Co-Operative Societies Act, 2010

Link to law: http://laws.gov.ag/acts/2010/a2010-1.pdf

The Co-Operative Societies Act, 2010.pmd
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

THE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES ACT, 2010

No. 9 of 2010

[ Printed in the Official Gazette Vol. XXX No. 63
dated 11th November, 2010. ]

________
Printed at the Government Printing Office, Antigua and Barbuda,

by Paget Terry Acting, Government Printer
— By Authority, 2010.

800—11.10 [ Price $54.06 ]

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The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 3

THE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES ACT, 2010

ARRANGEMENT

Sections

1. Short title.
2. Interpretation.
3. Co-operative principles.

PART II
REGISTRATION OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

4. Requirement for registration.
5. Supervisor.
6. Register.
7. Supervisor’s regulatory powers.
8. Power to issue guidelines.
9. Certificate of Supervisor.
10. Power to refuse documents.
11. Verification of documents.
12. Application for registration.
13. Content of and amendment to bye-laws.
14. Effect of bye-laws.
15. Conditions for registration.
16. Registration of co-operative societies.
17. Effect of certificate of registration.
18. Capacity as body corporate.
19. Prohibition on carry on business contrary to bye-laws and law.
20. Registered office.
21. Maintenance of mandatory records.
22. Inspection and access to records.
23. Suspension and cancellation of registration.
24. Seal.
25. Pre-registration contracts.

PART III
MEMBERSHIP AND MEETINGS

26. Application and qualification for, and limitations on, membership.
27. Joint accounts.
28. Membership fees and membership register.

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29. Liability of past and present members.
30. Withdrawal of membership.
31. Termination of membership by Board.
32. Termination of membership by members.
33. Suspension of membership.
34. Appeal.
35. Re-admittance.
36. Voting rights of member who is not an individual.
37. Representatives of member who is not an individual.
38. Voting procedure.
39. Place of meetings.
40. Members not to exercise rights until due payment.
41. First general meeting.
42. Annual general meetings.
43. Special general meeting.
44. Meeting called by Supervisor.
45. Resolution in lieu of meeting.
46. Notice of meetings.
47. Fixing of record date.
48. Quorum.
49. Delegates.
50. Notice of motion.
51. Power to make bye-laws.
52. Effective date of bye-laws

PART IV
MANAGEMENT

53. Board of directors and Committees.
54. Officers.
55. Provisional directors and elected directors.
56. Powers of Board.
57. Committees generally.
58. Tenure of committees generally.
59. Credit committee.
60. Duties of credit committee.
61. Approval of loans.
62. Credit committee reports.
63. Removal of members of credit committee.
64. Removal of members of credit committee by Board.
65. Supervisory and compliance committee.
66. Duties, functions and powers of supervisory and compliance committee.

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67. Compliance officers.
68. Misappropriation and other contraventions of the Act.
69. Meetings of the supervisory and compliance committee.
70. Removal of member of supervisory and compliance committee.
71. Removal of member of supervisory and compliance committee by the committee.
72. Election of directors.
73. Tenure of directors.
74. Additional powers of Board.
75. Validity of acts of directors and officers.
76. Indemnification of directors and officers.
77. Duty of care of directors and officers.
78. Ambit of duty.
79. Liability of directors.
80. Misuse of confidential information.
81. Declaration of interests.
82. Disclosure of interests at meetings.
83. Pecuniary interests for the purposes of section 82.
84. Removal or exclusion of disability.
85. Meetings of directors generally.
86. Meetings by telephone, etc.
87. Attendance at meetings.
88. Organisational meeting of directors.
89. Director ceasing to hold office.
90. Removal of directors.
91. Notice of change of directors.
92. Declaration by directors and officers
93. Bonding.
94. Remuneration of directors.
95. Remuneration of officers and employees.

PART V
FINANCING

96. Shares.
97. Share capital.
98. Issue of shares.
99. Alteration of authorised capital.
100. Limitation on purchase of shares.
101. Transfer of shares generally.
102. Transfer of shares of member of unsound mind.
103. Transfer of share or interest on death of member.
104. Restrictions on transfer of shares.

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105. Conditions for the validity of transfer of shares.
106. Power of nomination.

PART VI
BUSINESS OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY

107. Marketing of produce through the co-operative society.
108. Creation of charge in favour of a co-operative society.
109. Execution and registration of charge.
110. Claims unaffected by charge.
111. Prior claims in favour of co-operative society.
112. Enforcement of charge.
113. Assignment of charge.
114. Bond as additional security for charge.
115. Lien on shares.
116. Deductions applied to loans and shares.
117. Purchase of shares.
118. Prohibition on purchase of shares.
119. Compulsory sale of shares.

PART VII
PROPERTY AND FUNDS OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY

120. Investment of funds.
121. Loan by credit union.
122. Prohibited loans.
123. Receipt of loans and deposits.
124. Receipt of deposits from minors.
125. Allocation of surplus.
126. Development fund.
127. Pension fund.
128. Charitable contributions.
129. Dividends or bonus.

PART VIII
FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE AND AUDIT

130. Annual financial statement.
131. Approval of financial statements.
132. Providing financial statements.
133. Auditor’s qualifications.
134. Disqualifying auditor.

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135. Appointment of auditor.
136. Cessation of office.
137. Removal of auditor.
138. Filling vacancy of auditor.
139. Auditor appointed by Supervisor.
140. Auditor’s right to notice.
141. Required notice.
142. Auditor’s right to comment.
143. Examination by auditor.
144. Auditor’s right to inspect.
145. Error or misstatement.
146. Privilege of auditor.
147. Annual, monthly and special returns.

PART IX
RECONSTRUCTION OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

148. Methods of reconstruction.
149. Conversion.
150. Effect of certificate of registration.
151. Amalgamation of co-operative societies.
152. Transfer of assets of co-operative societies.
153. Claims of objecting creditors.
154. Division of co-operative society.
155. Effect of registration of new co-operative societies.

PART X
RECEIVERS AND RECEIVER-MANAGERS

156. Appointment of receiver or receiver-manager.
157. Functions of receiver.
158. Functions of receiver-manager.
159. Cessation of Board’s powers.
160. Duty of receiver or receiver-manager.
161. Directions by court.
162. Directions by Supervisor.
163. Required actions of receiver.

PART XI
DISSOLUTION

164. Dissolutions by members.

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165. Notice of dissolution by members.
166. Dissolution by Supervisor.
167. Dissolution for failure to account for business transacted.
168. Dissolution by Court.
169. Revival of dissolved co-operative society.
170. Appointment of liquidator.
171. Commencement of liquidation.
172. Cessation of business.
173. General provisions respecting liquidators.
174. Duties of liquidator.
175. Powers of liquidator.
176. Limitation on liability of liquidator.
177. Costs of liquidation.
178. Closure of liquidation.
179. Custody of records.
180. Remuneration of liquidator.
181. Continuation of actions.
182. Unknown claimant or members.
183. Power of Supervisor to surcharge.
184. Appeal against surcharge.
185. Application of Part XI.

PART XII
EXAMINA TIONS AND INVESTIGATIONS

186. Examinations.
187. Investigations.
188. Investigations by Court.
189. Court order.
190. Powers of investigator.
191. Hearing in camera.
192. Incriminating statements.
193. Absolute privilege respecting statements.

PART XIII
DISPUTES

194. Settlement of disputes.
195. Co-operative Societies Appeals Tribunal.
196. Case stated on question of law.
197. Enforcement of award and recovery of loans.

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PART XIV
SPECIALISED CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

CREDIT UNIONS

198. Functions of Supervisor, immunity, sanctions and corrective action.
199. Restrictions.
200. Liquid assets.
201. Loan loss provisions.
202. Loan approval.
203. Security for loans.
204. Loan limits.
205. Reporting loans.
206. Interest on loans.
207. Acceptance of deposits.
208. Credit union and trusts.

CONSUMERS CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES
AND HOUSING CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

209. Restrictions on directorship.
210. Relationship with members.
211. Bye-laws.
212. Amendment of bye-laws.
213. No dividend on share capital.
214. Right to possession terminated.
215. Abandoned goods.

INDUSTRIAL CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

216. Membership.
217. Bye-laws.
218. Restriction on registration.
219. Bonus based on labour.
220. Employees may not be directors.

PART XV
APEX BODY

221. Establishment and constitution of apex body.
222. Functions.
223. Officers.
224. Consultation by Supervisor.

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PART XVI
OFFENCES

225. Corrupt practices and bribery.
226. Falsely obtaining property of co-operative society.
227. Failure to comply with Act.
228. Dealing in property subject to charge.
229. Offences with respect to reports.
230. Contravention of Act.
231. Use of words “credit union” “co-operative”.
232. Court order to comply.
233. Limitation.
234. Preservation of civil remedy.

PART XVII
MISCELLANEOUS

235. Interpretation.
236. Execution and filing.
237. Waiver of notice.
238. Certificate of co-operative society.
239. Documents.
240. Alteration.
241. Rectification and correction.
242. Exemption from stamp duty and other taxes.
243. Limitation jurisdiction.
244. Proof of entry in books and other documents.
245. Immunity of Supervisor and staff.
246. Abandoned property in credit union.
247. Regulations.

PART XVIII
TRANSITIONAL

248. Interpretation.
249. Existing directors and officers.
250. Co-operative societies, etc., registered under the former Act.
251. Repeal.

Schedule
SCHEDULE Constitution and Procedure of the Co-operative Societies Appeals Tribunal.

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[ L.S.]

I Assent,

Louise Lake-Tack,
Governor-General.

13th October, 2010.

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

THE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES ACT, 2010

No. 9 of 2010

AN ACT to provide for the registration, supervision, governance, operation and management of
co-operative societies, the members of which have a common bond of philosophy and socio-eco-
nomic objectives, and for incidental and connected purposes.

ENACTED by the Parliament of Antigua and Barbuda as follows:

1. Short title

This Act may be cited as the Co-operative Societies Act, 2010 and shall come into operation on a
date that the Minister may by Notice publish in the Gazette.

2. Interpretation

In this Act—

“amendment”, in relation to bye-laws, includes the making of a new bye-law and the alternation,
substitution or revocation of a bye-law;

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“apex body” means a body established under section 221;
“associate” means—

(a) immediate relatives of persons including a spouse or children (including step-children)
and their spouses, a parent, brother or sister;

(b) any co-operative society which holds 20% or more of a co-operative society’s shares in
accordance with section 100 of this Act;

(c) any company or co-operative society in which the co-operative society holds twenty per
cent or more of shares to which voting rights are attached;

(d) a member of the Board or a committee, an employee of a co-operative society, or a busi-
ness partner; or

(e) any company or co-operative society over which a co-operative society has control;

notwithstanding that at the relevant time any of the persons in question, not being individuals, have
not yet come into existence or have ceased to exist;

“Board” means the Board of directors or other directing body, by whatever name called, to
whom the management of the affairs of a co-operative society is entrusted;

“bonus” means a share of the profits of a co-operative society divided among its members in
proportion to the volume of business done with the co-operative society by them from which the
profits of the co-operative society were derived;

“bye-laws” means the registered bye-laws made by a co-operative society under this Act and
includes a registered amendment of the bye-laws;

“capital base” means—

(a) paid up capital being qualifying and equity shares paid up in cash and invested as risk
capital by the members and forming a permanent part of the capital of the co-operative
society and which are redeemable only upon transfer to another member; and

(b) institutional capital;

less any amount by which that total has become impaired by operating or other losses;

“CARICOM Member State” means a Member State of the Caribbean Community established by
the Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas signed at Nassau, The Bahamas on 5 July 2001;

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“central co-operative society” means a co-operative society whose membership comprises co-
operative societies providing technical and other services;

“central credit union” means a credit union whose membership comprises principally other credit
unions and generally provides liquidity services, deposit facilities and investment opportuni-
ties to members;

“Commission” means Board of the Financial Services Regulatory Commission established under
Section 316 of the International Business Corporations Act, Cap. 222.

“consumers’ co-operative society” means a co-operative society whose primary purpose is to
purchase, procure, process, manufacture, exchange, hire or deal in goods or services for sale at
retail to its members who are to be the ultimate users or consumers of those goods and services;

“co-operative society” means a self-help, collectively owned and democratically controlled busi-
ness enterprise registered under this Act, which consists of a group of people that provides
socially desirable and economically beneficial services to its participating members on a joint
action and not-for-profit basis;

“credit union” means a co-operative society organised by a group of people with a shared field of
membership for provident and productive purposes and providing cooperatively pooled finan-
cial services to its members, including savings and lending business;

“delinquent loan” means a loan where a borrower has defaulted on the agreed terms of repayment;

“deposit” means a sum of money paid on terms—

(a) under which the sum will be repaid, with or without interest or a premium, and either on
demand or at a time or in circumstances agreed by or on behalf of the person making the
payment and the person receiving it; and

(b) which are not referable to the provisions of property or services or to the giving of
security;

and for the purposes of this definition, money is paid on terms which are referable to the provision of
property or services or the giving of security if—

(i) it is paid by way of advance or part payment for the sale, hire or other provision of
property or services of any kind and is repayable only in the event that the property
or services is or are not in fact sold, hired or otherwise provided;

(ii) it is paid by way of security for payment for the provision of property or services of
any kind provided or to be provided by the person by whom or on whose behalf the
money is accepted; or

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(iii) it is paid by way of security for the delivery up or return of any property, whether in
a particular state of repair or otherwise;

“deposit guarantee’ means an insurance policy or fund that guarantees the return of funds in a
credit union against loss in the event that the institution fails;

“director”, means a member of a co-operative who is elected in accordance with section 72;

“dividend” means a share of the surplus of a co-operative society divided among its members in
proportion to the equity share capital held by them;

“doubtful loan” means a loan that is twelve or more months in default;

“equity shares” constitutes the common stock or risk capital in addition to qualifying shares
purchased by individual and institutional members as their ownership stake in the safety,
soundness and competitiveness of their co-operative society;

“Financial Services Regulatory Commission” means the Financial Services Regulatory Commis-
sion established under section 316 of the International Business Corporations Ac , Cap. 222;

“guidelines” means the guidelines issued under section 8;

“housing charges” means the fee charged by a housing co-operative society to its members to
cover the costs of providing housing accommodation;

“housing co-operative society” is a co-operative society that owns real estate and where each
shareholder in the society is granted the right to occupy one housing unit.

“housing unit” means housing accommodation intended for individual or family use;

“industrial co-operative society” means a co-operative society whose primary purpose is to oper-
ate an enterprise in which its members are the workers necessary for the operation;

“institutional capital” means the aggregate of a co-operative society’s—

(a) statutory or other non-distributable general reserves;

(b) earnings retained after distribution of surplus; and

(c) such other funds which may be received by way of non-refundable donations for no
specified purpose which are not available for distribution;

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“legal representative” in relation to a co-operative society, member or other person means a person
who stands in place of and represents the co-operative society, member or other person and
includes a trustee, executor, administrator, assignee, or receiver of the co-operative society,
member or other person;

“member” includes a person or co-operative society joining in the application for the registration
of a co-operative society, and a person or co-operative society admitted to membership after
registration in accordance with this Act and the bye-laws;

“Minister” means the Minister responsible for Finance;

“minor” means an individual under the age of fourteen years;

“officer” includes a president, vice president, secretary, reasurer, director or other person empow-
ered under this Act or bye-laws to give directions in regard to the business of a co-operative
society;

“PEARLS” means the International Prudential and Operating Standards and Monitoring System as
produced and approved by the World Council of Credit Unions in respect of protection, asset
quality, rates of return and costs, liquidity and signs of growth;

“prescribed” means prescribed in the Regulations;

“primary co-operative society” means a co-operative society that is owned by individual members;

“qualifying shares” means the mandatory, non-withdrawable minimum shares to be purchased by
an approved applicant to be admitted and to enjoy the full rights and privileges of becoming a
member of a co-operative society;

“Register” means the Register to be kept by the Supervisor of Co-operative Societies;

“Regulations” means the Regulations made pursuant to section 247;

“secondary co-operative society” means a co-operative society that is owned by an association of
primary co-operative societies;

“security” when issued by a co-operative society—

(a) means a share or a debt obligation of a co-operative society; and

(b) includes a certificate confirming the share or debt obligation;

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“security interest” means an interest in or charge on the property of a co-operative society by way
of a mortgage, charge, hypothec pledge or other obligation taken by a creditor to secure pay-
ment of a debt of the co-operative society;

“special resolution” means a resolution—

(a) at least ten days’ notice of which has been given specifying the intention to propose the
resolution as a special resolution, that is passed by a majority of at least three-fourths of
the members or delegates of a co-operative society who voted at a general meeting with
respect to that resolution; or

(b) at least ten days’ notice of which has been given that is approved by written affirmative
vote of at least three-fourths of the members of the co-operative society who—

(i) voted on that resolution within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner;

(ii) cast a written vote in the manner and within the time specified in the notice; or

(iii) that is consented to in writing by all of the members or delegates of the co-operative
society who are entitled to vote at a general meeting on that resolution;

“stabilisation fund” means a facility to provide technical assistance, advice and limited financial
assistance to credit unions that are experiencing solvency problems or are insolvent; and

“statutory reserves” means the reserves established under section 125;

“Supervisor” means the Supervisor of Co-operatives appointed under Section 5(1);

“tertiary co-operative society” means a co-operative society that is owned by an association of
secondary co-operative societies;

“Tribunal” means the Co-operative Societies Appeals Tribunal established under section 195;

3. Co-operative principles

(1) For the purposes of this Act, a co-operative society conforms to co-operative principles if—

(a) each member or delegate, other than in a secondary or tertiary co-operative society, has
no more than one vote;

(b) no member or delegate is entitled to vote by proxy;

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(c) its membership is open, voluntary and available without any artificial restriction or any
unlawful basis of discrimination, to any person who can use its services and is willing to
accept the responsibility of membership;

(d) its business is carried on primarily as an economic activity for the benefit of its members;

(e) its primary concerns are its institutional capacity and financial strength, including ad-
equate reserves, retained earnings and internal systems designed to ensure continuous
growth and service to members;

(f) it utilises any surplus or savings arising out of its operations—

(i) to strengthen its business;

(ii) to provide or improve common services to its members;

(iii) for the payment of dividends on equity shares purchased by its members;

(iv) for distribution among its members in proportion to the business done by each
member with the co-operative society;

(v) to educate its members, employees, directors, committee members and the general
public in the principles and techniques of economic and democratic cooperation;
and

(vi) for non-profit, charitable, benevolent or cultural purposes;

(g) it pursues co-operation with other co-operative societies;

(h) it provides for continuing education and training; and

(i) it contributes to the social and economic development of its community.

(2) A co-operative society shall conform to the co-operative principles set out in section 3(1).

PART II
REGISTRATION OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

4. Requirement for registration

(1) A person shall not carry on the business of a co-operative society unless it is registered in
accordance with this Act.

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(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offe ce and is liable on conviction to a
fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three
years.

5. Supervisor

(1) There shall be a Supervisor of Co-operative Societies who shall be appointed by the Financial
Services Regulatory Commission and whose duty shall be to regulate co-operative societies and
who shall be responsible for the administration of this Act.

(2) The Supervisor of Co-operatives shall be a person who holds qualifications in the administra-
tion of co-operatives, accounting, finance and has had not less than seven years of professional
experience in the related field.

(3) The Supervisor shall be assisted by professional and administrative staff, and may delegate
duties to any other person or agent under his control as is necessary to enable the Supervisor to
perform his regulatory duties and to exercise the powers conferred on the Supervisor under this
Act.

(4)The Supervisor shall—

(a) register all viable co-operative societies;

(b) inspect and monitor all co-operative societies;

(c) supervise and regulate all co-operative societies; and

(d) lead and manage the regulatory process.

6. Register

The Supervisor shall—

(a) in the case of co-operative societies other than credit unions, keep and maintain a register
to be known as the “Register of Co-operative Societies” in which shall be recorded the
details of all co-operative societies registered under this Part; or

(b) in the case of credit unions, keep and maintain a register to be known as the “Register of
Credit Unions” in which shall be recorded the details of all credit unions registered under
this Part.

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7. Supervisor’s regulatory powers

(1) Where—

(a) after an examination of a co-operative society or on the receipt of any information, the
Supervisor is of the opinion that the funds of the co-operative society are not being
properly managed or protected; or

(b) the Supervisor has reason to believe that a co-operative society is likely to take any
action that would affect the financial soundness of the co-operative society, the Supervi-
sor may, after he obtains the approval of the Commission in writing —

(i) by notice in writing, direct the Board within such period as the Supervisor may
specify, to cease such action or such practice as the Supervisor may specify or to
take such measures as the Supervisor considers necessary to protect the funds of
the co-operative society or the interests of the co-operative society’s members;
and

(ii) place a co-operate society under administrative supervision and appoint a person
who, in the Supervisor’s opinion and who has been approved by the Commission,
has the necessary experience and training to supervise or advise the co-operative
society on the action to be taken to remedy the situation.

(2) A person appointed under subsection (1) (b) (ii) shall hold ofice for a period not exceeding
twelve months and on such terms as the Supervisor, with the approval of the Commission, shall
specify.

(3) A person appointed under subsection (1) (b) (ii) may be paid such remuneration as the Super-
visor with the approval of the Commission, may determine, and such remuneration, and any other
expenses of and incidental to the appointment, shall be defrayed out of the funds of the co-
operative society.

(4) Notwithstanding sections 23 and 227 of this Act, where it appears to the Supervisor that a
requirement in this Act or the bye-laws is being contravened, but the circumstances are not such
as to justify the taking of action under section 227 or the suspension of registration under section
23, the Supervisor may give such directives to the co-operative society or person, as seems
appropriate.

(5) A director, committee member, employee or agent of a co-operative society shall at all times give
all information required by a person appointed under subsection (1) (b) ii , for the full and satisfac-
tory performance of his duties; and for this purpose section 186 shall apply as if any reference
therein to the Supervisor included a reference to a person appointed under subsection (1) (ii).

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(6) A person appointed under subsection (1) (b) (ii) shall report to the Supervisor, in such manner
and with such frequency as the Supervisor may direct, on the affairs of the co-operative society.

(7) A co-operative society or a person that is required to take any action under this section, may
within twenty-one days of the service of the notice by the Supervisor, make representation in writing
to the Supervisor as to why the action required should not be taken.

(8) Where the co-operative society fails to comply with the notice referred to in subsection (1)(a)(i),
after giving the Board the opportunity to be heard in a general meeting called by the Supervisor for the
purpose, the Supervisor may, fter obtaining approval from the Commission—

(a) remove from office; or

(b) suspend from office for such period as the Supervisor considers appropriate;

all or any of the directors of the co-operative society and direct that the co-operative society be
managed by such persons as he may appoint for a period not exceeding fifteen months.

(9) Where a director is suspended under this section, the remaining directors shall be regarded as
constituting the Board.

(10) Where all the directors are removed under this section, persons appointed under this section
shall exercise all the powers and perform all the functions of a duly constituted Board and shall make
arrangements prior to the end of their term of management for the election of a new Board in accor-
dance with the bye-laws of the co-operative society.

8. Power to issue guidelines

(1) The Supervisor may, after consultation with co-operative societies, issue guidelines in respect
of—

(a) prudential standards to be observed by co-operative societies to ensure the safety and
soundness of the funds of co-operative societies;

(b) the management and investment of the funds of co-operative societies;

(c) the calculation and management of doubtful and delinquent loans;

(d) self insurance arrangements; and

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(e) anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism;

and in the case of credit unions, the guidelines issued under this subsection shall be consistent with
PEARLS.

(2) Where the Supervisor intends to make any substantive modification to the guidelines, the
Supervisor shall consult with co-operative societies.

(3) The Supervisor shall—

(a) make the guidelines and all amendments to the guidelines available for inspection by the
public; and

(b) on payment of any prescribed fee, provide copies of the guidelines and all amendments
thereto to the public.

(4) The Supervisor shall, at such intervals as the Supervisor determines, review any guidelines for
the time being in force.

(5) The Supervisor shall publish the guidelines issued under this section and any amendment to
the guidelines in the Gazette.

9. Certificate of Supervisor

(1) The Supervisor may issue a person with a certificate stating that—

(a) a document required to be sent to the Supervisor has or has not been received by the
Supervisor;

(b) a name, whether that of a co-operative society or not, is or is not on the Register; and

(c) a name, whether that of a co-operative society or not, was or was not on the Register on
a stated date.

(2) The Supervisor of Co-operatives shall sign a certificate issued under this section.

(3) The signature required under subsection (2) may be printed or mechanically reproduced on the
certificate.

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(4) A certificate mentioned in subsection (2) is admissible in evidence as conclusive proof of the
facts stated in the certificate without proof of the office or signature of the person purporting to have
signed the certificate.

10. Power to refuse documents

(1) The Supervisor may refuse to receive, file or register any document that in his opinion—

(a) contains any matter contrary to law;

(b) has not, by reason of any omission or error in description, been properly completed;

(c) does not comply with the requirements of this Act;

(d) contains any error, alteration or erasure;

(e) is not legible; or

(f) is not durable.

(2) The Supervisor may request in respect of a document refused under subsection (1)—

(a) that it be amended or completed and resubmitted; or

(b) that a new document be submitted in its place.

11. Verification of documents

The Supervisor may require that a document or information contained in a document required by this
Act to be sent to the Supervisor be verified by affidavit or otherwise.

12. Application for registration

(1) Subject to subsection (2), an application for registration of a co-operative society under this
Part shall be submitted to the Supervisor in the prescribed form and in such manner as the Supervisor
may determine.

(2) An application under subsection (1) shall be signed—

(a) in the case of a co-operative society of which no member is registered as a co-operative
society, by at least one-third of the total membership of the co-operative society;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 23

(b) in the case of a co-operative society where not all members of the co-operative society are
registered co-operative societies, by at least three-quarters of the total membership of the
co-operative society; and

(c) in the case of a co-operative society where all the members are registered as co-operative
societies, on behalf of at least two such co-operative societies.

(3) An application under subsection (1) shall be accompanied by—

(a) three copies of the proposed bye-laws of the co-operative society;

(b) the prescribed application fee; and

(c) such other information in respect of the co-operative society as the Supervisor may
require.

13. Content of and amendment to bye-laws

(1) A co-operative society shall include in its bye-laws provisions—

(a) respecting its objects, core business, conditions of membership and conditions for nomi-
nation as an officer, including—

(i) the rights of joint members, if any;

(ii) the qualification for membership, the withdrawal of members and the transfer of
membership;

(iii) the amount of the membership fee and the annual subscription, if any, to be paid by
members;

(iv) the conditions on which membership ceases or may be terminated, the disposition
that may be made on cessation or termination of a member’s interest and the deter-
mination of the value of the member’s interest; and

(v) the minimum value of equity shares that may be held by each member;

(b) respecting voting rights and the rights of making, amending and repealing bye-laws, the
right of a member to vote by ballot and the manner, fo m and effect of votes at meetings;

(c) respecting the quorum for meetings;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201024

(d) respecting directors, officers and members of the committees of directors—

(i) their qualifications, terms of office and removal;

(ii) the filling of vacancies; and

(iii) their powers and duties;

(e) respecting the address of the co-operative society;

(f) respecting the distribution of the property of the co-operative society on dissolu-
tion;

(g) respecting the borrowing powers of the co-operative society and the procedure for exer-
cising those powers; and

(h) respecting any matters, in addition to those set out in paragraphs ( ) to (g) that the
members may consider necessary or desirable.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), where the bye-laws require a greater number of votes of directors or
members than that required by this Act to efect any action, the bye-laws shall prevail.

(3) The bye-laws may not require a greater number of votes of members to remove a director than
the number required for a special resolution.

(4) Subject to this Act and the bye-laws, the members of a co-operative society may, at an annual
general meeting or a special meeting, amend the bye-laws by special resolution if notice of the
proposed amendment together with notice of the meeting—

(a) by sending the notice by mail to the members, at the addresses given in the register of
members; or

(b) by publishing the notice in not less than two issues of a newspaper published and
circulated in Antigua and Barbuda, or by posting the notice in a place or through a
medium of communication that, as stipulated in the bye-laws and in the opinion of the
Board, is prominent and accessible to members.

(5) An amendment to the bye-laws shall be submitted by the co-operative society to the Supervisor
for registration in accordance with subsection (6) and no amendment shall be valid until it has been
registered.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 25

(6) An application to register an amendment of the bye-laws shall be accompanied by three copies
of the amendment certified to be true copies by the secretary and president of the co-operative society
together with a copy of the resolution.

(7) On being satisfied that an amendment of the bye-laws is not contrary to this Act or the
guidelines, the Supervisor shall register the amendment.

(8) On registration of an amendment of the bye-laws of a co-operative society, the Supervisor shall
send to the co-operative society a certified copy of the amendment, which shall be conclusive evi-
dence of the fact that the amendment has been duly registered.

(9) If the Supervisor refuses to register an amendment—

(a) the Supervisor shall notify the co-operative society in writing of the refusal, the reasons
for the refusal and of the co-operative society’s right to appeal under paragraph (b); and

(b) the co-operative society may, within twenty-one days of the notice of refusal, appeal to
the Tribunal.

14. Effect of bye-laws

The bye-laws of a co-operative society when registered bind the co-operative society and its mem-
bers to the same extent as if they—

(a) had been signed and sealed by the co-operative society and by every member; and

(b) contained covenants on the part of each member and the legal representative of each
member to observe the bye-laws.

15. Conditions for registration

(1) A co-operative society shall not be registered, or having been registered, shall not continue to
be registered under this Part—

(a) unless its membership consists—

(i) in the case of a credit union, of not less than fifty members;

(ii) in the case of any other co-operative society, of not less than fifteen members;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201026

(b) unless it is economically viable and has provision for equity capital expansion and con-
tinuous business growth;

(c) unless there is conformity among its membership with all the co-operative principles as
set out in section 3;

(d) unless the word “Co-operative” or “Credit Union” as the case may be forms part of the
name of the co-operative society, and, in the case of a co-operative society registrable
under subsection (2), the words “Junior Cooperative” form part of the name of the co-
operative society;

(e) in the case of a co-operative society to be registered with limited liability—

(i) unless the word “Limited” is the last word of the name of the co-operative society;
and

(ii) in the case of a primary co-operative society, unless each member of the primary co-
operative society is a shareholder and has one vote in the democratic proceedings
of the co-operative society;

(f) if the name of the co-operative society is identical to that of another co-operative society
or so nearly resembles the name of another co-operative society as to be likely to mislead
the members of the public as to its identity;

(g) unless it has and maintains an address in Antigua and Barbuda to which all notices and
communications may be sent;

(h) unless its bye-laws conform to this Act;

(i) unless it complies with the guidelines issued under section 8;

(j) unless its policies in respect of shares, loans, deposits and investments are documented
and comply with this Act; and

(k) unless, within sixty days after the issue of the certificate of registration, the co-operative
society paints or affixes its registered name in letters that are easily legible in a conspicu-
ous position on the outside of the place where the business of the co-operative society is
carried on;

(l) unless it has commenced business within ninety days of its registration under this Act;

(m) unless it complies with this Act and its Regulations, the Money Laundering (Prevention)
Act and its Regulations and the Prevention of Terrorism Act and its Regulations.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 27

(2) The Supervisor may register as a junior co-operative a co-operative society whose membership
consists solely of members of a school, club or cultural organisation who are under the age of fourteen
years.

(3) In the determination of the viability of an applicant or existing co-operative society the Super-
visor may have regard to—

(a) the demand for the proposed or current services;

(b) the capital base of the co-operative society;

(c) the co-operative society’s membership and business size, growth and growth potential;
and

(d) the capacity of the co-operative society to sustain management and audit costs.

(4) A registered cooperative society shall implement suitable measures, procedures and policies to
counter money laundering and to combat the financing of terrorism.

(5) Notwithstanding the generality of subsection (4), every registered cooperative society shall, in
addition to complying with the provisions of this Act made under this Act, also comply with the
following:

(a) the Money Laundering (Prevention) Act, 1996 No. 9 of 1996 and its Regulations

(b) the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2005 No. 12 of 2005 and its Regulations

(c) the Proceeds of Crime Act, 1993 No. 13 of 1993 and its Regulations

(d) guidelines issued by the Commission; and

(e) any other relevant legislation promoting good governance, financial accountability and
made to safeguard against money laundering and financing of terrorist activity.

16. Registration of co-operative societies

(1) Where the Supervisor is satisfied that an application has been made in accordance with this
Act and he receives the approval of the Commission for the registration of the co-operative society,
the Supervisor shall, within three months of the receipt of the application, register the co-operative
society and its bye-laws and issue the co-operative society with a certificate of registration in the
prescribed form.

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(2) The name under which a co-operative society is registered under this Act shall be published in
the Gazette and shall be noted in the Register.

(3) Where the Supervisor refuses to register a co-operative society, the Supervisor shall give the
applicant reasons in writing for the refusal.

17. Effect of certificate of registration

(1) Except for a co-operative society that is to be taken to be registered under section 250, a co-
operative society comes into existence on the date shown in its certificate of registration.

(2) A certificate of registration issued by the Supervisor to a co-operative society is conclusive
proof that the co-operative society named in the certificate is registered under this Act and has
complied with all the requirements of registration under this Act.

18. Capacity as body corporate

The registration of a co-operative society renders it a body corporate and, subject to this Act and its
bye-laws, it shall have the capacity, rights, powers and privileges of a body corporate.

19. Prohibition on carrying on business contrary to bye-laws and law

A co-operative society shall not—

(a) carry on a business or exercise a power that is restricted or prohibited by its bye-laws or
by any law in force in Antigua and Barbuda; or

(b) exercise any of its powers in a manner contrary to its bye-laws.

20. Registered office

(1) A co-operative society shall at all times establish and maintain a registered offic and the
address of such office shall be specified in the bye-laws.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the directors of a co-operative society may change the address of the
registered office.

(3) A co-operative society shall inform the Supervisor of an intention to change the address of its
registered office at least one month prior to the change being made.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 29

21. Maintenance of mandatory records

(1) A co-operative society shall display its certificate of registration at its registered office at all
times.

(2) A co-operative society shall make available at all reasonable times at its registered of-
fice—

(a) a copy of this Act and the Regulations;

(b) a copy of its bye-laws;

(c) the register of members;

(d) the minutes of all meetings and resolutions of its members;

(e) copies of all notices of directors and notices of change of directors;

(f) a register of its directors setting out the names, addresses and occupations of all persons
who are or have been directors of the co-operative society with the dates on which each
person became or ceased to be a director;

(g) a copy of every certificate issued to it by the Supervisor;

(h) a copy of every order of the Supervisor relating to the co-operative society;

(i) a copy of the monthly financial statements of the co-operative society;

(j) a copy of the shares transfer register and investment reports; and

(k) the minutes of all meetings and resolutions of its directors and committees.

22. Inspection and access to records

(1) The Supervisor, or persons designated by him in writing, may, during the normal business
hours of a co-operative society, observe practices, monitor operations and inspect or authorise the
inspection of the co-operative society, including any of the records listed in section 21(2).

(2) Members of a co-operative society, their agents and their legal representatives may, during the
normal business hours of the co-operative society, examine any of the records specified in section
21(2)(a) to (h) and the returns specified in section 147.

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23. Suspension and cancellation of registration

(1) The Supervisor may, upon the approval of the Commission, by order in writing suspend the
registration of a co-operative society for a period not exceeding twelve months if the Supervisor is
satisfied that—

(a) the co-operative society is in breach of any condition of registration;

(b) the co-operative society is in breach of any requirement of sections 4 or 15;

(c) the co-operative society or any officer of the co-operative society has failed or refused to
comply with any obligation imposed by the bye-laws of the co-operative society, or any
requirement of this Act or, the Money Laundering (Prevention) Act, 1996 No. 9 of 1996,
the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005, No. 12 of 2005 and the Proceeds of Crime Act, 1993
No. 13 of 1993;

(d) the Supervisor has not received from the co-operative society any return notice or other
document or fee required by this Act to be sent to him; or

(e) the co-operative society has failed to comply with any directive given by the Supervisor
under sections 7 or 8.

(2) The Supervisor, upon approval of the Commission, may by order in writing cancel the registra-
tion of a co-operative society if—

(a) the co-operative society does not commence business within ninety days of its registra-
tion under this Act;

(b) the number of members has been reduced to less than the number required for the regis-
tration of the co-operative society;

(c) the co-operative society has violated a provision of the laws of Antigua and Barbuda,

(d) the registration has been obtained by fraud or mistake; or

(e) the co-operative society has not within a period of suspension under subsection (1)
rectified the reason for its suspension.

(3) The Supervisor shall, upon approval by the Commission, by order in writing cancel the regis-
tration of a co-operative society if—

(a) the co-operative society gives notice to the Supervisor that it has ceased to carry on
business;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 31

(b) the co-operative society is dissolved;

(c) the co-operative society is amalgamated with one or more other co-operative societies or
bodies corporate; or

(d) the co-operative society is bankrupt within the meaning of the Bankruptcy Ac , Cap.41,

but a co-operative society which includes among its members one or more registered co-operative
societies may not have its registration cancelled under paragraph (a).

(4) An order under subsections (1), (2) or (3) shall take effect rom the date of the order.

(5)The Supervisor shall not make an order under subsections (1), (2) or (3) until the Supervisor,
upon the approval of the Commission has given the co-operative society an opportunity to be heard.

(6) Immediately after the Supervisor has suspended or cancelled the registration of a co-operative
society the Supervisor shall publish a notice of the suspension or cancellation in

(a) the Gazette;

(b) not less than two issues of a newspaper published and circulated in Antigua and Barbuda;
and

(c) any other appropriate medium of communication that, in the opinion of the Supervisor is
prominent and accessible to the public.

(7) Where the registration of a co-operative society is cancelled by order under this section or any
other section the co-operative society shall, except for the purpose of winding up, cease to exist as a
body corporate from the date on which the order takes effect.

24. Seal

(1) The Board may by resolution—

(a) adopt an official seal;

(b) change the official seal adopted under paragraph ( ); and

(c) determine which of its directors, officers or agents shall sign instruments to which the
official seal is affixed.

(2) An instrument of agreement executed on behalf of a co-operative society by a director, an oficer or
an agent of the co-operative society is not invalid merely because an official seal is not affixed to it.

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25. Pre-registration contracts

(1) Except as provided in this section, a person who enters into a written contract in the name of or
on behalf of a co-operative society before it comes into existence is personally bound by the contract
and is entitled to the benefits of the contract.

(2) Within a reasonable time after a co-operative society comes into existence, it may, by any
action or conduct signifying its intention to be bound thereby, adopt a written contract made in its
name or on its behalf, before it came into existence.

(3) Subject to subsection (4) and (5), where a co-operative society adopts a contract under sub-
section (2)—

(a) the co-operative society is bound by the contract and is entitled to the benefits thereof as
if the co-operative society had been in existence at the date of the contract and had been
a party to it; and

(b) a person who purported to act in the name of the co-operative society or on its behalf
ceases to be bound by or entitled to the benefits of the contract.

(4) Except as provided in subsection (5), whether or not a written contract made before the coming
into existence of a co-operative society is adopted by the co-operative society, a party to the contract
may apply to a court for an order fixing the obligations under the contract as joint or joint and several,
or apportioning liability between or among the co-operative society and a person who purported to
act in the name of the co-operative society or on its behalf; and the court may upon the application
make any order it thinks fit.

(5) If expressly so provided in a written contact, a person who purported to act for or on behalf of
the co-operative society before it came into existence shall not be bound by the contract or entitled to
the benefits of the contract.

PART III
MEMBERSHIP AND MEETINGS

26. Application and qualification for, and limitations on, membership

(1) An application for membership of a co-operative society shall be submitted to the Board in
such form as the Board may approve.

(2) In order to qualify for the membership of a co-operative society, a person, other than a regis-
tered co-operative society-

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 33

(a) shall be a citizen or resident of Antigua and Barbuda;

(b) shall be a citizen of another CARICOM Member State;

(c) shall not be an undischarged bankrupt;

(d) shall not be of unsound mind; and

(e) except in the case of a junior co-operative, shall be fourteen years of age or over.

(3) Where the co-operative society is a credit union, an individual who is over fourteen years of
age but who has not yet attained the age of eighteen years may be admitted as a member and subject
to subsection (4) may enjoy all the rights of membership and be subject to all the liabilities of member-
ship.

(4) Where a member referred to in subsection (3) is required to execute any instrument or give any
receipt, he may only do so by his parent or guardian.

(5) A member of a co-operative society who has not attained the age of eighteen years may not
obtain credit from a co-operative society of which he is a member.

(6) The Board shall cause each applicant for membership to be notified in writing that his applica-
tion has been approved or disapproved.

(7) Subject to subsection (8), a person may be a member of more than one co-operative
society if—

(a) the person has disclosed in his application for membership of a co-operative society the
name of any other co-operative society of which the person is a member; and

(b) the co-operative societies both have as a primary object the granting of loans to their
members and the person has fully disclosed to the first co-operative society that he has
applied for membership of the second co-operative society.

(8) A person who is a member of a credit union shall not apply for membership of another credit
union unless his application is accompanied by the written consent of the credit union of which he is
already a member to his proposed dual membership.

(9) Where a person becomes a member of more than one credit union, the Secretary or Manager of
the second or subsequent credit union shall so inform the Supervisor within fourteen days of the
grant of membership.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201034

27. Joint accounts

Subject to the bye-laws, where individuals have separate and independent membership in a co-
operative society, joint accounts may be held.

28. Membership fees and membership register

(1) A person shall not exercise the rights of membership of a co-operative society unless the
person has paid the prescribed membership fee and has satisfied any other requirement which may be
specified in the bye-laws.

(2) A co-operative society shall keep a register of members in which shall be recorded—

(a) the names and addresses of its members;

(b) the date on which a person becomes a member and the date, if any, on which the person
ceases to be a member; and

(c) such other details as may be prescribed.

29. Liability of past and present members

(1) Subject to this Act, the liability of a current member of a co-operative society is limited to the
unpaid amount of his subscription for shares.

(2) The liability of a past member or the estate of a deceased member for debts of a co-operative
society as they existed on the date on which the member ceased to be a member or died continues for
a period of two years after the cessation of membership or death.

30. Withdrawal of membership

(1) A member of a co-operative society may at any time withdraw from membership of the co-
operative society in such a manner as may be prescribed by the bye-laws or the Regulations.

(2) Withdrawal of membership from a co-operative society shall be by written notice addressed to
the Board.

(3) Withdrawal of membership from a co-operative society shall not affect any existing liability of
the member to the co-operative society.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 35

31. Termination of membership by Board

(1) Subject to the bye-laws, the Board may, by a vote of at least two-thirds of the directors present
at a meeting called for the purpose, order the termination of membership of a member of a co-operative
society.

(2) Where the Board terminates the membership of a member under this section—

(a) the Board shall—

(i) within a period of one year, purchase from the member at par value all shares in the
co-operative society held by the member; and

(ii) pay to the member all amounts held to the member’s credit, together with any
interest accrued on those amounts and the amount outstanding on loans made to
the co-operative society by the member with any interest accrued on those amounts;

(b) the secretary of the co-operative society shall, within ten days from the date on which the
order is made, notify the member of the order in writing;

(c) the member may appeal from the order to the next general meeting of the co-operative
society by giving written notice of his intention to appeal to the secretary within thirty
days from the date the member received notice of the order under paragraph (b); nd

(d) and the member appeals under paragraph (c), a majority or any greater percentage that
may be specified in the bye-laws, of the members present at the general meeting shall
confirm or rescind the order.

(3) Where the address of a member the termination of whose membership is ordered under subsec-
tion (1) is unknown to the co-operative society after all reasonable efforts have been made to ascertain
the member’s address for the purpose of making payment to him of all amounts held to his credit, the
co-operative society shall transfer those amounts to its statutory reserves.

(4) Where any amounts are transferred under subsection (3), the co-operative society shall pay
those amounts to the person entitled to them on proof of the person’s claim that is satisfactory to the
co-operative society.

(5) Where a co-operative society transfers amounts held to the credit of a member under subsec-
tion (3), it shall immediately submit to the Supervisor a return showing—

(a) the member’s name;

(b) the member’s last known address; and

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201036

(c) the amounts transferred.

32. Termination of membership by members

Members may terminate the membership of a member where—

(a) the member has received at least ten days notice of the general meeting at which his
membership is to be considered; and

(b) the termination is approved by a majority of at least two-thirds of the members who—

(i) are present at the general meeting; and

(ii) cast votes on the resolution.

33. Suspension of membership

Subject to the bye-laws, the Board may by notice in writing suspend a member for a period not
exceeding three months if they are satisfied that the member is guilty of misconduct.

34. Appeal

(1) Subject to subsection (2), where a person’s membership is terminated under section 31 or 32, or
suspended under section 33, the person may appeal against the termination or suspension to the
Supervisor in the prescribed manner and the Supervisor, up n the approval of the Commission, shall
confirm or set aside the resolution terminating or suspending the membership.

(2) A person whose membership is terminated for failure to pay fees, assessments, rent or occu-
pancy charges or to fulfil other financial obligations to the co-operative society is not eligible to
appeal against the termination of his membership to the Supervisor under subsection (1).

(3) Where a person appeals against the termination of his membership under section 31(2)(c) or
this section, notwithstanding the resolution terminating his membership, the person continues to be
a member until the termination of his membership is confirmed by the meeting of members under
section 31(2)(d) or by the Supervisor under this section.

35. Re-admittance

A person whose membership is terminated under section 31 or 32 may be re-admitted to membership
only by a two-thirds majority vote of members present and voting at a general meeting.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 37

36. Voting rights of a member who is not an individual

A co-operative society that is a member of another co-operative society shall exercise its voting rights
in that other co-operative society through one of its members duly appointed in that behalf as a
delegate under section 49.

37. Representatives of member who is not an individual

(1) Where a co-operative society is a member of another co-operative society, the latter co-
operative society shall recognise any individual authorised by a resolution of the directors of the
former co-operative society to represent it at meetings of the latter co-operative society.

(2) An individual authorised under subsection (1) may exercise, on behalf of the co-operative
society, all the powers of that co-operative society as if it were an individual member.

38. Voting procedure

(1) Subject to the bye-laws, members shall vote—

(a) by a show of hands; or

(b) where the majority of the members entitled to vote at a meeting so demands, by secret
ballot.

(2) The chairperson of a meeting has the right to vote, and in the event of a tie he is entitled to a
second or casting vote.

(3) Subject to this Act and the bye-laws, a majority of the members who are present and cast votes
at a meeting of shall decide all questions.

39. Place of meetings

General meetings of members shall be held in Antigua and Barbuda or, in the case of co-operative
societies of a regional or international nature, within the defined geographical area of the co-operative
society’s lawful operations—

(a) at the place provided in the bye-laws; or

(b) where the bye-laws contain no provision, at the place determined by the Board.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201038

40. Members not to exercise rights until due payment

A member shall not exercise the rights of a member unless the member has made payment to the co-
operative society in respect of membership or acquired an interest in the co-operative society as
specified in the bye-laws of the co-operative society or as prescribed.

41. First general meeting

(1) This section does not apply to a co-operative society if it is taken to be registered under
section 250.

(2) Within two months of the date of its registration, a co-operative society shall hold a general
meeting at which all members are entitled to be present and to vote.

(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), where the Board applies to the Supervisor, the Supervisor
may extend the time for holding the general meeting.

(4) The business at the general meeting mentioned in subsection (2) shall include—

(a) the adoption of the bye-laws;

(b) the adoption of forms of share certificates and records of the co-operative society;

(c) the authorising of the issue of shares;

(d) the appointment of an auditor to hold office until the next annual general meeting;

(e) the making of banking arrangements; and

(f) the transaction of any other business.

42. Annual general meetings

(1) A co-operative society shall hold an annual meeting in each year not later than three months
after the end of the financial year of the co-operative society.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where the Supervisor receives a written request from the
Board of a co-operative society prior to the expiration of the period of three months referred to in
subsection (1), the Supervisor may authorise the co-operative society to hold the annual general
meeting at any date not later than six months after the end of the financial year of the co-operative
society that it considers appropriate.

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(3) The bye-laws may provide for holding semi-annual or other periodic meetings.

43. Special general meeting

(1) The Board may call a special general meeting of the members of a co-operative society at any
time.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the Board shall call a special general meeting of the members on
receipt of a written request, specifying the purpose of the meeting, from such number of members as
may be specified in the bye-laws.

(3) The Board shall call the special general meeting mentioned in subsection (2) within twenty
days of their receipt of the request and the special meeting shall dispose of the business specified in
the request.

(4) The Supervisor may call a special general meeting of the co-operative society—

(a) for the purpose of reporting to the members the results of any audit, examination or other
investigation of the co-operative society’s afairs ordered or made by the Supervisor, or

(b) where the co-operative society fails to hold an annual general meeting in accordance with
section 42(1) or (2), for the purpose of enabling members to secure any information
regarding the affairs of the co-operative society that they are entitled to receive under this
Act and to deal with any matters affecting the co-operative society.

44. Meeting called by Supervisor

(1) Where—

(a) in the opinion of the Board it is impracticable—

(i) to call a general meeting of members in the manner in which meetings of
members may be called; or

(ii) to conduct a general meeting of members in the manner prescribed in this Act
or in the bye-laws; or

(b) for any reason, in addition to those described in paragraph (a), t e Supervisor considers
appropriate,

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the Supervisor on its own initiative may, if satisfied that such a meeting is warranted in the circum-
stances, order a general meeting to be called, held and conducted in any manner that the Supervisor
may direct.

(2) Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), the Supervisor may order that the quorum
required in this Act or the bye-laws be varied or dispensed with at a general meeting called under this
section.

(3) A general meeting called under this section shall be a valid general meeting.

45. Resolution in lieu of meeting

(1) Except where a written statement is submitted by an auditor under section 142—

(a) a resolution in writing signed by the number of members entitled to vote on that resolu-
tion at a general meeting of members as may be specified in the bye-laws is as valid as if
it had been passed at a general meeting of the members; and

(b) a resolution in writing dealing with any matter required by this Act to be dealt with at a
general meeting of members and signed by all the members entitled to vote at that meet-
ing—

(i) satisfies all the requirements of this Act relating to meetings of members; and

(ii) subject to subsection (2), is effective from the date specified in the resolution.

(2) The effective date of a resolution described in subsection (1) (b) (ii shall not be earlier than the
date on which the first member signed the resolution.

(3) A copy of every resolution described in subsection (1) shall be kept with the minutes of the
meetings of members.

46. Notice of meetings

(l) A co-operative society shall give at least ten days notice of any annual meeting or special
meeting to its members—

(a) by sending the notice by mail to the members, at the addresses given in the register of
members; or

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 41

(b) by publishing the notice in not less than two issues of a newspaper published and
circulated in Antigua and Barbuda , or by posting the notice in a place or through a
medium of communication that, as stipulated in the bye-laws and in the opinion of the
Board, is prominent and accessible to members.

(2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, where a co-operative society is required to
send a statement, agreement, proposal or other document to its members with a notice of a meeting
and decides to insert the notice of a meeting in a newspaper under paragraph (1) (b), the co-operative
society shall—

(a) in the notice, inform the members of the document, giving a description of the document
that, in the opinion of the Board, is adequate to describe its nature; and

(b) make a copy of the document available to any member or delegate who requests it.

(3) The notice of any special meeting shall specify the purpose for which the meeting is being
called.

(4) The proceedings or the business transacted at a general meeting shall not be invalidated by
reason only of the non-receipt by a member of notice of the meeting.

47. Fixing of record date

(1) Subject to subsection (2), for the purpose of determining members—

(a) entitled to receive payment of a bonus or dividend;

(b) entitled to participate in a distribution on liquidation; or

(c) for any purpose in addition to that described in paragraph ( ) or (b), except the right to
receive notice of or to vote at a general meeting,

the Board may fix in advance a date as the record date for the determination of members.

(2) The record date mentioned in subsection (1) shall not precede, by more than 30 days, the
particular action to be taken.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), for the purpose of determining members entitled to receive notice of
a general meeting, the Board may fix in advance a date as the record date for the determination of
members.

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(4) The record date mentioned in subsection (3) shall not precede, by more than fifty days or by
less than eleven days, the date on which the meeting is to be held.

(5) Where the Board does not fix a record date—

(a) the record date for the determination of members entitled to receive notice of a general
meeting shall be—

(i) the close of business on the day immediately preceding the day on which the notice
is given; or

(ii) if no notice is given, the day on which the meeting is held; and

(b) the record date for the determination of members for any purpose other than that de-
scribed in paragraph (a) shall be at close of business on the day on which the Board
passes a resolution relating to that purpose.

48. Quorum

(1) Subject to subsection (2), the quorum at any annual general or special meeting of members
shall be that specified in the bye-laws.

(2) Except where all the members are directors, the number of members present at an annual
meeting, general meeting or special meeting shall not be less than the number of directors plus
three.

(3) Subject to the bye-laws, where a quorum is present at the opening of a general meeting of
members the members present may proceed with the business of the meeting.

(4) Where a quorum is not present thirty minutes after the time fixed for the commencement of a
general meeting of members—

(a) the members present may adjourn the meeting to a time and place to be determined by the
Board but not later than thirty days after the date of the adjourned meeting and may not
transact any other business.

(b) the Supervisor or the Supervisor’s epresentative may direct that the meeting proceeds if
the Supervisor is satisfied that the meeting was convened in accordance with the Act and
that the members present were properly notified and constitute at least seventy five per
cent of the amount required for a quorum.

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(5) If at the adjourned meeting there is no quorum the members present constitute a quorum and
may proceed with the meeting.

49. Delegates

(l) Where the bye-laws of a co-operative society provide for the nomination and appointment of
delegates to a general meeting—

(a) the delegates shall exercise the powers of membership at any annual or special meeting;
and

(b) any reference in this Act with respect to the exercise of any power mentioned in paragraph
(a) shall be construed as a reference to delegates.

(2) The members who elect delegates may, at a special meeting called for the purpose or at any
annual meeting—

(a) remove the delegates in any manner provided for in the bye-laws; and

(b) notwithstanding subsection (1), amend the bye-laws to eliminate the nomination and
appointment of delegates.

50. Notice of motion

(1) A member who is entitled to vote at an annual meeting of members may—

(a) submit to the co-operative society a notice of motion with respect to any matter that he
proposes to raise at the meeting; and

(b) discuss at the meeting any matter with respect to which he would have been entitled to
submit a notice of motion.

(2) Where a member submits a notice of motion and requests the co-operative society to send the
notice of motion with the notice of the meeting at which the motion is to be presented or make the
notice of motion available to all members entitled to attend and vote at that meeting, the co-operative
society shall comply.

(3) Where a member submits a notice of motion and requests the co-operative society to include
in or attach to the notice of motion—

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(a) a statement by the member of not more than two hundred words in support of the motion;
and

(b) the name and address of the member,

the co-operative society shall comply.

(4) A co-operative society is not required to comply with subsections (2) and (3) where—

(a) the notice of motion is not submitted to the co-operative society at least forty-five days
before the anniversary date of the previous annual general meeting of members;

(b) in the opinion of the directors, the notice of motion is submitted by the member primarily
for the purpose of—

(i) enforcing a personal claim or redressing a personal grievance; or

(ii) promoting general economic, political, racial, religious, social or similar causes;

(c) the co-operative society, at the member’s request, included a notice of motion in a notice
of a meeting of members held within two years preceding the receipt of the notice of
motion submitted under subsection (1), and the member failed to present the notice of
motion at the meeting;

(d) substantially the same notice of motion was submitted to members in the notice of a
meeting of members held within two years preceding the receipt of the members request,
and the notice of motion was defeated; or

(e) in the opinion of the Board, the rights conferred by this section are being abused to
secure publicity.

(5) A member who requests that a notice of motion and any statement be sent with the notice of
the meeting at which the motion is to be presented shall pay the cost of sending the notice of motion
and statement, unless the members present at the meeting provide otherwise by a majority vote.

(6) A co-operative society or a person acting on behalf of a co-operative society shall not incur
any liability by reasons only of circulating a notice of motion or statement in compliance with this
section.

(7) Where a co-operative society refuses to include a notice of motion in a notice of a meeting, the
co-operative society shall, within thirty days after receiving the proposal—

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 45

(a) notify the member submitting the notice of motion of its intention to omit the notice of
motion from the notice of the meeting; and

(b) send to the member a statement of the reasons for the refusal.

(8) Where a member claiming to be aggrieved by a refusal under subsection (7) applies to the
Supervisor, the Supervisor may suspend the holding of the meeting to which the motion is sought to
be presented and give any directions that it may consider appropriate.

(9) A co-operative society or a person claiming to be aggrieved by a notice of motion may apply for
permission for the co-operative society to omit the notice of the meeting and, where the Supervisor is
satisfied that subsection (5) applies, the Supervisor may give permission.

(10) In this section “notice of motion” means a notice of motion submitted to a co-operative
society under subsection (1)a .

51. Power to make bye-laws

(1) Subject to this Act and the bye-laws, the members of a co-operative society may, at any annual
meeting or any special meeting called for the purpose, make, amend, repeal, replace or confirm any
bye-laws, where written notice of the proposed making, amendment, repeal, replacement or confirma-
tion—

(a) is forwarded to each member of the co-operative society with the notice of the meeting at
which the making, amendment, repeal, replacement or confirmation is to be considered, by
a majority of members present and voting at that meeting; or

(b) is not forwarded to each member of the co-operative society with the notice described in
paragraph (a), by a three-fourths majority of members present and voting at the meeting.

(2) A member may make a proposal, in the manner provided in section 50, to make, amend, repeal,
replace or confirm any bye-law.

52. Effective date of the bye-laws

(l) Bye-laws shall not have any force or effect unless three copies of the bye-laws, certified to be
true copies by the president and secretary of the co-operative society, are filed with and approved by
the Supervisor.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), where proposed bye-laws are certified under subsection (1) and
receives the members’ approval required in section 51(1), the bye-laws shall have immediate force and
effect.

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(3) Bye-laws described in subsection (2) shall cease to have any force or effect on the expiration
of sixty days after the date of the general meeting in which it is approved by the members, unless,
within that sixty day period, the bye-laws are filed with the Supervisor under subsection (1).

(4) Where the Supervisor approves bye-laws, it shall return to the co-operative society one copy
of the bye-laws with the approval of the Supervisor stamped on the bye-laws.

PART IV
MANAGEMENT

53. Board of directors and Committees

(1) A co-operative society shall be managed by a Board of directors which shall be constituted in
accordance with this Act and the bye-laws of the co-operative society.

(2) The Board shall be constituted by not less than five or not more than thirteen directors.

(3) The members of a co-operative society may amend the bye-laws to vary the number of direc-
tors, but no amendment to decrease the number of directors shall affect an incumbent director.

(4) A person who—

(a) has been sentenced by a Court in any country for an offence involving fraud or dishon-
esty and has not received a free pardon for that offence;

(b) is not in good financial standing with a co-operative society;

(c) has made an arrangement with his creditors;

(d) was a director of a failed co-operative society of the same type;

(e) has been convicted on indictment of an offence in connection with the promotion, forma-
tion or management of a body corporate;

(f) has been convicted of an offence under this Act;

(g) is of unsound mind and has been so found by a court in Ant gua and Barbuda;

(h) is or becomes bankrupt;

(i) is under the age of eighteen years or, in the case of a junior co-operative, under the age of
ten years;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 47

(j) has not been a member of the co-operative society or a duly appointed representative of
a member co-operative society for the past twelve months;

(k) is a member who has not transacted any business with the co-operative society for twelve
consecutive months, or who represents a member co-operative society who has not
transacted any business with the co-operative society for twelve consecutive months;

(l) is an employee of the co-operative society or of the Supervisor, or is a partner or employee
of the co-operative society’s auditor, or of the apex body;

(m) holds less than the minimum level of equity shares in accordance with section
13(1)(a)(v); or

(n) is already part of the management of another co-operative society of the same type,

may not constitute part of the management of a co-operative society, until his disability is
removed, but he shall retain his membership of the co-operative society during the period of
such disability.

(5) For the purposes of this Part “management” includes—

(a) a person who holds membership of the Board or any committee established by a co-
operative society; and

(b) a person who is employed by the Board.

(6) A person who knowingly holds membership of the Board or of a committee of a co-operative
society, or who knowingly seeks employment with, or is employed or continues to be employed by a
co-operative society whilst disqualified under this section commits an offence and is liable on sum-
mary conviction to a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding one year or to both.

54. Officers

(1) A co-operative society—

(a) shall have a president, a vice-president, a treasurer and a secretary; and

(b) may have any officers in addition to those mentioned in paragraph (a) that are provided
for in the bye-laws.

(2) Subject to the bye-laws—

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(a) the Board may designate the officers of the co-operative society, appoint persons as
officers, specify the officers’ duties and delegate powers to manage the business and
affairs of the co-operative society to them; and

(b) a director may be appointed as an officer of the co-operative society.

(3) A person shall not be president, vice-president or treasurer of a co-operative society unless he
is a director of the co-operative society.

55. Provisional directors and elected directors

(1) On the registration of a co-operative society, the individuals whose names appear in the
application for registration as having been appointed and have consented to act as provisional
directors—

(a) shall have all the powers and perform the duties of directors; and

(b) shall hold office until the first general meeting.

(2) At the first general meeting and at every annual general meeting the directors shall be elected
in accordance with this Act and the bye-laws.

56. Powers of Board

Subject to this Act and the bye-laws, the Board shall—

(a) exercise the powers of the co-operative society directly, or indirectly through the employ-
ees and agents of the co-operative society;

(b) ensure the good governance and direct the management of the business and affairs of the
co-operative society; and

(c) formulate and implement the policies of the co-operative society.

57. Committees generally

(1) The Board may establish committees for the more efficient management of various aspects of
the business or aff irs of the co-operative society.

(2) A committee established under subsection (1) may consist of members of the Board and other
members of the co-operative society.

(3) No committee may—

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 49

(a) fill vacancy among the directors;

(b) declare a bonus or a dividend;

(c) approve any financial statement of the co-operative society;

(d) submit to the members any question or matter requiring the approval of members; or

(e) make decisions where this Act or the bye-laws require a two-thirds majority or a unani-
mous vote of the Board.

58. Tenure of committees generally

(1) Committees appointed under section 57(1) shall hold office for a period not exceeding one year.

(2) A committee member appointed under section 57(1) may be removed by resolution of the co-
operative society or of the Board.

(3) The removal of a committee member who is a director shall not affect his ofice as a director.

(4) A committee shall—

(a) fix its quorum at not less than a majority of its members;

(b) keep minutes of its proceedings; and

(c) submit to the Board at each meeting of the Board and to the annual general meeting of the
co-operative society the minutes of the committee’s proceedings since the most recent
meeting of the Board or of the co-operative society.

59. Credit committee

(1) A credit union, central credit union and central co-operative society shall have a credit commit-
tee which shall be elected by its members at the annual general meeting.

(2) A person shall not be elected to the credit committee if the person is not present at the meeting
at which the election is held, unless the person tenders an excuse for his absence which is accepted
by the majority of the members present.

(3) The members of the credit committee shall hold office for such term as the bye-laws provide
and until their successors are elected.

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(4) The credit committee shall consist of such number of members as may be fixed by the bye-laws,
which shall be not less than three.

(5) A person shall not be a member of the credit committee if that person is a member of the Board
or of the supervisory and compliance committee or is an employee of the credit union, central credit
union or central cooperative society; or has a delinquent loan with the credit union, central credit
union or central co-operative society.

(6) A majority of members of the credit committee shall constitute a quorum.

(7) The election of members of the credit committee shall proceed in keeping with sub-sections (a)
to (d) of section 72 (1).

(8) Where a vacancy occurs in the credit committee, the Board may fill the vacancy until the next
annual meeting of the credit union, central credit union or central co-operative society.

(9) The bye-laws of the a credit union, central credit union or central co-operative society may
provide for the election and retiremnt of members of the credit committee in rotation so that no
member of the credit committee shall be elected for a term of more than three years but no person may
serve as a member of the credit committee of a co-operative society for more than two consecutive
terms or an aggregate of six successive years.

60. Duties of credit committee

The credit committee shall—

(a) implement and ensure implementation of the approved loan policy;

(b) provide prudent oversight of the loans portfolio;

(c) make recommendations to the Board in respect of the loan policy of the credit union; and

(d) perform such duties as may be prescribed under this Act and the bye-laws of the credit
union.

61. Approval of loans

(1) The Board shall determine the terms and conditions under which the credit committee shall
approve loans to members.

(2) The credit committee may, upon such terms and conditions as the Board may specify, authorise
the manager, loans manager or other employees of the credit union to approve loans to members.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 51

(3) A person authorised by the Board to approve loans under subsection (1) or (2) shall submit a
written monthly report to the credit committee stating the number of loan applications received, the
number of loans granted, the security, if any, obtained for such loans and any risks associated with
those loans.

(4) The responsibilities and duties of any person authorised to approve loans under subsection
(2) are concurrent with the responsibilities and duties of the credit committee.

62. Credit committee reports

(1) The credit committee shall—

(a) meet at least once every month;

(b) keep minutes of its meetings;

(c) submit a monthly report to the Board stating—

(i) the number and category of loan applications;

(ii) the number and category of loans granted;

(iii) the security taken and risks for loans granted; and

(iv) applications denied, delinquent loans, classified loans, loans written off, watch
listed accounts, large credit exposures and related party loans; and

(d) submit an annual report on the matters referred to in paragraph (c), and on the loan
portfolio quality and trends, to the annual meeting of the credit union.

(2) The members of a credit union may, b special resolution in a special meeting called for the
purpose, remove a credit committee which fails to comply with subsection (1)(c).

63. Removal of members of credit committee

(1) The members of a credit union may, b resolution passed by two-thirds of the votes cast at a
general meeting called for the purpose, remove a member of a credit committee before the expiration of
his term of office, and shall at that meeting elect another member in place of the first mentioned member
for the unexpired portion of his term.

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(2) The notice calling the meeting of members referred to in subsection (l) shall specify that the
purpose of the meeting is to remove the member of the credit committee who is named in the notice.

(3) A member of a credit committee removed under this section shall have the right to make such
representations at the general meeting to the members of the credit union regarding the resolution for
his removal as he may think fit, and may be represented at the general meeting by an attorney-at-law
or an agent.

64. Removal of members of credit committee by Board

Where a member of a credit committee fails to attend three consecutive meetings without, in the
opinion of the Board, reasonable cause or fails to perform any of the duties allotted to the member as
a member of the credit committee, the member’s position on the credit committee may be declared
vacant by the Board who may then appoint a qualified person to fill the vacancy until the next annual
general meeting of the credit union.

65. Supervisory and compliance committee

(1) A co-operative society shall have a supervisory and compliance committee who shall be
elected by its members at the annual general meeting.

(2) A person shall not be elected to a supervisory and compliance committee if that person is not
present at the meeting at which the election is held, unless he tenders an excuse for his absence which
is accepted by the majority of the members present.

(3) The members of a supervisory and compliance committee shall hold office for a term of three
years or until such time that their successors are elected whichever is later.

(4) The supervisory and compliance committee shall consist of the number of members specified
in the bye-laws, which shall be not fewer than three.

(5) A person who is a member of the Board or the credit committee or who is an employee of the co-
operative society shall not be a member of the supervisory and compliance committee.

(6) A majority of members of the supervisory and compliance committee shall constitute a quorum.

(7) The election of members of the supervisory and compliance committee shall proceed in keep-
ing with subsections (a) to (d) of section 72 (1).

(8) Where a vacancy occurs in the supervisory and compliance committee, the supervisory and
compliance committee may fill such vacancy until the next annual meeting of the co-operative society.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 53

(9) The bye-laws of a co-operative society may provide for the election and retirement of members
of the supervisory and compliance committee in rotation, except that a member of the supervisory and
compliance committee shall not—

(a) be elected for a term exceeding three years;

(b) serve for more than six successive years but shall become eligible for re-election after the
expiration of one year.

66. Duties, functions and powers of supervisory and compliance committee

(1) The supervisory and compliance committee shall—

(a) keep minutes of its meetings;

(b) make or cause to be made not less than twice in the period before the next annual general
meeting of the co-operative society, an examination of the books and documents of the
co-operative society which shall include an inspection of the securities, cash accounts
and all records relating to loans, purchases and sales;

(c) make or cause to be made, once in the period before the next annual general meeting, a
comparison between the pass-book or statement of account of a random sample of at
least 10% of all the members of the co-operative society and the appropriate records of
the co-operative society;

(d) ascertain that all actions and decisions of the Board, committees, management and staff
relating to the affairs of the co-operative society are in accordance with this Act, the
Regulations, the bye-laws and the approved standards and policies of the co-operative
society;

(e) submit a written report on the results of its examinations and enquiries under this section
to the Board and the management of the co-operative society within seven days of each
meeting of the supervisory and compliance committee; and

(f) submit a written report on the result of its examinations and enquiries under this section
to the next annual general meeting or, if it thinks fit, to a special general meeting of the co-
operative society.

(2) The supervisory and compliance committee shall have access, at all times, to the books and
documents of the co-operative society.

(3) Members of the supervisory and compliance committee may attend meetings of the Board and
all other committees of the co-operative society as observers.

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67. Compliance officer

(1) The Board shall appoint a senior qualified professional to monitor and periodically report to the
supervisory and compliance committee and the Board on the levels of awareness, adherence and
compliance in the internal operations of the society.

(2) A compliance officer appointed under subsection (1) shall track gaps and improvements in
compliance with the Act, other applicable legislation, standards and best practices in keeping with
legislation and guidelines in force relating to anti-money laundering and combating terrorist financing
and shall report suspicious transactions or activities to the Supervisory Authority as prescribed in
section 13(2) of the Money Laundering (Prevention) Act and 34 of the Prevention of Terrorism Act.

68. Misappropriation and other contraventions of the Act

(l) When the supervisory and compliance committee is of the opinion that the funds, securities or
other property of the co-operative society have been misappropriated or misdirected, or that the bye-
laws of the co-operative society, his Act have been contravened, by the Board or a director , the
credit committee or a member of the credit committee or by an officer or employee engaged by the
Board, the supervisory and compliance committee shall immediately inform the Board and the Super-
visor in writing.

(2) The supervisory and compliance committee shall with the approval of the Board appoint an
auditor or some other body to undertake a review to investigate or assist in determining whether any
of the funds, securities or other property of the co-operative society have been misappropriated or
misdirected and the remuneration of any auditor or other body to be appointed shall be determined by
the supervisory and compliance committee and paid by the co-operative society.

(3) In the event of a misappropriation or misdirection or contravention, or a suspected misappro-
priation or misdirection or contravention, pending the outcome of the investigation or review referred
to in subsection (2), the supervisory and compliance committee may suspend any member of the
Board or member of the credit committee after having given the member an opportunity to be heard by
the supervisory and compliance committee.

(4) On the completion of the investigation or review referred to in subsection (2), if the supervisory
and compliance committee considers that the Board, a director, the credit committee or an officer or
employee engaged by the Board has taken any action or decision which is not in accordance with this
Act or the bye-laws, then, after consultation with the Supervisor, the supervisory and compliance
committee may—

(a) suspend the officer by a unanimous vote of all the members of the supervisory and
compliance committee taken at a meeting of the supervisory and compliance committee
called for the purpose of considering the officer’s suspension; and

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 55

(b) convene a special general meeting of the co-operative society to consider whether to
remove the officer in light of the action or decision taken by the officer.

(5) Where the Board or a Board member, the credit committee or a member of that committee or an
officer or employee engaged by the Board has been suspended by the supervisory and compliance
committee in accordance with subsection (4), the committee shall convene for a date not more than
twenty-one days after the suspension, a special general meeting of the society—

(a) for the purpose of reviewing the suspension; and

(b) to consider whether to remove the officer in the light of the action or decision taken by the
officer.

(6) Without prejudice to the requirements of section 46, not less than ten days before the date of
a meeting of the supervisory and compliance committee called as mentioned in subsection (4) or the
date of a special general meeting of the co-operative society convened as mentioned in subsection (4)
or (5), the supervisory and compliance committee shall give written notice of the meeting to the
Supervisor and to the officer concerned.

(7) At a special general meeting of a co-operative society held under this section, the members of
the co-operative society, according to the purpose or purposes for which the meeting was convened,
may, by secret ballot—

(a) ratify the suspension of the officer concerned and remove the officer from office; or

(b) rescind the suspension of the officer,

but an officer shall not be removed from office without being given an opportunity to be heard by the
members present at the meeting.

(8) Where an officer of a co-operative society is removed from office at a special general meeting
under subsection (7), the vacancy caused by the removal shall be filled in such manner as may be
determined by the meeting.

69. Meetings of the supervisory and compliance committee

The supervisory and compliance committee shall meet at least once every month and shall meet the
Board at least four times in every year to review the Board’s performance of its functions.

70. Removal of member of supervisory and compliance committee by the committee

When a member of the supervisory and compliance committee fails to attend three consecutive
meetings of the supervisory and compliance committee without, in the opinion of the supervisory and

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compliance committee, reasonable cause, or fails to perform any of the duties allotted to the supervi-
sory and compliance committee as a member of the supervisory and compliance committee, the
member’s position on the supervisory and compliance committee may be declared vacant by the
remaining members of the supervisory and compliance committee who may appoint a qualified person
to fill the vacancy until the next annual general meeting of the co-operative society.

71. Removal of members of supervisory and compliance committee by members

(1) The members of a co-operative society may, by resolution passed by two-thirds of the votes
cast at a general meeting duly called for that purpose, remove a member of a supervisory and compli-
ance committee before the expiration of his term of office, and shall by vote cast at the meeting elect
another member in his stead for the unexpired portion of his term.

(2) The notice calling the meeting of members referred to in subsection (1) shall state that the
purpose of the meeting is to remove the member of the supervisory and compliance committee who is
named in the notice.

(3) A member of the supervisory and compliance committee removed under this section shall have
the right to make such representations to the members at a general meeting regarding the resolution
for his removal as he may think fit, and may be represented at the general meeting by an attorney-at-
law or an agent.

72. Election of directors

(1) Subject to section 73 and to the Regulations—

(a) the election of directors shall take place annually at the annual general meeting;

(b) the directors shall hold office until the conclusion of the meeting at which their succes-
sors are elected, and shall be eligible for re-election;

(c) the period for nomination shall be deemed closed thirty days prior to the date of the
meeting at which elections shall be held

(d) where the number of nominees exceeds the number of directors to be elected, the election
of directors may be by secret ballot;

(e) every member shall have the right to vote for the number of directors to be elected and any
voting sheet that contains the names of more than the number to be elected shall be void;

(f) where there are vacancies on the Board but the remaining directors constitute a quorum,
they shall call a special meeting of the Board for the purpose of appointing members to fill

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 57

any such vacancy until the next annual general meeting; and

(g) where there is a vacancy on the Board and there is not a quorum of directors, the remain-
ing directors shall call a special meeting of the co-operative society for the purpose of
electing members to fill any vacancy.

(2) Where an election of directors required by this Act or the bye-laws does not take place at
the proper time, the directors then in office shall continue in office until their successors are
elected.

(3) Subject to sections 216(1) and 220, not more than one-third of the directors may be employees
of a co-operative society.

(4) Unless a reasonable excuse is received in writing by the meeting, a person shall not be elected
as a director if the person is not present at the meeting at which the election is being conducted.

(5) Subject to section 52(3), the Board shall consist of such numbers as may be fixed by the bye-laws.

73. Tenure of directors

(1) Subject to subsection (3) the directors of a co-operative society shall be elected for a term of
three years.

(2) A person shall not serve as a director of a co-operative society for more than six consecutive
years but thereafter the person will become eligible for re-election after the expiration of one year out
of office.

(3) After the commencement of this Act, on the formation of each new society, or on the re-
constitution of a previously registered co-operative society, at the next annual general meeting of
members the election of the Board, the supervisory and compliance committee and the credit commit-
tee shall be on a rotational basis as follows:

(a) at least one-third shall be elected to serve for one year;

(b) at least one-third shall be elected to serve for two years; and

(c) the remainder shall be elected to serve for three years,

and thereafter each elected member of the Board, the supervisory and compliance committee and the
credit committee shall serve for a term of three years.

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74. Additional powers of the Board

(l) Subject to the bye-laws and the Regulations, the Board may without authorisation of the
members of a co-operative society—

(a) borrow money on the credit of the co-operative society;

(b) issue, re-issue, sell or pledge debt obligations of the co-operative society;

(c) give a guarantee on behalf of the co-operative society to secure performance of an
obligation of any person; and

(d) mortgage, charge, hypothecate, pledge or otherwise create a security interest in all or any
property of the co-operative society, owned or subsequently acquired, to secure any
debt obligation of the co-operative society.

(2) A sale, lease, exchange of all or substantially all of the property of a co-operative society, other
than in the ordinary course of business of the co-operative society, shall be approved by the members
in a manner provided in subsections (3) to (7).

(3) The Board shall send in the manner provided in section 46, a notice of a special meeting to
consider the sale, lease or exchange mentioned in subsection (2) to each member.

(4) The notice mentioned in subsection (3) shall be accompanied by a copy or summary of the
agreement of sale, lease, or exchange mentioned in subsection (2).

(5) At a special meeting held under this section, the members may by special resolution—

(a) authorise the sale, lease or exchange mentioned in subsection (2); and

(b) agree to or authorise the directors to agree to any terms and conditions of sale, lease or
exchange.

(6) Each member of the co-operative society has the right to vote with respect to sale, lease or
exchange mentioned in subsection (2).

(7) A sale, lease or exchange mentioned in subsection (2) is adopted when the members of the co-
operative society have approved the sale, lease or exchange by a special resolution.

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75. Validity of acts of directors and oficers

The act of a director or officer is valid notwithstanding an irregularity in his election or a defect in
his appointment or qualification.

76. Indemnification of directors and officers

(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a co-operative society may indemnify—

(a) a director or officer of the co-operative society;

(b) a former director or officer of the co-operative society; and

(c) a person who acts or has acted at the request of the co-operative society as a director or
officer of a body corporate of which the co-operative society is or was a member or a
creditor;

against costs, charges and expenses, including an amount paid to settle an action or satisfy a judg-
ment, reasonably incurred by that person with respect to a civil, criminal or administrative action or
proceeding to which that person is made a party by reason of the person being or having been a
director or officer of the co-operative society or the body corporate.

(2) A co-operative society may indemnify a director, officer, or other person referred to in subsec-
tion (1) only where that person—

(a) acted honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interest of the co-operative
society; and

(b) in the case of a criminal, civil or administrative action or proceeding that is enforced by a
monetary penalty, had reasonable grounds for believing that the conduct was lawful.

(3) A co-operative society shall not indemnify a director, officer or other person referred to in
subsection (1) with respect to an action by or on behalf of the co-operative society to obtain a
judgment in its favour to which the person is made a party by reason of the person being or having
been a director or an officer of the co-operative society, against costs, charges and expenses reason-
ably incurred by the person in connection with the action unless—

(a) the co-operative society has the approval of the court; and

(b) the person fulfils the conditions described in subsection (2).

(4) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (3), a co-operative society shall indemnify a director,
officer or other person referred to in subsection (1) who has been substantially successful in the

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defence of a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding to which the person is made a party
by reason of the person being or have been a director or officer of the co-operative society or body
corporate against costs, charges and expenses reasonably incurred by the person with respect to the
action or proceedings.

(5) A co-operative society or a director, fficer or other person referred to in subsection (1) may
apply to the court for an order approving the indemnity and the court may make the order.

(6) On an application under subsection (5), the court may order notice to be given to an interested
person, and that interested person is entitled to appear and be heard in person or by an attorney-at-
law.

77. Duty of care of directors and officers

Every director and officer of a co-operative society in exercising his powers and discharging his
duties shall—

(a) act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the co-operative
society; and

(b) exercise the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in
comparable circumstances,

and shall be liable to make good any loss or damage suffered by the co-operative society as a direct
or indirect result of a contravention of this section.

78. Ambit of duty

The provisions of a contract, the bye-laws or the circumstances of his appointment do not relieve a
director from—

(a) the duty to act in accordance with this Act; or

(b) liability that by virtue of a rule of law would otherwise attach to him with respect to
negligence, default, breach of duty or breach of trust of which he may be guilty in relation
to the co-operative society.

79. Liability of directors

(1) Where directors vote for, or consent to, a resolution authorising, or approve by any other
means—

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 61

(a) the purchase of shares of another co-operative society contrary to section 100;

(b) the payment of a dividend on shares contrary to section 129;

(c) the payment of a bonus contrary to section 129;

(d) a loan or guarantee or the giving of financial assistance contrary to section 121;

(e) a payment of an indemnity described in section 76 to a director or a former director,
without the approval of the court required by section 76(3); or

(f) an act not consistent with the purpose of the co-operative society as set out in its bye-
laws and with respect to which the co-operative society has paid compensation to a
person, they are jointly and severally liable to make good any loss or damage suffered by
the co-operative society.

(2) On the application of a director, the court may declare whether or not, having regard to any
circumstances the court may consider appropriate—

(a) the co-operative society is insolvent; or

(b) the payment of a bonus or dividend or the lending of money would make the co-operative
society insolvent.

(3) The liability imposed by subsection (1) is in addition to and not in derogation from a liability
imposed on a director by any other enactment or law.

(4) Subject to subsection (5), for the purpose of this section, a director who is present at a meeting
of directors or of a committee shall be deemed to have cast a vote in favour of a resolution or of
granting the approval mentioned in subsection (1), unless—

(a) the director’s dissent is entered in the minutes of the meeting; or

(b) the director’s written dissent is—

(i) delivered to the secretary of the meeting before its adjournment; or

(ii) delivered or sent by registered mail to the registered office of the co-operative
society immediately after the adjournment of the meeting.

(5) A director who votes for or consents to a resolution mentioned in subsection (1) is not entitled
to dissent under subsection (4).

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(6) Where a director is not present at a meeting of directors or of a committee at which a vote,
resolution or approval mentioned in subsection (1) is cast or given, the director shall be taken to have
cast an affirmative vote, consented to the resolution or given approval, unless, within fourteen days
after becoming aware of the proceedings, the director delivers or sends by registered mail his written
dissent to the registered office of the co-operative society.

(7) On receipt of a written dissent, the secretary of the co-operative society shall—

(a) certify on the written dissent the date, time and place it is received; and

(b) keep the written dissent in the minutes of the meeting at which the resolution was passed.

(8) An action to enforce a liability imposed in subsection (1) shall not be commenced after
two years from the date of the meeting at which the vote, resolution or approval was taken or
given.

(9) In an action to enforce a liability imposed in subsection (1), the Court may, on the application
of the co-operative society or a defendant—

(a) join as a defendant a person who received a benefit as a result of the resolution com-
plained of; and

(b) make the person mentioned in paragraph (a) liable to the co-operative society jointly and
severally with the directors to the extent of the amount paid to the person.

(10) A director shall not be liable under subsection (1) where the director—

(a) proves that he did not know or could not reasonably have known that the act authorised
by the resolution was contrary to this Act;

(b) relies and acts in good faith—

(i) on statements of facts represented to him by an officer of the co-operative society
to be correct; or

(ii) on statements contained in a written report or opinion of the auditor of the co-
operative society or a professional person engaged by the co-operative society
who is competent to give advice in respect to the matter.

(11) A director who is found liable under subsection (1) is entitled to apply to a court for an order
compelling a member or other recipient to pay or deliver to the director any money or property that was
paid or distributed to the member, o other recipient contrary to section 100, 121 or 129.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 63

(12) In connection with an application under subsection (11) and where the court is satisfied that
it is equitable to do so, it may—

(a) order a member or other recipient to pay or deliver to a director any money or property that
was paid or distributed to the member or other recipient contrary to section 100, 121 or
129; or

(b) make an order, other than that described in paragraph (a), that it considers appropriate.

80. Misuse of confidential information

(1) A director, officer, committee member or employee or an associate of a director, officer, commit-
tee member or employee, who, in connection with a transaction relating to shares of a co-operative
society or a debt obligation of a co-operative society, makes use of confidential information for the
benefit or advantage of himself or herself or an associate that, if generally known, might reasonably be
expected to affect materially the value of the share or the debt obligation—

(a) is liable to compensate any person for a direct loss suffered by the person as a result of
the transaction, unless the information was known or reasonably should have been
known to the person at the time of the transaction; and

(b) is accountable to the co-operative society for any direct benefit or advantage received or
receivable by him or his associate as a result of the transaction.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), a person who has acquired confidential information concerning a
co-operative society or a member of a co-operative society—

(a) as a director, committee member, officer, employee or auditor of the co-operative society;

(b) as a liquidator, receiver or manager, of the co-operative society; or

(c) as a Supervisor, an oficer or staf of the Commission;

shall not disclose that information except as permitted under subsection (3), or use that information
for any personal benefit not related to the duties through which the information was acquired.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to the giving of confidential information—

(a) where the information is given in the course of that person’s duty;

(b) where the information is a general credit rating of a person that is supplied by a director or
employee of the co-operative society following a bona fide business request;

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(c) where the information relates to a member of a co-operative society and is given with the
written authorisation of that member or his legal representative;

(d) where the information relates to a co-operative society and is given with the written
authorisation of the co-operative society or its legal representative; or

(e) where the information is required to be disclosed by law or by an order of the Court.

(4) A person who contravenes subsection (2) commits an offe ce and is liable on summary convic-
tion to a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year
or to both.

81. Declaration of interests

(1) A director, committee member or employee of a co-operative society who—

(a) is a party to a material contract or proposed material contract with the co-operative
society; or

(b) is a director, committee member or employee of, or has a material interest in, a person
who is party to a material contract or proposed material contract with the co-opera-
tive society,

shall disclose in writing to the co-operative society the nature and extent of his interest.

(2) The disclosure required by subsection (1) shall be made—

(a) immediately after the director, committee member or employee becomes aware that the
contract or proposed contract is to be considered or has been considered at a meeting of
the Board;

(b) if the director, committee member or employee becomes interested after a contract is made,
immediately after he becomes so interested; or

(c) where the director, committee member or employee has an interest in a contract before
assuming office, immediately after he becomes a director, c mmittee member or employee.

(3) For the purposes of this section, a general notice to the directors by a director, committee
member or employee of a co-operative society declaring that he is to be regarded as interested in any
contract made with that person is a sufficient declaration of interest in relation to any contract made
with that person.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 65

82. Disclosure of interests at meetings

(1) If a director, committee member or employee of a co-operative society has any pecuniary
interest, direct or indirect, in any contract, proposed contract or other matter and is present at a
meeting of the co-operative society, Board or committee at which the contract, proposed contract or
other matter is the subject of consideration, he shall at the meeting and as soon as practicable
after its commencement disclose the fact and shall not take part in the consideration or discus-
sion of the contract, proposed contract or other matter or vote on any question with respect to
it and shall be excluded from the meeting for the duration of the consideration, discussion and
voting procedure.

(2) A person who fails to comply with the provisions of subsection (1) commits an offence and is
liable—

(a) on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand dollars or to imprison-
ment for a term not exceeding 2 years, or to both; or

(b) on conviction on indictment to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand dollars or to imprison-
ment for a term not exceeding 2 years, or to both,

unless the person proves that he did not know that the contract, proposed contract or other matter in
which he had a pecuniary interest was the subject of consideration at that meeting.

(3) A disclosure under subsection (1) shall be recorded in the minutes of the meeting of the co-
operative society, Board or committee.

(4) An act or proceeding of the co-operative society, Board or committee shall not be questioned
on the ground that a director, committee member or employee has contravened this section.

(5) Where a director, committee member or employee of a co-operative society is not entitled to
vote at a meeting under subsection (1) and his presence is required to constitute a quorum at the
meeting, a decision of the co-operative society, Board or committee is to be taken not to be invalid
only by reason of the absence of the director, c mmittee member or employee.

(6) Where a director, committee member or employee of a co-operative society fails to disclose his
interest in a contract, proposed contract or other matter in accordance with this section, a court may,
on the application of a co-operative society or a member of the co-operative society, set aside the
contract or other matter on any terms that the court considers appropriate.

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83. Pecuniary interests for the purposes of section 82

(1) For the purposes of section 82, a director, c mmittee member or employee shall be treated,
subject to the following provisions of this section and to section 84, as having indirectly a pecuniary
interest in a contract, proposed contract or other matter if—

(a) he or his nominee is a member of a company or other body with which the contract was
made or is proposed to be made or which has a direct pecuniary interest in the licence or
other matter under consideration; or

(b) he is a partner, or is in the employment of a person with whom the contract was made or is
proposed to be made, or who has a direct pecuniary interest in the licence or other matter
under consideration; or

(c) he or his partner is a professional adviser to a person who has a direct or indirect pecuni-
ary interest in a contract, proposed contract or other matter.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to membership of or employment under any public body.

(3) In the case of married persons the interest of one spouse shall be deemed for the purpose of
section 82 to be also the interest of the other.

84. Removal or exclusion of disability

(1) Section 82 does not apply to an interest in a contract, proposed contract or other matter which
a director, committee member or employee of a co-operative society has as a member of the public or
to an interest in any matter relating to the terms on which the right to participate in any service is
offered to the public.

(2) Where a director, committee member or employee of a co-operative society has an indirect
pecuniary interest in a contract, proposed contract or other matter by reason only of a beneficial
interest in securities of a company or other body, and the nominal value of those securities does not
exceed five thousand dollars or one-thousandth of the total nominal value of the issued share capital
of the company or other body, whichever is the less, and if the share capital is of more than one class,
the total nominal value of shares of any one class in which he has a beneficial interest does not exceed
one-thousandth of the total issued share capital of that class, section 82 shall not prohibit him from
taking part in the consideration or discussion of the contract, proposed contract or other matter or
from voting on any question with respect to it, without prejudice, however, to his duty to disclose his
interest.

85. Meetings of directors generally

(1) Subject to the bye-laws, the directors may meet at any place, and on any notice that they
consider appropriate.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 67

(2) The president—

(a) may call a meeting of directors at any time; and

(b) on the written request of at least two directors, shall call a meeting within fourteen days of
the receipt of the request.

(3) A majority of the directors shall constitute a quorum at any meeting of directors.

(4) Subject to the bye-laws, a notice of a meeting of directors may specify the purpose of or other
business to be transacted at the meeting.

(5) For the purpose of subsection (4), attendance of a director at a meeting of directors is deemed
to be a waiver of notice of the meeting, unless the director attends the meeting for the express purpose
of objecting to the transaction of any business on the ground that the meeting is not lawfully called.

(6) Where the time and place of an adjourned meeting is announced at the original meeting, notice
of an adjourned meeting of directors is not required to be given to the directors present at that
meeting, but shall be given to any directors not so present.

86. Meetings by telephone

(1) Subject to the bye-laws, where all the directors consent, a meeting of directors or of a commit-
tee may be held by means of—

(a) a telephone system; and

(b) a communication facility other than a telephone,

that permits all persons participating in the meeting to hear and speak to each other, and a person so
participating is deemed to be present at that meeting.

(2) Unless this Act or the bye-laws require a meeting, a resolution of the directors may be passed
without a meeting where—

(a) all the directors consent to the resolution in writing; and

(b) the consent is filed with the minutes of the proceedings of the directors.

87. Attendance at meetings

(1) A director of a co-operative society is entitled to receive notice of and to attend and be heard
at every general meeting of members.

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(2) Where a director—

(a) resigns;

(b) receives a notice of otherwise learns or a meeting of members called for the purpose of
removing him from office; or

(c) receives a notice or otherwise learns of a meeting of directors or members at which
another person is to be appointed or elected to fill his office, whether because of the
director’s resignation or removal or because his term of office has expired or is about to
expire;

the director is entitled to submit to the co-operative society a written statement giving the reason for
his resignation or the reasons he opposes any proposed action or resolution.

(3) A co-operative society shall immediately send a copy of the statement mentioned in subsection
(2) to the Supervisor and shall make available a copy of the statement to every member.

(4) A co-operative society or person acting on its behalf shall not incur any liability by reason only
of circulating a director’s statement sent in compliance with subsection (3).

88. Organisational meeting of directors

(1) The directors shall hold a meeting within ten days after the issue of the co-operative society’s
certificate of registration.

(2) The directors may, at the meeting mentioned in subsection (1)—

(a) pass resolutions establishing policies of the co-operative society;

(b) adopt forms of corporate records;

(c) appoint officers;

(d) authorise the issue of securities;

(e) appoint an auditor to hold office until the first general meeting of the members;

(f) make banking or other financial arrangements;

(g) appoint authorised signing officers;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 69

(h) adopt operating policies; and

(i) transact any other business.

(3) A director may call the meeting of directors mentioned in subsection (l) by giving not less than
five days’ notice of the meeting to each director, stating the time and place of the meeting.

(4) The notice mentioned in subsection (3) may be waived where all directors are in attendance at
that meeting of directors.

89. Directors ceasing to hold office

(1) A director ceases to hold office when he or she—

(a) resigns;

(b) dies;

(c) fails to attend three consecutive meetings without an accepted excuse;

(d) fails to perform any duties allotted to him as a member of the Board;

(e) is removed in accordance with section 90; or

(f) is no longer qualified in accordance with this Act.

(2) A resignation of a director becomes effective—

(a) with immediate effect where that person indicates to the members present at an annual
general meeting that he is resigning;

(b) at the time specified in a written resignation; or

(c) where no time is specified in a written resignation, at the time the resignation is received
by the co-operative society.

90. Removal of directors

(1) Subject to the Regulations and the bye-laws, the members of a co-operative society may, by
special resolution, remove any director from office.

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(2) A vacancy created by the removal of a director may be filled at the meeting of the members at
which the director is removed or where not so filled, may be filled under section 72(1)(e).

91. Notice of change of directors

(1) Within thirty days after a change is made in its directors, a co-operative society shall send to
the Supervisor a notice in the prescribed form setting out the change and the Supervisor shall file the
notice.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where a co-operative society sends the annual return in
accordance with section 147, within thirty days after a change is made in its directors, it is not required
to send the notice required by this section.

92. Declaration by directors and officers

A co-operative society may by resolution passed by a majority of the members at an annual or special
meeting require all directors and officers to sign annually or at any other time that may be specified in
the resolution a declaration relating to—

(a) faithful performance of duties;

(b) secrecy of transactions with members; and

(c) faithful and loyal support of the co-operative society.

93. Bonding

The directors shall require that every person appointed to an office that receives, manages or handles
goods, merchandise or money on behalf of the co-operative society shall give to the directors, before
entering on his duties as an officer, security or a bond in such amount as they may require.

94. Remuneration of directors

(1) A co-operative society shall not pay any remuneration directly or indirectly to a director or
committee member in connection with his duties or for any service performed by that person in that
capacity.

(2) Nothing in subsection (1) shall be regarded as prohibiting the reimbursement of expenses—

(a) which are necessarily incurred by a director or committee member in the course of per-
forming any service on behalf, or for the benefit, of the co-operative society; and

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 71

(b) which are approved by a majority of the directors voting at a meeting of the Board.

(3) Nothing in subsection (1) shall be regarded as prohibiting any director or committee member of
a co-operative society, acting not as a director or committee member but in his professional capacity,
from tendering for the supply of, and if successful being paid for supplying, goods or services to the
co-operative society.

(4) The directors may be granted such honorarium as—

(a) may from time to time be approved prior to its payment, or the payment of any part thereof,
by the members in general meeting; and

(b) does not exceed an amount recommended by the Board and approved by a general
meeting of the members.

(5) A co-operative society may purchase and maintain insurance for the benefit of a director,
member of a committee, officer or employee against a liability, loss and damage incurred by that person
while serving the co-operative society as a director, officer, committee member or employee.

95. Remuneration of officers and employees

Subject to section 94 and the bye-laws, the directors shall fix the salary of any employees appointed
by the directors and shall approve a scale of remuneration for all employees of a co-operative society.

PART V
FINANCING

96. Shares

(1) A co-operative society may sell equity shares to its members only, but these shares shall not be
withdrawn by members but shall be redeemable in accordance with the Regulations and the shares
shall have a par value fixed by the bye-laws.

(2) Unless a co-operative society is required by this Act or any other enactment to limit its number
of shares it shall have an unlimited number of shares.

(3) A share in a co-operative society is personal property and a shareholder is entitled to an annual
statement showing the number of shares that he owns.

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97. Share capital

(1) A co-operative society shall express its share capital in its bye-laws as—

(a) an amount of money divided into a specified number of shares set out in the bye-laws; or

(b) an amount comprising an unlimited number of shares with a specified par value.

(2) A co-operative society shall issue qualifying shares as well as equity shares, provided that the
value of the qualifying shares and equity shares owned by the members shall not fall below the
equivalent of ten per cent of the asset worth of the co-operative society as a result of any redemption
of shares.

(3) The Supervisor shall grant such period of time, not exceeding three years from the commence-
ment of this Act, as the Supervisor considers reasonable to enable an existing society to make good
any deficiency in the adequacy of its capital base.

98. Issue of shares

(1) Subject to subsection (2), a co-operative society may issue shares at any time and for any
consideration that the directors consider appropriate.

(2) Subject to the bye-laws, a co-operative society shall sell its shares at their par value.

(3) A member shall not be liable to the co-operative society or its creditors beyond the sum
remaining unpaid on the member’s subscription for shares.

(4) A co-operative society shall not issue a share until it is fully paid—

(a) in money; or

(b) in property that, in the opinion of the directors, is the fair equivalent of the money that the
co-operative society would have received if the share had been issued for money.

(5) For the purposes of subsection (4)(b), when determining whether property is the fair equiva-
lent of a money consideration, the directors may take into account reasonable charges and expenses
of organisation and reorganisation and payment for property reasonably expected to benefit the co-
operative society.

(6) For the purposes of this section “property” does not include a promissory note or a promise to
pay.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 73

99. Alteration of authorised capital

(1) Subject to the approval of the Supervisor a co-operative society may, by special resolution,
increase or decrease its share capital and, for that purpose, may—

(a) subdivide any shares;

(b) consolidate shares into shares of a larger par value, but the par value of consolidated
shares shall not be greater than one hundred dollars;

(c) cancel any shares that, at the date of registration of the bye-laws, have not been sub-
scribed for or agreed to be issued and diminish the amount of its share capital by the
amount of the par value of the shares so cancelled;

(d) extinguish or reduce the liability on any of its shares with respect to share capital not paid
up;

(e) with or without extinguishing or reducing liability on any of its shares, cancel any paid up
share capital that is lost or unrepresented by available assets; and

(f) with or without extinguishing or reducing liability on any of its shares and either with or
without reducing the number of such shares, pay off and paid-up share capital that is
greater than the requirements of the co-operative society.

(2) The Supervisor may give his approval under subsection (1) where the Supervisor is satisfied
that—

(a) the resolution will not contravene this Act;

(b) the holders of all shares of the co-operative society affected by the proposed resolution
have approved the special resolution passed by the members at a general meeting called
for the purpose; and

(c) in the case of a special resolution providing for a reduction in the share capital of the co-
operative society—

(i) all creditors who are liable to be affected have been notified of the resolution and
have signified their approval; or

(ii) appropriate steps have been taken by the co-operative society adequately to safe-
guard the interests of its creditors.

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100. Limitation on purchase of shares

Subject to the approval of the Supervisor, only a registered co-operative society may purchase more
than one-fifth of the shares of another co-operative society where—

(a) that other co-operative society is insolvent;

(b) the proposed purchase or acquisition would not render the purchasing co-operative
society insolvent; or

(c) subject to paragraph (b), the proposed purchase or acquisition would not, in the opinion
of the Board, be detrimental to the financial stability of the purchasing co-operative
society.

101. Transfer of shares generally

(1) A share may be transferred with the approval of the Board to any person, but if the transferee
is not a member, he shall be approved as a member by the Board, or by a general meeting according to
the bye-laws relating to the admission of members before the transfer can be registered.

(2) If the bye-laws require a member to hold more than one share, a transferee shall acquire by the
transfer, or by the transfer and allotment, the number so required to be held before the transfer can be
registered.

(3) A transfer of shares shall be effected in such form as the Supervisor, upon the approval of the
Commission, may determine.

(4) A transfer of a share shall not be valid and effective unless and until such transfer has been
registered by the Secretary on the direction of the Board.

(5) A transfer of a share, if made by a member indebted to the co-operative society, hall not be
registered without the written permission of the Board and until the transfer is registered—

(a) a right shall not be acquired against the co-operative society by the transferee; and

(b) a claim of the co-operative society upon the transferor shall not be affected by the
transfer.

102. Transfer of shares of member of unsound mind

(1) Where a member or person claiming through a co-operative society has become of unsound
mind or incapable of managing his affairs and no committee, receiver or guardian has been appointed,

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 75

the co-operative society may subject to this section and section 101 transfer the share or interest of
such member to any person nominated by such member for the purposes of section 106 or may pay to
the person nominated a sum representing the value of the share or interest of such member ascer-
tained in accordance with subsection (5).

(2) Subject to subsection (3), if no nominee has been appointed, the co-operative society
may pay a sum representing the value of the member’s share or interest to the Registrar of the
High Court.

(3) If the value of the share or interest does not exceed one hundred dollars the Board may, subject
to any conditions it thinks fit, pay the whole or any portion of such sum to the person who appears to
have the care of the member or the management of the member’s afai s.

(4) All transfers and payments made by a co-operative society in accordance with this sec-
tion shall be valid and effective against any demand made upon the co-operative society by any
person.

(5) For the purposes of this section and section 100, the value of any share or interest shall be
represented by the sum actually paid for that share or interest by the member holding it unless the
bye-laws of the co-operative society otherwise provide.

(6) Where the benefits group insurance have accrued on such share or interest, the value of such
benefits shall be the amount actually received by the co-operative society on the account of such
deceased member.

103. Transfer of share or interest on death of member

(1) On the death of a member of a co-operative society, where a person has been nominated by the
member in accordance with section 106 and the nominee is admitted to membership of the co-opera-
tive society, the co-operative society shall within one year of the death of the member by whom
the nomination was made, transfer the shares or interest of such deceased member to the
nominee.

(2) On the death of a member of a co-operative society, where a person has been nominated by the
member in accordance with section 106 has not been admitted to membership of the co-operative
society or where the deceased member made no such nomination, the co-operative society shall
within one year of the death of the member pay either to the nominee or to the legal personal represen-
tative of the deceased member, such sum as represents the value or part thereof of the deceased
member’s share or interest in the co-operative society.

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(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a nominee who has been admitted to
membership from electing to receive payment representing the value of the deceased member’s shares
or interest instead of accepting a transfer.

(4) Where after a period of one year there is no nominee or legal personal representative of the
deceased member to which the shares or interest may be transferred or to which a sum representing
the value or part thereof of the deceased member’s share or interest may be paid, the share or interest
shall be transferred to the development fund of the co-operative society.

(5) The shares or interest transferred under subsection (4) shall remain in the development fund
for a period not less than seven years during which period it shall remain available to bona fide
claimants, after which it shall constitute a part of the reserves of the co-operative society.

104. Restrictions on transfer of shares

Shares or interest or any part thereof in the capital of a co-operative society shall not be transferred
unless the transfer is made to a member thereof or to a person whose application for membership has
been accepted.

105. Conditions for the validity of transfer of shares

(1) Subject to the bye-laws, a transfer of shares in a co-operative society is not valid for any
purpose unless—

(a) a written application for membership by the transferee is approved and the transfer is
authorised by—

(i) a resolution of the directors; or

(ii) a person authorised by a resolution of the directors to approve applications and
transfers of that kind; and

(b) notification of any approval given under paragraph (a) is sent to the transferee and his
name has been entered on the register of members.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a transfer of a share is valid for the purpose of providing
evidence of the rights of the parties to the transfer between the transferor and the transferee.

106. Power of nomination

(1) A member of a co-operative society may nominate a person or persons to or among whom there
shall be transferred at his death such property in the co-operative society of which he is the owner at

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 77

the time of his death, or as may subsequently have accrued thereon, whether in shares, loans or
deposits, or so much thereof as is specified in such nomination if the nomination does not comprise
the whole.

(2) A nomination under subsection (1) shall be made by instrument in writing signed by the
member in the presence of two attesting witnesses and either delivered at or sent to the registered
office of the co-operative society during the lifetime of such member or made in any book kept at the
co-operative society’s registered office.

(3) A member of the co-operative society may nominate more than one person only if he holds
more than one share.

(4) A nomination made under subsection (1) may be revoked or varied by a subsequent nomina-
tion, or by a similar document in the nature of a revocation or variation, signed, attested and delivered,
and sent or made in accordance with subsection (1), but any such nomination may not be revoked or
varied by the will of the nominator or by a codicil thereto.

(5) All nominations and all revocations or variations received by a co-operative society shall be
maintained in a separate record kept at the registered office the co-operative society.

PART VI
BUSINESS OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY

107. Marketing of produce through the co-operative society

(1) A co-operative society which has as one of its objects the marketing of any article of produce
obtained by the work or industry of its members may by its bye-laws or otherwise contract with its
members—

(a) that every such member who produces any such article shall market the whole or any
specified amount, portion or description thereof to or through the co-operative society;
and

(b) that any member who is proved or adjudged to have contravened the bye-laws or to
have acted in breach of the contract shall pay to the co-operative society liquidated
damages in a sum ascertained or assessed in such a manner as may be prescribed in
the bye-laws.

(2) A contract entered into under this section shall not be questioned in any court on the ground
only that it is a contract in restraint of trade.

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108. Creation of charge in favour of a co-operative society

(1) A person to whom money has been lent by a co-operative society or who is otherwise indebted
to the co-operative society may be required to create a charge in favour of the co-operative society in
such form as may be prescribed in the Regulations.

(2) A charge shall so long as it continues in force confer on the co-operative society—

(a) authorising the chargee to seize the property subject to the charge, to take possession of
any such property so subject;

(b) after an interval of five clear days, or such less time as may be specified in the charge, from
the date of taking possession of any property subject to the charge, to sell such property
either by auction or, if the charge so provides, by private treaty, either for a lump sum or for
payment by instalments; and

(c) to apply the proceeds of sale in or towards discharge of the debt secured by the charge and
the costs of seizure and sale, and to pay any surplus of such proceeds to the member
whose property was sold.

(3) A charge shall, so long as it continues in force, impose on the chargor n obligation to pay to
the co-operative society towards the discharge of his indebtedness the proceeds of sale of any
property comprised in the charge or any money received under any policy of insurance or by way of
compensation in respect of any such property, xcept in so far as the charge otherwise allows.

(4) A charge under this section is not a bill of sale within the meaning of the Bills of Sale Act,
Cap.51.

109. Execution and registration of charge.

(1) A charge created under section 108 shall be duly executed if signed by the person in quintupli-
cate in the presence of—

(a) the president of the co-operative society; and

(b) the secretary of the co-operative society.

(2) The secretary shall—

(a) file one copy of the charge at the registered office of the co-operative society and deliver
one copy each to the Registrar of the High Court, the Supervisor of Co-operatives and the
apex body; and

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 79

(b) deliver one copy to the member.

(3) The Registrar of the High Court shall keep a book known as the “Co-operative Societies
Charges Book” in which the Registrar shall register every charge delivered to the Registrar by the
secretary of a co-operative society, and issue to the co-operative society a certified copy of the
registration.

(4) The registration of a charge under subsection (3) shall be deemed to affect with notice any
person dealing with the property comprised in the charge.

(5) Where a loan or other indebtedness in respect of which a charge was created is discharged, the
secretary of the co-operative society shall—

(a) cause a document to that effect to be prepared in quintuplicate, and signed by the presi-
dent and secretary of the co-operative society indicating that the charge has been dis-
charged;

(b) file one copy of such document, deliver one copy each to the Supervisor , Antigua
and Barbuda Co-operative Credit Union League and the Registrar of the High Court
who shall forthwith make an entry of satisfaction in the Co-operative Societies Charges
Book; and

(c) deliver one copy to the member.

(6) A person may, on payment of the fee prescribed in regulations made under this Ac , nspect the
Co-operative Societies Charge Book and take extracts from it.

(7) A charge subsisting at the commencement of this Act in favour of a co-operative society shall
be deemed to be registered in the Co-operative Societies Charges Book, and any such charge shall,
without prejudice to anything contained therein, have the same force and effect as a charge created
under this Act.

110. Claims unafected by charge

Nothing in section 108 shall affect—

(a) any claim of the Government in respect of taxes or money recoverable as such or of a
landlord in respect of rent or money recoverable as rent; or

(b) the rights of any prior charges or encumbrance.

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111. Prior claims in favour of co-operative society

(1) Subject to any claim in respect of debt due to the Crown or to a landlord in respect of rent or any
money recoverable as rent, any debt or outstanding demand owing to a co-operative society by a
member or past member shall, notwithstanding anything contained in section 109, be a first charge—

(a) upon the crops or other agricultural produce whether standing or severed, raised in whole
or in part with the loan from the co-operative society by such member or past member; and

(b) upon any livestock, fodder for livestock, agricultural or industrial machinery or imple-
ments, or raw materials for use in manufacture or handicraft, or building used for the
purpose of agriculture or industry, fishing or fish processing equipment to or purchased
by such member or past member in goods or money granted to the member by the co-
operative society.

(2) A person dealing with any of the property specified in subsection (1) shall be deemed to have
notice of such first charge and all such dealing shall be subject to the charge and priority created by
this Act.

112. Enforcement of charge

(1) A co-operative society may enforce a charge by applying to the magistrate of the District in
which the member resides or carries on business for a warrant of distress by certifying under seal to
the magistrate the amount due and particulars of the property so charged and the magistrate shall
issue a warrant of distress and may offer the sale of the property by public auction or private treaty.

(2) A magistrate shall have jurisdiction under subsection (1) even though the amount due exceeds
the limits of jurisdiction of a magistrate specified in the Magistrates Code of Procedure Act, Cap. 255.

113. Assignment of charge

(1) A co-operative society may borrow from any other co-operative society or from any bank
approved by the Supervisor on the security of a charge executed and registered in accordance with
section 109 and may for this purpose assign the charge to the other co-operative society or bank.

(2) An assignment of a charge under this section shall be registered in the same manner as a charge
and section 109 shall apply, subject to any necessary modifications, to an assignment so registered.

(3) An assignment of a charge when registered shall operate as a first charge in favour of the
assignee subject to section 110.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 81

(4) Where a charge is assigned to a co-operative society established with the object of facilitating
the operation of other co-operative societies, the co-operative society may borrow from any bank
approved by the Supervisor and for this purpose may re-assign any such charge to the bank and
subsections (2) and (3) shall apply, subject to any necessary modifications, to such reassignment.

114. Bond as security for charge

(1) A co-operative society may require a member or officer to give a bond with or without sureties
as additional security for the repayment of a loan.

(2) Conditions imposed on the member or officer relating to the payment of capital and interest
under a charge or loan agreement shall be strictly observed and performed by the member or officer
and on breach of any such condition the bond shall be forfeited forthwith.

(3) Section 113 relating to the assignment of charges shall apply subject to any necessary modifi-
cations to the assignment of bonds.

115. Lien on shares

(1) A co-operative society shall have a lien on a share or any amount outstanding to the credit of
a member or his legal representative for a debt due by that member to the co-operative society.

(2) A co-operative society may enforce a lien mentioned in subsection (1) in the manner set out in
its bye-laws.

(3) The Board may, in default of payment by any member indebted to a co-operative society, appl
the sum paid up for the time being on any shares held by that member in or towards the discharge of
the debt so due and of any expenses relating to the debt or its discharge, and the defaulting member
shall cease to have any further claim in respect of such shares.

116. Deductions applied to loans and shares

The bye-laws of a co-operative society may provide that the co-operative society—

(a) may deduct an amount from the moneys it receives for the goods, products or services it
has marketed, handled, or dealt in for or on behalf of a member or non-member patron; and

(b) may apply the amount prescribed in paragraph (a) towards a loan or the purchase of
shares on such terms as the Board may determine.

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117. Purchase of shares

(1) Subject to section 115, a co-operative society may purchase or otherwise acquire any of
its shares that—

(a) are available for compulsory purchase under section 119; or

(b) are offered for sale.

(2) A co-operative society shall pay in cash, within one year of the date of purchase, for any shares
purchased under subsection (1).

(3) A co-operative society shall pay a purchase price for a share purchased under this section
equal to the par value of the share together with any dividends declared but unpaid with respect to the
share.

(4) Subject to subsection (5), where a co-operative society purchases or otherwise acquires shares
issued by it, those shares shall be deemed to be cancelled.

(5) Where the bye-laws of a co-operative society limit the number of shares, any shares of the co-
operative society purchased or otherwise acquired by the co-operative society may be treated as
unissued shares.

118. Prohibition on purchase of shares

(1) Notwithstanding section 117, a co-operative society shall not purchase or otherwise acquire
its shares where—

(a) it is insolvent;

(b) the proposed purchase or acquisition would render it insolvent; or

(c) subject to subsection (2), the proposed purchase or acquisition would, in the opinion of
the Board, be detrimental to the financial stability of the co-operative society.

(2) Where a purchase or other acquisition of shares under section 117 or 119, would in the
opinion of the Board, impair the financial stability of the co-operative society or would be
contrary to the interest of the remaining members the Board may suspend the purchasing or
acquisition of shares.

(3) The Board may not suspend the purchase of shares under subsection (2) for a period longer
than one year unless the suspension is approved—

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 83

(a) by the Supervisor; or

(b) by a special resolution of the members.

119. Compulsory sale of shares

Where—

(a) winding-up proceedings have commenced with respect to a body corporate that is a
member of a co-operative society; or

(b) a member of a co-operative society has, during a period of two years, failed to transact
any business with the co-operative society,

the co-operative society may, by written notice to the member, require the member to sell his shares to
the co-operative society.

PART VII
PROPERTY AND FUNDS OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY

120. Investment of funds

(1) The Board shall establish written policies for investing for income the accumulated funds of
the co-operative society not used in the primary business of the co-operative society, and shall
ensure they are in compliance with legislative requirements.

(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), the funds of a co-operative society including the reserve
may be invested or deposited in—

(a) any central credit union, central finance facility, deposit guarantee or stabilisation fund
for credit unions or co-operative societies, or other co-operative society registered under
this Act;

(b) shares or deposits in, loans to, or on the security of, any co-operative society with limited
liability;

(c) any financial institution licensed under the Banking Act, 2005, No. 14 of 2005 or any
company registered under the Insurance A t, 2007 No. 13 of 2007 ;

(d) any stock, debentures, funds or securities issued by the government;

(e) securities, the payment of interest on which is guaranteed by the government;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201084

(f) securities issued in a CARICOM Member State by a company incorporated in that mem-
ber state and listed by the stock exchange of a CARICOM Member State if the company
has paid dividends on its shares for the preceding five consecutive years;

(g) securities issued in a CARICOM Member State by a credit union that is registered in a
CARICOM Member State in accordance with the laws of that CARICOM Member State;

(h) real property but subject to the provision of section 199(5) where the co-operative society
is a credit union; and

(i) any other manner permitted by the Supervisor as approved by the Commission.

(3) The investments referred to in subsection (2) (d), (e), (f)), (g) and (i) shall not exceed in
aggregate ten per cent of the unimpaired capital of a credit union.

(4) The equity investment of a co-operative society in any entity shall be limited to twenty percent
of the equity investment of that entity.

(5) A society shall not invest the funds referred to in subsection (2) in a single institution or
instrument.

121. Loan by credit union

(1) The Board of a credit union or a central credit union or central co-operative society shall
establish written policies for the consideration, approval and administration of loans, guarantees,
advances and other forms of financial assistance as a primary service to its members.

(2) Except for a loan to another co-operative society, a loan shall not be made to a member by a co-
operative society not included in subsection (1) and a loan shall not be made by a co-operative
society mentioned in subsection (1) to a person who is not a member of that co-operative society.

(3) A loan shall not be made by a credit union to a director, ommittee member, or employee of the
credit union of a sum in excess of the aggregate value of his shares, deposits and accumulated
dividend and interest thereon unless adequate security is provided for the amount of the loan in
excess of that value.

(4) A loan shall not be made to a director or committee member referred to in subsection (3) on any
terms relating to interest rates, discounts or waivers or on any other terms more favourable than those
offered to the general membership.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 85

(5) A loan shall not be made to a director, committee member or employee referred to in subsection
(3), if when combined with all other outstanding loans to persons referred to in subsection (3), the
persons’ business interest or the persons’ immediate family it exceeds twenty per cent of the credit
union’s net worth.

(6) Unless with the prior approval of the Supervisor, a loan shall not be made by a credit union to
a member or a group of related members if the loan would cause the aggregate amount of loans to the
member or the group of related members to exceed ten per cent of the share capital.

(7) In accordance with section 82, a director, c mmittee member or employee of a credit union shall
declare his interest in a loan at a meeting in which the loan is to be discussed and shall not be present
or be present at or participate in a meeting when his application for a loan is being considered.

(8) Any loan made in contravention of this section shall be void and shall be repaid to the co-
operative society immediately.

(9) Subject to the other provisions of this section, the bye-laws of a credit union shall provide for
limits on the amounts of loans to any one member or on any type of loans.

122. Prohibited loans

Subject to this Act, a co-operative society shall not, directly or indirectly, give a loan, guarantee or
other means of financial assistance—

(a) to a member, director, officer, committee member or employee of the co-operative society
or an associate of any such person for any purpose; or

(b) to any person for the purpose of or in connection with, the acquisition of membership of
the co-operative society or the purchase of a share issued or to be issued by the co-
operative society or member, where there are reasonable grounds to believe that the co-
operative society is insolvent or would, after giving the financial assistance, be insolvent.

123. Receipt of loans and deposits

(l) Subject to the provisions of any bye-laws of a co-operative society made for the purpose,
a co-operative society may receive loans, grants and donated capital from persons or institutions that
are not members of the co-operative society for the purpose of meeting any of its obligations or
discharging any of its functions under this Act.

(2) A co-operative society may by mortgage or in any other manner it deems appropriate,
guarantee the repayment of any sums received by it under subsection (1).

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201086

(3) Deposits shall be accepted in the manner and form and subject to any conditions that may
be prescribed in the Regulations.

124. Receipt of deposits from minors

(l) A co-operative society may receive deposits from a minor and pay to such minor such deposit
together with the interest accrued thereon.

(2) Any deposit made on behalf of a minor may, together with any interest accrued thereon, be paid
to the parent of the minor or, where the minor is under the care of a guardian, to such guardian for
the use of the minor.

(3) The receipt of a minor or his parent or guardian for money received under this section shall be
a good and sufficient discharge of the liability of the co-operative society in respect of that money.

(4) Where a person under a legal disability, other than minority, is entitled to receive money from a
co-operative society such money may be paid by the co-operative society to the Registrar of the
High Court to the credit of such person under such disability, and the receipt of the Registrar of the
High Court or of the person under disability shall be good and sufficient discharge of the liability
of the co-operative society to pay that money.

(5) The Registrar of the High Court may retain out of any money so paid to him a sum not exceeding
one per cent thereof for fees of office and shall pay or apply the remainder to or for the care,
maintenance, education or benefit of the person under disability.

125. Allocation of surplus

(1) Where a co-operative society realises a surplus in a financial year before it allocates among or
credits to members the surplus, the directors—

(a) shall use any part of the surplus that the co-operative society will require to refund all or
any part of a deficit it has previously incurred;

(b) shall establish and maintain a reserve to be known as its statutory reserves; and

(c) may provide, out of any surplus remaining after paragraphs (a) and (b) have been com-
plied with, in the manner set out in its bye-laws for payment out of the surplus, dividends
on members’ equity shares.

(2) The statutory reserves required by subsection (1) (b) shall be part of the institutional capital of
the co-operative society and may, subject to the approval of the Supervisor, be used in the busi-
ness of the co-operative society, including unforeseen losses, unexpected shortfalls in liquid cash,

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 87

capital retention, improved earnings, financing of non-earning assets, repair and maintenance and
the avoidance of external borrowing.

(3) A co-operative society shall ensure that its statutory reserves and other institutional capital
reserves are, at no stage, less than ten per cent of its total assets.

(4) If at the end of any financial year the amount standing to statutory reserves before any transfer
under this section is less than ten per cent of total assets, the co-operative society shall transfer to
statutory reserves for that year not less than twenty per cent of its surplus or such lesser sum as
may be required to increase the statutory reserves to ten per cent of total assets.

(5) Where at the end of any financial year the amount standing to statutory reserves before any
transfer under this section is more than ten per cent of total assets, the co-operative society may
not make any transfer to statutory reserves.

(6) The Supervisor shall grant such period of time as the Supervisor considers reasonable to enable
management to make good any deficiency in the adequacy of its capital base.

126. Development fund

(1) A co-operative society shall establish and maintain a development fund, which may include any
existing education fund or educational reserve.

(2) A co-operative society that realises a surplus from its operations as ascertained by the annual
audit shall make such annual contribution to its development fund as determined by the apex body
not exceeding ten per cent of that surplus, and such fund shall be used for strengthening the
capacity and growth of co-operative societies and for human resource development.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), a co-operative society’s development fund shall be administered in
part or in whole by the apex body in accordance with its bye-laws.

(4) Where an apex body has not been established or is not functioning as such, the development
fund shall be administered by such person or body of persons as the Supervisor may determine,
with the approval of the active co-operative societies.

127. Pension fund

(1) A co-operative society may establish a contributory pension fund for its servants and employ-
ees and may contribute to such fund.
(2) A pension fund established under subsection (1) shall not be considered part of the
assets of the co-operative society but may be invested in such manner as may be prescribed
by the bye-laws.

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128. Charitable contributions

After making the prescribed payments to its statutory reserve and development fund a co-operative
society may contribute to any non-profit, charitable, benevolent, community, co-operative or cul-
tural improvement purpose.

129. Dividends or bonus

(1) Subject to this section and sections 125 and 126, any surplus may be distributed by way of
dividend or bonus amongst its members in proportion to their business with the co-operative
society at such rate as may be prescribed.

(2) A co-operative society shall not—

(a) declare or pay a dividend or bonus or distribute any part of its accumulated funds before
the financial statements have been certified by a qualified auditor;

(b) pay a dividend or make any payment on account out of profits until its institutional capital
has reached a proportion of not less than ten per cent of the total assets of the co-
operative society; or

(c) declare or pay a dividend from unrealised gains including stock grants or share grants or
gains arising from asset revaluation.

(3) A bonus based on wages or on the value of the products of a member or a bonus or patronage
rebate calculated in proportion to the amount of the business done by each member with the co-
operative society may be distributed periodically to the members from surplus funds after the
deduction of all expenditure and after making allocation to the statutory reserves.

PART VIII
FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE AND AUDIT

130. Annual financial statement

(1) The directors of a co-operative society shall place before the members at every annual meeting
of members of the co-operative society—

(a) comparative financial statements relating separately to—

(i) the period that began on the date the co-operative society came into existence and
ended not more than twelve months after that date, or, if the co-operative society
has completed a financial year, the period that began immediately after the end of

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 89

the last period for which financial statements were prepared and ended not more
than twelve months after the beginning of that period; and

(ii) the immediately preceding financial year;

(b) the report of the auditor; and

(c) any further information respecting the financial position of the co-operative society and
the results of its operations required by the bye-laws.

(2) The financial statements mentioned in subsection (1)(a) ii may be omitted if the reason for the
omission is set out in the financial statement to be placed before the members or in a note attached
thereto.

(3) The financial statements referred to in subsection (1) (a) shall include the balance sheet and
detailed profit and loss accounts in respect of all business transacted by the co-operative society
in the financial years covered by the statements, prepared in accordance with international ac-
counting standards and including consolidated balance sheets and profit and loss accounts in any
case where the co-operative society has subsidiaries or associated companies.

131. Approval of financial statements

(1) The directors of a co-operative society shall approve the financial statements referred to in
section 130, and the approval shall be acknowledged by the signature of two or more directors.

(2) A co-operative society shall not issue, publish or circulate copies of the financial statements
referred to in section 130 unless the financial statements are—

(a) approved and signed in accordance with subsection (l); and

(b) accompanied by an auditor’s report and management letter from the co-operative society’s
auditor.

(3) A co-operative society shall send to the Supervisor a copy of the financial statements, auditor’s
report and management letter referred to in section 130 within ten days of receipt of the respective
documents.

132. Providing financial statements

(1) Not less than ten days before each annual meeting of members, a co-operative society shall
make available to each member a copy of the financial statements and report of the auditor referred
to in section 130.

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(2) Where a co-operative society applies to the Supervisor and the Supervisor is satisfied that
there are reasonable grounds, the Supervisor, up n the approval of the Commission, may excuse
the co-operative society from complying with subsection (1).

133. Auditor ’s qualifications

Subject to section 134, a co-operative society’s auditor shall be a member of a recognised professional
body satisfactory to the Supervisor and qualified to conduct audits.

134. Disqualifying auditor

(1) Subject to subsection (7), an individual shall not be qualified to be an auditor of a co-operative
society if he is not independent of the co-operative society and its member co-operative societies,
and of the directors and officers of the co-operative society and its member co-operative societies.

(2) For the purposes of this section whether or not an individual is independent is a question of fact
to be determined having regard to all the circumstances.

(3) An individual shall be presumed not to be independent of a co-operative society if he or his
business partner—

(a) is a member, a director, an oficer or an employee of the co-operative society or any of its
member co-operative societies or a business partner or employee of any director, officer,
member of employee of any such co-operative society, or its member co-operative societ-
ies;

(b) is a member of a credit committee or any other committee of the co-operative society or
any of its member co-operative societies;

(c) transacts a substantial amount of business with the co-operative society or any of its
member co-operative societies.

(d) if a chief executive officer, chief financial officer, chief accounting officer, or any person
serving in an equivalent position for the co-operative society was employed by that
individual and participated in any capacity in the audit of that co-operative society during
the one year period preceding the date of the initiation of the audit; or

(e) provides to the co-operative society contemporaneously with the audit, any non-audit
service including—

(i) bookkeeping or other services relating to the accounting records or financial state-
ments of the co-operative society;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 91

(ii) financial information systems design and implementation;

(iii) appraisal or valuation services, fairness opinions, or contributions-in-kind reports;

(iv) actuarial services;

(v) internal audit outsourcing services;

(vi) management functions or human resources;

(vii) broker, dealer or investment adviser services;

(viii) legal services and expert services unrelated to the audit; or

(ix) any other service that the Supervisor determines is not permissible.

(4) The provision of professional advice by or on behalf of an individual or his business partner
shall not by itself deprive an individual or his business partner of his independence for the pur-
poses of this section.

(5) An auditor who becomes disqualified under this section or has been replaced or whose term has
expired shall immediately notify the Supervisor in writing and state the reasons for termination of
his appointment.

(6) A member of a co-operative society may apply to the Supervisor for an order or the Supervisor
may, upon its own motion, make an order declaring an auditor disqualified under this section and
the office of auditor vacant.

135. Appointment of auditor

(1) Subject to subsection (4), the members of a co-operative society shall—

(a) at the first general meeting, appoint an auditor to hold office until the close of the first
annual general meeting; and

(b) at each annual meeting, appoint an auditor to hold office until the close of the next annual
general meeting.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1) (b), if an auditor is not appointed at an annual meeting, the
incumbent auditor shall continue in office until his successor is appointed at a subsequent meet-
ing.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201092

(3) The remuneration of an auditor shall be specified by the Board.

(4) An individual shall not accept appointment, consent to be appointed or be appointed as auditor
of a co-operative society if he is replacing an auditor who has resigned, been removed or whose
term of office has expired or is about to expire, until the individual has requested or received from
the former auditor a written statement of the circumstances and reasons why, in the auditor’s
opinion, the auditor is to be replaced.

(5) Notwithstanding subsection (4), an individual otherwise qualified may accept appointment or
consent to be appointed as auditor of a co-operative society if, within twenty-one days of making
the request referred to in that subsection, the individual does not receive a reply to it.

(6) An auditor shall not assume office unless he has confirmed in writing to the co-operative
society his willingness to serve as auditor.

136. Cessation of office

(1) An auditor of a co-operative society ceases to hold office when he or she—

(a) resigns by giving written notice to the co-operative society;

(b) is removed under section 137; or

(c) has held the office for five consecutive years.

(2) The resignation of an auditor shall become effective at the time his written resignation is sent to
the co-operative society, or at the time specified in the resignation, whichever is the later date.

(3) The cooperative society shall notify the Supervisor in writing of the resignation of an auditor
under subsection (1) within seven days of receipt of the resignation.

137. Removal of auditor

The members of a co-operative society may, by ordinary resolution at a special meeting remove an
auditor other than an auditor appointed by the Supervisor under section 139.

138. Filling vacancy of auditor

(1) Subject to subsection (4), the directors shall immediately fill a vacancy in the office of auditor.

(2) If there is not a quorum of directors, the directors then in office shall, within twenty-one days
after a vacancy in the office of auditor occurs, call a special meeting of members to fill the vacancy.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 93

(3) Where the directors fail to call a meeting under subsection (2) or where there are no directors, a
meeting for the purpose of filling a vacancy in the office of auditor may be called by any member.

(4) The bye-laws of a co-operative society may provide that a vacancy in the office of auditor be
filled only by vote of the members.

(5) An auditor appointed to fill a vacancy shall hold office for the unexpired term of his predecessor.

139. Auditor appointed by Supervisor

If a co-operative society does not have an auditor, the Supervisor may, upon the Supervisor’s own
motion and shall, upon the application of a member, appoint and specify the remuneration of an
auditor, and the auditor shall, subject to section 133, hold office until an auditor is appointed in
accordance with section 135.

140. Auditor ’s right to notice

The auditor of a co-operative society is entitled to receive notice of every annual general
meeting of the members of the co-operative society, and to be heard in presenting his report
at the meeting.

141. Required notice

If a member of a co-operative society who is entitled to vote at a meeting of members, or a director of
a co-operative society, gives written notice to the auditor or a former auditor of the co-operative
society, not less than ten days before a meeting of members of the co-operative society, to attend
the meeting, the auditor or former auditor shall attend the meeting at the expense of the co-
operative society and answer questions relating to his duties as an auditor or former auditor.

142. Auditor ’s right to comment

(1) An auditor who—
(a) resigns;

(b) receives a notice or otherwise learns of a meeting of members called for the purpose of
removing the auditor from office; or

(c) receives a notice or otherwise learns of a meeting of members or directors at which
another person is to be appointed to fill the office of auditor, whether because of the
resignation or removal of the incumbent auditor or because the auditor’s term of office
has expired or is about to expire,

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201094

may submit to the co-operative society and to the Supervisor a written statement giving the reason for
his resignation or the reasons why he opposes any proposed action.

(2) When it receives a statement referred to in subsection (1), the co-operative society shall
immediately send a copy of the statement to every member entitled to receive notice of any meeting
of members and to the Supervisor.

143. Examination by auditor

(1) The auditor of a society shall examine its books and records and shall make a report upon the
annual financial statements and financial position to be placed before the members, and in every
such report the auditor shall state whether in the auditor’s opinion the balance sheet and income
and expenditure account give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the society and of its
results for the period then ended and submit any additional information in relation to the audit of
the society as the board or the Supervisor considers necessary.

(2) It shall also be the duty of the auditor to certify whether the appropriate measures to counter
money laundering and terrorism are in place.

144. Auditor ’s right to inspect

(1) Upon the demand of an auditor of a co-operative society the present or former directors,
officers, employees or agents of the co-operative society shall provide to the auditor—

(a) such information and explanations; and

(b) such access to records, documents, books, accounts and vouchers of the co-operative
society;

as are in the opinion of the auditor, necessary to enable the auditor to make the examination and
report required under section 143 and that the directors, officers, employees or agents are
reasonably able to provide.
(2) Upon the demand of the auditor of a co-operative society, the directors of the co-operative
society shall—

(a) obtain from the present or former directors, officers, employees or agents of any member
of the co-operative society, the information and explanations that the directors, officers,
employees and agents are reasonably able to provide and that are, in the opinion of the
auditor, necessary to enable the auditor to make the examination and report required
under section 143; and

(b) provide the information and explanations so obtained to the auditor.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 95

(3) A former or present director, committee member, employee or agent of any member of a co-
operative society, shall not take any action fraudulently to influence, coerce, manipulate or mislead
an independent auditor in the performance of an audit of the financial statements of a co-operative
society for the purpose of rendering such financial statements materially misleading.

(4) A former director, officer, employee or agent of a member who contravenes subsection (2) or (3)
commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction—

(a) in the case of a first offence to a fine not exceeding twenty five thousand dollars or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to both;

(b) in the case of a subsequent offence to a fine not exceeding forty thousand dollars or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or to both.

145. Error or misstatement

(1) A director or an officer of a co-operative society shall forthwith notify the co-operative society’s
auditor of any error or misstatement of which the director or officer becomes aware in a financial
statement upon which the auditor or former auditor has reported.

(2) When the auditor or a former auditor of a co-operative society is notified or becomes aware of
an error or misstatement in a financial statement upon which he has reported to the co-operative
society and in his opinion, the error or misstatement is material, he shall inform each director of the
co-operative society accordingly.

(3) When under subsection (2) the auditor or a former auditor of a co-operative society informs the
directors of an error or misstatement in a financial statement of the co-operative society, the
directors shall—

(a) prepare and issue revised financial statements; or

(b) otherwise inform the members and the Supervisor of the error or misstatement.

146. Privilege of auditor

An auditor shall not be liable to any person in an action for defamation based on any act done or not
done, or any statement made by him in good faith in connection with any matter he is authorised or
required to do under this Act.

147. Annual, monthly and special returns

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201096(l) Not l ss than ten days, or such shorter period as the Supervisor may allow, before the date of its
annual meeting a co-operative society shall—

(a) file with the Supervisor, an annual return for the previous year, on the form provided by
the Supervisor; and

(b) provide the Supervisor with a copy of the financial statement to be placed before its
members at its next annual meeting.

(2) Within thirty days of the end of each month, a co-operative society shall file a monthly return
with the Supervisor in accordance with the Regulations.

(3) The Supervisor may, by notice in writing, require a co-operative society, director or officer of a
co-operative society to make a special return on any subject connected with the business and
affairs of the co-operative society including on risk focused information, prudential reports, quar-
terly reports of large credit exposures, non-performing loans, investments, assets and liabilities,
variance reports.

(4) Where the Supervisor requests a special return under subsection (3), the Supervisor shall
specify in the notice a time within which the special return is to be made.

PART IX
RECONSTRUCTION OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

148. Methods of reconstruction

(1) The reconstruction of a co-operative society is subject to the approval of the Supervisor and
may be effected by—

(a) the amalgamation of one co-operative society with another co-operative society to form
a single co-operative society;

(b) the transfer of the assets and liabilities of one co-operative society to another co-opera-
tive society; or

(c) the division of a co-operative society into two or more co-operative societies.

(2) Sections 151 to 154 shall have effect with respect to the procedure that shall be followed in
relation to subsection (1).

149. Conversion

(1) A company registered under the Companies Act, 1995, No. 18 of 1995 or a registered industrial,
provident or friendly co-operative society may, b special resolution, determine to convert itself
into a co-operative society.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 97(2) A special resolution for conversion into a co-operative society under subsection (1) shall
appoint ten members of the company or the industrial, provident or friendly co-operative society
who together with the secretary, shall sign the proposed bye-laws and who may, by resolution, be
given such powers to act on behalf of the company or the industrial, provident or friendly co-
operative society as may be specified in such resolution.

(3) A copy of the special resolution referred to in subsection (1) with three copies of the bye-laws
shall be sent to the Supervisor who may, upon receipt thereof, register the co-operative society and
issue a certificate in accordance with section 16.

150. Effect of certificate of registration

(1) On the date of the certificate of registration issued under section 149—

(a) the incorporation or registration under any other enactment of the company or the indus-
trial, provident or friendly co-operative society shall cease and shall be cancelled by the
proper officer;

(b) the conversion of the company or the industrial, provident or friendly co-operative soci-
ety shall be effective;

(c) the property of the company or the industrial, provident or friendly co-operative society
shall become the property of the co-operative society;

(d) the co-operative society shall be liable for the obligations of the company or the indus-
trial, provident or friendly co-operative society;

(e) an existing cause of action, claim or liability or prosecution against the company or the
industrial, provident or friendly co-operative society shall not be affected;

(f) a civil, criminal or administrative action pending against a converted company or an
industrial, provident or friendly co-operative society may be continued against the regis-
tered co-operative society; and

(g) a conviction against or a ruling, order or judgment in favour of or against a company or an
industrial, provident or friendly co-operative society may be enforced by or against the
registered co-operative society.

(2) An obligation or penalty arising under any of the matters mentioned in subsection (1) for which
the former company, or industrial, provident or friendly co-operative society is liable or potentially
liable at the date of the certificate of registration issued under section 149 shall have priority as
against the property of the registered co-operative society over all other rights or claims against, or
liabilities of the registered co-operative society.

151.Amalgamation of co-operative societies

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 201098
(1) Any two or more co-operative societies may, b a resolution passed by not less than three-
fourths of all the members of each co-operative society present and voting at a special general
meeting called for the purpose, amalgamate as one co-operative society.

(2) Where a resolution referred to in subsection (1) is passed, each such co-operative society shall
apply to the Supervisor for cancellation of its registration and the co-operative societies shall
jointly make application for the registration of the amalgamated co-operative society.

(3) The registration of the amalgamated co-operative society shall be sufficient to vest the assets
and liabilities of the amalgamating co-operative societies in the amalgamated co-operative society.

152. Transfer of assets of co-operative societies

(1) Any co-operative society may, by resolution passed by not less than three-fourths of all the
members present and voting at a special general meeting called for the purpose, agree to transfer its
assets and liabilities to any other co-operative society which has agreed to accept them.

(2)The acceptance of that other co-operative society shall be by a resolution passed by not less
than three-fourths of the members of that other co-operative society present and voting at a
special general meeting called for the purpose.
(3) On the passing of the resolutions referred to in subsections (1) and (2), the transferor co-
operative society shall apply to the Supervisor for cancellation of its registration and the transferee
co-operative society shall submit to the Supervisor a copy of the transferee co-operative society’s
resolution agreeing to the transfer.

(4) Subject to subsection (5), the cancellation of registration and the submission of the resolution
agreeing to accept the transfer shall be sufficient to vest the assets and liabilities of the transferor
to the transferee.

(5) Where the vesting of the assets of a co-operative society involves real estate, a copy of the
resolution referred to in subsection (1), certified as such by the Supervisor, the resolution shall be
recorded at the Land Registry.

153. Claims of objecting creditors

Notwithstanding sections 151 and 152 an amalgamation or transfer shall not be effected unless the
creditors of the co-operative societies concerned are given three months’ written notice of the
proposal and have signified that they have no objections.

154. Division of co-operative society

(1) A co-operative society may, by resolution in this section referred to as a “preliminary resolu-
tion” passed by three-fourths of the members present and voting at a special general meeting
called for the purpose, resolve to divide itself into two or more co-operative societies.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 99
(2) A preliminary resolution—

(a) shall contain proposals for the division of the assets and liabilities of the co-operative
society among the new co-operative societies into which it is proposed to divide the co-
operative society; and

(b) may specify the area of operation of, and the members who will constitute each of the new
co-operative societies.

(3) A copy of the preliminary resolution shall be sent to the Supervisor and all members and
creditors of the co-operative society that is being divided.

(4) At least ten days notice of the preliminary resolution shall be given to any person whose
interest will be affected by the division of the co-operative society, and by publishing the notice in
the Gazette and in at least two issues of a newspaper published and circulated in Antigua and
Barbuda.
(5) A member of a co-operative society may, notwithstanding any bye-law to the contrary, b notice
given to the co-operative society within a period of three months from his receipt of the preliminary
resolution, state his intention not to become a member of any of the new co-operative societies.

(6) A creditor of the co-operative society may, notwithstanding any agreement to the contrary, by
notice given to the co-operative society within a period of three months from his receipt of the
preliminary resolution, state his intention to demand the payment of moneys due him or her.

(7) Any person, other than a member or creditor, whose interest may be affected by the division of
a co-operative society may, by notice given to the co-operative society, object to the division
unless his claim is satisfied.

(8) After the expiry of three months from the receipt of the preliminary resolution by all the members
and creditors of the co-operative society and of the notice to other person given under subsection
(4), another special general meeting of the co-operative society, of which at least fifteen days
notice shall be given to its members, shall be convened for the consideration of the preliminary
resolution.

(9) If at the special general meeting referred to in subsection (8) the preliminary resolution is
confirmed by a special resolution either without changes or with such changes as in the opinion of
the Supervisor are not material, the Supervisor may, upon the approval of the Commission and
subject to subsection (11) and section 16, register the new co-operative societies; and upon
registration, the original co-operative society shall be taken to be dissolved and its registration
cancelled.

(10) The decision of the Supervisor, as approved by the Commission, as to whether any changes
made in the preliminary resolution are material shall be final and not subject to any appeal.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010100(11) At the sp cial general meeting referred to in subsections (8) and (9) provisi n shall be made by
another resolution for

(a) repayment of the share capital of all the members who have given notice under subsec-
tion (5);

(b) satisfaction of the claims of all the creditors who have given notice under subsection (6);
and

(c) satisfaction of the claims of such of the other persons, who have given notice under
subsection (7),

but no member or creditor or other person shall be entitled to such repayment or satisfaction until the
preliminary resolution is confirmed in accordance with subsection (9).
(12) Where within such time as the Supervisor considers reasonable-

(a) the share capital of the members referred to in subsection (11) (a) is not repaid;

(b) the claims of the creditors referred to in that subsection are not satisfied; or

(c) the claims of the other persons mentioned in subsection (11) (c) are not satisfied or
secured, the Supervisor may refuse to register the new co-operative societies.

155. Effect of registration of new co-operative societies

The registration of new co-operative societies established under section 154 is sufficient to vest the
assets and liabilities of the original co-operative society in the manner specified in the preliminary
resolution as confirmed in accordance with section 154(8) and (9).

PART X
RECEIVERS AND RECEIVER-MANAGERS

156. Appointment of receiver or receiver-manager

(1) Where, in the opinion of the Supervisor or the High Court, based on the results of an examina-
tion undertaken under section 186, it is necessary to appoint a receiver or a receiver-manager to
protect the equity of the members, the Supervisor, upon the approval of the Commission or the
High Court may appoint a receiver or a receiver-manager.

(2) An appeal shall lie to the Court of Appeal against the appointment of a receiver or receiver
manager by the Supervisor within ten days of the appointment.

157. Functions of receiver

(1) Subject to the rights of secured creditors, a receiver of any property of a co-operative society

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 101may—

(a) receive the income from the property and pay the liabilities connected with the property;
and

(b) realise the security interest of those on whose behalf the receiver is appointed.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1) and subject to any order that the Court may make under section
161, a receiver who is not appointed as manager of a co-operative society shall not carry on the
business of the co-operative society.

158. Functions of receiver-manager

(1) Where a receiver of a co-operative society is also appointed manager of the co-operative
society, the receiver may carry on any business of the co-operative society to protect the equity of
the members.

(2) A receiver or receiver-manager appointed under section 156 shall be discharged by the Court or
Supervisor, upon the approval of the Commission if in the opinion of the Court or Supervisor the
equity of the members has been sufficiently protected as to enable the society to be returned to its
members.

159. Cessation of Board’s powers

Where a receiver or receiver-manager is appointed under section 156 no directors of the co-operative
society shall exercise the directors’ powers that the receiver or receiver-manager is authorised to
exercise until the receiver or receiver-manager is discharged.

160. Duty of receiver or receiver-manager

(1) A receiver or receiver-manager appointed by a Court shall act in accordance with any directions
of the Court.

(2) A receiver or receiver-manager appointed by the Supervisor as approved by the Commission
shall act in accordance with all directions given by the Supervisor that are approved by the
Commission.

(3) A receiver or receiver-manager shall—

(a) act honestly and in good faith, and

(b) deal with any property of the co-operative society in his possession or control in a
commercially reasonable manner.

161. Directions by court

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010102Upon an application by a re eiver or a receiver-manager of a co-operative society, whether appointed
by the Court or the Supervisor in accordance with section 156, the Court may make any order it
thinks fit, on any matter including—

(a) appointing, replacing or discharging a receiver or receiver-manager and approving his
accounts;

(b) determining the notice to be given to any person or dispensing with notice to any person;

(c) fixing the remuneration of the receiver or receiver-manager;

(d) requiring the receiver or receiver-manager—

(i) to make good any default in connection with his custody or management of the
property and business of the co-operative society; and

(ii) to relieve the receiver or receiver-manager from any default on any terms that the
court considers appropriate;

(e) confirming any act of the receiver or receiver-manager; and

(f) giving directions on any other matter relating to the duties of the receiver or receiver
manager.

162. Directions by Supervisor

(l) Where a receiver or a receiver-manager is appointed by the Supervisor under section 156 the
receiver or receiver-manager may apply to the Supervisor for directions on any matter relating to
his duties.

(2) Where the Supervisor receives an application under subsection (1), he may make any order he
considers appropriate, including any other similar to an order described in sections 161(c) to (f).

(3) An order made under subsection (2) is subject to the approval of the Commission.

163. Required actions of receiver

A receiver or receiver-manager shall—

(a) in the case of a receiver or receiver-manager appointed by the Court, immediately notify
the Supervisor of his appointment or discharge;

(b) take into his custody and control the property of the co-operative society in accordance
with the Court order or the order of the Supervisor under which he is appointed;

(c) open and maintain a bank account in his name as receiver or receiver-manager of the co-

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 103operative society for the moneys of the co-operative society c ming under his control;
(d) keep detailed accounts of all transactions carried out by him as receiver or receiver-

manager;

(e) keep accounts of his administration that he shall cause to be available during usual
business hours for inspection by the directors of the co-operative society, the Supervisor
or any person authorised by the Supervisor;

(f) prepare at least once in every six-month period after the date of his appointment
financial statements of his administration, as far as is practicable in the form
required in section 130;

(g) on completion of his duties, render a final account of his administration in the form he has
adopted for preparation of interim accounts under paragraph (f); and

(h) file with the Supervisor a copy of any financial statement mentioned in paragraph (f) nd
any final account mentioned in paragraph (g) within fifteen days of the preparation of the
financial statement or rendering of the final account.

PART XI
DISSOLUTION

164. Dissolution by members

(l) Subject to the approval of the Supervisor, whose approval is subject to that of the Commission,
the members of a co-operative society may authorise the dissolution of the co-operative society.

(2) The Board shall cause a notice of a special meeting of members to be sent in the manner
prescribed in section 46 to each member for the purpose of authorising dissolution.

(3) Each member of the co-operative society has the right to vote with respect to dissolution.

(4) For the purpose of subsection (1) dissolution is authorised when the members approved the
dissolution by a special resolution of the membership.

(5) Where the Supervisor —

(a) receives notice, in a form satisfactory to it, of an authorisation to dissolve a co-operative
society; and

(b) is satisfied that it is in the best interest of the co-operative society and its members,
the Supervisor, upon the approval of the Commission, shall approve the dissolution.

(6) The authorisation approved under subsection (4) shall set out—

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010104(a) the assets and liabilities of the co-operative society;

(b) the claims of any creditors;

(c) the number of members; and

(d) the nature and extent of the members’ interest in the co-operative society.

(7) Subject to subsection (9), where a co-operative society has an unallocated surplus and the
authorisation approved under subsection (4) states that it is not to be paid out at the time of the co-
operative society’s dissolution, the unallocated surplus shall be paid to one or more trustees who
are—

(a) named in the special resolution; or

(b) where not named in the special resolution, appointed by the Supervisor, and approved by
the Commission.

(8) The trustees named or appointed pursuant to subsection (7) shall—

(a) deposit the money in a special trust account—

(i) in a co-operative society; or

(ii) in any financial institution licensed under the Banking Act 2005, No. 14 of 2005 or
any company registered under the Insurance Act, 2007 No. 13 of 2007; or

(b) invest the money in—

(i) securities issued by the Government;

(ii) securities the payment of interest on which is guaranteed by the government; or

(iii) any other manner authorised by the Supervisor as approved by the Commission.

(9) Where a trust is created under subsection (7), the income and principal of the trust shall be
expended within a period of twenty years from the date that the trust was established for any
cooperative purpose the Supervisor considers fit.
(10) In this section—

(a) “interest” includes the interest of a member in a co-operative society and includes mem-
ber loans and obligations of any kind that—

(i) arise by virtue of the bye-laws of the co-operative society; and

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 105(ii) are owed by the co-operative society to the members; and

(b) “unallocated surplus” includes any net proceeds from the sale of assets on dissolution of
the co-operative society after the liabilities of the co-operative society and the claims of
creditors and members have been satisfied.

165. Notice of dissolution by members

(1) When the Supervisor approves a special resolution passed under section 164, the Supervisor
shall, at the expense of the co-operative society, cause a notice of the special resolution to be
published—

(a) in the Gazette; and

(b) once a week for two weeks in a newspaper published and circulated in Antigua and
Barbuda.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where the Supervisor receives an affidavit from the officers of
a co-operative society stating that the co-operative society has no assets and no liabilities and it
is satisfied that it is appropriate, the Supervisor, upon the approval of the Commission may—

(a) exempt the co-operative society from subsection (1); and

(b) cause, at the expense of the Financial Services Regulatory Commission, a notice of the
special resolution passed under section 164(1) to be published in the Gazette.

(3) The Supervisor shall require from a co-operative society, l quidator or trustee appointed by
a co-operative society or any other person who is required to provide information, an annual or
other return showing-

(a) the progress of dissolution;

(b) the distribution of any undistributed surplus or reserve;
(c) the progress of the administration of a trust established in accordance with this

section; and

(d) any other information that it may require.

166. Dissolution by Supervisor

(1) Where the Supervisor has reasonable cause to believe that a co-operative society—

(a) has not commenced business within twelve months after the date shown on its certificate
of registration; or

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010106
(b) has not carried on business for twelve consecutive months,

the Supervisor shall send to the secretary of the co-operative society a letter inquiring whether the co-
operative society is carrying on business, is in operation or is submitting an annual return.

(2) Where the Supervisor does not, within one month of the date it sent a letter under subsection
(1), receive an answer to the letter, he Supervisor shall, within fourteen days after the expiry of the
month, send to the secretary of the co-operative society a letter referring to the letter sent under
subsection (1) and stating that—

(a) no answer to that letter has been received by the Supervisor; and

(b) if an answer is not received to the letter sent under this subsection within one month from
the date it is sent, a notice will be published in the Gazette to strike the name of the co-
operative society off the Register and to dissolve the co-operative society.

(3) Where the Supervisor—

(a) receives an answer from a co-operative society that it is not carrying on business or is not
in operation or will not be submitting an annual return; or

(b) does not, within one month after the date that the Supervisor sent a letter under subsec-
tion (2), receive an answer to that letter,

the Supervisor shall publish in the Gazette and send to the co-operative society a notice that, at the
expiry of one month from the date of that notice, the co-operative society will, unless cause is
shown to the contrary, be struck off the register and the co-operative society will be dissolved.
(4) At the expiry of the period mentioned in a notice sent under subsection (3), the Supervisor shall,
unless cause to the contrary is previously shown by the co-operative society—

(a) where the Supervisor is satisfied that the co-operative society has no assets or liabilities,
issue a certificate of dissolution in the prescribed form; or

(b) appoint a liquidator to dissolve the co-operative society.

167. Dissolution for failure to account for business transacted

(1) Where a co-operative society fails to provide a copy of the annual financial statements to its
members at an annual or special meeting called for that purpose or within a period of twelve months
after the close of its financial year, the Supervisor—

(a) may require the directors to call a special meeting of the co-operative society for the
purpose of considering the business transacted during the preceding financial year and
for the providing to the members and to the Supervisor a copy of the annual financial

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 107statement; and

(b) shall, where the Supervisor requires a special meeting to be called under paragraph (a),
determine a time period within which the special meeting is to be called.

(2) Where the directors fail to call a special meeting within the time period set out in subsection (1),
the Supervisor may call the special meeting—

(a) to review the financial position of the co-operative society and the members’ interests in
the co-operative society; and

(b) to ascertain whether the members wish to continue the business of the co-operative
society and to comply with sections 130 and 132.

(3) Where—

(a) a quorum of members is not present at a special meeting called under subsection (2); or

(b) the members fail to pass a resolution to the effect that the co-operative society is to carry
on business and to comply with sections 130 and 132,

the Supervisor shall notify the directors that, unless sections 130 and 132 are complied with within one
month from the date of the notice, the co-operative society will be struck off the register and
dissolved.
(4) Notwithstanding subsection (3), the Supervisor may extend the period for compliance with
sections 130 and 132.

(5) Where a co-operative society does not comply with sections 130 and 132 within the period
mentioned in subsection (3) or set by the Supervisor under subsection (4) the Supervisor shall—

(a) where the Supervisor is satisfied that the co-operative society has no assets or liabilities,
issue a certificate of dissolution in the prescribed form; or

(b) appoint a liquidator to dissolve the co-operative society.

168. Dissolution by Court

(1) The Supervisor or an interested person may, after giving the co-operative society three months
notice of the proposed application, apply to the Court for an order dissolving a co-operative
society, if the co-operative society—

(a) obtained its registration by fraud or mistake;

(b) exists for an illegal purpose;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010108(c) has wilfully, after notice by the Supervisor, violated any of the provisions of this Act or its
bye-laws;

(d) is no longer operating on co-operative principles; or

(e) has the number of its members reduced below the minimum number required by this Act
for the co-operative society.

(2) Where an interested person applies under this section, he shall give the Supervisor notice of his
application and the Supervisor shall be entitled to appear and be heard and represented either by
a member of staff of the Supervisor or by an attorney-at-law.

(3) Where the Court receives an application under this section, the Court may order that the co-
operative society be dissolved or liquidated and dissolved under the supervision of the Supervi-
sor.

(4) Where the Supervisor receives an order made under subsection (3), the Supervisor shall—

(a) where the order is to dissolve the co-operative society, issue a certificate of dissolution in
the prescribed form; or

(b) where the order is to liquidate and dissolve the co-operative society under the supervi-
sion of the Supervisor, publish a notice in the Gazette.

169. Revival of dissolved co-operative society

(1) Where a co-operative society has been dissolved under this Part, any interested person may
apply to the Supervisor to have the co-operative society revived by submitting to the Supervi-
sor—

(a) an application for revival in such form as the Supervisor may approve; and

(b) such other information as the Supervisor may require.

(2) Where the Supervisor receives an application for revival under subsection (1) and the Supervi-
sor is satisfied that the co-operative society is in compliance with this Act, the Supervisor may—

(a) issue a certificate of revival in the prescribed form and publish notice of the revival in the
Gazette; and

(b) impose any conditions on the co-operative society that it considers reasonable with
respect to the co-operative society.

(3) A co-operative society is revived on the date shown in the certificate of revival.

(4) Where a co-operative society is revived under this section, it—

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 109
(a) shall have all the rights and privileges; and

(b) shall be liable for the obligations;

that it would have had if it had not been dissolved, subject to any terms that may be imposed by the
Supervisor and to any rights acquired by any person after its dissolution.

170. Appointment of liquidator

(1) Where—

(a) a co-operative society is to be dissolved under this Part; or

(b) no liquidator is appointed by the members or the Court;

the Supervisor, upon the approval of the Commission, may appoint a liquidator to wind up the affairs
of the co-operative society.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1) where the Supervisor is satisfied that the co-operative society
has no assets and liabilities, he may issue a certificate of dissolution in the prescribed form.

171. Commencement of liquidation

The liquidation of a co-operative society commences where—

(a) a special resolution for dissolution of the co-operative society is approved by the Super-
visor under section 164;

(b) the Supervisor appoints a liquidator under section 166 or 167;

(c) the Court makes an order to dissolve under section 168; or

(d) the registration of a co-operative society is cancelled by the Supervisor under this Act.

172. Cessation of business

(1) From the date of the commencement of its liquidation—

(a) a co-operative society continues in existence, but shall cease to carry on its business
except insofar as may be required, in the opinion of the liquidator, for an orderly liquida-
tion; and

(b) any transfer of shares, other than a transfer made to or with the approval of the liquidator,
and any alteration in the status of the members made after commencement of the liquida-

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010110tion shall be void.

173. General provisions respecting liquidators

(1) Where two or more liquidators are appointed, all the provisions in this section with respect to
a liquidator apply to all of the liquidators.

(2) On the appointment of a liquidator under this Part, all the powers of the directors vest in the
liquidator.

(3) A liquidator may delegate any of the powers vested in him under subsection (2) to the directors
or members.

(4) Where the members of a co-operative society appoint a liquidator, they may, at that time or at a
subsequent general meeting, pass a resolution giving direction to the liquidator with respect to the
disposal of the property of the co-operative society.

(5) Where—

(a) the members appoint a liquidator and do not issue direction under subsection (4); or

(b) a liquidator is not appointed by the members,

the liquidator is subject to the directions, orders and instructions of the Supervisor as approved by
the Commission, with respect to the mode and terms and conditions on which the liquidator may
dispose of the whole or any part of the property of the co-operative society.

(6) Where a vacancy in the office of liquidator occurs, the Supervisor upon the approval of the
Commission may appoint another person to fill the vacancy.

(7) In all proceedings connected with the co-operative society, the liquidator is to be described as
the liquidator of the co-operative society and not by his individual name only.

174. Duties of liquidator

On his appointment, a liquidator shall—

(a) immediately give notice of his appointment-

(i) in the case of a liquidator not appointed by the Supervisor under section 170, to the
Supervisor; and

(ii) to each claimant and creditor known to the liquidator;

(b) immediately publish notice of his appointment in the Gazette and once a week for two

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 111consecutive weeks in a newspaper published and circul ted in Antigua and Barbuda;

(c) set out in the notice mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) a provision requiring any
person—

(i) indebted to the co- perative society, to render an account and pay to the liquidator at the
time and place specified;

(ii) possessing property of the co-operative society, to deliver it to the liquidator at the time
and place specified; and

(iii) having a claim against the co-operative society, whether liquidated, unliquidated, future
or contingent, to present particulars of the claim in writing to the liquidator not later than
two months after the first publication of the notice;

(d) take into his custody and control the property of the co-operative society;

(e) open and maintain a trust account for the monies of the co-operative society;

(f) maintain separate lists of the members, creditors and other person having claims against
the co-operative society;

(g) where at any time the liquidator determines that the co-operative society is unable to pay
or adequately provide for the discharge of its obligations, apply to the Supervisor for
directions; and

(h) deliver to the Supervisor and the co-operative society, at least once in every twelve-
month period after his appointment or more often as the Supervisor may require, financial
statements of the co-operative society in the form required in section 130 or in any form
that the liquidator considers proper or that the Supervisor may require.

175. Powers of liquidator

(1) The liquidator may—

(a) retain attorneys-at-law, accountants, engineers, appraisers and other professional advi-
sors;

(b) bring, defend or take part in any civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding in
the name and on behalf of the co-operative society;

(c) carry on the business of the co-operative society as required for an orderly liquidation;

(d) sell by public auction or private sale any property of the co-operative society; or

(e) do all acts and execute any documents in the name and on behalf of the co-operative

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010112soci ty;

(f) borrow money on the security of the property of the co-operative society;

(g) settle or compromise any claims by or against the co-operative society; and

(h) do all other things that he considers necessary for the obligation of the co-operative
society and distribution of its property.

(2) Where a liquidator has reason to believe that a person has in his possession or under his
control or has concealed, withheld or misappropriate any property of the co-operative society, he
may apply to the Court for an order requiring that person to appear before the Court at the time and
place designated in the order and to be examined.

(3) Where the examination mentioned in subsection (2) discloses that a person has concealed,
withheld or misappropriate property of the co-operative society, the court may order that person to
restore the property or pay compensation to the liquidator on behalf of the co-operative society.

(4) A liquidator shall purchase, directly or indirectly, any part of the stock-in-trade, debts or assets
of the co-operative society.

176. Limitation on liability of liquidator

(l) A liquidator shall not be liable where he relies in good faith on—

(a) financial statements of the co-operative society represented to him or her-

(i) by an officer of the co-operative society; or

(ii) by the auditor of the co-operative society in a written report that states that the
financial statements reflect fairly the financial condition of the co-operative soci-
ety; or

(b) an opinion or statement of an attorney-at-law, ccountant, engineer, appraiser or other
professional advisor retained by the liquidator.

177. Cost of liquidation

(1) A liquidator shall pay costs of liquidation out of the property of the co-operative society and
shall pay or make adequate provision for all claims against the co-operative society.

(2) After the date specified by the liquidator for distribution under section 174(c)(iii), the liquidator
may distribute all or any part of the assets of the co-operative society among the parties entitled to
the assets having regard to the claims of which the liquidator has notice.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 113(3) The liquidator shall not be liable for any part of the assets of the co-op rative society distrib-
uted under subsection (2) to any person notice of whose claims the liquidator did not have at the
time of distribution.

(4) When distributing the assets of a co-operative society under this section, the liquidator shall
pay, in priority to the claims of the creditors of the co-operative society, the wages or salaries of all
persons, other than directors, employed by the co-operative society at the time of the com-
mencement of the obligation or within one month before, not greater than three months’
wages or salary, and those persons are entitled to rank as creditors of the co-operative
society for any residue of the claims.

178. Closure of liquidation

(1) In the liquidation of a co-operative society the funds, including the statutory reserves, shall be
applied

(a) firstly to the cost of liquidation;

(b) secondly to the discharge of the liabilities of the co-operative society;

(c) thirdly to the payment of share capital; and

(d) fourthly, if the bye-laws of the co-operative society permit, to the payment of a dividend
at a rate not exceeding 10% per annum for any period during which no distribution of
profits has been made.

(2) Any surplus remaining after the application of the funds to the purposes specified in
subsection (1) may, at the discretion of the Supervisor, be used for any co-operative purpose the
Supervisor considers fit.

(3) Where the liquidation is closed in accordance with subsection (l), the Supervisor shall—

(a) issue directions with respect to the custody or disposal of the documents and records of
the co-operative society; and

(b) discharge the liquidator.

(4) Where the Supervisor discharges a liquidator under subsection (3), the Supervisor shall issue
a certificate of dissolution in the prescribed manner.

(5) The co-operative society shall cease to exist on the date shown in the certificate of
dissolution.

179. Custody of records

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010114A person who has b en granted custody of the documents and records of a dissolved co-operative
society remains liable to produce those documents and records for six years following the date of
its dissolution or until the expiry of any other shorter period that the Supervisor may set.

180. Remuneration of liquidator

(1) Where there is no agreement or provision fixing the remuneration of a liquidator, the liquidator
shall be entitled to a commission based on the net proceeds of the estate of the co-operative
society realised after deducting his expenses and disbursements.

(2) The amount of the commission mentioned in subsection (1) shall be equal to—

(a) 5% on the first $1,000 realised;

(b) 2.5% on the next $4,000 realised; and

(c) 1.25% on any sum greater than $5,000 realised.

(3) Where a liquidator applies to the Supervisor, the Supervisor, upon the approval of the Commis-
sion, may increase the amount of commissions set out in subsection (2).

(4) A liquidator is entitled to any fee or charge for his services in addition to the commission
allowed under this section.

181. Continuation of actions

(1) Notwithstanding the dissolution of a co-operative society under this Act—

(a) a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding commenced by or against, the co-
operative society before its dissolution may be continued as if the co-operative society
had not been dissolved;

(b) a civil, criminal or administrative action or proceeding may be brought against the co-
operative society within two years after its dissolution as if the co-operative society had
not been dissolved; and

(c) any property that would have been available to satisfy any judgment or order if the co-
operative society had not been dissolved shall remain available for that purpose.

(2) Service of a document on a co-operative society after its dissolution may be effected by serving
the document on a person shown on the records of the Supervisor as one of the last directors of the
co-operative society.

(3) Notwithstanding the dissolution of a co-operative society, a person to whom any of its property
has been distributed is liable to any person claiming under subsection (1) to the extent of the
amount received by that person on the distribution with respect to any share of the co-operative

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 115society that that person held, and an action to enforce such liability may be brought within two
years after the date of dissolution of the co-operative society.

182. Unknown claimant or members

(1) On the dissolution of a co-operative society, the liquidator shall convert into money the portion
of the property distributable to a creditor or member who cannot be found after a reasonable
investigation and shall deposit the money in a co-operative society or with trustees appointed by
the Supervisor under this Act.

(2) A payment under subsection (1) shall be in satisfaction of a debt or claim of such creditor or
member.

(3) Where a creditor establishes within three years after the dissolution of a co-operative society
that he is entitled to any money paid under subsection (1) to a co-operative society or to trustees
appointed by the Supervisor, the co-operative society or the trustees shall pay the amount of the
claim out of the monies deposited.

(4) Where moneys deposited under this section are not distributed within three years after the
dissolution of a co-operative society then, subject to the approval of the Supervisor, the co-
operative society or the trustees appointed by the Supervisor shall distribute those monies in
accordance with sections 178(2) or the bye-laws.

183. Power of Supervisor to surcharge

(1) Where, in the course of the dissolution of a co-operative society it appears—

(a) that any person who has taken part in the organisation or management of the co-opera-
tive society; or

(b) any past or present officer of the co-operative society;

has misapplied or retained or become liable or accountable for any money or property of the co-
operative society or is guilty of misfeasance or breach of trust in relation to the co-operative
society, the Supervisor may, upon the approval of the Commission, on the application of the
liquidator or of any creditor or contributor, carry out an examination into the conduct of the person
or officer and make an order —

(i) requiring the person to repay or restore the money or any part thereof with interest at
such rate as the Supervisor may think just; or

(ii) to contribute such sum to the assets of such co-operative society by way of compensa-
tion in regard to the misapplication, retainer, dishonesty or breach of trust as the Supervi-
sor may think just.

(2) This section shall apply notwithstanding that the act is one for which the offender may be

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010116criminally responsibl .

184. Appeal against surcharge

Any person aggrieved by an order of the Supervisor made under section 183 may appeal to the
Tribunal within twenty-one days from the date of such order and the decision of the Tribunal shall
be final on any question of fact.

185. Application of Part XI

(1) This part does not apply to a co-operative society that is bankrupt within the meaning of the
Bankruptcy Act, Cap.41.

(2) Where a co-operative society is at any time found, in proceedings under the Bankruptcy Act,
Cap.41. to be bankrupt within the meaning of that Act, any proceedings taken under this Part to
dissolve or to liquidate and dissolve the co-operative society shall be stayed.

PART XII
EXAMINA TIONS AND INVESTIGATIONS

186. Examinations

(1) In addition to the powers of routine inspection under sections 5(4) and 22(1) the Supervisor may
appoint a person as examiner who shall make an examination of the records and the affairs of the co-
operative society.

(2) In its request for an examination under this section, the Supervisor may set such limits and
conditions on the scope and conduct of the examination as the Supervisor considers appropriate;
and, in carrying out the examination, the powers of the examiner under the provisions of this
section shall be limited accordingly.

(3) An examiner requested by the Supervisor to carry out an examination under this section may, on
production of the examiner’s authorisation to any person concerned, at all reasonable times in-
spect and take copies of, or extracts from, any books or documents relating to a co-operative
society, and for any of those purposes may enter any premises at which any such books or
documents are kept.
(4) For the purposes of exercising his powers under subsection (3) to take copies or extracts, an
examiner may remove from the premises concerned, for such period and on such conditions, if any,
as to facilitate access by officers of the co-operative society, as may be reasonably necessary, to
any books or documents referred to in that subsection.

(5) An examiner who is carrying out an examination under this section in relation to a co-operative
society may, with the approval of the Supervisor, and subject to any limits imposed by that ap-
proval, carry out a similar examination in relation to any other body, whether a co-operative society
or not, which is or has been at any relevant time been associated with the first-mentioned co-

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 117operative society, and for that purpose the examiner may xercis , in r lation o any such body, any
power conferred by subsections (3) and (4).

(6) Where an examination is carried out under this section, the examiner shall make a report of the
examination to the Supervisor.

(7) Where required to do so by notice in writing served by the Supervisor at any time or by an
examiner in the course of an examination—

(a) a co-operative society;

(b) any person who is or has been a director, member, agent or liquidator of a co-operative
society; and

(c) any other person who has in his possession or power any books or documents relating to
a co-operative society,

shall provide the Supervisor or the examiner such books, documents or information as may be speci-
fied in the notice which relate to the co-operative society and are in his possession.

(8) If required to do so by notice in writing served on it by the Supervisor or by an examiner,
a co-operative society shall provide to the Supervisor or the examiner a financial statement or
periodic financial statements in such form and containing such information as may be speci-
fied in the notice.

(9) If a notice under subsection (7) or (8)—

(a) requires that any item or information is to be furnished within a period, or a time or place
specified in the notice; or

(b) requires that any information is to be verified by a statutory declaration;

the co-operative society or person on whom the notice is served shall not be regarded as complying
with the notice unless that requirement is also complied with.

(10) The Supervisor or examiner may take copies of or extracts from any item produced in compli-
ance with a notice under subsection (7) or (8) and if so required by the Supervisor or examiner, the
person on whom a notice under subsection (7) was served or, in the case of a statement produced
in compliance with a notice under subsection (8), a person who is or has been a director, committee
member, member, agent or liquidator of the co-operative society shall provide any explanation
which may reasonably be required of an item so produced.

(11) Where a person on whom a notice is served under subsection (7) does not have in his
possession or under his control an item specified in the notice but knows where it is, the person
shall not be regarded as complying with the notice unless he states to the best of his knowledge

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010118and belief where the item is and, if so required, verifies that information by a statut ry declaration.

(12) The production by any person of any item forming part of the books and documents of a co-
operative society shall not prejudice any lien which that person claims over that item; but nothing
in this section shall compel—

(a) the production by an attorney-at-law of any document containing a privileged communi-
cation made by or to him in that capacity; or

(b) the provision of information contained in a privileged communication so made.

(13) A person who contravenes subsection (7) or (8) commits an offence and is liable on summary
conviction to a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
six months, or to both.

(14) If the Supervisor considers it just and so requires by notice in writing, all or any of the
expenses incurred by the Supervisor in exercising his powers under subsection (7) shall be met,
either wholly or to such extent as the Supervisor may so require—

(a) out of the funds of the co-operative society; or

(b) by the directors or former directors of the co-operative society or any of them,

and any sum which a co-operative society or other person is required to pay by a notice under this
subsection shall be recoverable summarily by the Supervisor as a civil debt.

(15) For the purpose of this section “agent” in relation to a co-operative society, includes its
bankers, accountants, attorneys-at-law, uditors and its financial and other advisers.
(16) Subject to subsection 227(3), a director, c mmittee member, employee or agent of a co-opera-
tive society shall not—

(a) obstruct any person who is carrying out an examination under this Act; or

(b) obstruct the examination of a co-operative society undertaken under this Act.

(17) A director, committee member, employee or agent of a co-operative society who contravenes
subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding
twenty thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year, or to both.

187. Investigations

(1) Where—

(a) an application is made to the Supervisor by the lesser of twenty-five members or ten per

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 119cent of the membership of a co-operative society, each of whom has be n a member of the
co-operative society throughout the period of twelve months ending on the date of the
application; and

(b) the Supervisor is of the opinion that it is necessary to do so in the interests of the orderly
and proper regulation of the business of a co-operative society;

the Supervisor, upon the approval of the Commission, may appoint one or more investigators to
investigate the affairs of the co-operative society.

(2) An application under subsection (1)(a) shall be supported by such evidence as the Supervisor
may require for the purpose of showing that the applicants—

(a) have good reason for requiring the investigation to be made; and

(b) have not been actuated by malicious motives in their application,

and if so required by the Supervisor the applicants shall deposit with it, prior to, and as security for the
costs of, the investigation such sum as it may reasonably require.

(3) If an investigator appointed under this section to investigate the affairs of a co-operative
society thinks it necessary for the purpose of the investigation to investigate also the affairs or any
other body, whether a co-operative society or not, which is or has at any relevant time been associated
with the principal co-operative society, the investigator may do so with the approval of the Supervisor.
(4) A notice of an application under subsection (1)(a) as the Supervisor may require shall be given
to the co-operative society concerned and, where applicable, to any other body whose affairs are
to be investigated by virtue of subsection (3).

(5) Before appointing an investigator under this section, the Supervisor shall, if the Supervisor is
of the opinion that it would not be prejudicial to the interests of the members or creditors of the co-
operative society, notify the co-operative society in writing of the action which the Supervisor
proposes to take and of the grounds on which the Supervisor proposes to take it and, in such case,
the Supervisor shall have regard to any explanatory statement in writing which may be given by the
co-operative society within fourteen days from the receipt of the notification.

(6) In the case of an investigation, the expenses may be defrayed in the first instance by the
Financial Services Regulatory Commission, but it shall be entitled to be repaid these expenses—

(a) where the investigation results from an application under subsection (1)(a), by the appli-
cants, to such extent, if any, as the Supervisor as instructed by the Commission, may
direct;

(b) in any case, by the co-operative society or the other body, t such extent, if any, as the
Supervisor, as instructed by the Commission, may direct; and

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010120(c) in any case, by a person convicted of an offence in proceedings instituted as a result of
the investigation, to such extent, if any, as the court by which the person was convicted
may order,

and a person liable under any of paragraphs (a) to (c) shall be entitled to contributions from any other
person liable under the same paragraph according to the amount of their respective liabilities.

(7) Where an examination undertaken pursuant to this section reveals substantial irregularities in
the business of the co-operative society, the Supervisor may choose not to direct any members on
whose motion the examination was commenced to defray the expenses.

188. Investigations by Court

(1) A member, the Supervisor or any interested person may apply ex parte, or on any notice that the
Court may require, to the Court for an order directing an investigation to be made of the co-
operative society and any of its member co-operative societies.

(2) On an application under subsection (1), the Court may order an investigation of a co-operative
society or of any of its member co-operatives where it appears to the Court that—

(a) the co-operative society is not fulfilling the purpose stated in its bye-laws;

(b) the co-operative society is not carrying on business in accordance with this Act or the
bye-laws;

(c) the co-operative society is not organised or being operated on co- operative prin-
ciples;

(d) the business of the co-operative society or any of its member co-operative societies is or
has been carried out with intent to defraud any person;

(e) the business or affairs of the co-operative society or any of its member co-operative
societies are or have been carried on or conducted, or the powers of the directors are or
have been exercised, in a manner that is oppressive or unfairly prejudicial to or that has
unfairly disregarded the interests of a member or of a security holder;

(f) the co-operative society or any of its member co-operative societies was formed for a
fraudulent or unlawful purpose or is conducting activity which is fraudulent or unlawful
or is to be dissolved for a fraudulent or unlawful purpose; or

(g) persons concerned with the formation, business or affairs of the co-operative society or
any of its member co-operative societies have acted fraudulently or dishonestly, i con-
nection with the co-operative society.

(3) An applicant for an order under this section is not required to give security for costs.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 121(4) An ex parte application under this section shall be heard in camera.

(5) A person shall not publish anything relating to ex parte proceedings conducted under this
section other than with the authorisation of the Court or the written consent of the co-operative
society being investigated.

189. Court order

In connection with an investigation under section 188(1), the Court may make any order it considers
appropriate, including an order—

(a) to investigate;

(b) appointing an investigator, fixing the remuneration of an investigator and replacing an
investigator.

(c) determining the notice to be given to any interested person or dispensing with notice to
that person;

(d) authorising an investigator to enter any premises in which the Court is satisfied there
might be relevant information, and to examine anything and make copies of any document
or record found on the premises;

(e) requiring any person to produce documents or records to the investigator;

(f) authorising an investigator to conduct a hearing, administer oaths and examine any
person on oath, and prescribing rules for the conduct of the hearing;

(g) requiring any person to attend a hearing conducted by an investigator and to give evi-
dence on oath;

(h) giving directives to an investigator or any interested person on any matter arising in the
investigation;

(i) requiring an investigator to make an interim or final report to the Court and to the Super-
visor;

(j) determine whether a report of an investigator made under paragraph (i) should be pub-
lished and, where published, ordering the Supervisor to publish the report in whole or in
part or to send copies to any person the court designates;

(k) requiring an investigator or an examiner appointed under section 186 to discontinue an
investigation; and

(1) requiring the co-operative society or a person who made an application under section
188(1) for an order to pay the costs of the investigation.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010122
190. Powers of investigator

(1) An investigator appointed under section 189(b) shall have the powers set out in the order
appointing him or her.

(2) In addition to the powers set out in the order appointing an investigator, the investigator may
provide to, or exchange information and otherwise co-operate with, any public official in Antigua
and Barbuda or elsewhere who—

(a) is authorised to exercise investigatory powers; and
(b) is investigating, with respect to the co-operative society, an allegation of improper con-

duct that is the same as or similar to the conduct described in section 188(2).

191. Hearing in camera

(1) An interested person may apply to the Court for an order that a hearing conducted by an
investigator appointed under section 189 be heard in camera and for directions on any matter
arising in the investigation.

(2) A person whose conduct is being investigated or who is being examined at a hearing conducted by
an investigator appointed under section 189(b) has a right to be represented by an attorney -at-law.

192. Incriminating evidence

(1) A person shall not be excused from attending and giving evidence and producing documents
and records to an investigator appointed under section 189(b) by reason only that the evidence
tends to incriminate the person or subject the person to any proceedings or penalty.

(2) Evidence described in subsection (1) shall not be used or received against any person in any
proceeding instituted against the person, other than a prosecution for perjury in giving evidence.

193. Absolute privilege respecting statements

(1) An oral or written statement or report made during the course of, or as the result of, an investi-
gation or examination authorised by this Part by an investigator or an examiner, or by any other
person acting in accordance with powers conferred by this Part in respect of an investigation or
examination, shall have absolute privilege.

(2) Nothing in this Part affects the privilege that exists in respect of an attorney-at-law and his
client.

PART XIII
DISPUTES

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 123194. Settlement of disputes

(1) Where any dispute that relates to the business of a co-operative society arises—

(a) among members, former members and persons claiming through members or deceased
members;

(b) between a member, former member or person claiming through a member or a de-
ceased member, and the co-operative society, its Board, or any officer of the co-
operative society;

(c) between the member and the co-operative society arising out of or under any bye-law
relating to the disposal of the produce of agricultural or animal husbandry, or under any
contract made under this Act;

(d) between the co-operative society and any other co-operative society; or

(e) between the co-operative society and its Board, committee member or employee;

any party to the dispute may refer it to the Supervisor for decision.

(2) The Supervisor may, before proceeding to hear or determine a dispute, make or cause to be made
a preliminary investigation—

(a) to ascertain the cause;

(b) to define the issues; and

(c) to bring about a voluntary settlement between the parties to the dispute.

(3) The Supervisor may either hear the dispute or delegate authority to hear the dispute to an
employee or an office holder, and make and issue a decision, or it may appoint an arbitrator, wh
shall be an attorney-at-law of at least five years standing, to do so.

(4) For the purposes of hearing any dispute the Supervisor or the arbitrator appointed by the
Supervisor—

(a) may administer oaths; and

(b) may require-

(i) the attendance of all parties concerned and witnesses; and

(ii) the production of all books, documents and things relating to the dispute.

(5) The Supervisor or the arbitrator may order the expenses of determining any dispute, including

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010124fees to a barrister and solicitor, to be paid by the co-operative society or by any of the parties to the
dispute.
(6) A party aggrieved by a decision of the Supervisor or an arbitrator may appeal to the Tribunal
within such time and in such manner as may be prescribed.

(7) Notwithstanding anything in this section, a co-operative society may exercise any rights aris-
ing by law under any charges, mortgages, bills of sale or other securities duly executed in accor-
dance with this Act or any other law without recourse to arbitration.

(8) For the purposes of subsection (l), a claim by a co-operative society for any debt or demand due
to it from a member, former member or the personal representative of a deceased member is a
dispute that relates to the business of a co-operative society within the meaning of subsection (1).

195. Co-operative Societies Appeals Tribunal

(1) There shall be a Co-operative Societies Appeals Tribunal which shall consist of three persons,
one of whom shall be an attorney-at-law of at least five years standing.

(2) The Tribunal shall have jurisdiction to hear appeals against a decision of the Supervisor, the
Commission or an arbitrator.

(3) The Schedule shall have effect with respect to the constitution and procedure of the Tribunal.

(4) The Minister may by regulations made under this Act amend Part 2 of the Schedule, and such
regulations shall be subject to affirmative resolution of the Parliament.

196. Case stated on question of law

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in sections 194 and 195, the Supervisor, upon the ap-
proval of the Commission or an arbitrator may, in the course of or on making a decision in a dispute,
refer a question of law arising therefrom to the Court, by way of case stated for the opinion of that
Court.

(2) A judge may consider and determine any question of law so referred and the opinion given on
such question shall be final and binding.

197. Enforcement of award and recovery of loans

(1) An award by the Supervisor or an arbitrator may, by leave of the Court, be enforced in like
manner as a judgment or order the same effect, and where leave is so given, judgment may be
entered in terms of the award.
(2) Where a dispute relates to the recovery of a loan made by a co-operative society to a member of
that co-operative society, such a dispute may, notwithstanding section 194, be brought before the
magistrate for the district in which the co-operative society conducts business.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 125
(3) A magistrate shall have jurisdiction under subsection (2), even though the amount due exceeds
the limits of jurisdiction of a magistrate specified in the Magistrates Code of Procedure Act, Cap.
255.

PART XIV
SPECIALISED CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

CREDIT UNIONS

198. Functions of Supervisor, immunity, sanctions and corrective action

(1) The Supervisor shall administer the system of regulation and supervision of credit unions
provided for under this Act with a view to—

(a) the protection by each credit union of the funds of its members; and

(b) the maintenance of financial stability and well-being in credit unions generally.

(2) The Supervisor shall have power to do anything which, in his opinion, is necessary to facilitate
the exercise of his functions or is incidental to or consequential on their exercise, and, in the
exercise of any such power the Supervisor may consult such other bodies as appear to him to be
expert or knowledgeable in matters relating to credit unions but in any case he shall obtain the
approval of the Commission before the exercise of such power.

(3) The registration of a credit union or the imposition of any prudential, supervisory or reporting
requirements or conditions by the Supervisor shall not constitute a warranty as to the solvency of
the credit union to which registration is given and the Supervisor shall not be liable in respect of
any losses incurred through the insolvency or default of a co-operative society which is registered
as a credit union.

(4) Where after an examination under section 186 or after an investigation under section 187, or on
the receipt of any other information the Supervisor is of the opinion, that it is necessary to act in the
interest of the orderly and proper regulation of the business of a credit union, in addition to the
powers conferred by section 5, the Supervisor upon the approval of the Commission may—

(a) place the credit union under administrative supervision; and

(b) take any other necessary action to correct the non-compliance or unsafe or unsound
practice, including
(i) prohibiting the disposal, conveying or encumbering of any of the credit union’s

assets;

(ii) prohibiting the incurring by the credit union of any debt, obligation or liability;

(iii) prohibiting the investing of any of the credit union’s funds;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010126
(iv) prohibiting the withdrawal of any of the credit union’s accounts at other financial

institutions;

(v) suspending the credit union’s acquisition of fixed assets;

(vi) suspending or restricting the credit union’s lending operations; and

(vii) increasing the credit union’s allocation to reserves.

(5) The credit union shall comply with the requirements of the Supervisor under subsection (4) and
where the credit union fails to do so, the Supervisor may, upon the approval of the Commission,
appoint an administrator for the credit union, for a period not exceeding twelve months.

(6) If at any time the Supervisor determines that the credit union is not in condition to continue
business under the administrator, in the interest of the members, depositors or creditors and in
accordance with section 156, the Supervisor may, upon the approval of the Commission, appoint a
receiver or a receiver-manager for the credit union.

(7) All costs incidental to the period of administrative supervision will constitute an allowable
charge against the assets of the credit union and shall be paid as the Supervisor, upon the approval
of the Commission, may determine.

199. Restrictions

(1) A credit union shall not underwrite insurance or the issue of securities by another person.

(2) Nothing in subsection (1) shall prevent a credit union from requiring insurance for the security
of the credit union.

(3) A credit union shall not demand from a potential borrower that—

(a) any additional services, including appraisal valuations or security, be obtained from a
specific provider; or

(b) the borrower should utilise any other services of the credit union, as a condition of, or in
consideration of, obtaining a loan.

(4) Subject to subsection (5), a credit union may only hold real property the aggregate market value
of which does not exceed ten per cent of its total assets.

(5) Notwithstanding subsection (4), the Supervisor may, if the Supervisor is satisfied that the
circumstances require it and upon the approval of the Commission, grant approval to a credit union
to hold real property in excess of the percentage specified in subsection (4).

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 127(6) Subsection (5) shall not apply where the credit union exercises its legal right in respect of any
property which is the security for any debt, and in such a case, the property shall not be retained
for a period in excess of five years without the permission of the Supervisor unless in the meantime
the aggregate value of the real property held by the credit union is reduced to below the percentage
specified in subsection (4).

(7) Nothing in subsection (4) shall be interpreted as requiring a credit union—

(a) to dispose of any real property that was acquired before the coming into force of this Act; or

(b) to terminate any agreement to acquire or hold any real property where the agreement was
entered into before the coming into force of this Act.

(8) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), a credit union may, with the permission of
the Supervisor, do all other acts and things as are incidental or conducive to or consequential upon
the attainment of its objects.

200. Liquid assets

(1) A credit union shall at all times keep a such a proportion of its total assets in liquid form as
prescribed in the Regulations as will enable the credit union to meet its liabilities as they arise.

(2) For the purpose of complying with subsection (1) a credit union shall ensure that no less than
fifteen per cent or such greater percentage as may be specified by the Supervisor from time to time,
of its members unencumbered deposits and other short term liabilities, are maintained in a liquidity
reserve; but nothing in this Act shall be taken to prevent a credit union keeping liquid assets in
addition to those required for complying with subsection (1).

(3) Subject to section 125(1) (b), a credit union shall not capitalise its statutory reserves by way of
bonus shares or distribute it by way of dividends.
(4) Despite the provisions of section 125(1)(b), whenever the Board of a credit union so recom-
mend to the members and a majority of the members present and voting at a general meeting by
resolution so approve—

(a) the allocation to its statutory reserves may be increased; or

(b) if its statutory reserves at the end of the financial year in question equals or exceeds ten
per cent of assets, the allocation may be reduced.

201. Loan loss provisions

(1) A credit union shall at least annually evaluate the quality and collectability of the loan portfolio
and establish adequate loan loss allowance.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010128(2) The Supervisor may in accordance with the standards prescribed by PEARLS issue guidelines
to implement the requirement for an adequate loan loss allowance.

202. Loan approval

(1) A loan made by a credit union shall be approved in accordance with the policies established by
the directors before any funds are advanced.

(2) A loan to a director, officer, committee member or an employee of a credit union or an associate
of any of them, shall be approved in the manner prescribed.

(3) A person who knowingly approves or grants a loan by a credit union in contravention of this
Act is liable for any losses resulting to the credit union in connection with that loan.

203. Security for loans

(1) Subject to any restrictions that may be prescribed in the Regulations, a credit union may take
any security for loans and other risk assets that it considers advisable and in keeping with sound
business and risk management practices.

(2) For the purposes of this section, “risk assets” means loans, investments and other property of
the co-operative society with possible loss results, which form the basis of determining the amount
of the co-operative society’s income to be set aside as provision for loss.

204. Loan limits

The limits on the amount of loans made by a credit union shall be in accordance with section 121.

205. Reporting loans

(1) Where a credit union is reporting loans, it shall report the loans at their fair value deducting
provision for loan impairment on the balance sheet in its annual financial statements under section
201.

(2) Any advance given by way of overdraft or line of credit is deemed to be a loan for the purposes
of the balance sheet and shall be reported as a loan.

206. Interest on loans

(1) The maximum intervals at which interest on loans made by a credit union are to be paid may be
prescribed in the Regulations.

(2) The rate of interest to be charged on loans shall be fixed from time to time by the Board.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 129(3) Where a borrower has not paid the interest on a loan for a period d termin d in the Regulations,
the credit union shall not include that interest in income.

207. Acceptance of deposits

(1) Subject to section 123, a credit union may accept deposits—

(a) from members;

(b) from other co-operative societies;

(c) from government and non-government agencies; and

(d) bodies corporate.

(2) Deposits may be accepted in the manner and form and on any condition that may be prescribed
in the Regulations.

208. Credit unions and trusts

(1) A credit union is not bound to see to the execution of any trust, whether express, implied or
constructive, to which any deposit or share is subject.
(2) Where any deposit or share is subject to a trust of which the credit union has notice, the receipt
or order—

(a) of the trustee in whose name the deposit or share stands; or

(b) if the deposit or share stands in the names of two or more trustees, all those trustees or
any of them who, under the document creating the trust, may be entitled to receive the
deposit or share,

is, notwithstanding any trust to which the depositor share is subject, a sufficient discharge to the
credit union for the payment of any money payable in respect of the deposit or share, and the credit
union is not bound to see to the application of any money paid on the receipt or order.

(3) Notwithstanding any neglect or omission on the part of a credit union to enter a proper descrip-
tion in its books, an executor, an administrator, a guardian, a committee or a trustee who is entered
on the books of the credit union as a member, or who is described as representing a named estate,
trust or trust beneficiary in such capacity shall not be personally liable to the credit union with
respect to the share that he represents.

(4) The estate or trust beneficiary represented by a person described in subsection (3) continues to
be liable to the credit union in the same manner and to the same extent as if the testator, minor, ward,
person of unsound mind, beneficial trust or their trust beneficiary were entered on the records of

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010130the credit union as the holder of the shares.

Consumers Co-operative societies and Housing Co-operative societies

209. Restrictions on directorship

(1) Subject to subsection (2), an employee of a consumers’ society, or housing society or service
society shall not be a director of the society.

(2) A society shall provide in its bye-laws that none of its elected directors shall be
employees.

210. Relationship with members

The relationship between a housing co-operative society and its members is not a relationship be-
tween a landlord and his tenants.

211. Bye-laws

The bye-laws of a housing co-operative society shall include, in addition to the matters required by
section 13—

(a) the manner in which each member may be required to provide capital for the purposes of
the co-operative society;

(b) the manner in which a member may be required to pay for housing charges or other
reserves;

(c) the basis for fixing the amount of housing charges;

(d) subject to section 30, the manner of withdrawal by a member and the repayment of a
member’s interests in the co-operative society; and

(e) the rules governing any leases of housing units by members to non-members.

212. Amendment of bye-laws

Where the bye-laws of a co-operative society provide that it is a housing co-operative society or that
this Part applies to the co-operative society, the co-operative society may not repeal or amend that
provision of the bye-laws without the consent of the Supervisor.

213. No dividend on share capital

Where a housing co-operative society has a share capital the co-operative society shall not pay any
dividend on the share capital to its members.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 131
214. Right to possession terminated.

(1) Where a person’s membership in a housing co-operative society is terminated, any right of that
person to possess or to occupy residential premises acquired by virtue of membership in the co-
operative society is terminated.

(2) Where a person’s membership in a housing co-operative society is terminated and the member
does not give up possession of the housing unit he occupies, the housing co-operative society
may apply to the Court to recover possession or to recover any arrears of housing charges.

215. Abandoned goods

(1) Where a member of a housing co-operative society—
(a) has his membership terminated or has vacated or abandoned the housing unit formerly

occupied by him or her; and

(b) has left property in the housing unit,

the co-operative society may apply to the Magistrates Court for the District where the housing unit is
situate for an order authorising it to remove the property from the housing unit and sell or other-
wise dispose of it.

(2) The Magistrate may make an order under subsection (1) where the Magistrate is satisfied that
the housing co-operative society has made a reasonable effort to locate the former member.

(3) Where a housing co-operative society sells or otherwise disposes of property under an order
made under subsection (2), it shall pay into the Magistrate’s Court, to the credit of the former
member, any remaining proceeds of the disposition after deducting—

(a) any amount with respect to costs incurred by it relating to the disposition that it would be
authorised to retain if the property were goods sold under distress for housing charges; and

(b) any arrears of housing charges and damages that the Magistrate allows.

(4) Where a former member does not claim the remaining proceeds described in subsection (3)
within three months after the date the money was paid into the Magistrates Court, the money shall
be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

(5) Where a housing co-operative society removes, sells or otherwise disposes of property under
an order made under subsection (2), the housing co-operative society is not liable in any action
taken by the former member with respect to the removal, sale or disposition.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010132INDUSTRIAL CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

216. Membership

(1) In an industrial co-operative society, seventy-five per cent of all employees shall be members of
the co-operative society.

(2) An industrial co-operative society shall not subcontract out more than fifty per cent of its work
without the consent of the Supervisor.

217. Bye-laws

In addition to the matters required to be set out in the bye-laws under section 13, the bye-laws of an
industrial co-operative society shall include—

(a) conditions of admission, expulsion or suspension of its members;

(b) a procedure for laying off members when there is a lack of work and a procedure of recall
to work;

(c) remuneration of workers involved in the day to day work of the co-operative society; and

(d) allocation of bonus among members.

218. Restriction on registration

An industrial co-operative society shall not be registered where the acquisition of goods for sale to
the public is one of its principal objects stated in its bye-laws.

219. Bonus based on labour

When allocating among creditors or paying a bonus to the members, the directors of an industrial co-
operative society may take into account the labour contribution of each member.

220. Employees may not be directors

Directors of an industrial society shall not be employees of the society.

PART XV
APEX BODY

221. Establishment and constitution of apex body

Co-operative societies may establish an apex body which shall be composed of such member repre-
sentatives of the majority of co-operative societies which may exist in Ant gua and Barbuda.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 133222. Functions

The apex body shall be a co-operative society under this Act and shall coordinate, assist and promote
activities for the development, growth and expansion of all co-operative societies and shall per-
form representational and other functions as may be determined by its constituent members,
including—

(a) assisting with the formation and readiness for registration of viable co-operative
societies;

(b) the initiation and encouragement of capacity development activities beneficial to co-
operative societies;

(c) liaison and coordination with all co-operative societies;

(d) stimulation of community awareness and public confidence; and

(e) representation of the interests of the co-operative sector.

223. Officers

(1) The officers of the apex body shall be elected at the first meeting of that body and shall hold
office for a period of one year and thereafter the election of such officers shall be in accordance
with the bye-laws of the apex body.

(2) The apex body shall regulate its own procedure and may establish its own central credit union
or central co-operative society in conjunction with other apex bodies and co-operative societies to
provide specialised services and facilities to members.

224. Consultation by Supervisor

The Supervisor shall, from time to time, consult the apex body or a central credit union or central co-
operative society with respect to matters relating to the development of co-operative societies.

PART XVI
OFFENCES

225. Corrupt practices and bribery

(1) A member, agent or employee of a co-operative society shall not accept, agree to accept,
obtains or attempt to obtain whether for himself or another, any gift or consideration as an induce-
ment reward for—

(a) doing or forbearing to do any act relating to the business of the co-operative society; or

(b) for showing favour or disfavour to any person in relation to the business of the co-

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010134operative society.
(2) A person shall not give, agree to give, or offer such gift or consideration to any member, agent
or employee of a co-operative society as inducement or reward for any purpose mentioned in
subsection (1).

(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) commits an offe ce and is liable—

(a) on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars or to imprisonment
for a term not exceeding two years, or to both; or

(b) on conviction on indictment to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand dollars or to imprison-
ment for a term not exceeding three years, or to both.

(4) In this section “consideration” includes valuable consideration of any kind.

226. Falsely obtaining property of co-operative society

(1) A person shall not—

(a) obtain possession of any property or the grant of a loan from a co-operative society by
false representation or other corrupt means;

(b) wrongfully withhold or misapply any property belonging to or loan from a co-operate
society; or

(c) wilfully apply any part of property belonging to or loan from a co-operate society for
purposes other than those directed or expressed in the bye-laws of the co-operative
society or authorised in this Act.

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offe ce and is liable—

(a) on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment
for a term not exceeding six months, or to both; or

(b) on conviction on indictment to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand dollars or to impris-
onment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.

(3) In any proceedings under this section the person accused may, in addition to any penalty
imposed, be ordered—

(a) to deliver up any property or repay any sum of money to which the proceedings relate;
and

(b) pay the cost of the proceedings.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 135227. Failure to comply with Act.

(1) A person shall not—

(a) fail without reasonable cause or wilfully neglect or refuse to comply with a requirement of
this Act or to provide any information in circumstances for which a penalty is not pro-
vided elsewhere in this Act; or

(b) purporting to comply with a requirement for information under this Act, provide informa-
tion which the person knows to be false,

(2) A person shall not wilfully or without reasonable cause disobey any summons, order or direc-
tion lawfully issued under this Act.

(3) A person shall not knowingly alter, destroy, mutilate, conceal, cover or falsify or makes a false
entry in any record or document of or belonging to a co-operative society with intent to impede,
disrupt or influence an investigation or the proper administration of any matter.

(4) An officer or member of a co-operative society shall not wilfully contravene the bye-laws of the
co-operative society in relation to his duties or functions as such offi er or member.

(5) A person who contravenes subsection (1), (2) (3) or(4) commits an offence and is liable on
summary conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term
not exceeding two years or to both.

228. Dealing in property subject to charge

(1) A person shall not—

(a) fraudulently remove any property comprised in a charge created in favour of a co-opera-
tive society from the place where such property was situated at the time of the execution
of the charge; or

(b) knowingly dispose of, or deal with or attempt to dispose of or deal with such property
without first obtaining in writing leave of the co-operative society.

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offe ce and is liable on summary convic-
tion to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six
months or to both.
(3) The Court may in addition to any penalty imposed on a person under subsection (1), require
that person to repay such amount of the loan with interest as has not been repaid at the date of the
conviction and the payment of that amount shall discharge the liability of the borrower to repay the
loan.

229. Offences with respect to reports

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010136
(1) A person shall not make or assist in making a report, return, notice or other document, required
by this Act to be sent to the Supervisor to any other person, that—

(a) contains an untrue statement of a material fact; or

(b) omits to state a material fact required in the report or necessary to make a statement
contained in the report not misleading in the light of the circumstances in which it was
made.

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offe ce and is liable on summary convic-
tion in the case of an individual, to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for
a term not exceeding six months, or to both; or in the case of a person other than an individual, to
a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars.

(3) A person does not commit an offence under subsection (2) where the untrue statement or
omission was unknown to him or her, and in the exercise of reasonable diligence, could not have
been known to him or her.

(4) A director, officer, employee or agent of a co-operative society shall not—

(a) obstruct any person who is carrying out an examination under section 186; or

(b) obstruct the examination of a co-operative society undertaken under section 186.

(5) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offe ce and is liable on summary convic-
tion to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or imprisonment for a term not exceeding six
months or to both, or on conviction on indictment to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand dollars
or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.

230. Contravention of the Act

(1) A person shall not—
(a) fail to give any notice or fail to send any return or document that is required for the

purpose of this Act; or

(b) fail to hold an annual or special general meeting within the stipulated or extended time in
conformity with sections 42, 43 and 44 of the Act.

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offe ce and is liable on summary convic-
tion—

(a) in the case of a first offence to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars; and

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 137(b) in the case of a subsequent offence to a fine not exc eding ten housand dollars or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months.

(3) Where a body corporate commits an offence under this Act and the offence is proved to
have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect
on the part of—

(a) any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate; or

(b) any person who was purporting to act in such capacity,

he or she, as well as the body corporate, shall commit the offence and be liable to be proceeded against
and punished accordingly.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (2), “director”, in relation to a body corporate whose affairs are
managed by its members, means a member of the body corporate.

(5) The Regulations may create an offence punishable on summary conviction by a fine not
exceeding twenty thousand dollars or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or by both.

231. Use of words “credit union” and “co-operative”

(1) A person shall not, in doing business in Antigua and Barbuda—

(a) use the words “credit union” or “co-operative” or any abbreviation or derivation thereof
as part of the name of the business or with respect to goods, wares, merchandise or
services or the person’s method of conducting business; or

(b) hold himself or herself or his business to be a registered co-operative society;
unless the person or his business is registered under this Ac .

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offe ce and is liable on summary
conviction to a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceed-
ing six months or to both.

232.Court order to comply

Where a person is convicted of an offence under this Act, the court may, in addition to any punish-
ment imposed, order the person to comply with the provision of this Act for the contravention of
which he has been convicted.

233. Limitation

The efluxion of time is no bar to prosecution for an offence under this Act.

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010138234. Pres vation f civil remedy

A civil remedy for an act or omission under this Act is not suspended or affected by reason that the act
or omission is an offence under this Act.

PART XVII
MISCELLANEOUS

235. Interpretation

In this Part

“duplicate originals” means the two copies of the bye-laws or statements required in section 236;

“statement” means a special resolution stating an intent to dissolve mentioned in section 164.

236. Execution and filing

(1) Where this Act requires that bye-laws or a statement relating to a co-operative society shall be
sent to the Supervisor, unless otherwise specifically provided, the co-operative society shall send
three copies of the bye-laws or statement signed by a director or an officer of the co-operative
society.

(2) Subject to the other provisions of this Act, where the Supervisor receives duplicate originals of
any bye-laws or statement under subsection (1) and they are accompanied by any other required
documents and the prescribed fees, the Supervisor shall—

(a) endorse on each of the duplicate originals the word “Registered” and the date of the
registration;

(b) issue in duplicate the appropriate certificate and attach to each certificate one of the
duplicate originals of the bye-laws or statements;

(c) file a copy of the certificate and attached bye-laws or statement;

(d) send to the co-operative society the original certificate and attached bye-laws or state-
ment; and

(e) publish in the Gazette notice of the issue of the certificate.

(3) The Supervisor may date a certificate mentioned in subsection (2) as of the day it receives the
bye-laws or statement issued under which the certificate is issued or as of any later day specified
by the person who signed the bye-laws or statement.

(4) A signature required on a certificate mentioned in subsection (2) may be printed or otherwise
mechanically produced.

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237. Waiver of notice

Where a notice or document is required by this Act to be sent, the sending of the notice or document
may be waived or the time for sending the notice or document may be waived or abridged at any
time with the consent in writing of the person entitled to receive the notice or document.

238. Certificate of co-operative society

(1) A director or officer of a co-operative society may—

(a) sign a certificate stating any fact set out in; or

(b) certify a copy of the whole or any part of;

the bye-laws, or any other contract to which the co-operative society is party or the minutes of a
meeting of the directors, a committee of directors or the members.

(2) A certificate or certified copy described in subsection (1) is admissible in evidence as prima facie
proof of the facts contained in the certificate or certified copy without proof of the signature or
official character of the person appearing to have signed the certificate or the certification.

239. Documents

(1) Where a notice or document is required to be sent to the Supervisor under this Act, the
Supervisor may accept a photo-static or photographic copy of the notice or document.

(2) A person is not affected by, or presumed to have notice or knowledge of, the contents of a
document concerning a co-operative society by reason only that the document has been filed with
the Supervisor or is available for inspection at any office of the co-operative society.

240. Alteration

Where the Supervisor is authorised to do so by the person who sent a notice or document or his
representative, the Supervisor may alter the notice or document, but it may not alter an affidavit or
statutory declaration.

241. Rectification and correction

(1) Where there is an error in the bye-laws, a notice, a certificate or any other document, the
directors or members shall, on the request of the Supervisor–

(a) pass any necessary resolutions;

(b) send to the Supervisor the relevant documents required to comply with this Act; and

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010. No. 9 of 2010140
(c) take any other steps that the Supervisor may reasonably require,

in order that the Supervisor may correct the bye-laws, notice, certificate or document.

(2) Before making a correction under subsection (1), the Supervisor shall be satisfied that the
correction would not prejudice any of the members or creditors of the co-operative society.

(3) The Supervisor may, at the request of a co-operative society or of any other interested person,
accept a corrected version of any of the documents referred to in subsection (1) if-

(a) the correction is approved by the directors of the co-operative society; and

(b) the Supervisor is satisfied that the correction would not prejudice any of the members or
creditors of the co-operative society.

(4) If in the view of—

(a) the Supervisor;

(b) the co-operative society; or

(c) any interested person,

a correction to any of the documents referred to in subsection (1) above would prejudice a member or
a creditor of the co-operative society, the Supervisor, the co-operative society or the person may
apply to the Court for an order that the document be corrected and for an order determining the
rights of the members or creditors.

(5) An applicant under subsection (4) shall give the Supervisor notice of the application, and the
Supervisor shall be entitled to appear and to be heard and represented by a member of the staff of
the Supervisor or by an attorney-at-law.

(6) A corrected document shall bear the date of document it replaces.

(7) If a corrected certificate materially amends the terms of the original certificate, the Supervisor
shall without delay give notice of the correction in the Gazette and in a newspaper published and
circulated in Antigua and Barbuda.

(8) The Supervisor may on its own initiative correct any—

(a) linguistic error;

(b) error of transcription;

The Co-operative Societies Act, 2010.No. 9 of 2010 141(c) clerical error; or

(d) mistake where the error is made by the Supervisor or where the error is not substantive in
nature.

242. Exemption from stamp duty and other taxes

(1) A co-operative society registered under this Act is exempt from any stamp duty, axes and fees,
with which, under any law for the time being in force, instruments executed by or on behalf of such
co-operative society or by an officer or member and relating to the business of such co-operative
society, or any class of such instruments, are respectively chargeable.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law in force in Antigua and Barbuda, a co-opera-
tive society shall be exempt from the payment of income tax, corporation tax and any other tax on
the incomes of such co-operative society.
(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law in force in Antigua and Barbuda providing for
the payment of customs duties, consumption taxes, excise taxes, environmental levy or customs
service charge, the Minister in Cabinet may by Order published in the Gazette, exempt a society
registered pursuant to this Act from liability to customs duties, consumption taxes, excise taxes,
environmental levy or customs service charge on goods imported by the society.

243. Limitation jurisdiction

Except as is expressly provided in this Act, a civil court shall not have any jurisdiction in respect of
any matter concerned with the dissolution of a co-operative society under this Act.

244. Proof of entry in books and other documents

(1) A copy of any entry in a book or other document that is required to be kept by this Act shall, if
certified by the Supervisor be received in any legal proceedings, civil or criminal, as prima facie
evidence of the existence of such entry and shall be admitted as evidence of the matters, transac-
tions and accounts therein recorded in every case where, and to the same extent as, the original
entry itself is admissible.

(2) An officer of a co-operative society shall not, in any legal proceedings to which the co-opera-
tive society is not a party, be compelled to produce any of the co-operative society’s books, the
content of which can be proved under subsection (1), or to appeal as a witness to prove any
matters, transactions or accounts therein recorded, unless the Court for special reasons so directs.

245. Immunity of Supervisor and staff

The Supervisor or any other person exercising a function under this Act, shall not be liable in
damages for anything done or omitted in the discharge or purported discharge of their respective
functions under this Act unless it is shown that the act or omission was in bad faith.

246. Abandoned property

(1)Subject to subsection (2), where there has been no activity relating to the property specified in
paragraphs (a) and (b) for a period of 15 years except for the posting of interest and dividends the
property specified in paragraphs (a) and (b) which are held or owing by a co-operative society
shall be presumed to be abandoned—

(a) any general deposit, demand, savings or matured time deposit made in Antigua and
Barbuda with a credit union, together with any interest or dividend, but excluding any
lawful charges thereon;

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