Lhengyel Zhungtsho Act 1999(English)
Lhengye Zhungtsho Act
CHATHRIM FOR THE LHENGYE ZHUNGTSHOG,
Whereas, on 17th December 1907, the whole body of the Clergy, the State Councilors, the
Penlops and Dzongpons of all the regions and Dzongkhags, and the representatives of the people,
in order to promote peace, progress, prosperity and stability in the country, and to strengthen the
security and sovereignty of the Land of the Glorious Palden Drukpa, unanimously elected
Trongsa Penlop, Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuck as the first he editary Monarch of Bhutan;
Whereas, His Majesty King Jigme Singye Wangchuk, the Fourth Druk Gyalpo, has since gifted
Bhutan with a unique system of government suitable to the ideals of the people of Bhutan, based
on the principles of decentralization and people’s participation in the decision making process of
the country, in order to bring progress and prosperity to the Bhutanese people and to safeguard
the national interest and security of the land of the glorious Palden Drukpa;
Whereas, His Majesty has further ordained, through a Royal Kasho issued on the eve of the 76th
Session of the National Assembly in 1998, that Bhutan must be ensured to always have a system
of government which enjoys the mandate of the people, provides clean and efficient governance,
and also has an in-built mechanism of checks and balances to safeguard the national interest and
security, protect and preserve the country’s rich natural and cultural heritage, and maintain its
sovereign, independent status;
Now, therefore, with the devolution of full executive powers to an elected Council of Ministers
through the Royal Kasho, the National Assembly of Bhutan, during its 77th session, enacts this
Chathrim for the Lhengye Zhungtshog, the executive branch of the Government, on this day 26th
of July, 1999 corresponding to the 13th day of 6th month of the Earth Hare Year.
1. Short Title
(1) These Rules and Regulations shall be called the Chathrim for the Lhengye
Zhungtshog of the Female Earth Hare Year, corresponding to the year Nineteen
Hundred and Ninety Nine.
2. Commencement and Extent
(1) It shall come into force on the 13th day of the 6th month of the Female Earth Hare
Year, corresponding to 26th July, 1999.
(2) It shall extend to the whole of the Kingdom of Bhutan.
3. Repeal and Amendment
(1) This Chathrim shall supersede all previous Rules and Regulations of the Lhengye
(2) The Chathrim may be amended by the National Assembly of Bhutan.
4. Composition of the Lhengye Zhungtshog
(1) The Lhengye zhungtshog shall consist of the elected Ministers, members of the
Royal Advisory Council and the Kalyon.
(2) The election procedure for the Royal Advisory Councilors shall be in accordance
with the Chathrim for the Royal Advisory Council.
(3) The election procedure for the Ministers shall be as follows:
A ministerial candidate for the Lhengye Zhungtshog shall be:
(i) a natural born citizen of Bhutan;
(ii) a citizen of Bhutan not married to a foreign national;
(iii) a person who has held senior government posts at the rank of
Secretary to the Royal Government and above;
(iv) a person capable of shouldering the responsibilities of this high
office with integrity and honesty; and
(v) a person who has unwavering loyalty and dedication to the Tsa-
(b) Nomination Procedure
The ministerial candidates for the Lhengye Zhungtshog shall be:
(i) nominated by His Majesty the King from among the persons who
have held senior government posts at the rank of Secretary to the
Royal Government and above; and
(ii) a biodata of each candidate will be circulated among the Hon’ble
members of the National Assembly, and also read out in the house,
before the candidates are elected through secret ballo .
(c) Election Procedure
(i) The ministerial candidates securing 51 percent and above of the
votes cast through secret ballot shall be considered lected.
(ii) The scarf of office and the portfolios for the elected ministers of
the Lhengye Zhungtshog shall be awarded by His Majesty the
(iii) The ministerial candidates and their supporters shall not indulge in
any illegal or improper means for securing their election through
such acts as bribery, favour, intimidation or misuse of status and
official position. Where an allegation on such activities for
securing votes before or during the election in theNational
Assembly is made, the Speaker shall appoint a Commission
comprising members of the National Assembly to investigate the
matter. If the allegation is found to be true, thecandidate shall be
disqualified for fraud and deceit and the case shall be forwarded to
the High Court for adjudication.
(iv) The supporters of the disqualified candidate involved in such cases
shall be liable for prosecution under the laws of the country.
(d) Oath of Affirmation and Secrecy
(i) After receiving the scarf of office, the Cabinet Minister, before
entering upon the execution of his office, shall make the following
solemn declaration in writing:-
“I solemnly pledge that I will faithfully serve His Majesty the Druk
Gyalpo and execute the Office of Minister of the Kingdom of
Bhutan with unwavering Tha-Damtsi and constant awareness of
the principle of Ley-Jumdre, and that I will endeavour with full
effort of Lui-Ngag-Yi-Sum (Body, Speech and Mind) to preserve,
protect and defend the Tsa-Wa-Sum. I also give my pledge to
maintain full confidentiality and secrecy of all matters of office
pertaining to the security and national interest of he Kingdom of
In witness thereof, I invoke the sacred names of the Guardian
Deities of the glorious Palden Drukpa and take this Oath of
Allegiance and Secrecy.”
Signature of the Cabinet Minister.
(e) Tenure of Office
(i) A Cabinet Minister shall serve for a term of five yars upon which
the minister shall submit his/her resignation to His Majesty the
King. If the minister is nominated for another term of office by
His Majesty the King, he/she shall face a vote of confidence in the
(ii) A minister shall not serve for more than two full consecutive
5. Functions and Procedures of the Lhengye Zhungtshog
(1) The Chairmanship of the Lhengye Zhungtshog shall be held on a rotation basis
among the ministers for a term of one year each on the basis of the number of
votes secured in their election. In case of two or m e ministers securing equal
number of votes in the election, drawing of lots shall be resorted to.
(2) The ministerial candidate who secures the highest number of votes in the election
shall be the first Chairman of the Lhengye Zhungtshog.
(3) The Lhengye Zhungtshog shall meet as and when necessary.
(4) The Lhengye Zhungtshog shall not be convened without two-thirds of its
(5) Decisions of the Lhengye Zhungtshog shall be taken by consensus. If the
members fail to arrive at a consensus, the decision shall be taken on the basis of a
(6) During the absence of the Chairman, the Minister who secured the highest
number of votes immediate to that of the incumbant Chairman in the order of
succession shall act as officiating Chairman.
(7) The agenda and the resolutions of the Lhengye Zhungtsho shall be maintained in
(8) The members of the Lhengye Zhungtshog shall express their opinions freely and
frankly while deliberating issues concerning the well-b ing and interest of the
nation and not express contrary views outside the me ting hall of the Lhengye
(9) Any member of the Lhengye Zhungtshog may submit proposals for deliberation
in writing to the Chairman.
(10) The authority to amend or repeal the decisions taken by the Lhengye Zhungtshog
shall be vested only in His Majesty the King and the National Assembly.
6. Powers and Responsibilities of the Lhengye Zhungtshog
(1) The executive power of the Royal Government of Bhutan is derived from His
Majesty the King through the Royal Kasho devolving full executive powers of
governance to elected Council of Ministers.
(2) The Lhengye zhungtshog shall be the highest executive body, and its members
shall be collectively responsible to His Majesty the King and the National
(3) The Lhengye Zhungtshog shall ensure the preservation and promotion of the
established institutions of the Kingdom, both religious and secular, and the rich
traditions and cultural values of Bhutan that embody its unique national identity
and strengthen its status as a sovereign, independent country.
(4) All acts, treaties and conventions, and important na io al policies shall be
submitted to the National Assembly through the Lhengy Zhungtshog for
enactment and approval.
(5) The Lhengye Zhungtshog shall implement the national policies.
(6) The Lhengye zhungtshog shall keep His Majesty the King fully informed on all
matters concerning the security and sovereignty of he country.
(7) The prerogative to dissolve the Lhengye zhungtshog, if necessary in the interest
of the country, shall vest in His Majesty the King.
(8) The Lhengye Zhungtshog shall exercise executive power in conformity with the
laws of the country and shall be accountable to His Majesty the King and the
National Assembly of Bhutan.
7. Responsibilities of the Chairman
The responsibilities of the Chairman shall be:
(a) to serve as Head of the Government;
(b) to preside over the sessions of the Lhengye Zhungtsho ;
(c) to submit reports to His Majesty the King; and
(d) to submit reports to the National Assembly.
8. Terms of Office
(1) A minister may be removed from his/her office under the authority of His
Majesty the King if he/she is found to have committed any serious violation of the
laws of the land.
(2) If any member of the Lhengye Zhungtshog attempts to violate or violates the laws
of the land or commit treason against the Tsa-Wa-Sum, such matter shall be
deliberated in the Lhengye Zhungtshog and submitted to His Majesty the King,
and thereafter, if necessary, brought to the attention of the National Assembly.
(3) Any serious violation of the law by a member of theLhengye Zhungtshog will not
only undermine the credibility of the Executive but also be very detrimental to the
interests of the country and the people. It shall, therefore, be incumbent upon all
members of the Lhengye Zhungtshog, in particular the Royal Advisory
Councillors, in view of Chapter 4.7 of the Royal Advisory Council Chathrim, to
bring to the notice of His Majesty the King, to the Lhengye Zhungtshog and the
National Assembly, any action by a member which is armful to the credibility of
the Executive and the interests of the country.
(4) In the event a member of the Lhengye Zhungtshog has to retire from his/her
office, he/she shall submit a letter of resignation t His Majesty the King for
(5) In the event of a vacancy/vacancies caused by the resignation or termination of a
member of the Lhengye Zhungtshog, candidates shall be elected through secret
ballot by the National Assembly.
9. Responsibilities of the Secretary of the Lhengye Zhungshog
(1) The Lhengye Zhungshog may appoint a suitable Civil Servant to be the Secretary
to the Cabinet through unanimous decision.
(2) The Secretary to the Cabinet shall:
(a) hold responsibilities in cabinet affairs in accordance with such instructions
as may be given to him/her by the Chairman;
(b) be responsible for arranging the business for, and keeping the minutes of,
the meetings of the Cabinet;
(c) submit the agenda for discussion by the Cabinet;
(d) be responsible for conveying the decisions of the Cabinet to the
appropriate person or authority; and
(e) have such other functions as the Chairman may from time to time direct.
N.B. This Chathrim for the Legye Zhungtshog has been translated from the Dzongkha.
In case of differences between the Dzongkha and the English texts, the Dzongkha
text shall prevail.