Stamp Act


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Stamps (CAP. 410 I

CHAPTER 4 1 0

THE STAMP ACT

Arrangement of Sections
Section

1. Short title.
2. Schedule.
3. Interpretation.

General Provisions.

4. Uniform stamps for postage and revenue.
5 . Power to fix designs, provide dies, etc.
6. Purchase of stamps.
7. Postage stamps subject to laws in force on the subject.
8. Penalty for forging stamps.
9. Payment of duties in Schedule.

10. All duties to be paid according to the regulations of this
Act.

PART I1

General Regulations.

11. How instruments are to be written and stamped.
12. Instruments to be separately charged with duty in cer-

tain cases.
13. Facts and circumstances affecting duty to be set forth in

instruments.
14. Money in foreign or Commonwealth currency to be

valued.
15. Stock and marketable securities to be valued.
16. Effect of statement of value.
17. As to denoting stamp.
18. Terms upon which instruments may be stamped after

execution.

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2 CAP. 410) Stamps

19. As to the remission of penalties.
20. Terms upon which unstamped instruments may be

received in evidence in Court.
21. Instruments not duly stamped inadmissible.
22. ~siessment of duty by Commissioner.
23. Person dissatisfied may appeal. Mode of procedure.
24. Commissioner may call for, and refuse to proceed without

evidence.
25. Rolls, books, kc. to be open to inspection. Penalty for

refusal.
26. Dies and stamps heretofore in use may be used under

this Act.
27. Duties may be made up by several stamps.
28. General directions as to the cancellation of adhesive

stamps. Penalty for neglect or refusal.
29. Penalty for frauds in relation to adhesive stamps.
30. Writings transferring freehold or leasehold property, or

in creating an incumbrance over land.
31. Spoiled stamps.
32. Recovery of penalties.
33. Affidavits and declarations how to be made.
34. Moneys received, and not appropriated, to be recoverable

before a Magistrate.

Special Regulations -Agreements.

35. Duty on agreements may be denoted by adhesive stamp.
36. Stamping of bills of exchange.
37. Definition of "bill of exchange".
38. Definition of "promissory note".
39. Duty on bill of exchange may be denoted by adhesive

stamp.
40. Ad valorem duties to be denoted in certain cases by adhe-

sive stamps. Provisos for the protection of boncifide
holders. Not to relieve any other person.

41. Bill and notes, kc. purporting to be drawn abroad.
42. Effect of non-compliance with provisions of Act in case

of certain bills of exchange.
43. Terms upon which bills and notes may be stamped after

execution.
44. Penalty for issuing etc., any unstamped bill or note.
45. One bill only of a set need be stamped.

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Stamp,< (W. 410 3

46. Composition of Duty on cheques ctc

BILLS OF LADING

47. Bills of lading.

BILLS OF SALE
48. Bills of sale.

BONDS GIVEN IN RELATION TO DUTIES OF EX(:ISE.

49. Bonds not to include goods kc. belonging to morc than
one person.

CHARTERPARTIES

50. Duty may be denoted by an adhesive stamp.
51. Charterparties executed abroad.
52. Terms upon which charterparlies may be stamped after

execution.

CONVEYANCES ON SALE.

53. Definition.
54. Ad ualorern duty on stock and securities.
55. Consideration consisting of periodical payments.
56. Conveyance in consideration of a debt, or subject to

future payment kc.
57. Direction as to duty in certain cases.
58. Sale of an annuity or right not before in existence.
59. Where several instruments, the principal instrument

only to be charged with ad ualorern duty.
60. Principal instrument how to be ascertained.

CONVEYANCES ON ANY OCCASION EXCEPT SALE OR
MORTGAGE.

61. What is to be deemed a conveyance on any occasion not
a sale or mortgage.

GIFTS INTER VNOS

62. Stamp duty on gifts inter uiuos.

DUPLICATES AND COUNTERPARTS.

63. Stamping duplicates and counterparts.

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4 CAP. 410) Stamps

EXCHANGE AND PARTITION OR DMSION

64. Exchange and partition of real estate.

MORTGAGES &c.

65. Definition.
66. Security for stock.
6'7. Security for future advances.
68. Security for repayment by periodical payments.
69. Transfers and further charges.
70. Mortgage with conveyance of equity of redemption.

NOTARIAL ACTS

71. Duty may be denoted by an adhesive stamp.

RECEIPTS

72. Definition.
73. Duty may be denoted by adhesive stamp.
74. Terms upon which receipts may be stamped after execu-

tion.
75. Penalty for offences.
76. Conveyances and transfers on sale to be certified before

being stamped.
'77. Validation and Indemnity.

SCHEDULE

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Stamps (CAP. 410 5

STAMPS

(31st Decembeq1887.)

IOiIR87.
3/1891).

10/1902.
IS/19PI.
16/1922.
11/1990.
19/L9SP,
I/iQSS.

32/1937.
7/1999.

11/1939,
lS/l9$9.
i2/IWl.
8/ 1942.
6/1961.

19/1959.
1/1955.

S.R.O. 22/1956.
31/1967.
21/1969.
9/1976.

23/1976.
4/1977.

20/1977.
24/1982.
15/ 1985.
13/1986.
18i1989.

1. This Act may be cited as the Stamp Act. Short title.

2. The Schedule to thiss Act and everything therein Schedule.
contained is to be read and construed as part of this Act.

3. In this Act-

"Commissioner" means the officer for the time being
performing the duties of Commissioner of Inland
Revenue and includes any officer duly authorised
to act on his behalf:

"executed" and "execution" with reference to instru-
ments not under seal, mean signed and signature;

"Instrument" means every written document;

Interpretation.

"marketable security" includes all security of such a
description as to be capable, according to the use
and practice of stock markets, of being bought and
sold;

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CAP. 410) Stamps

Schedule.

"material" means every sort of material upon which
words or figures can be expressed;

a''money" includes all sums expressed in Commonwealth
or in any foreign currency;

"person" includes company, corporation, or society;

"postage rates" means rates of postage and other sums
payable in pursuance of the Post Office Act or any
other Act relating to post office matters and postal
money orders;

"stamp" means as well a stamp impressed by means of a
die, as an adhesive stamp, and made and issued
under the authority of this Act;

"stamp duties" means duties charged and imposed
under this Act and set forth in the Schedule and
any other stamp duties that may by an Act be
charged and imposed;

"stamped" with reference to instruments and material,
applies as well to instruments and material
impressed with stamps by means of a die, as to
instruments and material having adhesive stamps
affixed thereto;

"stock" means shares, stock, debentures or debenture
stock in any company, corporation or society estab-
lished in or outside Antigua and Barbuda.

General Provisions.

Uniform stamps 4. There shall be a uniform stamp or stamps for use
for postage and
revenue. throughout Antigua and Barbuda whereby all postage rates

and stamp duties respectively shall be denoted or expressed
and such stamps shall be adhesive or embossed or impressed
or otherwise as the Cabinet shall by order direct:

Provided that the Cabinet may by order direct that a
special stamp or stamps may be used concurrently with such
uniform stamps as aforesaid.

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5. The Cabinet shall, by orders, fix ihc deign o r ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ d c
designs and the mode in which each design shall be used dica.ctc.
and-the several values of the stamp or staGps to be used i l l
accordance with this Act, and provide proper dies and other
implements for denoting by adhesive or embossed or
impressed stamps or otherwise the postage rates and starnp
duties required by law to be denoted or expressed by means
of stamps, and make rules,

( a ) as to the manner in which stamps may be
denoted or expressed;

( b ) as to the manner in which stamps may be can-
celled;

( 6 ) as to the manner in which stamps destroyed
without being used may be allowed for;

(d) as to the places where stamps shall be kept for
public sale and as to the particular values of such stamps
that shall be kept for sale at such places or any of them;

(e) as to the manner of granting licences for sale
of stamps and the form of such licences, the licence
duty to be paid for such licence and the remuneration
to be allowed to the vendors of stamps;

(fj as to the period of the validity of stamps and
the discontinuance of the use of stamps and of dies.

All orders and rules shall be published in the Gazette
and shall come into force upon publication in the Gazette or
on and from the date fixed in such orders or rules as the
date whereon they are to come into force.

6. Subject to any order by the Cabinet stamps may be zg:y
purchased at the Inland Revenue Department, the Treasury
or Post Office and from all such persons as may be licensed to
sell stamps.

7. Except when inconsistent with the provisions of postage subject to stamps laws
this Act stamps when used to denote postage rates shall be inforceon the
deemed postage stamps and shall be subject to all laws for subject.
the time being in force in Antigua and Barbuda relating to
the administration of the Post Office and to offences against
the Post Office or otherwise relating to Post Office matters;
and except as aforesaid, stamps when used to denote stamp

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8 CAP. 410) Stamps

duty shall be subject to all the provisions of this Act and all
other laws for the time being in force relating to stamp duties.

Penalty for
forging stamps.

8. ~ n y person who forges or counterfeits any stamp
or uses any stamp knowing the same to be forged or counter-
feited or to have been previously cancelled or used shall be
guilty of felony and be liable on conviction thereof to be
imprisoned for any term not exceeding seven years.

Paymentofduties 9. (1) Subject to the exemptions contained in the
in Schedule.
Schedule. Schedule, and in any other Act for the time being in force,

there shall be charged for the use of Her Majesty, Her Heirs
and Successors, upon the several instruments specified in

Schedule. the Schedule, the several duties in the said Schedule speci-
fied, and no other duties:

Provided that in proper cases, the Governor-General, in
his discretion, may, by cause shown, remit in part or in whole
the duty payable on a licence for marriage.

(2) All moneys realized within Antigua and Barbuda in
respect of the sale of stamps issued under this Act shall be
paid into the Treasury for the use of Antigua and Barbuda.

AU duties to be
paid according to

10. All stamp duties which may, from time to time, be
the regulations of chargeable by law upon any instruments are to be paid and
this AC~. denoted according to the general and special regulations in

this Act contained.

General Regulations.

How instruments
are to be written

11. (1) Every instrument written upon stamped
andstamped. material is to be written in such manner, and every instru-

ment partly or wholly written before being stamped is to be
so stamped, that the stamp may appear on the face of the
instrument and cannot be used for or applied to any other
instrument written upon the same piece of material.

(2) If more than one instrument be written upon the
same piece of material, every one of such instruments is to
be separately and distinctly stamped with the duty with which
it is chargeable.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

(3) Except where by this Act it is otherwise provided, or
where the Cabinet by order shall otherwise direct, all stamps
may be expressed by adhesive or impressed stamps.

12. Except where express provision to the contrary is Iwtmmen@ to be
made by this or any other Act- separately charged with duty in

certain c ~ .
( a ) An instrument containing or relating to several

distinct matters is to be separately and distinctly
charged, as if it were a separate instrument, with duty in
respect of each of such matters;

( b ) An instrument made for any consideration or
considerations, in respect whereof it is chargeable with
ad ualmem duty, and also for any further or other valuable
consideration or considerations, is to be charged with
duty in respect of such last mentioned consideration or
considerations as if it were a separate instrument made
for such consideration or considerations only.

13. All the facts and circumstances affecting the liability Facts and
circumstances

of any instrument to ad ualorem duty, or the amount of the ad duty to
ualmem duty with which any instrument is chargeable, are to &-ez!
be fully and truly set forth in the instrument; and every per-
son who, with intent to defraud Her Majesty, or Her Heirs or
Successors-

( a ) executes any instrument in which all the said
facts and circumstances are not fully and truly set forth;

(b) being employed or concerned in or about the
preparation of any instrument, neglects or omits fully
and truly to set forth therein all the said facts and cir-
cumstances;

shall forfeit the sum of five hundred dollars.

14. When an instrument is chargeable with ad vahem Money in foreign or Commonwealth
duty in respect of any money in any foreign or Commonwealth ,enqto be
currency, such duty shall be calculated on the value of such vdued.
money in East Caribbean currency, according to the current
rate of exchange on the day of the date of the instrument.

15. Where an instrument is chargeable with ad ualmem Stock and marketable
duty in respect of any stock or of any marketable security, ,,,,.ities
such duty shall be calculated on the value of such stock or valued.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

10 CAP. 410) Stamps

security according to the average price thereof on the day of
the date of the instrument.

Effect of
statement of

'16. Where an instrument contains a statement of cur-
value. rent rate of exchange or average price, as the case may

require, and is stamped in accordance with such statement,
it is, so far as regards the subject matter of such statement, to
be deemed duly stamped, unless and until it is shown that
such statement is untrue, and that the instrument is in fact
insufficiently stamped.

As to denoting
stamp.

17. Where the duty with which an instrument is
chargeable depends in any manner upon the duty paid upon
another instrument, the payment of such last mentioned
duty shall, if application be made to the Commissioner for
that purpose, and on production of both the instruments, be
denoted, in such manner as such Commissioner thinks fit,
upon such first mentioned instrument.

Termsupon which 18. Except where express provision to the contrary is
instruments may
be after made by this or any other Act, any unstamped or insufficient-
execution. ly stamped instrument may be stamped after the execution

thereof, on payment of the unpaid duty and a penalty of five
hundred dollars, and also by way of further penalty, where
the unpaid duty exceeds fifty dollars, of interest on such
duty, at the rate of eight per centum per annum, from the day
on which the instrument was first executed, up to the time
when such interest is equal in amount to the unpaid duty;
and the payment of any penalty or penalties is to be denoted
on the instrument by a particular stamp:

Provided that any unstamped or insufficiently stamped
instrument which has been first executed at any place out of
Antigua and Barbuda may be stamped, at any time within
two months after it has been first received in Antigua and
Barbuda, on payment of the unpaid duty only.

~s to the 19. Where an application is made to the Commissioner
remission of
penalties. to stamp any document under the provisions of this Act, and

he is, by this Act, empowered to stamp such document on
payment of any penalty, such Commissioner may, on being
satisfied by declaration or otherwise that the omission to
stamp such document, at the time when it should have been
stamped prior to such application, has occurred without any

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 11

fraudulent intention on the part of the person who should
have stamped the same, remit the whole of such penalty or
any part thereof.

20. (1) Upon the production of any instrument T-~p~nwhifh
uj-w=' chargeable with any duty as evidence in any Court of Civil im-,um.y

Judicature in Antigua and Barbuda, the officer whose duty it ~ ~ , " i ' + ~ & U n .
is to read the instrument shall call the attention of the Judge
to any omission or insufficiency of the stamp thereon, and if
the instrument is one which may legally be stamped after the
execution thereof, it may, on payment to the officer of the
amount of the unpaid duty and the penalty payable by law
on stamping the same, as aforesaid, and of a further sum of
one dollar and twenty cents, be received in evidence, saving
all just exceptions on other grounds.

(2) The officer receiving the said duty and penalty shall
give a receipt for the same, and make any entry, in a book
kept for the purpose, of the payment and of the amount
thereof, and shall communicate to the Commissioner the
name or title of the cause or proceeding in which, and of the
party from whom, he received the said duty and penalty, and
the date and description of the instrument, and shall pay
over to the said Commissioner, or to such other person as
the said Commissioner may appoint, the money received by
him for the said duty and penalty.

(3) Upon production to the said Commissioner of any
instrument in respect of which any duty or penalty has been
paid as aforesaid, together with the receipt of the said offi-
cer, the payment of such duty and penalty shall be denoted
on such instrument accordingly.

21. Save and except as aforesaid, no instrument exe- Imtrumentsnot duly stamped
cuted in any part of Antigua and Barbuda, or relating, imbisible.
wheresoever executed, to any property situate, or to any mat-
ter or thing done or to be done, in any part of Antigua and
Barbuda, shall, except in criminal proceedings, be pleaded
or given in evidence, or admitted to be good, useful, or avail-
able in law or equity, unless it is duly stamped in accordance
with the law in force at the time when it was first executed.

22. (1) The Commissioner may determine, in respect Assessment of
of any executed instrument-

duty by
Commissioner.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

12 CAP. 410) Stamps

( a ) whether it is chargeable with any duty;

(6) with what amount of duty it is chargeable.

(2) If the Commissioner is of the opinion that the
instrument is not chargeable with any duty, such instrument
may be stamped with a particular stamp denoting that it is
not chargeable with any duty.

(3) If the Commissioner is of opinion that the instru-
ment is chargeable with duty, he shall assess the duty with
which it is, in his opinion, chargeable; and if or when the
instrument is duly stamped in accordance with the assess-
ment of the Commissioner, it may be also stamped with a
particular stamp denoting that it is duly stamped.

(4) Every instrument stamped with a particular stamp
denoting either that it is not chargeable with any duty, or is
duly stamped, shall be admissible in evidence and available
for all purposes, notwithstanding any objection relating to
duty.

(5) Provided as follows-

(a) An instrument upon which the duty has been
assessed by the Commissioner shall not, if it is
unstamped or insufficiently stamped, be stamped other-
wise than in accordance with such assessment of the
Commissioner;

(6) Nothing in this section contained extends to
any instrument chargeable with duty and made as a
security for money or stock without limit;

(c) Nothing in this section contained shall be
deemed to authorize the stamping, after the execution
thereof, of any instrument prohibited by law from being
so stamped.

(6) Until particular stamps are provided for the use
under this section, a statement in writing denoting that the
instrument is not chargeable with any duty, or that it is duly
stamped, as the case may be, and signed by the
Commissioner, shall have the same effect and value as a par-
ticular stamp has by virtue of this section.

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Stamps (CAP. 410 I 3

23. (1) Any person who is dissatisfied with the assess- p e m n d k h f i e d
ntey rrpped. Mode ment of the Commissioner, made in pursuance of' the last a f p w r ~ u r e ,

preceding section, may within thirty days after the date of
such assessment, and on payment of duty in contormiry
therewith, appeal against such assessment to the High Court,
and may, for that purpose, require the Commissioner to state
and sign a case, setting forth the question upon which his
opinion was required, and the assessment made by him.

(2) The Commissioner shall thereupon state and sign a
case accordingly, and deliver the same to the person by
whom it is required, and, on his application, such case may
be set down for hearing before the High Court and shall be
heard before any Judge of the l,igh Court sitting in
Chambers.

(3) Upon the hearing of such case (due notice of which
is to be given to the Commissioner), the court shall deter-
mine the question submitted, and, if the instrument in ques-
tion is, in the opinion of the Court, chargeable with any duty,
shall assess the duty with which it is so chargeable.

(4) If it is decided by the Court that the assessment of
the Commissioner is erroneous, any excess of duty which
may have been paid in conformity with such erroneous
assessment, together with any penalty which may have been
paid in consequence thereof, shall be ordered by the Court
to be repaid by the Commissioner to the appellant, together
with the cost incurred by him in relation to the appeal.

(5 ) If the.assessment of the Commissioner is confirmed
by the Court, the costs incurred by the Commissioner in rela-
tion to the appeal shall be ordered by the Court to be paid
by the appellant to the Commissioner.

24. In any case of application to the Commissioner Commissioner may call for, and
with reference to any instrument, the Commissioner may re~usetoproceed
require to be furnished with an abstract of the instrument, w'thoutevidence-
and also with such evidence as he may deem necessary, in
order to show to his satisfaction whether all the facts and cir-
cumstances affecting the liability of the instrument to duty,
or the amount of the duty chargeable thereon, are fully and
truly set forth therein, and may refuse to proceed upon any

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Rolls, books, &c.
to be open to
inspection.
Penalty for
refusal.

Dies and stamps
heretofore in use
may be used
under this Act.

Duties may be
made up by
several stamps.

General directions
as to the
cancellation of
adhesive stamps.
Penalty for
neglect or refusal.

CAP. 410) Stamps

such application until such abstract and evidence have been
furnished accordingly:

Provided that no affidavit or statutory declaration made
in pui-suance of this section shall be used against any person
making the same in any proceeding whatever, except in an
inquiry as to the duty with which the instrument to which it
relates is chargeable; and every person by whom any such
affidavit or declaration is made shall, on payment of the full
duty with which the instrument to which it relates is charge-
able, be relieved from any penalty, forfeiture, or disability he
may have incurred by reason of the omission to state truly in
such instrument any of the facts or circumstances aforesaid.

25. (1) All public officers having in their custody any
rolls, books, records, papers, documents, or proceedings, the
inspection whereof may tend to secure any duty, or to the
proof or discovery of any fraud or omission in relation to any
duty, shall at all reasonable times, permit any person there-
unto authorized by the Commissioner to inspect all such
rolls, books, records, papers, documents, and proceedings,
and to take such notes and extracts as he may deem neces-
sary, without fee or reward.

(2) Every person who refuses to permit such inspection
shall, for every such refusal, forfeit the sum of five hundred
dollars.

26. All stamps and dies and other implements,
heretofore in use in Antigua and Barbuda for the purpose of
denoting the duties and other matters to be denoted under
any Act or Ordinance repealed by this Act, may, subject to
any Order in Council to be made under this Act, be used,
after the commencement of this Act, for denoting the duties
and other matters to be denoted under this Act, and shall be
of equal force and validity throghout Antigua and Barbuda.

27. The duties imposed by this Act may be made up
by several stamps, and stamps of greater value than is
required may be used upon any instrument.

28. (1) An instrument, the duty upon which is
required or permitted by law to be denoted by an adhesive
stamp, is not to be deemed duly stamped with an adhesive
stamp, unless the person required by law to cancel such

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 1 5

adhesive stamp cancels the same by writing on or across the
stamp his name or initials, or the name or initials of his firm,
together with the true date of his so writing, so that the
stamp may be effectually cancelled, and rendered incapable
of being used for any other instrument, or unless it is other-
wise proved that the stamp appearing on the instrument was
affixed thereto at the proper time.

(2) Where two or more adhesive stamps are used to
denote a stamp duty upon an instrument, such instrument is
not to be deemed duly stamped, unless the person upon
whom the duty of cancellation is by law imposed cancels
each or every stamp by writing on or across the same his
name or initials, or the name or initials of his firm, together
with the true date of his so writing, so that both, or all and
every, of the stamps may be effectually cancelled and ren-
dered incapable of being used for any other instrument, or
.for any postal purpose; or unless it is otherwise proved that
the stamps appearing on the instrument were affixed thereto
at the proper time.

(3) Every person who, being required by law to cancel
an adhesive stamp, wilfully neglects or refuses duly and effec-
tually to do so in manner aforesaid, shall forfeit the sum of
five hundred dollars.

29. (1) Any person who- Penalty for frauds in relation to
( a ) fraudulently removes or causes to be removed, adhesive sfamps.

from any instrument any adhesive stamp, or affixes any
adhesive stamp, which has been so removed, to any
other instrument, with intent that the stamp may be
used again,

( b ) sells or offers for sale any adhesive stamp which
has been so removed, or utters any instrument having
thereon any adhesive stamp which has, to his knowledge,
been so removed as aforesaid,

(c) practises, or is concerned in, any fraudulent
act, contrivance, or device not specially provided for,
with intent to defraud Her Majesty, Her Heirs and
Successors, of any duty,

shall forfeit, over and above any other penalty to which he
may be liable, the sum of three thousand dollars.

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Cap. 335.

Cap. 336.

Writings
transfening
freehold or
leasehold
propeq, or
creating an
incumbrance
over land.

Spoiled stamps.

Recovery of
penalties.

CLAP. 410) Stamps

(2) This section shall be read as if the word "instrument"
herein contained embraced a postal packet as defined by the
Post Office Act, and as if the word "duty" herein contained
embraced any postage duty, as well as any stamp duty, upon
an instrument.

(3) This section shall not exempt any person from any
proceeding, by indictment or otherwise, for any offence
which is punishable under any Acts relating to the post
office, or the Post Office Offences Act, or otherwise by law:

Provided that no person shall be liable to be punished
more than once for the same offence.

30. All deeds, documents, and writings which purport
to transfer freehold or leasehold property, or to create any
mortgage, charge, lien, or other incumbrance thereon, and
which, by this Act, are required to be stamped with any stamp
duty, shall be stamped, within three days after the execution
thereof, with an impressed stamp or impressed stamps only,
and such stamp or stamps shall be impressed thereon at the
Inland Revenue Department.

3 1. The value of stamps issued under this Act, which
may be casually destroyed or spoiled, may be allowed for by
the Commissioner, subject to a deduction of ten per centum
thereon, on proof of such stamp being destroyed or spoiled,
such proof being made by declaration under this Act, or
otherwise, to the satisfaction of the Commissioner:

Provided that no public officer is to be liable for the
value of any stamps casually destroyed or spoiled while in his
custody.

32. (1) All penalties under this Act shall be recover-
able on summary conviction upon the complaint of the
Attorney-General or of any person authorized in writing by
the Attorney-General:

Provided that, in any proceeding for the recovery of any
penalty under this Act, any written authority for the purpose
aforesaid, produced by the complainant, and purporting to be
signed by the Attorney-General shall, without any proof, be
deemed, until the contrary is shown, to have been so signed.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 17

(2) The Governor-General may, at his discretion, miti-
gate, stay, or compound proceedings for any penalty; and
may reward any person who may inform the Commissioner
of any offence against this Act, or assist in the recovery of any
penalty.

33. (1) Any affidavit or declaration to be made in
pursuance, or for the purposes, of this Act may be made tobemade.
before the Commissioner, who is hereby empowered to
receive the same and administer oaths for that purpose,
or before any commissioner appointed under the
Commissioners for Oaths Act, and empowered by his com- Cap.
mission to administer oaths in the High Court, or before
any Magistrate or notary public, or, at any place out of
Antigua and Barbuda, before any person duly authorized to
administer oaths there.

(2) Any person making any affidavit or declaration in
Antigua and Barbuda under this Act, wilfully knowing the
same to be false, shall be guilty of perjury.

34. (1) Every person who, having received any sum Moneysreceived,
and not

of money as and for the duty upon or in respect of any appropriated, to
instrument, neglects or omits to appropriate such money to be recoverable

before a
the due payment of such duty, or otherwise improperly with- Magistrate.
holds or detains the same, shall be accountable for the
amount of such duty, and the same shall be a debt from him
to Her Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, and recoverable as
such accordingly.

(2) A Magistrate may, upon application to be made for
that purpose on behalf of the Commissioner, upon such affi-
davit as may appear sufficient, grant a rule requiring any
such person as aforesaid, or the officer of any Court, or the
executor or administrator of such office or person, to show
cause why he should not deliver the Commissioner an
account, upon oath, of all duties and sums of money
received by such person or officer, and why the same should
not be forthwith paid to the Commissioner, or to such other
person as the Governor-General may appoint to receive the
same, and the Magistrate may make absolute any such rule,
and enforce, by attachment or otherwise, the payment of

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

18 CAP. 410) Stumps

such duties or sums of money as, on such proceedings may
appear to be due, together with the costs of the proceedings.

Special Regulations

AGREEMENTS.
Duty on
agreements may

35. The duty upon any agreement may be denoted by
be denoted by an adhesive stamp, which is to be cancelled by the person by
adhesives-p. whom the agreement is first executed.

BANK NOTES, BILLS OF EXCHANGE, AND
PROMISSORY NOTES.

Stamping of bids
of exchange.

36. Except where express provision is made to the
contrary stamp duties for the time being chargeable on any
bills of exchange shall be denoted by impressed stamps only.

Defiiition "bid 37. (1) The term "bill of exchange," for the purposes
of exchange".

of this Act, includes also draft, order, cheque, and letter of
credit, and any document or writing (except a banknote)
entitling, or purporting to entitle, any person, whether
named therein or not, to payment by any other person of, or
to draw upon any other person for, any sum of money there-
in mentioned.

(2) An order for the payment of any sum of money by a
bill of exchange or promissory note, or for the delivery of
any bill of exchange or promissory note in satisfaction of any
sum of money, or for the payment of any sum of money out
of any particular fund which may or may not be available, or
upon any condition or contingency which may or may not be
performed or happen, is to be deemed, for the purposes of
this Act, a bill of exchange for the payment of any sum of
money on demand.

(3) An order for the payment of any sum of money
weekly, monthly, or at any other stated periods, and also any
order for the payment by any person, at any time after the
date thereof, of any sum of money, sent or delivered by the
person making the same to the person by whom the pay-
ment is to be made, and not to the person to whom the pay-
ment is to be made, or to any person on his behalf, is to be

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 19

deemed, for the purposes of this Act, a bill of exchange for
the payment of money on demand.

38. (1) The term "promissory note" includes any Definitionof . *prnrn'wry
document or writing contain'ing a promise to pay any sum of not,*.
money.

(2) A note promising the payment of any sum of money
out of any particular fund which may or may not be avail-
able, or upon any condition or contingency which may or
may not be performed or happen, is to be deemed, for the
purposes of this Act, a promissory note for the said sum of
money.

39. The duty on a bill of exchange for the payment of Duty on of
money on demand may be denoted by an adhesive stamp, zh,zrbay be
which, when the bill is drawn in Antigua and Barbuda, is to adhesivestamp.
be cancelled by the person by whom the bill is signed, before
he delivers it out of his hands, custody, or power.

40. (1) The ad valorem duties upon bills of exchange ~ ; ' ~ ~ $ ~
and promissory notes drawn or made out of Antigua and c e d n cases by
Barbuda are to be denoted by adhesive stamps. adhesive stamps. Provisos for the

protection of

(2) Every person into whose hands any such bill or note & ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ y
comes in Antigua and Barbuda before it is stamped shall, otherperson.
before he presents for payment, or indorses, transfers, or in
any manner negotiates,-or pays, such bill or note, affix there-
to a proper adhesive stamp, or proper adhesive stamps, of suf-
ficient amount, and cancel every stamp so affixed thereto.

(3) Provided as follow+

( a ) If at the time when any such bill or note comes
into the hands of any bon6$& holder thereof, there is
affixed hereto an adhesive stamp effectually obliterated,
and purporting and appearing to be duly cancelled,
such stamp shall, so far as relates to such holder, be
deemed to be duly cancelled, although it may not
appear to have been so affixed and cancelled by the
proper person;

(6) If, at the time when any such bill or note comes
into the hands of any bon6 fz& holder thereof, there is

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

20 CAP. 410) Stamps

affixed thereto an adhesive stamp not duly cancelled, it
shall be competent for such holder to cancel such
stamp as if he were the person by whom it was affixed,
qnd, upon his so doing, such bill or note shall be
deemed duly stamped, and as valid and available as if
the stamp had been duly cancelled by the person by
whom it was affixed.

(4) Neither of the foregoing provisos shall relieve any
person from any penalty incurred by him for not cancelling
any adhesive stamp.

sflandnotes,&c. 41. A bill of exchange or promissory note purporting
purporting to be
&awnabroad. to be drawn or made out of Antigua and Barbuda is, for the

purposes of this Act, to be deemed to have been so drawn or
made, although it may, in fact, have been drawn or made
within Antigua and Barbuda.

Effect of
non-compliance 42. Notwithstanding anything in this Act, a bill of
with provisions of exchange which is presented for acceptance, or accepted, or
*ctkcase payable, outside Gtigua and ~ a r b u d a shall not be invalid by
certain bids of
exchange. reason only that it is not stamped in accordance with the pro-

visions of this Act, and any such bill of exchange which is
unstamped or not properly stamped may be received in evi-
dence on payment of the proper duty and penalties as pro-
vided by sections 18 and 20.

Temsu~onwhich 43. (1) Where a bill of exchange or promissory note
bills and notes
maybe has been written on material bearing an impressed stamp of
after execution. sufficient amount but of improper denomination, it may be

stamped with the proper stamps on payment of the duty, and
a penalty of one hundred dollars if the bill or note be not
then payable according to its tenor, and five hundred dollars
if the same be so payable.

(2) Except as aforesaid, no bill of exchange or promis-
sory note shall be stamped with an impressed stamp except
within three days after the execution thereof.

Pendty for issuing 44. (1) Every person who issues, indorses, transfers,
etc., any
uns tamped~~or negotiates, presents for payment, or pays any bill of
note. exchange or promissory note liable to duty and not being

dulv s tam~ed shall forfeit the sum of five hundred dollars,
and the person who takes or receives from any other person

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 2 1

any such bill or note not being duly stamped, either in pay-
ment, or as a security, or by purchase, or otherwise, shall not
be entitled to recover thereon, or to make the same available
for any purpose whatever:

Provided that if any bill of exchange for the payment of
money on demand, is presented for payment unstamped,
the person to whom it is so presented may affix thereto a
proper adhesive stamp, and cancel the same, as if he had
been the drawer of the bill, and may, upon so doing, pay the
sum in the said bill mentioned, and charge the duty in
account against the person by whom the bill was drawn, or
deduct such duty from the said sum, and such bill is, so far as
respects the said duty, to be deemed good and valid.

(2) The foregoing proviso shall not relieve any person
from any penalty he may have incurred in relation to such bill.

45. Where a bill of exchange is drawn in a set accord- One bil only
of a set need

ing to the custom of merchants, and one of the set is duly bestamped.
stamped, the other or others of the set shall, unless issued, or
in some manner negotiated, apart from such duly stamped
bill, be exempt from duty, and upon proof of the loss or
destruction of a duly stamped bill forming one of a set, any
other bill of the set, which has not been issued, or in any
manner negotiated, apart from such lost or destroyed bill,
may, although unstamped, be admitted in evidence to prove
the contents of such lost or destroyed bill.

46. The Commissioner may enter into an agreement ~;~~~'~
with any banker for the composition, in accordance with the etc.
following provisions of this section, of the stamp duty charge-
able on Bills of Exchange, Cheques or Orders payable on
demand or at sight or on presentation or within three days
after date or sight-

(a) drawn on the banker by his customers on
forms supplied by him, or

(6 ) drawn by the banker 011 himself or another
banker,

as may be specified in the agreement.

(2) Any such agreement shall require the banker to
deliver to the Commissioner periodical accounts in respect

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

22 CAP. 410) Stamps

of the instruments to which the agreement relates giving
particulars-

(a ) of forms supplied by him to his customers with
a view to their being completed and issued as such
instruments by the customers and of forms so supplied
but returned unused or spoilt; and

(b ) of such instruments issued by him,

and may contain such other terms and conditions as the
Commissioner thinks proper.

(3) Where any such agreement has been made with a
banker, any instrument to which the agreement relates and
which bears such indication of the payment of stamp duty as
the Commissioner may require shall not be chargeable with
stamp duty, but the banker shall pay to the Commissioner on
the delivery of any account under the agreement, such sums
as would but for the provision of this section have been
chargeable by way of stamp duty on such instruments issued
during the period to which the account relates, it being
assumed for this purpose that the number of such instru-
ments issued by his customers was equal to the number of
forms supplied less the number of forms returned as men-
tioned in paragraph (a ) of the last foregoing subsection.

(4) Where a banker makes default in delivering any
account required by any such agreement or in paying the
duty payable on the delivery of any such account, he shall be
liable to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars for any
period during which the default continues and shall also be
liable to pay to Her Majesty, in addition to the duty, interest
thereon at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date
when the default begins.

(5) For the purposes of this section the expression
"banker" means any person carrying on the business of
banking in Antigua and Barbuda

BILLS OF LADING.

~ i i of lading. 47. (1) A bill of lading is not to be stamped after the
execution thereof.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 23

(2) Every person who makes or executes any bill of lad-
ing not duly stamped shall forfeit the sum of three thousand
dollars.

BILLS OF SALE.

48. A copy of a bill of sale is not to be filed unless the B i s o f sale.
original, duly stamped, is produced to the proper officer.

BONDS GIVEN IN RELATION TO DUTIES OF EXCISE.

49. If any person required by any Act in force in &,";,;:dskc.,
Antigua and Barbuda or by the direction of the belongingtomore
Commissioner or any of the officers of the Commissioner, to &anone person.
give or enter into any bond for or in respect of any duties or
excise, or for preventing frauds or evasion thereof, or for any
matter or thing relating thereto, includes in one and the
same bond any goods or things belonging to more persons
than one, not being co-partners, or joint tenants or tenants
in common, he shall, for every such offence, forfeit the sum
of three thousand dollars.

CHARTERPARTIES.

50. The duty upon an instrument chargeable with
duty as a charterparty may be denoted by an adhesive stamp, adhesive S-P.
which is to be cancelled by the person by whom the instrument
is last executed, or by whose execution it is completed as a
binding contract.

51. Where any document chargeable with duty as a Charterparties executed abroad.
charterparty, not being duly stamped, is first executed out of
Antigua and Barbuda any party thereto may, within ten days
after it has been first received in Antigua and Barbuda, and
before it has been executed by any person in Antigua and
Barbuda, affix thereto an adhesive stamp denoting the duty
chargeable thereon, and at the same time cancel such adhesive
stamp; and the instrument with an adhesive stamp thereon so
affixed and cancelled shall be deemed duly stamped.

52. An executed instrument chargeable with duty as a ~ ~ ~ , " ; ~ ~ ~ Y
charterparty, and not being duly stamped, may be stamped be stamped after
by the Commissioner if it is executed, upon the following execution.
terms, that is to say-

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Defmition.

Ad valorem duty
on stock and
securities.

Consideration
consisting of
periodical
payments.

CAP. 410) stamps

( a ) within three days after the first execution thereof,
on payment of the duty and a penalty of fifty dollars.

(6) after three days, but within one month after the
first execution thereof, on payment of the duty and a
penalty of two hundred and fifty dollars,

but shall not in any other case be stamped by the
Commissioner.

CONVEYANCES ON SALE.

53. The term "conveyance on sale" includes every
instrument, and every decree or order of any Court or of any
commissioners, whereby any property, upon the sale thereof,
is legally or equitably transferred to or vested in the purchaser,
or any other person on his behalf or by his direction.

54. ( 1 ) Where the consideration, or any part of the
consideration, for a conveyance on sale consists of any stock
or marketable security, such conveyance is to be charged
with ad valorem duty in respect of the value of such stock or
security.

(2) Where the consideration, or any part of the consid-
eration, for a conveyance on sale consists of any security not
being marketable security, such conveyance is to be charged
with ad valorem duty in respect of the amount due, on the day
of the date thereof, for principal and interest upon such
security.

(3) Where the consideration, or any part of the consid-
eration, for a conveyance on sale consists of any stock or mar-
ketable security, such conveyance on sale may be executed
before being stamped:

Provided that security is given to the satisfaction of the
Commissioner for the payment of the duty within twenty-
four hours after the value of such stock or security, at the
date of its execution, can be ascertained.

55. ( 1 ) Where the consideration, or any part of the
consideration, for a conveyance on sale consists of money
payable periodically for a definite period, so that the total
amount to be paid can be previously ascertained, such con-
veyance is to be charged, in respect of such consideration,
with ad valorem duty on such total amount.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 2 5

(2) Where the consideration, or any part of the consid-
eration, for a conveyance on sale consists of money payable
periodically in perpetuity, or for any indefinite period not
terminable with life, such conveyance is to be charged, in
respect of such consideration, with ad valorem duty on the
total amount which would or may, according to the terms of
sale, be payable during the period of twenty years next after
the day of the date of such instrument.

(3) Where the consideration, or any part of the consid-
eration, for a conveyance on sale consists of money payable
periodically during any life or lives, such conveyance is to be
charged, in respect of such consideration, with ad valorem
duty on the amount which would or may, according to the
terms of sale, be payable during the period of twelve years
next after the day of the date of such instrument:

Provided that no conveyance on sale chargeable with
ad valorem duty in respect of any periodical payments, and
containing also provision for securing such periodical pay-
ments, is to be charged with any duty whatever in respect of
such provision, and no separate instrument made in any
such case for securing such periodical payments is to be
charged with any higher duty than two dollars and forty
cents.

56. Where any property is conveyed to any person in Conve~anceh
consideration of a

consideration, wholly or in part, of any debt due to him, or debt,orsubjec-to
subject, either certainly or contingently, to the payment or z C y p a ) m e n t
transfer of any money or stock, whether being or constitut-
ing a charge or incumbrance upon the property or not, such
debt, money, or stock, is to be deemed the whole or part, as
the case may be, of the consideration in respect whereof the
conveyance is chargeable with ad valorem duty.

57. (1) Where any property has been contracted to be :;$:=
sold for one consideration for the whole, and is conveyed to .,,,
the purchaser in separate parts or parcels by different instru-
ments, the consideration is to be apportioned in such manner
as the parties think fit, so that a distinct consideration for each
separate part or parcel is set forth in the conveyance relating
thereto, and such conveyance is to be charged with ad valorem
duty in respect of such distinct consideration.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

CAP. 410) Stamps

(2) Where property contracted to be purchased for
one consideration for the whole by two or more persons
jointly, or by any person for himself and others, or wholly for
others,, is conveyed in parts or parcels, by separate instru-
ments, to the persons by or for whom the same was purchased,
for distinct parts of the consideration, the conveyance of each
separate part or parcel is to be charged with ad ualorem duty in
respect of the distinct part of the consideration therein specified.

( 3 ) Where a person having contracted for the purchase
of any property, but not having obtained a conveyance there-
of, contracts to sell the same to any other person, and the
property is in consequence conveyed immediately to the sub-
purchaser, the conveyance is to be charged with ad ualorem
duty in respect of the consideration for the sale by the origi-
nal purchaser to the sub-purchaser.

(4) Where a person having contracted for the purchase
of any property, but not having obtained a conveyance, con-
tracts to sell the whole, of any part or parts thereof, to any
other person or persons, and the property is in consequence
conveyed by the original seller to different persons in parts
or parcels, the conveyance of each part or parcel is to be
charged with ad ualmen~ duty in respect only of the considera-
tion moving from the sub-purchaser thereof, without regard
to the amount or value of the original consideration.

( 5 ) Where a sub-purchaser takes an actual conveyance
of the interest of the person immediately selling to him,
which is chargeable with ad valorem duty in respect of the
consideration moving from him, and is duly stamped accord-
ingly, any conveyance to be afterwards made to him of the
same property by the original seller shall be exempt from the
said ad ualorem duty, and chargeable only with the duty to
which it may be liable under any general description, but
such last mentioned duty shall not exceed the ad valorem
duty.

Sale of an annuity
or right not before

58. Where, upon the sale of any annuity or other
in existence. right not before in existence, such annuity or other right is

not created by actual grant or conveyance, but is only
secured by bond, warrant of attorney, covenant, contract, or
otherwise, the bond or other instrument, or some one of

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 27

such instruments, if there be more than one, is to be
charged with the same duty, as an actual grant or con-
veyance, and is, for all the purposes of this Act, to be
deemed an instrument of conveyance on sale.

59. Where there are several instruments of con- mereseveral
instruments,

veyance for completing the purchaser's title to the property the
sold, the principal instrument of conveyance only is to be iflst-ento*~to

be charged with
charged with ad valorem duty, and the other instruments are ,1, duty.
to be respectively charged with such other duty as they may be
liable to, but such last mentioned duty shall not exceed the
ad valmem duty payable in respect of the principal instrument.

60. In any case the parties may determine for them- ~ ~ ~ n t h o w to
selves which of several instruments is to be deemed the prin- be asCedhed.
cipal instrument, and may pay the ad valorem duty thereon
accordingly.

CONVEYANCES O N ANY OCCASION EXCEPT SALE O R
MORTGAGE.

61. Every instrument, and every decree or order of What is to be
deemed a any Court or of any Commissioners, whereby any property on C o m F c e onany

any occasion, except a sale or mortgage, is transferred to or occasion not asale
or mortgage.

vested in any person, is chargeable with duty as a conveyance
or transfer ofproperty.

GIFTS INTER VNOS.

62. (1) Any conveyance or transfer operating as a Stampdutyon gifts inter vivos.
voluntary disposition inter uivos shall be chargeable with the , -
like stamp duty as if it were a conveyance or transfer on sale,
with the substitution in each case of the value of the property
conveyed or transferred for the amount of value of the con-
sideration for the sale.

( 2 ) The provisions of section 22 shall apply to any con-
veyance or transfer operating as a voluntary disposition inter
vivos.

(3) Where the instrument is chargeable with duty both
as a conveyance or transfer under this section and as a settle-
ment under the heading "Settlement" in the Schedule here-
to, the instrument shall be charged with duty as a

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

28 CAP. 410) Stamps

conveyance or transfer under this section, but not as a settle-
ment under the said Schedule.

(4) Any conveyance or transfer (not being a disposition
made in favour of a purchaser or encumbrancer or other
person in good faith and for valuable consideration) shall,
for the purposes of this section, be deemed to be a con-
veyance or transfer operating as a voluntary disposition inter
vivos, and (except where marriage is the consideration) the
consideration for any conveyance or transfer shall not for
this purpose be deemed to be valuable consideration where
the Commissioner is of the opinion that by reason of the
inadequacy of the sum paid as consideration or other cir-
cumstances the conveyance or transfer confers a substantial
benefit on the person to whom the property is conveyed or
transferred.

( 5 ) A conveyance or transfer made for the nominal
consideration for the purpose of securing the repayment of
an advance or loan or made for effectuating the appoint-
ment of a new trustee or the retirement of a trustee, whether
the trust is expressed or implied, or under which no benefi-
cial interest passes in the property conveyed or transferred,
or made to a beneficiary by a trustee or other person in a
fiduciary capacity under any trust, whether expressed or
implied, or a disentailing assurance not limiting any new
estate other than an estate in fee simple, in the person disen-
tailing the property, shall not be charged with duty under
this section, and this subsection shall have effect notwith-
standing that the circumstances exempting the conveyance
or transfer from charge under this section are not set forth
in the conveyance or transfer.

DUPLICATES AND COUNTERPARTS.
Stamping
duplicates and

63. The duplicate or counterpart of any instrument
c o t e chargeable with duty (except the counterpart of an instru-

ment chargeable as a lease, such counterpart not being exe-
cuted by or on behalf of any lessor or grantor) is not to be
deemed duly stamped, unless it is stamped as an original
instrument, or unless it appears by some stamp thereon, or
in such other way as the Cabinet may direct, that the full and
proper duty has been paid upon the original instrument of
which it is the duplicate or counterpart.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 29

EXCHANGE AND PARTITION OR DIVISION.

64. Where upon the exchange of any real property ~ ~ : ; ; ~ a ~ ~ d
for any other real property, or upon the partition or division .,wt,.
of any real property, any consideration exceeding in amount
or value four hundred and eighty dollars is paid or given, or
agreed to be paid or given, for equality, the principal or only
instrument whereby such exchange or partition or division is
effected is to be charged with the same ad valorem duty as a
conveyance on sale for such consideration, and with such
duty only; and where, in any such case, there are several
instruments for completing the title of either party, the
principal instrument is to be ascertained, and the other
instruments are to be charged with duty, according to the
provisions of sections 59 and 60.

MORTGAGES, kc.

65. The term "mortgage" means a security by way of Definition.
mortgage for the payment of any definite and certain sum of
money advanced or lent at the time, or' previously due and
owing, or forborne to be paid, being payable, or for the
repayment of money to be thereafter lent, advanced, or paid,
or which may become due upon an account current, togeth-
er with any sum already advanced or due, or without, as the
case may be; and includes-

( a ) a memorandum of mortgage under the Title Cap.429.
by Registration Act,

( b ) any conveyance of any lands, estate, or proper-
ty whatsoever in trust to be sold or otherwise converted
into money, intended only as security, and redeemable
before the sale or other disposal thereof, whether by
express stipulation or otherwise, except where such
conveyance is made for the benefit of creditors general-
ly, or for the benefit of creditors specified who accept
the provisions made for payment of theirdebts in full
satisfaction thereof, or who exceed five in number,

(c) any defeasance, letter of reversion, declaration,
or other deed or writing for defeating, or making
redeemable, or explaining, or qualifying any con-
veyance or disposition of any lands, estate, or property
whatsoever, apparently absolute, but intended only as a
security,

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

30 CAP. 410) Stamps

(6) any agreement, contract, or bond accompa-
nied with a deposit of title deeds for making a mortgage,
or any such other security or conveyance as aforesaid, of
any lands, estate, or property comprised in such title
deeds, or for pledging or charging the same as a security,

(e) any conditional surrender by way of mortgage,
further charge, or disposition of or affecting any lands,
estate, or property, real or personal, heritable or movable,
whatsoever.

Security for stock. 66. A security for the transfer or retransfer- of any
stock is to be charged with the same duty as a similar security
for a sum of money equal in amount to the value of such
stock, and a transfer, assignment, or disposition of any such
security, and a reconveyance, release, discharge, surrender,
resurrender, or warrant to vacate, or renunciation of any
such security, shall be charged with the same duty as an
instrument of the same description relating to a sum of
money equal in amount to the value of such stock.

Securityforfuhlre 6'7. (1) A security for the payment or repayment of
advances.

money to be lent, advanced, or paid, or which may become
due, upon an account current, either with or without money
previously due, is to be charged, where the total amount
secured, or to be ultimately recoverable, is in any way limited,
with the same duty as a security for the amount so limited.

(2) Where such total amount is unlimited, the security
is to be available for such an amount only as the ad valorem
duty thereon extends to cover:

Provided that no money to be advanced for the insur-
ance of any property comprised in any such security against
damage by fire, or for keeping up any policy of life insurance
comprised in such security, or for effecting in lieu thereof
any new policy, or for the renewal of any grant or lease of any
property comprised in such security upon the dropping of
any life whereon such property is held, shall be reckoned as
forming part of the amount in respect whereof the security is
chargeable with ad valorem duty.

Security for 68. A security for the payment of any rent-charge,
repayment by
periodical annuity or periodical payments, by way of repayment, or in
payments. satisfaction or discharge, of any loan, advance, or payment

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 3 1

intended to be so repaid, satisfied, or discharged, is to be
charged with the same duty as a similar security for the pay-
ment of the sum of money so lent, advanced, or paid.

69. No transfer of a duly stamped security, and no ~ ~ ~ ~ , 7 , ~ ~ s .
security by way of further charge for money or stock, added , , ,
to money or stock previousl{secured b i a duly stamped
instrument, is to be charged with any duty by reason of con-
taining any further or additional security for the money or
stock transferred or previously secured, or for the interest or
dividends thereof, or any new covenant, power, proviso, stip-
ulation, or agreement in relation thereto, or any further
assurance of the property comprised in the transferred or
previous security.

70. An instrument chargeable with ad ualorem duty as ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ $
a mortgage is not to be charged with any other duty by rea- equity~f
son of the equity of redemption in the mortgaged property
being thereby conveyed or limited in any other manner than
to, or in trust for, or according to the direction of, a purchaser.

NOTARZAL ACTS.

71. The duty upon a notarial act, and upon the Dutymaybe
denoted by an protest by a notary public of a bill of exchange or promissory adhesive stamp.

note, may be denoted by an adhesive stamp, which is to be
cancelled by the notary.

RECEIPTS.

72. The term "receipt" means any note, memoran- Definition.
dum, or writing.whatsoever, whereby any money amounting
to five dollars or upwards, or any bill of exchange or promis-
sory note for money amounting to five dollars or upwards is
acknowledged or expressed to have been received, deposit-
ed, or paid, or whereby any debt or demand, or any part of a
debt or demand, of the amount of five dollars or upwards, is
acknowledged to have been settled, satisfied, or discharged,
or ,which signifies or imports any such acknowledgement,
and whether the same is or is not signed with the name of
any person.

73. Upon every transaction of such amount and nature Duty may be denoted by
as is referred to in section 72 a receipt shall be given by the adhesivestamp.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Terms upon
which receipts
may be stamped
after execution.

Penalty for
offences.

Conveyances and
transfers on sale
to be certified
before being
stamped.

CAP. 410) Stamps

person acknowledging receipt of such money, or settlement,
satisfaction or discharge of such debt or demand, and such
person shall cause the duty upon such receipt to be paid by
affising thereto an adhesive stamp which shall be cancelled
by the person giving the receipt before delivering it to the
payer.

74. A receipt given without being stamped may be
stamped by the Commissioner upon the terms following,
that is to say-

( a ) Within fourteen days after it has been given,
on payment of the duty and a penalty of two hundred
and fifty dollars;

(6 ) After fourteen days after it has been given, on
payment of the duty and a penalty of five hundred
dollars;

and shall not in any other case be stamped.

75. If any person-
( a ) gives any receipt liable to. duty and not duly

stamped;

(6) in any case where a receipt would be liable to
duty, fails to give a receipt duly stamped;

(c) upon a payment to the amount of five dollars
or upwards, gives a receipt for a sum not amounting to
five dollars or separates or divides the amount paid with
intent to evade the duty;

he shall forfeit the sum of three thousand dollars.

76. (1) Where any Instrument, being a conveyance
or transfer on sale, is chargeable with stamp duty, that
Instrument shall not be stamped unless there is written
thereon or annexed thereto a certificate in accordance with
the provisions of this section.

(2) Where the sum of money stated in any Instrument
specified in subsection ( I ) as being the consideration for the
conveyance or transfer on sale is the full value of the proper-
ty concerned, a statement to that effect shall be included in
every certificate issued pursuant to this section.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 ?I 3

(3) Where the sum of money stated in any Instrument
specified in subsection (1) as being the consideration for the
conveyance or transfer on sale is less than the full value of
the property concerned, there shall be included in every cer-
tificate issued pursuant to this section a statement of the full
value of that property.

(4) A certificate under this section shall be in writing
and shall be signed and dated by the person conveying or
transferring the property concerned or by his solicitor.

(5) A person who contravenes any of the provisions of
this section is guilty of an offence and liable on summary
conviction therefor to a fine of five thousand dollars or to
imprisonment for two years or to both such fine and such
imprisonment.

77. All acts, matters and things whatsoever done or T'z$;.ad
omitted to be done, in good faith, by the Government, the
Commissioner of Inland Revenue, any Government officer,
or any person acting by and with the authority of the same (in
this section collectively called the said authority and persons)
between the fifteenth day of March 1977 and the day upon
which the Stamp (Amendment and Validation) Act, 1982 241'982.
came into operation as law (both days inclusive) affecting,
concerning or relating to the determination, assessment, col-
lection or payment of stamp duty charged and imposed
under this Act upon any conveyance or transfer on sale,
whether or not such stamp duty was in excess of that charge-
able according to law, are hereby declared to be valid for all
intents and piirposes whatsoever and each and every one of
the said authority and persons liable to be legally proceeded
against in respect of or in connection with all or any of the
aforesaid acts, matters and things, unlawfully or improperly
done or omitted to have been done, are hereby freed, acquit-
ted, discharged and indemnified as well against Her Majesty
as against all persons whatsoever, from such liability.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

34 CAP. 410) Stamps

SCHEDULE Secs. 2,9.

AFFIDAVIT or STATUTORY DECLARATION $5.00
.in addjtion thereto for each exhibit therein referred to and $1.00
required to be marked

Exemption
made for the immediate purpose of being filed, read or used in
any Court or before any Officer of any Court.

AGREEMENT or CONTRACT, accompanied with a deposit. See
Mortgage, etc., and section 65.

AGREEMENT FOR A LEASE, or for any Letting, see LEASE.

AGREEMENT or MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT
made under hand only, and not otherwise specifically
charged with any duty, whether the same be only evidence
of a contract, or obligatory upon the parties from its
being a written instrument, not made by a public officer
specifically, in relation to land, where the subject matter
thereof is of the value exceeding $25 and not exceeding
$250. $5.00

of the value exceeding $250, for each $250 or part thereof $7.50

any other, where the subject matter thereof is of the value
exceeding $25 but not exceeding $250. $5.00

any other, where the subject matter thereof is of the value
exceeding $250. $10.00

Exemptions

(a) Agreement or memorandum the subject matter
whereof is of the value of $25 or less.

( 6 ) Agreement or memorandum for the hire of any
labourer, artificer, manufacturer or menial servant.

( 6 ) Agreement, letter or memorandum made for or
relating to the sale of any goods, wares or merchandise.

APPOINTMENT OF A NEW TRUSTEE, and appointment
in execution of a power over any property, or of use,
share o r interest in any property, by any instrument not
being a will.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 35

MPRAISEMENT or VALUATION of any property or of
any repairs wanted, or of the materials and labour used or
to be used in any building of any artificer's work whatsoever
-where the amount of the appraisement or valuation does
not exceed $15,000 $25.00
exceeds $15,000 $50.00

Exemptions
(a ) Appraisement or valuation made for, and for the

information of, one party only, and not being in a manner
obligatory as between parties either by agreement or operation
of law.

(b) Appraisement or valuation by assessors or valuers
nominated under the Land Acquisition Act (Cap. 233).

ASSIGNMENT or ASSIGNATION.

By way of security, or of any security, See MORTGAGE, etc.

ATTORNEY LETTER or POWER OF See LETTER or POWER OF
ATTORNEY.

where the amount or value of the matter in dispute does
not exceed $150 $1.50
exceeds $150 and does not exceed $250 $7.50
exceeds $250 and does not exceed $500 $10.00
exceeds $500-$10 and for every additional $250 or fractional
part thereof a further $2.00

BILL OF EXCHANGE, CHEQUE or ORDER, payable on
demand or at sight, or on presentation within three days
after date of sight. .10

Exemptions

Cheque drawn by the Financial Secretary or the Accountant-
General on government Account or by any other Public Officer in
the execution of his duty.

BILL OF EXCHANGE of any other kind whatsoever (except a bank
note) and promissory note of any kind drawn or expressed to be
payable, or actually paid, or endorsed, or in any manner negotiated
in Antigua and Barbuda -
where the amount or value of the money for which the bill or note
is drawn or made does not exceed $25 $1.00

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

36 CAP. 410) Stamps

exceeds $25 and does not exceed $50 $1.50
exceeds $50 and does not exceed $150 $2.00
exceeds $150 and does not exceed $250 $2.50
exceeds $250 and does not exceed $500 $10.00
exceeds $500 for every $500, and also for any fractional part of
$500, of such amount or value a further $2.00

Exemptions

(a) Letter of credit granted in Antigua and Barbuda
authorising drafts to be drawn out of Antigua and Barbuda
payable in Antigua and Barbuda.

( b ) Coupon or warrant for interest attached to and issued
with any security.

BILL OF LADING, of or for goods, merchandise, or effects
to be exported. $5.00

BILL OF SALE
Absolute See CONVEYANCE on SALE by way of security.
See MORTGAGE, etc. and see Section 48, and Bills of Sale
Act (Cap. 51).

BOND for securing the payment or repayment of money,
or the transfer or retransfer of stock.
See MORTGAGE etc.
BOND, BILL and other bonds of Indemnity not specifically
charged with any duty. $10.00

BOND accompanied with a deposit of title deeds for mak-
ing a mortgage or other security, on any estate or property
comprised. See MORTGAGE, etc. and section 65.

CHARTERPARTY, or any agreement or contract for the
charter of any ship or vessel. $30.00

And See sections 50-52
CONSTAT of Letters Patent.
See EXEMPLIFICATION.
CONTUCT
SEE AGREEMENT.

CONVEYANCE or TRANSFER of any stock or funded debt
of any company or corporation.

(a ) On sale -
for every $100, and any fractional part of $100, of the
amount or value of the consideration for the Sale. $2.50

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (W. 410

(b) By way of gift:
the same rate of duty as CONVEYANCE or TRANSFEK O N
SALE

(c) By way of security:
See MORTGAGE, etc.

CONVEYANCE or TRANSFER ON SALE of any property
(not being any stock or funded debt falling within the last
preceding item) for every $100, and any fractional part of
$100, of the value of the property conveyed or transferred. $2.50

where the conveyance or transfer relates to lands or
hereditaments there shall also be payable by the vendor or
transferor, for every $100, and any fractional part of $100 of
the value of the property conveyed or transferred. $5.00

CONVEYANCE or TRANSFER operating as a voluntary transfer
inter vivos. The same duty as a CONVEYANCE ON SALE the value of
the property conveyed or transferred being taken as the amount
of the consideration. And see section 62.

CONVEYANCE OR TRANSFER of any kind not herein-
before described. $10.00
And see section 61.
COUNTERPART
See DUPLICATE.
COVENANT for securing the payment or repayment of money, or
the transfer or retransfer of stock.
See MORTGAGE, etc.
DEBENTURE for securing the payment or repayment of money, or
retransfer of stock.
See Mortgage, etc.
DECLARATION (Statutory)
See AFFIDAVIT.
DEED of any kind whatever, not described in this Schedule $40.00
DEPOSIT of TITLE DEEDS
See MORTGAGE, etc. and section 65.
DRAJT for money.
See BILL OF EXCHANGE, and section 37.
DUPLICATE OR COUNTERPART of any instrument chargeable
with any duty.
where such duty amounts to $400 or less, the same duty as the
original instrument
In any other case $40.00
And see section 63
EXCHANGE, Instruments affecting -

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

38 CAP. 410) Stamps

In the case specified in section 64, see that section. $40.00
EXEMPLIFICATION or CONSTAT, under the Public Seal
of Antigua and Barbuda of any letters patent $100.00
EXEMPLIFICATION under the seal of any Court, or under
the Pu'blic Seal of Antigua and Barbuda, of any record or
proceeding. $50.00
FURTHER CHARGE or FURTHER SECURITY
See MORTGAGE, and section 69.
LEASE or AGREEMENT FOR A LEASE -

(1) For any definite term or any indefinite term of any
lands or hereditaments - where the consideration or
any part of the consideration, moving either to the
lessor or any other person, consists of money, stock, or
security, not being by way of rent -
In respect of every $100, of such consideration -

to be payable by the lessee $2.50
to be payable by the lessor $5.00

IN respect of such consideration -

If the rent, whether If the term If the term If the term
reserved as a yearly does not exceeds 25 exceeds 50
rent or otherwise, is exceed 25 years but years
at a rate or average years or is does not
rate per year indefinite exceed 50

years.

Not exceeding $100 $ (1. $ (1. $ (1.
per annrim 10.00 20.00 50.00
Exceeding $100 and
not exceeding $500 50.00 150.00 300.00
Exceeding $500 and
not exceeding $1000 60.00 300.00 500.00
Exceeding $1000 60.00 300.00 500.00
and for every $200
and also for any
fractional part
thereof a further 20.00 100.00 300.00

(2) Of any other kind whatsoever not hereinbefore
described $50.00

LETTER or POWER OF ATTORNEY,
Mandate or other instrument in the nature thereof

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 39

(a) For the receipt of the dividends or lntr*tcAzt of 'iny
stock -
where made for the receipt of one payment only $5.00
in any other case $20.00

(6) for the receipt of any sum of money, or any
bill of exchange or promissory note for any such
money exceeding $250, or any periodical payment
not exceeding the sum of $50.00 (not being herein-
before charged) $1.5.00

(c) of any kind whatsoever not hereinbefore
charged $30.00

LOANS TO NON-CITIZENS

(a) Any Bank or Financial Institution which provides
loans to a non-citizen is liable to payment of Stamp Duty of
three per cent of the total amount so provided.

(b) For the purpose of this paragraph, the expression
"non-citizen" has the meaning assigned to it by section 2 of
the Non-Citizens Land Holding Regulation Act, and the
expressions "Bank" and "Financial Institutions" have the
meaning assigned to them in Section 2 of the Banking Act,
and section 2 of the Financial Institutions (Non-Banking)
Act, respectively.

MORTGAGE BOND, DEBENTURE, COVENANT or a Warrant of
Attorney to confess and enter up judgment.

(a) being the only or principal or primary security for
the payment or repayment of money -
not exceeding $100 $2.00
exceeding $100 and not exceeding $500 $3.00
exceeding $500 and not exceeding $1,000 $5.00
exceeding $1,000 and not exceeding $1,500 $7.00
exceeding $1,500, for every $500, and also every frac-
tional part of $500, of such amount $3.00

( 6 ) being collateral, or auxiliary or additional,
or substituted security, or by way of further assurance
for the above mentioned purpose where the principal
or primary security is duly stamped - for every $500,
and also every fractional part of $400, of the amount
secured. $1.10

(c) transfer, assignment or disposition of any
mortgage bond, debenture, covenant, or foreign

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

40 CAP. 410) Stamps

security or of any money or stock secured by any such
instrument or by any warrant or attorney to enter up
judgment, or by any judgment - for every $500, and
qlso for any fractional part of $500 of the amount
transferred or assigned - $3.00

(d) reconveyance, release, discharge, surrender,
resurrender, warrant to vacate or renunciation of any
such security as aforesaid, or of the benefits thereof or
of the money thereby secured for every $500, and also
for any fractional part of $500, of the total amount or
value of the money at any time secured.
And see sections 65-70. $3.00

NOTARIAL ACT of any kind whatsoever (except a protest
of a bill of exchange or promissory note) $5.00

POLICIES OF INSURANCE

(1) LIFE ASSURANCE. Upon all categories of LIFE
ASSURANCE for every $1,000 insured and also
for any fractional part of $1,000 $2.00

(2) POLICES OF INSURANCE AGAINST LOSS DUE
TO FIRE, HURRICANE, EARTHQUAKE AND
SUCH LIKE
Sum Insured not exceeding $4,999 $1.00
exceeding $4,999 and not exceeding $9,999 $2.00
exceeding $9,999 and not exceeding $19,999 $3.50
exceeding $19,999 and not exceeding $29,999 $5.00
exceeding $29,999 and not exceeding $39,999 $7.00
exceeding $39,999 $15.00

(3) UPON EVERY OTHER TYPE OF INSURANCE $5.00

Exemptions

( a ) Policy of Insurance against accident

( b ) Policy of insurance for any payment agreed to be
made during the sickness of any person or his incapacity
from personal injury.

PROCURATION, deed or other instrument of $20.00

PROMISSORY NOTE
See BILL OF EXCHANGE.
and section 71.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (CAP. 410 41

PROTEST of any bill of exchange or promissory note -
where the duty on the bill or note does not exceed 30c.
(the same duty on the bill or note)
in any other case $4.00
And see section 71.
PROXY,
See LETTER or POWER OF ATTORNEY.
RECEIPT given for, or upon the payment of money amount-
ing to $5.00 or upwards. .10
And see sections 72 and 73.

Exemptions

(a) Receipt given for money deposited in any bank or
with any banker to be accounted and expressed to be received
of the person to whom the same is to be accounted for.

(b) Acknowledgement by any banker of the receipt of
any bill of exchange or promissory note, for the purpose of
being presented for acceptance or repayment.

( 6 ) Receipt given for or upon the payment of any taxes
or duties imposed by an Act or of money to or for the use of
Her Majesty, Her Heirs or successors.

(d) Receipt given by an officer of any public department
of Antigua and Barbuda for money paid to by way of imprest
or advance, or adjustment of an account, whereby he derives
no personal benefit therefrom.

( e ) Receipt written upon a bill of exchange or promissory
note duly stamped.

V) Receipt endorsed or otherwise written upon, or con-
tained in, any instrument liable to stamp duty, and duly
stamped, acknowledging the receipt of the consideration
money therein expressed, or the receipt of any principal
money, interest, or annuity thereby secured or therein men-
tioned.

(g) Receipt given for drawback or bounty upon exporta-
tion of any goods or merchandise from Antigua and Barbuda.

( h ) Receipt given for the return of any duties of customs
upon certificates of over entry.

(i) Receipt given for the return of any amount deposited
as security for duty.

( j ) Receipt for money withdrawn from a Savings Bank.

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

42 CAP. 410) Stamps

RECONVEYANCE, RELEASE, OR RENUNCIATION OF ANY
PROPERTY
See Mortgage, etc.
RELEASE or RENUNCIATION of any property, or of any right or
interest in any property-
Upon a Sale,
See CONVEYANCE on SALE,
By way of security, See MORTGAGE, etc.
In any other case $8.00

RENUNCIATION
See RECONVEYANCE and RELEASE

REVOCATION of any use or trust of any property by deed,
or by any writing. $8.00

SETTLEMENT - any instrument whether voluntary or
upon any good or valuable consideration, otherwise than
a bonci jide pecuniary consideration, whereby any definite
and certain principal sum of money (whether charged or
chargeable on lands or other hereditaments, or not, or to
be laid out in the purchase of lands or other hereditaments,
or not) or any definite or certain amount of stock, or any
security, is settled or agreed to be settled in any manner
whatsoever - for every value of the property settled or
agreed to be settled. $10.00
And see section 62

Exemption

Instrument of appointment relating to any property in favour of
persons specially named or described as the objects of a power of
appointment created by a previous settlement stamped with ad
valorem duty in respect of the same property; or by a will where
duty has been paid in respect of the same property; as personal
estate of the testator.

TRANSFER.
See CONVEYANCE OR TRANSFER.
VALUATION
See APPRAISEMENT
WARRANT OF ATTORNEY to confess and enter up a judgment
given as a security for the payment or repayment of money, or for
the transfer or retransfer of stock.

See MORTGAGE, etc.
WARRANT OF ATTORNEY of any other kind $10.00

LAWS OF ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Stamps (W. 410 4 3

GENERAL EXEMPTIONS FROM ALL STAMP DUTIES

( a ) Instrument for the sale, transfer, or other disposition,
either absolutely or by way of mortgage, or otherwise of any
part, interest, share, or property of or in any ship or vessel.

(6) Bonds given to the Provost-Marshal or other persons
upon the replevy of any goods or chattels, and assignments of
such bonds.

(c) Instrumeilts made by, to, or with the Government of
Antigua and Barbuda, for the purchase, sale, exchange, con-
veyance or lease of any lands vested in any such Government,
or acquired for public purposes.

(d) Instruments or documents required in connection
with the conveyance or transfer of property to a foreign
Government or State for diplomatic or consular purposes or
for the use of its agencies in Antigua and Barbuda where
stamp duty, if charged, would fall to be borne directly by such
foreign Government or State and provided such foreign
Government or State accords similar exemption to the
Government of Antigua and Barbuda.

And see section 27 of Post Office Act (Cap. 335).