Automotive Business Regulation

Link to law: http://www.qp.alberta.ca/1266.cfm?page=1999_192.cfm&leg_type=Regs&isbncln=9780779775606&display=html
Published: 2013

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AR 192/99 AUTOMOTIVE BUSINESS REGULATION (Consolidated up to 152/2013)
ALBERTA REGULATION 192/99
Fair Trading Act
AUTOMOTIVE BUSINESS REGULATION
Table of Contents
                1       Definitions
Part 1 Licensing, Standards and Registration
Licensing
             2.1       No assessment
                3       New classes of licence
                4       Complying with laws
                5       Term of licence
                6       Death of business operator
                7       Partnership
                8       Transfer of licence
                9       Records
              10       Duty to produce licence Codes of Conduct
              11       Advertising
              12       General codes of conduct
Registration of Salespersons
              16       Registration
              17       Application for registration
           17.1       Deemed effective date of registration of salesperson
              18       Adoption of provisions
              19       Education requirements
              20       Term of registration
           20.1       Acting on behalf of business operator
              21       Salesperson ceases to be authorized
              22       Appeal
              23       Duty to produce certificate of registration
Part 2 Alberta Motor Vehicle Industry Council and the Compensation Fund
              24       Regulatory board
              25       Designated agents
              26       Investments
              27       Insurance
              28       Additional purposes of compensation fund
              29       Claims against compensation fund
              30       Reimbursement to compensation fund
              31       Annual statement
Part 3 Consignment Sales
              32       Consignment agreements
              33       Requirements
           33.1       Paying out proceeds
           33.2       Other property received
           33.3       Compliance with deemed terms
Part 4 Offences
              34       Offences
Part 5 Transitional Provisions, Repeals, Expiry and Coming into Force
              35       Continuation of licences
              36       Repeal
              37       Expiry
              38       Coming into force
Definitions
1(1)  In this Regulation,
                                 (a)    “Act” means the Fair Trading Act;
                                 (b)    “automotive business” means the business designated as the automotive business under the Designation of Trades and Businesses Regulation;
                                 (c)    “business operator” means a person who is engaged in the automotive business;
                                 (d)    “compensation fund” means the fund established by the Council under section 137(1) of the Act;
                                 (e)    “consignment agreement” means a consignment agreement to which section 55 of the Act applies by virtue of section 32 of this Regulation;
                              (e.1)    “consumer” means
                                           (i)    an individual who receives or has the right to receive goods or services for personal use from an automotive business as a result of a purchase, lease, gift, contest or other arrangement, but does not include an individual who intends to sell the goods after receiving them, or
                                          (ii)    a business with a commercial fleet of 5 or fewer vehicles that receives or has the right to receive goods or services for business use from an automotive business as a result of a purchase, lease, gift, contest or other arrangement, but does not include a business that intends to sell the goods after receiving them;
                                 (f)    “Council” means the Alberta Motor Vehicle Industry Council referred to in section 24;
                                 (g)    “licence” means a class of automotive business licence established by this Regulation;
                                 (h)    “lien” means, in respect of a vehicle or other personal property, any lien, mortgage, charge or encumbrance to which the vehicle or other property is subject;
                                  (i)    “recycler and dismantler” means a person who carries on the activities of purchasing and dismantling or disassembling wrecked, abandoned or damaged vehicles and selling
                                           (i)    the usable parts,
                                          (ii)    the vehicle as a unit at wholesale, or
                                         (iii)    the hulk of the vehicle after the usable parts have been removed;
                                  (j)    “salesperson” means a person who is authorized by an automotive sales licensee, automotive leasing licensee or automotive consignment licensee to solicit, negotiate or conclude on the licensee’s behalf an agreement to buy, sell, lease, exchange or consign a vehicle;
                                 (k)    “vehicle” means
                                           (i)    a motor vehicle as defined in the Traffic Safety Act, but does not include a motor cycle or off‑highway vehicle as defined in that Act, and
                                          (ii)    a recreational vehicle intended to be towed that combines transportation and temporary living accommodations for the purpose of travel or camping;
                                  (l)    “wholesaler” means an automotive business that buys vehicles from, sells or consigns vehicles to or exchanges vehicles with other automotive businesses exclusively, and includes an automotive business that buys vehicles from members of the public for sale to other automotive businesses but not to consumers.
(2)  The definition of “consumer” in section 1(1)(b) of the Act does not apply to this Regulation.
AR 192/99 s1;221/2004;1/2006;112/2006
Part 1 Licensing, Standards and Registration
Licensing
2   Repealed AR 1/2006 s3.
No assessment
2.1   The Council shall not levy an assessment under the Act on the holder of a general automotive business licence referred to in section 2(4) until that licence has expired as set out in section 2(4).
AR 137/2000 s2
New classes of licence
3(1)  The following classes of automotive business licence are established:
                                 (a)    automotive sales licence;
                                 (b)    automotive leasing licence;
                                 (c)    automotive consignment licence;
                                 (d)    automotive repair licence.
(2)  A person who holds an automotive sales licence is authorized to carry on a class or classes of the activity of buying or selling vehicles as specified by the Director, including, but not limited to, selling vehicles as
                                 (a)    a retailer,
                                 (b)    a wholesaler, or
                                 (c)    an agent or broker,
but not including selling vehicles on consignment.
(3)  A person who holds an automotive leasing licence is authorized to carry on a class or classes of the activity of leasing vehicles as specified by the Director.
(4)  A person who holds an automotive consignment licence is authorized to carry on a class or classes of the activity of selling vehicles on consignment as specified by the Director.
(5)  A person who holds an automotive repair licence is authorized to carry on the activities of
                                 (a)    repairing vehicles,
                                 (b)    servicing vehicles,
                                 (c)    recycling and dismantling vehicles, or
                                 (d)    installing parts or equipment in vehicles
as specified by the Director on the licence.
(6)  For the purposes of subsection (5), “installing” includes but is not limited to the installation of anti‑theft systems, stereo, audio‑visual and remote start systems and modification kits.
(7)  A person who holds an automotive business licence is not authorized to carry on any class or classes of activities that are not specified on the licence.
AR 192/99 s3;1/2006
3.1   Repealed AR 1/2006 s5.
Complying with laws
4(1)  The Director may refuse to issue or to renew a licence to an applicant if
                                 (a)    the applicant is unable to satisfy the Director that the applicant is complying with the laws, including municipal bylaws, that apply to the automotive business to be operated under the licence,
                                 (b)    in the Director’s opinion, the applicant has contravened the codes of conduct that apply to the automotive business to be operated under the licence, or
                                 (c)    a claim has been paid from the compensation fund in respect of the applicant and the applicant has not reimbursed the compensation fund for the amount of the payment.
(2)  The Director may require an applicant for a class of automotive business licence to furnish a security in a form and amount approved by the Director.
AR 192/99 s4;1/2006
Term of licence
5(1)  An automotive business licence has a term of one year and may be renewed for additional one‑year terms.
(2)  In a case where, in the opinion of the Director, it is in the public interest to issue or renew a licence referred to in section 3 for a term of less than one year, the Director may do so.
AR 192/99 s5;96/2000;137/2000;1/2006
Death of business operator
6   If a business operator dies during the term of the licence, the licence is deemed to be held by
                                 (a)    the business operator’s executor,
                                 (b)    the administrator of the business operator’s estate, or
                                 (c)    the business operator’s next of kin where letters of administration have not been granted.
AR 192/99 s6;1/2006
Partnership
7(1)  The term of a licence issued to a partnership expires when there is a change in the partners.
(2)  When there is a change in the partners, the remaining partners of the partnership must notify the Director and return the licence to the Director.
Transfer of licence
8   A licence does not confer any property right and no business operator may sell, transfer, assign, lease or otherwise dispose of or deal in a licence.
AR 192/99 s8;1/2006
Records
9   In addition to the requirement to create and maintain financial records in accordance with section 132(1) of the Act, every business operator and former business operator must maintain all records and documents created or received while carrying on the activities authorized by the licence for at least 3 years after the records were created or received.
AR 192/99 s9;1/2006
Duty to produce licence
10   Every business operator must produce the business operator’s licence for inspection or provide details about the licence that make it possible to determine if the person has been issued a licence when requested to do so
                                 (a)    by a customer or potential customer of the business operator,
                                 (b)    by an inspector or the Director, or
                                 (c)    by a peace officer as defined in the Provincial Offences Procedure Act.
AR 192/99 s10;1/2006
Codes of Conduct
Advertising
11(1)  Every business operator must ensure that the business operator’s advertising indicates in a conspicuous manner
                                 (a)    the name of the business operator as set out in the licence or the trade name of the business operator as set out in the licence, and
                                 (b)    in the case of print and television advertising, that the business operator holds an automotive business licence under the Act.
(2)  A business operator must ensure that every advertisement for an automotive business that promotes the use or purchase of goods or services
                                 (a)    states whether the vehicle pictured in the advertisement is or is not the specific vehicle that is for sale,
                                 (b)    identifies vehicles that have been used as taxi cabs, police cars or emergency vehicles or that have been recertified when the previous use or condition of the vehicles is known to the business operator,
                                 (c)    does not misrepresent, through statements or omissions, a vehicle’s mechanical or structural condition,
                                 (d)    uses descriptions and makes promises only in accordance with actual conditions, situations and circumstances,
                                 (e)    does not use a font that due to its size or other visual characteristics is likely to materially impair the legibility or clarity of the advertisement and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in no case uses a font size smaller than 8 points,
                                 (f)    does not use the words, or words similar to, “demonstrator vehicle” or “demo vehicle” unless the vehicle in question was purchased new by the business operator and used solely for the normal business of the business operator,
                                 (g)    does not use the words, or words similar to, “savings”, “discount”, “percentage off the purchase price”, “free”, “invoice price”, “below invoice”, “dealer’s cost”, “at cost” or a price that is a specified amount above or below invoice or cost unless the claims represented by the words can be substantiated,
                                 (h)    does not use the words, or words similar to, “wholesale”, “take over payments” or “repossession” unless the claims represented by the words are objectively and demonstrably true,
                                  (i)    does not imply a warranty exists with respect to a vehicle or a repair or service unless such a warranty with respect to the vehicle, repair or service exists and is available at the price advertised,
                                  (j)    does not make comparisons or claims of superiority unless the results of the comparisons or the claims can be substantiated,
                                 (k)    does not offer a guaranteed trade‑in allowance for any vehicle regardless of make, year or condition,
                                  (l)    includes in the advertised price for any vehicle the total cost of the vehicle, including, but not limited to, all fees and charges such as the cost of accessories, optional equipment physically attached to the vehicle, transportation charges and any applicable taxes or administration fees, but not including GST or costs and charges associated with financing, and
                               (m)    includes the stock number of the specific vehicle that is advertised as being available for sale at the time the advertisement is placed.
AR 192/99 s11;1/2006
General codes of conduct
12   Every business operator must comply with section 6 of the Act and in addition must
                                 (a)    not make any representations, statements or claims that are not true or are likely to mislead a consumer,
                                 (b)    use only timely, accurate, verifiable and truthful comparisons that can be supported with established and reliable data,
                                 (c)    not abuse the trust of a consumer or exploit any fear or lack of experience or knowledge of a consumer,
                                 (d)    not use undue, excessive or unreasonable pressure on a consumer to complete a transaction,
                                 (e)    not make any verbal representations regarding contracts, rights or obligations that are not contained in written contracts,
                                 (f)    not make any representation that savings, price benefits or advantages exist if they do not exist or if there is no evidence to substantiate the representation,
                                 (g)    not use threatening, intimidating, abusive or coercive language in discussions with a consumer,
                                 (h)    not charge a price for goods or services that is more than 10%, to a maximum of $100, higher than the estimate given for those goods or services unless
                                           (i)    the consumer has expressly consented to the higher price before the goods or services are supplied, or
                                          (ii)    if the consumer requires additional goods or services, the consumer and the supplier agree to amend the estimate in a consumer agreement,
                                  (i)    not make any representation to a consumer that the business has the ability to install equipment or to perform a particular repair or service unless the business has the equipment, tools and expertise necessary to complete the installation, repair or service,
                                  (j)    not subcontract repair work without the knowledge and prior consent of the consumer,
                                 (k)    when rebuilding or restoring a vehicle, do so in such a manner that it conforms to or exceeds the original manufacturer’s established standards or specifications and allowable tolerances for the particular model and year unless the consumer has consented in writing to a specific different standard before the rebuilding or restoration is done,
                                  (l)    not substitute used, rebuilt, salvaged or straightened parts for new replacement parts without the consumer’s knowledge and prior consent,
                               (m)    provide the consumer in writing with information regarding the parts installed, including whether they are original equipment manufacturer’s parts or from another source, and whether they are new, used or reconditioned,
                                 (n)    offer to return all parts removed from the vehicle in the course of work or repairs to the consumer, and return them unless advised by the consumer that the consumer does not require the parts to be returned, and
                                 (o)    comply with any legislation that may apply to the selling, leasing, consigning, repairing, installing, recycling or dismantling of vehicles.
AR 192/99 s12;1/2006
13 to 15   Repealed AR 1/2006 s14.
Registration of Salespersons
Registration
16(1)  A salesperson of an automotive sales business operator must be registered for automotive sales before acting on behalf of the business operator.
(2)  A salesperson of an automotive leasing business operator must be registered for automotive leasing before acting on behalf of the business operator.
(3)  A salesperson of an automotive consignment business operator must be registered for consignment sales before acting on behalf of the business operator.
(4)  Repealed AR 1/2006 s15.
(5)  A salesperson who acts on behalf of more than one business operator within the same class of automotive business licence must be registered separately in respect of each such business operator but is required to pay only one registration fee annually.
(6)  A salesperson who acts on behalf of more than one business operator shall forthwith identify to the Director each business operator on whose behalf the salesperson acts.
(7)  Where a salesperson ceases to act on behalf of a business operator the salesperson shall forthwith return to the Director the certificate issued in respect of the salesperson’s acting for that business operator.
(8)  The registration of a salesperson is automatically cancelled where the salesperson is no longer authorized to act on behalf of any business operator.
AR 192/99 s16;137/2000;1/2006
Application for registration
17(1)  A person who wishes to be registered or to have a registration renewed under this Regulation must submit to the Director
                                 (a)    an application on a form established by or acceptable to the Director,
                                 (b)    any additional information that is requested by the Director, and
                                 (c)    proof satisfactory to the Director that the applicant has met the education requirements established by the Director.
(2)  The application and other information submitted under subsection (1) must, on the request of the Director, be verified by affidavit or in another manner that is satisfactory to the Director.
Deemed effective date of registration of salesperson
17.1(1)  Where a person applies not later than October 1, 2000 for registration as a salesperson, the registration is deemed to be effective on July 1, 2000.
(2)  Subsection (1) does not preclude the Director from refusing to register a person as a salesperson if, in the opinion of the Director, there has been insufficient information provided by the applicant to justify the registration.
AR 96/2000 s5;137/2000
Adoption of provisions
18   Sections 125, 127 and 128 of the Act apply, with the necessary changes, to the registration of salespersons.
Education requirements
19   The Director may establish education requirements to be met by applicants for registration.
Term of registration
20   The term of registration of a salesperson is one year and the registration may be renewed for additional one‑year periods.
AR 192/99 s20;96/2000;137/2000
Acting on behalf of business operator
20.1   No business operator may allow a salesperson to act on the business operator’s behalf unless
                                 (a)    the salesperson is registered for the class of licence held by the business operator, and
                                 (b)    the business operator authorizes the salesperson to act on its behalf.
AR 96/2000 s6;137/2000;1/2006
Salesperson ceases to be authorized
21(1)  When an automotive sales business operator, automotive leasing business operator or automotive consignment business operator ceases to authorize a salesperson to act on its behalf, the business operator must send to the Director written notification of
                                 (a)    the name of the salesperson, and
                                 (b)    the date that the salesperson ceases to be authorized to act on its behalf.
(2)  The business operator must notify the Director either before the salesperson ceases to be authorized or within 15 days after the salesperson ceases to be authorized.
AR 192/99 s21;1/2006
Appeal
22(1)  A person
                                 (a)    whose application for registration or renewal of registration has been refused,
                                 (b)    whose registration is made subject to terms and conditions, or
                                 (c)    whose registration has been cancelled or suspended under section 127 of the Act
may appeal in accordance with the process established by the Director.
(2)  The Director may establish an appeal process for the purposes of subsection (1), including forming or designating an appeal body.
Duty to produce certificate of registration
23   Every registrant must produce the registrant’s certificate of registration for inspection or provide details about the registration that make it possible to determine if the person is registered when requested to do so
                                 (a)    by a customer or potential customer of the registrant,
                                 (b)    by an inspector or the Director, or
                                 (c)    by a peace officer as defined in the Provincial Offences Procedure Act.
Part 2 Alberta Motor Vehicle Industry Council and the Compensation Fund
Regulatory board
24   The Alberta Motor Vehicle Industry Council, a body corporate under the Societies Act, is established as a regulatory board to exercise the powers, duties and functions delegated to it under section 136(5) of the Act.
Designated agents
25   Every automotive sales business operator, automotive leasing business operator and automotive consignment business operator must appoint their salespersons as designated agents for the purposes of section 136(8) of the Act.
AR 192/99 s25;96/2000;1/2006
Investments
26   Subject to section 28, the Council may invest the money in the compensation fund only in securities or classes of securities in which trustees are permitted to invest trust funds under the Trustee Act.
AR 192/99 s26;1/2006
Insurance
27(1)  The Council may, in a manner and on terms and conditions it considers advisable, enter into contracts with insurers by which the compensation fund may be protected in whole or in part against any claim or loss to the fund.
(2)  The Council has an insurable interest in the compensation fund and in the payment of claims from the fund.
Additional purposes of compensation fund
28   When the compensation fund exceeds $1 500 000, the portion of the fund exceeding $1 500 000 may, with the prior permission of the Director, be used by the Council for the purpose of
                                 (a)    providing information relating to the automotive business to consumers and persons engaged in the automotive business, and
                                 (b)    paying the costs of investigations for which the Council is responsible.
Claims against compensation fund
29(1)  The Council may make by‑laws respecting the payment of claims from the compensation fund, including
                                 (a)    identifying the claims that may be paid from the compensation fund and who is eligible to make those claims;
                                 (b)    setting out the conditions to be met before a claim is paid from the compensation fund;
                                 (c)    respecting the maximum amount that may be paid from the compensation fund to a claimant or group of claimants.
(2)  Section 136(3) and (4) of the Act apply to a by‑law made under subsection (1).
Reimbursement to compensation fund
30   If the Council pays an amount to a claimant from the compensation fund in respect of an automotive business, the business operator of that business is liable to the Council for the amount of the payment and the Council may collect the amount by civil action for debt in a court of competent jurisdiction.
Annual statement
31(1)   The Council must ensure that an audited financial statement on the compensation fund containing the information required by the Minister is prepared for each fiscal year of the Council.
(2)  The Council must submit an audited financial statement prepared in accordance with subsection (1) to the Minister within 60 days after the end of the fiscal year for which it is prepared.
Part 3 Consignment Sales
Consignment agreements
32(1)   Section 55 of the Act applies to an agreement between a consumer and a business operator in which the operator agrees to sell on consignment a vehicle of the consumer.
(2)  Despite subsection (1), section 55 of the Act does not apply in respect of a sale of a vehicle by public auction
                                 (a)    by an auction sales business that holds an auction sales business licence under the Act, or
                                 (b)    that is referred to in section 120(1) of the Act.
AR 192/99 s32;1/2006
Requirements
33(1)  A consignment agreement must be in writing and be signed by the business operator and the consignor.
(2)  A consignment agreement must
                                 (a)    set out the name, business address and business phone number of the business operator;
                                 (b)    set out the name, address and phone number of the consignor;
                                 (c)    set out a complete description of the vehicle being consigned, including
                                           (i)    its vehicle identification number,
                                          (ii)    the year, make, model number, colour, number of doors and options of the vehicle,
                                         (iii)    the odometer reading of the vehicle, and
                                         (iv)    the history of the vehicle within the consignor’s knowledge, setting out any special uses of the vehicle, such as police or taxi use, whether it was recertified and any other information that a reasonable buyer would want to be aware of;
                                 (d)    describe the consignor’s ownership interest in the vehicle and, if the consignor has knowledge that the vehicle is subject to one or more liens, list those liens;
                                 (e)    set out when the agreement ends and what happens to the  vehicle if it has not been sold when the agreement ends;
                                 (f)    set out the disbursements, fees and commissions that the business operator may charge the consignor for services provided by the operator;
                                 (g)    set out the minimum amount that the consignor will receive from the business operator for the sale of the  vehicle and whether the consignor will accept another vehicle or other personal property as part of the minimum amount;
                                 (h)    set out who is responsible for insuring the vehicle during the term of the agreement;
                                  (i)    set out any repairs or other work on the vehicle that the consignor authorizes the business operator to perform and who is responsible for paying for the repairs or other work;
                                  (j)    contain the terms referred to in subsection (3).
(3)  The following terms are deemed to be contained in every consignment agreement:
                                 (a)    the business operator agrees not to use the vehicle for the operator’s personal use without the written consent of the consignor;
                                 (b)    the business operator agrees to be the trustee of any money, vehicles or other personal property that the operator receives as consideration for the sale of the  vehicle being consigned less an amount for the operator’s disbursements, fees and commission;
                                 (c)    the business operator agrees to provide to the consignor, within 14 days of the date of sale of the vehicle, a copy of the bill of sale that sets out the purchase price for which the vehicle was sold.
(4)  A business operator who enters into a consignment agreement must give a copy of the agreement to the consignor.
(5)  The provisions in a consignment agreement that deal with the matters referred to in subsection (2)(a) to (i) may be amended with the consent of the parties to the agreement.
AR 192/99 s33;1/2006
Paying out proceeds
33.1(1)  A business operator who enters into a consignment agreement to sell a consignor’s vehicle must, within 14 days of the date that the operator sells the vehicle,
                                 (a)    if the business operator has knowledge that the vehicle is subject to a lien,
                                           (i)    issue a cheque for the amount owing under the lien payable to the lienholder and take reasonable steps to ensure that the lienholder receives the amount owing, and
                                          (ii)    provide to the consignor a cheque payable to the consignor for the consignor’s share of the purchase price, being the purchase price less the amount payable to the lienholder and the business operator’s disbursements, fees and commissions, and a statement of account that meets the requirements of subsection (2),
                                     and
                                 (b)    in any other case, provide to the consignor a cheque payable to the consignor for the consignor’s share of the purchase price, being the purchase price less the business operator’s disbursements, fees and commissions, and a statement of account that meets the requirements of subsection (2).
(2)  The statement of account must set out
                                 (a)    the amounts required to pay out any outstanding liens on the vehicle,
                                 (b)    a description of any vehicle or other personal property received as consideration for the sale of the consignor’s vehicle and the value assigned to the vehicle or other property, and
                                 (c)    the amount payable to the consignor.
AR 1/2006 s22
Other property received
33.2   A business operator who has entered into a consignment agreement to sell a consignor’s vehicle and has received as consideration for the sale of the consignor’s vehicle another vehicle or other personal property must, within 14 days of the date of the sale of the consignor’s vehicle,
                                 (a)    give the other vehicle or personal property to the consignor, or
                                 (b)    deal with the vehicle or personal property in accordance with the written instructions of the consignor.
AR 1/2006 s22
Compliance with deemed terms
33.3   A business operator who enters into a consignment agreement must comply with the terms that are, under section 33(3), deemed to be contained in the consignment agreement.
AR 1/2006 s22
Part 4 Offences
Offences
34(1)  A contravention of section 3(7), 9, 10, 11, 12, 33(4), 33.1 or 33.2 is, for the purposes of section 162 of the Act, an offence.
(2)  A contravention of section 16, 20.1, 21 or 23 is, for the purposes of section 162 of the Act, an offence.
AR 192/99 s34;137/2000;1/2006
Part 5 Transitional Provisions, Repeals, Expiry and Coming into Force
Continuation of licences
35(1)  A licence under the Automotive Business Licensing Regulation (AR 188/78) is continued as a general automotive business licence under this Regulation.
(2)  Repealed AR 137/2000 s10.
AR 192/99 s35;137/2000
Repeal
36   The Automotive Business Licensing Regulation (AR 188/78) is repealed.
Expiry
37   For the purpose of ensuring that this Regulation is reviewed for ongoing relevancy and necessity, with the option that it may be repassed in its present or an amended form following a review, this Regulation expires on August 31, 2018.
AR 192/99 s37;68/2004;152/2013
Coming into force
38(1)  Subject to subsection (2) and section 3(6), this Regulation comes into force on September 1, 1999.
(2)  Sections 16 to 23, 25 and 34(2) come into force on July 1, 2000.