O. Reg. 205/08: BUILDING CODE


Published: 2008-06-18

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ontario regulation 205/08

made under the

building code act, 1992

Made: June 17, 2008
Filed: June 18, 2008
Published on e-Laws: June 20, 2008
Printed in The Ontario Gazette: July 5, 2008


Amending O. Reg. 350/06

(Building Code)

1. The definition of “Live/work unit” in Clause 1.4.1.2.(1)(b) of Division A of Ontario Regulation 350/06 is revoked and the following substituted:

Live/work unit means a dwelling unit having an area of not more than 200 m2 that contains a subsidiary business and personal services occupancy or a subsidiary

low hazard industrial occupancy, and which is used and operated by one or more persons of a single household.

2. Clause 3.1.10.2.(4)(e) of Division B of the Regulation is revoked and the following substituted:

(e) the firewall separates a sprinklered building regulated by the provisions of Subsection 3.2.6 from another sprinklered building.


3. Sentence 3.2.1.4.(1) of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding “3.2.2.44.(3)” after “3.2.2.43.(3)”.

4. Articles 3.2.2.42. and 3.2.2.43. of Division B of the Regulation are revoked and the following substituted:

3.2.2.42.  Group C, Any Height, Any Area, Sprinklered

(1) Except as permitted by Articles 3.2.2.43. to 3.2.2.48., a building classified as Group C shall conform to Sentence (2).

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building

referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and,

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building shall be sprinklered,

(b) except as permitted by Sentence (3), floor assemblies shall be fire separations

with a fire-resistance rating not less than 2 h,

(c) mezzanines

shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing

walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

(3) In a building that contains dwelling units that have more than 1 storey, subject to the requirements of Sentence 3.3.4.2.(3), the floor assemblies, including floors over basements, which are entirely contained within these dwelling units, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h but need not be constructed as fire separations.

3.2.2.43.  Group C, up to 6 Storeys, Sprinklered

(1) A building classified as Group C is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided,

(a) except as permitted by Sentence 3.2.2.7.(1), the building is sprinklered,

(b) it is not more than 6 storeys in building height, and

(c) it has a building area,

(i) that is not limited if the building is not more than 2 storeys in building height,

(ii) not more than 12 000 m2 if 3 storeys

in building height,

(iii) not more than 9 000 m2 if 4 storeys

in building height,

(iv) not more than 7 200 m2 if 5 storeys

in building height, or

(v) not more than 6 000 m2 if 6 storeys

in building height.

(2) Except as permitted by Article 3.2.2.16., the building

referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and,

(a) except as permitted by Sentence (3), floor assemblies shall be fire separations

with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines

shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(c) loadbearing

walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

(3) In a building that contains dwelling units that have more than 1 storey, subject to the requirements of Sentence 3.3.4.2.(3), the floor assemblies, including floors over basements, which are entirely contained within these dwelling units, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h but need not be constructed as fire separations.

5. Article 3.2.2.44. of Division B of the Regulation is revoked and the following substituted:

3.2.2.44.  Group C, up to 4 Storeys, Noncombustible Construction

(1) A building classified as Group C is permitted to conform to Sentence (2) provided,

(a) it is not more than,

(i) 3 storeys in building height, or

(ii) 4 storeys in building height

provided there is not more than one dwelling unit above another dwelling unit, and vertical fire separations of adjacent dwelling units

conform to Sentence (4), and

(b) it has a building area not more than the value in Table 3.2.2.44.

Table 3.2.2.44

Maximum Building Area, Group C, up to 4 Storeys

Forming Part of Sentence 3.2.2.43.(1)

 


Column 1


Column 2


Column 3


Column 4




No. of Storeys


Maximum Area, m2




Facing 1 Street


Facing 2 Streets


Facing 3 Streets




1


not limited


not limited


not limited




2


6 000


not limited


not limited




3


4 000


5 000


6 000




4


3 000


3 750


4 500




(2) The building referred to in Sentence (1) shall be of noncombustible construction, and,

(a) except as permitted by Sentence (3), floor assemblies shall be fire separations with a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(b) mezzanines

shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h,

(c) roof assemblies shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h, and

(d) loadbearing

walls, columns and arches shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than that required for the supported assembly.

(3) In a building that contains dwelling units that have more than 1 storey, subject to the requirements of Sentence 3.3.4.2.(3), the floor assemblies, including floors over basements, which are entirely contained within these dwelling units, shall have a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h but need not be constructed as fire separations.

(4) The dwelling units described in Subclause (1)(a)(ii) shall be separated by continuous vertical fire separations that extend through all storeys and service spaces of the separated portions.

6. Article 3.2.4.9. of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Sentence:

(3) In a building regulated by the provisions of Subsection 3.2.6., the indication of a supervisory signal in accordance with Sentence (2) shall be transmitted to a proprietary control centre or to an independent central station.

7. Subsection 3.2.6. of Division B of the Regulation is revoked and the following substituted:

3.2.6.  Additional Requirements for High Buildings

3.2.6.1.  Application

(1) This Subsection applies to a building,

(a) of Group A, D, E or F major occupancy classification that is more than,

(i) 36 m high, measured between grade and the floor level of the top storey, or

(ii) 18 m high, measured between grade and the floor level of the top

storey, and in which the cumulative or total occupant load on or above any storey above grade, other than the first storey, divided by 1.8 times the width in metres of all exit stairs at that storey, exceeds 300,

(b) containing a Group B major occupancy in which the floor level of the highest storey of that major occupancy is more than 18 m above grade,

(c) containing a floor area or part of a floor area located above the third storey designed or intended as a Group B, Division 2 or 3 occupancy, and

(d) containing a Group C major occupancy whose floor level is more than 18 m above grade.

3.2.6.2.  Limits to Smoke Movement

(1) A sprinklered building shall be designed in accordance with Sentences (2) to (5) and Supplementary Standard SB-4 to limit the danger to occupants and fire fighters from exposure to smoke in a building fire.

(2) A building referred to in Sentence (1), shall be designed so that, during a period of 2 h after the start of a fire, each exit stair serving storeys below the lowest exit level will not contain more than 1% by volume of contaminated air from the fire floor, assuming an outdoor temperature equal to the January design temperature on a 2.5% basis determined in conformance with Supplementary Standard SB-1.

(3) Each stairway that serves storeys above the lowest exit level shall have a vent to the outdoors, at or near the bottom of the stair shaft, that,

(a) has an openable area of 0.05 m2 for every door between the stair shaft and a floor area, but not less than 1.8 m2,

(b) opens directly to the outdoors or into a vestibule that has a similar opening to the outdoors, and

(c) has a door or closure that,

(i) is openable manually, and

(ii) can remain in the open position during a fire emergency.

(4) Measures shall be taken to limit movement of smoke from a fire in a floor area below the lowest exit storey into upper

storeys.

(5) Except for exhaust fans in kitchens, washrooms and bathrooms in dwelling units, and except for fans used for smoke venting as required by Article 3.2.6.6., air moving fans in a system that serves more than 2 storeys shall be designed and installed so that in the event of a fire these fans can be stopped by means of a manually operated switch at the central alarm and control facility.

(6) A building that is not sprinklered

shall be designed in accordance with Supplementary Standard SB-4 to limit the danger to occupants and fire fighters from exposure to smoke in a building fire.

3.2.6.3.  Connected Buildings

(1) If a building described in Article 3.2.6.1. is connected to any other building, measures shall be taken to limit movement of contaminated air from one building into another during a fire.

3.2.6.4.  Emergency Operation of Elevators

(1) Manual emergency recall shall be provided for all elevators serving storeys above the first storey.

(2) Key-operated switches for emergency recall described by Sentence (1) shall be provided in a conspicuous location at,

(a) each elevator lobby on the recall level, and

(b) the central alarm and control facility required in Article 3.2.6.7.

(3) In-car emergency service switches shall be provided in all elevator cars.

(4) Keys to operate the switches required by Sentences (2) and (3) shall be,

(a) provided in a suitably identified box conspicuously located on the outside of an elevator hoistway near the central alarm and control facility required by Article 3.2.6.7., and

(b) kept at the central alarm and control facility.

(5) In a building that is not sprinklered, automatic emergency recall operation shall be provided for all elevators serving storeys above the first storey.

(6) The automatic emergency recall feature in Sentence (5) shall be actuated by,

(a) smoke detectors installed in each elevator lobby on each storey, or

(b) the building

fire alarm system.

(7) Smoke detectors in Sentence (6) shall be designed as part of the building fire alarm system.

3.2.6.5.  Elevator for Use by Fire Fighters

(1) At least one elevator shall be provided for use by fire fighters in conformance with Sentences (2) to (6).

(2) The elevator referred to in Sentence (1) shall have a useable platform area not less than 2.2 m2

and shall be capable of carrying a load of 900 kg to the top floor that it serves from a landing on the storey containing the entrance for fire fighter access referred to in Articles 3.2.5.4. and 3.2.5.5. within 1 min.

(3) Except where Measure K of Supplementary Standard SB-4 is used, each elevator for use by fire fighters shall,

(a) be provided with a closure at each shaft opening so that the interlock mechanism remains mechanically engaged and electrical continuity is maintained in the interlock circuits and associated wiring for a period of not less than 1 h when the assembly is subjected to the standard fire exposure described in CAN4-S104-M, “Fire Tests of Door Assemblies”,

(b) be protected with a vestibule containing no occupancy and separated from the remainder of the floor area by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not less than 45 min, or

(c) be protected with a corridor containing no occupancy and separated from the remainder of the building by a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h.

(4) Except as permitted in Sentence (5), an elevator referred to in Sentence (1) shall be capable of providing transportation from the storey containing the entrance for fire fighter access referred to in Articles 3.2.5.4. and 3.2.5.5. to every floor that is above grade in the building and that is normally served by the elevator system.

(5) If it is necessary to change elevators to reach any floor referred to in Sentence (4), the system shall be designed so that not more than one change of elevator is required when travelling to any floor in the building from the storey containing the entrance for fire fighter access referred to in Articles 3.2.5.4. and 3.2.5.5.

(6) Electrical conductors for the operation of the elevator referred to in Sentence (1) shall be,

(a) installed in service spaces conforming to Section 3.6. that do not contain other combustible material, or

(b) protected against exposure to fire from the service entrance of the emergency power supply, or the normal service entrance of the normal power supply, to the equipment served, to ensure operation for a period of 1 h when subjected to the standard fire exposure described in CAN/ULC-S101-M, “Fire Endurance Tests of Building Construction and Materials”.

3.2.6.6.  Venting to Aid Fire Fighting

(1) Means of venting each floor area to the outdoors shall be provided by windows, wall panels, smoke shafts or, except as provided by Sentence (5), the building exhaust system.

(2) Fixed glass windows shall not be used for the venting required by Sentence (1) if the breaking of the windows could endanger pedestrians below.

(3) Openable windows used for the venting required by Sentence (1) shall be permanently marked so that they are easily identifiable.

(4) Elevator hoistways shall not be designed for the venting required by Sentence (1).

(5) In a building that is not sprinklered,

venting of floor areas required in Sentence (1) shall not be provided by the building exhaust system.

3.2.6.7.  Central Alarm and Control Facility

(1) A central alarm and control facility shall be provided on the storey containing the entrance for fire fighter access referred to in Articles 3.2.5.4. and 3.2.5.5. in a location that,

(a) is readily accessible to fire fighters entering the building, and

(b) takes into account the effect of background noise likely to occur under fire emergency conditions, so that the facility can properly perform its required function under such conditions.

(2) The central alarm and control facility required in Sentence (1) shall include,

(a) means to control the voice communication system required by Article 3.2.6.8., so that messages can be sent to,

(i) all loudspeakers simultaneously,

(ii) individual floor areas, and

(iii) exit

stairwells,

(b) means to indicate audibly and visually alert signals and alarm signals and a switch to,

(i) silence the audible portion of these signals, and

(ii) indicate visually that the audible portion has been silenced,

(c) means to indicate visually that elevators are on emergency recall,

(d) an annunciator conforming to Article 3.2.4.8.,

(e) means to transmit alert signals and alarm signals to the fire department in conformance with Article 3.2.4.7.,

(f) means to release hold-open devices on doors to vestibules,

(g) means to manually actuate alarm signals in the building

selectively to any zone or zones,

(h) means to silence the alarm signals referred to in Clause (g) in conformance with Sentences 3.2.4.22.(2) and (3),

(i) means, as appropriate to the measure for fire safety provided in the building, to,

(i) actuate auxiliary equipment, or

(ii) communicate with a continually staffed auxiliary equipment control centre,

(j) means to communicate with every elevator car,

(k) means to indicate visually, individual sprinkler system waterflow signals,

(l) means to indicate audibly and visually, sprinkler system supervisory signals and trouble signals,

(m) a switch to silence the audible portion of a supervisory signal or a trouble signal, and

(n) visual indication that the audible portion of a supervisory signal or a trouble signal has been silenced.

3.2.6.8.  Voice Communication System

(1) A voice communication system or systems conforming to Article 3.2.4.22. shall be provided in a building if,

(a) the floor of the top storey is more than 36 m above grade, or

(b) a floor area

or part of a floor area located above the third storey is designed or intended for use as a Group B, Division 2 or 3 occupancy.

3.2.6.9.  Testing

(1) The systems for control of smoke movement and mechanical venting required by Articles 3.2.6.2. and 3.2.6.6. shall be tested to ensure satisfactory operation in accordance with the procedures described in Supplementary Standard SB-4.

8. Sentence 3.3.1.3.(8) of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding “required by Sentence 3.3.4.4.(9) and” after “Except as” in the portion before Clause (a). 

9. (1) Sentence 3.3.4.4.(1) of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding “Except as required by Sentence (9)” at the beginning in the portion before Clause (a). 

(2) Sentence 3.3.4.4.(2) of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding “required by Sentence (9) and as” after “Except as”.

(3) Clause 3.3.4.4.(4)(a) of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding “except as required by Sentence (9)” at the beginning in the portion before Subclause (i).


(4) Article 3.3.4.4. of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Sentence:

(9) Each dwelling unit in a building conforming to Subclause 3.2.2.44.(1)(a)(ii) shall be served by,

(a) a direct exit

that is an exterior doorway located not more than 1 500 mm of adjacent ground level, or

(b) a stairway that,

(i) leads to an exterior doorway not more than 1 500 mm above adjacent ground level,

(ii) has no access to another dwelling unit, and

(iii) is separated from the remainder of the building with a fire separation having a fire-resistance rating not less than 1 h.

10. Sentence 3.4.2.1.(4) of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding “and (9)” at the end.

11. (1) Sentence 11.3.3.2.(1) of Division B of the Regulation is amended by striking out “or floor assemblies” before “are installed” and substituting “floor assemblies or roof assemblies”.

(2) Article 11.3.3.2. of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Sentences:

(3) Except as described in Sentence (4), where existing interior walls or ceilings or floor assemblies or roof assemblies are substantially removed on any storey in an existing building

and new interior walls, ceilings, floor assemblies or roof assemblies are installed, the storey shall be sprinklered if,

(a) the storey

will contain a Group C major occupancy, and

(b) the building is over 3 storeys in building height.

(4) Sentence (3) does not apply where the building,

(a) conforms to Subclause 3.2.2.44.(1)(a)(ii), and

(b) contains dwelling units having means of egress conforming to Sentence 3.3.4.4.(9).

12. (1) Clause 11.4.2.3.(1)(a) of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding “except as provided in Sentence (6)” at the beginning. 

(2) Article 11.4.2.3. of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Sentence:

(6) The performance level of an existing building is reduced where proposed construction will result in the change of the major occupancy of all or part of an existing building to a Group C major occupancy in a building over 3 storeys in building height except in a building conforming to Subclause 3.2.2.44.(1)(a)(ii) and having an egress facility conforming to Sentence 3.3.4.4.(5).

13. Article 11.4.3.4. of Division B of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Sentence:

(6) Where the performance level is reduced under Sentence 11.4.2.3.(6), the storey subject to the change shall be sprinklered.

14. Section 4.1. of Division C of the Regulation is amended by adding the following Subsection:

4.1.3. Transition, April 2010

4.1.3.1. Transition Rule

(1) Subject to Sentence (2), this Regulation as it read on March 31, 2010 is deemed to continue in force with respect to construction

for which a permit has been applied for or issued before April 1, 2010.

(2) Sentence (1) does not apply unless the construction

is commenced within six months after the permit is issued.

15. This Regulation comes into force on April 1, 2010.

 

 

 

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