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TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1: PRELIMINARY 1
SHORT TITLE, COMMENCEMENT AND EXTENT 1
PROCEDURE IN UNPROVIDED CASES 2
INTERPRETATION CLAUSE 2
CHAPTER 2: THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 2
CHAPTER 3: MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 3
ELECTION OF DISQUALIFIED PERSONS 5
CHAPTER 4: MEETING OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
SUBSEQUENT TO GENERAL ELECTION 7
SUMMONS TO MEMBERS 7
ELECTION CERTIFICATE 7
OATH OR AFFIRMATION OF OFFICE 8
ORDER OF SITTING 8
ROLL OF MEMBERS 8
CHAPTER 5: ARRANGEMENT OF BUSINESS 8
ORDER OF BUSINESS 8
CHAPTER 6: SPEAKER AND DEPUTY SPEAKER 9
ELECTION OF SPEAKER AND DEPUTY SPEAKER 9
CHAPTER 7: ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITY OF THE
PUBLIC DUTY 10
DUTY AS A REPRESENTATIVE 11
OFFICIAL SECRECY 11
DUTY TO ATTEND MEETINGS 11
DUTIES OF DISCLOSURE 11
CHAPTER 8: SITTINGS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 13
EXTRAORDINARY SESSION 13
OPENING AND CONCLUDING CEREMONY 13
ADDRESS BY THE DRUK GYALPO 14
REQUEST FOR LEAVE AND ABSENCE 14
LANGUAGE IN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 14
ACCESS OF PUBLIC TO ASSEMBLY PROCEEDINGS 15
POWER OF THE HOUSE TO COMPEL ATTENDANCE AND
CHAPTER 9: MESSAGES 16
MESSAGE FROM THE DRUK GYALPO 16
MOTION OF THANKS 16
MESSAGE FROM THE NATIONAL COUNCIL 16
CHAPTER 10: RULES OF DEBATE AND MAINTENANCE OF
ORDER IN THE HOUSE 17
MEMBER TO ADDRESS CHAIR 17
CALLING OF MEMBERS 17
TIME LIMIT FOR SPEECHES 18
REFERENCE TO MEMBER BY NAME 18
REFLECTIONS UPON JUDGES AND OTHERS 18
MATTERS SUB JUDICE 19
IRRELEVANCE OR REPETITION 19
ORDER AT ADJOURNMENT 19
WITHDRAWAL OF MEMBER 19
SUSPENSION OF MEMBER 19
PERIOD OF SUSPENSION 20
EXPRESSION OF REGRET 20
CHAPTER 11: MOTIONS 20
NATURE OF MOTIONS 20
NOTICE OF MOTIONS 21
ACTING FOR ABSENT MEMBER 21
WITHDRAWAL OF MOTION 21
CHAPTER 12: QUESTIONS 21
TIME OF QUESTION 21
NOTICE OF QUESTIONS 22
QUESTIONS TO SPEAKER 22
RULES FOR QUESTIONS 22
QUESTIONS FOR ORAL REPLY 23
ADMISSIBILITY OF QUESTIONS 23
ALTERATION OF QUESTION 23
TIME FOR REPLY 23
SUPPLEMENTARY QUESTIONS 23
CALL FOR DEBATE 24
CHAPTER 13: CALLING ATTENTION 24
CHAPTER 14: STATEMENTS BY CABINET MEMBERS AND
ASSEMBLY MEMBERS 24
STATEMENTS BY MEMBERS 24
EXECUTIVE STATEMENTS 25
CHAPTER 15: MOTION OF NO-CONFIDENCE AGAINST
THE GOVERNMENT AND COUNCIL OF
CHAPTER 16: RESOLUTIONS 27
RIGHT TO MOVE RESOLUTION 27
NOTICE OF RESOLUTION 27
FORM OF RESOLUTION 27
ADMISSIBILITY OF RESOLUTIONS 28
SCOPE OF DISCUSSION 28
COPY OF THE RESOLUTION PASSED TO MINISTERS CONCERNED 28
CHAPTER 17: PETITIONS 29
FORM AND CONTENT OF PETITIONS 29
ACTION BY THE HOUSE 30
CHAPTER 18: ADJOURNMENT MOTIONS 31
CHAPTER 19: DECISION AND VOTING 33
PUTTING THE QUESTION 34
USE OF ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEM 35
DISSENTING OPINION 35
CHAPTER 20: LEGISLATIVE PROCEDURE 35
GENERAL PROVISIONS 35
BILLS ORIGINATING IN THE ASSEMBLY 36
FORMS AND NOTICE OF BILLS 36
PRESENTATION AND FIRST READING 37
PRINTING AND CIRCULATION OF BILLS 38
SECOND READING OF BILLS 38
COMMITTEE STAGE 38
THIRD READING 39
PASSING OF BILLS 40
FURTHER PROCEEDINGS UPON BILLS 41
ASSENT OF BILLS PASSED 42
BILLS RECEIVED FROM THE NATIONAL COUNCIL 42
MONEY BILLS 42
CHAPTER 21: FINANCIAL PROCEDURE 43
CHAPTER 22: REPORTING OF PROCEEDINGS AND
RECORD OF PROCEEDING 44
DISTRIBUTION OF THE COPIES OF THE RESOLUTION 45
RECORD OF VOTES 45
CHAPTER 23: PRIVILEGES, IMMUNITIES AND
FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND DEBATE 45
RIGHT TO INFORMATION 45
GUARANTEE OF ATTENDANCE AT SESSIONS 46
SALARY, ALLOWANCE AND TRAVEL EXPENSES 47
BREACH OF PRIVILEGES 47
CHAPTER 24: CODE OF CONDUCT 49
CONDUCT OF MEMBERS 49
INCOMPATIBLE OFFICES 51
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST 52
CHAPTER 25: COMMITTEES 53
STANDING COMMITTEES 53
SELECT OR AD HOC OR SPECIAL COMMITTEES 53
JOINT COMMITTEES 53
PROPOSAL BY COMMITTEE 54
PROCEDURE IN THE COMMITTEES 54
CHAPTER 26: ADMINISTRATION OF THE NATIONAL
CHAPTER 27: OFFENCES AND PENALTIES 55
DECISION OF DISQUALIFICATION 56
COMPETENCE OF THE ASSEMBLY 56
CHAPTER 28:MISCELLANEOUS 57
CONTINUATION OF MATTERS 57
RULE MAKING POWER 58
CHAPTER 29: AMENDMENT AND AUTHORITATIVE
AUTHORITATIVE TEXT 58
Whereas, the National Assembly comprising of elected
representatives is one of the houses of the highest legislative
body and the institution through which the interests of the nation
and aspirations of the people are communicated, safeguarded
Whereas, the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan provides
for the independence of the National Assembly, which is the
institutional embodiment of Democratic Constitutional
Whereas, the success, effectiveness and prestige of
parliamentary institutions rest on its orderly functioning and the
extent to which it adheres to standards of discipline, dignity and
decorum, which are the foundational norms of parliamentary
Parliament of the Kingdom of Bhutan do hereby enact the
National Assembly Act at its First Session of the First
Parliament as follows:
CHAPTER 1: PRELIMINARY
Short Title, Commencement and Extent
1. This Act shall:
(a) Be called the National Assembly Act of the
Kingdom of Bhutan, 2008;
(b) Come into force on the 11th Day, of 6th Month of
Male Earth Rat Year of the Bhutanese Calendar
corresponding to 12
Day of the 8
(c) Extend to the whole of the Kingdom of Bhutan.
Procedure in Unprovided Cases
2. In all cases not provided for hereinafter, or by other
Rules and Order of the House, procedural questions shall
be decided by the Speaker, whose decisions shall be
based on the usages, forms, customs and precedents of
the National Assembly so far as they may be applicable
to the House.
3. Words and expressions used in the Constitution and also
in this Act shall, unless the context otherwise requires,
have the meanings assigned to them in the Constitution.
4. This Act hereby repeals the Chathrim for the Elections of
National Assembly Members, 1995 and any provisions
of law, by-laws, rules or regulations which are
inconsistent with this Act.
CHAPTER 2: THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
5. The National Assembly shall ensure that the Government
safeguards the interests of the nation and fulfills the
aspirations of the people through public review of
policies and issues, Bills and other legislations, and
scrutiny of State functions.
6. The legislative power shall be vested in the National
Assembly with the power to pass laws with the Assent of
the Druk Gyalpo subject, wherever applicable, to the
provisions of the Constitution.
7. The activities of the National Assembly shall be based
on the principles of political pluralism, free discussion of
issues and their settlement by joint efforts.
8. The National Assembly shall continue for five years
from the date of the first sitting. However, premature
dissolution of the National Assembly may take place on
the recommendation of the Prime Minister to the Druk
Gyalpo or in the event of a motion of no confidence vote
against the Government being passed in the National
Assembly or when the National Assembly is dissolved
under Article 15(12) of the constitution of Bhutan.
CHAPTER 3: MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL
9. The National Assembly shall have a maximum of fifty
five members elected by each Dzongkhag in proportion
to its population, provided that no Dzongkhag shall have
less than two members and more than seven members,
for which purpose Parliament shall, by law, provide for
each Dzongkhag to be divided into constituencies
through appropriate delimitation, and for the voters in
each constituency to directly elect one member to the
10. A person shall not be a member of the National Council
as well as the National Assembly or a Local Government
at the same time.
11. The election of the members of the National Assembly
shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Election
Act of Bhutan.
12. A candidate for the election to the National Assembly
shall be a minimum of twenty-five years and maximum
of sixty-five years of age at the time of filing the
13. A member of the National Assembly shall have the
minimum qualification of a formal university degree.
14. A member of the National Assembly shall be
disqualified if the member:
(a) Is married to a person who is not a citizen of
(b) Is terminated from Public Service;
(c) Is convicted for any criminal offence and
sentenced to imprisonment;
(d) Is in arrears of taxes or other dues to the
(e) Has failed to lodge accounts of election expenses
within the time and in the manner required by
law without good reason or justification;
(f) Holds any office of profit under the Government,
public companies or corporations;
(g) Fails to give attendance in the House for more
than one fourth of the number of days in a
session, unless excused on that behalf by the
permission of the House;
(h) Commits willful violations of the laws of the
(i) Brings disrepute to the National Assembly by his
or her personal conduct; or
(j) Persistently contravenes the Code of Conduct as
laid down in this Act.
15. Nothing in Section 14 affects any power that the House
has to disqualify a member of the House.
Election of Disqualified Persons
16. A person who is disqualified by a judgment of a court of
competent jurisdiction from being elected to or sitting in
the House, by reason of any violation of any Act of
Parliament relating to elections or to the trial of
controverted elections of members of the Assembly,
shall not be eligible for election as a member of the
Assembly so long as such disqualification continues.
17. If any person by this Act disabled or declared to be
incapable to carry out his or her responsibilities in the
National Assembly is, nevertheless, elected and returned
as a member, such election and return shall be declared
to be void.
18. A member may, by writing under his or her hand,
addressed to the Speaker, if the House is in session, or
the Secretary General if the House is not in session,
resign his or her seat therein, and upon the acceptance of
such resignation by the Speaker, the seat of that member
shall become vacant.
19. A member shall not tender resignation of the seat while
the dispute related to election of that person as a member
of the National Assembly is lawfully contested.
20. The seat of a member shall become vacant upon:
(c) Disqualification or removal; or
(d) The expiration of the term of office.
21. If a member remains absent for more than one-fourth of
the number of days in a session without the permission
of the House, his or her seat shall be declared to be
vacant. In computing the said period of absence, no
account shall be taken of any period during which the
House is prorogued or is adjourned for more than four
22. When the office of a member of the National Assembly
becomes vacant for any reason other than the expiration
of term, a writ for an election to fill the vacancy shall be
issued within one month after the vacancy occurs and an
election of a member to fill the vacancy shall be held
within ninety days as from the date of vacancy.
23. Section 22 shall not apply where a vacancy occurs within
one hundred eighty days before the expiry of the time
limited for the duration of the House by Section 8.
24. If the House is dissolved after the issue of a writ
pursuant to Section 22, such writ shall thereupon be
deemed to have been superseded and withdrawn.
CHAPTER 4: MEETING OF THE NATIONAL
ASSEMBLY SUBSEQUENT TO GENERAL
Summons to Members
25. The Secretary General shall issue summons to each
member specifying the date and place for a session of the
26. When a session is called at short notice, an
announcement of the date and place of the session may
be made in the media and members may be informed by
27. The Secretary General shall inform the Druk Gyalpo of
the date of commencement of every session before
issuing the summons.
28. When the election of the members of the National
Assembly is determined, the Chief Election
Commissioner shall immediately notify the National
Assembly of such list of elected members.
29. Upon the determination of the election of members of
the National Assembly, the members shall present their
election certificate to the National Assembly Secretariat
30. A member whose right to hold office has been
questioned shall however, remain in office until declared
ineligible for office.
Oath or Affirmation of Office
31. The members of the National Assembly shall take an
Oath or Affirmation of Office as provided in the Third
Schedule of the Constitution, before assuming their
Order of Sitting
32. The members shall sit in such order and at such place as
the Speaker and the Secretary General may determine.
Roll of Members
33. There shall be a Roll of Members of the National
Assembly which shall be signed in the presence of the
Secretary General by each member before taking his or
CHAPTER 5: ARRANGEMENT OF BUSINESS
Order of Business
34. The business of each sitting other than a sitting under
Chapter 8 shall be in accordance with the Rules made
under this Act.
35. The Agenda of the House shall be decided by the
Speaker in consultation with the Secretary General. All
items of business for a sitting of which notice has been
given shall be placed on the Agenda for that sitting in
such order as prescribed by the Rules.
36. The Agenda shall be prepared by the Secretary General
and a copy thereof shall be made available for the use of
CHAPTER 6: SPEAKER AND DEPUTY
Election of Speaker and Deputy Speaker
37. At the first sitting after any general election, or when
necessary to fill a vacancy, the National Assembly shall
elect a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker from among its
members. However, during an extraordinary session, the
Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the immediately
preceding regular session shall serve as Speakers.
38. The Druk Gyalpo shall, by warrant under His hand and
seal, confer Dakyen to the Speaker.
39. The Speaker and the Deputy Speaker shall take an Oath
or Affirmation of Secrecy as provided in the Fourth
Schedule of the Constitution, before assuming office.
40. The Speaker’s Act of the National Assembly of Bhutan,
as enacted by Parliament shall govern the election,
powers, functions, responsibilities and other matters
relating to the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker.
41. The Speaker shall remain non-partisan in the fulfillment
of his or her role.
CHAPTER 7: ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITY OF
42. A member shall place highest importance to serving The
Tsawa-Sum with utmost loyalty and dedication and
fulfill his or her responsibilities by following the highest
43. The members of the National Assembly shall be
representative of all the people and shall in the
performance of their duties be guided by the objectives
of the Constitution, by the public interest and by their
44. Every member shall have duty to be faithful and bear
true allegiance to the Druk Gyalpo, His heirs and
45. The members shall have a duty to be faithful and bear
true allegiance to the Kingdom of Bhutan and to
preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and to
uphold the laws and act on all occasions in accordance
with the public trust placed upon him or her.
Duty as a Representative
46. The members are accountable to the people at all times.
They shall perform their legislative mandates with
utmost competence, efficiency, effectiveness, integrity
and fidelity to the people’s welfare and the national
47. Members shall have a duty to be accessible to the people
of the areas for which they have been elected to serve
and to represent their interests conscientiously.
48. The members are bound by official secrecy in the event
that, through their official activities, they acquire
knowledge of information that must be kept secret or
confidential in order to safeguard national interests.
Duty to Attend Meetings
49. The members are obliged to attend the meetings of the
Assembly and committees.
Duties of Disclosure
50. On assuming office and at the start of every year, each
member shall inform in writing to the Secretariat about
his or her:
(a) Bio-data and educational qualifications;
(b) Occupation, trade, profession or vocation;
(c) Positions (whether remunerated or not) held in,
or membership of corporations, associations or
other institutions and bodies;
(d) Income, asset and liability as per Anti Corruption
(e) Transfers of property to relatives or other persons
by, or under arrangements made by him;
(f) Agreements pursuant to which, during or after his
or her membership, a member is to be assigned
certain activities or granted pecuniary benefits;
(g) Activities pursued in addition to his or her
occupation and mandate, in particular the
delivery of expert opinions, writing and lecturing.
51. The Secretariat shall maintain a public register
containing the information provided by the members.
52. The Secretariat shall take reasonable steps to make sure
that the personal information they collect or use or
disclose is accurate, complete and up to date.
53. If a member contravenes Section 50, the National
Assembly may declare his or her seat vacant.
54. A member shall not resort to any form of fund raising
from individuals or any agency.
55. Gifts of pecuniary value which a member receives either
as guest or host in connection with his or her mandate
shall be governed by the rules prescribed by Anti
56. The Secretary General shall, in consultation with the
Speaker take a decision on the use of declared gifts
which a member has received.
CHAPTER 8: SITTINGS OF THE NATIONAL
57. The National Assembly shall assemble at least twice a
58. The Speaker shall convene an extraordinary sitting of the
National Assembly on the Command of the Druk Gyalpo
if the exigencies of the situation so demand.
59. During an extraordinary session, the National Assembly
may consider only those matters for which it has been
convened or matters that are connected thereto.
Opening and Concluding Ceremony
60. At the commencement of each session of Parliament, the
Druk Gyalpo shall be received in a joint sitting of
Parliament with Chibdrel Ceremony. Each session shall
be opened with a Zhug-drel-phunsum tsho-pai ten-drel
and each session shall conclude with the Tashi-mon-lam.
Address by the Druk Gyalpo
61. The Druk Gyalpo may address or sit in the proceedings
of the House as and when deemed expedient.
62. No motion for the adjournment of the House shall be
made on the day the Druk Gyalpo addresses or sits in the
63. The presence of not less than two-thirds of the total
number of members shall constitute a quorum for a
sitting of the National Assembly.
64. If the number of members present falls short of the
quorum as referred to in Section 63, the Speaker may
declare an adjournment of the meeting.
65. Before taking his or her seat in the National Assembly,
each member shall note his or her attendance in the Roll
Request for Leave and Absence
66. A member who wishes to absent himself from sittings of
the House, or any other Parliamentary forum of which he
or she is a member, shall, before so absenting himself or
herself, submit to the Speaker a written request for
Language in the National Assembly
67. The proceedings and business in the National Assembly
shall be conducted in Dzongkha.
Access of Public to Assembly Proceedings
68. The Proceedings of the National Assembly shall be
conducted in Public. However the Speaker may exclude
the media and the public from all or any part of the
proceedings if there is a compelling need to do so in the
interest of public order, national security or any other
situation, where publicity would seriously prejudice
69. An individual who participates in a proceeding held in
camera shall be obliged to preserve secrecy with regard
to the proceedings thereof.
70. The use of sound or image broadcasts from the
Assembly Hall, as well as the accreditation of the
journalists shall be regulated by Rules made by the
House on that behalf.
Power of the House to compel attendance and Production
71. The House may at all times command and compel the
attendance before the House, or before any committee,
of such persons and the production of such papers and
items as the House or committee deems necessary for
any of its proceedings or deliberations.
72. Whenever the House requires the attendance of any
person before the House or before any committee, the
Speaker may issue a warrant, directed to that person
named in the order of the House, requiring the
attendance of such person before the House or
committee, and the production of such papers and items
as are ordered.
CHAPTER 9: MESSAGES
Message from the Druk Gyalpo
73. The Druk Gyalpo may send messages to the National
Assembly as and when deemed expedient.
74. Where a message from the Druk Gyalpo is received by
the Speaker, he or she shall read the message to the
House and give necessary directions in regard to the
procedure that shall be followed for the consideration of
matters referred to in the message.
75. The House shall, as early as possible, consider the matter
referred to in the message and submit its opinion to the
76. For the purpose of this Chapter, the Speaker shall be
empowered to suspend or vary any provisions of this Act
and any Rules made there under to such extent as may be
Motion of Thanks
77. At the conclusion of His Majesty’s address or message, a
member each from either party shall move a motion of
78. The communication from the National Assembly to the
Druk Gyalpo shall be made by formal address through
Message from the National Council
79. A message from the National Council shall, at the first
convenient opportunity be communicated to the House
by the Speaker.
80. In case of special urgency, any business in progress, on
the receipt of such message, may be interrupted to
consider the message so received.
81. If a message from the Council requires any action to be
taken or any matter referred by the Assembly, it shall be
immediately set down on the Agenda and shall be
CHAPTER 10: RULES OF DEBATE AND
MAINTENANCE OF ORDER IN THE HOUSE
Member to Address Chair
82. Members shall speak standing at their places and shall
address their remarks solely and directly to the Chair.
They may not address other members, individuals in the
gallery, or persons who might be observing through the
Calling of Members
83. Every member desiring to speak on an issue shall notify
the Speaker in advance and obtain his or her permission.
84. A member shall be called in a debate by the Speaker in
accordance with the list of members who are to speak in
85. A member who has not received a notification to speak
may do so only with the permission of the Speaker.
86. Every member desiring to speak shall raise their hand
and when called upon shall address his or her
observations to the Chair.
87. If two or more members raise their hands at the same
time, the Speaker shall call upon the member who first
catches his or her eye.
Time Limit for Speeches
88. The time limit for speeches shall be regulated by the
Reference to Member by Name
89. Members shall refer to other members by constituency
and not by name.
Reflections upon Judges and Others
90. No member shall reflect upon the competence or honour
of a judge of the High Court and the Supreme Court, or
of the holder of a constitutional office whose removal
from such office is dependent upon a decision of the
House, except upon a substantive motion alleging facts,
which, if true, would in the opinion of the Speaker prima
facie warrant such a decision.
91. Members shall refrain from referring to individual
members of the National Council, characterizing the
action or inaction of the National Council, or quoting
National Council proceedings, except to make legislative
history on a measure then under debate.
92. Members shall at all times refrain from speaking
disrespectfully of His Majesty the Druk Gyalpo.
Matters Sub Judice
93. Members shall refrain from referring to any matter in
relation to which legal proceedings are active.
Irrelevance or Repetition
94. The Speaker, after having called attention to the conduct
of a member who persists in irrelevance or repetition of
arguments, may direct the member to discontinue his or
Order at Adjournment
95. When a meeting adjourns, members shall rise and remain
in their places until the Speaker has left the Chamber.
Withdrawal of Member
96. If the Speaker is of the opinion that a member is
deliberately contravening a provision of this Act, or that
a member is in contempt of or is disregarding the
authority of the Chair, or that a member’s conduct is
grossly disorderly, the member shall be made to
withdraw immediately from the House for the remainder
of the day’s sitting.
Suspension of Member
97. If the Speaker is of the opinion that a contravention
committed by a member is of a serious nature and that an
order to withdraw from the House for the day’s sitting is
inadequate, the Speaker may suspend the member.
Period of Suspension
98. The suspension of a member shall on the first occasion
during a session continue for five working days, on the
second occasion for ten working days, and on any
subsequent occasion for twenty working days.
Expression of Regret
99. A member who has been suspended may submit to the
Speaker a written expression of regret, and if the Speaker
approves such expression of regret, the member shall be
permitted to take his or her seat, and the Speaker shall
inform the House accordingly.
100. An expression of regret approved by the Speaker shall be
recorded in the Minutes of Proceedings.
CHAPTER 11: MOTIONS
Nature of Motions
101. A member may propose a subject for discussion, or a
draft resolution for approval as a resolution of the House.
102. No matter shall be proposed for discussion which is the
same in substance as a matter that has been discussed
during the same session.
Notice of Motions
103. Every motion shall require notice. When giving a notice
of motion, a member shall read it aloud and deliver at the
Table a signed copy of the notice or deliver to the
Secretary General a signed copy of the notice for placing
on the Agenda of the second sitting day.
104. Except with the unanimous concurrence of all the
members present, no motion shall be moved on the day
on which notice thereof is given.
Acting for Absent Member
105. A member may give notice of a motion on behalf of an
absent member, provided he or she has been authorized
to do so in writing by the absent member.
Withdrawal of Motion
106. A member who has moved a motion may move without
notice that it be withdrawn.
CHAPTER 12: QUESTIONS
Time of Question
107. The asking and answering of questions shall be at such
times and for such duration as the National Assembly
Notice of Questions
108. A member who wishes to ask a question shall give not
less than two days notice of his or her intention and
shall, together with the notice, submit a copy of the
question he or she wishes to ask, unless the Speaker with
the consent of the Minister concerned allows the
question to be asked at shorter notice.
109. Notice of question shall be given in writing to the
Secretary General and shall specify the official
designation of the Minister to whom the question is
110. Questions may be put to a member, not being a Minister,
relating to any Bill, motion, or other public matter
connected with the business of the House.
Questions to Speaker
111. Questions without notice may be put to the Speaker
relating to any matter of administration for which the
Speaker is responsible.
Rules for Questions
112. The questions should not contain:
(c) defamatory statements;
(d) hypothetical matter; and
(e) proceedings in committee not reported to the
Questions for Oral Reply
113. A member who wants an oral reply to a question must
write the words “for oral reply” on the notice of the
question delivered to the Secretary General under
Section 109 and if the member does not distinguish the
question, it shall be placed on the list of questions for
Admissibility of Questions
114. The Speaker shall decide on the admissibility of a
question and may disallow any question or a part thereof,
which in his or her opinion, is in contravention of this
Alteration of Question
115. The Speaker may direct that the language of a question
be changed if it seems to the Speaker unbecoming or not
in conformity with this Act.
Time for Reply
116. The Speaker shall give adequate time to the concerned
ministry or organization, as the case may be, for
furnishing the reply to the questions.
117. When a question has been answered, any member may
ask such supplementary questions as may be necessary
for the elucidation of the answer.
Call for Debate
118. If a member is not satisfied with the answer, he may,
with the permission of the Speaker, call a debate in the
CHAPTER 13: CALLING ATTENTION
119. A member may, with the previous permission of the
Speaker, call the attention of a Minister to any matter of
urgent public importance.
120. The Minister may make a brief statement or ask for time
to make a statement at a later hour or date.
121. No member shall give more than two such notices for
any one sitting.
CHAPTER 14: STATEMENTS BY CABINET
MEMBERS AND ASSEMBLY MEMBERS
122. The Speaker, in consultation with the Prime Minister, the
Leader of the Opposition Party and the Secretary
General shall allot three sittings in a week to take
statements from the Cabinet members and Assembly
Statements by Members
123. A member, other than a Minister, may be recognized by
the Speaker to make a statement on any matter for such
duration as the Speaker may determine.
124. Members of each party shall be entitled to make a
number of statements but the members of the Opposition
Party shall be given preference to participate in a manner
consistent with democracy.
125. At the conclusion of statements by members, a Minister
present may be given an opportunity to respond to any
statement directed to that Minister or made in respect of
that Minister’s portfolio.
126. In the absence of a Minister who may respond to a
statement as envisaged in Section 125, a Minister from
the Lhengye Zhungtshog may be given an opportunity to
respond on behalf of the absent Minister.
127. A Cabinet member may make a factual or policy
statement relating to government policy, any executive
action or other similar matter of which the Assembly
should be informed.
128. Whenever possible, a copy of an executive statement
must be delivered to the Leader of the Opposition Party
at or before the time the statement is made in the
129. Following any executive statement, a member or
members of each of the parties may comment on the
executive statement, commencing with the Opposition
CHAPTER 15: MOTION OF NO-CONFIDENCE AGAINST
THE GOVERNMENT AND COUNCIL OF MINISTERS
130. A motion of no confidence against the Government may
be moved by not less than one-third of the total number
of members of the National Assembly.
131. The motion of no confidence shall not be voted on until
ten days after it has been moved.
132. A vote of no confidence against the Government, if
passed by not less than two-thirds of the total number of
members of the National Assembly, shall require the
Government to be dismissed by the Druk Gyalpo.
133. A motion of no confidence against the Minister shall be
moved by not less than one-third of the total members of
the National Assembly by a written notice to the
134. The vote of no confidence on a Minister should be
explicit, direct and on the basis of well founded reasons.
135. The Speaker shall read the motion to the House. If the
House is in favour of leave being granted to introduce
the motion, the Speaker shall declare that leave is
granted and shall appoint a day or days, not being more
than seven days from the date on which the leave is
asked, for the discussion of the motion.
136. During the debate, the Speaker shall put every question
necessary to determine the decision of the House on the
137. If the House passes a two-third majority of vote of no
confidence in a Minister thereof, the Prime Minister shall
recommend the removal of that Minister to the Druk
138. A Minister who has resigned may, with the consent of
the Speaker, make a personal statement in explanation of
his or her resignation on any day during the session in
which the resignation has been accepted by the Druk
139. There shall be no debate on such statement.
CHAPTER 16: RESOLUTIONS
Right to Move Resolution
140. A member may move a resolution relating to a matter of
general public interest.
Notice of Resolution
141. A member who wishes to move a resolution shall give
not less than three day’s notice of his or her intention,
and shall submit, together with the notice, a copy of the
resolution which he or she intends to move.
Form of Resolution
142. A resolution may be:
(a) in the form of a declaration of opinion, or a
(b) in the form so as to record either approval or
disapproval by the House of an act or policy of
(c) a request for an action;
(d) a call to attention to a matter or situation for
consideration by the Government; or
(e) such other form as the Speaker may consider
Admissibility of Resolutions
143. The Speaker may disallow any resolution or a part
thereof, if, in his or her opinion, it does not comply with
this Act or is an abuse of the right of moving a
Scope of discussion
144. The discussion on a resolution shall be strictly limited to
the subject-matter of the resolution.
Copy of the resolution passed to Ministers concerned
145. A copy of every resolution which has been passed by the
House shall be forwarded to the Minister concerned.
146. The Minister concerned shall inform Parliament in the
next Session, if not earlier, of the action, if any, taken by
Government on a resolution passed by the House.
CHAPTER 17: PETITIONS
Form and content of Petitions
147. A petition may be presented or submitted to the House
by a member, and must show on its face the name of the
member by whom it is presented.
148. A petition may also be forwarded to the Secretary
General who shall report it to the House.
149. Petitions must be submitted for approval by the
Secretary General at least one sitting day prior to the
petition being presented in the Assembly.
150. Petitions shall contain and refer to:
(a) any matter connected with the business pending
before the House;
(b) a matter which is within the power of the House
(c) any matter of general public interest provided
that it is not one for which remedy is available
under the law, including Royal Prerogatives,
rules, regulations, bye-laws made by the
(d) a request for the House to take one or more
151. Every petition shall be in original and printed or type
written on paper.
152. A member presenting a petition shall confine himself or
herself to a brief statement of the persons from whom it
comes, the number of signatures attached to it and the
material submissions contained in it, and to reading the
request of the petition.
153. A member shall not present a petition for himself.
154. Every petition shall be properly addressed to the House,
shall be respectful, and temperate in its language, and
shall conclude with a request setting forth the specific
object of the petition, or the nature of the relief sought.
155. The full name and address of every signatory to a
petition shall be set out therein and shall be authenticated
by his or her signature.
156. No letter, affidavit or other document shall be attached to
a petition, and no erasure or interlineations shall be made
to a petition.
157. No petition shall be received which requests that
provision be made for imposing, increasing or reducing
any tax or for imposing, increasing or reducing any
charge on the revenue or the Consolidated Fund of
Action by the House
158. No discussion on the subject matter of a petition shall be
allowed at the time of presentation.
159. Every petition shall, after presentation by a member or
report by the Secretary General as the case may be, stand
referred to a committee.
160. The committee shall examine the petition and if the
petition complies with this Act, the committee may
direct that it be circulated.
161. It shall be the duty of the committee to report to the
House on specific complaints made in the petition
referred to it after taking such evidence as it deems fit
and to suggest remedial measures to prevent such cases
162. The Minister responsible for the administration of the
matter which is the subject of the petition may respond
to the petition.
CHAPTER 18: ADJOURNMENT MOTIONS
163. A member may rise in his or her place and ask leave to
move adjournment of the business of the House for the
purpose of discussing a definite matter of public
164. A member who wishes to ask leave to move the
adjournment of the business of the House shall, before
the commencement of the sitting and before 10.00 hours,
hand to the Speaker a written notification of the matter
which he or she wishes to discuss.
165. The right to move the adjournment of the House for the
purpose of discussing a definite matter of urgent public
importance shall be subject to the following restrictions:
(a) the matter proposed for discussion must be one
that calls for immediate and urgent
(b) not more than one such motion shall be made at
the same sitting;
(c) not more than one matter shall be discussed on
the same motion;
(d) the motion shall be restricted to a specific matter
of recent occurrence involving the responsibility
of the Government;
(e) the motion shall not revive discussion on a matter
which has been discussed in the same session;
(f) the motion shall not raise a question of privilege;
(g) the motion shall not deal with any matter which
is under adjudication by a court of law.
166. The Speaker may refuse to grant leave unless he or she is
satisfied that the matter is definite, and of urgent public
importance and may properly be raised on a motion for
the adjournment of the House.
167. In determining whether a matter should have urgent
consideration, the Speaker shall have regard to:-
(a) the extent to which it concerns the administrative
responsibilities of the Government or could come
within the scope of Ministerial action; and
(b) the probability of the matter being brought before
the House within a reasonable time by other
168. The motion shall not be subject to debate or amendment.
169. A motion for the adjournment of the business of the
House under this Chapter must be supported by not less
than half of total members of the National Assembly.
170. If the leave is granted, any proceedings on which the
House is engaged on that day shall be postponed until
the motion for the adjournment is disposed.
171. No adjournment motion shall be taken up on the day of
the Druk Gyalpo’s Address. Notices received for that
day shall be treated as notices for the next sitting.
172. Any proceeding which has been postponed under this
Chapter shall be continued for a period of time equal to
the duration of the proceedings upon a motion under this
Chapter and may be resumed and proceeded with or after
the time fixed for the adjournment of the House.
CHAPTER 19: DECISION AND VOTING
173. A matter requiring the decision of the House shall be
decided by means of a question put by the Speaker on a
motion made by a member.
174. Except as otherwise prescribed by the Constitution and
this Act, all questions proposed for decision of the House
shall be determined by a majority of votes of the
members present and voting.
175. A member having any interest in any matter before the
House shall declare the nature of his or her interest in the
matter and shall not vote on any question relating to that
176. Only members have a right to vote in the decision of the
177. A member is entitled to one vote per proposal and the
right to vote shall not be exercised by proxy.
Putting the Question
178. On the conclusion of the debate, the Speaker shall put
the question and first call upon those members who are
in favour of the question to raise their hand, and shall
then call upon those who are against the question to raise
179. The Speaker shall then, on account being taken, state
whether or not he or she thinks the required majority of
the members present are in favour of the question and,
subject to any challenges, the Speaker shall declare the
question to have been so decided. In such a case, the
names of the voters shall not be recorded.
180. If the opinion of the Speaker as to the decision of a
question is challenged by claiming a division, the
Speaker shall order the House and committees to
proceed to a division. The division bell shall be rung to
alert and summon the members for the division.
181. When a division has been ordered, the Clerk shall supply
to each member at his or her seat, a “YES”, “NO’ and
“ABSTAIN” slips, according to the choice indicated by
the member. A member shall sign and record his or her
vote on the slip.
182. After the members have recorded their votes, the Clerk
shall collect the slips and bring them to the Table in the
presence of the Assembly members where the votes shall
be counted and the results shall be presented to the
183. The result of the division shall be announced by the
Speaker and it shall not be challenged.
Use of Electronic Voting System
184. Unless the Speaker otherwise directs, where an
electronic system of voting is provided in the House, it
shall be put into operation and the members shall cast
their votes from the seats respectively by pressing the
buttons provided for the purpose.
185. After the result of the voting appears on the indicator
board, the result of the division shall be announced by
the Speaker and it shall not be challenged.
186. Any member who does not concur with a decision shall
have the right to enter his or her dissenting opinion in the
minutes. However, no further debate on such an opinion
shall be permitted.
CHAPTER 20: LEGISLATIVE PROCEDURE
187. A Bill passed by Parliament shall come into force upon
Assent of the Druk Gyalpo.
188. A Bill pending in either House shall not lapse by reason
of the prorogation of either House.
189. A Bill shall be passed by a simple majority of the total
number of members of the National Assembly.
190. At any stage of a Bill which is under discussion in the
House, the member in charge of a Bill may move for
leave to withdraw the Bill.
191. The Secretary General shall publish a notice in the
Gazette stating that the proposed legislation has been
192. All Bills before the Assembly or any committee on the
last sitting day of a term of the Assembly or when the
Assembly is dissolved shall lapse at the end of that day.
193. When a Bill has been passed or has been rejected during
a session in any year, no Bill of the same substance may
be introduced in the Assembly in that year except by
leave of the Assembly.
Bills Originating in the Assembly
Forms and notice of Bills
194. Any member may move for leave to introduce a Bill of
which he has given notice.
195. The period of notice of a motion for leave to introduce a
Bill shall be one month unless the Speaker allows the
motion to be made at shorter notice.
196. The member shall submit to the Secretariat a copy of the
Bill along with the Statement of Objects and Reasons,
Memorandum regarding delegated legislation and
197. The Bill must be signed by the member introducing it
and may also be signed by any other member or
members who support the Bill.
198. A member presenting a Bill shall be known throughout
the subsequent proceedings on the Bill as the member in
charge of the Bill. In the case of a Bill introduced jointly
by more than one member, these members shall
designate among themselves a member as the member in
charge of the Bill at the time of presenting the Bill.
199. The Bill shall be placed on the Agenda of the Assembly
for first reading.
Presentation and First Reading
200. When a motion for leave to introduce a Bill is opposed,
the Speaker may permit an explanatory statement from
the member who moves and from the member who
opposes the motion. The Speaker shall, without further
debate put to question the motion to introduce the Bill.
201. If leave to introduce the Bill is given, an order shall be
made for its second reading on such sitting day as the
member presenting it shall name and the Bill shall be
ordered to be printed.
202. An interval of not less than five days shall elapse
between the first and second readings of a Bill, unless
the House on motion made agree to proceed with the Bill
at any earlier date.
Printing and Circulation of Bills
203. The Secretary General shall be responsible for the
printing of Bills. As soon as possible after the printing of
a Bill, the Secretary General shall circulate a copy to
every member, together with any explanatory statement
provided by the member in charge of the bill.
204. The Secretary General shall as soon as possible cause
every Bill to be published in the Official Gazette.
Second Reading of Bills
205. No Bill shall be read a second time until it has been
printed and circulated to members and has been
published in the Official Gazette.
206. On a motion that the Bill be read a second time being
made, the general merits and principle of the Bill may be
discussed but the details of the Bill shall not be discussed
further than is necessary to explain the principles.
207. When a Bill has been read a second time it shall be
referred to the Legislative Committee or some other
committee, unless the Assembly, on a motion which may
be moved without any notice by any member, otherwise
208. The Assembly may, while committing the Bill to the
Committee, fix the date for commencement of the
proceedings in the committee and for submitting its
report to the Assembly.
209. The Committee to which the Bill is referred shall not
discuss the merits of the Bill, but only its details.
210. The Committee shall examine every clause thereof and it
shall have the power to make such amendments to the
Bill as the Committee thinks fit, but the amendments
must be relevant to the subject matter of the Bill and
consistent with its nature and purpose.
211. When all the proceedings upon the Bill have been
concluded, the Committee shall report the Bill to the
House with or without amendments as the case may be.
212. When a Bill has been reported from the Committee, the
Assembly shall be deemed to have ordered the Bill to be
set down for third reading and the notice of motion for
third reading shall not be required to be given by the
member in charge of the Bill.
213. If any member desires to delete or amend any provision
contained in a Bill as reported from the Committee, the
member may move that the Bill be recommitted either
wholly or in respect only of some particular amendment
214. The consideration of the Bill as reported from the
Committee shall commence upon the lapse of three days
following the day on which such report is laid on the
Table of the Assembly.
215. Every member may, by giving one day notice, hand in to
the Secretariat a copy of any amendment he may wish to
216. Such amendments proposed to be moved by a member
shall be within the scope of the Bill and shall not relate
to grammatical and clerical errors.
217. The Speaker may refuse to propose an amendment which
is, in his or her opinion, frivolous or meaningless.
218. The Secretariat shall, if time permits, make available to
the members from time to time lists of amendments of
which notices have been received.
219. During the debate on the Bill, the Speaker may submit
the Bill to the House clause by clause and put questions
on the clauses and amendments severally. However, in
order to save time and repetition of arguments, a single
discussion may be allowed to cover series of clauses and
220. When the debate has concluded and amendments to the
Bill has been incorporated, the member in charge may
move a motion that the Bill be passed. However, the
motion shall not be moved on the same day on which
debate on the Bill is concluded.
Passing of Bills
221. The debate on a motion that the Bill be passed shall be
confined to the submission of arguments either in
support or for the rejection of the Bill. The members
shall not refer to the details of the Bill further than is
necessary for the purpose of his or her arguments.
222. Where a Bill is passed by the House, the Speaker shall
have the power to correct patent, clerical or
typographical errors in the Bill.
223. When a Bill other than money Bill is passed by the
National Assembly, it shall be presented to the National
Council within thirty days from the date of passing.
Further Proceedings upon Bills
224. If a Bill passed by the Assembly and transmitted to the
Council is neither passed nor returned to the Assembly
by the end of the next session, the Bill shall be deemed
to have been passed by the Council which shall then be
presented to the Druk Gyalpo for Assent within fifteen
225. If a Bill other than money Bill passed by the Assembly
and transmitted to the National Council is passed by the
Council without amendment, the message received from
the Council to that effect shall be reported to the House.
226. If a Bill other than money Bill passed by the Assembly
and transmitted to the Council is returned with
amendments, the member in charge of the Bill may
move for the consideration of the said amendments
forthwith or on future date.
227. Upon consideration of the amendments, the House may
agree, or disagree or make amendments thereto, or may
propose amendments in lieu thereof. However, only
those amendments which are relevant and consequential
to the subject matter of an amendment made by the
Council shall be proposed or moved.
228. If the Assembly agrees to the amendments made by the
Council, a message to that effect shall be sent to the
Council. However, if the Assembly disagrees or refuses
to incorporate the amendments, the Bill shall be
submitted to the Druk Gyalpo who shall then command
the Houses to deliberate and vote on the Bill in a joint
Assent of Bills Passed
229. When a Bill is passed by the Houses and is in possession
of the Assembly, the Bill shall be signed by the Speaker
and submitted to the Druk Gyalpo for Assent within
fifteen days from the date of passing of the Bill.
230. One copy of the Bill so Assented to by the Druk Gyalpo
shall be preserved for verification and record and shall
not be allowed to pass out of the House without the
permission of the Speaker.
Bills Received From the National Council
231. Where a Bill has been presented to the Assembly after it
has been introduced and passed by the National Council,
the National Assembly may pass that Bill no later than
the next session of the National Assembly. In case of
Urgent Bills, they shall be passed in the ongoing session
of the National Assembly.
232. A Bill originating in the National Council and presented
to the Assembly shall, as soon as possible, be laid on the
Table and set down in the Agenda.
233. Once the Bill is set down in the Agenda, the proceedings
on the Bill shall be as provided in Sections 200 to 223 of
234. Money Bills and Financial Bills shall originate only in
the National Assembly.
235. Only the Finance Minister may introduce a Money Bill
in the Assembly.
236. The Finance Minister shall deliver an introductory
speech in the Assembly on the appointed day.
237. When a Money Bill passed by the National Assembly is
presented to the National Council, the Speaker shall
endorse that it is a Money Bill.
238. If any question arises whether a Bill is a Money Bill or
not, the decision of the Speaker thereon shall be final.
CHAPTER 21: FINANCIAL PROCEDURE
239. Except as otherwise specifically provided in this
Chapter, the procedure in regard to Appropriation Bill
and Supplementary Appropriation Bill shall be the same
as for Bills generally with such modifications as the
Speaker may consider necessary.
240. The Budget, Appropriation Bill and Supplementary
Appropriation Bill shall not be referred to any
241. The Finance Minister shall, in respect of each financial
year, present to the House the annual budget along with a
report on the budget of the previous fiscal year.
242. The Budget shall be presented to the House in such form
as the Finance Minister may consider suitable.
243. On the day to be appointed by the Speaker, in
consultation with the Leader of the House and for such
times as the Speaker may allot for this purpose, the
House shall be at liberty to discuss the budget as a whole
or any principles of Government policy and
administration as indicated in and by the budget.
244. The Finance Minister shall have the right of reply at the
end of the discussion.
245. The Speaker shall allot so many days as may be
compatible with the public interest for the discussion and
voting on the budget.
246. The Finance Minister may, from time to time, introduce
in the House a Supplementary Appropriation Bill which
shall be discussed and voted on by the National
CHAPTER 22: REPORTING OF
PROCEEDINGS AND RESOLUTION
Record of Proceeding
247. The Secretariat shall draw up records of proceedings at
each sitting of the National Assembly and it shall ensure
that the reports of the proceedings are verbatim. This
report shall be known as Official Report of the National
248. The Official Report shall contain all the items of
business taken up by the Assembly and it shall be
recorded according to the Agenda.
249. The Secretary General shall submit the report of
resolutions to the National Assembly for endorsement
wherein a member may bring to the notice of the
National Assembly any patent error, which shall stand
corrected but such resolutions once adopted shall not be
permitted for deliberation.
Distribution of the Copies of the Resolution
250. Soon after the adoption of the resolution, the Secretariat
shall distribute copies of the resolution to the members
and other officials, ministries and departments.
Record of Votes
251. The Secretary General shall cause the votes of each
member to be recorded and disclose such records, except
in the case of voting through a secret ballot.
252. The casting of votes to elect, remove or give approval to
a person for holding office shall be through a secret
CHAPTER 23: PRIVILEGES, IMMUNITIES AND
Freedom of Speech and debate
253. There shall be freedom of speech and debate in or before
the National Assembly and any committee thereof, or
any joint committee of Parliament, subject only to the
restrictions placed on such freedom in terms of or under
the Constitution and this Act.
Right to Information
254. A member shall have the right to be provided with
information by the Government and to inspect
documents on any matter of relevance to the exercise of
his or her Parliamentary mandates.
Guarantee of Attendance at Sessions
255. The members of the National Assembly or any
Committee thereof shall be immune from any inquiry,
arrest, detention or prosecution on account of any
opinion expressed in the course of the discharge of their
functions or vote cast and no person shall be liable in
respect of any report, paper or proceedings made or
published under the authority of National Assembly.
256. The immunities herein granted shall not cover corrupt
acts committed by the members in connection with the
discharge of their duties or cover other acts of accepting
money or any other valuables in consideration to speak
or to vote in a particular manner.
257. Without prejudice to Section 256, no member shall be
liable to arrest or detention during any session of the
National Assembly, or during the fifteen days preceding
or the fifteen days following such session without the
permission of the Speaker.
258. Section 257 shall not apply to a precautionary arrest due
to a risk of absconding or in the event of the member
being caught in the act of committing a felony.
259. A member shall be exempted from appearing as a
witness in court or before any body or person
empowered to summon witnesses while the Assembly or
a committee or sub-committee in whose work he or she
is taking part is sitting, and during the two preceding and
two following days.
260. The Speaker may exempt personnel of the National
Assembly Secretariat from appearing as a witness in a
court, or before any body or person empowered to
summon witnesses where he considers his or her
presence is required for the proper functioning of the
Assembly and its services.
Salary, Allowance and Travel Expenses
261. Salary, Allowances, benefits and other emoluments of
the members of the National Assembly shall be in
accordance with the Parliamentary Entitlements Act of
the Kingdom of Bhutan.
262. If a member does not arrive in time for a parliamentary
session or if, without the permission of the Speaker, fails
to appear and has no acceptable excuse, the National
Assembly may impose as a sanction the forfeiture of the
whole or a part of his or her salary or allowance.
Breach of Privileges
263. When any individual or authority disregards any of the
privileges, either of the members or of the National
Assembly, an offence of breach of privilege is
264. Breach of privileges and contempt shall include:
(a) Refusing to comply with an order of the
Assembly or a committee;
(b) Giving false or incomplete testimony before the
Assembly or a committee;
(c) Presenting a false document to the Assembly or a
committee with intent to deceive;
(d) Publication of false or distorted report of the
proceedings of the Assembly;
(e) Forging, falsifying or altering any document of
the Assembly or a committee or any document
tabled or presented before it;
(f) Creating disturbance liable to disrupt the course
of parliamentary proceedings;
(g) Using or threatening to use force or using undue
pressure to have a sitting cancelled or suspended;
(h) Assaulting, interfering with, bullying or
threatening the members of the Assembly in the
carrying out of their parliamentary duties or
members of the personnel of the Assembly in the
carrying out of their parliamentary duties;
(i) Bribing or attempting to bribe a member of the
Assembly or a member of the personnel of the
(j) Misconduct in the Assembly or committee;
(k) Attempting to influence the vote, opinion,
judgment or action of a member by means of
deceit, threat or undue pressure;
(l) Suborning or attempting to suborn or threatening
a person in regard to any evidence to be given by
him before the Assembly, a committee or a
(m) Performing an act contrary to the parliamentary
immunity conferred on a member.
265. The punishment for breach of privilege shall be as
provided in Chapter 27 of this Act.
CHAPTER 24: CODE OF CONDUCT
Conduct of Members
266. Members shall at all times conduct themselves in a
courteous and respectful manner and shall respect the
authority of the Speaker. In particular, members shall not
speak or stand when the Speaker is speaking.
267. Members shall clad themselves in the national dress with
Tshoglam and Kabney and members conferred with
Dhar and patang shall, in addition, wear their patang.
268. Members shall refrain from eating, smoking or using
electronic equipment, including cellular phones or lap
top computers on the floor of the House.
269. Members shall refrain from loud laughter, clapping or
using profane, offensive, vulgar or unparliamentary
270. A member shall not read any book, newspaper or other
documents except in connection with the business of the
271. Members shall refrain from engaging in conversation or
walking in the House when a member is speaking.
272. If a member has to leave the National Assembly Hall
under compelling situation, the member shall fold down
his or her Kabney while leaving and re-entering as a
gesture of respect to the House.
273. Every member shall subscribe to maintaining the
decorum and dignity of the House and shall desist from
acts of defamation and use of physical force.
274. A member shall not indulge in any activity that adversely
affects the National Assembly, national sovereignty and
integrity of Bhutan and shall be accountable to the
National Assembly for his or her actions.
275. A member shall at all times conduct himself or herself in
a manner which will tend to maintain and strengthen
public trust and confidence in the integrity of the
National Assembly and never undertake any action
which would bring the House into disrepute.
276. A member shall not use information which is not in the
public domain, or information obtained in confidence in
the course of their parliamentary duties to further the
member’s private interests or those of a member of his or
her family, or to further another person’s private
277. A member shall ensure that his or her personal conduct
is consistent with the dignity, reputation and integrity of
the National Assembly.
278. No member shall impose threat, intimidation or use
individual influence to encourage another member to
make any remarks in the National Assembly.
279. A member shall declare all gifts and benefits received in
connection with their official duties, in accordance with
the rules prescribed by Anti Corruption Commission.
280. A member shall not accept decorations from foreign
countries and shall before receiving international awards
inform the national assembly. The national assembly
shall decide whether the international award in question
can be accepted by the member.
281. A member shall not maintain or operate bank account in
any country outside Bhutan.
282. A member shall not hold any office under the
Government, public companies or corporations.
283. Any office to which remuneration from a non-profit
international organization is attached is also
incompatible with the office of member.
284. A member shall not simultaneously belong to different
committees, commissions or Boards except as otherwise
provided by law made by Parliament.
285. A member who, when elected, is in an incompatible
office shall, before making the oath, resign from the
286. If an office incompatible with parliamentary duties
devolves upon a member during his or her term, he or
she must resign from one or the other within thirty days.
The member shall not sit in the Assembly during such
287. Section 282 does not include the office of a member of
the Lhengye Zhungtshog or any office that is held by a
member of the Lhengye Zhungtshog as such a member.
Conflicts of Interest
288. A member must avoid putting himself in situations
where his or her personal interest may influence the
carrying out of his or her duties.
289. Members whose personal interests are directly affected
by any matter being considered shall indicate and declare
their personal interest when making a statement in the
House or in the Committees.
290. No member shall solicit, accept or receive any
remuneration, benefit or profit whatever in exchange for
taking a position on a Bill, a resolution or any question
put or to be put to the Assembly or a committee.
291. A member may bring a complaint before the Assembly
accusing another member of holding or having held an
incompatible office or having been in a situation of
conflict of interest.
292. The bringing of a complaint before the Assembly by a
member against another member without a serious
reason constitutes a breach of the privileges of the
CHAPTER 25: COMMITTEES
293. The National Assembly shall appoint committees,
composed of members of National Assembly, to
examine any matter within the jurisdiction assigned to
them by the House, and to carry out any mandate given
to them by the House.
294. A committee may sit whilst the House is sitting provided
that on a division being called in the House, the
Chairman of the committee shall suspend the
proceedings in the committee for such times as will in
his or her opinion enable the members to vote in a
Select or Ad Hoc or Special Committees
295. The National Assembly may appoint or select ad hoc or
special committees at any time by issuing a Standing
Order or by passing a Resolution specifying the
committee’s composition, responsibilities, terms of
reference and powers.
296. Such committees shall cease to exist at the end of a
session or at the dissolution of the House or after the
presentation of its report to the House.
297. A Joint Committee composed of members from both the
Houses may be established by an Act of Parliament or by
concurrent resolution of both the Houses.
Proposal by Committee
298. A committee may introduce legislative Bills and other
agenda with respect to matters which fall under the
jurisdiction of the Committee.
Procedure in the Committees
299. The National Assembly Committees Act as enacted by
Parliament of Bhutan shall govern any matters related to
the Committees under the National Assembly.
CHAPTER 26: ADMINISTRATION OF THE
300. In order to support the activities and to manage the
administrative affairs of the National Assembly, the
Secretariat of the National Assembly shall be established
in the National Assembly.
301. The Secretariat shall assist the National Assembly in the
fulfillment of its duties.
302. The Secretariat shall be an independent and non-partisan
institution headed by the Secretary-General.
303. The Druk Gyalpo shall, by warrant under his or her hand
and seal, appoint the secretary general of the national
assembly on the recommendation of the Royal Civil
304. The Secretary General shall, under the supervision of the
Speaker, manage the affairs of the National Assembly
and be responsible for the administration of the National
305. The Secretariat’s budget shall be approved by Parliament
as a part of the National Annual Budget. If the decision
of Parliament on National budget is delayed, the
Ministry of Finance shall provide the Secretariat with
interim funds, which shall be at least equal to the
previous year’s current budget.
306. No deed, document or writing shall bind the National
Assembly or may be attributed to the Speaker unless it is
signed by him and by the Secretary General or by
another officer designated by the Secretary General.
307. The Secretariat may allow the required signature to be
affixed by means of an automatic device to such
308. The Secretary General shall have custody of the records
of the Assembly.
CHAPTER 27: OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
309. Except for any criminal offence which shall be dealt in
accordance with the Penal Code of Bhutan, any other
offences under this Act shall be dealt in accordance with
310. Any person other than a member who performs any act
or makes any omission contemplated in Sections 264 and
265 is guilty of an offence and liable to a maximum fine
of five years daily minimum national wage rate.
311. Every member who contravenes any provision of this
Act is guilty of an offence and liable to one or more of
the following penalties, as determined by the National
(a) a reprimand;
(b) a fine;
(c) the refund of any illicit profit;
(d) the refund of the indemnities, allowances or other
sums he received as a member while the offence
(e) a temporary suspension; or
(f) the loss of his or her seat as a Member.
Decision of Disqualification
312. The decision of the House to disqualify a member under
this Act shall require a two-thirds majority of the
313. Where the House has decided to relieve a member of his
or her duties, the Speaker shall declare forthwith that the
member is no longer qualified for his or her office.
Competence of the Assembly
314. The Assembly is fully competent to judge any offence
provided for in this Act and to apply the penalties
315. Where the Assembly directs a person to pay or reimburse
an amount for an offence against this Act, it may, in
default of payment, have its decision homologated by
High Court, according to the amount involved.
316. The decision thereby shall become executory as a
judgment of the High Court.
317. Every sum received under this chapter shall be paid into
the Consolidated Fund.
CHAPTER 28: MISCELLANEOUS
Continuation of Matters
318. If the consideration of a matter has not been concluded
by the end of a session, it shall be continued in the
following session, unless parliamentary elections have
been held in the interim. However, the consideration of a
report from the Government and the Finance Minister
shall not be continued into the following session, unless
otherwise decided by the National Assembly.
319. On the prorogation of the House, all pending notices,
other than notices of intention to move for leave to
introduce a Bill shall lapse.
320. The Royal Audit Authority and the Anti-Corruption shall
submit their Annual Reports before the National
Assembly for taking such action as deemed appropriate.
321. In all regular sessions, a report shall be presented to the
National Assembly on the measures the Government has
undertaken on the basis of the resolutions of the National
Assembly, as well as on other matters of significance in
Rule Making Power
322. The Assembly may make rules for the conduct of
proceedings and for effective implementation of this Act.
CHAPTER 29: AMENDMENT AND
323. The amendment of this Act by way of addition, variation
or repeal shall be effected by a simple majority of the
respective Houses or vote of no less than two-thirds of
the total members of Parliament present and voting on a
motion submitted by one-third of the members of either
House, provided that the amendment does not undermine
the functions and effectiveness of the National
324. The Dzongkha text shall be the authoritative text, if there
exists any difference in meaning between the Dzongkha
and the English text.