Nova Scotia Offshore Area Petroleum Installations Regulations

Link to law: https://www.novascotia.ca/just/regulations/regs/coprinst.htm

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Nova Scotia Offshore Area Petroleum Installations Regulations
made under subsection 146(1) of the

Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Resources

Accord Implementation (Nova Scotia) Act

S.N.S. 1987, c. 3

O.I.C. 97-756 (December 9, 1997), N.S. Reg. 166/97

as amended by O.I.C. 2009-518 (Dec. 15, 2009, effective Dec. 31, 2009), N.S. Reg. 338/2009

Table of Contents

Citation

Interpretation

Part I - General Requirements

General

Quality assurance

Helicopter deck

Facilities for inspection and maintenance

Secondary structures and fittings

Arrangements of materials and equipment

Access to hazardous areas

Ventilation of hazardous areas

General electrical standards

Emergency electrical power

Mechanical equipment

Winterization

Corrosion protection

Cranes

Gas release system

Emergency shutdown system

Escape routes

Protection against impact

Navigational equipment

Lifesaving equipment for installations

Passive fire and blast protection

Fire hydrant systems

Water deluge and water monitor systems in areas with petroleum

General requirements for fire pump systems and water mains

Sprinkler system in accommodation areas

Fire extinguishing systems in machinery and flammable liquid storage spaces

Fire extinguishers

Firefighting equipment

Automatic fire detection systems

Gas detection systems

Alarm panels and signals

General alarm system

Piping systems

Communication systems

Part II - Analysis and Design

General design considerations

Design of installations

Design of platforms

Analyses

Innovations for installations

Removal and abandonment of fixed production installations

Concept safety analysis for production installations

Environmental criteria and loads

Site investigations

Geotechnical parameters

Soil deformation

Erosion offshore

Materials for installations

Air gap and freeboard

Load measuring system

Gravity-base, fill, fill-retention and self-elevating platforms

Pile foundations

Structural strength of mobile platforms

Motion response characteristics

Stability of mobile platforms

Ballast and bilge systems

Watertight integrity of floating platforms

Mooring

Dynamic positioning

Subsea production systems

Part III - Construction and Installation

General

Part IV - Operations and Maintenance

Manual, Plans and Programs for installations

Repair, replacement and modification of installations

Remedial action

Part V - Records and Reporting

General

Report of loss, emergency or accident

Part VI - Offences

Citation

1     These regulations may be cited as the Nova Scotia Offshore Area Petroleum InstallationsRegulations.

Interpretation

2     (1)    In these regulations,

 

                (a)    “accidental event” means an unplanned or unexpected event or circumstance orseries of events or circumstances that may lead to loss of life or damage to theenvironment;

 

                (b)    “accommodation area” means dependent personnel accommodation or anaccommodation installation;

 

                (c)    “accommodation installation” means an installation that is used toaccommodate persons at a production site or drill site and that functionsindependently of a production installation, drilling installation or divinginstallation, and includes any associated dependent diving system;

 

                (d)    “Act” means the Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Resources AccordImplementation (Nova Scotia) Act;

 

                (e)    “certificate of fitness” means a certificate, in the form fixed by the Board,issued by a certifying authority in accordance with Section 4 of the NovaScotia Offshore Area Certificate of Fitness Regulations;

 

                (f)    “certifying authority” has the same meaning as in Section 2 of the Nova ScotiaOffshore Area Certificate of Fitness Regulations;

 

                (g)    “Chief” means the Chief Safety Officer;

 

                (h)    “classification society” means an independent organization whose purpose is tosupervise the construction, ongoing maintenance and any modifications of aplatform in accordance with the society’s rules for classing platforms andincludes the American Bureau of Shipping, Lloyd’s Register of Shipping, Detnorske Veritas Classification A/S and Bureau Veritas;

 

                (i)     “contingency plan” means a plan that addresses abnormal conditions oremergencies that can reasonably be anticipated;

 

                (j)     “control point” means a work area other than a control station from whichsystems and equipment critical to the safety of the installation can bemonitored and controlled;

 

                (k)    “control station” means a continuously manned work area from which processand export equipment, wellhead manifold and Christmas trees, main andemergency power, fire and gas detection, fire control, communicationsequipment, emergency shutdown systems, ballast control system, dynamicpositioning systems and other systems and equipment critical to the safety ofthe installation are remotely controlled or monitored;

 

                (l)     “damaged condition” means, with respect to a floating platform, the conditionof the platform after it has suffered damage to the extent described in the Codereferred to in subsection 56(9);

 

                (m)   “dependent diving system” means a diving system that is associated with aninstallation other than a diving installation and that does not functionindependently of the installation;

 

                (n)    “dependent personnel accommodation” means personnel accommodation thatis associated with an installation other than an accommodation installation andthat does not function independently of the installation;

 

                (o)    “development plan” means a development plan relating to the development ofa pool or field that is referred to in Section 136 of the Act;

 

                (p)    “development plan approval” means the approval of a development planpursuant to Section 136 of the Act;

 

                (q)    “diving installation” means a diving system and any associated vessel thatfunction independently of an accommodation installation, productioninstallation or drilling installation;

 

                (r)    “Diving Program Authorization” means an authorization to conduct a divingprogram that is issued to an operator by the Board pursuant to clause 135(1)(b)of the Act;

 

                (s)    “diving system” means the plant or equipment used in or in connection with adiving operation, and includes the plant and equipment that are essential to adiver or to a pilot of a manned submersible;

 

                (t)     “drilling base” means the stable foundation on which a drilling rig is installed,and includes the ground surface, an artificial island, an ice platform, a platformfixed to the ground or seafloor and any other foundation specially constructedfor drilling operations;

 

                (u)    “drilling installation” means a drilling unit or a drilling rig and its associateddrilling base, and includes any associated dependent diving system;

 

                (v)    “Drilling Program Authorization” means an authorization to conduct a drillingprogram that is issued to a person by the Board pursuant to clause 135(1)(b) ofthe Act;

 

                (w)   “drilling rig” means the plant used to make a well by boring or other means,and includes a derrick, draw-works, rotary table, mud pump, blowoutpreventer, accumulator, choke manifold, dependent personnel accommodationand other associated equipment, including power, control and monitoringsystems;

 

                (x)    “drilling unit” means a drillship, submersible, semi-submersible, barge, jack-upor other vessel that is used in a drilling program and is fitted with a drilling rig,and includes other facilities related to drilling and marine activities that areinstalled on a vessel or platform;

 

                (y)    “drill site” means a location where a drilling rig is or is proposed to beinstalled;

 

                (z)    “environmental load” means a load imposed by waves, currents, tides, wind,ice, sea ice, snow, an earthquake or any other naturally occurring phenomenon,or by any combination of those phenomena;

 

                (aa)  “floating platform” means a column-stabilized mobile platform or a surfacemobile platform;

 

                (ab)  “flowline” means a pipeline that is used to transport fluids from a well to aproduction facility or vice versa, and includes intrafield export and allgathering lines;

 

                (ac)  “gastight door” means a solid, close-fitting door designed to resist the passageof gas under normal operating conditions;

 

                (ad)  “hazardous area” means an area classified as hazardous in the RecommendedPractice referred to in subsection (2);

 

                (ae)  “installation” means a diving installation, a drilling installation, a productioninstallation or an accommodation installation;

 

                (af)   “intact condition” means, with respect to a floating platform, that the platformis not in a damaged condition;

 

                (ag)  “machinery space” means a space on an installation where equipmentincorporating rotating or reciprocating mechanical equipment in the form of aninternal combustion engine, a gas turbine, an electric motor, a generator, apump or a compressor is located;

 

                (ah)  “major damage” means damage that results in uncontrolled pollution or loss ofor serious threat to life;

 

                (ai)   “manned installation” means an installation on which persons are normallypresent;

 

                (aj)   “marine activities” means activities related to position keeping and collisionavoidance of mobile platforms, including mooring, dynamic positioning andballasting;

 

                (ak)  “mobile platform” means a platform that is designed to operate in a floating orbuoyant mode or that can be moved from place to place without majordismantling or modification, whether or not it has its own motive power;

 

                (al)    “new installation” means an installation that is constructed after the cominginto force of these regulations;

 

                (am)  “non-combustible material” means material that does not burn or give offflammable vapours in sufficient quantity for self-ignition when heated to750°C;

 

                (an)    “operating condition”, with respect to a mobile platform, means the conditionof operating at the operating draft;

 

                (ao)    “operating draft”, with respect to a mobile platform, means the verticaldistance in metres from the moulded base line to the assigned waterline,where the platform is operating under combined environmental andoperational loads that are within the limits for which the platform wasdesigned to operate;

 

                (ap)    “operations manual” means the manual referred to in Section 63;

 

                (aq)    “operator” means a person who has applied for or has been granted aproduction authorization, a Drilling Program Authorization or a DivingProgram Authorization;

 

                (ar)    “platform” means a platform associated with an installation;

 

                (as)    “production facility” means equipment for the production of oil or gas locatedat a production site, including separation, treating and processing facilities,equipment and facilities used in support of production operations, landingareas, heliports, storage areas or tanks and dependent personnelaccommodations, but not including any associated platform, artificial island,subsea production system, drilling equipment or diving system;

 

                (at)    “production installation” means a production facility and any associatedplatform, artificial island, subsea production system, offshore loading system,drilling equipment, facilities related to marine activities and dependent divingsystem;

 

                (au)    “production operation” means an operation that is related to the production ofoil or gas from a pool or field;

 

                (av)    “production operations authorization” means an authorization to conductproduction operations issued to an operator by the Board pursuant to clause135(1)(b) of the Act;

 

                (aw)   “production site” means a location where a production installation is or isproposed to be installed;

 

                (ax)    “subsea production system” means equipment and structures that are locatedon or below or buried in the seafloor for the production of oil or gas from, orfor the injection of fluids into, a field under a production site, and includesproduction risers, flow lines and associated production control systems;

 

                (ay)    “survival condition”, with respect to a mobile platform, means the conditionof the platform when it is subjected to the most severe environmentalconditions determined pursuant to Section 44;

 

                (az)    “survival draft”, with respect to a mobile platform, means the vertical distancein metres from the moulded baseline to the assigned waterline, where theplatform is subjected to the most severe environmental conditions determinedpursuant to Section 44;

 

                (ba)    “transit draft”, with respect to a mobile platform, means the vertical distancein metres from the moulded base line to the assigned waterline, when theplatform is moving from one geographical location to another;

 

                (bb)   “unmanned installation” means an installation on which persons are notnormally present and in those instances when persons are present on theinstallation, their presence is for the purpose of performing operational duties,maintenance or inspections that will not necessitate an overnight stay;

 

                (bc)    “watertight” means designed and constructed to withstand a static head ofwater without any leakage;

 

                (bd)   “working area” means any area of an installation that a person may occupyduring the normal course of duties, and includes a control room, workshop,machinery space, storage area and paint locker.

 

       (2)    Subject to subsection 9(2), for the purposes of Sections 10, 11, 13, 14, 19 and 33, theclassification of hazardous areas with respect to hazards caused by combustible gaseson an installation shall be made in accordance with American Petroleum Institute RP500, Recommended Practice for Classification of Locations for ElectricalInstallations at Petroleum Facilities.

 

       (3)    A reference to a standard or specification shall be considered to be a reference to thatstandard or specification as amended from time to time.

Part I - General Requirements

General

3     For the purpose of ensuring the safety of an installation, no operator shall use theinstallation unless the equipment on the installation is arranged in accordance with theseregulations to

 

                (a)     provide for the safety of personnel;

 

                (b)     minimize damage to the environment; and

 

                (c)     enable easy access to the equipment.

Quality assurance

4     (1)    Every new installation shall be designed, constructed, installed and commissioned inaccordance with a quality assurance program that complies with subsection (2) andthat is selected in accordance with Canadian Standards Association CAN3-Z299.0-86, Guide for Selecting and Implementing the CSA Z299 Quality ProgramStandards.

 

       (2)    A quality assurance program shall be developed in accordance with

 

                (a)     Canadian Standards Association CAN3-Z299.l-85, Quality AssuranceProgram -- Category 1;

 

                (b)     Canadian Standards Association CAN3-Z299.2-85, Quality ControlProgram -- Category 2;

 

                (c)     Canadian Standards Association CAN3-Z299.3-85, Quality VerificationProgram -- Category 3; and

 

                (d)     Canadian Standards Association CAN3-Z299.4-85, Inspection Program --Category 4.

Helicopter deck

5     (1)    Every helicopter deck or facility that forms part of an installation shall

 

                (a)     conform to Transport Canada TP 4414, Guidelines Respecting HelicopterFacilities on Ships; and

 

                (b)     be equipped so that any fuel stored on or adjacent to the helicopter deck or tothe accommodation areas

 

                           (i)   can be jettisoned by action taken at another location on the installation,or

 

                           (ii)  is protected against damage or impact.

 

       (2)    Every helicopter deck that forms part of an installation shall be in a location that isreadily accessible to and from the dependent personnel accommodation of theinstallation.

Facilities for inspection and maintenance

6     An installation shall be designed and equipped in such a manner as to allow for themonitoring, maintenance and periodic inspection of the installation, including

 

                (a)     clear marking and identification of the areas to be inspected;

 

                (b)     provision for safe access to and adequate inspection space for the areas to beinspected;

 

                (c)     space for the storage and operation of diving equipment;

 

                (d)     means to facilitate the work of divers, where inspection by divers is required;

 

                (e)     means to assist maintenance personnel, including those doing underwatermaintenance, to perform their work safely and effectively; and

 

                (f)      in the case of a mobile platform that is not intended to be periodicallydrydocked, means to facilitate on-location inspection of the hull.

Secondary structures and fittings

7     All decks, deckhouses, skids, modules and other structures located or installed on aninstallation shall be capable of withstanding all the loads and forces to which they will besubjected, as determined in accordance with Section 44.

Arrangements of materials and equipment

8     (1)    In this Section

 

                (a)     “flame-type equipment” means any electric or fired heating equipment thatuses an open flame, electric arc or element, and includes a space heater, atorch, a heated process vessel, a boiler, an electric arc or an open flamewelder, or an open element electric heater or appliance;

 

                (b)     “process vessel” means a heater, dehydrator, separator, treater or vessel usedin the processing or treatment of produced gas or oil.

 

       (2)    No person shall create or cause to be created any unprotected flame or source ofignition within 50 m of a well, an oil storage tank or other source of ignitablevapour.

 

       (3)    No flame-type equipment shall be placed or operated within 25 m of a well, an oilstorage tank or other source of ignitable vapour, except

 

                (a)     where the well is

 

                           (i)   a water supply well, or

 

                           (ii)  a water injection well equipped with a suitable packer and with thesurface casing annulus vented outside any building; or

 

                (b)     where emergency works requires the use of flame-type equipment and thewellhead valves and blow-out preventer, if any, are closed.

 

       (4)    No flame-type equipment shall be placed or operated within 25 m of a processvessel, unless the flame-type equipment is fitted with an adequate flame arrester.

 

       (5)    No flame-type equipment shall be located in the same building as a process vessel orother source of ignitable vapour, unless

 

                (a)     the air intakes and flues of all burners are located outside the building;

 

                (b)     relief valves, safety heads and other sources of ignitable vapours are ventedoutside the building and discharged above roof level; and

 

                (c)     the building is adequately cross-ventilated.

 

       (6)    All process vessels and equipment from which ignitable vapour may issue shall bevented to the atmosphere, and all vent lines from every storage tank that is vented toflare pits or flare stacks shall be provided with flame arresters or other equivalentsafety devices.

 

       (7)    An exhaust pipe from an internal combustion engine located within 25 m of a well, aprocess vessel, an oil storage tank or other source of ignitable vapour shall beconstructed so that

 

                (a)     any emergence of flame along its length or at its end is prevented; and

 

                (b)     the end is at least 6 m from the vertical centre line of the well projectedupward and shall be directed away from the well.

 

       (8)    All equipment at or near a well, a process vessel, an oil storage tank or other sourceof ignitable vapour shall be constructed in accordance with Part I of the CanadianElectrical Code Part I and the Nova Scotia Offshore Area Oil and Gas OccupationalHealth and Safety Regulations.

Access to hazardous areas

9     (1)    Subject to subsection (2), there shall not be direct access or any opening in aninstallation between

 

                (a)     a non-hazardous area and a hazardous area; or

 

                (b)     a Class I, Division 2, hazardous area and a Class I, Division 1, hazardous area.

 

       (2)    Subject to subsections (3) to (5), an enclosed area that has direct access to, and that isclassified as less hazardous than, a Class I, Division 1, hazardous area or a Class I,Division 2, hazardous area shall be considered to have the same classification as thearea to which it has direct access.

 

       (3)    An enclosed area that has direct access to a Class I, Division 1, area shall beconsidered to be a Class I, Division 2, hazardous area if

 

                (a)     the access is fitted with a self-closing gastight door that opens into theenclosed area; and

 

                (b)     when the door is open, the air flows from the enclosed area into the Class I,Division 1, hazardous area.

 

       (4)    An enclosed area shall not be considered to be a hazardous area because of its directaccess to a Class I, Division 2, hazardous area if

 

                (a)     the access is fitted with a self-closing gastight door that opens into theenclosed area; and

 

                (b)     when the door is open, the air flows from the enclosed area into the Class I,Division 2, hazardous area.

 

       (5)    An enclosed area shall not be considered to be a hazardous area because of its directaccess to a Class I, Division 1, hazardous area if

 

                (a)     the access is fitted with self-closing gastight doors forming an air-lock; and

 

                (b)     the enclosed area is maintained at a pressure that is higher than the pressuremaintained in the Class I, Division 1, hazardous area.

 

       (6)    Piping systems on an installation shall be designed to preclude directcommunications between hazardous areas of different classifications and betweenhazardous and non-hazardous areas.

Ventilation of hazardous areas

10   (1)    Every enclosed hazardous area on an installation shall be ventilated.

 

       (2)    The ventilation systems fitted on an installation for the purpose of subsection (1)shall be capable of replacing the air in the hazardous area at the rate of once everyfive minutes.

 

       (3)    Where a mechanical ventilation system is used for the purpose of subsection (1), theair in the enclosed hazardous area shall be maintained at a pressure that is lower thanthe pressure of each adjacent hazardous area that is classified as less hazardous.

 

       (4)    All air let into an enclosed hazardous area shall be taken from a non-hazardous area,and where the inlet duct passes through a hazardous area classified as morehazardous than the one to which the duct leads, the air in the inlet duct shall bemaintained at a pressure that is higher than the pressure of the air in the hazardousarea through which it passes.

 

       (5)    All air let out of an enclosed hazardous area shall be let into an outdoor area thatwould be classified as the same as or less hazardous than the enclosed hazardousarea if it did not receive the air from the enclosed hazardous area.

 

       (6)    The ventilation system for every non-hazardous area shall be separate from theventilation system for every hazardous area, and the ventilation fan inlets and outletsshall be arranged to prevent the air from a hazardous area from moving, as a result ofthe operation of any fan or the wind, into an area classified as less hazardous.

 

       (7)    Every ventilation outlet duct leading from a non-hazardous area where drilling orproduction operations are conducted to a Class I, Division 2, hazardous area shall beequipped with self-closing shutters and a gas detector.

 

       (8)    A differential pressure gauge shall be installed to monitor any loss of ventilationpressure differential required by subsection (3) or (4) or maintained under Section 9,and to activate audible and visual alarms at the appropriate control point after asuitable period of delay not exceeding 30 seconds if a loss occurs.

 

       (9)    The control station and all accommodation areas on an installation shall

 

                (a)     be maintained at a positive overpressure relative to atmospheric pressure; and

 

                (b)     have airlock arrangements on all external doors.

 

       (10)  The power for a mechanical ventilation system provided in accommodation areas,working areas, flammable liquid storage areas and other hazardous locations of aninstallation shall be capable of being shut off from the control station and from aposition that is outside the area being served by the ventilation system and that willremain accessible during any fire that may occur within the area being ventilated.

 

       (11)  The main inlets and outlets of all ventilation systems shall be capable of being closedfrom a position that is outside the area being served by the ventilation system andthat will remain accessible during any fire that may occur within the area beingventilated.

General electrical standards

11   (1)    Subject to subsections (2) to (4), all electric motors, lighting fixtures, electric wiringand other electrical equipment on an installation shall be designed, installed andmaintained in accordance with the American Petroleum Institute RP l4F,Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Electrical Systems forOffshore Production Platforms.

 

       (2)    Electrical wiring on an installation shall be

 

                (a)     designed in accordance with International Electrotechnical CommissionPublication 92-3, Electrical Installations in Ships, Part 3: Cables(construction, testing and installations) and tested for Category A inaccordance with International Electrotechnical Commission Publication 332-3, Tests on electrical cables under fire conditions, Part 3: Tests on bunchedwires or cables; and

 

                (b)     tested for impact at -35◦C and bending at -40◦C in accordance with CanadianStandards Association Standard C22.2 No. 0.3-M1985, Test Methods forElectrical Wires and Cables.

 

       (3)    Where a primary or secondary distribution system for power, heating or lighting,with no connection to earth, is used on an installation, a device capable ofcontinuously monitoring the insulation level to earth and of giving an audible orvisual indication of abnormally low insulation values shall be provided.

 

       (4)    The primary source of electrical power on every installation shall

 

                (a)     include at least two power plants;

 

                (b)     be capable of supporting all normal operations without recourse to theemergency source of electrical power required by Section 12; and

 

                (c)     if one of the power plants is out of operation, be capable of supporting alloperations except drilling and production operations.

 

       (5)    The primary circuits from the power plant serving an installation shall be equippedwith at least two manual shut-off switches, each at a different location.

Emergency electrical power

12   (1)    Every installation shall have an emergency source of electrical power that isindependent of the primary source of electrical power and that is capable ofsupplying electrical power sufficient to operate, for at least twenty-four hours, thefollowing equipment:

 

                (a)     all lights referred to in subsection (2);

 

                (b)     all gas detection and alarm systems;

 

                (c)     all fire detection and alarm systems;

 

                (d)     all firefighting systems except any fire pump that is driven by a liquid fuelledcombustion engine;

 

                (e)     the general alarm system and all internal communication systems;

 

                (f)      the emergency shut-down system referred to in Section 18;

 

                (g)     all lifesaving systems;

 

                (h)     all navigation lights, sound signal systems and illuminated markings, that arerequired by Section 21;

 

                (i)      all radio communication equipment necessary to comply with thecontingency plans referred to in Section 43;

 

                (j)      on a mobile platform, the main ballast control system, one ballast pump foreach individual ballast system and one bilge pump for each individual bilgesystem;

 

                (k)     on a column-stabilized mobile platform, the secondary ballast control system;

 

                (l)      all equipment necessary to secure the production or drilling operations inprogress at any one time in a safe manner, including a well disconnect system;

 

                (m)    if a pumping system is required under clause (l), one pump that is not drivenby an internal combustion engine that has sufficient capacity to kill any wellon the installation;

 

                (n)     any blow-out prevention system; and

 

                (o)     any manned diving equipment dependent on an electrical supply.

 

       (2)    Every installation shall be equipped with lights supplied by the emergency source ofpower described in subsection (1), in the following locations:

 

                (a)     every embarkation station on deck and over sides;

 

                (b)     every escape route and area containing escape route markings;

 

                (c)     all service corridors and corridors in accommodation areas, and all stairways,exits and personnel lift cars;

 

                (d)     all machinery spaces and main generating stations;

 

                (e)     the control station and all control points;

 

                (f)      all spaces from which the drilling and production operations are controlledand at which controls of machinery essential for the performance of thoseoperations and devices for the emergency shutdown of the power plant arelocated;

 

                (g)     the stowage positions for firefighting equipment;

 

                (h)     each sprinkler pump and fire pump and each ballast and bilge pump, referredto in clause (1)(j), and the starting position for each pump;

 

                (i)      every helicopter landing deck and every obstacle marker on that deck; and

 

                (j)      the radio room.

 

       (3)    Where the emergency source of electrical power required by subsection (1) is amechanically driven generator, the installation shall be provided with

 

                (a)     a transitional source of electrical power, unless the generator willautomatically start and supply the power required by subsection (1) in lessthan 45 seconds from the time the primary source of electrical power fails;and

 

                (b)     a self-contained battery system designed to supply sufficient power,automatically on failure or shutdown of both the primary and the emergencysources of electrical power, to operate, for a period of at least one hour theequipment described in subclauses (i) and (ii) and, for a period of at least fourdays, the equipment described in subclause (iii):

 

                           (i)   the lights located in every emergency exit route, at every escape route, inevery machinery space, the control station and every emergencyassembly room and at every launching station of the lifesaving system,

 

                           (ii)  the internal communication system and the general alarm system, and

 

                           (iii) the navigation lights, sound signal systems and illuminated markingsreferred to in Section 21.

 

       (4)    The battery system referred to in clause (3)(b) shall be capable of returning to thetrickle charge state on restoration of the primary or emergency source of electricalpower.

 

       (5)    The emergency source of electrical power required by subsection (1) shall, for afloating platform, be designed to function at full rated power when the installation isupright and when it is at any inclination up to a maximum angle of

 

                (a)     22 l/2 degrees about the longitudinal axis and 10 degrees about the transverseaxis, in the case of a surface mobile platform;

 

                (b)     25 degrees in any direction, in the case of a column-stabilized mobileplatform; and

 

                (c)     15 degrees in any direction, in the case of a self-elevating platform.

 

       (6)    The location of the emergency source of electrical power and associated fuel storage,the transitional source of power, if any, and the emergency switchboard on aninstallation shall be

 

                (a)     readily accessible from an open deck space;

 

                (b)     segregated by class A-60 divisions, as defined in subsection 23(1), from anyspace containing the main source of electrical power or the internalcombustion engines;

 

                (c)     outside any hazardous area; and

 

                (d)     for a floating platform, located above the waterline that would exist if theplatform were in a damaged condition and in a space outside any part of theplatform if it were in that damaged condition.

 

       (7)    The emergency source of electrical power required by subsection (1) shall bedesigned to supply electrical power automatically, on failure of the primary source ofelectrical power, to a switchboard that is designed to direct the power to theequipment listed in that subsection.

Mechanical equipment

13   (1)    Every internal combustion engine on an installation shall be installed, maintainedand operated in accordance with American Petroleum Institute RP 7C-llF,Recommended Practice for Installation, Maintenance and Operation of Internal-Combustion Engines.

 

       (2)    Combustion air for every internal combustion engine and fired vessel shall be takenfrom non-hazardous areas.

 

       (3)    Exhaust gas from every internal combustion engine and fired vessel shall bedischarged to non-hazardous areas.

 

       (4)    The air induction system of every diesel engine operating in a hazardous area shallbe equipped with

 

                (a)     a flame arrester in the induction system;

 

                (b)     a shut-off valve that is located between the engine air inlet filter and theinduction system flame arrester and that is capable of being closedautomatically by the engine overspeeding device and manually;

 

                (c)     a flame arrester in the exhaust system; and

 

                (d)     a spark arrester in the exhaust system, downstream of the flame arrester.

 

       (5)    Subject to subsection (13), the fuel supply system for every diesel engine shall beequipped with a manual shut-off device and, except for the emergency source ofelectrical power required by Section 12, with a device that will automatically shut offthe fuel supply if any of the following occur:

 

                (a)     overspeeding;

 

                (b)     high exhaust temperature;

 

                (c)     high cooling water temperature; or

 

                (d)     low lubricating oil pressure.

 

       (6)    The engine crankcase breather pipe on every diesel engine shall

 

                (a)     be equipped with a flame arrester; and

 

                (b)     in the case of an engine in an enclosed Class I, Division 2, hazardous area,lead to the atmosphere outside the installation.

 

       (7)    Basic operating instructions for every diesel engine shall give details of stop, startand emergency procedures and be permanently attached to the engine.

 

       (8)    The layout of every gas turbine, including the location of the control points, shalltake into account the ability of the control point closest to the turbine to withstandpressure waves in the event of an explosion in the gas turbine exhaust duct or gasturbine hall and the effects of the failure of a gas turbine rotor where the fragmentscannot be contained.

 

       (9)    Every gas turbine shall have, in addition to the speed governor, a separate overspeeddevice, arranged and adjusted so that the manufacturer’s overspeed limitations forthe turbine cannot be exceeded by more than 15 per cent.

 

       (10)  The air intakes and exhaust for every gas turbine shall be arranged to prevent, to theextent practicable, reingestion of combustion gases.

 

       (11)  Every multi-engine gas turbine shall have a separate air intake and exhaust, arrangedso as to prevent induced circulation through a stopped turbine.

 

       (12)  All machinery, components and systems essential to the operation of a floatingplatform shall be designed to function at full rated power at any inclination, up to amaximum angle of

 

                (a)     in the case of a surface mobile platform,

 

                           (i)   15 degrees in any direction under static conditions,

 

                           (ii)  22½ degrees in any direction under rolling dynamic conditions, and

 

                           (iii) 7½ degrees by bow or stern under rolling dynamic conditions;

 

                (b)     for a column-stabilized mobile platform, 15 degrees in any direction; and

 

                (c)     for a self-elevating platform, 10 degrees in any direction.

 

       (13)  The automatic shut-off device referred to in subsection (5) shall shut off the fuelsupply to engines associated with fire pump systems only where overspeedingoccurs.

 

       (14)  Jacking mechanisms for self-elevating platforms shall, where possible, be arrangedwith redundancy so that a single failure of any component does not cause anuncontrolled descent of the platform.

Winterization

14   (1)    Every installation shall be designed, constructed, equipped and insulated to ensurethat, at the minimum air temperature that may occur at the drill site or production siteduring operations, based on an annual probability of exceedance of 10-2,

 

                (a)     in the case of a production installation, the production equipment and otherassociated equipment will operate in a safe and efficient manner;

 

                (b)     the emergency shutdown system referred to in Section 18 will perform itsintended functions;

 

                (c)     drilling safety systems and associated equipment will operate safely and inaccordance with the manufacturer’s specifications;

Clause 14(1)(c) replaced: O.I.C. 2009-518, N.S. Reg. 338/2009.

 

                (d)     the fluids in the following systems and components will not freeze, namely,

 

                           (i)   fresh water tanks and the associated piping,

 

                           (ii)  vent pipes,

 

                           (iii) components of the drainage system,

 

                           (iv) the hydraulic system and its components, including operators andcylinders, and

 

                           (v)   the firefighting system, including pump drives and fuel supply lines, firepumps and associated piping, fire hydrants, fire hoses and nozzles;

 

                (e)     every pneumatic control system will remain fully operational at all times;

 

                (f)      the lifesaving appliances and associated devices will remain operational; and

 

                (g)     in the case of a mobile platform,

 

                           (i)   the fluid in an operating ballast system, including the pumps, controlsystems and associated piping and valves, is protected against freezing,

 

                           (ii)  the proper functioning of any thrusters is not impaired and the hydraulicfluid and lubricants for the thrusters have properties designed for such atemperature, and

 

                           (iii) the mooring winches and, where the platform is so equipped, the quickdisconnect system will remain fully operational.

 

       (2)    Every installation shall be equipped with steam-generating equipment, or anequivalent means, that will keep the locations mentioned in subsection (3) free of iceand snow and lines thawed so as to permit drilling, production and maintenanceoperations to be conducted safely.

 

       (3)    Every installation that is equipped with steam-generating equipment, or anequivalent means, required by subsection (2) shall include outlets, hoses and hoseclamps capable of being used in the following locations:

 

                (a)     work areas;

 

                (b)     walkways; and

 

                (c)     the helicopter deck and the lifeboat embarkation stations.

 

       (4)    Where temperatures below -20oC may occur, based on an annual probability ofexceedance of 10-2, at the drill site or production site more than one day per year andwhere the installation is equipped with steam-generating equipment, or an equivalentmeans, required by subsection (2),

 

                (a)     that equipment shall meet the requirements set out in subsection (2) whenoperating at 75 per cent capacity; and

 

                (b)     the installation shall be equipped with a second set of steam-generatingequipment or another means of providing equivalent protection against ice,snow and freezing.

Corrosion protection

15   (1)    All structural elements that are part of an installation and the failure of which as aresult of corrosion would cause a safety hazard shall be protected or constructed withextra material so as to prevent the degree of corrosion that may cause that structuralelement to fail and shall be protected against corrosion in accordance with Section4.15 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S471-92, GeneralRequirements, Design Criteria, the Environment, and Loads.

 

       (2)    Corrosion protection systems for installations shall be designed, installed andmaintained in accordance with

 

                (a)     Section 15 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S473-92, SteelStructures, Offshore Structures, in the case of steel platforms; and

 

                (b)     Sections 4.9.5, 5.1.1, 5.3, 5.4.2, 5.6, 5.10 and 11.19 of Canadian StandardsAssociation Preliminary Standard S474-M1989, Concrete Structures, in thecase of concrete platforms.

 

       (3)    All corrosion protection systems on an installation shall be designed so thatadjustment, repair or replacement can be done on site, except where

 

                (a)     dry dock surveys are possible and are scheduled at a frequency of five years orless; or

 

                (b)     the corrosion protection system is a cathodic protection system that has adesign life exceeding that of the installation.

Cranes

16   Every crane on an installation shall

 

                (a)     be designed and constructed in accordance with American Petroleum InstituteSpec 2C, Specification for Offshore Cranes; and

 

                (b)     be operated and maintained in accordance with American Petroleum InstituteRP 2D, Recommended Practice for Operation and Maintenance of OffshoreCranes.

Gas release system

17   (1)    In this Section, “gas release system” means a system for releasing gas andcombustible liquid from an installation, and includes a flare system, a pressure reliefsystem, a depressurizing system and a cold vent system.

 

       (2)    Every gas release system shall be designed and located, taking into account theamount of combustibles to be released, the prevailing winds, the location of otherequipment and facilities, including rigs, the dependent personnel accommodation,the air intake system, embarkation points, muster areas, the helicopter approachesand other factors affecting the safe, normal flaring or emergency release of thecombustible liquid, gases or vapours, so that when the system is operating it will notdamage the installation, other installations, the land or other platforms in the vicinityused for the exploration or exploitation of resources, or injure any person.

 

       (3)    Every gas release system shall be designed and installed in accordance with

 

                (a)     American Petroleum Institute RP 520, Recommended Practice for the Designand Installation of Pressure-Relieving Systems in Refineries;

 

                (b)     American Petroleum Institute RP 521, Guide for Pressure-Relieving andDepressuring Systems;

 

                (c)     American Petroleum Institute Standard 526, Flanged Steel Safety-ReliefValves;

 

                (d)     American Petroleum Institute Standard 527, Seat Tightness of Pressure ReliefValves; and

 

                (e)     American Petroleum Institute Standard 2000, Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks.

 

       (4)    Every gas release system shall be designed and constructed to ensure that oxygencannot enter the system during normal operation.

 

       (5)    Any flare boom and its associated equipment shall be designed

 

                (a)     to ensure a continuous flame using an automatic igniter system;

 

                (b)     to withstand the radiated heat at the maximum venting rate;

 

                (c)     to prevent flashback; and

 

                (d)     to withstand all loads to which they may be subjected.

 

       (6)    Every gas release system shall be designed to limit to the acceptable levels permittedby the Nova Scotia Offshore Area Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and HealthRegulations the noise that may occur as the gas expands.

 

       (7)    With the exception of water, any liquid that cannot be safely and reliably burned atthe flare tip of a gas release system shall be removed from the gas before it enters theflare.

 

       (8)    Any vent that is used to release gas to the atmosphere without combustion shall belocated and designed to minimize the risk of accidental ignition of the gas.

 

       (9)    Every gas release system shall be designed and installed so that, taking into accountthe prevailing wind conditions, the maximum radiation on areas where personnelmay be located, from the automatically ignited flame of a flare or vent, will be

 

                (a)     6.3 kW/m2, where the period of exposure will not be greater than one minute;

 

                (b)     4.72 kW/m2, where the period of exposure will be greater than one minute butnot greater than one hour; and

 

                (c)     l.9 kW/m2, where the period of exposure will be greater than one hour.

Emergency shutdown system

18   (1)    Every installation shall have an emergency shutdown system that is capable ofshutting down and isolating all potential sources of ignition and sources offlammable liquids or gases.

 

       (2)    An emergency shutdown system shall be designed and installed so that whenactivated it causes

 

                (a)     an audible and visual signal that indicates the cause of its activation and theidentity of the equipment that has been shut down and isolated to be given inthe appropriate control point; and

 

                (b)     an audible alarm to be sounded through the general alarm system required bySection 34 unless the alarm is overridden by the control point operator.

 

       (3)    In the case of a production installation, an emergency shutdown system shall bedesigned to ensure

 

                (a)     that there are at least two levels of shutdown; and

 

                (b)     subject to subsection (13), that the following will occur within the time and inthe sequence set out in the operations manual, namely,

 

                           (i)   the shutdown of all production facilities and associated test facilities,

 

                           (ii)  the closure of all surface inlet manifold safety valves and production risersafety valves,

 

                           (iii) the closure of all Christmas tree safety valves and all downhole safetyvalves, and

 

                           (iv) the shutdown of all utilities except the equipment listed in subsection12(1).

 

       (4)    In the case of a production installation, manual operation of an emergency shutdownsystem shall be in accordance with American Petroleum Institute RP 14C,Recommended Practice for Analysis, Design, Installation and Testing of BasicSurface Safety Systems for Offshore Production Platforms.

 

       (5)    In the case of a drilling installation, an emergency shutdown system shall bedesigned to ensure

 

                (a)     the shutdown within the time and in the sequence set out in the operationsmanual of all utilities, except the equipment listed in subsection 12(1); and

 

                (b)     that shutdown is possible from at least two strategic locations.

 

       (6)    The emergency shutdown system shall be designed to permit the selective shutdownof the ventilation systems required by Section 10, except the fans necessary forsupplying combustion air to prime movers for the production of electrical power.

 

       (7)    At least one of the controls of the emergency shutdown system shall be locatedoutside hazardous areas.

 

       (8)    After an emergency shutdown, the emergency shutdown system shall stay in alocked-out condition until it is manually reset.

 

       (9)    The emergency shutdown system shall be connected to a source of power in such away that, in the event of a failure of the primary source of power, there is automaticchangeover to an emergency source of power and audible and visual alarmsindicating that failure are given at the appropriate control point.

 

       (10)  Where a hydraulic or pneumatic accumulator is used to operate any part of theemergency system, the accumulator shall

 

                (a)     be located as close as is practicable to the part that it is designed to operate,except where that part is part of a subsea production system; and

 

                (b)     have capacity for at least three operations.

 

       (11)  In the event of a failure of the accumulator referred to in subsection (10), theshutdown valves shall revert to a fail-safe mode.

 

       (12)  All cables and pneumatic and hydraulic power lines that are part of the emergencyshutdown system shall

 

                (a)     in the case of cables and power lines that are exposed to the risk ofmechanical or fire damage, be protected

 

                           (i)   by metal channels or casings, or

 

                           (ii)  by being enclosed in a steel conduit or an equivalent covering; and

 

                (b)     as far as practicable, be segregated or routed away from the process and utilitycontrol systems so that any damage to those systems does not affect theshutdown system.

 

       (13)  In the case of a production installation, on activation of the emergency shutdownsystem, the surface-controlled subsurface safety valve shall close in not more thantwo minutes after the Christmas tree safety valve has closed, except where a longerdelay is justified by the mechanical or production characteristics of the well.

Escape routes

19   On every manned installation,

 

                (a)     every work area shall have at least two well-marked separate escape routesthat are situated as far apart as is practicable;

 

                (b)     all escape routes shall lead to the open deck and from there to an evacuationstation;

 

                (c)     in addition to the escape routes required by clause (a), clear passage shall beprovided, where practicable, to the helicopter deck and sea level and otherembarkation locations;

 

                (d)     all corridors that are more than 5 m long, all accommodation areas and, wherepracticable, all work areas shall have at least two exits, located as far apart asis practicable, that lead to escape routes;

 

                (e)     every escape route and embarkation station shall be free of all obstructions,and each exit door along the route shall be a sliding door or designed to openoutwards;

 

                (f)      every escape route leading to an upper level shall, where practicable, beprovided in the form of ramps or stairways;

 

                (g)     every escape route leading to a lower level shall, where practicable, beprovided in the form of ramps, stairways or chutes of sufficient width toaccommodate stretcher bearers with stretchers;

 

                (h)     suitable means shall be provided, where practicable, for persons to descendfrom the installation to the water;

 

                (i)      materials used for escape routes shall have a level of fire durability equivalentto steel;

 

                (j)      the survival craft evacuation stations located adjacent to the accommodationareas and the associated escape routes from the accommodation areas shallprovide fire protection for a period of at least two hours; and

 

                (k)     all escape routes and associated stairwells shall be appropriately shelteredfrom the effects of fire and explosion.

Protection against impact

20   (1)    Subject to subsection (4), every platform shall be designed to withstand accidentalimpacts with a vessel.

 

       (2)    Where practicable, every platform shall have a fender system, buoyage system orsimilar arrangement that will permit the transfer of goods to and from the productioninstallation and a vessel without endangering that production installation or vessel orany person or goods.

 

       (3)    Subject to subsection (4), every platform, including any fender system, shall becapable of absorbing the impact energy of not less than 4 MJ from a vessel withoutendangering any person or the environment.

 

       (4)    Subsections (1) and (3) do not apply to an unmanned platform if any impactdescribed by those subsections will not cause major damage.

 

       (5)    Every platform shall be designed so that the impact energy referred to in subsection(3)

 

                (a)     can be totally absorbed in the permanent deformation of the structuralelement impacted and by the elastic deflection of the platform; and

 

                (b)     will not be absorbed in the permanent deformation of the vessel.

 

       (6)    Where a fender system is used to comply with subsection (2), its size andarrangement shall be such that a vessel cannot be trapped under it at low tide.

Navigational equipment

21   Every installation shall be equipped with the navigation lights and sound signal systemsthat are required by,

 

                (a)     in the case of a mobile platform, the Collision Regulations (Canada), as if theinstallation were a Canadian vessel; or

 

                (b)     in the case of a fixed platform, Sections 8, 9 and 10 of the Navigable WatersWorks Regulations (Canada), as if the installation were in waters to whichthose regulations apply.

Lifesaving equipment for installations

22   (1)    Every installation shall be provided with

 

                (a)     subject to subsection (2), in the case of a manned installation, two or moretotally enclosed survival craft that have a combined carrying capacity of atleast 200 per cent of the total number of persons on board the installation atany one time, and in the case of an unmanned installation, one or more totallyenclosed survival craft that have a combined carrying capacity of at least 100per cent of the total number of persons on board the installation at any onetime;

 

                (b)     one or more inflatable liferafts, that have a combined capacity foraccommodating at least 100 per cent of the total number of persons on boardthe installation at any one time, and that

 

                           (i)   meet the requirements for inflatable liferafts set out in Schedule XI to theLife Saving Equipment Regulations (Canada), as if the liferafts were inwaters to which those regulations apply,

 

                           (ii)  have float free capability,

 

                           (iii) if embarkation is more than 4.5 m from the waterline at the survivaldraft, are equipped with a launching device, and

 

                           (iv) are equipped with Class A equipment as described in Schedule II to theLife Saving Equipment Regulations (Canada);

 

                (c)     in the case of a manned installation, immersion suits for 200 per cent of thetotal number of persons on board the installation at any one time, thatconform to National Standard of Canada CAN/CGSB-65.16-M89, MarineAbandonment Immersion Suit Systems, and that are stowed such that one suitis readily available adjacent to each bed and the remaining suits are equallydistributed among evacuation stations;

 

                (d)     in the case of an unmanned installation, immersion suits for 100 per cent ofthe total number of persons on board the installation at any one time, thatconform to the National Standard of Canada CAN/CGSB-65.16-M89, MarineAbandonment Immersion Suit Systems, and that are equally distributed amongevacuation stations;

 

                (e)     a lifejacket for each of the persons on board the installation at any one time;and

 

                (f)      in the case of a manned installation,

 

                           (i)   a motor-propelled rescue boat that

 

                                  (A)   meets the requirements for rescue boats set out in Regulation 47 ofChapter III of International Maritime Organization InternationalConference on Safety of Life at Sea,

 

                                  (B)   is located under a device capable of launching and retrieving theboat when the boat is fully loaded with equipment andcomplement, and

 

                                  (C)   is self-righting,

 

                           (ii)  lifebuoys that are distributed on the decks of the installation, and that arestowed in a bracket or cleats, in at least the following numbers, namely,

 

                                  (A)   8 lifebuoys for an installation that is 100 m or less in length,

 

                                  (B)   10 lifebuoys for an installation that is more than 100 m but lessthan 150 m in length,

 

                                  (C)   12 lifebuoys for an installation that is 150 m or more but less than200 m in length, and

 

                                  (D)   14 lifebuoys for an installation that is 200 m or more in length,

 

                           (iii) a rescue basket capable of accommodating at least six persons,

 

                           (iv) 12 Type A distress signals, as defined in the Life Saving Equipment(Canada) Regulations,

 

                           (v)   a Class I emergency position indicator radio beacon, as defined in theEPIRB Regulations (Canada), in each control station,

 

                           (vi)    at least two radar transponders stowed in two widely separatedlocations, except in the case of surface mobile platforms,

 

                           (vii)   in the case of surface mobile platforms, at least one radar transponder,and

 

                           (viii)  two buoyant personnel transfer baskets.

 

       (2)    Each of the totally enclosed survival craft provided on an installation shall

 

                (a)     meet the requirements for Class I lifeboats as set out in Schedule V to the LifeSaving Equipment Regulations (Canada), as if the survival craft were inwaters to which those regulations apply;

 

                (b)     be equipped with

 

                           (i)      a compression ignition engine with two independent starting methodsand with sufficient power to propel the craft when fully loaded,

 

                           (ii)     an engine block heater, a head bolt heater or any other means ofensuring prompt engine start in cold weather,

 

                           (iii)    a two-way fixed radio capable of permitting communications withother survival, support and rescue craft,

 

                           (iv)    a towing attachment,

 

                           (v)     the equipment required by Schedule I to the Life Saving EquipmentRegulations (Canada), as if the installation were a Class I ship towhich those regulations apply,

 

                           (vi)    a launching device,

 

                           (vii)   a radar reflector,

 

                           (viii)  a Class II emergency position indicator radio beacon, as defined in theEPIRB Regulations (Canada), and

 

                           (ix)    a hand-held radio;

 

                (c)    be self-righting;

 

                (d)    be fire-protected;

 

                (e)    be capable of a speed of not less than 6 knots;

 

                (f)    have a self-contained air supply sufficient for at least 10 minutes;

 

                (g)    be stored or equipped

 

                         (i)     in the case of a column-stabilized mobile platform and a fixed platform,so as to launch in a bow out aspect, and

 

                         (ii)    in the case of a self-elevating mobile platform, so as to clear each leg,column, footing, brace or mat and any other similar structure below thehull;

 

                (h)    be positioned so that half the survival craft are close to the accommodationareas and the other half are appropriately located on the other side of theinstallation, taking into consideration the shape of the installation and the typeof associated facilities;

 

                (i)     be stowed in a secure and sheltered position that is protected from damage byfire or explosion; and

 

                (j)     be stowed in such a manner that two crew members can carry out preparationsfor embarkation and launching in less than 5 minutes.

 

       (3)    The launching devices for the totally enclosed survival craft, the rescue boat and theinflatable liferafts provided on an installation shall

 

                (a)    meet the requirements for launching devices set out in Schedule IX to the LifeSaving Equipment Regulations (Canada), as if the launching devices werelocated in waters to which those regulations apply;

 

                (b)    be sufficiently strong to permit each survival craft, rescue boat or liferaft to besafely launched or lowered into the water when loaded with its fullcomplement of persons and equipment; and

 

                (c)    situated so as to permit each survival craft, rescue boat or liferaft to belaunched clear of any obstruction resulting from damage of the extentdescribed in the Code referred to in subsection 56(9).

 

       (4)    Half of the lifebuoys provided on an installation shall be equipped with self-ignitinglights, and not fewer than two of those lifebuoys shall be equipped with self-activating smoke signals.

 

       (5)    Two lifebuoys provided on an installation not equipped with lights and smokesignals shall be fitted with a buoyant lifeline, the length of which shall be at leastone-and-a-half times the distance from the stowage deck to the waterline at thetransit draft, or 30 m, whichever is greater.

 

       (6)    There shall be posted on every installation, including in the control station and ineach accommodation area and work area, copies of a plan showing the position of allthe lifesaving appliances.

Passive fire and blast protection

23   (1)    In this Section,

 

                (a)    “class A-0 division” means a division formed by a bulkhead or deck that isconstructed

 

                         (i)     of steel or an equivalent material and suitably stiffened, and

 

                         (ii)    to prevent the passage of smoke and flame after 60 minutes of exposureto a standard fire test;

 

                (b)    “class A-60 division” means a division formed by a bulkhead or deck that is

 

                         (i)     constructed of steel or an equivalent material and suitably stiffened,

 

                         (ii)    constructed to prevent the passage of smoke and flame after 60 minutesof exposure to a standard fire test, and

 

                         (iii)   insulated with non-combustible materials so that, if either side isexposed to a standard fire test, after 60 minutes the average temperatureon the unexposed face will not increase by more than 139°C above theinitial temperature and the temperature at any point on the unexposedface, including any joint, will not increase by more than 180°C above theinitial temperature;

 

                (c)    “class B-15 division” means a division formed by a bulkhead, ceiling or liningthat is

 

                         (i)     constructed and erected entirely from non-combustible materials,

 

                         (ii)    constructed to prevent the passage of flame after exposure to a standardfire test for 30 minutes, and

 

                         (iii)   insulated so that if either face is exposed to the first 30 minute period ofa standard fire test, the average temperature on the unexposed face willnot increase at any time during the first 15 minutes of the test by morethan 139°C above that initial temperature, and the temperature at anypoint on the unexposed face, including any joint, will not increase bymore than 225°C above the initial temperature after exposure for 15minutes;

 

                (d)    “class H-120 division” means a division formed by a bulkhead or deck that is

 

                         (i)     constructed of steel or an equivalent material and suitably stiffened,

 

                         (ii)    constructed to prevent the passage of smoke and flame after exposure toa hydrocarbon fire test for 120 minutes, and

 

                         (iii)   insulated with non-combustible material so that, if either face is exposedto a hydrocarbon fire test, after 120 minutes the average temperature onthe unexposed face will not increase by more than 139°C above theinitial temperature, and the temperature at any point on the unexposedface, including any joint, will not increase by more than 180°C above theinitial temperature;

 

                (e)    “hydrocarbon fire test” means a test in which a specimen division, whichdivision resembles as closely as possible the intended construction of thedivision, includes, where appropriate, at least one joint and has an exposedsurface of not less than 4.65 m2 and a height or a length of not less than 2.44m, and is exposed in a test furnace to temperatures correspondingapproximately to a time-temperature relationship defined by a smooth curvedrawn through the following temperature points measured above the initialfurnace temperature, namely,

 

                         (i)     at the end of the first 3 minutes, 880°C,

 

                         (ii)    at the end of the first 5 minutes, 945°C,

 

                         (iii)   at the end of the first 10 minutes, 1032°C,

 

                         (iv)   at the end of the first 15 minutes, 1071°C,

 

                         (v)    at the end of the first 30 minutes, 1098°C,

 

                         (vi)   at the end of the first 60 minutes, 1100°C, and

 

                         (vii)  at the end of the first 120 minutes, 1100°C;

 

                (f)    “low flame spread” in respect of a surface, means that the surface restricts thespread of flame;

 

                (g)    “standard fire test” means a test conducted in accordance with Regulation 3.2of Chapter II-2 of International Maritime Organization InternationalConference on Safety of Life at Sea.

 

       (2)    Subject to subsection (3), on an installation,

 

                (a)    the wellhead and process areas on a production installation shall be separatedfrom other areas by class H-120 divisions;

 

                (b)    all control stations shall be separated from other areas by class A-60 divisions;

 

                (c)    the accommodation areas shall be separated from other areas by class A-60divisions;

 

                (d)    every machinery space and every storeroom containing paint, oil, any gaseoussubstance or other flammable material shall be separated from galleys oraccommodation areas by class A-60 divisions and from each other by class A-0 divisions;

 

                (e)    galley supply and exhaust ventilator trunking within the accommodation areasor any other enclosed spaces shall be made of steel covered with a fire-resistantinsulation material of a type and thickness equivalent to that in a class A-60division;

 

                (f)    every deck and its supporting structure within the accommodation areas that isnot required to be a class A-60 division shall be constructed of material that byitself or due to insulation provided will not lose its structural stability and fireintegrity when subjected to a 60 minute standard fire test;

 

                (g)    every corridor bulkhead that is not required to be a class A-60 division shall bea class B-15 division and extend from deck to deck or, when continuous classB-15 divisions that are ceilings are fitted, from the deck to the continuousceiling;

 

                (h)    every door in every class B-15 division that is a bulkhead shall meet thestandard for a class B-15 division, except that a door to a cabin or to a publicspace other than a stairway may have ventilation openings or a louvre in thelower half;

 

                (i)     no door of a division forming any part of a stairway enclosure shall beprovided with ventilation openings or louvres;

 

                (j)     every opening in every bulkhead and deck in the accommodation areas shallhave permanently attached to it a means of closing that will maintain the fireintegrity of the bulkheads and decks;

 

                (k)    where a class A-0 division, class A-60 division, class B-15 division or class H-120 division is pierced for the passage of electric cables, pipes, trunks orstructural elements or for other purposes, arrangements shall be made so thatthe fire resistance of the division is not impaired;

 

                (l)     air spaces enclosed behind ceilings, panelling or linings shall be divided byclose-fitting draught stops that are spaced not more than 14 m apart and thatare fitted transversely if the length of the space exceeds 14 m and lengthwise ifthe width exceeds 14 m;

 

                (m)   every internal stairwell, ladderwell and crew elevator trunk within theaccommodation areas shall be constructed of steel or equivalent material;

 

                (n)    every stairwell in the accommodation areas shall be enclosed within a trunkconstructed of class A-60 divisions and shall have self-closing doors, exceptthat a stairwell connecting only two decks need only be fitted at one deck levelwith a division that has the same fire integrity and structural stability as thedeck and self-closing doors;

 

                (o)    for compartments that contain or are affected by oil and oil vapour, the surfaceof insulating materials fitted to the inside of bulkheads and decks and formingthe casings and crowns shall be impervious to oil and oil vapour;

 

                (p)    every door and shutter in a bulkhead opening to hatches in the galley andpantry shall be constructed so that the fire integrity of the bulkhead ismaintained, and shall be capable of being readily closed from a positionoutside the galley or pantry;

 

                (q)    primary deck coverings shall be of a type that will not readily ignite;

 

                (r)    paints, veneers and other finishes used on surfaces on concealed orinaccessible spaces and on exposed surfaces, except furniture, furnishings andfloor coverings, shall be such that the surfaces are of a low flame spread type;

 

                (s)    overboard scuppers, sanitary discharges or other outlets close to the water shallbe of material unlikely to fail in the event of fire;

 

                (t)     every load-bearing steel structural element shall be fire protected; and

 

                (u)    blast-resistant panels and explosion venting systems shall be provided inlocations that are susceptible to an explosion.

 

       (3)    Subsection (2) does not apply to an unmanned installation, if the passive fire andblast structural protection provided will prevent major damage in the case of a fire orexplosion.

 

       (4)    Galleys on an installation shall be provided with fire blankets.

 

       (5)    Notwithstanding subsections (2) to (4), every installation shall be arranged in such away that a fire in one area on the installation will be prevented from spreading toother areas and the consequences of an explosion on the installation are minimized,taking into account the fire or explosion hazard of any particular area.

Fire hydrant systems

24   (1)    Every manned installation shall be provided with a fire hydrant system inaccordance with this Section.

 

       (2)    The fire hydrant system shall be connected to a continuously pressurized wet pipewater main that

 

                (a)    is connected to at least two pump systems that are situated as far apart aspossible; and

 

                (b)    when any one of the pump systems required by clause (a) is out of operation,

 

                         (i)     is capable of delivering at least one jet simultaneously from each of anytwo fire hydrants through the hoses and nozzles, at a pressure at thehydrants of at least 350 kPa,

 

                         (ii)    is capable of delivering water at a sufficient pressure and quantity so thatthe aggregate capacity of the pump systems that are still operating is notless than 120 m3/hour when the pump systems are delivering water to thefire hydrants, and

 

                         (iii)   is capable of maintaining a pressure of at least 700 kPa to any foamsystem protecting the helicopter deck.

 

       (3)    The number and position of the fire hydrants in the fire hydrant system shall be suchthat water from any two hydrants, one of which is fitted with only a single length offire hose and the other of which is fitted with one or two lengths of fire hose, canreach every part of the installation where a fire may occur.

 

       (4)    Each fire hydrant in the fire hydrant system shall be provided with a hose that

 

                (a)    is of not more than 18 m in length;

 

                (b)    is equipped with a 19 mm dual purpose nozzle capable of spray or jet actionand with the necessary couplings; and

 

                (c)    meets the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 1961, Standardon Fire Hose.

Water deluge and water monitor systems in areas with petroleum

25   (1)    In this Section,

 

                (a)    “water deluge system” means a system capable of deluging a space with waterfrom fixed heads;

 

                (b)    “water monitor system” means a system capable of deluging a space withwater from monitors.

 

       (2)    Every manned production installation shall be equipped with a water deluge systemor, in the case of an open space, a water monitor system, for each space in theinstallation that contains equipment that stores, conveys or processes petroleum notused as fuel on the installation.

 

       (3)    The systems required by subsection (2) shall be

 

                (a)    connected to a continuously pressurized water main that is connected to at leasttwo pump systems; and

 

                (b)    capable of discharging water at the rate of at least 12.2 L/minute/m² over thelargest area served by the system when any one of the pump systems is out ofoperation.

 

       (4)    Every water deluge system shall

 

                (a)    operate automatically in response to a signal from the fire detection system;

 

                (b)    be capable of being operated manually from the control station and fromlocations close to but outside of each space served by it; and

 

                (c)    when in operation, automatically activate an audible and visual signal at thefire and gas indicator panel in the control station.

 

       (5)    Every water monitor system shall

 

                (a)    be capable of being activated manually from the control station and fromlocations close to but outside of each space served by it;

 

                (b)    have sufficient movement in the horizontal and vertical planes to permit themonitor to discharge water into any part of the space served by it;

 

                (c)    be capable of being locked in any position; and

 

                (d)    be capable of discharging water as a jet or spray.

 

       (6)    A water deluge system provided pursuant to subsection (2) shall meet therequirements of National Fire Protection Association 15, Standard for Water SprayFixed Systems for Fire Protection.

General requirements for fire pump systems and water mains

26   (1)    The fire hydrant system referred to in Section 24 and a water deluge system referredto in Section 25 may be connected to the same water main and main pump systems.

 

       (2)    Every water main referred to in Section 24 or 25 shall

 

                (a)    be routed clear of hazardous areas as far as practicable;

 

                (b)    be arranged in relation to any thermal barriers and structural elements of theinstallation so as to obtain the maximum protection from damage due to heat;

 

                (c)    be equipped with valves that will permit a damaged part of the system to beisolated from the undamaged parts; and

 

                (d)    be used solely for the purpose of firefighting.

 

       (3)    Every sea suction and source of power for each of the pump systems referred to inSection 24 or 25 shall

 

                (a)    be designed and arranged to start automatically in response to

 

                         (i)     any drop in water pressure that indicates a demand on the system,

 

                         (ii)    the receipt of a signal from the fire detection system, and

 

                         (iii)   the receipt of a signal from any manual control point;

 

                (b)    be capable of being started manually from the control station and started andstopped manually from a location close to the pump system;

 

                (c)    be capable of functioning continuously without attendance for at least 24hours; and

 

                (d)    be designed and arranged so that a fire, explosion or flooding in any one spaceof the installation will not put more than one pump system out of operation.

 

       (4)    When any of the pump systems referred to in Section 24 or 25 is started, an audiblealarm shall be given automatically at the pump and an audible and visual alarm shallbe given automatically at the fire and gas indicator panel in the control station.

 

       (5)    Every pump system provided pursuant to Section 24 or 25 shall be located in a partof the installation remote from spaces that contain equipment used for storing,conveying or processing petroleum that is not used as fuel on the installation.

Sprinkler system in accommodation areas

27   (1)    The accommodation areas in every manned installation shall be equipped with asprinkler system that is supplied with water from

 

                (a)    two dedicated pump systems connected to the water main referred to inSection 24 or 25 by way of a lockable screwdown non-return valve that willprevent backflow from the sprinkler system to the water main; or

 

                (b)    one dedicated sprinkler pump connected to

 

                         (i)     the water main referred to in Section 24 or 25 by way of a lockablescrewdown non-return valve that will prevent backflow from thesprinkler system to the water main, and

 

                         (ii)    a pressurized fresh water tank having a volume equal to at least twice thevolume of water required pursuant to subsection (2) to be supplied for aperiod of one minute.

 

       (2)    The volume of water supplied by the pump systems or pump and fresh water tankdescribed in subsection (1) shall be at a pressure sufficient to ensure, at the level ofthe highest sprinkler, continuous coverage of at least 280 m2 at the rate of at least 6L/minute/m2.

 

       (3)    The sprinkler pump required by clause (1)(b) shall

 

                (a)    serve only the sprinkler system;

 

                (b)    be activated automatically by a pressure drop in the system before the water inthe fresh water tank is depleted; and

 

                (c)    be powered from at least two sources.

 

       (4)    When the sprinkler system is activated, an audible and visual alarm that shows thelocation of the activated sprinklers shall be given automatically at the fire and gasindicator panel in the control station.

 

       (5)    The sprinkler system shall be designed to prevent the passage of sea water into thefresh water tank.

 

       (6)    The sprinkler system shall be provided with at least one stop valve for every 200sprinklers that can prevent the flow of water into those sprinklers without affectingthe rest of the system.

 

       (7)    Each of the stop valves provided pursuant to subsection (6) shall be protected fromaccidental operation.

 

       (8)    A gauge indicating the pressure in the sprinkler system shall be fitted at each stopvalve and at the control station.

 

       (9)    The sprinkler heads shall be placed in positions and spaced in a pattern that willensure an average application rate of 6 L/minute/m2 throughout each space in theaccommodation areas.

 

       (10)  The pump system or pump and fresh water tank required by subsection (1) shall besituated outside the accommodation areas and as far as possible from the mainmachinery space.

 

       (11)  The sprinkler system shall be

 

                (a)    installed in accordance with National Fire Protection Association 13, Standardfor the Installation of Sprinkler Systems; and

 

                (b)    tested and maintained in accordance with National Fire Protection Association13A, Recommended Practice for the Inspection, Testing and Maintenance ofSprinkler Systems.

Fire extinguishing systems in machinery and flammable liquid storage spaces

28   (1)    On every installation, a fixed fire-extinguishing system utilizing carbon dioxide,pressure water spray or, where a fire will not involve any gases, liquefied gases witha boiling point below ambient temperature or cryogenic liquids, high expansion foamshall be installed in every space containing

 

                (a)    internal combustion machinery having an aggregate power of at least 750 kW;

 

                (b)    an oil- or gas-fired boiler or any other fired process vessel having a thermalrating of at least 75 kW;

 

                (c)    paint or other flammable liquids as defined by National Fire ProtectionAssociation 321, Standard on Basic Classification of Flammable andCombustible Liquids; or

 

                (d)    mud pits or equipment used for removing drill solids where oil-based mud isused.

 

       (2)    On every installation, a fixed fire-extinguishing system utilizing carbon dioxide orpressure water spray shall be provided in every compartment containing a pump forthe transfer of oil.

 

       (3)    A fire-extinguishing system utilizing carbon dioxide referred to in subsection (1) or(2) shall meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 12, Standardon Carbon Dioxide Extinguishing Systems.

 

       (4)    A fire-extinguishing system utilizing pressure water spray referred to in subsection(1) or (2) shall meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 15,Standard for Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire Protection.

 

       (5)    A fire-extinguishing system utilizing high expansion foam referred to in subsection(1) shall meet the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 16, Standardon Deluge Foam-Water Sprinkler and Foam-Water Spray Systems.

 

       (6)    When a fire-extinguishing system utilizing carbon dioxide is provided pursuant tosubsection (1) or (2), means shall be provided to

 

                (a)    stop all ventilation fans serving the space protected by that systemautomatically before the system is activated; and

 

                (b)    close all dampers in the ventilation system serving the space protected by thatsystem manually from a position that is outside that space and that will not bemade inaccessible by a fire within that space.

 

       (7)    Every fire-extinguishing system referred to in subsection (1) or (2) shall be capableof being activated manually

 

                (a)    from a location close to but outside each space served by it; and

 

                (b)    at the location where the extinguishing medium is stored.

 

       (8)    At each access to every space served by a fire-extinguishing system referred to insubsection (1) or (2) there shall be a notice indicating that the space contains such asystem and stating which fire extinguishing medium is used.

 

       (9)    Visual indication of the operational status of the fire-extinguishing system referred toin subsection (1) or (2) shall be provided at each access to every space served by thatsystem and at the control station.

 

       (10)  Every installation provided with a fire-extinguishing system referred to in subsection(1) or (2) shall be provided with an automatic system that will give

 

                (a)    an audible warning, in every space served by that system to which personnelhave access, before the fire extinguishing medium is released from the fireextinguishing system; and

 

                (b)    an audible and visual signal, outside the access to every space served by thatsystem and at the fire and gas indicator panel in the control station, when thefire extinguishing system is in operation.

 

       (11)  Every installation provided with a fire-extinguishing system referred to in subsection(1) or (2) shall be provided with means to close all openings that may admit air to orallow gas to escape from a space served by that system.

Fire extinguishers

29   (1)    On every installation a portable fire extinguisher shall be provided

 

                (a)    within 10 m of any position accessible by personnel in every machinery,drilling and production and process space;

 

                (b)    within 15 m of any position accessible by personnel in every space other than aspace described in clause (a); and

 

                (c)    near the entrance to each space referred to in clauses (a) and (b).

 

       (2)    Subject to subsection (3), the extinguishing medium employed by an extinguisherprovided pursuant to subsection (1) shall be suitable for extinguishing fires in spacesin which it is intended to be used.

 

       (3)    Each extinguisher provided pursuant to subsection (1) for use in machinery spaceswhere oil is used as fuel shall be of a type discharging foam, carbon dioxide gas ordry powder.

 

       (4)    The capacity of each portable extinguisher provided pursuant to this Section shall beat least

 

                (a)    9 L, for an extinguisher that discharges foam;

 

                (b)    4.5 kg, for an extinguisher that discharges dry powder;

 

                (c)    6 kg, for an extinguisher that discharges carbon dioxide gas; and

 

                (d)    9 L, for an extinguisher that discharges water.

 

       (5)    A spare charge shall be provided for each portable extinguisher provided pursuant tothis Section for which a duplicate extinguisher has not been provided.

 

       (6)    On an installation, every space containing internal combustion machinery that has anaggregate power of at least 750 kW shall be provided with one portable foamapplicator unit and the following fire extinguishers:

 

                (a)    one foam type fire extinguisher of not less than 45 L capacity in every enginespace;

 

                (b)    two portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of the machineryis at least 750 kW but not more than 1500 kW;

 

                (c)    three portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of themachinery is more than 1500 kW but not more than 2250 kW;

 

                (d)    four portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of the machineryis more than 2250 kW but not more than 3000 kW;

 

                (e)    five portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of the machineryis more than 3000 kW but not more than 3750 kW; and

 

                (f)    six portable foam extinguishers, where the aggregate power of the machinery ismore than 3750 kW.

 

       (7)    On an installation, every space containing an oil- or gas-fired boiler or any otherfired process vessel that has a thermal rating of at least 75 kW shall be provided with

 

                (a)    two portable foam fire extinguishers plus an additional portable foam fireextinguisher for each burner up to a total capacity of 45 L;

 

                (b)    one portable dry powder fire extinguisher; and

 

                (c)    one portable foam applicator unit.

 

       (8)    Every portable foam applicator unit provided pursuant to this Section shall beprovided with

 

                (a)    an air-foam nozzle of an inductor type capable of being connected to the watermain described in subsection 24(2) and of producing foam effective forextinguishing an oil fire at the rate of at least 1.5 m3/minute; and

 

                (b)    at least two tanks, each containing at least 20 L of foam-making liquid.

 

       (9)    Every portable fire extinguisher on an installation shall be inspected, maintained andrecharged in accordance with National Fire Protection Association 10, Standard forPortable Fire Extinguishers.

Firefighting equipment

30   (1)    Every manned installation shall be provided with at least ten sets of firefighterequipment and every unmanned installation shall be provided with at least two setsof firefighter equipment, each of which shall consist of

 

                (a)    protective clothing, including boots and gloves, that

 

                         (i)     meets the requirements of National Fire Protection Association 1971,Standard on Protective Clothing for Structural Fire Fighting,

 

                         (ii)    will protect the skin from being burned by heat radiating from a fire andby steam,

 

                         (iii)   has a water-resistant outer surface,

 

                         (iv)   in the case of boots, is made of rubber or other electrically non-conducting material, and

 

                         (v)    in the case of gloves, meets the requirements of National Fire ProtectionAssociation 1973, Standard on Gloves for Structural Fire Fighting; and

 

                (b)    a firefighter’s helmet with visor that meets the requirements of CanadianStandards Association CAN/CSA-Z94.1-92, Industrial Protective Headwear.

 

       (2)    In addition to any firefighting equipment required by the Nova Scotia Offshore AreaOil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations, every manned installationshall be provided with at least four sets, and every unmanned installation shall beprovided with at least two sets, of the following equipment:

 

                (a)    a self-contained breathing apparatus that

 

                         (i)     is capable of functioning for at least 30 minutes,

 

                         (ii)    meets the requirements of Canadian Standards AssociationCAN/CSA-Z94.49-3, Selection, Use, and Care of Respirators, andCAN3-Z 180.1-M85, Compressed Breathing Air and Systems, and

 

                         (iii)   is equipped with two spare bottles;

 

                (b)    a portable electric safety lamp that

 

                         (i)     will operate in the conditions anticipated for a Class I, Division 1,hazardous area,

 

                         (ii)    is operated from a rechargeable battery capable of operating for at least 3hours, and

 

                         (iii)   can be easily attached to the clothing of a firefighter, at or above thewaist level;

 

                (c)    an axe with an insulated handle and a carrying belt; and

 

                (d)    a fire-resistant life and signalling line and a safety belt and harness that meetthe requirements of National Fire Protection Association 1983, Standard onFire Service Life Safety Rope, Harness and Hardware.

 

       (3)    Each set of equipment required by subsections (1) and (2) shall be kept ready for useand stored so as to be readily accessible.

 

       (4)    One of each of the sets of equipment required by subsections (1) and (2) shall belocated within easy access of the helicopter deck.

Automatic fire detection systems

31   (1)    Every manned installation shall be equipped with a fire detection system that iscapable of detecting the presence of fire in every space where fire may occur,including

 

                (a)    every corridor, stairway and escape route in the accommodation areas;

 

                (b)    the control station;

 

                (c)    every work area; and

 

                (d)    every space containing equipment in which petroleum or any other flammablesubstance is stored, conveyed, processed or consumed.

 

       (2)    Every unmanned installation shall be equipped with a fire detection system that iscapable of detecting the presence of fire in every space where fire may occur,including

 

                (a)    every work area; and

 

                (b)    every space containing equipment in which petroleum or any other flammablesubstance is stored, conveyed, processed or consumed.

 

       (3)    Every fire detection system required by subsections (1) and (2) shall be selected,designed, installed and maintained in accordance with National Fire PreventionAssociation 72E, Standard on Automatic Fire Detectors.

 

       (4)    The fire detection systems required by subsections (1) and (2) shall, on detection offire, activate automatically

 

                (a)    an audible and visual signal on the fire and gas indicator panel in the controlstation of a manned installation; and

 

                (b)    an audible alarm that has a tone different from any other alarm in any part ofthe installation.

Gas detection systems

32   (1)    Every installation shall be equipped with a gas detection system that is capable ofdetecting, in every part of the installation in which hydrogen sulphide or any type ofhydrocarbon gas may accumulate, the presence of those gases.

 

       (2)    The gas detection system required by subsection (1) shall, on detection of gas,activate automatically

 

                (a)    an audible and visual signal on the fire and gas indicator panel in the controlstation of a manned installation; and

 

                (b)    an audible alarm that has a tone different from any other alarm in any part ofthe installation.

 

       (3)    Every installation shall be equipped with

 

                (a)    at least two portable gas detectors capable of

 

                         (i)     measuring the concentration of oxygen in any space, and

 

                         (ii)    detecting hydrogen sulphide and any type of hydrocarbon gas in anyspace; and

 

                (b)    a means of testing the portable gas detectors described in clause (a).

 

       (4)    A gas detector shall be provided

 

                (a)    at every ventilation inlet duct leading to a non-hazardous area on everyinstallation; and

 

                (b)    in every enclosed hazardous area on every installation.

 

       (5)    Every gas detector provided in accordance with subsection (3) shall be appropriatefor the area and installed and operated in accordance with

 

                (a)    Appendix C of American Petroleum Institute RP 14C, Recommended Practicefor Analysis, Design, Installation and Testing of Basic Surface Safety Systemsfor Offshore Production Platforms; and

 

                (b)    Section 9.2 of American Petroleum Institute RP 14F, Recommended Practicefor Design and Installation of Electrical Systems for Offshore ProductionPlatforms.

Alarm panels and signals

33   (1)    Every manned installation shall be equipped with a fire or gas detection system thatincludes

 

                (a)    one or more fire and gas detector indicator panels located at the control station,that

 

                         (i)     indicate the source of fire and gas by means of a visual signal,

 

                         (ii)    are capable of being functionally tested, and

 

                         (iii)   are fitted with equipment for resetting the fire and gas detection systems;and

 

                (b)    an audible fire and gas alarm that has a characteristic tone that distinguishes itfrom the alarms associated with machinery, safety and control system faults orany other alarm system and that is audible on all parts of the installation.

 

       (2)    A fire or gas detection system referred to in subsection (1) shall

 

                (a)    be capable of being manually activated from each of the following locations,namely,

 

                         (i)     the space adjacent to each entrance to each machinery and process space,

 

                         (ii)    each accommodation area,

 

                         (iii)   the office of the manager of the installation,

 

                         (iv)   every control point in each machinery and process space, and

 

                         (v)    the control station;

 

                (b)    be designed so that, on activation of a detection device in one space, anysignals received at the same time from a detection device in another space willregister at the fire and gas indicator panel at that same time;

 

                (c)    be installed and maintained in accordance with National Fire PreventionAssociation 72, Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use ofProtective Signaling Systems; and

 

                (d)    be arranged so that there will be an automatic changeover to an emergencysource of electrical power in accordance with subsection 12(7) in the event of afailure of the primary source of electrical power and so that failure of theprimary source of electrical power will be indicated both visually and audiblyas a separate fault alarm.

General alarm system

34   (1)    Every installation shall be equipped with a general alarm system that is capable ofalerting personnel to any hazardous conditions other than fire or gas that might

 

                (a)    endanger the personnel;

 

                (b)    endanger the installation; or

 

                (c)    be harmful to the environment.

 

       (2)    Every general alarm system referred to in subsection (1) shall be

 

                (a)    operational and in operation at all times other than when the system is beinginspected, maintained or repaired;

 

                (b)    where applicable, flagged as being subject to inspection, maintenance orrepair; and

 

                (c)    designed in such a manner as to prevent tampering.

 

       (3)    Where a general alarm system for an installation is being inspected, maintained orrepaired, the operator of the installation shall ensure that the functions that thesystem performs are performed manually.

Piping systems

35   (1)    The piping system and associated equipment of every installation shall be designedand installed in accordance with American Petroleum Institute RP 14E,Recommended Practice for Design and Installation of Offshore Production PlatformPiping Systems.

 

       (2)    Every pressure vessel or fired vessel on a production installation shall be designedand constructed in accordance with the following standards:

 

                (a)    American Petroleum Institute Spec 12J, Specification for Oil and GasSeparators;

 

                (b)    Sections I, II, IV, V, VII, VIII and IX of American Society of MechanicalEngineers ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code; and

 

                (c)    Canadian Standards Association B51-M1991, Boiler, Pressure Vessel, andPressure Piping Code.

 

       (3)    Every compressor in hydrocarbon service at a production installation shall bedesigned in accordance with the following standards:

 

                (a)    Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-Z184-92, Gas Pipeline Systems;

 

                (b)    American Petroleum Institute STD 617, Centrifugal Compressors for GeneralRefinery Service;

 

                (c)    American Petroleum Institute STD 618, Reciprocating Compressors forGeneral Refinery Services; and

 

                (d)    American Petroleum Institute STD 619, Rotary-Type Positive DisplacementCompressors for General Refinery Services.

 

       (4)    All materials and procedures used in a production installation used to produce andprocess sour gas shall conform to National Association of Corrosion Engineers(U.S.) MR-01-75, Sulfide Stress Cracking Resistant Metallic Materials for Oil FieldEquipment.

 

       (5)    Where an operator handles, treats or processes oil, gas or water that containshydrogen sulphide, the operator shall do so in accordance with good industrypractice to minimize the discharge of hydrogen sulphide into the environment and toensure that the operation is carried out in a safe and efficient manner.

Communication systems

36   (1)    No person shall operate a manned installation unless the installation is equipped with

 

                (a)    a radio or telephone communication system; and

 

                (b)    an emergency communication system.

 

       (2)    The communication systems referred to in subsection (1) shall be operational at alltimes.

 

       (3)    No person shall operate a manned installation unless the installation is equipped witha two-way radio communication system that

 

                (a)    enables effective communication by radio to be maintained between theinstallation and helicopters, the shore base, support vessels, standby vessels,search and rescue aircraft, and other nearby installations; and

 

                (b)    enables effective communication with marine traffic in the vicinity.

 

       (4)    The operator of a manned installation shall ensure that the radio communicationsystems comply with the Ship Station Radio Regulations (Canada) and the ShipStation Technical Regulations (Canada), as if the installation were a ship to whichthose regulations apply.

 

       (5)    Each installation shall comply with the VHF Radiotelephone Practices andProcedures Regulations (Canada), as if the installation were a ship to which thoseregulations apply.

 

       (6)    No person shall operate a manned installation unless the installation is equipped with

 

                (a)    an internal telephone system;

 

                (b)    a public address system with loudspeakers located so that a voice transmissioncan be heard throughout the installation; and

 

                (c)    a means of transmitting written data to the shore base of the installation.

 

       (7)    No person shall operate an installation that is usually unmanned unless theinstallation is equipped with

 

                (a)    an operational two-way radio communication system during any period whenthe installation is manned; and

 

                (b)    a system capable of detecting under ambient conditions any hazardousconditions that could endanger the safety of the installation or damage theenvironment and of alerting the control station about the hazardous conditions.

Part II - Analysis and Design

General design considerations

37   (1)    Every installation and every component of an installation shall be designed inaccordance with good engineering practice, taking into account

 

                (a)    the nature of the activities on and around the installation;

 

                (b)    the type and magnitude of functional loads, environmental loads, andforeseeable accidental loads;

 

                (c)    operating and ambient temperatures;

 

                (d)    corrosion conditions that may be encountered during the construction,operation and maintenance of the installation;

 

                (e)    the avoidance of damage to any part of the installation that may lead to theprogressive collapse of the whole installation; and

 

                (f)    soil conditions.

 

       (2)    The design of an installation shall be based on such analyses or model tests of theinstallation, including simulations to the extent practicable, as are necessary to permitthe determination of the behaviour of the installation and of the soils that support theinstallation or anchoring systems, under all foreseeable transportation, installationand operating conditions.

Design of installations

38   Every installation shall be designed in accordance with

 

                (a)    Section 4 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S471-92, GeneralRequirements, Design Criteria, the Environment, and Loads;

 

                (b)    for the foundation, Section 5 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations, Offshore Structures;

 

                (c)    for a steel platform, Section 7 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S473-92, Steel Structures, Offshore Structures;

 

                (d)    for a concrete platform, Sections 3 and 7 of Canadian Standards AssociationPreliminary Standard S474-M1989, Concrete Structures; and

 

                (e)    in respect of its transportation and installation, Sections 5, 6 and 7 of CanadianStandards Association Preliminary Standard S475-M1989, Sea Operations.

Design of platforms

39   Every platform shall be designed in accordance with

 

                (a)    for composite ice-resisting walls, Section 13 of Canadian StandardsAssociation CAN/CSA-S473-92, Steel Structures, Offshore Structures;

 

                (b)    for the foundation, Section 5 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations, Offshore Structures;

 

                (c)    for a steel platform, Sections 9, 10, 11, 12 and 16 of Canadian StandardsAssociation CAN/CSA-S473-92, Steel Structures, Offshore Structures;

 

                (d)    for a concrete platform, Sections 8, 9, 10 and 12 of Canadian StandardsAssociation Preliminary Standard S474-M1989, Concrete Structures; and

 

                (e)    for a gravity base, fill, fill-retention or piled platform, Section 6, 7, 8 or 9 ofCanadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations, OffshoreStructures, as applicable.

Analyses

40   (1)    Analyses undertaken in respect of an installation for the purposes of subsection 37(2)shall cover all relevant structural elements of the installation, shall be based on goodengineering practice and shall include

 

                (a)    a structural analysis;

 

                (b)    a fatigue analysis;

 

                (c)    a structural element stability analysis;

 

                (d)    an overall installation stability analysis;

 

                (e)    for a mobile platform, an intact and damage stability analysis; and

 

                (f)    a hydrodynamic analysis.

 

       (2)    Analyses undertaken in respect of a platform for the purposes of subsection 37(2)shall be carried out in accordance with

 

                (a)    Section 4.6.7 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S471-92,General Requirements, Design Criteria, the Environment, and Loads;

 

                (b)    for a steel platform, Section 8 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S473-92, Steel Structures, Offshore Structures; and

 

                (c)    for a concrete platform, Sections 8 and 9 of Canadian Standards AssociationPreliminary Standard S474-M1989, Concrete Structures.

 

       (3)    A fatigue analysis undertaken in respect of a platform for the purpose of subsection37(2) shall be carried out in accordance with

 

                (a)    for a steel platform, Section 14 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S473-92, Steel Structures, Offshore Structures; and

 

                (b)    for a concrete platform, Section 8.5 of Canadian Standards AssociationPreliminary Standard S474-M1989, Concrete Structures.

 

       (4)    The foundation of major machinery and equipment on an installation shall beanalysed to determine if the resulting deflection, stresses and vibration are within thelimits of the structural design criteria for the equipment.

Innovations for installations

41   The design of an installation shall not involve the use of any design method, material,joining technique, or construction technique that has not previously been used incomparable situations, unless

 

                (a)    there have been engineering studies or prototype or model tests thatdemonstrate the adequacy of the method, material or technique; and

 

                (b)    the operator implements a performance monitoring and inspection programthat is designed to permit the determination of the correctness of the method,material or technique.

Removal and abandonment of fixed production installations

42   Where the removal of a fixed production installation is a condition of a development planapproval, the operator shall incorporate in the design of the installation such measures asare necessary to facilitate its removal from the site without causing a significant effect onnavigation or the marine environment.

Concept safety analysis for production installations

43   (1)    Every operator shall, at the time the operator applies for a development planapproval in respect of a production installation, submit to the Chief a concept safetyanalysis of the installation in accordance with subsection (5), that considers allcomponents and all activities associated with each phase in the life of the productioninstallation, including the construction, installation, operation and removal phases.

 

       (2)    The concept safety analysis referred to in subsection (1) shall

 

                (a)    be planned and conducted in such a manner that the results form part of thebasis for decisions that affect the level of safety for all activities associated witheach phase in the life of the production installation; and

 

                (b)    take into consideration the quality assurance program selected in accordancewith Section 4.

 

       (3)    Target levels of safety for the risk to life and the risk of damage to the environmentassociated with all activities within each phase of the life of the productioninstallation shall be defined and shall be submitted to the Chief at the time theoperator applies for a development plan approval.

 

       (4)    The target levels of safety referred to in subsection (3) shall be based on assessmentsthat are

 

                (a)    quantitative, where it can be demonstrated that input data are available in thequantity and of the quality necessary to demonstrate the reliability of theresults; and

 

                (b)    qualitative, where quantitative assessment methods are inappropriate or notsuitable.

 

       (5)    The concept safety analysis referred to in subsection (1) shall include

 

                (a)    for each potential accident, a determination of the probability or susceptibilityof its occurrence and its potential consequences without taking into account theplans and measures described in clauses (b) to (d);

 

                (b)    for each potential accident, contingency plans designed to avoid theoccurrence of, mitigate or withstand the accident;

 

                (c)    for each potential accident, personnel safety measures designed to

                         (i)     protect, from risk to life, all personnel outside the immediate vicinity ofthe accident site,

 

                         (ii)    provide for the safe and organized evacuation of all personnel from theproduction installation, where the accident could lead to anuncontrollable situation,

 

                         (iii)   provide for a safe location for personnel until evacuation procedures canbe implemented, where the accident could lead to an uncontrollablesituation, and

 

                         (iv)   ensure that the control station, communications facilities or alarmfacilities directly involved in the response to the accident remainoperational throughout the time that personnel are at risk;

 

                (d)    for each potential accident, appropriate measures designed to minimize the riskof damage to the environment;

 

                (e)    for each potential accident, an assessment of the determination referred to inclause (a) and of the implementation of the plans and measures described inclauses (b) to (d);

 

                (f)    a determination of the effects of any potential additional risks resulting fromthe implementation of the plans and measures described in clauses (b) to (d);and

 

                (g)    a definition of the situations and conditions and of the changes in operatingprocedures and practices that would necessitate an update of the concept safetyanalysis.

 

       (6)    The determinations and assessments required by clauses (5)(a) and (e), respectively,shall be

 

                (a)    quantitative, where it can be demonstrated that input data is available in thequantity and of the quality necessary to demonstrate reliability of the results;and

 

                (b)    qualitative, where quantitative assessment methods are inappropriate or notsuitable.

 

       (7)    The plans and measures identified under clauses (5)(b) to (d) shall be designed toensure that the target levels of safety as defined pursuant to subsection (3) are met.

 

       (8)    The operator shall maintain and update the concept safety analysis referred to insubsection (1) in accordance with the definition of situations, conditions and changesreferred to in clause (5)(g) to reflect operational experience, changes in activity oradvances in technology.

Environmental criteria and loads

44   (1)    For the purposes of undertaking the analyses referred to in Section 40, thedetermination of environmental criteria and loads on an installation shall be made inaccordance with Sections 5 and 6.5 to 6.13 of Canadian Standards AssociationCAN/CSA-S471-92, General Requirements, Design Criteria, the Environment, andLoads.

 

       (2)    For the purposes of undertaking the analyses referred to in Section 40, permanentloads, operational loads and accidental loads shall be determined in accordance withSections 6.2, 6.3 and 6.4, respectively, of Canadian Standards AssociationCAN/CSA-S471-92, General Requirements, Design Criteria, the Environment, andLoads.

 

       (3)    For the purposes of undertaking the analyses referred to in Section 40, forinstallations, load combinations shall be determined in accordance with Section 6.14of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S471-92, General Requirements,Design Criteria, the Environment, and Loads.

Site investigations

45   (1)    Site investigations shall be carried out, for the purpose of undertaking the analysesreferred to in Section 40, in accordance with Section 4 of Canadian StandardsAssociation CAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations, Offshore Structures.

 

       (2)    Where permafrost is present at a production site, the geotechnical investigation forthe purposes of undertaking the analyses referred to in Section 40 shall includesampling of the permafrost.

 

       (3)    The analysis of all fill sources for an installation shall meet the requirements ofSection 7.3.2 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations,Offshore Structures, and shall include sampled boreholes and laboratory testing ofthe recovered samples.

Geotechnical parameters

46   For the purposes of undertaking the analyses referred to in Section 40, the geotechnicalparameters used for stability, deformational and thermal analyses shall be selected inaccordance with Section 5.2.5 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S472-92,Foundations, Offshore Structures.

Soil deformation

47   For the purposes of undertaking the analyses referred to in Section 40, the analysis fordetermining the deformation of foundations shall be made in accordance withSections 5.2.4, 6.1.3, 7.1.3, 8.1.3 and 9.2.4 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations, Offshore Structures.

Erosion offshore

48   (1)    For the purposes of undertaking the analyses referred to in Section 40, the analysis ofthe erosion offshore shall be made in accordance with Sections 6.2.3, 7.2.2 and 9.3.5of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations, OffshoreStructures.

 

       (2)    Where there is a potential for erosion around a platform to a degree that would affectthe stability of the platform, the platform shall be

 

                (a)    provided with means of erosion protection that eliminate or prevent that degreeof erosion; or

 

                (b)    designed assuming all materials that are not resistant to erosion, determinedfrom physical or numerical modelling, are removed.

 

       (3)    The operator of a platform or drilling unit that is placed so close to an existingplatform as to cause erosion that affects the stability of the existing platform shalltake measures to prevent that erosion.

Materials for installations

49   (1)    Notwithstanding compliance with the standards referred to in this Part, all materialsused in an installation shall be suitable for the service in which, and for theconditions under which, they are used.

 

       (2)    No materials other than non-combustible materials shall be used in an installationexcept where a special property is required that cannot be obtained by using anon-combustible material.

 

       (3)    Subject to subsection (4), materials, such as organic foam insulation, that may giveoff toxic fumes or smoke when ignited shall not be used in an installation.

 

       (4)    Combustible foam insulation may be used for cold storage or refrigerated spaces onan installation if

 

                (a)    the foam is of a fire retardant type;

 

                (b)    the foam is totally enclosed in stainless steel or another corrosion-resistantmaterial that has all joints sealed; and

 

                (c)    the insulation and its casing do not form any part of the accommodation deckor bulkhead.

 

       (5)    All structural concrete used in an installation shall be in accordance with Sections 4,5 and 6 of Canadian Standards Association Preliminary Standard S474-M1989,Concrete Structures.

 

       (6)    All structural steel used in an installation shall be in accordance with Sections 5, 6and 17 of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S473-92, Steel Structures,Offshore Structures.

Air gap and freeboard

50   (1)    Subject to subsection (2), the air gap for an installation, except for a surfaceplatform, shall be determined in accordance with Section 4.8 of Canadian StandardsAssociation CAN/CSA-S471-92, General Requirements, Design Criteria, theEnvironment, and Loads.

 

       (2)    The air gap for a column-stabilized mobile platform may be calculated assuming theplatform is at survival draft and at its lowest position relative to sea level, asdetermined from its motion characteristics.

 

       (3)    Every surface mobile platform shall have sufficient freeboard, taking intoconsideration the environmental criteria and loads at the drill or production sitedetermined under Section 44.

 

       (4)    Every fixed production platform shall have sufficient freeboard to prevent ice rubbleor waves from flowing over the side of the platform unless it is designed towithstand the loads due to water and ice without major damage, under the mostsevere conditions as determined pursuant to Section 44.

Load measuring system

51   Each leg on every self-elevating mobile platform shall have a load measuring system thatwill permit

 

                (a)    registration of the load on the leg at any time during jacking operations; and

 

                (b)    measurement of the load on the leg periodically.

Gravity-base, fill, fill-retention and self-elevating platforms

52   Every gravity-base, fill, fill-retention and self-elevating platform shall be designed inaccordance with Sections 5, 6, 7 and 8, respectively, of Canadian Standards AssociationCAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations, Offshore Structures, and Section 5.2.2 of CanadianStandards Association Special Publication S472.1-M1989, Commentary to CSA StandardCAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations.

Pile foundations

53   Pile foundations of every fixed platform and, where applicable, subsea production systemshall be designed in accordance with Section 9 of Canadian Standards AssociationCAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations, Offshore Structures, and Section 5.2.2 of CanadianStandards Association Special Publication S472.1-M1989, Commentary to CSA StandardCAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations.

Structural strength of mobile platforms

54   (1)    Every floating platform that is intended to be used in areas in which sea ice ispresent shall be able to

 

                (a)    withstand, without major damage, the ice loads to which it may be subjectedwhen it is operating in accordance with the operations manual;

 

                (b)    stay on location in the ice concentration and under the ice forces to which itmay be subjected, as stated in the operations manual; and

 

                (c)    be moved from the production site or drill site in the ice concentration towhich it may be subjected, as stated in the operations manual.

 

       (2)    In an analysis undertaken in accordance with subsection 37(2) for the purpose ofdetermining the resistance to overturning and the resistance to sliding of aself-elevating mobile platform,

 

                (a)    a lattice type leg may be analysed using equivalent single-beam hydrodynamiccoefficients as determined in accordance with Det norske Veritas ClassificationNotes, Note No. 31.5 -- Strength Analysis of Main Structures of Self-ElevatingUnits, when determining

 

                         (i)     the hydrodynamic loads to be used in calculating overturning forces andsliding forces, if a vertical load equal to 5 per cent of the horizontal loadis applied at the centre of the leg, and

 

                         (ii)    the hydrodynamic forces to be used in any detailed finite elementanalysis of the upper legs and hull;

 

                (b)    the overturning moments and sliding forces shall be assessed assuming nospudcan fixity and using the most critical combination and direction ofenvironmental and functional loads;

 

                (c)    the reaction point for an independent leg platform shall be taken as the pointlocated at a distance above the spudcan tip that is equal to the lesser of

 

                         (i)     half the height of the spudcan, and

                         (ii)    half the total penetration; and

 

                (d)    the reaction point for a mat-supported platform shall be determinedconsidering the soil characteristics determined in the site investigationundertaken pursuant to Section 45.

 

       (3)    Where any wave frequency or seismic ground motion predicted for the productionsite of a self-elevating mobile production platform is close to the frequency ofoscillation of the platform, a dynamic response calculation shall be performed as partof the analyses required by Section 37 and the dynamic loads determined therebyshall be included in the relevant stress and fatigue analyses.

 

       (4)    The connection between each spudcan and each leg of a self-elevating mobileplatform shall be designed to withstand without failure the loads occurring at the fullspudcan fixity condition.

 

       (5)    Each spudcan and each connection between each spudcan and each leg of aself-elevating mobile platform shall be designed for all possible penetrations orconditions ranging from tip penetration to full spudcan penetration as determined bythe site investigation undertaken pursuant to Section 45, and the shape of thespudcan.

 

       (6)    Every spudcan of a self-elevating mobile platform shall have sufficient strength towithstand storm-induced horizontal loads, vertical loads, and one half of the lowerguide bending moment that is calculated assuming the leg is pinned.

 

       (7)    The secondary bending effects of the legs of a self-elevating mobile platform shall betaken into account in the performance of an analysis pursuant to Section 37.

 

       (8)    The analysis required pursuant to Section 37 to verify whether a self-elevatingmobile platform is capable of withstanding the loads imposed during transportationshall be performed in accordance with Part 3, Chapter 2, Sections 3 C-100 andD-300 of Det norske Veritas Rules for Classification of Mobile Offshore Units.

 

       (9)    A self-elevating mobile platform with independent footing support shall be designedto withstand the loads that may be imposed during preload operations, includingwhere there is

 

                (a)    loss of foundation support for one leg for a distance of at least 4 m; and

 

                (b)    offset support of 1.5 m from the centre of the spudcan tip.

 

       (10)  The legs, spudcans and mats of every self-elevating mobile platform shall bedesigned for any impact load that might occur on setdown, in accordance with Part3, Chapter 2, Section 3 E-400 of Det norske Veritas Rules for Classification ofMobile Offshore Units, using the maximum environmental and functional loadingconditions for setdown operations, as specified in the operations manual.

 

       (11)  The legs of every self-elevating mobile platform shall be preloaded to at least l.ltimes the reaction expected at the footing or mat at the extreme loading condition.

Motion response characteristics

55   The motion response characteristics of every floating platform shall be determined byanalytical methods or by model tests for the six degrees of freedom for all relevantoperational, transit and survival drafts.

Stability of mobile platforms

56   (l)     For the purpose of this Section, “lightship”, in relation to a mobile platform, means aplatform with all its permanently installed machinery, equipment and outfit,including permanent ballast, spare parts normally retained on board and liquids inmachinery and piping at their normal working levels, but not including liquids instorage or in reserve supply tanks, items of consumable or variable loads, stores andcrew and their effects.

 

       (2)    Subject to subsection (3), an inclining test shall be carried out to determine thelightship weight and the location of the centre of gravity on every mobile platform.

 

       (3)    Detailed weight calculations showing the differences of weight and centres ofgravity may be used in lieu of the inclining test required by subsection (2), in respectof a surface or self-elevating mobile platform of a design that is identical with regardto hull form and arrangement to that of a platform for which an inclining test hasbeen carried out, if the accuracy of the calculations is confirmed by a deadweightsurvey.

 

       (4)    Subject to subsection (6), during each five-year survey that is required and carriedout by a classification society of a surface or self-elevating mobile platform, adeadweight survey shall be carried out and, where there is a significant discrepancybetween the measurement obtained from that survey and the weight change ascalculated from weight records,

 

                (a)    in the case of a surface platform, an inclining test shall be carried out; and

 

                (b)    in the case of a self-elevating platform, the allowable variable load in theelevated condition shall be adjusted in accordance with the deadweight surveyand the stability in the floating mode shall be calculated.

 

       (5)    Subject to subsection (6), an inclining test shall be carried out during each five-yearsurvey that is required and carried out by a classification society for every column-stabilized mobile platform, except that after the second inclining test, the subsequenttests need only be carried out during every alternate five-year survey if there was nosignificant discrepancy between the weight records and the results of the second test.

 

       (6)    An inclining test is not required pursuant to subsection (4) or (5) where the platformis equipped with instrumentation that is capable of accurately measuring or providingdata that permit an accurate calculation of the centre of gravity.

 

       (7)    A comprehensive and up-to-date record shall be kept of every change to a mobileplatform that involves a change in weight or position of weight.

 

       (8)    Where the weight of a mobile platform changes by more than 1 per cent of thelightship weight, a deadweight survey shall be carried out at the earliest opportunityand an up-to-date value of the lightship centre of gravity shall be recorded in theoperations manual.

 

       (9)    Subject to subsections (10) to (13), the analysis of intact and damage stability ofevery mobile platform undertaken for the purpose of clause 40(1)(e) shall include averification as to whether the platform complies with Chapter 3 of InternationalMaritime Organization Code for the Construction and Equipment of MobileOffshore Drilling Units, 1989.

 

       (10)  Every mobile platform shall be designed so that, in the intact condition, whensubjected to the wind heeling moments described in the Code referred to insubsection (9), it has a static angle of heel of not more than 15 degrees in anydirection.

 

       (11)  Every column-stabilized mobile platform shall be designed so that, in the intactcondition, it has a metacentric height of at least 1 m when it is in the operating andtransit draft and a metacentric height of at least 0.3 m in all other draft conditions.

 

       (12)  Every surface and self-elevating mobile platform shall be designed so that, in theintact condition, it has a metacentric height of at least 0.5 m.

 

       (13)  Every mobile platform shall be designed so that, in the damaged condition or whereany compartment is flooded, the final angle of heel does not exceed 15 degrees inany direction and the area under the righting moment curve is at least equal to thearea under the heeling moment curve.

Ballast and bilge systems

57   (1)    Every mobile platform shall be equipped with ballast tanks the number, location anddegree of subdivision of which, together with the associated equipment, are

 

                (a)    capable of ballasting and trimming the platform efficiently under allreasonably anticipated environmental conditions; and

 

                (b)    designed to be fail-safe.

 

       (2)    Every floating platform shall have a ballast system so arranged that any ballast tankcan be filled or emptied by any one of at least two ballast pumps or by controlledfree flow.

 

       (3)    Each lower hull on a floating platform with two lower hulls shall be provided with atleast two ballast pumps each with the capacity to fill or empty any ballast tank in thathull.

 

       (4)    The ballast system for a column-stabilized mobile platform shall be designed toprevent uncontrolled transfer of water between tanks or through sea-connected inletsor discharges in any one of the following situations:

 

                (a)    the failure of any valve or valve actuator for the system;

 

                (b)    the failure in the means of control or indication for the system; and

 

                (c)    the flooding of any space that contains equipment associated with the system.

 

       (5)    Ballast piping in a ballast system for a floating platform that leads from a pump tomore than one tank shall be led from readily accessible manifolds.

 

       (6)    All power-operated sea inlets, discharge valves and ballast tank isolating valves on afloating platform shall be designed to close automatically on loss of control powerand remain closed when power is re-established until specific action is taken to openthem.

 

       (7)    Where crude oil is to be stored in a floating platform, the platform shall have enoughballast capacity, segregated from the crude storage, to be able to float at minimumoperating draft with no crude oil on board.

 

       (8)    Every floating platform shall be provided with a main ballast control stationequipped with

 

                (a)    an effective means of communication with other spaces that containequipment relating to the operation of the ballast system;

 

                (b)    a ballast pump control and status system;

 

                (c)    a ballast valve control and status system;

 

                (d)    a tank level indicating system;

 

                (e)    a draft indicating system;

 

                (f)    emergency lighting;

 

                (g)    heel and trim indicators;

 

                (h)    bilge and flood alarms; and

 

                (i)     remote control indicators for watertight closing appliances.

 

       (9)    Every column-stabilized mobile platform shall be equipped with a secondary ballastcontrol station equipped with

 

                (a)    an effective means of communication with other spaces that containequipment relating to the operation of the ballast system;

 

                (b)    a ballast pump control and status system;

 

                (c)    a ballast valve control and status system;

 

                (d)    a tank level indicating system;

 

                (e)    emergency lighting;

 

                (f)    heel and trim indicators; and

 

                (g)    a permanently mounted ballast schematic diagram.

 

       (10)  The main and secondary ballast control stations required by subsections (8) and (9)shall be located above the waterline in the final condition of equilibrium afterflooding when the platform is in a damaged condition.

 

       (11)  Every column-stabilized mobile platform shall have a ballast system that is capable,with any ballast pump out of operation,

 

                (a)    of providing safe handling and operation of the platform under normaloperating and transit conditions;

 

                (b)    of restoring the platform to a normal operating or transit draft and level trimfrom an inclination of 15 degrees in any direction; and

 

                (c)    of raising the platform from the deepest operating draft to severe storm draftwithin three hours.

 

       (12)  Every floating platform shall be equipped with a bilge system that has at least twobilge pumps connected to the bilge main and that is capable, under all conditionsfrom upright to 15 degrees in any direction, of pumping or draining any watertightcompartment except for those spaces permanently designated for the storage of freshwater, water ballast, fuel oil or liquid cargo and for which other effective means ofpumping are provided.

 

       (13)  No floating platform shall be considered to comply with this Section until the ballastand bilge system has been assessed through a failure modes and effects analysis.

Watertight integrity of floating platforms

58   (1)    The boundaries of watertight compartments in a floating platform shall contain nomore openings than necessary for the operation of the platform and, wherepenetration of those boundaries is necessary for access, ventilation, piping and cablesor any other similar purpose, arrangements shall be made to maintain the strengthand watertight integrity of the boundaries.

 

       (2)    Every watertight boundary and associated closing appliance on a floating platformshall be of sufficient strength and tightness of closure to withstand without failure thepressure and other loads likely to occur in service.

 

       (3)    All watertight doors and hatches on a floating platform shall be operable locally fromboth sides of the associated bulkhead or deck.

 

       (4)    Side scuttles and windows on a floating platform shall be of the non-opening type,fitted with internal hinged deadlight covers.

 

       (5)    All pipes and ducts on a floating platform shall, where possible, be routed clear ofthose compartments that are vulnerable to penetration damage or, where such routingis not possible, positive means of closure of those pipes and ducts shall be providedfor each watertight boundary.

 

       (6)    Every valve required at a watertight boundary on a floating platform shall beremotely operable from the ballast control station or by a mechanical means fromanother readily accessible position that is above the waterline in the final conditionof equilibrium that could result when the platform is in a damaged condition.

 

       (7)    Every inlet or discharge port on a floating platform that is submerged at maximumoperating draught shall be fitted with a valve that is remotely controlled from theballast control station, and each such valve shall close automatically when the sourceof power fails, unless safety considerations require that it remain open.

 

       (8)    Every discharge port on a floating platform that penetrates a boundary to acompartment intended to be watertight shall be fitted with an automatic non-returnvalve and with a second such valve or with a device whereby the port may be closedfrom a position outside and above the compartment.

 

       (9)    Every door or hatch on a floating platform used to ensure the watertight integrity ofinternal access openings during the operation of the platform shall, while theplatform is afloat, be equipped with an indicator at the ballast control station toindicate whether the door or hatch is open or closed.

 

       (10)  Every door or hatch on a floating platform that is normally closed while the platformis afloat shall be equipped

 

                (a)    with an alarm system that is triggered in a manned control station when thedoor or hatch is open; and

 

                (b)    with a notice affixed to that door or hatch cover to the effect that the door orhatch cover is not to be left open while the platform is afloat.

 

       (11)  All external openings on a floating platform, except manholes that are fitted withclose-bolted watertight covers and that are kept permanently closed while theplatform is afloat, shall, in the intact condition or in a damaged condition, becompletely above any waterline associated with the platform being heeled because ofwind forces.

 

       (12)  Every external opening on a floating platform that becomes wholly or partiallysubmerged when the platform is at the maximum angle of heel that could occurwhile the platform meets the area ratio requirement for intact and damage stabilityset out in the Code referred to in subsection 56(9) or that may become intermittentlysubmerged because of wave action when the platform is in a damaged conditionshall

 

                (a)    be designed and constructed to withstand any sea condition withoutpenetration;

 

                (b)    in the case of an opening that may become intermittently submerged when theplatform is in a damaged condition,

 

                         (i)     close automatically when submerged,

 

                         (ii)    be readily and quickly closable at any time, or

 

                         (iii)   be assumed to be open in the damage stability calculations madepursuant to Section 56;

 

                (c)    in the case of an external opening that cannot be quickly closed,

 

                         (i)     be assumed to be open in the damage stability calculations madepursuant to Section 56, or

 

                         (ii)    be permanently closed when the platform is afloat;

 

                (d)    in the case of a door or hatch that may be used during operation of theplatform, be equipped with closing appliances that are operable locally fromboth sides of the bulkhead or deck;

 

                (e)    in the case of a door or hatch that may become intermittently submerged whenthe platform is in a damaged condition,

 

                         (i)     be equipped with an indication system to show in the ballast controlstation the status of the closing appliances,

 

                         (ii)    be self-closing on being submerged, or readily and quickly closable, and

 

                         (iii)   bear a notice to the effect that the door or hatch is not to be left openduring operation of the platform;

 

                (f)    in the case of a ventilator or ventilation intake or outlet that may be usedduring operation of the platform,

 

                         (i)     be equipped with a self-activating anti-flooding device, or

 

                         (ii)    if it is an intake or outlet not subject to intermittent submergence whenthe platform is in a damaged condition, be fitted with a manuallyoperated means of closure that is readily accessible;

 

                (g)    in the case of a closing appliance that is not to be opened during operation ofthe platform, bear a notice to that effect;

 

                (h)    in the case of air pipes to a ballast tank, be equipped with an anti-floodingdevice; and

 

                (i)     in the case of a chain locker opening on a column-stabilized platform, exceptwhere the chain locker is kept full of water or is designed to be free-flooding,be fitted with a device that will prevent significant ingress of water in the eventof submergence and with a suitable means for pumping out, both of which areremotely operable from a ballast control station.

 

       (13)  All of the closing appliances required by subsection (12) shall be able to withstandwithout failure any wave impact load to which they may be subjected.

 

       (14)  Every compartment on a floating platform required to remain watertight to complywith the intact and damage stability criteria described in Section 56 shall incorporatea device suitably positioned to detect flooding and, where flooding occurs, trigger analarm in a ballast control station.

Mooring

59   (1)    The mooring system for a floating platform shall

 

                (a)    provide an anchor pattern that keeps all anchor lines, anchor chains andanchors a safe distance from existing pipelines, flow lines and other platforms;

 

                (b)    provide an anchor pattern that gives clear access to any support vessel intendedto be used in operations and that clears lifeboat launching areas;

 

                (c)    be sufficiently stiff so that the excursions of the platform are within the limitsestablished for the risers in accordance with Section 61 under all operatingconditions; and

 

                (d)    be sufficiently strong so that the failure of any anchor line during operationswill not lead to major damage.

 

       (2)    The load factor for tension in the mooring lines of every floating platform, based ona quasi-static analysis, shall be

 

                (a)    in the operating condition with all lines intact, 3.0;

 

                (b)    in the operating condition with one line failed, 2.0;

 

                (c)    in the survival condition with all lines intact, 2.0;

 

                (d)    in the survival condition with one line failed, if the platform will not threatenanother platform used for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources,l.4; and

 

                (e)    in the survival condition with one line failed, if the platform may threatenanother platform used for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources,2.0.

 

       (3)    The fatigue life of the mooring system of every floating platform shall be equal to atleast 15 years.

 

       (4)    The mooring system of every floating platform that is to remain at the productionsite or drill site for longer than five years shall be designed so that its componentscan be inspected and replaced.

 

       (5)    The design of the mooring system of every floating platform that is intended toremain moored in the survival condition shall be based on an appropriate model testor numerical analysis.

 

       (6)    Where there is an annual probability of 10-2 of ice or icebergs being present at thesite of a floating platform, the mooring system of the platform shall

 

                (a)    incorporate a primary quick release system with a remote triggering device andat least one back-up system; and

 

                (b)    have been demonstrated to be capable of permitting the quick release of theplatform from its moorings and risers.

 

       (7)    Except where the floating platform may threaten another platform used for theexploration or exploitation of subsea resources, the following factors may be takeninto account in determining whether a thruster-assisted mooring system using aremote control thruster system complies with subsection (2):

 

                (a)    if the remote control is manual,

 

                         (i)     zero thrust, for the operating condition,

 

                         (ii)    70 per cent of the net thrust effect from all except one thruster, for thesurvival condition,

 

                         (iii)   zero thrust, for one mooring line failed in the operating condition, and

 

                         (iv)   70 per cent of the net thrust effect from all thrusters, for one mooring linefailed in the survival condition; and

 

                (b)    if the remote control is automatic,

 

                         (i)     the net thrust effect from all except one thruster, for the operatingcondition,

 

                         (ii)    the net thrust effect from all except one thruster, for the survivalcondition,

 

                         (iii)   the net thrust from all thrusters, for one mooring line failed in theoperating condition, and

 

                         (iv)   the net thrust from all thrusters, for one mooring line failed in thesurvival condition.

 

       (8)    Mooring system components on a floating platform that interface with the mooringchain or rope, except the attachment in the chain locker for anchor chain and thesteel rope attachment on the drum, shall be designed to withstand the forces due totension required to break the chain or rope.

 

       (9)    The mooring system for a floating platform shall be designed to keep the platform onlocation, under any ice loads to which it may be subjected as determined pursuant toSection 44, and the chain or rope shall be able to withstand, without significantdamage, the abrasion forces imposed by such loads.

 

       (10)  The load factors between the estimated anchor holding power in the mooring systemof a floating platform and maximum mooring line tension at the anchor shall be atleast

 

                (a)    in the operating condition with all lines intact, 2.1;

 

                (b)    in the operating condition with one line failed, 1.4;

 

                (c)    in the survival condition with all lines intact, 1.4;

 

                (d)    in the survival condition with one line failed, if the platform will not threatenanother platform used for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources,1.0; and

 

                (e)    in the survival condition with one line failed, if the platform may threatenanother platform used for the exploration or exploitation of subsea resources,1.4.

 

       (11)  For the purposes of clauses (2)(d) and (e), subsection (7) and clauses (10)(d) and (e),one platform shall be considered to threaten another platform if the platform maydrift or be pushed, by environmental conditions, into the other platform when alllines fail, taking into account any action likely to be taken to bring the platformunder control.

 

       (12)  All anchor winches and their stoppers, brakes, fairleads and sheaves, theirattachments to the hull, and associated load-bearing structural elements for a floatingplatform shall be designed to withstand, without risk of permanent deformation orfailure or of loss of ability to operate, the application of the breaking load of theassociated anchor line with the anchor line in the most unfavourable direction.

 

       (13)  The catenary mooring system on every floating platform shall be inspected inaccordance with the requirements of American Petroleum Institute RP 21,Recommended Practice for In-Service Inspection of Mooring Hardware for FloatingDrilling Units.

Dynamic positioning

60   (l)     The dynamic positioning system used to hold a floating platform in position at theproduction site or drill site shall be designed, constructed and operated so that thefailure of any main component with an annual failure rate of greater than 0.1, asdetermined from a detailed reliability analysis, cannot result in major damage to theplatform, as determined from a failure modes and effects analysis of the maincomponents, unless

 

                (a)    operational procedures for the dynamic positioning system avoid or take intoaccount the effect of the failure of the single component; or

 

                (b)    every such component is routinely replaced so that the failure rate, asdetermined from the detailed reliability analysis, is not greater than 0.1 for theperiod between replacements.

 

       (2)    Every floating platform with a dynamic positioning system shall be equipped with analert and response display system that demonstrates

 

                (a)    the position of the platform relative to the production site or drill site; and

 

                (b)    the percentage of the available power that is necessary to maintain the platformin a position relative to the site and that will permit the installation to continueto operate.

Subsea production systems

61   (1)    Every subsea production system shall be designed to withstand major damage underthe loads listed in Part B, Section 4, of Det norske Veritas Guideline No. 1-85, Safetyand Reliability of Subsea Production Systems.

 

       (2)    Where the concept safety analysis required by Section 43 indicates a risk of damageto the subsea production system components from ice, dropped objects, trawl boardnets or anchors, the design of the system shall include measures to minimize suchdamage.

 

       (3)    The rigid risers in the subsea production system of a fixed platform and the steelflowlines and flowline connectors in every subsea production system shall complywith National Standard of Canada CAN/CSA-Z187-M87, Offshore Pipelines.

 

       (4)    Every subsea production system and its components shall be subjected to equipmentintegration tests in accordance with Section 7.2 of American Petroleum Institute RP17A, Recommended Practice for Design and Operation of Subsea ProductionSystems.

 

       (5)    Every subsea production system shall be installed in accordance with Section 7.3 ofAmerican Petroleum Institute RP 17A, Recommended Practice for Design andOperation of Subsea Production Systems.

 

       (6)    Every subsea wellhead system and subsea tree located in a caisson, silo, or glory holeshall be designed and installed in such a manner that

 

                (a)    the effect of silting is minimized; and

 

                (b)    where practicable, inspection and maintenance during its production orinjection life is possible.

 

       (7)    Every subsea production riser shall be designed and operated in accordance withSection 6 of American Petroleum Institute RP 17A, Recommended Practice forDesign and Operation of Subsea Production Systems.

 

       (8)    Every subsea production riser shall be designed

 

                (a)    to withstand the maximum pressure to which the riser may be subjected duringits service life;

 

                (b)    so that every component that is used to transport oil or gas from the seafloor tothe production installation can withstand without failure the wellhead shut-inpressure, except where the component is equipped with an isolation valve atthe seafloor and a pressure relief system at the platform to relieve the internalpressure of the component; and

 

                (c)    to withstand any ice loads to which it may be subject as determined pursuant toSection 44, except where failure of the riser will not lead to uncontrolledpollution.

 

       (9)    Flexible flowlines and risers in a subsea production system shall be designed inaccordance with Det norske Veritas Technical Note TNA 503, Flexible Pipes andHoses for Submarine Pipeline Systems.

 

       (10)  The end fittings of flexible flowlines or risers in a subsea production system shallhave pressure integrity and load-bearing capacities greater than that of the pipe.

 

       (11)  The fatigue life of risers in a subsea production system shall be at least three timesthe service life of the production riser.

 

       (12)  Adequate provision shall be made in the design of the risers in a subsea productionsystem and in the configuration of their individual components, includingproduction, injection, control and instrumentation lines and their attachmentassemblies, for the safe and efficient maintenance and inspection of the risers andtheir components during their service life.

 

       (13)  The analysis required by Section 40 of the risers in a subsea production system inrelation to fatigue and stress of the riser components and risk to the personnel andequipment as a result of failure or malfunction of individual components of the risersshall be performed using the methodology specified in Section 6.5 of AmericanPetroleum Institute RP 17A, Recommended Practice for Design and Operation ofSubsea Production Systems.

 

       (14)  Every riser in a subsea production system shall be equipped so that it can bedisconnected

 

                (a)    before heave or excursion limits specified in the operations manual areexceeded; or

 

                (b)    when ice conditions pose a threat of major damage to the production platform.

 

       (15)  Every riser on a subsea production system shall be equipped so that after it has beendisconnected and reconnected it can be pressure tested in accordance with theprocedures stipulated in the operations manual.

 

       (16)  Every component of the riser in a subsea production system that is used to conveythe pool fluids to the surface, inject fluids or chemicals into the pool, or transportprocessed or treated fluids to or from the production installation shall be designedand equipped so that when the fluids pose a threat to the environment, thecomponent can be displaced with water or securely isolated before the riser isdisconnected.

 

       (17)  The templates and manifolds in a subsea production system shall be designed andoperated in accordance with Section 5 of American Petroleum Institute RP 17A,Recommended Practice for Design and Operation of Subsea Production Systems.

 

       (18)  The control systems, including control lines and pressurized control fluids, of everysubsea production system shall be designed and operated in accordance with Section4 of American Petroleum Institute RP 17A, Recommended Practice for Design andOperation of Subsea Production Systems.

 

       (19)  Every subsea production system intended for manned intervention in an atmosphericchamber shall be designed in accordance with the requirements of Part B, Section11, of Det norske Veritas Guideline No. 1-85, Safety and Reliability of SubseaProduction Systems.

Part III - Construction and Installation

General

62   (1)    Every platform shall be fabricated and constructed in accordance with

 

                (a)    for a steel platform, Sections 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21 of Canadian StandardsAssociation CAN/CSA-S473-92, Steel Structures, Offshore Structures;

 

                (b)    for a concrete platform, Section 11 of Canadian Standards AssociationPreliminary Standard S474-M1989, Concrete Structures;

 

                (c)    for a gravity-base, fill, fill-retention or piled platform, Sections 6.3, 7.3, 8.3 or9.4, respectively, of Canadian Standards Association CAN/CSA-S472-92,Foundations, Offshore Structures; and

 

                (d)    in respect of the foundation, Section 5.4 of Canadian Standards AssociationCAN/CSA-S472-92, Foundations, Offshore Structures.

 

       (2)    Every vessel or barge used for the construction, transportation, up-ending orpositioning of an installation or a component of an installation shall

 

                (a)    be classified by a classification society or have documentation to prove that asimilar verification process has taken place;

 

                (b)    if manned, be equipped with lifesaving appliances in accordance with the LifeSaving Equipment Regulations (Canada), as if it were in waters to which thoseRegulations apply; and

 

                (c)    be certified by the owner as being capable of performing the assigned task ortasks safely and as being otherwise fit for the services it is expected to provide.

 

       (3)    All slings, wire cables, shackles and any other component used for lifting and forsecuring loads during the construction, transportation, up-ending or positioning of aninstallation or a component of an installation shall have a minimum load factor of 3.

 

       (4)    Where loads developed during movement of a platform from the construction site tothe production site or drill site or during installation operations are in excess of thosethat will be encountered after installation, the platform shall be provided with load-and strain-measuring devices during the movement or installation of the platform.

Part IV - Operations and Maintenance

Manual, Plans and Programs for installations

63   (1)    Subject to subsection (2), every operator shall prepare, adhere to and maintain, inrespect of every installation, an operations manual that contains the following data:

Section 63(1) replaced: O.I.C. 2009-518, N.S. Reg. 338/2009.

 

                (a)    limitations on the operation of the installation and its equipment;

 

                (b)    information as to environmental conditions at the site where the installationwill be installed and the effect of those conditions on the installation, including

 

                         (i)     environmental conditions for which an installation will be evacuated andthe meteorological forecast following which such evacuation will beinitiated,

 

                         (ii)    the amount of snow and ice that may be allowed to accumulate on theinstallation,

 

                         (iii)   the amount of marine growth that may be allowed to accumulate on theinstallation, and

 

                         (iv)   for a mobile platform, any operating limits imposed by environmentalconditions and the effect of wind, sea, snow, ice and marine growth onthe strength, stability and seaworthiness of the platform while in transit,in the operating condition or in the survival condition;

 

                (c)    for a fixed platform, the characteristics of the platform foundation, bottompenetration and the maximum permitted amount of scour or other changingseabed conditions;

 

                (d)    for a mobile platform that is supported by the seabed,

 

                         (i)     information concerning the different seabed conditions acceptable for theinstallation, including the varying capacity of the seabed, limiting valuesof seabed slope, and maximum and minimum penetrations of footings,and

 

                         (ii)    a program for inspecting for scour at regular intervals and after storms ofa specified intensity;

 

                (e)    for a floating mobile platform, information concerning stability, including alldata and instructions necessary to determine whether any intendedconfiguration of, or change to, the loading or ballasting will satisfy the stabilityrequirement for the platform;

 

                (f)    information concerning permissible deck loads, variable load limits andpreloading;

 

                (g)    details of any colour coding system used on the installation for the safety ofpersonnel;

 

                (h)    information on corrosion protection systems used and any requirements for thesafety and maintenance of the systems;

 

                (i)     details of openings and means of closure in watertight compartments;

 

                (j)     drawings that show

 

                         (i)     the general arrangement of the deck structure, accommodation areas,helideck and equipment contained on the topside facilities,

 

                         (ii)    for a fixed steel platform, the jacket, piling, risers and conductors,

 

                         (iii)   for a gravity-base platform and a fill-retention platform, the lowerconcrete or steel platform including any skirt arrangements or piling, thedeck structure connection to the lower structure, the risers and theconductors,

 

                         (iv)   for a self-elevating mobile platform, the main and supporting platforms,the equipment for the elevating and lowering of the deck structure andany arrangements for towing,

 

                         (v)    for a column-stabilized mobile platform, the main and support structure,the method for maintaining the station and arrangement for towing,

 

                         (vi)   for a surface mobile platform and any similar-shaped platform, the hullstructure and the positioning equipment,

 

                         (vii)  for a fill platform, the erosion protection and a cross-section of theplatform including the locations of the conductors,

 

                         (viii)  the locations of escape routes, fixed fire-extinguishing systems and life-saving appliances,

 

                         (ix)   the fire divisions and the location of associated equipment, such as firedampers,

 

                         (x)    the location of the hazardous areas on the installation, and

 

                         (xi)   for a floating mobile platform, the ballast and bilge systems and allopenings and means of closure that could affect the stability of theplatform;

 

                (k)    the operating and maintenance requirements for all the lifesaving appliances onthe installation;

 

                (l)     the maximum helicopter weight and wheel centres, and maximum size of thehelicopter for which the helicopter deck on the installation has been designed,including the extent of the obstacle-free approach zone for the helicopter;

 

                (m)   special arrangements or facilities for the inspection and maintenance of theinstallation, any equipment or plant, and any crude oil storage facilities on or inthe installation;

 

                (n)    special precautions or instructions to be followed when repairs or alterations tothe installation are to be carried out;

 

                (o)    any special operational or emergency requirements covering essential featuresof the installation, including the shutdown systems;

 

                (p)    a description of any equipment for elevating and lowering the installation andof any special types of joints, including details of their purpose, properoperation and maintenance;

 

                (q)    for a fixed platform, details of the air gap or freeboard;

 

                (r)    for a mobile platform, the means of ensuring that the air gap requirementsdetermined in accordance with subsection 50(1) are met;

 

                (s)    the environmental loads the anchors can sustain to keep the installationmoored in place, including the estimated holding power of the anchors inrelation to the soil at the drill site or production site;

 

                (t)     for a floating platform,

 

                         (i)     procedures for dealing with the excursion of the platform because of thefailure of any anchor line, as determined by analysis,

 

                         (ii)    where there is a thruster-assisted mooring system, procedures to controloperations when thruster power is lost, and

 

                         (iii)   where there is a dynamic positioning system, a description of thecapability of that system in all operational and survival conditions withinstated tolerances, when any single source of thrust has failed and fullpower is being supplied for all foreseeable operations and emergencyservices;

 

                (u)    details of the number of persons to be accommodated during normaloperations;

 

                (v)    brief particulars of all the equipment on the installation, including flow sheetsand instructions for the installation, operation and maintenance of theequipment;

 

                (w)   the procedure for preparing, and the description and format for, periodicreports concerning the integrity of the installation; and

 

                (x)    a procedure for notifying the Chief of any situation or event described inSection 67.

 

       (2)    The part of the operations manual relating to the subsea production system shallcomply with the requirements of Sections 7.4 and 7.5 of American PetroleumInstitute RP 17A, Recommended Practice for Design and Operation of SubseaProduction Systems.

 

64   Every mobile platform shall be certified in accordance with the International Conventionon Load Lines, 1966.

 

65   Every operator of an installation shall at all times operate the installation in accordancewith limitations imposed by the certificate of fitness and by these regulations and inaccordance with the operations manual.

 

66   Every operator of an installation shall develop and implement an inspection andmonitoring, a maintenance and a weight control program.

Repair, replacement and modification of installations

67   (l)     Subject to subsection (2), no holder of a certificate of fitness in respect of aninstallation shall make any repair, replacement or modification to the installation, orbring on board any equipment, that could affect the strength, stability, integrity,operability or safety of the installation, without the approval of the Chief and thecertifying authority.

 

       (2)    In an emergency, the operator of an installation may repair or modify the installationwhen the manager of the installation considers that the delay required to comply withsubsection (1) would endanger personnel or the environment.

 

       (3)    Where an operator makes a repair or modification to an installation pursuant tosubsection (2), the operator shall immediately notify the Chief and the certifyingauthority.

 

       (4)    The operator of an installation shall notify the certifying authority and the Chiefimmediately if the operator notices any deterioration of the installation that couldimpair the safety of the installation or damage the environment.

Remedial action

68   Where an inspection reveals conditions that threaten the integrity of the foundation orplatform of an installation, the operator shall take remedial action to restore the integrity ofthe installation to the satisfaction of the certifying authority.

Part V - Records and Reporting

General

69   The international system of units (SI) shall be used for recording the data and preparing thereports required by these regulations.

Report of loss, emergency or accident

70   (l)     Every operator shall inform the Chief, by the most rapid and practical means, of anysituation or event involving any danger or accident to a person or property, includingloss of life, a missing person, serious injury to a person, an imminent threat to safetyof personnel or the public, fire, explosion, loss of well control, hydrocarbon or toxicfluid spills, or significant damage to a pipeline, equipment or an installation.

 

       (2)    Every operator shall submit a full written report to the Chief of any situation or eventreferred to in subsection (l) as soon as practicable.

 

       (3)    Every operator shall inform the Chief by the most rapid and practical means, at leasttwenty-four hours before any of the following events is scheduled to take place, ofthe time and place and the nature of the event:

 

                (a)    start of “tow out” of an installation;

 

                (b)    any lift at a production site in excess of 500 tonnes; and

 

                (c)    the up-ending or setting on bottom of an installation.

Part VI - Offences

 

71   The contravention of any of the provisions of Parts IV and V is an offence under the Act.