Credit (Commonwealth Powers) Act 2010


Published: 2021-05-05

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An Act to adopt the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009 of the Commonwealth and the National Consumer Credit Protection (Transitional and Consequential Provisions) Act 2009 of the Commonwealth, and to refer certain matters relating to the provision of credit and certain other financial transactions to the Parliament of the Commonwealth, for the purposes of section 51 (xxxvii) of the Commonwealth Constitution; and for other purposes.
1   Name of Act
This Act is the Credit (Commonwealth Powers) Act 2010.
2   Commencement
This Act commences on a day or days to be appointed by proclamation.
3   Definitions
(1)  In this Act:
adoption means the adoption under section 4 (1).
amendment reference means the reference under section 6 (1).
Commonwealth Credit instrument means any instrument (whether or not of a legislative character) that is made or issued under the National Credit legislation.
express amendment of the National Credit legislation means the direct amendment of the text of the National Credit legislation (whether by the insertion, omission, repeal, substitution or relocation of words or matter) by another Commonwealth Act or by an instrument under a Commonwealth Act, but does not include the enactment by a Commonwealth Act of a provision that has or will have substantive effect otherwise than as part of the text of the National Credit legislation.
National Credit legislation means:
(a)  the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009 of the Commonwealth, and
and as in force from time to time.
referred credit matter means a matter relating to either of the following:
(a)  credit, being credit the provision of which would be covered by the expression “provision of credit to which this Code applies” in the relevant version of the National Credit Code,
(b)  consumer leases, being consumer leases each of which would be covered by the expression “consumer lease to which Part 11 applies” in the relevant version of the National Credit Code.
relevant version of the National Credit Code means the text of Schedule 1 to the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009 of the Commonwealth as originally enacted, and as later amended by the National Consumer Credit Protection Amendment Act 2010 of the Commonwealth.
relevant version of the National Credit legislation means:
(a)  the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009 of the Commonwealth as originally enacted, and as later amended by the National Consumer Credit Protection Amendment Act 2010 of the Commonwealth, and
(2)  Notes included in this Act do not form part of this Act.
4   Adoption of existing legislation
(1)  The relevant version of the National Credit legislation is adopted within the meaning of section 51 (xxxvii) of the Commonwealth Constitution.
(2)  The adoption has effect for a period:
(a)  beginning when this section commences, and
(b)  ending at the end of the day fixed under section 5 as the day on which the adoption is to terminate,
but no longer.
5   Termination of adoption
(1)  The Governor may, at any time, by proclamation published on the NSW legislation website, fix a day as the day on which the adoption is to terminate.
(2)  The Governor may, by proclamation published on the NSW legislation website, revoke a proclamation published under subsection (1), in which case the revoked proclamation is taken (for the purposes of section 4) never to have been published.
(3)  A revoking proclamation has effect only if published before the day fixed under subsection (1).
(4)  The revocation of a proclamation published under subsection (1) does not prevent publication of a further proclamation under that subsection.
6   Reference of matters
(1)  Subject to section 7, any referred credit matter is referred to the Parliament of the Commonwealth, but only to the extent of the making of laws with respect to such a matter by making express amendments of the National Credit legislation.
(2)  The reference of a matter under subsection (1) has effect only:
(a)  if and to the extent that the matter is not included in the legislative powers of the Parliament of the Commonwealth (otherwise than by a reference under section 51 (xxxvii) of the Commonwealth Constitution), and
(b)  if and to the extent that the matter is included in the legislative powers of the Parliament of the State.
(3)  Despite any other provision, the reference has effect for a period:
(a)  beginning when this section commences, and
(b)  ending at the end of the day fixed under section 8 as the day on which the reference is to terminate,
but no longer.
7   Matters excluded from reference
(1)  A matter referred by section 6 (1) does not include:
(a)  the matter of making provision with respect to the imposition or payment of State taxes, duties, charges or other imposts, however described, or
(b)  the matter of making provision with respect to the general system for the recording of estates or interests in land and related information, or
(c)  the matter of providing for the priority of interests in real property, or
(d)  the matter of making a law that excludes or limits the operation of a State law, to the extent that the State law makes provision with respect to the creation, holding, transfer, assignment, disposal or forfeiture of a State statutory right.
(2)  In this section:
forfeiture means confiscation, seizure, extinguishment, cancellation, suspension or any other forfeiture.
State law means:
(a)  any Act of the State or any instrument made under such an Act, whenever enacted or made and as in force from time to time, or
(b)  the general law, being the principles and rules of common law and equity to the extent that they have effect in the State from time to time.
State statutory right means a right, entitlement or authority that is granted by or under any Act of the State or any instrument made under such an Act, whenever enacted or made and as in force from time to time, other than a right, entitlement or authority that relates to:
(a)  credit covered by paragraph (a) of the definition of referred credit matter in section 3, or
(b)  a consumer lease covered by paragraph (b) of that definition.
8   Termination of reference
(1)  The Governor may, at any time, by proclamation published on the NSW legislation website, fix a day as the day on which the amendment reference is to terminate.
(2)  The Governor may, by proclamation published on the NSW legislation website, revoke a proclamation published under subsection (1), in which case the revoked proclamation is taken (for the purposes of section 6) never to have been published.
(3)  A revoking proclamation has effect only if published before the day fixed under subsection (1).
(4)  The revocation of a proclamation published under subsection (1) does not prevent publication of a further proclamation under that subsection.
9   Amendment of Commonwealth law
For the avoidance of doubt, it is the intention of the Parliament of the State that:
(a)  the National Credit legislation may be expressly amended, or have its operation otherwise affected, at any time after the commencement of this section by provisions of Commonwealth Acts the operation of which is based on any legislative powers that the Parliament of the Commonwealth has on account of a reference of any matters, or the adoption of the relevant version of the National Credit legislation, under section 51 (xxxvii) of the Commonwealth Constitution, and
(b)  the National Credit legislation may be expressly amended, or have its operation otherwise affected, at any time after the commencement of this section by provisions of Commonwealth Acts the operation of which is based on any legislative powers that the Parliament of the Commonwealth has apart from a reference of any matters, or the adoption of the relevant version of the National Credit legislation, under section 51 (xxxvii) of the Commonwealth Constitution, and
(c)  the National Credit legislation may have its operation affected, otherwise than by express amendment, at any time by provisions of Commonwealth Credit instruments.
10   Effect of termination of amendment reference before termination of adoption of Commonwealth Acts
(1)  If the amendment reference is terminated but the adoption of the relevant version of the National Credit legislation is not terminated, the termination of the amendment reference does not affect:
(a)  laws that were made under the amendment reference (but not repealed) before that termination (whether or not they have come into operation before that termination), or
(b)  the continued operation in this State of the National Credit legislation as in operation immediately before that termination or as subsequently amended or affected by:
(i)  laws referred to in paragraph (a) that come into operation after that termination, or
(ii)  provisions referred to in section 9 (b) or (c).
(2)  Accordingly, the amendment reference continues to have effect for the purposes of subsection (1) unless the adoption is terminated.
(3)  Subsection (1) does not apply to or in relation to an amendment of the National Credit legislation that is excluded from the operation of this section by the proclamation that terminates the amendment reference.
(4)  For the purposes of subsection (1):
(a)  the laws referred to in subsection (1) (a) include Commonwealth Credit instruments, and
(b)  the reference in subsection (1) (b) to the National Credit legislation as in operation immediately before the termination of the amendment reference includes that legislation as affected by Commonwealth Credit instruments that have come into operation before that time.
Schedules 1, 2 (Repealed)
Schedule 3 Savings, transitional and other provisions
Part 1 General
1   Definitions
In this Schedule:
ASIC means the Australian Securities and Investments Commission.
former consumer credit legislation means any of the following (as in force immediately before its repeal by Schedule 1 to this Act):
(a)  the Consumer Credit (New South Wales) Act 1995 (including the Consumer Credit (New South Wales) Code and the Consumer Credit (New South Wales) Regulations),
Note—
This definition is relevant for the carrying forward of certain provisions (including investigation and enforcement powers) for the purposes of the application in NSW, on a transitional basis, of a maximum annual percentage rate for credit contracts, the regulation of finance broking and certain other matters.
National Credit Code means the National Credit Code as set out in Schedule 1 to the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009 of the Commonwealth.
National Credit legislation means:
(a)  the National Consumer Credit Protection Act 2009 of the Commonwealth, and
pre-Credit Code legislation means any of the following (as in force immediately before its repeal by Schedule 1 to this Act):
(a)  the Credit Act 1984,
2   Regulations
(1)  The Governor may make regulations containing provisions of a savings or transitional nature consequent on:
(a)  the enactment of this Act, or
(b)  the transition from the application of the provisions of the former consumer credit legislation to the application of the provisions of the National Credit legislation, or
(2)  If such a regulation so provides, it has effect despite any other provision of this Schedule.
(3)  A provision of a regulation made under this clause may, if the regulations so provide, take effect from the date of assent to the Act concerned or a later date.
(4)  To the extent to which any such provision takes effect from a date that is earlier than the date of its publication on the NSW legislation website, the provision does not operate so as:
(a)  to affect, in a manner prejudicial to any person (other than the State or an authority of the State), the rights of that person existing before the date of its publication, or
(b)  to impose liabilities on any person (other than the State or an authority of the State) in respect of anything done or omitted to be done before the date of its publication.
(5)  Without limiting subclause (1), the regulations under that subclause may make provision for or with respect to matters of a savings or transitional nature consequent on the repeal of Division 2 of Part 2 of this Schedule and clause 9. Those matters include (but are not limited to) providing for the continuing application, with any necessary modifications, of that Division and clause after their repeal to any or all of the contracts to which they applied immediately before their repeal.
Part 2 Provisions consequent on enactment of this Act
Division 1 Financial counselling trust fund
3   Continuation of fund
(1)  The financial counselling trust fund established in accordance with the regulations under the Credit Act 1984 (as in force immediately before its repeal by Schedule 1 to this Act) is continued.
Note—
The trust fund was established by a trust deed executed on 6 August 1993 by the Minister for Consumer Affairs. A copy of the trust deed is set out in Schedule 8 to the repealed Credit (Savings and Transitional) Regulation 1984.
(2)  Any money in the trust fund is to be applied for the following purposes:
(a)  the provision of funding to community based non-profit organisations that operate in New South Wales to provide financial counselling or train persons in financial counselling,
(b)  the provision of funding to non-profit organisations that operate within New South Wales which, or persons who, satisfy the trustees of the fund that they can educate the public of New South Wales in any matter related to the management of personal finances.
Division 2
4–8  (Repealed)
Division 3 Other provisions
9   Continuation of maximum annual percentage rate—existing credit contracts
(1)  In this clause:
existing credit contract means a credit contract to which the former consumer credit legislation applied immediately before its repeal by Schedule 1 to this Act.
(2)  The provisions of the former consumer credit legislation that relate to the maximum annual percentage rate under an existing credit contract (including, without limitation, provisions relating to the enforcement of that rate, any powers of investigation with respect to that rate, including for supervisory purposes, and the taking of any proceedings or other action against a credit provider with respect to that rate) continue to apply as if those provisions had not been repealed by Schedule 1 to this Act.
(3)  The Governor may, by proclamation published on the NSW legislation website, repeal this clause.
10   Provision of information and assistance to ASIC
(1)  The Director-General of the Department of Finance and Services, or a person authorised in writing by the Director-General, may, on the Director-General’s or authorised person’s own initiative or at the request of ASIC:
(a)  provide ASIC with such documents and other information in the possession or control of the Director-General that is reasonably required by ASIC in connection with the performance or exercise of its functions under the National Credit legislation, and
(b)  provide ASIC with such other assistance as is reasonably required by ASIC to perform or exercise a function or power under the National Credit legislation.
(2)  This clause has effect despite any other Act or law.
11   ASIC has certain functions and powers
(1)  The Minister, or a person authorised in writing by the Minister, may enter into an agreement or arrangement with ASIC for the performance of functions or the exercise of powers by ASIC as an agent of the State, even if those functions or powers are or may be conferred on another person or body by or under a law of the State.
(2)  An agreement or arrangement of a kind referred to in subclause (1) has effect by force of this clause despite any provision of a law of the State with respect to any function or power that is the subject of the agreement or arrangement.
12   Pending proceedings before CTTT
(1)  Any proceedings relating to any matter arising under the provisions of the former consumer credit legislation or the pre-Credit Code legislation that were commenced in the Consumer, Trader and Tenancy Tribunal before the commencement of this clause, but were not finally determined as at that commencement, may continue to be dealt with or otherwise determined (including for the purposes of any appeal or rehearing in relation to those proceedings) as if those provisions had not been repealed by Schedule 1 to this Act.
(2)  The functions of the Consumer, Trader and Tenancy Tribunal under subclause (1) become, on and from the establishment day (within the meaning of the Civil and Administrative Tribunal Act 2013), the functions of the Civil and Administrative Tribunal.
(3)  The provisions of subclause (2) are in addition to, and do not derogate from, the provisions of Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the Civil and Administrative Tribunal Act 2013.
13   (Repealed)
14   Regulation of pre-Credit Code contracts
(1)  In this clause:
pre-Credit Code contract means a contract to which the Credit Act 1984 or the Credit (Home Finance Contracts) Act 1984 applied immediately before their repeal by Schedule 1 to this Act.
(2)  The provisions of the former consumer credit legislation and the pre-Credit Code legislation (including, without limitation, provisions relating to enforcement, any powers of investigation, including for supervisory purposes, and the taking of any proceedings or other action) continue to apply to and in respect of a pre-Credit Code contract as if those provisions had not been repealed by Schedule 1 to this Act.
15   Construction of references to former consumer credit legislation
(1)  In any document:
(a)  a reference to any former consumer credit legislation extends to the National Credit legislation, and
(b)  a reference to a provision of any former consumer credit legislation extends to the corresponding provision (if any) of the National Credit legislation.
(2)  In this clause, document means any Act (other than this Act) or statutory instrument, or any other instrument, or any contract or agreement.
sch 3: Am 2010 No 6, Sch 3; 2011 No 16, Sch 1 [1]–[4]; 2013 No 95, Sch 4.12; 2013 No 111, Sch 3.9; 2014 No 88, Sch 2.13.