Demerit Point Program and Service of Documents Regulation

Link to law: http://www.qp.alberta.ca/1266.cfm?page=2002_331.cfm&leg_type=Regs&isbncln=9780779766208&display=html
Published: 2012

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AR 331/2002 DEMERIT POINT PROGRAM AND SERVICE OF DOCUMENTS REGULATION (Consolidated up to 187/2015)
ALBERTA REGULATION 331/2002
Traffic Safety Act
DEMERIT POINT PROGRAM AND SERVICE OF DOCUMENTS REGULATION
Table of Contents
                1      Definitions
Part 1 Demerit Point Program
Division 1 Assessment and Recording of Demerit Points
                2      Demerit point program established
                3      Registrar’s obligations
                4      Recording demerit points for demerit offences
                5      Demerit points and multiple convictions
                6      Effect of an appeal
                7      Effect of appeal court’s decision
                8      Date demerit points are imposed Division 2 Notice of Demerit Points, Adjustment of Points and Licence Suspensions
                9      Notice of accumulated demerit points
              10      15 demerit points trigger licence suspension
              11      Notice and effective date of licence suspension
              12      Suspensions to run concurrently
              13      Adjustment of demerit points after suspension ends
              14      Deletion of demerit points
              15      Reducing demerit points
              16      Request for demerit point review
Division 3 Novice Drivers
              17      Application of the Division
              18      Notice of accumulated demerit points
              19      8 demerit points trigger novice driver’s licence suspension
              20      Adjustment of demerit points after suspension ends
              21      Reducing novice driver’s demerit points
Part 2 Deemed Service of Notices
              22      Deemed service
Part 3 Transition Provisions, Review and Coming Into Force
              23      Definition
              24      Class 7 licensees also treated as novice drivers
              25      Existing demerit system and points continued
           25.1      Expiry
              26      Coming into force
Schedules
Definitions
1   In this Regulation,
                               (a)    “Act” means the Traffic Safety Act;
                              (b)    “demerit offence” means an offence specified in Schedule 1 or 2;
                               (c)    “driving record” means the driving record of a person maintained by the Registrar under the Traffic Safety Act.
Part 1 Demerit Point Program
Division 1 Assessment and Recording of Demerit Points
Demerit point program established
2   The demerit point program for drivers is established by this Regulation.
Registrar’s obligations
3   The Registrar must, in accordance with this Regulation, record on or remove from a driving record any demerit points that are assessed against a driver or are to be removed from a driving record.
Recording demerit points for demerit offences
4(1)  The demerit points specified opposite an offence described in Schedules 1 and 2 must be assessed against a driver and recorded by the Registrar in the driver’s driving record in the following circumstances:
                               (a)    if the person is convicted of a demerit offence, unless the person’s operator’s licence is suspended by the court for that conviction under section 86(1) of the Act;
                              (b)    if under section 38(2) of the Act the Alberta Transportation Safety Board terminates the suspension of an operator’s licence that the court imposed under section 86(1) of the Act;
                               (c)    if the person makes a voluntary payment under the regulations under the Provincial Offences Procedures Act in respect of a demerit offence.
(2)  If a person is convicted of an offence under
                               (a)    an enactment of another province or the Parliament of Canada, or
                              (b)    an enactment of the United States of America or any state in the United States of America,
that is, in the opinion of the Registrar, equivalent to a conviction of a demerit offence, the conviction in that other jurisdiction may be treated under this Regulation as if the conviction were a conviction for the equivalent demerit offence.
(3)  The Clerk of the Court must
                               (a)    as soon as practicable after a person is convicted of a demerit offence, notify the Registrar of the name of the driver and the demerit offence for which the driver is convicted;
                              (b)    as soon as practicable after the Clerk receives a voluntary payment under the regulations under the Provincial Offences Procedure Act in respect of a demerit offence, notify the Registrar of the name of the driver and the demerit offence in respect of which the payment was made.
Demerit points and multiple convictions
5(1)  If a person satisfies the Registrar that demerit points have been assessed and recorded on the person’s driving record for multiple convictions arising out of the same circumstances, the Registrar must adjust the demerit points to assess and record demerit points for one conviction of a demerit offence only, being the conviction for the demerit offence carrying the greatest number of demerit points.
(2)  If the same number of demerit points are to be assessed for 2 or more convictions for demerit offences arising out of the same circumstances, the Registrar must decide on one conviction in respect of which to record the demerit points.
Effect of an appeal
6(1)  If a person satisfies the Registrar that the person has appealed a conviction of a demerit offence, the Registrar must
                               (a)    record the appeal on the driving record of the person concerned,
                              (b)    delete the demerit points assessed and recorded on the person’s driving record due to the conviction of the demerit offence under appeal, and
                               (c)    pending the outcome of the appeal, terminate or not impose any suspension of an operator’s licence under this Regulation that resulted from the conviction of the demerit offence under appeal.
(2)  If there are multiple convictions of a person for demerit offences arising out of the same circumstances and not all demerit offence convictions are appealed, the Registrar must assess and record on the driving record of the appellant the demerit points for the conviction of the demerit offence that then carries the highest number of demerit points that is not under appeal.
Effect of appeal court’s decision
7(1)  As soon as practicable after the court makes a decision about an appeal from a demerit offence conviction, the Clerk of the Court must notify the Registrar of the name of the driver, the outcome of the decision and the date of the decision.
(2)  If an appeal against a conviction of a demerit offence for which demerit points were originally assessed is unsuccessful, the Registrar must record the demerit points originally assessed and recorded on the driving record of the person concerned and delete any demerit points recorded under section 6(2).
Date demerit points are imposed
8   Demerit points are to be considered to have been imposed, as the case requires,
                               (a)    on the date of conviction of a demerit offence;
                              (b)    on the date voluntary payment in respect of a demerit offence is received by the Clerk of the Court under the regulations under the Provincial Offences Procedure Act.
Division 2 Notice of Demerit Points, Adjustment of Points, and Licence Suspensions
Notice of accumulated demerit points
9(1)  If at any one time a total of 8 or more but less than 15 demerit points accumulate on the driving record of a person, the Registrar must give that person written notice of the number of demerit points accumulated on the person’s driving record.
(2)  Failure to give the notice does not affect the operation of this Regulation or the duty of the Registrar to suspend an operator’s licence under this Regulation if the situation requires.
15 demerit points trigger licence suspension
10(1)  If at any one time a total of 15 or more demerit points accumulate on the driving record of a person within any period of 2 years, the Registrar must suspend that person’s operator’s licence for one month.
(2)  If at any one time a total of 15 or more demerit points accumulate on the driving record of a person within one year from the date the person’s operator’s licence is suspended under subsection (1), the Registrar must suspend that person’s operator’s licence for 3 months.
(3)  The Registrar must suspend a person’s operator’s licence for 6 months if, within a period of 2 years
                               (a)    the person’s operator’s licence is suspended twice under this Regulation, and
                              (b)    after the second licence suspension, the person has, at any one time, a total of 15 or more demerit points.
(4)  An operator’s licence must be suspended despite the fact that between the date the person accumulated 15 or more demerit points and the date the person receives notice of the licence suspension, the person is
                               (a)    entitled to a reduction or deletion of demerit points to less than 15 demerit points, or
                              (b)    entitled to deletion of demerit points under section 14.
(5)  This section does not apply to novice drivers to whom Division 3 applies.
Notice and effective date of licence suspension
11   The Registrar must
                               (a)    give a notice of suspension of an operator’s licence within one year from the date the person accumulated the last demerit point that caused the operator’s licence to be subject to suspension, and
                              (b)    in the notice specify the date on which the suspension takes effect.
Suspensions to run concurrently
12   Any period of suspension of an operator’s licence as a result of the accumulation of demerit points runs concurrently with the unexpired portion of any period of suspension of that licence, or any period of prohibition on holding an operator’s licence, imposed by any other authority.
Adjustment of demerit points after suspension ends
13(1)  Subject to subsection (2), when the suspension of an operator’s licence that is imposed by the accumulation of demerit points ends or is terminated, the Registrar must adjust the person’s driving record
                               (a)    by deleting all demerit points that accumulated to cause the suspension, and
                              (b)    by recording on the driving record 7 demerit points when the operator’s licence is reinstated.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply
                               (a)    if the suspension is terminated as a result of a successful appeal of a conviction of a demerit offence, or
                              (b)    to novice drivers to which Division 3 applies.
Deletion of demerit points
14(1)  The Registrar must delete from a driving record demerit points recorded as a result of a conviction for a demerit offence
                               (a)    2 years after the date on which the demerit points are considered to be imposed under section 8, or
                              (b)    if there was an unsuccessful appeal of the conviction, on the date that results from calculating  2 years after the date on which the demerit points are considered to be imposed under section 8 and adding the period of time during which the demerit points were deleted by the Registrar under section 6(1)(b).
(2)  Two years after demerit points are recorded on a driving record as a result of the reinstatement of an operator’s licence under section 13 the Registrar must delete those demerit points.
Reducing demerit points
15(1)  If a person successfully completes a course that is satisfactory to the Registrar while that person has 14 demerit points or less on the person’s driving record, the person is entitled, in the 2 years following completion of the course, to
                               (a)    a 2‑demerit point reduction if the person has 2 demerit points on the person’s driving record, or
                              (b)    a 3‑demerit point reduction if the person has 3 or more demerit points on the person’s driving record.
(2)  A person whose operator’s licence is suspended is entitled to a 3 point reduction of the 7 demerit points imposed when the licence is reinstated if, while the licence was suspended, the person successfully completed a course that is satisfactory to the Registrar.
(3)  If demerit points are reduced under subsection (1) or (2), no further demerit point reduction is permitted under this section until at least 2 years have passed from the date the demerit points were deleted from the person’s driving record.
(4)  This section does not apply to novice drivers to which Division 3 applies.
Request for demerit point review
16(1)  A person may request the Registrar to review the person’s driving record on any one or more of the following grounds:
                               (a)    an incorrect number of demerit points has been recorded;
                              (b)    a conviction has been incorrectly recorded;
                               (c)    the total number of demerit points accumulated on the driving record has been miscalculated;
                              (d)    demerit points or a sufficient number of demerit points have not been deleted from the person’s driving record.
(2)  The request for review must be sent to the Registrar by registered mail.
(3)  If the Registrar is satisfied that the demerit points recorded on a driving record are incorrect, the Registrar must correct the record.
Division 3 Novice Drivers
Application of the Division
17   This Division applies to novice drivers, namely
                               (a)    the holder of a learner’s operator’s licence as defined in the Operator Licensing and Vehicle Control Regulation, and
                              (b)    the holder of a probationary operator’s licence as defined in the Operator Licensing and Vehicle Control Regulation.
Notice of accumulated demerit points
18(1)  If at any one time a total of 4 or more but less than 8 demerit points accumulate on a novice driver’s driving record, the Registrar must give that person written notice of the number of demerit points accumulated on that person’s driving record.
(2)  Failure to give the notice does not affect the operation of this Regulation or the duty of the Registrar to suspend a novice driver’s operator’s licence under this Regulation if the situation requires.
8 demerit points trigger novice driver’s licence suspension
19(1)  If at any one time a total of 8 or more demerit points accumulate on the driving record of a novice driver within any period of 2 years, the Registrar must suspend the novice driver’s operator’s licence for one month.
(2)  If at any one time a total of 8 or more demerit points accumulate on the driving record of a novice driver within one year from the date the novice driver’s operator’s licence is suspended under subsection (1), the Registrar must suspend the novice driver’s operator’s licence for 3 months.
(3)  The Registrar must suspend a novice driver’s operator’s licence for 6 months if, within a period of 2 years
                               (a)    the novice driver’s operator’s licence is suspended twice under this Regulation, and
                              (b)    after the second licence suspension, the novice driver has at any one time, a total of 8 or more demerit points.
(4)  A novice driver’s operator’s licence must be suspended despite the fact that between the date the person accumulated 8 or more demerit points and the date the person receives notice of the licence suspension the person
                               (a)    is entitled to a reduction or deletion of demerit points to less than 8 demerit points, or
                              (b)    is entitled to deletion of demerit points under section 14.
Adjustment of demerit points after suspension ends
20(1)  Subject to subsection (2), when the suspension of a novice driver’s operator’s licence that is imposed by the accumulation of demerit points ends or is terminated, the Registrar must adjust the person’s driving record
                               (a)    by deleting all demerit points that accumulated to cause the suspension, and
                              (b)    by recording on the driving record 3 demerit points when the licence is reinstated.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not apply if the suspension is terminated as a result of a successful appeal of a conviction of a demerit offence.
(3)  Two years after demerit points are recorded on a driving record as a result of the reinstatement of a novice driver’s operator’s licence under subsection (1) the Registrar must delete those demerit points.
Reducing novice driver’s demerit points
21(1)  If a novice driver successfully completes a course that is satisfactory to the Registrar while that person has 7 demerit points or less on the person’s driving record, that person is entitled in the 2 years following completion of the course, to
                               (a)    a 2‑demerit point reduction if the person has 2 demerit points on the person’s driving record, or
                              (b)    a 3‑demerit point reduction if the person has 3 or more demerit points on the person’s driving record.
(2)  A novice driver whose licence is suspended is entitled to deletion of the 3 demerit points, imposed when the licence is reinstated if, while the licence was suspended, the novice driver successfully completed a course that is satisfactory to the Registrar.
(3)  If demerit points are reduced under subsection (1) or (2), no further demerit point reduction is permitted under this section until at least 2 years have passed from the date the demerit points were deleted from the notice driver’s driving record.
Part 2 Deemed Service of Notices
Deemed service
22(1)  A notice described in subsection (2) is sufficiently served on a person if it is sent by registered mail to that person’s last address shown in the records of the Registrar, and service is deemed to be effected on the 5th day following the day on which the envelope in which the notice is placed is mailed.
(2)  Subsection (1) applies to
                               (a)    notices of suspension or cancellation of an operator’s licence issued under the Act or a regulation made under the Act;
                              (b)    notices of disqualification of any person from holding an operator’s licence issued under the Act or a regulation made under the Act;
                               (c)    notices of suspension or cancellation of a certificate of registration or a permit issued under the Act or a regulation made under the Act.
Part 3 Transitional Provisions, Review and Coming into Force
Definition
23   In this Part, “former regulation” means Regulations under the Motor Vehicle Administration Act (AR 22/76).
Class 7 licences also treated as novice drivers
24   The holder of a Class 7 licence issued under the Motor Vehicle Administration Act before this Regulation comes into force
                               (a)    is to be treated as the holder of an operator’s licence under this Regulation, and
                              (b)    must have recorded against his or her driving record by the Registrar any demerit points for the conviction of an offence specified in Schedule 2 as well as Schedule 1.
Existing demerit system and points continued
25(1)  The demerit point system operated under the former regulation is continued as part of the demerit point program under this Regulation.
(2)  All demerit points imposed under the former regulation are to be considered to have been imposed under this Regulation.
(3)  Any demerit points to be assessed, reviewed or recorded in accordance with the former regulation that, when this Regulation comes into force, have not been or remain to be assessed, reviewed or recorded, must be assessed, reviewed or recorded in accordance with the former regulation.
(4)  Any suspension of an operator’s licence
                               (a)    imposed under the former regulation continues as if it had been imposed under this Regulation;
                              (b)    imposed under the former regulation but for which notice of suspension has not been served is to be considered to have been imposed under this Regulation, and notice of the suspension must be served in accordance with this Regulation.
(5)  Notification by the Clerk of the Court to the Registrar under the former regulation is to be considered as a notification by the Clerk under this Regulation.
(6)  A conviction of an offence for which demerit points were assessed and recorded under the former regulation is to be considered as a demerit offence for which a person was convicted under this Regulation.
(7)  Where a person was entitled to a reduction of or the deletion of demerit points from the person’s driving record under the former regulation and the demerit points were not reduced or deleted before this Regulation comes into force, the demerit points must be reduced or deleted under this Regulation in accordance with the former regulation.
(8)  Any terms or conditions to which an operator’s licence is subject under the former regulation continue under this Regulation.
Expiry
25.1  For the purpose of ensuring that this Regulation is reviewed for ongoing relevancy and necessity, with the option that it may be repassed in its present or an amended form following a review, this Regulation expires on June 30, 2016.
AR 128/2012 s2
Coming into force
26   This Regulation comes into force on the coming into force of section 18 of the Traffic Safety Act. Schedule 1
Demerit Points
Description of offence                      Enactment and Section Number                  Demerit
(for convenience                            Traffic Safety         Use of Highway                  Points
of reference only)                                 Act                    and Rules of the                                                                                          Road Regulation
1      Failing to remain at the scene of an accident                            69(1)                                                                  7
2      Speeding - exceeding limit by more than 50 kph                       115(2)(p)             53(5)(c)                                    6
2.1   Speeding - exceeding limit by more than 50 kph                      115(2)(p.1)                                                          6
2.2   Speeding - exceeding limit by more than 50 kph                      115(2)(p.2)                                                          6
2.3   Speeding - exceeding limit by more than 50 kph                      115(2)(t)                                                             6
2.4   Speeding - exceeding limit by more than 50 kph                      115(2)(r)                                                             6
3      Careless driving                         115(2)(b)                                                             6
4      Racing                                      115(2)(c)                                                             6
5      Bet or wager                              115(2)(d)                                                            6
6      Fail to stop school bus, explosives at uncontrolled railway crossing                                                    42(5)                                        5
7      Fail to stop for a peace officer      166(2)                                                                5
8      Speeding ‑ unreasonable rate                                  2(1)(a)                                     4
9      Speeding ‑ exceeding limit by over 30 but not more than 50 kph                               115(2)(p)             53(5)(c)                                    4
9.1   Speeding - exceeding limit by over 30 but not more than 50 kph                                      115(2)(p.1)                                                          4
9.2   Speeding - exceeding limit by over 30 but not more than 50 kph                                      115(2)(p.2)                                                          4
9.3   Speeding - exceeding limit by over 30 but not more than 50 kph                                      115(2)(t)                                                             4
9.4   Speeding - exceeding limit by over 30 kph but not more than 50 kph                               115(2)(r)                                                             4
10    Following too close                                               18                                            4
11    Failing to stop for school bus                                  72(1)                                        6
12    Failing to notify owner: (a)   of an unattended vehicle        damaged in accident             69(2)(a)                                                              3
        (b)   of property damaged in        accident                              69(2)(b)                                                              3
13    Driver fail to make accident report                                        71(1)                                                                  3
14    Speeding - exceeding limit by over 15 but not more than 30 kph                                      115(2)(p)             53(5)(c)                                    3
14.1 Speeding - exceeding limit by over 15 but not more than 30 kph                                      115(2)(p.1)                                                          3
14.2 Speeding - exceeding limit by over 15 but not more than 30 kph                                      115(2)(p.2)                                                          3
14.3 Speeding - exceeding limit by over 15 but not more than 30 kph                                      115(2)(t)                                                             3
14.4 Speeding - exceeding limit by over 15 kph but not more than 30 kph                               115(2)(r)                                                             3
15    Improper passing in school zone                                                                    8                                              3
16    Meeting and passing oncoming vehicle                                                  14                                            3
17    Passing on hill or curve                                          19(1)                                        3
18    Passing when meeting oncoming vehicle                                                  20                                            3
19    Overtaking and passing                                          21(1)                                        3
20    Passing restrictions                                                23                                            3
21    Passing vehicle stopped at crosswalk                                                             41(2)                                        4
22    Driving left of centre                                             12(1)                                        3
23    Driving wrong way on one‑way highway                                                  17                                            3
24    Impeding passing vehicle                                       21(2)                                        3
25    Impeding passing vehicle ‑ multi‑lane highway                                               22(2)(b)                                   3
26    Failing to yield right of way to a vehicle: (a)   at intersection                                                34                                            3
        (b)   at “yield” sign                                                39                                            3
        (c)   in traffic circle                                               40                                            3
        (d)   at “merge” sign                                              50, 51                                      3
        (e)   at green light                                                 52(1), (3)‑(5)                            3
        (f)   at flashing yellow light                                   53(3)                                        3
27    Failing to yield right of way to a pedestrian:
        (a)   at alley entrance                                             36(3)                                        3
        (b)   in a crosswalk                                                41(1)                                        4
        (c)   at a green light                                               52(1)‑(5)                                  3
        (d)   at flashing yellow light        (intersection)                                                 53(3)                                        3
        (e)   at flashing yellow light        (not at intersection)                                        53(4)                                        3
        (f)   at flashing yellow light        (with zone sign)                                             53(5)(d)                                   3
28    Failing to stop: (a)   before entering highway                                  36(2)                                        3
        (b)   at “stop” sign                                                 37                                            3
        (c)   for vehicle sounding siren                               65(1)                                        3
        (d)   following emergency        vehicle too close                                             65(2)                                        3
        (e)   at railway crossing                                          42(2)                                        3
        (f)   driving around barrier        at railway crossing                                          42(3)                                        3
        (g)   “stop” sign at railway        crossing                                                         42(4)(a)                                    3
        (h)   yellow light at intersection                              53(1)                                        3
        (i)    yellow light ‑ not at        intersection                                                    53(2)                                        3
        (j)    red light at intersection                                   54(1)(a)                                    3
        (k)   red light ‑ not at        intersection                                                    54(4)                                        3
        (l)    flashing red light at        intersection                                                    54(5)(a)                                    3
        (m)  flashing red light ‑        not at intersection                                           54(6)(a)                                    3
29    Proceeding when unsafe: (a)   entering highway at        “stop” sign                                                     38                                            3
        (b)   “stop” sign at railway        crossing                                                         42(4)(b)                                   3
        (c)   to pass school bus                                           72(2)                                        3
        (d)   red light at intersection                                   54(1)(b)                                   3
        (e)   flashing red light at        intersection                                                    54(5)(b)                                   3
        (f)   flashing red light ‑        not at intersection                                           54(6)(b)                                   3
30    Stunting                                     115(2)(f)                                                             3
30.1 Distracted driving - holding, viewing or manipulating cell phone, electronic device, etc.      115.1(1)                                                              3
30.2 Distracted driving - display screen visible to driver                                   115.2(1)                                                              3
30.3 Distracted driving - global positioning system           115.3(1)                                                              3
30.4 Distracted driving - prohibited  activities                   115.4(1)                                                              3
        (a)   reading or viewing printed material
        (b)   writing, printing or sketching
        (c)   personal grooming or hygiene
31    Speeding ‑ exceeding limit by up to 15 kph                         115(2)(p)             53(5)(c)                                    2
31.1 Speeding - exceeding limit by up to 15 kph                             115(2)(p.1)                                                          2
31.2 Speeding - exceeding limit by up to 15 kph                             115(2)(p.2)                                                          2
31.3 Speeding - exceeding limit by up to 15 kph                             115(2)(t)                                                             2
31.4 Speeding - exceeding limit by up to 15 kph                             115(2)(r)                                                             2
32    Traffic lane violation: (a)   slow moving vehicle                                       3                                              2
        (b)   drive near centre line                                      2(1)(b)                                     2
        (c)   solid lines                                                      15(1)                                        2
        (d)   unsafe lane change                                          15(4)                                        2
        (e)   failing to drive in        middle of marked lane                                    15(5)                                        2
        (f)   straddling 2 lanes                                           15(6)                                        2
        (g)   3 lane highways                                             16(1)                                        2
        (h)   lane marked with “X”                                     27(4)                                        2
33    Failing to obey instruction of traffic control device                                         57                                            2
34    Slow driving impeding traffic                                                                  2(1)(c)                                     2
35    Driving at less than minimum speed                         115(2)(q)                                                            2
36    Failing to obey peace officer to increase speed, etc.                                            2(4)                                         2
37    Failing to signal: (a)   when changing lanes                                       15(2)                                        2
        (b)   turning left or right                                        24                                            2
        (c)   when stopping                                                35                                            2
38    Improper turns: (a)   right turns, various                                         25                                            2
        (b)   left turns, various                                           26                                            2
        (c)   turns controlled by        traffic control device                                      27(1), (2)                                 2
        (d)   U‑turns                                                         29, 30                                      2
        (e)   U‑turn by school bus                                      31                                            2
39    Improper backing                                                  32, 33                                      2
AR 331/2002 Sched.1;210/2005;108/2006;187/2015
Schedule 2
Additional Demerit Points Applicable to Novice Drivers
                                                      Description of offence Enactment and Section Number  Demerit
      (for convenience of                                                                                   Points
       reference only)
1     Curfew                                    Section 51(g) Traffic Safety Act                           2
2     Having more passengers          Sections 32(4) and 33(8) Operator        than seatbelts                           Licensing and Vehicle Control Regulation          2
3     Supervisor not                         Section 51(e) or (f.1)        fully qualified                         Traffic Safety Act                                                 2
AR 331/2002 Sched.2;315/2003