Migration Legislation Amendment (Judicial Review) Act 2001

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Migration Legislation Amendment (Judicial Review) Act 2001
 
No. 134, 2001
 
 
 
 
An Act to amend the Migration Act 1958, and for related purposes
  
  
Contents
1............ Short title............................................................................................ 2
2............ Commencement.................................................................................. 2
3............ Schedule(s).......................................................................................... 2
Schedule 1—Judicial review                                                                                             3
Part 1—Amendments                                                                                                      3
Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977                                         3
Migration Act 1958                                                                                                     3
Part 2—Application provisions                                                                                  13
 

Migration Legislation Amendment (Judicial Review) Act 2001
No. 134, 2001
 
 
 
An Act to amend the Migration Act 1958, and for related purposes
[Assented to 27 September 2001]
The Parliament of Australia enacts:
1  Short title
                   This Act may be cited as the Migration Legislation Amendment (Judicial Review) Act 2001.
2  Commencement
             (1)  Subject to this section, this Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent.
             (2)  Subject to subsection (3), Schedule 1 commences on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.
             (3)  If Schedule 1 does not commence under subsection (2) within the period of 6 months beginning on the day on which this Act receives the Royal Assent, it commences on the first day after the end of that period.
3  Schedule(s)
                   Subject to section 2, each Act that is specified in a Schedule to this Act is amended or repealed as set out in the applicable items in the Schedule concerned, and any other item in a Schedule to this Act has effect according to its terms.
 
Schedule 1—Judicial review
Part 1—Amendments
Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977
1  Paragraph (da) of Schedule 1
Repeal the paragraph, substitute:
                    (da)  a privative clause decision within the meaning of subsection 474(2) of the Migration Act 1958;
Migration Act 1958
2  Subsection 5(1) (definition of judicially‑reviewable decision)
Repeal the definition.
3  Subsection 5(1)
Insert:
privative clause decision has the meaning given by subsection 474(2).
4  Subsection 32(2)
After “that” (first occurring), insert “the Minister is satisfied”.
5  Subsection 36(2)
After “whom”, insert “the Minister is satisfied”.
6  Section 73
Omit all the words before “a bridging visa” (second occurring), substitute “If the Minister is satisfied that an eligible non‑citizen satisfies the criteria for a bridging visa as prescribed under subsection 31(3), the Minister may grant”.
7  Part 8
Repeal the Part, substitute:
Part 8—Judicial review
Division 1—Privative clause
474  Decisions under Act are final
             (1)  A privative clause decision:
                     (a)  is final and conclusive; and
                     (b)  must not be challenged, appealed against, reviewed, quashed or called in question in any court; and
                     (c)  is not subject to prohibition, mandamus, injunction, declaration or certiorari in any court on any account.
             (2)  In this section:
privative clause decision means a decision of an administrative character made, proposed to be made, or required to be made, as the case may be, under this Act or under a regulation or other instrument made under this Act (whether in the exercise of a discretion or not), other than a decision referred to in subsection (4) or (5).
             (3)  A reference in this section to a decision includes a reference to the following:
                     (a)  granting, making, suspending, cancelling, revoking or refusing to make an order or determination;
                     (b)  granting, giving, suspending, cancelling, revoking or refusing to give a certificate, direction, approval, consent or permission (including a visa);
                     (c)  granting, issuing, suspending, cancelling, revoking or refusing to issue an authority or other instrument;
                     (d)  imposing, or refusing to remove, a condition or restriction;
                     (e)  making or revoking, or refusing to make or revoke, a declaration, demand or requirement;
                      (f)  retaining, or refusing to deliver up, an article;
                     (g)  doing or refusing to do any other act or thing;
                     (h)  conduct preparatory to the making of a decision, including the taking of evidence or the holding of an inquiry or investigation;
                      (i)  a decision on review of a decision, irrespective of whether the decision on review is taken under this Act or a regulation or other instrument under this Act, or under another Act;
                      (j)  a failure or refusal to make a decision.
             (4)  For the purposes of subsection (2), a decision under a provision, or under a regulation or other instrument made under a provision, set out in the following table is not a privative clause decision:
 
Decisions that are not privative clause decisions

Item
Provision
Subject matter of provision

1
section 213
Liability for the costs of detention, removal or deportation

2
section 217
Conveyance of removees

3
section 218
Conveyance of deportees etc.

4
section 222
Orders restraining non‑citizens from disposing of property

5
section 223
Valuables of detained non‑citizens

6
section 224
Dealing with seized valuables

7
section 252
Searches of persons

8
section 259
Detention of vessels for search

9
section 260
Detention of vessels/dealing with detained vessels

10
section 261
Disposal of certain vessels

11
Division 14 of Part 2
Recovery of costs

12
section 269
Taking of securities

13
section 272
Migrant centres

14
section 273
Detention centres

15
Part 3
Migration agents registration scheme

16
Part 4
Court orders about reparation

17
section 353A
Directions by Principal Member

18
section 354
Constitution of Migration Review Tribunal

19
section 355
Reconstitution of Migration Review Tribunal

20
section 355A
Reconstitution of Migration Review Tribunal for efficient conduct of review

21
section 356
Exercise of powers of Migration Review Tribunal

22
section 357
Presiding member

23
Division 7 of Part 5
Offences

24
Part 6
Establishment and membership of Migration Review Tribunal

25
section 421
Constitution of Refugee Review Tribunal

26
section 422
Reconstitution of Refugee Review Tribunal

27
section 422A
Reconstitution of Refugee Review Tribunal for efficient conduct of review

28
Division 6 of Part 7
Offences

29
Division 9 of Part 7
Establishment and membership of Refugee Review Tribunal

30
Division 10 of Part 7
Registry and officers

31
regulation 5.35
Medical treatment of persons in detention

             (5)  The regulations may specify that a decision, or a decision included in a class of decisions, under this Act, or under regulations or another instrument under this Act, is not a privative clause decision.
Division 2—Provisions relating to privative clause decisions
475  This Division not to limit section 474
                   This Division is not to be taken to limit the scope or operation of section 474.
475A  Section 476 not to affect the jurisdiction of the Federal Court in certain cases
                   Section 476 does not affect the jurisdiction of the Federal Court under section 39B or 44 of the Judiciary Act 1903 in relation to:
                     (a)  a privative clause decision that is a decision made on a review by a Tribunal under Part 5 or 7 or section 500; or
                     (b)  any other decision in respect of which the Court’s jurisdiction is not excluded by section 476.
476  Federal Court does not have any other jurisdiction in relation to certain privative clause decisions
             (1)  Despite any other law, including sections 39B and 44 of the Judiciary Act 1903, the Federal Court does not have any jurisdiction in relation to a primary decision.
             (2)  Despite any other law, including sections 39B and 44 of the Judiciary Act 1903, the Federal Court does not have any jurisdiction in respect of a decision of the Minister not to exercise, or not to consider the exercise, of the Minister’s power under subsection 37A(2) or (3), section 48B, paragraph 72(1)(c), section 91F, 91L, 91Q, 345, 351, 391, 417 or 454.
          (2A)  Despite any other law, including sections 39B and 44 of the Judiciary Act 1903, the Federal Court does not have any jurisdiction in respect of:
                     (a)  a decision of the Principal Member of the Migration Review Tribunal or of the Principal Member of the Refugee Review Tribunal to refer a matter to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal; or
                     (b)  a decision of the President of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal to accept, or not to accept, the referral of a decision under section 382 or 444.
          (2B)  Despite any other law, including sections 39B and 44 of the Judiciary Act 1903, the Federal Court does not have any jurisdiction in respect of a decision of the Minister under Division 13A of Part 2 to order that a thing is not to be condemned as forfeited.
             (4)  Despite section 44 of the Judiciary Act 1903, the High Court must not remit a matter to the Federal Court if it relates to a decision or matter in respect of which the Federal Court would not have jurisdiction because of this section.
             (5)  The reference in subsection (2) to section 345 is a reference to section 345 of this Act as in force before the commencement of Schedule 1 to the Migration Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 1998.
             (6)  In this section:
primary decision means a privative clause decision:
                     (a)  that is reviewable, or has been reviewed, under Part 5 or 7 or section 500; or
                     (b)  that would have been so reviewable if an application for such review had been made within a specified period.
477  Time limits on applications for judicial review
             (1)  An application to the Federal Court under section 39B of the Judiciary Act 1903 for:
                     (a)  a writ of mandamus, prohibition or certiorari; or
                     (b)  an injunction or a declaration;
in respect of a privative clause decision in relation to which the jurisdiction of the Federal Court is not excluded by section 476 must be made to the Federal Court within 28 days of the notification of the decision.
             (2)  The Federal Court must not make an order allowing, or which has the effect of allowing, an applicant to lodge an application referred to in subsection (1) outside the period specified in that subsection.
             (3)  The regulations may prescribe the way of notifying a person of a decision for the purposes of this section.
478  Persons who may make application
                   An application referred to in subsection 477(1) may only be made by the Minister and:
                     (a)  if the privative clause decision concerned was reviewable under Part 5 or 7 or section 500 of this Act and a decision on such a review has been made—the applicant in the review by the relevant Tribunal; or
                     (b)  in any other case—the person who is the subject of the decision; or
                     (c)  in any case—a person prescribed by the regulations.
479  Parties to review
                   The parties to a review of a privative clause decision resulting from an application referred to in subsection 477(1) are the Minister and:
                     (a)  if the privative clause decision concerned was reviewable under Part 5 or 7 or section 500 of this Act and a decision on such a review has been made—the applicant in the review by the relevant Tribunal; or
                     (b)  in any other case—the person who is the subject of the decision; or
                     (c)  in any case—a person prescribed by the regulations.
480  Intervention by Attorney‑General
             (1)  The Attorney‑General may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, intervene in a proceeding resulting from an application referred to in subsection 477(1).
             (2)  If the Attorney‑General intervenes in such a proceeding, the Federal Court may make such orders as to costs against the Commonwealth as the court thinks fit.
             (3)  If the Attorney‑General intervenes in such a proceeding, he or she is taken to be a party to the proceeding.
481  Operation etc. of decision
                   The making of an application referred to in subsection 477(1) does not:
                     (a)  affect the operation of the decision; or
                     (b)  prevent the taking of action to implement the decision; or
                     (c)  prevent the taking of action in reliance on the making of the decision.
482  Changing person holding, or performing the duties of, an office
                   If:
                     (a)  a person has, in the performance of the duties of an office, made a privative clause decision; and
                     (b)  the person no longer holds, or, for whatever reason, is not performing the duties of, that office;
this Part has effect as if the decision had been made by:
                     (c)  the person for the time being holding or performing the duties of that office; or
                     (d)  if there is no person for the time being holding or performing the duties of that office or that office no longer exists—such person as the Minister specifies.
483  Section 44 of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975
                   Section 44 of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 does not apply to a privative clause decision.
484  Exclusive jurisdiction of Federal Court
             (1)  The jurisdiction of the Federal Court in relation to privative clause decisions is exclusive of the jurisdiction of all other courts, other than the jurisdiction of the High Court under section 75 of the Constitution.
             (2)  To avoid doubt, despite section 67C of the Judiciary Act 1903, the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory does not have jurisdiction in matters in which a writ of mandamus or prohibition or an injunction is sought against the Commonwealth or an officer of the Commonwealth in relation to privative clause decisions.
             (3)  To avoid doubt, jurisdiction in relation to privative clause decisions is not conferred on any court under the Jurisdiction of Courts (Cross‑vesting) Act 1987.
7A  Subsection 486A(1)
Omit “decision covered by subsection 475(1), (2) or (4)”, substitute “privative clause decision”.
7B  After section 486A
Insert:
486AA  Intervention by Attorney‑General
             (1)  The Attorney‑General may, on behalf of the Commonwealth, intervene in a proceeding resulting from an application referred to in subsection 486A(1).
             (2)  If the Attorney‑General intervenes in such a proceeding, the High Court may make such orders as to costs against the Commonwealth as the court thinks fit.
             (3)  If the Attorney‑General intervenes in such a proceeding, he or she is taken to be a party to the proceeding.
486AB  Operation etc. of decision
                   The making of an application referred to in subsection 486A(1) does not:
                     (a)  affect the operation of the decision; or
                     (b)  prevent the taking of action to implement the decision; or
                     (c)  prevent the taking of action in reliance on the making of the decision.
7C  Subsection 486C(1)
Omit “(the relevant issue)”.
7D  Subsection 486C(2)
Repeal the subsection, substitute:
             (2)  Those persons are:
                     (a)  a party to a review mentioned in section 479; or
                     (b)  the Attorney‑General of the Commonwealth or of a State or a Territory; or
                     (c)  a person who commences or continues the proceeding in performing the person’s statutory functions; or
                     (d)  any other person prescribed by the regulations.
 
Part 2—Application provisions
8  Application
(1)        If an application for judicial review of a decision under the Migration Act 1958 is lodged before the commencement of this Schedule, the Migration Act 1958, the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 and the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977, as in force immediately before that commencement, apply in respect of the application, and in respect of the review, as if this Schedule had not been enacted.
(2)        The Migration Act 1958 and the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977, as amended by this Schedule, apply in respect of judicial review of a decision under the Migration Act 1958 if:
                     (a)  the decision was made on or after the commencement of this Schedule; or
                     (b)  the decision:
                              (i)  was made before the commencement of this Schedule; and
                             (ii)  as at that commencement, an application for judicial review of the decision had not been lodged.
(3)        A reference in subitem (1) or (2) to an application for judicial review of a decision is a reference to:
                     (a)  an application for review of the decision under:
                              (i)  section 44 of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975; or
                             (ii)  Part 8 of the Migration Act 1958; or
                            (iii)  the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review ) Act 1977; or
                     (b)  an application for a writ of mandamus, prohibition or certiorari or an injunction or a declaration in respect of the decision under:
                              (i)  section 75 of the Constitution; or
                             (ii)  section 39B or 67C of the Judiciary Act 1903.
(4)        The amendments made by items 7A and 7B apply to decisions made after the commencement of those items.
(5)        The amendments made by items 7C and 7D apply in relation to proceedings that are commenced after the commencement of those items.
 
 
[Minister’s second reading speech made in—
Senate on 2 December 1998
House of Representatives on 26 September 2001]
 
 
 
 
 
 
(229/98)
 

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