Disaster Management Act 2002

Link to law: http://laws.gov.ag/acts/2002/a2002-13.pdf

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No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 1 ANTIGUA
AND

BARBUDA

[ L.S. ]

I Assent.

James B. Carlisle,
Governor-General.

10th September, 2002

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

No. 13 of 2002

AN ACT to provide for the effective organisation of the.pre-
paredness, management, mitigation of, response to and re-
covery from emergencies and disasters natural and man-made
in Antigua and Barbuda.

ENACTED by the Parliament of Antigua and Barbuda as fol-
lows -

PART I

PRELIMINARY

1. (1)This Act may be cited as the Disaster Management Act Short title and
2002. Commencement.

(2) This Act comes into force on such date as the Minister
may by Notice published in the Gazette appoint.

2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires - Interpretation

"Act" includes Regulations made under the Act;

"Director" means the person appointed as Director of Di-
saster Preparedness and Response under section 3;

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"disaster emergency" means a public emergency declared
under section 20 of the Constitution or a state of emer-
gency declared under section 2 of The Emergency Powers
(Hurricane, Earthquake, Fire or Flood) Act, Cap. 148 on
account of the threat or occurrence of a disaster;

"hazard inspector" means the person appointed or desig-
nated as a hazard inspector under section 3;

"listed premises" means premises listed in the shelters list;

"National Advisory Committee" means the National Di-
saster Preparedness and Response Advisory Committee
established under section 6;

"National Emergency Operations Centres" means the Na-
tional Emergency Operation Centres and any other supple-
mentary operation or facilities established and maintained
under section 9;

"Policy Review" means the Disaster Preparedness and
Response Policy Review prepared under section 7 (1);

"shelter manager" means the person appointed or desig-
nated as a shelter manager under section 3;

"shelter officer" means the person appointed or designated
as a shelter officer under section 3;

"shelters list" means the list of premises established and
maintained under section 10;

"special area precautionary plan" means a special area pre-
cautionary plan prepared under section 16 (1);

"statutory board" means a Board, committee or other group
which is under any statute responsible for the direction,
governing or control of any entity other than a Ministry or
Department of Government and a majority of the member-
ship of which Board, committee or other group would un-
der any Act be constituted by persons to be appointed to
that Board, committee or other group by a Minister or pub-
lic officer and by Ministers and public officers who are ex
oficio members of that Board, committee or other group;

No. 23 of2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 3 ANTIGUA
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"statutory body" means an entity which has been estab-
lished by or under any Act and which is directed or gov-
erned by either a public officer or an officer appointed by a
Minister or public officer or a statutory Board or an officer
appointed by the Minister or the Cabinet.

PART II

DIRECTOR OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND
RESPONSE

3. (1) There shall be a Director of Disaster Preparedness and Director of
Response, who shall be a public officer. Disaster Prepared-

ness and
Response.

(2) The Director may be assisted by such number of public
officers or other persons as may be appointed or designated for
the purpose, including public officers appointed or designated
to discharge the functions of hazard inspectors, shelter manag-
ers or officers under this Act.

(3) The Director, any deputy or assistant director, any police
officer or any member of Antigua and Barbuda Defence Force,
shall have all the enforcement powers of a hazard inspector, shel-
ter manager or shelter officer under sections 30 and 35 (3) (b).

4. (1) The Director shall, subject to section 5, be responsible Functions of the
to the Prime Minister for co-ordinating the general policy of the Director.
Government of Antigua and Barbuda relating to the mitigation
of, preparedness for, response to and recovery from emergencies
and disasters in Antigua and Barbuda.

(2) The Director shall, for the purposes of subsection (1) and
in addition to discharging other functions conferred on the Di-
rector by this Act or any other law -

(a) review and appraise the various programmes and
activities of the Government in the light of the policy
of this Act for the purpose of determining the extent
to which the programmes and activities are contrib-
uting to the achievement of the policy, and to make
recommendations to the Prime Minister with respect
thereto;

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develop and recommend to the Prime Minister na-
tional policies to foster and promote the mitigation
of, preparedness for, response to and recovery from
emergencies and disasters in Antigua and Barbuda;

co-operate with non-governmental organizations and
other private sector entities to develop and draw up
a comprehensive plan for response to and recovery
from emergencies and disasters in Antigua and
Barbuda;

gather timely and authoritative information concern-
ing the conditions and trends in the quality of the
environment, both current and prospective, as these
relate to the likelihood of disasters in Antigua and
Barbuda;

analyse and interpret the information gathered un-
der paragraph (c) for the purpose of determining
whether such conditions and trends are interfering,
or are likely to interfere, with the achievement of the
policy of this Act;

conduct investigations, studies, surveys, research
and analyses relating to ecological systems and en-
vironmental quality and document and define
changes in the natural environment as these relate
to the llkellhood of disasters in Antigua and Barbuda;

prepare and review hazard risk assessment maps of
Antigua and Barbuda;

conduct programmes of public information and edu-
cation on the mitigation of, preparedness for, re-
sponse to and recovery from emergencies and di-
sasters;

liaise with persons and organisations within and with-
out Antigua and Barbuda for the purpose of ex-
changing information and facilitating the
harmonisation of the policies of those persons and
organisations with the policies of the Government of
Antigua and Barbuda relating to the prevention and
mitigation of, preparedness for, response to and re-

No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 5 ANTIGUA
AND

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covery from emergencies and dis-asters in Antigua
and Barbuda;

6) provide technical advice on draft regulations, whether
under this Act or any other legislation, relating to
the mitigation of, preparedness for, response to and
recovery from emergencies and disasters in Antigua
and Barbuda.

5. The Director shall be subject to such directions of a special Ministerial
or general character given by the Prime Minister in relation to the

D~rector. policy to be followed in the exercise of the powers conferred and
the duties imposed on him by or under this Act as the Prime
Minister gives on any matter that affects the public interests of
Antigua and Barbuda, and the Director shall give effect to all
such directions.

PART III

NATIONAL DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AND
RESPONSE ADVISORY COMMJTIEE, POLICY

REVIEW AND PLAN

6. (1) There is established a National Disaster Preparedness National Disaster
and Response Advisory Committee comprising - Preparedness and

Response
Advisory

(a) the Prime Minister as Chairperson; Committee.

(b) the Minister responsible for public safety;

(c) a Minister or public officer nominated by the Prime
Minister to serve as Chairperson in the absence of
the Prime Minister from any meeting;

(d) such other members as may be nominated by the
Prime Minister to represent -

(i) the Police Force;

(ii) the Antigua and Barbuda Defence
Force;

(iii) the Fire Service;

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(iv) Meteorological department;

(v) The Antigua Public Utilities Authority;

(vi) the Ministry responsible for Public
Health;

(vii) the Ministry responsible for the Public
Safety;

(viii) the Ministry responsible for the Envi-
ronment;

(ix) the Ministry responsible for Public
Works;

(x) the Ministry responsible for Local Gov-
ernment;

(xi) such other Ministries, Departments of
Government and statutory bodies as the
Prime Minister thirks fit; and

(xi) such other persons or organisations,
including non-governmental organisa-
tions, as the Prime Minister thinks fit
who volunteer or are required by law to
perform functions related to the mitiga-
tion of, preparedness for, response to
and recovery from emergencies and di-
sasters in Antigua and Barbuda.

(2) The Chairman or alternate Chairman and any four other
members of the National Advisory Conlmittee shall constitute a
quorum for meetings of the Committee.

(3) The Director of Disaster Preparedness and Response shall
be the Secretary of the National Advisory Committee.

(4) The Director shall in consultation with the National Advi-
sory Committee establish other committees and sub-committees
charged with particular responsibilities, whether defined by geo-
graphical area or otherwise, in relation to the response to emer-
gencies and disasters in Antigua and Barbuda, which other com-

No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 7 ANTIGUA
AND

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mittees and sub-committees shall be available to be convened
whenever a threatened disaster alert arises or a disaster strikes.

(5) The National Advisory Committee and any other Com-
mittee under subsection (4) may, subject to Rules under section
35 (1) (a) and to this Act, determine its own procedure.

7. (1) The Director shall, within three months after the end of The Disaster
every calendar year, prepare for the approval of the Prime Minls- Preparedness and

Response Pol~cy
ter, a Disaster Preparedness and Response Policy Review related
to the mitigation of, preparedness for, response to and recovery
from emergencies and disasters in Antigua and Barbuda.

(2) The Director shall consult the National Advisory Cornmit-
tee in the preparation of the Policy Review.

(5) The Policy Review approved by the Prime Minister shall
be published in the Gazette by the Director not later than 3 1st
May of each year.

8. (1) The Director shall prepare annually for the approval of The National
the Prime Minister, the National Disaster Response Plan, com- Prepared-

ness Response
prising the statement of the contingency arrangements under P lan ,
the co-ordination of the Director for responding to the threat or
event and aftermath of a disaster in Antigua and Barbuda whether
or not the threat or the disaster is such as to prompt the declara-
tion of a disaster emergency.

(2) The National Disaster Preparedness Response Plan shall
include -

(a) procedures related to disaster preparedness and re-
sponse of public officers, Ministries and Depart-
ments of Government, statutory bodies, local gov-
ernment authorities, and persons or organisations
who volunteer or are required by law to perform func-
tions related to mitigation of, preparedness for, re-
sponse to and recovery from emergencies and di-
sasters in Antigua and Barbuda;

(b) procedures for co-ordinating the national disaster
response plan and its irnplenlentation with the prepa-
ration and implementation of disaster response plans
of persons and bodies under paragraph (a);

ANTIGUA 8 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of 2002.
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(c) procedures for informing persons under paragraph
(a) and the public in Antigua and Barbuda and else-
where of the existence of a threatened disaster alert
under section 27 or the existence of a disaster emer-
gency;

(d) procedures for preparing and maintaining invento-
ries of services, systems and supplies for the mitiga-
tion of, preparedness for, response to and recovery
from emergencies and disasters during a threatened
disaster alert under section 27 or the existence of a
disaster emergency;

(e) procedures for mobilising services and systems for
the mitigation of, preparedness for, response to and
recovery from emergencies and disasters during a
threatened disaster alert under section 27 or the ex-
istence of a disaster emergency, including procedures
for the manning of Emergency Operations Centres
and for the protection of the family and property of
persons required for the purpose of manning such
centres or required otherwise to perform other du-
ties of protecting the public;

fl procedures for the protection and restoration of com-
munications, both nationally and internationally,
during a threatened disaster alert under section 27 or
in the event or the aftermath of a disaster emergency;

(g) procedures for informing persons under paragraph
(a) and the public in Antigua and Barbuda and else-
where of the state of affairs during a threatened di-
saster alert under section 27 or in the event or the
aftermath of a disaster emergency;

(h) procedures for the release, distribution and re-
plenishment of emergency stores of supplies of food,
water, clothing and medical supplies during a threat-
ened disaster alert under section 27 or in the event or
the aftermath of a disaster emergency;

(i) procedures for safeguard against fire and epidemics
during threatened disaster alert under section 27 or
in the event or the aftermath of a disaster emergency;

No. 13 of2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 9 ANTIGUA
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0) procedures for the provision of shelter for persons
during a threatened disaster alert under section 27 or
in the event or the aftermath of a disaster emergency;

(k ) procedures for co-operation with international or-
ganisations and governments of countries outside
Antigua and Barbuda during a threatened disaster
alert under section 27 or in the event or the aftermath
of a disaster emergency;

(1) procedures for accepting and facilitating the dis-
tribution of volunteer services and relief supplies
during a threatened disaster alert under section 27 or
in the event or the aftermath of a disaster emergency;

(rn) procedures to apply in the event that the evacuation
of all the residents of any area is considered to be
desirable in the event of a disaster emergency;

(n) procedures to apply in the event that the re-
quisitioning of private property is considered to be
desirable in the event of a disaster emergency, in-
cluding procedures for assessing and paying com-
pensation; and

(0) procedures for protecting life and property from the
dangers of looting and riotous behaviour in the event
or the aftermath of a disaster emergency.

(3) The Director shall consult the Advisory Committee in the
preparation of the National Disaster Preparedness Response Plan.

PART IV

EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRES AND SHELTERS

9. The Director shall be responsible for the establishment and Emergency
maintenance of a National Emergency Operations Centre to func- Operations

Centres.
tion as the headquarters of the activities undertaken in response
to a disaster emergency, and may establish and maintain supple-
mentary Emergency Operations Centres or facilitate the estab-
lishment and maintenance of such supplementary Emergency
Operations Centres, whether distributed according to geographi-
cal location or otherwise, by persons or bodies under section 8
(2) (a).

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Shelters. 10. (1) The Director shall establish and maintain a list of pre-
mises available for and suitable for use as shelters during a threat-
ened disaster alert under section 27 or in the event or the after-
math of a disaster emergency.

(2) The Director shall in the list of premises established and
maintained under subsection (1) -

(a) distinguish between premises in Crown occupation
and other premises;

(b) specify the facilities available at each premises;

(c) indicate the suitability of each premises for use dur-
ing a threatened disaster alert under section 27 or in
the event or the aftermath of a disaster emergency;
and

(d) indicate the periods for which each premises would
be suitable for use during a threatened disaster alert
declared by the Governor-General or the aftermath
of a disaster emergency.

(3) The Director shall, subject to subsection (4), assign to
each listed premises a shelter manager charged with the respon-
sibility of managing the shelter during any period where the build-
ing is being used for that purpose, and may assign shelter offic-
ers to assist any shelter manager.

(4) Where a listed premises is not in Crown occupation, the
designation of a shelter manager or shelter officer for such pre-
mises shall be subject to agreement between the occupier of the
premises and the Director.

(5) The owner or occupier of a listed premises shall not be
liable to any person taking shelter on the premises for any injury
to such person or damage to or loss of any person's property,
which injury, damage or loss arises from the condition of the pre-
mises, where the use of the premises for shelter was within the
listed limits of suitability of the premises under subsection (2).

( 6 ) The provisions of subsection (5) are without prejudice to
any other right or remedy which the person suffering damage or
loss may have -

No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 11 ANTIGUA
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(a) other than a right or remedy against the owner or
occupier of the premises; or

(b) against the owner or occupier of the premises for
damage or loss arising otherwise than from the con-
dition of the premises.

PART V

OBLIGATIONS OF OTHER PUBLIC OFFICERS

11. Every Permanent Secretary and Head of a Department of L~aison officers.
Government shall ensure that there is at all times a public officer
of his Ministry or Department designated as the liaison officer
for communication with the Director in relation to the procedures
of the Ministry or Department under section 8 (2) (a).

12. Every Permanent Secretary and Head of a Department of Annual report to
Government shall supply annually to the Director in such form Director.
and by such date as may be required by the Prime Minister such
information as may be requested by the Director for the pur-
poses of sections 4 (2) (a) and 8 (2).

13. (1) Before any person, other than the Director of Public Director to be
Prosecutions, a judge or magistrate exercises any disaster pre- consulted.
paredness and response related powers under this Act or any
other Act, that person shall subject to subsections (2) to (4)
consult the Director.

(2) The obligation to consult under subsection (1) shall not
apply -

(a) during a disaster emergency, where the person exer-
cising the powers under subsection (1) considers
that the urgency of the matter or difficulties of logis-
tics makes such consultation impracticable; or

(b) in respect of the exercise of any power in relation to
which a waiver by the Director of his right to be
consulted is in effect under subsection (3).

(3) The Director may, with the approval of the Prime Minister,
waive his right to be consulted, and any such waiver shall take
effect when the Prime Minister shall have notified that waiver by
Order published in the Gazette.

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(4) A waiver under subsection (3) may relate to the exercise of
any power or category of powers or to the exercise of a power in
a specific instance.

Environmental 14. Any power under any law to require an environmental
impact assess- impact assessment is, whether such power is expressed or im-
ments. plied, a disaster preparedness and response related power for

the purposes of section 13 (1).

PART VI

SPECIALLY VULNERABLE AREAS

Delimitation of 15. (1) The Prime Minister may, on the recommendation of the
vulner- Director, designate special!^ vulnerable areas for the purposes

able areas. of the mitigation of, preparedness for, response to and recovery
from emergencies and disasters by delimiting such areas under
this section.

(2) The Director shall prepare for the approval of the Prime
Minister a draft Order delimiting any specially vulnerable area
that the Director recommends for designation under subsection
(1).

(3) Before approving the draft Order delimiting a specially
vulnerable area, the Prime Minister may arrange for a public con-
sultation to be held in conformity with the provisions of the First

First Schedule. Schedule, at which the Director shall present the draft Order for
discussion and comment.

(4) The Prime Minister may combine a public consultation
under this section with a public consultation under section 18 (1).

(5) After any public consultation has been held, the Prime
Minister may, if he decides to accept the Director's recomrnenda-
tion for the designation of the area, consider what revisions ought
to be made of the draft Order and shall settle the delimitation of
the specially vulnerable area by making the Order and publishing
it in the Gazette.

Special area 16. (1) The Director may prepare for the Prime Minister's ap-
precautionary
plans for specially proval a draft special area precautionary plan for a specially vul-
vulnerable areas. nerable area under section 15 (1).

No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 13 ANTIGUA
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(2) A special area precautionary plan may include -

(a) strategies, policies and standards for development
and for maintenance of structures in the specially
vulnerable area or any proposed such area;

(b) stzndards for environmental impact assessment for
contemplated development in the specially vulner-
able area; and

(c) provisions designating any part of the specially vul-
nerable area as a prohibited area for navigation or for
the purpose of removing vegetation, sand, stones,
shingle or gravel.

(3) A special area precautionary plan may communicate strat-
egies, policies, standards or designations by means of maps and
diagrams.

17. (1) The Director shall by notice in the Gazette and at least Draft special area
one newspaper published in Antigua and Barbuda invite sub- precautionary
missions from the public relating to the contents of a draft spe- plan.

cia1 area precautionary plan.

(2) The Director shall allow a period of not less than four
weeks and not more than eight weeks for the receipt by him of
such submissions.

(3) From the date of the invitation to the public under subsec-
tion (I), the Director shall on written application by any person
permit access to any technical studies used in the preparation of
the draft special area precautionary plan.

18. (1) When the draft special area precautionary plan is pre- Public consults-
sented to the Prime Minister for approval, the Prime Minister tion on draft
may, unless he considers that the objectives of the draft plan ~ ~ ~ a ~ t ~ ' ~ r y
have already lieen met under the provisions of other legislation, plan,
arrange for a public consultation to be held in conformity with
the provisions of the First Schedule, at which the Director shall First Schedule.
present the draft plan for discussion and comment.

(2) The Prime Minister may combine a public consultation
under this section with a public consultation under section 15
(3).

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Revison of draft
special area
precautionary plan

Approval of
referral draft
special area
precautionary
plan.

Special area
precautionary
plan.

Authorities to
have regard to
special area
precautionary
plan.

Amendment of
Order delimiting
the specially
vulnerable area.

14 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of 2002.

19. After a public consultation has been held, the Director
shall consider what, if any, revisions ought to be made in the
draft special area precautionary plan in the light of the proceed-
ings of the public consultation, and resubmit the draft plan to the
Prime Minister with such revisions, if any.

20. The Prime Minister may -

(a) approve the resubmitted draft special area precau-
tionary plan by Order subject to affirmative resolu-
tion; or

(b) refer the draft plan to the Director for such changes
as the Prime Minister may require, in whlch event the
Director shall make the changes as required and re-
submit the draft plan to the Prime Minister.

21. (1) The draft special area precautionary plan approved
under section 20 (1) (a) shall when published in the Gazette be-
come the special area precautionary plan for the specially vulner-
able area until a new amended special area precautionary plan is
approved under this Act.

(2) A special area precautionary plan does not authorise any
development which would not be permitted under the Physical
Planning Act or any other Act in force in Antigua and Barbuda.

22. Any person or authority exercising any function under
this Act and any function under any other Act affecting the
conservation and management of the resources of the specially
vulnerable area shall have regard to the special area precaution-
ary plan.

23. (1) The Director may with the approval of the Prime Min-
ister at any time prepare draft proposals for amending the Order
delimiting the specially vulnerable area.

(2) The amendment of the Order delimiting the specially vul-
nerable area in accordance with such draft proposals shall com-
ply with section 15.

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24. (1) The Director may at any time prepare and propose for Amendment of
the approval of the Prime Minister draft amendments of the spe- 'pecia1 area

precautionary
cia1 area precautionary plan for the specially vulnerable area.

(2) The amendment of the special area precautionary plan
proposal in accordance with subsection (1) shall comply with
sections 17 to 20, and the amended plan shall when approved
under section 20 (1) (a) be published in the Gazette and consti-
tute the special area precautionary plan under section 2 1 (1).

25. The Prime Minister may, at any stage in the process of D~scont~nuance of
designation of a specifically vulnerable area under section 15 or area designation
section 23 or of the preparation of a draft plan under sections 16
to 20 or section 24, discontinue the process if he considers that
the objectives of the draft plan have already been met under the
provisions of other law.

26. (1) Any person aggrieved by a special area precautionary Judic~al Rev~ew
plan for a specially vulnerable area, who desires to question the
validity thereof or of any provision contained therein on the
grounds that it is not within the powers of this Act or that any
requirement of this Act or of any Regulations has not been com-
plied with in relation to the approval or preparation of the plan,
may, within six weeks from the date on which the notice is pub-
lished in the Gazette under section 21 (I), make an application for
judicial review to the High Court under this section in accor-
dance with any Rules of Court for the time being in force.

(2) On any application under this section, the High Court, if
satisfied that the plan, or any powers contained therein, is not
within the powers of this Act or that the interests of the appli-
cant have been substantially prejudiced by a failure to comply
with any requirement of this Act, may quash the special area
precautionary plan or any provision contained therein, either
generally or in so far as it affects any property of the applicant.

(3) Where the whole special area precautionary plan is
quashed under subsection (2), the Director shall prepare a new
draft special area precautionary plan to which sections 17 to 20
shall apply as they apply to a draft plan under section 16 (1).

(4) Where a provision of the special area precautionary plan is
quashed under subsection (2), but the whole plan is not quashed,
the plan without the quashed provision shall be deemed to be an

ANTIGUA 16 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
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approved amended special area precautionary plan under sec-
tion 20 (1) (a).

PART W

m A T E N E D DISASTER ALERTS

Threatened 27. (1) For the purposes ofthis Act, a threatened disaster alert
disaster alerts. exists when -

(a) the Governor-General declares by Proclamation and
on the advice of the Prime Minister, after the Prime
Minister has consulted or has been advised by the
Director under subsection (2), that there is a sub-
stantial prospect that a disaster of a kind in Column
1 of the Second Schedule will stnke within the appli-
cable period in column 2 of that Schedule; or

(b) an agency, whether within Antigua and Barbuda or
otherwise, certified by the Director as an Accredited
Disaster Notification Service under subsection (3),
broadcasts or otherwise publishes a formal an-
nouncement warning persons in Antigua and
Barbuda of the threat of the striking of a disaster of a
kind in Column I of the Second Schedule within the
applicable period in Column 2 of that Schedule:

Provided that the Governor-General may by declara
tion on the same advice and after the same consulta-
tion as is provided in subsection (1) (a) declare that
notwithstanding such an announcement Antigua
and Barbuda is not in a state of threatened disaster
alert.

(2) The Director shall recommend to the Prime Minister on
request, and at any time he considers appropriate, when there is
a substantial prospect that a disaster of a kind in Column 1 of the
First Schedule will stnke within the applicable period in Column 2
of that Schedule.

(3) The Director may certify any agency, whether within
Antigua and Barbuda or otherwise, which he considers to have a
high level of technical expertise in the prediction or assessment
of risk of any kind of disaster, as an Accredited Disaster Notifica-
tion Service for the purposes of this Act.

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(4) A certification under subsection (3) may be general or
limited to specified kinds of disaster.

(5) If the Prime Minister prescribes by Regulation that differ-
ent periods shall apply in relation to threatened disaster alerts
than those prescribed in the Second Schedule, that Schedule
shall to the extent of the inconsistency cease to have effect un-
der this section.

PART MII

APPLICATION OF TREATIES

28. The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency Caribbean Disaster
Agreement set out in the Third Schedule shall have the force of Emergency
law in Antigua and Barbuda. Response Agency

Agreement.

29. Where Antigua and Barbuda is a party to a treaty or other Application of
international agreement which the Cabinet considers relevant to treaties in time

disaster emer- the mitigation of, preparedness for, response to and recovery gency,
from emergencies and disasters in Antigua and Barbuda, the
Governor-General acting in accordance with the advice of the
Cabinet may during any disaster emergency or at any other time
proclaim that treaty or any part thereof to be part of the law in
Antigua and Barbuda for the duration of any disaster emer-
gency or any particular case or class of case of such disaster
emergency, and the provisions of that treaty or part thereof, as
the case may be, shall for the duration of that disaster emergency
have effect as if enacted in this Act.

PART M

MISCELLANEOUS

30. (1) Where a magistrate is satisfied, on evidence on oath Disaster hazard
by a hazard inspector, that the condition of any premises is rea-
sonably suspected of posing a danger of serious injury to per-
sons outside of the premises in the event of a disaster, the mag-
istrate may issue or renew an order authorising the hazard in-
spector to enter and inspect those premises for hazards.

(2) An order made under this section expires not later than
thirty days after the date on which it is made, and may be re-
newed before expiry for one or more periods each of which shall
not exceed thirty days.

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(3) An order made under this section shall be carried out dur-
ing daylight hours unless the order authorises otherwise.

(4) The Director shall provide himself and each hazard in-
spector with a distinctive badge, tag or other identification de-
vice which may conveniently be carried by himself and each
hazard inspector while engaged in the performance of their du-
ties under this section.

(5) A hazard inspector who exercises a power under this sec-
tion shall identify himself as a hazard inspector to any person in
control of the premises to be inspected at the time of the inspec-
tion, by the production of his hazard inspector's badge, tag or
other identification device provided to him by the Director under
subsection (4) and shall explain the purpose of the inspection.

(6) An order made under this section may be issued or re-
newed on application notwithstanding that no notice of the ap-
plication is given to any person who may be affected thereby.

(7) The hazard inspector shall prepare a report on the results
of any inspection carried out under this section, a copy of which
shall be provided to the occupier of the premises.

(8) Where the hazard inspector is of the opinion, after cany-
ing out an inspection under this section, that the condition of
any premises poses a danger of serious injury to persons out-
side of the premises in the event of a disaster, and that the condi-
tion of the premises which gives rise to the danger constitutes a
violation of any other law, he shall send a copy of the report to
any Ministry, Department or other body responsible for the ad-
ministration of that other law, and notify the occupier of the
premises that the report has been supplied to the Ministry or
Department in question.

(9) A report of a hazard inspector under this section shall be
admissible in any legal proceedings as evidence of the report's
findings of fact, whether or not the State is a party to such pro-
ceedings.

(10)This Act does not prejudice any right under any other law
to take steps to ameliorate the condition of premises considered
to pose danger under sub-section (8).

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31. (1) Where the Director or his agent, servant or any other Dangers.
person authorised under this Act identifies any tree, land, build-
ing, vehicle, scrap or waste or any other item thatposes a danger
in the event of a disaster to the health or safety of any area by
reason of its condition, then the Director shall issue a notice in
writing to the owner or occupant or any other person having a
material interest in the property on which the item is located,
requesting that specific steps be taken to abate or remove the
danger and the period for compliance.

(2) A person who is served with a notice under sub-section
(1) and who fails to comply with the directions of the Director
within the period specified therein, commits an offence.

(3) A person convicted of an offence under sub-section (2)
shall in addition to the penalty imposed under section 37 (1) be
liable to pay the costs incurred in abating or removing the dan-
ger.

(4) The Director or his agent or servant or any person
authorised under this Act, in exercising a function under this
section, shall identify himself to the owner, occupant or other
person having material interest in the property on which the
danger stands, by producing his badge, tag or other identifica-
tion device explaining the purpose of his mission.

32. (1) No action or proceeding shall be brought against the Protection from
Crown or the Director or any officer or servant of them, or against liability.
any other person covered under this Act to recover conipensa-
tion for any damage to property occasioned by such person in
the exercise or performance in good faith of his powers, duties, or
obligations under this Act.

(2) No person shall be personally liable for any act done or
default made by him in good faith in the course of carrying out
his duties under this Act.

33. (1) A person who during the period of a state of disaster Employee
emergency declared under this Act is absent from his usual em- protection.
ployment due to duties in connection with the disaster emer-
gency in any capacity whatever shall not suffer any loss of sal-
ary or leave or benefits that he may be entitled to for the period of
his absence on those duties, whether or not his usual employer
consented to his absence.

ANTIGUA 20 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
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(2)The Director must certify in writing that the services of any
person under sub-section (1) are or had been so required for the
performance of tasks related to the disaster emergency.

(3)An employer who fails to comply with sub-section (1) com-
mits an offence.

Compensation. 34. Where the Director or any public officer or person ap-
pointed under this Act suffers any physical injury, or loss or
damage to any personal property in the course of his duties
under this Act or Regulations made thereunder, he shall be en-
titled to receive compensation paid out of public funds in respect
of the expenses incurred in the treatment of the injury and the
value of such property loss or damage.

Regulations. 35. (1) The Prime Minister may make Regulations for the pur-
pose of implementing the special area precautionary plans, the
provisions of this Act and in particular -

(a) prescribing rules of procedure for the National Ad-
visory Committee and such other committees estab-
lished under this Act and to determine the payment
of reasonable compensation for the use of private
property requisitioned by the Director;

(b) prescribing that different periods shall apply in rela-
tion to threatened disaster alerts than those pre-
scribed in the Second Schedule;

prescribing that notice of the availability of a report
under section 30 (7) may be given by advertisement
in the Gazette and at least one newspaper published
in Antigua and Barbuda where attempts to identify
or find an occupier, for the purpose of providing the
report under that sub-section or notify its contents
under section 30 (8) have not succeeded after one
month or such longer period as may be prescribed.

(2) Regulations, Rules and By-laws made under this Act shall
be subject to negative resolution of the House.

(3) By-laws may be made

(a) in respect of listed premises not in Crown occupa-
tion on the recommendation of the occupiers of the
premises;

No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 21 ANTIGUA
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(b) conferring enforcement powers on shelter managers
and shelter officers for the purpose of keeping order
in shelters;

(c) conferring authority on the Director, subject to the
advice of the National Advisory Committee -

(i) to prescribe the requisition of transport,
whether public service or private vehicle,
and private lands, buildings and pre-
mises for the purposes of this Act and
to determine the payment of reasonable
compensation for the use of private prop-
erty requisitioned by the Director;

(ii) and his agents, servants or other
authorised persons to enter on or pass
through or over any private lands or pre-
mises for any action in connection with
duties under this Act;

(iii) to direct the assistance of identified re-
lief agencies and bodies including statu-
tory boards, volunteer forces and simi-
lar entities;

(iv) to regulate the use of any listed premises
by persons taking shelter therein during
the period when the premises are in use
as shelters;

(v) to issue national guidelines and codes
to government departments and minis-
tries, statutory boards, groups,
organisations, businesses and other en-
tities concerning the preparation, miti-
gation, recovery of and responses to
disasters;

(vi) to co-ordinate inter-agency disaster
plans.

(4) During any threatened disaster alert or disaster emergency,
Regulations, Rules and By-laws made under this Act, other than
Regulations required under section 21 to be published in the
Gazette, may be published either -

ANTIGUA 22 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
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(a) by announcement in any television or wireless trans-
mission media licensed under the Telecornmunica-
tions Act for transmission and reception in Antigua
and Barbuda; or

(b) by notice affixed to the outside of every magistrate's
court and every police station located in the area to
which the Regulations apply.

(5) Publication under sub-section (3) shall be deemed to be
sufficient compliance, for the duration of any period of disaster
alert or disaster emergency, with any requirement of publication
under this Act or any other law.

(6) The means of authentication of Regulations published
under sub-section (3) shall, unless otherwise prescribed by Regu-
lations published in the Gazette, be -

(a) in the case of media announcements under sub sec-
tion (4) (a), the voice of the Prime Minister, a Perma-
nent Secretary, the Director or a Head of a Depart-
ment of Government;

(b) in the case of posted notices under sub-section (4)
(b), the actual or facsimile signature of the Prime
Minister, a Permanent Secretary, the Director or a
Head of a Department of Government.

Assaulting or ob- 36. Any person who assaults, obstructs, threatens or abuses
shutting the Direc- the Director, a hazard inspector, a shelter manager, a shelter of-
tor or a hazard in-
spector. ficer, a member of the Police Force or a member of the Antigua

and Barbuda Defence Force in the execution of his duty in rela-
tion to -

(a) the functions of a shelter manager or shelter officer
under section 10: or

(b) the functions of a hazard inspector under section 30;
or

(c) his functions under any Regulations, Rules or By-
laws made under this Act

commits an offence.

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37. (1) Any person who commits an offence under this Act or Penalties
any Regulations made under this Act shall be liable on summary
conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years, or both.

(2) Where particular provision is made by this Act or any
Regulations made under this Act for a lesser penalty than that
which would apply under this section, that lesser penalty shall
apply to the exclusion of the penalty which would otherwise be
applicable under this section.

(3) It shall be a defence to any charge of an offence under
Regulations which, at the time of the act charged as an offence,
had been published only in the manner pernlitted by section 35
(4), for the person charged to show that he did not see or hear an
announcement or see a notice or learn from credible sources that
the act charged constituted an offence.

38. Where an offence is created by this Act, any information Power to institute
against any person accused of committing that offence may be proceedings.
laid by the Director or a member of the Police Force.

39. The following Acts shall, with its necessary changes as Application of
may be made, be read as one with this Act - certain acts.

(a) The Ernergency Powers Act; Cap. 147.

(b) The Emergency Powers (Hurricane, Earthquake, Fire Cap. 148.
or Flood) Act

40. This Act binds the Crown. ~ c t binds Crown.

FIRST SCHEDULE
[Sections 15 (3), 18 (I)] 5(3) and

18(1)).

PUBLIC CONSULTATION PROCEDURE Ch. 19:Ol

1. Where a public consultation is to be held under the provi-
sions of this Act, the Prime Minister shall by Instrument in writ-
ing appoint a person to hold the public consultation on his be-
half.

2. The Prime Minister shall by regulation made under this Act
prescribe the procedures for holding public consultations under
this Act.

ANTIGUA 24 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. NO. 13 of 2002.
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3. The name of every person appointed to hold a public con-
sultation under this Schedule shall be published in the Gazette.

4. Notice shall be published in three issues of the Gazette and
of at least one newspaper published in Antigua and Barbuda of
the date appointed by the Prime Minister for the holding of a
public consultation under this Schedule, the first such notice
being not less than two weeks before the date so appointed.

5. The Director shall appear or be represented at every public
consultation under this Schedule.

6 . The person appointed under paragraph 1 may, for the pur-
poses of sections 15(4) and 18(2) of this Act, discharge the func-
tions under this Schedule simultaneously with those relating to
any public consultation which that person may have been ap-
pointed to hold under any other Act.

SECOND SCHEDULE
[Section 271

DISASTER ALERT ADVANCE SCHEDLWS

Column 1: Column 2:

Type of Disaster Disaster Alert Advance Schedules

Earthquakes

Drought

Fires

Floods

Hurricanes

Landslides or slope failures

Storm surges

Tsunamis or tidal waves

Volcanic eruptions and secondary effects

ChernicaVOil Spill

Aviation Disaster

Disasters of any type

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THIRD SC'HEDULE
[Section 281

AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING THE CARIBBEAN DLSI'ER EMERGENCY
RESPONSE AGENCY

THE STATES PARTIES:

CONSCIOUS that the fragile economies and ecosystems of Caribbean States are
extremely vulnerable to ndtural and man-made disasters;

RECALLING that during recent decades many Caribbean States have been ad-
versely affected by a succession of hurricanes, namely Barbados (1955); Cuba,
Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica and Haiti (1 964); Dominica and the Dominican Re-
public (1979); Saint Lucia, Haiti and Jamaica (1980) and Antigua and Barbuda, St.
Kitts and Nevis and Montserrat (1 989);

RECALLING FURTHER the volcanic eruptions in Martinique and St. Vincent and
the Grenadines (1902); Guadeloupe (1976); St. Vincent and the Grenadines (1979) as
well as the earthquakes in Jamaica (1902); Puerto Rico (191 8); the Dominican Re-
public (1 946) and Antigua and Barbuda (1 974);

MINDFUL that, from time to time, several States of the Caribbean are subject to
disastrous floods and landslides;

AWARE of the need to complement the initiatives of the Pan Caribbean Disaster
Preparedness and Prevention Project by establishing a mechanism among Carib-
bean States in order to facilitate immediate and co-ordinated assistance to States
participating therein in the event of a disaster;

HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:

Article I

Definitions

In this Agreement, unless the context otherwise requires -

"Caribbean" means the territories of Member Countries of the Pan Caribbean
Disaster Preparedness and Prevention Project;

"CARICOM means the Caribbean Community;

"Co-ordinator" means the Disaster Emergency Response Co-ordinator ap-
pointed pursuant to Article 7;

ANTIGUA 26 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
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"disaster" means a sudden or major event attributable directly and solely
either to the operation of the forces of nature or to human intervention or
to both of them and characterized by widespread destruction of lives or
property accompanied by extensive dislocation of public services, but
excluding events occasioned by war, military confrontation or misman-
agement;

"national relief organization" means the governmental agency charged with
responsibility for disaster relief management;

"Participating State" means a State party to this Agreement and "affected
Participating State" means such a State in the territory of which a disaster
has occurred;

"State" includes a dependent political entity of the Caribbean.

Article 2

Establishment of the Agency

The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency (herein-after referred to
as "the Agency") is hereby established with the membership, structure, powers
and functions herein set forth.

Article 3

Membership

Membership of the Agency shall be open to -

(a) the States listed in the Annex to this Agreement; and

(b) other States admitted to membership thereof in accordance with Article
32.

Article 4

Objectives

The Agency shall have the following objectives:

(a) to make an immediate and co-ordinated response by means of emer-
gency disaster relief to an affected Participating State;

No. 13 of2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 27 ANTIGUA
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(b) to secure, co-ordinate and channel to interested inter-governmental
and non-governmental organisations reliable and comprehensive in-
formation on disasters affecting a Participating State;

(c) to mobilise and co-ordinate disaster relief from governmental and non-
governmental organisations for affected Participating States;

(d) to mitigate or eliminate, as far as practicable, the immediate conse-
quences of disasters in Participating States;

(e) to promote the establishment, enhancement and maintenance on a sus-
tainable basis adequate emergency disaster response capabilities among
the Members of the Agency.

Article 5

Organs of the Agency

The Agency shall have the following Organs with the powers and functions
specified in this Agreement:

(a) the Council;

(b) the Board of Directors; and

(c) the Co-ordinating Unit.

Article 6

The Council

1. The Council shall consist of the Heads of Government of the Participating
States.

2. Every member of the Council shall be entitled to nominate any other person to
represent that member at meetings of the Council.

3. The Council shall meet in ordinary session at least once in every calendar year
and shall convene in extraordinary sessions at the request of three-quarters of the
membership of the Agency.

4. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 3 of this Article, the Council shall
regulate its own procedure.

ANTIGUA 28 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
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Article 7

Functions of the Council

The Council shall -

(a) determine the policy of the Agency;

(b) determine the organisation with whch the Agency may establish func-
tional relationships;

(c) appoint the Disaster Emergency Response Co-ordinator on the recom-
mendation of the Board of Directors;

(d) designate such national disaster relief organisations as it may deem
expedient as Sub-Regional Disaster Emergency Response Operational
Units with the prior consent of the Government of the Participating
State concerned;

(e) approve the budgets of the Agency and the contributions of Partici-
pating States thereto;

03 perform such other functions as it may deem necessary or expedient to
achieve the objectives of this Agreement.

Article 8

The Board of Directors

1. The Board of Directors shall consist of the heads of national disaster relief
organisations of Participating States, with the Co-ordinator as its Chairman.

2. The Chairman shall convene the meetings of the Board of Directors which
shall meet at least once in every calendar year. The Chairman shall convene extraor-
dinary meetings of the Board at the request of not less than one-half of its members.

3. Subject to the foregoing provisions, the Board of Directors shall regulate its
own procedure.

Article 9

Functions of the Board of Directors

The Board of Directors shall -

No. 13 of2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 29 ANTIGUA
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(a) establish procedures for mobilising national resources to provide as-
sistance in a timely and efficacious manner;

(b) establish a system for maintaining and sharing inventories of critical
resources likely to be needed by Participating States in the event of a
disaster;

(c) establish arrangements for rapidly accessing financial resources to
cover the cost of rnobilisation in the event of disaster in a Participating
State;

(d) establish and maintain systems for facilitating the movement of re-
sources originating in or transiting a Participating State having regard
to the requirements of immigration and customs authorities;

(e) establish pro forma lists of the llkely requirements of Participating States
in the event of disaster;

Cf) establish standards and procedures for the fair and equitable deploy-
ment of resources made available by Participating States in response to
a disaster;

(g) determine the standards and procedures for a phased triggering of the
disaster response mechanism;

(h) assess the contributions of Participating States to the administrative
budget of the Agency and the Emergency Assistance Fund referred to
in Article 25 and make recommendations to the Council;

(i) perform such other functions as the Council may determine.

Article 10

The Coordinating Unit

1. The Co-ordinating Unit shall be the administrative headquarters of the Agency
and it shall be located in such place as the Council shall decide.

2. The Co-ordinator shall be the Chief Administrative Officer of the Agency and
shall act in that capacity at all meetings of the Council.

3. The appointment of the Co-ordinator shall be for a term not exceeding five
years and he may be re-appointed.

ANTIGUA 30 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
AND

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4. The Co-ordinator shall make an annual report to the Council on the work of the
Agency.

5. The Co-ordinator shall appoint the staff of the Unit. In particular, he shall
appoint a Deputy Disaster Emergency Response Co-ordinator (hereinafter referred
to as "the Deputy Co-ordinator") who shall be appointed from among persons with
experience of, and shown capacity in, matters relating to emergency relief opera-
tions, social welfare or adminstration. The Deputy Co-ordiantor shall serve for a
period not exceeding two years and he may be re-appointed.

6. The paramount considerarion in the recruitment and appointment of staff in
the Co-ordinating Unit and in the determination of their conditions of service shall
be the need to ensure the highest standards of competence, efficiency and integ-
rity. Subject to this consideration, due regard shall be paid to the importance of
recruiting staff on as wide a geographical basis as possible.

7. In the performance of their duties the Co-ordinator and his staff shall not seek
or receive instructiuons from the Government of any Particpating State or from any
source external to the agency. They shall refrain from any action which may reflect
adversely on their positions as international officials responsible only to the Agency.

8. Participating States undertake to respect the international character of the
responsibilities of the Co-ordinator and his staff and not seek to influence them in
the discharge of their duties.

9. Subject to the approval of the Board of Directors, the Co-ordinator shall
establish the terms and conditions of service of the staff of the Co-ordinating Unit.

Article 11

Functions of the Coordinating Unit

In addition to any other functions which may be allocated to it by the Council or
the Board of Directors, the Co-ordinating Unit shall -

(a) develop and maintain a reliable damage assessment system and proce-
dures to facilitate rapid and effective evaluation of a national disaster;

(b) develop and maintain a comprehensive and reliable data base of key
relevant resources (persons, facilities, equipment supplies) and a sys-
tem for updating it;

(c) establish, equip and maintain an emergency operations system ca-
pable of handling emergency telecommunications and facilitating co-

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ordination of emergency responses involving many services, supplies
and facilities;

(d) establish and maintain an efficient and reliable system of cornrnunica-
tions with sub-regional operational focal points in order to facilitate the
mobilisation, deployment and co-ordination of disaster response sup-
plies and services;

(e) establish arrangements with regional airlines and shipping lines in or-
der to ensure access to their facilities on a priority basis in the event of
a disaster;

&I establish arrangements with regional media houses designed to ensure
the dissemination of reliable information on national disasters to the
public;

(g) establish arrangements with CARICOM Committees of Ambassadors
in various metropolitan centres in order to ensure the dissemination to
them of reliable information on national disasters in Member States and
to enlist their co-operation in mobilising disaster relief resources on a
timely and structured basis;

(h) establish and maintain a reliable system of communications with the
heads of national relief organisations and ensure that their disaster re-
sponse capabilities are maintained at agreed levels of operational effi-
ciency;

(i) establish and maintain relations with international relief organisations
in order to facilitate accessing of their resources in the event of a
disaster:

C;) mobilise and organise technical assistance from interested national
and international bodies to assist in the development of disaster re-
sponse capabilities of Participating States;

(k) provide a clearing house for relevant information and intelligence in all
matters relating to disasters including current research being under-
taken in all related regional institutions;

(1) on the basis of a distress call or on such other basis as may be agreed
and in consultation with, Sub-Regional Disaster Response Operational
Units, trigger the mechanism;

(m) provide assistance on request to the heads of national relief
organisations in the event of a disaster;

ANTIGUA 32 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
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(n) liaise with the disciplined forces of the sending States both in the
planning and response stage of any operation mounted after the acti-
vation of the triggering mechanism;

(0) review periodically disaster response capabilities of Participating States
and ensure that resources identified for the purpose are immediately
available in the event of disasters in Participating States;

(p) prepare the administrative and emergency budgets of the Agency for
submission to the Board of Directors.

Article 12

Sub-Regional Disaster Emergency Response Operational Units

1. Where, pursuant to Article 7(d), the Council has designated Sub-Regional
Disaster Emergency Response Operational Units, such bodies shall -

(a) acquire and maintain on an updated basis comprehensive information
on the facilities and services available in each of the Participating States
for which they bear responsibility;

(b) maintain and test on a regular basis communications with the Co-
ordinating Unit and with critical response agencies under the control
of national relief organisations;

(c) maintain independent fuel and power supplies and ensure that relevant
physical facilities are in a condition to withstand a major disaster;

(d) keep and maintain at the operational focal point in serviceable and
optimal working condition an equipment package containing essential
items determined by the Board of Directors, subject to the approval of
the Council.

2. In making a designation referred to in paragraph 1, the Council shall identify
the States for which the Sub-Regional Disaster Response Operational Unit con-
cerned shall have responsibility.

Article 13

Undertaking of Participating States

Without prejudice to the requirement to discharge any other obligations
assumed under or in connection with this Agreement, Participating States under
take -

No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 33 ANTIGUA
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to establish or maintain, as the case may be, national relief organisations
capable of responding swiftly, effectively and in a co-ordinated manner
to disasters in Participating States;

to establish emergency disaster planning groups and define national
policies and priorities in the event of disasters;

provide national relief organisations with adequate support including
named emergency co-ordinators, liaison officers with key Ministries,
emergency services, utilities and the like;

to task the named agencies (including the emergency services, Health
and Public Works) and their co-ordinators with specific functions and
responsibilities to ensure the development of an adequate response
capability to support national disaster action;

to define the role and functions of key agencies such as the Security
Services, Health and Public Works in disaster emergency response
management and establish a system for regular review of their proce-
dures for co-ordinated response;

establish and equip a suitable emergency operations centre capable of
handling emergency telecommunications and co-ordinating emergency
responses involving many services;

develop and maintain an emergency telecommunications system based
on the most appropriate technology to ensure the co-ordination of
emergency operations involving the emergency services mentioned
above as well as voluntary private sector services;

establish and strengthen procedures for coping with major disaster
threats and scenarios and review systems for testing the procedures
by drills and simulations;

to review and rationalise legal arrangements for disaster mitigation and
emergency action;

to review and catalogue past disaster events and list credible future
emergency event scenarios and identify and map areas with special
problems like floods prone and landslide prone areas;

to establish data bases of key resources, both human and material, and
a system for keeping them current and to computerise and integrate
them into an automated emergency information system;

ANTIGUA 34 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
AND

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(1) to develop, in collaboration with competent governmental agencies, an
emergency shelter policy and progranxne involving the full participa-
tion of local officials in community-based organisations;

(m) to develop and review a system for community participation, local
mobilisation and counter disaster action in the event of isolation:

(n) to develop strategies for loss reduction in the public and private sec-
tors focusing on vital economic activities and life-line activities like
water supply;

(0) to develop a system and procedures for damage assessment in order to
facilitate rapid and effective post impact evaluation;

(p) to develop and implement a comprehensive disaster public awareness,
information and education programme involving media houses, schools,
voluntary agencies and other institutions in order to ensure public
participation and community involvement in the disaster management
system;

(q) develop and implement appropriate training programmes for persons
involved in the disaster management system;

(7) identify and seek participation in bilateral and multilateral technical co-
operation programmes designed to develop disaster management ca-
pabilities;

(s) to identify, maintain in a state of readiness and make available irnrnedi-
ately on request by the Co-ordinator relevant material and human re-
sources in the event of disaster.

Article 14

Relations with Governmental and Non-governmental Institutions

1. The Agency may conclude agreements with Governmental, Inter-governmen-
tal and Non-governmental organisations or agencies in order to achieve the objec-
tives of the Agency.

2. Unless the Council decides otherwise, the Co-ordinator may negotiate and
conclude such Agreements on behalf of the Agency.

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Article 15

Disciplined Forces

1. Where, in response to a request for assistance by any Participating State,
members of the disciplined forces are despatched to any part of the territory of the
requesting State, the Co-ordinator shall, subject to the express prior agreement of
the competent authorities of the requesting State, .designate a Special Co-ordinator
from among the senior officers of such forces, acting after consultation with the
Chiefs of Staff or Commanding Officers of the disciplined forces concerned.

2. The Special Co-ordinator shall be charged with responsibility for co-ordinating
the disaster relief efforts of the disciplined forces despatched to the Participating
State concerned for the purpose.

3. No member of the disciplined forces shall be despatched to the territory of an
affected Participating State without the express prior consent of that State.

4. In the absence of a contrary agreement between the requesting State and the
sending State to that effect, members of the disciplined forces of the sending State
shall be under the control and disciplinary authority of their commanding officer.

Article 16

Direction and Control of Assistance

1. Subject to paragraph 2, the overall direction, control, co-ordination and super-
vision of assistance despatched to a requesting State shall be the responsibility
within its territory of the requesting State.

2. Where the assistance from a sending State involves personnel other than
disciplined forces, the sending State shall designate in consultation with the re-
questing State the person who should be in charge of, retain immediate operational
supervision over the personnel, equipment and supplies provided by it. The per-
son so designated shall exercise such supervision in co-operation with the compe-
tent authorities of the requesting State.

3. The requesting State shall provide to the extent of its capabilities local facili-
ties and services for proper and efficient administration of communications assis-
tance. In particular, the requesting State shall ensure that any ground stations
brought into its territory for the purpose of rendering assistance shall be duly
licensed to transmit and receive information in accordance with its domestic laws
and regulations.

ANTIGUA 36 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
AND

BARBUDA

4. In the absence of a contrary agreement, ownership of equipment and materials
despatched to the requesting State by a sending State during periods of assistance
shall be unaffected and their prompt return shall be ensured.

5. The requesting State shall ensure the protection of personnel, equipment and
materials brought into its territory for the purpose of rendering assistance in the
event of a disaster.

Article 17

Competent Authorities and Contact Points

1. In the absence of a contrary indication from Participating States the compe-
tent authority and contact point to make requests for and accept offers of assis-
tance in the event of a disaster shall be the head of the national relief organisation.

2. Contact points and a focal point within the Co-ordinating Unit shall be made
available continuously.

3. The Co-ordinating Unit shall regularly and expeditiously provide Participat-
ing States and relevant international organisations with the information referred to
in paragraphs 1 and 2.

Article 18

Confidentiality and Public Statements

1. Participating States shall request the confidentiality of any confidential infor-
mation becoming available to them in connection with assistance requested in the
event of a disaster. Such information shall be used exclusively for the purpose of
the assistance agreed upon.

2. The sending State shall use its best endeavours to co-ordinate with the
requesting State before releasing information to the public on the assistance pro-
vided in connection with a disaster.

Article 19

Costs of Providing Assistance

Except as may otherwise be agreed between them, the expenses incurred by a
sending State in providing assistance to a requesting State shall be defrayed by the
sending State.

No. 13 of2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 37 ANTIGUA
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Article 20

Termination of Assistance

1. The Co-ordinator shall, subject to paragraph 2, in consultation with the re-
questing State, determine the period of response to a disaster.

2. The requesting or sending State may, at any time, after appropriate consulta-
tion and by notification in writing request the termination of assistance provided or
received under this Agreement.

3. The Co-ordinating Unit shall regularly and expeditiously provide Participat-
ing States and relevant international organisations with the information referred to
in paragraphs 1 and 2.

Article 21

Privileges, Immunities and Facilities to be Accorded
a Sending State and its Personnel

1. The requesting State shall accord to personnel of the sending State and
personnel acting on its behalf the necessary privileges, immunities and facilities for
the performance of their functions in rendering assistance.

2. Subject to prior notification by the sending State and acceptance by the
requesting State of the personnel of the sending State or personnel acting on its
behalf, the requesting State shall -

(a) grant to such personnel immunity from arrest, detention and legal pro-
cess including criminal, civil and administrative jurisdiction of the re-
questing State, in respect of acts or omissions in the performance of
their functions in rendering assistance;

(b) grant to such personnel exemption from taxes, duties or other charges,
in respect of the performance of their functions in rendering assis-
tance, as is accorded to diplomatic personnel in accordance with inter-
national law;

(c) facilitate the entry into, stay in and departure from its territory of per-
sonnel so notified and accepted.

3. The requesting State shall -

ANTIGUA 38 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
AND

BARBUDA

(a) accord the sending State exemption from taxes, duties or other charges
on equipment and property brought into the territory of the requesting
State by the sending State for the purpose of rendering assistance;

(b) confer immunity from seizure, attachment or requisition of such equip-
ment and property and ensure their return to the sending State.

4. Nothing in this Article shall require the requesting State to accord its nation-
als or permanent residents the privileges and immunities provided for in paragraph
2 (b).

5. All persons enjoying privileges and immunities under this Article have a duty
to respect the law and regulations of the requesting State and shall not interfere in
the domestic affairs of the requesting State.

Article 22

Transit of Personnel, Equipment and Property

Participating States shall, at the request of the requesting State or the sending
State, take all measures, necessary to facilitate the transit through their territory of
duly notified personnel, equipment and property involved in rendering assistance
to and from the requesting State.

Article 23

Claims and Compensation

1. Participating States shall co-operate in order to facilitate the settlement of
legal proceedings and claims under this Article.

2. In the absence of a contrary agreement, the requesting State shall, in respect
of death or injury to persons, damage to or loss of property, or damage to the
environment caused within its territory or under its control or jurisdiction in the
course of providing the assistance requested -

(a) not bring any legal proceedings against the sending State or persons
or other legal entities acting on its behalf,

(b) assume responsibility for dealing with legal proceedings and claims
brought by third parties against the sending State or against persons
or other legal entities acting on its behalf except in cases of willful
misconduct or gross negligence;

No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 39 ANTIGUA
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(c) hold the sending State or persons or other legal entities acting on its
behalf hamiless in respect of legal proceedings referred to in subpara-
graph (b) hereof,

(d) compensate the sending State or persons or other legal entities acting
on its behalf for death or injury to personnel of the sending State or
persons or other legal entities acting on its behalf and for loss of or
damage to non-consumable equipment or materials related to the assis-
tance except in cases of willful misconduct or gross negligence by
individuals causing the death, injury or loss or damage.

3. Nothing in this Article shall be construed to prevent compensation or indem-
nity available under any applicable international agreement or national law of a
Participating State nor to require the requesting State to apply paragraph 2, in
whole or in part, to its nationals or permanent residents.

Article 24

The Administrative Budget

1. The Agency shall establish an administrative budget, the funds of which shall
be used to defray the ordinary expenses incurred in administering its affairs.

2 . Participating States shall contribute to the administrative budget in accor-
dance with a scale of assessment to be determined by the Board of Directors and
approved by the Council.

3. The administrative budget shall be established on a biennial basis and the Co-
ordinator shall cause the accounts of the Agency to be audited annually by exter-
nal auditors approved by the Board of Directors.

4. The report of the auditors shall be presented by the Co-ordinator to the Board
of Directors as soon as practicable for the consideration and approval of the Board.

5 . The Co-ordinator, with the approval of the Board of Directors, shall establish
financial regulations for the Agency.

Article 25

Emergency Assistance Fund

1. The Agency shall establish an Emergency Assistance Fund (hereinafter in
this Article referred to as "the Fund") whlch shall be used solely to defray expenses

ANTIGUA 40 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
AND

BARBUDA

incurred in connection with the rendering of assistance in the event of a disaster
occurring in a Participating State.

2. Participating States shall contribute to the Fund in accordance with a scale of
assessment to be determined by the Board of Directors and approved by the Coun-
cil.

3. The Co-ordinator may accept contributions to the Fund from sources external
to the Agency on such conditions as may be prescribed by them and agreed by the
Board of Directors but without discrimination as to the Participating States to
receive such assistance.

4. The Co-ordinator shall cause the accounts of the Fund to be audited annually
by the auditors referred to in paragraph 3 of Article 24.

5. Paragraph 4 of Article 24 shall apply for the purposes of the Fund.

Article 26

Privileges and Immunities of the Agency

1. The Agency shall have international legal personality and such legal capacity
as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfillment of its
objectives.

2. The Agency, its property and assets shall enjoy in the territories of the Partici-
pating States immunity from legal process except to the extent that the Agency
waives this immunity expressly in any particular case.

3. The property and assets of the Agency in Participating States wherever
located and by whomsoever held shall be immune from search, requisition, confis-
cation, appropriation or any other form of seizure by executive or legislative action.

4. The property and assets of the Agency shall be exempt from restrictions,
regulations, controls and moratoria of any kind.

5. The archives of the Agency, wherever located, shall be inviolable. Proprietary
data, confidential information and personnel records shall not be placed in archives
open to public inspection.

6. In respect of its official communications the Agency shall be accorded by
each Participating State treatment no less favourable than that accorded by that
State to other international organisations.

No. 13 of2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 41 ANTIGUA
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Article 27

Representatives and Staff of the Agency

Representatives of Participating States attending meetings of the Council of the
Board of Directors and the Co-ordinator and other staff of the Unit shall enjoy in the
territory of each Participating State -

(a) immunity from legal process with respect to acts performed by them in
the exercise of their functions, except to the extent that the State which
they represent or the Agency as appropriate expressly waives this
irnnlunity in any particular case;

(b) where they are not nationals of the Participating State, the same exemp-
tions from immigration restrictions, alien registration requirements and
national service obligations, the same facilities as regards exchange
restrictions and the same treatment in respect of travelling facilities as
are accorded by that Participating State to the representatives, officials
and employees of comparable rank of other Participating States.

Article 28

Exemptions from Taxes and Customs Duties

1. The Agency, its assets and property, its income, and its operations and trans-
actions within the contemplation of this Agreement, shall be exempt from all direct
taxation and goods imported or exported for its official use shall be exempt from all
customs duties. The Agency shall not claim exemption from taxes which are no
more than charges for services, rendered.

2. Where purchases of goods or services of substantial value necessary for the
official activities of the Agency are made by or on behalf of the Agency, and where
the price of such goods or services includes taxes or duties, appropriate measures
shall, to the extent practicable, be taken by Participating States to grant exemptions
from such taxes or duties or provide for their reimbursement.

3. Goods imported or purchased under an exemption provided for in this Article
shall not be sold or otherwise disposed of in the territory of the Participating State
granting the exemptions, except under conditions agreed with that Participating
Member State.

4. No tax shall be levied by Participating States or in respect of salaries and other
emoluments paid or any other form of payment made by the Agency to the Co-
ordinator and staff of the Agency as well as experts performing missions for the
Agency, not being their nationals.

ANTIGUA 42 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
AND

BARBUDA

Article 29

Suspension of Rights and Privileges of Membership \

1. A Participating State which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contri-
bution to the administrative budget of the Agency shall have no vote in the Council
or the Board of Directors if the amount of the arrears equals or exceeds the amount
of the contributions due from it for the preceding two financial years.

2. A Participating State which has grossly and persistently violated the obliga-
tions assumed under this Agreement may be suspended from the exercise of the
rights and privileges of membership by the Council.

3. A determination within the meaning of paragraph 2 shall be made by the
Council.

Article 30

Settlement of Disputes

In the absence of a contrary agreement between the parties concerned, all dis-
putes arising from or in connection with the interpretation or application of this
Agreement shall be settled by the Council.

Article 31

Signature and Ratification

The Agreement shall be open for signature by the States listed in the Annex to
this Agreement and shall be subject to ratification in accordance with their respec-
tive constitutional procedures.

Article 32

Entry into Force

1. This Agreement shall enter into force when Instruments of Ratification have
been deposited by at least seven of thestates listed in the Annex to this Agreement
including Barbados, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago.

2. Any other Caribbean State not listed in the Annex to this Agreement may
apply to become a member of the Agency. Applications for membership shall be
submitted to the Co-ordinating Unit. Admission to membership of the Agency shall
be determined by the Council on the recommendation of the Board of Directors.

No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 43 ANTIGUA
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3. A State admitted to membership in accordance with paragraph 2 shall deposit
an appropriate Instrument of Accession with the CARICOM Secretariat before
becoming entitled to enjoy the privileges of membership of the Agency.

Article 33

Depository

1. The original of this Agreement and any amendments thereto shall be depos-
ited with the CARICOM Secretariat.

2. The Secretary-General of CARICOM shall notify the Co-ordinating Unit of the
Agency of the deposit of Instruments of Ratification or Accession, as the case may
be.

Article 34

Amendments

1. Any Participating State may propose amendments to this Agreement.

2. Any proposal for an amendment to this Agreement shall be submitted to the
Co-ordinating Unit which shall transmit it to the Board of Directors with its com-
ments.

3. The Board of Directors shall consider the proposal together with the com-
ments of the Co-ordinating Unit and make a recommendation to the Council.

4. The Council shall consider the proposal for amendment and may adopt it with
such modifications as it deems necessary.

5. Amendments shall enter into force when ratified by all Participating States.

Article 35

Denunciations and Withdrawal

1. Any Participating State may denounce this Agreement and withdraw from the
Agency.

2. Any Participating State wishing to withdraw from the Agency shall give to the
Co-ordinating Unit twelve months' notice of its intention to do so and the Co-
ordinator shall immediately notify the other Participating States.

ANTIGUA 44 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of 2002.
AND

BARBUDA

3. The notice mentioned in paragraph 2 may be withdrawn a; any time prior to the
date on which withdrawal is to take effect.

4. A Participating State withdrawing from the Agency shall honour any financial
obligations duly assumed by it during the period of its membership.

Article 36

Provisional Application

1. Seven or more of the Participating States listed in the A~mex to this Agree-
ment including Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, may, upon signature, or at
any later date before this Agreement enters into force, deck .e their intention to
apply it provisionally.

2. Upon any such declaration, the Secretary-General of CARICOM shall con-
vene an inaugural meeting of the Council.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned representatives, being duly authorised
by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement -

Signed by V.C. Bird
For the Government of Antigua and Barbuda on 7th March, 199 1
at St. John's, Antigua

Signed by
For the Government of the Bahamas on 2nd July, 199 1
at Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis

Signed by L. Erskine Sandiford
For the Government of Barbados on 26th February, 199 1
at Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Signed by
For the Government of Belize on 26th February, 199 1
at Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Signed by
For the Government of the British Virgin Islands on
at

Signed by M. Eugenia Charles
For the Government of Dominica on
at

No. 13 of 2002. The Disaster Management Act, 2002. 45 ANTIGUA
AND

BARBUDA

Signed by Francis Alexis
For the Government of Grenada on 14.th May, 199 1
at Bridgetown, Barbados

Signed by
For the Government of Guyana on 2nd July, 199 1
at Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis

Signed by
For the Government of Jamaica on 26th February, 1991
at Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Signed by
For the Government of Montserrat on 4th March, 199 1
at Plymouth, Montserrat

Signed by
For the Government of St. Kitts and Nevis on 26th February, 1991
at Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Signed by
For the Government of Saint Lucia on 26th February, 199 1
at Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Signed by
For the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines on 14th May, 199 1
at Bridgetown, Barbados

Signed by A.N.R. Robinson
For the Government of Trinidad and Tobago on 26th February, 199 1
at Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

ANNEX

Antigua and Barbuda

The Bahamas

Barbados

Be&
British Virgin Islands

Dominica

Grenada

Guyana

ANTIGUA 46 The Disaster Management Act, 2002. No. 13 of2002.
AND

BARBUDA

Jamaica

Montserrat

St. Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and The Grenadines

Trinidad and Tobago

Passed in the House of Representatives Passed the Senate this 15th day of
h s 29th day of July, 2002. August, 2002.

B. Harris,
Speaker.

M. Percival,
President.

S. Walker, S. Walker,
Clerk to the House of Representatives. Clerk to the Senate.

Printed at the Government Printing Office, Antigua and Barbuda,
by Donovan Southwell, Government Printer

-By Authority, 2002
800 - 9.02 [ Price $1 7.65 ]