Financial Sector (Collection of Data) (reporting standard) determination No. 22 of 2009 - GRS 210.0_G (2009) - Outstanding Claims Liability - Insurance Risk Charge

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Financial Sector (Collection of Data) (reporting standard) determination No. 22 of 2009
 
Reporting Standard GRS 210.0_G (2009) Outstanding Claims Liability - Insurance Risk Charge
 
Financial Sector (Collection of Data) Act 2001
I, John Roy Trowbridge, a Member of APRA and delegate of APRA, under paragraph 13(1)(a) of the Financial Sector (Collection of Data) Act 2001 (‘the Act’) MAKE the reporting standard set out in the Schedule, which applies to financial sector entities of the kind specified in paragraph 2 of the reporting standard.
                                                                                 
Under section 15 of the Act, I DECLARE that the reporting standard shall begin to apply to those entities on registration of this instrument on the Federal Register of Legislative Instruments.
 
 
 
 
Dated 21August 2009
 
[Signed]
 
 
John Trowbridge
Member Interpretation
In this Determination
APRA means the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority.
Federal Register of Legislative Instruments means the register established under section 20 of the Legislative Instruments Act 2003.
 
 
Schedule
 
Reporting Standard GRS 210.0_G (2009) Outstanding Claims Liability - Insurance Risk Charge comprises the 27 pages commencing on the next page.
 
 
 
 
 
Reporting Standard GRS 210.0_G (2009)
 
Outstanding Claims Liability - Insurance Risk Charge
 
Objective of this reporting standard
This reporting standard is made under section 13 of the Financial Sector (Collection of Data) Act 2001 (the Collection of Data Act).  It requires Level 2 insurance groups to report to APRA, generally on a semi-annual and annual basis, in relation to their outstanding claims liabilities.
This reporting standard outlines the overall requirements for the provision of this information to APRA.  It should be read in conjunction with:
·               Form GRF 210.0_G Outstanding Claims Liability – Insurance Risk Charge (Form GRF 210.0_G) and the instructions to that form (which are attached and form part of this reporting standard); and
·               any prudential standards referenced in the attached instructions.
 
Purpose
1.             Data collected in Form GRF 210.0_G is used by APRA for the purpose of prudential supervision including assessing a Level 2 insurance group’s compliance with the capital standards and Prudential Standard GPS 311 Audit and Actuarial Reporting and Valuation.
Application and commencement
2.             This reporting standard applies to all Level 2 insurance groups for reporting periods commencing on or after 30 June 2009.
Information required
3.             A Level 2 insurance group must provide APRA with the information required by the Form GRF 210.0_G for each reporting period specified in paragraph 5 for the Level 2 insurance group.
Forms and method of submission
4.             The information required by this reporting standard must be given to APRA either:
(a)           in electronic form using the ‘Direct to APRA’ application, applying one of the electronic submission mechanisms under that application; or
(b)          by manually completing Form GRF 210.0_G on paper and mailing the completed form to APRA’s head office at Level 26, 400 George Street, Sydney, New South Wales.
 
Where the information is submitted by means of an agent to whom the Level 2 insurance group has outsourced the function of providing the information on the Level 2 insurance group’s behalf, the agent may only provide the information in accordance with subparagraph 4(b) if the agent has contacted APRA and advised that the agent cannot submit the information in electronic form under subparagraph 4(a).
           
Note: the Direct to APRA application software and paper forms may be obtained from APRA. 
Reporting periods and due dates
5.             Subject to paragraph 6, a Level 2 insurance group must provide the information required by this reporting standard:
(a)           in respect of each half year based on the financial year (as defined in Prudential Standard GPS 001 Definitions (GPS 001)) of the Level 2 insurance group on an unaudited basis; and
(b)          in respect of each financial year (as defined in GPS 001) of the Level 2 insurance group on an audited basis.
Note: The annual information required by paragraphs 3, 4 and 5(b) together with certain annual information required by other reporting standards, will form part of the Level 2 insurance group’s annual accounts within the meaning of GPS 001. Prudential Standard GPS 311 Audit and Actuarial Reporting and Valuation: Level 2 Insurance Groups (GPS 311) contains the relevant provisions governing audits.
6.             APRA may, by notice in writing to the parent entity, change the reporting periods, or specified reporting periods, for a particular Level 2 insurance group to require it to provide the information:
(a)           more frequently (if, having regard to the particular circumstances of the Level 2 insurance group, APRA considers it necessary or desirable to obtain information more frequently for the purposes of the prudential supervision of the Level 2 insurance group); or
(b)          less frequently (if, having regard to the particular circumstances of the Level 2 insurance group and the extent to which it requires prudential supervision, APRA considers it unnecessary to require the Level 2 insurance group to provide the information as frequently.
7.             The information required by paragraph 3 of this reporting standard from a Level 2 insurance group must be provided to APRA by the following times:
(a)           in the case of the half yearly information required by subparagraph 5(a) – three months after the end of the reporting period to which the information relates; and
(b)          in the case of the audited annual information required by subparagraph 5(b) – four months after the end of the reporting period to which the information relates.
Note: GPS 311 requires a Level 2 insurance group to ensure that its Group Auditor conducts a limited assurance review of the group’s annual accounts.  Accordingly, the Group Auditor’s report(s) as required by GPS 311 (relating to the information required by paragraph 3) must be provided to APRA by the time specified in subparagraph 7(b) of this reporting standard (unless an extension is granted under paragraph 8).
8.             APRA may by notice in writing to the parent entity grant a Level 2 insurance group an extension of a due date for the provision of the information, in which case the new due date will be the date on the notice of extension.
9.             On the written application of the parent entity of a Level 2 insurance group, APRA may by notice in writing to the parent entity exclude the requirement under subparagraph 5(a) to provide half yearly information.
Quality control
10.         The information provided by a Level 2 insurance group under this reporting standard must be the product of processes and controls that have been reviewed and tested by the Group Auditor of the Level 2 insurance group. This will require the Group Auditor to review and test the systems, processes and controls supporting the reporting of the information to ensure that they produce accurate data and are otherwise reliable.  This review and testing must be done on:
(a)           an annual basis to enable the Group Auditor to form an opinion on the accuracy and reliability of the data; and
(b)          at least a limited assurance engagement consistent with the professional standards and guidance notes issued by the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (AUASB) as may be amended from time to time, to the extent that they are not inconsistent with the requirements of Prudential Standard GPS 311 Audit and Actuarial Reporting and Valuation: Level 2 Insurance Groups.
11.         The information provided by a Level 2 insurance group under this reporting standard must be subject to processes and controls developed by the Level 2 insurance group for the internal review and authorisation of that information. It is the responsibility of the board and senior management of the parent entity of the Level 2 insurance group to ensure that an appropriate set of policies and procedures for the authorisation of data submitted to APRA is in place.
Authorisation
12.         If an officer of a parent entity[1] of a Level 2 insurance group provides the information required by this reporting standard:
(a)       under subparagraph 4(a), the officer must digitally sign, authorise and encrypt the information (for which purpose APRA’s certificate authority will issue digital certificates, for use with the ‘Direct to APRA’ application, to officers of the parent entity of the Level 2 insurance group who have authority from the parent entity of the Level 2 insurance group to transmit data to APRA); or
(b)      under subparagraph 4(b), the completed form must be signed in accordance with paragraph 13.
13.         If a Level 2 insurance group provides the information required by this reporting standard through an agent under either subparagraphs 4(a) or (b), the agent will not be required to sign or authorise the information.  However, the Level 2 insurance group must:
(a)           obtain from the agent a paper copy of the completed form as provided to APRA (whether it was provided under subparagraph 4(a) or (b)); and
(b)          cause the paper copy to be signed in accordance with paragraph 13; and
(c)           lodge the signed paper copy with APRA by mailing the completed form to APRA’s head office at Level 26, 400 George Street, Sydney, New South Wales, by the relevant due date (unless APRA, in writing, waives the requirement to lodge the signed paper copy with APRA by varying this reporting standard in relation to the Level 2 insurance group).
Note: APRA may, for example, determine to waive the requirement under subparagraph 13(c) where a Level 2 insurance group has undertaken to retain the signed copy of the completed form for an agreed period of time.
14.         If information under this reporting standard is provided in paper form, it must be signed on the front page of the relevant completed form by either:
(a)           the Principal Executive Officer of the parent entity of the Level 2 insurance group; or
(b)          the Chief Financial Officer of the parent entity of the Level 2 insurance group (whatever his or her official title may be).
Minor alterations to forms and instructions
15.         APRA may make minor variations to the instructions to a form, to clarify their application to the form without changing any substantive requirement in the form or instructions.
16.         If APRA makes such a variation it must notify the parent entity of each Level 2 insurance group in writing.
Transition
17.         Where APRA has granted a period of transition to a Level 2 insurance group by determining a later effective date for:
(a)           Prudential Standard GPS 111 Capital Adequacy: Level 2 Insurance Group;
(b)          Prudential Standard GPS 221 Risk Management: Level 2 Insurance Group; and
(c)           Prudential Standard GPS 311 Audit and Actuarial Reporting and Valuation:  Level 2 Insurance Group
a later effective date for this Reporting Standard will apply to the Level 2 insurance group as determined by APRA.
Adjustments
18.         The parent entity of a Level 2 insurance group may apply in writing to APRA to vary the reporting requirements of GRF 210.0_G Outstanding Claims Liability – Insurance Risk Charge in relation to that Level 2 insurance group.  APRA may in its discretion in writing approve such an application.
Interpretation
19     In this reporting standard (including the attachments):
(a)     Unless the contrary intention appears, words and expressions have the meanings given to them in Prudential Standard GPS 001 Definitions;
(b)     APRA-authorised reinsurer means an insurer carrying on reinsurance business.  For the purposes of this definition, a Lloyd’s underwriter as defined under the Act is an APRA-authorised reinsurer if it carries on reinsurance business;
business days means ordinary business days, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays;
capital standards means the prudential standards which relate to capital adequacy as defined in Prudential Standard GPS 001 Definitions;
foreign insurer means a foreign general insurer within the meaning of the Insurance Act;
Note: A reference to a ‘branch’ or ‘branch operation’ is a reference to the Australian operations of a foreign insurer.
Group Auditor has the meaning given in Prudential Standard GPS 311 Audit and Actuarial Reporting and Valuation: Level 2 Insurance Groups;
Insurance Act means the Insurance Act 1973;
insurer means a general insurer within the meaning of the Insurance Act;
Note: In the forms and instructions, a reference to an ‘authorised insurer’, ‘authorised insurance entity’ or ‘licensed insurer’ is a reference to an insurer, and a reference to an ‘authorised reinsurance entity’ is a reference to an insurer whose business consists only of undertaking liability by way of reinsurance.
Non-APRA authorised reinsurer means any reinsurer that is not an APRA-authorised reinsurer;
Principal Executive Officer means the current principal executive officer of the entity, regardless of title, and whether or not he or she is a member of the governing board of the entity;
reporting period means a period mentioned in subparagraph 5(a) or (b) or, if applicable, paragraph 6.
20     A reference to a prudential standard is a reference to the applicable prudential standard made under section 32 of the Insurance Act, as amended from time to time.  If the prudential standard has been revoked and replaced, the reference shall be taken to be to the prudential standard that has replaced it.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reporting Form GRF 210.0_G
Outstanding Claims Liability – Insurance Risk Charge (Level 2 Insurance Group)
Instruction Guide
Introduction
This instruction guide is designed to assist in the completion of GRF 210.0_G Outstanding Claims Liability – Insurance Risk Charge (Level 2 Insurance Group).
The form can be used to calculate the insurance risk capital charge associated with the Level 2 insurance group’s Outstanding Claims Liability in accordance with Prudential Standard GPS 111 Capital Adequacy: Level 2 Insurance Groups (GPS 111).
Audit requirements
 
The annual return of GRF 210.0_G Outstanding Claims Liability – Insurance Risk Charge (Level 2 Insurance Group) required under paragraphs 3 and 5(c) of Reporting Standard GRS 210.0_G must be subject to a limited assurance[2] review by the Group Auditor (see Prudential Standard GPS 311 Audit and Actuarial Reporting and Valuation: Level 2 Insurance Groups (GPS 311)).
The Group Auditor must prepare a review report on the basis of a limited assurance engagement in accordance with the requirements of GPS 311. Assurance in the review report will be provided in the form of negative assurance.  To express negative assurance in the review report, the auditor will use limited procedures to obtain sufficient appropriate evidence. Enquiries of the Level 2 insurance group’s staff and analytical procedures will be the primary tools used to obtain evidence. These procedures will not provide all the evidence that would be required in an audit.
The scope and nature of audit testing required is outlined in the Standard on Assurance Engagement ASAE 3000 Assurance Engagements Other than Audits or Reviews of Historical Financial Information issued by the Auditing and Assurance Standards Board.
Reporting entities
 
GRF 210.0_G Outstanding Claims Liability – Insurance Risk Charge (Level 2 Insurance Group) is to be completed by the parent entity of a Level 2 insurance group as defined under Prudential Standard GPS 001 Definitions (GPS 001).
Consolidation at Level 2 should cover the Level 2 insurance group as defined under GPS 001.
Definitions
For Australian business[3], report insurance business as per APRA-authorised insurer reporting. For international business[4], only report insurance business deemed to be general insurance business.[5]  For prudential reporting purposes ‘Level 1 Insurer’ is as defined in GPS 001.
 
Other definitions for data reporting items required by this form have been provided where possible in the instructions under the section headed ‘Specific instructions’.
Limited Risk Transfer Arrangements
For Australian business a Limited Risk Transfer Arrangement that is approved by APRA as a reinsurance arrangement must be treated accordingly by the Level 2 insurance group for prudential purposes. A Limited Risk Transfer Arrangement that is approved by APRA as a financing arrangement must be accounted for by the Level 2 insurance group so that the arrangement will not misrepresent, or is not designed to disguise, a material risk to the Level 2 insurance group’s current or continuing profitability, solvency or capital adequacy from any party.
The terms and conditions of the financing arrangement will determine the appropriate accounting treatment for prudential purposes.
Where APRA determines that a Limited Risk Transfer Arrangement is to be treated as a financing arrangement, the Level 2 insurance group must not treat the arrangement as reinsurance for the purpose of determining the minimum capital requirement under GPS 111 or as reinsurance for any other purpose.
For international business, while APRA will not be approving the arrangements, APRA expects the Level 2 insurance group to account for a Limited Risk Arrangement in a manner consistent with APRA’s expectations under Prudential Standard GPS 221 Risk Management: Level 2 Insurance Groups (GPS 221).
Unit of measurement
This form is to be presented in Australian dollars (AUD), rounded to thousands of dollars, with no decimal place.
Amounts denominated in foreign currency are to be converted to AUD in accordance with Australian accounting standards.
Transactions arising under foreign currency derivative contracts at the reporting date must be prepared in accordance with Australian accounting standards.
Materiality
GRF 210.0_G Outstanding Claims Liability – Insurance Risk Charge (Level 2 Insurance Group) is to be prepared based on the concept of materiality as applied in Australian accounting standards subject to APRA’s discretion. APRA’s discretion is likely to apply in instances where the application of materiality criteria is not suitable for prudential reporting purposes.
Reporting period
Level 2 insurance groups are required to report the information in the reporting form. This information is to be reported on three occasions in a Level 2 insurance group’s financial year. A Level 2 insurance group is required to submit:
·               semi-annual return which is to be completed in respect of each half year from the start of the financial year of the Level 2 insurance group; and
·               an audited annual return which will be based on a limited assurance review by the Group Auditor (see Audit requirements).
The financial information requested in this form is to be reported as at the last day of the reporting period on a financial year to date basis of the Level 2 insurance group.
Reporting lag
Submission times for Level 2 reporting forms are as follows (in accordance with GRS 210.0_G Outstanding Claims Liability – Insurance Risk Charge):
The semi-annual return is to be lodged within three months after the end of the reporting period. The audited annual return is to be lodged within four months after the end of the reporting period.
Adjustments
The parent entity of a Level 2 insurance group may apply in writing to APRA to vary the reporting requirements of GRF 210.0_G Outstanding Claims Liability – Insurance Risk Charge (Level 2 Insurance Group) in relation to that Level 2 insurance group.  APRA may, at its discretion, approve such an application in writing.
International business
Level 2 insurance groups are required to report financial data on both Australian and international exposures. For the purposes of segment reporting, Level 2 insurance groups are not to follow the requirements under the Australian accounting standards when completing this form.
For prudential reporting purposes ‘Australian Business’ is as defined in GPS 001 and means insurance business carried on by any Level 1 insurer within a Level 2 insurance group. Therefore, all insurance business written by Level 1 insurers is deemed to be Australian business.  ‘International Business’[6] is insurance business carried on by an entity within the group that is not authorised under the Insurance Act 1973. This treatment is different to the requirements of AASB 1023 ‘General Insurance Contracts’ and other Australian accounting standards.
International business is to be reported according to the following regions:
New Zealand;
South East Asia;
Asia Pacific;
USA
Americas;
UK/Europe; and Other.
International business should not be reported under the ‘Australia’ region.
Level 2 insurance groups are required to report according to the regions which most appropriately reflect the business and/or operational segments of the group.
Once regions are defined, they should generally be maintained thereafter for consistency. However, this does not prevent the Level 2 insurance group from altering its reporting regions where necessary, provided APRA is notified of any changes.  
Reporting supplement
Unless approved otherwise by APRA, this form will require the outstanding claims liability of Australian business of the Level 2 insurance group to be reported by class of business written and the international business to be reported by region. For international business, while class of business is not required to be reported on the form, Level 2 insurance groups are expected to map their business to the Australian classes of business in order to assign an insurance risk capital charge. The details of the mapping and the calculation of the insurance risk charge for international business are to be provided as supplementary information. Level 2 insurance groups will be able to choose the format for this supplementary information. The reporting supplement is to accompany the submission of this form, unless instructed otherwise by APRA. The reporting supplement is to be submitted to the Level 2 insurance group’s APRA Responsible Supervisor.
Basis of preparation
Outstanding claims liabilities are to be valued in accordance with the requirements of GPS 311.
Where there is reinsurance between regions, regions are to be reported on a separate basis. That is, the region directly assuming the risks must report as direct business. The reinsuring region should treat this as direct business as well.
Where reinsurance occurs between entities in one region, the reinsurance transaction is to be eliminated on consolidation within the region reported.
Consolidation adjustments for intra-group reinsurance transactions between entities in different regions should be reported under ‘Group adjustments’ in Table 5.
Specific instructions
Actuarial services
If actuarial services were used to complete this form input ‘Yes’, otherwise input ‘No’.
Classes of insurance business
Level 2 insurance groups are required to report financial data on both Australian business[7] and international business[8].
Diversification will be the primary adjustment made on a group basis that affects the insurance risk capital charge and should be recognised in the risk margin for each class of business. The totals at the end of the form, i.e. table 5, may take into account other group adjustments.
Australian business
Australian business is to be reported by class in;
·               Table 1: Direct business; and
·               Table 3: Reinsurance business.
A Level 2 insurance group may apply to APRA for a determination to report Australian business as a single region.
A Level 2 insurance group must not report Australian business in table 2 or table 4 unless a determination has been made by APRA to report Australian business as a single region.
 
Where APRA has made a determination to report Australian business as a single region, a Level 2 insurance group must (for the business to which the determination relates):
·               report Australian direct business in table 2;
·               report Australian reinsurance business in table 4; and
·               not report Australian business in table 1 or table 3.
International business
For international regions, class of business data is not reported in this form. Level 2 insurance groups, however, will be required to map their international business to the Australian classes of business in order to assign an insurance risk capital charge. Unless otherwise instructed by APRA, Level 2 insurance groups are to supply details of this mapping and the calculation of the insurance risk charge for international business as supplementary information to this form. This information is to be supplied to the Level 2 insurance group’s APRA Responsible Supervisor. Unless instructed otherwise, the reporting supplement is to accompany the submission of this form.
International business[9] is to be reported according to the regions specified in this form. Level 2 insurance groups are required to report according to the regions which most appropriately reflects the business and/or operational segments of the group. International business should not be reported under the ‘Australia’ region.[10]
However, all insurance business written by Level 1 insurers is deemed to be Australian business. This treatment is unique to prudential reporting and differs from the requirements of AASB 1023 ‘General Insurance Contracts’. Once regions are defined, they should generally be maintained thereafter for consistency. However, this does not prevent the Level 2 insurance group from altering its reporting regions where necessary, provided APRA is notified of any changes.
The form allows reporting for the following geographical regions:
New Zealand;
South East Asia;
Asia Pacific;
USA
Americas;
UK/Europe; and Other.
Note: Diversification adjustments on international business should be recognised in the risk margin for each geographical region.
Table 1: Direct business (Australian business by class)
The classes of Australian business for Level 2 insurance groups are as follows:
(I).          Houseowners/Householders (H & H)
This class covers the common H & H policies inclusive of:
·               Contents;
·               Personal property;
·               Arson; and
·               Burglary. 
Public liability normally attaching to these products are to be separated and included in Public and Product Liability class of business – item (XIII).
(II).        Commercial Motor Vehicle
Motor vehicle insurance (including third party property damage) other than insurance covering vehicles defined below under Domestic Motor Vehicle. It includes long and medium haul trucks, cranes and special vehicles and policies covering fleets.
(III).      Domestic Motor Vehicle
Motor vehicle insurance (including third party property damage) covering private use motor vehicles including utilities and lorries, motor cycles, private caravans, box and boat trailers and other vehicles not normally covered by business or commercial policies.
(IV).      Travel
Insurance against losses associated with travel including loss of baggage and personal effects, losses on flight cancellations and overseas medical costs.
(V).        Fire and Industrial Special Risks (ISR)
Fire
Includes all policies normally classified as 'Fire' and includes:
·               sprinkler leakage;
·               subsidence;
·               windstorm;
·               hailstone;
·               crop;
·               arson; and
·               loss of profits and any extraneous risk normally covered under fire policies, e.g. flood.
ISR
Standard policy wordings exist for this type of policy.  All policies which contain such standard wordings or where the wording is substantially similar are to be classified as ISR.
(VI).      Marine
Includes Marine Hull (including pleasure craft), Marine Cargo (including sea and inland transit insurance).
(VII).    Aviation
Aviation (including aircraft hull and aircraft liability).
(VIII).  Mortgage
Insurance against losses arising from the failure of debtors to meet financial obligations to creditors or under which payment of debts is guaranteed.  It includes lease guarantee.
(IX).     Consumer Credit (CCI)
Insurance to protect a consumer's ability to meet the loan repayments on personal loans and credit card finance in the event of death or loss of income due to injury, illness or unemployment.
(X).       Other Accident
Includes the following types of insurance:
·               Miscellaneous accident (involving cash in transit, theft, loss of money);
·               All risks (baggage, sporting equipment, guns);
·               Engineering when not part of ISR or Fire policy;
·               Plate glass when not part of packaged policy (e.g. houseowners /householders);
·               Live Stock;
·               Pluvius; and
·               Sickness and Accident (which provides stated benefits where the insured is killed or suffers loss of specific parts of the body or is prevented from carrying out the insured’s normal occupation.  In addition, regular benefits may be paid over a short period of time (typically less than 3 years), noting that continuous disability policies are considered to be Life Insurance Policies and should not be provided by general insurance companies).
(XI).     Other
All other insurance business not specifically mentioned elsewhere.  It includes, for example:
·               Trade Credit;
·               Surety business (where APRA has approved for it to be treated as insurance business);
·               Extended Warranty (includes insurance by a third party for a period in excess of the manufacturer's or seller’s normal warranty;
·               Kidnap and Ransom; and
·               Contingency.
Note: Guarantees are not to be treated as insurance business but as direct credit substitutes.[11] These are to be reported in GRF 131.0_G Off Balance Sheet Exposure Risk Charge (Level 2 Insurance Group).
(XII).   Compulsory Third Party Motor Vehicle (CTP)
This class consists only of CTP business.
(XIII). Public and Product Liability
·               Public Liability covers legal liability to the public in respect of bodily injury or property damage arising out of the operation of the insured's business.  Product Liability includes policies that provide for compensation for loss and or injury caused by, or as a result of, the use of goods and also environmental clean-up caused by pollution spills where not covered by Fire and ISR policies.
·               Also will include builders warranty insurance.
·               Includes public liability attaching to houseowners/householders policies.
(XIV). Professional Indemnity (PI)
Includes Directors' and Officers' liability insurance plus legal expense insurance. Cover for legal expenses is generally included in this type of policy.
(XV).   Employers' Liability (EL)
Includes:
·               Workers' compensation;
·               Seamen's compensation; and
·               Domestic workers compensation.
Total (Direct Business (Australian business by class))
This is automatically calculated by the form and represents the sum of Australian classes of business.
Table 2: Direct business (International)
The sum of the classes of business for each international region is to be entered into the form.
Note: A Level 2 insurance group must not report Australian business in table 2 unless a determination has been made by APRA to report Australian business as a single region.
Total Direct Business (International)
This is automatically calculated by the form and represents the sum of international business. This value excludes amounts reported under ‘Australia’ in table 2.
Table 3: Reinsurance business (Australian Business by class)
‘Australian Business’ means insurance business carried on by any Level 1 insurer within a Level 2 insurance group. The classes of Australian business for Level 2 insurance groups that provide reinsurance are as follows:
Treaty Proportional:  This refers to all forms of quota share and surplus reinsurance written on a treaty reinsurance arrangement where the reinsurer is bound to accept all business ceded by the reinsured subject to the terms and conditions of the pre-agreed treaty wording, and shares in the same proportion of premium and losses of the reinsured.
Treaty Excess of Loss:  This refers to all reinsurance arrangements where the reinsurer is bound to accept all business ceded by the reinsured and the reinsurer pays losses only above an agreed predetermined limit (retention) up to an agreed maximum amount.
Facultative Proportional:  This refers to non-treaty arrangements where each reinsurance contract is on an individual offer and acceptance basis and the reinsurer shares in the same proportion of premium and losses of the reinsured.
Facultative Excess of Loss:  This refers to non-treaty arrangements where each reinsurance contract is on an individual offer and acceptance basis.  The reinsurer pays losses only above an agreed predetermined limit (retention) up to an agreed maximum amount.
Reinsurance non-split:  This line item classification disclosed under Reinsurance class of business is to be used where it is not possible for the Level 2 insurance group to separately split out all the classes of reinsurance businesses. However as required by GPS 111, where a Level 2 insurance group underwrites an inwards reinsurance contract and is unable to split this business into the classes and types listed in that prudential standard, it must use one of the methods detailed below.
Where a Level 2 insurance group underwrites an inwards reinsurance contract which spans multiple classes and the Level 2 insurance group cannot readily split the contract between classes, the contract must be allocated by using an appropriate method (provided the same method is used for all contracts and for all subsequent periods), including the following methods:
(a)           allocate the contract to the category which represents the greatest exposure; or
(b)          allocate the contract to the category representing the greatest premium income.
Total (Reinsurance business (Australian business by class))
This is automatically calculated by the form and represents the sum of Australian classes of business.
Table 4: Reinsurance business (International)
‘International Business’[12] is insurance business carried on by an entity within the group that is not authorised under the Insurance Act 1973. The sum of the classes of business for each international region is to be entered into the form. International business should not be reported under the ‘Australia’ region.
Note: A Level 2 insurance group must not report Australian business in table 4 unless a determination has been made by APRA to report Australian business as a single region.
Total (Reinsurance business (International))
This is automatically calculated by the form and represents the sum of international business. This value excludes amounts reported under ‘Australia’ in table 4.
Table 5: Total
Total direct business
This is automatically calculated by the form and represents the sum of ‘Direct business (Australian business by class)’ and ‘Direct business (International)’. Total direct business will include Australian business reported as a single region in Table 2 where approved by APRA.
Total reinsurance business
This is automatically calculated by the form and represents the sum of ‘Reinsurance business (Australian business by class)’ and ‘Reinsurance business (International)’. Total reinsurance business will include Australian business reported as a single region in Table 4 where approved by APRA.
Group adjustments
Adjustments not recognised in Tables 1-4 are to be reported in this section of the form.  Group adjustments are to be reported as negative values.
Total
This is automatically calculated by the form and represents the sum of ‘Total direct business’, ‘Total reinsurance business’ and ‘Group adjustments’.
The instructions below relate to all tables and are set out by column.
Outstanding Claims Liability
Outstanding claims liabilities relate to all claims incurred prior to the reporting date, whether or not they have been reported to the Level 2 insurance group. Outstanding claims liabilities are to be recognised and measured in accordance with GPS 311. The value of outstanding claims liabilities must not include any Government charges imposed such as levies, duties and taxes. 
Outstanding claims liabilities are to be determined on a prospective basis; both net and gross of reinsurance recoverables and non-reinsurance recoveries.
The valuation of outstanding claims liabilities for each class of business must comprise:
(a)           a central estimate (refer below); and
(b)          a risk margin (refer below) that relates to the inherent uncertainty in the central estimate values.
The valuation of insurance liabilities (i.e. outstanding claims liabilities and premiums liabilities) reflects the individual circumstances of the Level 2 insurance group.  In any event, the value of insurance liabilities must be the greater of a value that is:
(a)           determined on a basis that is intended to value the insurance liabilities of the Level 2 insurance group at a 75 percent level of sufficiency; and
(b)          the central estimate plus one half of a standard deviation above the mean for the insurance liabilities of the Level 2 insurance group.
(a)          The central estimate
The central estimate is intended to reflect the mean value in the range of possible values for the outcome (that is, the mean of the distribution of probabilistic outcomes). The determination of the central estimate must be based on assumptions as to future experience which reflect the experience and circumstances of the Level 2 insurance group and which are:
·               made using judgement and experience;
·               made having regard to reasonably available statistics and other information; and
·               neither deliberately overstated nor understated.
Where experience is highly volatile, model parameters estimated from the experience can also be volatile.  The central estimate should therefore reflect as closely as possible the likely future experience of the Level 2 insurance group.  Judgment may be required to limit the volatility of the assumed parameters to that which is justified in terms of the credibility of the experience data.
The central estimate will be measured as the present value of the future expected payments. This measurement process will involve prospective calculations and modelling techniques, and will require assumptions in respect of the expected future experience, taking into account all factors which are considered to be material to the calculation, including:
·               Discount rates;
·               Claims escalation;
·               Claims and policy management expenses; and
·               Claims run-off.
The assumptions used should be consistent for the estimation of both outstanding claims liabilities and premiums liabilities.  Where they are not, the reasons must be documented.
(b)          The risk margin
The risk margin is to be valued in accordance with the requirements of GPS 311. The risk margin is the component of the value of outstanding claims liability that relates to the inherent uncertainty that outcomes will differ from the central estimate.  It is aimed at ensuring that the value of the outstanding claims liability is established at an appropriate and sufficient level. The risk margin does not relate to the risk associated with the underlying assets, including asset-liability mismatch risk.
Risk margins must be determined, for each class of business, and in total, on a basis that reflects the experience of the Level 2 insurance group.  In any event, the risk margin must be valued so that the insurance liabilities of the Level 2 insurance group, after any diversification benefit, are the greater of a value that is:
(a)           determined on a basis that is intended to value the insurance liabilities of the Level 2 insurance group at a 75 per cent level of sufficiency; and
(b)          the central estimate plus one half of a standard deviation above the mean for the insurance liabilities of the Level 2 insurance group.
The risk margins must be determined having regard to the uncertainty of the gross insurance liabilities and to any uncertainty related to the estimate of reinsurance assets and non-reinsurance recoveries that are deducted from the estimate of gross insurance liabilities. Any allowance for diversification benefits must be apportioned across Australian classes of business and international regions.
The Level 2 insurance group is free to reserve for the outstanding claims liability in the GRF 300.0_G Statement of Financial Position (Level 2 Insurance Group) at a different level to the amount required by GPS 311. However for the purposes of this form only, the outstanding claims liability is to be measured and reported in accordance with the requirements of GPS 311 and disclosed by type of insurance business (direct business and inward reinsurance business), i.e. must be at the 75% probability of sufficiency. If the outstanding claims liability is reported at a level greater than that required by GPS 311 in this form, the Level 2 insurance group will be subjecting itself to a greater insurance risk capital charge than required and will also be subjecting itself to a lower capital base since the value of excess technical provisions will be lower.
Note: any amount of the outstanding claims liability reported in the Statement of Financial Position in excess of the amount required by GPS 311, can be added back to Tier 1 capital in GRF 120.0_G Determination of Capital Base (Level 2 Insurance Group).
For the ‘Direct business’ and ‘Reinsurance’ business, amounts are to be reported as follows:
Direct business
Includes outstanding claims liability associated with the insurance business written directly by the Level 2 insurance group.
Reinsurance
Include outstanding claims liability associated with reinsurance business of the Level 2 insurance group under the ‘Reinsurance’ section.
Gross OCL - Central estimate (2)
For each line of business, report the central estimate of the gross outstanding claims liability that is calculated in accordance with GPS 311.
Gross OCL - Risk margin (3)
For each line of business, report the risk margin for the gross outstanding claims liability that is calculated in accordance with GPS 311.
Gross OCL - Total (4)
‘Gross outstanding claims liability-Total’ represents the sum of the central estimate and risk margin. This value is automatically calculated by the form.
Reinsurance recoveries[13] (5)
For each line of business report the reinsurance recoveries associated with the outstanding claims liability calculated in accordance with GPS 311.
Level 2 insurance groups should recognise reinsurance recoveries, which are calculated in accordance with GPS 311, but which are due from reinsurance arrangements that do not fully meet the reinsurance documentation tests specified in Prudential Standard GPS 112 Capital Adequacy: Measurement of Capital (GPS 112).
Reinsurance recoveries would normally be estimated on the basis of each class of business written by the Level 2 insurance groups.  However, there are certain forms of reinsurance where recoveries depend on the combined claims experience of several or all classes of business underwritten by the Level 2 insurance group.  In such instances, the estimation will be required to factor in all the individual results by class of business covered by the reinsurance arrangement.
Non-reinsurance recoveries (6)
Non-reinsurance recoveries are amounts that may be recovered under arrangements other than reinsurance arrangements, such as salvage, subrogation and sharing agreements.
For each line of business report the non-reinsurance recoveries associated with the outstanding claims liability.
Outstanding Claims Liability - Net of reinsurance and non-reinsurance recoveries
·               Net OCL - Central estimate (7)
For each line of business report the central estimate, net of reinsurance and non-reinsurance recoveries, associated with the outstanding claims liability that is calculated in accordance with GPS 311.
·               Net OCL - Risk margin (8)
For each line of business, report the risk margin, net of reinsurance and non-reinsurance recoveries, associated with the outstanding claims liability that is calculated in accordance with GPS 311.
Total OCL net of RI recoveries and Non-RI recoveries (9)
Total Outstanding Claims Liability net of Reinsurance Recoveries and Non-reinsurance Recoveries is calculated as:
·               Net Outstanding Claims Liability - Central Estimate; plus
·               Net Outstanding Claims Liability – Risk Margin.
Do not enter a value as this is automatically calculated by the form.
OCL capital factor % (10)
This column states the insurance risk capital factor applicable to each line of Australian business. The capital factors are taken from Prudential Standard GPS 115 Capital Adequacy: Insurance Risk Capital Charge (GPS 115).
A different treatment applies to international business (and Australian business reported as a single region) in this column. As part of the supplementary information provided to APRA, Level 2 insurance groups are required to have mapped their international business (and Australian business reported as a single region) to the Australian classes of business in order to assign an insurance risk capital charge. For international business (and Australian business reported as a single region), this column requires Level 2 insurance groups to report a weighted average capital factor which applies to the total of all the classes for each region.
OCL insurance risk capital charge (11)
This column represents the insurance risk capital charge applicable to each line of business. For Australian business reported by class, the capital charge is calculated on the basis of risk capital factors specified in GPS 115. For international business (and Australian business reported as a single region) the insurance risk capital charge is calculated based on the weighted average capital factor reported for each region under 'Outstanding Claims Liability Capital Factor %' in this form. The outstanding claims liability insurance risk charge is automatically calculated by the form.
The total of this column for direct business and reinsurance business (and Group adjustments) is included in the calculation of the minimum capital requirement for the Level 2 insurance group.
Technical provisions in excess of liability valuation
Include in this item the value of Outstanding Claims Liabilities that are recognised in GRF 300.0_G Statement of Financial Position (Level 2 Insurance Group), that are in excess of the outstanding claims liabilities valuation required by GPS 311. This is calculated on a net basis as per the following.
Calculate the total Outstanding Claim Liabilities net of Reinsurance and Non-Reinsurance Recoveries (including input tax credits) as reported in GRF 300.0_G Statement of Financial Position (Level 2 Insurance Group) (GRF 300.0_G) and GRF 301.0_G Reinsurance Assets and Risk Charge (Level 2 Insurance Group) (GRF 301.0_G) as:
·               Item 12. (GRF 300.0_G) ‘Outstanding Claims Liability’;
·               Less sum of reinsurance recoveries and non-reinsurance recoveries (including input tax credits):
·               Item 1.1.5 (GRF 301.0_G) ‘Net amounts recoverable from reinsurance contracts on outstanding claims (all business)’; plus
·               Item 3.2.1. (GRF 300.0_G) ‘Total net amounts recoverable (other than reinsurance recoveries receivable) on unpaid claims’;
·               Less ‘Total OCL Net of Reinsurance and Non-Reinsurance Recoveries’ for all classes of business (including group adjustments) in GRF 210.0_G Outstanding Claims Liability - Insurance Risk Charge (Level 2 Insurance Group).
This value will be included in Item 1.1.4 of GRF 120.0_G Determination of Capital Base (Level 2 Insurance Group) - Technical provisions in excess of liability valuation.
 

[1] As defined in Prudential Standard GPS 001 Definitions (GPS 001).
[2]           Limited assurance is as defined in Prudential Standard GPS 001 Definitions (GPS 001).
[3]           See GPS 001.
[4]           See GPS 001.
[5]           For the purposes of prudential reporting, Lloyd’s syndicates are to be reported as international business.
[6]           See GPS 001
[7]            See GPS 001
[8]            See GPS 001
[9]           See GPS 001
[10]          That is, international business should not be reported in the first row (titled ‘Australia’) of tables 2 and 4.
[11]          See Prudential Standard GPS 114 Capital Adequacy: Investment Risk Capital Charge (GPS 114).
[12]          See GPS 001
[13]          Reinsurance recoveries has the same meaning as ‘Reinsurance recoverables’ in GPS 001

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