Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions — Democratic Republic of the Congo) Regulations 2008

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Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions — Democratic Republic of the Congo) Regulations 20081
Select Legislative Instrument 2008 No. 44
I, PHILIP MICHAEL JEFFERY, Governor‑General of the Commonwealth of Australia, acting with the advice of the Federal Executive Council, make the following Regulations under the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945.
Dated 10 April 2008
P. M. JEFFERY
Governor‑General
By His Excellency’s Command
STEPHEN SMITH
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Contents
Part 1                    Preliminary
                        1     Name of Regulations                                                        3
                        2     Commencement                                                              3
                        3     Repeal                                                                            3
                        4     Definitions                                                                       3
                        5     Export sanctioned goods                                                  5
                        6     Sanctioned supply                                                           5
                        7     Sanctioned service                                                           5
Part 2                    UN sanction enforcement laws
                        8     Prohibitions relating to a sanctioned supply                        6
                        9     Permit to make a sanctioned supply                                  7
                       10     Prohibitions relating to sanctioned services                        8
                       11     Permit to provide a sanctioned service                               9
                       12     Prohibition relating to dealings with designated person or entity           10
                       13     Prohibition relating to controlled assets                            10
                       14     Permit for assets and controlled assets                           11
 
 
 
Part 1                 Preliminary
  
1              Name of Regulations
                These Regulations are the Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions — Democratic Republic of the Congo) Regulations 2008.
2              Commencement
                These Regulations commence on the day after they are registered.
3              Repeal
                The Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions — Democratic Republic of the Congo) Regulations 2005 are repealed.
4              Definitions
                In these Regulations:
Act means the Charter of the United Nations Act 1945.
arms or related matériel includes:
                (a)    weapons; and
               (b)    ammunition; and
                (c)    military vehicles and equipment; and
               (d)    spare parts and accessories for the things mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c); and
                (e)    paramilitary equipment.
Australian aircraft has the same meaning as in the Criminal Code.
Australian ship has the same meaning as in the Criminal Code.
Committee means the Committee established under paragraph 8 of Resolution 1533.
controlled asset means an asset that is owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by a designated person or entity.
designated person or entity means a person or entity designated by the Security Council or Committee for paragraph 11 of Resolution 1807.
export sanctioned goods has the meaning given by regulation 5.
MONUC means the United Nations Organisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
paramilitary equipment means any of the following:
                (a)    batons, clubs, riot sticks and similar devices of a kind used for law enforcement purposes;
               (b)    body armour, including:
                          (i)    bullet‑resistant apparel; and
                         (ii)    bullet‑resistant pads; and
                         (iii)    protective helmets;
                (c)    handcuffs, leg irons and other devices used for restraining prisoners;
               (d)    riot protection shields;
                (e)    whips;
                (f)    parts and accessories designed or adapted for use in, or with, equipment mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (e).
Resolution 1493 means Resolution 1493 (2003) of the Security Council, adopted on 28 July 2003.
Resolution 1533 means Resolution 1533 (2004) of the Security Council, adopted on 12 March 2004.
Resolution 1596 means Resolution 1596 (2005) of the Security Council, adopted on 18 April 2005.
Resolution 1771 means Resolution 1771 (2007) of the Security Council, adopted on 10 August 2007.
Resolution 1807 means Resolution 1807 (2008) of the Security Council, adopted on 31 March 2008.
sanctioned service has the meaning given by regulation 7.
sanctioned supply has the meaning given by regulation 6.
Security Council means the United Nations Security Council.
Note   In these Regulations:
(a)   the Minister is the Minister for Foreign Affairs; and
(b)   asset has the meaning given in section 2 of the Act.
5              Export sanctioned goods
                For these Regulations, export sanctioned goods means arms or related matériel.
6              Sanctioned supply
                A person makes a sanctioned supply if:
                (a)    the person supplies, sells or transfers goods to another person; and
               (b)    the goods are export sanctioned goods; and
                (c)    as a direct or indirect result of the supply, sale or transfer the goods are transferred to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
7              Sanctioned service
                For these Regulations, sanctioned service means the provision, to any person in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, of any of the following:
                (a)    any assistance, advice or training, related to military activities;
               (b)    any financing, or financial assistance, related to military activities.
Part 2                 UN sanction enforcement laws
  
8              Prohibitions relating to a sanctioned supply
         (1)   A person contravenes this regulation if:
                (a)    the person makes a sanctioned supply; and
               (b)    the sanctioned supply is not an authorised supply.
         (2)   Section 15.1 of the Criminal Code applies to an offence under section 27 of the Act that relates to a contravention of subregulation (1).
Note   This has the effect that the offence has extraterritorial operation.
         (3)   A person, whether or not in Australia, and whether or not an Australian citizen, contravenes this regulation if the person uses the services of an Australian ship or an Australian aircraft to transport export sanctioned goods in the course of, or for the purpose of, making a sanctioned supply that is not an authorised supply.
         (4)   A body corporate contravenes this regulation if:
                (a)    the body corporate has effective control over the actions of another body corporate or entity, wherever incorporated or situated; and
               (b)    the other body corporate or entity makes a sanctioned supply; and
                (c)    the sanctioned supply is not an authorised supply.
         (5)   For this regulation:
authorised supply means a sanctioned supply that is authorised by:
                (a)    a permit under regulation 9; or
               (b)    if the supply, sale or transfer takes place in or from a foreign country — a permit:
                          (i)    granted by the foreign country; and
                         (ii)    properly granted by the foreign country; and
                         (iii)    granted in a way that accords with the foreign country’s obligations under Resolution 1493, Resolution 1533, Resolution 1596, Resolution 1771 and Resolution 1807.
         (6)   A defendant, to a charge under section 27 of the Act that relates to subregulation (1), (3) or (4), bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in subparagraph (b) (i) of the definition of authorised supply in subregulation (5).
         (7)   For paragraph (b) of the definition of authorised supply in subregulation (5), a permit is taken not to have been properly granted if the prosecution shows that the permit was granted on the basis of false or misleading information provided by any person, or of corrupt conduct by any person.
Note   This regulation is a UN sanction enforcement law as specified by the Minister under the Charter of the United Nations (UN Sanction Enforcement Law) Declaration 2008.
9              Permit to make a sanctioned supply
         (1)   The Minister may, on application, grant a person a permit authorising the making of a sanctioned supply.
Note   Section 13A of the Act applies to a permit granted by the Minister under this subregulation.
         (2)   The Minister may grant a permit only if the sanctioned supply:
                (a)    is to the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; or
               (b)    is intended solely for the support of, or use by, MONUC; or
                (c)    is a supply of non‑lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use; or
               (d)    is a supply of protective clothing that is temporarily exported to the Democratic Republic of the Congo for the personal use of:
                          (i)    a member of the personnel of the United Nations; or
                         (ii)    a representative of the media; or
                         (iii)    a humanitarian or development worker or an associated person.
         (3)   The Minister must not grant a permit for the purposes of paragraph (2) (a) or (c) unless the Minister has:
                (a)    notified the Committee in advance of his or her intention to grant the permit; and
               (b)    set out in the notice all relevant information about the supply including, as appropriate, details about the end‑user, the proposed date of delivery and the itinerary of shipments.
         (4)   A permit is subject to any conditions specified in the permit.
10            Prohibitions relating to sanctioned services
         (1)   A person contravenes this regulation if:
                (a)    the person provides a sanctioned service; and
               (b)    it is not an authorised service.
         (2)   Section 15.1 of the Criminal Code applies to an offence under section 27 of the Act that relates to a contravention of subregulation (1).
Note   This has the effect that the offence has extraterritorial operation.
         (3)   A person, whether or not in Australia, and whether or not an Australian citizen, contravenes this regulation if the person uses the services of an Australian ship or an Australian aircraft to provide a sanctioned service that is not an authorised service.
         (4)   A body corporate contravenes this regulation if:
                (a)    the body corporate has effective control over the actions of another body corporate or entity, wherever incorporated or situated; and
               (b)    the other body corporate or entity provides a sanctioned service; and
                (c)    the sanctioned service is not an authorised service.
         (5)   For this regulation:
authorised service means a sanctioned service that is authorised by:
                (a)    a permit under regulation 11; or
               (b)    if the service is provided in a foreign country — a permit:
                          (i)    granted by the foreign country; and
                         (ii)    properly granted by the foreign country; and
                         (iii)    granted in a way that accords with the country’s obligations under Resolution 1493, Resolution 1533, Resolution 1596, Resolution 1771 and Resolution 1807.
         (6)   A defendant, to a charge under section 27 of the Act relating to subregulation (1), (3) or (4), bears an evidential burden in relation to the matter in paragraph (b) (i) of the definition of authorised service in subregulation (5).
         (7)   For paragraph (b) of the definition of authorised service in subregulation (5), a permit is taken not to have been properly granted if the prosecution shows that the permit was granted on the basis of false or misleading information provided by any person, or of corrupt conduct by any person.
Note   This regulation is a UN sanction enforcement law as specified by the Minister under the Charter of the United Nations (UN Sanction Enforcement Law) Declaration 2008.
11            Permit to provide a sanctioned service
         (1)   The Minister may, on application, grant a person a permit authorising the provision of a sanctioned service.
Note   Section 13A of the Act applies to a permit granted by the Minister under this subregulation.
         (2)   The Minister may grant a permit only if the sanctioned service:
                (a)    is to the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; or
               (b)    consists of technical training and assistance intended solely for the support of, or use by, MONUC; or
                (c)    consists of technical assistance and training related to non‑lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use.
         (3)   The Minister must not grant a permit for the purposes of paragraph (2) (a) or (c) unless the Minister has:
                (a)    notified the Committee in advance of his or her intention to grant the permit; and
               (b)    set out in the notice all relevant information about the service including, as appropriate, details about the end‑user, the proposed date of delivery and the itinerary of shipments.
         (4)   A permit is subject to any conditions specified in the permit.
12            Prohibition relating to dealings with designated person or entity
         (1)   A person contravenes this regulation if:
                (a)    the person directly or indirectly makes an asset available to, or for the benefit of a designated person or entity; and
               (b)    the making available of the asset is not authorised by a permit under regulation 14.
         (2)   Section 15.1 of the Criminal Code applies to an offence under section 27 of the Act that relates to a contravention of subregulation (2).
Note 1   Subregulation (2) has the effect that the offence has extraterritorial operation.
Note 2   This regulation is a UN sanction enforcement law as specified by the Minister under the Charter of the United Nations (UN Sanction Enforcement Law) Declaration 2008.
13            Prohibition relating to controlled assets
         (1)   A person contravenes this regulation if:
                (a)    the person holds a controlled asset; and
               (b)    the person:
                          (i)    uses or deals with the asset; or
                         (ii)    allows the asset to be used or dealt with; or
                         (iii)    facilitates the use of the asset or dealing with the asset; and
                (c)    the use or dealing is not authorised by a permit under regulation 14.
         (2)   Section 15.1 of the Criminal Code applies to an offence under section 27 of the Act that relates to a contravention of subregulation (1).
Note 1   Subregulation (2) has the effect that the offence has extraterritorial operation.
Note 2   This regulation is a UN sanction enforcement law as specified by the Minister under the Charter of the United Nations (UN Sanction Enforcement Law) Declaration 2008.
14            Permit for assets and controlled assets
         (1)   The Minister may, on application, grant a person a permit authorising:
                (a)    the making available of an asset to a person or entity that would otherwise contravene subregulation 12 (1); or
               (b)    a use of, or dealing with, a controlled asset.
Note   Section 13A of the Act applies to a permit granted by the Minister under this subregulation.
         (2)   An application must be for a basic expense dealing, a legally required dealing or an extraordinary expense dealing mentioned in regulation 5 of the Charter of the United Nations (Dealings with Assets) Regulations 2008.
         (3)   An application must specify which kind of dealing mentioned in subregulation (2) the application is for.
         (4)   If the application is for a basic expense dealing, the Minister:
                (a)    must notify the Committee of the application; and
               (b)    may grant a permit only if 4 working days have passed since the notice was given, and the Committee has not advised against granting a permit to the applicant.
         (5)   If the application is for a legally required dealing, the Minister must notify the Committee of the application before granting the permit.
         (6)   If the application is for an extraordinary expense dealing, the Minister:
                (a)    must notify the Committee of the application; and
               (b)    may grant a permit only with the approval of the Committee.
         (7)   A permit is subject to any conditions specified in the permit.
Note   Part 2 of the Charter of the United Nations (Dealings with Assets) Regulations 2008 applies to these Regulations.
Note
1.       All legislative instruments and compilations are registered on the Federal Register of Legislative Instruments kept under the Legislative Instruments Act 2003. See http://www.frli.gov.au.
 

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