Hazardous Products (Tents) Regulations

Link to law: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-90-245/FullText.html

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Hazardous Products (Tents) Regulations

SOR/90-245CANADA CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT
Registration 1990-04-26
Regulations Respecting the Advertising, Sale and Importation of Tents
P.C. 1990-738  1990-04-26His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, pursuant to section 5Footnote * of the Hazardous Products Act, is pleased hereby to revoke the Hazardous Products (Tents) Regulations, made by Order in Council P.C. 1988-131 of January 21, 1988Footnote **, and to make the annexed Regulations respecting the advertising, sale and importation of tents, in substitution therefor.

Return to footnote *R.S., c. 24 (3rd Supp.), s. 1
Return to footnote **SOR/88-114, 1988 Canada Gazette Part II, p. 1072
Short Title

1 These Regulations may be cited as the Hazardous Products (Tents) Regulations.

Interpretation

2 In these Regulations,

after-flame time
after-flame time means the length of time a wall and top material tested in accordance with the procedure set out in section 7 of CPAI-84 continues to flame after the ignition source has been removed; (durée de combustion résiduelle)
CPAI-84
CPAI-84 means A Specification for Flame Resistant Materials used in Camping Tentage, being specification CPAI-84, 1980, established by the Industrial Fabrics Association International (formerly the Canvas Products Association International), published in 1980; (norme CPAI-84)
flooring material
flooring material, with respect to a product, means the fabric or other pliable material that constitutes the floor of the product; (matériau de sol)
product
product means a tent that is included in item 31.1 of Part II of Schedule I to the Hazardous Products Act; (produit)
sample unit

sample unit means

(a) in respect of flooring material, four specimens of the material that meet the requirements referred to in paragraphs 2(a) and (b) of Schedule II, and
(b) in respect of wall and top material, eight specimens of the material that meet the requirements referred to in paragraphs 3(a) and (b) of Schedule II; (unité d’échantillonnage)

wall and top material
wall and top material, with respect to a product, means the fabric or other pliable material that constitutes a wall, roof, top, door, window, screen or awning of the product. (matériau pour murs et toits)

General

3 A person may advertise, sell or import a product if the information requirements set out in section 4 and the performance requirements set out in sections 5 and 6 are met.

Information Requirements

4 A product shall have a label that is permanently affixed to the product at a prominent location and that displays in a legible manner in both official languages

(a) the following statement in upper-case letters not less than 3 mm in height:
“WARNING: KEEP ALL FLAME AND HEAT SOURCES AWAY FROM THIS TENT FABRIC / MISE EN GARDE : TENIR LE TISSU DE CETTE TENTE LOIN DE TOUTE FLAMME ET DE TOUTE SOURCE DE CHALEUR”;

(b) the following statement:
“This tent is made of flame-resistant fabric. It is not fireproof. The fabric will burn if left in continuous contact with a flame source. / Cette tente est fabriquée d’un tissu résistant au feu, mais qui n’est pas ininflammable. Ce tissu brûlera s’il est laissé en contact continu avec une source d’inflammation.”; and

(c) the information set out in Schedule I, in the words used in that schedule or in other words that convey the same meaning.

Performance Requirements

5 When a sample unit of flooring material of a product is prepared and tested in accordance with the procedures set out in Schedule II, no specimen of the sample unit shall display any damage within 25 mm of the edge of the hole in the flattening frame.

6 When a sample unit of wall and top material of a product is prepared and tested in accordance with the procedures set out in Schedule II,

(a) no specimen of the sample unit shall have an after-flame time that exceeds four seconds and the average after-flame time of the specimens of the sample unit shall not exceed two seconds;

(b) the maximum damaged length of each specimen of the sample unit and the maximum average damaged length of the specimens of the sample unit shall be as follows:

Mass per Unit Area of Specimen Being Tested (g/m2)
Maximum Damaged Length of Each Specimen of the Sample Unit (mm)
Maximum Average Damaged Length of the Specimens of the Sample Unit (mm)

greater than 340
255
115

271 to 340
255
140

201 to 270
255
165

136 to 200
255
190

51 to 135
255
215

less than 51
255
230

(c) no specimen of the sample unit shall have portions that break, or residues that drip, from the specimen and that continue to flame after reaching the floor of the test cabinet.

SCHEDULE I(Section 4)Information

1 The following precautions should be taken when camping:

(a) do not use candles, matches or open flames of any kind in or near a tent;
(b) do not cook inside a tent;
(c) build campfires downwind and several metres away from a tent and be sure to fully extinguish campfires before leaving a campsite or before retiring for the night;
(d) exercise extreme caution when using fuel-powered lanterns or heaters inside a tent and use battery-operated lanterns whenever possible;
(e) do not refuel lamps, heaters or stoves inside a tent;
(f) extinguish or turn off all lanterns before going to sleep;
(g) do not smoke in a tent; and
(h) do not store flammable liquids inside a tent.

SCHEDULE II(Sections 2, 5 and 6)Procedures for Testing Tents

General

1 A flame test of a specimen shall be performed

(a) under the standard atmospheric conditions specified in subsection 5.1.1 of CPAI-84, or immediately upon the removal of the specimen from such conditions; and
(b) when the specimen is in moisture equilibrium, within the meaning of subsection 5.1.2 of CPAI-84.

Test of Flooring Material

2 The method to be followed in measuring the damage displayed by specimens of a sample unit of flooring material is as follows:

(a) from the flooring material of the product to be tested, cut 12 specimens that meet the requirements set out in subsection 6.1 of CPAI-84;
(b) divide the specimens into three sample units, ensuring that, where the flooring material is woven, none of the specimens within a sample unit contains the same warp, weft yarns or filaments as any other specimen in that sample unit;
(c) prepare one sample unit in accordance with the leaching requirements set out in subsections 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 of CPAI-84;
(d) prepare a second sample unit in accordance with the accelerated weathering requirements set out in subsections 5.3.2 and 5.3.3 of CPAI-84;
(e) test the three sample units in accordance with the flame test method set out in section 6 of CPAI-84; and
(f) record, for each specimen, the shortest distance between the damaged area and the edge of the hole in the flattening frame.

Test of Wall and Top Material

3 The method to be followed in measuring the after-flame time, the average after-flame time, the damaged length and the average damage length of specimens of a sample unit of wall and top material is as follows:

(a) from the wall and top material of the product to be tested, cut 24 specimens that meet the requirements for test specimens set out in subsection 7.1 of CPAI-84;
(b) divide the specimens into three sample units, ensuring that, where the wall and top material is woven, each sample unit contains four specimens from the warp direction and four specimens from the weft direction of the wall and top material and that none of the specimens from the warp direction contains the same warp yarns or filaments as any other specimen from the warp direction and none of the specimens from the weft direction contains the same weft yarns or filaments as any other specimen from the weft direction;
(c) condition the specimens according to the procedures set out in subsections 5.1.1 and 5.1.2 of CPAI-84;
(d) determine the mass per unit area of the specimens to the nearest g/m2;
(e) prepare one sample unit in accordance with the leaching requirements set out in subsections 5.2.2 and 5.2.3 of CPAI-84;
(f) prepare a second sample unit in accordance with the accelerated weathering requirements set out in subsections 5.3.2 and 5.3.3 of CPAI-84;

(g) test the three sample units in accordance with the flame test method set out in section 7 of CPAI-84, except that the loads for determining the damaged length set out in subsection 7.3.6.1 of CPAI-84 shall be replaced by the following:

Mass per Unit Area of Specimen Being Tested (g/m2)
Loads for Determining Damaged Length (g)

100 or less
50

101 to 200
100

201 to 340
200

greater than 340
300

(h) record

(i) the after-flame time of each specimen,
(ii) the average after-flame time of the specimens of each sample unit,
(iii) the damaged length of each specimen,
(iv) the average damaged length of the specimens of each sample unit, and
(v) the presence of any portions that break, or any residues that drip, from a specimen and that continue to flame after reaching the floor of the test cabinet.