Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code – Schedule 19 – Maximum levels of contaminants and natural toxicants

Link to law: https://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2015L00454

 
Food Standards (Proposal P1025 – Code Revision) Variation
 
 
The Board of Food Standards Australia New Zealand gives notice of the making of this standard under section 92 of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991. The Standard commences on 1 March 2016.
 
Dated 25 March 2015
Standards Management Officer
Delegate of the Board of Food Standards Australia New Zealand
 
 
 
 
 
Note: 
 
This Standard will be published in the Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No. FSC 96 on 10 April 2015.
 
Schedule 19           Maximum levels of contaminants and natural toxicants
Note 1        This instrument is a standard under the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 (Cth). The standards together make up the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code. See also section 1.1.1—3.
                   Maximum levels of contaminants and natural toxicants are regulated by subsection 1.1.1—10(5) and Standard 1.4.1. This Standard lists contaminants and natural toxicants for food for subsection 1.4.1—3(1), and sets out the requirements for and method of calculating the level of mercury in fish for subsection 1.4.1—3(2).
Note 2        The provisions of the Code that apply in New Zealand are incorporated in, or adopted under, the Food Act 2014 (NZ). See also section 1.1.1—3.
S19—1                Name
                            This Standard is Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code – Schedule 19 – Maximum levels of contaminants and natural toxicants.
                                      Note    Commencement:
This Standard commences on 1 March 2016, being the date specified as the commencement date in notices in the Gazette and the New Zealand Gazette under section 92 of the Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 (Cth). See also section 93 of that Act.
S19—2                Definitions
                            In this Schedule:
arsenic is taken to be a metal.
ergot means the sclerotium or dormant winter form of the fungus Claviceps purpurea.
hydrocyanic acid, total means all hydrocyanic acid including hydrocyanic acid evolved from cyanogenic glycosides and cyanohydrins during or following enzyme hydrolysis or acid hydrolysis.
MU means the unit of measurement for neurotoxic shellfish poisons described in Recommended procedures for examination of seawater and shellfish, Irwin N. (ed) fourth edition, American Public Health Association Inc.
ready-to-eat cassava chips means the product made from sweet cassava that is represented as ready for immediate consumption with no further preparation required, and includes crisps, crackers and ‘vege’ crackers.
S19—3                Calculating levels of contaminants and toxicants
                   (1)      In this Schedule:
                            (a)      a reference to a metal is taken to include a reference to each chemical species of that metal; and
                            (b)      for a food for which only a portion is ordinarily consumed—a reference to the food is taken to be a reference to that portion; and
                            (c)      in the case of seaweed—calculations are to be based on seaweed at 85% hydration; and
                            (d)      subject to subsection S19—7 (3), if food other than seaweed is dried, dehydrated or concentrated—calculations are to be based on the food or its ingredients prior to drying, dehydration or concentration.
                   (2)      For paragraph (1)(d), calculations must be based on 1 or more of:
                            (a)      the manufacturer’s analysis of the food; or
                            (b)      the actual amount or *average quantity of water in the ingredients of the food; or
                            (c)      generally accepted data.
S19—4                Maximum levels of metal contaminants
Note           For mean levels of mercury in fish, crustacea and molluscs, see section S19—7.
                            For each metal contaminant listed below, the maximum level (in mg/kg) for a particular food is listed in relation to that food:
Maximum levels of metal contaminants
Contaminant
Food
Maximum level

Arsenic (total)
Cereal grains and milled cereal products (as specified in Schedule 22)
1

 
Salt
0.5

Arsenic (inorganic)
Crustacea
2

Fish
2

Molluscs
1

Seaweed
1

Cadmium
Chocolate and cocoa products
0.5

 
Kidney of cattle, sheep and pig
2.5

 
Leafy vegetables (as specified in Schedule 22)
0.1

 
Liver of cattle, sheep and pig
1.25

 
Meat of cattle, sheep and pig (excluding offal)
0.05

 
Molluscs (excluding dredge/bluff oysters and queen scallops)
2

 
Peanuts
0.5

 
Rice
0.1

 
Root and tuber vegetables (as specified in Schedule 22)
0.1

 
Salt
0.5

 
Wheat
0.1

Lead
Brassicas
0.3

 
Cereals, pulses and legumes
0.2

 
Edible offal of cattle, sheep, pig and poultry
0.5

 
Fish
0.5

 
Fruit
0.1

 
Infant formula products
0.02

 
Meat of cattle, sheep, pig and poultry (excluding offal)
0.1

 
Molluscs
2

 
Salt
2

 
Vegetables (except brassicas)
0.1

Mercury
Fish, crustacea and molluscs
See S19—7

 
Salt
0.1

Tin
All canned foods
250

 
S19—5                Maximum levels of non-metal contaminants
                            For each non-metal contaminant listed below, the maximum level (in mg/kg unless specified otherwise) for a particular food is listed in relation to that food:
Maximum levels of non-metal contaminants
Contaminant
Food
Maximum level

Acrylonitrile
All food
0.02

Aflatoxin
Peanuts
0.015

 
Tree nuts (as specified in Schedule 22)
0.015

Amnesic shellfish poisons (Domoic acid equivalent)
Bivalve molluscs
20

3-chloro-1,2-propanediol
Soy sauce and oyster sauce
0.2
calculated on a 40% dry matter content

Diarrhetic shellfish poisons (Okadaic acid equivalent)
Bivalve molluscs
0.2

1,3-dichloro-2-propanol
Soy sauce and oyster sauce
0.005
calculated on a 40% dry matter content

Ergot
Cereal grains
500

Methanol
Red wine, white wine and fortified wine
3 g methanol / L of ethanol

 
Whisky, Rum, Gin and Vodka
0.4 g methanol / L of ethanol

 
Other spirits, fruit wine, vegetable wine and mead
8 g methanol / L of ethanol

Neurotoxic shellfish poisons
Bivalve molluscs
200 MU/kg

Paralytic shellfish poisons (Saxitoxin equivalent)
Bivalve molluscs
0.8

Phomopsins
Lupin seeds and the products of lupin seeds
0.005
 
Polychlorinated biphenyls, total
Mammalian fat
0.2
 
Poultry fat
0.2
 
Milk and milk products
0.2
 
Eggs
0.2
 
Fish
0.5
 
Vinyl chloride
All food except packaged water
0.01
 

S19—6                Maximum levels of natural toxicants
                   (1)      For each natural toxicant listed below, the maximum level (in mg/kg) for a particular food is listed in relation to that food:
 
Maximum levels of natural toxicants
Natural toxicant
Food
Maximum level

Agaric acid
Food containing mushrooms
100

 
Alcoholic beverages
100

Aloin
Alcoholic beverages
50

Berberine
Alcoholic beverages
10

Coumarin
Alcoholic beverages
10

Hypericine
Alcoholic beverages
2

Lupin alkaloids
Lupin flour, lupin kernel flour, lupin kernel meal and lupin hulls
200

Pulegone
Confectionery
350

 
Beverages
250

Quassine
Alcoholic beverages
50

Quinine
Mixed alcoholic drinks not elsewhere classified
300

 
Tonic drinks, bitter drinks and quinine drinks
100

 
Wine based drinks and reduced alcohol wines
300

Safrole
Food containing mace and nutmeg
15

 
Meat products
10

 
Alcoholic beverages
5

Santonin
Alcoholic beverages
1

Sparteine
Alcoholic beverages
5

Thujones (alpha and beta)
Sage stuffing
250

 
Bitters
35

 
Sage flavoured foods
25

 
Alcoholic beverages
10

                   (2)      For each natural toxicant listed below, the maximum level (in mg/kg) for a particular food is listed in relation to that food:
Maximum levels of natural toxicants
Natural toxicant
Food
Maximum level

Erucic acid
Edible oils
20 000

Histamine
Fish and fish products
200

Hydrocyanic acid, total
Confectionery
25

Stone fruit juices
5

Marzipan
50

Ready-to-eat cassava chips
10

Alcoholic beverages
1 mg per 1% alcohol content

S19—7                Mean and maximum levels of mercury in fish, crustacea and molluscs
                   (1)      For subsection 1.4.1—3(2), the following table applies:
For:
if:
the mean level of mercury in sample units must be no greater than:
the maximum level of mercury in any sample unit must be no greater than:

gemfish, billfish (including marlin), southern bluefin tuna, barramundi, ling, orange roughy, rays and all species of shark;
(a)    both of the following are satisfied:
(i)     10 or more sample units are available;
(ii)    the concentration of mercury in any sample unit is greater than 1.0 mg/kg:
1.0 mg/kg 
1.5 mg/kg

(b)    5 sample units are available:
1.0 mg/kg
(no level set)
 

(c)    there are insufficient samples to analyse in accordance with subsection S19—7(2):
 
1.0 mg/kg

other fish, fish products, crustacea and molluscs;
(a)    both of the following are satisfied:
(i)     10 or more sample units are available;
(ii)    the concentration of mercury in any sample unit is greater than 1.0 mg/kg:
0.5 mg/kg
 
1.5 mg/kg

(b)    5 sample units are available:
0.5 mg/kg
(no level set)

(c)    there are insufficient samples to analyse in accordance with subsection S19—7(2):
 
1.0 mg/kg

                   (2)      For this the table in subsection (1), calculations must be done on the basis of the following number of sample units:
                            (a)      for fish other than crustacea or molluscs:
                                      (i)       for a *lot of not more than 5 tonnes—10;
                                      (ii)      for a lot of more than 5 but not more than 10 tonnes—15;
                                      (iii)     for a lot of more than 10 but not more than 30 tonnes—20;
                                      (iv)     for a lot of more than 30 but not more than 100 tonnes—25;
                                      (v)      for a lot of more than 100 but not more than 200 tonnes—30;
                                      (vi)     for a lot of more than 200 tonnes—40;
                            (b)      for crustacea and molluscs:
                                      (i)       for a lot of not more than 1 tonne—10;
                                      (ii)      for a lot of more than 1 but not more than 5 tonnes—15;
                                      (iii)     for a lot of more than 5 but not more than 30 tonnes—20;
                                      (iv)     for a lot of more than 30 but not more than 100 tonnes—25;
                                      (v)      for a lot of more than 100 tonnes—30;
                            (c)      if the number of sampling units specified in paragraph (a) of (b) is not available—5.
                   (3)      In this section, the mercury content of dried or partially dried fish must be calculated on an 80% moisture basis.
Definition of sample unit
                   (4)      In this section:
                            sample unit means a sample:
                            (a)      that has been randomly selected from the *lot being analysed; and
                            (b)      that has been taken from the edible portion of a fish, mollusc or crustacean, whether packaged or otherwise; and
                            (c)      that is sufficient for the purposes of analysis.
                   (5)      Each sample unit must be taken from a separate fish, mollusc, crustacean or package of fish product.
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