British Columbia Treaty Commission Act
S.C. 1995, c. 45
Assented to 1995-12-15
An Act respecting the establishment of the British Columbia Treaty Commission
Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:
Marginal note:Short title
1 This Act may be cited as the British Columbia Treaty Commission Act.
2 In this Act,
Agreement means the British Columbia Treaty Commission Agreement executed among the Summit, Her Majesty in right of Canada and Her Majesty in right of British Columbia on September 21, 1992 and includes any amendments to it that may be made from time to time; (Accord)
Commission means the British Columbia Treaty Commission established as set out in section 4; (Commission)
first nation means an aboriginal governing body, however organized and established by aboriginal people within their traditional territory in British Columbia, that has been mandated by its constituents to enter into treaty negotiations on their behalf with Her Majesty in right of Canada and Her Majesty in right of British Columbia; (première nation)
Lieutenant Governor in Council
lieutenant-gouverneur en conseil
Lieutenant Governor in Council means the Lieutenant Governor in Council of British Columbia; (lieutenant-gouverneur en conseil)
Minister means such member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada as may be designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of this Act; (ministre)
principals means Her Majesty in right of Canada, Her Majesty in right of British Columbia and the Summit; (signataires)
Summit means the body that is established to represent the first nations in British Columbia that agree to participate in the process provided for in the Agreement to facilitate the negotiation of treaties among first nations, Her Majesty in right of Canada and Her Majesty in right of British Columbia. (Sommet)
Purpose of Act
Marginal note:Purpose of Act
3 The purpose of this Act is to establish the British Columbia Treaty Commission as undertaken in the Agreement.
Establishment of Commission
Marginal note:Commission jointly established
4 (1) There is established, by the joint operation of this Act, an Act of the Legislature of British Columbia and a resolution of the Summit, the British Columbia Treaty Commission consisting of the Chief Commissioner and not more than four other commissioners.
Marginal note:Commission is provincial entity
(2) Subject to section 14, the Commission shall for all purposes be treated as having been established by or under an Act of the Legislature of British Columbia.
Marginal note:Not agent
(3) The Commission is not an agent of any of the principals.
Purpose and Powers of Commission
Marginal note:Purpose of Commission
5 (1) The purpose of the Commission is to facilitate, in British Columbia, the negotiation of treaties among one or more first nations, Her Majesty in right of Canada and Her Majesty in right of British Columbia.
Marginal note:Powers of the Commission
(2) The Commission has the capacity and powers of a natural person, including the power to sue and be sued, to enter into contracts and to acquire, hold and dispose of property for its purpose.
(3) In furthering its purpose, the Commission shall
(a) assess the readiness, in accordance with the Agreement, of Her Majesty in right of Canada, Her Majesty in right of British Columbia and one or more first nations to begin negotiations;
(b) allocate funds that have been provided to enable first nations to participate in negotiations, in accordance with criteria agreed to by the principals;
(c) encourage timely negotiations;
(d) where the parties to a negotiation all agree, assist them in obtaining dispute resolution services;
(e) prepare and maintain a public record of the status of negotiations; and
(f) perform any other duties that are consistent with the Agreement and this Act.
Marginal note:Meaning of “prior commissioner”
6 (1) In this section, prior commissioner means any person who, at any time before the coming into force of this Act, was a commissioner pursuant to an appointment made by resolution of the Summit, an order of the Governor in Council or an order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council or jointly by the Governor in Council, the Lieutenant Governor in Council and the Summit.
Marginal note:Prior commissioners continue
(2) The prior commissioners in office on the coming into force of this Act are confirmed and continue as commissioners on and after the date of the establishment of the Commission as though they had been appointed pursuant to subsection 7(1).
Marginal note:Rights and obligations
(3) The Commission has all the rights, property and interests in existence on the coming into force of this Act that were acquired by, and is, instead of any prior commissioner, responsible for all the debts, liabilities and obligations in existence on the coming into force of this Act that were incurred by, a prior commissioner in the performance of that person’s duties as a commissioner.
Marginal note:Appointment of commissioners
7 (1) One commissioner is to be appointed by order of the Governor in Council, one commissioner is to be appointed by order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council, two commissioners are to be appointed by resolution of the Summit and the Chief Commissioner is to be appointed jointly by the Governor in Council, the Lieutenant Governor in Council and the Summit.
Marginal note:Term of office
(2) The Chief Commissioner may be appointed for a term not exceeding three years and each of the other commissioners may be appointed for a term not exceeding two years.
Marginal note:Removal of Chief Commissioner
(3) The Chief Commissioner holds office during pleasure and may be removed by the Governor in Council, the Lieutenant Governor in Council and the Summit jointly.
Marginal note:Removal of other commissioners
(4) A commissioner other than the Chief Commissioner holds office during pleasure and may be removed by the person or body that appointed the commissioner.
(5) A commissioner or former commissioner may be re-appointed.
Marginal note:Chief executive officer
8 (1) The Chief Commissioner is the chief executive officer of the Commission and has supervision over and direction of the day to day operations of the Commission.
Marginal note:Absence or incapacity
(2) In the event of the absence or incapacity of the Chief Commissioner or if that office is vacant, the other commissioners may designate, by unanimous agreement, one of them to act as Chief Commissioner during the absence, incapacity or vacancy, and the commissioner so designated has and may exercise all of the powers and perform all of the duties and functions of the Chief Commissioner.
Marginal note:Terms and conditions of appointment
9 After the principals have reached agreement, the remuneration and other terms and conditions of the appointment of the commissioners are to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council, order of the Lieutenant Governor in Council and resolution of the Summit.
10 The office of the Commission shall be in British Columbia.
11 (1) The Chief Commissioner, one commissioner appointed by the Governor in Council, one commissioner appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council and one commissioner appointed by the Summit constitute a quorum of the Commission.
Marginal note:Where acting Chief Commissioner
(2) For the purpose of determining a quorum, an acting Chief Commissioner shall be counted both as Chief Commissioner and as a commissioner appointed by the person or body that appointed the commissioner.
Marginal note:Chief Commissioner to preside at meetings
12 (1) The Chief Commissioner shall preside at meetings of the Commission.
Marginal note:Decisions of the Commission
(2) Decisions of the Commission shall be made by agreement of at least one commissioner appointed by each of the Governor in Council, the Lieutenant Governor in Council and the Summit.
Marginal note:Decisions of the Summit
13 Her Majesty in right of Canada is entitled to rely on resolutions of the Summit that are certified in the manner specified by the Summit as proof of the decisions of the Summit that are set out in the resolutions as certified.
Marginal note:Access to information
14 The Commission is deemed to be a government institution as that term is defined in section 3 of the Access to Information Act and section 3 of the Privacy Act for the purposes of those Acts.
Marginal note:Protection of Commission and employees
15 Her Majesty in right of Canada shall not make any civil claim against the Commission, any commissioner or any employee of or person retained by the Commission for anything done, omitted, reported or said in the course of the exercise or performance or purported exercise or performance of any power, duty or function under this Act, unless the claim arises from the wilful misconduct or gross negligence of the commissioner, employee or person retained.
Marginal note:Commissioners to be indemnified
16 Her Majesty in right of Canada shall indemnify, in proportion to Her funding obligations as set out in the Agreement, the commissioners against all claims, damages and penalties that are made against or incurred by the commissioners in the exercise of their powers or performance of their duties and functions under this Act, except where the claims, damages or penalties arise from the commissioners’ wilful misconduct or gross negligence.
Marginal note:Personnel of Commission
17 (1) The Commission may employ or retain persons who are necessary to perform the duties and functions of the Commission.
(2) No person employed or retained pursuant to subsection (1) shall, by virtue of being so employed or retained, be considered to be employed in the federal public administration.
1995, c. 45, s. 17;
2003, c. 22, s. 224(E).
18 The Commission may make by-laws consistent with this Act and the Agreement respecting the carrying out of the work of the Commission, the management of its internal affairs and the duties of its officers and employees and of the persons retained by it.
Marginal note:Annual budget
19 The Commission shall submit its budget for each financial year to the principals for review and approval before the deadline set by the principals.
20 The accounts and financial transactions of the Commission shall be audited annually by a qualified independent auditor designated by the Commission, and a report of the audit shall be made to the Commission.
Marginal note:Annual report
21 (1) The Commission shall, as soon as possible but in any case within six months after the end of each financial year, submit to the principals a report of all activities under this Act for that financial year, including the financial statements and the auditor’s report.
(2) The report submitted pursuant to subsection (1) must contain information with respect to the progress of negotiations facilitated by the Commission, the other operations of the Commission and any other matter that the Commission deems appropriate.
Marginal note:Tabling in Parliament
(3) The Minister shall cause a copy of the report to be laid before each House of Parliament within the first thirty days that that House is sitting after the report is made.
Marginal note:Principals may amend Agreement
22 (1) Nothing in this Act shall be interpreted as preventing the principals from amending the Agreement from time to time.
Marginal note:Copies of Agreement
(2) The Commission shall keep a copy of the Agreement at its office and make it available for inspection by any person at any time during usual business hours.
23 and 24 [Amendments]
Coming into Force
Marginal note:Coming into force
Footnote *25 This Act comes into force on a day to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council.
Return to footnote *[Note: Act in force March 1, 1996, see SI/96-23.]