Nationality law of Bhutan 1958_English version_
THE NATIONALITY LAW OF
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
TASHICHHO DZONG: THIMPHU
THE NATIONALITY LAW OF BHUTAN, 1958.
Having found it necessary to amend this law relating to the acquisition and deprivation of
Citizenship which has been in force till date, His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo, in accordance
with the Royal Advisors, people and the Monastic body, is pleased to incorporate the
1. This law may be called the Nationality Law of Bhutan, 1958 and it shall be effective
throughout the kingdom of Bhutan.
2. This law shall be in force throughout the kingdom of Bhutan from the day of its
3. Any person can become a Bhutanese National.
(a) If his/ her father is a Bhutanese National and is a resident of the
Kingdom of Bhutan;
(b) If any person is born within or outside Bhutan after the commencement of this
law provided the father is a Bhutanese National at the time of his/her birth.
4. (1) If any foreigner who has reached the age of majority and is otherwise
eligible, presents a petition to an official appointed by His Majesty the
Druk Gyalpo and takes an oath of loyalty according to the rules laid down by
the official, he/she may be enrolled as a Bhutanese National provided that :-
(a) The person is a resident of the kingdom of Bhutan for more than ten
(b) Owns agricultural land within the kingdom.
(2) If a woman, married to a Bhutanese National, submits a petition and takes
the oath of loyalty as stated above to the satisfaction of the concerned
official and provided that she has reached the age of majority and is
otherwise eligible, her name may be enrolled as a Bhutanese National
(3) If any person has been deprived of his/her Bhutanese Nationality or has
renounced his/her Bhutanese Nationality or forfeited his/her Bhutanese
Nationality, the person cannot become a Bhutanese National again unless
His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo grants approval to do so.
5. (1) If any foreigner submits a petition to His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo according
to the rules described in the above sections, and provided the person has
reached the age of majority and is otherwise eligible, and has served
satisfactorily in Government service for at least five years and has been
residing in the kingdom of Bhutan for at least 10 years, he/she may receive a
Bhutanese Nationality Certificate. Once the certificate is received, such a
person has to take the oath of loyalty according to rules laid down by the
Government and from that day onwards, his/her name will be enrolled as a
(2) Any foreigner who has reached the age of majority and is otherwise
eligible, can receive a Nationality Certificate provided that in the opinion
of His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo his/her conduct and service as a
Government servant is satisfactory.
6. Any person who :-
(a) becomes a national of a foreign country and resides in that country ;
(b) has renounced Bhutanese nationality and settled in a foreign country
(c) claims to be citizen of a foreign country or pledges oath of loyalty to that
(d) is registered as a Bhutanese national but has left his/her agricultural land or
has stopped residing in the kingdom ;
(e) being a bonafide national has stopped residing in the country or fails to
observe the laws of the Kingdoms shall forfeit his/her Bhutanese nationality.
7 (1) If a Nationality Certificate has been obtained on presentation of false
information; alteration, addition or omission of facts, the Government may
order the Certificate to be cancelled.
(2) A person is liable to be deprived of his/her Bhutanese nationality without
(a) If any citizen or national, engages in activities against His Majesty the Druk
Gyalpo or speaks against His Majesty, or the people of Bhutan ;
(b) When Bhutan and India is engaged in a war with another country, if any
citizen or national of Bhutan is found to be indulging in business,
correspondence or helping the enemies;
(c) If any person. Within the period of five years from the day when he/she was
enlisted as a Bhutanese National, was imprisoned in any country for more than
8. To implement this law, His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo may incorporate additional rules
9. This law supersedes all laws, rules and regulations, ordinances relating to the
acquisition and forfeiture of nationality from the day of its commencement.