Canada Oil and Gas Geophysical Operations Regulations

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Canada Oil and Gas Geophysical Operations Regulations

SOR/96-117CANADA OIL AND GAS OPERATIONS ACT
Registration 1996-02-13
Regulations Respecting Geophysical Operations in Relation to Exploration for Oil and Gas in any Area to which the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act Applies
P.C. 1996-166  1996-02-13Whereas, pursuant to subsection 15(1) of the Canada Oil and Gas Operations ActFootnote *, a copy of the proposed Regulations respecting geophysical operations in relation to exploration for oil and gas in any area to which the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act applies, substantially in the form set out in the annexed text, was published in the Canada Gazette Part I on June 11, 1994, and a reasonable opportunity was afforded to interested persons to make representations with respect thereto;
Return to footnote *S.C. 1992, c. 35, s. 2
Therefore, His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Natural Resources and the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, pursuant to section 14Footnote ** of the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act, is pleased hereby to make the annexed Regulations respecting geophysical operations in relation to exploration for oil and gas in any area to which the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act applies.
Return to footnote **S.C. 1994, c. 10, s. 7Short Title

1 These Regulations may be cited as the Canada Oil and Gas Geophysical Operations Regulations.

Interpretation

2 In these Regulations,

Act
Act means the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act; (Loi)
complement
complement, in respect of a vessel or platform from which an offshore geophysical operation is conducted, means all persons on the vessel or platform whose primary duties relate to the operation of the vessel or platform; (équipage)
conservation officer
conservation officer means the person appointed as such pursuant to section 53 of the Act; (agent du contrôle de l’exploitation)
explosive
explosive has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Explosives Act; (explosif)
geophysical crew
geophysical crew means all persons engaged in a geophysical operation, but does not include any member of the complement; (équipe d’étude géophysique)
geophysical operation
geophysical operation means the measurement or investigation, by indirect methods, of the subsurface of the earth for the purpose of locating oil or gas or of determining the nature of the seabed and subsurface conditions at a proposed drilling site or of a proposed pipeline route, and includes a seismic survey, resistivity survey, gravimetric survey, magnetic survey, electrical survey and geochemical survey and any work preparatory to that measurement or investigation, such as field tests of energy sources, calibration of instruments and cable ballasting, but does not include a velocity survey or a vertical seismic survey that is not a walkaway vertical seismic survey; (étude géophysique)
geophysical operation authorization
geophysical operation authorization means an authorization issued pursuant to paragraph 5(1)(b) of the Act to conduct a geophysical operation; (autorisation d’étude géophysique)
gravimetric survey
gravimetric survey means a geophysical operation that measures the properties of the earth’s gravitational field; (étude gravimétrique)
interest
interest has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Canada Petroleum Resources Act; (titre)
magnetic survey
magnetic survey means a geophysical operation that measures the properties of the earth’s magnetic field; (étude magnétique)
non-exclusive survey
non-exclusive survey means a geophysical operation that is conducted to acquire data for the purpose of sale, in whole or in part, to the public; (étude non exclusive)
offshore geophysical operation
offshore geophysical operation means a geophysical operation that is not an onshore geophysical operation; (étude géophysique extracôtière)
onshore geophysical operation
onshore geophysical operation means a geophysical operation that is conducted on or over land not normally submerged or on or over ice; (étude géophysique sur terre)
operator
operator means a person who holds a geophysical operation authorization; (exploitant)
participant
participant means a person who is a party to an agreement pursuant to which a participation survey is conducted; (participant)
participation survey
participation survey means a geophysical operation that is conducted by an operator pursuant to an agreement between the operator and one or more participants to acquire data that are to be shared among the participants; (étude en participation)
seismic energy source
seismic energy source means an energy source that is used to generate acoustic waves in a seismic survey; (source d’énergie sismique)
seismic survey
seismic survey means a geophysical operation that uses a seismic energy source to generate acoustic waves that propagate through the earth, are reflected from or refracted along subsurface layers of the earth, and are subsequently recorded; (étude sismique)
shotpoint
shotpoint means the surface location of a seismic energy source. (point de tir)

PART I General

Geophysical Operation Authorization

3 Any person may apply for a geophysical operation authorization by submitting to the Chief Conservation Officer three copies of a completed application form.

4 (1) Subject to section 5, an application in respect of an offshore geophysical operation shall be submitted not less than

(a) 30 days before the planned commencement date of the operation, if chemical explosives are not the proposed seismic energy source; and
(b) 90 days before the planned commencement date of the operation, if chemical explosives are the proposed seismic energy source.

(2) Subject to section 5, an application in respect of an onshore geophysical operation shall be submitted not less than 30 days before the planned commencement date of the operation.

5 (1) An application to extend the duration for which a geophysical operation has been authorized shall be submitted at least 15 days before the end of the period being extended or, where the commencement date is being modified, the planned new commencement date.
(2) An application in respect of any modification of a geophysical operation that has been authorized, other than a modification of its duration, shall be submitted at least 15 days before the commencement of the geophysical operation or, where the geophysical operation has commenced, the start of the geophysical operation as modified.

6 When a geophysical operation is commenced, terminated or cancelled by an operator, the operator shall forthwith notify the Chief Conservation Officer in writing of the date of commencement, termination or cancellation.

7 Every operator shall post a copy of the geophysical operation authorization in a conspicuous location in the vessel, platform or aircraft from which the geophysical operation is conducted or, in the case of an onshore geophysical operation, at the field location of that operation.

Damage to Property

8 Every operator shall take all reasonable safeguards against damage to property as a result of a geophysical operation.

Fire

9 Where a fire occurs as a result of a geophysical operation, the operator shall take all safe and reasonable measures to control and extinguish the fire and to minimize any danger to persons, property or the environment that results or may reasonably be expected to result from the fire.

Refuse

10 Subject to any other applicable law, every operator shall ensure that all refuse produced as a result of a geophysical operation is handled in the following manner:

(a) all fuel, oil, oily material or lubricants are collected in a closed system that is designed for that purpose;
(b) all oil or oily material that is not burned at the field location where the operation is conducted and all non-combustible material is transported in a suitable container to, and disposed of at, a suitable waste disposal facility on land; and
(c) where combustible material is burned on a vessel or platform, precautions are taken to ensure that the fire does not endanger any person or the safety of the vessel or platform.

PART II Offshore Geophysical Operations

Air Gun System

11 Where an operator who is conducting an offshore geophysical operation uses or intends to use an air gun as a seismic energy source, the operator shall ensure that

(a) all air gun components are maintained in good operating condition and are kept free from dirt, oil and excess grease;
(b) during the operation, the air vessels, air manifolds, air lines, electrical lines and the compressor of the air gun system are regularly inspected for signs of abrasion and wear, and that the compressor, where defective, and any defective air vessels are promptly repaired or replaced and any defective manifolds or lines are promptly replaced;
(c) all fittings, valves, hoses, electrical lines, pipes or other components used for an air gun comply with the manufacturer’s specifications for that air gun;
(d) where there is air pressure in the air gun, the pressure is maintained as low as is practicable but sufficiently high to ensure that the air gun remains seated and that there is no danger of accidental firing;

(e) no maintenance of the air gun is carried out until

(i) the air pressure in the air gun and the air line connected to the air gun has been completely bled off, and
(ii) the shuttle of the air gun can be moved freely by use of a wooden safety tool to confirm that the air gun has been completely depressurized; and

(f) where more than one air gun is used as a seismic energy source, a procedure is established and followed for the connection of each air gun to its air line and pressure control valve.

Air Gun Testing

12 (1) Where an air gun is test-fired on the deck of a vessel or platform during an offshore geophysical operation, the operator shall ensure that the person who is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the air gun is present during the test.

(2) Where a test referred to in subsection (1) is carried out, the responsible person referred to in that subsection shall ensure that

(a) before the test-firing, a siren is sounded to alert all persons aboard the vessel or platform of an impending air gun test-firing operation, in time to allow evacuation of an area within an 8 m radius of the test-firing site;
(b) not more than one air gun is test-fired at one time;
(c) before the test-firing, an inspection is done to ensure that the area within an 8 m radius of the test-firing site is clear of unauthorized persons;
(d) all pipes and hoses connected to the air gun that are subject to high pressure are secured or equipped with safety chains to prevent whipping of the pipes or hoses when air pressure is injected into them;
(e) the air pressure in the air gun is below 500 psi; and
(f) the person in charge of the vessel or platform is advised that the test is being carried out.

(3) During an offshore geophysical operation, no air gun shall be test-fired while the air gun is in the water if there are divers within 1,500 m of the air gun.
(4) During an offshore geophysical operation, no air gun shall be test-fired on a vessel or platform without the approval of the Chief Safety Officer.

Gas Exploders

13 Where an operator who is conducting an offshore geophysical operation uses or intends to use a gas exploder as a seismic energy source, the operator shall ensure that

(a) no person smokes, welds or brazes in any area that is in close proximity to any gas cylinders or inflammable liquid tanks;
(b) gas storage areas are properly ventilated;
(c) all valves and fittings used on a gas cylinder are approved by the manufacturer of the cylinder for use on the cylinder;
(d) all equipment used for handling explosives is approved by the manufacturer of the equipment for the handling of explosives;
(e) every gas cylinder and inflammable liquid tank is stored in an area set aside for that purpose and signs warning of the hazard of explosion are posted in conspicuous locations in that area;
(f) every propane or butane cylinder is stored at the greatest possible distance from any oxygen cylinder or inflammable liquid tank; and
(g) every gas cylinder is protected from overheating.

Electrical Seismic Energy Sources

14 Where an operator who is conducting an offshore geophysical operation uses or intends to use an electrical seismic energy source, the operator shall ensure that

(a) the charging and discharging circuits of the electrical seismic energy source are equipped with circuit breakers;
(b) the electrical cables of the electrical seismic energy source are protected from damage and are adequately insulated and grounded to prevent current leakage and electrical shock; and
(c) the electrical seismic energy source, when tested, is fully immersed in water.

Helicopter Support

15 Where a helicopter is used in an offshore geophysical operation, the operator shall ensure that

(a) the helicopter deck on the vessel or platform from which the operation is conducted is designed, constructed and operated in accordance with the Guidelines Respecting Helicopter Facilities on Ships, TP 4414, published in December 1986 by the Canadian Coast Guard, as amended from time to time; and
(b) an immersion suit that complies with the Canadian General Standards Board Standard CAN/CGSB-65.17-M88, Helicopter Passenger Transportation Suit System, published in January 1988, as amended from time to time, is worn by every member of the geophysical crew who is on a flight to or from the vessel or platform from which the operation is conducted.

PART III Onshore Geophysical Operations

Survey Monuments

16 Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall

(a) determine the location of survey monuments in the vicinity of the field location of the operation and along any access roads or trails;
(b) before the movement of any equipment, ensure that all survey monuments are clearly flagged; and
(c) ensure that no work that is related to the operation is conducted within 2 m of a survey monument.

Seismic Energy Sources

17 (1) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, when determining the location for a seismic energy source, ensure that the seismic energy source

(a) is located so that, when the energy source is activated, no damage is caused to any wells, mines, pipelines, buried utilities, buildings or dams;
(b) is placed at least 2 m from any driveway, gateway or buried telephone or other communication line;

(c) where the energy source is a charge comprised of explosives, is placed

(i) where the quantity of explosives being used for the charge is set out in column I of an item of Schedule I, at least the distance set out in column II of that item from any oil or gas well or the centre line of any oil or gas pipeline, and
(ii) where the quantity of explosives being used for the charge is set out in column I of an item of Schedule I, at least twice the distance set out in column II of that item from any dam, residence, area of public congregation or water well; and

(d) where the energy source is other than a charge referred to in paragraph (c), is placed at least

(i) 100 m from any dam,
(ii) 15 m from any oil or gas well or the centre line of any oil or gas pipeline,
(iii) 50 m from any residence, structure with a concrete base or area of public congregation, and
(iv) 100 m from any water well if the energy source is vibroseis, or 50 m from such a well if the energy source is not vibroseis.

(2) An operator shall not allow more than 500 kg of explosives to be detonated in any shot hole or array of shot holes.

(3) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that

(a) magazines that contain a quantity of explosives set out in column I of an item of Schedule II are located at least

(i) the distance set out in column II of that item from any highway or road accessible to the public, any railway, airfield, bank of a navigable or recreational waterway, park or other recreational area, or the work area for the operation, and
(ii) twice the distance set out in column II of that item from any building or storage area for inflammable substances in bulk; and

(b) magazines are located or protected so that they will not be damaged by accidental impact.

Preparation of a Charge

18 (1) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, when charges are being prepared, ensure that

(a) no tools other than tools made of bronze or another non-sparking material are used to cut or pierce a cartridge;
(b) there is no stripping of cartridges;
(c) priming is done only at the blasting site and all explosives, other than the charge to be loaded into the shot hole, are kept inside a magazine until the primed cartridge is loaded into the shot hole;
(d) no detonating cord is capped and no cartridge is primed in any place where explosives are stored; and
(e) the detonating cord is handled in a manner that prevents bending or pinching of the cord.

(2) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that all the electric detonators used in a circuit are of the same design and made by the same manufacturer.

Drilling Shot Holes for Charges

19 (1) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, when a shot hole is being drilled for a charge, ensure that

(a) no drilling is done within 5 m of a shot hole that contains a charge, whether or not the charge has been detonated; and
(b) the shot hole is of sufficient size to allow the insertion of a charge into position in the shot hole without the use of undue force.

(2) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, when a shot hole is being drilled in an area that is prone to deposits of shallow gas, ensure that

(a) the drilling rig is positioned, with respect to the wind, so that gas encountered during drilling will not accumulate in the vicinity of the rig;
(b) the drilling rig is free from heat sources that might ignite any gas that has accumulated in the vicinity of the rig; and
(c) the engine is equipped with air intake shut-off valves that can be activated by the driller.

(3) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, when gas is encountered during drilling, and where it can be done safely, allowing sufficient time to permit evacuation, ensure that the air intake shut-off valves on the engine are placed in the off position.

Loading Charges into Shot Holes

20 (1) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, when charges are being loaded into a shot hole, ensure that

(a) detonator lead wires are unravelled or unwound slowly when a charge is being lowered into a shot hole and are not unravelled or unwound by being thrown or dragged along the ground;
(b) damaged lead wires and damaged connecting wires are not used in blasting circuits;
(c) every member of the geophysical crew who is engaged in the handling of explosives or involved in the blasting operation is warned of the potential build-up of static electricity on the member’s clothing or in the atmosphere as a result of drifting sand or snow and of possible accidental firing of detonators if detonator lead wires are thrown to the ground;
(d) loading poles and pole extension fittings for them are made of non-sparking, anti-static material;
(e) undue force is not used to insert a charge into position in a shot hole; and
(f) any device that is used to decrease the buoyancy of a charge or to anchor a charge in a shot hole is made of non-sparking material.

(2) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, once a charge is loaded into a shot hole, ensure that

(a) the detonator lead wires remain shunted at all times except during circuit testing;
(b) detonation of the charge occurs within 30 days after the day on which the charge is loaded into the shot hole, or any longer period approved by a conservation officer; and
(c) in inhabited areas or areas where there is the possibility that the detonator lead wires or detonating cord of the charge may be tampered with, a temporary plug is placed in the shot hole and the ground in the vicinity of the shot hole is levelled.

(3) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that

(a) when blasting in the vicinity of buildings, railways, roads or inhabited areas, the charge used is no larger than required;

(b) when blasting within 50 m of an overhead power line, the shooter who is responsible for the blasting uses

(i) detonating cord as a downline to the charge, and
(ii) a short detonator lead wire to initiate the detonating cord if the total detonator lead wire length is less than the distance from the overhead power line to the nearest point on the ground at the blasting site;

(c) when blasting in the area of a commercial electromagnetic transmitter with power in an amount that is set out in column I of an item of Schedule III, a charge is not loaded into a shot hole, primed or detonated unless the shot hole is located at least the distance set out in column II of that item from the base of the transmitter mast; and
(d) the circuit of every electric detonator is tested with a blaster’s galvanometer immediately after the charge is loaded into a shot hole and, if the test indicates that the circuit is open, no attempt is made to remove the charge and a fresh primed cartridge is inserted into the shot hole.

(4) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that charges are not loaded into a shot hole during an electrical storm or when an electrical storm is imminent.

Flagging Charged Shot Holes

21 Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that all shot holes that contain a charge are clearly flagged.

Firing Charges

22 Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that

(a) detonator lead wires remain shunted at all times except when the charges are ready to be fired and during circuit testing after loading;
(b) all blasting equipment at the blasting site is under the direct supervision and control of the shooter;

(c) when conducting a blasting operation in the vicinity of buildings, railways, roads or inhabited areas, the shooter

(i) takes adequate precautions to prevent any damage to property, and
(ii) places warning signs or barricades or uses flagpersons to ensure that no persons other than those engaged in the blasting operation remain in the area made dangerous by the blasting operation;

(d) when blasting operations are being carried out, the shooter takes adequate precautions to ensure that no charge is fired until all persons in the vicinity of the charge are protected by suitable cover from falling rocks, flying debris, mud and any other material disturbed or displaced as a result of the detonation or are at a safe distance from the charge;
(e) detonators that are used near the surface of the ground are covered in such a manner that any fragments of metal and debris resulting from the detonation are confined;
(f) a radio transmitter is not used at or near a blasting site when there are detonators outside of a magazine and above ground;
(g) all blasting equipment is maintained in good working condition;
(h) repair work to blasting equipment or to the firing cable is not conducted while the firing cable is wired to charges;

(i) the blasting equipment is disconnected from the blasting circuit and the ends of the lead wires connected to the charge are twisted together

(i) immediately after firing, if the charge fails to detonate, and
(ii) before any member of the geophysical crew inspects any shot hole that contains or may contain explosives;

(j) every detonator remains disconnected from the firing cable until the next charge or the next series or pattern of charges is ready to be fired and until the shotpoint is clear of all persons;
(k) all shot holes containing a charge are fired before the termination of the operation;
(l) blasting operations are not carried out during an electrical storm or when an electrical storm is imminent;
(m) anti-static detonators are used where possible for all blasting operations; and
(n) all electric detonator lead wires and other refuse from the blasting operation are retrieved from the field location of the operation.

Detonating Cords

23 (1) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that, when a detonating cord is used in water,

(a) the end of the cord is sealed;
(b) the entire length of cord is submerged before the firing cable is connected to the blasting equipment; and
(c) the charge is detonated as soon as possible after loading.

(2) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that, when a detonating cord is used on damp ground, the charge is detonated as soon as possible after loading.
(3) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that no vehicle is driven over a detonating cord.

Misfired Charges

24 (1) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, in respect of any charge that has not detonated as a result of misfire, ensure that

(a) no attempt is made to remove the charge from the shot hole; and
(b) an attempt is made to detonate the charge promptly by means of a fresh primer or by inserting and detonating another charge in that shot hole.

(2) When a charge fails to detonate after an attempt is made under paragraph (1)(b), the operator shall ensure that the charge and the lead wires that are connected to it are buried in the shot hole and that the shot hole is plugged in accordance with section 25.
(3) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, on completion of the operation, report in writing to a conservation officer the location of all charges that failed to detonate.

Plugging Shot Holes

25 (1) Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall, after a charge has detonated, ensure that the shot hole is plugged by

(a) filling the shot hole with drilling mud or cuttings to the point where the plug required by paragraph (b) is to be inserted;
(b) inserting a shot hole plug of a type approved by the Chief Conservation Officer to a depth of at least 30 cm below the surface;
(c) filling the shot hole above the plug with drilling mud or cuttings and tamping the contents into the shot hole; and
(d) spreading any remaining drilling mud or cuttings over the ground in the vicinity of the shot hole.

(2) Where, during an onshore geophysical operation, water or gas comes to the surface of a shot hole, the operator shall

(a) in the case of water, immediately attempt to plug the shot hole to confine the water; and
(b) in the case of gas, immediately evacuate the site until the gas has dissipated.

(3) Every operator who, during an onshore geophysical operation, disturbs a shot hole from a previous geophysical operation shall ensure that the shot hole is plugged in accordance with subsection (1).

Walkaway Vertical Seismic and Resistivity Surveys

26 Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that

(a) in the case of a walkaway vertical seismic survey, all shot holes in an area where drilling operations for a well are being conducted are clearly marked; and
(b) in the case of a resistivity survey, all electrodes are clearly flagged or cordoned off to prevent accidental human contact with the electrodes.

Archaeological Sites

27 (1) Where an archaeological site or a burial ground is discovered during an onshore geophysical operation, the operator shall so inform a conservation officer and suspend the operation in the immediate area of the discovery until permitted by the conservation officer to resume the operation in that area.
(2) A conservation officer shall permit the resumption of a geophysical operation that was suspended under subsection (1) if the conservation officer, after consultation with the Minister of Communications, is satisfied that the operation will not disturb the archaeological site or the burial ground and will not affect the archaeological or other special characteristics or the nature of the site or ground.

PART IV Occupational Safety and Health

Radio Communication

28 Every operator shall ensure that radio communication is maintained

(a) in the case of an onshore geophysical operation, with all vehicles in the vicinity of the operation, to the extent possible; and
(b) in the case of an offshore geophysical operation, with all vessels and platforms in the vicinity of the operation and with a shore-based station.

Safe Working Practices

29 Every operator shall ensure that all equipment and materials that are used during a geophysical operation are handled, operated and maintained in accordance with the manufacturers’ specifications.

30 Every operator who is conducting an offshore geophysical operation shall ensure that every member of the geophysical crew

(a) wears a suitable personal flotation device at all times when the member is working on deck;
(b) is equipped with a safety belt and a safety line whenever the member is positioned or working near the cable reel or working on the back deck during periods when there is any possibility of the member falling or being thrown or swept overboard;
(c) does not work alone on the back deck; and
(d) wears high visibility clothing.

31 Every operator who is conducting a geophysical operation shall ensure that an evacuation route is set up from each work station and that the route is accessible to every member of the geophysical crew who is working at that station.

32 Every operator who is conducting an onshore geophysical operation shall ensure that

(a) every member of the geophysical crew wears high visibility clothing when working at the field location of the operation; and
(b) every vehicle used in the geophysical operation is equipped with at least one portable fire extinguisher with a 5B rating.

No Smoking

33 (1) No person shall smoke near a marine recording cable or in any area where inflammable materials or explosives are being used or stored in the course of any geophysical operation.
(2) Every operator shall post, near the cable and in each area referred to in subsection (1), a sign prohibiting smoking.

Hours of Work

34 (1) Subject to subsection (2), every operator shall ensure that no member of the geophysical crew is required to work

(a) a shift in excess of 12 consecutive hours; or
(b) two successive shifts the combined total of which exceeds 12 hours unless that member has had at least 6 consecutive hours of rest between those shifts.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to any member of the geophysical crew who is required to work in the case of an emergency.

Training of Geophysical Crew

35 (1) Every operator shall ensure that every member of the geophysical crew

(a) is familiar with the safety equipment that the member may use, and with the safety procedures that the member may have to carry out during the operation;
(b) undergoes the instruction, training and drills necessary to enable the member to cope with both normal operations and emergency situations; and
(c) is familiar with the Safety Manual for Geophysical Field Operations, 6th edition, 1986, published by the International Association of Geophysical Contractors, as amended from time to time.

(2) Every operator who is conducting an offshore geophysical operation shall ensure that every member of the geophysical crew has successfully completed

(a) a survival course approved by the Chief Safety Officer; and
(b) a helicopter underwater escape course approved by the Chief Safety Officer, where regular changes of geophysical crew by helicopter are planned.

(3) The Chief Safety Officer shall approve

(a) a course referred to in paragraph (2)(a) if the Chief Safety Officer is satisfied that the course will provide an adequate level of knowledge of the hazards and emergencies that are likely to be encountered on a vessel or platform that is engaged in a geophysical operation and of techniques for surviving those hazards and emergencies; and
(b) a course referred to in paragraph (2)(b) if the Chief Safety Officer is satisfied that the course will provide adequate training in the methods of escaping from a helicopter that is underwater.

(4) Every operator shall ensure that only those members of the geophysical crew who are trained in the operation and maintenance of the seismic energy source and the components of seismic energy systems will be responsible for their handling and maintenance.

Access to Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations

36 Every operator shall keep a copy of the Oil and Gas Occupational Safety and Health Regulations at the field location of each geophysical operation in a place that is accessible to the geophysical crew.

PART V Reporting Requirements

Status Report

37 Every operator shall submit to the Chief Conservation Officer, at the commencement and termination of the geophysical operation and once a week during the operation, in a manner and form approved by the Chief Conservation Officer, a report on the progress of the operation that includes

(a) the number assigned to the operation that is the subject of the geophysical operation authorization;
(b) the identification of the lines on which the data are collected;
(c) the quantity of data collected per line;
(d) the location and status of any vessels and platforms from which the operation is conducted;
(e) any unusual weather conditions or other incidents that cause downtime; and
(f) the location of any shot hole referred to in subsection 25(2).

Final Report

38 (1) Subject to subsection (3), within 12 months after the date of termination of a geophysical operation, every operator shall submit to the Chief Conservation Officer a report that includes

(a) a title page that indicates the number that is assigned to the operation that is the subject of the geophysical operation authorization, the report title, the type of operation conducted, the location of the operation, the duration of operations at that field location, the names of the contractors, the operator, the interest owners, if any, as defined in section 2 of the Canada Petroleum Resources Act, and the author, and the date of the report;
(b) a table of contents;
(c) an introduction or abstract;
(d) location maps that show the boundaries of the area that is subject to each interest covered by the operation and the identification number of each such interest;
(e) a summary of significant dates, the number of members of the complement, if applicable, the number of members of the geophysical crew, the type and number of each type of equipment used, the production data, the total distance surveyed, the downtime per day, and the number of kilometres of data recorded per day;
(f) a summary of weather, sea, ice and topographic conditions and their effect on the operation;
(g) a general description of the operation including the instrument type, the accuracy of the navigation, positioning and survey systems, the parameters for the energy source and recording system and the field configuration of the source lines and the receiver lines;
(h) a detailed description of the geophysical data processing method including the processing sequence and the processing parameters for seismic, magnetic, gravimetric and other geophysical surveys;
(i) shotpoint maps, track plots, flight lines with numbered fiducial points, gravity station maps and, for seabed surveys, location maps for core holes, grab samples and seabed photographs;
(j) a fully processed, migrated seismic section for each seismic line recorded and, in the case of a 3-D survey, each line generated from the 3-D data set;
(k) a high-resolution section for each line recorded in a well-site seabed survey or a pipeline route survey;
(l) a series of gravity and magnetic profiles across all gravimetric and magnetic surveys for which interpretative maps have not been made;
(m) shotpoint location data;
(n) bathymetric and topographic maps that are compiled from the data collected;

(o) interpretative maps that are appropriate to the data collected including

(i) structure and isopach maps, time structure and time interval maps, velocity and residual velocity maps, and seismic amplitude and character change maps,
(ii) final Bouguer gravity maps and any residual or other processed gravity maps, and
(iii) final total magnetic intensity contour maps and any residual, gradient or other processed magnetic maps;

(p) synthetic seismograms and seismic modelling studies that use synthetic seismograms, vertical seismic profiles at wells that were used in the interpretation of the operation data, amplitude versus offset studies, and seismic inversion sections, if any; and

(q) the interpretation of maps and seismic sections including

(i) geological and geophysical correlations,
(ii) where applicable, correlations between gravity, magnetic and seismic data,
(iii) in the case of seabed surveys, the geophysical correlation of shallow seismic data with data from cores and geotechnical boreholes,
(iv) details of corrections or adjustments that were applied to the data during processing or compilation, and
(v) the operator’s velocity information that was used in a time-to-depth conversion.

(2) An operator shall incorporate in a map submitted pursuant to paragraph (1)(o) any previous data collected by the operator that are related to the area covered by the map and that are of a type similar to the data from which the map was produced.
(3) An operator who has conducted a non-exclusive survey need not, in the report required by subsection (1), provide the information and materials described in paragraphs (1)(n) to (q) in respect of data that are available for purchase by the public.
(4) Where an operator who has conducted a non-exclusive survey ceases to make available for purchase by the public any data from that survey that were so available, the operator shall, within 12 months after the date on which the operator ceased to make the data available, submit to the Chief Conservation Officer a supplementary report that contains the information and materials described in paragraphs (1)(n) to (q) in respect of the data, unless the Chief Conservation Officer has received a report pursuant to subsection (5) that includes such information and materials.
(5) Every purchaser of geophysical data that arise from a geophysical operation in an area that is subject to an interest, where the costs of the purchase of the data are credited against deposit or rental requirements of the interest, and every participant shall submit to the Chief Conservation Officer a report that contains all of the information and materials described in paragraphs (1)(n) to (q) that have been prepared by or for that purchaser or participant.
(6) Where a purchaser of geophysical data that arise from a geophysical operation in an area that is subject to an interest has reprocessed the data and the costs of the reprocessing are credited against deposit or rental requirements of the interest, the purchaser shall submit to the Chief Conservation Officer a report that contains the information and materials described in paragraphs (1)(a), (h), (j) to (l) and (o) to (q) that have been prepared in respect of the reprocessed data by or for the purchaser.

(7) The reports required by subsections (5) and (6) shall be submitted

(a) in the case of a participant, within 12 months after the date of termination of the geophysical operation; and
(b) in the case of a purchaser, by the time the costs referred to in subsection (5) or (6) are credited.

(8) A person who has submitted a report referred to in this section shall, in respect of data that pertain to the location of shotpoints or stations, immediately notify the Chief Conservation Officer of any errors, omissions or corrections identified in or made to the data subsequent to the submission of the report.
(9) A report referred to in this section shall be submitted in the form, manner and quantity approved by the Chief Conservation Officer.

Retention of Data

39 (1) Every operator shall, after completion of a geophysical operation, retain in Canada the following information and materials:

(a) seismic field data in digital format and a description of the data format, together with all supporting information;
(b) fully processed, migrated seismic data in digital format;
(c) in the case of a magnetic survey, the final digital field data, field analog monitors, diurnal charts, altitude profiles, and all other supporting information;
(d) in the case of a gravimetric survey, the location, elevation, final digital field data, and gravity profiles;
(e) in the case of seabed investigations at well-sites, all sidescan sonar records and mosaics, fathometer records, sub-bottom profile records, grab samples, cores, and seabed photographs; and
(f) all other observations or readings that were obtained during the field operation.

(2) No person shall destroy or discard any information or material referred to in subsection (1) after the period referred to in subsection (4) unless the person has given the Chief Conservation Officer not less than 60 days’ notice of that intention and, if so requested within the notice period, has given the Chief Conservation Officer the information or material or a copy thereof.
(3) The Chief Conservation Officer may require an operator to supply the information and materials referred to in subsection (1), in a form approved by the Chief Conservation Officer.
(4) Subject to subsection (6), no person shall destroy, discard or remove from Canada any of the information or material referred to in subsection (1) within 15 years after the completion of the geophysical operation without the written approval of the Chief Conservation Officer.
(5) Where fewer than 15 years have elapsed since the completion of the geophysical operation, the Chief Conservation Officer shall approve the destruction, discarding or removal from Canada of any of the information or material referred to in subsection (1) if the Chief Conservation Officer is satisfied that the information or material is not of any significant use or value.
(6) Information or material referred to in subsection (1) may be removed from Canada without the approval of the Chief Conservation Officer for the purpose of being processed in a foreign country, provided that the information or material is returned to Canada as soon as the processing is complete.
(7) Every operator shall retain in Canada on reproducible film the most recent fully processed, migrated seismic sections of the geophysical operation and shall not destroy that film or remove it from Canada without the written approval of the Chief Conservation Officer.
(8) The Chief Conservation Officer shall approve the destruction or removal from Canada of the most recent fully processed, migrated seismic sections on reproducible film if the Chief Conservation Officer is satisfied that a copy of the film has been retained in Canada or the film is not of any significant use or value in Canada.

PART VI  accidents

Reports

40 Every operator shall inform the Chief Conservation Officer and the Chief Safety Officer immediately, by the most rapid and practical means, of any serious accident or incident that occurs during a geophysical operation and that causes injury to or loss of life of any person, or damage to property, or that constitutes a threat to the environment.

Investigation

41 The Chief Conservation Officer and Chief Safety Officer may investigate any accident or incident that occurs during a geophysical operation and that

(a) involves the death of or injury to any person;
(b) causes significant damage to or failure of geophysical equipment; or
(c) results in pollution or other damage to the environment.

SCHEDULE I(Paragraph 17(1)(c))

MINIMUM DISTANCE BETWEEN A CHARGE AND ANY OIL OR GAS WELL OR THE CENTRE LINE OF ANY OIL OR GAS PIPELINE

Column I
Column II

Item
Net Weight of Explosive (kg)
Distance (m)

1
not more than 2
32

2
more than 2 but not more than 4
45

3
more than 4 but not more than 6
55

4
more than 6 but not more than 8
64

5
more than 8 but not more than 10
70

6
more than 10 but not more than 20
100

7
more than 20 but not more than 40
142

8
more than 40 but not more than 100
225

9
more than 100
500

SCHEDULE II(Paragraph 17(3)(a))

MINIMUM DISTANCE IN RESPECT OF MAGAZINES

Column I
Column II

Item
Net Weight of Explosive (kg)
Distance (m)

1
not more than 200
25

2
more than 200 but not more than 250
30

3
more than 250 but not more than 300
35

4
more than 300 but not more than 400
40

5
more than 400 but not more than 500
45

6
more than 500 but not more than 1,000
70

7
more than 1,000 but not more than 1,500
95

8
more than 1,500 but not more than 2,000
110

9
more than 2,000 but not more than 2,500
125

10
more than 2,500 but not more than 3,000
140

11
more than 3,000 but not more than 4,000
160

12
more than 4,000 but not more than 5,000
180

13
more than 5,000 but not more than 7,500
210

14
more than 7,500 but not more than 10,000
235

15
more than 10,000 but not more than 15,000
265

16
more than 15,000 but not more than 20,000
295

17
more than 20,000 but not more than 25,000
320

18
more than 25,000 but not more than 30,000
345

19
more than 30,000 but not more than 40,000
365

20
more than 40,000 but not more than 50,000
395

21
more than 50,000 but not more than 100,000
510

22
more than 100,000
600

SCHEDULE III(Paragraph 20(3)(c))

MINIMUM DISTANCE BETWEEN CHARGE AND COMMERCIAL ELECTROMAGNETIC TRANSMITTERS

Column I
Column II

Item
Transmitter Power Delivered to Antenna (w)
Distance (m)

1
not more than 500
140

2
more than 500 but not more than 1,000
200

3
more than 1,000 but not more than 2,500
305

4
more than 2,500 but not more than 5,000
460

5
more than 5,000 but not more than 10,000
670

6
more than 10,000 but not more than 25,000
1,070

7
more than 25,000 but not more than 50,000
1,520

8
more than 50,000 but not more than 100,000
2,160

9
more than 100,000
4,480