O. Reg. 277/12: REPORTING OF HAZARDS AND FINDINGS

Link to law: http://www.ontario.ca/laws/regulation/r12277
Published: 2012-09-14

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ONTARIO REGULATION 277/12

made under the

ANIMAL HEALTH ACT, 2009

Made: August 9, 2012
Filed: September 14, 2012
Published on e-Laws: September 14, 2012
Printed in The Ontario Gazette: September 29, 2012


REPORTING OF HAZARDS AND FINDINGS

CONTENTS

PART I
DEFINITIONS

1.

Definitions

PART II
IMMEDIATELY NOTIFIABLE HAZARDS

2.

Who must make report

3.

Time for making report

4.

Manner of making report

5.

Content of report by laboratory

6.

Content of report by veterinarian

7.

Additional information

8.

Additional testing by laboratory

9.

Additional report by veterinarian

PART III
PERIODICALLY NOTIFIABLE HAZARDS

10.

Definitions

11.

Obligation to report

12.

Reports made annually

13.

Form of report

14.

Content of report

15.

Additional information

PART IV
REPORTS BY VETERINARIANS

16.

Definitions

17.

Reporting of findings

18.

Time and manner of report

19.

Person to whom report made

20.

Content of report

PART V
COMMENCEMENT

21.

Commencement

Appendix A

Immediately Notifiable Hazards

Appendix B

Periodically Notifiable Hazards


PART I
DEFINITIONS

Definitions

1. (1) In this Regulation,

“animal purpose” means, with respect to animals that are kept by humans, the purpose for which the animals are being kept including the keeping of the animal,

(a) for the production of food,

(b) for use as a companion animal or hobby animal,

(c) for racing or exhibition in a zoo or otherwise,

(d) as game or for its fur, and

(e) in the case of bees, for the production of honey or for pollination;

“animal type” means a type of animal identified by its common name and includes cattle, swine, horse, turkey, chicken, rabbit, fox, dog and cat;

“contact information” means the full name and the address and telephone number at which a person can be contacted;

“immediately notifiable hazards” means hazards specified in Appendix A to this Regulation;

“periodically notifiable hazards” means hazards specified in Appendix B to this Regulation and includes all immediately notifiable hazards.

(2) Despite the definition of animal purpose in subsection (1), if an animal is not kept by humans but lives in the wild, a person who makes a report under this Regulation in relation to the animal shall indicate in the report that the animal purpose for that animal is “wildlife”.

PART II
IMMEDIATELY NOTIFIABLE HAZARDS

Who must make report

2. (1) A report of an immediately notifiable hazard under subsection 8 (1) of the Act shall be made to the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario by,

(a) the operator of a laboratory, subject to subsection (2); and

(b) a veterinarian in the circumstances described in subsection (3).

(2) The operator of a laboratory is not required to report an immediately notifiable hazard if the sample or specimen that is taken from an animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal and in respect of which the report is to be made,

(a) was submitted to the laboratory by another laboratory; or

(b) was taken from an animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal that is not located in Ontario.

(3) A report of an immediately notifiable hazard shall be made by a veterinarian only if,

(a) the animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal from which the sample or specimen was taken and in respect of which a hazard is indicated is located in Ontario; and

(b) the laboratory to which the veterinarian sends the sample or specimen is located outside Ontario.

Time for making report

3. (1) The operator of a laboratory shall report an immediately notifiable hazard as soon as the operator has reason to believe that there is a reasonable probability that the hazard is indicated in respect of any sample or specimen taken from an animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal.

(2) A veterinarian who determines, based on information received from a laboratory located outside Ontario, that there is a reasonable probability that an immediately notifiable hazard is indicated in respect of a sample or specimen taken from an animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal shall make the report immediately upon making the determination.

Manner of making report

4. A report of an immediately notifiable hazard shall be made by sending an email to the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario at the email address specified on the Ministry’s website setting out the information required under section 5 or 6.

Content of report by laboratory

5. (1) The operator of a laboratory who reports an immediately notifiable hazard in respect of a sample or specimen described in subsection 3 (1) shall include the following information in the report:

1. The name of the laboratory making the report and the contact information for the operator of the laboratory.

2. The name of the immediately notifiable hazard that is the subject of the report.

3. The date that the sample or specimen was submitted to the laboratory.

4. The contact information of,

i. the person who submitted the sample or specimen to the laboratory, and

ii. the veterinarian, if any, who caused the sample or specimen to be submitted.

5. The case submission code that the laboratory has assigned to the sample or specimen.

6. The animal type and animal purpose of the animal to which the sample or specimen relates.

7. The approximate age of the animal from which the sample or specimen was taken at the time it was taken and, if the sample or specimen was taken from an animal carcass, the approximate age of the animal at the time of its death.

(2) The operator of a laboratory who reports an immediately notifiable hazard in respect of a sample or specimen described in subsection 3 (1) shall include the following information in the report, if such information is known to the operator:

1. The contact information for the owner and the custodian of the animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal from which the sample or specimen was taken.

2. Any test results providing information about serovars or subtypes of the hazard.

3. The location of the animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal from which the sample or specimen was taken, including the municipal address if there is one and any unique identifiers that could assist in determining the location.

4. For every animal type that is or may be affected by the hazard, the following information set out according to the animal type:

i. The number of animals of each animal type that are at risk of being infected by the hazard at the time the sample or specimen is submitted to the laboratory and their approximate age at that time.

ii. The number of animals of each animal type that are showing clinical presentations of the hazard at the time the sample or specimen is submitted to the laboratory and their approximate age at that time.

iii. The number of animals of each animal type that have died from the hazard at the time the sample or specimen is submitted to the laboratory and their approximate age at the time of death.

5. Any other information relating to the immediately notifiable hazard.

Content of report by veterinarian

6. (1) A veterinarian who reports an immediately notifiable hazard in respect of a sample or specimen described in subsection 3 (2) shall include the following information in the report:

1. The contact information for the veterinarian making the report.

2. The name of the immediately notifiable hazard that is the subject of the report.

3. The animal type and animal purpose of the animal to which the sample or specimen relates.

4. The contact information for the owner and the custodian of the animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal from which a sample or specimen was taken.

5. The approximate age of the animal from which a sample or specimen was taken at the time it was taken and, if a sample or specimen was taken from an animal carcass, the approximate age of the animal at the time of its death.

(2) A report of an immediately notifiable hazard made by a veterinarian shall contain the following information in relation to the specimen or sample that gave rise to the immediately notifiable hazard, if such information is known to the veterinarian:

1. Any information about serovars or subtypes of the hazard.

2. The location of the animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal from which the sample or specimen was taken, including the municipal address if there is one and any unique identifiers that could assist in determining the location.

3. For every animal type that is or may be affected by the hazard, the following information set out according to the animal type:

i. The number of animals of each animal type that are at risk of being infected by the hazard at the time the sample or specimen is submitted to the laboratory and their approximate age at that time.

ii. The number of animals of each animal type that are showing clinical presentations of the hazard at the time the sample or specimen is submitted to the laboratory and their approximate age at that time.

iii. The number of animals of each animal type that have died from the hazard at the time the sample or specimen is submitted to the laboratory and their approximate age at the time of death.

4. Any other information relating to the immediately notifiable hazard.

Additional information

7. (1) An inspector or other person who receives a report of an immediately notifiable hazard on behalf of the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario may contact the operator of the laboratory or the veterinarian who made the report and request,

(a) any information described in section 5 or 6 that was omitted from the report; and

(b) a copy of all documents that are relevant to the immediately notifiable hazard that are in the possession of the operator or veterinarian including, in the case of a report by a veterinarian,

(i) test results providing information about serovars or subtypes of the hazard, and

(ii) a copy of any reports or other documents relevant to the veterinarian’s determination that were provided by the laboratory to the veterinarian.

(2) The operator of the laboratory or the veterinarian contacted by an inspector or other person under subsection (1) shall,

(a) provide the requested information or documents, subject to clause (b); and

(b) in the case of information described in subsection 5 (2) or 6 (2), provide the requested information if it is known to the operator or veterinarian.

(3) If, after reporting an immediately notifiable hazard, the operator of the laboratory or veterinarian obtains additional information listed in section 5 or 6, the operator or veterinarian shall report the additional information immediately upon obtaining it, and shall do so in the manner required under section 4.

Additional testing by laboratory

8. (1) If the operator of a laboratory reports an immediately notifiable hazard, the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario may require the operator to conduct specified tests on a sample or specimen within a specified time frame.

(2) The operator of a laboratory who is required to conduct specified tests on a sample or specimen shall do so within the specified time frame and shall report the results of the testing to the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario immediately upon the results being known.

(3) The report of the test results shall be made in the manner required under section 4.

(4) Subsections 7 (1) and (2) apply with necessary modifications to the report of test results made under this section.

Additional report by veterinarian

9. (1) If the operator of a laboratory reports an immediately notifiable hazard, the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario may, by written notice, require a veterinarian to provide information or documents in respect of the immediately notifiable hazard to the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario within a specified time frame.

(2) The veterinarian who is required to provide information or documents under subsection (1) shall comply with the notice.

(3) The information or documents required under subsection (1) shall be sent by email to the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario at the email address specified on the Ministry’s website.

PART III
PERIODICALLY NOTIFIABLE HAZARDS

Definitions

10. In this Part,

“municipality” means the lower-tier municipality or, where there is no lower-tier municipality, the single-tier municipality;

“sample or specimen type”, with respect to a sample or specimen taken from an animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal, includes blood or blood product, fetus, placenta, carcass, environmental samples, fecal samples, animal tissues, animal fluids and feed.

Obligation to report

11. The operator of a laboratory that receives a sample or specimen taken from an animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal that is tested for a periodically notifiable hazard shall report the results of the testing to the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario in accordance with this Part unless,

(a) the sample or specimen was submitted to the laboratory by another laboratory; or

(b) the sample or specimen was taken from an animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal that is not located in Ontario.

Reports made annually

12. The report required by section 11 shall be submitted annually during the month of January that follows the end of the calendar year in which the results for the test become known.

Form of report

13. The annual report of periodically notifiable hazards shall be submitted in an electronic form approved by the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario.

Content of report

14. (1) The annual report of periodically notifiable hazards made by the operator of a laboratory shall contain the following information:

1. The name of the laboratory making the report and the contact information for the operator of the laboratory.

2. For each sample or specimen that was submitted to the laboratory to be tested for periodically notifiable hazards,

i. the name of every periodically notifiable hazard for which the sample or specimen was tested and the results of the testing for each hazard, whether positive, negative or inconclusive,

ii. for each test that contributed to the results referred to in subparagraph i, the test method, the type of test and an indication of whether the test was positive, negative or inconclusive,

iii. the case submission code that the laboratory has assigned to the sample or specimen,

iv. the date that the sample or specimen was submitted to the laboratory,

v. the sample or specimen type,

vi. the animal type and the animal purpose of the animal to which the sample or specimen relates,

vii. the name of the municipality or unorganized territory in which the animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal from which a sample or specimen was taken is located.

(2) The annual report of periodically notifiable hazards made by the operator of a laboratory shall contain the following information in respect of each sample or specimen that was tested by the laboratory for a periodically notifiable hazard, if such information is known to the operator:

1. For every animal type that is or may be affected by the hazard, the following information set out according to the animal type:

i. The number of animals of each animal type that are at risk of being infected by the hazard at the time the sample or specimen is submitted to the laboratory and their approximate age at that time.

ii. The number of animals of each animal type that are showing clinical presentations of the hazard at the time the sample or specimen is submitted to the laboratory and their approximate age at that time.

iii. The number of animals of each animal type that have died from the hazard at the time the sample or specimen is submitted to the laboratory and their approximate age at the time of death.

2. Any test results providing information about serovars or subtypes of the hazard.

Additional information

15. (1) After receiving an annual report of periodically notifiable hazards from the operator of a laboratory, the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario may require the operator, by written notice, to provide additional information and documents related to the hazards within a specified time frame.

(2) The operator of the laboratory who receives a written notice under subsection (1), shall provide the requested information if it is known to the operator and shall provide any requested documents that are in the possession of the operator within the specified time frame.

(3) The additional information and documents shall be provided in an electronic form approved by the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario.

PART IV
REPORTS BY VETERINARIANS

Definitions

16. In this Part,

“cluster” means, with respect to findings by veterinarians, an unusually high number of findings within a certain time and geographic area;

“differential diagnosis” means a list of plausible diseases or etiologies that could explain the animal health event in question.

Reporting of findings

17. (1) For the purposes of section 9 of the Act, the findings that a veterinarian is required to report are those in respect of an animal, animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or any other thing related to an animal that, in the veterinarian’s professional opinion, identify a serious risk to animal health, human health or to the safety of food or other products derived from animals that humans may consume or use.

(2) A finding that identifies a serious risk to animal health is required to be reported by a veterinarian under subsection (1) only if, in the veterinarian’s professional opinion,

(a) the serious risk identified by the veterinarian may reasonably be attributable to a hazard that could reasonably be expected to spread and affect animals at other premises because the actions necessary to control the hazard will not be taken or will not be taken in a timely manner;

(b) the finding is consistent with clinical presentations in other animals, indicates the existence of a cluster of findings and a possible emerging hazard; or

(c) the finding indicates that there is an unusually high mortality level among animals of a particular animal type or from a particular geographical location.

(3) For greater certainty, a veterinarian is not required under subsection (1) to report a finding of animal injury or death that is due solely to,

(a) the failure of a mechanical device to perform properly;

(b) a weather event, a geological event or fire;

(c) starvation, hunting or predation; or

(d) abuse or neglect that must be reported by a veterinarian under section 11.3 of the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act.

Time and manner of report

18. (1) A veterinarian shall report a finding under section 9 of the Act immediately after making the finding.

(2) A veterinarian shall report a finding under section 9 of the Act by calling the telephone number specified for the Ministry’s Agricultural Information Contact Centre on the Ministry website.

Person to whom report made

19. (1) A veterinarian shall make an initial report of a finding under section 9 of the Act to the person who answers the telephone call made under subsection 18 (2) and shall give that person any of the information set out in section 20 that the person may request.

(2) The information received in an initial report under subsection (1) may be forwarded to an inspector.

(3) The inspector who receives information under subsection (2) may contact the veterinarian who made the initial report so that the veterinarian may complete a full report.

(4) In making a full report under subsection (3), a veterinarian shall provide such information set out in section 20 as may be requested by the inspector taking the report.

Content of report

20. A report by a veterinarian under section 9 of the Act shall include the following information:

1. The contact information for the veterinarian making the report.

2. A description of the finding that is the subject of the report, including,

i. the date and time of the finding,

ii. the name of any hazard that the veterinarian suspects is relevant to the finding,

iii. if the finding indicates or may indicate the existence of a disease, a description of the clinical presentation of the disease, including the date of onset of symptoms and any adverse effects that have occurred or may occur,

iv. the veterinarian’s differential diagnosis, if any, relating to the finding and the current course of treatment if treatment is being provided.

3. A description of the control measures taken, if any, to protect animal health, human health or both.

4. A description of the steps that have been taken, or that the veterinarian believes will be taken, to determine the cause of the serious risk identified in the report.

5. If samples or specimens have been submitted to a laboratory in relation to the finding,

i. the name of the laboratory and the contact information for the operator of the laboratory,

ii. the date the samples or specimens were submitted to the laboratory,

iii. a description of the testing requested, and

iv. the results of any testing, if they are known.

6. If the finding that is the subject of the report is in respect of an animal,

i. the contact information for every veterinarian who provides veterinary services to the animal,

ii. the contact information for the animal’s owner and the custodian, if any,

iii. the location of the animal, including the municipal address and any unique identifiers that would assist in determining the location of the animal,

iv. the animal type, animal purpose and the approximate age of the animal,

v. if the animal is part of a herd or flock, the number of affected animals in that herd or flock and the number of animals from the herd or flock that have died.

7. If the finding that is the subject of the report is in respect of an animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or other thing related to an animal,

i. the contact information for the owner and the custodian, if any, of the animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or other thing related to an animal,

ii. the location of the animal product, animal by-product, input, fomite, vector, waste material or other thing related to an animal, including the municipal address and any unique identifiers that would assist in determining the location of the animal.

8. All other information in the veterinarian’s knowledge that is relevant to the finding.

PART V
COMMENCEMENT

Commencement

21. This Regulation comes into force on the later of January 1, 2013 and the day it is filed.

APPENDIX A
IMMEDIATELY NOTIFIABLE HAZARDS

Aino virus infection

African horse sickness

African swine fever

Akabane disease

Anaplasmosis (Anaplasmosis marginale, A. centrale, A. ovis)

Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)

Avian chlamydiosis (Chlamydophila psittaci)

Avian encephalomyelitis

Avian infectious laryngotracheitis

Besnoitiosis

Bluetongue

Borna disease

Botulism

Bovine babesiosis (Babesia protozoa)

Bovine cysticercosis

Bovine ephemeral fever

Bovine petechial fever (Ehrlichia ondiri)

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)

Bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis)

Brucellosis (Brucella abortus, B. suis, B. melitensis, B. canis)

Chronic wasting disease of cervids (CWD)

Classical swine fever (hog cholera)

Contagious agalactia (Mycoplasma agalactiae, M. mycoides)

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (Mycoplasma mycoides)

Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (Mycoplasma capricolum)

Contagious equine metritis (Taylorella equigenitalis)

Coxiellosis (also known as Q-Fever) (Coxiella burnetii)

Dourine

Duck hepatitis

Egg drop syndrome (Fowl adenovirus)

Enterovirus encephalomyelitis (Teschen disease)

Epizootic hemorrhagic disease

Epizootic lymphangitis

Equid herpesvirus 1 (neurologic)

Equine encephalomyelitis, western, eastern and Venezuelan

Equine infectious anemia

Equine piroplasmosis (Babesia equi and B. caballi)

Foot and mouth disease (FMD)

Fowl cholera (Pasteurella multocida)

Fowl typhoid (Salmonella Gallinarum)

Glanders

Goose parvovirus infection (Derzsy’s disease)

Hantavirus

Heartwater (cowdriosis) (Ehrlichia (Cowdria) ruminantium)

Hendra virus

Herpesvirus of cervidae

Ibaraki disease

Influenza (Influenza A virus)

Japanese encephalitis

Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)

Louping ill

Lumpy skin disease

Nairobi sheep disease

Newcastle disease

Nipah virus

Peste des petits ruminants

Plague (Yersinia pestis)

Pseudorabies (Aujeszky’s disease)

Pullorum disease (Salmonella Pullorum)

Rabies

Rift Valley fever

Rinderpest

Salmonellosis (Salmonellae, sub-typed)

Scrapie

Screwworm (Cochliomyia hominivorax and Chrysomyia bezziana)

Sheep and goat pox

Small hive beetle (Aethina tumida)

Swine vesicular disease

Theileriasis

Tick-borne fever (Cytoecetes phagocytophilia)

Tissue worm (Elaphostrongylus cervi)

Trichinellosis

Trypanosomiasis (exotic to Canada)

Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)

Turkey viral rhinotracheitis (also known as swollen head syndrome and avian rhinotracheitis)

Varroa mite (fluvinate-resistant)

Verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC)

Vesicular stomatitis

Viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits

Wesselsbron’s disease

West Nile virus

APPENDIX B
PERIODICALLY NOTIFIABLE HAZARDS

Adenovirus

Avian mycoplasmosis

Avian tuberculosis

Blackleg (Clostridium species)

Blastomycosis

Bovine genital campylobacteriosis

Bovine malignant catarrhal fever

Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD or mucosal disease)

Caprine arthritis-encephalitis

Caseous lymphadenitis

Clostridial infections (other than Blackleg)

Coccidiosis

Cryptococcosis

Cryptosporidiosis

Duck virus enteritis

Enzootic abortion of ewes (Chlamydophila abortus)

Enzootic bovine leukosis

Equid herpesvirus (non-neurologic)

Equine viral arteritis

Fowl pox

Giardiasis

Histoplasmosis

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis

Infectious bursal disease

Leptospirosis

Lyme disease

Maedi-visna

Marek’s disease

Ovine epididymitis

Paratuberculosis (Johne’s disease)

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS)

Ranavirus

Strangles

Swine dysentery (Brachyspira hyodysenteriae)

Transmissible gastroenteritis (TGE)

Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (other than BSE, CWD and scrapie)

Trichomoniasis

Yersiniosis

Made by:
Pris par :

Le ministre de l’Agriculture, de l’Alimentation et des Affaires rurales,

Ted McMeekin

Minister of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs

Date made: August 9, 2012.
Pris le : 9 août 2012.

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