amounts prescribed in section 93.1 as well as to carry out any operation it indicates, and determine the amount and mode of remuneration of those persons.

1988, c. 68, s. 1; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 32.

Change of class.

70. To have the class of his licence changed or to have another class added to it, a person must meet the conditions for obtaining a licence of the class he is applying for.

1986, c. 91, s. 70.

71. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 71; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 33; 1996, c. 56, s. 15.

72. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 72; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 34; 1996, c. 56, s. 15.

73. The Société may require a person applying for a licence or for the renewal of a licence, to have the class of his licence changed or to have another class added to it, or to have a condition appearing on his licence removed, to undergo a medical examination or health assessment by such medical specialist or other health professional as the Société may designate by name. The person must, where so required by the Société, submit to it a report of the examination or assessment within the time it indicates, which may in no case exceed 90 days.

In addition, the Société may require that the examination or assessment be carried out in a hospital centre or in a rehabilitation centre it designates by name or that belongs to the class it specifies among the classes established by section 86 of the Act respecting health services and social services (chapter S-4.2).

If the assessment is carried out in an alcohol and drug rehabilitation centre or in a hospital centre offering alcohol and drug rehabilitation services, it must be carried out by a person authorized by that centre according to the rules established by agreement between the Société and the centre and between the Société and the Association des centres de réadaptation en dépendance du Québec.

The Société may also require that a person applying for the removal of a condition appearing on his licence undergo a proficiency examination.

If the examination shows that the person suffers from chronic alcoholism or a pharmaco-physiological alcohol dependence or the assessment shows that the person's relationship with alcohol compromises the safe operation of a road vehicle corresponding to the class of licence applied for, the probationary licence or driver's licence that may be issued to the person by the Société shall authorize the person to drive a road vehicle only if it is equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 73; 1987, c. 94, s. 9; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 16; 2001, c. 29, s. 2; 2004, c. 2, s. 9; 2010, c. 34, s. 4.

74. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 74; 1988, c. 68, s. 2.

Proficiency examinations.

75. A person who has not been authorized to drive a road vehicle for three years or longer must pass the proficiency examinations prescribed by section 67 to obtain a driver's licence.

1986, c. 91, s. 75; 1995, c. 6, s. 4.

Prohibition.

76. Subject to section 76.1.1, no licence may be issued to a person whose licence has been cancelled or whose right to obtain a licence has been suspended following a conviction for an offence under the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46) listed in section 180 of this Code before a period of one, three or five years has elapsed since the date of the cancellation or suspension, depending on whether, during the 10 years before the cancellation or suspension, the person incurred no cancellation or suspension, one cancellation or suspension or two or more cancellations or suspensions under that section.

Sanction period.

If the conviction is followed by an order prohibiting the offender from operating a road vehicle under any of subsections 1, 2 and 3.1 to 3.4 of section 259 of the Criminal Code for a longer period than the period applicable under the first paragraph, the period prescribed in the order is the applicable period.

1986, c. 91, s. 76; 1988, c. 68, s. 3; 1996, c. 56, s. 17; 2001, c. 29, s. 3; 2007, c. 40, s. 12.

Extension of sanction period.

76.1. When the offence for which the cancellation or suspension is incurred is evading a police car or leaving the scene of an accident, the one-and three-year sanction periods under the first paragraph of section 76 are extended by three and two years respectively.

1996, c. 56, s. 18; 2001, c. 29, s. 4; 2002, c. 29, s. 8; 2007, c. 40, s. 12.

Restricted licence.

76.1.1. As soon as the order of prohibition referred to in the second paragraph of section 76 expires or, unless the court orders otherwise, as soon as the minimum absolute prohibition period under the Criminal Code expires, a person who has incurred a cancellation or suspension for an alcohol-related offence, for having a high blood alcohol concentration level or for refusing to provide a breath sample may be authorized, under a restricted licence, to drive a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société.

2007, c. 40, s. 12; 2010, c. 34, s. 5.

Alcohol-related offence.

76.1.2. When the offence for which a cancellation or suspension is incurred is an alcohol-related offence and section 76.1.4 does not apply, the person must, in order to obtain a new licence, establish that the person's relationship with alcohol or drugs does not compromise the safe operation of a road vehicle corresponding to the class of licence applied for.

Assessment.

The person must meet the requirement set out in the first paragraph

 (1) by means of a summary assessment if, during the 10 years before the cancellation or suspension, the person incurred no cancellation or suspension for refusing to provide a breath sample or for an alcohol-related offence; or

 (2) by means of a comprehensive assessment if, during the 10 years before the cancellation or suspension, the person incurred one or more cancellations or suspensions for refusing to provide a breath sample or for an alcohol-related offence.

Comprehensive assessment.

A person who fails a summary assessment must meet the requirement set out in the first paragraph by means of a comprehensive assessment.

Education program.

A person who passes a summary assessment must, after paying the Société the related fees, successfully complete an education program accredited by the Minister of Transport that is designed to raise driver awareness about alcohol-and drug-related problems.

2007, c. 40, s. 12.

76.1.3. A new driver's licence issued to a person referred to in section 76.1.2 who has passed a comprehensive assessment or a maintenance assessment provided for in section 76.1.4.1 is subject to driving a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société for either one or two years, depending on whether, during the 10 years before the cancellation or suspension, the person incurred no cancellation or suspension for an alcohol-related offence, for having a high blood alcohol concentration level or for refusing to provide a breath sample, or one such cancellation or suspension.

2007, c. 40, s. 12; 2010, c. 34, s. 6.

Extension of sanction period.

76.1.4. When the offence for which the cancellation or suspension is incurred is refusing to provide a breath sample or having a high blood alcohol concentration level, the one-and three-year sanction periods set out in the first paragraph of section 76 are extended by two years and the person must, in order to obtain a new licence, establish by means of a comprehensive assessment that the person's relationship with alcohol or drugs does not compromise the safe operation of a road vehicle corresponding to the class of licence applied for.

2007, c. 40, s. 12; 2010, c. 34, s. 7.

76.1.4.1. In order to obtain a new licence, a person is exempted from the comprehensive assessment provided for in sections 76.1.2 and 76.1.4 if, between the date of the offence and that of the conviction, the person establishes by means of a health assessment under section 73 and paragraph 4 of section 109 that the person's relationship with alcohol and drugs does not compromise the safe operation of a road vehicle corresponding to the class of licence concerned. However, the person must undergo an assessment to verify whether the status of the person's relationship with alcohol and drugs has been maintained.

A health assessment that has not been completed by the date of conviction may be continued after that date with a view to obtaining an exemption under the first paragraph.

A person who fails the maintenance assessment provided for in the first paragraph must undergo the comprehensive assessment provided for in sections 76.1.2 and 76.1.4.

2010, c. 34, s. 8.

76.1.5. A new licence issued to a person referred to in section 76.1.4 who has passed a comprehensive assessment or a maintenance assessment provided for in section 76.1.4.1 is subject to driving a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société for either two or three years, depending on whether, during the 10 years before the cancellation or suspension, the person incurred no cancellation or suspension for an alcohol-related offence or for having a high blood alcohol concentration level, or one cancellation or suspension for an alcohol-related offence.

2007, c. 40, s. 12; 2010, c. 34, s. 9.

76.1.6. The new licence and every subsequent licence issued to the person during the person's life is subject to driving a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société if the cancellation or suspension was incurred

 (1) for an alcohol-related offence and, during the 10 years before the cancellation or suspension, the person incurred

(a)  more than one cancellation or suspension for an alcohol-related offence; or

(b)  both a cancellation or suspension for an alcohol-related offence and a cancellation or suspension for having a high blood alcohol concentration level or for refusing to provide a breath sample; or

 (2) for having a high blood alcohol concentration level or for refusing to provide a breath sample and, during the 10 years before the cancellation or suspension, the person incurred

(a)  more than one cancellation or suspension for an alcohol-related offence; or

(b)  a cancellation or suspension for having a high blood alcohol concentration level or for refusing to provide a breath sample.

2007, c. 40, s. 12; 2010, c. 34, s. 10.

76.1.7. For the purposes of sections 76.1 to 76.1.6,

 (1) “evading a police vehicle” means any offence under section 249.1 of the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46);

 (2) “leaving the scene of an accident” means any offence under subsection 1, 1.2 or 1.3 of section 252 of the Criminal Code;

 (3) “refusing to provide a breath sample” means any offence under subsection 5 of section 254 or subsection 2.2 or 3.2 of section 255 of the Criminal Code;

 (4) “alcohol-related offence” means any offence under section 253 or subsection 2, 2.1, 3 or 3.1 of section 255 of the Criminal Code in respect of which there is no court decision stating that the offender's blood alcohol concentration level at the time of the offence exceeded 160 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood; and

 (5) “having a high blood alcohol concentration level” means any offence under section 253 or subsection 2, 2.1, 3 or 3.1 of section 255 of the Criminal Code in respect of which there is a court decision stating that the offender's blood alcohol concentration level at the time of the offence exceeded 160 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood.

2007, c. 40, s. 12; 2008, c. 14, s. 7; 2010, c. 34, s. 11.

76.1.8. If a person fails the assessment required under section 76.1.2, 76.1.4 or 76.1.4.1 or refuses to undergo an assessment, the Société may, for the period it determines, issue a probationary licence or a driver's licence authorizing the person to drive a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société.

2007, c. 40, s. 12; 2010, c. 34, s. 12.

76.1.9. Alcohol and drug rehabilitation centres and hospital centres offering rehabilitation services for alcoholics and drug addicts are responsible for the assessments referred to in sections 64, 76.1.2, 76.1.4 and 76.1.4.1. The assessments are carried out by persons authorized by those centres according to rules determined by agreement between the Société and those centres and between the Société and the Association des centres de réadaptation en dépendance du Québec.

2007, c. 40, s. 12; 2010, c. 34, s. 13.

Computing sanction periods.

76.1.10. When computing the one-, two- and three-year periods set out in sections 76.1.3 and 76.1.5, any time during which the licence was suspended or the person was prohibited from driving a road vehicle under the first paragraph of section 93.1 must be disregarded.

2007, c. 40, s. 12.

New learner's licence.

76.1.11. If the cancelled licence was a learner's licence, the new licence is also a learner's licence and the person must complete any unfinished learning period, after which the person may only obtain a licence authorizing the person to drive a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société for the period referred to in sections 76.1.3, 76.1.5 and 76.1.6.

2007, c. 40, s. 12.

Exemption.

76.1.12. The Société may exempt a person from the requirement under section 76.1.3, 76.1.5 or 76.1.6 to equip the vehicle the person drives with an alcohol ignition interlock device if exceptional medical reasons warrant such a decision. The person is prohibited from operating a vehicle or having the care or control of a vehicle if there is any alcohol in the person's body. The Société may require the person to provide information and documents concerning the person's relationship with alcohol.

2007, c. 40, s. 12.

Restricted licence.

76.2. The holder of a restricted licence issued under section 76.1.1 who drives a road vehicle that is not equipped with the alcohol ignition interlock device referred to in that section or who does not comply with the conditions on which the alcohol ignition interlock device is to be used is deemed to drive while disqualified within the meaning of section 106.1.

1996, c. 56, s. 18; 2001, c. 29, s. 5; 2007, c. 40, s. 13.

Prohibition.

76.3. No restricted licence may be issued under section 76.1.1 if the licence cancelled is a learner's licence or if the applicant has never held a probationary licence or a driver's licence authorizing the operation of a passenger vehicle other than a moped or a motorcycle.

1996, c. 56, s. 18; 2001, c. 29, s. 6; 2007, c. 40, s. 13.

Provisions applicable.

76.4. Sections 69, 93, 95 to 98 and 102 to 104, adapted as required, apply to the restricted licence referred to in section 76.1.1.

1996, c. 56, s. 18; 2007, c. 40, s. 13.

77. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 77; 2000, c. 64, s. 2.

Taxi driver.

78. Where the class of a person's licence authorizing him to drive a taxi has been cancelled or the person's right to obtain a licence of that class has been suspended following conviction for a criminal offence related to the business of transportation by taxi, he may obtain from the Société a licence of a class other than that authorizing him to drive a taxi.

1986, c. 91, s. 78; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

79. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 79; 2007, c. 40, s. 14.

80. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 80; 2000, c. 64, s. 2.

Requirements.

80.1. A person whose licence has been cancelled or whose right to obtain a licence has been suspended pursuant to section 187.1 must, to obtain a licence, comply with the conditions and formalities established by regulation.

Period of ineligibility.

No licence may be issued to that person from the date of cancellation of his licence or suspension of his right to obtain a licence until the lapse of

 (1) a period of three months if the person, during the two years preceding that cancellation or suspension, incurred no other cancellation or suspension;

 (2) a period of six months if the person, during the two years preceding that cancellation or suspension, incurred only one cancellation or suspension;

 (3) a period of one year if the person had, during the two years preceding that cancellation or suspension, incurred more than one other cancellation or suspension.

1987, c. 94, s. 10; 1990, c. 83, s. 35.

80.2. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 10; 2000, c. 64, s. 2.

80.3. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 10; 1998, c. 40, s. 62.

80.4. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 10; 2000, c. 64, s. 2.

Refusal.

81. The Société may refuse to issue a licence or to change the class of or add another class to a licence if the applicant

 (1) refuses to undergo a medical examination or assessment under section 64, 73, 76.1.2, 76.1.4 or 76.1.4.1 or fails to submit the report of such an examination or assessment to it;

 (2) according to a report of an examination or assessment carried out under section 64, 73, 76.1.2, 76.1.4 or 76.1.4.1 or a report referred to in section 603, suffers from an illness or deficiency or is in a condition which under the medical or health standards prescribed by regulation is relatively inconsistent with the driving of a road vehicle corresponding to the class of licence applied for;

 (3) according to the report of an examination or assessment carried out under section 64, 73, 76.1.2, 76.1.4 or 76.1.4.1 or a report referred to in section 603, suffers from an illness or deficiency or is in a condition not covered by the medical or health standards prescribed by regulation but which, in the opinion of a health care professional or such other professional as the Société may designate by name or of a person authorized by an alcohol and drug rehabilitation centre, is incompatible with the driving of a road vehicle corresponding to the class of licence applied for;

 (4) refuses to undergo or fails a proficiency examination;

 (5) is indebted to the Société in respect of the amounts prescribed in any of sections 21, 31.1, 69 and 93.1 or in respect of the fee exigible for the issue of a certificate of mechanical inspection, an inspection sticker or a photometric inspection certificate.

1986, c. 91, s. 81; 1987, c. 94, s. 11; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 36; 1996, c. 56, s. 19; 2002, c. 29, s. 9; 2004, c. 2, s. 10; 2007, c. 40, s. 15; 2010, c. 34, s. 14.

Maintenance of condition.

82. The Société may refuse to remove a condition appearing on a licence if the holder

 (1) refuses to undergo a medical examination or health or behaviour assessment under section 73 or fails to submit the report of such an examination or assessment to it;

 (2) according to a report of an examination or assessment carried out under section 73, still suffers from the illness or deficiency or is still in the condition which led the Société to attach the condition to his licence;

 (3) refuses to undergo a proficiency examination or fails it.

1986, c. 91, s. 82; 1987, c. 94, s. 12; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 20.

Refusal.

83. The Société must refuse to issue a licence or to change the class of or add another class to a licence if the applicant

 (1) does not meet the requirements for the issue of a licence of the class applied for;

 (2) according to a report of an examination or assessment carried out under section 64, 73, 76.1.2, 76.1.4 or 76.1.4.1 or a report referred to in section 603, suffers from an illness or deficiency or is in a condition which, under the medical or health standards established by regulation, is essentially inconsistent with the driving of a road vehicle corresponding to the class of licence applied for;

 (3) is under a prohibition to operate a motor vehicle, or has incurred the cancellation or suspension of his licence or class of that licence or the suspension of his right to obtain a licence or class of licence that is in effect or imposed and not yet in effect, including those incurred under a law of Canada, of another province or territory of Canada or under a law of a State of the United States;

 (4) does not comply with the conditions and formalities referred to in sections 76 to 76.1.12, 80.1, 185 and 191.2;

 (5) does not meet the requirement set out in the second paragraph of section 67;

 (6) refuses to be photographed by the Société or to affix his signature, in the manner indicated by the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 83; 1988, c. 68, s. 4; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 37; 1995, c. 6, s. 5; 1996, c. 56, s. 21; 2004, c. 2, s. 11; 2007, c. 40, s. 16; 2010, c. 34, s. 15.

Compensatory abilities.

83.1. Notwithstanding paragraph 2 of section 83, the Société may issue a licence, change its class or add another class to it if the applicant establishes to the satisfaction of the Société

 (1) that he has developed compensatory abilities enabling him to drive a road vehicle corresponding to the class of the licence applied for without constituting a hazard to public safety; or

 (2) that he can drive a road vehicle corresponding to the class of the licence applied for by complying with conditions related to his functional capability which enable him to drive the vehicle without constituting a hazard to public safety.

1990, c. 83, s. 38.

84. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 84; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 4, s. 213; 2003, c. 5, s. 4.

DIVISION II 
RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF NON-RESIDENTS

Non-resident.

85. A non-resident may drive a road vehicle for a period of not over six consecutive months without holding a licence issued by the Société if he meets the following requirements:

 (1) he holds a valid driver's licence issued by another administrative authority which grants the same right to residents of Québec;

 (2) the driver's licence issued by that other administrative authority authorizes him to drive a vehicle of the class of vehicles he drives in Québec;

 (3) he respects the conditions attached to the driver's licence he holds;

 (4) his right to obtain a licence or a class of licence issued by the Société has not been suspended.

1986, c. 91, s. 85; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 39.

Foreign student.

86. A foreign student, coopérant or trainee staying in Québec may drive a passenger vehicle during his period of studies or training without holding a licence issued by the Société if he meets the requirements of section 85.

1986, c. 91, s. 86; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Professional driver.

87. A non-resident whose main occupation is driving a road vehicle and who drives a road vehicle in Québec is exempt from the obligation of obtaining a licence from the Société if he holds a valid driver's licence issued by another administrative authority authorizing him to drive the road vehicle that he is driving in Québec.

1986, c. 91, s. 87; 1987, c. 94, s. 13; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

International permit.

88. Notwithstanding sections 85 and 86, a non-resident holding an International Driver's Permit may, while it is valid, drive the road vehicles he is authorized to drive by the licence on the basis of which the International Driver's Permit was issued to him.

1986, c. 91, s. 88.

New resident.

89. A person holding a valid driver's licence issued by another administrative authority may, during the six months after settling in Québec, drive a passenger vehicle in Québec without obtaining a licence from the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 89; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2010, c. 34, s. 16.

New resident.

90. A person holding a valid driver's licence issued in Canada by another administrative authority may, if he settles in Québec, exchange that licence, without an examination, for a driver's licence issued by the Société, on payment of the duties and fee prescribed by regulation and the amount fixed under section 151 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25).

Expiration.

Any person whose driver's licence issued in Canada has been expired for less than three years and who settles in Québec may obtain a driver's licence from the Société without undergoing an examination, on payment of the amounts prescribed in the first paragraph.

Commercial vehicle.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Société may require that the person referred to in the first paragraph or in the second paragraph undergo an examination to obtain a licence authorizing him to drive a commercial vehicle, an emergency vehicle, a taxi, a bus or a minibus.

1986, c. 91, s. 90; 1987, c. 94, s. 14; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2008, c. 14, s. 8.

90.1. (Repealed).

1990, c. 83, s. 41; 2002, c. 29, s. 10.

New resident.

91. Any person holding a driver's licence issued outside Canada who settles in Québec may on request, provided the particulars and validity of the holder's title can be verified directly with the administrative authority concerned through the use of information technology, exchange that licence, without undergoing a proficiency examination, for an equivalent driver's licence issued by the Société.

Expiration.

Any person whose driver's licence issued outside Canada has been expired for less than three years and who settles in Québec may obtain a driver's licence without undergoing a proficiency examination provided the particulars and the validity of the person's title can be established in accordance with the first paragraph.

Proficiency examination.

However, the person must pass the proficiency examinations referred to in section 67 to obtain a licence to drive a bus, a minibus, a motorcycle, a taxi or a commercial vehicle or to operate an emergency vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 91; 1987, c. 94, s. 15; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 22; 2002, c. 29, s. 11; 2008, c. 14, s. 9.

New resident.

91.1. Any person holding a valid driver's licence for the operation of a passenger vehicle issued outside Canada who settles in Québec may on request, if the administrative authority concerned has entered into a licence exchange agreement pursuant to section 629, exchange that licence, without undergoing a proficiency examination, for an equivalent driver's licence issued by the Société.

Proficiency examination.

However, the person must pass the proficiency examinations referred to in section 67 to obtain a licence to drive a motorcycle.

Exemption.

The Société may exempt a person from surrendering to the Société the licence issued in his or her country of origin.

2002, c. 29, s. 11.

Time limit.

91.2. A regulation of the Government shall determine the time within which a licence exchange under section 91 or 91.1 must be applied for. The applicant must pay the duties and fees prescribed by regulation and the amount fixed under section 151 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25).

2002, c. 29, s. 11.

Exemption.

91.3. A person who has held a driver's licence for at least one year who settles in Québec after living in a country in respect of which sections 90, 91 and 91.1 do not apply and who therefore is not eligible for a licence exchange under those sections is exempted from having to hold a learner's licence before obtaining a driver's licence for the operation of a passenger vehicle, except as regards the operation of a motorcycle.

Regulation.

A regulation of the Government shall determine the time within which a licence must be applied for and the number of times a person may retake the proficiency examinations referred to in section 67 before losing the exemption and shall prescribe any special conditions for obtaining a licence.

2002, c. 29, s. 11.

Exemption.

91.4. A person holding a valid driver's licence or a licence expired for less than three years that was issued outside Canada who once held a driver's licence issued in Québec for the operation of the same categories of road vehicles as the licence applied for is exempted from the proficiency examinations referred to in section 67.

2002, c. 29, s. 11.

Diplomatic personnel.

92. Upon proof that they are registered at the Ministère des Relations internationales and hold a valid driver's licence issued by their country of origin or the country of their former posting, the following persons, if they are not Canadian citizens and do not carry on any business nor hold any position or employment in Québec apart from their duties with the government or agency they represent, may without an examination and for the duration of their assignment obtain a driver's licence from the Société corresponding to the licence they hold upon payment of the fee fixed by regulation and the insurance contribution fixed under sections 151 and 151.2 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25):

 (1) any member of a diplomatic mission or consular corps, other than service personnel members;

 (2) the trade representative of a country and his deputy;

 (3) any employee of an international government organization recognized by the Gouvernement du Québec and any member of a representation of a State which is a recognized member of that organization other than service personnel members;

 (4) (paragraph repealed);

 (5) an employee of a non-governmental international organization recognized by the Gouvernement du Québec;

 (6) the married or civil union spouse of a person referred to in paragraphs 1 to 3 and 5 and any dependent child 18 years of age or over residing with such a person.

1986, c. 91, s. 92; 1988, c. 41, s. 87; 1988, c. 68, s. 5; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 43; 1994, c. 15, s. 33; 1996, c. 21, s. 70; 2002, c. 6, s. 90.

Probationary licence.

92.0.1. In the cases provided for in sections 90, 91, 91.1, 91.3 and 92, the licence issued by the Société is a probationary licence if the applicant has held a valid driver's licence for less than two years.

1990, c. 83, s. 44; 1996, c. 56, s. 23; 2002, c. 29, s. 12; 2007, c. 40, s. 17.

92.1. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 16; 2003, c. 5, s. 5.

DIVISION III 
CONDITIONS ATTACHED TO LICENCES

Signature.

93. A licence issued in paper form must be signed by the holder.

Mark of Société.

All licences must bear the identifying mark of the Société or the signature of a person authorized by the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 93; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1995, c. 6, s. 6.

Duties and fees.

93.1. The holder of a driver's licence or a restricted licence issued under section 76.1.1 must, at the intervals prescribed by regulation, pay the Société the fees fixed by regulation, the duties fixed by regulation and revalorized, where applicable, in accordance with section 151.4 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25) and the insurance contribution fixed pursuant to section 151 of that Act within the period determined by regulation. If, on the due date, the licence holder has not made the required payments or notified the Société of his intention to pay by pre-authorized debit, he may not, as of the first day following the due date, and without further notice, drive any road vehicle.

Probationary licence.

The holder of a probationary licence must, before his licence expires, pay the sums referred to in section 69 to obtain his first driver's licence or advise the Société that he does not intend to apply for a driver's licence.

Cancellation.

The holder of a driver's licence or a restricted licence issued under section 76.1.1 who, within the period determined by regulation, requests that his licence be cancelled or advises the Société that he does not intend to apply for its renewal is not required to pay the sums referred to in the first paragraph.

Application for driver's licence.

A person who has failed to comply with the first or second paragraph and applies to the Société, during the period corresponding to the payment of the sums referred to in the first or second paragraph, for the issue of his first driver's licence, the renewal of his driver's licence or his restricted licence issued under section 76.1.1 or authorization to resume driving road vehicles, must pay those sums and the additional fees prescribed by regulation, in accordance with the terms and conditions prescribed by regulation.

1990, c. 83, s. 45; 1993, c. 57, s. 8; 1995, c. 6, s. 7; 2004, c. 34, s. 25; 2008, c. 14, s. 10; 2007, c. 40, s. 18.

Prohibition.

94. No person may hold more than one learner's licence, more than one probationary licence or more than one driver's licence of the same class issued by the Société.

Prohibition.

No person may at the same time hold a learner's licence and a probationary licence of the same class issued by the Société.

Prohibition.

No person may at the same time hold a learner's licence and a driver's licence of the same class issued by the Société.

Prohibition.

No person may at the same time hold a probationary licence and a driver's licence of the same class issued by the Société.

Single licence.

Except in the cases and on the conditions prescribed by regulation,

 (1) no person holding a driver's licence issued by the Société may at the same time hold a valid driver's licence issued by another administrative authority in Canada;

 (2) no person holding a valid driver's licence issued by another administrative authority in Canada may, when driving a road vehicle in Québec, hold more than one valid driver's licence issued by an administrative authority in Canada;

 (3) no person holding a driver's licence issued by the Société may at the same time hold a valid driver's licence issued by an administrative authority in the United States;

 (4) no person holding a valid driver's licence issued by another administrative authority in Canada may, when driving a road vehicle in Québec, at the same time hold a valid driver's licence issued by an administrative authority in the United States;

 (5) no person holding a valid driver's licence issued by an administrative authority in the United States may, when driving a road vehicle in Québec, at the same time hold a valid driver's licence issued by another administrative authority in the United States.

1986, c. 91, s. 94; 1987, c. 94, s. 17; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 46.

Notification of change.

95. The holder of a licence must inform the Société, on making payment of amounts required to be paid under section 93.1, of any change concerning the documents and information which must be provided on obtaining or renewing a licence.

Time limit.

He must also inform the Société of any such changes within 30 days after the change.

1986, c. 91, s. 95; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 47.

Notification.

95.1. The holder of a licence of a class authorizing the operation of a taxi or emergency vehicle whose licence or class of licence has been modified, suspended or cancelled must inform the owner of the taxi or emergency vehicle without delay in the manner prescribed by regulation.

2001, c. 29, s. 7; 2002, c. 29, s. 13.

Use by other person.

96. No person may permit the use of his licence by another person.

Use by other person.

No person may use a licence issued to another person.

1986, c. 91, s. 96.

Obligation to carry licence.

97. The person driving a road vehicle or having the care or control of a road vehicle must carry his licence.

1986, c. 91, s. 97; 1996, c. 56, s. 24; 1998, c. 40, s. 63; 2000, c. 64, s. 3; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2004, c. 2, s. 12.

Conditions.

98. The holder of a licence must comply with the conditions attached to his licence.

1986, c. 91, s. 98.

98.1. (Repealed).

2001, c. 29, s. 8; 2004, c. 2, s. 13; 2007, c. 40, s. 19; 2010, c. 34, s. 17.

Learner's licence.

99. The holder of a learner's licence must, when driving a road vehicle other than a moped or a motorcycle, be assisted by a person who has held, for at least two years, a valid driver's licence of the appropriate class for driving that vehicle. The person must be seated beside the holder of the learner's licence, and be in a position to give him assistance and advice.

Obligation to carry licence.

The person assisting the holder of the learner's licence must carry his driver's licence with him, which must contain, where applicable, the particulars prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 99; 1996, c. 56, s. 25; 2000, c. 64, s. 4.

Learner's licence.

100. Except during the practical session of the Société's proficiency examination, the holder of a learner's licence must, when driving a motorcycle, be accompanied by a person on a separate motorcycle, who has held, for at least two years, a valid driver's licence authorizing the driving of a motorcycle and who is able to provide assistance and advice.

Learner's licence.

The holder of the learner's licence may not carry any passengers.

1986, c. 91, s. 100; 1996, c. 56, s. 26; 2000, c. 64, s. 5.

101. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 101; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 27.

Inspection by officer.

102. Every person referred to in sections 97, 99 and 100 must surrender his licence for inspection at the request of a peace officer.

Return to holder.

The peace officer must return the licence to its holder as soon as he has inspected it.

1986, c. 91, s. 102; 2007, c. 40, s. 20.

Damaged licence.

103. The holder of an illegible or damaged licence or of a licence containing inaccurate information shall request the Société to replace it.

1986, c. 91, s. 103; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 48.

Replacement.

104. Upon proof that a licence is illegible or damaged or has been destroyed, lost or stolen or that it contains false information, the Société shall replace it upon payment of the fee fixed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 104; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 49.

International Driver's Permit.

105. No person under a sanction may drive a road vehicle even if he holds a valid driver's licence issued by another administrative authority or an International Driver's Permit.

Restricted licence.

However, the holder of a restricted licence may, subject to section 195.1, drive a road vehicle to carry on his principal means of livelihood.

1986, c. 91, s. 105; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1993, c. 42, s. 1; 1996, c. 56, s. 28.

Prohibition.

106. The owner or lessee of a road vehicle or the person having the control of a road vehicle may not allow the vehicle to be driven by a person who is not the holder of a licence of the appropriate class for driving the vehicle or by a person under a sanction, even if the latter is the holder of a valid driver's licence issued by another administrative authority or of an International Driver's Permit.

Exception.

However, he may allow the latter to drive the vehicle if that person is, subject to section 195.1, the holder of a restricted licence and drives the vehicle to carry on his principal means of livelihood.

1986, c. 91, s. 106; 1993, c. 42, s. 2; 1996, c. 56, s. 29.

“sanction”.

106.1. For the purposes of sections 105 and 106, the term “sanction” means the cancellation or suspension of the licence authorizing the driving of a road vehicle or of a class of such a licence and the suspension of the right to obtain such a licence or such a class. It includes the cancellation and suspension pronounced by any administrative authority other than the Société.

1993, c. 42, s. 3.

Return of licence.

107. A person whose licence or a class thereof has been suspended or cancelled must, at the request of the Société, return his licence to the Société on the date the suspension or cancellation takes effect or on any later date fixed by the Société.

Confiscation.

The Société may request a peace officer to confiscate the licence of any person who refuses or omits to comply with that requirement. The person must immediately remit his licence to the peace officer who requests him to do so and informs him of the reasons therefor.

Other licence.

The Société may also require the surrender of any other licence issued by another administrative authority.

1986, c. 91, s. 107; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 50.

Replacement.

108. The Société shall advise the holder of a licence whose classes or conditions do not correspond to those fixed in his regard that he must have the licence replaced within the time indicated by the Société.

Replacement.

The replacement is, in the cases determined by regulation, subject to the payment of the fees fixed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 108; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1995, c. 6, s. 8; 2004, c. 2, s. 14.

Examination or assessment.

109. The Société may require the holder of a licence to undergo an examination or assessment referred to in section 67 or 73 where

 (1) he has reached 70 years of age;

 (2) his licence authorizes him to drive a commercial vehicle, an emergency vehicle, a taxi, a bus or a minibus;

 (3) he has not undergone an examination for 10 years;

 (4) it has reasonable grounds to require that the state of his health or his performance as a driver be evaluated;

 (5) he has not been authorized to drive a road vehicle for three years or longer.

1986, c. 91, s. 109; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1995, c. 6, s. 9; 1996, c. 56, s. 30.

DIVISION IV 
DEMERIT POINTS

Presumption.

110. This division applies to every person who is convicted of an offence for which demerit points are prescribed, including a person deemed to be convicted of such an offence.

1986, c. 91, s. 110; 1992, c. 61, s. 131.

Demerit points.

111. The Société shall administer a system of demerit points prescribed by regulation, under which the cancellation of a licence or the suspension of the right to obtain a licence may be incurred.

Offences.

Demerit points shall be prescribed

 (1) for an offence against a provision of this Code;

 (2) for an offence the description of which corresponds to an offence against a provision of this Code and which is in violation of

(a)  a by-law in force in a municipality;

(b)  an Act of Canada other than the Criminal Code (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter C-46), or a regulation of Canada in the case of an offence committed in a territory under the jurisdiction of the Government of Canada.

1986, c. 91, s. 111; 1987, c. 94, s. 18; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 132.

Conviction reported.

112. The collector of fines, the clerk of a court, the clerk, secretary or secretary-treasurer of a municipality, the Director of Criminal and Penal Prosecutions or the director of a police department, as the case may be, shall inform the Société of any conviction in respect of which demerit points are prescribed.

Conviction reported.

The same applies to a person who accepts payment for an offence which, under this Code, entails the entry of demerit points.

1986, c. 91, s. 112; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 133; 2005, c. 34, s. 85.

Demerit points.

113. Upon being informed of a conviction in accordance with section 112 or from the time it is in possession of such a judgment or proof thereof, the Société shall open a file, which it shall keep up to date, and enter therein the number of demerit points which corresponds to the offence committed.

1986, c. 91, s. 113; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 134.

Notice.

114. As soon as the total number of demerit points entered in a person's file attains the prescribed number, the Société shall send a notice to the person concerned, at the last address received by the Société, informing him of the number of points entered in his file and reminding him of its powers of cancellation and suspension.

1986, c. 91, s. 114; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Subsequent action.

115. Failure by the Société to give the notice referred to in section 114 does not nullify a notice given subsequently nor does it prevent the Société from subsequently exercising any power or duty under this division, under Chapter III and under Title V.

1986, c. 91, s. 115; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Cancellation of demerit points.

116. The number of demerit points entered by the Société in a person's file becomes nil two years from the date of the judgment of conviction.

1986, c. 91, s. 116; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 135.

Decision under ss. 185 or 191.2.

117. Whenever the Société renders a decision under section 185 or 191.2, it shall remove, in the file of the person concerned, a number of points equal to the number that justified the decision; the points most recently entered that are in excess of that number remain in the file, unless the excess number of points is equal to or higher than the number of points entailing the application of one of those sections, in which case it is brought down to the number that is one less than the number entailing a sanction.

1986, c. 91, s. 117; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 51; 2007, c. 40, s. 21.

117.1. A decision to cancel a licence or suspend the right to obtain a licence applies even if the number of demerit points entailing a cancellation or suspension is different from the number applicable at the time of the decision.

2007, c. 40, s. 22.

117.2. A decision to cancel a probationary licence applies to any licence to drive a road vehicle held by the person at the time the decision comes into force even if the probationary licence is expired and the number of demerit points for the cancellation is different from the number applicable at the time of the decision.

2007, c. 40, s. 22.

CHAPTER III 
RESTRICTED LICENCE AUTHORIZING THE DRIVING OF A ROAD VEHICLE TO CARRY ON A PRINCIPAL MEANS OF LIVELIHOOD
1996, c. 56, s. 31.

Means of livelihood.

118. A restricted licence may be issued by the Société to a person whose driver's licence has been cancelled under section 185 or whose probationary licence has been cancelled under section 191.2, by order of a judge of the Court of Québec, if the person proves to the judge that he must drive a road vehicle to carry on his principal means of livelihood.

1986, c. 91, s. 118; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 52; 2007, c. 40, s. 23.

Order for restricted licence.

119. The order directing that a restricted licence be issued falls within the jurisdiction of a judge in chambers and must be applied for by a motion to the court of the domicile or establishment of the applicant and served on the Société at least ten days before the date fixed for its presentation.

Assistance from clerk.

The clerk and the clerk's staff must assist the person in the drafting of the motion if he so requests.

1986, c. 91, s. 119; 1987, c. 94, s. 20; 1988, c. 21, s. 75; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Transmission of information.

120. Where a motion is served on it pursuant to section 119, the Société shall transmit to the court, before the date fixed for the presentation of the motion, any information held by it in respect of the applicant regarding the application of section 121.

1986, c. 91, s. 120; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Reasons preventing issue of restricted licence.

121. No order directing that a restricted licence be issued may be given nor any restricted licence issued if

 (1) within the two years preceding the cancellation giving rise to the application for a restricted licence, the applicant's driver's licence was cancelled or his right to obtain a licence was suspended following a conviction for an offence under any of the provisions of the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46) referred to in section 180 or following the accumulation of demerit points, unless a pardon was obtained;

 (2) at the time of application, the applicant's licence or his right to obtain a licence is under a suspension which is in effect or is imposed but has yet to take effect;

 (3) the sanction giving rise to an application for a restricted licence is not a driver's licence cancellation imposed pursuant to section 185 or a cancellation of the probationary licence imposed pursuant to section 191.2;

 (4) (paragraph repealed);

 (5) a restricted licence would authorize the driving of a road vehicle that the applicant's licence did not authorize him to drive;

 (6) the reason invoked to obtain a restricted licence is related to the business of transportation by taxi and, at the time of presentation of the motion, the class of the applicant's licence authorizing the driving of a taxi is cancelled or his right to obtain a licence of that class is suspended following a conviction for an act referred to in paragraph 2, 3, 4 or 5 of section 26 of the Act respecting transportation services by taxi (chapter S-6.01);

 (7) the licence cancelled is a learner's licence.

For the purposes of subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph, the two-year period before the cancellation or suspension includes the day on which the sanction is imposed.

1986, c. 91, s. 121; 1990, c. 83, s. 53; 2001, c. 15, s. 129; 2007, c. 40, s. 24.

Valid period.

122. A restricted licence is valid from the date of its issue to the date of the end of the period which follows the cancellation giving rise to the issue of the restricted licence and during which its holder is not entitled to obtain a new driver's licence or probationary licence.

1986, c. 91, s. 122; 1990, c. 83, s. 54; 2007, c. 40, s. 25.

No appeal.

123. A decision rendered pursuant to sections 118 to 121 is final and without appeal.

1986, c. 91, s. 123.

Application of section 121.

124. If, when an order directing that a restricted licence be issued is received by the Société, section 121 is applicable to the person referred to in the order, or if, between the date fixed for presenting his application and the date of issue of the restricted licence, the person's right to obtain a licence is under a suspension which is in effect or imposed but has yet to take effect, the Société must so inform the judge who made the order. The judge may then revise his order after giving the applicant the opportunity of presenting his views.

1986, c. 91, s. 124; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 55.

Presumption.

125. The holder of a restricted licence who drives a road vehicle otherwise than to carry on his principal means of livelihood is presumed to be driving while his licence is cancelled or suspended within the meaning of section 105.

1986, c. 91, s. 125; 1990, c. 83, s. 56.

Applicable provisions.

126. Sections 69, 93, 95 to 98 and 102 to 104 apply, adapted as required, to a restricted licence.

1986, c. 91, s. 126; 2007, c. 40, s. 26.

CHAPTER IV 
Repealed, 1996, c. 56, s. 32.
1996, c. 56, s. 32.

127. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 127; 1990, c. 83, s. 57; 1990, c. 85, s. 122; 1996, c. 2, s. 214; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

128. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 128; 1987, c. 94, s. 21; 1990, c. 83, s. 58; 1990, c. 85, s. 122; 1996, c. 2, s. 214; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

129. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 129; 1990, c. 83, s. 59; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

130. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 130; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

131. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 131; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

132. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 132; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

133. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 133; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

134. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 134; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

135. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 135; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

136. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 136; 1996, c. 56, s. 32.

CHAPTER V 
PENAL PROVISIONS

Offence and penalty.

137. Every person who contravenes section 97 or section 103 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $30 to $60.

1986, c. 91, s. 137; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 33.

Offence and penalty.

137.1. Every person who assists the holder of a learner's licence and who contravenes section 99 or section 100 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $30 to $60.

1996, c. 56, s. 34.

Offence and penalty.

138. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 93 or section 95 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $60 to $100.

1986, c. 91, s. 138; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

139. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 102 or fails to comply with a condition attached to the person's licence under section 98, other than the operation of a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device or the conditions for its use, is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

The holder of a licence to drive a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device who fails to comply with that requirement or with the conditions for the use of the device is liable to a fine of $1,500 to $3,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 139; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 2010, c. 34, s. 18.

Offence and penalty.

140. Every person who contravenes section 96 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

1986, c. 91, s. 140; 1987, c. 94, s. 22; 1988, c. 68, s. 6; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1995, c. 6, s. 10; 1996, c. 56, s. 35.

Offence and penalty.

140.1. Every holder of a learner's licence who contravenes section 99 or section 100 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

1996, c. 56, s. 36.

141. Every person who contravenes any of sections 65, 95.1, 107 or drives a road vehicle in violation of the first paragraph of section 93.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

Despite the first paragraph, a person who, after a period of licence cancellation or suspension of the right to obtain a licence for an alcohol-related offence under section 180, operates a road vehicle without holding a licence is liable to a fine of $1,500 to $3,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 141; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 60; 1995, c. 6, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 37; 2001, c. 29, s. 9; 2003, c. 5, s. 6; 2010, c. 34, s. 19.

Misleading information.

142. Every person who knowingly gives false or misleading information when applying for a licence or when notifying any change referred to in section 95 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

1986, c. 91, s. 142; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 61.

143. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 105 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600 if his licence or right to obtain a licence is cancelled or suspended for a cause other than those referred to in section 180, 185, 191.2, 202.4 or 202.5.

1986, c. 91, s. 143; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 38; 2010, c. 34, s. 20.

143.1. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 105 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000, if his licence or right to obtain a licence is cancelled or suspended on any of the grounds set out in sections 185 and 191.2 and subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 202.4.

1996, c. 56, s. 39; 2010, c. 34, s. 21.

144. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 105 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $1,500 to $3,000, if his licence or right to obtain a licence is cancelled or suspended under section 180, subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 202.4 or section 202.5.

1986, c. 91, s. 144; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 40; 2010, c. 34, s. 22.

Offence and penalty.

144.1. Every owner or lessee of a road vehicle or person having the control of a road vehicle who, in contravention of section 106, allows the vehicle to be driven by a person who is not the holder of a licence of the appropriate class for driving that vehicle is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

Offence and penalty.

Every operator of a heavy vehicle who contravenes the first paragraph is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

2000, c. 64, s. 6.

Offence and penalty.

145. Every person who contravenes section 106 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600 if the driver of the vehicle is liable to the fine prescribed by section 143, $600 to $2,000 if the driver of the vehicle is liable to the fine prescribed by section 143.1, and $1,500 to $3,000 if the driver of the vehicle is liable to the fine prescribed by section 144.

Offence and penalty.

Every operator of a heavy vehicle whose driver is liable to a fine under the first paragraph is also guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1986, c. 91, s. 145; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 41; 1998, c. 40, s. 64.

Use of unauthorized document.

146. Every person who uses as a document authorizing the driving of road vehicles a document that may be confused with a licence issued by the Société or by another competent administrative authority is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 146; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

146.1. Every person who contravenes section 94 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1987, c. 94, s. 23; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

146.2. (Repealed).

1990, c. 83, s. 62; 1996, c. 56, s. 42.

147. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 147; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 42.

148. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 148; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 42.

149. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 149; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 42.

150. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 150; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 42.

TITLE III 
SPECIAL OBLIGATIONS OF ROAD VEHICLE DEALERS AND RECYCLERS
2015, c. 4, s. 25.

CHAPTER I 
GENERAL PROVISIONS

150.1. For the purposes of this Title, “recycler” has the meaning assigned by section 260.26 of the Consumer Protection Act (chapter P-40.1).

2015, c. 4, s. 26.

151. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 151; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 43; 2015, c. 4, s. 27.

152. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 152; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 44; 2015, c. 4, s. 27.

153. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 153; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 63; 1996, c. 56, s. 45; 2015, c. 4, s. 27.

154. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 154; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2015, c. 4, s. 27.

Register.

155. Every recycler must keep a register the form and period of retention of which are prescribed by regulation and in which the following information is entered:

 (1) the identification number of every road vehicle he receives, a description of its major components and the identification thereof by means of the identification number of the vehicle or a number referring thereto;

 (2) the description and identification, by means of the identification number of the road vehicle from which it has been removed, of every detached major automobile component he receives;

 (3) the date of acquisition of every road vehicle or major component as well as the name and address of the person from whom it was received;

 (4) the date of sale of every road vehicle and major component sold and the name and address of the purchaser.

“major component”.

For the purposes of this section, “major component” means a major component determined by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 155; 1990, c. 83, s. 64; 1996, c. 56, s. 46.

156. On the request of a peace officer, a recycler must allow him to examine, at any reasonable time, his register as well as the road vehicles and major components in his possession.

1986, c. 91, s. 156; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2015, c. 4, s. 28.

157. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 157; 2015, c. 4, s. 29.

158. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 158; 1987, c. 94, s. 24; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 47.

159. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 159; 1987, c. 94, s. 25; 1996, c. 56, s. 48; 2015, c. 4, s. 29.

160. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 160; 2015, c. 4, s. 29.

160.1. (Repealed).

1990, c. 83, s. 65; 2015, c. 4, s. 29.

161. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 161; 1987, c. 94, s. 26; 1996, c. 56, s. 49; 2015, c. 4, s. 29.

161.1. Every road vehicle dealer holding a permit issued under the Consumer Protection Act (chapter P-40.1) and authorized by the Société to effect the registration of road vehicles must comply with the conditions established by the Société regarding transactions related to registration and the use of temporary registration.

1987, c. 94, s. 27; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2015, c. 4, s. 30.

162. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 162; 1987, c. 94, s. 28; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 50; 2015, c. 4, s. 31.

163. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 163; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 66; 2015, c. 4, s. 31.

CHAPTER II 
PENAL PROVISIONS

164. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 164; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 2015, c. 4, s. 31.

164.1. (Repealed).

1990, c. 83, s. 67; 2015, c. 4, s. 31.

Offence and penalty.

165. A recycler who fails to keep the register required by section 155 or who fails to enter the information required under that section, or who contravenes section 156, is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 165; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 51.

166. A road vehicle dealer who contravenes section 161.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 166; 1987, c. 94, s. 29; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 52; 2015, c. 4, s. 32.

TITLE IV 
OBLIGATIONS IN CASE OF ACCIDENT

CHAPTER I 
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Applicability.

166.1. This Title applies to accidents occurring on any road or land.

1990, c. 83, s. 68.

Accident.

167. For the purposes of this Title, an accident is an event during which injury or damage is caused by a moving road vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 167.

Obligations of driver.

168. The driver of a road vehicle involved in an accident must remain at or immediately return to the scene of the accident and render the necessary assistance to any person who has sustained injury or damage.

1986, c. 91, s. 168.

Bodily injury.

169. If a person has sustained bodily injury during an accident, the driver of a road vehicle involved in the accident must call for a peace officer.

1986, c. 91, s. 169.

Information to peace officer.

170. The driver of a road vehicle involved in an accident must give to the peace officer called to the scene of the accident or to the person having sustained injury or damage, his name and address, the number of his licence, the name and address of the owner entered on the registration certificate of the vehicle, the certificate of insurance or of financial responsibility provided for in the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25), and the number appearing on the registration plate of the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 170.

Owner not present.

171. The driver of a road vehicle who is involved in an accident involving an animal weighing over 25 kg, an unattended road vehicle or any other inanimate object must, if the owner of the damaged property or a person representing him cannot be found at the scene of the accident or nearby, communicate immediately with the nearest police station to report the accident and furnish the information provided for in section 170.

1986, c. 91, s. 171.

Destroyed vehicle.

172. The owner of a road vehicle that has been totally destroyed as the result of an accident must, without delay, notify the Société that his vehicle has been destroyed.

1986, c. 91, s. 172; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Report by officer.

173. Every peace officer who is called to the scene of an accident must inform the Société of the accident within eight days by means of a report the form, content and mode of transmission of which are determined by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 173; 1987, c. 94, s. 30; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Report by insurer.

174. Where an accident is not brought to the attention of a peace officer, the obligation to inform the Société of the accident is incumbent on the insurer who is notified of it.

1986, c. 91, s. 174; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Report by coroner.

175. Every coroner who has conducted an investigation or an inquest into an accident must send a copy of his report to the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 175; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Report not required.

176. Except in the cases provided for by regulation, a peace officer or an insurer is not required to make a report to the Société in respect of an accident that caused property damage only and did not give rise to a failure to stop at the scene of an accident.

1986, c. 91, s. 176; 1987, c. 94, s. 31; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 53.

CHAPTER II 
PENAL PROVISIONS

Offence and penalty.

177. Every person who contravenes section 172 or 174 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1986, c. 91, s. 177; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

178. Every person who contravenes section 170 or 171 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

1986, c. 91, s. 178; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

179. Every person who contravenes section 168 or 169 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 179; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

TITLE V 
SANCTIONS
2010, c. 34, s. 23.

CHAPTER I 
CANCELLATION OF LICENCES

DIVISION I 
CRIMINAL OFFENCES

Conviction.

180. A conviction for an offence under any of the following provisions of the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46) committed with a road vehicle or an off-highway vehicle entails by operation of law the cancellation of any licence to drive a road vehicle or the suspension of the right to obtain such a licence:

 (1) section 220, 221, 236, paragraph a of subsection 1 or subsection 3 or 4 of section 249, section 249.1, 249.2, 249.3, subsection 1, 3 or 4 of section 249.4 or subsection 1, 1.2 or 1.3 of section 252;

 (2) section 253, subsection 5 of section 254 or subsection 2, 2.1, 2.2, 3, 3.1 or 3.2 of section 255.

Confiscation.

The convicting judge must order the confiscation of the licence referred to in the first paragraph so that it may be returned to the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 180; 1988, c. 68, s. 7; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 69; 1996, c. 60, s. 73; 1996, c. 56, s. 54; 1999, c. 66, s. 3; 2000, c. 64, s. 7; 2004, c. 2, s. 15; 2008, c. 14, s. 11; 2007, c. 40, s. 27; 2008, c. 14, s. 11.

Separate penalties.

181. Every conviction for an offence referred to in section 180 entails a separate and distinct licence cancellation or suspension of the right to obtain a licence.

Exception.

Notwithstanding the first paragraph, a conviction for more than one offence under section 253, subsection 5 of section 254 or subsection 2, 2.1, 2.2, 3, 3.1 or 3.2 of section 255 of the Criminal Code (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter C-46) shall entail only one licence cancellation or only one suspension of the right to obtain a licence where the offences are related to the same event.

1986, c. 91, s. 181; 1988, c. 68, s. 8; 2008, c. 14, s. 12.

182. The cancellation of a licence or the suspension of the right to obtain a licence provided for in section 181 shall be maintained even if the person convicted of an indictable offence is granted a conditional or absolute discharge.

1986, c. 91, s. 182; 2010, c. 34, s. 24.

Taxi driver.

183. Where a person is convicted of an act referred to in paragraph 2, 3, 4 or 5 of section 26 of the Act respecting transportation services by taxi (chapter S-6.01), the class of his licence authorizing him to drive a taxi is cancelled and his right to obtain a licence of that class is suspended for five years, unless he has obtained a pardon.

Confiscation.

The judge making the conviction shall order the licence confiscated and handed over to the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 183; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2001, c. 15, s. 130.

Suspension of right.

184. Where a person convicted of an act referred to in paragraph 2, 3, 4 or 5 of section 26 of the Act respecting transportation services by taxi (chapter S-6.01) does not hold a licence of a class authorizing him to drive a taxi, his right to obtain a licence of that class is suspended for five years, unless he has obtained a pardon.

1986, c. 91, s. 184; 2001, c. 15, s. 131.

DIVISION II 
DEMERIT POINTS

185. When the total number of demerit points entered in a person's record is equal to or greater than the number prescribed by regulation under paragraph 9 of section 619, the Société cancels the person's driver's licence or suspends the person's right to obtain a licence.

The number of demerit points prescribed by regulation varies depending on whether the person is

 (1) under 23 years of age;

 (2) 23 or 24 years of age; or

 (3) 25 years of age or over.

If the number of demerit points entered in the person's record is equal to or greater than the number prescribed by regulation but less than twice that number, no licence may be issued to the person

 (1) before three or six months have elapsed, depending on whether the person incurred no three-month cancellation or suspension or one three-month cancellation or suspension under section 191.2 or this section during the two years before the cancellation or suspension under the first paragraph; or

 (2) before twelve months have elapsed if the person incurred one six- or twelve-month cancellation or suspension or more than one cancellation or suspension under section 191.2 or this section during the two years before the cancellation or suspension under the first paragraph.

If the number of demerit points entered in the person's record is equal to or greater than twice the number prescribed by regulation but less than three times that number, no licence may be issued to the person before six or twelve months have elapsed, depending on whether the person incurred no cancellation or suspension or one or more cancellations or suspensions under section 191.2 or this section during the two years before the cancellation or suspension under the first paragraph.

If the number of demerit points entered in the person's record is equal to or greater than three times the number prescribed by regulation, no licence may be issued to the person before twelve months have elapsed.

For the purposes of this section, the two-year period before the cancellation or suspension includes the day the sanction is imposed.

When a person holds a driver's licence and a learner's licence, the cancellation under this section applies to both licences.

1986, c. 91, s. 185; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 70; 2007, c. 40, s. 28.

DIVISION III 
OTHER CANCELLATIONS
1988, c. 68, s. 9; 1990, c. 83, s. 71.

186. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 186; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 72.

187. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 187; 1988, c. 68, s. 10.

Cancellation.

187.1. From the time the Société considers, within the meaning of section 112, that a person is convicted of an offence under section 94, it must cancel that person's licences. In addition, if at any time after the date of the offence the person ceases to be the holder of a licence, the Société must suspend his right to obtain a licence.

1987, c. 94, s. 32; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 73.

187.2. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 32; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 74; 1998, c. 40, s. 65.

Revocation.

187.3. The Société may revoke a restricted licence authorizing the operation of a road vehicle only if it is equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device if the holder does not comply with the conditions of use established by the Société.

2001, c. 29, s. 10.

CHAPTER II 
PROHIBITION ON PUTTING A ROAD VEHICLE BACK INTO OPERATION AND SUSPENSION OF LICENCES
1990, c. 83, s. 75.

DIVISION I 
PROHIBITION ON PUTTING A ROAD VEHICLE BACK INTO OPERATION, SUSPENSION OF LEARNER'S LICENCES, PROBATIONARY LICENCES AND DRIVER'S LICENCES
1990, c. 83, s. 76.

Power of the Société.

188. The Société may prohibit a road vehicle from being put back into operation in cases where

 (1) false or inaccurate information was supplied when registration was applied for or in respect of a change referred to in section 28;

 (2) the owner neglects or refuses to submit the vehicle to a mechanical or photometric inspection or to produce the certificate of mechanical inspection or the photometric inspection certificate issued to him;

 (3) the owner neglects or refuses to furnish to the Société any information requested by the latter pursuant to this Code or a declaration or attestation requested by the Société pursuant to section 96 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25);

 (4) the owner is indebted to the Société with respect to the sums referred to in any of sections 21, 31.1, 69, 93.1 and 209.20 in relation to a cheque without sufficient funds or returned by a financial institution for any other reason or with respect to the fees exigible under paragraphs 4.1, 5 and 10 of section 624;

 (4.1) the owner of the road vehicle has not complied, within 10 days, with the request of the Société or a peace officer to furnish a weighing certificate to establish the vehicle's net mass;

 (5) the owner has failed to submit his vehicle to mechanical inspection after having been notified to do so by the Société;

 (6) the transferor neglects or omits, upon the transfer of a road vehicle, to pay the sales tax as calculated under the Act respecting the Québec sales tax (chapter T-0.1);

 (7) the owner does not comply with the terms for payment by pre-authorized debit of the duties, fees, insurance contribution and tax on the contribution with respect to a vehicle belonging to the owner or with respect to a licence.

1986, c. 91, s. 188; 1987, c. 94, s. 33; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 77; 1996, c. 56, s. 55; 1998, c. 40, s. 66; 2004, c. 2, s. 16; 2008, c. 14, s. 13.

Prohibition.

189. The Société must prohibit a road vehicle from being put back into operation in the following cases:

 (1) the Commission des transports du Québec, pursuant to section 35 or 40 of the Transport Act (chapter T-12) or the second paragraph of section 82 of the Act respecting transportation services by taxi (chapter S-6.01), orders it to withdraw the registration plate and registration certificate of the vehicle;

 (1.1) the Commission des transports du Québec, in accordance with the Act respecting owners, operators and drivers of heavy vehicles (chapter P-30.3), prohibits the heavy vehicles subject to the administrative measure it has taken from being put into operation;

 (2) the owner of the vehicle does not have a liability insurance contract as required under the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25);

 (3) (subparagraph repealed);

 (4) (subparagraph repealed);

 (5) the vehicle is damaged and has been identified to the Société as unrebuildable by the owner of the vehicle, the insurer who compensated the owner, another administrative authority or a third person.

Prohibition.

The Société must also prohibit an off-highway vehicle from being put back into operation upon receiving the notice referred to in section 45 of the Act respecting off-highway vehicles (chapter V-1.2).

1986, c. 91, s. 189; 1987, c. 94, s. 34; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 78; 1991, c. 55, s. 9; 1996, c. 60, s. 74; 1998, c. 40, s. 67; 2001, c. 15, s. 132; 2002, c. 29, s. 14; 2005, c. 39, s. 52.

190. The Société may suspend a learner's licence and probationary licence or a driver's licence or a class of any or several such licences where

 (1) the licence holder refuses to undergo a medical examination or assessment under section 64, 73, 76.1.2, 76.1.4 or 76.1.4.1 or fails to submit the report of such an examination or assessment to it;

 (2) according to a report of an examination or assessment carried out under section 64, 73, 76.1.2, 76.1.4 or 76.1.4.1 or a report referred to in section 603, the licence holder suffers from an illness or deficiency or is in a condition which, under the medical or health standards established by regulation, is relatively inconsistent with the driving of a road vehicle corresponding to one of the licences or one of the classes of licence he holds;

 (3) according to a report of an examination or assessment carried out under section 64, 73, 76.1.2, 76.1.4 or 76.1.4.1 or a report referred to in section 603, the licence holder suffers from an illness or deficiency or is in a condition not covered by the health and behaviour standards prescribed by regulation but which, in the opinion of a health care professional or such other professional as the Société may designate by name or of a person authorized by an alcohol and drug rehabilitation centre, is incompatible with the driving of a road vehicle corresponding to the class of licence applied for;

 (4) the licence holder refuses to undergo a proficiency examination or fails it;

 (5) the licence holder gave false or inaccurate information when obtaining or renewing his licence or the class applied for or when notifying a change referred to in section 95;

 (6) the licence holder neglects or refuses to provide the Société with information it requires of him pursuant to this Code;

 (7) he is indebted to the Société with respect to the sums referred to in any of sections 21, 31.1, 69, 93.1 and 209.20 in relation to a cheque without sufficient funds or returned by a financial institution for any other reason or with respect to the fees exigible under paragraphs 4.1 and 5 of section 624;

 (8) the licence holder does not comply with the terms for payment by pre-authorized debit of the duties, fees, insurance contribution and tax on the contribution with respect to a vehicle belonging to the licence holder or with respect to a licence.

1986, c. 91, s. 190; 1987, c. 94, s. 35; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 79; 1996, c. 56, s. 56; 2002, c. 29, s. 15; 2008, c. 14, s. 14; 2007, c. 40, s. 29; 2010, c. 34, s. 25.

191. The Société must suspend a learner's licence and probationary licence or a driver's licence or a class of any or several such licences where, according to a report of an examination or assessment carried out under section 64, 73, 76.1.2, 76.1.4 or 76.1.4.1 or a report referred to in section 603, the licence holder suffers from an illness or deficiency or is in a condition which, under the medical or health standards established by regulation, is essentially inconsistent with the driving of a road vehicle corresponding to one of those licences or one of the classes of licence that he holds.

1986, c. 91, s. 191; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 80; 1996, c. 56, s. 57; 2007, c. 40, s. 30; 2010, c. 34, s. 26.

Compensatory abilities.

191.1. Notwithstanding section 191, the Société may decide not to suspend a licence or a class thereof or may lift such a suspension if the licence holder shows to the satisfaction of the Société

 (1) that he has developed compensatory abilities enabling him to drive a road vehicle corresponding to the licence or the class of licence concerned without constituting a hazard to public safety; or

 (2) that he can drive a road vehicle corresponding to the licence or the class of the licence concerned by complying with conditions related to his functional capability which enable him to drive the said vehicle without constituting a hazard to public safety.

1990, c. 83, s. 81.

191.2. If the number of demerit points entered in the file of a person who holds a learner's licence, probationary licence, moped licence or farm tractor licence is equal to or greater than the number prescribed by regulation under paragraph 9.3 of section 619, the Société cancels the licence, or suspends the person's right to obtain a licence the person does not hold, if the person

 (1) is the holder of a learner's licence without being or having been the holder of a driver's licence;

 (2) is the holder of a probationary licence;

 (3) has been the holder of a moped licence or farm tractor licence for less than five years; or

 (4) is the holder of a restricted licence issued following the cancellation of a probationary licence.

If the person has held a moped or farm tractor licence only, the person may not claim, for the purposes of subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph, to have been the holder of a driver's licence.

The suspension provided for in the first paragraph also applies to a person who has never been the holder of a driver's licence or who has held a moped or farm tractor licence only for less than five years.

If a person is the holder of a learner's licence or probationary licence, the person may not invoke, to elude the application of the first paragraph, the fact of having been the holder of a moped or farm tractor licence for five or more years.

If the number of demerit points entered in the person's record is equal to or greater than the number prescribed by regulation but less than twice that number, no licence may be issued to the person

 (1) before three or six months have elapsed, depending on whether the person incurred no three-month cancellation or suspension or one three-month cancellation or suspension under this section during the two years before the cancellation or suspension under the first paragraph; or

 (2) before 12 months have elapsed if the person incurred one six- or 12-month cancellation or suspension or more than one cancellation or suspension under this section during the two years before the cancellation or suspension under the first paragraph.

If the number of demerit points entered in the person's record is equal to or greater than twice the number prescribed by regulation but less than three times that number, no licence may be issued to the person before six or 12 months have elapsed, depending on whether the person incurred no cancellation or suspension or one or more cancellations or suspensions under this section during the two years before the cancellation or suspension under the first paragraph.

If the total number of demerit points entered in the person's record is equal to or greater than three times the number prescribed by regulation, no licence may be issued to the person before 12 months have elapsed.

For the purposes of this section, the two-year period before the cancellation or suspension includes the day the sanction is imposed.

1990, c. 83, s. 81; 1996, c. 56, s. 58; 2007, c. 40, s. 31; 2010, c. 34, s. 102.

192. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 192; 1987, c. 94, s. 36; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 82; 1996, c. 56, s. 59.

193. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 193; 1987, c. 94, s. 37; 1990, c. 83, s. 83; 1996, c. 56, s. 59.

Notice under Code of Penal Procedure.

194. Where the Société receives the notice provided for in article 364 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1) in respect of a person, it shall

 (1) suspend the person's learner's licence, probationary licence or driver's licence or, if the person is not a licence holder, suspend the person's right to obtain any such licence;

 (2) prohibit any road vehicle registered in the person's name from being put into operation or put back into operation;

 (3) prohibit any road vehicle registered in the person's name from being discarded;

 (4) refuse to register any road vehicle in the person's name unless the transferor or lessor obtained, on the day of the transfer or leasing of the vehicle or in the 10 preceding days, confirmation from the Société, pursuant to section 611.1, that there were no grounds under this Code to prevent the transfer or leasing of the vehicle;

 (5) refuse, on the transfer of the right of ownership of a road vehicle registered in the name of the person in respect of whom the notice was sent, to effect a new registration in the name of the transferee or his or her successors unless the transferee obtained, on the day of the transfer or in the 10 preceding days, confirmation from the Société, pursuant to section 611.1, that there were no grounds under this Code to prevent the transfer of the vehicle.

Coming into effect.

The measures provided for in subparagraphs 3, 4 and 5 of the first paragraph take effect on receipt by the Société of the notice provided for in article 364 of that Code.

End of effect.

The Société shall put an end to the application of the measures provided for in the first paragraph on the juridical day following receipt of the notice provided for in article 365 of that Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 194; 1987, c. 94, s. 38; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 4, s. 214; 1990, c. 83, s. 84; 2003, c. 5, s. 7.

Prohibition.

194.1. No person shall transfer, acquire or lease a road vehicle where measures provided for in subparagraphs 3, 4 and 5 of the first paragraph of section 194 are taken with regard to another contracting party.

2003, c. 5, s. 8.

Interpretation.

194.2. Nothing in section 194.1 shall be construed as prohibiting a road vehicle from being registered in the name of a person or from being put into operation following a transfer of ownership resulting from a judgment, from the application of sections 209.17 to 209.22.3 or from the exercise of a reservation of ownership, a right of redemption, a hypothec or any other charge or other right encumbering the vehicle.

2003, c. 5, s. 8.

Payment of fines and costs due.

194.3. Where the owner of a road vehicle who, in accordance with subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph of section 194, is prohibited from putting into operation or putting back into operation any road vehicle registered in that owner's name requests and is entitled to reimbursement of the duties, the additional duties, the insurance contribution, the contribution of motorists to public transit and the contribution of off-highway vehicle owners that were paid by him or her, the amount of reimbursement shall be applied to the payment of any fines or costs due by the owner according to the order in which notices were received by the Société pursuant to article 364 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1).

2003, c. 5, s. 8; 2004, c. 2, s. 17; 2004, c. 35, s. 42; 2010, c. 33, s. 24.

Suspension of right to obtain a licence.

195. Where the term of validity of a licence expires before the end of a period of suspension affecting that licence, the right to obtain a licence is then suspended for the unexpired portion of the period of suspension.

1986, c. 91, s. 195; 1990, c. 83, s. 85.

Suspension of restricted licence.

195.1. The Société must suspend a restricted licence issued to a person under section 76.1.1 or 118 if, after the date on which it was issued, the person's right to obtain a licence is under a suspension which is in effect or imposed but has yet to take effect. Such suspension shall remain in effect for as long as the suspension of the right to obtain a licence has not been lifted.

1990, c. 83, s. 86; 1996, c. 56, s. 60; 2007, c. 40, s. 32.

Suspension or revocation.

195.2. The Société may suspend for a period of three months or revoke a probationary licence or a driver's licence authorizing the operation of a road vehicle only if it is equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device if the holder does not comply with the conditions of use established by the Société.

Suspension or revocation.

The same applies with respect to the licence of a person referred to in section 76.1.12 if the person drives or has the care or control of a vehicle without complying with the conditions set out in those sections.

2001, c. 29, s. 11; 2002, c. 29, s. 16; 2007, c. 40, s. 33.

No insurance.

196. Where the Société is informed that damage amounting to over $500 has been caused in an accident and it is not shown to its satisfaction that the owner of a road vehicle involved in the accident held, at the time of the accident, a liability insurance contract as required under the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25) for that vehicle, except where liability insurance is not required under the said Act, the Société shall suspend the learner's licence and probationary licence or the driver's licence of the owner and of the driver of the vehicle or, if they are not holders of a learner's licence, probationary licence or driver's licence, their right to obtain such a licence. In addition, it shall prohibit the putting back into operation of any road vehicle registered in the name of either person.

Exceptions.

A suspension under the first paragraph must not be imposed or must be cancelled or the prohibition from putting a road vehicle back into operation must not be imposed or must be cancelled where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Société that at the time of the accident, the uninsured vehicle was legally parked, in the possession of a third person who had acquired it by theft or taken it without permission, or in the possession of a third person for storage, repair or transportation or that only the uninsured vehicle or the movable effects it contained sustained damage in the accident.

Exception.

With respect to the driver and to the owner, a suspension under the first paragraph must not be imposed or must be cancelled or the prohibition from putting a road vehicle back into operation must not be imposed or must be cancelled where it is shown to the satisfaction of the Société that at the time of the accident, the driver was the owner of a road vehicle covered by a contract of liability insurance as required under the Automobile Insurance Act.

1986, c. 91, s. 196; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 87.

197. The Société shall lift the suspension imposed on a person referred to in section 196 and the prohibition from putting any road vehicle registered in the person's name back into operation if the person provides the Société with proof of exoneration, acquittal or payment agreement in respect of any claim arising or that may arise from the accident.

Reinstatement of suspension.

Where the creditor who is party to the agreement contemplated in the first paragraph notifies the Société that payment by the debtor has been interrupted, the Société must reinstate the suspension and prohibition it had lifted following the agreement.

1986, c. 91, s. 197; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 88; 2008, c. 14, s. 15.

198. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 198; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2008, c. 14, s. 16.

199. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 199; 1999, c. 40, s. 55; 2008, c. 14, s. 16.

Failure to satisfy judgment.

200. Upon receiving a notice to that effect from the creditor concerned, the Société shall suspend the learner's licence and probationary licence or the driver's licence or the right to obtain such licences and shall prohibit the putting back into operation of the road vehicle registered in the name of a debtor who has not, within the time prescribed for execution, satisfied a final judgment handed down in Canada

 (1) in the amount of not less than $100 for bodily injury or of more than $200 for third party property damage resulting from an accident that occurred between 1 October 1961 and 28 February 1978;

 (2) in the amount of more than $250 for third party property damage resulting from an accident that occurred between 1 March 1978 and 17 December 1986;

 (3) in the amount of more than $500 for third party property damage resulting from an accident occurring from 18 December 1986.

1986, c. 91, s. 200; 1987, c. 94, s. 39; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 89.

Lifting of suspension.

201. The Société shall lift the suspension imposed on any person referred to in section 200 and the prohibition from putting back into operation a road vehicle registered in his name in the following cases:

 (1) for accidents having occurred between 1 October 1961 and 28 February 1978, where the person has satisfied the judgment up to an amount of $35,000 in addition to interest and costs, after deducting up to $200 for third party property damage;

 (2) for accidents having occurred on or after 1 March 1978, where the person has satisfied the judgment up to the amount prescribed in section 87 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25);

 (3) for accidents referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 2, where the person has reached an agreement with his creditor.

Reinstatement of suspension.

In the case referred to in subparagraph 3, the Société, on receiving notice from the creditor that payment by the debtor has been interrupted, shall reinstate the suspension it had lifted following the agreement.

1986, c. 91, s. 201; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 90; 2008, c. 14, s. 17.

Lifting of suspension.

202. Where the Société has effected a payment in satisfaction of a judgment, it shall lift the suspension imposed upon any person referred to in section 200 and the prohibition from putting back into operation the road vehicle registered in such a person's name in the following cases:

 (1) if the person has reimbursed the Société for the total amount paid, with interest;

 (2) if the person has reached an agreement with the Société for effecting payment in regular instalments.

Reinstatement of suspension.

In the case referred to in subparagraph 2, the Société shall reinstate the suspension and prohibition that it had lifted following the agreement if the person interrupts payment.

1986, c. 91, s. 202; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 91.

202.0.1. If a person is convicted of an alcohol-related offence committed with a road vehicle and, during the 10 years before that conviction, was convicted at least twice of an alcohol-related offence or at least once for an offence relating to a high blood alcohol concentration level, for refusing to provide a breath sample or for failing to stop at the scene of an accident, the Société must

 (1) prohibit any road vehicle registered in the name of the person from being put or put back into operation; and

 (2) refuse to register any road vehicle in the person's name except if, on the day the vehicle was transferred or leased or in the 10 preceding days, the transferor or lessor had obtained confirmation from the Société, pursuant to section 611.1, that there were no grounds under this Code to prevent the transfer or leasing of the vehicle.

The Société must take the same measures if it receives a notice of conviction for an offence relating to a high blood alcohol concentration level, for refusing to provide a breath sample or for failing to stop at the scene of an accident with respect to a person who was convicted at least once, during the 10 years before that conviction, of one of those offences or of an alcohol-related offence.

The prohibition on putting or putting back into operation a road vehicle registered in the name of a person described in the first paragraph and the refusal to register a road vehicle in the person's name do not apply

 (1) if the vehicle must be driven by a third party on the person's behalf as part of the person's business operations; or

 (2) if the vehicle is equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société, and the person has been issued a licence to drive a vehicle mandatorily equipped with such a device.

The measures prescribed in the first paragraph take effect as soon as the Société receives the notice of conviction from the clerk of a court of justice, and are lifted when the person obtains a driver's licence that is not restricted to the operation of a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device approved by the Société.

2010, c. 34, s. 27.

202.0.2. No person who is subject to the measures prescribed in section 202.0.1 may acquire or lease a road vehicle.

2010, c. 34, s. 27.

202.0.3. For the purposes of section 202.0.1,

 (1) “failing to stop at the scene of an accident” means an offence under section 249.1 or subsection 1, 1.2 or 1.3 of section 252 of the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46);

 (2) “alcohol-related offence” means an offence under section 253 or subsection 2, 2.1, 3 or 3.1 of section 255 of the Criminal Code in respect of which there is no court decision stating that the offender's blood alcohol concentration level at the time of the offence exceeded 160 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood;

 (3) “high blood alcohol concentration level” means an offence under section 253 or subsection 2, 2.1, 3 or 3.1 of section 255 of the Criminal Code in respect of which there is a court decision stating that the offender's blood alcohol concentration level at the time of the offence exceeded 160 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood; and

 (4) “refusing to provide a breath sample” means an offence under subsection 5 of section 254 or subsection 2.2 or 3.2 of section 255 of the Criminal Code.

2010, c. 34, s. 27.

DIVISION I.1 
SUSPENSION OF LICENCES BY A PEACE OFFICER
1996, c. 56, s. 61; 2008, c. 14, s. 18.

Suspension.

202.1. The suspension of a learner's licence, probationary licence, driver's licence or restricted licence under this division is intended to safeguard the licence holder and the public.

1996, c. 56, s. 61.

Applicability.

202.1.1. This division is applicable

 (1) not only on public highways, but also on highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, on private roads open to public vehicular traffic and on land occupied by shopping centres or other land where public traffic is allowed; and

 (2) to persons driving or having the care or control of a road vehicle or an off-highway vehicle.

2007, c. 40, s. 34.

202.1.2. The holder of a learner's licence, a probationary licence, a driver's licence or a restricted licence may not drive or have the care or control of a road vehicle while the holder's driving ability is impaired.

2008, c. 14, s. 19.

202.1.3. If a peace officer has reason to suspect that the driving ability of a person driving or having the care or control of a road vehicle is impaired, the peace officer may order the person to submit without delay to the physical coordination tests provided for in the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46).

2008, c. 14, s. 19.

202.1.4. A peace officer who, after administering the physical coordination tests, has reasonable grounds to believe that the driving ability of a person driving or having the care or control of a road vehicle is impaired shall immediately suspend the person's licence for 24 hours on behalf of the Société.

The 24-hour suspension is not imposed if the peace officer suspends the licence in accordance with section 202.4.

2008, c. 14, s. 19.

202.1.5. A peace officer may impose a suspension under section 202.1.4 on a person who fails to comply with the peace officer's order under section 202.1.3.

2008, c. 14, s. 19.

Alcohol.

202.2. The following persons may not drive or have the care or control of a road vehicle if any alcohol is present in their bodies:

 (1) the holder of a learner's licence or probationary licence who has never held a driver's licence other than a licence authorizing the driving only of a moped or authorizing the driving only of a farm tractor;

 (2) the holder of a moped or farm tractor licence only who has held that licence for less than five years and is 22 years of age or older;

 (3) the holder of a restricted licence issued under section 118 following the cancellation of a probationary licence, and the holder of a licence issued under the fourth paragraph of section 73 or under any of sections 76.1.1, 76.1.3, 76.1.5, 76.1.6, 76.1.8, 76.1.11 and 76.1.12;

 (4) the holder of a driver's licence who is 21 years of age or younger.

Prohibition.

The prohibition set out in the first paragraph also applies to a person who, without ever having held a driver's licence other than a licence authorizing the driving only of a moped or authorizing the driving only of a farm tractor, drives or has the care or control of a road vehicle.

1996, c. 56, s. 61; 2001, c. 29, s. 12; 2002, c. 29, s. 17; 2007, c. 40, s. 35; 2010, c. 34, s. 28.

not in force
202.2.1. As regards any person other than a person subject to section 202.2, operating or having the care or control of a heavy vehicle, emergency vehicle or taxi with alcohol present in the person's body is prohibited.

That prohibition does not apply with regard to

 (1) an unmarked emergency vehicle;

 (2) a combination of road vehicles having a net mass in excess of 3,000 kg made up of a passenger vehicle drawing a travel trailer or a tent trailer;

 (3) a motor home; or

 (4) a heavy vehicle having a net mass of 3,000 kg or less on which it is not mandatory to affix an indication of danger plate in compliance with a regulation made pursuant to section 622.

Neither does the prohibition apply to persons who use an emergency vehicle to intervene while not on duty, or to volunteer firefighters.

2002, c. 29, s. 18.

202.2.1.1. In addition to persons who are subject to section 202.2, no person may drive or have the care or control of a bus, minibus or taxi if there is any alcohol in the person's body.

2010, c. 34, s. 29.

202.2.1.2. As for heavy vehicles other than those referred to in section 202.2.1.1, no person may drive or have the care or control of such a heavy vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration level equal to or in excess of 50 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood.

The prohibition does not apply to

 (1) a combination of road vehicles, consisting of a passenger vehicle drawing a camping trailer or tent-trailer, having a total combined gross vehicle weight rating of 4,500 kg or more;

 (2) a motor home; or

 (3) a heavy vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating of 4,500 kg or more not requiring the display of safety marks under a regulation made under section 622.

2010, c. 34, s. 29, s. 106.

202.3. A peace officer who reasonably suspects the presence of alcohol in the body of a person subject to the prohibition set out in section 202.2, 202.2.1.1 or 202.2.1.2 may order that person to provide forthwith such sample of breath as in the opinion of the peace officer is necessary to enable a proper analysis of the breath to be made by means of a screening device approved by the Minister of Public Security and that is designed to ascertain the presence of alcohol in the blood of a person. The device must be maintained and used in accordance with the standards prescribed by regulation by persons who have received the training prescribed by regulation.

For the purpose of enabling the sample to be taken, the peace officer may, by demand made to the person, require the person to accompany him.

1996, c. 56, s. 61; 2010, c. 34, s. 30.

202.4. On behalf of the Société, a peace officer shall immediately suspend,

 (1) for 90 days, the licence of any person driving or having the care or control of a road vehicle whose blood alcohol concentration level is shown, by a breath test carried out by means of an approved instrument in accordance with the Criminal Code (R. S. C., 1985, c. C-46), to be in excess of 80 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood;

 (2) for 90 days, the licence of any person driving or having the care or control of a road vehicle who is subject to the prohibition under section 202.2 and in whose body the presence of alcohol is revealed by a screening test administered under section 202.3 or whose blood alcohol concentration level is shown, by a breath test carried out by means of an approved instrument in accordance with the Criminal Code, to be equal to or less than 80 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood;

 (3) for 24 hours, the licence of any person who is subject to the prohibition under section 202.2.1.1 and drives or has the care or control of a road vehicle to which the prohibition is applicable

(a)  if a screening test conducted under section 202.3 or in accordance with the Criminal Code reveals the presence of any alcohol in the person's body; or

(b)  if the person's blood alcohol concentration level is shown, by a breath test conducted by means of an approved instrument in accordance with the Criminal Code, to be equal to or less than 80 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood;

 (4) for 24 hours, the licence of any person not described in subparagraph 1 who is subject to the prohibition under section 202.2.1.2 and drives or has the care or control of a road vehicle to which the prohibition is applicable

(a)  if, during a screening test conducted under section 202.3 or in accordance with the Criminal Code, the screening device shows a blood alcohol concentration level equal to or in excess of 50 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood; or

(b)  if the person's blood alcohol concentration level is shown, following a breath test conducted by means of an approved instrument in accordance with the Criminal Code, to be equal to or in excess of 50 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood.

The suspension applies to any licence authorizing the operation of a road vehicle or to the right to obtain such a licence.

not in forceThe suspension imposed on a person who is subject to the prohibition under section 202.2.1 applies only with respect to vehicles to which that prohibition is applicable, provided the person is not also in contravention of subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of this section.

The suspension imposed on a person who is subject to the prohibition under section 202.2.1.1 or 202.2.1.2 applies only with respect to vehicles to which that prohibition is applicable.

1996, c. 56, s. 61; 2001, c. 29, s. 13; 2002, c. 29, s. 20; 2004, c. 2, s. 18; 2007, c. 40, s. 36; 2010, c. 34, s. 31.

Suspension.

202.5. A peace officer may also impose the 90-day suspension under section 202.4 on a person who fails to comply with a demand made to him by the peace officer under section 202.3 or section 254 of the Criminal Code (R. S. C., 1985, c. C-46).

1996, c. 56, s. 61; 2007, c. 40, s. 37.

202.6. A peace officer who suspends a licence under section 202.1.4, 202.1.5 or 202.4 may, without the owner's permission or, in the case of a heavy vehicle, without the operator's permission, take possession of and impound the road vehicle at the owner's or operator's expense if the vehicle is occupying a part of the road in an illegal or potentially dangerous manner.

1996, c. 56, s. 61; 2007, c. 40, s. 38; 2010, c. 34, s. 32.

Report.

202.6.1. On suspending a licence or the right to obtain a licence, the peace officer shall draw up a report in the form and tenor determined by the Société.

Copy.

A copy of the report must be left with the person whose licence or right to obtain a licence has been suspended and sent to the Société where it so requires. A refusal to receive the report does not prevent the suspension from taking effect.

2001, c. 29, s. 15; 2002, c. 29, s. 21.

Application for review.

202.6.2. A person whose licence or right to obtain a licence has been suspended for 90 days may apply for a review of the decision by the Société.

2001, c. 29, s. 15; 2002, c. 29, s. 22.

Form and fees.

202.6.3. A review is applied for by filing the duly completed form provided by the Société at an office of the Société and paying the fees determined by regulation.

Proceeding on the record.

The Société shall proceed on the record, unless a meeting is requested.

2001, c. 29, s. 15.

Application for review.

202.6.4. The application for review must be signed by the person concerned and filed together with the report of the peace officer and a copy of any certificate of a qualified technician under section 258 of the Criminal Code.

2001, c. 29, s. 15; 2002, c. 29, s. 23.

Matters considered.

202.6.5. In exercising its jurisdiction, the Société shall only consider

 (1) any relevant written representations and any other relevant information;

 (2) the report and any other relevant document drawn up by the peace officer;

 (3) a copy of any certificate of a qualified technician referred to in section 258 of the Criminal Code; and

 (4) where a meeting is held with the person concerned, any relevant representations made and other information supplied at the meeting.

2001, c. 29, s. 15; 2002, c. 29, s. 24.

Lifting of suspension.

202.6.6. The Société shall lift the suspension of the licence or of the right to obtain a licence if the person concerned establishes by a preponderance of evidence,

 (1) in the case of a prohibition under section 202.2, that no alcohol was present in the person's body;

 (2) that the person had not, at the time of driving or having the control or care of a road vehicle, consumed alcohol in such a quantity that the concentration of alcohol in the person's blood exceeded 80 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood;

 (3)  that the person had a reasonable excuse for not complying with a demand made on the person by a peace officer under section 202.3 or 636.1 of this Code or section 254 of the Criminal Code; or

 (4) that the person was not driving or did not have the care or control of a road vehicle in the circumstances described in this section.

Reimbursement.

Where a suspension is lifted, the Société shall reimburse the review fees paid to the Société.

2001, c. 29, s. 15; 2002, c. 29, s. 25.

Report.

202.6.7. The report and any other relevant document drawn up by the peace officer may stand in lieu of the peace officer's statement if the peace officer attests in the report that he or she personally ascertained the facts recorded in the report. The same applies to a copy of the report certified by an authorized person.

Copy.

A copy of a certificate of a qualified technician referred to in section 258 of the Criminal Code is evidence of its contents without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed the certificate or that the copy is a true copy.

2001, c. 29, s. 15; 2002, c. 29, s. 26.

Meeting.

202.6.8. Where a meeting is requested, it must be held by the Société within 10 days after the application for review is duly filed.

2001, c. 29, s. 15.

Decision.

202.6.9. The Société shall render its decision within 10 days after the application for review is duly filed or, if a meeting is held, within 10 days after the meeting is held.

Fees payable.

For the purposes of this section, an application is not duly filed unless the fees payable at the time of the filing have been paid.

2001, c. 29, s. 15.

Application for review.

202.6.10. An application for review filed with the Société does not lift the suspension of the licence or of the right to obtain a licence.

2001, c. 29, s. 15; 2002, c. 29, s. 27.

Contestation.

202.6.11. A person may, within 10 days after a review decision is rendered by the Société, contest the decision before the Administrative Tribunal of Québec.

Provisions not applicable.

The provisions of section 107 of the Act respecting administrative justice (chapter J-3) allowing a member of the Tribunal to suspend the execution of a decision are not applicable in that case.

2001, c. 29, s. 15.

Reimbursement.

202.6.12. Where the Administrative Tribunal of Québec lifts the suspension of the licence or of the right to obtain a licence, the Société shall reimburse the review fees paid to the Société.

2002, c. 29, s. 28.

Suspension.

202.7. The peace officer must advise the Société of every suspension imposed under this division within the time and in the manner determined by the Société.

1996, c. 56, s. 61.

202.7.1. A person who fails to comply with a peace officer's demand under section 202.1.3 without a reasonable excuse is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

2008, c. 14, s. 21.

Offence and penalty.

202.8. Every person who contravenes section 202.2 or who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a demand made to him by a peace officer under section 202.3 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

1996, c. 56, s. 61.

DIVISION II 
Repealed, 1996, c. 56, s. 62.
1996, c. 56, s. 62.

203. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 203; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 92; 1996, c. 56, s. 62.

204. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 204; 1987, c. 94, s. 40; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 93; 1996, c. 56, s. 62.

205. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 205; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 62.

206. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 206; 1996, c. 56, s. 62.

DIVISION III  (Repealed)
2015, c. 4, s. 34.

207. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 207; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 94; 1996, c. 56, s. 63; 2000, c. 56, s. 218; 2015, c. 4, s. 34.

208. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 208; 1987, c. 94, s. 41; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 95; 1996, c. 56, s. 64.

209. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 209; 2015, c. 4, s. 34.

CHAPTER III 
DRIVING WITHOUT A LICENCE OR WHILE DISQUALIFIED
1996, c. 56, s. 65.

DIVISION I 
GENERAL PROVISIONS
1996, c. 56, s. 65.

209.1. A peace officer who has reasonable cause to believe that a person is driving a road vehicle without being the holder of a licence prescribed by section 65 may, at the owner's expense and on behalf of the Société, immediately seize the vehicle and impound it for a period of 30 days.

The holder of a probationary licence or a driver's licence authorizing the operation of a road vehicle mandatorily equipped with an alcohol ignition interlock device who drives a road vehicle that is not equipped with such a device or who does not comply with the conditions for the use of the device established by the Société is also subject to this section.

The same applies to a person referred to in section 76.1.12 if the person drives or has the care or control of a road vehicle without complying with the conditions specified in that section.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 2010, c. 34, s. 33.

209.2. A peace officer who believes on reasonable grounds that the driver of a road vehicle is under a sanction within the meaning of section 106.1 that relates to the driving of a vehicle of the particular class being driven may, at the owner's expense and on behalf of the Société, immediately seize and impound the vehicle for a period of 30 days if the sanction was imposed under any of sections 180 or 183 to 185, any of paragraphs 1 to 4 of section 190 or any of sections 191 and 191.2, subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 194 or any of sections 195.2, 202.1.4, 202.1.5, 202.4, 202.5, 328.1, 422.1 and 434.2.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 2002, c. 29, s. 30; 2002, c. 62, s. 2; 2003, c. 5, s. 9; 2007, c. 40, s. 39; 2010, c. 34, s. 34; 2008, c. 14, s. 22.

209.2.1. On behalf of the Société, a peace officer shall immediately seize and impound a road vehicle for 30 days at the owner's expense if the person driving or having the care or control of the vehicle

 (1) has a blood alcohol concentration level that is shown, by a breath test carried out by means of an approved instrument in accordance with the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46), to be in excess of 160 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood and if the person's licence was not cancelled for an alcohol-related offence, for a high blood alcohol concentration level, for refusal to give a breath sample or for failure to stop at the scene of an accident during the 10 years before the seizure; or

 (2) fails to comply with the peace officer's demand under section 254 of the Criminal Code without a reasonable excuse and if the person's licence was not cancelled for an alcohol-related offence, for a high blood alcohol concentration level, for refusal to give a breath sample or for failure to stop at the scene of an accident during the 10 years before the seizure;

 (3) (subparagraph replaced).

The peace officer retains the road vehicle from the time the person is ordered to accompany the peace officer in order to undergo the breath analysis test until the time the test is completed.

This section applies on public highways, on highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, on private roads open to public vehicular traffic and on land occupied by shopping centres or other land where public traffic is allowed.

2007, c. 40, s. 40; 2010, c. 34, s. 35.

209.2.1.1. On behalf of the Société, a peace officer shall immediately seize and impound a road vehicle for 90 days at the owner's expense if the person driving or having the care or control of the vehicle

 (1) has a blood alcohol concentration level that is shown, by a breath test carried out by means of an approved instrument in accordance with the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46), to be in excess of 80 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood and if the person's licence was cancelled for an alcohol-related offence, for a high blood alcohol concentration level, for refusal to give a breath sample or for failure to stop at the scene of an accident during the 10 years before the seizure; or

 (2) fails to comply with the peace officer's demand under section 254 of the Criminal Code without a reasonable excuse and if the person's licence was cancelled for an alcohol-related offence, for a high blood alcohol concentration level, for refusal to give a breath sample or for failure to stop at the scene of an accident during the 10 years before the seizure.

The second and third paragraphs of section 209.2.1 apply to a seizure under this section.

2010, c. 34, s. 36.

209.2.1.2. Any seizure of a road vehicle under this Code is for 90 days if a measure provided for in section 202.0.1 was imposed, at any time during the 10 years before the seizure, on the person driving or having the care or control of the road vehicle.

2010, c. 34, s. 36.

209.2.1.3. For the purposes of sections 209.2.1 and 209.2.1.1, the cancellation of a licence also includes the suspension of the right to obtain one under section 180, and the definitions in section 202.0.3 apply.

2010, c. 34, s. 36.

Minute.

209.3. After the road vehicle has been impounded, the peace officer shall prepare a minute of the seizure in the form and tenor determined by the Société.

Copy.

A copy of the minute of the seizure must be provided to the driver of the vehicle, to the owner if he is present, to the custodian of the impounded vehicle and to the Société where it so requests.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

Owner of vehicle.

209.4. The driver, if he is not the owner of the road vehicle, shall advise the owner of the vehicle of the seizure, without delay, and provide him with a copy of the minute of the seizure.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

Advice.

209.5. The peace officer shall advise the Société of every seizure effected under this chapter within the time and in the manner determined by the Société.

Advice.

The Société shall advise the owner of the seizure in the manner set out in the fourth paragraph of section 550.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1999, c. 66, s. 4.

Personal property.

209.6. The owner or driver of a road vehicle seized may recover any personal property present in the vehicle except a radar warning device or personal property attached to or incorporated into the vehicle or used in connection with the operation of the vehicle.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

Merchandise.

209.7. The shipper, owner or operator of a heavy vehicle or owner of the merchandise transported in a road vehicle that is seized may recover the merchandise as well as any trailer, semi-trailer, detachable axle or single-axle towing dolly forming part of a combination of road vehicles that is seized.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1998, c. 40, s. 68.

Transfer of ownership.

209.8. The owner of a road vehicle seized may not transfer the ownership of the vehicle before the Société has authorized the recovery of the vehicle by its owner pursuant to section 209.15.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

Retention of vehicle.

209.9. The custodian is entitled to retain the road vehicle until all towing and impounding charges have been paid.

Charges.

Towing charges and daily impounding charges are fixed by regulation.

Indexation.

From the year 2003, 20% of the towing charges shall be indexed annually, according to the rate of variation of the average diesel fuel price computed according to the weekly data of the Régie de l'énergie du Québec for the preceding calendar year in relation to the previous year. That indexation applies in respect of towing carried out elsewhere than on the public roads specified in a regulation made under section 12.1.1 of the Act respecting the Ministère des Transports (chapter M-28).

Decimals.

If there are more than two decimals in an annual average or the rate computed under the third paragraph or the indexed amount of charges, only the first two decimals shall be retained and the second shall be increased by one unit if the third is equal to or greater than 5.

Publication.

The Société shall publish the amount of the adjusted charges resulting from the indexation in the Gazette officielle du Québec. The adjusted charges come into force on 1 March of the year of publication.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 2002, c. 29, s. 31.

Custody of impounded vehicle.

209.10. The person to whom custody of the impounded road vehicle has been entrusted shall act with care and prudence. He may surrender possession of the vehicle only if the conditions set out in section 209.15 are satisfied or after the expiry of the period provided for in section 209.17 but, in the latter case, only with the permission of the Société.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1999, c. 66, s. 5.

DIVISION II 
RELEASE FROM SEIZURE
1996, c. 56, s. 65.

209.11. The owner of a road vehicle seized may, on the authorization of a judge of the Court of Québec acting in chambers in civil matters, recover his vehicle on the conditions set out in section 209.15,

 (1) if, being the driver of the vehicle, the owner was unaware that he was disqualified; or

 (2) if, not being the driver of the vehicle, the owner

(a)  was unaware that the driver he allowed to drive his vehicle was disqualified or did not hold a licence of the class required to drive the vehicle, even though he had made a reasonable attempt to verify the information;

(b)  had not consented to the driver being in possession of the vehicle seized; or

(c)  could not reasonably have foreseen, in the case of a seizure under section 209.2.1 or 209.2.1.1, that the driver would commit the offence that gave rise to the seizure;

(d)  (subparagraph replaced).

The motion for release must be served on the Société with a copy of the minute of the seizure at least two clear days before its presentation to the judge. The motion is heard and decided by preference. Saturday and Sunday are not counted in calculating the time for the service.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 2008, c. 14, s. 23; 2007, c. 40, s. 42; 2010, c. 34, s. 37.

209.11.1. When a road vehicle is seized on two or more grounds, the owner may recover the vehicle by proving that all the conditions for recovering the vehicle applicable to the situation are met. A judge with exclusive jurisdiction over any of the grounds for the seizure may rule on the merits of all of them.

A judge of the Court of Québec has exclusive jurisdiction over an application for release from seizure under sections 422.5 and 434.6.

2010, c. 34, s. 38.

Plea.

209.12. Where a motion is served on it, the Société may plead, before the date fixed for the presentation of the motion, any ground of law or fact which shows that the conclusions of the motion cannot be granted in whole or in part.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

Minute.

209.13. The minute prepared by the peace officer may stand in lieu of his testimony if the peace officer attests that he himself ascertained the facts set forth therein. The same applies to the copy of the minute certified true by an authorized person.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

209.14. Sections 209.11, 209.12 and 209.13 must not be interpreted as preventing the Société from authorizing the recovery of a vehicle by its owner, on payment of the towing and impounding costs incurred by the custodian, provided the owner proves to the Société that the conditions set out in section 209.11 are met.

If a vehicle driven by its owner is seized under section 209.2.1 or 209.2.1.1, recovery of the vehicle may only be authorized if the owner proves to the Société that he did not commit the offence that gave rise to the seizure and pays the costs referred to in the first paragraph.

If the vehicle is seized on two or more grounds none of which is under the exclusive jurisdiction of a judge of the Court of Québec, recovery of the vehicle may only be authorized if the owner proves to the Société that all the conditions for recovering the vehicle that are applicable to the situation are met.

The refusal by the Société to authorize recovery of the vehicle under the second paragraph may be contested before the Administrative Tribunal of Québec, according to the terms set out in sections 202.6.11 and 202.6.12.

The rules set out in sections 202.6.3 to 202.6.5 and 202.6.7 to 202.6.10 apply, with the necessary modifications, to an application for the recovery of a vehicle made under this section.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 2007, c. 40, s. 43; 2010, c. 34, s. 39.

Recovery of vehicle.

209.15. At the end of the period of seizure, the owner may not recover his road vehicle except on payment of the towing and impounding costs incurred by the custodian and on presentation of the authorization furnished by the Société or a person it designates.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

209.16. (Repealed).

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1999, c. 66, s. 6.

DIVISION III 
DISPOSAL OF THE ROAD VEHICLE BY THE SOCIÉTÉ

Disposal of vehicule.

209.17. If within 10 days after the end of a period of seizure, the road vehicle is not claimed, the Société shall dispose of it in accordance with the rules set out in this division. The disposal costs shall be borne by the owner.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1999, c. 66, s. 7; 2010, c. 34, s. 40.

209.18. Where the value of the road vehicle is greater than $3,000, the Société shall dispose of it by auction.

The vehicle may be sold only after prior notice of at least 10 days has been sent to the owner of the vehicle and to each person holding a right in the vehicle published in the register of personal and movable real rights, and after prior notice of at least ten days has been published in a newspaper circulated in the locality where the owner of the vehicle resides or, in the case of a legal person, in the locality where the legal person's establishment is situated. Prior notice given under this section must specify, in particular, the year, make, model and registration number of the vehicle, the name of its owner, the owner's right to claim the vehicle at any time prior to the sale on payment to the custodian of the vehicle of the towing and impounding charges and on payment of the charges that may be imposed by the Société pursuant to subparagraph 13.1 of the first paragraph of section 624.

The rules set out in the Civil Code pertaining to voluntary auction sales apply, in all other matters, to a sale made by the Société pursuant to this section.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1999, c. 66, s. 7; 2010, c. 34, s. 41.

209.19. Where the value of the road vehicle is equal to or less than $3,000, the Société may classify the vehicle as discarded and sell it or dispose of it by any other means, in particular by giving it to the custodian in payment of the latter's claim for the cost of towing and impounding the vehicle.

The vehicle may be disposed of only after prior notice of at least five days has been sent to the owner of the vehicle and to every holder of a right in the vehicle published in the register of personal and movable real rights. Prior notice given under this section must specify, in particular, the year, make, model and registration number of the vehicle, the name of its owner, the owner's right to claim the vehicle at any time prior to the sale on payment to the custodian of the vehicle of the towing and impounding charges and on payment of the charges that may be imposed by the Société.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1999, c. 66, s. 7; 2010, c. 34, s. 42.

Value of vehicle.

209.20. For the purposes of sections 209.18 and 209.19, the value of a road vehicle is the average wholesale price indicated, for a vehicle of the make, model and equipment concerned, in the current edition of the road vehicle value guide recognized by the Société and of which the Société gives notice in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

Value of vehicle.

Where the model year of the vehicle is earlier than the years covered in the current edition, the price used is the price appearing in the current edition for the year closest to the model year of the vehicle; the value of the vehicle is that price less 2% for each complete month between the model year of the vehicle and that closest year appearing in the current edition.

Deduction.

However, the cost of the repairs to be made to the vehicle, if any, must be deducted from the wholesale price referred to in the first paragraph or from the amount obtained pursuant to the second paragraph.

Assessment of value.

Where the make or model of the vehicle is not covered in the guide, the Société shall assess the value of the vehicle or have it assessed.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1999, c. 66, s. 7; 2002, c. 29, s. 32.

Extinction of rights or charges.

209.21. Every disposal of a vehicle by the Société pursuant to the rules of this division entails the extinction of all reserves of ownership, rights of redemption, hypothecs and other rights or charges encumbering the vehicle.

Notice of disposal.

The Société shall forward a notice of any disposal of a vehicle to the registrar who shall, in each case, cancel the relevant entries.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1997, c. 80, s. 54; 1999, c. 66, s. 7.

Allocation of proceeds.

209.22. When a road vehicle is sold, the Société shall allocate the proceeds to payment of the costs of the sale, to payment of the claim of the custodian for the cost of towing and impounding, and then to payment of the charges imposed by the Société, if any, pursuant to subparagraph 13.1 of the first paragraph of section 624. The remaining proceeds shall be allocated, in order, to payment of the following claims on the vehicle:

 (1) the claim of the lessor or holder of a reserve of ownership;

 (2) prior claims;

 (3) hypothecary claims;

 (4) the fines and costs due by the person who was the owner of the vehicle at the time of the seizure, according to the order in which notices were received by the Société pursuant to article 364 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1).

Remaining proceeds.

Any remaining proceeds shall be remitted to the owner of the vehicle at the time of the seizure.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 1999, c. 66, s. 7; 2003, c. 5, s. 10.

Proceeds insufficient.

209.22.1. Even where the proceeds of the sale prove insufficient, the Société is bound to pay the costs of the sale and the claim of the custodian.

1999, c. 66, s. 7.

209.22.2. (Repealed).

1999, c. 66, s. 7; 2010, c. 34, s. 43.

Certificate of mechanical inspection.

209.22.3. A custodian who acquires a road vehicle in payment of a claim shall, when the vehicle is purchased to be put back into operation, provide the purchaser with a certificate of mechanical inspection issued pursuant to Title IX.

1999, c. 66, s. 7.

DIVISION IV 
INDEMNIFICATION BY THE SOCIÉTÉ
1996, c. 56, s. 65.

Liability.

209.23. The Société shall be liable for any damage resulting from any wrongful seizure.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

DIVISION V 
PENAL PROVISIONS
1996, c. 56, s. 65.

Offence and penalty.

209.24. Every person who contravenes section 209.10 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

Offence and penalty.

209.25. Every person who requires the payment of charges greater than those established by a regulatory provision under paragraph 50 of section 621 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1996, c. 56, s. 65.

Offence and penalty.

209.26. Every person who drives a road vehicle that has been impounded under section 209.1, 209.2 or 209.2.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1996, c. 56, s. 65; 2007, c. 40, s. 44.

TITLE VI 
RULES RESPECTING VEHICLES AND THEIR EQUIPMENT

CHAPTER I 
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Identification number.

210. Road vehicles and bicycles must be provided with an identification number affixed by the manufacturer, who must communicate to the Société the components of the numbers affixed to road vehicles. However, trailers and semi-trailers whose net mass does not exceed 900 kg and detachable axles are not required to be provided with such a number.

Affixing by Société.

The Société may also affix an identification number to a road vehicle on payment of the fee and on the conditions established by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 210; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 66; 2010, c. 34, s. 44.

Identification number.

210.1. Where a vehicle is not provided with an identification number, its owner must request the Société or one of its mandataries to affix an identification number to the vehicle in accordance with the second paragraph of section 210.

1990, c. 83, s. 96.

Alteration of number.

211. Except with prior approval from the Société, no person may alter, make illegible, erase, replace or remove the identification number of a road vehicle or bicycle.

1986, c. 91, s. 211; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

National safety mark.

211.1. No person may sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person for valuable consideration, or offer in any way to sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person for valuable consideration, a new road vehicle of a category subject to the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Statutes of Canada, 1993, chapter 16), unless the vehicle bears a national safety mark within the meaning of that Act or the compliance label prescribed by that Act.

Applicability.

The same prohibition applies with respect to a new power-assisted bicycle, unless the bicycle bears the label prescribed by that Act.

1996, c. 56, s. 67; 2002, c. 29, s. 33.

Mandatory equipment.

212. In addition to the equipment prescribed in this Title, road vehicles and bicycles must be equipped with any other accessory and equipment required to be installed by the manufacturer under an Act or a regulation in force in Québec.

1986, c. 91, s. 212.

Removal or repair.

212.1. The Société may require the removal, repair or modification of any equipment on a road vehicle that has not been installed by the manufacturer of the road vehicle if the equipment presents a risk for road users.

1998, c. 40, s. 69.

Good working order.

213. All equipment prescribed in this Code must be kept in good working order at all times.

Applicability.

This section applies, in addition to public highways, to highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, to private roads open to public vehicular traffic as well as land occupied by shopping centres and other land where public traffic is allowed.

1986, c. 91, s. 213; 1998, c. 40, s. 70; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35; 2008, c. 14, s. 24.

Prohibited alterations.

214. Except with prior approval from the Société, no person may

 (1) make, on a road vehicle intended to be operated on a public highway, alterations to the chassis, alterations to the body or to a mechanism if susceptible of reducing the stability or braking capacity of the vehicle or any other alteration that would transform a vehicle into a vehicle of another type;

 (2) make alterations on or to a motor vehicle or combination of road vehicles that does not meet the requirements of the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Statutes of Canada, 1993, chapter 16) and that is intended to be operated on a public highway for testing purposes.

1986, c. 91, s. 214; 1987, c. 94, s. 42; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 144.

Applicability.

214.0.1. This Title does not apply to a self-propelled aerial basket.

2004, c. 2, s. 19.

CHAPTER II 
PROVISIONS RESPECTING VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES AND WARNING LIGHTS

214.1. (Repealed).

1990, c. 83, s. 97; 1996, c. 56, s. 68; 1998, c. 40, s. 71; 2002, c. 29, s. 34.

Lights and lamps.

215. Every motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or a moped, must carry at least

 (1) two single or double white headlights, at the same height, one on each side of the vertical centreline and as far apart as practicable;

 (2) two amber or white parking lights, on the front, at the same height, one on each side of the vertical centreline and as far apart as practicable;

 (3) two red parking lights, at the rear, at the same height, one on each side of the vertical centreline and as far apart as practicable;

 (3.1) two red reflectors at the rear, at the same height, one on each side of the vertical centreline and as far apart as practicable;

 (4) two red stop lights, at the rear, at the same height, one on each side of the vertical centreline and as far apart as practicable;

 (5) two amber or white turn-signal lights, on the front, at the same height, one on each side of the vertical centreline and as far apart as practicable;

 (6) two red or amber turn-signal lights, at the rear, at the same height, one on each side of the vertical centreline and as far apart as practicable;

 (7) one amber side marker lamp and one amber side reflector on each side, as far forward as practicable;

 (8) one red side marker lamp and one red side reflector on each side, as far to the rear as practicable;

 (9) a white back-up light at the rear;

 (10) a white light illuminating the rear registration plate.

Combination of road vehicles.

In the case of a combination of road vehicles, the lights prescribed in subparagraphs 3, 3.1, 4, 6 and 10 of the first paragraph must be mounted at the rear of the last vehicle.

Exception.

The lights referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph are not required on any vehicle exceeding 2.03 metres in width.

1986, c. 91, s. 215; 1990, c. 83, s. 98.

Excessive length.

215.1. Any motor vehicle measuring 9.1 metres or more in length must carry an amber side marker lamp and an amber side reflector on each side, midway between the front and rear side marker lamps.

1990, c. 83, s. 99.

Wide vehicles.

216. In addition to the lights prescribed in section 215, every motor vehicle, other than a passenger vehicle or a taxi, or every combination of road vehicles other than those described in the first paragraph of section 214.1, measuring at any point more than 2.03 metres in width must carry,

 (1) on the front, two amber clearance lights, at the same height and not more than 150 mm from the upper right and left extremities of the vehicle;

 (2) at the rear, two red clearance lights, not more than 150 mm from the upper right and left extremities of the vehicle;

 (3) (subparagraph repealed);

 (4) on the front, three amber identification lights, grouped in a horizontal row at the centre above the windshield, and spaced not less than 150 mm nor more than 300 mm apart;

 (5) at the rear, three red identification lights, grouped in a horizontal row at the centre and spaced not less than 150 mm nor more than 300 mm apart.

Exception.

Where the identification lights prescribed in subparagraph 5 of the first paragraph are mounted at the very top of the vehicle, the clearance lights prescribed in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph need not be mounted at the prescribed height.

1986, c. 91, s. 216; 1990, c. 83, s. 100; 1998, c. 40, s. 72.

Exception.

216.1. Subparagraph 8 of the first paragraph of section 215 and subparagraphs 2 and 5 of the first paragraph of section 216 do not apply to a motor vehicle designed to pull a semi-trailer and having no load space.

1990, c. 83, s. 101.

217. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 217; 1990, c. 83, s. 102.

218. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 218; 1998, c. 40, s. 73.

Superstructure.

219. The three red identification lights and the two red reflectors of a motor vehicle or of a combination of road vehicles whose only superstructure is the driver's cab must be grouped in a horizontal row at the rear of the platform or between the two trail-lights required for all vehicles.

1986, c. 91, s. 219; 1990, c. 83, s. 103.

Trailers or semi-trailers.

220. In addition to the lights and reflectors prescribed in sections 215 and 216, every trailer or semi-trailer must carry one red side marker lamp on each side and as far to the rear as practicable.

Side markers.

It must also carry

 (1) if it measures 1.8 metres or more in length, one amber side marker lamp on each side and as far forward as practicable;

 (2) if it measures 9.1 metres or more in length, one amber side marker lamp and one amber side reflector midway between the front and rear side marker lamps.

1986, c. 91, s. 220; 1990, c. 83, s. 104.

Combination lights and reflectors.

220.1. The lights and reflectors prescribed by this chapter may be combined on the condition that they meet the requirements of this chapter.

Exception.

However, a clearance light may not be combined with an identification light, nor a rear clearance light with a rear marker lamp.

1990, c. 83, s. 105.

Reflective material.

220.2. A trailer or semi-trailer may be equipped with reflective material in accordance with the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Statutes of Canada, 1993, chapter 16) instead of the reflectors prescribed by this chapter.

1996, c. 56, s. 69; 1998, c. 40, s. 74.

Reflective material.

220.3. Except for trailers designed exclusively for dwelling or office purposes, trailers and semi-trailers measuring at least 2.05 m in width and having a gross vehicle weight rating of 4,500 kg or more must be equipped with reflective material in accordance with the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (S.C. 1993, c. 16).

1998, c. 40, s. 75; 2004, c. 2, s. 20; 2008, c. 14, s. 25.

Raised stop light.

221. In addition to the lights prescribed in section 215, every passenger vehicle, other than a motorcycle or a moped, and every other vehicle of the same configuration manufactured from 1 January 1987 must be equipped with a red stop light at the rear, on the vertical centreline, at the same height as or higher than the stop lights prescribed in paragraph 4 of section 215.

1986, c. 91, s. 221.

Fog lights.

222. The fog lights that may be mounted on a road vehicle must conform to the standards established by regulation and must be on the front of the vehicle and at the same height, which must not be higher than that of the white headlights.

1986, c. 91, s. 222.

Back-up lights.

223. All back-up lights on a road vehicle must remain extinguished when the vehicle is moving forward.

1986, c. 91, s. 223; 1990, c. 83, s. 106.

White lights at rear.

224. The Minister of Transport may authorize, on conditions established by regulation, the installation and use of white lights at the rear of certain classes or sub-classes of road vehicles.

1986, c. 91, s. 224.

Wide vehicles.

225. A road vehicle over 2 metres in width, operated on a public highway, must carry portable lamps, reflectors and flares, the standards of use of which are prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 225; 1990, c. 83, s. 107; 1996, c. 56, s. 70.

Emergency vehicles.

226. Emergency vehicles may carry flashing or rotating red lights. In addition, they may carry alternately flashing white headlights in the cases and on the conditions prescribed by regulation.

Police vehicles.

Police vehicles may carry blue flashing or rotating lights.

1986, c. 91, s. 226; 1987, c. 94, s. 43.

Green rotating light.

226.1. Only emergency vehicles designed to serve as a command and coordination post may be equipped with a green rotating light which may be used solely within the safety perimeter established by the person in charge of the emergency operation.

1998, c. 40, s. 76.

226.2. (Not in force).

2008, c. 14, s. 27.

Service, equipment vehicles.

227. Service vehicles, equipment vehicles, vehicles used for snow removal or for road maintenance, vehicles for which the conditions of issue of a special permit so require and vehicles meeting the criteria established by regulation may carry flashing or rotating amber lights.

Definition.

For the purposes of this section, “service vehicle” is a motor vehicle equipped to refuel, repair or tow road vehicles and an “equipment vehicle” is a motor vehicle used for the transportation of permanently attached equipment and provided with a load space.

1986, c. 91, s. 227.

Special permit.

228. Where the conditions of issue of a special permit require that a road vehicle be equipped with a rotating or flashing amber light, the light may be permanently attached to the vehicle but it must not be operated when the special permit is no longer required.

1986, c. 91, s. 228; 1987, c. 94, s. 44; 2008, c. 14, s. 28.

Special permit.

228.1. No vehicle that carries a sign or signal or similar device in lieu thereof required to obtain a special permit shall be used otherwise than in connection with the special permit, unless the sign, signal or device has been removed or covered.

1996, c. 56, s. 71.

School buses.

229. Every bus or minibus used for the transportation of school children within the meaning of a regulation under the Transport Act (chapter T-12) must be equipped with two signs bearing the inscription “Écoliers”, one on the front of the vehicle, the other at the rear. It must also be equipped with flashing lights, on the front and at the rear of the vehicle and with a compulsory stop signal consisting of a retractable stop sign or a retractable arm with a stop sign.

Regulations.

The lights, the signs and the compulsory stop signal prescribed in the first paragraph must conform to the regulations under the Transport Act.

Other use of vehicle.

The signs must be removed or covered when the vehicle is not being used to provide the transportation referred to in section 454 of 461.

1986, c. 91, s. 229; 1993, c. 42, s. 4.

Motorcycles.

230. Every motorcycle or moped must carry at least

 (1) one white headlight;

 (2) one red tail-light;

 (3) two white or amber turn-signal lights on the front and two red or amber turn-signal lights at the rear;

 (4) one red stop light at the rear.

1986, c. 91, s. 230.

Sidecar.

231. When a motorcycle is equipped with a sidecar, the sidecar must carry a red tail-light, which must be as near as practicable to the right extremity of the sidecar.

1986, c. 91, s. 231.

Bicycles.

232. Every bicycle must carry at least

 (1) one white reflector at the front;

 (2) one red reflector at the rear;

 (3) one amber reflector on each pedal;

 (4) one reflector attached to the spokes of the front wheel;

 (5) one reflector attached to the spokes of the back wheel.

Any equipment or object placed on a bicycle that blocks a prescribed reflector must be provided with a reflector that complies with the first paragraph.

1986, c. 91, s. 232; 2010, c. 34, s. 45.

Use at night.

233. At night, every bicycle must also carry, at least one white headlight and one red tail-light.

1986, c. 91, s. 233.

Reflectors.

233.1. No bicycle dealer shall sell, offer for sale, rent or offer for rent a bicycle unless the bicycle carries the reflectors prescribed by section 232.

1996, c. 56, s. 72.

Non-motorized scooter.

233.2. No dealer shall sell, offer for sale, rent or offer for rent a non-motorized scooter unless it carries at least

 (1) one white reflector or white reflective material at the front;

 (2) one red reflector or red reflective material at the rear;

 (3) one red reflector or red reflective material on each side, as far to the rear as practicable.

2002, c. 29, s. 35.

Other vehicles.

234. Every road vehicle, other than a vehicle specifically mentioned in this chapter, must carry two white headlights and two red tail-lights.

1986, c. 91, s. 234.

Adjustment of headlights.

235. The white headlights prescribed in this chapter must be firmly attached to the vehicle and be so adjusted as to produce, under normal atmospheric conditions and on a level road, sufficient light to enable the driver of the vehicle to discern a person or an object within a distance of 150 metres.

Mopeds, bicycles.

In the case of a moped, the light must enable the driver to discern a person or an object within a distance of 90 metres and in the case of a bicycle, at a distance of 10 metres.

1986, c. 91, s. 235.

Position of headlights.

236. Where two white headlights are mounted on a vehicle, they must be at the same height, one on each side of the vertical centreline and as far apart as practicable.

1986, c. 91, s. 236.

Visibility.

237. The headlights, lights and reflectors prescribed in this chapter must be visible at a distance of not less that 150 metres and conform to the standards established by regulation.

Effectiveness.

They must be kept free of any obstructing matter that reduces their effectiveness.

1986, c. 91, s. 237.

Dirt.

238. A peace officer may require the driver of a road vehicle to clean the headlights, lights and reflectors of the vehicle where their effectiveness is reduced by dirt or other obstructing matter.

Compliance.

The driver must comply with the requirement of the peace officer.

1986, c. 91, s. 238.

Flashing lights.

239. No road vehicle, except a vehicle contemplated in section 226 or 227, may carry alternately flashing white headlights or flashing or rotating lights of whatever colour.

Flashing or rotating lights.

No road vehicle contemplated in section 226 or in section 227 may carry flashing or rotating lights of another colour than the colour authorized for that vehicle in accordance with the section which applies to such a vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 239; 1987, c. 94, s. 46; 1990, c. 83, s. 108.

Removal.

240. A peace officer is authorized to require the removal, at the expense of the owner, of a flashing or rotating light carried by a road vehicle in contravention of this Code.

Receipt.

The peace officer shall give a receipt to the person in possession of the vehicle and remit the light to the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 240; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Required equipment.

240.1. Every towing vehicle must carry the necessary equipment for operating the lights on the road vehicle being towed. Detachable equipment may be used to replace the lights.

1990, c. 83, s. 109; 1998, c. 40, s. 77.

Applicability.

240.2. Subject to section 240.3, this chapter does not apply to a self-propelled farm machine or to a combination of road vehicles consisting of a farm machine or farm vehicle drawing a farm machine or a trailer used for farm purposes, provided it belongs to a farmer and

 (1) the warning sign referred to in section 274 is attached to the rear of the farm machine or combination of road vehicles; and

 (2) the farm machine or combination of road vehicles travels at a rate of speed of less than 40 km/h and is equipped with two red reflectors at the rear, one on each side of the vertical centreline and as far apart as practicable.

2002, c. 29, s. 36; 2004, c. 2, s. 21.

240.3. Every self-propelled farm machine must carry two white headlights and two red tail-lights.

A farmer who is the owner of a combination of farm vehicles as defined by regulation or of a farm machine, to the extent that any of the vehicles or the machine exceeds 2.6 m, is subject to the safety standards prescribed by regulation and the driver of such a combination or machine, as well as the driver of the road vehicle escorting them, are subject to the traffic rules prescribed by regulation.

2002, c. 29, s. 36; 2004, c. 2, s. 22.

CHAPTER III 
PROVISIONS RESPECTING BRAKES AND BRAKE SYSTEMS

“motor vehicle”.

241. For the purposes of this chapter, the term “motor vehicle” does not include a motorcycle or moped.

1986, c. 91, s. 241.

Braking system.

242. Subject to sections 243 to 247, every road vehicle must be equipped with at least one braking system sufficiently powerful to stop the vehicle quickly in case of emergency and hold the vehicle stationary.

1986, c. 91, s. 242.

Service brake system.

243. Every motor vehicle or combination of road vehicles must be equipped with at least one service brake system allowing sufficient braking force to be applied on each weight-bearing wheel to stop the vehicle quickly in case of emergency and with a parking brake system to hold the vehicle stationary.

1986, c. 91, s. 243.

Trailers or semi-trailers.

244. Every trailer or semi-trailer that is part of a combination of road vehicles and that has a mass, once loaded, of 1,300 kg or more or that has a mass, once loaded, of over half the net mass of the motor vehicle by which it is towed must be equipped with an independent braking system allowing application of a braking force on each weight-bearing wheel.

Required equipment.

The towing vehicle must carry the necessary equipment for operating the braking system of any trailer or semi-trailer referred to in the first paragraph being towed.

Exception.

This section does not apply to a combination of road vehicles consisting of trailers or semi-trailers used for agricultural purposes and belonging to a farmer, nor to farm machinery, when such vehicles are drawn by a farm machine or by another farm vehicle if the warning sign referred to in section 274 is attached at the rear of the combination of road vehicles.

1986, c. 91, s. 244; 1990, c. 83, s. 110; 1996, c. 56, s. 73; 2004, c. 2, s. 23.

245. Every trailer or semi-trailer operated without an independent brake system that can stop the vehicle if the trailer or semi-trailer becomes separated from the towing vehicle must be equipped with a chain, a cable or any other sufficiently solid safety device installed so that the trailer or semi-trailer and the towing vehicle would remain attached were the coupling device to break.

The towing vehicle must carry the necessary equipment for attaching the chain, cable or safety device of the trailer or semi-trailer.

1986, c. 91, s. 245; 1990, c. 83, s. 111; 2010, c. 34, s. 46.

246. Every motorcycle or moped must be equipped with at least one brake system acting on the front and rear wheels.

The brake system must be sufficiently powerful to stop the vehicle quickly in case of emergency and to hold it stationary.

1986, c. 91, s. 246; 2010, c. 34, s. 47.

Bicycles and non-motorized scooters.

247. Every bicycle and non-motorized scooter must be equipped with at least one brake system acting on the rear wheel. The system must be sufficiently powerful to quickly block the rotation of the wheel on a paved, dry and level roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 247; 2002, c. 29, s. 37.

Prohibited alteration.

248. No person may drive a road vehicle having a brake system that has been modified or altered in such a way as to reduce its effectiveness.

1986, c. 91, s. 248.

Defective brakes.

249. A peace officer who has reasonable grounds to believe that the brake system of a road vehicle or bicycle is defective or out of order may require that the vehicle be taken to the nearest practicable place and retained at the expense of the owner until the problem is corrected.

1986, c. 91, s. 249.

CHAPTER IV 
PROVISIONS RESPECTING VARIOUS OTHER EQUIPMENT

Seat belts.

250. No person may either effect or cause the removal, alteration or putting out of service of a seat belt with which the seats of a road vehicle are equipped under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Statutes of Canada, 1993, chapter 16).

1986, c. 91, s. 250; 1996, c. 56, s. 144.

Protective helmet.

250.1. No person may, in the carrying on of a business, sell, offer for sale, rent or offer for rent a protective helmet for motorcyclists, moped operators or their passengers unless it meets the standards established by regulation.

1996, c. 56, s. 74.

250.2. No person may install in a road vehicle or, for the purposes of such installations, sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person for valuable consideration, an air bag module, a seat belt with a pretensioner, or an air bag and seat belt electronic control module unless the equipment is new equipment originating from the manufacturer of the road vehicle and intended for such a vehicle. However, the equipment may be reinstalled in the same vehicle after being removed for the sole purpose of vehicle repairs or maintenance, provided it is in good working order.

No person may repair a module after the air bag has deployed or a seat belt with a pretensioner that has been activated. No person other than a person authorized by the manufacturer of the vehicle concerned may reprogram or repair an air bag or seat belt electronic control module.

The same prohibitions apply to offering to perform any of the acts referred to in the first or second paragraph.

The Société may, on the conditions it determines, exempt a person from the prohibitions of this section, except the prohibition to repair an air bag module and the prohibition to repair a seat belt.

2002, c. 29, s. 38; 2010, c. 34, s. 48.

250.3. No person may remove or cause to be removed an air bag module installed in a road vehicle, or render it inoperative except by means of a device installed by the manufacturer of the vehicle before its sale to the first user. The prohibition does not apply if the air bag module must be removed or rendered inoperative for the purpose of adapting a road vehicle for a handicapped person.

The Société may, on the conditions it determines and for reasons of safety, exempt a person from the prohibition.

2002, c. 29, s. 38; 2002, c. 62, s. 3; 2010, c. 34, s. 49.

Prohibition.

250.4. No person may install, sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person for valuable consideration, a device the purpose of which is to simulate the presence or proper functioning of air bags or seat belts with pretensioners.

2002, c. 29, s. 38.

251. No person may

 (1) install a radar warning device, have a radar warning device installed or in any way place a radar warning device in a road vehicle;

 (2) place any object or have any object placed on a road vehicle, or apply any material or have any material applied to a road vehicle, that is capable of interfering in any way with the operation of a photo radar device or a red light camera system or with the recording of registration plate information by the camera of such a radar device or camera system.

1986, c. 91, s. 251; 1988, c. 68, s. 11; 2007, c. 40, s. 45; 2012, c. 15, s. 5.

Prohibition.

252. No person may sell or lease to, or place at the disposal of any person, in exchange for consideration, or in any way offer to sell or lease to, or to place at the disposal of any person, in exchange for consideration, a radar warning device.

Confiscation.

Any contravention of this section entails, upon conviction, the confiscation of the radar warning device in favour of the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 252; 1988, c. 68, s. 12; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

253. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 253; 2007, c. 40, s. 47.

Horn.

254. Every motor vehicle must be equipped with a horn.

1986, c. 91, s. 254.

Siren.

255. Only emergency vehicles may be equipped with a siren or a device producing a similar sound or a traffic-light changing device.

Anti-theft device.

The first paragraph does not apply to an anti-theft device installed and used in a road vehicle in accordance with the standards established by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 255.

Use of horn.

256. No person may sound the horn of a road vehicle, except in case of necessity.

Application.

In addition to public highways, this section applies on private roads open to public vehicular traffic, as well as on land occupied by shopping centres and other land where public traffic is allowed.

1986, c. 91, s. 256; 1990, c. 83, s. 112.

Removal of siren.

257. A peace officer is authorized to require the removal, at the expense of the owner of a road vehicle, of a siren or any other device producing a similar sound installed on a vehicle in contravention of this Code. The peace officer shall give a receipt to the person in possession of the vehicle and remit the device to the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 257; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Exhaust system.

258. Every motor vehicle must be equipped with an exhaust system that conforms to the standards established by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 258.

Prohibited sale.

259. No person may sell or offer for sale, for use on a public highway, an exhaust system that does not conform to the standards prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 259.

Effectiveness.

260. No person may perform or cause the performance of any operation on a motor vehicle to cancel or reduce the effectiveness of the exhaust system of the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 260.

Windshield wiper.

261. Every motor vehicle equipped with a windshield, other than a motorcycle or moped, must be equipped with a front windshield wiper and, if fitted as original equipment by the manufacturer, a front windshield washer.

1986, c. 91, s. 261.

Rear-view mirrors.

262. Every motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or moped, must be equipped with at least two rear-view mirrors, one solidly attached to the interior of the vehicle at the centre of the upper part of the windshield, and the other, to the exterior of the vehicle on the left side.

Exterior mirror.

When the interior rear-view mirror cannot be used, another rear-view mirror must be attached to the exterior of the vehicle on the right side.

Trailer or semi-trailer.

Where the motor vehicle draws a trailer or a semi-trailer, rear-view mirrors must be attached so as to enable the driver to have a clear view to the back of the combination of vehicles:

 (1) one rear-view mirror attached to the exterior of the motor vehicle on the left side if the existing rear-view mirror cannot be used; and

 (2) another rear-view mirror attached to the exterior of the motor vehicle on the right side if the existing interior or exterior rear-view mirror on the right side cannot be used.

Special permit.

When an outsized vehicle referred to in the third paragraph is operated under a special permit, the presence of an escort vehicle behind the outsized vehicle may compensate for the absence of rear-view mirrors.

1986, c. 91, s. 262; 1987, c. 94, s. 47; 2008, c. 14, s. 30.

Motorcycles.

263. Every motorcycle or moped must be equipped with two rear-view mirrors, one solidly attached to each side of the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 263.

Shatter-resistant glass.

264. The windows, windshield and safety partitions of a motor vehicle must be made of transparent glass so manufactured or treated as to substantially reduce friability and the likelihood of shattering.

1986, c. 91, s. 264.

Standards for windows.

265. The windshield and the other windows of a motor vehicle must conform to the standards prescribed by regulation to ensure good visibility for the driver.

Visibility.

They must be free of any material that might reduce visibility for the driver.

1986, c. 91, s. 265.

Prohibited coating.

266. No person may coat the windshield or the front side windows of a road vehicle or cause them to be coated with a substance having the effect of reducing or preventing good visibility from inside or outside the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 266; 1996, c. 56, s. 75.

Dirt.

267. A peace officer may require the driver of a vehicle to clean or clear the windshield and windows where obstructing matter reduces visibility for the driver.

Compliance.

The driver must comply with the requirement of the peace officer.

1986, c. 91, s. 267.

Odometer, speedometer.

268. Every motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle with a piston displacement not in excess of 125 cc or a moped, must be equipped with an odometer and a speedometer.

1986, c. 91, s. 268.

Bumpers.

269. Where a road vehicle is equipped with bumpers as original equipment by the manufacturer, they must be solidly attached to the part of the vehicle designed for that purpose.

1986, c. 91, s. 269.

Tires.

270. Every road vehicle must be fitted with tires that conform to the standards prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 270.

Prohibited sale.

271. No person may sell or offer for sale, for use on a public highway, a tire that does not conform to the standards prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 271.

Mudguards.

272. With the exception of farm machines not equipped with mudguards as original equipment by the manufacturer, every motor vehicle or combination of road vehicles if not fitted with permanent mudguards or if fitted with permanent mudguards that are narrower than the tread of the tires or the bottom edge of the rear portion of which is 350 mm or more from the ground when the vehicle is not loaded, must be equipped with detachable mudguards of resistant material and at least as wide as the tread of the tires.

1986, c. 91, s. 272; 1996, c. 56, s. 76; 2002, c. 29, s. 39; 2004, c. 2, s. 24.

Exception.

272.1. A tractor truck is not required to be fitted with detachable mudguards if it is drawing a trailer or semi-trailer providing adequate protection against material being thrown towards the rear.

1998, c. 40, s. 78.

Detachable mudguards.

273. The lower end of the detachable mudguards must not be more than 350 mm from the ground, measured when the vehicle is not loaded.

1986, c. 91, s. 273.

Slow vehicles.

274. Every road vehicle built to be driven at a speed of less than 40 km/h as well as every animal-drawn vehicle must carry a warning sign in accordance with the standards prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 274; 1987, c. 94, s. 48.

not in force
Transportation of handicapped persons.

274.1. The owner of a road vehicle used for the transportation of handicapped persons must comply with the standards, conditions and procedures prescribed for the operation, custody, maintenance, salubrity and safety of such a vehicle.

Standards.

He must also comply with the standards prescribed for the installation and use of safety equipment and accessories in respect of such a vehicle.

1987, c. 94, s. 49.

Conditions.

274.2. No person may sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person or offer in any way to sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person, for valuable consideration, an electric motor to transform a bicycle into a power-assisted bicycle, unless the motor

 (1) meets the standards prescribed by a regulation made pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Statutes of Canada, 1993, chapter 16) concerning the electric motor of a power-assisted bicycle where the motor is installed in accordance with the manufacturer's standards for installation on a bicycle;

 (2) has an enabling mechanism to turn the electric motor on and off that is separate from the accelerator controller and fitted in such a manner that it is operable by the driver, or a mechanism that prevents the motor from being engaged before the bicycle attains a speed of 3 km/h; and

 (3) bears a label that indicates its continuous power output rating and the maximum number of revolutions per minute, as measured at the shaft of the motor.

2002, c. 29, s. 40.

Modifications prohibited.

274.3. No person may sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person or offer in any way to sell, lease or place at the disposal of a person, equipment or a part, device or apparatus designed to increase the power or maximum speed of a moped to a level greater than that originally provided by the manufacturer.

2008, c. 14, s. 31.

CHAPTER V 
PENAL PROVISIONS

Offence and penalty.

275. The owner of a road vehicle that does not meet the requirements of any of sections 212, 269 and 272 to 274 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $30 to $60.

1986, c. 91, s. 275; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

276. The owner of a bicycle that does not meet the requirements of any of sections 212, 232 and 233, the second paragraph of section 235 or of either of sections 237 and 247 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $15 to $30.

1986, c. 91, s. 276; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

276.1. The owner of a non-motorized scooter that does not meet the requirements of section 247 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $15 to $30.

2002, c. 29, s. 41.

Offence and penalty.

277. Every person who contravenes the second paragraph of section 238 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $60 to $100.

1986, c. 91, s. 277; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 113.

Offence and penalty.

278. The owner of a road vehicle who contravenes section 213 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $60 to $100.

1986, c. 91, s. 278; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

279. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 279; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 114.

Offence and penalty.

280. The owner of a road vehicle that does not meet the requirements of section 236 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $60 to $100.

1986, c. 91, s. 280; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 115.

Offence and penalty.

281. Every person who installs or uses a white headlight in contravention of section 224 or who contravenes section 256 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

Offence and penalty.

Every person who uses a green rotating light in contravention of section 226.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

1986, c. 91, s. 281; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 116; 1998, c. 40, s. 79.

Offence and penalty.

281.1. Every person who drives a road vehicle whose windshield and windows are not clear of all substances which might hinder the driver's ability to see is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1990, c. 83, s. 116.

Offence and penalty.

281.2. Every person who drives a road vehicle whose windshield or front side windows are coated with a material that does not meet the standards prescribed under section 265 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1996, c. 56, s. 77.

Offence and penalty.

282. The owner of a vehicle that does not meet the requirements of any of sections 210.1, 215 to 223, 225, 230, 231, 234, 235, 237, 240.1, 240.3, 242, 243, 246, 254, 258, 261 to 264, the first paragraph of section 265 or of section 268 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1986, c. 91, s. 282; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 117; 2002, c. 29, s. 42.

282.1. The driver or owner of a farm machine or a combination of farm vehicles, or the driver of a road vehicle escorting them, who contravenes a regulatory provision the violation of which constitutes an offence under paragraph 20.5 of section 621 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $60 to $180, $120 to $360 or $240 to $720, according to the seriousness of the offence, as specified by regulation.

2004, c. 2, s. 25.

Offence and penalty.

283. The holder of a special permit who contravenes section 228 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1986, c. 91, s. 283; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

283.0.1. Every person who contravenes section 228.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1996, c. 56, s. 78.

Offence and penalty.

283.1. Every person who contravenes any of sections 214, 248, 250.1, 259, 260 and 266, the second paragraph of section 267 or section 271 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

1990, c. 83, s. 118; 2000, c. 64, s. 8.

Offence and penalty.

284. Every person who contravenes any of sections 233.1, 233.2, 250 or 274.2 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner of a heavy vehicle who contravenes section 250 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

Offence and penalty.

Every person who contravenes section 251 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $500 to $1,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 284; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 119; 1996, c. 56, s. 79; 1998, c. 40, s. 80; 2002, c. 29, s. 43; 2007, c. 40, s. 48.

Offence and penalty.

285. The owner of a road vehicle that does not meet the requirements of any of sections 239, 244, 245, 255 and 270 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner or operator of a heavy vehicle that does not comply with section 244 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1986, c. 91, s. 285; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 120; 1998, c. 40, s. 81.

Offence and penalty.

286. Every person who contravenes any of sections 210, 211 and 211.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

Fine.

However, in the case of a bicycle, the fine is of $30 to $60.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner of a heavy vehicle who contravenes section 211 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1986, c. 91, s. 286; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 121; 1996, c. 56, s. 80; 1998, c. 40, s. 82.

Offence and penalty.

287. The owner of a vehicle that does not meet the requirements of section 229 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 287; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

287.1. Every natural person who contravenes section 252 or 274.3 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $500 to $1,000.

Offence and penalty.

Every legal person who contravenes section 252 or 274.3 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1990, c. 83, s. 122; 2007, c. 40, s. 49; 2008, c. 14, s. 32.

287.1.1. (Not in force).

2008, c. 14, s. 33.

Offence and penalty.

287.2. Every person who contravenes section 250.2 or 250.4 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $3,000 to $9,000.

Offence and penalty.

Every person who contravenes section 250.3 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

2002, c. 29, s. 44.

TITLE VII 
ROAD AND TRAFFIC SIGNS AND SIGNALS

CHAPTER I 
GENERAL PROVISIONS

“limited access highway”.

288. For the purposes of this Title, a “limited access highway” is a public highway that may be entered or left only at the specially provided entrances or exits.

Interpretation.

In addition, for the purposes of this Title, a scooter other than a motorized scooter and an adult's tricycle shall be considered as bicycles.

1986, c. 91, s. 288; 1990, c. 83, s. 123; 2001, c. 21, s. 2.

Meaning of message.

289. The meaning of a road or traffic sign message, whatever the medium, is the meaning assigned to the sign by the Minister in an order published to that effect in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

Standards.

The manufacturing and installation standards for road signs or signals to be erected on a public highway or on a road vehicle are determined by the Minister and set out in a traffic control manual.

Compliance.

Every person responsible for the management or maintenance of public highways must comply with standards set out in the manual where a requirement to do so is indicated therein.

Removal.

The Minister may remove, at the expense of the person responsible for the management of the road, any sign or signal that does not conform to the Minister's manual.

1986, c. 91, s. 289; 1990, c. 83, s. 124; 1998, c. 40, s. 83; 2008, c. 14, s. 34.

290. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 290; 2000, c. 64, s. 9.

Heavy vehicles.

291. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, by means of proper signs or signals, restrict or prohibit the use of the highway by all or certain heavy vehicles, in particular, heavy vehicles having dimensions or a number of axles that exceed the maximum limits authorized. Where that person is responsible for the maintenance of a bridge or viaduct, the person may also restrict or prohibit the use of the bridge or viaduct by heavy vehicles having a mass that exceeds the maximum limits authorized on the infrastructure.

Municipality.

In the case of a municipality, that power is exercised by by-law or, where the law so authorizes, by ordinance, the coming into force of which is subject to the approval of the Minister of Transport under section 627, except in an emergency; in the absence of approval, the Minister may remove the unauthorized sign or signal.

Prohibition.

No person may drive a vehicle referred to in the first paragraph on a public highway on which traffic is restricted or prohibited unless the vehicle is used under a special permit expressly giving the vehicle access to that highway.

1986, c. 91, s. 291; 1995, c. 25, s. 1; 1998, c. 40, s. 84; 1999, c. 66, s. 8.

Partial removal of restriction.

291.1. A restriction or prohibition under section 291 may, by means of proper signs or signals, be partially removed for vehicles that must travel to a particular place in order to collect or deliver property, provide services, carry out work, be repaired or return to their base, and that cannot do so without entering a zone to which access is prohibited.

1998, c. 40, s. 84.

Brake verification.

292. The driver of a heavy vehicle must verify the condition of the vehicle's brakes where the proper sign or signal requires a mandatory stop at a brake verification area.

1986, c. 91, s. 292; 1995, c. 25, s. 2; 1996, c. 2, s. 212; 1996, c. 56, s. 81; 1998, c. 40, s. 84.

Slow vehicle lane.

292.0.1. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, by means of proper signs or signals, designate a slow vehicle lane. Where such a lane has been designated, the driver of a slow vehicle must use that lane.

1998, c. 40, s. 84.

Braking system.

292.1. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, by means of appropriate signs or signals, prohibit access to the highway to road vehicles whose mass, load included, exceeds that prescribed by regulation, if the vehicle is not equipped with a braking system prescribed by regulation.

Municipality.

In the case of a municipality, that power is exercised by by-law or, where the law so authorizes, by ordinance, the coming into force of which is subject to the approval of the Minister of Transport under section 627, except in an emergency; in the absence of approval, the Minister may remove the unauthorized sign or signal.

Prohibition.

No person may drive a vehicle referred to in the first paragraph on a public highway on which traffic is restricted or prohibited unless the vehicle is used to maintain the highway or to install or maintain public utilities on the highway.

1993, c. 42, s. 5; 1998, c. 40, s. 85.

Special sports events.

293. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, by means of appropriate signs or signals during exceptional events or sports events, restrict or prohibit all or some vehicular traffic on that highway for the time he indicates.

Prohibition.

No person may drive a road vehicle in contravention of this section during the period traffic is restricted or prohibited.

1986, c. 91, s. 293; 1990, c. 83, s. 125.

Closing of highways.

293.1. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, by means of proper signs or signals and for reasons of safety, restrict or prohibit the operation on the highway of all road vehicles or certain road vehicles including the vehicles to which the Transportation of Dangerous Substances Regulation (chapter C-24.2, r. 43) applies.

Municipality.

In the case of a municipality, that power is exercised by by-law or, where the law so authorizes, by ordinance, the coming into force of which is subject to the approval of the Minister of Transport under section 627, except in an emergency; in the absence of approval, the Minister may remove the unauthorized sign or signal.

Prohibition.

No person may drive a vehicle referred to in the first paragraph on a public highway on which traffic is prohibited or restricted unless the vehicle is used to maintain the highway or to install or maintain public utilities on the highway.

1990, c. 83, s. 126; 1998, c. 40, s. 86.

Intersections.

294. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway must erect the proper signs or signals at every intersection.

1986, c. 91, s. 294.

294.1. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway must erect proper signs or signals to mark every place where a photo radar device or red light camera system is used to monitor compliance with highway safety rules.

The person must also, as often as the Minister determines, verify the presence and adequacy of those signs or signals, and report the verification results to the Minister.

2012, c. 15, s. 6.

Indications on signs.

295. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, by means of the proper signs or signals,

 (1) indicate traffic stops;

 (2) prohibit U-turns at such locations as may be determined by him;

 (3) lay out pedestrian walkways;

 (4) reserve traffic lanes for certain manoeuvres or for the exclusive use of bicycles, certain classes of road vehicles or road vehicles carrying the number of passengers indicated by proper signs;

 (4.1) regulate bicycle traffic in a cycle lane;

 (4.2) prohibit, limit or otherwise regulate bicycle traffic in lanes used by road vehicles or in places used by pedestrians;

 (5) indicate level crossings where the driver of a road vehicle referred to in section 413 is exempt from the requirements of that section;

 (6) prohibit horse riding or restrict it to part of the public highway;

 (7) prohibit, restrict or otherwise regulate the stopping or parking of road vehicles;

 (8) reserve parking spaces for handicapped persons.

1986, c. 91, s. 295; 1987, c. 94, s. 51; 1990, c. 83, s. 127; 1995, c. 65, s. 100.

Limited access highway.

296. The person responsible for the maintenance of a limited access highway may, by means of the proper signs or signals, regulate or prohibit the driving of certain classes of road vehicles on that highway.

1986, c. 91, s. 296; 1990, c. 83, s. 128.

Autoroute.

297. The Minister of Transport may, by means of the proper signs, designate a public highway as an autoroute.

1986, c. 91, s. 297.

Speed limit.

298. Every municipality to which subparagraph 4 of the first paragraph of section 328 applies must erect a sign or signal on every public highway under its maintenance that leads to a built-up area to indicate that the speed limit is set at 50 km/h.

1986, c. 91, s. 298.

Indication on signs.

299. Every municipality that establishes, by by-law, a speed limit other than the rate of speed provided for in section 328 shall indicate that rate of speed by means of signs or signals. If the municipality fails to do so, section 328 applies.

Speed limit.

No person may travel at a rate of speed exceeding the limit indicated on any signs erected under this section.

1986, c. 91, s. 299; 1990, c. 83, s. 130.

Decision of Minister.

300. In the cases described in section 329, the decision of the Minister of Transport prevails over any provision of a by-law passed by a municipality.

Removal of signs.

The municipality shall, on a notice from the Minister and within the time he indicates, remove the signs or signals erected by it. If it fails to do so within the allotted time, the Minister may remove the signs or signals at the expense of the municipality.

1986, c. 91, s. 300.

Erection of signs.

301. No person, except the person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway, may erect signs or signals or cause signs or signals to be erected on that highway or use a traffic sign on a road vehicle other than a police car.

1986, c. 91, s. 301; 2008, c. 14, s. 35.

Removal.

302. The person responsible for the maintenance of the public highway may remove any sign or signal erected in contravention of section 301.

1986, c. 91, s. 302.

Compliance with standards.

303. Despite section 301, any person carrying out work requiring occupation of a public highway, duly authorized by the person responsible for the maintenance of the highway, or any person conducting a road check operation must erect traffic signs or signals in compliance with the standards determined by the Minister of Transport for the duration of the work or operation.

1986, c. 91, s. 303; 1990, c. 83, s. 131; 2001, c. 21, s. 3; 2008, c. 14, s. 36.

Erection of signs.

303.1. During construction or maintenance work, the person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, for the duration of the work, erect signs or signals in conformity with the standards laid down by the Minister of Transport to indicate a rate of speed other than the prescribed rate of speed to be respected.

Register.

The decision to change a rate of speed must be entered in a register kept by the person responsible for the maintenance of the public highway with an indication of the location where the rate of speed is prescribed and the duration of the work. The installation of signs or signals is proof of that decision.

2001, c. 21, s. 4; 2004, c. 2, s. 26.

Prohibition.

303.2. No person may travel at a rate of speed exceeding the limit indicated on the signs or signals erected under section 303.1.

2001, c. 21, s. 4.

Unauthorized signs.

304. No person may, except with the authorization of the person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway, erect any signal, sign, indication or device on that highway.

1986, c. 91, s. 304.

Removal.

305. The person responsible for the maintenance of the public highway may, at the expense of the contravener, remove any object erected in contravention of section 304.

1986, c. 91, s. 305.

306. Visible devices, advertising and signs that bear a reproduction of a road signal governed by the standards prescribed by the Minister under section 289 that imitate such a road signal or that may be confused with traffic lights or with such a road signal because of their shape, colour, text, size or location are prohibited on and along public highways.

Devices, advertising and signs that can obstruct a road signal and those that encroach on a public highway are also prohibited.

The Minister of Transport may, by regulation, provide for exceptions to the prohibition under the first paragraph.

1986, c. 91, s. 306; 2008, c. 14, s. 37.

Notice to owner.

307. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, if he believes on reasonable grounds that a signal, sign, indication or device is erected or displayed on private property in contravention of section 306, issue a notice to the owner requiring him to remove any such object within 48 hours.

Removal.

If the contravener fails to comply with the notice, the person responsible for the maintenance of the highway may enter upon the property and remove any such object at the owner's expense.

1986, c. 91, s. 307.

Private road.

308. Every sign or signal erected on a private road open to general vehicular traffic or on land occupied by shopping centres and other land where public traffic is allowed must conform to the specifications prescribed in respect of public highways by the Minister of Transport.

1986, c. 91, s. 308; 2008, c. 14, s. 38.

Notice to contravener.

309. The Minister of Transport or an authorized representative of the municipality within whose territory a road contemplated in section 308 is situated may, if he believes on reasonable grounds that an offence against the said section is being committed, issue a notice to the contravener requiring him to remove any contravening sign or signal within 48 hours.

Removal.

If the contravener fails to comply with the notice, the Minister or the authorized representative of the municipality may remove the sign or signal at the contravener's expense.

1986, c. 91, s. 309.

Compliance.

310. Every person must comply with every road or traffic sign or signal erected under this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 310; 2008, c. 14, s. 39.

Directions by person.

311. Where traffic is directed by a peace officer, a school crossing guard or a flag man in charge of directing traffic around or about work sites, every person shall obey his orders or signals even if contrary to existing traffic signs or signals.

1986, c. 91, s. 311.

311.1. When approaching a yellow arrow light signal that is mounted on a moving road vehicle and directs a lane change, the driver of a road vehicle must reduce speed and, in the direction indicated by the arrow and after making sure that it can be done safely, switch to the other lane or, in the absence of another lane, to the shoulder.

2012, c. 15, s. 7.

By-passing of signals.

312. No person may drive on private property to avoid compliance with a traffic sign or signal.

1986, c. 91, s. 312.

312.1. No person may modify or remove all or part of a photo radar device or a red light camera system without the authorization of the Minister of Transport.

2007, c. 40, s. 50; 2012, c. 15, s. 8.

312.2. No person may damage a photo radar device or a red light camera system, or interfere in any way with the operation of such a device or system or the recording of the information described in the second paragraph of section 332 or the second paragraph of section 359.3 by the camera of such a device or system.

2007, c. 40, s. 50; 2012, c. 15, s. 9.

312.3. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may send the owner of a tree or any other property situated on land contiguous to the right of way of that highway a written notice requiring the owner to carry out remedial work within the prescribed time if the tree or other property could interfere

 (a) in any way with the operation of a fixed photo radar device or a red light camera system; or

 (b) with the recording, by the camera of a device or system referred to in subparagraph a, of the information described in the second paragraph of section 332 or the second paragraph of section 359.3.

If the owner fails to do the work, the person responsible for the maintenance of the public highway may do the work or have it done.

2012, c. 15, s. 10.

CHAPTER II 
PENAL PROVISIONS

Offence and penalty.

313. Every person, other than the driver of a road vehicle, who contravenes either of sections 310 and 311 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $15 to $30.

Offence and penalty.

A person riding a bicycle who contravenes section 312 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $15 to $30.

1986, c. 91, s. 313; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

314. The driver of a road vehicle who contravenes the second paragraph of section 293 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $60 to $100.

1986, c. 91, s. 314; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 132.

Offence and penalty.

314.1. Every driver of a road vehicle who contravenes any of sections 310 to 312 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

Offence and penalty.

However, where the traffic of heavy vehicles in transit is regulated by a sign or signal, every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes section 310 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

1990, c. 83, s. 133; 1995, c. 25, s. 3; 1998, c. 40, s. 88.

Offence and penalty.

315. Every person who contravenes either of sections 304 and 308 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1986, c. 91, s. 315; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

315.1. Every driver of a vehicle who contravenes section 292 or the third paragraph of section 293.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1995, c. 25, s. 4; 1998, c. 40, s. 89.

Offence and penalty.

315.2. Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes the third paragraph of section 291 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

In the case of a contravention of a sign or signal limiting the authorized load on a bridge or viaduct, the owner or operator of the vehicle is liable to a fine of $600 plus

 (a) $100 per excess 1,000 kg up to 5,000 kg in excess ;

 (b) $150 per excess 1,000 kg between 5,000 kg and 10,000 kg in excess ;

 (c) $200 per excess 1,000 kg over 10,000 kg in excess.

1998, c. 40, s. 89; 1999, c. 66, s. 9.

Offence and penalty.

315.3. Every driver of a road vehicle who contravenes section 292.0.1 by failing to drive in a mandatory designated lane is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $90 to $270.

1998, c. 40, s. 89.

Offence and penalty.

315.4. Every person who contravenes section 312.1 or 312.2 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $1,000 to $2,000.

Second offence.

In the case of a person who has already been convicted under this section, the fines prescribed in the first paragraph are doubled.

Additional fine.

On the request of the prosecutor, the court may impose an additional fine, determined on the basis of the damage caused.

2007, c. 40, s. 51.

Offence and penalty.

316. Every person who contravenes either of sections 301 and 306 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

1986, c. 91, s. 316; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

316.1. Every driver of a passenger vehicle who contravenes the third paragraph of section 293.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

1990, c. 83, s. 134; 1998, c. 40, s. 90.

Offence and penalty.

317. Every person who contravenes section 303 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

Fines.

However, the fine shall be of $100 to $200 in cases where signs or signals which do not meet the standards laid down by the Minister of Transport are erected.

1986, c. 91, s. 317; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 135.

Offence and penalty.

318. Every person who contravenes the third paragraph of section 292.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $6,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 318; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1993, c. 42, s. 6; 1995, c. 25, s. 5.

TITLE VIII 
RULES OF THE ROAD

CHAPTER I 
INTERPRETATION

“limited access highway”.

319. For the purposes of this Title, unless the context indicates otherwise, the term “limited access highway” is a public highway that may be entered or left only at specially provided entrances or exits.

Interpretation.

In addition, for the purposes of this Title, a scooter other than a motorized scooter and an adult's tricycle shall be considered as bicycles.

1986, c. 91, s. 319; 1990, c. 83, s. 136; 2001, c. 21, s. 5.

CHAPTER II 
GENERAL PROVISIONS RESPECTING VEHICULAR TRAFFIC

DIVISION I 
DRIVING RULES

§ 1. —  Lanes

Driving lane.

320. On a two-way roadway, the driver of a road vehicle must use the right-hand lane of the roadway.

Passing.

To pass another vehicle or where the lane is obstructed or closed to traffic, the driver may use the other lane but he must then yield the right of way to the vehicle moving in the opposite direction.

Applicability.

This section applies, in addition to public highways, to highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune.

1986, c. 91, s. 320; 1998, c. 40, s. 91; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35.

Driving lane.

321. On a two-way roadway with two lanes or over, the driver of a road vehicle must use the right-hand lane of the roadway.

Passing.

To pass another vehicle, to turn left or where the right-hand lane is obstructed or closed to traffic, the driver may use another lane in the direction his vehicle is moving.

Lane in opposite direction.

Where all the lanes in the direction in which the vehicle is moving are obstructed or closed to traffic, the driver may use the nearest lane in the opposite direction that is not obstructed or closed to traffic, but he must then yield the right of way to any vehicle moving in the opposite direction.

1986, c. 91, s. 321.

Centre lane.

322. On a two-way roadway divided into three traffic lanes, where the centre lane is used in either direction, the driver of a road vehicle must use the right-hand lane. He may use the centre lane only for passing or for making left turns.

1986, c. 91, s. 322.

Centre lane.

323. On a two-way roadway divided into five traffic lanes, where the centre lane is used in either direction, the driver of a road vehicle must use either of the two right-hand lanes. He may use the centre lane only for making left turns.

1986, c. 91, s. 323.

Driving lane.

324. On a one-way roadway with two lanes, the driver of a road vehicle shall use the right-hand lane.

Driving lanes.

On a one-way roadway with three lanes or over, the driver must use one of the right-hand lanes.

Left-hand lane.

To pass another vehicle, to turn left, to enter an exit ramps on a limited access highway or where the lane he is using is obstructed or closed to traffic, the driver may use the lane closest to the left-hand side.

Left-hand lane.

The driver of a road vehicle used for snow removal or road maintenance may also use the left-hand lane when performing his duties.

1986, c. 91, s. 324; 1987, c. 94, s. 52, s. 53.

Speed limit less than 80 km/h.

325. Notwithstanding section 324, where the speed limit is less than 80 km/h the driver of a road vehicle may use any of the lanes. In such a case, road vehicles moving faster in one lane than in another are not considered to be passing.

Low speed.

The driver of a road vehicle proceeding at less than the normal speed of traffic must drive in the right-hand lane closest to the edge of the roadway, unless he is about to turn left, to park or to stop on the left-hand side and has signalled his intention.

1986, c. 91, s. 325; 1990, c. 83, s. 137.

Median strip.

326. On a public highway where the roadways are separated by a median strip or any other separation, the driver of a road vehicle shall not cross the separation except at the places laid out for that purpose and not before he has ascertained that he can do so in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 326.

Lanes.

326.1. The driver of a road vehicle shall not cross any of the following lines marking off lanes:

 (1) a solid single line;

 (2) a solid double line;

 (3) a double line consisting of a broken line and a solid line, the latter being adjacent to the lane in which the road vehicle is moving.

Exception.

In addition to the exceptions provided for in sections 344 and 378, the first paragraph does not apply where the driver must leave the lane he is using because it is obstructed or closed to traffic, or in order to make a left turn towards another road or a private entry; the driver must however assure himself he can do so in safety.

1990, c. 83, s. 138.

§ 2. —  Speed limits and distance between vehicles

Unsafe speed.

327. Any rate of speed or any action that can endanger human life and safety or property is prohibited.

Application.

In addition to public highways, this section applies on highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, on private roads open to public vehicular traffic, as well as on land occupied by shopping centres and other land where public traffic is allowed.

1986, c. 91, s. 327; 1990, c. 83, s. 139; 1998, c. 40, s. 92; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35.

Speed limits.

328. Except on roads where the opposite is indicated by signs or signals and without restricting the scope of section 327, no person may drive a road vehicle at a speed

 (1) of less than 60 km/h or more than 100 km/h on autoroutes, unless

(a)  an illuminated, variable message signal shows the minimum or maximum rate of speed authorized on a certain part of the autoroute, according to the circumstances and the time of day, such as weather conditions or rush-hour; or

(b)  a special permit authorizing the use of an outsized vehicle requires that the vehicle be driven at a lower speed;

 (2) in excess of 90 km/h on public highways surfaced with concrete, asphalt or a similar material;

 (3) in excess of 70 km/h on gravel highways;

 (4) in excess of 50 km/h in a built-up area, except on autoroutes;

 (5) in excess of the maximum rate of speed authorized, according to the circumstances and the time of day, such as periods of school activity, as specified by the illuminated or non-illuminated, variable or non-variable message sign or signal that applies to that portion of the public highway.

Applicability.

On access roads leading to a built-up area, subparagraph 4 of the first paragraph applies when the driver reaches the sign or signal indicating the 50 km/h speed limit.

Applicability.

Subparagraphs 2, 3 and 4 of the first paragraph apply on highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune. The Minister, on the recommendation of the Minister of Natural Resources and Wildlife, may by order change the speed limit on all or any part of such highways.

1986, c. 91, s. 328; 1996, c. 2, s. 213; 1996, c. 56, s. 82; 1998, c. 40, s. 93; 1990, c. 83, s. 140; 2000, c. 64, s. 10; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35; 2008, c. 14, s. 40; 2004, c. 2, s. 27; 2010, c. 34, s. 50.

Immediate suspension.

328.1. On behalf of the Société, a peace officer shall immediately suspend, for a period of seven days, the licence issued under section 61 of any person who

 (1) drives a road vehicle at a speed of 40 km/h or more over the posted speed limit in a zone where the maximum authorized speed limit is 60 km/h or less;

 (2) drives a road vehicle at a speed of 50 km/h or more over the posted speed limit in a zone where the maximum authorized speed limit is over 60 km/h but not over 90 km/h; or

 (3) drives a road vehicle at a speed of 60 km/h or more over the speed limit in a zone where the maximum authorized speed limit is 100 km/h or more.

Suspension.

If the person does not hold a licence or holds a licence issued by another administrative authority, the peace officer shall immediately suspend, on behalf of the Société and for a period of seven days, the person's right to obtain a learner's licence, a probationary licence or a driver's licence.

Suspension period.

The suspension period is increased to 30 days in the case of a person who was convicted of a speeding offence under this section during the 10 years before the suspension. The suspension period is increased to 60 days in the case of a person who was convicted of more than one speeding offence under subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph during the 10 years before the suspension.

Provisions applicable.

Sections 195, 202.6.1 and 202.7 apply to a licence suspension under this section.

2007, c. 40, s. 52; 2008, c. 14, s. 41; 2010, c. 34, s. 51; 2014, c. 12, s. 44.

328.2. In the case of a person who was convicted of one or more speeding offences under subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 328.1 during the 10 years before the suspension and who commits another offence under that subparagraph, the peace officer may, on behalf of the Société and at the owner's expense, seize the road vehicle immediately and impound it for 30 days.

Sections 209.3 to 209.10 apply to the seizure, with the necessary modifications.

2007, c. 40, s. 52; 2010, c. 34, s. 52.

328.3. The owner of a seized road vehicle may recover the vehicle with the authorization of a judge of the Court of Québec acting in chambers in civil matters if, not being the driver of the vehicle, the owner could not reasonably foresee that the driver would commit a speeding offence under subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 328.1, or if the owner did not consent to the driver being in possession of the seized vehicle.

The second paragraph of section 209.11 and sections 209.11.1 and 209.12 to 209.15 apply to the seizure, with the necessary modifications.

2007, c. 40, s. 52; 2010, c. 34, s. 53.

328.4. The owner of a seized road vehicle may recover the vehicle if the owner obtains the lifting of the licence suspension by the Société after establishing by a preponderance of evidence that the owner was not driving at the speed described in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 328.1.

The first paragraph of section 202.6.3, sections 202.6.4 and 202.6.5, the second paragraph of section 202.6.6, sections 202.6.7 and 202.6.9 to 202.6.12 and section 209.11.1 apply to the seizure, with the necessary modifications.

2007, c. 40, s. 52; 2010, c. 34, s. 54.

Lifting of suspension.

328.5. The driver of a road vehicle, other than a driver referred to in section 328.4, whose licence or right to obtain one is suspended for a period of 30 or 60 days in accordance with the third paragraph of section 328.1 may obtain the lifting of the suspension by the Société after establishing by a preponderance of evidence that the driver was not driving at the speed described in subparagraph 1, 2 or 3 of the first paragraph of section 328.1, as applicable.

Provisions applicable.

The first paragraph of section 202.6.3, sections 202.6.4 and 202.6.5, the last paragraph of section 202.6.6 and sections 202.6.7 and 202.6.9 to 202.6.12 apply, with the necessary modifications, to a licence suspension under this section.

2008, c. 14, s. 42; 2010, c. 34, s. 55; 2014, c. 12, s. 45.

Speed limits changed.

329. The Minister of Transport may change the speed limits provided for in subparagraphs 1 to 4 of the first paragraph of section 328 for all road vehicles or for certain categories thereof and establish the variable speed limits referred to in subparagraphs 1 and 5 of the first paragraph of that section.

Proof of decision.

The installation of traffic signs is proof of the decision of the Minister. The date of the decision and approximate location of the installation of such signs must be entered in a register kept by the Minister.

Prohibition.

No person may drive at a speed in excess of the limits indicated on the traffic signs erected under this section, the second paragraph of section 628 or of section 628.1.

School zones.

In school zones, from Monday to Friday and from September to June, the speed limit shall not exceed 50 km/h between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m.

Variable message sign.

Any speed limit posted on an illuminated variable or non-variable message sign must be registered by the person responsible for the maintenance of the public highway and recorded electronically.

1986, c. 91, s. 329; 1990, c. 83, s. 141; 1996, c. 56, s. 83; 2000, c. 64, s. 11; 2010, c. 34, s. 56.

Poor visibility.

330. The driver of a road vehicle must reduce the speed of his vehicle when visibility conditions become inadequate because of darkness, fog, rain or other precipitation or when the roadway is slippery or not completely cleared.

1986, c. 91, s. 330.

Low speed.

331. No person may drive a road vehicle at a low speed that may impede or obstruct normal traffic, except where necessary.

Emergency lights.

In case of necessity, the driver must use the flashing emergency lights of his vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 331.

Photo radar device.

332. The speed of a road vehicle may be measured by means of a photo radar device approved by the Minister of Transport and the Minister of Public Security and used in the manner they determine.

Proof.

The image obtained by means of a photo radar device approved and used in accordance with the first paragraph, the speed recorded and indicated on the photograph and the other information displayed on the photograph concerning the vehicle and its registration plate, as well as the place, date and time the image was captured are proof of their accuracy, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary.

1986, c. 91, s. 332; 2007, c. 40, s. 53.

333. No person may drive a road vehicle containing a radar warning device or on which is placed any object or to which is applied any material capable of interfering in any way with the operation of a radar device, or with the recording of registration plate information by the camera of a photo radar device or of a red light camera system.

1986, c. 91, s. 333; 2007, c. 40, s. 54; 2012, c. 15, s. 11.

Confiscation.

334. Every peace officer who has reasonable grounds to believe that a road vehicle contains a radar warning device, may stop the vehicle and inspect it. He may confiscate the radar warning device found in the vehicle, at the expense of the owner of the vehicle.

Receipt.

When confiscating such a radar warning device, the peace officer shall give a receipt to the person in possession of the vehicle and remit the device to the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 334; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

334.1. A peace officer is authorized to remove or require the removal, at the expense of the owner of the road vehicle, of any object or material capable of interfering in any way with the operation of a radar device, or with the recording of registration plate information by the camera of a photo radar device or of a red light camera system.

The peace officer shall issue a receipt for a seized object to the person in possession of the vehicle and remit the object to the Société.

2007, c. 40, s. 56; 2012, c. 15, s. 11.

Following distance.

335. The driver of a road vehicle shall not follow another vehicle more closely than is prudent and reasonable, taking account of speed, traffic density, atmospheric conditions and the condition of the roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 335.

Convoy.

336. On a public highway where the maximum speed allowed is 70 km/h or more, the drivers of road vehicles moving in convoy shall leave sufficient space between them to allow vehicles passing them to occupy the intervening spaces in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 336; 1990, c. 83, s. 142.

337. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 337; 1987, c. 94, s. 55; 1990, c. 83, s. 143.

§ 3. —  Passing

Broken line.

338. The driver of a road vehicle may cross any lane marked off by a broken line to pass or to change lanes.

1986, c. 91, s. 338.

Passing procedure.

339. On a two-way roadway, the driver of a road vehicle passing another vehicle must return to the right lane as soon as possible, after signalling his intention and ascertaining that he may do so without risk to the vehicle being passed.

1986, c. 91, s. 339.

Vehicle being passed.

340. The driver of a road vehicle being passed or about to be passed must not increase the speed of his vehicle while it is being passed.

1986, c. 91, s. 340.

Bicycle.

341. No driver of a road vehicle may pass a bicycle within the same traffic lane unless there is sufficient space to allow him to do so in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 341.

Zigzag.

342. In no case may the driver of a road vehicle successively pass two or more vehicles in a zigzag pattern on a one-way roadway having two or more traffic lanes.

1986, c. 91, s. 342.

343. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 343; 1990, c. 83, s. 144.

Exceptions.

344. The driver of a road vehicle may cross a line described in section 326.1 providing that he can do so in safety, to pass a farm machine, a road vehicle carrying a slow-moving vehicle sign, a horse-drawn vehicle or a bicycle.

1986, c. 91, s. 344; 1990, c. 83, s. 145; 2000, c. 31, s. 2; 2002, c. 29, s. 45; 2004, c. 2, s. 28.

Use of opposite lane.

345. No driver may, to pass, use the lane reserved for traffic moving in the opposite direction

 (1) when approaching the crest or at the crest of a grade or on a curve where he cannot see, at a sufficient distance, vehicles approaching from the opposite direction;

 (2) in or upon, or when approaching an intersection, a level crossing, a tunnel or a pedestrian crosswalk identified as such.

1986, c. 91, s. 345.

Passing to the right.

346. No driver of a road vehicle may pass another vehicle to the right, except where the vehicle being passed is turning left, is about to turn left, is moving toward an exit ramp on a limited access highway or is a snow removal or road maintenance vehicle doing work on the left-hand lane of a one-way roadway with two lanes or over.

1986, c. 91, s. 346; 1987, c. 94, s. 56.

Off roadway.

347. In no case may a driver passing another vehicle drive off the roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 347.

Prohibited passing.

348. No driver is allowed to pass

 (1) where the driver of a vehicle behind him has already signalled his intention to pass or has already begun to pass;

 (2) where the visibility is insufficient to allow entry onto the other part of the roadway in safety;

 (3) on a two-way roadway, where the other part of the roadway is not clear of traffic for a sufficient distance to allow him to pass and return to the right of the roadway in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 348.

§ 4. —  Turns

Pedestrians and cyclists.

349. The driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle who is turning at an intersection must yield the right of way to pedestrians and cyclists crossing the roadway he is about to enter.

1986, c. 91, s. 349.

Right of way.

350. The driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle who is about to make a left turn must yield the right of way to any vehicle moving in the opposite direction, and is so close that it constitutes a hazard.

1986, c. 91, s. 350.

Right turn.

351. The driver of a road vehicle who is about to turn right at an intersection must, after signalling his intention and ascertaining that he can do so in safety, move to the extreme right of the roadway or into the space reserved for that purpose by an appropriate sign, make a sharp turn and not encroach on the left or the centre of the road he is entering.

1986, c. 91, s. 351.

Left turn.

352. On a two-way roadway, the driver of a road vehicle who is about to turn left at the intersection of a two-way roadway must, after signalling his intention and ascertaining that he can do so in safety, approach the centre line of the roadway on which he is driving, proceed in a straight line to the near side of the roadway he is about to enter and turn left as soon as the way is clear so as to enter the right-hand part of the other roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 352.

Left turn.

353. On a two-way roadway with two lanes or over, the driver of a road vehicle who is about to turn left at the intersection of a two-way roadway with two lanes or over must, after signalling his intention and ascertaining that he can do so in safety, approach the centre line of the roadway on which he is driving, proceed in a straight line to the near side of the roadway he is about to enter and turn left as soon as the way is clear so as to enter the other roadway to the right of and as close as possible to the centre line.

1986, c. 91, s. 353.

Left turn.

354. On a two-way roadway, the driver of a road vehicle who is about to turn left at the intersection of a one-way roadway must, after signalling his intention and ascertaining that he can do so in safety, approach the centre line of the roadway on which he is driving, proceed in a straight line to the near side of the roadway he is about to enter and turn left as soon as the way is clear so as to enter the left-hand part of the other roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 354.

Left turn.

355. On a one-way roadway, the driver of a road vehicle who is about to turn left at the intersection of a one-way roadway must, after signalling his intention and ascertaining that he can do so in safety, move to the extreme left of the roadway to the near side of the roadway he is about to enter and turn left as soon as the way is clear so as to enter the left-hand part of the other roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 355.

Left turn.

356. On a one-way roadway with two lanes or over, the driver of a road vehicle who is about to turn left at an intersection must, after signalling his intention and ascertaining that he can do so in safety, move to the extreme left of the roadway or into the space reserved for that purpose identified by an appropriate sign.

1986, c. 91, s. 356.

Left turn.

357. On a one-way roadway, the driver of a road vehicle who is about to turn left at the intersection of a two-way roadway must, after signalling his intention and ascertaining that he can do so in safety, move to the extreme left of the roadway on which he is driving, proceed in a straight line to the near side of the roadway he is about to enter and turn left as soon as the way is clear, so as to enter the right-hand part of the other roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 357.

Left turn.

358. On a one-way roadway, the driver of a road vehicle who is about to turn left at the intersection of a two-way roadway with two or more traffic lanes must, after signalling his intention and ascertaining that he can do so in safety, move to the extreme left of the roadway on which he is driving, proceed in a straight line to the near side of the roadway he is about to enter and turn left as soon as the way is clear, so as to enter the other roadway to the right of and as close as possible to the centre line.

1986, c. 91, s. 358.

§ 5. —  Traffic control devices

Red light.

359. Unless otherwise directed by a sign or signal, when facing a red light, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must stop his vehicle before the pedestrian crosswalk or stop-line or, if none, at the near side of the roadway he is about to cross or enter, and may proceed only when a signal shows he may do so.

1986, c. 91, s. 359.

Right turn on red light.

359.1. Notwithstanding section 359 and unless otherwise directed by a sign or signal, the driver of a road vehicle or a cyclist facing a red light may make a right turn, after stopping before the pedestrian crosswalk or the stop-line or, if none, at the near side of the roadway the driver or cyclist is about to enter and yielding the right of way to pedestrians, drivers and cyclists crossing the intersection and to road vehicles and cyclists approaching so closely that to proceed would constitute a hazard.

Designated territory.

The Minister of Transport may, by an order published in the Gazette officielle du Québec, designate all or any part of the territory of a municipality as an area where making a right turn on a red light is prohibited.

2000, c. 31, s. 3; 2000, c. 64, s. 12; 2002, c. 62, s. 4.

See chapter C-24.2, r. 9.1.

Right turn prohibited.

359.2. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, by means of proper signs or signals, determine certain intersections as intersections where making a right turn on a red light is prohibited. In the case of a municipality, that power is exercised by by-law or, where the law so permits, by ordinance.

2002, c. 62, s. 5.

359.3. Stopping at red lights may be verified by means of a camera system designed for that purpose, approved and used in the manner determined by the Minister of Transport and the Minister of Public Security.

The image obtained by means of a red light camera system approved and used in accordance with the first paragraph and the information displayed on the photograph concerning the traffic light involved and the vehicle and its registration plate, as well as the place, date and time the image was captured are proof of their accuracy, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary.

2007, c. 40, s. 57; 2012, c. 15, s. 12.

Flashing red light.

360. Unless otherwise directed by a sign or signal, when facing a flashing red light, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must stop his vehicle and yield the right of way to a vehicle approaching on another roadway that is entering the intersection, or is so close that it constitutes a hazard.

1986, c. 91, s. 360.

Amber light.

361. Unless otherwise directed by a sign or signal, when facing an amber light, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must stop his vehicle before the pedestrian crosswalk or stop-line or, if none, before the near side of the roadway he is about to cross, unless he has entered it or is so close to it that he could not stop in safety; he may proceed only when a signal shows he may do so.

1986, c. 91, s. 361.

Flashing amber light.

362. Unless otherwise directed by a sign or signal, when facing a flashing amber light, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must reduce the speed of his vehicle and he may proceed only after yielding the right of way to road vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians crossing the intersection.

1986, c. 91, s. 362.

Green light.

363. Unless otherwise directed by a sign or signal, when facing a green light, whether flashing or not, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must proceed ahead or turn left or right, after yielding the right of way to road vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians crossing the intersection.

1986, c. 91, s. 363.

Green arrow.

364. Unless otherwise directed by a sign or signal, when facing a green arrow, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must move in the direction indicated by the arrow, after yielding the right of way to road vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians crossing the intersection.

1986, c. 91, s. 364; 1990, c. 83, s. 146.

Lane-direction signals.

365. On a roadway with two lanes or more, where lane-direction signals are installed to indicate which lanes are open to traffic, the driver of a road vehicle may drive only in the lanes above which there is a green arrow pointing downwards.

1986, c. 91, s. 365; 1995, c. 25, s. 6.

Insufficient space.

366. Even if permitted by the traffic lights, no driver of a road vehicle may enter an intersection if there is not sufficient space ahead of the vehicle to proceed without blocking the intersection; in such a case, the driver must stop his vehicle before the near side of the roadway he is about to cross.

1986, c. 91, s. 366.

Defective lights.

367. Where traffic lights installed at an intersection are defective or are not in operation, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must act as if the intersection were regulated by stop signs for all directions, except where an adequate sign or signal replaces the traffic light.

1986, c. 91, s. 367.

Stop sign.

368. The driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must stop his vehicle when facing a stop sign, and comply with section 360.

Level crossing.

At a level crossing, the driver may proceed only after ascertaining that it is safe to proceed.

1986, c. 91, s. 368; 2004, c. 2, s. 29.

Two-way stop sign.

369. At an intersection regulated by stop signs installed for only one roadway, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle who is facing a stop sign must stop his vehicle and yield the right of way to pedestrians and cyclists crossing the roadway he is about to cross or enter.

1986, c. 91, s. 369.

Four-way stop sign.

370. At an intersection regulated by stop signs for all directions, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must stop his vehicle and yield the right of way to any vehicle having reached the intersection before him. He must also yield the right of way to pedestrians crossing the roadway he is about to cross or enter.

1986, c. 91, s. 370.

Yield sign.

371. The driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle who is facing a “yield” sign must give priority to any vehicle moving in the lane he is about to enter where the vehicle is so close that entering the lane would constitute a hazard.

1986, c. 91, s. 371.

§ 6. —  Signalling

Turn signal.

372. The driver of a road vehicle who is about to make a turn, change lanes, make a U-turn or return to the roadway from the shoulder or a parking area must, after ascertaining that he may do so in safety, signal his intention by means of his turn-signal lights.

1986, c. 91, s. 372.

Manual signals.

373. The driver of a road vehicle exempt from the requirement to be equipped with turn-signal lights, or on which such lights are defective, must signal his intention by manual signals.

Right and left turns.

To make a right turn, he must extend his forearm vertically upwards outside the vehicle and to make a left turn, he must extend his arm horizontally outside the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 373.

Manual stop signal.

374. The driver of a road vehicle exempt from the requirement to be equipped with stop lights, or on which such lights are defective, must signal his intention to stop his vehicle or to reduce its speed by extending his forearm vertically downwards outside the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 374.

Sufficient distance.

375. In cases described in sections 372 to 374, the driver of a road vehicle must signal his intention without interruption for a sufficient distance to avoid endangering the safety of other users of the public highway.

1986, c. 91, s. 375.

Passing signal.

376. The driver of a road vehicle passing another vehicle must signal his intention by means of his turn-signal lights and may also signal his intention by flashing his headlights.

1986, c. 91, s. 376.

Emergency lights.

377. No person may use the flashing emergency lights of a road vehicle except for reasons of safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 377.

Emergency vehicles.

378. The driver of an emergency vehicle shall not operate the flashing or rotating lights, the sound producing device or the traffic-light changing device referred to in section 255 with which his vehicle is equipped except in the performance of his duties and if required by the circumstances.

Exceptions.

In such a case, the driver is not bound to comply with the provisions of section 310, the first paragraph of section 326.1, or of sections 328, 342, 346, 347, 359, 360, 364, 365, 367, 368, 371, 381 to 384 and 386.

1986, c. 91, s. 378; 1990, c. 83, s. 147.

Flashing lights.

379. The driver of a road vehicle shall not operate the flashing or rotating amber lights with which his vehicle is equipped except in the performance of his duties and if so required by the circumstances.

1986, c. 91, s. 379.

DIVISION II 
STOPPING

Unattended child.

380. No person may leave a child under 7 years of age unattended in a road vehicle under his custody.

1986, c. 91, s. 380.

Unattended vehicle.

381. No person may leave unattended a road vehicle that is in his custody without previously removing the ignition key and locking the doors.

1986, c. 91, s. 381.

Provisions applicable.

381.1. In addition to public highways, sections 380 and 381 apply on private roads open to public vehicular traffic, as well as on land occupied by shopping centres and other land where public traffic is allowed.

1990, c. 83, s. 148.

Obstruction by vehicle.

382. Except in case of necessity, no person may stop a road vehicle in such a manner that it will block a sign or signal, obstruct traffic, hinder the performance of work or the maintenance of highways or prevent access to any property.

1986, c. 91, s. 382.

Parking.

383. Unless otherwise indicated by the person responsible for the maintenance of the highway, a road vehicle must be parked not more than 30 centimetres from the near edge of the roadway and facing the same way as the traffic.

Emergency brake.

Where a road vehicle is parked on a slope, the emergency brake must be applied and the front wheels must be turned so that if such vehicle moves ahead of its own momentum, it will do so toward the near edge of the roadway.

Motorcycles.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, a motorcycle or moped may be angle-parked against the near edge of the roadway, in the same direction as the traffic, so that if the vehicle moves of its own momentum it will do so toward the near edge of the roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 383.

Stopping prohibited.

384. No person may stop a road vehicle on the roadway of a public highway where the maximum speed allowed is 70 km/h or more, unless in a case of necessity or when authorized to do so by signs or signals.

1986, c. 91, s. 384; 1990, c. 83, s. 149.

Emergency stopping at night.

385. If the driver of a road vehicle stops his vehicle at night on a roadway out of necessity, the driver must keep his parking lights or flashing emergency lights on, or signal the presence of his vehicle by means of lamps, reflectors or flares visible from not less than 150 metres and used in accordance with the norms prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 385.

Prohibited stopping.

386. Except in cases of necessity or where another provision of this Code permits it, no person may stop a road vehicle

 (1) on a sidewalk or the median strip of a roadway;

 (2) less than 5 metres from a fire hydrant or a stop sign;

 (3) less than 5 metres from a police or fire station, or less than 8 metres from such a building and on the opposite side of the street;

 (4) at an intersection, on a pedestrian crosswalk clearly identified as such and on a level crossing or less than 5 metres therefrom;

 (5) in a loading and unloading zone or a zone reserved exclusively for road vehicles assigned to public transportation, and clearly identified as such;

 (6) on an elevated lane, a bridge or a viaduct, or in a tunnel;

 (7) on a limited access highway, at an entrance to or exit from such a highway or on an access ramp;

 (7.1) in a traffic lane reserved exclusively for certain vehicles;

 (8) in front of a sidewalk ramp specially built for handicapped persons;

 (9) at any place where parking is prohibited by a sign erected in accordance with this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 386; 1987, c. 94, s. 57; 1990, c. 83, s. 150; 1993, c. 42, s. 7.

Handicapped person.

387. Notwithstanding the prohibitions provided in section 386, the driver of a road vehicle used for the transportation of a handicapped person may stop his vehicle to take on or discharge that person, if it can be done in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 387.

Stickers or plates.

388. No person may stop a road vehicle in a parking space reserved for the exclusive use of handicapped persons and identified by signs or signals in compliance with the standards prescribed by the Minister of Transport, unless the vehicle bears:

 (1) an identification sticker issued in accordance with section 11 in the name of the driver, of a person accompanying the driver, or of the institution on whose behalf the person is acting; the sticker must be hung from the rear-view mirror inside the road vehicle in such a manner that the sticker is visible from the outside;

 (2) (subparagraph repealed);

 (3) a sticker, plate or permit displaying the international wheelchair symbol, issued by another administrative authority in Canada or a member country or associate member country of the European Conference of Ministers of Transport.

Peace officer.

Where the vehicle bears a sticker issued pursuant to subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph, the driver or passenger must, on request, hand over to a peace officer, for examination, the certificate of the Société attesting the issue of the sticker.

Application.

In addition to public highways, this section applies on private roads open to public vehicular traffic, as well as on land occupied by shopping centres and other land where public traffic is allowed.

1986, c. 91, s. 388; 1987, c. 94, s. 58; 1990, c. 83, s. 151; 1997, c. 49, s. 7; 2002, c. 29, s. 46; 2004, c. 2, s. 30; 2008, c. 14, s. 43.

Hours of driving and hours of service.

389. No person may exceed or allow another person to exceed the number of hours of driving or hours of service prescribed by regulation with respect to a motor vehicle having a gross vehicle weight rating of 4,500 kg or less, or in violation of the standards, conditions and procedures prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 389; 1987, c. 94, s. 59; 1998, c. 40, s. 94; 2008, c. 14, s. 44.

Impounding.

390. A peace officer may cause any road vehicle stopped in contravention of the provisions of this division to be removed and impounded in the nearest suitable place at the owner's expense.

1986, c. 91, s. 390.

Abandoning of vehicle.

391. No person may abandon a road vehicle on a public highway, on a private road open to public vehicular traffic, as well as on land occupied by shopping centres and other land where public traffic is allowed.

1986, c. 91, s. 391; 1990, c. 83, s. 152.

Impounding.

392. A peace officer may cause any road vehicle abandoned on a highway or on any land referred to in section 391 to be removed and impounded in the nearest suitable place at the owner's expense.

1986, c. 91, s. 392; 1990, c. 83, s. 153.

Tracing of owner.

393. When a peace officer impounds an abandoned vehicle, he must make reasonable inquiries to trace the owner, and notify the Minister of Revenue.

Management of vehicle.

If the owner of an abandoned vehicle has not been found 30 days after the vehicle was impounded, the vehicle is entrusted to the management of the Minister of Revenue, who may dispose of it at will; in such case, the Minister is responsible for ordinary costs of impoundment.

1986, c. 91, s. 393; 2005, c. 44, s. 51.

Private road or land.

394. Sections 391 to 393 also apply to a road vehicle abandoned on a private road or on private land where public access is not authorized, if the owner of that road or land requests a peace officer to remove the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 394; 1990, c. 83, s. 154.

DIVISION III 
SEAT BELTS

395. No person shall drive a road vehicle in which the seat belt or an air bag provided for the driver or for the seat occupied by a passenger is missing or has been modified or rendered inoperative.

1986, c. 91, s. 395; 2010, c. 34, s. 57.

Police wagon.

395.1. Despite section 395, a person is authorized to drive a police wagon in which the seat belt provided for the seat occupied by a passenger has been removed, modified or rendered inoperative.

2008, c. 14, s. 45.

Mandatory use.

396. Every person, except a child referred to in section 397, must, while in a moving road vehicle, wear, properly fastened, the seat belt with which his seat is equipped.

Exceptions.

However, the first paragraph does not apply

 (1) to a person driving his vehicle in reverse;

 (2) to a taxi driver who, in performing his functions, drives his vehicle on a numbered public highway the speed limit of which is established by a municipality or on an unnumbered public highway;

 (3) to a person exempted by the Société from wearing a seat belt in accordance with section 398 of this Code;

 (4) to a person occupying a passenger seat in a police wagon.

Applicability.

This section applies, in addition to public highways, to highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune.

1986, c. 91, s. 396; 1990, c. 83, s. 155; 1998, c. 40, s. 95; 2002, c. 29, s. 47; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35; 2008, c. 14, s. 46.

Restraint system or booster cushion.

397. In a moving road vehicle, every child whose sitting height is less than 63 cm, measured from the seat to the top of the head, must be restrained by a restraint system or booster cushion that complies with the regulations under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Statutes of Canada, 1993, chapter 16). The restraint system or booster cushion must, in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions affixed thereon, be suitable for the child's height and weight and be securely attached to the vehicle.

Exception.

However, the use of a restraint system or booster cushion is not mandatory

 (1) for a child occupying a designated seating position, within the meaning of the regulations under the Motor Vehicle Safety Act, not equipped with a seat belt by the vehicle manufacturer, provided no place equipped with a seat belt is available; or

 (2) for a child exempted from using a restraint system or seat belt by the Société pursuant to section 398.

Taxi.

If the first paragraph cannot be complied with, a child occupying a seat in a taxi or a police car must be restrained by the seat belt with which the seat is equipped, except in the following cases:

 (1) the child is clearly unable to maintain an upright position; or

 (2) the child is exempted from wearing a seat belt by the Société pursuant to section 398.

Applicability.

This section applies, in addition to public highways, to highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune.

1986, c. 91, s. 397; 1998, c. 40, s. 96; 2002, c. 29, s. 48; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35; 2008, c. 14, s. 47.

Certificate.

398. The Société may, on the written recommendation of a medical specialist that the Société may designate by name, issue a certificate exempting a person from wearing a seat belt or using a restraint system, where justified by exceptional medical reasons. The medical specialist shall make the recommendation after examining the person requesting the exemption.

1986, c. 91, s. 398; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 156; 1996, c. 56, s. 85; 2002, c. 29, s. 49.

Validity.

399. A medical exemption certificate is valid for the period determined by the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 399; 1990, c. 83, s. 157; 2002, c. 29, s. 50.

Certificate.

400. To be exempt under a medical exemption certificate, the holder must have the certificate with him and, on request, show it to a peace officer who will return it after completing his examination.

1986, c. 91, s. 400; 2002, c. 29, s. 51.

401. No person may drive a road vehicle carrying a passenger under 16 years of age who does not fulfil the obligations prescribed under this division.

The first paragraph does not apply to taxi, bus or minibus drivers in the performance of their duties. However, an adult passenger accompanying a passenger under 16 years of age in a taxi must ensure that the latter is transported in compliance with the conditions set out in this division.

1986, c. 91, s. 401; 2002, c. 29, s. 52; 2010, c. 34, s. 58.

DIVISION IV 
OTHER RULES RESPECTING VEHICULAR TRAFFIC

Right of way.

402. Unless otherwise directed by a sign or signal, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must, at an intersection or junction, yield the right of way to any vehicle moving on his right on the roadway he is about to cross or enter where the vehicle or cyclist is so close that crossing or entering the roadway would constitute a hazard.

1986, c. 91, s. 402.

Limited access highway.

403. Notwithstanding section 402, the driver of a road vehicle who enters a limited access highway must yield the right of way to a vehicle moving on the highway and that is so close that entering it would constitute a hazard.

1986, c. 91, s. 403.

Entering from private property.

404. The driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle who leaves private property to cross or enter a public highway must yield the right of way to any vehicle or pedestrian moving on the highway.

1986, c. 91, s. 404.

Entering private property.

405. The driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle on a public highway who is about to enter private property must yield the right of way to any road vehicle, cyclist or pedestrian moving on the highway.

1986, c. 91, s. 405.

406. The driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must yield to any emergency vehicle whose lights or sound producing device are in operation by reducing speed, keeping as far to the right as practicable and, if necessary, bringing his vehicle to a standstill.

1986, c. 91, s. 406; 2012, c. 15, s. 13.

406.1. When an emergency vehicle or tow truck with its flashing or rotating lights activated is stopped in a lane of a public highway, the driver of a road vehicle travelling in that lane must reduce speed to avoid endangering human life or safety or any property that is in that lane and, if necessary, stop the vehicle, and switch to the other lane after making sure it can be done safely. In the case of a two-way roadway, the driver must, before switching to the other lane, yield the right of way to any vehicle travelling in the opposite direction.

If the emergency vehicle or tow truck is stopped on the shoulder or on a lane contiguous to the lane in which the driver of the road vehicle is travelling, the driver must, in the following order,

 (1) reduce speed to avoid endangering human life or safety or any property that is on the shoulder or in that other lane;

 (2) change lanes, if there is another lane for travelling in the same direction and after making sure it can be done safely, so as to leave one free lane between the vehicle and the stopped vehicle or, otherwise, put as much distance as possible between the vehicle and the stopped vehicle while remaining in the same lane.

The second paragraph does not apply when the direction of traffic in the driver's lane is opposite that of the lane in which the emergency vehicle or tow truck is stopped.

This section also applies when a road vehicle with an activated yellow arrow light signal directing a lane change is stopped on a public highway. The lane change must be carried out in the direction indicated by the arrow.

2012, c. 15, s. 14.

Bus re-entering lane.

407. On a public highway where the maximum speed allowed is less than 70 km/h, the driver of a road vehicle must yield the right of way to a bus when the driver of the bus is flashing his turn-signal lights for re-entering the lane in which he was moving before he stopped.

Applicability.

The obligation to yield the right of way applies only to drivers of road vehicles moving in the lane that the driver of the bus is about to re-enter.

Turn signal.

The driver of a bus must not flash his turn-signal lights until he is about to re-enter the lane, after ascertaining that he can do so in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 407; 1990, c. 83, s. 158.

408. The driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must yield the right of way to a pedestrian who is crossing a roadway facing a steady, white signal representing a walking figure, or a flashing pedestrian light.

1986, c. 91, s. 408; 2010, c. 34, s. 59.

Pedestrian at intersection.

409. At an intersection regulated by traffic lights, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must yield the right of way to a pedestrian facing a green light.

1986, c. 91, s. 409.

Crosswalk.

410. Where a pedestrian enters a pedestrian crosswalk, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must stop his vehicle to allow the pedestrian to cross the roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 410.

Level crossing.

411. At a level crossing, the driver of a road vehicle or any person riding a bicycle must stop his vehicle not less than 5 metres from the railway where a sign or signal, a lowered gate or a railway employee signals an approaching rail vehicle, or where the driver or cyclist sees or hears a rail vehicle approaching the level crossing.

1986, c. 91, s. 411.

Insufficient space.

412. Even if so authorized by traffic lights, no driver of a road vehicle may enter a level crossing if there is not sufficient space ahead of the vehicle to allow him to cross the level crossing.

1986, c. 91, s. 412.

Level crossing.

413. The driver of a bus, minibus or road vehicle carrying dangerous substances in quantities requiring the display of safety marks, as determined by a regulation under section 622, must stop the vehicle not less than 5 metres from any level crossing; the driver may proceed only after ascertaining that it is safe to proceed.

Exemption.

The driver is exempt from the obligations under the first paragraph at level crossings where so indicated by a sign or signal.

1986, c. 91, s. 413; 2004, c. 2, s. 31.

Exemption.

414. The Minister of Transport may, by an order published in the Gazette officielle du Québec, designate certain level crossings where the driver of a road vehicle referred to in section 413 is exempt from the obligations under the said section.

1986, c. 91, s. 414.

Limited access highway.

415. In no case may the driver of a road vehicle enter or leave a limited access highway except at such entrances or exits as may be determined by the person responsible for its maintenance.

1986, c. 91, s. 415.

Driving in reverse.

416. In no case may the driver of a road vehicle drive his vehicle in reverse on a limited access highway or on an entrance or exit ramp.

1986, c. 91, s. 416.

Driving in reverse.

417. In no case may the driver of a road vehicle drive his vehicle in reverse unless he can do so in safety and without obstructing traffic.

Applicability.

This section applies on private roads open to public vehicular traffic and on land occupied by shopping centres or other land where public traffic is allowed, as weel as on public highways.

1986, c. 91, s. 417; 1996, c. 56, s. 86.

Tolls.

417.1. In no case may a person driving a road vehicle subject to a toll pass through a tollgate without depositing the sum prescribed by a government regulation made under section 43 of the Act respecting roads (chapter V-9).

1992, c. 54, s. 60; 2000, c. 49, s. 26; 2009, c. 48, s. 16.

Toll and fees paid.

417.2. No person may drive a road vehicle on a public road subject to a toll under the Act respecting transport infrastructure partnerships (chapter P-9.001) unless the toll and fees are paid in accordance with that Act.

2009, c. 48, s. 17.

Driving on shoulder.

418. In no case may the driver of a road vehicle drive on the shoulder of a public highway except in case of necessity or unless so directed by a sign or signal.

1986, c. 91, s. 418.

Driving on shoulder.

418.1. Notwithstanding the prohibitions under sections 416 and 418, the driver of a vehicle used in the maintenance of a public highway may, during construction or maintenance work, travel or back up on the shoulder of a public highway, including a limited access highway, and on the entrance and exit ramps of a limited access highway.

2001, c. 21, s. 6.

Restricted vehicular movement.

419. The Minister of Transport may, by an order published in the Gazette officielle du Québec, determine the locations where the movement of all or some road vehicles designated by him is restricted or prohibited by reason of thawing, rain, erosion or flooding and the periods during which such measures apply.

1986, c. 91, s. 419.

Emergency.

420. A peace officer may prohibit access to a public highway to all or certain road vehicles if so justified by an emergency.

1986, c. 91, s. 420.

Prohibition.

421. No person may drive a vehicle to which a restrictive or prohibitive measure under section 419 or 420 applies, during such periods and in such locations as are determined under the said sections.

1986, c. 91, s. 421.

Prohibition.

421.1. No person may drive on a public highway a road vehicle exempted from registration under any of paragraphs 6 to 8 of section 14 or under section 15, or carrying a registration plate of the category prescribed by regulation, issued for road vehicles used exclusively on private land or roads and not intended to be driven on public highways.

Exception.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, the driver of such a vehicle, except a motorized scooter and a vehicle with metal caterpillar tracks other than an off-highway trail maintenance vehicle referred to in section 35 of the Act respecting off-highway vehicles (chapter V-1.2), is authorized to cross a public highway, other than a limited access highway.

Operation.

A self-propelled aerial basket may be operated at the location where it is used to perform work but must be transported or towed to and from such a place.

1987, c. 94, s. 60; 1990, c. 83, s. 159; 1996, c. 56, s. 87; 1996, c. 60, s. 75; 2001, c. 21, s. 7; 2004, c. 2, s. 32; 2014, c. 12, s. 46.

Racing.

422. No person may drive a road vehicle in a race with another vehicle, or for a wager or a stake except in the case of a rally conducted in conformity with the standards prescribed in a regulation made or approved by the Minister of Education, Recreation and Sports pursuant to the Act respecting safety in sports (chapter S-3.1).

1986, c. 91, s. 422; 1997, c. 79, s. 44; 1999, c. 43, s. 13; 2003, c. 19, s. 250; 2005, c. 28, s. 196.

422.1. A peace officer shall immediately suspend, on behalf of the Société and for a period of seven days, the licence issued under section 61 of any person driving a road vehicle in contravention of section 422.

If the person does not hold a licence or holds a licence issued by another administrative authority, the peace officer shall immediately suspend, on behalf of the Société and for a period of seven days, the person's right to obtain a learner's licence, a probationary licence or a driver's licence.

The suspension period is increased to 30 days in the case of a person who was convicted of an offence under section 422 during the 10 years before the suspension.

2010, c. 34, s. 60.

422.2. The driver of a road vehicle whose licence or right to obtain a licence is suspended under section 422.1 may obtain the lifting of the suspension by a judge of the Court of Québec acting in chambers in civil matters after proving that he was not driving the vehicle in a race with another vehicle or for a wager or a stake.

2010, c. 34, s. 60.

422.3. Sections 202.6.1 and 202.7, the second paragraph of section 209.11 and section 209.12 apply, with the necessary modifications, to the licence suspension under section 422.1.

2010, c. 34, s. 60.

422.4. In the case of a person who contravenes section 422, the peace officer, on behalf of the Société and at the owner's expense, shall immediately seize the road vehicle and impound it for seven days if the person was not convicted of an offence under section 422 during the 10 years before the licence suspension under section 422.1, or for 30 days if the person was convicted of such an offence during that period.

Sections 209.3 to 209.10 apply to the seizure, with the necessary modifications.

2010, c. 34, s. 60.

422.5. The owner of the road vehicle seized may, on the authorization of a judge of the Court of Québec acting in chambers in civil matters, recover his vehicle

 (1) if he could not reasonably have foreseen that the driver would drive the vehicle in a race with another vehicle or for a wager or a stake, or had not consented to the driver being in possession of the vehicle; or

 (2) if he was the driver and was not driving the vehicle in a race with another vehicle or for a wager or a stake.

If the person obtains the release of the seizure under the first paragraph, the Société lifts the suspension of the licence or of the right to obtain a licence imposed under section 422.1.

The second paragraph of section 209.11 and sections 209.11.1, 209.12, 209.13 and 209.15 apply, with the necessary modifications.

2010, c. 34, s. 60.

White lights at rear.

423. Subject to section 224, no person may drive a road vehicle equipped with turned on white lights projecting a light beam toward the rear.

1986, c. 91, s. 423.

Use of headlights.

424. The driver of a road vehicle must, at night or whenever atmospheric conditions require it, turn on the headlights and integrated lights of his vehicle.

Bicycles.

The first paragraph also applies to the person riding a bicycle with respect to the lights with which his bicycle must be equipped.

1986, c. 91, s. 424.

Dimming of lights.

425. The driver of a road vehicle must dim the lights on the front of his vehicle when he is less than 150 metres from a vehicle approaching in the opposite direction, when he is less than 150 metres behind another vehicle that he is following or when he is moving on a highway that is sufficiently lighted.

1986, c. 91, s. 425.

Number of passengers.

426. The driver of a road vehicle built after 1973 may not carry more passengers than there are seating positions equipped with seat belts installed by the manufacturer.

Number of passengers.

If the seating positions in a road vehicle are not all equipped with seat belts installed by the manufacturer, the driver of the vehicle may not carry more passengers than there are seats available for passengers to sit.

Exceptions.

In the case of a bus that is not used for the transportation of school children, the driver may carry more passengers than there are seats available

 (1) where the bus is used in an urban area; or

 (2) where the bus is used outside an urban area, provided that there is no more than one passenger in excess of the number of available seats for each row of seats.

1986, c. 91, s. 426; 1987, c. 94, s. 61; 2000, c. 64, s. 13.

Passengers in front seat.

427. No person may drive a road vehicle if the front seat is occupied by more than three persons or if more than two persons are seated in the front of a vehicle equipped with chair seats.

1986, c. 91, s. 427.

Trailer in motion.

428. No person may occupy a trailer or semi-trailer in motion or tolerate such practice.

Parades.

Where a trailer or a semi-trailer is specially designed and equipped for the transportation of persons, it may be used for that purpose in parades or other popular events provided the highway used is closed to all other traffic.

1986, c. 91, s. 428.

Vehicle in motion.

429. No person may get on, in, off or out of a road vehicle in motion or tolerate such practice.

1986, c. 91, s. 429.

Opening of doors.

430. No person may open the door of a road vehicle until the vehicle is stopped and he has ascertained that it can be done in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 430.

Open door.

431. No person may leave the door of a road vehicle open except to take on or discharge passengers or to load or unload property.

1986, c. 91, s. 431.

Bus passengers.

432. The driver of a bus or minibus must, when taking on or discharging passengers, stop his vehicle on the extreme right of the roadway or in the zones provided for that purpose.

1986, c. 91, s. 432.

Running board.

433. No person may ride on the running board or on any outer part of a vehicle in motion, or ride in the box or dump body of a vehicle in motion, or tolerate such a practice.

Exception.

However, a person may, in order to perform his duties, stand on any outer part of a vehicle designed for such use.

1986, c. 91, s. 433; 1996, c. 56, s. 88.

434. No person may hang on to, or be pulled or pushed by, a moving road vehicle, and no driver may tolerate such a practice.

1986, c. 91, s. 434; 2002, c. 29, s. 53; 2010, c. 34, s. 61.

434.0.1. No person may hang on to, or be pulled or pushed by, a moving power-assisted bicycle, and no cyclist may tolerate such a practice.

2010, c. 34, s. 62.

434.1. Sections 433 and 434 apply on public highways, on highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, on private roads open to public vehicular traffic and on land occupied by shopping centres or other land where public traffic is allowed.

2010, c. 34, s. 62.

434.2. A peace officer shall immediately suspend, on behalf of the Société and for a period of seven days, the licence issued under section 61 of any person who contravenes section 433 or 434.

If the person does not hold a licence or holds a licence issued by another administrative authority, the peace officer shall immediately suspend, on behalf of the Société and for a period of seven days, the person's right to obtain a learner's licence, a probationary licence or a driver's licence.

The suspension period is increased to 30 days in the case of a person who was convicted of an offence under section 433 or 434 during the 10 years before the suspension.

2010, c. 34, s. 62.

434.3. A person, other than the driver, whose licence or right to obtain a licence is suspended under section 434.2 may obtain the lifting of the suspension by a judge of the Court of Québec acting in chambers in civil matters after proving that he did not contravene section 433 or 434.

The driver of a road vehicle whose licence or right to obtain a licence is suspended under section 434.2 may obtain the lifting of the suspension by a judge of the Court of Québec acting in chambers in civil matters after proving that he did not tolerate the contravention of section 433 or 434.

2010, c. 34, s. 62.

434.4. Sections 202.6.1 and 202.7, the second paragraph of section 209.11 and section 209.12 apply, with the necessary modifications, to a licence suspension under section 434.2.

2010, c. 34, s. 62.

434.5. In the case of a person who contravenes section 433 or 434, the peace officer, on behalf of the Société and at the owner's expense, shall immediately seize the road vehicle and impound it for seven days if the person was not convicted of an offence under section 433 or 434 during the 10 years before the licence suspension under section 434.2, or for 30 days if the person was convicted of such an offence during that period.

Sections 209.3 to 209.10 apply to the seizure, with the necessary modifications.

2010, c. 34, s. 62.

434.6. The owner of the road vehicle seized may, on the authorization of a judge of the Court of Québec acting in chambers in civil matters, recover his vehicle

 (1) if he was not one of the offenders and could not reasonably have foreseen that a person would contravene section 433 or 434;

 (2) if he was one of the offenders, other than the driver, and establishes that he did not contravene section 433 or 434; or

 (3) if he was the driver of the vehicle and did not tolerate the contravention of section 433 or 434.

If the person obtains the release of the seizure under the first paragraph, the Société lifts the suspension of the licence or of the right to obtain a licence imposed under section 434.2.

The second paragraph of section 209.11 and sections 209.11.1, 209.12, 209.13 and 209.15 apply, with the necessary modifications.

2010, c. 34, s. 62.

Squealing of tires.

435. The driver of a road vehicle shall not make his tires squeal, except in case of necessity.

Application.

In addition to public highways, this section applies on private roads open to public vehicular traffic, as well as on land occupied by shopping centres and other land where public traffic is allowed.

1986, c. 91, s. 435; 1990, c. 83, s. 160.

Sudden stop.

436. The driver of a road vehicle shall not brake suddenly, unless compelled to do so for safety reasons.

1986, c. 91, s. 436.

Towing.

437. No person may use a road vehicle for drawing another road vehicle the wheels of which remain on the ground, unless the vehicle is firmly held by a bar.

1986, c. 91, s. 437.

437.1. No person may draw a trailer or semi-trailer without using an appropriate coupling device. Furthermore, the lights and brake system and the chain, cable or other safety device on the trailer or semi-trailer must be connected to the towing vehicle and be in proper working condition. The safety device of a trailer or semi-trailer that is not equipped with an independent brake system must, in addition, be installed in such a way that the trailer or semi-trailer follows the path of the towing vehicle and the drawbar would not touch the ground were the coupling device to break.

Exception.

However, the obligations concerning the braking system referred to in the first paragraph do not apply to a tow truck which, on the request of a peace officer or for safety reasons, must move a trailer or semi-trailer that has a damaged braking system to the nearest safe area.

1990, c. 83, s. 161; 1998, c. 40, s. 98; 2010, c. 34, s. 63.

Combination of road vehicles.

437.2. No person may draw a combination of road vehicles unless, at the request of a peace officer or for safety reasons, the combination of road vehicles must be moved to the nearest safe area.

1998, c. 40, s. 98.

Damaged vehicle.

438. No person may remove or tow a damaged road vehicle, unless he also removes any object detached from it.

1986, c. 91, s. 438.

Television screen.

439. No person may drive a road vehicle in which a television set or a display screen is so placed that the image broadcast on the screen is directly or indirectly visible to the driver, except in the cases or on the conditions determined by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 439; 1996, c. 56, s. 89; 2001, c. 60, s. 166; 2002, c. 69, s. 124; 1999, c. 66, s. 10.

439.1. No person may, while driving a road vehicle, use a hand-held device that includes a telephone function.

For the purposes of this section, a driver who is holding a hand-held device that includes a telephone function is presumed to be using the device.

This prohibition does not apply to drivers of emergency vehicles in the performance of their duties.

The first paragraph does not apply to a two-way radio, that is to say a cordless voice communication device which does not allow the parties to speak simultaneously.

The Minister may, by order, determine other situations or types of devices to which the prohibition set out in the first paragraph does not apply.

2007, c. 40, s. 58; 2012, c. 15, s. 15.

Headphones.

440. In no case may the driver of a road vehicle or person riding a bicycle use headphones or earphones.

Exception.

This section does not apply to a device used in conversational exchanges among its users to the extent that the device allows surrounding traffic noises to be heard.

1986, c. 91, s. 440.

Winter tires.

440.1. Between 15 December and 15 March, the owner of a taxi or a passenger vehicle registered in Québec may not put the vehicle into operation unless it is equipped with tires specifically designed for winter driving, in compliance with the standards prescribed by government regulation. The prohibition also applies to any person renting out passenger vehicles not equipped with that type of tires.

Regulation.

The government regulation may also prescribe

 (1) the cases in which the prohibition in the first paragraph does not apply;

 (2) the cases in which the prohibition in the first paragraph is replaced by the obligation to obtain a certificate authorizing a taxi owner or person who owns or rents out a passenger vehicle to put the vehicle into operation in Québec without equipping it with tires specifically designed for winter driving, and the formalities required for obtaining the certificate;

 (3) who may issue the certificate provided for in subparagraph 2.

Exemption.

Despite the second paragraph, the Minister may, by order, exclude from the application of the first paragraph persons who own or rent out vehicles for which there are no tires specifically designed for winter driving. The publication requirement set out in section 8 of the Regulations Act (chapter R-18.1) does not apply to such an order. The order comes into force on the date of its publication in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

2007, c. 40, s. 59; 2008, c. 14, s. 48.

Tire studs.

441. No person may drive a road vehicle on which a tire is equipped with non-skid studs or with any other device that may damage the roadway.

Exception.

The Minister of Transport may, by an order published in the Gazette officielle du Québec, authorize, under the conditions and for the period he determines, the use of certain types of non-skid devices for such road vehicles as he may designate.

1986, c. 91, s. 441.

Obstruction of view.

442. No person may drive a road vehicle in which a passenger, an animal or an object is so placed as to obstruct the driver's view or to interfere with the proper handling of the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 442.

Alcohol.

443. No occupant of a road vehicle may drink alcoholic beverages therein.

Application.

In addition to public highways, this section applies on private roads open to public vehicular traffic, as well as on land occupied by shopping centres and other land where public traffic is allowed.

1986, c. 91, s. 443; 1990, c. 83, s. 162.

CHAPTER III 
SPECIAL PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO PEDESTRIANS

444. At an intersection where there are pedestrian lights, pedestrians must comply therewith.

A pedestrian facing a steady, white signal representing a walking figure may cross the roadway.

A pedestrian facing a steady, orange hand signal may in no case start across the roadway.

A pedestrian facing a flashing signal and having started across the roadway must proceed quickly to the sidewalk or safety zone.

When facing a flashing signal with a countdown display, a pedestrian may only start crossing the roadway if he is able to reach the other sidewalk or the safety zone before the signal changes to the orange hand signal.

1986, c. 91, s. 444; 2010, c. 34, s. 64.

Traffic lights.

445. Where there are no pedestrian lights, pedestrians must comply with the traffic lights.

1986, c. 91, s. 445.

No intersection.

446. At a pedestrian crosswalk not situated at an intersection regulated by traffic lights, a pedestrian must, before crossing the roadway, ascertain that he can do so in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 446.

Right of way.

447. Where there are no clearly identified intersections or pedestrian crosswalks in the immediate area, a pedestrian crossing a public highway must yield the right of way to the road vehicles and cyclists moving on it.

1986, c. 91, s. 447.

Standing on roadway.

448. No pedestrian may stand on the roadway to solicit transportation or to deal with the occupant of a vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 448.

Standing on roadway.

449. No pedestrian may solicit transportation where passing is prohibited.

1986, c. 91, s. 449.

Use of crosswalk.

450. If there is an intersection or a pedestrian crosswalk nearby, a pedestrian may cross a public highway only at such a place.

1986, c. 91, s. 450.

451. A pedestrian must cross the roadway perpendicularly to its axis. A pedestrian may cross the roadway diagonally only if authorized to do so by a peace officer or school crossing guard, or by a sign or signal.

1986, c. 91, s. 451; 1996, c. 56, s. 90; 2010, c. 34, s. 66; 2012, c. 15, s. 16.

Sidewalk.

452. Where there is a sidewalk bordering the roadway, a pedestrian must use it.

Walking on roadway.

Where it is impossible to use the sidewalk, a pedestrian may walk alongside the curb on the roadway after ascertaining that he can do so in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 452.

No sidewalk.

453. Where there is no sidewalk bordering a roadway, a pedestrian must walk along the side of the roadway and in the direction opposite to that of vehicular traffic after ascertaining that he can do so in safety.

1986, c. 91, s. 453.

Limited access highway.

453.1. No pedestrian may walk along a limited access highway or along any of its entrance or exit ways, except in a case of necessity. He way, however, cross such a highway at any intersection where traffic lights are installed.

1990, c. 83, s. 163.

CHAPTER IV 
SPECIAL PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO CERTAIN VEHICLES

DIVISION I 
VEHICLES USED FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF SCHOOL CHILDREN

Applicability.

454. This division applies to the transportation of school children except transportation carried out under a permit issued to that effect by the Commission des transports du Québec and for which a bus or a minibus other than a bus or a minibus used for the transportation of school children within the meaning of a government regulation made under the Transport Act (chapter T-12) may be used.

1986, c. 91, s. 454.

Seated passengers.

455. The driver of a bus or minibus used for the transportation of school children shall ascertain that every person is seated before setting his vehicle in motion and remains seated while it is in motion.

1986, c. 91, s. 455.

Flashing red lights.

456. The driver of a bus or minibus used for the transportation of school children must, when stopping to take on or discharge persons, give warning by turning on the flashing red lights and activate the compulsory stop signal referred to in section 229 and keep them in operation until the persons have reached safety.

Exception.

The first paragraph does not apply to such a vehicle when it is used exclusively for transporting school children who require a wheelchair.

1986, c. 91, s. 456; 1993, c. 42, s. 8; 2008, c. 14, s. 49.

Single file.

457. Where two or more buses or minibuses used for the transportation of school children are stopped in single file and the driver of one of the vehicles is taking on or discharging persons, the driver of every following bus or minibus must turn on the flashing red lights of his own vehicle and activate the compulsory stop signal.

1986, c. 91, s. 457; 1993, c. 42, s. 9; 2008, c. 14, s. 50.

Restricted use of lights or stop signal.

458. The driver of a bus or minibus used for the transportation of school children shall not turn on the flashing red lights of his vehicle or activate the compulsory stop signal except in the circumstances set out in sections 456 and 457.

1986, c. 91, s. 458; 1993, c. 42, s. 10; 2008, c. 14, s. 51.

Prohibited use of lights or stop signal.

459. No person may operate the flashing red lights of a vehicle or activate the compulsory stop signal when the vehicle is not used to carry out transportation to which this division applies.

1986, c. 91, s. 459; 1993, c. 42, s. 11; 2008, c. 14, s. 52.

Obligation to stop.

460. The driver of a road vehicle who is approaching a bus or minibus used for the transportation of school children with flashing red lights turned on or whose compulsory stop signal has been activated must stop his vehicle more than 5 metres from the bus or minibus and shall not proceed in either direction until the flashing red lights are turned off and the compulsory stop signal has been retracted, and he ascertains that he can do so in safety.

Median strip.

The first paragraph does not apply to a road vehicle meeting a bus or minibus used for the transportation of school children on an adjacent roadway separated by a median strip or by any other raised physical separation.

1986, c. 91, s. 460; 1993, c. 42, s. 12; 2008, c. 14, s. 53.

Applicability.

461. The second paragraph of section 426 and sections 455 to 460 apply, at all times, to the transportation of persons under 18 years of age by bus or minibus usually used for the transportation of school children within the meaning of a government regulation made under the Transport Act (chapter T-12).

1986, c. 91, s. 461; 2000, c. 64, s. 14.

DIVISION II 
OUTSIZED AND LOADED VEHICLES

Interpretation.

462. For the purposes of this division and unless the context indicates otherwise,

“axle load”;

 (1) “axle load” means the mass measured under the wheels of an axle or of the axles included in a class established by regulation or, where there is no axle, the mass measured under the wheel assemblies in lieu of axles and included in such a class, resulting from the distribution on such wheels of the mass of a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles, including accessories, equipment and load;

“total loaded mass”;

 (2) “total loaded mass” means the mass of a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles, including accessories, equipment and load;

“outsized vehicle”;

 (3) “outsized vehicle” means

(a)  a road vehicle or a combination of road vehicles the axle load, the total loaded mass, or one dimension of which does not conform to the standards established by regulation; or

(b)  a combination of road vehicles made up of more than four motorized road vehicles or chassis of motor vehicles, or of more than three vehicles, a detachable axle supporting a semi-trailer not being considered when calculating the number of vehicles making up the combination.

Axle load.
The axle load may be expressed as the sum of the units of mass measured under each outside wheel or under each wheel of an axle or of the axles included in one category.

Total loaded mass.

The total loaded mass may be expressed as the aggregate of the axle loads.

1986, c. 91, s. 462; 1990, c. 83, s. 164; 1993, c. 42, s. 13; 1995, c. 25, s. 7.

Special permit.

463. No owner or lessee of an outsized vehicle or operator subject to Title VIII.1 who is responsible for an outsized vehicle may allow that vehicle to be driven before he has obtained a special permit issued for that purpose.

Formalities.

The special permit shall be issued on the conditions and subject to the formalities established by regulation and on payment of the duties and fees prescribed by regulation. However, no special permit may be issued by the Société except to authorize the driving of a vehicle that is outsized because of its construction, the addition of equipment, its forming a road train, or of the indivisible nature of its load.

Exceptional circumstances.

Where the applicant cannot meet the conditions referred to in the second paragraph and where justified by exceptional circumstances, a special permit may be issued by the Minister under section 633 on the conditions and on payment of the duties fixed by him.

1986, c. 91, s. 463; 1987, c. 94, s. 63; 1990, c. 83, s. 165; 1993, c. 42, s. 14; 1998, c. 40, s. 99; 2008, c. 14, s. 54.

Special permit.

464. No person may drive an outsized vehicle unless he carries with him the special permit.

1986, c. 91, s. 464.

not in force
Escort service.

464.1. No person other than the holder of an escort permit may provide escort service for an outsized vehicle required to travel under escort by the conditions attached to the special permit authorizing it to be driven.

1990, c. 83, s. 166.

not in force
Escort permit.

464.2. Every driver of a vehicle escorting an outsized vehicle in the circumstances described in section 464.1 must carry an escort permit with him.

1990, c. 83, s. 166.

Damage to highways.

465. The holder of a special permit is liable for any damage caused to the public highways as a result of the use of an outsized vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 465.

Weighing or measurement.

466. Where a peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a road vehicle or a combination of road vehicles is an outsized vehicle, he may stop the vehicle or combination of vehicles and require the driver to allow it to be weighed or, as the case may be, facilitate its measurement.

Other location.

Furthermore, the peace officer may require the vehicle or combination of vehicles to be driven to a location where it can be weighed or measured, provided it is not over 15 kilometres from the place of interception.

1986, c. 91, s. 466; 1990, c. 83, s. 167.

Approved devices.

467. The axle load and the total loaded mass of a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles are determined by means of devices designed for that purpose, approved by the Minister of Transport and used in the manner he determines.

Proof.

The fact that a measuring device has been approved by the Minister of Transport and used in the manner he has determined is proof, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, that the device has determined accurately the mass under a wheel, the axle load or the total loaded mass at the time the offence is alleged to have been committed.

1986, c. 91, s. 467; 1990, c. 83, s. 168.

Temporary impounding.

468. Where a peace officer has established that a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles is an outsized vehicle, he may require it to be driven to a suitable place and held at the expense of the owner, or of the operator in the case of a heavy vehicle, until it is made to conform to the norms of this Code, or until the driver in possession of a special permit.

Compliance.

Every driver must comply with the peace officer's requirement.

1986, c. 91, s. 468; 1990, c. 83, s. 169; 1996, c. 56, s. 91; 1998, c. 40, s. 100.

Removed load.

469. The part of the load removed to bring an outsized vehicle into conformity with this Code remains the responsibility of the operator of a heavy vehicle or the owner of the load.

1986, c. 91, s. 469; 1998, c. 40, s. 101.

470. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 470; 1990, c. 83, s. 170; 1998, c. 40, s. 102.

Inspection station.

470.1. When required to do so by a peace officer or by a sign or signal, the driver of a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles must drive it to an inspection station and facilitate such inspection as may be required under this Code.

Pre-selected equipment.

In zones where traffic signs or signals announce the presence of an inspection station that uses equipment to pre-select road vehicles to be inspected, the driver of a road vehicle or a combination of road vehicles designated by the signs or signals must use the right lane where the sensors are placed, unless otherwise indicated.

Applicability.

The first paragraph does not apply to the driver of an emergency vehicle used during a disaster within the meaning of paragraph d of section 1 of the Act respecting the protection of persons and property in the event of disaster (chapter P-38.1) or to the driver of a vehicle used to return to the starting point.

1999, c. 66, s. 11; 2002, c. 29, s. 54; 2008, c. 14, s. 55.

Carrying of load.

471. No person may drive or allow to be driven a road vehicle carrying a load

 (1) that is not solidly secured or adequately covered so as to prevent any part of the load from moving or detaching itself from the vehicle;

 (2) that is placed, secured or covered in a manner that reduces the driver's field of vision or blocks the lights of the vehicle;

 (3) that is placed, secured or covered in a manner that interferes with the stability or handling of the vehicle;

 (4) that is not placed, secured or covered in accordance with the regulation respecting the securing of loads.

Applicability.

Subparagraphs 1, 2 and 3 apply on highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune.

1986, c. 91, s. 471; 1990, c. 83, s. 171; 1998, c. 40, s. 103; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35.

Hazard.

472. Where a peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the load of a road vehicle may present a hazard, he may require that the vehicle be impounded in a suitable place, at the expense of the owner or the operator of a heavy vehicle until the situation has been corrected.

Compliance.

Every driver must comply with the peace officer's requirement.

1986, c. 91, s. 472; 1996, c. 56, s. 92; 1998, c. 40, s. 104.

473. No owner or lessee of a road vehicle or operator of a heavy vehicle shall allow a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles to be operated if its load or equipment exceeds its width, including the width of its mandatory accessories, or exceeds its length by more than 1 metre at the front or 2 metres at the rear.

However, a special permit may be issued

 (1) to authorize equipment or a load of an indivisible nature where the person meets the requirements of a regulation under paragraph 20 of section 621 ;

 (2) to authorize equipment or any load where the person meets the conditions of an authorization by the Minister under section 633.

Subject to the conditions the Government may set by regulation, this section does not apply to equipment on a tool vehicle, an impact attenuator mounted on a road vehicle when the vehicle is used as a protection vehicle, or equipment on a public utility vehicle.

For the purposes of the third paragraph, a public utility vehicle is a road vehicle designed and equipped to provide essential services to a community, including a vehicle used for the maintenance of public highways and of parks, for garbage collection or for the maintenance of a power distribution system.

1986, c. 91, s. 473; 1990, c. 83, s. 172; 1993, c. 42, s. 15; 1998, c. 40, s. 105; 2008, c. 14, s. 56; 2010, c. 34, s. 67.

Prohibition.

473.1. No person may drive a vehicle or combination of vehicles referred to in section 473 unless he carries with him a special permit for that purpose.

1990, c. 83, s. 172.

Confiscation.

473.2. Within the scope of the powers conferred on him by virtue of sections 466, 468 and 472, a peace officer may demand the registration certificate and remove the registration plates of a vehicle. The driver is bound to comply without delay with these requirements.

Duration.

The peace officer shall issue a receipt to the driver of the vehicle. He shall keep the confiscated documents if the situation may be corrected within a reasonable time, and shall in other cases hand them over to the Société.

Return of documents.

The peace officer or the Société, as the case may be, must return the documents to the driver or to the owner of the vehicle as soon as the situation is corrected in accordance with the law.

1990, c. 83, s. 172.

Red flag or reflector panel.

474. No person may drive a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles whose load or equipment extends beyond the rear of the road vehicle or combination of road vehicles by more than 1 metre at its farthest point unless a red flag or a reflector panel, and, at night, a red light visible from behind and from the sides for not less than 150 metres is installed at the farthest point. The flag or reflector panel and their installation must comply with any standards that may be prescribed by regulation.

Amber light.

The devices required under the first paragraph may be replaced by an amber light that meets the standards prescribed by regulation.

The first paragraph also applies to the operation of a tool vehicle whose equipment extends beyond the front or rear of the vehicle by more than one metre. The prescribed signs or signals must be visible from the front or the rear, as applicable, and from the sides from a distance of not less than 150 metres. If the equipment extends beyond the front of the vehicle, the light must be amber. If part of the equipment extends beyond the vehicle by more than 1.5 metres, an escort vehicle must precede or follow the vehicle, as the case may be, at a distance of not more than 50 metres with its hazard lights flashing.

The equipment is considered to extend beyond the tool vehicle when it has a point or a sharp edge that extends by at least 30 cm beyond the front or the rear of the vehicle. The starting point for measuring the part of the equipment that extends beyond the front or the rear of the tool vehicle is the end of the mast or boom to which the fork, bucket or other tool is attached.

No person may drive a tool vehicle on a public highway unless the vehicle's equipment is in a retracted position.

The third and fifth paragraphs do not apply when the vehicle is being used to carry out work on a public highway.

1986, c. 91, s. 474; 1990, c. 83, s. 173; 1996, c. 56, s. 93; 2008, c. 14, s. 57; 2010, c. 34, s. 68.

Dangerous substance.

474.1. Where a peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a road vehicle is used for the transportation of a dangerous substance, the peace officer may stop the vehicle and inspect it.

Documents.

The driver of the vehicle must, at the peace officer's request, surrender for examination the documents prescribed by regulation concerning the vehicle's load and the documents establishing the driver's qualifications for the transportation of dangerous substances.

Documents.

The peace officer shall return the documents prescribed by regulation to the driver of the road vehicle after examination.

2002, c. 29, s. 55.

Impounding of vehicle.

474.2. Where a peace officer ascertains that an offence against a regulation respecting the transportation of dangerous substances has been committed, the peace officer may order that the road vehicle transporting a dangerous substance be driven to a suitable place and impounded at the owner's expense until the person responsible for the vehicle or for its load complies with the regulation.

Compliance with order.

The driver must comply with the peace officer's order without delay.

Owner's responsibility.

The vehicle and its load remain the responsibility of their owner.

2002, c. 29, s. 55.

475. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 475; 1990, c. 83, s. 174; 1998, c. 40, s. 106.

476. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 476; 1996, c. 56, s. 94; 1998, c. 40, s. 106.

DIVISION III 
MOTORCYCLES, MOPEDS AND BICYCLES

Position of motorcyclist.

477. The driver of a motorcycle or moped must remain seated on the seat and keep hold of the handlebars.

Position of cyclist.

A person riding a bicycle must sit astride the bicycle and keep hold of the handlebars.

1986, c. 91, s. 477.

Riding between lines of vehicles.

478. No person may drive a motorcycle or a moped or ride a bicycle between two lines of vehicles moving on contiguous lanes.

1986, c. 91, s. 478.

Limited access highway.

479. No person may drive a motorcycle equipped with a motor having a piston displacement of not over 125 cc or a moped or ride a bicycle or any other non-motorized vehicle on a limited access highway or on an entrance or exit ramps.

1986, c. 91, s. 479.

Passenger on motorcycle.

480. No driver of a motorcycle or moped may carry any other person thereon unless his vehicle is equipped with permanently fixed seats designed for that purpose and with foot-rests fixed on each side of the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 480.

Moped.

480.1. No person under 16 years of age may carry a passenger on a moped.

2007, c. 40, s. 60.

Position of passenger.

481. The passenger of a motorcycle or moped shall be seated facing the handlebars and with both feet on the foot-rests while the vehicle is in motion.

Prohibition.

No person shall drive a motorcycle or a moped if the passenger is not complying with the requirements of the first paragraph.

1986, c. 91, s. 481; 2000, c. 64, s. 15.

Headlight.

482. The driver of a motorcycle or moped must keep the white headlight of his vehicle on at all times.

1986, c. 91, s. 482.

Zigzag formation.

483. Drivers of motorcycles or mopeds driving in groups of two or more in one traffic lane must drive in zigzag formation.

1986, c. 91, s. 483.

Helmet.

484. Every person riding on a motorcycle or moped or in a sidecar must wear a protective helmet that complies with the standards prescribed by regulation.

Examination.

Such persons must, if so requested by a peace officer, allow him to examine their protective helmets.

Passenger under 16.

No person may drive a road vehicle carrying a passenger under 16 years of age who does not fulfil the obligations imposed on him by this section.

1986, c. 91, s. 484; 1990, c. 83, s. 175.

Passenger on bicycle.

485. No person riding a bicycle may take a passenger unless his vehicle is equipped with a fixed seat for that purpose.

1986, c. 91, s. 485.

Single file.

486. When riding in groups of two or more, cyclists must keep in single file; in no case may such a file be composed of more than 15 cyclists.

1986, c. 91, s. 486.

487. Every person on a bicycle must ride on the extreme right-hand side of the roadway in the same direction as traffic, except when about to make a left turn, when travel against the traffic is authorized or in cases of necessity.

1986, c. 91, s. 487; 1990, c. 83, s. 176; 2010, c. 34, s. 69.

Compliance with signals.

488. All cyclists must comply with all traffic signs and signals.

1986, c. 91, s. 488.

Alcohol.

489. No person may drink alcoholic beverages while riding a bicycle.

1986, c. 91, s. 489.

Hand signals.

490. Every person riding a bicycle must signal his intention without interruption for a sufficient distance so as not to endanger the safety of other users of the public highway and must

 (1) to stop or reduce speed, extend his left forearm vertically downwards;

 (2) to make a right turn, extend his left forearm vertically upwards or extend his right arm horizontally;

 (3) to make a left turn, extend his left arm horizontally.

1986, c. 91, s. 490.

Prohibition.

491. Subject to section 479, no person may ride a bicycle on a public highway on which the maximum speed allowed is over 50 km/h unless

 (1) he uses a cycle lane separated from the roadway and specially laid out to prevent vehicles from crossing over from the roadway to the cycle lane or vice versa, or having that effect;

 (2) he is 12 years of age or over; or

 (3) he is taking part in an excursion led by a person of full age.

1986, c. 91, s. 491; 1996, c. 56, s. 95.

492. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 492; 1990, c. 83, s. 179; 2002, c. 29, s. 56; 2010, c. 34, s. 70.

Sidewalk.

492.1. In no case may the driver of a motorcycle or moped or a person riding a bicycle drive or ride on a sidewalk except where necessary or where so directed by a sign.

1987, c. 94, s. 64.

Power-assisted bicycle.

492.2. A person may not ride a power-assisted bicycle on a public highway unless

 (1) the person is 18 years of age or over or, if not, the person holds a licence to drive a moped and complies with the conditions and restrictions attached to the licence;

 (2) the person wears a protective helmet that is in conformity with the standards established by regulation;

 (3) the bicycle bears the manufacturer's label required by the regulations made pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Statutes of Canada, 1993, chapter 16) in the case of a bicycle sold to its first user as a power-assisted bicycle, or the bicycle motor bears the label required under section 274.2 in the case of a bicycle converted into a power-assisted bicycle;

 (4) the bicycle is in conformity with the standards, other than the standard referred to in paragraph 3, applicable to power-assisted bicycles provided for in this Code and in the regulations made pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Safety Act.

2002, c. 29, s. 57.

Non-motorized scooter.

492.3.  No person may ride a non-motorized scooter on a public highway at night unless the scooter is equipped with at least one white reflector or white reflective material at the front, one red reflector or red reflective material at the rear and one red reflector or red reflective material on each side, as close to the rear as practicable.

Exemption.

A person riding a non-motorized scooter is exempted from the application of the first paragraph if the person wears clothing or an accessory having reflective material visible to other road users.

2002, c. 29, s. 57.

CHAPTER V 
SPECIAL PROVISIONS RESPECTING ANIMALS

Animals on highways.

493. No person may allow farm animals on or across a public highway unless the animals are escorted by two persons, each of them holding a red flag in full view.

Exception.

The Government may, by regulation, determine conditions under which a person may allow farm animals across a public highway without being required to comply with the first paragraph.

1986, c. 91, s. 493.

Nighttime.

494. No person may allow farm animals on or across a public highway at night.

1986, c. 91, s. 494.

Limited access highway.

495. No person may allow farm animals on or across a limited access highway.

1986, c. 91, s. 495.

Riding.

496. No person may ride a horse

 (1) on a limited access highway or on an entrance or exit ramp;

 (2) on any part of a public highway where a sign prohibits it.

1986, c. 91, s. 496; 1987, c. 94, s. 65.

CHAPTER VI 
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS RESPECTING THE USE OF PUBLIC HIGHWAYS

497. Subject to a by-law adopted by a municipality, no person may, in residential areas where the speed limit is 50 km/h or less, conduct snow-removal operations on a public highway with a snowblower whose net mass exceeds 900 kg except under the supervision of a person walking in front of the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 497; 2010, c. 34, s. 71.

Prohibition.

498. No person may dispose of, deposit or abandon any objects or substances on a public highway, unless authorized to do so by the person responsible for the maintenance of that highway.

Prohibition.

No driver may allow any substance to fall from the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 498; 1996, c. 56, s. 96; 2005, c. 6, s. 195.

Use of toys.

499. No person may use skates, skis, skateboard or a toy vehicle on the roadway.

1986, c. 91, s. 499.

Obstruction.

500. No person may occupy the roadway, shoulder or any other part of the right of way of or approaches to a public highway or place a vehicle or obstacle thereon so as to obstruct vehicular traffic on the highway or access to such a highway, except where so authorized by law.

Removal.

A peace officer may remove or cause to be removed at the expense of the owner any thing used in contravention of this section. The peace officer may also seize such a thing; the provisions respecting things seized in the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1) apply, with the necessary modifications, to things so seized.

Alternate route.

For the purposes of this section, a public highway includes a road being used as an alternate route for traffic diverted from a public highway even if the alternate route is situated on private property, and a road under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune.

1986, c. 91, s. 500; 1990, c. 83, s. 180; 2000, c. 31, s. 4; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35.

Obstruction.

500.1. No person may, during a concerted action intended to obstruct in any way vehicular traffic on a public highway, occupy the roadway, shoulder or any other part of the right of way of or approaches to the highway or place a vehicle or obstacle thereon so as to obstruct vehicular traffic on the highway or access to such a highway.

Removal.

A peace officer may remove or cause to be removed, at the expense of the owner, any thing used in contravention of this section. The peace officer may also seize such a thing; the provisions respecting things seized in the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1) apply, with the necessary modifications, to things so seized.

Exception.

This section does not apply during parades or other popular events previously authorized by the person responsible for the maintenance of the public highway provided the highway used is closed to traffic or is under the control of a police force.

Alternate route.

For the purposes of this section, a public highway includes a road being used as an alternate route for traffic diverted from a public highway even if the alternate route is situated on private property, and a road under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune.

2000, c. 31, s. 5; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35.

501. (Replaced).

1986, c. 91, s. 501; 1990, c. 83, s. 180.

Interfering lights.

502. No person may install on private property a lighting system that can interfere with the vision of drivers of road vehicles on a public highway.

1986, c. 91, s. 502.

Notice to owner.

503. The person responsible for the maintenance of a public highway may, if he believes on reasonable grounds that a lighting system is installed on private property in contravention of section 502, issue a notice to the owner requiring him to remove or modify the system within 48 hours.

Removal.

If the contravener fails to comply with the notice, the person responsible for the maintenance of the highway remove the lighting system at the owner's expense.

1986, c. 91, s. 503.

CHAPTER VII 
PENAL PROVISIONS

Offence and penalty.

504. Every person riding a bicycle who contravenes any of sections 346, 349, 350 to 364, 367 to 371, 402, 404 to 406, 408 to 411, 421, the second paragraph of section 424, any of sections 477 to 479 and any of sections 485 to 492.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $15 to $30.

1986, c. 91, s. 504; 1987, c. 94, s. 66; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

504.1. Every person riding a non-motorized scooter who contravenes section 492.3 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $25 to $50.

2002, c. 29, s. 58.

Offence and penalty.

505. Every pedestrian who contravenes any of sections 444 to 453.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $15 to $30.

1986, c. 91, s. 505; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 181.

506. Every person who contravenes section 324, the second paragraph of section 325, any of sections 336, 339, 351 to 358, 366, 372 to 376, 381 to 385, paragraphs 1 to 7, 8 and 9 of section 386, section 387, the third paragraph of section 407, any of sections 412, 417, 428 to 432, 435, 436, 440, 442, 480, 481, 482, 493 and 499 and every person other than a person riding a bicycle who contravenes section 477 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $30 to $60.

1986, c. 91, s. 506; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 182; 1993, c. 42, s. 16; 1996, c. 56, s. 97; 2007, c. 40, s. 61; 2010, c. 34, s. 72.

507. Every person who contravenes any of sections 321, 323, 330, 377 to 380, 403, 425, 437, 438, the first paragraph of section 441, any of sections 494 to 496 and 498, and every person other than a person riding a bicycle who contravenes any of sections 361, 402, 424 and 492.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $60 to $100.

1986, c. 91, s. 507; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 183; 2000, c. 31, s. 6; 2012, c. 15, s. 17.

Offence and penalty.

508. Every person who contravenes any of sections 396, 401, 439, 439.1 and 484 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $80 to $100.

1986, c. 91, s. 508; 1987, c. 94, s. 67; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 184; 2007, c. 40, s. 62.

Offence and penalty.

508.1. Every person who contravenes section 480.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100.

2007, c. 40, s. 63.

Offences and penalties.

509. Every person who contravenes any of sections 320, 322, 326, 331, 335, 365, paragraph 7.1 of section 386, section 388 or section 391, the first paragraph of section 407, any of sections 415, 416, 417.1, 418, 421.1, 473.1, 483, 492.2 and 502, and every person other than a person riding a bicycle who contravenes any of sections 349, 350, 359, 359.1, 360, 362 to 364, 367 to 371, 404, 405, 408 to 411, 421, 478 and 479 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1986, c. 91, s. 509; 1987, c. 94, s. 68; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 185; 1992, c. 54, s. 61; 1993, c. 42, s. 17; 1996, c. 56, s. 98; 1998, c. 40, s. 107; 2000, c. 64, s. 16; 2002, c. 29, s. 59; 2008, c. 14, s. 58.

Offence and penalty.

509.1. Every person who contravenes section 474 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $90 to $270.

1998, c. 40, s. 108.

Offence and fine.

509.2. Every person who contravenes section 417.2 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $150 to $250.

2009, c. 48, s. 18.

509.3. Every person who contravenes section 434.0.1 commits an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $500.

2010, c. 34, s. 73.

510. Every person who contravenes any of sections 326.1, 340 to 342, 345, 347, 348, 389, 395, 406.1, 413, 423, 426, 427, 437.1, 437.2, 440.1, 455, 458 to 460, the second paragraph of section 472, section 473, the second paragraph of section 474.1 or section 497 and any person other than a person riding a bicycle who contravenes section 346 or 406 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

Every driver of a bus or minibus used for the transportation of school children who contravenes section 426 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $375 and, in the case of a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of $250 to $750.

Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes the second paragraph of section 472 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1986, c. 91, s. 510; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 186; 1998, c. 40, s. 109; 2002, c. 29, s. 60; 2007, c. 40, s. 64; 2010, c. 34, s. 74; 2012, c. 15, s. 18.

Offences and penalties.

510.1. Every person who contravenes section 471 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of

 (1) $175 to $525 for an offence under paragraph 2 of that section;

 (2) $350 to $1,050 for an offence under paragraph 1 or 3 of that section;

 (3) $90 to $270, $175 to $525 or $350 to $1,050 for an offence under paragraph 4 of that section and according to the seriousness of the offence as specified by regulation.

1998, c. 40, s. 110.

Offence and penalty.

511. Every occupant of a road vehicle other than a driver who contravenes section 443 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $200 to $300.

Offence and penalty.

Every driver of a road vehicle who contravenes section 443 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

1986, c. 91, s. 511; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

511.1. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 500 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600 and, in the case of a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of $3,000 to $6,000.

Confiscation.

Moreover, on conviction for an offence under this section, a judge may order the confiscation of a thing seized under the second paragraph of section 500. Prior notice of the application for confiscation shall be given to the person from whom the thing was seized and to the offender by the prosecutor, except where the parties are in the presence of the judge.

2000, c. 31, s. 7; 2000, c. 64, s. 17.

Offence and penalty.

511.2. Every driver of a road vehicle who contravenes section 470.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

2000, c. 64, s. 18.

512. Every person who contravenes section 327, 422, 433 or 434 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $1,000 to $3,000.

Every driver of a road vehicle who contravenes the second paragraph of section 468 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1986, c. 91, s. 512; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 111; 2010, c. 34, s. 75.

Offence and penalty.

512.0.1. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 500.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050 and, in the case of a second or subsequent offence, to a fine of $3,500 to $10,500.

Fine.

However, if it is shown that the person convicted has participated in the planning, organization or directing of the concerted action referred to in that section, the fine shall be $3,000 to $9,000 and, in the case of a second or subsequent offence, $9,000 to $27,000.

Confiscation.

Moreover, on conviction for an offence under this section, a judge may order the confiscation of a thing seized under the second paragraph of section 500.1. Prior notice of the application for confiscation shall be given to the person from whom the thing was seized and to the offender by the prosecutor, except where the parties are in the presence of the judge.

2000, c. 31, s. 8; 2000, c. 64, s. 19.

Offence and penalty.

512.1. Every person who contravenes section 333 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $500 to $1,000.

1990, c. 83, s. 188.

Offence and penalty.

513. Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes a regulatory provision the violation of which constitutes an offence under paragraph 35 of section 621 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $90 to $270, $175 to $525 or $350 to $1,050 according to the seriousness of the offence as specified by regulation. Every driver who fails to comply with a condition fixed under section 633 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

Offence and penalty.

Every holder of a special permit who contravenes a regulatory provision the violation of which constitutes an offence under paragraph 35 of section 621 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525, $350 to $1,050 or $700 to $2,100 according to the seriousness of the offence as specified by regulation. Every holder who fails to comply with a condition fixed under section 633 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

Offences and penalties.

However, the fine is

 (1) $175 plus $75 per excess metre if the offence is for exceeding the length limit authorized in the special permit;

 (2) $175 plus $75 per excess 10 centimetres if the offence is for exceeding the width or height limit authorized in the special permit;

 (3) $600 plus $100 per excess 1,000 kg, not counting the first excess 1,000 kg, if the offence is for exceeding the axle load limit or the total loaded mass authorized in the special permit;

 (4) an amount corresponding, under section 517.1, to the nature of the offence if a heavy vehicle is stopped on a public highway on which it is not authorized to travel as provided in the special permit, if the vehicle is being operated during the thaw period without special authorization, if the vehicle's configuration is not the configuration described in the special permit or if the vehicle is travelling without special authorization on a bridge or viaduct where a sign or signal prohibits overweight vehicles.

Offence and penalty.

Every holder of an escort permit who contravenes a regulatory provision the violation of which constitutes an offence under paragraph 20.3 of section 621 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525, $350 to $1,050 or $700 to $2,100 according to the seriousness of the offence as specified by regulation.

Subsequent offences.

The period of validity of a special permit or escort permit for a heavy vehicle in respect of which an offence was committed is suspended for a period of three months if the holder of the permit commits a second offence while the permit is valid. If a subsequent offence is committed during the same period of validity, the permit is suspended for three months, whether or not the vehicles covered by the permit were the subject of proceedings. The right to obtain a special permit or escort permit, for the same or another heavy vehicle is, for the operator, subject to the rules governing a second or subsequent offence.

1986, c. 91, s. 513; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 189; 1995, c. 25, s. 8; 1998, c. 40, s. 112; 1999, c. 66, s. 12.

not in force
Offence and penalty.

513.1. Every person who contravenes section 464.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1990, c. 83, s. 190.

Offence and penalty.

514. Every person who contravenes either of sections 456 and 457 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

1986, c. 91, s. 514; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

514.1. Every person who drives a road vehicle that has been impounded under section 328.2, 422.4 or 434.5 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $600 to $2,000.

2010, c. 34, s. 76.

515. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 515; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 113.

Offences and penalties.

516. Every person who contravenes the second paragraph of section 299, section 303.2 or 328 or the third paragraph of section 329 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine which shall be of $15 plus,

 (1) if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 1 to 20 km/h, $10 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit;

 (2) if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 21 to 30 km/h, $15 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit;

 (3) if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 31 to 45 km/h, $20 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit;

 (4) if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 46 to 60 km/h, $25 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit;

 (5) if the speed exceeds the speed limit by 61 km/h or more, $30 for each 5 km/h by which the speed exceeds the speed limit.

Every person who

 (1) drives a road vehicle at a speed of 39 km/h or less over the posted speed limit in a zone where the maximum authorized speed limit is 60 km/h or less,

 (2) drives a road vehicle at a speed of 49 km/h or less over the posted speed limit in a zone where the maximum authorized speed limit is over 60 km/h but not over 90 km/h or

 (3) drives a road vehicle at a speed of 59 km/h or less over the posted speed limit in a zone where the maximum authorized speed limit is over 90 km/h

is liable to double the fine set out in the first paragraph for an offence under section 303.2.

1986, c. 91, s. 516; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 191; 2001, c. 21, s. 8; 2010, c. 34, s. 77.

Offences and penalties.

516.1. Every person who

 (1) drives a road vehicle at a speed of 40 km/h or more over the posted speed limit in a zone where the maximum authorized speed limit is 60 km/h or less,

 (2) drives a road vehicle at a speed of 50 km/h or more over the posted speed limit in a zone where the maximum authorized speed limit is over 60 km/h but not over 90 km/h, or

 (3) drives a road vehicle at a speed of 60 km/h or more over the speed limit in a zone where the maximum authorized speed limit is 100 km/h or more

is liable to double the fine set out in section 516 for the corresponding speeding violation.

Subsequent offences.

A person who was convicted of more than two speeding offences under this section during the 10 years before the conviction is liable to triple the fine set out in section 516 for the corresponding speeding violation.

2007, c. 40, s. 65; 2010, c. 34, s. 78.

Offence and penalty.

517. Every driver of a vehicle who contravenes section 464 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

1986, c. 91, s. 517; 1987, c. 94, s. 69; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 192; 1998, c. 40, s. 114; 2008, c. 14, s. 59.

Offences and penalties.

517.1. Subject to the provisions of the second paragraph of section 517.2, every owner or lessee of an outsized vehicle or, where applicable, every owner or operator of a heavy vehicle who contravenes section 463 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of

 (1) $175 plus $75 per excess metre if the vehicle is outsized as to length;

 (2) $175 plus $75 per excess 10 centimetres if the vehicle is outsized as to width or height;

 (3) $150 to $450 if the vehicle does not conform to its authorized axle load but conforms to its authorized total loaded mass;

 (4) (paragraph repealed);

 (5) $300 if the vehicle does not conform to its authorized total loaded mass, plus

(a)  $50 per excess 1,000 kg, up to 5,000 kg in excess;

(b)  $75 per excess 1,000 kg, where the excess is between 5,000 kg and 10,000 kg;

(c)  $100 per excess 1,000 kg, where the excess is greater than 10,000 kg;

 (6) twice the amount of the fines under this section, if an offence relating to axle load or total loaded mass is committed while the vehicle is travelling on a bridge or viaduct where a sign or signal prohibits overweight vehicles;

 (7) (paragraph repealed).

Subparagraph 6 of the first paragraph applies only if the axle load or the total loaded mass exceeds the normally authorized load limit, that is, the load limit permitted in the absence of restrictions determined under section 419 or under a special permit.

1987, c. 94, s. 69; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 193; 1998, c. 40, s. 115; 1999, c. 66, s. 13; 2004, c. 2, s. 33; 2008, c. 14, s. 60; 2010, c. 34, s. 79.

Outsized load.

517.2. Where the load of a heavy vehicle that is outsized with respect to the total loaded mass is considered to be a full load for the purposes of transportation and the shipper, consignee and transport service intermediary fail to provide written information to the operator of the heavy vehicle referred to in Title VIII.1 that enables the operator to determine the mass of the load, they are guilty of an offence and are liable to the same penalty as that prescribed for the operator in paragraph 5 of section 517.1, whether or not the operator has been prosecuted or convicted. The same applies to any person having entrusted the load to the operator in charge of transporting the load.

Inaccurate information.

Where the mass determined on the basis of the information provided to the operator by one of the persons referred to in the first paragraph is less than that calculated by subtracting the net mass of the vehicle from the recorded total loaded mass, the person who provided the inaccurate information is guilty of an offence and is liable to either

 (1) the same penalty as that prescribed in paragraph 5 of section 517.1 if the difference between the calculated mass and the mass previously determined is equal to or more than the overload; the operator may only in that case be found guilty of the offence referred to in section 513 or 517.1 if it is proven that the operator was aware of the overload; or

 (2) a reduced penalty if the difference between the calculated mass and the determined mass is less than the overload; the fine that may be imposed on the operator under paragraph 5 of section 517.1 must in that case be reduced by the amount of the fine imposed under this paragraph.

Fine.

For the purposes of subparagraph 2 of the second paragraph, the fine must be calculated by multiplying the amount of the penalty prescribed in paragraph 5 of section 517.1 by the result of the following operation, rounded off to the nearest dollar : the result obtained by subtracting the determined mass from the calculated mass, divided by the overload.

Full load for the purposes of transportation.

For the purposes of this section, a “load is considered to be a full load for the purposes of transportation” if all the goods making up the load are transported for one shipper only or to one destination only, or were loaded at the same place of shipment or consignment. In the absence of shipping documents, a load shall always be so considered. Where an outsized vehicle is being operated under a special permit, this section applies only if the total loaded mass limit authorized under the permit is exceeded; in that case, the penalty is calculated by applying subparagraph 3 of the third paragraph of section 513 rather than paragraph 5 of section 517.1.

Shipping documents.

The information contained in any item that may constitute the shipping documents prescribed by the Regulation respecting the requirements applicable to shipping documents, leasing contracts and contracts for services, made by Order in Council 61-2001 (2001, G.O. 2, 1132) is sufficient, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to identify the shipper, consignee, transport service intermediary and any person having entrusted the load to the operator, and to establish the place of shipping, consignment and destination. The information contained in the registration certificate of a vehicle is sufficient, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to establish the net mass of a vehicle.

Copies.

Copies of the items that may constitute the shipping documents, including printouts of computer files containing such items, are admissible as evidence of the information they contain in penal proceedings under this section, if the copies are dated and signed by the inspectors or peace officers who reproduced them. To be admissible as evidence for the purposes of the second paragraph, the written document containing the information allowing the mass of the load to be established must have been given to the peace officer when the vehicle was being weighed.

1987, c. 94, s. 69; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 116; 2004, c. 2, s. 34.

Excess mass.

518. The owner of a road vehicle travelling on a public highway whose net mass or number of axles, as the case may be, exceeds what is entered in the register kept by the Société pursuant to section 10 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600 for the first offence and to a fine of $600 to $2,000 for any subsequent offence committed with the same vehicle during the twelve months following the date of conviction for the first offence.

Determination of mass.

Section 467 applies, adapted as required, with respect to the methods used to determine the net mass of a road vehicle and with respect to the probative force thereof.

Weighing certificate.

An owner of a road vehicle must, at the request of the Société or a peace officer, furnish the weighing certificate within 10 days of the request to establish the net mass of the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 518; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 194; 1990, c. 83, s. 261; 1998, c. 40, s. 117.

One conviction only.

519. Where a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles for which no special permit has been issued is outsized in respect of more than one standard provided in this Code, the driver, the owner or the lessee of the vehicle or the operator of a heavy vehicle cannot be convicted for contravening more than one of such standards.

1986, c. 91, s. 519; 1990, c. 83, s. 195; 1998, c. 40, s. 118.

TITLE VIII.1 
SPECIAL RULES RESPECTING OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HEAVY VEHICLES
1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

CHAPTER I 
SCOPE
1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Applicability.

519.1. This Title applies to heavy vehicles and to the following persons:

 (1) owners and operators of heavy vehicles within the meaning of section 2 of the Act respecting owners, operators and drivers of heavy vehicles (chapter P-30.3);

 (2) drivers of heavy vehicles, persons supplying the services of such drivers and, in specified cases, shippers and consignees.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 1999, c. 66, s. 14; 2005, c. 39, s. 52; 2004, c. 2, s. 35.

CHAPTER II 
OBLIGATIONS OF DRIVERS AND OPERATORS OF HEAVY VEHICLES
1998, c. 40, s. 119.

519.1.1. (Not in force).

2005, c. 39, s. 30.

DIVISION I 
OBLIGATIONS OF DRIVERS
1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Pre-departure inspection.

519.2. A driver of a heavy vehicle must, in accordance with the standards prescribed by regulation, conduct a pre-departure inspection of the heavy vehicle to be driven and enter all observations of the mechanical condition of the vehicle in the vehicle's inspection report.

Ambulance, bus or minibus.

However, in the case of an ambulance, a bus or a minibus, the pre-departure inspection may be conducted by a person responsible for maintenance who is deemed to be the driver within the meaning of sections 519.2 to 519.5.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 83, s. 196; 1993, c. 42, s. 18; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2000, c. 64, s. 20.

519.2.1. (Not in force).

2005, c. 39, s. 32.

519.2.2. (Not in force).

2005, c. 39, s. 32.

Inspection report.

519.3. A driver must, in accordance with the standards prescribed by regulation, complete and keep up to date the inspection report of the heavy vehicle being driven.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Inspection report.

519.4. A driver must keep on board the inspection report of the heavy vehicle being driven.

Examination.

Only one inspection report for the vehicle being driven shall be kept in the driver's possession and must be surrendered for examination by the driver to any peace officer who so requests.

Return.

The report must be returned to the driver after examination.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

519.4.1. (Not in force).

2005, c. 39, s. 35.

Mechanical defect.

519.5. A driver who discovers a mechanical defect must report the defect without delay to the persons determined by regulation in the form, with the particulars and in the manner prescribed therein.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Prohibition.

519.6. No person shall drive a heavy vehicle which has a major defect discovered during a pre-departure inspection.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Notification of change to licence.

519.7. A driver whose driver's licence or class authorizing the driving of a heavy vehicle has been modified, suspended or cancelled must without delay inform the operator, the owner and, where required, any person determined by regulation in the manner prescribed therein.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Obligations of bus driver.

519.8. A driver of a bus or minibus must distribute and secure freight, express and baggage, other than carry-on baggage, so as to ensure 519.6.

 (1) unrestricted freedom of movement for the driver and proper operation of the bus or minibus by the driver ;

 (2) unobstructed access by passengers to all exits ;

 (3)  protection of passengers against injury caused by falling or shifting articles transported in the bus or minibus.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Prohibition.

519.8.1. No driver shall drive

 (1) if the driver's driving ability is impaired to the point where it is unsafe for the driver to drive ;

 (2) if driving jeopardizes or is likely to jeopardize the safety or health of the public, the driver or the employees of the operator ;

 (3) if the driver is the subject of an out-of-service declaration under section 519.12 ; or

 (4) other than in accordance with the provisions of sections 519.9 and 519.10.

Regulation.

A government regulation determines the circumstances under which subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph applies.

2004, c. 2, s. 36.

Hours of rest and hours of driving.

519.9. No driver shall drive in violation of the standards relating to hours of rest and hours of driving prescribed by regulation or in violation of the conditions attached to a permit issued or an authorization granted under section 519.31 or a permit issued by a director and approved by the Société.

Work cycles and hours of service.

No driver shall drive in violation of the standards relating to work cycles and hours of service prescribed by regulation.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 83, s. 197; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 37.

Daily log.

519.10. Unless the conditions prescribed by regulation are met, a driver must, in the manner prescribed by regulation, maintain a daily log each day, in the form determined by regulation, that accounts for all of the driver's hours of rest and hours of service for that day, as well as any other information required by regulation.

One daily log.

No driver shall keep more than one daily log in respect of any day.

Inaccurate information.

No driver shall enter inaccurate information into a daily log or falsify, deface or mutilate a daily log or supporting documents.

Documents.

No driver who is required to maintain a daily log shall drive unless the driver has the documents prescribed by regulation in the driver's possession.

Forwarding of documents.

The driver must, in accordance with the standards prescribed by regulation, forward the daily log and supporting documents to the operator and any other person who supplies the driver's services. Furthermore, the driver must surrender them for examination to a peace officer, at the officer's request. The daily log and documents must be returned to the driver after examination.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 83, s. 198; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 38; 2008, c. 14, s. 61.

Surrender of contract.

519.11. A driver must, at the request of a peace officer, surrender the leasing contract or the contract for services.

Return.

The peace officer must return the documents to the driver after examination.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1988, c. 68, s. 13; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2008, c. 14, s. 62.

Out-of-service declaration.

519.12. A peace officer may, in accordance with the standards prescribed by regulation, issue an out-of-service declaration in respect of a driver, for the duration and under the conditions determined by regulation.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 83, s. 199; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 39.

519.13. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 83, s. 200; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 1999, c. 66, s. 15; 2004, c. 2, s. 40.

519.14. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 1999, c. 66, s. 16.

519.14.1. (Replaced).

1988, c. 68, s. 14; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 201; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

DIVISION II 
OBLIGATIONS OF OPERATORS AND OWNERS
1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Good mechanical order.

519.15. Heavy vehicles must be maintained in good mechanical order by the owner of the vehicles who must comply with the maintenance standards and the inspection frequency and inspection procedure prescribed by regulation.

Inspection by drivers.

An operator must ensure that the driver or person responsible for maintenance conducts the pre-departure inspection of the heavy vehicle for which the operator is responsible.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

not in force
Circle check.

519.15.1. An operator is required to ensure that the driver of a heavy vehicle under the operator's responsibility or, if applicable, the designated person, conducts a circle check of the vehicle in accordance with the standards prescribed by regulation.

2005, c. 39, s. 39.

not in force
Prohibition.

519.15.2. An operator may not allow a heavy vehicle to be driven that has not undergone a circle check within the time prescribed by regulation.

Prohibition.

In addition, an operator may not allow a motor coach to be driven that has not undergone the inspection specific to motor coaches within the time prescribed by regulation.

2005, c. 39, s. 39.

519.15.3. An operator may not allow a heavy vehicle to be driven unless the speed limiter with which the vehicle has been equipped is activated and set at a maximum speed of 105 km/h, is in proper working order and allows the programming data to be read.

Moreover, an operator may not allow a heavy vehicle to be driven if it is fitted with any form of technology that allows it to travel at a speed exceeding 105 km/h despite the activation of a speed limiter or that makes it possible to conceal the programming data allowing such a speed to be attained.

This section applies only to the heavy vehicles specified by an order of the Minister of Transport published in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

2007, c. 40, s. 66; 2010, c. 34, s. 80.

Only one inspection report.

519.16. An operator must, subject to the conditions and in the manner prescribed by regulation, place only one inspection report in each heavy vehicle for which the operator is responsible.

Inspection report.

The operator is also required to ensure that the driver keeps the inspection report on board and records all the information in accordance with the standards prescribed by regulation.

Defect.

Where the operator is not the owner of the heavy vehicle, the operator must without delay inform the owner of any defect recorded and must forward a copy of the heavy vehicle's inspection report to the owner.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Repairs.

519.17. An owner must correct any defect which is reported to the owner. In the case of a minor defect, the owner must make the necessary repairs or have them made within 48 hours to preserve the right to maintain the vehicle in operation. In the case of a major defect, the vehicle may not be operated.

Maintenance standards.

All repairs must be made in compliance with the maintenance standards prescribed by regulation.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Copy of inspection report.

519.18. The owner of a heavy vehicle that is operated by an operator is responsible for obtaining a copy of the inspection report.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Operation of bus.

519.19. An operator shall not allow a bus or minibus in which freight, express or baggage has not been distributed or secured in conformity with section 519.8 to be operated.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Documents.

519.20. An owner, operator or any other person who supplies the services of a driver must maintain the records, reports, files and other documents prescribed by regulation.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 83, s. 202; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Notice of defect.

519.21. An owner who is advised that a notice of defect has been issued by a vehicle manufacturer pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Statutes of Canada, 1993, chapter 16) must without delay take the necessary measures to have the defect corrected as specified in the manufacturer's directions or to have the vehicle repaired or modified so as to eliminate the defect.

Defect.

Any minor or major defect listed in the Regulation respecting safety standards for road vehicles (chapter C-24.2, r. 32) constitutes a defect within the meaning of this section.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 41.

Prohibition.

519.21.1. No operator, shipper, consignee or other person shall request, require or allow a driver to drive

 (1) if the driver's driving ability is impaired to the point where it is unsafe for the driver to drive ;

 (2) if driving jeopardizes or is likely to jeopardize the safety or health of the public, the driver or the employees of the operator ;

 (3) if the driver is the subject of an out-of-service declaration under section 519.12 ; or

 (4) other than in accordance with the provisions of sections 519.9 and 519.10.

Regulation.

A government regulation determines the circumstances under which subparagraphs 1 to 4 of the first paragraph apply

2004, c. 2, s. 42.

Compliance.

519.21.2. Every operator shall monitor the compliance of each driver with the provisions of sections 519.8.1, 519.9, 519.10, 519.70, 519.71 and 638.1. An operator that identifies non-compliance with those provisions shall take immediate remedial action and document the action taken.

2004, c. 2, s. 42; 2010, c. 34, s. 81.

Daily log.

519.21.3. Unless the conditions prescribed by regulation are met, an operator shall require every driver to maintain a daily log each day that accounts for all the driver's hours of rest and hours of service for that day.

2004, c. 2, s. 42.

519.22. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1996, c. 56, s. 144; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 43.

519.22.1. (Replaced).

1990, c. 83, s. 203; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

519.23. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1988, c. 68, s. 15; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 43.

519.24. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 43.

Filing of documents.

519.25. The operator shall file the daily logs and supporting documents at the place determined and in accordance with the standards prescribed by regulation. Where the daily logs and supporting documents have not been received by the operator at the place determined for their filing, the operator must forward them to that place and make sure they have been received within the time prescribed by regulation.

Examination.

During working hours, the operator shall immediately place at the disposal of a peace officer, at the request of and in the place specified by the peace officer, the daily logs, supporting documents and documents prescribed by regulation, for examination.

Acknowledgement of receipt.

The peace officer shall send the operator an acknowledgement of receipt according to the procedures determined by regulation and return the daily logs, supporting documents and other documents prescribed by regulation within 14 days after receiving them.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 44; 2008, c. 14, s. 63.

Daily logs.

519.26. An operator who uses the services of a driver must obtain the driver's daily logs from the person who supplies the driver, in the manner prescribed by regulation.

Transmitting of daily logs.

A person in the business of supplying the services of a driver must transmit the driver's daily logs to the operator in the manner prescribed by regulation.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 204; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 45.

Roadside inspection station.

519.27. An operator is responsible for ensuring that the driver complies with the obligation to drive the vehicle to a roadside inspection station as provided in section 470.1.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 83, s. 204; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2000, c. 64, s. 21.

Transportation of dangerous substances.

519.28. Where it is found by a peace officer that a regulation relating to the transportation of dangerous substances has been contravened, the peace officer may order that the vehicle be driven to an appropriate place and detained at the expense of the operator until the operator or the owner of the vehicle or of its load complies with the provisions of the regulation.

Compliance.

The driver must immediately comply with that order.

Responsibility.

The vehicle and its load remain the responsibility of the operator, the owner of the vehicle or of the load, as the case may be.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 83, s. 204; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Proof.

519.29.  In a proceeding for an offence under this Title or under the second paragraph of section 145, proof that the offence was committed by an agent, a mandatary or an employee of an owner or operator is sufficient to establish that the offence was also committed by the owner or operator unless it is established by the owner or operator that due care was exercised by the taking of all necessary measures to ensure compliance with this Act or a regulation.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 83, s. 204; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

CHAPTER III 
POWERS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE SOCIÉTÉ
1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Administration of examination.

519.30. The Société may appoint, subject to the conditions it determines, an operator or heavy-vehicle driving school to administer the qualification examinations, except medical examinations, required for the issue of a class of licence authorizing the driving of a heavy vehicle.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

519.30.1. (Replaced).

1988, c. 68, s. 16; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Special standards and conditions.

519.31. At the request of an operator, the Société may, in accordance with the conditions and procedures determined by regulation, issue a permit authorizing the operator or a driver to depart from the standards and conditions relating to hours of driving and rest prescribed by regulation, and prescribe by regulation the conditions and procedures attached to the permit as well as

 (1) the reasons for issuing the permit;

 (2) the duration of the permit;

 (3) the schedule that the driver must follow; and

 (4) any other condition required for the protection of the safety and health of the public, the driver or the employees of the operator.

Fatigue management program.

The Société may, within the framework of a fatigue management program prescribed by regulation, grant to an operator that applies therefor an authorization to depart from the standards and conditions relating to work cycles and hours of driving, rest and service prescribed by regulation, and prescribe by regulation the standards, conditions and procedures applicable to such an authorization.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 46; 2008, c. 14, s. 64.

Approval.

519.31.1. At the request of a director to whom a request for a permit is submitted relating to a heavy vehicle that will be operated in Québec, the Société may, in accordance with the conditions and procedures prescribed by regulation, approve the issuing of the permit.

2004, c. 2, s. 47.

Amendment, revocation or suspension.

519.31.2. The Société may amend, revoke or suspend a permit issued under section 519.31 or withdraw approval in respect of a permit issued by another director, upon written notification to the operator, if

 (1) the operator or driver of the heavy vehicle contravenes the conditions attached to the permit ; or

 (2) the Société determines that the health and safety of the public, the driver or the employees of the operator are jeopardized or are likely to be jeopardized.

2004, c. 2, s. 47.

Other province.

519.31.3. Where a director of another province withdraws approval in respect of a permit issued by the Société, the Société shall amend the permit to remove the authorization to operate a heavy vehicle under the permit in the province for which the approval has been withdrawn.

2004, c. 2, s. 47.

CHAPTER IV 
PENAL PROVISIONS
1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.32.  Every person who contravenes a section of this Code to which a provision of this chapter applies is liable only to the fine imposed under this chapter.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.33. Every driver of a heavy vehicle that does not meet the requirements of any of sections 212, 213, 215 to 223, 225, 228, 234, the first paragraph of section 235, any of sections 236, 237, 254, 258, 261 to 265, 269, 270, 272 or 273 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $90 to $270.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner or operator who operates or permits the operation of a heavy vehicle that does not meet the requirements of any of the sections referred to in the first paragraph is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

Offence and penalty.

Every driver of a heavy vehicle that does not meet the requirements of section 441 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $150 to $450.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner or operator who operates or permits the operation of a heavy vehicle that does not meet the requirements of section 441 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $900.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.34.  Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes any of sections 240.1, 274, 437.1, 437.2 and 519.8 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

Offence and penalty.

Every driver who contravenes paragraph 3 of section 519.8.1 or an out-of-service declaration issued by a peace officer under section 519.12 or 519.28 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

Offence and penalty.

Every operator who contravenes any of sections 274, 437.1, 437.2 and 519.19 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 48.

Offence and penalty.

519.35. Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes section 519.5 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525 if the driver fails or refuses to report a minor defect and to a fine of $350 to $1,050 if the driver fails or refuses to report a major defect.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.36.  Every driver of a heavy vehicle that has not been registered as required under section 6, 7 or 8 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $125 to $375.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner who operates or permits the operation of a heavy vehicle that does not meet the requirements of any of the sections referred to in the first paragraph is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $750.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 205; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.37. Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes section 474 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

Offence and penalty.

Every operator who contravenes section 474 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.38. Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes section 248 or 519.3 by failing to maintain a pre-departure inspection report for the driver's vehicle is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.39.  Every driver of a heavy vehicle and every person responsible for maintenance who contravenes section 519.2 by not making the pre-departure inspection or by not recording observations, section 519.3 by not filling out the pre-departure inspection report, section 519.4 by not keeping the pre-departure inspection report in the vehicle or by being in possession of more than one such report or refusing to surrender it to a peace officer for examination is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1988, c. 68, s. 17; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2000, c. 64, s. 22; 2004, c. 2, s. 49.

Offence and penalty.

519.40. Every owner who operates or permits the operation of a heavy vehicle carrying a registration plate for a class other than that vehicle's class, or who operates or permits the operation of a heavy vehicle registered for a use other than the use being made of the vehicle, or every driver who drives a heavy vehicle carrying a registration plate issued for another vehicle is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $750.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.41.  Every owner who contravenes section 266 or 268 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner or operator who contravenes any of sections 214, 239, 240.1 and 260 or who permits the operation of a heavy vehicle that does not meet the requirements of section 423 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.42. Every owner or operator who, notwithstanding proper notification in accordance with section 519.7, permits a heavy vehicle to be operated by a driver to whom that section applies is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100 if the driver of the vehicle is liable to the fine under sections 143 and 144.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.43. Every owner or operator who contravenes the second paragraph of section 531 or section 532 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 50.

Offence and penalty.

519.44. Every driver who contravenes any of paragraphs 1, 2 and 4 of section 519.8.1 or section 519.10 or 519.11 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

Offence and penalty.

Every person who contravenes any of sections 519.21.1 to 519.26 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 51.

519.45. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 52.

Offence and penalty.

519.46. Every owner who contravenes section 519.21 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050 if the heavy vehicle in respect of which a notice was given has a minor defect, and to a fine of $700 to $2,100 if the heavy vehicle has a major defect.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.46.1. Every operator who contravenes section 519.15.3 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

2007, c. 40, s. 67.

Offences and penalties.

519.47. Every owner or operator who contravenes section 519.17 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of

 (1) $350 to $1,050 if the owner or operator permitted the heavy vehicle to be operated with a minor defect after 48 hours ;

 (2) $700 to $2,100 if the owner or operator permitted the heavy vehicle to be operated with a major defect.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.48. Every owner or operator who operates or permits the operation of a heavy vehicle that does not meet the requirements of section 34 or who operates a vehicle to which a validation sticker issued for another vehicle has been affixed is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $750.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner or operator who attaches to a heavy vehicle a registration plate issued for another vehicle or who operates or permits the operation of a heavy vehicle carrying a registration plate issued for another vehicle is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $500 to $1,500.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner or operator who contravenes section 519.15 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.49. Every driver of a heavy vehicle that does not meet the requirements of section 229 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 206; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.50. Every driver who contravenes section 519.6 or 519.7 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 1999, c. 66, s. 17; 2000, c. 64, s. 23; 2004, c. 2, s. 53.

Offence and penalty.

519.51. Every operator who contravenes section 519.27 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

Offence and penalty.

Every owner who contravenes section 519.18 or 534 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

Offence and penalty.

519.52. Every operator who contravenes the second paragraph of section 519.16 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

Offence and penalty.

Every operator who contravenes the first or third paragraph of section 519.16 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

Offences and penalties.

Every owner or operator who operates or permits the operation of a heavy vehicle whose braking system has been modified or altered in such a way as to reduce its effectiveness or who contravenes any of sections 473, 523, 538 and 539 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100. In the case of an offence under section 471, the fine for which such an owner or operator is liable is

 (1) $350 to $1,050 for an offence under paragraph 2 of section 471;

 (2) $700 to $2,100 for an offence under paragraph 1 or 3 of that section;

 (3) $175 to $525, $350 to $1,050 or $700 to $2,100 for an offence under paragraph 4 of that section according to the seriousness of the offence as determined by regulation.

Offence and penalty.

Every person who supplies the services of a driver and every owner or operator who contravenes section 519.20 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 207; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 1999, c. 66, s. 18.

519.53. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 119; 2004, c. 2, s. 54.

Offence and penalty.

519.54. In the case of an offence under the Transportation of Dangerous Substances Regulation (chapter C-24.2, r. 43), every person who requested or participated in the arranging of the transportation is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1992, c. 61, s. 136; 1996, c. 56, s. 99; 1998, c. 40, s. 119.

519.55. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 137; 1996, c. 56, s. 99.

519.56. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 138; 1996, c. 56, s. 99.

519.57. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 139; 1996, c. 56, s. 99.

519.58. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 99.

519.59. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 99.

519.60. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 140; 1996, c. 56, s. 99.

519.61. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 99.

519.62. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 70; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 99.

TITLE VIII.2 
CONTROL OF HIGHWAY TRANSPORTATION OF PERSONS AND GOODS
1990, c. 83, s. 208.

CHAPTER I 
APPLICATION
1990, c. 83, s. 208.

Jurisdiction of the Société.

519.63. The Société has jurisdiction to ensure the monitoring and control of highway transportation of persons and goods. It shall exercise such jurisdiction in accordance with the provisions of this Code and the agreements referred to in section 519.64.

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 1993, c. 42, s. 19; 2008, c. 14, s. 66.

Additional responsibilities.

519.64. In addition to the provisions of this Code and its regulations, the Société shall be responsible, in exercising its jurisdiction under this Title, for the application of the Act respecting owners, operators and drivers of heavy vehicles (chapter P-30.3) and for the application of the Acts and regulations coming under the authority of such departments and bodies as are designated by the Government to the extent and on the conditions determined by agreement between the Société and the departments and bodies.

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 1998, c. 40, s. 120; 2005, c. 39, s. 52.

519.65. The Société may, with the approval of the Minister of Transport, enter into an agreement with any department or body designated by the Government for the application of the following Acts:

 (1) (paragraph repealed);

 (2) Act respecting explosives (chapter E-22);

 (2.1) Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1);

 (3) Tobacco Tax Act (chapter I-2);

 (4) Food Products Act (chapter P-29);

 (5) (paragraph repealed);

 (6) Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2);

 (7) Act respecting occupational health and safety (chapter S-2.1);

 (8) Act respecting the Société des alcools du Québec (chapter S-13);

 (9) Fuel Tax Act (chapter T-1);

 (10) Marine Products Processing Act (chapter T-11.01);

 (11) Act respecting transportation services by taxi (chapter S-6.01);

 (12) Transport Act (chapter T-12);

 (13) (paragraph repealed);

 (14) Act respecting the Québec sales tax (chapter T-0.1).

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 1993, c. 42, s. 20; 1996, c. 56, s. 100; 1998, c. 40, s. 121; 2000, c. 26, s. 60; 2001, c. 15, s. 133; 2005, c. 10, s. 67; 2010, c. 3, s. 267.

Content.

519.66. Every agreement entered into under this Title must include in particular

 (1) the object contemplated and the mandate conferred on the Société with respect to the control of highway transportation;

 (2) a list of the legislative and regulatory provisions and the administrative standards the application of which is wholly or partly under the responsibility of the Société;

 (3) the conditions and administrative methods to be observed by the parties within the scope of the mandate conferred on the Société;

 (4) the delegation to the Société of any powers which, at the time of the agreement, the department or body concerned has authority to exercise under the Acts and regulations which are the subject of the agreement;

 (5) the rules governing the exchange of information between the parties.

1990, c. 83, s. 208.

Detailed reports.

519.66.1. On the request of the Minister of Transport, the Société must provide detailed reports, in the form and within the time the Minister prescribes, on the operations and activities for which highway controllers are responsible under this Title.

Statistical or administrative report.

On the request of the Minister, the Société must also provide any statistical or administrative report relating to the carrying out of the mandate assigned to the Société under this Title.

2008, c. 14, s. 67.

CHAPTER II 
CONTROL ON HIGHWAYS AND WITHIN UNDERTAKINGS
1990, c. 83, s. 208; 2008, c. 14, s. 68.

DIVISION I 
AUTHORITY OF HIGHWAY CONTROLLERS
2008, c. 14, s. 68.

Highway controller.

519.67. The Société may designate any member of its personnel to act as a highway controller.

Functions.

Highway controllers are peace officers authorized to monitor and control highway transportation of persons and goods for the enforcement of

 (1) the provisions of this Code with regard to

(a)  any heavy vehicle;

(b)  any road vehicle or combination of road vehicles designed or used to provide transportation or perform work whether for remuneration or not, regardless of its mass; and

(c)  any passenger vehicle registered as such when highway controllers intervene with respect to load, dimensions, the securing of loads, mechanical condition or transportation of dangerous substances, except any other provision relating to the monitoring of passenger vehicle traffic;

 (2) the Act respecting owners, operators and drivers of heavy vehicles (chapter P-30.3);

 (3) the legislative and regulatory provisions which the Société is responsible for enforcing under an agreement entered into in accordance with this Title; and

 (4) sections 84, 96, 186, 187 and 192 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25).

Emergency.

If warranted by an emergency, or at the request of a police force, highway controllers may prohibit passenger vehicle traffic on a public highway, and must notify the competent authority as soon as possible.

Identification.

On request, highway controllers must identify themselves and show proof of their capacity.

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 1993, c. 42, s. 21; 1996, c. 56, s. 101; 1998, c. 40, s. 122; 1999, c. 66, s. 19; 2004, c. 2, s. 55; 2005, c. 39, s. 52; 2008, c. 14, s. 68.

519.67.1. (Replaced).

1993, c. 42, s. 22; 2008, c. 14, s. 68.

Powers.

519.68. Persons having authority over one or more highway controllers are peace officers, vested with the same powers as those conferred on highway controllers under this Code. When they intervene in the enforcement of laws they are responsible for enforcing, they must, on request, identify themselves and show proof of their capacity.

Rules of ethics.

As prescribed by section 126 of the Police Act (chapter P-13.1), the rules of ethics applicable to police officers apply to highway controllers and persons having authority over highway controllers.

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 2000, c. 12, s. 315; 1999, c. 66, s. 20; 2008, c. 14, s. 68.

Special constables.

519.69. With the approval of the Minister of Transport, the Société may enter into an agreement with the Minister of Public Security for highway controllers to act as special constables, in particular when, in the performance of their duties, they enforce the Act respecting motor vehicle transport by extra-provincial undertakings (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter 29, 3rd Supplement) or ascertain the commission of an offence under the Criminal Code (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter C-46).

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 1996, c. 56, s. 102; 1998, c. 40, s. 123; 2005, c. 39, s. 52; 2008, c. 14, s. 68.

DIVISION II 
POWERS RELATING TO THE CONTROL OF HIGHWAY TRANSPORTATION OF PERSONS AND GOODS
2008, c. 14, s. 68.

Powers of highway controllers.

519.70. When performing duties under section 519.67, a highway controller may inspect any vehicle and, for that purpose, enter it and open any passenger compartment, shipping container, compartment, container or vessel or order it to be opened. The highway controller may also require any information relating to the enforcement of this Code, demand that any related document be produced for examination and examine any such document.

Compliance.

Any person who has the care, possession or control of a road vehicle must comply with a highway controller's orders under the first paragraph.

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 1998, c. 40, s. 124; 2008, c. 14, s. 68.

Powers.

519.71. In the performance of their duties, highway controllers may, in particular,

 (1) enter, at any reasonable hour, the establishment of a person who is subject to a legislative provision governing the operation of heavy vehicles, the establishment of a heavy vehicle owner or operator or any place where an undertaking or goods referred to in the legislative and regulatory provisions under the responsibility of the Société under an agreement entered into in accordance with this Title is being carried on or are being kept;

 (2) inspect, within those places, any equipment or any premises where registers and records that must be kept under Title VIII.1 or the legislative or regulatory provisions referred to in subparagraph 1 are found;

 (3) inspect any vehicle and, for that purpose, order the immobilization of the vehicle if necessary, enter it, examine registers and records referred to in subparagraph 2, and open any passenger compartment, shipping container, compartment, container or vessel or order it to be opened, and require a mechanical inspection of the vehicle if necessary, unless the vehicle is registered as impounded in the road vehicle registration register held by the Société;

 (4) require any information relating to the enforcement of this Code and the legislative and regulatory provisions referred to in subparagraph 1, demand that any related document be produced, and examine and make copies of books, registers, accounts, records or other documents containing such information.

Access to documents.

Any person who has the care, possession or control of such books, registers, accounts, records or other documents must make them available to the highway controller on request and facilitate their examination.

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 2008, c. 14, s. 68.

519.72. (Replaced).

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 2004, c. 2, s. 56; 2008, c. 14, s. 68.

519.73. (Replaced).

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 1998, c. 40, s. 125; 2008, c. 14, s. 68.

CHAPTER III 
PENAL PROVISIONS
1990, c. 83, s. 208.

Penalties.

519.74. Any person who is guilty of an offence under a legislative or regulatory provision which is under the responsibility of the Société pursuant to an agreement entered into in accordance with this Title, is liable to the penalty provided for that offence under the Act or the regulation which is the subject of the agreement.

1990, c. 83, s. 208.

Fuel.

519.75. No person may drive or allow to be driven in Québec a motor vehicle, other than a passenger vehicle, whose fuel tank contains fuel acquired outside Québec, unless he is the holder of the permit or certificate for occasional trips he is required to hold pursuant to the Fuel Tax Act (chapter T-1).

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 1998, c. 40, s. 126.

Powers of peace officer.

519.76. Any peace officer having reasonable grounds to believe that an offence under section 519.75 has been committed may demand the registration certificate and remove the registration plates of the vehicle containing the fuel. The driver must comply without delay with such demand.

Duration.

The peace officer shall issue a receipt to the driver. He may keep the confiscated documents if the situation may be corrected within a reasonable time or, if not, he shall send them to the Société.

Return of documents.

The peace officer or the Société, as the case may be, must return the documents to the driver or owner of the vehicle as soon as the certificate has been issued.

1990, c. 83, s. 208.

Offence and penalty.

519.77. Every person who contravenes the second paragraph of section 519.70 or the second paragraph of section 519.71 is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1990, c. 83, s. 208; 1993, c. 42, s. 23; 1998, c. 40, s. 127; 2008, c. 14, s. 69.

Offence and penalty.

519.78. Every person who contravenes section 519.75 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $500 to $1,500.

1998, c. 40, s. 127.

TITLE IX 
MECHANICAL AND PHOTOMETRIC INSPECTION OF VEHICLES AND PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
1998, c. 56, s. 103; 2004, c. 2, s. 57.

CHAPTER I 
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Mechanical inspection.

520. The Société shall have exclusive jurisdiction to carry out the mechanical inspection of road vehicles and to issue certificates of mechanical inspection and inspection stickers. For that purpose, the Société may, on the conditions it determines, appoint persons authorized to carry out, on its behalf, the inspection of the road vehicles it determines and authorize those persons to issue certificates of mechanical inspection and inspection stickers in respect of those vehicles.

Fee.

If the persons are not members of the personnel of the Société, they must pay the fee prescribed by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 520; 1987, c. 94, s. 71; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2008, c. 14, s. 70.

Mechanical inspection.

520.1. A peace officer may, within the scope of an on-road inspection program established by the Société, conduct or order a mechanical inspection on a road vehicle, including a vehicle subject to a periodic mechanical inspection or a road vehicle to which a preventive maintenance program applies pursuant to the provisions of this Title.

1999, c. 66, s. 21.

Photometric inspection.

520.2. The Société has jurisdiction to carry out a photometric inspection of the windows of road vehicles and has exclusive jurisdiction to issue photometric inspection certificates. For that purpose, the Société may, on the conditions it determines, authorize persons to carry out the photometric inspection of the windows of road vehicles on its behalf and authorize those persons to issue photometric inspection certificates in respect of those vehicles.

Fee.

If the persons are not members of the personnel of the Société, they must pay the fee prescribed by regulation.

2004, c. 2, s. 58; 2008, c. 14, s. 71.

Vehicles.

521. The following road vehicles, subject to section 543.2, must be submitted to mechanical inspection:

 (1) vehicles used for driving instruction by a driving school;

 (2) emergency vehicles;

 (3) taxis, buses and minibuses;

 (4) (subparagraph repealed);

 (5) vehicles having a gross vehicle weight rating of 4,500 kg or more, except detachable axles, vehicles having a net mass of 4,000 kg or less that originally had an open truck box and a tailgate and that are registered as passenger vehicles within the meaning of the registration regulations, sport utility vehicles having a net mass of 4,000 kg or less, motor homes, house trailers, tool vehicles, farm machines as well as construction trailers defined by regulation;

 (6) (subparagraph replaced);

 (7) vehicles whose ownership has been transferred and whose year of manufacture is determined by the Minister of Transport;

 (8) vehicles to which any of the modifications described in section 214 have been made and vehicles made by hand;

 (9) vehicles of the make, model, series or year for which an inspection is ordered by the Minister of Transport;

 (10) vehicles designated by a peace officer having reasonable grounds to believe that modifications described in section 214 have been made to them or that they are in such a condition that they constitute a hazard;

 (10.1) vehicles which, in the opinion of the Société, are in such poor condition that they constitute a hazard;

 (10.2) damaged vehicles that have been rebuilt and to which Title IX.1 applies;

 (11) other vehicles determined by regulation.

Applicability.

Subparagraphs 10 and 10.1 apply to vehicles being operated on highways under the administration of or maintained by the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune, on private roads open to public vehicular traffic and on land occupied by shopping centres or other land where public traffic is allowed.

1986, c. 91, s. 521; 1987, c. 94, s. 72; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 209; 1993, c. 42, s. 24; 1996, c. 56, s. 104; 1998, c. 40, s. 128; 1996, c. 56, s. 104; 2000, c. 64, s. 24; 2002, c. 29, s. 61; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35; 2004, c. 2, s. 59; 2008, c. 14, s. 72; 2010, c. 34, s. 82.

Procedures.

522. Mechanical inspection is carried out in respect of the various road vehicles, according to the standards and procedures established by regulation and, in the case of a vehicle contemplated in paragraph 10 of section 521, within the time determined by the peace officer.

1986, c. 91, s. 522; 2004, c. 2, s. 60.

Remitting of documents.

523. The owner or driver of a road vehicle contemplated in section 521 must submit the vehicle to the required mechanical inspection and must remit the registration certificate of the vehicle and his licence to the Société or to the peace officer if so requested.

Return to holder.

The Société or the peace officer must return those documents to their holder once they have been examined.

1986, c. 91, s. 523; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Mechanical inspection.

524. The peace officer or the Société, as the case may be, may give a notice indicating the time within which the owner or driver of a road vehicle described in paragraph 10 or 10.1 of section 521 is required to submit his vehicle to a mechanical inspection.

Allotted time.

No person may, after the expiry of the time allotted, operate the vehicle unless it is proved, to the satisfaction of the Société or a person authorized to perform the inspection of vehicles for the Société, that the vehicle was submitted to a mechanical inspection and that it conforms to this Code.

Failure to comply.

Failure by the owner or driver to comply within the time prescribed constitutes an offence under the provisions of section 523.

1986, c. 91, s. 524; 1987, c. 94, s. 73; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 141.

Modified vehicle.

525. The owner of a modified road vehicle must furnish to the Société, before the mechanical inspection, a description of the modifications described in section 214 which have been made to his vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 525; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Impounding.

526. The Société or a peace officer is authorized to impound a vehicle or to have it impounded at the owner's expense in order to have it submitted to mechanical inspection.

1986, c. 91, s. 526; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Certificate.

527. Following the mechanical inspection of a road vehicle, the Société or the person authorized to perform the inspection for it shall issue a certificate of mechanical inspection and notify the owner or the driver of the results of the inspection.

1986, c. 91, s. 527; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Copy.

528. Every person authorized to perform the inspection of vehicles for the Société shall without delay forward to it a copy of every certificate of mechanical inspection issued by him.

1986, c. 91, s. 528; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Inspection sticker.

529. Where a certificate of mechanical inspection indicates that a road vehicle conforms to this Code, the Société or the person authorized to perform the inspection for it shall affix an inspection sticker to the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 529; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Defects.

530. A certificate of mechanical inspection attesting that a road vehicle does not conform to this Code shall indicate the minor or major defects, determined by regulation, found in the vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 530.

Necessary repairs.

531. Where a certificate of mechanical inspection indicates that a road vehicle has a minor defect, the Société or the person authorized to perform the inspection for it shall issue to the owner or the driver of the vehicle a notice enjoining the owner to make the necessary repairs or cause such repairs to be made within 48 hours.

Conformity.

At the expiry of that period, no person may put the vehicle back into operation unless it is proved, to the satisfaction of the Société or a person authorized to perform the inspection of vehicles for the Société, that the vehicle conforms to this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 531; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Conformity.

532. Within the time indicated in the notice issued under section 531, the owner must prove, to the satisfaction of the Société or of a person authorized to perform the inspection of vehicles for the Société, that the defects discovered on his vehicle during the inspection have been repaired by him or by another person and that his vehicle conforms to this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 532; 1987, c. 94, s. 74; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 210; 1992, c. 61, s. 142; 1998, c. 40, s. 129.

Major defect.

533. Where a person authorized to perform the inspection of vehicles for the Société discovers during the inspection of a road vehicle that it has a major defect, he must, without delay, notify the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 533; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 105.

Conformity.

534. Where a certificate of mechanical inspection indicates that a road vehicle has a major defect, no person may put the vehicle back into operation unless it is proved, to the satisfaction of the Société or a person authorized to perform the inspection of vehicles for the Société, that the vehicle conforms to this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 534; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Removal of plate.

535. The Société or a peace officer may demand the registration certificate of a road vehicle and may remove the registration plate where a certificate of mechanical inspection indicates that the vehicle has a major defect.

Non-conformity.

The Société may exercise the same powers where an owner has failed to submit his vehicle to a mechanical inspection within the time allotted under section 524.

1986, c. 91, s. 535; 1987, c. 94, s. 75; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Impounding.

536. The Société or a peace officer is authorized to impound or have impounded at the owner's expense a vehicle that was put back into operation in contravention of sections 531 and 534 until it is proved, to the satisfaction of the Société or a person authorized to perform the inspection of vehicles for the Société, that the vehicle conforms to this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 536; 1987, c. 94, s. 76; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Inspection sticker.

537. Where the Société or a person authorized to perform the inspection of vehicles for the Société is satisfied with the evidence furnished as proof that a vehicle conforms to this Code, he shall affix an inspection sticker to the vehicle.

Notification of Société.

Every person authorized to perform the inspection of vehicles for the Société shall, without delay, notify it of every inspection sticker he affixes on a vehicle pursuant to the first paragraph.

1986, c. 91, s. 537; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Authorization.

538. No person may issue a certificate of mechanical inspection or affix an inspection sticker to a road vehicle unless he is authorized for such purpose by the Société in accordance with section 520.

1986, c. 91, s. 538; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Revocation.

538.0.1. The Société may revoke, for a period of two years, the certificate of competency referred to in section 543.3.1 of any mechanic who issues a certificate of mechanical inspection without being authorized to do so by the Société in accordance with section 520.

1998, c. 40, s. 130.

Valid stickers.

538.1. No sticker that may be confused with an inspection sticker issued by the Société or by another administrative authority may be affixed to a road vehicle.

1990, c. 83, s. 211.

Inaccurate information.

539. No person may issue a certificate of mechanical inspection containing false or inaccurate information on the condition of an inspected vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 539.

Notice.

539.1. A peace officer who is unable to see the inside or the occupants of a road vehicle through the windows on each side of the driver's compartment may issue a notice indicating the time within which the owner or driver of the vehicle must submit the windows of the vehicle to a photometric inspection.

Inspection.

The owner or driver referred to in the first paragraph must submit the vehicle to the inspection required.

Failure to comply.

Failure by the owner or driver to comply within the time prescribed constitutes an offence under this section.

2004, c. 2, s. 61.

Certificate.

539.2. Following the photometric inspection, the Société or the person authorized to carry out the photometric inspection for the Société shall issue a photometric inspection certificate and notify the owner or the driver of the results of the inspection.

2004, c. 2, s. 61.

Copy.

539.3. A person authorized to carry out photometric inspections for the Société shall without delay forward to it a copy of every photometric inspection certificate issued by the person.

2004, c. 2, s. 61.

Light admitted.

539.4. A photometric inspection certificate must indicate whether the windows on each side of the driver's compartment of a road vehicle admit less light than the standard prescribed by regulation.

2004, c. 2, s. 61.

Notice.

539.5. Where a photometric inspection certificate indicates that the windows on each side of the driver's compartment of a road vehicle admit less light than the standard prescribed by regulation, the Société or the person authorized to carry out the photometric inspection for the Société shall issue to the owner or the driver of the vehicle a notice ordering the owner to make the necessary changes or cause such changes to be made within 48 hours.

New inspection.

At the expiry of that period, no person may put the vehicle back into operation unless a photometric inspection carried out by the Société or a person authorized to carry out the photometric inspection for the Société certifies that the windows on each side of the driver's compartment of the vehicle admit light in accordance with the standard prescribed by regulation.

2004, c. 2, s. 61.

Impounding.

539.6. The Société or a peace officer is authorized to impound a vehicle that was put back into operation in contravention of section 539.5, or have it impounded at the owner's expense, until a photometric inspection carried out by the Société or a person authorized to carry out the inspection of vehicles for the Société certifies that the windows on each side of the driver's compartment of the vehicle admit light in accordance with the standard prescribed by regulation.

2004, c. 2, s. 61.

Authorization.

539.7. No person, unless authorized to do so by the Société in accordance with section 520.2, may issue a photometric inspection certificate.

2004, c. 2, s. 61.

False information.

539.8. No person may issue a photometric inspection certificate containing false or inaccurate information on the condition of the windows inspected.

2004, c. 2, s. 61.

Taximeter.

540. A peace officer who has reasonable grounds to believe that the taximeter of a taxi does not give a reading that corresponds to the scale in force may require that it be submitted to an inspection on a route provided for that purpose.

1986, c. 91, s. 540.

Compliance.

541. The owner or the driver of a taxi referred to in section 540 must comply with the request of the peace officer and drive the taxi to the route indicated.

Impounding.

The peace officer is authorized to impound the vehicle or to have it impounded at the owner's expense in order to submit it to an inspection regarding the taximeter.

1986, c. 91, s. 541.

Notice to taxi driver.

542. If the peace officer making the inspection finds that the taximeter does not give a reading that corresponds to the scale in force, he shall issue a notice to that effect to the owner or the driver of the taxi. The driver or owner who is issued such a notice shall cease to operate the taxi and have the taximeter adjusted, repaired or replaced.

1986, c. 91, s. 542.

Accurate reading.

543. The owner or the driver of a taxi referred to in section 542 shall not put it back into operation unless it is proved to the satisfaction of a peace officer that the taximeter gives a reading that corresponds to the scale in force.

Impounding.

A peace officer is authorized to impound or have impounded at the owner's expense a taxi that was put back into operation in contravention of the first paragraph, until that proof is made.

1986, c. 91, s. 543.

not in force
Correction of defect.

543.1. Where the owner of a road vehicle is notified or becomes aware of a notice of defect issued by a vehicle manufacturer pursuant to the Motor Vehicle Safety Act (Statutes of Canada, 1993, chapter 16), he must forthwith ensure that the defect is corrected as instructed by the manufacturer or that the vehicle is repaired or modified in such a way that the defect no longer exists.

Defect.

Any minor or major defect listed in the Regulation respecting safety standards for road vehicles (chapter C-24.2, r. 32) constitutes a defect within the meaning of this section.

1987, c. 94, s. 77; 1996, c. 56, s. 144.

Fuel supply system inspection sticker.

543.1.1. The owner of a road vehicle powered by natural gas or propane shall not operate the vehicle or allow it to be operated if the vehicle is not carrying the fuel supply system inspection sticker required by the regulations under section 621.

2002, c. 29, s. 62.

CHAPTER I.1 
PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
1996, c. 56, s. 106.

Application for certification.

543.2. The owner of a road vehicle subject to periodic mechanical inspection pursuant to a regulation made under paragraph 29 of section 621 may apply to the Société for certification of his preventive maintenance program to stand in place of mechanical inspection, if the program meets the minimum standards prescribed by regulation.

1996, c. 56, s. 106; 1998, c. 40, s. 131; 2004, c. 2, s. 62.

Information fees.

543.3. To obtain certification, the owner must provide the information and documents prescribed by regulation and pay to the Société the fees prescribed by regulation.

1996, c. 56, s. 106.

Certificate of competency.

543.3.1. The Société, or a mandatary designated by the Société, shall issue a certificate of competency in the cases determined by regulation to any mechanic assigned to the preventive maintenance of road vehicles who has passed the examination established or recognized by the Société.

1998, c. 40, s. 132.

Exemption.

543.3.2. The Société may exempt an owner of a road vehicle who files an application pursuant to section 543.2 from the requirement to comply with the minimum standards pertaining to the qualifications of mechanics assigned to the maintenance of road vehicles.

Refusal.

The Société may refuse such an exemption if, in the Société's opinion, mechanics do not have qualifications equivalent to those required for a certificate of competency to be issued.

1998, c. 40, s. 132.

Certificate.

543.4. Where the Société considers that the owner's program meets the minimum standards, it shall issue a certificate to the owner, containing the information prescribed by regulation.

1996, c. 56, s. 106.

Sticker.

543.5. The owner must affix a sticker to every road vehicle covered by the program, the form, content, period of validity and cost of which shall be prescribed by regulation.

1996, c. 56, s. 106.

Sticker.

543.6. No person, except a person holding a certificate issued by the Société, may affix such a sticker to a road vehicle.

1996, c. 56, s. 106.

Preventive maintenance records.

543.7. The owner must keep preventive maintenance records, the form, content and period of retention of which shall be prescribed by regulation.

1996, c. 56, s. 106.

Minimum standards.

543.8. The owner must adhere to the minimum standards prescribed by regulation.

Maintenance.

He must maintain the road vehicles covered by the program in safe operating order.

Standards.

The owner must also adhere to the other standards contained in the program.

1996, c. 56, s. 106.

Work.

543.9. Work under the preventive maintenance program may be performed by a third person on the conditions prescribed by regulation. However, the owner remains bound by the obligations set out in section 543.8.

1996, c. 56, s. 106.

Cancellation.

543.10. The Société may, in the cases and on the conditions determined by regulation, cancel a certification.

1996, c. 56, s. 106.

New application.

543.11. Any owner whose certification has been cancelled may submit a new application to the Société provided he complies with the requirements under section 543.3 and with the other conditions determined by the Société, where applicable.

1996, c. 56, s. 106.

Proof of conformity.

543.12. Where a certificate of mechanical inspection indicates that a road vehicle to which this chapter applies has a minor defect and that a 48-hour notice has been issued under section 531 by a highway controller, the proof of conformity referred to in the second paragraph of that section may be made to the vehicle's owner by a mechanic assigned to preventive maintenance.

1996, c. 56, s. 106; 2008, c. 14, s. 73.

Member of personnel.

543.13. The Société may designate any member of its personnel having the required qualifications to ensure that sections 519.6, 519.15 and 539, the provisions of this chapter and the regulatory provisions made under paragraphs 32.1 to 32.7 of section 621 are complied with.

1996, c. 56, s. 106; 2008, c. 14, s. 74.

Powers.

543.14. In the performance of his duties, the person designated by the Société under section 543.13 may, in particular,

 (1) enter, at any reasonable time, the establishment of an owner or of a third person referred to in this chapter or any place where a road vehicle to which the preventive maintenance program applies is located;

 (2) inspect, within such places, the premises or equipment where records that must be kept pursuant to this chapter are found;

 (3) inspect any vehicle subject to the provisions of this chapter and, for such purpose, order the immobilization of the vehicle if necessary, enter it, examine the records referred to in subparagraph 2 and open or cause to be opened any container or recipient;

 (4) require any information relating to the application of this chapter, require any document relating thereto and examine and make copies of books, accounts, records and other documents which contain such information.

Books, accounts, records.

Any person having custody, possession or control of such books, accounts, records and other documents must, on request, make them available to the person carrying out the inspection and facilitate their examination.

1996, c. 56, s. 106; 2008, c. 14, s. 75.

Identification.

543.15. On request, a person designated by the Société under section 543.13 must identify himself and show a certificate of his capacity issued by the Société.

1996, c. 56, s. 106; 2008, c. 14, s. 76.

543.16. (Repealed).

1996, c. 56, s. 106; 2008, c. 14, s. 77.

CHAPTER II 
PENAL PROVISIONS

Offence and penalty.

544. Every person who contravenes section 528 or 539.3 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $30 to $60.

1986, c. 91, s. 544; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 2004, c. 2, s. 63.

Offence and penalty.

545. Every person who contravenes section 531 or 539.5 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200 for each defect discovered.

1986, c. 91, s. 545; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 2004, c. 2, s. 64.

not in force
Offence and penalty.

545.1. Every person who contravenes section 543.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $60 to $100 if the road vehicle to which the notice applies has a minor defect or to a fine of $100 to $200 if the vehicle has a major defect.

1987, c. 94, s. 78; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

545.2. Every person who contravenes section 543 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $250 to $750.

1998, c. 40, s. 133.

Offence and penalty.

546. Every person who contravenes the first paragraph of section 523 or any of sections 534, 538, 538.1, 539, 539.1, 539.7, 539.8 or 543.1.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

Offence and penalty.

Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes section 523 or 534 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $350 to $1,050.

1986, c. 91, s. 546; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1990, c. 83, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 134; 2002, c. 29, s. 63; 2004, c. 2, s. 65.

Offence and penalty.

546.0.1. Every owner to whom Chapter I.1 applies who contravenes a regulatory provision determined under paragraph 32.8 of section 621 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200 or of $300 to $600, or to a fine of $350 to $1,050 or of $700 to $2,100 if Title VIII.1 applies to the owner, according to the offence to which the minimum and maximum amounts of the fine fixed in the regulation correspond.

1996, c. 56, s. 107; 1998, c. 40, s. 135.

Offence and penalty.

546.0.2. Every owner to whom Chapter I.1 applies who contravenes the second paragraph of section 543.8 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200 or to a fine of $350 to $1,050 if Title VIII.1 applies to the owner.

1996, c. 56, s. 107; 1998, c. 40, s. 136.

Offence and penalty.

546.0.3. Every owner to whom Chapter I.1 of Title IX applies who contravenes section 543.6 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600 or, in the case of an owner of a heavy vehicle, to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1996, c. 56, s. 107; 1998, c. 40, s. 137.

Offence and penalty.

546.0.4. Every person who contravenes the second paragraph of section 543.14 or section 543.16 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1996, c. 56, s. 107; 1998, c. 40, s. 138.

TITLE IX.1 
REBUILDING OF DAMAGED VEHICLES
1990, c. 83, s. 213.

Jurisdiction of the Société.

546.1. The Société has exclusive jurisdiction for making technical appraisals of rebuilt road vehicles and for issuing certificates of technical compliance.

Authorized persons.

For these purposes, the Société may, on the conditions it establishes, appoint persons authorized to make technical appraisals of rebuilt road vehicles on its behalf, and authorize them to issue certificates of technical compliance in respect of such road vehicles.

1990, c. 83, s. 213.

Unrebuildable vehicle.

546.1.1. A road vehicle to which the Registrar of Vehicles Imported to Canada has assigned the status of unrebuildable vehicle may not be rebuilt. As soon as the Société is informed of the status assigned to the vehicle, the Société shall prohibit the vehicle from being put into operation.

2008, c. 14, s. 78.

Damaged vehicles.

546.2. Any insurer who compensates the owner of a vehicle so seriously damaged that it cannot be rebuilt or must be rebuilt before being driven again shall, upon payment of the indemnity to the owner, notify the Société and indicate whether or not the vehicle may be rebuilt.

Total loss.

In addition, every owner of a road vehicle exempted by section 101 or section 102 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25) from the obligation of contracting liability insurance guaranteeing compensation for property damage caused by his vehicle must advise the Société if the vehicle is declared to be a total loss and indicate whether or not the vehicle may be rebuilt.

Agreements.

The Société may enter into an agreement with any government, government department, public body or private undertaking for the transmission to it of information allowing such vehicles to be identified.

1990, c. 83, s. 213; 1996, c. 56, s. 109; 2000, c. 64, s. 25.

546.3. (Repealed).

1990, c. 83, s. 213; 1993, c. 42, s. 25.

Rebuilding record.

546.4. Every person rebuilding a damaged vehicle shall maintain a record on the rebuilding of the vehicle on the form provided by the Société. The record must contain the following documents and information:

 (1) the name and address of the rebuilder, of the owner of the vehicle and of its insurer together with the file number of the claim;

 (2) the identification of the vehicle;

 (3) a list of the major components used, including the name of the supplier, the date of purchase and the identification number of the original vehicle;

 (4) the insurer's estimate of repairs;

 (5) the purchase invoice for the vehicle carcass and invoices for major components needed for the rebuilding;

 (6) colour photographs showing the front, rear and sides of the vehicle taken before rebuilding and a colour photograph taken on a frame alignment bench;

 (7) an attestation that such information and documents are true;

 (8) any other document or information required by regulation.

Owner.

When the rebuilding of the vehicle is completed, the person who rebuilt the vehicle must give the record of rebuilding to the owner of the vehicle.

1990, c. 83, s. 213; 1993, c. 42, s. 26.

Certificate of technical compliance.

546.5. The Société or the person it authorizes to make a technical appraisal shall issue a certificate of technical compliance when in his opinion a rebuilt road vehicle complies with the rebuilding standards recognized in the automobile industry especially with respect to frame alignment and solidity of assembly, and when he is satisfied, on the basis of an inspection of the vehicle and record of rebuilding, that the vehicle is the vehicle described in the record of rebuilding.

Results.

Following the technical appraisal, the Société or authorized person shall advise the owner or the driver of the results of the appraisal.

1990, c. 83, s. 213; 1996, c. 56, s. 110.

Copy.

546.5.1. The person authorized to make the technical appraisal for the Société shall without delay forward to it a copy of the certificate of technical compliance or the results of the appraisal.

1996, c. 56, s. 111.

Prohibition.

546.6. No person may put a vehicle that has been seriously damaged and that has been rebuilt back into operation without first having submitted it for technical appraisal with the record of rebuilding referred to in section 546.4 and without having obtained a certificate of technical conformity and a certificate of technical inspection stating that the vehicle meets the requirements of this Code.

Exception.

However, a person is not required to submit the record of rebuilding if the vehicle was damaged and rebuilt outside Québec, provided it has been registered outside Québec as a rebuilt vehicle, or to furnish the documents and information required in the record of rebuilding which concern the insurer if the vehicle was damaged outside Québec.

Rebuilding record.

However, in the case of a vehicle that has been damaged and rebuilt outside Québec and registered as a rebuilt vehicle, the Société must require that a record of rebuilding be submitted, where such a record exists.

1990, c. 83, s. 213; 1993, c. 42, s. 27; 1996, c. 56, s. 112.

Offence and penalty.

546.6.1. Every insurer or owner of a vehicle exempted by section 101 or section 102 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25) who contravenes section 546.2 and every person who contravenes section 546.5.1 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1996, c. 56, s. 113.

Offence and penalty.

546.7. Every person who contravenes section 546.6 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

1990, c. 83, s. 213.

Offence and penalty.

546.8. Every person who issues a certificate of technical compliance in contravention of the conditions set out in section 546.5 or who forwards technical appraisal results containing false or inaccurate information as to the condition of the vehicle is liable to the fine prescribed by section 546.7.

1996, c. 56, s. 114.

TITLE X 
PROCEDURE AND PROOF

CHAPTER I 
PROCEDURE AND PROOF IN ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS

DIVISION I 
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Admission of evidence.

547. For the purposes of this Code, the Société may admit any relevant evidence that may serve the interests of justice.

1986, c. 91, s. 547; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Procedure.

548. The Société may, where provisions applicable to a particular case are lacking, supply any procedure compatible with this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 548; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Content of document.

549. A document filed in the records of the Société is proof of its content, except on proof to the contrary.

1986, c. 91, s. 549; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

550. Every decision of the Société rendered under paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of section 81, section 82, paragraph 2 or 4 of section 83, paragraph 4 of section 109, section 185 or 187.1, paragraphs 1 and 2 of section 188, subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph and the second paragraph of section 189, paragraphs 1, 2, 3 and 5 of section 190, any of sections 191, 191.2, 194, 195.1 and 538.0.1 or the second paragraph of section 543.3.2 must be in writing and give the reasons on which it is based.

Where the Société receives an application for the review of a decision referred to in the first paragraph, it must give the applicant the opportunity to present observations.

Every decision of the Société denying a review of or upholding a decision under the first paragraph must be in writing and give the reasons on which it is based.

The Société shall transmit the decision referred to in this section or the prior notice referred to in section 553 to the person concerned, by giving it to the person or sending it, by any means of transmission providing proof of receipt, to the last address listed for the person in the records of the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 550; 1987, c. 94, s. 79; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 214; 1996, c. 56, s. 115; 1996, c. 60, s. 76; 1997, c. 43, s. 172; 1998, c. 40, s. 139; 2000, c. 64, s. 26; 2002, c. 29, s. 64; 2004, c. 2, s. 66; 2007, c. 40, s. 68; 2015, c. 4, s. 35.

Decision.

550.1. The Société shall transmit to the person concerned the decision in respect of a sanction referred to in section 106.1 by giving it to him or sending it, by any means of transmission providing proof of receipt, to the last address listed for him in the records of the Société.

1993, c. 42, s. 28; 2002, c. 29, s. 65.

Demerit points.

551. Appeal from a conviction by a person convicted of an offence does not suspend the entry of the number of demerit points corresponding to the offence or a decision made by the Société under section 185, unless the court decides otherwise.

1986, c. 91, s. 551; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

552. Where a person suffers from an illness or deficiency or is in a situation described in paragraph 2 or 3 of section 81, paragraph 2 of section 82, paragraph 2 of section 83, paragraph 2 or 3 of section 190 or section 191, the Société may, before rendering a decision, request, by notice, the person to furnish, within the time fixed by the Société which may in no case exceed 90 days, a complementary report on the examination or assessment referred to in section 73, 76.1.2, 76.1.4, 76.1.4.1 or 603.

In addition, the Société may request the person to furnish other documents from an institution providing health services under the Act respecting health services and social services (chapter S-4.2) or the Act respecting health services and social services for Cree Native persons (chapter S-5), or from another health professional governed by the Professional Code (chapter C-26) or, in the case of a professional driver, with a notice from the person's employer.

On receipt of the complementary report or, if the person fails to furnish such a report, at the expiry of the period fixed, the Société shall render the decision it deems appropriate.

1986, c. 91, s. 552; 1987, c. 94, s. 80; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 215; 1992, c. 21, s. 124; 1994, c. 23, s. 23; 1996, c. 56, s. 116; 2007, c. 40, s. 69; 2010, c. 34, s. 83.

Notice.

553. The Société shall, before making a written decision in respect of which it is required to comply with the obligations prescribed by section 5 of the Act respecting administrative justice (chapter J-3), send to the person concerned a notice of its proposed decision which shall mention, among other things, that the person has 12 days from the time of mailing of the notice within which to present observations.

Decision.

The proposed decision shall become the decision of the Société on the third day following the expiry of such time limit, and shall take effect unless the Société decides otherwise.

Time limit.

The time limit prescribed in the first paragraph may be shortened where the decision relates to the suspension of a licence or class of a licence following a proficiency examination.

Interruption of postal service.

In the event of an interruption of postal service, a decision delivered by another means takes effect on the date fixed by the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 553; 1987, c. 94, s. 81; 1990, c. 83, s. 216; 1996, c. 56, s. 117; 1997, c. 43, s. 173; 2000, c. 64, s. 27.

Information.

554. In communicating its decision, the Société must inform the person concerned of the consequences of the decision and of his right to bring a proceeding under section 557 or 560.

1986, c. 91, s. 554; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1997, c. 43, s. 174.

Immunity.

555. No recourse provided in articles 834 to 850 of the Code of Civil Procedure (chapter C-25) may be exercised nor any injunction granted against the Société, one of its members or a person designated under section 17.1 of the Act respecting the Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec (chapter S-11.011), acting in their official capacity.

1986, c. 91, s. 555; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Annulment of order.

556. A judge of the Court of Appeal may, on a motion, summarily annul any writ, order or injunction issued or granted contrary to section 555.

1986, c. 91, s. 556.

DIVISION II 
REVIEW AND PROCEEDING BEFORE THE ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL OF QUÉBEC
1997, c. 43, s. 175.

Causes for review.

557. The Société may, of its own initiative or on the application of the person concerned, review or cancel any decision it has rendered in respect of which no proceeding has been brought before the Administrative Tribunal of Québec.

Formal defects.

The Société may also, of its own initiative or on the application of the person concerned, correct any decision containing an error in writing or in calculation or any other formal defect.

1986, c. 91, s. 557; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1997, c. 43, s. 176.

Documents.

558. The Société may, in the case contemplated in section 557, request a person to return to it any document issued to him, in accordance with the decision it has reviewed, corrected or annulled.

1986, c. 91, s. 558; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Refusal.

559. Where the person refuses or fails to comply with the requirement of section 558, the Société may request a peace officer to take possession of the document.

Peace officer.

The person must immediately remit the document to the peace officer who requests him to do so and informs him of the reason therefor.

1986, c. 91, s. 559; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

560. A decision may be contested before the Administrative Tribunal of Québec if it is

 (1) a decision made by the Société under paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of section 81, paragraphs 1 and 2 of section 82, paragraph 2 of section 83, paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 of section 190 or section 191 or a decision of the Société refusing to review such a decision or maintaining it;

 (2) a decision made by the Société under paragraph 3 of section 82, section 538.0.1 or the second paragraph of section 543.3.2 or a decision of the Société refusing to review such a decision or maintaining it.

1986, c. 91, s. 560; 1987, c. 94, s. 82; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 217; 1997, c. 43, s. 177; 1998, c. 40, s. 140; 2004, c. 2, s. 67; 2015, c. 4, s. 36.

561. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 561; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

562. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 562; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

563. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 563; 1988, c. 21, s. 66; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

564. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 564; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

565. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 565; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

566. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 566; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

567. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 567; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

568. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 568; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

569. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 569; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

570. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 570; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

571. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 571; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

572. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 572; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

573. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 573; 1997, c. 43, s. 178.

DIVISION III 
RECOVERY
1992, c. 61, s. 144.

Proceedings.

573.1. Proceedings for the recovery of duties or fees prescribed by this Code shall be instituted by the Société.

1992, c. 61, s. 144.

CHAPTER II 
PROCEDURE AND PROOF IN PENAL MATTERS

DIVISION I 
STATEMENTS OF OFFENCE AND NOTICES
1992, c. 61, s. 145.

574. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 574; 1992, c. 61, s. 146.

575. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 575; 1987, c. 94, s. 83; 1992, c. 61, s. 147.

Parking infraction.

576. The person authorized by a municipal council to enforce the parking by-laws of a municipality may perform the actions that a peace officer is authorized to perform under this chapter if the offence alleged under this Code is a parking infraction.

1986, c. 91, s. 576.

577. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 577; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 148; 1996, c. 56, s. 118.

578. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 578; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 218; 1992, c. 61, s. 149; 1996, c. 56, s. 119.

579. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 579; 1992, c. 61, s. 150.

580. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 580; 1992, c. 61, s. 150.

581. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 581; 1992, c. 61, s. 150.

582. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 582; 1992, c. 61, s. 150.

Entry of demerit points.

583. Failure to mention, in a statement of offence, the number of demerit points entailed by a conviction or a mistake in such mention, does not prevent the Société from entering the appropriate number of demerit points in the file of the person concerned.

1986, c. 91, s. 583; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 151.

584. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 584; 1992, c. 61, s. 150.

Payment.

585. A payment is deemed to have been made once the proper sum is paid in cash or otherwise to the prosecuting party or another person designated by him.

Presumption.

The payment is deemed to have been made by the defendant in respect of whom the statement of offence has been served.

1986, c. 91, s. 585; 1992, c. 61, s. 152; 1999, c. 40, s. 55.

Notice.

586. The person who accepts a payment for an offence for which conviction entails, under this Code, the suspension or cancellation of a licence or the suspension of a registration, must inform the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 586; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 153.

587. The clerk of a court of justice or a person under his authority shall notify the Société of every conviction that entails, under this Code, the suspension or cancellation of a licence or a class thereof as well as any conviction for an offence under section 165 or 166 of this Code or under section 186, 187, 191 or 192 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25).

The clerk of a court of justice or a person under the clerk's authority shall also notify the Société of an order of prohibition under any of subsections 1, 2 and 3.1 to 3.4 of section 259 of the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46).

If a decision states that the offender's blood alcohol concentration level at the time of an offence under section 180 exceeded 160 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood, the notice to the Société must mention it.

1986, c. 91, s. 587; 1987, c. 94, s. 85; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 219; 1992, c. 61, s. 154; 1996, c. 56, s. 120; 2007, c. 40, s. 70; 2015, c. 4, s. 37.

Conviction.

587.1. A collector of fines, the clerk of a court, the clerk, secretary or secretary-treasurer of a municipality, the Director of Criminal and Penal Prosecutions or the director of a police service, as the case may be, shall advise the Société of every statement issued and of every conviction of an owner or operator to which Title VIII.1 applies or of a driver in relation to the operation of a heavy vehicle.

1996, c. 56, s. 121; 1998, c. 40, s. 141; 2005, c. 34, s. 85.

Time of notice.

588. The notice provided for in sections 112, 586 and 587 must be given within 30 days of the date of the judgment of conviction and be accompanied with all the information required by the Société.

Form.

The notice must be in the form and contain the particulars determined by the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 588; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 155; 2010, c. 34, s. 84.

Content of document.

589. Every document emanating from the Société evidencing a payment, a blood alcohol concentration level or a conviction in respect of a person is proof of its content, in the absence of any contrary evidence.

1986, c. 91, s. 589; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2007, c. 40, s. 71.

Delay.

590. Any delay in the transmission of a notice provided for in sections 112, 519.56, 586 and 587 does not prevent the Société from rendering a decision.

1986, c. 91, s. 590; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 156.

DIVISION II 
RULES OF PROOF
1992, c. 61, s. 157.

591. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 591; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 4, s. 215; 1992, c. 61, s. 158.

592. The owner of a road vehicle whose name appears in the register of the Société kept pursuant to section 10 may be convicted of every offence against this Code or any municipal traffic or parking by-law committed with the vehicle, unless he proves that, at the time of the offence, the vehicle was in the possession of a third person without his consent.

In the case of an offence against any of sections 35, 36, 65, 74, 89, 96 to 102, 105, 168, 171, 310, 311, 320 to 324, the second paragraph of section 325, any of sections 326 to 331, 333, 335 to 337, 339 to 377, the first paragraph of section 378, any of sections 379, 395, 396, 401, 402 to 413, 415 to 417.1, 418, 421 to 429, 431 to 443, 455 to 460, 464, the second paragraph of section 468, section 470, the second paragraph of section 472, the second paragraph of section 476 or any of sections 477 to 484 or against any municipal by-law to the same effect, the owner cannot be convicted unless it is established that he was the driver of the vehicle at the time of the offence or was in the vehicle then driven by his agent. In the latter case, the court may condemn either or both of them.

The second paragraph does not apply in the case of an offence evidenced by a photograph taken by a photo radar device or a red light camera system.

1986, c. 91, s. 592; 1990, c. 4, s. 216; 1990, c. 83, s. 220; 2009, c. 48, s. 19; 2012, c. 15, s. 19.

592.0.0.1. A short-term renter of a road vehicle may be convicted of an offence under this Code evidenced by a photograph taken by a photo radar device or a red light camera system unless the renter proves that, at the time of the offence, the vehicle was in the possession of a third party without the renter's consent.

2012, c. 15, s. 20.

Possessor of transponder.

592.0.1. A person in whose name a transponder is registered may be convicted of any offence under section 417.2 unless the person proves that, at the time of the offence, the transponder was in the possession of a third party without the person's consent.

2009, c. 48, s. 20.

Holder of customer account.

592.0.2. A holder of a customer account with the partner may be convicted of any offence under section 417.2 unless the person proves that, at the time of the offence, the road vehicle associated with the customer account was in the possession of a third party without the person's consent.

2009, c. 48, s. 20.

592.1. In the case of an offence evidenced by a photograph taken by a photo radar device or a red light camera system, the statement of offence and the photograph indicating the place, date and time the photograph was taken and, as applicable, the traffic light involved or the speed recorded, must be sent to the owner within 30 days after the date of the offence at the most recent address entered in the records of the Société or in records held outside Québec by an administrative authority responsible for registering the vehicle. The photograph must show the road vehicle and its registration plate and, if applicable, the traffic light involved, without making it possible to identify the occupants of the vehicle.

If the owner was not driving the vehicle at the time the offence was recorded, the driver and the owner may, within 15 days after service of the statement of offence, send the prosecutor a declaration identifying the driver on the form prescribed by the Minister of Justice signed by both the driver and the owner. The prosecutor may serve a new statement of offence on the driver.

Even if the driver refuses to sign the declaration, the owner may send it to the prosecutor and so notify the driver. The prosecutor may serve a new statement of offence on the driver.

2007, c. 40, s. 72; 2012, c. 15, s. 21.

592.1.1. If the road vehicle used to commit the offence was under a short-term rental contract at the time of the offence, the owner of the vehicle may identify the renter of the vehicle, in accordance with the second and third paragraphs of section 592.1, with the necessary modifications.

2012, c. 15, s. 22.

592.2. Despite the first paragraph of section 592, the owner of the road vehicle may not be convicted if the driver or short-term renter of the vehicle is convicted of the same offence or an included offence.

2007, c. 40, s. 72; 2012, c. 15, s. 23.

592.2.1. Despite sections 592 and 592.1, the owner and the driver of the following road vehicles cannot be convicted of an offence evidenced by a photograph taken by a photo radar device or a red light camera system:

 (1) a police force vehicle;

 (2) an ambulance service vehicle;

 (3) a fire safety vehicle;

 (4) an emergency vehicle registered in the name of the Société;

 (5) an emergency vehicle used mainly in emergency situations to bring medical personnel or medical equipment to a location where a person requires immediate medical care;

 (6) an emergency vehicle used mainly in emergency situations to bring a technician or rescue equipment to a location where rapid intervention is required in order to provide immediate medical care.

2012, c. 15, s. 24.

592.3. (Repealed).

2007, c. 40, s. 72; 2010, c. 34, s. 85; 2012, c. 15, s. 25.

Demerit points.

592.4. An offence evidenced by a photograph taken by a photo radar device or a red light camera system does not entail the issue of demerit points unless the driver was intercepted and was served with a statement of offence.

2007, c. 40, s. 72.

592.4.1. In the case of an offence under the second paragraph of section 299, section 303.2 or 328, the third paragraph of section 329 or section 359, the prosecutor is not required to prove the presence of road signs or signals marking the place where a photo radar device or red light camera system is used to monitor compliance with highway safety rules.

No proceedings may be dismissed nor may any defendant be acquitted on the grounds that road signs or signals described in the first paragraph were inadequate or absent.

2012, c. 15, s. 26.

Statement of offence and photograph.

592.5. In the case of an offence evidenced by a photograph taken by a camera approved by the Minister of Transport under section 595.1, the statement of offence and the photograph, indicating the place, date and time it was taken, must be sent to the owner of the road vehicle at the most recent address entered in the records of the Société or, if applicable, in the records kept outside Québec by an administrative authority responsible for registering the vehicle, or to the person in whose name the transponder is registered or the holder of the customer account at the last address that person or holder gave to the partner. The photograph must show the vehicle's registration plate without making it possible to see the occupants of the vehicle.

Obligations of prosecutor.

In the case of a person described in paragraph 5 of section 13 of the Act respecting transport infrastructure partnerships (chapter P-9.001), the prosecutor must send to that person the statement of offence and the photograph, indicating the place, date and time it was taken, within 30 days after the passage of the road vehicle on a public road subject to a toll under that Act.

2009, c. 48, s. 21.

593. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 593; 1990, c. 4, s. 217.

Signing of document.

594. A person authorized by the Director of Criminal and Penal Prosecutions may sign a document required for the application of this chapter and certify true a copy of or extract from the document.

Automatic device.

The signature of that person may be affixed by means of an automatic device or in the form of an engraved, lithographed or printed facsimile.

1986, c. 91, s. 594; 1990, c. 4, s. 218; 1992, c. 61, s. 159; 2005, c. 34, s. 85.

Proof.

595. The filing of a document attested by the Société which states that the defendant is the owner of the vehicle the registration number of which is indicated on the statement of offence constitutes, failing any evidence to the contrary, proof of such ownership in penal proceedings for an offence under a provision of this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 595; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1992, c. 61, s. 160; 2008, c. 14, s. 81.

Approval of Minister.

595.1. The cameras used to photograph the registration plates of road vehicles driven on a public road referred to in section 417.2 must be approved by the Minister of Transport and, if applicable, be verified or certified in accordance with a regulation made under subparagraph 5 of the first paragraph of section 11 of the Act respecting transport infrastructure partnerships (chapter P-9.001); they must also allow the place, date and time the photograph was taken to be determined.

Traffic signs.

The places where such cameras may be used must be announced by traffic signs or signals prescribed for that purpose by the Minister of Transport.

Publication.

Any order made under this section is to be published in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

2009, c. 48, s. 22.

Proof.

595.2. In penal proceedings for an offence under section 417.2, a photograph of a road vehicle's registration plate taken by a camera approved by the Minister of Transport is proof, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, of the vehicle's presence on the public road and of the other information displayed on the photograph.

2009, c. 48, s. 22.

596. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 596; 1987, c. 94, s. 86; 1992, c. 61, s. 161.

Party to an offence.

596.1. Any person who advises, encourages or incites another person to do a thing that constitutes an offence under this Code or under a legislative or regulatory provision which is under the responsibility of the Société pursuant to an agreement entered into in accordance with Title VIII.2, or who accomplishes or omits to accomplish a thing which results in aiding another person to commit an offence is a party to that offence and is liable to the same penalty as that which is prescribed for the offender, whether or not the offender has been prosecuted or convicted.

Party to an offence.

Any person who fails to furnish to an owner or operator of heavy vehicles or who furnishes false or misleading or erroneous information, the knowledge or truth of which would have prevented an offence under this Code is liable to the same fine as the offender, whether or not the offender has been prosecuted or convicted.

1990, c. 83, s. 221; 1998, c. 40, s. 142.

Party to an offence.

596.2. Where a legal person commits an offence under this Code or under a legislative or regulatory provision which is under the responsibility of the Société pursuant to an agreement entered into in accordance with Title VIII.2, every director, partner, officer, employee or agent of that person who prescribed or authorized the commission of the offence or who consented or acquiesced thereto or participated therein is deemed to be a party to that offence and is liable to the same penalty as that which is prescribed for the legal person, whether or not that legal person has been prosecuted or convicted.

1990, c. 83, s. 221.

Proof.

596.3. In any penal proceedings for an offence against section 523 or 539.1, proof of the notification provided for in section 524 or 539.5 may be made by the filing of a duplicate of the notice attesting the giving of the notice and signed by the peace officer or the person authorized by the Société.

Proof.

The date of the mechanical or photometric inspection may be proved by the filing of a duplicate of the notice attesting the inspection, dated and signed by the inspector.

Witness.

However, the defendant may require the prosecutor, in accordance with article 63 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1), to summon as a witness the person who gave the notice or made the inspection.

1993, c. 42, s. 29; 2008, c. 14, s. 82.

Proof.

596.4. In any penal proceedings for an offence against section 531, proof of the notification provided for in that section may be made by the filing of a duplicate of the notice attesting the giving of the notice, signed by the person authorized by the Société or the person authorized to make the mechanical inspection for the Société.

Proof.

The date of the inspection of the repairs and the certification of the conformity of the road vehicle with this Code may be proved by the filing of a duplicate of the notice attesting the inspection of the vehicle and its conformity with this Code, dated and signed by the person authorized by the Société or the person authorized to make the mechanical inspection for the Société.

Witness.

However, the defendant may require the prosecutor, in accordance with article 63 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1), to summon as a witness the person who gave the notice or made the inspection.

1993, c. 42, s. 29.

596.5. (Repealed).

1996, c. 56, s. 122; 2008, c. 14, s. 83.

DIVISION III 
PROCEEDINGS BY MUNICIPALITY OR NATIVE ENTITY
1999, c. 66, s. 22; 2010, c. 34, s. 86.

597.  Penal proceedings for an offence under a provision of this Code may be instituted by a municipality if the offence was committed within its territory, excluding any part of the territory covered by an agreement entered into under the second paragraph.

Likewise, where an agreement has been entered into for that purpose with the Government, penal proceedings for such an offence may be instituted

 (1) by a Native community, represented by its band council, if the offence is committed in the territory assigned to that community and in respect of which a police service agreement has been entered into under section 90 of the Police Act (chapter P-13.1);

 (2) by a Cree community, represented by its band council, if the offence is committed in a part of the territory described in section 102.6 of that Act and specified in the agreement;

 (3) by the Naskapi Village, if the offence is committed in the territory described in section 99 of that Act;

 (4) by the Cree Nation Government, if the offence is committed in the territory described in section 102.6 of that Act, excluding any part of the territory covered by an agreement entered into with a Cree community under this paragraph;

 (5) by the Kativik Regional Government, if the offence is committed in the territory referred to in section 369 of the Act respecting Northern villages and the Kativik Regional Government (chapter V-6.1).

Fines collected pursuant to this section belong to the prosecutor.

1986, c. 91, s. 597; 1992, c. 61, s. 162; 1995, c. 42, s. 50; 1999, c. 66, s. 23; 2000, c. 12, s. 315, s. 318; 2010, c. 34, s. 87; 2013, c. 19, s. 91.

597.1. Section 597 does not apply to penal proceedings for an offence evidenced by a photograph taken by a photo radar device or a red light camera system.

The Minister may make an agreement with a municipality under which the Minister is to pay to the municipality a part of the fines collected for offences under the first paragraph committed on public highways the maintenance of which is under the responsibility of the municipality, provided that the sums are allocated to financing new highway safety or road victim assistance measures or programs that have been authorized by the Minister.

2007, c. 40, s. 73; 2012, c. 15, s. 27.

Applicability.

597.2. Section 597 does not apply to penal proceedings for an offence under section 417.2.

2009, c. 48, s. 23.

Municipal court.

598. Proceedings for an offence against this Code committed in the territory of a municipality may be instituted before the competent municipal court.

Costs.

The costs relating to proceedings brought before a municipal court belong to the municipality in which the court has jurisdiction, except any part of the costs remitted by the collector to another prosecuting party under article 345.2 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1) and any costs remitted to the defendant or imposed on the municipality under article 223 of the said Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 598; 1995, c. 42, s. 51; 2003, c. 5, s. 11.

599. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 599; 1990, c. 4, s. 219.

600. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 600; 1992, c. 61, s. 163.

601. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 601; 1992, c. 61, s. 164.

601.1. Sections 112, 587.1 and 649 are applicable to a Native entity that has entered into an agreement concerning the right to institute proceedings, as stipulated therein.

1999, c. 66, s. 24; 2010, c. 34, s. 88.

Québec and Montréal.

602. Sections 575 to 590 do not apply to proceedings instituted by the cities of Québec and Montréal.

Applicable provisions.

The equivalent provisions of the charter of either of the cities mentioned in the first paragraph that apply to contraventions to that charter or to a municipal by-law apply, with the necessary adaptations, to a contravention to this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 602.

TITLE XI 
TRANSMISSION OF INFORMATION

Health professional's report.

603. A health professional may, according to his field of practice, report to the Société the name, address and state of health of a person 14 years of age or older whom he considers unfit to drive a road vehicle having regard, in particular, to the illnesses, deficiencies and situations incompatible with the driving of a road vehicle established by regulation.

Disclosure.

For the purposes of this section, health professionals are authorized to disclose to the Société any information revealed to them in the practice of their profession.

1986, c. 91, s. 603; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 123.

Decision.

604. The Société may disclose to health care professional who made a report to it under section 603, the decision it has made after receiving the information transmitted by him.

1986, c. 91, s. 604; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 124.

Immunity.

605. No action in damages may be brought against a health care professional for having availed himself of section 603.

1986, c. 91, s. 605; 1996, c. 56, s. 125.

Use of report.

606. In no case may the report referred to in section 603 be used as evidence in any suit or judicial or quasi judicial proceedings, except in proceedings relating to the application of section 560.

1986, c. 91, s. 606.

Accident report.

607. The Société, a public police force or a municipality may transmit the accident report referred to in section 173 to any person involved in the accident as driver, passenger, victim of bodily injury, operator of a heavy vehicle or owner of a damaged vehicle or property and to the authorized representative and insurer of any of them or the representative of that insurer.

Transmission.

The accident report may also be transmitted to any person whose name appears therein.

Identification of persons.

In the case of an accident report containing inaccurate or incomplete information, or in the absence of any report, the Société may transmit to any person referred to in the first paragraph any information permitting the identification of any person involved in the accident or his insurer.

1986, c. 91, s. 607; 1987, c. 94, s. 87; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 222; 2004, c. 2, s. 68.

607.1. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 88; 1996, c. 56, s. 126.

Recall.

608. For the purposes of paragraph 9 of section 521 or of a recall campaign for which it received a notice from the Department of Transport of Canada, the Société may transmit to that department or the Ministère des Transports du Québec as well as to the manufacturers and automobile dealers concerned, any information permitting the identification of the owners of the vehicles that are recalled.

1986, c. 91, s. 608; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Transmission of information.

609. With the exception of a report under section 603, the Société may transmit to the persons, departments and agencies responsible for the application of the legislation on road traffic, compensation of victims of automobile accidents, and highway safety, any information concerning holders of licences or permits issued under this Code as well as the person in whose name a road vehicle is registered by the Société, where the transmission of that information is necessary for the application of that legislation outside Québec.

Information.

The Société may also transmit to the persons, departments and agencies referred to in the first paragraph any information it holds concerning an owner or operator of a heavy vehicle or a driver under their responsibility, who is under the authority of those persons, departments or agencies.

1986, c. 91, s. 609; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 223; 1996, c. 56, s. 127; 1998, c. 40, s. 143.

Request owner.

610. Any information concerning the person in whose name registration of a road vehicle is effected by the Société may be transmitted by the Société to a person requesting it as the owner of the vehicle concerned.

Insurance Crime Prevention Bureau.

The Société may also transmit to an insurer or the Insurance Crime Prevention Bureau the names and the present or the previous addresses of present and past owners of a road vehicle, as well as any information concerning the vehicle's registration history, within the scope of an inquiry carried out at the time a claim is made to an insurer.

Personal information.

Information referred to in the second paragraph which is personal information may only be so transmitted where it is needed for an inquiry relating to the theft of a road vehicle or a fraud in respect of a road vehicle. The information must be dealt with confidentially by the persons to whom it is released. It may only be disclosed to persons who need it for the above purposes. No person may use it for any other purposes than the inquiry. The information must be destroyed by the insurer or the Insurance Crime Prevention Bureau at the end of the inquiry or not later than one year after the date on which it was received.

1986, c. 91, s. 610; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 224; 2006, c. 22, s. 177.

Minister of Revenue.

610.1. The Société may, without the consent of the person concerned, transmit to the Minister of Revenue information necessary for the application of section 13.1.

International Registration Plan.

The Société may also, without the consent of the person concerned, transmit to a jurisdiction having joined the International Registration Plan, to the mandatary or designated agent of such a jurisdiction and to any person responsible for the implementation of the Plan information necessary for the administration of the Plan.

2002, c. 62, s. 6.

Minister of Revenue.

610.2. The Minister of Revenue may, without the consent of the person concerned, transmit to the Société information necessary for the administration of the International Registration Plan.

Other jurisdictions or persons.

The Minister of Revenue may also, without the consent of the person concerned, transmit information provided for in section 610.1 to a jurisdiction and a person referred to in that section and for the purposes provided therein.

2002, c. 62, s. 6.

Exception.

611. Sections 607 and 609 apply notwithstanding sections 53 and 59 of the Act respecting Access to documents held by public bodies and the Protection of personal information (chapter A-2.1).

1986, c. 91, s. 611.

Information.

611.1. The Société may, on payment of the fees determined by regulation, communicate to any person who provides it with the file number appearing on another person's licence or road vehicle registration certificate and who provides the Société, at its request, with the reference number of the licence or the registration certificate number, information concerning the validity of the licence, restrictions on the right to obtain registration of a vehicle, the right to operate a vehicle or the capacity to transfer, acquire, lease or discard a vehicle.

Disclosure.

No communication may, however, disclose the person's name or address, or the reasons for which the measures have been imposed.

1996, c. 56, s. 128; 2003, c. 5, s. 12.

Information.

611.2. The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and an association certified under the Farm Producers Act (chapter P-28) may, after entering into agreements with the Société, communicate to the Société, for the registration of road vehicles, the information needed to verify farmer status and membership in such an association or the status of holder of an agricultural operation registration card issued pursuant to a regulation made under section 36.15 of the Act respecting the Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation (chapter M-14).

Content.

The agreements must include provisions specifying the nature of the information to be communicated, the steps to be taken to ensure confidentiality and the relevant security measures.

1999, c. 66, s. 25; 2008, c. 14, s. 84.

611.3. The president of the Office de la protection du consommateur must, for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of this Code, send the Société any information enabling it to identify road vehicle dealers and recyclers who hold a permit issued under the Consumer Protection Act (chapter P-40.1) or whose permit is suspended or cancelled, including, in the case of dealers and recyclers who are natural persons, their name, residential address, date of birth and any other information determined by government regulation.

2015, c. 4, s. 39.

TITLE XII 
Repealed, 2002, c. 29, s. 66.
1996, c. 56, s. 129; 2002, c. 29, s. 66.

612. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 612; 1996, c. 56, s. 130; 2002, c. 29, s. 66.

613. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 613; 1994, c. 40, s. 457; 1996, c. 56, s. 131; 2002, c. 29, s. 66.

614. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 614; 2002, c. 29, s. 66.

615. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 615; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2002, c. 29, s. 66.

616. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 616; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 225; 1996, c. 56, s. 132; 2002, c. 29, s. 66.

617. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 617; 2002, c. 29, s. 66.

TITLE XIII 
REGULATORY PROVISIONS

CHAPTER I 
POWERS OF THE GOVERNMENT

Regulations.

618. The Government may by regulation

 (1) prescribe the criteria on the basis of which a road vehicle may be recognized as an emergency vehicle;

 (2) determine in which cases and subject to what conditions the Société may issue one or more of the following documents: a registration certificate, registration plate, validation sticker, temporary registration certificate or detachable registration plate;

 (3) determine, according to the class or sub-class of road vehicles, the information forming the registration which is entered in the registers of the Société, to be supplied by the person applying for registration or paying sums with regard thereto;

 (4) determine the information which must appear on each of the following documents: the registration plate, validation sticker, identification sticker or detachable registration plate, and determine their respective periods of validity;

 (4.1) determine, according to the class or sub-class of road vehicles, the information which must appear on the registration certificate and temporary registration certificate and their term of validity;

 (5) (paragraph repealed);

 (6) determine the cases where a vehicle to which the Act respecting off-highway vehicles (chapter V-1.2) applies, a recreation vehicle and a vehicle designed to be used mainly on snow, other than a snowmobile to which the Act respecting off-highway vehicles applies, are exempt from registration;

 (7) determine the documents which must be produced with an application for registration or the payment of amounts under section 31.1 as well as the information they must contain and any other condition or formality for obtaining registration;

 (7.1) establish the conditions and formalities for replacing a registration certificate, registration plate, validation sticker, temporary registration certificate or temporary registration plate;

 (8) prescribe the classes of road vehicles for which registration may be effected under section 10.2;

 (8.1) prescribe the information to be entered in the registers of the Société with regard to the classes of road vehicles prescribed under paragraph 8 and the persons applying for registration under section 10.2;

 (8.2) prescribe the conditions for obtaining registration under section 10.2;

 (8.3) prescribe the methods of computing the duties exigible for obtaining registration under section 10.2 on the basis of the following factors:

(a)  the time remaining between the date of registration and the date of the prescribed day within the prescribed period for payment of annual duties exigible under section 31.1;

(b)  the annual duties fixed pursuant to paragraph 8.4 which would be exigible under section 31.1;

 (8.4) fix the annual duties exigible under section 31.1 with regard to any person obtaining registration under section 10.2 on the basis of one or more of the following factors:

(a)  the class of road vehicles registered;

(b)  their net mass;

(c)  their number of axles;

(d)  their use;

(e)  the professional activity, the legal personality or the identity of the applicant;

(f)  the territory where the vehicles are to be used;

 (8.5) establish the method to be applied for rounding off the amount of registration duties and of the additional duties and establish the terms and conditions of payment of those duties;

 (8.6) define the meaning of “registration by lot” and determine the terms and conditions therefor;

 (8.7) prescribe at what intervals the payment of duties and additional duties exigible under section 31.1 must be made;

 (8.8) determine during what periods the payment of duties, fees, the insurance contribution and, where applicable, the contribution of motorists to public transit or the contribution of off-highway vehicle owners and the additional duties exigible under section 31.1 concerning a registered road vehicle must be made according to the class or sub-class of road vehicles to which it belongs, the professional activity, the legal personality or the identity of its owner, the territory where it is used, its net mass or the first letter of its owner's name;

 (8.9) prescribe with regard to the owner of a road vehicle any exemptions of duties and additional duties exigible under section 31.1 concerning a road vehicle registered according to the class or sub-class of road vehicles to which it belongs;

 (9) define, in relation to the fixing and computing of the duties exigible for obtaining the registration of a road vehicle and in relation to the fixing and computing of the duties exigible under section 31.1, the terms “axle” and “net mass” and establish the method for calculating the number of axles of a road vehicle as well as the rules governing any increase in the number of axles or any change in the net mass during the term of the registration of the vehicle;

 (10) provide, subject to the conditions established by it, cases of exemption or reduction of the fee exigible for obtaining the registration of a road vehicle;

 (11) prescribe the cases and conditions establishing a right to a reimbursement of part of the duties and additional duties exigible for obtaining the registration of a road vehicle and of the duties and additional duties exigible under section 31.1 and establish the calculation method or fix the exact amount of the duties and additional duties to be reimbursed;

 (11.0.1) prescribe the cases and conditions establishing a right to a reimbursement of a part of the contribution of motorists to public transit or the contribution of off-highway vehicle owners exigible under section 21 or section 31.1, and establish the calculation method or fix the exact amount of the contribution to be reimbursed;

 (11.1) prescribe the cases and conditions establishing entitlement to a reduction of the duties exigible in respect of a road vehicle under section 31.1 and establish the calculation method or fix the exact amount of duties to be deducted;

 (11.2) prescribe the cases and conditions allowing claims for repayment, upon expiration of the periods prescribed by regulation or at any later date it fixes, of the duties, additional duties, fees, insurance contribution and, where applicable, the contribution of motorists to public transit or the contribution of off-highway vehicle owners exigible under section 31.1 and establish the calculation method or fix the exact amount of the sums claimed, as well as the maximum period which may be covered by such a claim;

 (12) define, with respect to registration, classes and sub-classes of road vehicles other than those established under this Code;

 (12.1) prescribe, with respect to a class or sub-class of road vehicles, the maximum number of vehicles belonging to one owner that may be registered in that class or sub-class;

 (13) determine classes of registration plates according to classes and sub-classes of road vehicles, use, the identity of the owner or according to the area where it is used and impose restrictions on vehicles bearing certain classes of registration plates;

 (13.1) establish standards and prohibitions respecting the use and driving of road vehicles according to the class or sub-class of road vehicles to which they belong, their owner's identity, the territory where they are used or the class of registration plate they carry;

 (14) prescribe a method for attaching registration plates according to their classes;

 (15) determine any other place on the vehicle where a temporary registration certificate, a registration plate or a detachable registration plate may be affixed;

 (16) determine the cases where two duplicates of the registration plate must be issued;

 (17) determine the places on the registration plate where the validation stickers must be affixed;

 (18) provide, subject to the conditions it determines, other cases of total or partial exemption from registration;

 (19) establish the standards and the conditions according to which a registration plate may be affixed to a motor vehicle manufactured over twenty years ago;

 (20) determine terms and conditions for obtaining, using and renewing the certificate and the identification sticker provided for in section 11, determine the information that must appear on them, fix their periods of validity and determine the fees exigible for their issue;

 (21) (paragraph replaced);

 (22) (paragraph replaced);

 (23) (paragraph repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 618; 1987, c. 94, s. 89; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 226; 1991, c. 32, s. 167; 1990, c. 83, s. 226; 1991, c. 32, s. 167; 1992, c. 21, s. 375; 1994, c. 23, s. 9; 1997, c. 49, s. 8; 1996, c. 60, s. 77; 1997, c. 85, s. 15; 2002, c. 29, s. 67; 2004, c. 2, s. 69; 2004, c. 34, s. 26; 2004, c. 35, s. 43; 2008, c. 14, s. 85; 2010, c. 33, s. 25.

Regulations.

619. The Government may by regulation

 (1) determine, in relation to the nature of a licence, the information it must contain, its form and, except for a restricted licence issued under section 118, its term of validity;

 (1.1) ddetermine the information that may be certified under section 63.2 and the standards and conditions for such certification;

 (2) determine the cases where and establish the criteria according to which conditions may be attached to a licence;

 (3) determine classes and categories of licences according to their nature;

 (4) prescribe, on the conditions it determines, cases of exemption or reduction of the duties exigible under sections 69 and 93.1;

 (4.1) prescribe at what intervals the payment of duties exigible under section 93.1 must be made;

 (4.2) determine the period within which payment of the duties, fees and insurance contribution exigible under section 93.1 must be made;

 (5) prescribe the cases and conditions giving entitlement to a reimbursement of part of the duties exigible for obtaining a licence and of the duties exigible under section 93.1 and establish the calculation method or fix the exact amount of the duties to be reimbursed;

 (5.1) prescribe the cases and conditions giving entitlement to a reduction of the duties payable for a probationary licence or a driver's licence under section 93.1 and establish the calculation method or fix the exact amount of duties to be deducted;

 (5.2) prescribe the cases and conditions allowing claims for repayment, upon expiration of the period prescribed by regulation, of the duties, fees and insurance contribution exigible under section 93.1 and establish the calculation method or fix the exact amount of the sums claimed, as well as the maximum period which may be covered by such a claim;

 (6) prescribe, according to the nature, class or category of a licence, the documents and information which must be produced with an application for the issue or renewal of such a licence or the payment of amounts under section 93.1 as well as any other condition or formality for obtaining or renewing that licence;

 (6.0.1) (paragraph repealed);

 (6.0.2) determine, according to the category of a licence, the circumstances and conditions in and on which the Société may issue a licence that does not bear the photograph or signature of the holder;

 (6.1) (paragraph repealed);

 (6.2) establish, according to the nature and class of licence applied for, any additional conditions and formalities a person who has failed a proficiency examination referred to in section 67 must comply with to obtain a licence or class of licence;

 (6.3) prescribe cases of exemption from the obligation to undergo the proficiency examinations of the Société for obtaining a licence;

 (6.4) determine, for obtaining a driver's licence under any of sections 66 and 92.0.1, the period during which a person must have held a probationary licence and establish the cases where the period may be reduced and the terms and conditions permitting such a reduction;

 (7) establish the particular requirements and procedures for the issue of a learner's licence, of a probationary licence, of a driver's licence or of a class of either to a person whose licence or class is cancelled or whose right to obtain one is suspended;

 (7.1) prescribe standards for the maintenance and use of a screening device approved by the Minister of Public Security and that is designed to ascertain the presence of alcohol in the blood of a person, and prescribe the training that the person who maintains and uses the device must be given;

 (8) establish the health standards which identify the illnesses, deficiencies and conditions affecting a person that are considered as being essentially or relatively inconsistent with the driving of a road vehicle or class or sub-class of road vehicles;

 (9) establish a system of demerit points on the basis of which the Société cancels a licence or suspends the right to obtain a licence; the system shall include a list of offences and the corresponding number of demerit points for each offence and determine the total number of demerit points entered in a person's file that entails the sending of a notice, the cancellation of a licence or the suspension of the right to obtain a licence;

 (9.1) (paragraph repealed);

 (9.2) determine which provisions of Division IV of Chapter II of Title II or of a regulation made under paragraph 9 of this section shall apply to the holder of a learner's licence, a probationary licence, a moped licence or a farm tractor licence, and provide for derogatory provisions to this division or to that regulation which shall apply to such holders;

 (9.3) prescribe the number of offences or of demerit points entered in a person's record that entails the suspension of a learner's licence, a probationary licence, a moped licence or a farm tractor licence, or the suspension of the right to obtain such licences;

 (10) (paragraph repealed);

 (11) (paragraph repealed);

 (12) (paragraph repealed);

 (13) (paragraph repealed);

 (14) (paragraph repealed);

 (15) (paragraph repealed);

 (16) (paragraph repealed);

 (17) (paragraph repealed);

 (18) (paragraph repealed);

 (19) (paragraph repealed);

 (20) (paragraph repealed);

 (21) (paragraph repealed);

 (22) (paragraph repealed);

 (23) determine in what cases and on what conditions a person may hold more than one driver's licence under the fifth paragraph of section 94.

1986, c. 91, s. 619; 1987, c. 94, s. 90, s. 91; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 227; 1990, c. 85, s. 122; 1990, c. 83, s. 227; 1995, c. 6, s. 12; 1996, c. 2, s. 214; 1996, c. 56, s. 133; 2000, c. 31, s. 9; 2002, c. 29, s. 68; 2004, c. 2, s. 70; 2007, c. 40, s. 74.

Registration duties.

619.1. The Government may fix, by regulation, the duties exigible for obtaining the registration of a road vehicle and the duties exigible under section 31.1, on the basis of one or more of the following factors:

 (1) the class or sub-class of road vehicles to which the vehicle belongs;

 (2) its net mass;

 (3) its number of axles;

 (4) its use;

 (5) the professional activity, the legal personality or the identity of its owner;

 (6) the territory where it is used.

1990, c. 83, s. 228.

Licence duties.

619.2. The Government may fix, by regulation, the duties exigible for obtaining a learner's licence, probationary licence, driver's licence or restricted licence, and the duties exigible under section 93.1, on the basis of one or more of the following factors:

 (1) the nature of the licence applied for;

 (2) its class;

 (3) its category.

1990, c. 83, s. 228; 1996, c. 56, s. 134; 2007, c. 40, s. 75.

Calculation methods.

619.3. The Government may prescribe, by regulation, calculation methods for the following duties:

 (1) the duties exigible for obtaining the registration of a road vehicle on the basis of one or more of the following factors:

(a)  the time remaining between the date of registration and the date of the prescribed day within the prescribed period under paragraph 8.8 of section 618 for the payment of annual duties exigible under section 31.1;

(b)  the right of the applicant to a reimbursement of part of the registration duties on another road vehicle;

(c)  a percentage of the annual duties on the road vehicle fixed pursuant to section 619.1 which would be exigible under section 31.1;

 (2) the duties exigible for obtaining a learner's licence, probationary licence, driver's licence or restricted licence, on the basis of one or more of the following factors:

(a)  the time remaining between the date of issue of the licence and the date of the prescribed day within the prescribed period under paragraph 4.2 of section 619 for the payment of duties exigible under section 93.1;

(b)  the time expired between the date of issue of the licence and the expiration date of a previous licence;

(c)  the cancellation of a previous licence;

(d)  the cancellation of a previous licence at the holder's request;

(e)  the applicant's entitlement to a reimbursement of part of the duties for his previous licence.

Calculation methods.
The calculation methods prescribed on the basis of the factors referred to in paragraphs a and b of subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph shall be based on the annual duties on the road vehicle fixed under section 619.1 which would be exigible under section 31.1 or on the monthly duties on the vehicle fixed by the Government, by regulation, on the basis of one or more of the factors prescribed in section 619.1.

Calculation methods.

The calculation methods prescribed on the basis of the factors referred to in paragraph 2 of the first paragraph shall be based on the licence duties fixed under section 619.2 which would be exigible under section 93.1 or on the monthly licence duties fixed by the Government, by regulation, on the basis of one or more of the factors prescribed in section 619.2.

1990, c. 83, s. 228; 1996, c. 56, s. 135; 2007, c. 40, s. 76.

Additional registration duty in respect of certain luxury vehicles.

619.4. The Government may determine, by regulation, a class of road vehicles which are seven years old or less, whose value exceeds $40,000 and in respect of which an additional duty corresponding, on an annual basis, to 1% of the value of the vehicle in excess of $40,000 is payable, as well as the rules for the calculation of the additional duty and the age of a vehicle and the rules for the determination of the value of a vehicle, which value determination rules may refer to a price or value fixed by another government, a body or a person specified by the regulation.

References to other texts.

The regulation may provide that references to other texts include any subsequent amendments to those texts.

1997, c. 85, s. 16.

Additional duty.

619.5. The Government may establish, by regulation, a class of road vehicles equipped with an engine with a displacement it determines in respect of which an additional duty is payable and fix the amount of the additional duty according to the vehicle's engine displacement or determine the methods to calculate the additional duty.

2004, c. 35, s. 44.

620. The Government may by regulation

 (1) (paragraph repealed);

 (2) (paragraph repealed);

 (3) (paragraph repealed);

 (3.1) (paragraph repealed);

 (4) (paragraph repealed);

 (4.1) establish the form and retention rules applicable to the register to be kept by a recycler under Title III;

 (4.2) determine the major components of a vehicle for the purposes of section 155;

 (5) determine the form, content and mode of transmission of the report that a peace officer must transmit to the Société;

 (5.1) determine the cases in which a peace officer and an insurer are required to make a report to the Société in respect of an accident that causes property damage only and does not give rise to a failure to stop at the scene of an accident;

 (6) (paragraph repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 620; 1987, c. 94, s. 92; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 229; 1996, c. 56, s. 136; 2000, c. 64, s. 28; 2015, c. 4, s. 40.

Regulations.

621. The Government may by regulation

 (1) establish the conditions for the affixing by the Société of an identification number to a road vehicle;

 (2) prescribe standards for the manufacture, sale, installation and use of fog lights, exhaust systems, tires and protective helmets;

 (2.1) prescribe standards, conditions and procedures for the construction, operation, custody, maintenance, salubrity and safety of road vehicles used for the transportation of handicapped persons, prescribe standards for the installation and use of safety equipment and accessories in respect of such vehicles, and specify the persons to whom and the vehicles to which the standards apply;

 (3) establish the conditions for the installation and use of white lights at the rear of certain classes or sub-classes of road vehicles;

 (4) (paragraph repealed);

 (5) establish criteria to be met by a road vehicle to be equipped with flashing or rotating amber lights;

 (5.1) prescribe in what cases and on what conditions emergency vehicles may carry alternately flashing white headlights;

 (6) prescribe standards respecting the number, colour, intensity, shape and dimensions of headlights, lights and reflectors;

 (7) prescribe standards for the windshield and windows of a road vehicle which will ensure good visibility for the driver;

 (8) prescribe standards for the manufacture, installation and use of a slow-moving vehicle signs, red flags and reflector panels;

 (8.1) prescribe the characteristics of the amber signal light for loads or equipment that extend beyond the rear of a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles, and the standards for its installation and use;

 (9) establish the conditions on which riding a horse is permitted on a public highway;

 (10) approve devices to measure the rate of speed of a road vehicle and determine the manner in which such devices are to be used;

 (11) establish norms to govern the utilization of lamps, reflectors and flares;

 (12) prescribe the standards relating to work cycles, hours of rest, hours of driving and hours of service that the driver of a heavy vehicle is required to comply with to be allowed to drive, and, for that purpose, prescribe special standards for the installation and use of accessories and equipment on such vehicles as well as standards governing the driving of such vehicles;

 (12.0.1) define, for the purposes of sections 519.8.1, 519.9, 519.10, 519.12, 519.20, 519.21.1 to 519.26 and 519.31 to 519.31.3, the expressions “driver”, “cycle”, “out-of-service declaration”, “director”, “provincial director”, “supporting document”, “daily log”, “hour of driving”, “hour of rest”, “hour of service”, “day”, “permit” and “home terminal”;

 (12.0.2) prescribe the conditions and procedures according to which the Société may grant to an operator or a driver of a heavy vehicle, by means of a permit, the authorization to depart from the standards and conditions relating to hours of driving and hours of rest prescribed by a regulation made under paragraph 12, the conditions and procedures attached to the permit and the conditions and procedures according to which the Société may approve the issuing of a permit by another director;

 (12.1) prescribe the procedures according to which the driver of a heavy vehicle must maintain a daily log, determine the information the log must contain and its form, and establish rules governing the shipping, receiving and keeping of the daily log and supporting documents;

 (12.2) determine the conditions according to which an operator does not have the obligation to require that all drivers maintain a daily log each day that accounts for all their hours of rest and hours of service for that day, the conditions according to which a driver is not required to maintain such a daily log and determine the documents that drivers required to maintain daily logs must have in their possession when driving;

 (12.2.1) prescribe the procedures according to which the operator using the services of a driver must obtain the driver's daily logs from the person providing the services;

 (12.2.2) prescribe the procedures according to which a person providing the services of a driver must transmit the driver's daily logs to the operator;

 (12.3) determine the standards, conditions and manner of implementing a fatigue management program;

 (12.4) determine the standards according to which a peace officer may issue an out-of-service declaration in respect of a driver of a heavy vehicle as well as the duration of and conditions applicable to that declaration;

 (13) prescribe standards of installation and use for anti-theft devices;

 (14) prescribe standards of installation and use for child safety devices;

 (15) establish classes of road vehicles and combinations of road vehicles according to load, the number, type and class of axles, configuration in respect of axle arrangement, tire and suspension specifications or any other mechanical specification;

 (16) establish classes of axles and include in those classes wheel assemblies that are not attached to an axle but are in lieu thereof;

 (17) establish for classes of public highways, according to classes of road vehicles and combinations of road vehicles and classes of axles, norms for axle load, total loaded mass and dimensions of road vehicles and combinations of road vehicles with or without load;

 (18) modify, during periods of thaw or in the event of rain, erosion or flooding, the norms established under paragraph 17;

 (19) determine the form and content of special permits;

 (20) determine the amount of the fee exigible and the conditions and formalities for obtaining a special permit and the conditions attached to such a permit according as the permit relates to an outsized vehicle or to a vehicle used for the transportation of a load exceeding its length or its width;

 (20.1) determine the form and content of escort permits for outsized vehicles and designate a person authorized to issue such permits;

 (20.2) fix the fee exigible for obtaining an escort permit for outsized vehicles, establish the conditions for obtaining such a permit and provide for the deposit of security, its nature and amount, and determine the conditions attached to the permit, including the reports to be transmitted by the holder to the person authorized to issue the escort permit;

 (20.3) determine, from among the provisions of any regulation made under paragraph 20.2, the provisions the violation of which constitutes an offence and indicate for each offence the minimum and the maximum amounts of the fine to which the offender is liable;

 (20.4) prescribe safety standards and traffic rules relating to farm machines, combinations of farm vehicles and the road vehicles escorting them, and define the expression “combination of farm vehicles”;

 (20.5) determine the provisions of a regulation related to farm machines, combinations of farm vehicles and the road vehicles escorting them, the violation of which constitutes an offence, and indicate for each offence the minimum and the maximum amounts of the fine to which the offender is liable;

 (21) determine the circumstances in which farm animals may be allowed across a public highway even when the requirements of the first paragraph of section 493 are not met;

 (22) prescribe norms respecting the sale and use of brake fluid;

 (23) establish norms for the securing of loads and determine, among the provisions of the regulation, those the violation of which constitutes an offence and indicate, for each offence, the minimum and maximum amounts to which the offender is liable, according to the seriousness of the offence, namely $90 to $270, $175 to $525 or $350 to $1,050 for a driver, owner or lessee or $175 to $525, $350 to $1,050 or $700 to $2,100 for an operator to whom Title VIII.1 applies;

 (24) require the installation and use on buses and minibuses of accessories that meet safety standards and establish norms of installation and use in respect thereof;

 (25) establish the safety standards that must be met by a road vehicle to be authorized to be operated;

 (25.1) define, for the purposes of the safety standards for road vehicles, classes and subclasses of road vehicles other than those provided for in this Code;

 (26) regulate the presence and movement of convoys on the public highways;

 (27) take the measures necessary to control the dimensions and mass of a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles moving on a public highway, load included;

 (28) determine what road vehicles are subject to mechanical inspection under paragraph 11 of section 521;

 (29) prescribe the frequency, standards and procedures of the mechanical inspection and technical appraisal, as well as the standards and procedures of the photometric inspection, of the various road vehicles that are subject to inspection;

 (30) determine, in relation to the inspection of vehicles the minor and major defects that may affect a road vehicle;

 (31) establish the form, content, conditions and procedures of issue of the notices referred to in sections 531 and 542;

 (31.1) establish which road vehicles damaged in an accident or by fire or flood cannot be rebuilt;

 (31.2) prescribe the documents and information which must be included in the record of rebuilding of a road vehicle referred to in section 546.2;

 (31.3) prescribe classes of damaged road vehicles that are wholly or partially exempted from the application of Title IX.1;

 (32) establish the form and content of the certificate of mechanical inspection, the photometric inspection certificate, the inspection sticker and the certificate of technical compliance;

 (32.1) determine the minimum standards to be met by a preventive maintenance program intended to stand in place of mandatory mechanical inspection, with regard to

(a)  the requirements relating to the mechanical components to be inspected at each maintenance;

(b)  the frequency of maintenance;

(c)  the place where maintenance is carried out;

(d)  the qualification of the mechanics assigned to maintenance and the cases in which they must be holders of a certificate of competency issued pursuant to section 543.3.1;

 (32.2) determine the information and documents that must be provided by an owner on application for the certification of a preventive maintenance program;

 (32.3) determine the information that must appear on a certificate evidencing certification;

 (32.4) establish the form, content and period of validity of a preventive maintenance program sticker;

 (32.5) establish the form, content and period of retention applicable to preventive maintenance records;

 (32.6) prescribe the conditions on which an owner may allow work under a preventive maintenance program to be performed by a third person;

 (32.7) determine the cases and circumstances giving rise to cancellation by the Société of a preventive maintenance program;

 (32.8) determine, among the provisions of a regulation under paragraphs 32.1 to 32.7, those the violation of which constitutes an offence and indicate, for each offence, the minimum and maximum fines to which the offender is liable, according to the seriousness of the offence, namely $100 to $200, or $300 to $600 for an owner to whom Chapter I.1 of Title IX applies, or $350 to $1,050 or $700 to $2,100 if Title VIII.1 applies to the owner;

 (32.9) prescribe the progressive implementation of Chapter I.1 of Title IX according to the number and type of vehicles covered by the program;

 (33) (paragraph repealed);

 (34) (paragraph repealed);

 (35) determine, among the provisions of a regulation concerning the conditions attached to a special permit for a certain class of road vehicles or combinations of road vehicles, those the violation of which constitutes an offence and indicate, for each offence, the minimum and the maximum amounts of the fine to which the offender is liable;

 (36) exempt certain road vehicles, according to their class or sub-class, the year they were manufactured or the make and model attributed by the manufacturer, from the mandatory service brake system on the front-axle wheels;

 (36.1) determine the additional braking systems with which road vehicles must be equipped when travelling on a public highway if their mass, load included, exceeds the mass determined by the Government, where such equipment is required by a sign or signal;

 (37) prescribe standards for the maintenance of heavy vehicles and the frequency and procedure of mandatory inspections by owners;

 (38) establish standards for the circle check of heavy vehicles prescribed in section 519.2 and exempt certain drivers, owners and operators in the cases it determines;

 (38.1) define the characteristics of a motor coach for the purposes of Chapter II of Title VIII.1;

 (39) determine the form, content and rules for the retention of the reports, daily logs, files or other documents referred to in Title VIII.1 and exempt certain owners, operators or persons who supply the services of a driver from retaining them in the cases it indicates;

 (39.1) (subparagraph repealed);

 (40) determine the form, content, procedure for sending and rules for the retention of the circle-check report prescribed in section 519.3 or 519.4 and the motor-coach inspection report prescribed in section 519.15 and exempt certain drivers or persons designated by the operator in the cases it determines;

 (40.1) determine the persons who must be informed of a defect found on a heavy vehicle and the form and content of the report referred to in section 519.5 and the manner of making the report;

 (41) (paragraph repealed);

 (42) determine, subject to the conditions it determines, the cases where a heavy vehicle is partially or totally exempt from the application of Title VIII.1;

 (42.1) exempt certain heavy vehicles from the obligation of stopping at a level crossing;

 (43) (paragraph repealed);

 (44) prescribe the procedure according to which an operator or any other person it determines is informed by a driver whose driver's licence or class of licence authorizing him to drive a heavy vehicle has been modified, suspended or cancelled;

 (45) (paragraph repealed);

 (46) (paragraph repealed);

 (47) determine in what cases and on what conditions the occupant of a road vehicle may drink alcoholic beverages therein;

 (48) (paragraph repealed);

 (49) prescribe the conditions and formalities for partial or complete recognition of periodical and compulsory mechanical inspection programs of another administrative authority in Canada or the United States for road vehicles as well as the cases in which such vehicles must undergo a mechanical inspection under this Code;

 (50) determine the towing and daily impounding charges for a road vehicle seized by a peace officer on behalf of the Société;

 (51) determine in what cases and on what conditions a road vehicle may be equipped with a television set or a display screen;

 (52) fix, on the basis of the costs borne by the Société for the purposes of section 194, the amount by which the number of notices sent to the Société pursuant to article 365 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1) is to be multiplied in order to determine the amount to be paid to the Société by the Government, every municipality and every Native entity pursuant to section 648.2.

Consultation.

The publication requirement set out in section 8 of the Regulations Act (chapter R-18.1) does not apply to a regulation made under subparagraph 52 of the first paragraph. The Minister of Transport shall consult with the bodies representing municipalities, more particularly, the Union des municipalités du Québec and the Fédération québécoise des municipalités locales et régionales before submitting a draft of the regulation to the Government. The Minister may also seek any other consultation the Minister considers appropriate.

1986, c. 91, s. 621; 1987, c. 94, s. 93; 1988, c. 68, s. 18; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 230; 1993, c. 42, s. 30; 1995, c. 25, s. 9; 1996, c. 56, s. 137; 1996, c. 60, s. 78; 1998, c. 40, s. 144; 1999, c. 66, s. 26; 2002, c. 29, s. 69; 2004, c. 2, s. 71; 2003, c. 5, s. 13; 2005, c. 39, s. 48; 1999, c. 66, s. 26; 2008, c. 14, s. 86; 2010, c. 34, s. 88.

Regulations.

622. The Government may, by regulation, prescribe standards with respect to the transportation of dangerous substances on a public highway, a private road open to public vehicular traffic, land occupied by shopping centres and other roads where public traffic is allowed. The regulation may, in particular,

 (1) establish classes of motor vehicles and combinations of road vehicles according to load or mechanical or material characteristics;

 (2) establish classes and categories of dangerous substances;

 (3) designate a substance as a dangerous substance;

 (4) prescribe norms, conditions and procedures for the construction, use, custody and maintenance of any motor vehicle, combination of road vehicles and any container it may indicate where that vehicle or that container is used for the transportation of a dangerous substance;

 (5) prescribe, according to classes of vehicles and classes and categories of dangerous substances, the norms and prohibitions respecting

(a)  the operation of motor vehicles and combinations of road vehicles assigned to the transportation of a dangerous substance;

(b)  the presence on a highway, a road or land referred to in this section of a motor vehicle or combination of road vehicles assigned to the transportation of a dangerous substance;

(c)  the operations of loading, handling, unloading, placing into containers and packaging dangerous substances transported, or to be transported;

(d)  the packaging of dangerous substances transported, or to be transported,

 (6) prescribe, according to classes of road vehicles and classes and categories of dangerous substances transported to be transported,

(a)  the indication of danger and other information which must be affixed on dangerous substances and on their packaging as well as on the containers, motor vehicles and combinations of road vehicles containing them;

(b)  the documents that must accompany dangerous substances that are being transported and the minimum information that these documents must contain;

 (6.1) set rules for the training of persons working in the dangerous substances transportation industry;

 (7) determine, among the provisions of a regulation under this section, those that are applicable to a shipper who offers a dangerous substance for transport, to an owner or operator of a heavy vehicle, to a carrier or to a driver of a vehicle that transports dangerous substances;

 (8) determine, among the provisions of a regulation under this section, those the violation of which constitutes an offence and prescribe for each offence the minimum and maximum amounts to which the following persons are liable :

(a)  the person who offers dangerous substances for transport, the owner or the operator of the heavy vehicle or the carrier of dangerous substances, each amount to be from $175 to $525, $350 to $1,050 or $700 to $2,100, according to the seriousness of the offence;

(b)  the driver of the vehicle that transports dangerous substances, each amount to be from $90 to $270, $175 to $525 or $350 to $1,050, according to the seriousness of the offence.

Designated highways.

The regulation-making powers provided in the first paragraph may be exercised in respect of all or certain highways, roads and land referred to in this section.

1986, c. 91, s. 622; 1987, c. 94, s. 94; 1998, c. 40, s. 145; 2002, c. 29, s. 70; 2010, c. 34, s. 89.

623. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 623; 1992, c. 61, s. 165.

CHAPTER II 
POWERS OF THE SOCIÉTÉ
1990, c. 19, s. 11.

624. The Société may by regulation

 (1) determine the amount of the fee exigible for obtaining the registration of a road vehicle and the amount of the fee exigible on payment of the duties and insurance contribution referred to in section 31.1 and establish the terms and conditions of payment of such fees;

 (1.1) fix the amount of any additional fee exigible on payment of the duties and insurance contribution prescribed under section 31.1, in cases of failure to pay within the period determined by a regulation made under paragraph 8.8 of section 618;

 (2) (subparagraph repealed);

 (3) fix, according to the nature, class or category of a licence, the amount of the fee exigible for obtaining or renewing such a licence and the amount of the fee exigible on payment of the duties and insurance contribution referred to in section 93.1 and establish the terms and conditions of payment of such fees;

 (3.1) fix the amount of any additional fee exigible on payment of the duties and insurance contribution prescribed under section 93.1, in cases of failure to pay during the period determined by a regulation made under paragraph 4.2 of section 619;

 (4) determine the amount of the fee exigible for proficiency examinations;

 (4.1) fix the amount of the fee exigible from the date it may determine for replacing a registration certificate, registration plate, validation sticker, temporary registration certificate or detachable registration plate;

 (5) determine the amount of the fee exigible for the replacement of a registration certificate, a temporary registration certificate, a registration plate, a detachable registration plate, a sticker or a licence, in particular where it is illegible or damaged or has been destroyed, lost or stolen or where it contains inaccurate information;

 (6) (subparagraph repealed);

 (7) determine the amount of the fee exigible for the issue of a special permit;

 (7.1) determine the amount of the fee exigible for the replacement of a special permit and for the issue of a duplicate of such a permit;

 (8) determine the amount of the fee exigible for the affixing of an identification number to a road vehicle;

 (9) determine, according to the various road vehicles that are subject to mechanical inspection, the amount of the fee exigible for the mechanical inspection performed by it;

 (9.1) determine the amount of the fee for the photometric inspections it carries out;

 (10) determine the amount of the fee exigible for the issue of a certificate of mechanical inspection, photometric inspection certificate or inspection sticker;

 (10.1) determine the amount of the fee exigible for the examination of an application to participate in a preventive maintenance program;

 (10.2) determine the amount of the fee exigible for the preventive maintenance program sticker;

 (10.3) determine the amount of the fee exigible for the communication of information to any person who applies therefor;

 (11) provide, subject to the conditions it determines, cases of exemption from or reduction of certain exigible fees it determines;

 (12) permit, subject to the conditions it establishes, that the identifying mark of the Société be engraved, lithographed or printed on the documents it determines, other than a document referred to in section 550, and substituted for the signature of a person designated under section 17.1 of the Act respecting the Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec (chapter S-11.011);

 (13) determine, according to the nature of the objects, the cases where an object confiscated or taken, in accordance with this Code, from its owner may be returned to him;

 (13.1) fix the amount of the fee exigible from the person who, at the time of the seizure, was the owner of the road vehicle, for the management of the vehicle disposal record;

 (14) (subparagraph repealed);

 (15) fix the amount of the administrative fee exigible in respect of a cheque without sufficient funds or returned by a financial institution for any other reason;

 (16) fix the amount of the fee exigible from persons authorized to conduct the inspection of road vehicles under section 520;

 (16.1) fix the amount of the fee exigible from persons appointed to make the technical appraisal of road vehicles under section 546.1;

 (16.2) determine the amount of the fee payable by persons authorized to carry out the photometric inspection of windows of road vehicles under section 520.2;

 (17) fix the amount of the fee exigible for obtaining the approval of the Société for the purposes of section 214;

 (18) fix the amount of the fee exigible for any exchange of data relating to the carrying out of this Code with any legal person established in the public interest or for a private interest;

 (19) fix the photography fee payable by a person who does not hold a driver's licence upon authentication by the Société of that person's application for renewal of registration with the Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec;

 (20) (subparagraph repealed);

 (21) determine the fees for the review of a decision to suspend a licence or the right to obtain a licence for a period of 30, 60 or 90 days.

The fees prescribed under subparagraphs 3 and 5 of the first paragraph may vary according to the form in which the licence is issued or according to whether or not the licence bears the photograph of the holder.

1986, c. 91, s. 624; 1987, c. 94, s. 95, s. 96; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 231; 1993, c. 42, s. 31; 1992, c. 61, s. 166; 1995, c. 6, s. 13; 1996, c. 56, s. 138; 1999, c. 89, s. 53; 1999, c. 66, s. 27; 2001, c. 29, s. 17; 2002, c. 29, s. 71; 2004, c. 2, s. 72; 2004, c. 34, s. 27; 2007, c. 40, s. 78; 2008, c. 14, s. 87; 2010, c. 34, s. 90; 2015, c. 4, s. 41.

625. The regulations made under subparagraphs 9 to 10.2, 12, 13 and 16 to 16.2 of the first paragraph of section 624, and the regulations made under subparagraph 11 of the first paragraph of that section where they concern cases of exemption from or reduction of fees determined under those subparagraphs, are subject to government approval.

1986, c. 91, s. 625; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 2013, c. 16, s. 62.

CHAPTER III 
POWERS OF MUNICIPALITIES

626. A municipality may by by-law or, where the law so authorizes, by ordinance

 (1) determine classes of non-motorized vehicles that are subject to registration and determine the amount of the registration fee exigible according to such classes;

 (2) require every resident of its territory who owns a non-motorized vehicle subject to registration that he registers such vehicle;

 (3) provide for the issue of a certificate evidencing the registration of a non-motorized vehicle and require the holder to carry the certificate when using the vehicle the municipality may, on the conditions it determines, appoint persons it authorizes to collect on its behalf the sums payable for the registration of non-motorized vehicles and to perform any other operation it indicates, and may determine the amount and mode of their remuneration;

 (4) prescribe the minimum and maximum speed limits for road vehicles in its territory, which may be different for different locations except on public highways maintained by the Minister of Transport or on which the Minister of Transport has erected traffic signs in accordance with section 329;

 (5) prohibit all vehicular traffic, with or without exception, on the roads it indicates and, where appropriate, for the period it fixes, provided that the prohibition is indicated by traffic signs or traffic officers;

 (6) locate taxi stands and stops for buses and minibuses;

 (7) establish safety zones for pedestrians, and require and regulate their use;

 (8) establish rules regulating the direction of traffic, the meeting of oncoming vehicles and the passing of road vehicles on public highways maintained by it provided that such rules are compatible with the provisions of this Code relating to those matters;

 (9) establish rules regulating the movement of convoys on public highways maintained by it;

 (10) regulate the speed of road vehicles in parks or cemeteries under its control or prohibit the use of road vehicles in the lanes of parks or cemeteries provided that the speed limit or prohibition is clearly indicated by means of signs conspicuously placed at the entrance to the park or cemetery and along the lanes;

 (11) prohibit or restrict the movement of all or certain road vehicles in the vicinity of schools, facilities maintained by an institution operating a hospital centre or a residential and long-term care centre contemplated in the Act respecting health services and social services (chapter S-4.2) and hospital centres contemplated in the Act respecting health services and social services for Cree Native persons (chapter S-5);

 (12) take the necessary measures to prevent or relieve traffic congestion;

 (13) determine the annual amount it may require for the erection of commercial tourist information signs on a public highway maintained by it;

 (14) permit, on the conditions and for the periods of time it fixes, off-highway vehicles or certain types of off-highway vehicles to be operated on all or part of a public highway it maintains;

 (15) regulate the laying out of reserved lanes for emergency vehicles in the vicinity of buildings subject to Chapter III of the Building Act (chapter B-1.1) and prohibit the parking in those lanes of any other vehicle, even without the consent of the owner of the building;

 (16) permit bicycles to travel against the traffic, under the conditions it determines, on all or part of a one-way traffic lane of a public highway it maintains, provided such permission is clearly shown by signs or signals at the intersections of the traffic lane;

 (17) authorize, on all or part of a road it maintains, the supervisor in front of a snowblower to travel in a road vehicle.

Regional county municipalities shall exercise the regulatory powers provided for in this section only in regional parks.

Any by-law or ordinance under subparagraph 4 of the first paragraph must, within 15 days after it is passed, be sent to the Minister of Transport, accompanied with an information and signage plan. The by-law or ordinance comes into force 90 days after it is passed unless it is the subject of a notice of disallowance published by the Minister in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

Any by-law or ordinance passed under subparagraph 14 of the first paragraph shall, within 15 days after it is passed, be sent to the Minister of Transport, accompanied by a signage plan and a report showing that the operation of off-highway vehicles in the prescribed conditions is safe. The by-law or ordinance comes into force 90 days after it is passed unless it is the subject of a notice of disallowance published by the Minister in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

Any by-law or ordinance under subparagraph 17 of the first paragraph shall, within 15 days after it is passed, be sent to the Minister of Transport, accompanied by a report describing and illustrating the highways and parts of highways where the supervisor in front of a snowblower is authorized to travel in a road vehicle. The report must state what inspections were carried out to ensure that the authorization does not compromise public safety. The by-law or ordinance comes into force 90 days after it is passed unless it is the subject of a notice of disallowance published by the Minister in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

1986, c. 91, s. 626; 1990, c. 83, s. 232; 1992, c. 21, s. 125; 1992, c. 54, s. 62; 1995, c. 3, s. 1; 1994, c. 23, s. 23; 1995, c. 25, s. 10; 1996, c. 60, s. 79; 1998, c. 40, s. 146; 2005, c. 6, s. 196; 2006, c. 12, s. 26; 2007, c. 40, s. 79; 2010, c. 34, s. 91.

Approval of Minister.

627. Notwithstanding any contrary or inconsistent provision of a general law or special Act, every by-law, resolution or, where the law so authorizes, every ordinance passed or issued by a municipality relating to the means or systems of vehicular transport under the jurisdiction of the Commission des transports du Québec, vehicle construction, heavy vehicle traffic, the traffic of vehicles carrying dangerous substances and the use of vehicles elsewhere than on public highways must, in order to have effect, be approved by the Minister of Transport.

Exceptions.

This section does not apply to transportation by taxi within the meaning of the Act respecting transportation services by taxi (chapter S-6.01).

1986, c. 91, s. 627; 1987, c. 94, s. 97; 1990, c. 83, s. 233; 1996, c. 60, s. 80; 1998, c. 40, s. 147; 2006, c. 12, s. 27; 2007, c. 40, s. 80.

Withdrawal of approval.

628. The Minister of Transport may approve the whole or only a part of a by-law, resolution or ordinance referred to in section 627. He may also withdraw all or part of any approval given under that section. In such a case, the by-law, resolution or ordinance or part thereof from which approval has been withdrawn ceases to have effect on the date fixed in a notice of the withdrawal of approval published in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

Replacement of signs.

The Minister of Transport may remove any sign or signal relating to a by-law, resolution or ordinance which he has not approved or from which he has withdrawn approval, and replace those signs or signals by signs or signals he deems appropriate.

1986, c. 91, s. 628; 1990, c. 83, s. 234; 1999, c. 40, s. 55.

Agreement.

628.1. The Minister may, for the period the Minister determines, enter into an agreement with any municipality to exempt it from the requirement under the third paragraph of section 626. The agreement must specify which public highways are maintained by the municipality and establish the conditions and procedures for establishing a speed limit other than that provided for in this Code. In addition, the agreement must specify the conditions for the consultation of other municipalities concerned.

Interpretation.

This section shall not operate to prohibit the Minister from disallowing any by-law or ordinance made under an agreement referred to in this section, if such by-law or ordinance may endanger the safety or impair the mobility of persons or goods. The Minister may remove, where expedient, any sign or signal the Minister considers inappropriate where the municipality does not remove it within the time indicated by the Minister.

2000, c. 64, s. 29; 2008, c. 14, s. 88.

TITLE XIV 
MISCELLANEOUS AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

Agreement.

629. The Minister of Transport or the Société may, according to law, enter into an agreement with any government, department, or body respecting any matter referred to in this Code.

Exemption.

An agreement under this section may exempt any person from the application of part of this Code.

Implementation.

The Société shall be responsible for the implementation of such an agreement.

1986, c. 91, s. 629; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1996, c. 56, s. 139.

Applicability of penalty.

630. An agreement under section 629 may also provide that a penalty under this Code becomes applicable in the case of an indictable offence or an offence for which a number of demerit points is prescribed by regulation on a conviction by a court of a jurisdiction that is a party to the agreement for a substantially equivalent offence.

Equivalent offence.

The penalty prescribed in the case of failure to pay fine following conviction for an offence under this Code may also be rendered applicable by such an agreement with respect to conviction for a substantially equivalent offence.

Contents of agreement.

The agreement must include descriptions of the offences and applicable penalties.

1986, c. 91, s. 630; 1990, c. 4, s. 220.

Regulation.

631. The Government may, by regulation, adopt the necessary measures to give effect to an agreement under section 629. The publication requirement set out in section 8 of the Regulations Act (chapter R-18.1) does not apply to a regulation under this section.

1986, c. 91, s. 631.

Court ruling.

632. Any person convicted by a court of the jurisdiction that is a party to an agreement under section 629 may apply to a judge of the Court of Québec for a ruling on the applicability of the penalty prescribed for the offence for which he was convicted.

Applicable provisions.

Sections 561 to 573, adapted as required, apply to an application under this section.

1986, c. 91, s. 632; 1988, c. 21, s. 66.

Special permit.

633. The Minister of Transport may, where he considers it justified by exceptional circumstances and after consultation with the Société, issue a special permit authorizing the operation on public highways of a road vehicle or combination of road vehicles where the applicant is unable to meet the requirements of a regulation under paragraph 20 of section 621.

Conditions.

Where the Minister grants a permit under the first paragraph, he shall fix the conditions attached to the permit, the fee exigible and the amount and nature of the security guaranteeing payment of any damage that the operation of such vehicle or combination of vehicles may cause to a public highway.

Delegation.

The Minister of Transport may delegate to a public servant or employee of the Ministère des Transports, or to any other person or body he designates, the exercise of a power under this section.

1986, c. 91, s. 633; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 235; 1996, c. 56, s. 140.

Order of the Minister.

633.1. After consultation with the Société, the Minister may, by order, restrict or prohibit, for up to 180 days, the use on public highways of any model or class of vehicle that endangers the safety of persons and property. The order must state that any interested party may submit comments to the designated person within 90 days after its publication in the Gazette officielle du Québec. At the expiry of 180 days, the Minister may, by order, make the restriction or prohibition permanent. A restriction or prohibition under this paragraph comes into force on the date the order is published.

Pilot projects.

After consultation with the Société, the Minister may, by order, authorize pilot projects to test the use of vehicles or to study, improve or develop traffic rules or standards applicable to safety equipment. The Minister may prescribe rules relating to the use of a vehicle on a public highway as part of a pilot project. The Minister may also, in the context of a pilot project, authorize any person or body to use a vehicle in compliance with standards and rules prescribed by the Minister that are different from those provided in this Code and the regulations.

Powers of the Minister.

Pilot projects are conducted for a period of up to three years, which the Minister may extend by up to two years if the Minister considers it necessary. The Minister may modify or terminate a pilot project at any time. The Minister may also determine the provisions of an order made under this section the violation of which is an offence and determine the minimum and maximum amounts for which the offender is liable, which may not be less than $30 or more than $360.

Publication requirement.

The publication requirement set out in section 8 of the Regulations Act (chapter R-18.1) does not apply to an order made under this section. An order under the second or third paragraph is published in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

2007, c. 40, s. 81; 2008, c. 14, s. 89.

Suspension of application.

633.2. If the Minister considers that it is in the interest of the public and is not likely to compromise highway safety, the Minister may, by order and after consultation with the Société, suspend the application of a provision of this Code or the regulations for the period specified by the Minister. The Minister may prescribe any rule, applicable when using the exemption, that ensures an equivalent level of safety in the Minister's opinion. The publication requirement set out in section 8 of the Regulations Act (chapter R-18.1) does not apply to such an order.

2007, c. 40, s. 81.

Classification of highways.

634. The Minister of Transport may classify public highways for the purposes of this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 634.

Exclusive jurisdiction.

634.1. The Police Force and each of its members have exclusive jurisdiction to enforce the rules of this Code on an autoroute, subject to the jurisdiction assigned

 (1) by the Minister of Public Security to a municipal police force serving a municipality traversed by an autoroute;

 (2)  to members of a municipal police force providing services to a municipality traversed by an autoroute where the members use the autoroute to travel in the exercise of their functions;

 (3) to highway controllers pursuant to section 519.67.

1996, c. 73, s. 16; 2002, c. 29, s. 72.

Authorized peace officer.

634.2. The only peace officers who may be authorized by the prosecutor to issue a statement of offence in relation to an offence under the rules of this Code committed on an autoroute are those referred to in section 634.1

1996, c. 73, s. 16; 2002, c. 29, s. 73.

634.3. Photo radar devices and red light camera systems may only be used subject to the conditions and procedures determined by the Minister of Transport and the Minister of Public Security.

They may only be used to monitor compliance with highway safety rules

 (1) on a road or land situated in a school zone, as defined by regulation of the Minister of Transport;

 (2) in a construction or maintenance work zone limited, for the purposes of this section, to the part of a public highway for which the maximum authorized speed limit is indicated in accordance with section 303.1; and

 (3) on any other public highway determined by the Minister of Transport and the Minister of Public Security after consulting with the municipality responsible for the maintenance of the highway, if applicable.

When determining a public highway under subparagraph 3 of the second paragraph, the Ministers may take into account such factors as the accident potential of the highway.

Any order made under the first or second paragraph is published in the Gazette officielle du Québec.

2007, c. 40, s. 82; 2012, c. 15, s. 28.

635. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 635; 1992, c. 61, s. 167.

Powers of police officer.

636. Every peace officer recognizable as such at first sight may, in the performance of his duties under this Code, agreements entered into under section 519.65 and the Act respecting owners, operators and drivers of heavy vehicles (chapter P-30.3), require the driver of a road vehicle to stop his vehicle. The driver must comply with this requirement without delay.

1986, c. 91, s. 636; 1987, c. 94, s. 98; 1990, c. 83, s. 236; 1998, c. 40, s. 148; 2005, c. 39, s. 52; 2008, c. 14, s. 90.

636.1. (Repealed).

1990, c. 83, s. 237; 1996, c. 56, s. 141; 1998, c. 40, s. 149; 2003, c. 8, s. 6; 2006, c. 3, s. 35; 2008, c. 14, s. 91.

Impounding.

636.2. A peace officer who, in the performance of his duties under this Code, the Act respecting owners, operators and drivers of heavy vehicles (chapter P-30.3), the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25) or the Criminal Code (Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, chapter C-46) has reasonable grounds to believe that an offence has been committed under this Code, under the Act respecting owners, operators and drivers of heavy vehicles, under section 186 of the Automobile Insurance Act or under a provision of the Criminal Code referred to in section 180 of this Code may, without the owner's permission, take possession of the road vehicle, drive that vehicle and impound it at the expense of the owner or operator of a heavy vehicle, as the case may be.

1990, c. 83, s. 237; 1996, c. 56, s. 142; 1998, c. 40, s. 150; 2005, c. 39, s. 52.

636.3. The person to whom custody of an impounded road vehicle has been entrusted in accordance with sections 536 and 636.2 shall act with care and prudence.

Retention of vehicle.

The custodian is entitled to retain the road vehicle until all towing and impounding charges have been paid.

Where a road vehicle impounded by a highway controller has not been claimed 40 days after the date of impoundment, the Société shall dispose of it in accordance with the rules set out in sections 209.17 to 209.22.3, substituting ‘impounding’ for ‘seizure’, with the necessary modifications, in sections 209.17 and 209.22.

1999, c. 66, s. 28; 2010, c. 34, s. 92.

Confiscation of unauthorized plate.

637. A peace officer is authorized to confiscate and remit to the Société any unauthorized plate or unauthorized validation sticker, any plate to which is affixed an unauthorized sticker or any unauthorized inspection sticker or unauthorized identification sticker.

Definitions.

For the purposes of the first paragraph,

 (1) an unauthorized plate is a plate referred to in section 34 or issued for a road vehicle other than the vehicle to which it is attached;

 (2) an unauthorized validation sticker is a sticker referred to in section 34 or issued for a vehicle other than the vehicle carrying the place to which it is affixed;

 (3) (subparagraph repealed);

 (4) an unauthorized inspection sticker is a sticker referred to in section 538.1;

 (5) an unauthorized identification sticker is a sticker that may be confused with an identification sticker issued by the Société pursuant to section 11 or by any other competent administrative authority.

1986, c. 91, s. 637; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 238; 2002, c. 29, s. 74; 2008, c. 14, s. 92.

637.1. A peace officer is authorized to seize and destroy any permit or licence where the permit or licence or a class thereof is suspended or cancelled.

When confiscating a licence or a permit, the peace officer shall issue a receipt to the person in possession of the licence or permit and shall then remit the licence or permit to the Société.

1990, c. 83, s. 238; 1996, c. 56, s. 143; 2015, c. 4, s. 42.

Confiscation.

637.2. The Société and a peace officer are authorized to confiscate a licence that has been falsified, or issued, reproduced or used in a fraudulent manner, or a lost or stolen licence.

2008, c. 14, s. 93.

Information to Société.

638. Every peace officer who, in accordance with this Code, confiscates or takes an object from its owner shall immediately inform the Société of the name and address of the person who was in possession of the object.

1986, c. 91, s. 638; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Prohibition.

638.1. Every person who in any way hinders a peace officer in the performance of duties under this Code, the Act respecting owners, operators and drivers of heavy vehicles (chapter P-30.3) or an Act the Société is responsible for enforcing in accordance with section 519.64, in particular by misleading the peace officer by concealment or false declarations, refusing to provide the peace officer with any information or document the peace officer is entitled to require or examine, or concealing or destroying any document or property relevant to an inspection is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600 or, if the offence is committed during an intervention involving a heavy vehicle, $700 to $2,100.

2002, c. 29, s. 75; 2008, c. 14, s. 94.

Return of object.

639. If the nature of the object confiscated or taken allows it, except in the case contemplated in the second paragraph of section 252, the Société may, subject to the conditions and in the cases prescribed by regulation, return the object to its owner if he files an application therefor within 90 days after the date the object was confiscated or taken. The object is returned at the owner's expense.

1986, c. 91, s. 639; 1988, c. 68, s. 19; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Disposal.

640. The Société shall dispose of every object confiscated or taken at the expiry of a period 90 days following the date it was confiscated or taken.

1986, c. 91, s. 640; 1987, c. 94, s. 99; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Sûreté du Québec.

641. The public servants of the Sûreté du Québec designated by the Director General of the Sûreté du Québec to carry out the provisions of this Code are peace officers responsible for its application with respect to driving schools and the following road vehicles:

 (1) a motor vehicle used by a driving school for instruction purposes;

 (2) a bus, a minibus, a commercial vehicle, a taxi and a combination of road vehicles;

 (3) a vehicle used for the transportation of permanently attached equipment and provided with a load space;

 (4) a vehicle designed mainly to do specific work and permanently equipped for that purpose;

 (5) a vehicle equipped to refuel, repair or tow road vehicles;

 (6) a motor vehicle owned by a farmer and used for the transportation of agricultural products or materials necessary for their production.

1986, c. 91, s. 641.

Notice of theft.

642. The owner of a stolen road vehicle is required to give immediate notice of the theft of his vehicle and, as the case may be, of its recovery, to the Société.

Peace officer.

A peace officer, on being informed of the theft of a road vehicle, must do what is necessary to inform the Société.

1986, c. 91, s. 642; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Offence and penalty.

643. The owner of a road vehicle who contravenes the first paragraph of section 642 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1986, c. 91, s. 643; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

643.1. (Repealed).

1990, c. 83, s. 239; 2008, c. 14, s. 95.

Offence and penalty.

643.2. Every driver who contravenes section 636 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

Offence and penalty.

Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes section 636 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $700 to $2,100.

1990, c. 83, s. 239; 1998, c. 40, s. 151; 2002, c. 29, s. 76; 2008, c. 14, s. 96.

Offence and penalty.

644. Every person who makes, permits or tolerates the fraudulent use of a document issued by the Société is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $600.

1986, c. 91, s. 644; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 4, s. 212.

Offence and penalty.

644.1. Every person who knowingly uses or discloses information transmitted by the Société pursuant to the second paragraph of section 610 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $1,000.

1990, c. 83, s. 240.

Offence and penalty.

644.2. Every person who knowingly retains beyond the period prescribed in the third paragraph of section 610 information transmitted by the Société pursuant to the second paragraph of the said section is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $300 to $1,000.

1990, c. 83, s. 240.

Notice of loss or theft.

644.3. The holder of a licence issued by the Société must notify the Société of the theft or loss of the licence.

Peace officer.

A peace officer who has been notified of the theft of a licence issued by the Société must notify the Société of the theft.

2008, c. 14, s. 97.

Offence and penalty.

644.4. Every licence holder who contravenes the first paragraph of section 644.3 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

2008, c. 14, s. 97.

645. (Repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 645; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1996, c. 60, s. 81.

645.1. (Repealed).

1987, c. 94, s. 100; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1998, c. 40, s. 152.

645.2. (Repealed).

1988, c. 68, s. 20; 1990, c. 4, s. 221; 1996, c. 60, s. 81.

Offence and penalty.

645.3. Every person who contravenes a regulation under paragraph 2.1 of section 621 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1990, c. 83, s. 241.

not in force
Offence and penalty.

645.4. Every person who contravenes a regulation under paragraph 20.4 of section 621 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $100 to $200.

1990, c. 83, s. 241.

Offence and penalty.

646. Every driver of a heavy vehicle who contravenes a regulatory provision the violation of which constitutes an offence under subparagraph 8 of the first paragraph of section 622 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $90 to $270, $175 to $525 or $350 to $1,050 according to the seriousness of the offence as determined by regulation.

Offence and penalty.

The person who offers dangerous substances for transport, the owner or operator of a heavy vehicle and the carrier of dangerous substances who contravenes a regulatory provision the violation of which constitutes an offence under subparagraph 8 of the first paragraph of section 622 is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine of $175 to $525, $350 to $1,050 or $700 to $2,100 according to the seriousness of the offence as determined by regulation.

1986, c. 91, s. 646; 1987, c. 94, s. 101; 1990, c. 4, s. 212; 1999, c. 66, s. 29.

Municipal fines.

647. Any fine prescribed under a by-law or ordinance passed under paragraphs 4, 5 and 8 of section 626 must be equal to the fine prescribed by this Code for an offence of the same nature.

Amount.

The fine must be $175 to $525 where the offence prescribed by a municipal by-law made under paragraph 5 of the said section involves a truck or tool vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 647; 1999, c. 66, s. 30.

648. The sums collected under this Code are paid into the Consolidated Revenue Fund, within the time and according to the terms and conditions fixed by the Minister of Finance, except

 (1) the fines belonging to the prosecuting municipality or Native entity;

 (1.1) the costs relating to proceedings brought before a municipal court that belong to the municipality in which the court has jurisdiction;

 (1.2) (paragraph repealed);

 (1.3) (paragraph repealed);

 (1.4) (paragraph repealed);

 (2) the sums placed at the disposal of the Société in accordance with sections 151 to 151.3 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25) and section 23 of the Act respecting the Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec (chapter S-11.011);

 (3) the fees prescribed by regulation of the Société under this Code;

 (3.1) the fees collected by the Société pursuant to a government regulation under subparagraphs 1 and 2 of the first paragraph of section 155 of the Act respecting Access to documents held by public bodies and the Protection of personal information (chapter A-2.1);

 (3.2) the part of the costs remitted to a prosecuting party under article 345.2 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1) and the costs remitted to the defendant under article 223 of the said Code;

 (4) the part of the fines allocated by the Government to the Société;

 (5) the amounts collected by the Société under an agreement made with any government, any department of such government or any public body and the amounts received pursuant to section 24 of the Act respecting transport infrastructure partnerships (chapter P-9.001);

 (6) the portion, fixed by agreement between the Société and the Minister of Finance, of the registration duties of vehicles carrying goods or persons received by the Société during its fiscal year that represents all or part of the costs borne by the Société in that fiscal year, minus the fees collected, in exercising its jurisdiction pursuant to Title VIII.2 of this Code and managing the activities related to registration, permits and licences provided for in this Code;

 (7) the additional duty collected on road vehicles of a class determined by regulation, equipped with an engine with a displacement determined by regulation;

 (8) (paragraph repealed);

 (9) (paragraph repealed);

 (10) (paragraph repealed).

1986, c. 91, s. 648; 1987, c. 94, s. 102; 1990, c. 19, s. 10; 1990, c. 19, s. 11; 1990, c. 83, s. 242; 1992, c. 61, s. 168; 1999, c. 66, s. 31; 2003, c. 5, s. 14; 2004, c. 35, s. 45; 2000, c. 49, s. 27; 2008, c. 14, s. 98; 2007, c. 40, s. 83; 2008, c. 14, s. 98; 2009, c. 48, s. 24; 2010, c. 20, s. 42; 2010, c. 34, s. 93; 2010, c. 33, s. 26; 2011, c. 18, s. 114; 2015, c. 4, s. 43.

648.1. (Repealed).

1991, c. 32, s. 168; 2010, c. 20, s. 43; 2010, c. 33, s. 27; 2011, c. 18, s. 115.

Sums paid to the Société.

648.2. For the purposes of section 194, the Government, every municipality and every Native entity having entered into an agreement under the second paragraph of section 597 must deduct from the amount corresponding to the total of the fines and fees they have respectively collected and for which a notice provided for in article 365 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1) was sent to the Société, an amount corresponding to the product obtained by multiplying the amount fixed by regulation of the Government by the number of notices they have sent to the Société, pursuant to article 365 of the Code of Penal Procedure. The terms and conditions for the payment of these sums shall be set by the Société.

Difference between sums paid and costs borne.

Where the total of the sums paid to the Société by the Government, municipalities and Native entities under the first paragraph over the course of one year is lower than the costs borne by the Société for the purposes of section 194 over the course of the same year, the difference is carried forward to the following year for payment. Where the total of these sums is higher than these costs, the difference is deducted from the costs borne the following year.

2003, c. 5, s. 15; 2009, c. 26, s. 24; 2010, c. 34, s. 94.

Additional duty.

648.3. The additional duty collected on road vehicles of a class determined by regulation, equipped with an engine with a displacement determined by regulation, is paid to the Société de financement des infrastructures locales du Québec.

2004, c. 35, s. 46.

648.4. Despite section 648, the Minister of Transport and the Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec shall agree on the dates and terms of payment into the Consolidated Revenue Fund of the duties fixed by regulation and revalorized, if applicable, in accordance with section 151.4 of the Automobile Insurance Act (chapter A-25), and the additional duties the Société collects under

 (1) subparagraphs 3 and 5 of the first paragraph of section 21, except the registration duties collected for snowmobiles with a net mass of 450 kg or less, all-terrain vehicles with a net mass not exceeding 600 kg and off-highway vehicles governed by the registration regulations, except the portion of the registration duties for vehicles carrying goods or persons referred to in subparagraph 6 of the first paragraph of section 648;

 (2) the first and fourth paragraphs of section 31.1, except the duties collected for the right to operate a snowmobile with a net mass of 450 kg or less, an all-terrain vehicle with a net mass not exceeding 600 kg and an off-highway vehicle governed by the registration regulations, except the portion of the registration duties for vehicles carrying goods or persons referred to in subparagraph 6 of the first paragraph of section 648 and the additional duty fixed by regulation in respect of a road vehicle belonging to a class determined by regulation, equipped with an engine with a displacement determined by regulation;

 (3) the first paragraph of section 69;

 (4) section 93.1; and

 (5) the second paragraph of section 463.

The sums paid into the Consolidated Revenue Fund under the first paragraph are credited to the Land Transportation Network Fund established by paragraph 1 of section 12.30 of the Act respecting the Ministère des Transports (chapter M-28).

2010, c. 20, s. 44; 2010, c. 33, s. 27; 2011, c. 18, s. 116; 2013, c. 16, s. 151.

Municipal report to Société.

649. Every municipality is required to transmit, to the Société, within 90 days of the end of each year, a detailed report recording for the past year the accidents, within the meaning of section 167, that have occurred in its territory and the offences that entailed the collection of sums of money under paragraph 1 of section 648.

1986, c. 91, s. 649; 1990, c. 19, s. 11.

Minister responsible.

650. The Minister of Transport is responsible for the carrying out of this Code, except the provisions respecting traffic supervision coming under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Public Security and the provisions respecting proceedings for offences coming under the jurisdiction of the Attorney General.

1986, c. 91, s. 650; 1988, c. 46, s. 24.

Documents issued under other Codes.

651. The licences, permits, certificates and registration plates issued under the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.1) and the dealer's licences issued under the Highway Code (chapter C-24) are deemed to have been issued under this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 651; 1987, c. 94, s. 103.

Proficiency certificates.

652. The proficiency certificates issued under the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.1) become driver's licences of the class appropriate for the driving of a moped.

1986, c. 91, s. 652.

Presumption as to conviction.

653. For the purposes of section 204, every person convicted of an offence under any of sections 142 to 142.3 of the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.1) is deemed to have been convicted of an offence contemplated in section 147 for a contravention of the first paragraph of section 127 or an offence under any of sections 148 to 150 of this Act.

1986, c. 91, s. 653.

Demerit points.

654. Demerit points attributable to an offence committed before 1 December 1987 are counted as demerit points for the purposes of the cancellation of a licence or for a suspension of the right to obtain a licence under this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 654.

References.

655. In any Act or statutory instrument, any reference to the Highway Code (chapter C-24) or to the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.1) is a reference to the corresponding provision of this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 655.

Agreements.

656. Every agreement entered into with any government, any department of such a government or any agency under the Highway Code (chapter C-24) or under the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.1) remains in force to such extent as it is compatible with this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 656.

Exemption certificates.

657. The certificates of exemption for medical reasons issued under section 454 of the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.1) are valid for a period of two years from 18 December 1986 or, as the case may be, for the shorter period indicated on the certificate.

1986, c. 91, s. 657.

Back seat passengers.

658. The provisions of Division III of Chapter II of Title VIII relating to the obligation to wear the seat belt or other safety device will apply only from the date fixed by the Government in respect of the back seat passengers of a vehicle.

1986, c. 91, s. 658.

The provisions of Division III of Chapter II of Title VIII of this Code relating to the obligation to wear the seat belt or other safety device will apply from 1 January 1990 in respect of the back seat passengers of a vehicle. Order in Council 1878-89 dated 6 December 1989, (1989) 121 G.O. 2, 4695.

President of Tribunal.

659. The judge of the Provincial Court who held the office of president of the Transport Tribunal on 1 June 1982 shall retain, for himself or his widow, his rights to the pension of a chief judge.

1986, c. 91, s. 659.

Driving school.

660. The power to recognize new driving schools granted to specific bodies approved under section 62 is suspended. The suspension ends on 16 January 2012.

Insufficient number of driving schools.

Despite the first paragraph, an organization approved under section 62 may recognize a driving school if it considers that there is an insufficient number of driving schools in the territory for which the recognition is requested.

1986, c. 91, s. 660; 1988, c. 68, s. 21; 1990, c. 83, s. 243; 2008, c. 14, s. 99; 2009, c. 55, s. 3; 2010, c. 34, s. 95.

661. (Amendment integrated into c. A-25, s. 1).

1986, c. 91, s. 661.

662. (Amendment integrated into c. A-25, s. 151).

1986, c. 91, s. 662.

663. (Amendment integrated into c. A-25, s. 195).

1986, c. 91, s. 663.

664. (Amendment integrated into c. A-25, s. 197).

1986, c. 91, s. 664.

665. (Amendment integrated into c. P-40.1, s. 156).

1986, c. 91, s. 665.

666. (Amendment integrated into c. P-40.1, s. 158).

1986, c. 91, s. 666.

667. (Amendment integrated into c. P-40.1, s. 322).

1986, c. 91, s. 667.

668. (Amendment integrated into c. R-4, s. 2).

1986, c. 91, s. 668.

669. (Amendment integrated into c. R-4, s. 15.1).

1986, c. 91, s. 669.

670. (Omitted).

1986, c. 91, s. 670.

671. (Omitted).

1986, c. 91, s. 671.

Regulations in force.

672. Every regulation under the Highway Code (chapter C-24) or the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.1) remains in force until it is replaced or repealed by a regulation under this Code.

1986, c. 91, s. 672.

673. (Omitted).

1986, c. 91, s. 673.

Provisions replaced.

674. The provisions of the Highway Code (chapter C-24) and of the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.1) are replaced by the corresponding provisions of this Code to the extent indicated in the orders made under section 676 of chapter 91 of the statutes of 1986.

Provisions repealed.

All other provisions of the Highway Code (chapter C-24) and of the Highway Safety Code (chapter C-24.1) are repealed from the date fixed by the Government.

1986, c. 91, s. 674.

Effect.

675. Paragraphs 8 to 12 of section 618, paragraphs 10 to 16, 18 to 20 and 22 of section 619, paragraphs 1 and 2 of section 624, and sections 662 and 663 have effect from 3 September 1985.

1986, c. 91, s. 675.

676. (Omitted).

1986, c. 91, s. 676.

REPEAL SCHEDULES

In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), chapter 91 of the statutes of 1986, in force on 1 March 1987, is repealed, except sections 670, 671 and 676, effective from the coming into force of chapter C-24.2 of the Revised Statutes.

In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), sections 1 to 10, 12 to 75, 81 to 83, 85 to 104, 107 to 116, 127 to 142, 146 to 150, 167 to 179, 187, 188, paragraphs 1 and 3 of section 189, sections 190, 191, 195 to 206, 210 to 331, 333 to 387, 390 to 412, 415 to 495, 497 to 520, paragraphs 4 and 7 to 11 of section 521, sections 522 to 617, 620 to 623, 625 to 638, 640 to 649, 651 to 653, 655, 657 to 659, 661, 664, 665, 668 and 669 of chapter 91 of the statutes of 1986, in force on 1 September 1987, are repealed effective from the coming into force of the updating to 1 September 1987 of chapter C-24.2 of the Revised Statutes.

In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), sections 11, 76 to 80, 105, 106, 117 to 126, 143 to 145, 151 to 166, 180, the first paragraph of section 181, sections 182 to 186, 192, 193, 207 to 209, 388, paragraphs 1, 2, 3 and 6 of section 521, sections 639, 654, 656, 666 and 667 of chapter 91 of the statutes of 1986, in force on 1 March 1988, are repealed effective from the coming into force of the updating to 1 March 1988 of chapter C-24.2 of the Revised Statutes.

In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), section 84, the second paragraph of section 181, paragraph 2 of section 189, sections 194, 413 and 414 of chapter 91 of the statutes of 1986, in force on 1 March 1989, are repealed effective from the coming into force of the updating to 1 March 1989 of chapter C-24.2 of the Revised Statutes.

In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), paragraph 5 of section 521 of chapter 91 of the statutes of 1986, in force on 1 September 1990, is repealed effective from the coming into force of the updating to 1 September 1990 of chapter C-24.2 of The Revised Statutes.