Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code - Standard 4.2.2 - Primary Production and Processing Standard for Poultry Meat (Australia Only)

Link to law: https://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2012L00292

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Standard 4.2.2
 
PRIMARY PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING STANDARD FOR POULTRY MEAT
 
 
(Australia only)
 
Purpose and commentary
 
This Standard sets out a number of food safety requirements for the primary production and processing of poultry, and poultry carcasses and poultry meat for human consumption.  At the primary production stage, businesses that produce poultry must implement measures to control the food safety hazards and must be able to trace their products.  Businesses that process poultry must control their food safety hazards and must be able to trace their products. 
 
It is the responsibility of these businesses not only to comply with this Standard but also to be able to demonstrate compliance.  This Standard is, in part, intended to reduce the contamination of poultry, poultry carcasses and poultry meat by pathogenic Campylobacter and Salmonella.
 
Table of Provisions
 
Division 1 – Preliminary
1            Interpretation
2            Application
 
Division 2 – Primary production of poultry
3            General food safety management
4            Inputs
5            Waste disposal
6            Health and hygiene requirements
7            Skills and knowledge
8            Design, construction and maintenance of premises, equipment and transportation vehicles
9            Traceability
10          Sale or supply
 
Division 3 – Processing of poultry
11          Application
12          General food safety management
13          Receiving birds for processing
14          Inputs
15          Waste disposal
16          Skills and knowledge
17          Traceability
18          Sale or supply
19          Requirements for producers of ready-to-eat poultry meat
 
Clauses
 
Division 1 – Preliminary
 
1            Interpretation
 
(1)        Unless the contrary intention appears, and subject to Standard 4.1.1, the definitions in Chapter 3 of this Code apply in this Standard.
 
(2)        The definition of ‘condition’ in Standard 3.2.2 does not apply in this Standard.
 
(3)        In this Standard –
 
carcass means the whole dressed body of slaughtered poultry, but excludes any part that has been removed from the dressed body, for example, the head, feathers, viscera and blood.
 
food safety management statement means a statement, which at a minimum, has been approved or recognised by the relevant authority and subjected to ongoing verification activities by a poultry producer or poultry processor and the relevant authority.
 
Editorial note:
 
‘Authority’ is defined in draft Standard 4.1.1 as –
 
the State, Territory or Commonwealth agency or agencies having the legal authority to implement and enforce primary production and processing Standards.
 
poultry means chicken, turkey, duck, squab (pigeons), geese, pheasants, quail, guinea fowl, muttonbirds and other avian species (except ratites).
 
poultry handler means a person who handles or supervises the handling of poultry.
 
poultry meat means the parts of the poultry carcass intended for human consumption.
 
poultry producer means a business, enterprise or activity that involves –
 
(a)          growing; or
(b)          live transporting;
 
of poultry for human consumption.
 
poultry processor means a business, enterprise or activity that involves the processing or transporting of poultry product for human consumption.
 
poultry product means the carcass of poultry, poultry meat or poultry meat product, as the case may be.
 
premises means a poultry primary production or processing premises.
 
processing of poultry or poultry product includes the –
 
(a)          holding before stunning; or
(b)          stunning; or
(c)          bleeding; or
(d)          scalding; or
(e)          defeathering; or
(f)           removing of head or feet; or
(g)          processing of feet; or
(h)          removing of viscera; or
(i)           processing of offal; or
(j)           trimming; or
(k)          washing; or
(l)           chilling: or
(m)         spin chilling; or
(n)          freezing; or
(o)          thawing; or
(p)          deboning or portioning; or
(q)          mincing or dicing; or
(r)           marinating; or
(s)          injecting or massaging; or
(t)           partial cooking; or
(u)          crumbing; or
(v)          packaging; or
(w)         storage, associated with processing;
 
of poultry or poultry product, as the case may be, for human consumption.
 
unsuitable means unsuitable as defined in Standard 3.1.1, but includes poultry or poultry product that is in a condition, or contains a substance a person would ordinarily regard as making the poultry, after processing, or poultry product unfit for human consumption.
 
Editorial note:
 
‘Suitable’ are defined in Standard 3.1.1.  Clause 2 of Standard 3.1.1 provides –
 
Food is not suitable if it –
 
(a)     is damaged, deteriorated or perished to an extent that affects its reasonable intended use; or
(b)     contains any damaged, deteriorated or perished substance that affects its reasonable intended use; or
(c)     is the product of a diseased animal or an animal that has died otherwise than by slaughter, and has not been declared by or under another Act to be safe for human consumption; or
(d)     contains a biological or chemical agent, or other matter or substance, that is foreign to the nature of the food.
 
However, food is not unsuitable for the purposes of the Food Safety Standards merely because –
 
(a)     it contains an agricultural or veterinary chemical in an amount that does not contravene the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code; or
(b)     it contains a metal or non-metal contaminant (within the meaning of the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code) in an amount that does not contravene the permitted level for the contaminant as specified in the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code; or
(c)     it contains any matter or substance that is permitted by the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code.
2            Application
 
This Standard does not apply to poultry retail sale activities or poultry product retail sale activities.
 
Division 2 – Primary production of poultry
 
3            General food safety management
 
(1)        A poultry producer must systematically examine all of its primary production operations to identify potential hazards and implement control measures to address those hazards.
 
(2)        A poultry producer must also have evidence to show that a systematic examination has been undertaken and that control measures for those identified hazards have been implemented.
 
(3)        A poultry producer must operate according to a food safety management statement that sets out how the requirements of this Division are to be or are being complied with. 
 
4            Inputs
 
A poultry producer must take all reasonable measures to ensure inputs do not make the poultry unsuitable.
 
Editorial note:
 
See the definition of ‘inputs’ in Standard 4.1.1 which includes feed, litter, water and chemicals used in or in connection with the primary production activity. 
 
5            Waste disposal
 
(1)        A poultry producer must store, handle or dispose of waste in a manner that will not make the poultry unsuitable.
 
(2)        For subclause 5(1), waste includes sewage, waste water, litter, dead poultry and garbage.
 
6            Health and hygiene requirements
 
(1)        A poultry handler must exercise personal hygiene and health practices that do not make the poultry unsuitable.
 
(2)        A poultry producer must take all reasonable measures to ensure that poultry handlers, personnel and visitors exercise personal hygiene and health practices that do not make the poultry unsuitable.
 
7            Skills and knowledge
 
A poultry producer must ensure that poultry handlers have –
 
(a)          skills in food safety and food hygiene; and
(b)          knowledge of food safety and food hygiene matters;
 
commensurate with their work.
8            Design, construction and maintenance of premises, equipment and transportation vehicles
 
A poultry producer must –
 
(a)          ensure that premises, equipment and transportation vehicles are designed and constructed in a way that minimises the contamination of poultry, allows for effective cleaning and sanitisation and minimises the harbourage of pests and vermin; and
(b)          keep premises, equipment and transportation vehicles effectively cleaned, sanitised and in good repair to ensure poultry is not made unsuitable.
 
9            Traceability
 
A poultry producer must be able to identify the immediate recipient of the poultry handled by the poultry producer.
 
10          Sale or supply of poultry
 
A poultry producer must not sell or supply poultry for human consumption if the producer ought reasonably know or ought reasonably suspect that the poultry is unsuitable.
 
Editorial note:
 
‘Supply’ is defined in Standard 4.1.1 as including intra company transfers of product.
 
Division 3 – Processing of poultry
 
11          Application
 
(1)        Subject to subclause (2), and to avoid doubt, Standards 3.2.2 and 3.2.3 apply to a poultry processor.
 
(2)        In areas where poultry is slaughtered –
 
(a)          paragraph 17(1)(d) of Standard 3.2.2 does not apply; and
(b)          paragraph 24(1)(a) of Standard 3.2.2 does not apply in relation to the poultry intended for slaughter.
 
12          General food safety management
 
(1)        A poultry processor must systematically examine all of its processing operations to identify potential hazards and implement control measures to address those hazards.
 
(2)        A poultry processor must also have evidence to show that a systematic examination has been undertaken and that control measures for those identified hazards have been implemented.
 
(3)        A poultry processor must verify the effectiveness of the control measures.
 
(4)        A poultry processor must operate according to a food safety management statement that sets out how the requirements of this Division are to be or are being complied with. 
 
13          Receiving
 
A poultry processor must not process poultry product for human consumption if the processor ought reasonably know or ought reasonably suspect that the poultry product is unsuitable.
 
14          Inputs
 
A poultry processor must take all reasonable measures to ensure inputs do not make the poultry product unsuitable.
 
Editorial note:
 
See Standard 4.1.1 for the definition of ‘inputs’.
 
For guidance on what constitutes acceptable water in processing see the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines 2004 of the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia.
 
15          Waste disposal
 
(1)        A poultry processor must store, handle or dispose of waste in a manner that will not make the poultry product unsuitable.
 
(2)        For subclause 15(1), waste includes unsuitable poultry and unsuitable poultry product, sewage, waste water and garbage.
 
16          Skills and knowledge
 
A poultry processor must ensure that persons engaged in poultry processing have –
 
(a)          skills in food safety and food hygiene; and
(b)          knowledge of food safety and food hygiene matters; and
(c)          skills and knowledge to detect a condition that would render poultry or poultry product unsuitable;
 
commensurate with their work.
 
17          Traceability
 
A poultry processor must ensure that it can identify the immediate supplier and immediate recipient of poultry product handled by the poultry processing business.
 
18          Sale or supply
 
A poultry processor must not sell or supply poultry product for human consumption if the processor ought reasonably know or ought reasonably suspect that the poultry product is unsuitable.
 
Editorial note:
 
See Standard 1.3.3 for requirements relating to the use of water as a processing aid.
 
See Standard 1.2.4 for labelling requirements where water is an ingredient in the final poultry product at a level of 5% or more.
19        Requirements for producers of ready-to-eat poultry meat
 
Division 3 of Standard 4.2.3 applies to the producers of ready-to-eat poultry meat.